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Swiftly fall the ev'ning shadcws, thickest
darkness now is nigh
Iam tired of standing idle, and would fain
But tha sunny hours have vanished, and
asleep 1 soon must lie
In the place of broken columns, in the
Life is transient as the shadows on the
mountainside that play,
Life is as a vapor on a silent summer
Oh, my eye is growing weary, and my locks
are turning gray,
And the grass will flourish o'er me in the
Rest is for the burdened toiler, rest for him
whese task is done,
And the weary worker longeth for his
But the noonday I have wasted, idly danc
ing in the sun,
And I see the faint night shadows o'er
the landscape creep.
Oh, the golden light has faded, thickhest
darkness now is nigh
I am tired of standing idle, and would
fain toil hard,
But the sunny hours have vanished, and
asleep I soon must lie
In the place of broken columns, in the
A STORY OF TEMPTATION.
She turned, clenched tightly in her
fingers the bank notes. and with a face
deadly pale she gazed on the woman
"Miss Warner: The trustworthy,
the congdeutial clerk : The betrothed
"Stop: oh, stop! Let me tell you:
"The betrothed wife of the junior
partner of the firm of Fairleigh, Noble
& Co., to be caught at-"
"For God's sake, have mercy: I am
not doing as you would say. I am
only borrowing this until I can return
it, when it is really due me
"Of course! But if it was any one
but Miss Warner-I, or the boy who
sweeps this place-what would it be?"
"Oh: you have no mercy: You hate
me, I know, and will not hear the
truth. You know I am incapable of
such wrong. But, oh: you will tell
it! Yes, yes; I am in your power.
Oh, why was I so weak as to yield to
his pleadin? Why should he not
have borne tieresultof his own wrong
doing? Listen, Julia. You shall hear.
When my mother, dying, bade me
kneel by her side, and vow to love,
protect and shield her boy, I did it,
knowino full well it would require
long enaurance, privation, and possi
bly the sacrifice of my dearest hopes.
But I never dreamed it could possibly
bring even a suspicion of dishonesty
The miserable girl dropped her
head, in her anguish, on the desk, and
Coldly, cruelly Julia Garnet stood,
unmoved by the piteous moans of the
girl she was torturing. A triumphant
light gleamed from her small black
eyes, and with a sneering expression
curling her lips, she said:
"Really, this is quite dramatic!
You have mistaken your vocation,
The girl raised her head, wiped from
her face the tears-that pale, beauti
ful face, with the soul-lit deep gray
eyes, the clear, smooth brow so full
and broad-formed; such a striking
contrast to the dark one beside it,
whose every feature was so sharp and
hard; no softening line about the comn
pressed lips, to bring one thought of
hope to the poor girl's heart. She
knew she was doomed, and said:
"'Tis useless to tell you more of my
trials. You will have no mercy. You
cannot feel a sister's devotion. You
only know your own wishes, and seek
only your own ends. Speak at once!
What do you intend I shall do? I
know you now, Julia Garnet. You
-'have been my enemy since-"
"Yes: .since you won the love of
Harry Noble, I have hated you. And
what think you his father, who even
now looks with little favor on your en
gagement-what will he say to his
qon's betrothed having been caught
i-well, if the truth is so terrible to
your ear, I will say-a family failing,
"Spaand end your torture !"
"You will resign your position here,
for any cause you may choose. to as
sign. Put back that money, if you
wish, now. I will let you have the
same amount. You can return it
when you have obtained so much to
spr. You will readily obtain em
plyetin Blake & Co's."
Ty' on her bonnet, with a calm
ness thtwould have been more touch
ing to a heart that could feel, than the
distress and tears of a short time be
fore, Dora Warner left the store.
An hour after, a pleasant, boyish
voice called out:
"Dora, where are you? Have you
"Oh, you darling sister! I'll do
anything in theworl for you; indeed
I will. I am so glad! so relieved !"
The little room was not cheerful as
usual on his return; the lamp not lit,
the fire not burning brig'htly in the
grate, everything so coldY arid dark;
ahd she, the life and light that used to
welcome his coming, sat with bowed
head on the little lounge, her bonnet
and cloak still on.
Thinking she was tired, and had
been late getting home, Willie began
to stir around, to make things more
His heart was so filled with grati
tude to his sister for saving him, he
did not think of the disappointment
in not finding the nice little supper
waiting his coming.
Ligtig the lamp, he turned to
"Dora, are you tired? Let me take
She 'isdhrhead-his eyes fell
on her face. He sprang forward,
caught her hand, and sank on his
knee beside her.
"Dora! Dora! sister, what is it?
You are ill?Speak to me?" he pleaded,
ing wildly into her face-yester
y so beautiful, loving and hopeful;
now so haggard, weary and despair
ing. "What is it? Oh, tell me, sis
She put out her hand, drew him to
her, and said:
"Love me, Willie, I have no one
else to love me now.'
When, with his head bowed in her
lap, he heard of the sacrifice his sister
had made to shield him, the boy's
heart was awakened to the full appre
ciation of his own wrong and its re
He had been drawn into bad coin
pany, tempted to visit gambling
oueand finally to try his luck,
which, at times was so successful as
to lure him on. Thinking he could
soon return it, he took from time to
time, small sums of money from the
store, of which he was the bookkeeper.
He had, up to a short time before the
opening of our story, returned the
amount before the loss was discovered.
But fate turned against him. After'
having taken a much larger sum than
usual, his losses were continual. The
principal of the firm had been absent
for several weeks, but was expected
back the next day; and Willie knew
the books wouldl be carefully exam
amined, and discrepancies surely dis
covered. So it was he sought his sis
ter for help, confessed his error, and
besought her to savehimi from the sus
picion of dishonesty.
"Fr me yoa suffer this? Oh, Dora.
I cannot permit it. I will go to lar
ry Noble, tell him all. To my eni
No, no, Willie. It is too late now
for that. Harry Noble, I know, would
feel for us and help us. Your eni
ployer might forgive Tud trust you
again. But Julia Garnet has a power
over me that she will never resign.
