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FREE %SILVER 1)EFIAN:)EI
THE MAiN H )? O THE SOUT H AND
Col. Youmians. ElabortessmeoHi
Idea. on 3Ionetary- Q1uetions, and Ar
gues in Favor of the Whit e Metal.
To the Editor of the State.
In endeavoriii to ciply wi:h the
request of your correspondent "MIore
Than One" I shall at first :ttempt to
meet your exceptions to my position
on silver ts expressed in your issue of
November 26th. In your editorial of
that date you hold that the free and
unlimited coinage of silver at the -ra
tio of 16 to I should be entered upon
only by international agi-eeiment. that
its adoption by this country alone
would reduce our monetary unit to a
fifty cent standard, and that it being
so regarded by the great trading na
tions would be a disaster. The ies
tion of international agreeient is al
ways broached by the ad cocates of the
gold standard. whenever the re
mintage of silver is proposed. not that
they have any idea of accompluig
anything, for they know that is i
possible: but it is advauced. often like
lawyer's move for a continuanc1(e.
merely for the purptose of evasion and
postponement. Three times has this
aovernment admitted the disastrous ef
ects of the gold standard by calling
for international conferences to rel..
bilitate silver and three times have
the American delegates labored uoner
the humiliation of rising in the eon
ferences to vainly beseech the Eauro
pean delegates to join with, :'m in
undoing the treacherous roobey :.
Sherman and Ruggls anicu tn e
conspirators, who en.iieered the ue
monetization of silver through a 'on
gress apparently as ignorant of the
faws of finance 'as the average voter'
of the South and Northwest appears
to be of his own interest. Those who
now pretend to deny that the present
distressing situation has been caused
by the refusal of free nuntage of sil
v-er, would do well to rad and co
sider the admissions of our goveri
ment made by- those who. as her delc
. gates, voiced her sentiments in these
conferences. Even John Sherman
wrote Mr. Goesback, a delegate to the
International Monetary Conference of
187$, as follows: "During the Mone
tary Conference in Paris when silver
in our country was excluded from cir
culation by being under valued, I was
strongly in favor of the single stand
ard of -old, and wrote a letter. which
vou wil find in the proceeding of
that conference. stating briefly my
view. At that time the wisest among
us did not anticipate the sudden fall
of silver or the rise of gold that has
occurred. This uncertainty of the re
lation between the two metals is one
of the chief arguments in favor of a
mono-metalic system. but other argu
ments. showini the dangerous effect
upon industry by dropping one of the
precious metals from the standard of
value outweigh in my mind all theo
retical objections to the bimetallic sys
tem." In his address in this confer
ence Professor F. A. Walker said:
see International Conference 1878,.
page 8Pr-"Yet even more important,
in the view of the delegates fronm the
United States, is the probable effect
upon the production of wealth, result
ing from the diminution of the money
supply of Europe and America, alrea
dy accomphish'ed or in progress,
---trough the gratuitous demonetization
of silver. Cutting,'as in the first in
stance it does, to the very quick into
the profits of the enterpreneur,o.- man
of business, which profits constiaute
the sole motive to production un.cr
the modern organization of industry,
and, enhancing, as in its ultimate
operation it must, the burden of d
debts and fixed charges,.- publ1c, pri
vate or corporate;hich debts and
chargres are. in ef ,the mortgage
which the&ntatives of past pro
-direboln upon the products of cur
rent industry-a diminution of the
money supply is one of the gravest
evils which can menace mankind **
** Suffocation, strangulation, are
words hardly too strono-to express the
agony of the industrial body when
embraced in the fatal coils of "the con
tracting money supply. *** Against
so great a wrong to civilization and to
the hopes of mankind the representa
tives of the United States here pres
ent, raise their earnest protest and
Again in the international confer
ence of 1881, William M. Evarts~chief
delegate of the United States (see in
ternational monetary conference.,1881,
pages 322, 323 and 32S> said: "Th~ey
thought that the way to get at a unity
of comnage was to have but one metal
in the service of the world for its
money. This was a clear subordina
tion of the end to the means: this was
a sacrifice of money that could not be
spared in its volume and in its force.
in order that the symmetry Qf the
mintage might be more conveniently
attained. This was in the nature of a
sacrifice of the great and manifold
tranactions of an open conmmerce to
the convenience and the simplicity of
the bookkeeping which records it.
The act of 1873, a coinage act. as I un
derstand it to have been,which,- under
this unlucky incident of regulating
coin, has assunied to suppress oniehlfl
the intrinsic money of the State *
What is it competent. within the cour
age and wisdom of this conference.
for it to propose that shall accomhisn.
or shall promise. or shall tend to ac
complish this great result of placing
the money of tne world abreast with
its burdens and responsibilities and
untrammeled in the discharge of
Delegate How (see sanme, pages 242
and 243) said: "We~ do not seek a
pinched market pining for our so-egll
ed precious metals- We rather wish
to find a busy and lusty wvorld to help
cosume the really precious fruits of
our agriculture. WVe seek a thrifty
world to pay for them. It is the pro
found beliet' of that gov-ernment that
no such world is possible if its mojney
is to be limited to a single me-tal.*
* And it is not to be forgotten that the
demoralization of silver means the
retirement of not only nearly half the
world's coin circulation, but of mnore
than half of its convertible paper is.
sues. It means to double the weight~
of existing obligations and to coi
pres the world's activities into half
their existing scope" The delegates to
the international monetary conterence
of 1892 on behalf of the L nited States
reiterated-the same sentiments. (Sc.
international monetary conference
1892, page 54, appendix A). The mn
who constituted the several delega
tons were noticranlks or Populists, but
representative men,. selected thr-ough
tai ordinary channels of goverunment
' their iintelligene, integrity and
ability to voice at these conf'erenices
the se'ntiments and opinions of the
United States. And in doing so they
fuly sustain my position as e-labora
ted in my three~ at-ticles on the low
price of cotton, that the inevitable re
sult of discarding silver froin the
mints would be a contractlun mi the
circulating medium, which would
double the burdens of alt debts. taxes
and fixed charges, and by proportion
oil:u1 - zit' . - xzts C
ker -sl i.i.
- l ;. : .I it wou ltd. as twas
I id )n le th e
s 1k tnt oI tli:ai m, pauind S
(CC~k zl I. 111C1i,: Ori 1
r .I l ' he lt-avy h f I
paraiysis on the r.adl' o tI twen
Said Prof. W:dkr: -'C-l ain SO
r a r tC ciil ;it " mId( to
the hones of m: aLlI [d. to ersn
tatives the 1 Stat... wre... es
en t t I hei .*-n' pro t s I d
warni-r." Thisi-s 1hw lil oe."
