Newspaper Page Text
VOL. X. MANNING, S. C. WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 26, 1894.N-2
JAPANESE SLAY DEFENCELESS CHI
N ESE UNMERCIFULLY.
The War no Longer One of Civilization
Against Barbarism-.apanese- Seem to
Ha-e Relapsed Into Barbarism-Bfrave
but Inefrectual Defense of Port Arthur.
NEW ToRK. Dec. 19.-The World
tomorrow will print the following
special advices from its correspondent.
James Creeman. who was with the
Japanese army. dated Port Arthur.
November 14. via Vancouver, Decem
19: "The struggle for the eniancipa
tion of Corea has been suddenly turn
ed into a headlong, savage war of
conquest. It. is no longer a con flict
between civilization and barbarism.
Japan for the last four days has tram
pled civilization under the feet of ber
conquering army The taking of Port
Arthur andthe possession of one of
the most powerful strongholds in the
world was too great a strain upon the
Japanese character which.relapsed in
a few hours back into the brutal state
from which it was awakened. Almost
the entire population of Port Arthur
has been massacred and the work- of
butchering in the unarmed and un
resistinginhabitants has been contidu
ed day after day, until the streets are
choked up with mutilated corpses.
In spite of the vastness of the battle
field and the strength of the batteries
massed in this mighty chain of land
and sea forts, the takin'gof Port Arthur
is robbed of its dignity as a battle by
the fact that a large and well trained
army attacked a mere rabble. There
was a great.deal of artillery thunder
and scientific manceuvers of the troops
among the cannon~-crowed hills, but
the infantry fightine-was incidental
and the "butchers bi'Il, as the hard
enedcampaigner would call it, was in
'inficant. The-Japanese lost about
dead and 250woundedincarrying
a fortress that would have cost them
10,000 men had it beexnoccupied by
European of American troops. China
is now at the merev of the Island Em
pire. In.a -few days the other troops
will be ready to leave Japan to. joim
Field Marshal Oyama's army, and
then the third and'final moveient to
waid Pekin will begin.
Up to the moment.Port Arthur was
entered, I can bear witness t} none
of Japan'sarmies now in the field were
anything but chivalous and generous
to the enemy. There was not a stain
on her flag. 'When we left Kinbchow
on November It and began the march
on Port Arthiar; the battery of thirty
siege guns was still fiounderino in the
rear, but General Hassagawa has ar
rived with the famious Komanoto
troops and the entire army of invasion
was assembled, something like 23,000.
The main army. hoved on the mili
tary road'&dktint the Northern coast
of the angTung Peninsula and
connecting Kinchow with Port Arthur
The reconnoitering cavalry was four
or fivemiles'in advanc6 of the mixed
brigade commanded by general Nishi.
which formed the vanguard. Then
came thbmain army with General
Yamaji, the "One-eve Demon." Gen
eral loliia and a miixed brigade fol
lowed. Then- came Field Marshal
Oyama with his staff. General Hassa
gawa with 8,000 men formed the rear
guard. Three battalions of infantry
were sent to protect Kinchow, and
one battalion was quartered in the
seven captured forts of Talienwan, six
miles away. In the whole force ad
vancing upon Pcrt Arthur there were
seventy-eight guns, including the
mountain and field batteries and the
delayed siecre cannons.
News ha<7 been received from the
Japanese spies regarding -?ort Arthur
andageneral- plan of action was agreed
upon.- The two battalions of Yamiaji's
infantry, one mountain battervand a
smrall detachment of cavalry left the
the main road, under the command of
Lieutenant Colonel Masumitsu and
made an independent left column
along the Southern coast road to attack
the most eastely seaports of Port Ar
thurat the time agreed upon for the
general assault. The~ main force was
to move along the Northern road for
three days. so that it would reach the
valley next to Port Arthur on the
night of thel9th. The attack was to
be made at daybrake on the 20th.
Meanwhile the strongest ships of the
standing fleet moved slowly among
the coast in order to co-operate by a
sea attack upon the Chinese, shouka it
be possible, or at least to embarrass
the sea forts and prevent them from
devoting their entire attention to. the
The correspondent then relates the
details of a skirmish between a small
force of Japanese and a large body of
Chinese. The Japanese lost eight
killed, and when the main body of
the Japanese cavalry came up they
found m the road terribly mutilated.
"I saw the Japanese dead on the
road with their hands gone and their
bodies mutilated. ' Several corpses
were without hands. tw&o had been
carries like sheep, and theirhearts and
livers toi- out." . A Japanese
horse had' been killed and
the Chinese out steaks from the haun
ches in the.middcle of the fight. As
the Japa'nese reinforcements began a
double-quick, the enemy disappeared
through the ravines into-theSuishiyeh
Valley and returned to Port Arthur.
The next day. while a council of war
was being 1Leld. the Chinese advanced
out of Port-Arthur, intending to dis
lodge th'e Japanese batteries on the
hill~comman~ding the Chinese position.
Then began a tremehdous artillery
fight. 'W ithin a few minutes regiment
after regiment could be seen
running in clouds of dust
across the head of the valley into
the ravine, leading to the support of
the Japanese artillery position. The
air 'was filled .with'shells and the
Chinese gradually concentrated their
fire. until the dust began to disappear
from the Western slope. The Chenese
columns marched out of Port Arthur
in sthree -columns. One descended
from the two dragon forts and the
other~two came out of the Port Arthur
Vtillef: The group was torn with
hells as they marc hied forward, but
ther never faltered for a moment.
Within a quarter of a mile of the Ja
panese aitill ry the Chinese line spread
itself out and' wheeling- to the left.
went straight for the hills to earry the
batteries by charge. The fire became
too hot and they lay down on their
faces with their banner poles stuck in
the ground, a magnificent tragedy
upon which thecrack Japanese conno
neers immediately trained their pieces.
