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READS LIKE A NOEL.
A FULL HISTORY OF THE BARRETT
How the Facts Were Brought Out-Inter
estiu Ceveiations :a to the AMute
Attorney% Rascally Scheme--Ue is Caught
up With at Last.
CoLT2wBiA. 5. C., DeC. 18.-During
the past week one of the most notable
cases ever tried in Columbia. S. C.,
was con::luded in the United States
Court-the Barrett postoffice conspiy
acy case. It was one of the most not
able cases of its kind ever tried in the
South, indeed in this country. says the
The parties on trial were Capt. C. P.
Barrett, criminal lawyer, lately of
Spartanburg; John S. Fisher, United
States Commissioner and mayor of
Tryon, N. C.,; A. J. Fisher, J. R. Bur
dine, postmaster at Cowpens. S. C.;
John T. Tillman, R. J. MeElrath post
master at McElrath, S. C.: J. W.
Owens, postmaster at Owens. S. C.:
R. C. Wyatt. postmaster at Wyatt. S.
C.; Clarence Lee. John M. Thompson.
postmaster at Clifton. S. C.: ThonasJ.
Hannon, John D. O'Bryant. postmas
ter at Peak's S. C.; Edward B. Lowe,
er at Enoree. S. C.. and Wmt.
Of these. Tillinan. Thompson and
Hatcher skipped, leaving their bonds
men in the lurch.
McElrath, Owens, Wyatt, Lee Han
non and Lowe turned State's evidence,
anc'McElrath, Lee and Hannon plead
ty; Owens was sick in bed with
prosecution and the defence
brought tooether a fine array of legal
talent. JoAn M. Caldwell. one of the
leading criminal lawyers of Anniston.
Ala., cameon to defend John D. O'Brv
ant and got him off on the ground
that the oences charged against him
were barred by the statute of limita
tions. Mr. Caldwell is probably the
most expert penman ever seen 'here,
he being able to imitate perfectly any
signature offhand after seeing it once
Col. Wm. Munro, of Union, repre
sented Thomas J. Hannon, throwing
around him all the legal protection
= *ble. He was assisted by Mr. S. T.
vy, of Spartanburg.
Col Blythe, in addition to appear
g for Capt. Barrett, asalready stated
also represented John S. Fisher and A.
J. Fisher. He got the Fishers off, but
couli not save the "red fox."
After a most exhaustive and tirescme
aamintion of many witnesseson both
sides and two brilliant arguments for
the prosecution and defence, the speech
of District Attorney W. Perry Murphy
being particularly fine, both on ac
count of his eloquence and his master
ly handling of the testimony, District
Judge Brawley addressed the jury and
delivered his charge. He had the un
divided attention of the entire audi
ence. The charge was able and lucid,
showing vast study and research into
the laws relating to conspiracies. The
jury did not remain out long and at
an early hour inthe afternoon brought
in a 'erdict of guilty as to Barrett,
Owens, Tillman and Lee. Barrett
went to jail with the other prisoners.
The following history of the con
spiracy will now be read withinterest:
The case was placed in the hands of
-Postoffice Inspector Fred D. Peer by
Hon. G. M. Whiteside, Chief Postof
floe Inspector of the Southern States.
Peer immediately went to Spartan
~m~1atte. I dd not take him long
to find evidence enough against Thom
as B. Neighbors, postmaster at Dallas,
S. C.. and W. D. Evins, postmaster at
Converse, S. C., to warrant their ar
rest for conspiracy, along with Capt.
Chas P. Barrett and others to defraud
the United States by falsifying the re
turns of their cancellations of ~g
stamps and by illega sale and 'si
tion of the same. 'eighbors and Ev
ins are both one-legged Confederate
veterans, highly connected and much
esteemed in the communities in which
they lived, and the citizens were great
9--surprised to find that they had been
led astray by Barrett. Peer worked
up such a strong case against Neigh
bors and Evins that when confronted
with the evidence they both made full
confessions, implicating Barrett, who
was then a practicing lawyer, and
other members of the gang above men
tioned, who were also arrested by In
setor Peer for consprcy to defraud
te Government and business houses
all over the United States.
The sworn confessions of five post
masters, together with the corrobora
tive testimony of the other witnesses,
and the documentary evidence, pro
duced followed by a conviction in the
United States Courts here, disclose one
emos tnic swindleson record.
.arrett's Independent Order of
South Carolina Postmasters" might be
ana ilation of the slickest gang of
swin ers ever organized in the United
States for the purpose of defrauding
the Government and obtaining every
variety of goods from business houses
all over the United States by the fraud
ulent use of the mails. A large num
her of fourth class postmasters through
out the State, under the guidance and
direction of Capt. Barrett, the shrewd
criaial lawyer, organized themselves
into a band, and with the aid of Uncle
Sam's letter heads robbed the people all
over the country with 'the greatest
boldness and success.