-i ereiv - -na ..i. "o- lw ll n"
C Cth --dew o lie 0-C ttr I:" forCC :
atly w1ith the cxreiCn th
gatts in su:iii my poCman. he
tirst witn ss i shall t-sne I v
whC'i'oIC perhans ii'n- full than any
I w :0-' C .: th :-m iments S 4)f the rI
x-, r , v. I ee in t(ei.
Ia n,. ! Sont'1 C ry*hCC tCnfern 1S78,
nI '->..:. --3r. Br chCiQ re o nized that
Cihe, Unitt iSta thd a great interest
1 havi.l: thier countries make equal
as of t w :als.*41 for theIr miionetary
circul;;ation -and give equallY to bothl
tia leCal tedrhcter The 1Unitedi
Sti:es fe-ar thait if the, Statels still SubI
jected to thei r oIf paiper mone
"oId Standard. tiswill immdit. ciately
prouCtim double I C n i Cce of
p;,dIeing 'e r id as a tre
C'to . C' --.1 ''w,~ hI 'in f'i pre n it
CC'e m o.6.:' 1i ma.. b.- am te
C '1 Cit
n'i biow. i.te t e.igho
this. debt 'C t 31ri . r och observedC'.'
onC the her hnd that if. wih the
'd standard. lthe unlimlited coin
-ge o" siver b- admlit itd. asthe Unlite d
tt: de it is ao to be eare
antd the ]eslesfif(! will be
,i o 1rsnid. icasedwich is an
itr evit the ea 1a oe-ied onW
addreis thrtec..fI II is os
11.p::g t4rl. ays v 'i n
other"I unfortunat'.e esn of thle tunlver
sa1-l adpto fhietation 'a t the
ration of 1 to 15-' wol be an aug n
tationl i the mnlieta ryC weall of the
worl d, and. -s a conse quene, a detpre
c;Iation1 Of thle metals, accompanid by
a crrspndngand geea=rise Of
(rc tl" 'X Ih elniC. Cha whente
prpotinof15 sold I ecomei~ un
ive sarver would
il 1, P per cont.. 'Zold would fall an1d
I -pict s4 o a1llommodities, especiallyv
of those which come fron theEs.
anld are pazid foir in silver. would ex
A rise so e so sudden, and so
con'iderable. wCCoild throw the econo
Ie and commecial world into con
fusion, and wou.l carrv disturbance
into all classes (Cf societ y. It would
change all the relations of mankind
a n- themselves, and wo-ld be
euivallent toa r'eduction of all debts."
This idea of denming free mintage to
silver, to) make mioney searce, and
terebt' inicrease its value. and depress
the price of all the products of labor:
also to piejudiIcethe United Ssates. by
using~ cheap silver to discount the price
of her great staple exportC hy pur
chases of wheat and cotton in the East
rums thI rough the whole tenier of finan
cial opinion in Westein Europe. 'We
see it plainly mau.ifestadi in the last
conference of~18912 by the English dele
ates, both Mi-. Ross Wilson and Al
fred DeVothschid. Mr. Wilson said.
(see International Monetary Confer
ec-ice, 1892, page 97): "What, may I ask
are the supposed evils that we are
called upon to remedy ? As far as can
be ascertained we are met here to en
deavor to raise the price of commodi
ties. Such an object is entirely opposed
to the economic doctrines which are
accepted in the country from which 1
come. Cheap goods and not dear goods.
lenty and not scarcity, have ahvays
een held to be conditions of profitab'le
Mr. Rothschild (see same. page 6h
said: Advocatesof bimnetalismn main
tain that the fall in the price of silver
has brought about a corresponding fall
in the prices of var'ious commodities.
This may or' may not be the ease; but.
suposinig the formerm hysothesis to lie
corect, 1 ami not ptreparedl to sayv that
it would be a mlisftitune for Enlglandi~
-r thec world: in general: nor do i share
the op~inioni of cer'tain distinguished
exp)oeni.. of that theory wCho deplore
the fact of 'he Indian exporter being
able to send whelt'at r'emnieratively to
England. tusIl inafringi seriouisly
with the interes~ts of the Br1itishh farm
ers: but I hltd that wh teait ait3 aCI quar
tr instead of 45 is rather a blessiing
tan othierwCCise" De Rothschild like
the averaP~ge N oriaternl&l statesman of
this countrC a fundholdder' and sp.eak
Iing for tile'advanit lcmet of the fund
holder. r'eg ardless of the interest of the
contry getilemanC~ the debtor anid
prode'er: whC'omC' nen of hi~s ilk regard
as their leg'-itCie preyC nevertheless
admitted. isee IntC'rna:tionl 1Monietary
Coferene lM pa,: Ii e 7:6 C f this con
feen.'ce wereo t' Creak u >i~ wCithiout aririv
ing~ at any. del~ute re(sat,~ ther'ie would
be a dterition Cin the -valute of' that
cnniuod(itCC 'ilver w Chich it wCCoulCd lCC
fiihful iio conitemIp[ate 'ind out of
the far' speading efts ' oCf wCC lit
would 'e imipCsil t oi fOIore'tell. TJ~his
cofience did( break~ uip withiout ari iV
iig at an1yC dliimte reut. There has
been a great dCypreciation tin the 'value
of -'iver Crht 1 np~e w:CC ito
att'netaryX nanCC iehs ensue~id andi0 we
possibl for Mr.' \ De I CCiihshi to Cfore-C
tell. Not only C' dro (inCi sl ilver,~ hat a
lcesoniniiopi the prtt ' )) ')lietC ofl near
lyC aXll the great s.~l prouCX tO. tnsi'of
thron)I&.lhou.t thet an'd. W\Ce iold the
.'aC waniCt in'th midstC' -( of~ plety.