I1er heart knows nothing of pity. She
would use her power to the utmost of
her evil will. Nothing can change
her determination. Nothing but
God's work can move her hard, cruel
heart. It is meet that I should suf
fer, Willie; and you, too, my dear.
We have both erred verv much. W e
did not maean to be dishonest, yet it
might have resulted soy. Many thins
might have intervened to prevei't the
return of the money. Oh. thiny how
narrowly you have escaped: Will
this sorrow of mine call you back from
the fearfui path into which you have
strayed If so. I am content. Give
me this hope to chmee my dearness,
'Dora sister' darling: Yes. yes.
hope and pray for me. W\ithI Gd, s
blessing. I will not give your loving.
devoted heart an additional p: hg. I
vow here on my knees, before heaven.
to be once more worthy of your love.
And I will seek God's forgivenness
You will not sutfer long. I feel, I
know, mercy will be shown us. That
cruel girl's power must give way."
All was over. The severest trial of
all was past. Dora had seen Harry
Noble for the last time, she believed.
After receiving her note. giving him
back his plighted faith, Harry sought
her presence. and would not go until
he had seen her, and from her lips he
had heard the words, "I wish to be
He could obtain no explanations.
But from various hints looks and in
sinuations from Julia Garnet. Harry's
mind was filled with the idea that
Dora had been trilling with him until
she found a more acceptable suitor.
And. indeed, tue one had been pointed
out. Harry knew that one had shown
a decided preference for Dora: and so,
believing her false, he strove to drive
her from his heart.
Months passed by. The money was
returned to Julia Garnet, and Willie
was comforting his sister for her sacri
Rumor whispered that Harry, Noble
and Miss Garnet were engaged, and of
the gratification it gave Harry's father,
who had yielded to the wiles of the
scheming girl, and grown very fond
of her. Still time rolled on, and
Dora wondered why the marriage did
not take place. She had never seen
Harry since the day she sent him from
her. She had studiously avoided him,
and strove hard to forget him; or
when she thought of him, it must be
only as the future husband of another.
By continual acts of charity, mercy
and kindness, she won partial forget
fulness of her sorrows. Those who
suffered came to her to comfort.
Three long, weary years of waiting,
with alternating hopes and fears, had
passed, and Julia Garnet had not yet
gained her heart's desire. Although
Harry Noble was often, and only
seemed to care to be with her, still he
had never told her he loved her, or
asked her to be his wife.
'Why? Because his heart was still
true to his love for Dora; and the
falsity of his suspicions was proved by
her rejection of many others who of
fered her their love.
Once more he went to her, and
"Dora, will you come to me? Will
you not reward all these years of con
stancy ? I love you only, Dora:!"
"I cannot," she answered.
"Why? Why? Tell me !"
"B~ecause, better than my own life
I love one-"
What more she would have said, he
heard not: for, starting up, he said:
"Enough, Dora. May you be happy.
I will go now and strive to be grate
ful, at least, to one who I know has
loved me long. I can offer her a poor
recompense for years of devotion.
He was gone, and poor Dora had
drained to the v-ery bottom her cup
so oer'fiowing' with bitterness.
- "Oh, whenbwill this weary journey
be over? Pity, pity me, heavenly
Father:" she sobbed.
A coming step fell on her ear, and
she knew Willie was near. And her
heart grew calmer, and breathed the
"For give my murmuring, Father.
Through my s'orrow I have gained a
Yes; her brother had kept his vow,
remaining firm against all temptations.
Julia Garnet was triumphant at
last. Her marriage was fixed for an
early day. But when only two days
remained before the time for which she
had so long hoped, she was stricken
with a fever, which proved to be of a
This reached Dora's ear while visit'
ing a sick friend. From the attending
psician came the intelligence, and
"I fear she will suffer. All have
fled except her mother, who is too
feeble herself to do much for her. Do
you known, Miss Warner. of a compe
tent nurse I could obtain ?
"I do. I will find one immediately."
"Hush: She is stirr'ng. She will
awake to consciousness," said the doc
tor, as he bent over the protrate form
of the sleeper' who, in a moment after,
opened her eyes, looked inquiringly
and instant into his, and whispered:
'Have I been asleep? I was so
tired: When Julia was sleeping so
sweetly, I must have lost myself.
A pleasant little smile was on the
doctor's face, when he said to himself:
"Yes, my dear. You lost yourself
for just three weeks."
Willie came in and pressed his lips
to hers, so pale and thin. And then
gradually the truth was given to her.
Beside the suffering Julia she had
stayed, despite all the entreaties and
commands of her brother and the doc
tor. And when the fearful crisis had
passed, the noble girl's strength failed
and she too wasstricken with the same
fearful fever. Long days and nights
Willie and the nurse watched beside
her couch, and Julia Garnet feebly
hovered near, praying-for she could
pray then-that the noble, suffering
girl might live.
"May I come in, doctor?" asked a
voice at the door, so low and sweet,
that Dora looked up with surprise as,
in answer to the permission, Julia
came to her side-Julia, whose sharp
eyes were softened, and glowed with a
new and holy light, as she bent over
"Dear Dora: Good, noble, forgiv
"You do not hate me now, Julia ?
Oh ! I've had such happy dreams:
~I love you, Dora. But there is
one who loves you better than I.
Y<,ur fature life shall be one long
happy dream. Look at me, Dora.
Thank God, the wicked girl you used
to know died in that dreadfnl fever,
and you nursed back to life another,
a bet~ter one, whose aim is now only
to prove her gratitude to God and
you. Harry knows all. lie has for
given me, and is wvaiting now to gain
your permission to come to you.
"And you - you love him, No, no;
he is yours:'
"Dora, I do love Iary Noble: but
I have learned to love justice better
than him. I can return him to his
A few weeks after there was a quiet
little wedding, when ,lua and Willie
attended the qlappv couple. A nine
dav's wondering after. by all the
friends and acquaintIances. no two of
whom came to the samle conclusion
about the atlair.
