Newspaper Page Text
Vo(l. x. M ANNING;. S. C.. WEDNESDAY, JULY 1(b 189.___ O 0
BY A WELL-KNOWN COLORED BAP
As Usual He Says What lII' llas to Say in a
Plain. Unequiroeal Mamwr--What lie
Thinks About the Negro in l'olitirs.
GREENvILLE, S. C. J uly 4.-The
following contribution which was
publishe! in the News a few days ago.
is from a well-known colored Baptist
preacher who once lived in Greenville
and had charge of a large congrega
I stopped over at Trenton last Tues
day about two hours wa:iting for a
train to take me to Edgetield court
house. Knowing ti at ex-Governor
Tillman lived within the corporate
limits of the town. 1 decided to g.o up
and walk around his place, and if I
could muster up enough courage to
goto his residence and have a talk.
The Senator lives in a large mansion
in a fine oak grove about dve minutes
walk from the depot. The stately
mansion is surrounded by live or six
servant houses (built before the war).
two laage vegetable gardens contain
ing every variety of vegetables, and a
beautiful flower garden in front. 1
approached the place with fear and
trembling thinking he might drive me
away unless I was hunting work. He
was sitting in the front porch reading
a newspaper-Columbia Register, I
"Good evening, Governor."
"Good evening, sir. Come in."
As I onened the gate hesaid: "Hold
on; who are you, and where do you
"I am a traveling colored man, and
simply want to take a look at your
place and have a talk with you if you
do not mind talking to me."
"Well, if you are not after chickens
you can look around; niggers love
chickens. What do you want to talk
about-religion, politics, education,
farming or what?"
"I will take all in, sir."
By this time I had reached the front
steps. I was not invited to come any
further, and there I stood up for one
hour. He was in a good humor and
seemed to be pleased.
"What paper isthat you got in your
"The News and Courier. I have The
State in my pocket also."
"Did the News and Courier publish
my speech ?"
"Yes, sir; it is in this paper. Why.
don't you take the News and Cou
"Yes, but my mail has not come in
"Do you take The State?"
"No. I used to read it when I was
in Columbia. What does it say about
"Nothing, sir. They are giving it to
Governor Evans this time.
"How do you like The State,Gover
"I have always given Gonzales
credit for being honest and straight
forward and a man with a backbone
and principle, though he is my ene
Mrs. Tillman came out and
endorsed what the Governor said
about The State.
"How about the News and Cou
"The News and Courier has flunked
and dodged so much that I have no
confidence in it and rely on nothing
its tsuppots you, and I thought
you would lik it."
"I don't want its support."
Here Mrs. Tillman spoke again:
"No Carroll; the News and Courier
hates my husband. You are mistaken
if you think it is friendly. It hates
Governor Evans worse, because of his
uncle, General Mart Gary."
"Well, Governor, I want to talk
other things. I am a negro and a~m
interestedin that race. I am not in
politics and never was, but I favored
your move ind8S90. I did not vote for
you, but I wanted you elected. You
have done us some good. You divided
the white people and put them to
fighting each other and we were let
'--alone. In 1890) the majority of the
ngoes either voted for you and your
tikt or did not vote at all. I am sor
ry you are elected Senator, and wish
you was Governor."
"Why?" said he.
"Because you could keep up strife
and we would be at peace."
"How do you niggers like Governor
"We are afraid of him, and look for
the worst under his administration."
"Well, you are mistaken. He has
no more against the negroes than I
have, and I have no malice for them,
but think the majority of them are
ignorant and not fit to vote. They
can be bought and sold like cattle,and
will do whatever their bosses tell
them when it comes to voting. I have
godfeeling for them, and believe the
Cnttutional convention will be the
best for them and us. I want peace
er can have it with such a majority of
negro votes that dissatisfied whit4
men can buy up and use at will. There
are too many negroes here anyhow.
Why don't some of you nigger preach
ers take some of them away ?"
"Well, they are moving out of the
State every year. They are going
North. Do you want all of them to
"No, not all, but some of thenm.
"Well, Governor, you have more
influence than any white man in
South Carolina among the white peo
ple. You can do a great deal of good
for the negro. Will you be a delegate
to the conventionC
"I don't know, but suppose I will.
My friends all over the State want me
"What do you niggers want us to
do, anyway ?"
"Give us justice before the law.
Treat white and black the same in the
eyes of the law and as citizens of the
"I did that when I was Governor. I
pardoned many poor devils out of the
penitentiary that I was satisfied did
not have a fair trial and were improp
erly convicted. A negro killed a white
man in Greenville county about his
wife and he was convicted of man
slaughter and sent to the penitentiary.
I pardoned him at once, and I was
abused for it by the white people."
'"How about lynching ?"
"I am ready to help lynch any
white man that will rape a colored
woman today~as well as I am to lynch
a negro for raping a colored woman."
"Don't you think ex-Senator Hamp
ton is one: ir not the best, friends the
'-Wade Hampton is a hypocrite,and
let me tell you above all things in the
world T hate hvpocrisy. It is most as
bad as stealing.
"I can't believe that (en. Hampton
ever killed a negro or wanted them
"lie accepted the results, which was
just as bad, and held office which was
the fruit of intimidation, fraud and
such violence. i did my share of it
"Don't you feel that you have done
".No. We had it to do. We could
stand it no longer. I confess I have
never killed a niger, but I shot at
one in Hamburg and tried to kill him,
but missed him."