Thlere. is a1* stik'ing C.imilari.ty not
ou:iCC iln Coniltins. btit in 1Cortionsi of
Pret'sien'lt CCle tIds meste-age to thet
last extr'a si 'i'aof tCongressi an~d
sionl afCCtrth C''retat patic of~ 1":) Pcir
Clans a belt' Cte Clrd icture'C of th'' sit
uation thani 'Iihat found in Cth me' Rs'
say' of eitherl tf the t'' Peints may
be'otedC from a:: t icle. oCfM'. Ta!
magesei ueri t:'e 'Ctin. itf --A ivr
IOut C'itw fat d paraleit . I ni t he far~ilC
ernI States mor0e ctoll thanC~ thieyC know'',
w .hat to do -ih 'leniy ofI bre'ad.
p C.iCt yof cloting a yt mu tltlitudes
half 'fed andC h 'It sheered. th'ou
and thouusanids of people this is a hun
igryC and11 starvn CC and t sriverCinjg
Chr~istmas. - - it 'Cs like the depres
sit iiIi oflu manC who hias plentyC of mioney~'
in the safe anud of aC womain whC~o has
plenty of food in tile panty, and~C they
haeC' lost the keys. The key to the
n 1iei to the ev&-ihd o'dtebs
ings of thrift. pirosperity and con
Sentment. is a l(gislative key. But
alas: 'his key is held by just sneh
meni as Dr'. IroMh and 1r. De Roths
Child in Eur'pe, and over here it
h1:m11gs high in the four million dollar.
iive iundred milliouaire club rooni in
New York. This class of men has
tle ear of the government. and with
s!Ie honorable exceptions commands
the irss, our legislators actinog in
cordance~ with the suggestion made
.1 udIe Brawley in his speech on the
repeal of the purchasing clause of the
Sherman act: that. upon financial
quies!iois advice should be sought
from bankers. as their familiarity with
iinance renders them most competent
to instract: they usually repair to
New York for information and instruc
tion. Of course they receive the advice
of the spider to the fly. "Walk into
our parlor.- There is nothing more
natural than that these gentlemen,
manifesting a most earnest solicitude
for the maintenance of public integ
rit yand national honor. and indulging
in 'such elear phrases assound money.
honest money, having the key placed
in their hands by men who have not
inforned themselves upon this sub
joet. should immediately proceed to
help themselves and then lock the
store house against the general public.
IThere will be no reTief until the
South and West wrest this key from
the hands of those who live by the
profit of capital. MIr. Calhoun said
(Voluie II, page 318, works(: "There
is a dangerous antagonist relation be
tween those who hold or command the
curreney and the rest of the commu
nitv." T1 speaking of this class in
which he includes the wholesale deal
! rsand master manufacturers. Adam
;Smith savs (see "Wealth of Nations."
g.(s 20" and 2t13: "The plans and
;rojeee s of the employers of stock
u'e~rllate and direct all the most im
pi'1iat operations of labor: and profit
i tIe, end proposed by all thos- plans
tanid projects. But the rate of proat
Idors noL like rent and wages, rise
with prosperity and fall with the de
elension of society. * It is always
highest in the countries which are
oing fastest to ruin. * * * The pro
i)OSAd of any new law or regulation of
- coimerce. which comes from this or
der, ought alhvas to be listened to
wil great precautiOn, and ought
never 'to be adopted till after having
been long and carefully examined, not
only with the most scrupulous. but
w ithi the most. suspicious, attention.
It (oies froim an order of men whose
interest is never exactly the same
with that of the public, who have gen
erally an interest to deceive and even
to oppress the public, and who acord
ingly have upon many occasions both
deceived and oppressed it." This leg.
I1lative kev in 18G1, on the withdraw
a! of the cotton States from the Union,
passed from the agricultural class
into the hands of the mer'hant and
manufacturing class of the Northeast,
and right welf have they wielded it,
as Adam Smith assertea, to deceive,
oppress and rob the other sections of
the Union. Bv doublingthe restrictive
duties they first acquired the war obli
ations of the nation. and then by fi
Eaucial legislation doubled, trebled
and quadrupled them in value.
The interest of this section in finance
is almost identical with that of West
ern Europe to double the value of the
mloer3 anld money obligations which
they hold, and to depress the price of
cotton and wheat, which they buy
fromi the South and West. To do that
which wa-s denounced by the prophet
Amos among the corruptions of J ero
boam: "To swallow up the poor by
makinie the shekel great and the
ehah "small." These lords of finance,
o the loom, the factory and the fur
nace. protecting the banks and the
shops and plundering the fields, have
so depressed and despoiled agriculture
that our great staple products are now
selling below the cost of production,
as our chief articles of export no long
er miaintain the exchanges in our fa"
vor. and as the treasnry reserve is
drained to settle the balance of trade,
which suicidal legislation has set
against us,this robbery and oppression
is made a pretext for further extortion
in the shape of repeated issues of gold
bonds to furnish investment for
the usurious interest levied up
on the South and West. This
class of men, who live by the
profit of capital, controlling the
overnment and hostile to the interest
of the general public, during the past
thirty years (their term of supremacy)
have 'fegislated into their possession
all the railroads, telegraph lines, va
cant lands, mineral lands~and through
tle inistrumnentality of loan associa
tiois have shingled our farmis and
honesteads with mortgages. owning
everything in existence, they are now
seeking. thlrough the repeated issues
of new gold bonds, to secure liens
upon the energy aiid industry of fut
ture genterations. These are the gen
tlemen. their hirelings aiid parasites,
who dwell in glowing periods on the
svinnetrical1 beauty of the gold stand
a'r'd who speak with an air of honest
seitiment about individual and Na
tional integrity. and roll under their
tongues as sweet morsels such clever
catch words as "honest mloney,'
"sontld mopeyV," "full value of money
of the world."
To supplose that tils class in Europe
who by the prescription of ages con
stitute~ the domiinant element, who
boldly avow their intention by main
tanilg the gold standard to reduce
the social status of the ariculturist:
because, it is for the stabil.ity of gov
erimnit that capita1 shall rule, and
~eocray find its hlomie in the rural
sections. 'that they will impair in the
least their power by virtue of the sin
glegold standard, to control and ap
propi:te the labor of the masse y
mreig to the firee aiid unlimited
coinage of silver, is to supipose that
Z1reedV av'eriee can be slacked, that
[ le daughter of the hiorseleech will
eaise to cry for more. In Europe the
peole have but little voice in thle gov
ei'nment, the masses are born to labor
and subjection. Antonio has no slips
and slvlock will continue to demand
his pouiid of flesh. I think any intel'
i ge t i'eader who will cai'efully peruse
what I have wi'itteii will reach +he
same conclusioni thaut I have-that
there will never be any' international
agreeenIt for the free and unlimite'd
coinage of silver,. as long as the United
States subordinates her financial sy.s
ten to that of Europe. In this land.