WOFFORI) COL LE(E.
GRADUATION OF THE LARGEST
CLASS IN ITS HISTORY.
The Int it ation:; reatest Conm-neenent.
l're-entatioi of a Handsome Present to
Dr. Carlisle--Large Gatherin;; of t he Al
umni--Spartan:: ,- in I~er Glor .
SP.\R aN H C o, S. C.. -mine 12.- es
terday was the great day of the Wof
ford commencerment--it was gradua
ting day. The greatest crowd in the
history of the college was assembled in
the chapel to see the largest class in
the college's history graduate. Almost
every member of the large class had
one or more relatives present to wit
ness this important event in their
lives. In addition to these relatives
and immediate friends of the graduat
ing class were the relatives and friends
of the students in lower classes. It
would not be wide of the mark to say
that every student in the institution
had a relative on the campus.
Then this was alumni year. A special
effort has been made during the entire
year to secure the attendance of every
'man who has ever attended W<otford
College, and a look at the great
thronzs that have been in the city for
the past four or five days evince the
success of the efforts. Gray haired.
wrinkle faced men of anti-bellum days
mingled with young men who only a
year ago received their diplomas. In
addition to visitors from a distance
there were hundreds of people who
came from the city and from the coun
try districts to attend yesterday's exer
The chapel was literally jammed
long before 10 o'clock, the opening
hour, and many were unable to get
into the building. At 10 o'clock Bis
hop Duncan announced the hymn.
"From all that dwell before the skies,"
after which Dr. Thos. H. Law offered
a prayer. Dr. Carlisle, after stating
that three minutes only would be
given to each speaker, introduced Mr.
Atticus H. Dagnall, of Darlington, as
the first speaker. Mr. Dagnall's sub
ject was the "Revolution of South
Carolina." After Mr. Dagnall the
speakers followed in the following or
A. H. Dagnall-"Revolution of
South Carolina," Darlington.
F. E. Dibble-"The Unifier of Ger
W. G. Duncan-"Three Minutes in
the Moon," Richland.
A. _M. DuPre-"An American man
of Letters," Oconee.
G. W. Fooshe--"Time-Spirit Em
W. J. Gaines-"The Restlessness of
the Mind," Oconee.
B. H. Henderson-"Lower Caro
J. Porter Hollis-"Abraham Lin
J. B. Humbert-"The Diploma,"
S. J. MIcCoy--"-The Force of Opposi
S. H. McGhee-"Too Many Apolo
*Benjamin B. Sellers--"The Modern
H. J. Shoemaker-"The Zigzags of
B. WV. Wait--"The Creative Imagi
J. Arthur Wiggins-"The Astrono
mer Nicholas," Berkeley.
M. C. Wood-"Looking Forward'
W. H. Wannamaker-"-The Aca
demy of Immortals," Orangeburg.
The following (by their own request)
were excused from speakino. -
Jno. J. Cantey, Clarencion: H. H.
Newton, 3Marlboro; Gus M1. Chreitz
burg, Spartanburg; W. WV. Nickles,
Abbeville; Win. Coleman. Union; J.
0. Norton, Horry: T. C. Covington,
Marlboro: J. R. Rogers, MIar
ion: W. J. Crosland, Marl
boro; F. H. Shuler, Berkeley; J.
C. Daniel, Laurens; S. C. Hodges.
Abbeville; Robt. E. Lee Smith, Spar
tanburo:- G. C. Leonard, Spartanburg;
W. F. btackhouse, Marion: J. IF. La on,
Abbeville; J. E. Warnock, Beaufort.
A number of these addresses were
unusually good, thespeakers put their
three minutes to good use. Some were
humorous and some otherw'ise, but all
were well received by the audience.
Mr. Shoemaker made a catching speech
on the "Zigzags of Fashion." which
made the audience laugh heartily. At
the conclusion of the addresses bishop
Duncan, president of the board of trus
tees, reported the recent action of the
His first announcement was one that
caught the crowd, and it was lustily
cheered. The announcement was to
the effect that President John C. Kil
go, formerily a professor in *Wotford,
~ut now of Trinity College, N. C., had
been given the honorary degree of
doctor of divinity. The bishop spoke
in complimentary terms of this bright
roung minister and teacher, and then
announced another name which had
been honored with a similar degree
Rev. R. J. Bigham, of Georgia.
The next information from the bis
hop -as that Prof. J. B. Thomas. of
the mathematics department. had re
signed and that Prof. Win. G. Blake.
of Florida. had been given the place.
A third item was that the Wofford
Fitting School would, for a year at
least, be moved from its present build
igs and the classes taught in the Al
umni Hall, on North Church street.
No college students will be accommo
dated in the Alumni Hall, but a num
ber of cottages will be erected on the
street immediately to the rear of the
main building, whiere students can be
housed. Their meals can be secured at
either Alumni or Wightmnan halls.
Dr. Carlisle then took the rostrum
and called attention to the distinction
lists and punctual lists. M1r. J. C. Coy
ington. of M1arlboro, was de:-lared to
have spent four years without missing
a single recitation. M1r. Covington
was heartily cheered for his fidelity to
Dr. Carlisle, after a few words comn
plimentary of the graduating class.
delivered diplomas to the young men
mentioned above. In handing a di
ploma to M1r. Daniel the doctor said
that for 12 years there had been a room
in the building known as the "Daniel
Room," and lie hoped there would
always be a Daniel in college. Diplo
mas wvere also given to M1essrs. WX. S.
Hall, P. B. Wells, D. D. XWallace, C.
. Calhoun. who had stood examina
tions for the degree of MIaster of Arts.
XWhen D~r. Carlisle was done with
his work, and wvas preparing to have
the audience dismissed, Hion. Samuel
Dibble. L. L. 1)., of Orang-eburg, the
first alumnus of Wo1ford, took the
floor and for- thme body of alumni pre
sented Dr. Car-lisle with an elegant
gold watch and chain and with a
number of books which lie would be
allowed to select. MIr. Dibble's speech
was ver-y touching and brought tears
to the ees of hiundreds of me-n and
women.~ He expressed the universal
love of South Car-olinians for- the
noble doctor, and bursts of applause
seconded his words. In presenting
the watc Dr. Dibble said that the
chain was emblamatic of tig ui:O: of
Woiord men to each other and to ti!
d1octor, and that the watch beats syi
bolized their heart beats of sympathy
The sc'ene was a most touching one.