"Well, what are you going to do in
tYe convention. The negroes are
alarmed. You are the cause of it. The
Till-man-1Hemnhill. Evans and Barn
well conference did it. Up to that
time the negroes were at ease. I have
never voted but once in my life, and
do not care to vote now, but I would
like to have the priviletre to do so."
-'Do you know anything about the
Mississippi plan "
"Not intelligently. sir."
"Well, you must pay a heavy poll
tax and be able to read the Constitu
tion of the United States and under
"Who is to be the judge:"
"And what if he be partisan, preju
diced or color-blind:
"That's another thing: but the Uni
ted States will not allow us to make a
law for the negroes and not have the
same law for white people."
'But making laws and enforcing
them after they are made is another
"Let me tell you something. We
will carry this election even if all the
angels in hell, the devil, all the nig
gers and Conservatives combine
against us. We are compelled to car
ry it, and if the negroes give us any
trouble they will receive no consider
ation in the Constitution whatever."
"It is best for you and your side to
do the right, because you will have to
reap what you sow in the future. I
believe in the Providence of God. You
were born t- torment the white peo
ple for their suis against the negroes
and for not doing what they promised
in 1S76, and if you fail to do right
there will be trouble ahead for you
"Why, I did as much and said as
much as any other white man in 1S76.
And another thing, you niggers have
been living under the government for
thirteen years that was made by the
same crowd that want power now and
you were not allowed to vote and you
did not try. ,Why are you so alarmed
"Because Governor E vans has
been somewhat bitter in his talks."
"Well, he is young and talks a good
deal, but he is all right."
Here Mrs. Tillman spoke again:
"Yes, Governor Evans is a gentle
man and why don't you call on him?"
1 am afraid of him. I called on Gov
ernor Tillman in 1S91, and he looked
so mad and vicious that I went out.
As we walked in he said, What do you
want I did not know what to say,
and went out."
"Why, that is his natural look, but
at heart my husband is pure."
"But he is not converted and, is a
member of no church, and is therefore
"W hy he is going to be a Presby
terian soon That is my church and
he will go with me."
Governor Tillman: "I thought you
said just now that you believed I was
good at heart?"
"I meant that you were true to prin
ciple and wanted to do what you be
lieved to be right, but you know you
are a politican and may change at any
I am afraid that you want to get
into plitics now. You would make a
godone. Was you in that nigger
prechers' convention in Columbia?''
"No, sir; I was in Florida. I never
was in but one conventcn of the
kind and do not expect to attend an
other. That was in October, 1$90,
I made a speech endorsing you. I was
all alone in the fight and my life was
threatened. I thought you were right.
"Well, I was not fighting for the
negroes, but I did as well for them as
any one else. I was trying to put
those fellows out of office who were
not serving the people, but them
"Will there be any negr'oes in the
"Yes. for Beaufort and Georgetown
counties, they will come along with
Reformers from the same counties.
"Do you believe in educating ne
"I do, but I don't see the good it
does. I favor having a law to allow a
man to have his school tax to go to
the school he wants it. If he wants to
help negro schools let him do it."
"Well good evening. I am going
to Edgefield to preach. Col. Dargan
is down at the hotel on his way to the
same place. What do you think of
"Who, John Dar'gan, of Sumter:"
"Well I think he is a fool."
"He may walk around here, as lie
asked me wvhere you lived."
"He woulden't have the audacity to
come to my place. Say, go around
here and ask these negroes on my
place what they think of me. I raised
some of them and they would not
On my way back from Edgefid I
called on some of the colored people.
"What you think of Mr. Tillmnan "
'Ah Lord:' said one. The next was
his mail bor. "How do you like Mr.
Tillman ?" 'Putty wvell. But 0. lie
can cuss so: He cuss all de time."
The last wa' his foreman. who has
lived with the Senator for twenty-five
years. Hie has about seven chrildren.
"What do you get for wages?"
"Nuttin' much, $9.50 a month."
"How do you like him?"
"lie treate's me all right and he don't
give me orders, but pays de money
Notes.-As I expect the Senator to
see this interviewv. I want to say that
it is correct. I have another interesting
interview from another source to
come later and more about Senator
Tillman. I believe he has no ill feeling
for the negroes and would like to let
them alone, but lie is afraid that the
dissatisfied faction will use the negro
to put his administration out of power,
an d lie is working harder against
white people than negroes. Lie A.
Lincoln. "If freeing the slaves will
sae the Union and stop the war, I am
willing to do it." So the freedom or
the slaves was a "war measure." So
with Governor Tilliman. If disfran
his admistration safe and sure he is
willing to do that or anyting else. HIe
is a man brains, will, courage. com
mon sense an extraordinary politican.
I expect to ride a fence rail and keep
both feet off the ground and get on as
high a fence as possible and give no
advice. R. C_ nnolL.
Ridge Spring, S. C.
BOLD BREAK OF BURGLARS.
Daring Escape of Federal Priconers from
Ludlow Street Jail.
NEW YoRK, July 4.-Three desperate
postofrice burglars, Jos. Killoran Chas.
Alien and Harry Russell, prisoners of
the United States government, held up
Keepers Edward A. Schneer and Chas.