"Within three minutes two shells
struck line exactly and tore great gaps
in it. Instantly every flag dropiped,
and the Chinamnen took to their hee
but in a few minutes they reform e
and prepared to receive thie Japanese
inantr-A hurrying down under the
shells and batteries. Just behind the
heroic band of Chinamen was another
Chinese line on a knoll with three field
guns which checked the Japanese ad
vances and enabled the broken line to
make a safe retreat.
"At 6:45 the next morning the bat
tle was resumed, the Japanese steadily
driving the enemy back. The forts
fell one after another, and Issuyama
was taken at 8:05. From Shoju there
shot out strange sprays of fire. The
arsenal in Port Arthur had caught fire
and was ripping, roaring and rattling,
vomiting flames and smoke like a vol
cano as an acre of massed shells and
"In -order to take the town troops
bad to cross the bridge or wade in the
river, but on the other side of it was a
road leading between two small hills
and on either side of the road were
rifle pits filled with Chinese infantry.
On the hill in the right of this road
was a battery of three field guns I
manned by the only good gunners on
the Chinese side. Every time the
Japanese attempted to move out of the
cover of the camp the Chinese rifle
men swept the parade grounds with
"Stretched in a line parallel with
the coast in front of the harbor were
Ight or nine Japanese warships and
the peninsula forts were shelling theu'
clumsily and without effect. Torpedo
boats were going through the waves
and sinking junks loaded with women
and children endeavoring to escape.
The water was filled with drowning
inhabitants. The massacre had begun.
At last a part of the troops moved
from behind the walls of the camps
and under shelter of the Eastern drill
round. they opened fire upon the
Chinese force guarding the entrance
to Port Arthur. A battalion moved
out of the drill grounds and knelt in a
semi-circle, sending volley upon volley
across the stream against the rifle pits.
Another detachment crawled al one:
through the sheltered road to a wafIl
on the Southern side of the drill
grounds. For fifteen minutes three
skirmish ineos kent un a fire and the
plucky Chinese were driven from their
position. Finally, a small column.
covered by the skirmishers, advanced
across the bridge and marched along
the road leading to the town. At the
same time Marshal Oyama ordered the
reserve centre to move down the val
ley, then bands of them came pouring
along the roadts behind the troops al
ready on their way to the town.
"Not 'a shot wasfired in reply. The
battle was over as far Port Arthur
was concerned. Even Ogunsan was
silent and deserted. The soldiers had
made their escape and the frightened
inhabitants were cowing in the streets.
As the troops moved on they saw the
heads of their slain comrades hanging
by cords, with the noses and ears gone.
"There was a rude arch in the main
street decorated with bloody Japanese
heads. A greatslaughter followed. The
infuriated soldiers killed every one they
saw. No attempt to take prisoners was
made. Women and children were
hunted and shot as they led to the
hills with their protectors. The town
was sacked from end to end and the
inhabitants were butchered in their
"The van of the second reniment
reached Fort Ogunsan andfound it de
serted. Then they discovered a junk
in the harbor crowded with fugitives.
A platoon was stretched across the
end of a wharf firing into the boat un
til every man and women and child
wa~s killed. The torpedo boats outside
had already sunk numerous junks
filled with terror-stricken people.
"I am satisfied that not more than
one hundred Chinamen were killed in
fair battle at Port Arthur and that at
least 2,000 unarmed men were put to
det. A slander Refuted.
ConcumA S. C., Dec. 18.-In the
debate on.athe metropolitan police bill
in the Senate yesterday, Senator May
field, of Barnwell, said that he had
been informed that secret instructions
had been given to the police of the city
of Columbia not to report any violat
ors of the dispensary law upon penalty
of immediate dismissal from the force.
Mayor Sloan. who was present dur
ing the debate~felt that so serious a
charge from such a source should be
promptly refuted. He therefore 'gave
istructions toChief Daly to assemble
the entire police force of the city in
the city clerk's office at 7 p. m. At
that hour the men all appeared, and
upon being formed in line, were briefly
informed by the mayor of the charge
that had been made'by Senator May
field on the floor of the Senate cham
ber. H'e then read over them the af
fidavit which appears below, and ask
ed if they were all willing to swear to
it.' Each man promptly responded
"yes," and they were accordingly
swvorn by Notarv'Publle C. M. Douglas
The affidavit is as follows:
We. the undersigned officers and
members of the police force of the
city of. Columbia S. C., do
solemnly swear that we have
never ~neither individually nor as
police officers, received orders from
the mayor. the city authorities or
from other sources,'to the effect that
we chould not report violators of the
We. an'd each of us. further swear
that we have never at any time stated
to senator Mavfield or any one else
that such orders had been issued.
We. and each of us, further swear
that we have never been threatened
with discharge or any other punish
ment for making such report.
Sivorn to before me this 18th Decem
ber, A. D. 1S94.
.C. M. Dogulas, (L. S.)
Notary Public. S. C.
Owen Daly. chief of police: W. D.
Hamilton. sergant; J. E. Moorhead,
sergeant: John Self. R. J. Bolton, D.
B. Sloan, J. W. Daniels. R. 0. Tha k
ham. J. W. Waters. Benj. T. Sutcliffe.
Martin Sheppard. Frank Hennies, W.
L. Dunning. W\. F. Kraft, E. J. Jones.
A. S. Steel. T. C. McEachiern, S. H.
Boyer, Geo. E, Boland, MI. Dawkins.
I' ed to Rtescue Seized Beer.
SEN 1, Dec. 15.-F. M. Butler. J.
J. Doh ns, J. L. Snips and R. L. Ar
nold of Anderson were convicted here
today in a trlal before J. W. Todd,
Trial Justice, and a jury, of attempt
ing to rescue two barrels of larger
beer from the custody of R. M.