It rave new evidence of the unbound
ed love of all men who know him for
D r. James I[. Carlisle. The doctor re
sponded brielly and in t voice tremb
ling with elotioll.
After the long metre doxology, in
which every person in the house
seemed to join. the audier;ce was dis
missed, and the one thought, whether
expressed or unexpressed of the whole
people was the greatness of Wotford
College and of Dr. James H. Carlisle.
Yesterday w.s the most memorable
diay in the college's history.
The evening was turned over to the
ahu)imi, aU:d the number that marched
into the chapel at 9 o'cleck was the
wonder of everybody. Where could
all of these gray haired men, all of
tho e yoiIIiu men just entering upon
the field of life have cole.
The great line of march was headed
by President Wilbur E. Burnett,
upon whose arm was the Hon. Wm.
J. Montgomery of Marion S. C.. the
orator of the night. Then came Bis
hop Duncan and Hon. Samuel
Dibble. L. L. D.. the earliest graduate
of the college. Following these were
men representing every class since the
orignization of the institution, with
the possible exception of one or two.
Seats for this army were provided' on
the rostrum and in the front of the
President Burnett called the meeting
to order, and Bishop Duncan made
the opening prayer. After good
music. Mr. Burnett introduced Mr.
\Wm. J.. Montgomery, of Marion. S.
C.. in a nice little speech.
Mr. Monntgomery used a manuscript
but used it well, and made one of the
best and most appropriate speeches
ever made on a similar occasion at
Wolford. He began by making a few
pleasant rellections as to the past, com
paring the old Wotrord men to mem
bers of a great family, who were gath
ered together on this occassion in
happy reunion. Failures of the frost
must be forgotten in this happiness.
Mr. Montgomery then entered into
a discussion of the school system of
South Carolina in its relationship to
citizensenship. His argument was to
the effect that the State was not
doing its duty in preparing men for
the citizenship which is expected of
them. Every American boy is born
heir apparent to the presidency of the
United States, and is entitled to pre
parati on for the performing of the
duties of such an office. Has South
Carolina so legislated as to inseure
this preparation to its youths?
Mr. Montgomery argued that such a
duty was not being performed,
The State was neglecting lower educa
tion for higher education. The his
tory of South Carolina education was
referred to substantiate the statement.
This neglect of common education is
a tremendous error. A foundation
is essential. Figures were quoted
showing the marked contrast between
appropriations for higher and lower
education. It is not charged that ap
propriations for higher education are
too large. but appropriations for com
mon school education are too small.
Why this condition? Several rea
sons were mentioned, most promin
ent of which were that the appropria
tions were made by wealthy and cul
tivated men of long ago who framed
laws to conform to their ideas of what
education was: and because of a fear
of educatiing the negro. The first rea
son was natural, but its continuance is
not natural. As for the negro ques
tion the speaker showed that a with
holding of appropriations could not
prevent the negro's education. The
North is educating the negro. or at
least is aidingto a great extent.
Higher education has been made a
"fad"' among politicians and has pro
bably gone to an extreme. The neces
sity for appropri.tions for higher edu
cation is not of so great importance be
cause of the existence of other institu
tions in the State independent of ap
Then was discussed the necessity of
universal education. The ballot must
be pure. and purity cannot be realized
without intelligence. Good common
schoels will purify. Place them every
where. We cannot reach this position
because of State poverty, but it will
pay, if necessary, to make kindling
wood of our State colleges in order to
build common schools all over the
At conclusion of the address Hon.
Samuel Dibble presented the science
medal to 31r. Gcorge W. Fooshe. of
bbeville. Mr. Fooshe's subject was
At ab~out 11 o'clock the alumni re
ired to their banquet to enjoy a noble
spread given by Spartanburg ladies.
The End Not Yet.
Cotwomua, S. C., June 13.-Mr. J.
F. J. Caldwell was asked yesterday
afternoon if he stood by wvhat he had
said the night before in reference to the
leision in the registration case, since
he had had time to read and consider
Judge Hughes' opinion. He said that
Lie did, and more; that lie felt more
eonfident than he ever had. His case
involved matters not touched on in
he other case, and lie would have a
standing before the court that the
ther petitioners did not have. Mr.
aldwell said that he would wait un
i after salesday in July. the last day
provided for the registration of voters,
after which he would have the atlida
its of one thousand men to show
hat the law had not been complied
with. lie would then be in a position
to deal some heavy blows and he
would deal them. lHe was in the best
>f spirits and certainly showed no
aneasiness for results if he felt any.
Jumnped theQ Track.
RosEinYs RocK, W. Va.. June 10.
rhe special train which left Wheeling
with a fire engine for Cameron jump
d the track about two miles east of this
place at 12:30 o'clor-k this morning.
he train was running at a rapid rate
when the engine jumped the tracks
and turned over on its side down on
ambankment. The cab caught fire and
Engineer Dufl'y was found inside in the
1idst of the flames. He was crushed
in a shocking manner and must have
lied almost inistantly. Richard Dona
Lie, Jr..- of Wheeling. was an a
gondola next to the tender and when
ound was under the trucks, life ex
tinct. Charles Litton. of Mundsville,
was also on the gondola and had his
reast badly crushed. Frank Jewell,
>f Mounds'ville, was found under the
gondola dead. All of the occupants of
the caboose, eleven in numiber were
aore or less seriously injured.
Anothler Lynching Bee.