Postoffices were established in out of
the way p laces, where they were not
needed, through the instrumentality
of Lawyer Barrett, for the express pur
pose of robbing the Government and
Barrett has been a sort of Demo
pat"go as-you-please" politician, and
hereorehad the happy faculty of
ingratiating himself with whatever
.ty happened tobe in power. Hence
's ucessinhavngpostmasters ap
Sinted and postotlices established.
e sharpest inspectors worked on the
case for over three years. During all
that time they were convinced that
Barrett was the moving spirit of the
swindlers, but were unable to get any
proof. During the Harrison adminis
tration Barrett manag-ed to be made
referee in matters of I ederal appoint
ments, and his term of office was re
markable for the creation of new fourth
class postoffices. Still the inspectors
detailed on the case were unable to get
much evidence of fraud until Inspect
or Peer went to work and caused the
arrest of Barrett and about twenty-five
others. This was followed up with
the trial and conviction of Chief Bar
rett and his gang already mentioned.
Inspector Peer had barrett's law of
fice seached on a search warrant and
found some very damaging evidence
against him, together with enough
paraphernalia for a full fieddged Post
master General's use. After havino
postmaster's appointed the plan woulil
be as follows: A fourth class post
master gets no salary, but is allowed
a percentage on all postage stamps
cancelled by him. These postmasters
would, withBarrett's aid, falsify their
quarterly returns and report their can
cellations at say $100 or $200, when in
reality perhaps only $5 or $6 worth
were actually cancelled. They would
then jdraw large commissons, and in
thi wa the Government has been
beaten out of thousands of dollars.
Besidcs this the stamps left 'on hand,
which had been reported as cancelled,
would be turned over, to Barrett who
would dispose of them and divide the
spoils. Bringing a lot of postage
stamps to Barrett was characterized by
the postmasters a s -bringing a'possuni
The department was aware that Bar
rett was selling stamps at less than
cost, but could not locate the source of
his supply until Fred Peer's shrewd
detective work began to throw some
light on the subject. It was a case of
"diamond cut diamond." but tie post
office inspector proved to be Barrett's
ieer and therefore the cunning jurist
'now languishes in jail. Inspector
Peer. -who i now operatimg in South
Carolina, is well known throughout
the United States. le was formerly
employed in the postof!ee at Cinein
nati. Peer ls the air of a clergy
man anl is as bi:i! as a gil. but is
keener and has more nerve than hal'
a dozen ordinary 11awk shaws.
The band of swindlers mentioned
above, of which l'arrett .a'pears to
have been the bright., shining star,
have been workin-: their fraudulent
schemes for a numberof vearsand the
many firms that have been victimized
have' been mentioned in a former issue
of The State.
The gang was versatile in its tastes
and ordered through the mails with
out hope or intention of paying for it
merchandise of all descriptions. from
saw mills and steam engines down to
furniture, typewriters, safes, dishes,
edibles, soaps and law books. They
seemed to have an especial weakness
for pianos, organs and safes and in
more than one little log hut out in the
backwoods can be found fine oflic
safes. and grand mahogany pianos.
rangig in price from .250 to $900.
This band of robbers flourished. They
managed to get themselves ratcd in
Bradstreet's or Dun's.
The scheme to defraud )usincss
houses was this: "Using colispicuous
letter heads with United States postof
fice printed thereon. one of the con
spirators would order goods on the in
stalment plan and upon their arrival
would mortgage them to another of
the gang. In order to give the transac
tion a semblance of being bona fide and
legal. Barrett would see that money
which he furnished was actually
passed in the presence of an innocent
witness when the mortgage was given.
The money, however, would be re
turned to Barrett as soon as the mort
gae was recorded in the clerk's office.
NVien the owners would endeavor to
recover their goods they would find
them sold to some supposed innocent
purchaser and under the laws of the
State of South Carolina they would
have to whistle for their money. It
was smooth sailing on a summer sea
for the swindlers and everything
seemed lovely till they struck a snag,
a jagging, pr)bing snag in the person
of PostofficeInspectorPeer. The plans
of Barrett and iis regularly organized
band of robbers have been fully venti
lated in the United States Court room.
Many witnesses were examined and
the evidence adduced was of the most
damaging and convincing character
and showed a scheme almost unexcell
ed in the history of fraud in its bold
ness and artistic rascality.
At Spartanburg, Barretthad a lot of
law books in his cell in the jail, which
he converted into a sort of law office.