Schoen at the muzzle of three shining
revolvers in Ludlow street jail, seized
the keys that opened the three doors
between them and liberty and made
good their escape. All this occurred
in broad daylight, just at 8 o'clock
this morning. The streets were crowd
ed. as they always are in that neigh
borhood, the escaping prisoners went
down Ludlow street to Broone, where
the men separated and were soon lost
in the most crowded section of the
streets of New York.
The story of the escape of these men
was told by Schoen and Schucer as
well as by a civil prisoner who hap
pened in the office at the time and was
too excited to make even an outcry.
"I had just e ntered the jail," said
Schneer, "to relieve Schoen, who was
the night keeper. The three prisoners
took their exercise in the inner court
of the jail between the hours of S and
9 o'clock every morning. They are sent
back to their cells when the other pris
oners take exercise between 9 and 10.
Just as I entered the door, the three
prisoners pulled out their revolvers
and covered Schoen and myself. They
are big men and very fierce looking.
'Hold up your hands,' they shouted at
us, 'or we'll blow your Dutch heads
off.' At the same time, they yanked
the bunch of keys to the three outer
doors out my hands. I was frightened
badly as I looked into the barrels of
three loaded revolvers, but shouted as
loudly as I could. Allen started to
unlock the door leading from the hall
where the hold-up took place, while
his comrades still menaced us with
their revolvers. A crowd, however,
began to gather in Ludlow street as
they heard the unusal noise in the jail,
and Allen could not open the door
quick enough. He then, with an oath,
smashed the big plate glass and reached
through and opened the latch. This
let him into the office, with three
heavily barred iron doors between him
and liberty. We kept on shouting all
the time, as the three desperadoes rat
tled the big keys in the heavy doors.
As they opened the doors, they locked
them behind them, leaving us power
less to follow in pursuit. The outer
of the three doors they left open and
left the bunch of keys in the lock as
they had no time to do anything else.
The crowd had reached great propor
tions by this time. A number of
policemen came running up and the
prisoners had to make lively tracks up
Ludlow street, the crowd and the po
lice right on their heels."
At Broome street, one block north of
the Ludlow street door from which
they escaped, the men separated. Rus
sell keeping on, Allen going east on
Broome street and Killoran taking the
At Broome and Clinton streets a
young man, Louis B. Ostran, was fast
catching up with Allen, when the fugi
tive turned upon his pursuer: "Now
sneak, or I'll put an air hole through,
your heart," he said. Ostran then
gave up the chase and Allen was soon
lost in the crowd.
Sheriff Tamsen's warden, Henry F.
Raabe, was greatly annoyed when he
was asked about the escape.
"It was all because I lay down and
took a nap after giving the keys to the
keeper this morning, he said snap
"Yes, I have notified Under Sheriff
Harry Sherman by telegraph: that's
all. I have sent no word to the United
"Have you any idea how the men
secured their revolvers?" was asked,
"No, I haven't," he replied.
"They were known to be desperate
characters and I supposed you had
them searched every day ?"
"Oh, yes. That is they weresearched
last when they were sent down to the
postoffice building on Friday for ex
"Have you any idea when they se
cured the pistols?"
"No, I haven't. No one has visited
them since that day, so far as I know."
The men were dressed in very unob
trusive citizens' clothes when they es
caped. The men are famous criminals
and since one of Tamsen's men shaved
them in the prison they have had the
appearance of ordinary citizens. The
risoners were regarded by the United
tates secret service men as a most im
portant capture when they were ar
rested on Amsterdam avenue on the
first of last June. Their bail had been
fixed at $10,000 and they were to have
come up for another examination on
Tuesday next. The police have sent
out a general alarm.
The Bridge Coliapsee.
ELKHART, Ind., July 4.-A terrible
accident occurred at Bristol, a small
town six miles from this city, late this
afternoon. During the progress of a
boat race on the St. Joseph river six
hnndred people were jammed on a
thi'ee-span iron bridge. During the
finish of an exciting race, and while
the crowd was cheering tremendously,
the bridge gave way. The mass of
humanity was precipitated into the
water forty feet below. As far as
known at 'present thirtyeight persons
injuries and it is feared that many of
them will die. Luckily the water was
five feet deep or many would have un
doubtedly been drowned. Owning to
excitement and rapid scattering of the
injured by their friends, it will be some
time before a complete list of the in
jured can be obtained.
Ulucky Naval Cadets.
WASHINGTON, July 1.-Naval cadets
who have finished their six years'
course are assigned to duty in service
to-day and commissioned as ensigns.
with the exceptions of three men for
whom, though they had successfually
passed their examination, there were
no vacancies in the line, and who were
ineliaible for the engineer corps, to
whicYi they might have been ;transfer
red had~ they not been deficient
on that branch.
SPEZZIA, Italy, July 4.-While the
boat Aquila was undergoin~g trials to
day her boiler exploded. Five men
were killed and thirteen injured. The
other six men aboard of her escaped
injury. The vessel was badly dam
SOUTH CAROLINA'S METROPOLIS IS
Many New andl Important Enterprises
I'eing Started--Charlesto' Capitalists are
Now Investing at Home---Deep Water at
the IBar andI a Road to the West.