LAKE CITY. Fla., June 10.-News
mas been received that a negro was
ynched 12 miles south of here last
Priday night. The negro's offence
was making improp~er proposals to the
wife of a prominent white citizen. The
aegro met tihe lady in a road and
urged her to desert her husband and
~lope with him. The lady promised in
>rder to escape. She then wvent home
nd told her husband. lHe gathered a
,rowd of citia~ens who seized the negro
s he was going to the place where the
ady had promised to umeet himu, and
vnhed him. Thme lady's name has
>een' suppressed owing to her promin
ADOPTED BY THE FREE SILVER CON
VENTION AT MEMPHIS.
It.Demands the Free Coinage of Silver at
a Rat io of Sixteen to One, and that it be
Made a Legal Tender.
ME3iPIS, June 1:3.-The following
is the platform adopted by the Free
Silver Convention at its session today:
"Silver and gold have in all ages con
stituted the money of the world, were
the money of the fathers of the repub
lic. the money of history and of the
Constitution. ~ The universal experi
ence of niankind has demonstrated
that the joint use of both silver and.
gold coin as money constitute the most
stablestandard of value and that the full
amount of both metals is necessary as
a medium of exchange.
The demonetization of either of these
historic metals means an appreciation
in the value of money, a fall in the
prices of commodities, a diminution
of profits of legitimate busines a
continuing increase in the burden of
debts, a withdrawal of money from the
channels of trade and industry where
it no longer yields a safe and sure re
turn and its idle accumulation in the
banks and the great money centres of
"There is no health or soundness in
a financial system under which a
hoarded dollar is productive of increase
to its possessor, while an invested dol
lar yields a constantly diminishing re
turn, and under which fortunes are
made by the accretions of idle capital
or destroyed by a persistent fall in the
price of commodities and a persistent
dwindling in the margin of profits in
almost every branch of useful industry.
Such a system is a premium on sloth
and a penalty upon industry, and such
a system is that which the criminal
legislation of 1873 has imposed upon
"The bimetallic standard of silver
and gold has behind it the experience
of ages and has been tested and approv
ed by the enlightened and deliberate
judgment of mankind. The gold stan
dara is a departure from the establish -
ed policy of the civilizel world with
nothing to commend it but twenty
two years of depression and disaster to
the people and extraordinary accumu
lation of wealth in the hands of a few.
There are some facts bearing upon the
question, recognized and admitied by
all candid men whether advocates of
bimetallism or of the single gold stan
dard. Among these is the fact that
the very year that marked the change
from the bimetallic to single gold stan
dard is the very year that marked the
change from a condition of rising
prices, large profits, general content
ment and great prosperity to a condi
tion of falling prices, dimishing prof
its, in security of investment, unen.
ployed labor and a heavy depression in
all branches of trade and industry. It
is not a matter of dispute even among
the honest advocates of the gold stand
ard, that general prospersty came to
an end witi the destruction of the bi
metallic system and that hard times,
falling prices, idle workingmen and
widespread depression came in with
the gold standard and prevails today
wherever the gold standard has been
"Every international monetary con
ference that has been called, every de
mand in this country and in Europe
for international aa'reemant to re-es
tablish the bimetallic standard, is a
confession that the demonetization of
silver was a blunder, if not a crime,
that its consequences have been disas
trous, that the conditions it has
wrought are full of menace and of
peril. The logic of facts establishes
beyond intelligent argument that the
destruction of silver as a primary
money by a conspiracy of selfish inter
ests is the cause of the widespread de
pression and suffering that began with
the gold stsndard. There can be no
restoration of prosperity, no perma
nent relief from the prevailing condi
tions, until the cause has been reme
died by a complete restoration of sil
ver to its proper place as money equal
with gold. We believe in a money of
stable values, we believe least of all
in an appreciating standard. It is
only through the practical operation
of bimetallism that a stable standard
of value can be secured. A standard
onstituted of money constantly in
reasing in value is not a sound, single
nor a stable standard, but a constan'ly
hanging standard. The etfect of gold
monometallism is to have one stand
ard for the creditor and another for
the debtor and there can be no more~
dishonest monetary system than that
which gives short measure to the bor
rower and long measure to the lender.
'Under the policy prevailing prior
o 1873, there can be no violent change
in the relative value of the two metals,
for a rise in value of one metal is coun
teracted by a decreased demand and a
ahi in valuie by a higher demand. Un
der the operation of this beneficient
law, a stable relation was maintaimed
between them in spite of the most ex
treme production. From the first pe
riod of our history up to 1S73, the right
f the debtor to choose whether lie
should pay his debts in silver or gold
oin was always recognized. The pol1
iv has been to transfer this right to
th'e creditor, thus tending to constant
F increase the value of the dearer niet
l and destroy the parity between them.
Believing that it is absolutely necessa
r to reverse this iniquitous and ruin
ous policy, we, therefore,
Resolve, That we fav'or the imme
diate restoration of silver to its formner
place, as a full legal tender, standard
oney equal with gold, and the :ree
nd unlimited coinage of both silver
nd gold at the ratio of 16 to 1 and
upon terms of exact equality. That
while we should welcome the co-opera
tion of other nations we believe -:hat
the United States should not wait
upon the pleasure of foreign govern
ments, or the consent of foreign cred
itors, but should themselves proceed
to reverse the "grinding process"' that
is destroying the prosperity of the peo
ple, and should lead by their example
the nations of the earth. That the
right of the American people, the in
terests of American labor, and the
prosperity of American industry have
ahigher ~claim to the consideration of
the people's lawmakers than the greed
of foreign creditors or the avaricous
demands made by idle holders of idle
capital. The right to regulate its own
monetary system in the interests of its
own people is a right which no free gov
ernment can barter, sell, or surrender.
This reserved right is a part of every
bond, of every contract and of every
obligation. No creditor or claimant
can set up a right that can take prece
dence over a nation's obligation to
promote the welfare of the masses of
its own people. This is a debt higher
nd more binding than all other debts,
and one which is not only dishonest
but treasonable to ignore. Under the
financial policy that now prevails we
see the land tilled with idle and discon
tented workingmen, and an evergrow
ing army of tramp~s, men whom lack
of work and opportunity has made
outcasts and beggars. At the other
end we find that a few thousand fami
ies own one-half the wealth of the
ountry. The centralization of wealth
has gone hand in hand with the spread
of poverty. The pauper and the plu
tocrat are twin children of the same
vicious and unholy system. The sys
te is full of menna to the liberties of.