He also had a typewriter in his cell,
on which he was typewriting all of
the evidence in the various cases
against him. But Inspector Peer traced
it up by its number through the Ham
mond Typewriter Company of New
York city, and discovered t'hat it was
also abtained by the fraudulent use of
the mails. J. 2I. Nunally, the South
Company at Atlanta, Ga., was sent fo
and he at once identified the machine
and fine cabinet desk that went with
it as the same property he had been
defrauded out of over two years ago.
He claimed his goods and took them
away from Barrett by regular process
of law, Carson & Evins acting as his
Attempts have been made by the
Barrett gang to victimize a number of
firms all over the United States which
are the Robt, MitchellFurniture Coin
pany, Dodd, Werner & Co., Mosler.
Bahman & Co., and the Herring Hall
Marvin Safe Company. A Herring
Hall safe, which has never been paid
for, was in Barrett's office when he
was arrested, Certain circulars which
have been sent to various merchants
ordering goods. give a very curious in
sight into some of the methods of Bar'
rett's gang and show the ingenuity of
Barrett who originated them. They
are well printed on good paper and
dated at the United States postoffice at
Walker, S. C. They direct that the
goods ordered be put in packages not
heavier than four pounds, "technical'
ly sealed" and mailed with only a two
cent stamp thereon. This woul'd leave
$1.26 to be collected at the office of
destination on each pakage and A. F.
McDowell, who was postmaster at
Walkers, as he explained in the circu
lar, got the transportion of the pack
age practically for nothing, as he
was allowed 100 per cent. on the
stamps he was supposed to put on these
packages and cancel. McDowell was
convicted at Greenville.
The residence of. J. W. Owens. who
was postmaster at Owen's, was destroy
ed by fire recently by some of the gang
in order to get 'rid~ of certain docu
mentry evidence which lie had in his
trnk. Owens turned State's evidence
and his life was threatened several
times. The Windsor Hotel at Spartan
burg, it is said, was also burned in the
hope of cremating Postoflice Inspector
Peer and all the forged bonds mn his
possession. Peer has since been called
the "Phcenix." Lawyer Barrett stood
well with the present Cleveland ad
ministration. until his crooked transac
tions came to light. He was in a fair
way of being appointed chief clerk in
the Attorney General's office.
Judge Br'awley sentenced Barrett to
eighteen months in the Government
prison at Columbus, 0., in the coln
spiracy case alone, and to pay a fine
of $500. Barrett has not been sentenced
yet in the Posey Bragg forgery case.
The maximum punishment for forgery
is fifteen r'ears at hard labor and a fine
of $5000.~ Owens, McElrath. Hannon
and Lee were sentenced to six months
coinement in the county at Spartan
burg. It is very probable that Till
man w~ill be severely dealt with when
he is captured inl Texas.
Bairett appealed to the United States
Court of Appeals. In the meantime,
he is still confined in the Richlland jail
in Columbia, S. C.-Augnsta Chrloni
Jumped Into the Eiver.
.gxoxvruLE. Dec. 19. -Some monthls
ago Calvin McGhee was discharged
from a dry goods store for helping
himself to cash receipts. He was in
dicted in the crimnal court and his
trial set for January 17.-A special
from Chattanooga says his body .was
found floating in the Tennessee river
below that city this morning. He
went from here to Chattanooga about
the 15th of November, and from there
he wrote his affianced, a young lady
of Morristown, that he was tired of
life and would jump into the Tennes
see river at 10:15 o'clock Thanksgiving
night. That morning he paid his
board bill and from that day to this,
nothing has been heard from him un
til the finding of his body, which was
identified by papers and' photographs
THE SHEPHERD'S CHRiSTMAS VIGIL.
"Glory to God in the Ilighest, and on Earth
Peace, Good-will Towards 3Men."
The article below is an extract from
"Ben Hur:" "A Tale of the Christ,"
written by Gen. Lew Wallace. It is
a splendid book and should be read by
all. Here is the extract. Be sure and
By the gate [of the sheep-foldl hug
zing his iia itle close, the watchman
walked: at times lie stopped, attracted
by a stir aniong the sleeping herds, or
by a jackal's cry far off on the nioun
k-in-side. The midnight was slow
comning to him: but at last it came.
His task was done: now for the dream
less sleep with which labor blesses its
wearied children'I He nioved towards
the fire. but paused; a light was break
ing aro'und him, soft and white, like
the moon's. He waited breathlessly.
The light deepened: things before ii
visible came to view:he saw the whole
field, and all it sheltered. A chill
sharper than that of the frosty air-a
chill of fear-smote him. He' looked
up: the stars were gone; the light
dropping as from a window in the
sky; as lie looked, it became a splei
dor: then, in terror, he cried,
Up sprang the dogs, and. howling.