CIIARLEST ON, S. C., .July 1.-Not
for many years has Charleston ap
peared so full of hope, 1=e and energy
as at the present time and few of our
Southern cities, barring only Atlanta,
where the preparation for the great
exposition has created more than her
usual activity, can show a greater
number of new enterprises inaugurat
ed since the first of the year
Ever since the accomplishment of the
'ong expected deepening of channel
leading across the bar and the safe and
easy access of vessels drawing from
twenty-three to twenty-five feet of wa
ter. a more cheerful and confident
feeling has permeated the commercial
members of the entire community,
until evet the most skeptical and de
spondent of the pessimists. of whom a
few stragglers remain, are compelled
to admit that Charleston is fast regain
ing her prestige and position among
the more progressive cities of the
Not only has the number of the new
industries been greater than the ordi
nary. but the nature of the enterprises
the character. experience and standing
of the men engaging in them, and
above all the substantial encourage
ment and success they have met with
from the beginning, all furnish an in
dex to the remarkable improvement
and should supply the strongest in
centives to continiued and still greater
While all this is true and more conld
be said without exaggeration, it is to
be regretted that a number of the
wealthiest men of tie city, bondhold
ers who are known to be worth from
a quarter to two millions of dollars.
do not interest themselves in opening
up new enterprises that will tend to
keep the young men at home and give
employment to those who are now
compelled to seek for occupation in
other and more lucrative fields. Nor
is it because of any lack of ability or
of industry that the young men of our
city fail to obtain the employment
that all naturally expect to receive
from those among whom they are
reared and associated, for it is a fact
freely and freauentiy commneted
upon at the North that the young men
from the South almost invariably gain
merit and retain the unlimited respect
confidence and good will of their
Northern employers, that they are de
serving, capable and successful is ful
ly proved by the splendid and finely
paid positions occupied in New York
today by Southern men.
But to return to the improvements
in business circles so welcome and
noticeable in Charleston, it might be
as well to mention, not exactly as
proof, but merely as a guarantee of
good faith as it were, a few of the new
enterprises alluded to in the begin
ning of this correspondence. A nice
lv furnished, finely equipped and well
filled store was opened on historic
Hayne street in January last by
Messrs. Pringle Brothers for the pur
pose of conducting a wholesale dry
goods and notions business. The firm
is composed of Mlessrs. R. A. and
Walter Pringle, for many years of
the firm of Messrs. Johnston, Crews &
Co. Their encouragement has been
ample and their success satisfactory
and gratifying in the, extreme. The
firm of Mlessrs. Johnston. Crews &
Co. was reorganized and wvith the ad
mission of MIr. L. Chalmers Waring
has been doing a fine trade, thus
showing there is room for all and
more besides to do a good paying
profitable business, if managed by
careful, energetic and experienced
The next enterprise worthy of men
tion was the new telephone company
gotten up by Mlessrs. Bailey & Lebby.
The rapid success of this live house
in the wholesale machinery and build
ing suplply business is a guarantee of
the success of their present venture
One of the mor-e recent and equally
romising new moves is the opening,
of a model wholesale hardware house
by Messrs. Daniel anid lHenry F. Miler
with Mr. William B. Foster. under
the name of the Miler Hardwvare
Company. Th ese v-oang gentlemen
have been identifieil with the whole
sale hardware trade of this State and
of the South for many years. Their
unqualified success is beyond a perad
venture and their abilityv and experi
ence of the highest order. Another
and very Ilattering project is the con
templated opening of a wholesale boot
and shoe store by four of Charleston's
most successful young travelers. The
managers are Messrs. Walter G.
Green, Joseph B. Drake. Samuel
Innes and W. .J. McLeod. Their
handsome building is now in process
of being remodelled and rebuilt. with
a new and imposing front. The store
will be fitted up with one of the most
complete and elegant samplle rooms in
the South, an innovation hitherto un
known among the shoe houses of
Charleston. The name of the new
company has not been made public
but aimple capital has been subscribed
and the new enterprise begins life
with the promise of a long and suc
cessful career as the young men in
terested have a large following and
many friends am~ong-the shoe dealers
of this city and State. The recent
advance in the price of shoes has
made fortunes for those lucky deal
ers wvho have had futll stocks and the
travelers in this line of goods have
had a picnic selling shoes in every
State this season.
It is a noteworthy circumstance
that all of the jobibing houses of
Charleston in nearly every line have
made money steadily, slowly perhaps.
but surely, and during an acquaint
ance of about fifteen years I can re
call but the fewest possible number
of failures. When it is considered that
these jobbers all sell piincipally on
credit, it is a creditable (pardon the
pun) evidence of the manner in which
the merchants of our State meet their
Besides the wholesale dealers above
named to whom might be added sev
eral phiosphlate conmpanies, but those
quoted are sailicient for the purpose
of showing the returning prosperity
Charleston is now enjoying, there are
many other and more important as
well as elaborate improvements under
way, backed by sonic of the wealth
iest men of the "community. Not only
are the rich men backing these move
ments, but what is still better they
are leading them. The building of a
yille is being systematically pushed
by the Security Construction Com
pany. The president of this company
is one of Charleston's leading and
most substantial citizens and great
things will soon be accomplished in
this direction, as several hundred
thousand dollars have already been
subscribed and the early completion
of the road is now no longer problem
atical. This company has the key
to the situation and the power and
determination to remove the obstruc
tions of railroad discriminations that
have so long and so ell'ectually isloated
Once this obstacle is overcome,
Charleston will begin a new era of
business activity. There will be no
pop and fizz or boom and sizz, such as
almost paralyzed Birmingham and
Chattamooga, but will go onward and
forward with a regular and irrisistible
movement. We will soon enjoy a
new city park and an elegant theatre.