.he people and the life of the republic.
The issue s rn franchiement of hope
less servitude. Whatever the power
o f money can do by d"haucherv and
:'orription to fix i's grusp on the law
making power will be done. We there.
fore appeal to the plain people of the
land with perfect confidence in their
patriotism and intellig nce to arouse
themselves to a full sense of the peril
that confronts them and defend the
citadel of their liberties with a vigi
lance that shall neither slumber nor
A GREAT GATHERING,
cONTINUEI) IR'M 10GE ONE.
you upon the representative character
of this gathering. Some three or four
weeks ago there assembled in this city
a body called to teach 'sound money.'
After putting in motion all the secrets
of the use of illimitable money and
drumming up delegates from this
chamber of commerce and that bank,
they assembled to tell us what was
the meaning of 'sound money.' and
after having the people of this city,
whose loans from the banks make
then subservient to the banking in
terests, they succeeded in drumming
up a large aathering and they had
the Secretarf of the Treasury to tell
us the difference between sound mon
ey now and sound money in 1573.
And. God save them, by request of the
President they had three cuckoos who
sold their birthright for the mess of
pottage, three Congressmen only; and
I saw in the paper that there was not
a solitary farmer in that party in this
Southland where the proportion be
tween the agricultural interests and the
rest is seventy-five farmers to twenty
five of all other occupations.
"'What is sound money? It is mon
ey which requires two pounds of cot
ton, two bushels of wheat, to get the
same quantity that it did a few years
back. I claim that such a dollar as
that is a robber dollar of two hundred
cents. They tell you about the fifty
cents dollar. Let us fling it into their
teeth, the two hundred cents dollar.
"There was some talk in Congress
last winter by Mr. Carlisle, who pre
sented a bill of a financial scheme
looking to the giving of some meas
ures of relief (that poor Congress, that
pitiful Democratic Congress did have
the saving -grace to reject it, but the
scheme is still on foot) as promulgated
by the banker's convention in Balti
more that they shall have the green
backs retired; that the silver certifi
cates shall be retired: that the govern
ment shall retire from banking and
that they shall have the issuing of all
the paper money in this country on a
gold standard, at that.
E. W. Carmack, editor of the Mem
phis' Commercial-Appeal, said he be
lieved the prosperity of the country
depended on free silver. "I speak,"
he continued, "as a Democrat. I be
lieve it will be the destiny of the Dem
ocratic party to achieve this triumph.
I stand here to protest anything that
has been done in the past, or will be
done in the future to prostltute the
Democratic party to the money power
in England, and to protest against any
effort to disorganize the party. I am
here, however, to work in harmony
with all parties who have the interests
of the people at heart and wish to fur
ther the cause of free silver. As far
as the South is concerned, all that is
best in it is concentrated in the Demo
The following national committee
men were chosen by the State delega
tions in accordance with the resolu
tion passed at the afternoon session of
Alabama, J. W. Tomlinson ; Arkan
sas, Charles Coffin; California, Alex
Delmar; Colorado. A. W. Rucker;
Georgia, Judge N.'W. Longley; Ken
tucky, J. A. Parker; Louisiana. Sena
tor Blanchard: Missouri, J. C. Gage;
Nevada, C. S. Nixon; Nebraska, C. J.
Smythe; North Carolina, M. B. Ell
iott; Ohio, F. J. Scott; Pennsylvania,
A. C. Hopkins: South Carolina,J. W.
Stokes; Tennessee, John R. Goodwin
of Memphis, temporary chairman and
J. H. Acklen of Nashville, temporary
The committee will meet in Chicago
in July, the exact time not being
fixed, and there choose permanent of
ficers and delegates at large.
A Daring Burglary.
DARLINGTON, June 9.-One of the
boldest robberies ever committed in
Darlington occurred this morning be
tween the hours of 3 and 5 o'clock.
Deans Bros'. grocery store, situated
on Pearl street, was entered by several
persons with a key that is supposed to
'ave been lost by one of the firm, and
small iron safe was bodily taken
thereform, loaded on a small wagon
ad carried to the swamps of Swn't
Creek, near the town, and with a cold
hisel was broken open. All the money
-400 -was extracted, leaving checks
nd other valuable papers intact. No
ne sleeps on the premises, but the
:embers of the firm were in the store
ntil 3 o'clock. There is no clue to
the robbers as yet, but dilligent efforts
are being made to apprehend them.
The neighboring towns have been noti
ied by wire to look out for suspicious
COLDIBIA, S. C., June 12.-Attor-I
ney General Barber also was feeling
ood yesterday. He feels that the
state has won a great victory and 4
any were the congratulations he has
-eceived. He would not talk much.1
Evidently he is holding his power for
fight that is to come. He did talk a1
ittle, however. He said: "This de-1
cision of the Court of Appeals practi-1
cally ends the MIills case, and proba- <
bly will control the other case. I pre
ume an effort will be made to take it
o the Supreme Court of the United I
States. I cannot foretell, of course, <
he result, but I feel very confident
that the decision of the Court of Ap- i
peals will stand. We do not propose i
to stop the tight where it is. We ex
pect to extend our attack to the New-1
berry case as well." 'What will the
Three B1oys D~rowned.
CLEVELAND, 0., June t).--Three boys
were drowned in Lake Erie this even
ing near the life saving station, two of
them in an attempt to save their com
panion. They were MIichael Sheridan,
eleven years: Patrick MIorris, twelve
ears; Emmett Swveeney, eleven years.1
[hey were bathing in six feet of water,
ll 'being good swimmers. 3Morris
was taken with cr-amps and Sheridan
went to his assistance, but his strength
ae out. Sweeney then attempted
o rescue them, but all three becames
oked in a helpless and frenzied1
group and were drowned.