The herds rushed together bewil
The men clambered to their feet,
weapons in hand.
"What is it?" they asked, in one
"See:" cried the watchman, ''the
sky is oil fire."
Buddenly the lie'ht became intolera
bly bright, and they covered their
evyes. and dropped upon their knees:
then, as their souls shrank with fear.
they fell upon their faces blind and
fainting, and would have died had not
a voce said to them.
And ther listened.
"Fear no1t: for behold, I bring you
good tidings of great joy, which shall
be to all people."
The voice, in sweetness and soothing
more than human, and low and clear,
penetrated all their being, and filled
them with assurance. They rose uponi
their knees. and, looking worshipfully
beheld in the centre of a great glory
the appearance of a mai, clad in a robe
intensely white: above its shoulders
towered the tops of wings shining and
folded: a star over its forehead glowed
with steady lustre, brilliant as Hesper
us; its hands were stretched towards
them in blessing; its face was serene
and divinely beautiful.
They had often heard. and, in their
simple way, talked of angels: and
they doubted not now, but said, in
their hearts, The glory of God is about
us, and this is he who of old :ame to
the prophet by the river of Ulai.
Directly the angel continued:
"For unto you is born this day, in
the city of David, a Saviour, which is
Christ the Lord:
Again there was a rest, while the
words sank into their minds.
"And this shall be a sign unto you."
the annunciator said next. "Ye shall
find the babe, wrapped in swaddling
clothes, hyin' in a manger."
The herald spoke not again; his
good tidings were told: yet he stayed
awhile. Suddenly the light, of which
he seemed the centre, turned roseate
and began to tremble; then up, far as
the men could see, there was flashing
of white wings, and coming and going
of radiant forms, and voices as of a
multitude chanting in unison.
"Glory to God in the hig'hest, and
on earth peace, good-will towards
Not once the praise, but many
times. , . --.
~~ Thenithie herald* raised his eyes as
seeking approval of one far off; his
wings stirred, and spread slowly and
majestically, on their upper side white
as snow, in the shadow v-ari-tinted,
like mother-of-pearl; when they were
expanded many cubits beyond hiis stat'
ure, he arose lightly, and without ef
fort, floated out of view, taking the
light up with him. Long after he was
gone, down from the sky fell the re
frain in measure mellowed by distance,
"Glory to God in the highest, and on
earth peace, good-will towards men."
When the shepards came fully to
their senses, they stared at each other
stupidly, until one of them said, "It
was Gaberiel, the Lord's messenger
'Christ the Lord is boirn; said he
Then another creovered his voice,
and replied. "That is what lie said."
"And did he ntot also say, in the
city of David, which is our Bethlehem
onder. And that we should find
him a babe in swaddling-clothes?"
"And lying in a manger."
The first speaker gaze'a into the fiire
thoughtfully, but at length said, like
one possessed of a sudden resolve.
"There is but one place in Bethlehem
where there arc managers: but one.
and that is in the cave near the old
khan. Brethren. g let us go see this
thing which has come to pass. The
priest~s and doctors have beeni a long
time looking for Christ. Now he is
born, and the Lord has given us a sign
by which to know him. Let us go up
and worship him."
"But the flocks
"The Lord will take care of them.
Let us make haste
Then they all arose and left the
Around the mountain and thrioug'h
the town they passed, and came to the
gate of the k'han, wher'e there wais a
man on the watch.
'What would you have ?" he asked.
"We have seen and hear'd gr'eat
things to-night," they r'eplied.
"Well, we, too, have seen gireat
things; but heard nothing. What did
"Let us. go down to the cave in the
encosur'e that we may be sure: then
we will tell you all. Come withI us.
and see for yourself."
"It is a foo1 s errand."
"No, the Christ is bor'n."
"The Christ: How do you kniow:
"Let us go and see first."
The man laughed scoirnfully.
"The Christ inideed: How are you
to kn1ow~ him?"
"He was ~born this night, and is now
lying in a mianger, so we were told;
and thei'e is but one place in Bethile
hem with mangers."
"Yes. Come with us."
They went through the court-yard
without notice, although ther'e w"ere
sonie up talking about the wonderful
light. The door of the cavei'n was
open. A lanteirn was burning within.
and thier entered unceremloniiously.
"I give v'ou peace," the watchmian
said to JToseph and the Bethi-Dagonite.
"Here are people looking for' a child
born this night, whom they are to
know by finding himi in swaddling
clothes and lying in a manger."
For' a moment the face of the stolid
Nazarene was moved: turning away,
he said, "The child is here."
They were led to one of the mangers.
and there the child was. The lantern
was brought and the shepards stood by
mute. Tlhe little one made no sign;
it was as others just born.