where, in the good old days, when
both mietais were mon~ey and the "peo
>eC tilled the lands they owned and
1w thle lands they tilled." when
the usbainman was prosperous, anad
the laborer worthy of his hire: before
the old standard, financial ci-aft and
eitive jugglery vastly enriched
he few without mierit, and paralyzed
the' manyi l without indiv-idual discredit:
i'fore-eigiitv-five per' cent. of our p)0eo
lle sroudecl 'ngom were spendina
axios days and sleepless nights, an2
the voi'ce of the atuctionleer rune
t lrogh~out the land sigiialling the de
pa iiture from oince happy homesteads,
jiouseess and home'less" famiilies; if
there is any man yet putting his trust
for relief in intenationial agreenment, I
sur unlto himt: Friend, waive your
dehusion,. weigh an:-hor and steer for
lIinv ylnxt ai'ticle I shall deal with
the silver' dollar-which you say the
drop in silver' has made 50 per cent.
fiat and is intirnsically a fifty cent.
dollar. L. W. YoUmxs.
WORSE AN) WORSE.
A DAY OF STARTLING REVELATIONS
BEFORE THE LEXOW.
Capt. schmlittberger Takes theStand and
Tells a Spicy story of Bribery, Corruption
Blackmal and Protection and Euconr
agement of Imnmcraity.
NEw York. Dec. 21.-This was the
most memorable day of any in the his
tory of the Lexow Committee. Capt.
Sclimittberger was the principal wit
ness and his examination lasted near
Tyall day and was full of sensations.
He put into so many words his conclu
sion. drawn fram his experience. that
the police department of New York is
rotten to the core. He made one ex
ception to the general condemnation.
He expressed the opinion that Superin
tendent Byrnes is an honest man and
means to ao right when he is permit
ted to do so.
One of the minor incidents of the
day. previous to Capt. Schmittberger
taking the stand. was the discovery
that bogus subpenas. have been sent
to pecpne who were not wanted by the
committee. Lawyer Goff also stated
that he had received many scurrilons
letters reflecting on the charactet of
private individuals, to which he paid:
no attention. When Capt. Schmitt
berger took the stand all the other
witnesses were excised.
Capt. Schmittberger said he began.
his career on the police force as a pat
rolman under Capt. Williams. He
naid nothing for his appointment. but
said he knew that poitical pull was
more effective in getting men on the
force than merit, and that the men
who were appointed through political
influence were the worst men on the
foece. He could not tell where the
money went to for appointments, but
he could tell as to promotions. It
went to go-betweens. one of whom he
named as Chas Grant. ex-Coinmission
er McClave's private secretary. While
witness was in Capt Williams's pre
clnct the disorderly house branch of
the business was looked after by De
teetive Price, who is now a captain.
Schmittberger was asked: "Can you
state why. under Special Officer Price,
so many'disorderly houses were allow
ed to run."
"Because they paid for protection."
Mr. Goff the named Tom Gould's
the 'Star and Garter, the Fashion"
and other once famous Tenderloin
"These places." said the captain.
"were the resort of criminals of the
whole city who came there to meet
"Who was the man to whom the
protection money went directly
'Would it be possible for these
places to run openly withont the tole
ration of the captain "
"No sir, it would not."
The witness said that- if the ward
man gave the officer on post instruc
tions not to interfere with these hous
es, the officers would not interfere
"And if the officer did interfere?'
"He would be changed immediately.
"Did you ever hear that the officer
on post was instructed to co-operate,
with the keepers of these disorerly
"I do not know of any special orders
issued to officers, but officers know
what is expected of them."
"These places were to be protected
in other words?"
"Yes sir, that's so."
Schmittberger said with a smile that
he had been made roundsman by Com
missioner Wheeler because he had
found Wheeler's lost dog.
"What commissioner appointed you
"Did you pay anything?"
"Not a cent. I made the highest
percentage on the examination and I
had no talk with the commissioner. I
did not know that I was appointed un
til the same morning."
"And yen were appointed on your
"Yes, sir, and I may say here.I be
lieve Commissioner Voorhis is a
thoroughly honorable man and do not
believe the stories abont him."
Schmittberger confirmedall that has
been testified by wardmen, ete, as to
collections from business houses, po
ley shops .nd gambling houses for
the bene fit of the captains, inspectors
and perhaps high"'r officials. He per
sonally paid considerable sums to 'apt
Williams. That was not the usual
custom, but Schmittberg'er said he
knew Willhams well, andl he did not
see the need of an intermediary be
tween them. He always paid in money
and only part of the same money re
ceiveda'blackmail. Hecollected about
$800O per month from three pool rooms
and ten policy shops. The pool rooms
paid $~200 per month each. The liquor
saloons he did not touch. It was un
derstood that their money went direct
to Tammany Hall. He paid Williams
within the nine months he was in
command ot the 25th precinet about
$1.00. and said that it was the cus
ton of captains to pay the ins ector of
districts. The captain said ame was
transferred because of a row he had
with liquor dealers. Superintendent
Bvrnes instructe-l the captains to make
no excise arrests for exposure. He
told us to arrest for sellhng drinks.
and not to make fake arrests. "I made
twenty-two arrests the first Sunday.
The pr'esident of the local Liquor Deal
ers' Association told the officers who*
made the arrests he would have them
"Were they transferred i"
'Yes, sir, they were tr-ansferred by
President M1artin, and I w~as transfer
red, too. The liquor dealers complain
ed that I made too many bona fide ar
rets and 1 w~as transferred to the 5th
preimct, where there wer'e few~ sa
Schmitberger remained but a short
time in the 5th. w~hen he was trans
fe'red to the 9th and shortly after
wards to the :?2d precinet. There the
collection business flourished. Policy
slops p~aidl ten dollars a month ana~
di ~orderly houses from ten to fifty dol
"Had you any special order regard
ing the pirotecti'on of cemtain disorder
' Yes. sir, when I was appointed I
called'uplonl Conmmissionier Martin at
headquarters. lie mentioned houses
in 4th~ stre'et and said I might let them
alone until thle schools were built.
W~en the schools were built he said
to put them out.
"On one accasion 3Martin sent for
me to come to headquarters. I had
sent Olicer Casey to the house of a
woman named Sadier West. at 234
West 51st street. The citizens had
complained about thme house. When
Casey went to the door the woman
told him she was a friend of Commis
sioner M1artin's and it would be better
to see him before he did anything.,
The officer told me and the next day I
received a message from headquarters,
from MIartin. I went to see him and
he asked me did I send a man around
to Sadis West's. I said I did, as I had
received a complaint about the house.