Wright, State constable, on Septem
ber 11. The beer had been seized by
Constable Wright while in transit to
Anderson on September 8, consigned
to F. & Co. The attempt to rescue
was made soon after the arrival of the
train from Anderson in the evening.
The State was represented at the trial
by R. T. Jaynes, of the WValhalla Bar,
and the defendants by G. E. Prince of
Anderson. The defendants were sen
tenced to pay a fine of $100 each or be
imprisoned in the county jail of Oco
THIROUGH THE SENATE.
THE METRIPOLITAN POLICE BILL
PASSES THE UPPER HOUSE.
senators W ason, NorrIs and Finley. Three
True Rteformers. and Senator ai.t,
Barnwell and 5loan, Three Liberal Con
servatives, Advise Against It.
COLsImA, S. C.. Dec. IS.-There
were a number of stronz and stirring
speeches made in the Senate Chamber
yesterday, called forth by the metri
politan police bill. That measure was
amended so as to slightly modify its
centralizing tendencies. but a majority
of the Senators showed that they fav
or passage of the measure, and at
The first amendment to the bill was
made upon motion of Senator Finley.
In its original shape the bill gave po
lice boarls power to appoint "as many
policemen as may be deemed neces
sary by the board, not exceeding one
'or'every 500 inhabitants." Mr. Finley
secured'its amendment so that it reads
that the police boards shall have pow
er to appoint "as many policemen as
may be deemed necessary by the
board, not exceeding one for every
1 ,1:'00 inhabitants, and who shall have
been residents for at least six months
prior to their appointment.
Mr. Kirkland followed with an
amendment which requires that the
police commissioners appointed by
the Governor "shall have bcen quali
fled electors and frecholders" of the
city for which they are appointed at
least a year prior to that appointment.
The time originally specitiid was one
Mr. Wilson had the bill amended :>
as to give the Governor pow-er over
the nolice of any city of more than
.000 inhabiants.' but' Mr. Eird later
had inserted in lieu of that lim a
clause giving the Governor power
over the police of any incorporated
ity or town now under police regula
Mr. Finiey had added to Section 2
a provision "that no city or town shall
be liable in damages for any of the
acts of any of the marshals or police
men or officials appointed under the
provisions of this act."
Then Mr. Wilson secured incorpo
ration in the bill of a section provid
ing that wherever the word city is
used in it, it shall be construes to
mean city or town.
So far things had gone on without
a ruffle, but Mr. Kirkland now started
a breeze by moving to amend the bill
by stricking out of Section 1 the words
"whenever the Governor shall deem
it abvisable or necessary for the better
and more perfect government of any
city or incorporated town under police
regulations in this State he, the Gov
ernor, shall appoint a board of police
commissioners, to consist of three mem
bers, for such city, " and insert in lieu
thereof the following: "For the better
and more perfect government of the
cities and towns in this State, the Gov
ernor is authorized and empowered
in times of emergency, or upon
upon the written petition of one
seventh of the freehold voters of any
town in this State, setting fourth that
the municipal authorities thereof are
not making proper efforts for the en
forcemement of the law therein, and
asking for the application of the pro
visions of this Act thereto, to appoint
a board of police commissioners, to
consist of three membe~is, for such
city or town."
In a few words Mr. Kirkland show
ed the value of his proposed amend
ment, whose object was not to leave it
entirely to the G ovenor to say when
ie should take charge of the police of
a city, but to require some motion
fromi the city itself.
Mr. Wilson said that Mr. Kirkland's
amendment was just another way of
moving to strike out the enacting
words of the bill. The amendment
would take out of the G ovornor's
hands the power of deterntining as to
the necessity of metropolitan~ pohice
for any town or city and put in the
hands ~of that town or city. It was
ridiculous to expect one-seventh of the
men in any city or town to take upon
themselves the odium of asking foi'
metropolitan polices. He moved to
table Mr. Kirklands amendment,
which was done by a vote of '20 to 15.
Yeas-Barton, Brice. Brownt, Byrd,
Dennis, Derham, Douglass, DuBose,
Efrd, Fuller. Jordan, 3Mauldin. May
field, McCalla, McDaniel, O'Dell,San
ders, Stribhing, Williams~ and Wilson.
Navs-Barnwell Buist, Finley, Har
rison, Kirkland, Miller, Moses, Norr'is.
Ragin, Sloan. Stackhouse, Turner.
Verdier. Walker and Watson.
Mr. Efird moved to amend the bill
by giving the power of appointing
plice board composed of the Govern
or, the Secretary of State. and the Com
ptroller General, instead of leaving it
in the Governor's hands.
Mr. Finley moved as a substitute an
amendment making the board consist
of the Governor, the Lieutenant Gov
ernor, the Attorney General and the
State T'reasurer and restricting their
power of appointing police boards to
"cases of willful neglect to enforce
the laws on the part of the municipal
authoritiesof any incorporated city or
Mr. Finley then spoke b~riefly' in ad
vocacy of his proposed subititute. The
Senators ought to look to the future.
lehad included in his board such of
fials as to render it hardly probable
that those four gentlemen would ever
agree to any wrone. The law should
b freed fr~m all clanrge of that cen
tralizatfon which i.4 so foreign to our
doctrines of the past. Hie favored the
enforcement of all laws. While the
Dispensary law not exactly to his lik
ing he had always obeyed it and advis
ed ooedience to it. In his own county
he had done much to secure compliance
with the law. The policy of the bill
should be to give the power to appoint
police only where the municipal autho
rities refu'sed or nelected to enforce the
Mr. Wilson said the friends of the
bill favored any amendments which
would improve it. but not such as
would cripple it. He placed Senator
Finle's amendment in the latter
class." Beside, lie preferred the ollici
als specified in Senator Efird's ameud
Mr. Finley stated lie had favored
putting the .Secretary of State on the
board until he was informed that that
ohicial and the Governor are very
nearly related. He could not conceive
of the law being forced on any city
or town whose oflicers were honestly
trying to do their duty. The board
should not have power at its mere
caprice to take charge of the muni
cipal government of any town or city.