Ashley ,Junction is to be abolished
and the South Carolina and Georgia
Railroad is extending down to the
wharves. A new steamship line will
shortly create furtiheir competition on
freight taritfs inwards and our new
road will surely give us low rates out
wards. We bid fair to outrun Savan
nah and distance Augusta; Norfolk
and Richmond will be out in the cold
for the Seaboard and Southern will
bow down to us with better rates. In
short, we will be able to do as well by
freights and prices as any of our
neighbors and none be capable of do
ing that which we cannot do. We
shall compete favorably with Atlanta
for trade as near them as Stone Moun
tain and our progress and prosperity
will be of the long staple. double
twisted variety, with absolutely no
huckleberry above or beyond our com
George T. Pringle.
THAT AIKEN MUDDLE.
What the Comptroller General Says About
the Condition of Afrairs.
CoLuIA, S. C July 3.- Comp
troller General Norton has returned
from Aiken wh are he has recently been
to make his annual settlement with
the county officials, and to examine
the condition of affairs in that county.
The result of this'examination has been
awaited with interest, in view of the
grand jury of the county.
Mr. Norton says that he found that
are' irregularities in the office
of tne county commissioners,
such as letting contracts or froads
bridoes, etc. He does not, however,
thin- there has been any benefit accru
ing to the individual members of the
board. He says that it is also true that
the expenses of the county show an
crease of $7,000 or $S,000 over the ex
penses of last year and previous years.
While this is true, he: says, the county
commissioners are not entirely re
sponsible for it and a comparison of the
expenses for the years previous to
this year shows that ;he county com
missioners had spent no money for the
construction of roads and bridges.
This part of their duty had been neg
lected and finally it became a public
necessity this year to begin the work.
This required an expenditure which
f eerzs to indicate that the present com
missioners have spent more than they
ought to have done. The main incre
ase in the expenditures is to be found
in the court expenses, owing to the in
crease of the number of criminal cases
and the m oney that had to be paid
witnesses and Jurors. It was some
thing that could not be helped.
In regard to the grand jury that
Supervisor Sawyer had used public
funds to pay his private debts Mr.
Norton says that Sawyer did pay some
private debts on a claim he had against
the county for money owed him.
As to the charge of fogery against
Sawyer, Mr. Norton says Sawyer did
sign the name of Major Champion, the
clerk of the board to a certificate while
Champion was sick and needed the
money, but he did it in the presence
of the board, and with the board's
The Comptroller state further that,
so far as his investigation went. there
was no politics in the report of the
grand jury. It was composed of
twelve Reformers and five Censervat
ives, and the special committee which
investigated all these things was com
posed of three Reformers and two
Censervatives. While the irregulari
ties are apparent. Mr. Norton says he
believes that there has been no defal
cation. and the irregularities have re
sulted from a lack of knowledge of
the law more than anything else.
State. ___ ___
Stricken by~ Lightning
SOCIETY HILL, July 1.--A sad catas
trophe occurred in Chesterfield last
Saturday afternoon near Sherrill's
Mill wh'ich is on the boundary line be
tween Chesterfield and Darlington
counties, about eight or nine miles
from here Two young men,
Messrs. George Edwards, about
thirty years of age, and Lon Davis
t w'enty years of age, were struck and
instantly killed by lightning while
sitting under a shelter. The facts learn
ed were as follows: The two hadstart
ed to Chesterfield on some business,
when they were ovcr taken by a thun
der shower, and in order to be protect
ed from the rain, resorted to a shelter
on the place of Mr. .Joshua Edwards,
who in company with his little daugh
ter. were under the shied at the time of
the fatal stroke and were knocked
down and stunned by the lightning.
but not seriously hurt. A post of the
shed was struck and Messrs. Edwards
and Lon D~avis. although farther
away from the post than M~r. Edwards
and his clild, yet they were killed in
stantly. The post was only grazed
and the shed was otherwisenuninjured.
Mr. George Edwards a poor man resid
ing in Chesterfield and left a wife and
t wo children.--State.
A Fat al Runaway'.
P1'TTsnu-ao, July 4.-James Caussin,
a glass worker of New Kensington,
near here with his family consisting
of his wife and children, a boy of 6
and a girl of 8 years, were out driviig
near their home last night. At the
top of a hill the horse became fright
ened and plunged sideways over the
embankment. The occupants of the
buggy were hurled to the bottom of
the precipice and the little girl was
instantly killed. Mrs. Caussmn's back
was brokcen and her son was injured
internally and fatally. Mr. Caussin
was badly hurt but will recover. The
horse was killed and the vehicle was
A Terrible Thxunderbirit.
SToeKrOL3, Jul 4~--.-In tile town of
Hlamnedd, near \Wexio. yesterday,
lightning struck a buildingf in which
ten persons had taken shelter, killing
seven of them, and injuring the other
thre s ermionsly that they will die.
WHAT THE STATE OBSERVER SAYS
OF ALL THE CROPS.
The Weekly Bulletin of the State Weather
and Crop Service-A Word as to the To
bacco Crop of South Carolina.