Martin said I should warn the officer,
and apologize to the woman the next
day. I protested, but he said I should
do as I was told. I sent around Casey
and he had to apologize to the woman
the following day for raiding the
the Couzrt ro< iii at this testiionv.
Tlie cantain said that the houses in
West 45th'street were in the 21st As
sembly district of wiich Commissioner
Martin was leader."
Witness then said a man named
Proctor wanted to open a gambling
house. Proctor came to him with a
letter from Commissioner Sheehan
asking him to give Proctor what he
wanted. A man called Maynard, a
paymaster of the aqueduct committee,
was to be Proctor's partner.
"Proctor was introduced to me as a
respectable man by Commissioner
Sheehan." said he. "I visited Com
missioner Sheehan and told him the
superintendent did not wint to allow
Proctor to open the gambling house.
Superintendent Byrnes had tola me
if I allowed Proctor to open he would
'break' me. Then Commissioner Shee
han said if Proctor was not allowed to
play John Daly would not be allowed
"Did Sheehan know that Maynard,
Proctor's partner, was a gambler?"
"He must have known."
"Did Sheeham say Daly's was run
'"Yes, sir, he did, I said it was not,
and he said a man was in there the
Schmittberger said he was tranferred
to the Tenderloin precinct in Decem
"That is regarded as the best paying
"That is a mistaken idea. Its glory
"What is the best?"
"The 11th. I think."
Schmittberger received a tip to keep
his hands off two keepersof disorderly
houses whom he named. One because
her house was frequented by official
personages and the other because she
had been of use to the police in setting
up the Gardener case, where one
of the agents of the Society for the
Prevention of Crime was entrapped
and sent to prison.
He acknowledged that he had receiv
ed the ,5500 fron the agent of the
French Steamship Line. but as a pres
ent, not as a bribe. Schmitteltrger
said i.hat he carried the money to Capt
Williams from Officer Martens for
the latter's promotion to roundsman.
8:300, and later on -1,600 for Martens's
promotion to be sergant. Witness heard
that when money was paid for promo
tions it passed through the hands of
Charley Grant and Capt Williams.
When Schmittberger had no more
to tell he said: "I have told all I know
about the police department, and have
made a clean breast of everything. I
felt that for the sake of my wife and
children I was justified in coming for
ward and telling what I krew.
The committee adjourn, d until next
A Bloody Sunday
A':GUSTA, Ga.. Dec. 2.-This was
orobablv the bloodiest Sunday in the
history of Augusta. John Wiggins,
a negro. waylaid Anderson Williams,
also colored, on the South Carolira
side of the river several miles from
Augusta last night, killing him and it
is said also attempted to kill another
old negro. The murderer fled to A i
gusta. Negroes living in the viciniy
of the crime learned that he had conie
to this city and was at the home of his
sister. They followed him here and
asked assistance at police headquar
ters to make the arrest. Detective
Joe Murra was detailed for the work
with instr~uctions to call for further
help from the police precinct in which
Wiggins' sister's house was located.
Oficers Wrenn and Stringer accompa
nied him. 'Wiggins was told by mis
sister of the approach of the officers
and as they entered the house where
he was lying, the murderer opened
fire upon 'them shooting Murray twice
in the face about the nose and mouth
and Stringer near the eye. Murray
will die. Stringer may recover, but
he will be injured for life. The negro
then fled followed by Wrenn.
The pistol shots attracted people in
the neicrhborhood to the streets, and
among tlhese was John Davis, white,
an operative in Richmond factory,
near Augusta. who came to thie city
to spend Christmas with his family.
Davis was shot in the breast by a
bullet from the murderer's pistol, and
died in half an hour. Wrenn pursuea
the nugitive to the river bank, where
the negro hid behind a clump of trees.
Holding a pistol aloft in his right
hand, the scoundrel told the otlcer he
surrendered, to come and take him.
The officer advanced, and the negro
shot him in the leg with a long bar.
reed pistol lie had concealed in his
left hand. Others joined in the chase
but the murderer reloaded his weap
ons and made a desperate fight. He
was directing his steps toward the*
bridge, hoping to escape into South
Carolina. Just as he approached it,
however, one shot hit him and ranged
around inflicting only a flesh wound.
Hs weapons were empty then and lie
surrendered. The presence of a num
ber of policemen on the scene when
he was captured was the only thing
that saved his life.
The only thing that saved the mur
derer's life is the fact that the Leg
slature that has just adiourned passed
a law empowering the 'ludge to call a
special s'ession oi the Superior Coui't
n criminal cases for immediate trial.
The negro will he tried within two
weeks. and February winds will prob
ably blow over his erave.
There was great excitement in the
city all day, and a mob of several
hundred gathered ii front of the jail.
They only murmured their discontent
though. and no attempt was made to
raid the jail. which is guarded by a
special detachment of police and by
NIOBARA, Neb., Dec. 23.-The suf
fering' among the inhabitants of the
droughtbasted part of Nebraska. in
cluding three-f orths of the residents of
five couinties, is becoming more imtense
daily, and immediate steps alone can
preent many deaths .by starvation.
Three years ago. the farmers of thiese'
drougt-blighted counties raised a very
light crop and the past two y-ears the
eras have been almost total failures.
nv families have not enough pro
visious in their homes for one week's
sustenance. and no moiey to purchase
the necessaries of life. Many of the
merchants here feel that they have
aided the poor farmers to the extent of
their ability, and are unable to do any
more for t'hemn or to sell them goods
on credit. The sufferers cannot ob
tai employment, and unless they re
ceive aidt very soon, it is the general
opinion that nmany willstarve to death.
Should the weather turn very cold
many will freeze to death, as it is a
fact that many have scarcely suflicient
clothing to co~ver their nakedness. A
mother and her two children were
found dead in their little cabin this
week. It is supposed the mother had
been confined to her bed by sickness
and she and her two little onies starved
to death. The stomachs of the children
were opened and not a trace of food
could be discovered. There is not a
stream of water in Perkins county and
not a living spring. Wells run from
60 to 200 feet. the majority being 150)
and 200 feet. The soil, if watered,
raises good crops; if not, it bakes into
a solid mass. The roads and much of
the prairies resemble asphalt, so hard
packed and smooth are they. Well
diggers say that the soil is a solid mass
150 feet down, so hard that picks have
to be used to loosen it. Over this sur
face, the never-ceasing winds blow
rm ever diretina.