C.UtLEsToN. June 10--During a
squall which came up suddenly to
night shortly after S o'clock, the bate
u-yacht with a sailing p)arty of sever
l persons, four men and three ladiest
ere overturned in the Cooper river,
> the South Carolina ;vharf and 3Miss
Rosalie Greenhille, a young girl six
teen years old was drowvned. The rest<
f the party succeeded in clinging to I
he boat until assistance reached them I
from the schooner, Nelson E. New -
erry. The body of the girl has not
A BIG MEETING.
r h-- i : --i: er Cons -n1 ion P'romi j*. t ote
dictious o' the promIIot-rs of the sil.t
conive-ntioni are on the eve o~If ii
emeit. The Memphis hotels are fa.t
being occupied by the delegates and
distinguished men of letters and states
men from all sections of the country
and it seems now that by tomorrow
moruino there will be scarcely an un
occupiea room in any hostelry of the
city. The extension and executive
committees of the Central Bi-nmetallic
League held an important meeting this
afternoon. All sub-comnuuttees report
having practically completed their la
bors and the only one that had not dis
charged its duties in full was that of
reception. A communication was re
ceived from Florida stating that Gov.
Mitchell had appointed as delegates
from the State at large United States
Senator Samuel Pasco, S. R. Mallory,
ex-Congressman John L. M. Gaskins,
speaker of the Florida house: Bascom
Palmer, State senator; Wm. R.
Thomas, State treasurer; Clarence B.
Collier, Capt. J. F. Tucker, Frank
E. Harris, W. J. Cooper and Harry
W. Cooper, postmaster at Jacksonville.
Gov. Culberson, of Texas, has ap
pointed delegates at large from the
Lone Star State with ex-Senator John
H. Reagan, chairman. United States
Senator Marion Butler will head the
North Carolina delegation and in com
pany with the delegates will reach
Memphis tomorrow morning. The
delegation is to be composed of Re
publicans, Democrats and Populists
alike and is significant of the fact that
it will be the first manifestation of
coalition between the parties in North
W. H. Hinrichson of Illinois, writes
that it will be impossible for him to be
present. In concluding his letter he
says, "You have no doubt seen the
full report or our convention on the
fifth. It was a success in every way,
in spite of what the Repulican and
Democratic gold papers said about it.
Illinois is safe in the free silver ranks
and will be in 1S96."
The program to be followed by the
silver convention as laid down is that
it will be called to order by the Presi
dent, W. B. Brown, of the local bi-me
tallic league at 2 o'clock on Wednes
day. Causey Young, ex-Congress
man from this district will be tempor
ary chairman and his partner, Jere
Horn, will act as temporary secretary.
Judge B. H. Estes, sometimes a pulpi
teer, will offer prayer. Then will
come permanent organization. Sena
tors Turpie, of Indiana, and Jones, of
Arkansas, are the selection for the per
manent chairmanship. The place was
offered Senator Harris but he declined,
saying that as this is his own constitu
ency, the convention would have
more weight if a stranger were chosen.
Senator Turpie and Senator Jones will
arrive tomorrow, when Harris will
confer with them. The one who does
take the chairmanship will get the
chairmanship of the committee on
resolutions. It is conceded that Tur
pie will be permanent chairman. The
notable arrivals today were Senators
Harris, of Tennessee; Turpie, of In
diana, and Berry, of Arkansas, and
Congressman Dinsmore, of Arkansas.
Senator Turpie said in an interview to
day he did not look for a .disruption
of either of the great parties on ac
count of issues, if the party lines were
broken the damage would be as great
to one party as to the other. He
thought the outlook for international
agreement in the next few months
excellent and if this is bronght about
each party will settle down to the old
The friends of silver held a confer
ence tonight at which resolutions were
adopted favoring the breaking away
from the old parties, in each case they
did not recogn-mze the silver question
and run candidates of their own.
The meeting was composed of De
iocrats, Republicans and Populists.
IN A STATE OF STARVATION.
Wretched Condition of the People Out in
KAssAs, City. June 9.-Rev. P.
Shane and Judge T. P. Nash of Grant
:ounty, Oki., are in the city asking aid
For the people of Prairie township and
in fact for the entire population of
3-rant county, who are actually starv
Reports of this state of want and des
titution have reached the public from
time to time, but v'oy little credence
was given them. The two gentlemen
who arrived in the city yesterday to
ask for bread to fill hungf-y mouths
md clothes to cover suffering bodies,
were appointed at a meeting held a
few wee - ago in Grant county for
hat purpose. At that meeting, the
ufferers drew up a statement of the
:ondition of affairs there. The section
>f territory that is the scene of such
suffering and want was opened in Sep
:ember 1893. The settlers came, in
he rush for claims, with little money
and less household goods. Today not
i penny of their savings is left and
very household is a scene of destitu
ion. The unfortunate people have
aot the wherewithal to leave the coun
;ry, and so they remain to suffer, and.
.f help does not come soon, to die.
The Rev. Mr. Shane says: " For the
ast three months four families have
een existing on my pension
noney. It would do, in ordni
try circumstances, for the bare wants
>f my immediate family, but with four
amiies you can imagmne what it
neans. Last Monday f drew $42 for
ny last quarter. I paid the grocery
>ill which had accumulated during
he quarter, and then had $1.75. Just
>ef ore leaving for thi.s trip. I asked for
redit for a sack of flour
>ut this wvas refused. When we
iad to face immediate needs, it
iad been customary for the mer
~hants to credit those who had pen
ions, so they were sure of getting
heir money. But with credit denied,
he last resource was cut off. My son
n-law and his wife started away in
heir wagon Tuesday, without a cent
md without provisions. They said
he might as well starve on thme road
s s~tay there and starve. I have not
ieardl from them since"
The Kansas City Live Stock Ex
hange has ap~propriatedI 850 and a
nioveent has been started to send re
ief to the destitute.
A PITIFUL APPEAL.