Oter States have metropolitan police
Adls but tn+he area seial Acts for.
special cities, and not general laws
Mr. Finley's substitute was tabled
by a vote of 24 to 11 as follows:
'Yeas-Barton, Brice, Brown. Byrd,
Derham, Dennis, Douglass, DuBose,
Etird, Fuller. Jordan.. Mo-uldin, May
field McCalla. McDaniel, Norris.
O'Dell, Ragin, Sanders. Stackhouse,
Stribling, Watson. Williams and Wil
Nays-Barnwell. Buist. Finley,
Harrison, Kirkland. Miller, Moses,
Sloan. Turner, Verdier and Walker.
Mr. Watson moved to make the
board consist of the Governor, Secre
iary of State and State Treasurer.
His amendment was tabled by~ a vote
of 1S to 14. and Senator Enird's amend
inent then adopted.
Mr. Finlev then moved to amend by
requiring 'each marshal and police
man appointed under the bill to give
bond in the sum of $2,000, with sure
ties approved by the police board of
Mr. Vilson said that wa entirely
unusual, no politiciai evegave bond.
3r. Finley rejoined thatIt was not
unusual. n 'ope town, in his own
county the policeman was required to
give bond. As police app6inted under
this Act will only be responsible to
the Governor, anaI will not be respon
sfble to the local authorities, they
ought to be made to give bond.
Mr. Wilson urged that the same pro
cess of reasoning would require the
givinz of bonds by Trial Justices.
Mr. Finley's amendment was then
Eloquent speeches against the bill
were made by Senator Sorris.%Watson,
- inlev. Barnwell. Duist. Sloan and
others, while Senators Wilson, May
field. Eiird. Jordan and others advo
ented the pa.sage! of the bill. At the
conclusion of the speaking a Inotion
to strike the enacting words w&s lost
by a vote of 13 to 21, as follows:
'Yeas-Barnwefll. Buist. Finley.Har
rison. Kirkland. Miller, 'Moses,_ 4ow
er, Norris. Igin1. Sloan, Turner and
Nays-Barton. Brice. Brown, Byrd,
Dennis. Derham, Dou'lass. DuBose.
Efird, Fuller, Joidan, Jayfield, Mc
Calla, McDaniel, O'Dell. Sanders,
Stackhouse. Stribling, Walker,' Wil
lams and Wilson.
Mr. Watson announced that he was
paired with Mr Mduldin and-.would
have voted against the bill had the
latter been present.
Senator Butler Speaks.
WASHINGTON. Dec. 19.-Speaking of
the South Carolina election laws and
of his course in appealing to the courts
to test their validity, Senator Butler,
of South- Carolina, said this morning:
"The story, for a beginning, goes
back to' ' beriod twilve years ago,
when shre*d lawyers constucted and
caused to be enacted a system of regis
tration and election laws calculated
solely for the purpose of . preventing
even the remotest possibility of negro
domination, of which at that time the
people of the South were very much
afraid, under existing Federal election
"It put all elections in the State
practically under the control of the
State machine, and things went just
the war the machine said. Of course
we all'a'equiessed in these laws for
many years, for no one seemed to
thinik t'here was any barru in. them.
To tell you the truth, I never read
them or knew 'whatwas in them until
The people generally were very
well satisfied with this arrangement
of affairs, and for years .things ran.
along very smoothly-until the Till-'
manmtes, so called, got hold of the ma
chine. Now it is charged that although
acting strictly under the law-they have
disfranchisedi 40,000 white voters and
elected Tillman to the Senate..
"3Mv term expires on the 4th of
MIarch next, and I shall never be a
candidate again for any political office.
But I am interested in the peace andL
good order of the State. and I .say to
you, just so sure as these laws remain
unchanged shotguns will p lay a prom
inent part in future political cam
paigns and voters will ivalk through
blood to the ballot boxes. That is why
I am interested in the matter at the'
present time. Nobody knew how bad
these laws were until the workings of
the last campaign caused the. pepple to
study them. They are so clearly un
constitutional that there can be no
doubt whatever as to the result. I be
lieve the Supreme Court of the State
will so decide.
"I presume Tiliman will come here
to take his seat on the 1st of next'De
cember,- and the question of constitu
tionality may then have not been de
cided by the~ highest tribunal of the
land. In that case it is my belief that
the Senate-itself would have the right
to decide as to whether the Legislature
that had chosen the Senator was a'con
stitutional body or not."
\\AsHnIGTcON. Dec. 19.-Senator
Butler, of South 'Carolina, has out
witted his successor,~ Governof .Tiil
man, and Senator Allen, the Populist
from Nebraska, who were applicants
for the desk of the senior~ Se~na.tor
from South Carolina. in the front
row on the Democratic side of the
chamber. As soon as it became prob
able that Senator Butler would be de
feated for re-election to the Senate by
his hated rival, Goverhor Tillman
there was a lively scramble for the
very desirable seat, which is located
irniiediately in front of the Vice-Pres
ident's chair between S'enatoi-s '\organ
and Cockrell. Senator Allen and
Governor Tillman both wanted the
desk, and there are other Senators
who now hiard rear' seats, who cast
longing eyes in the direction of tihe
desk which Senator Butler has occu
pied for so many years. Within. tpes
past week Senator Jones, -of Arkansais.
has been occupying the seat of the
South Carolina Senator, while the
latter has moved his personal effects
to the desk formerly' used by the Ar
kansas Senator in the front row, but
away around to the extreme right of
the presiding officer. It appears that,
in order to prevent a Populist or a
Tillranite from getting' the - much
coveted seat, Senator Buter and S-en
ator Jones exchanged seats. As the
time draws near for Senator Butler to
relinquish his membership in the Sen
ate it becomes more difficult for him
to conceal his mortification that Till
man is to succeed him. It is probable
that Senuator Butler will leave Wash
ington for the holidays and he may
not return to Washington -'agai-n
while the present session of Congress
lasts. His wife is in poor health, and
he may decide to pass the winter at
THE JIM CROW DON'T GO.