MURDER SY W HCLESAL.
Whitet reeple ofA Brool- counerw~v.
dercer (4f1Ison. ~a'** o i t of wb
Ch'ronicle of vesterdy:iy. ln"'' t : Ll.
early thismorninarkililed three nero
:nd reliable inhrmaio s that t
tota"! num1ber o'i is sfr. Th.
negroes known to have been kiled ie
Sam Taylor. Eli Frascr. and iarry
Sherrad'. Taylor was Pike's step-ra
ther, and the other two negroes mi
close pals. all of whom iesuiT)ed
to know V.f Pike's wh S.
theC negres knew, they r"isi t-,
tell. and tle? penalty of t)li
death. Pike's wif was.' seen to sh
into his house at 4 o'clock thi' moi
ing. She was supposed to have kors
where the murderer was anid eve ei- I
fort was made to make her div ul-.
The mob still has her seurey hlO d
and mar succeed in making her teli.
The negroes killed were all shot down
on this side of the Ocopileo creek.
about ten miles above Quitman. The
report is that a secon(l pose. whieh
was scouring the woods north of the
Oeopilco have killed four other ne
groes. This wholesale killing isterrible,
but the people of that conmunity
have had terrible provocation. Hard
ly three weeks ago. Tip Mauldin. a re
spectable white man -as brutally
murdered on the public road hi tne
same neighborhood by two worthless
negroes. The people were greatly in
censed over the murder. but the law
took its course and the murderers are
now in jail awaiting trial. Numerous
negroes exulted over this murder and
c-'.'en went so far as to hold a war
dance a few nightsafterwards aroAd
the spot where the murdered man's
life blood oozed out. This. of course.
enraged the people still nr,. and
when Isom, the best citizen in the
community was cowardly murdered
by one of ihe same gang the pe! up
flood of rage and vengeance was turn
ed loose. All of the negroes killed are
those intimately connected with Isopi's
murder and supposed to be aiding in
his escape. or wer in the gang which
held the exulting -ar dlance over poor
Mauldin's life blood. The arresting and
jailing of Mauldin's murderers had no
suppressing or restraining effect on
other lawless negroes in the neighbor
hood. Mauldin's murderers have no
more regrets for their deed and no
more conpunction of conscience than
a dog. Every day they can be heard
singiug and laughing in jail. li.ppy
andupconcerned, though the gallows
is staring them in the face. The pose
which did last night's terrible wora is
still banded together doggedly and
determinedly looking for Waverly
Pike. The record of tonight and to
morrow remains to be seen. Brooks
county is aroused. The wholesale
killing of negroes iiot directly coIn nect
ed with Ison's murder is severely con
demned and it is hoped that the aveng
ing mob will do no more of this work.
Wherever the Christian religion
revails and wherever it is introduced
v the missionaries of the chureh. the
ainual return of the 25th of December
is celebrated with ceremonies and fes
tivities of various kinds in commem
oration of the birth of Jesus Christ.
In the older Christian countries, the
rown people. young and old, in
aulged in certain revels and pastimes,
often so questionable in their charac
ter and influence that an officer was
appointed by the authorities of .the
church to preside over the festmvties
to see that no excesses were indulged.
Indeed the clergy found it necessary
to remonstrate often with thir respect
ive flocks because they paidl gr'eater
attention to the worldly and festive
character of the occasion than to its
solemn features. These excesses and
lack of respect, on the part of the peo
ple, for the sacred aspects was due.
probably, to the fact thiat the precise
date of the Nativity could not be de
termined accurately. The Jewish
Christian. in obedience to the tr-adi
tions of the elders, were accustomed
to celebrate a certain day of the moon:
and the Gentile Christians. m the ab
scence of definite dlata by wvhich to de
termine the precise date, decreed that
the 25th of December should stand as
the date of the event for the Gentile
world. The festivities were introdticed
on Christmas eve by lighting large
candles and by throwing on the hearth
the Yule Log or Christmas Block and
the plastimes wvere gamnes of various
kinds, conjuring, fortunctel lin g. danc
ing, blind-mani's buti, etc. The favor
ite dishes of Christmas Day were the
pig's head with an apple oir ornge in
its mouth. accomipamien with r'ose
mary, plum-puddinug amd nm ie, pies.
The houses and churenhes were accora
ted elaborately with ever'-greens, es
pecially with miistletoe. to w.hwh an
old Druid tradition attaces a peculiar'
sacredness especially in ~the case of
lovers. The sacred fe'atures (of this
festival wer-e rerous sei'vics iicltud
ing serm'n n su-bjectIs relatting' to
the N.ativity.I iun. etc. It is to he
regrettedl that 'so little attemlin is
elvenCi to tis feur of'1CI theChisma
seasonl in later~ ye::rs. Its' nelect by4
the ministry tenhis to _seiiarate the
church as a pairt emant mitsli v
ties and~ to turn'i t~ihm ovr tola
wold as an occasion of fi:m aind iril
ic too often r'esuiltingi dz raea
conduct and shameiiless crimi'.
The annual i'eurreni'ce of Chisma
in otu' country a few geiwrtin a'S
was greeted by the genitlieen of the
geter on Chiristmias veanid tiin
volev after voley at tihe wmdow(It\s and'
door1s of coutryl' homies until da
break Christmas miornuing. On these
occasions the entir'e'earty werie wrvited
by the good wife of tihe hiome to par'
take of'eC.:no2g and enkie. oftenl somei
thiiig str'onder. These' excursi,
th~ hlospitality of the hiomie, offeredt ini
the sanie spirit. The frolic often end
ed in a dceer hunt and always with the
proverbial Christmas diiner and
cheer. In later vear's tile main and
shot gun have been relegated to the
'ear aind the small boy and firecracker
have come to the front: 'While we
'egret the passing :way of an old and
honored custom. we welcome thle nlew
condition of things more in keening~
with the proprieties of the season anld
less harmful in practice. Let the
children salute the comling of Chi'ist
mas eve and morn with crackers and
trumpet. horn unitil their personal ex
perience and the example of their eld
ers give them a higher idiea of the sa
c'edness and blessedness of tihe Christ
ma s season. Then parents anid chil
diein shall stand on a highler level and
with v~oice giv'ing~ exp~ressionl to the
feeling of the heart, plraise God for' his
unseakable gift to man.