"Where is the mother:" asked the
One of the women took the baby.
and went to Mary, lying near, and
put it in her arms. Then the bystaiid
A caefli *:1: Pi powi
L .t of n I:. '-a ntII I -t*rengtt.h.- La
e t ited IAt. e oFr o- s Re
106 Wal St., N Y.
-t is the Cihrist " said a shepherd,
-Thie Christ:' they all repeated,
falling 111)011 their knees in worship.
One of them repeated several times
It is the Lord, and his gor is
above the earth and heaven.
And thie siplhl) men. never doubt
ing, kissed the hem of the mother's
robe. and With joyful faces departed.
In the khan. to all the people aroused
and pressing about them, they told
their story; and through the town, and
all the way back to the marah, they
chanted the refrain of the angles,
"Glory to God in the highest, and on
earth peace, good-will towards men
The story when abroad. confirmed
by the lighrt sogenerally seen; and the
iext day, and for days thereafter, the
eave w\\as visited by curious crowds.
of wv hom some believed. though the
greater part laughed and mocked.
The Taxes Next Year.
COLUMBIA. S. C.. Dec. 18.-The sup
;' v1bill for the fiscal year beginning
-November 1. 1S94, was reported by
the Ways and Means Committee last
Vit State levy is placed at 4; mills.
I arm informedl that the committee
thinks this abudantly sufficient. This
is, of course. exclusive of the constitu
tional 2-mill tax for the schools. The
levy is half a mill below this year.
The levy by countips for county pur
poses is as'follows: Abbeville. 2j- mills:
Aiken, 21 mills; Anderson. 3i mills;
Berkelev. 5 mills; ()hc-er. 5 7-12 mills.
Chesterflield 51- mills: Charleston, 21
mills; Colleton. 6 mills: Darlington 3
mills: Edgetield, 2- mills: Edgefield is
authorized to borrow money for coun
ty purposes and pledge taxes in ad
ance and also to borrow $3,500 for
Tile same privilege is given Fairfield,
for which the county levy is placed at
3. mills and one-fifteenth of a mill for
Florence. .31 mills; Georgetown, 5
ills, vith a tax of 3 mills on all live
stock in Townships 5 and 6.
Greenville, 51 mills: Hampton 4
mills; Horry, 2i mills, in addition five
sixths for poor and thirteen-twenty
fourths for railroad bonds.
Kershaw. 53 mills; Laurens, 54
mills; Lexington, 3 mills, with 3 mills
extra in Broad River and 2* mills ex
tra in Fork and Saluda Townships for
railroad bonds. The county is author
ized to borrow and pledge taxes in ad
Marlboro, 4 mills; Newberry, 3
mills; Marion, 2tanmils, also allowed
to borrow monev.
-~Ath-lnd, 41- mills; Spartanburg, 6j
mills: Suner, 3 mills; Union, 9 mills:
Oconee, 3 1-5 mills; Orangeburg, 24
mills; Williamsburg, 41 mills and the
county isauthorized to borrow money.
York County .3 mills, with the fol
lowing extra in these townships for
interest on railroad bonds: Catawba,
3 mills; Cherokee, 1 mill; Ebenezer. j
mill; York, 5 mills.
The'fay of Auditors.
CoLmL&, S. C.. Dec. 20.-The fol
lowing is the pay of the Auditor's of
the diferent counties as fixed by the
Legislture. The figures in the first
Aoumi. applying to the old salaries
frei the State; in the second column
to the newv salaries from the State and
in the last showing the total amount
of future salaries, including amount
received from counties also:
Charleston-.....2.00 $1,200 $1,900
Berkeley-..-.......S80 000 1,400
Spartahuirg... 800 S00 1,500
Richland.........-800 700 1,500
Abbeville-........-700 700 1.200
Aiken.......... 700 600 1,000
Anderson........-700 600 1.000
Edgefield-......-..700 COO 1,000
Barnwell.. .......700 000 1,100
Beaufort......... ) 52 102
Chester.- -....... 0 25 92
Darlington....... O 25 72
Fair field ....... .. 60 2 2
Florence......... 60 2 2
Horry....... -- 500.40.75
Kersaw......... 45 75
Lancaster........ 0 450 75
Williamsburg . ... 40 5
G reenville .......,00
h aurene ......... 92
Drangeurg...... 0 001,0
Chesterfield--...... 450 55
Clarendon........ 50 5 5
Georetow'n...... 0 50 95
H apt on----.......4.0 85
The House thenito -eestl
3 700 525l1,025
-leCo t~ 700~- 600Pr 800
Notony iilo70i0s clothin,0
furitue nIallt 0 7ctua necs200e
of ivng bt 000el 5o 5 thng 5~
pertinig t 600 enoyen and0cul
tur. hi ispcill true as 725ia
110 ad rgn 600is manufcture
reaiz thtn 6tes 525~ tiesprce
1S b exee 00gi low, an 50rm
of ~tmeit 500eexcptonll easy
:i teyar 500li ti5e emegecy
Notie te ltes 450rtsnn 750
Luddn &5a00 450ter Musi
oueSavnnh. 00. 45n ths 50se
ant wit tl 500fo thei For 50n
Prics. isis 0 wi 50-aak-ne50
ge-lftan t 500ul rel5bl house
whoe 11Cl' il a 0 600ai justwha
the sa, t 0c00 notin to 25it
Li~den&Btesfo caalgus price
The Itook aarecess till
3:30 guo'clofh. i DnJun
wch coas wre ke ofc Lorie. en
Notron, on ebrovisons. clothg
edrniture nd alturda atnesarites
ot where bt asswell was wrecngs The
pertinin which evidyent bend bue
ovredb Th rssecentl strue as oepia
nots and Arga Wsecmuriiesuresc
thlie thortintes closolimes foriches
ofpermentimats eDtonallyn as
onna theyage frmem he eerogncy.