THE SENATE WRECKS THE SEPAR
ATE COACH BILL.
The General Appropriation Bill PaSses
With Changes Favorable to Colleges and
COLUMBIA, S. C., Dec. 2.-There
was quiet in the Senate yesterday, but
a considerable amount of routine work
was done, azhd besides with little or no
friction the general a propriation bill
was passed, with sundry amendments
to the House bill, and the "Jim Crow"
car bill jumped the legislative track
and was wrecked beyona repair, at least
for a year.
The House bill reguiringrailroads in
this State to provide separate first
class coaches for white and colered
,assenoers, more briefly described as
ihe "im Crow" car bill, was made
shori work of. It had been unfavora
bly reported, and i pon being reached
on the calendar Col Sloan moved the
ado ption of the report.
Mr. Finley asked that the bill be
passed over until today, but there were
several voices raised against this, and
Mr. Finlev moved to lav on the table
Col. Sloah's motion. This was lost
by a vote of 15 to 9.
Mr. Wilson desired action delayed:
the bill could lie over on the calendar
today- and tomorrow, and could not
get through anyhow.
Col. Sloan saw no use in a postpone
ment of action or inflicting a lingering
Mr. Norris hoped no Senator would
try pie patience of this body so far as
to-atterpt to debate this bill; it had
been defeated year after year, and the
Senate could not spare the time to this
Mr. Wilson -moved to continue the
bill till next session.
Mr. Moses moved to lay the bill on
the table. Carried by a. laige majority.
The appropriation~ bill was taken up
at the night session. The most impor
tant committee amendments adopted
were those increasing the appropriation
for the South Carolna Collegeof $21.
000 as fixed by the House, to $25,000:
the Citadel Academy from $15,000 to
$18.000; Clemson College from $15,000
to $35,000. and the Winthrop Normal
College fr>m $55,000 td $65,000.
Mr. Buist succeeded in - getting the
restoration of the salary of the Char
leston quarantine officer to $1,SOO from
$1,400. Mr. Walker did the same ser
vice for that office at Georgetown,
from $300 to $500, and Mr. Verdier
persuaded. -the Senate to restore the
salaries of the 6fficers at St. Helena
and Port Ro ai to the figures prior to
the slash in the House, viz: $800 each.
Mr. Mayfield urged that the salaries
of the two lately elected circuit judges.
provided for by an appropriation of
$3,000 each in this bill, be increased to
$3,500. He contended that all the
judges should be on the same footing
and should receive equal compensation
The Constitution provided they could
not reduce a judge's salary during his
term of office, but there was nothing
preventing them raising it. The law
did not effect the salary of the last
elected Associate Justice, because he
was elected just before the passage of
the salary reduction bill and did not
come unaer its provisions. He moved
to appropriate $3,500 for their salaries.
Mr. Harrison moved to lay the mo
tion on the table.
Mr. Norris did not wish to make a
speech, he simply wished to say the
prposition of the gentleman from
arnwell was a most monstrous one.
Had the gentleman forgotten that they
were elected to this Legislature on a
salary rediction plat form. It might as
well 'be said that the Legislature had
no power to reduce a judge's salary.
If th6se arguments prevailed there
would be no salary reduction.
Mr. Buist was n'ot in favor of reduc
ing salaries, but he heartily agreed
with the gentleman from Anderson in
regard to the proposition of the gentle
man from Barnwell. Th is bill was
carrying out a law on the statute
books, and not to carry out its provis
ions was to slight the law.
Mr. Mayfield restated his case and
said his osition was that fish should
not be nmade of one and fowl of the
other. His motion was laid on the
table by an overwvhelming vote.
Mr. Jordan made an earnest plea for
solicitors elected in 1S92: He claimed
the State was in 'honor bound to give
them what the office was worth at the
time of their election. To reduce their
salaries was bad faith and they were
already the poorest paid of the State
officers for the value of their services.
Mr. Finley. in charge of the bill, said
he believed 'in sticking to the law as it
was and which they were sworn te
Mr. Jordan's motion prevailed and
the appropriation for solicitors was
raised from $11,600 to $12,500.
Mr. Efird offered an amendment that
2,500 be appropriated for the State
Agricultural and Mechanical Society.
'Mr. Mavfield moved to lay the
amendment on the table, but withdrew
it for the purpose of debate.
Mr. Efird stated the condition of the
society ar-d that the lack of $2,50OC
might resuilt in its ruin. It was al
most a State institution and the State
should support it. The last fair had
gven -general satisfaction, but the
ard times were felt by the society as
well as by others.
Col. Sloan spoke of the benefit the
annual fairs niad been to the agricultu
ral interests of the State: or how it
brought the farmers here in competi
tion and improved their methods and
their stock, and urged that almost
every other State in the Union gives
aid to such associations.