WWIrIITA, Kans. .June 9.-An appeal
'ox- aid has beeii received from Okla
oa. The citizens are in a wretched
:onditioin as food and clothes are con
:erned, and pray for relief immediate
. The appealecloses as follows: "In
he name of suffereing humanity we
ppeal to you for such food and other
hngs as you can spare to help the
estitute, and that as soon as possibe to
ppease the hunger of crying chxii
The Fate of a Brute.
JacKSONVILLE, Fla., June 9.-A
pecial from Live Oak, Fla., to the
limes-Union says: It is relported here
hat on last Sunday night Bill Collins.
olored, attempted to rape Miss Jeanette
'len near Mayo, Lafayette county.
mt was frightened away. He was
aptured the same night, but befor-e
e could be fully indentified he.made
xis escope and was not recaptured un
il Friday night, when he was taken
o the swomps,hanged an d perforated
A cream or tartar Dating powder
Highest of all in leavening strength.-La'
test Urited States Govern-sent Food Re
Royal Baking Powder Company,
106 Wall St., N. Y.
DESTRUCTION BY LIGHTNING.
Sonic Intersting Information Furnished
by State Ob~server Bauer.
CoLtrUm.. S. C.. June 12.-For the
past few years the observer of the
weather bureau bave been collecting
statistics regarding the damage done
by lightning to life and property in
the United States. Their result shows
the following causualities and fires in
this country for the year of 1S94 as
tabulated by Mr. Alexander McAdie,
of Washington. D. C.:
In January no lives were lost so far
In February two lives were lost, two
persons injured, and 50,000 feet of
In March six lives were lost, three
persons injured, and two barns, two
churches and five dwelling houses
struck and damaged.
In April fourteen lives were lost, fif
teen persons were injured, one barn
and seven dwelling houses damaged.
In May fifteen persons were killed
by lightning and thirty-four severely
injured: twelve houses were set on fire
with a loss of not less than $35,000.;
thirty-six dwellings, four churches,
two school houses struck, and more
or less damaged; fifty-eight horses and
twenty-two cows not in stables were
In June ninety-six persons were
killed and one hundred and two sev
erely injured; sixty-nine barns were
damaged not less than $19,000; forty
nine horses, thirty cows and fifteen
sheep not stabled were killed; eighty
dwellings, twenty-two churches, one
railroad depot, one oil tank, one grain
elevator, six mills and factories were
damaged; the loss in the eight last
named being no less than $257,000.
In July sixty lives were lost, and
one hundred and three persons injured;
forty-six barns were damaged not less
than . $50,000; forty-five dwellings,
twelve churches, two academies, three
mills or factories, and two railroad de
pots were struck; twenty-four horses
and thirteen cows, five mules and six
sheep not stabled were killed.
In August seventy-eight lives were
lost, and seventy-six persons injured
eighty-one barns were burned with a
loss of riot less than $129,800; forty-one
dwellings were struck, twenty-two
horses and fifteen cows not stabled
were killed; five churches, t wo acade
mies (one with a loss of $38,000), two
mills and one a tank (loss $20,000),
in September ninety-nine persons -
were killed, and fourteen severly in
jured: fifty-six barns were struck with
a loss of not less than $141,500; forty
swo dwellings, two churches were
ttruck, fourteen horses not stabled
In October six persons were killed
and two severely injured: two barns
valued at $2,000, t wo dweillings, two
churches, and several stacks of grain
In November one dwelling was struck
valued at $3,000.
In December- one barn in Ohio, two
dwelling (one in San Francisco, Cal.
where damage from lightning is almost
unknown), were struck.
During the year 336i persnos were
killed and 351 severely injured: 268
barns struck with a damage of $407,
500: fifty-five churches were struck,
damage ~unknown: 261 dwellings and
several oil tanks, factories and eleva
tors, the damnage amounting to not
less than S351,000.
IL may be said in general that the
risk in the country is five times as
great as in the city. With regard to
trees, the oak is most frequenlly and
the beech less frequently struck.
Canecd by the Preachrs.
CormmIa. J une 12.-The following
address, making a call for a conven
tion ot the negroes of the State to be
held in this city. was issued yesterday
by the committee from the Colored
Miinisterial Union, prior to the
news of the reversal of Judge Golf's
:decision in the registration matter.
The convention will, however. doubt
less be held anyway as the programme
outlined for the convention is not in
terfered with by the decision of the
United States Coui-t of Appeals:
To the Colored Citizens: There are
times in the af fairs of men when si
lence is golden. But to remain silent
under the present crisis, our position
may be wr-ongly interpreted. There
fore, we, the committee of seven ap
pointed by the citizens of Columbia. -A
and vicinity in May 1S95, call a con
ference of the leading colored men of
the State to meet in the city of Colum
bia on July 10). at 12 o'clock noon. foi
the purpose of considering the follow
ig questions and to prepare and issue
mn address to the people of this State
uid the United States setting forth our
>osition in the present trouble in the
sate of South Carolina.
1. Shall we manifest any interest in
he Constitutional convention, and if
>9 to what extent?
:2. Will we vote for any delegates to
te Constitution. Convention and on
3.What course will we pursue in
th: event of such an election?
Therefor. the citizens of the several
counties in the State are asked to can
Vrass carefully and meet atthieir county
sats on July 4, and elect their best
ren as deleg-ates to represent them
n~ this conference in propor-tion to the
rtimber of representatives in the Gen
We recomnied that the election be
idependent of politics and that they
ork for the best interests of the peo
>!e and the State.
The meeting may be called by any
fr-e citizen or by as many as may be
E. H. Coit.
R. E. Hart,
J1. W. Morris,
W. D). Chappeil,
M1. G. Johnson,
A. P. Dunbar.
Another tool with a PistoI.
CH~mconax, Ten n., June 12
ilden McKinley, a farmtei-s boy eigh
een years old, accidentally discharged
a pistol, sending a ball into the neck
' Roxie Echols, the nine vear-old child
f a neighbor, produacing instant death.
he boy was commnitted to jail today
ithout bail charged with murder, but
toutly deciai-es lhe thought the gun