Lden whn&h ats wouternkMusi
RODDY TO THE FARMERS.
A New York Cotton Uroker Teling Ex
The Yorkville Enquirer gives the
following report of the speech of John
T. Roddy, of the New York cotton
brokerage firm of Roddy & Watts,
before a recent meeting of York coun
I am extremely grateful to you for
I the kind reception you have given me
this morning. Though for the past
month or more I have been subjected
to all manner of abuse by New York
cotton men, and even by many of our
Southern newspapers, in the light of
this reception I count their slurs and
slanders as nothing.
Did I not so fully unde'-stand the
influences that are at work ruining
the homes and wrecking the lives of
our Southern people, I would have
never raised my pen in protest, nor
would I be before you today. But
having seen and learned what I have
and believing so firmly that I not only
understand the trouble, but can sug
gest to you an efficient remedy, I can
not rest quietly under the buiden un
til 1 have at least made the situation
plain to you as I see it.
Do you know the cause of the ex
tremely low price of cotton? There
are those who will tell you that there
is no demand for it. I 'tell you this
is not true. It is due to the influence
of the professional 'bear' operators on
the metropolitan boards of trade.
These men have so depressed the price
of all kinds of agricultural products
as to leave the producers without
means to create a demand for any
thing. I know of one New Orleans
bear' who has taken out of this year's
cotton crop $1,000,000 for himself; and
I could point you a half a dozen 'bears'
in New York, and half a dozen more
in Chicago, who cost the South and
West not less than $150,000,000 a year.
These men produce nothing, absolute
ly control prices, realize almost all the
profits there are in all our crops. and
are literally crushing the producers of
the South and West to seridom. And
there is no demand? How can there
be a demand when the producer is
scarcelV allowed a living? When cot
ton was ten cents a pound, a man
could have three shirts where he is
now hardly able to own one.
The laws of supply and demand do
not control the price of cotton. The
laws of imaginary supply and demand
mav: but not the laws of actual sup
ply and demand. Go ask your cotton
buyer what is the price of cotton, and
will he figure on the supply and de
mand? \o; he will tell you that New
I ork futures are off 25 points, and
that means that your cotton is off 25
oints. On the New York cotton eN -
change, they sell 1,000 bales of futures
to every single bale of spot cotton;and
in this case the imaginary fixes the
prices of the real. If New York sells
50,000 bales of futures at 3 cents, that
means your cotton is 3 cents. Though
this is a fact and we see it, at present
we are helpless. New York knows
that by a certain time we have got to
dispose of so much cotton, no matter
what the price and so they fix the
And the mills .re not going to help
ou. I saw the other - day where a
Russian mili was manufacturing
American cotton and paying its stock
holders a dividend of 25 per cent. It
is the way with the mills of the North.
They are fatteriing off of low priced
cotton. The future contract system
is the greatest thing in the world for
them. They do not have to lock their
money up in cotton. They find it
more profitable to put up a margin on
futures. If cotton goes up, they make
money by the speculation, just the
same as if they had the cotton on
hand; and if it goes down, they let
their margins go and buy their cotton
from you. You have not got the sym
pathy or the support of these mills,
and you are not on an equality with
them. They are backed by plenty of
money and are able to protect them
selves against speculators. The specu
lators know it and let their products
alone. What they sell is governed by
the laws of supply and demand of
their goods; but not of your cotton.
The pri-e of your cotton is governed
only by the ?nanipulations; of the pro.
Now what are you going to do about
it? In the late war you fought be
cause you thought the North was
trying to rob you of your property.