Mr. Maryfield: "Is it not true that in
193 l-iqu'or was sold on the ground
during the fair and when Governor
Col. Sloan: "Oh, my friend has gone
.~razy on the liquor question. I am not
discussing whiskey or whether it was
sold or -not and I will not at this time
descend to the level of discussing that
question; I am talking about a State
instittion. conducted for the benefit
of the State of South Csrolina, and not
the whiskey ~question, and I beg that
the Senator from Barnwell will draw
~ Mr. Watson regretted exceedingly
the gentlemen from Barnwell had
brought up that question here. No ap
propriation of $2,500 made by the State
to Clemson College or for any other
purpose would bring the results this
money would. The time was when
the people of this State were satisfied
with any kind of stock: it was not so
now, and this fair had wrought the
dhange. It was a valuable object tes
son and one which he greatly valued
for his sons: they could spend four
days nowhere so profitably as at the
fair The ask~ for this with -no selfish
motive: no one makes money out of
it. He appealed to the Senators to
give the little asked.
; Mr. Mayfield continued that as it was
not a State institution and the State
owned none of the grounds or build
ings it was an individual fair and the
money asked for was to assist a private
Mr. Watson: "A public enter
Mr. Mayfield: "Sois every county
fair in the State and they are of more
benefit to the young men of the State.
as they are more easily and cheaply
visited. To appropriate funds for pri
vate purposes is robbing the people."
The amendment was laid on the ta
ble by the following vote:
Yeas-Brice, Brown, Dennis. Der
ham, Douglass, Dubose, Fuller. Har
rison, Jortan, Vfayfield. McCalla. Mc
Daniel, O'Dell, Ragin, Sanders, Stack
Navs-Barnwell, Buist, Efird, Kirk
land, Miller, Moses, Mower, Norris.
Sloan, Verdier, Walker, Watson, Wil
The bill then passed to a third read
The Question of the Hour for the People
of the South.
To the Editor of the News and Cou
rier: I am a cotton man. My welfare,
like that of our whole people, depends
upon the price of cotton. How to raise
that price so as to make it pay the
farmers is a problem that. just now,
for the South at least. dwarts in im
portance all other public questions.
The schemes that have been suggest
ed to control the market by the crea
tion of a bif; trust or by the throttling
of speculation are, as every clear
headed business man knows, visiona
rv and unsound. Neither is practica
ble, and either plan. if it could be car
ried out, would surely aggravate the
very trouble it was meant to cure.
What then shall be done? The sim
ple, sensible and only real remedy is
to cut.down production. But, we are
told, this is impossible. The cilight
ened selfishness which impels the far
mer to tell all his neighbors that by
olantin- only half as much cotton
they wil get for their crop more than
twice as much money does not go far
enoug'h.to lead him to practice on his
own frm what he preaches to the rest
of the county. Of course, no matter
how expedient and how necessary for
the public good a reduction of acreage
may be, even a Legislature ot farmers
is powerless to enforce it by law, and
the - perversity, inconsistency and
grasping tendency of that human na
ture that is as strong among cotton
growers as among other people bars
the way to a reduction of the crop by
voluntary and individual choice.
Yet we must somehow apply the
remedy, and apply it quickly, or the
South will be ruined. The vague ap
prehension of a substantial decrease of
production next season is at this mo
ment, as every cotton merchantunder
stands, the chief. if not only support
to even the beggarly prices which now
prevail. If the world couli only be
certain that the South next spring
would plant for another monster crop,
cotton would now be selling much
nearer three cents a pound than fire.
Consumers care nothing whatever
about the cost of production. With
them it is a cold question of demand
and probable supply of the raw materi
How then can the indispensable re
striction of production be brought
about? The only way. I fear, is by
the pressure-terrorism, if you will
of local public sentiment. Our farm
ers know perfectly well that a crop of
six million bales will bring more mon
ey to the producers than acrop of ten
million bales. Let them form at once
a --Ten-cent Cotton League" in every
county of the South. Let every
member bind himself in writing to
plant only one-half the acreage that
he' ?anted last spring. _Let each farm
er aot only act as a vigilance commit
tee of one to see that his neighbors
carry out their pledges, but invite
their inspection of his own fields so
they may be satisfied that he has done
like-wise. Let every farmer who re
fuses to bind himself with the rest or
who, having done so, breaks his pledge.
be vigorously "boycotted" as a traitor
to the community. This may be called
terrorism; but we of South~ Carolina
know that a little wholesome terrorism
has sometimes done great public ser
vice. Let the movement be once
fairly started and it will spread like
wild-fire There is no time to be lost.
The emergency is ins pressing as it is
grave. The remedy. hiowever~ "rough~
is not illegoal, And desperate cases re
quire desperate remedies.
Let Manchester and Fall River only
hear that the formation of a Teni-cent
Cotton Legue is begun in earnest, and
there would be an end to 5-cent cotton.
The receipts would cease to frighten
anybody. Neither spinners nor specu
lators w'ould wait for the pledge of the
league to be carried out. Everybody
would want to buy cotton. The price
would leap upward. and I believe that
in less than a month every pound of
cotton remaining in the South would
be worth at least 2 cents a pound more
than it wvill bring nowv.
But, I repeat, if this plan is to be
tried, there is no time to be lost.
Destitution in Nebraska
OnAuI, Neb.. Dec. 16.-A staff cor
respondent of the World-Herald sent
into the western part of the State to
investigate the reports of destitution
among the farmers, sends from North
Platte a most distressing story. Most
of the renters have left the country
and f'ew of the owners of land are in
a prosperous condition. There have
been two successive crop failures. The
animals are also suffering, and unless
food is sent for them they will not be
fit for work next spring. Some of the
farmers are really in want and others
starving. Some supplies are coming
in from the East, but much more are
needed. Some of the farmers are liv
ing on wild fruits.
A Japanese matrimonial advertise
ment reads: "A young lady wishes to
be married. She is very pretty, has
a rosy face framed in dark, curly hair,
eebr-ows of the shape of half moons
and a small and beautiful mouth.
What other inducement does she of
fer? " She is rich enough to admire.
by the side of a life companiion. the
flowers by day and the stars by
night." All that she req~uires in turn
is that the youth must be a youth.
handsome and accomplished, andl~ he
must be willing to share the grave of
his bride-that is, when it is eminent
iy proper that lie should: she shows
no imneent hnat in the matter.