CuLamuIBA, July 4.-The following
weekly bulletin of the condition of the
weather and the crop; of the State is
sued yesterday by State Observer
Bauer is of general interest:
The past week opened with crops
needing rain over a considerable por
tion of the State, but particularly in
Spartanburg. Greenville. Pickens,
Union, Laurens. Newberry, Anderson,
Abbeville and Aiken counties. There
were also dry districts in other por
tions of the State where the need of
rain was not quite so urgent. During
the week showers were numerous but
very partial, some farms, or even fields.
having all the rain needed, while ad
joining farms or fields had little or
none. Beginning with the 29th (Satur
day) and continuing through to July
1st (Monday), the rains were more
evenly distributed, and no portion of
the State but that received some rain
in that period.
During the week there were washing
rains in Kershaw county, where fields
are becoming grassy, being too wet to
work. There was also an excess of
rains in portions of Florence and Barn
well counties, hindering cultivation.
There were local high winds doing
damage, over limited areas, to trees, to
cotton and corn in Chesterfield, Ker
shaw and Williamsburg counties.
The sunshine during the week was
less than the normal, averaging only
about 58 per cent. for the entire State,
and ranging from 49 at Statesburg,
Sun:.ter county, to 92 at McCall, Marl
boro county, but it wasgenerally suili
cient for the needs of the crops.
On the 25th the ce was a hail storm
in IMarlboro county, but it did little or
no damage; on. the 26th there was a
hail storm in Chesterfield county that
did some damage to crops.
The temperature was quite even dur
ing the whole week, and on no day did
the departure from the normal exceed
three degrees. It was slightly above
on four days and below, or normal, on
three, making the average for the
week as nearly seasonable as it is pos
sible to determine.
Thehighest temperature reported was
100 on the 25th at Blackville, and on
the 26th and 27th at Loopers; the low
est reported was 62 on the 29th at Bates
The mean temperature of the week
for the State was about 80, and the
normal for the same period is approx
The only existing unfavorable con
dition is the continued deficiency in
rainfall in portions of the State. There
were showers every day during the
past week in some section or other, but
they were generally light, with mark
ed exceptions. The rains of the latter
portion of the week fell after many
correspondents had mailed their re
ports, and so do not appear in this
week's summary but will appear in the
figures of the next bulletin. The
heaviest rainfall for the week is report
ed from Charleston with a fall of 2.84
inches; there were ten other places
with amounts from 1 to 2 inches. The
average of 40 rainfall reports is 0.90,
and the normal for the same period is
As a result of the generally favora
ble conditions, as shown by the above
weather review, there continues to be
a marked improvement in all crops,
and farmers are well up with their
work, the fields being, with a few ex
ceptions, clean and well cultivated.
The staple crops, cotton and corn,
are small but growing well. The
former being noted as the smallest for
many years at this season. It is vigor
ous and has a good color, and is put
tng on squares freely; first blooms
were generally reported during the
last week of June, which is conisidera
bly later than usual. In Anderson
and some other of the Western
group of counties its worth has hither
to been greatly retarded by the dry
weather, but now looks promising.
Sea Island cotton growving fairly well.
Old corn is being laid by all over the
State, as the weather permits. It is in
the silk and tassel, and, although its
stalk is short, yet its color is good and
promising generally. Bottom land
corn is said to be in excellent condi
tion everywhere and making rapid
growth. ~Some corn being planted on
oats stubble, but peas are receiving the
preference in many places for planting
Wheat thrashing is nearing comple
tion with generally satisfactory yields,
but nothing extraordinary. Late oats
are a good crop in Sumter, Fairfield
and Horry counties, and possibly gen
Th'e tobacco crop was greatly im
proved by the rains of the past week.
In Williamsburge county some has al
ready been cut, and it will soon be fit
to cut in portions of Florence and
Peas are growing well lately. and a
large crop is being planted on oats
stubble. The shioivers have enabled
peas to germinate quickly.
Melons have made decided improve
ment and are promising a large crop,
but are so late that it is feared they
will not ripen in time to find a remiu
Advantage was taken of the showery
weather to plant sweet potato slips,
and the crop now promises better than
at any time this year.
Gardens suffered most from the di-y
weather. and in por-tions of the State
are practically ruined. However, it is
said they can be replanted, and with
favorable weather yield large crops of
Peaches are scarce and of poor qual
ity in Hlorry county, but peachles. as
well as many other varieties of fruits
and berries, are generally quite plenti
ful. The quality of the fruit varies in
different sections, but is generally very
fair. Apples are plentiful, and,
though small, are of excellent 11avor.
The State is remarkably free from
insect pests, none having been reported
the past week; the weather conditions
are generally favorable, and with the
crops in a satisfactory condition, the
mid-summer outlook is most encour
aging for farmers.
Laughed at the Lash..
Jie'KSONvILLE, Fla., July 1. -Bessic
Seymour, aged 20 was cruelly whipped
by her father vesterday because she r
fused to renbuuce lier lover-, Mr.
Wheatley. Last night she tied
to her lover's home and miarriage will
follow as soon as the girl recovers
frm the whippinge
NEGROES TO GATHER.
Ex-Congressman Murray Isues an Ad
dre., Outlining Their Work.