Then it was fair and open war on both
sides; but now it is different. Ten
years ago you put an S or 10 per cent.
mortgage on your lands to be paid i
10 cents cotton. You find the mort
gage just the same except now- you
have it to pay for with five cents cot
ton. Look around you and you wil]
see that you are hemmed in by cliques
on every side. There are trusts on
everything you buy and combinations
against everything you sell. Why,
one man worth $20,000 can sell before
its planted, every bale of cotton to be
produced in York county next
year: and .that is a fair sample of the
estimates they put on the labor of our
You say it costs 7 cents a pound to
raise cotton. At 10 cents a pound.
your lands are worth $25 an acre, and
at 5 cents a pound they are not worth
the taxes. And you can't do any
thing? Eminent authorities are agreed
that owing to the peculiar conditions,
cotton producers could be more easily
oranized for the control of the crop
than any other class of farmers on
earth. The reason is because this coun
try always has had, and always will
have, a practical monopoly on cotton.
We can produce any and everything
we need. We can get along indepen
dent of the world; but under no cir
cumstances can the rest of the world
get along without our cotton.
* * *
Mr. Roddey then went on to explain
iow! the 'bear' .operators on the New
York exchange had every advantage
over the bulls as to time of deli; ery.
freights, borrowing money. etc., and
illustrated the downward tendency of
the market with the statement that on
100 bales of futures sold on the New
York exchange every year from 1871
to the present would net the seller at
this time $27G0.000; and in conclusion,
he said :
"I don't want any credit for this
thing. I do not wanr; any money out
of it. I have proper~y in the South,
my relatives and friends have proper
tyhere. Your interests are my inter
ests. I think some kind or organiza
tion is necesary. My plan is not neces
sarily the only one calculated to ac
complish the purpose, and I do not
want to see my plan adopted to the
exclusion of a better one. But let the
South agree on some plan and I prom
ise to do all in my power to make it a
success. But I-ll tell you this, with
all confidence, that if our people will
raise at home all neccessary supplies.
and put themselves in a position to
hold their cotton absolutely out of the
hands of the speculators, and says,
with a unanimous voice, that it is
worth 8 or 10 cents a pound, that is
what it will bring.
Aequitted and Lynched.
NASnVILLE, Dec. 20.-A mob of
masked men in Hainwood county last
night wenlt to the house of .1 ames
Clark, whfere Joseph Allein, colored.
had gone after being acquitted of the
charge of barn-burnino, captured
Alien andmurdered himiyy filling his
bodyn wih bkshot.
means so much more than
you imagine-serious and
fatal diseases result from
trifling ailments neglected.
Don't play with Nature's
If You are feeling
out of sorts weak
and generally ex
Nf lhave no appetite
5 nd can',t -work,
begin at oncetak
ing the most relia
.1r, -1 rl Brown's iron Bit
ters. A few bot.
comes from the
ier first dsi
twxt stain yu
eeth, and t's
pleasant to take.
Dyspepsia, Kidney and Liver
Constipation, Bad Blood
Malaria, Nervous ailments
Get only the genuine-ithas crossed red
lines on the wrapper. All others are sub
stitutes. On rece f two 2C. stampswe
will send set of 'Ien Beautiful World's
Fair Views and book-free.
BROWN CH EMICAL CO. SALTINIORE, M%
AITIZENS OF CLARENDON
Yuti have gone through two years
of the greatest deprivation, and now
there are certain goods you are com
pelled to buy.
The prospects are for a better crop
than you have had for four years,
I and we trust you are in a condi
We have bought an unusually
large stocli, and we intend to sell a
large part of it to you.
We have a great many friends
and customers in Clarendon, but te
are not satisflr '.-we want more.
Your friend now-a-days is
If you will give usia chance we
will help you. Come anti try
DUCHER & BULTMAN,
St.imter, S. C.
P. S. We are helping to dcwn the
jute trust by buying Sugar Bags, the
cheapest covering for cotton bales. If
you have not tried it, do so.
ESTABLISH ED 18638.
L. W. FOLSOM,
- Sign of the Big Watch. -
-'STELING SILXER, CLOCKS, -
Opticl Goods, Fine Knives. Seiss'ors and
EStphen Th2as, Jr. ? Bra
JEWELRY, SiLVER & PLATED WARE,
Sectaces, Eye Glasses & Fancy Goods.
72Watches~ and Jewelry repaired by
257 KING STREET,
CrHTRETON. S. C.
manning Collegiate Institute,
MANNING, S. 0.
Do You Int1rend to Educate Your Children "
If so, Patronize the Institute. Why ?