THE CARLISLE BANKING BILL.
Tiews of the Majority of the Conmittee
Favorable to the Measure.
WASHINGToN, Dec. 17.-It is under
,stood that the Carlisle banking bill
will not be voted upon before the hol
iday recess. It will probably be taken
up in a day or two and discussed un
til the holiday adjournment and the
vote on its passage taken some time
after the reassembling in January. It
is thought almost impossible to hold a
voting quorum in Washington until
the discussion has been concluded, and
for this reason the postponement will
probably be agreed to by the friends
of the mea-nre.
The connittee, the majority report
says. are of the opinion that a security
to the f?ll amount of the circulating!
notes issued is no longer necessary for I
the safety of the notes. An exhaustive
argument is made to denonstrate that
if the proposed bill had been in force
during the crisis of 1892, if all the
banks had lieretof->re taken out circu
lation to the ma-~um amount allow
ed by law, and if the failed banks
had also taken out their maximum
circulation, the guarantee and safety
funds would have been ample for the
payment of the entire circulation- of
the outstanding notes and would have
left a surplus of over :1L000.000 still
in the safety fund without the necess
ity. even in a ore-at crisis of that kind
oT making any assessient on the re
sources of the other national banks.
The report contends that if the pro
vision of the bill relating to State
banks be observed, it will throw
around the State bank circulation the
most essential safeguard which are
provided for the nationalcurrency. If
they be not observed, the ten per cent.
tax will be imposed and the notes will
be suppressed. The conclusions of the
committee as reflected in the report are
thus briefly epitomized:
If the proposed bill should become a
law, it will provide for a safe. suffi
cient and flexible currency. The bond
security required for national bank
notes makes flexibility very difficult.
if not impossible. The proposed bill
requires that the secretary shall keep
on hand blank notes which
can be issued at any time
to any amount which may be
required by business conditions within
the limit of the circulations permitted
under the bill. Thus, provision is also
made for retiring notes promptly when
the banks may desire to do so. and as
the outstandin~g notes will be taxed
one-half of one per cent per annum
and as the banks taxing them will be
deprived of 30 per cent;thereof in legal
tendernotes. there will be an induce
ment to retire the circulation wEien it
is not needed and at the same time an
inducement to take out circulation
when business conditions-require it.
Will Live and Win.
Congressman Holnan, of Indianbt
who for many years has had his watch
ful eve on national appropriatious,
not only repudiates the idea that the
Democratic party has been killed by
the recent Republican triumph. d ut
regards its future as bright. He says
that the Demorcatic party has lived a
hundred years and will continue to live
so long as popular government exists.
In time to come its name may be
changed or it may possibly be reor
ganized, but its principles are vital and
mperishable, and it will be alive when
other parties have faded from the
memory of man. But Mr.-Holman is
not content with denying the demise
of Democray. He declares it is sure
to win in the next national election
and carries the war into Africa by de
claring that it is the Republican party
that is in danger of the graveyard. He
says the Republican party will be wea
ker in t wo v-ears from now. probalyr
than at an'y time in its history. 'It
may last a'few years longer, lie said.
but it is bound to go to pieces by the
close of the century. It will <go out of
existence. he thinks, as the Whig par
tv did. Its corner stones are protec
tion and a spending _government,
which are synonymous ::or public ex
travagance.' In commenting on the
above the Augusta Chronicle says to
those weak kneed Democrats who have
lost their nerve because of the recent
overthrow these cheering words of the
old wvatch dog of the Treasury should
give new heart.
GOVERNOR Tillman thinks thle Con
stitutional Convention should not be
held before September. He takes the
position that by that time thei-e would
be a restoration of better feeling and
that the Convention would beC made
up of non-partison nen. who were not
smarting under poidekal prejudices.
It is probable that th' view is shared
by others. Senator Irby) on this mat
ter thlinks that the leaders of the fac
tions in each county should agree upo
an apportionmlent of representation
upon a basis of the relative strength of
each faction in the county. That is,
if at any primary or otherwise it is
shown tiiat there are 2.000 Reformers
ini a counity against 1.000 Convserva
tires, the renresentation should stand
four reforniers to two Conservatives
where a county is entitled to six dele
gates. There will hare toi be s-ome un
destaling on the matter and it w.ould
probatbly. be better thangoing throughl
a fight. If there is 1o be aa ny campaig
ing on the matter it will v~ery prob bly~I~
be during the month of August.
Hlorrible D~ouble Tra;""dy.
CLEVELA E. Ohio, Dec. 15.-Asec
ial from JIamestown. Ky. says that
3rs. W\inslow Shermatn ad her
daughter. 3Mrs. Clinton D~avis, wxho
lived on a farm near tha.t place, were
murdered by unknown persons today.
MIrs. Sherman's husband had gone to
attend the funeral of his son and
daughter-in-law. MIr. and MIrs. MIyron
C. Sherman. who were killed by a
train a day or two since. He retur-ned
home about 4 o'clock this afternoon.
and was horrified to find his wife and
daughter lying dead in the house.
There is no clue to the perp~etrator of
the crime, although it is apparent that
the motive was robbery.
Fate of a Drunken: Wouni:ta.
GARDINER. MA.INE. Dec. 1i.-At an
early hour this morning a house in
Raudolph. -ownedl by Amios 3ierson.
and occupied by a woman~f and two
children. was burned. All three of
the inmates were bur-ned to death.
The child r-en wer-e known by the names
of Lillie Folson. aged 7. andl George
Foson. aged 4. The n~ oman had given
several ditferent names. but in the
Bible found in the house was the name
--3rs. Wmn 3eReady." It is impossi
ble to obtain facts regairding the cause
of the fire, but from what is known of
the woman's habits it is probable shle
was intoxicated and tipped over the
SWEPT BY FIRE.