There is no feature of the Christmais
tide mio.' in accord wih the pr'opri
ties of the occasion than the universail
cistoml amlonig Chr'istianm people' of
givig pre'senits to chiilrein and fr'iendsl
as tokeiis of thet ahfectionls we lear
then. It is typ~ical thoughl ini a less
degree (of tliat dlivine love whichl
prioplted( the gift (If a iavionr to a
lost world. Mani wvil l'rejice through
out the enidless ages which are ye ~t to
coie because of the giut whic h inade
it possible for divine justice to be' sat
istied and thuts securie his salvaition.
Praise andl shouts of jo will contlinue
to ascend until thait great day sha'll.
coe when the redemend cooire' ated
n, he.mav n ->.clOwn honi Lor d of
MAKIN,a rONEST CHaESZ.
A South Carolina Factory in Operatin.
What a sensible Tanner Says.
To the Editor of the Cotton PlIant:
Four ponnas of honest white and
clean cotton for one pound of lathery
It takes about two acres of fine land
four hundred pound o' fcrtilizer, bag
ging and ties. toll, lots of hard work to,
produce one bale of cotton.
The same land planted to cheese
will produce at least 5O pounds of
honcst milk cheese. that is cheese that
is made from pure cows milk. cream
and all together: this cheese will not
bound about like a piece of rubber: it
melts and crumbles in a manner to be
readily distinguished from the common
compressed sold on our market as
What makes this vast difference in
products? Can't good cheese be made
in South Carolina. if not, why not?
These rambling thoughts led the writ
er to inspect the new cheese factory at
Clemson College, where there is a nice
outfit of the improved appliances for
making cheese, now in successful op
eration by Prof. Hart, who has dem
onstrated the fact that as fie sheese as
can be produced in this country can be
made in South Carolina. The'flavor is
realy superior. and its rich nutty
cheese flavor at once sharpens the ap
petite and calls for more certified hon
est cheese. While eating this South
Carolina cheese our mind does not
roam from the crude oil tank under
the Southern cotton seed oil mill to
the dead hog, horse and cow rendering
vais of the West. Our mind while
eating this South Carolina cheese wan
ders over the hils and valleys of South
Carolina. along the oanks of clean
clear water that flows through the
meadows: and its honest flavor re
minds us of fragrant flowers and new
mown hay. After eating honest cheese
one can sleep and dream of the clean
things, (the Switzerland milk maid.
for,- instance) and rest in confidence:
but when his stomach is loaded with
chunks of the indigestible compound
called cheese, he is compelled to kick
and roll around at night, dreaming of
running from vicious bulls and such.
We learn that it takes about one gal
lon of milk to produce one pound of
cheese and the cost of a small cheese
factory need not cost more than an
improved cotton ginning plant: in fact
it seems that these two plants might be
run by the same power as the cheese
iraking season is about over with
when the cotton ginning season coni
mences. What is the use of shipping
cotton seed oil to the West to be com
pounded into cheese, and pay freight
both ways, if our market really de
mands this compound? Why not
send West or East for one car load of
improved machinery for a cheese fac
tory, instead of shipping thousands of
car loads of cheese. This freight alone
would be a good profit. The only
ting that is not at our hand for mak
ing fine cheese is good cheese-makers.
good. industrious, intellicent, honest
and well trained, educatea young men
suited to take charge of all such enter
prises are the scarcest article in South
Caiolina. And just here we ought to
give the board of trussecs of Clemson
College due credit for their wisdom in
setting up a cheese making plant at
Clemson College, where our boys may
learn cheese making. Prof. Hart in
his forthcoming report on cheese mak
ing in South Carolina, will give the
farmers a complete outline of making
cheese, the cost, etc.; and the best of
all he will tell the farmer how to nyake
a small amount of cheese at home,
with the outlay of only about two dol
lars for necessary machinery which
will be far ahead of the old plan of
randma's cheese press. Now don't
all of you readers write to Prof. Hart
for a letter o'n' cheese making for the
nan can't spare the time from his
work to write so many letters; but ev
ery lady can write to the director
(President Craighead), for a copy of
the report of the Experiment Station
on cheese making, which report will
be published probably soon.
As to the cost of producing milk for
making the cheese, every farmer ought
to be able to make his own figures.
But one of the more striking features
in the change from cotton to cheese or
butter is, that the fertilizer bill in
cheese and butter making may be left
out. The cow is the fertilizer factory,
and this is located at home, on a cash
basis, and the proceeds from this en
terprise is coming in all along the
whole season. There is no space of from
ten to twelve months is this kind of
farming, which has a broad gap to be
filled by liens and mortgages and in
terest. Another very great good for
everybody that is interested in our
prosperity and the beautiful appear
ance and permanent improvement of
the whole face of the country is the
replacing of grass upon the naked and
bares spaces; the soil will be preserved
instead of being washed from the
higher lands in the steams. thus doing
damage, skinning the higher lands
and causing the streams to fill with
sand and overflowing thaebottom lands.
Any farmer who has any thought can
see how this cotton farming has ruin
ed the whole- country. It is not nec
essary to point out these things now.
the five cents a pound will make every
body feel. I have cotton several years
old and still have a good appetite and
good home made cheese; tastes as good
as it did when I used to eat it in grand
ma's days. J. C. STRIBLING.
Pendleton, S. C.
A' ;usta at Fever Heat.
AcorsnA. Ga.. Dec 27.-Joe Murray
the detective wounded in Sunday's
shooting, died at noon today. This is
the second deathias a result of the af
fra. Immediately after the news of
thedeath of Detective Murray became
enerally circulated this after-noon,
the talk'of lynching the negro W\ig
gins, who di'd the shooting, was reviir
dl. Murray who died at noon was
wounded |sundar. To-night a large
armed force is in'the jail. The Rich
monud Hussars were made ready for
duty and are under arms at the armory.
Theiir horses are saddled and bridled.
and all is in readiness to move at a
moment's notice. There are fears of
a conitlict before morning, for theC
authorities swear they. will give their
lives in defense of the law. There is
feeline of unrestin the city, but it will
be impossible to take t'he prisoner
from the jail if resistance is givc n, and
the sheritf has given, his word that
ie will protect the prisoner. andl
defeat any mob that assaults the
A frog farm with about a million
head of stock is carried on success
fully by a man in Contra, Costa coun
ty, Lalfornia. He started ranchii
in fros a few months ago with a hera
of about 2.000 frogs, and is already
making lots of money. He supplies
the miarkets of San Francisco, Oak
land and other large cities on the
coast. It costs little or nothing to raise
the frogs, and the rancher is not anx
ious to trade his ranch even for a gold
mine, so he says.