Because the Institute is well equipped for its work, and offers advantages
that are not to be found elsewhere in the county. Besides the advantages
in the ccurses of study, moderate tuition rates, cheap board, healthfulness
of the town, combined with others of equal importance make it to your in
terest to seud here.
R=eac Conasicler 2 Act !
Send for catalogue.
E.- J. BROWNE, Principal..
W . SHEPPE D & Co.
L A RGE
-OF- ~AT -
. "ni ' rie hrims
Tinware, Send for e roulars
No 232 Meeting St., CHARLESTON, S. C.
PER01VAL M'FG. Co
>i~- Z1 :.
DOORI SASH, : AND : BLINDS.
4;8 to 486 Meeting Street, CHARPTESTON, S. C
OTTO TIEDEMAiN & SONS,
Wholesale Grocers and Provislen Dealers,
172, 174, and 176 East Bay Street,
C MEJk L I T OlT. S. C.
Save Your Eyes!IPalmetto Pharmacy
When you need a pair of spectacles don't
buy an inferior glass. You will find none -
better than gUIIUU 'W
---R Charleston, S. C.
FIoeL. Expressor Freit goods to any
part- of the United -States or abroadl'
OrdersQ rece-ive, Promitt aittention inmii
ManningS. oosS.nt .C.D.tore
JGHT OUr W gu
SEndE et o2no GLSSE., N. Y., c'5Bno latrlag 8 2
For ouapre g me OurlLttle ivrck,"sand2
ORANCE, gAS.C. uicrSop15 2
MoT , E xes for 2ih od toan0
H allsSrt- of th osn ite ttes or abroad
OrdPennry recills 75mtateto immed0
al r.ticlie not Sute andiitororfe
l ess ny prya cent. , 67ifeec wil 00
reAlitrni e nt, mal25rbsnesi
s-nllO csHusi. GodssntC 1.D 0ore
Acdour a te ord rs ods .( 5
Allcoc's Porus, 2lses0 25
Cpie' Plasorteresripnson 75 125
HAlc's Busion Plstrs land1 50
') Our Litl iver Pil ls, , 15nt 25
Codtiura ReOlvue, '~c qurt 1 00
Custiclve , 41 x ae0 50
Soti pai P te, p 10b. t 25
WSim 's Lirve rai reguatmen 67 1 00
Chhi er' Pe&aylPls 5 1 00.
H~Etact WStruo Hyphopits, 0 150
FINEST~ MOST Pennyroyaitle i Pills, 75 1 0
/ Dru~Per n ri. Peifusr67 T1 00
Aligando r nim ent, C 25, ngs
Scots E lskio n. oie 67qosie 1 the
Sen TE cetot 28Unin S., Ha.L'r Emliny 5c and p50seca
for ur rizegum, "BindLuck" od Lt iverJ t ila purer 80c wilrt 1i o00
New Hoe b 4Cast ile thp, cimp ortdpr ib. 20t c 25lt
The~w~ore~ewng~ahifl Ws t'st Neve s&m Brinea01tetoc 71 0
ORANPhosphoSine, 85 100
(Entract Witch HazlWpntso20h25
SOUTHRN F~ICarter'ppsite Die Pis 15n25
fltP~T~l5 ND ITOESAL DEDruggiCakss Bsndries. an P lrumr inooh
FRITailRDUE and IanBrshy Combdines
?i~~ ~~eab~ ~h~i~ ?c~a~Chamonns Caies anid CToin Rgnis.si h
Fh rulie nyhextres andpa seca
-) a7tte'nBtion tCmai r s tewl aiie Frus
Char~e t~, . catalo Kige t ndree CIabI'out Apri 1st
WonM.n CrBAwR & BRo.,
FRUITE PROUCE. ns rancy SnaiWaes
JFrench Eixtures and.
eChapes.'le it2o alwIy the be 19 King CAEStr, ,IRLSlN 0. C
the bst, tey aeOsurly0thmosrecWnxaic00.f,
you to by.JOBBYES O DRY OODS,
Economy is the true source of wealth. Lay the * TINY.2L i
foundation of your wealth by buying JA3IES
M!EANS' 82:00, 62.50, $3.00, 84.00, orMNNN, .C
15.00 SHOE, according to your needs. * i'rtsbilng pealte
For sale only by 3Ioses Levi, Man- to ie l uiesi i hre
ling, S. C.ri o .DC,
OSEPH F. RHME. WV.. D s 013 D.V7.
R HAME & DAUISUTS, .C
A TTORXEYS AT LAW, Lv rtes dygossoe
MANNING, S. C.
AOHN 8. WILSON,7' L
MANNING, S. C
Aetoney nd ouR~lorat Lw, otary i rbuiih s pe ssciaedtten
MA~uNING, S C. it. 0. UrE, ltiae Cs.