COLMmIA, S. C.. July 4.-On Wed
nesday of next week there is to assem
ble in Columbia a State conference of
the ne'roes of the State, in response
to a cal issued some time ago by the
colored ministers. The conference
promises to be a very largely attended
and most interesting one in many re
spects. The negroes called the con
ference before it was known that
.Judge Gotrs decision had been revers
ed by the United States Court of Ap
peals, but they let the call stand. It
was thought that the conference would
The following address issued by
George Washington Murray, the lead
er of the negroes in the registration
fight. however.shows that the negroes
do not intend to abandon their tight,
and that will not only be held, but
will deal with questions bearing on
the registration matter. It outlines
further the policy to be pursued by
To the colored people and friends of
honest government in South Caro
You must by no means be discour
aged at the cruel and incomprehensi
ble dissolution of the righteous decis
ion of Judge Goff by the Court of Ap
peals at Richmond.
The appellate court has not broach
ed the merits of the case as decided by
Judge Goft. and we must insist on
having the Federal Supreme Court
pass upon the merits of our cause.
Various ways are known to the le
gal fraternity and others by which we
can get our case squarely before the
court of last resort and Conp ss it
self, and we must not leave one stone
unturned in our efforts to do so.
In the conspiracy formed to strike
down our liberty, if the Federal judges
have joined the administration faction
and State courts, if by so doing, even
the Federal Constitution itself must
be nullified as is the case in the pres
ent contention, the sooner it is done
and made plain to the country, the
better it will be for all parties con
Under the act of Congress, creating
the Court of Appeals, five different
classes are enumerated in which the
court is denied jurisdiction, among
which are all causes in which consti
tutional questions are involved.
The ablest lawyers in the land are
at a loss to comprehend how the ap
pellate court of Richmond could have
assumed jurisdiction; besides there is
a decision of the Supreme Court of the
United States denying it jurisdiction
in such matters.
However in doing so, it has left us
a very large margin to carry our pres
ent case to the Supreme Court and to
make preparations to petition Con
gress for redress of grievances for
which it seems we may be without a
remedy in other departments of the
How the measures are to be promul
gated and accomplished depends very
much upon the wisdom of the ap
proaching State conference.
In the conference ordered on the
10th of July at all hazards all the
counties in. the State should be fully
represented. To carry out our' plans
every county and every precinct must
be fully informed, so that each might
do his full duty in the great battle
now ragingt as to whether the Consti
tution and the laws of the United
States and a cause of liberty are to
triumph, or a tyrannical despotism.
Our attorneys who have done yeo
man service up to date are very san
guine of finally winning the battle for
The fight will cost us very little ad
ditional to what we have already obli
gated ourselves to pay, and have near
ly paid, only the necessary incidental
expense of traveling from one point
to another in furtherance of our mn
The Washington firm, Messrs. Doug
lass and Obear, have already receive~d
$902 06, which leaves only the inci
dental exp~ense. and on ly $98 of the
No matter how many more new
cases may be necessary, and to carry
our case through the Supremue Court,
outside of incidental expenses, they
will cost us nothing additional.
Let every one take fresh courage
and do his full duty
In clinging to ~our rights is like
clinging to life, for, with the destruc
tion of our political right, goes our
civil rights and property rights, and
even our right to life itself.
In this light we must have it settled
once for- all as to whether it is the
duty of the State or Federal court to
see that the Constitution and laws of
the United States are obeyed.
I call upon the ministers of the Gos
pel to redouble their eforts :politicians
of the race to sink self out of sight in
this direful moment and see only the
cause of an oppressed arnd struggling
race, with whose destiny their own
is linked, and in the destruction of
whose political rights they themselves
are nonemities. Yours for the cause
liberty, GEo. Vv. M1RRAY.
A D~esperado Killed.
HlIlsv1LLE, July 4.-News has
just reached here of a terrible tragedy
in Trigg county late Saturday evening.
Frank Colston, a desperado residimg in
that county, had a difficulty with and
shot and severely wounded John H.
Rhodes. a farmer of his neighborhood.
Another farmer, named Hammond,
who was present and who was a friend
of Rhode. attempted to assist Rhodes.
Coston then shot and instantly killed
Hfammnoud before he could render any
assistance to his wounded friend.
For somen reason Colston, after
wounding Rhodes. did not shoot him
again, pr-obably thinking him dead.
Coston did not attempt to escape nor
did any one attempt to arrest him, but
ie went on where he was going when
the difficulty was begun. A few hours
later Colston, in company with a
prostitute, went to the house of anoth
er farmer. The farmier ordered the
desperado and the woman to leave his
place. They refused to do so and at
tacked the farmer, who, securing a
weapon, succeeded in k illing both Col
ston and the woman.
He Backed out.
BRIDGl~wATER, M1ass.,.July -4.--Triu'
itv church was crowded with friends of
iss Carrie E. Bevan and Robert Per
kins. who had been irvited to attend
their wedding. But the ceremony did
not take place. After waiting some
time for the bridegroomn, Miss Bevan
and the clergynman visited his home.
They were cinformned by the bride
room's father, James Perkins. that
is son had repented of' his pledge and
was on his way to Europe. The father
ave Miss Devan a note from his son
2xplaining why he could not marry
A DAY OF DYNAMITE.
TWO ATTEMPTS TO BLOW UP PAS
On the Southern Pacific in Oregon the
Highwaymen Disable an Engine and Rob
the Mail and the Passengers.