Women Beg for Bread.
NEw YORK, Dec. 21.-A Lima, Peru,
special says: Over 4.000 hungry wo
men and cehildren called on President
Carceres, who ordered theii dispersed.
Rioting followed, lasting over three
hours. Many persons were killed or
A cream er tartar DaRing po:.. r
ii -iest of all in leavening strength. -i.i
- 1nited S;ates Governmnent Food de
oyal Baking Powder Compan i,
106 Wall St., N. Y.
THE PRESIDENT AT GEORGETOWN.
Grover Cleveland Pays a Visit to the Sam
GEORGETOWN, S. C.. Dec. 22.-The
sea coast people of South Carolina.
have always been noted for their hos
pt,,able spirit. Georgetown entered
with enthusiasm into the project of
entertaining the President of the
United States. Nothing which the
ne-ans of the people permitted was
a-king to show their appreciation of
Mr. Cleveland and their recognition of
the sportsman compliment he bad paid
to their woods and waters.
The principal streets of the town
were decorated with flags and festoons
and the houses bore banners emblaz
ori:c'd with mottoes of welcome. The
hiioping in the Saipit river was gaily
decorated. The ladies devoted two
da ys to nake the spacious hall of the
WVinyah Indigo Socity, an ancient
organization dating back to early co,
:ial days. a bower of beauty, The re
ception and luncheon were to be given
in this building and the inner anai
outer halls were decorated with cx
quisite taste. Big.palmetto trees bedded
la gray Spanish moss occupied the
corners. while arches and festoons of
cedar, palmetto, gray moss and glossy
leaved evergreens dashed with crimson
color, almost hid the walls. The
-National and State flags were promin
eat. The National colors draped
against thegracefulcrest of a palmetto
At 1:45 the Preside-it arrived on the
NWistaria and disembarked at the South
Carolina Steam'ooat Company's wharf
t:> the welco ne of every bell in the
city and steamer whistles in the har
bor. He and his party were met by
Mayor Morgan and the executive con
mittee of the Palmetto Club, and were
driven in open carriages through the
principal streets to Winvah Indigo
Society's hall. Here the fadies of the
committee were introduced to him
and the President took his position in
the outer hall at t&e junction of Old
Glory and the Palmetto flag. The:
receplion lasted until 3 p. m. At that.
hour the inner room of the main hall.
was entered, where the luncheon ten
derd by the Palmetto Club was served..
The Presidential party were seated at a.
centre table which was surmounted bye
a canooy of crimson bunting trimmedi
with green moss and holding in the:
centre a bell of snow whit6~-e-arelia&s
the officers of the club sat with him::
the rest of the company were served.
At 3:45 the Presidential party was:
escorted to the railroad statiod and.
left at 4 o'clock on a special train for
Lanes, where the Wildwood will be'
attached to the fast mail train of the:
Atlantic Coast Line, northward bound..
At the station of the Georgetown
and Western railroad a specia~l plat
form was erectedl and ba.~utifully dec
orated. Along this the President;
passed LC his car after the reception,.
ov' r a cai pet of pine needles and un
der ar shes of palmetto. The President
exprt-sed himself as having' en' yedi
his visit greatly and also as Thi yap
preciating the ~unobstrusive and unex
acting courtesy which had been shown:
him. The weather was delightful.
[The Storm Breathed Death,
LoN~oN, Dec. 23.-Reports of deatin
aid damage to property in the great.
stormi are received constantly this eve
ning. Three fishing smacks, wen
down last night off Stornaway on the:
Scotch coast. and all their crews.uum
bering -29 men were drowned. The:
Paritishi bark. -Kirmichael. which was
driven on the breakwater at Holyhead,
LA filled. Twelve of her crew were:
saved with the breeches buoy and sev
enwere drowned. M1any aoal miners:
on the Donegal coast have lost their
huvts in th e storm. At Teelin a house
co)llap~sed and three occupants were'
killed. In Strainolar two persons
were killed by a falling chimney.
Several vessels went adrift in- Aber
den harbor and grounded. The roof
of the 31acDonald art galiery was rip
ped open and many valuable pictures
were injured. The brie Liven was
wrecked in the Firth of Clyde near
Androssa, and he"r crew of five were
Paisley, part of a t' ree story cabinet.
factory was wrCcke.d. Forty persons
were! buriei i the r'uinis. Four wr
h:iked om:: rigt andl twventy were in
sCred heiusly. T.w pro~lprietor was
.rk nthebak y falling timbe:
and i dy.n . ny ie per'son1s es
ca'ped w ithot inj'ury. Tihe coast~
steamshlirp Bro was . stranded last
iht ne. .u-. ikri. ...Sentiand. and
o0f a d.'i himses Yarmouth andi.
'the hi'e in thei' i are rose severa'
fesah.wethe normal higrh w~ater -
nark. 1 1d.d of houses)150 have been
ilodd.So'e of sm'ahl ships and.
coast . Th- iao ityf them wvill be
floa'ed. N'nro'u" case.s of death or'
seer injur from' faling timbers,.
tesad chnunl~eys hatve been report
ed this-' at rnoon fromi all parts of the
1.dted .. :oingdo .1 Diatches from
the ( ontinen't "a' tnat northern
Frane and' G~h~(ermany'. sufe~red severe
ly fn t iihe s:orm. although the loss.
of lie an~d property cannotit be estima
te as ye.At Hamhnryg many vessels:
wen't 'adrif~tid collide.d or grounded..
The tid' was~ thle ighest since 1882..
Thel lower- parts of W\ilhelmshlaven on.
the Nort Sea") wereC looded and the
dykes would ha've' gone if the garrison.
had no' t w':orked enierzetically for
h1)1m's to strenth~leni them. Luebeck
aid CoIlerg also simlered much dami-'
age. The GerQI:nani bark Charlotte,.
Cayt. Ge'rd:s. whicb sailed from Sa
v'ilana Nov'. 14 for Hamburg. ist
ashor'e a. t Egmond Aaan Zee. She is,
a total wreck and her cargo is being
washed ashore.. Somie of her crew
ieachied land while others were'
drowned. The British bark Tamnar E..
Marshall. Capt. Utirey. and the Nor
we2'ian ship. Ameriica. Capt. Franten,.
have been driven in on the sand bank