GREAT DESTRUCTION OF LIFE AND
PROPERTY BYAN E.ARTHQAUKE.
The Eotnes Described Are s:.mply Awful
Islands Swept by Fire-One Village and
Itg Inhabitants Dumped into the Sea.
Loss of Life Great.
VIcToRIA, Dec. 13.-The Australian
steamer Warimoo. which arrived yes
terday, brings the startling news that
a majority of the islands of the New
Hebrides group are passing through a
baptism of fire, earthquakes and vol
canic disturbances, threatetning the
very existence of several of the largest
and best islands, including Ambirim,
celebrated for the excellence of its cof
fee. On the latter, an entire village
of natives was recently carried into the
sea, the loss of life being estimated at -
sixty to seventy-five men, women and
children, while in other groups it is,
also, reported that a layer of ashes of
two to six inchcs deep covers the once
fertile field. At Ephia. Nov. 2. there
was a severe earthquake in the morn
ing. and when the crater on the West
side of Ambrim burst forth on the
next day. the whole island trembled.
Since then it has opened in five or six
different places. Even the island of
Ephia, which was much less affected,
had, up to the seventh of N6vember,
felt sixtv-three distinct shocks, and for
weeks had been covered by clouds of
ashes and smoke. Traders and plant
ers living on the island have fled to
Port Sandwhich, the nearest port, in
many cases abandoning all their pos
On the 13th of November an earth
quake shock rocked Ambrim from
East to West, causing the ground on
which stood a small native village to
slump with the houses of the inhabit
ants into the sea.
The special correspondent of the
Sdney Morning Herald, writing from
Ephia early in November, said: This
land is in a volcanic eruption. The
outbreak commenced on the 16th of
October, at an old crater in the centre
of the island is a mass of lava.
Commander-in-Chief Admiral Bow
den Smith gives the press the follow
ing report made to him by the com
mander of the Dart, while she was ly
ing at Dip Point, Ambrim Island. He
writes: "An eruption on Mistand
took place today. Itpressently became
evident that a lava stream, marked by
a dense column of smoke was making
its way through the hills to the sea.
The ship war's stopped some 300 yards
off shore. where it was seen the stream
would emerge, and soon afterwards
mountains of flames were seen among
the trees, and presently the whole ap
peared ared hot mass, with lumps of
slag tossing about on the surface.
"When it reached the water, a most
magnificent sight ensued. A dense
pillar of steam rose rapidly in a--ser
pendicular direction to a heigt
about 4,500 feet. A few seconds later,
a violent submarine explosion of
steam took place, the water rising in
hi h bubbles some one hundred feet
hi and bursting in all directions,
radiating through the waters mixed
with black masses, presumIably of lava.
A considerable swell was sent out af
terwards and as the arc of explosions
seemed to be coming rapidly, the ship
was moved to a safer distance.
"Canoes of natives were leaving the
island in all directior-s. Some of these
were taken in tow at Dip Point and
were cleared of imrmediate danger.
The ship then proceeded around to the
South side of the island and it was seen
that the whole crater of Mount Mar
yun, in the centre of the island, was in
violent eruption and that masses of
smoke were rising over all the West
"On returning, while round Dip
Point. a sudden outburst accompanied
byr continuous, violent explosions took
place. About two miles to the South
west of Mission station, the cliffs were
seen to be falling inland, and flames
appeared over the crust of the gap be
tween the mission and the interior.
The natives were asse.mbled in terrifi
ed groups on the beach, and I, accord
ingly, sent boats in offering to take off.
All the natives of the group were in a
state of terror and noise of the eruption
was indescribable. Dust and debris'
from theburning brush fell continu
ally. Throughout the next day earth
qual:e shocks were severe.
"The next morning we proceeded to
the Northeast point of the island as
far as Dip Point, which was found to
be in darkness, objects being scarcely
visib~le over a quater of a mile. We
communicated with the shore and
found that the natives were reassured
and actual fires in the vicinity had
ceassed. At 6 o'clock in the evening
we proce'ded to Port Sandwich, not
clearing the show.er of dust until more
than half wayr across. Small shocks
were expe-ienced on the way, and in
all thirty-one distinct shocks were felt
in seven hours and thirty minutes.
"A great portion of tlie cliff at Dip
-Point has fallen into the sea. A-l
along the shore clouds of dust are ris
ing and land slides have resulted. Dus
wais now failing heavier than ever,
but of the lighter, cooler and finer des
cription. Everything on the shore
was covered with the deposit, the land
scape being of one uniform, dull elate
color, and the ship a gray mass. We
landed and proceeded over the hill for
about two miles. until the stream of
lava was reached. Although cooled
down, it was still proceeding at some
four or five feet an hour in the direc
tion of Banlag on the South coast. Ow
ing, however, to the thickness of the
atmiosphere. it was impossible to get
any news of what was happening. We
then returned to Port Sandwich.
S-r. Louis. Dec. 1.-A miniature
riot broke out in the court of Criminal
Correction at noon today. William
Wright. a negro. had just been dis
charged on a charme of misdemeanor,
and was leaving thie court room. Of
fieers attempted to arrest him on
another charge when his friends, be
lieving that lie was a victim of police
p)erseentionl. resisted and attempted to
release the prisoner. A furious strug
gle ensued, during which clubs were
freelv- used and revolvers drawn. The
combattants surged back and forth
through the room overturning desks
and chiairs, and it was necessary to
ring for reinforcements from police
headqiuarters before the row was
quelled. A prominent attorney nar
rowly escaped death from a pistol shot
by oilicer Dewar. As a result of the
riot six persons were badly injured
and t wo detectives ha ve been suspeon
ed from the force pending an investi