GRANT'S PASS, Ore., July 2.-The
Southern Pacific overland northbound
train was stopped last night at 10:15
o'clock by three highwaymen near Rid
dles, about thirty miles south of Rose
burg and thoroughly robbed. Sticks
of dynamite were placed on the rail
which disabled the engine by blowing
off the flanges on the pony trucks and
brought the train to a stop. Taking
the fireman, two of the highwaymen
proceeded to go through the train and
every car from the express to the rear
Pullman was searched. Nothing was
obtained from the express car for there
was no treasure on board. On the
mail car better success was met with,
and the Portland, Tacoma, Seattle and
Victoria, B. C., registered sacks were
rifled. The passengers were also
searched pretty thoroughly, but what
success was met with is not known.
One highwayman took a hasty shot at
Conductor Kearney. who was re
char e of the train, but no damage in
Superintendent Fields of the South
ern Pacific, in an hour after learning
of the hold-up, had two parties on the
way to the scene of the robbery. A
posse of officers was hastily made up
in Roseburg and another of rough and
ready mountaineers started from here.
Every effort will be made to capture
the robbers. The men of the party
starting from here are thorougy fa
miliar with every foot of ground in the
neighborhood of the robbery. The
train was deiayed-s:;. Lrs, hav
ing been compelled to turn t
around and go into Roseburg back
The robbers, in going through the
train, passed all who had the appear
ance of being workingmen, but made
others hold up their hands while they
went through their pockets. The
Sheriff of Klamath county wason board
with a prisoner. The robbers appro
priated the sheriff's pistol. None of
the ladies in the dar were molested dur
ing the time the train was held up, one
hour and forty minutes being con
The robbers outside kept firing sticks
of dynamite to intimidate the passen
gers. After the chief robber bad se
cured his booty, he ordered the engi
neers to proceed north for one hour.
He then shot out the headlight, and,
firing five additional shots, which
were sionnals to his companions, dis
app in the darkness.
t cannot be determined yet how
much the robbers secured, but it is
thought the amount is small. F. Plot
ner a Western Union lineman, had
$50 or $60 in his pocket, but talked the
rcbbers out of searching him. He de
scribes the robber who went through
the car as a slender man, about six
feet tali. He wore a white silk hand
kerchief mask, blueoverallsand juanp
er. He had large bag slung over his
shoulder and carrieda common grain
sack in his hand. His hands were
rough and cracked. He had a deep,
coarse voice, which could easily be
recognized if heard again. It was too
dark to see the other robbers. The
ena-ine was so badly disabled that it
tokthree hours to reach Riddles,
four miles distant. Upon the arrival
of the train here the sheriff and a posse
left for the scene of the robbery.
THE 31ISCREJ!.iTS MISTAKE.
WASHINGTON, July 2.-Train No.
49, known as the Chicago Express,
eastbound on the Baltimore and Ohio
railroad, ran over a dynamite cart
ridge near the Monocacy bridge, thir
ty-five miles west of this city on the
Metropolitan branch at 11 o'clock last
night. The cartridge was exploded
and caused the detachment of the air
brake pipe in the rear of the engine.
No damage was done either to the en
gine or to the cars, but a piece of the
rail where the explosive had been
placed was blown away. The train was
immediately stopped and backed to
the place where the explosineiM d
but no one was found in the vicinity.
Baltimore and Ohio officials believe
that the intention was to wreck and
rob a passenger train; if so, the mis
creants made a mistake and selected
for their operations a train consisting
entirely of express freight cars, carry
ing neither passengers nor money.
Detectives have been sent to Monocacy
to investigate the affair.
Five arrests of suspects have been
made by the detective department of
the Baltimore and Ohio Company.
The parties are Timothy Mc~ourt,
John Flaren, .Jesse Wells, William
Young and Harry Johnson. They
were taken into custody during the
day at points alona' the "line charged
with trespassing. They were brought
to this city and committed for a hear
ing July 6. They are all rough look
ing individuals and it is said that per
sons closely resembling them were seen
lurking around Monocacy prior to the
explosion. The force of the explosion
aroused the country for miles around.
Death of 3Mrs. O'Leary.
CCAOo, July 4.-Mrs. Catherine
OLeary died yesterday afternoon.
She was the owner of the factious
cow, which in a barn in the rear of 137
DeKoren s'.reet, on the memorable
night in October 1871, kicked over a
lamp and started a blze which cost
Chicago $190,000,000. Since the night
of that historic conflagration, ~r.
OLeary's life was embittered by the
popular belief that the was indirectly
responsible for the loss of life and the
eno-mous destruction of property. She
denied the storty vigorously anyt--ae
committee which investigated the fire
and causes made affidavit that the alle
gations about herself and cow and the
lamp were not true.
Enraged at a Respite.
DEN'roN, Md., July 4.--Marshall E.
Price. white, who was recently con
victed of the murder of Sallie E. Dean,
the 14-year-old school girl, in Feb
ruary. and sentenced to be hanged on
Friday next, was taken from th.e jail
here at 11 o'clock tonight and hanged
to a ti-ee in the jail yard. The respite
granted to Price today pending the ac
tion of the Court of Appeals (which
will not meet until October) so enraed
the citizens of Caroline county that
the action of the mob tonight is hard
ly a surprise.
Killed a Church.
ConDova, Md., June 30.-Lightning
struck the Baptist Church here today
while the mnornina service was in
progress. Arvall rndall, a young
farmer, who had just arrived, was in
stantly killed by the shock, as were
.ao a 5 par o hre tanding near by.