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Where sighs the whispering linden
To summer's lightest breeze,
Where tuneful birds make musiC
Unseen 'mid shady treess
How sweet awhile to linger
Beside some babbling stream,
And lulled by its soft murmur
To fall asleep and dream!
What strange fantastle pictures
pass mirrored o'er the brain
As youth forgets its troubles
- And age grows young again.
The past, no more remembered.
Makes way for what shall be,
And scenes of future gladness
Are all the dreamers see.
Ah. would these idle fancies
Might sometimes prove them true
Nor fade away to nothing
And vanish from the view:
Fond thought' But cease repining.
Perchance tis happier thus
To leave unsolved life's riddle
Nor ask what waits for us.
"You always did act queer, Jim.
So said Mrs. Wigfall one night to
her husband, and she-folded her arms
across her breast and looked at him re
Mr. Wigfall wasa successful farmer.
The school of experience, he said had
cost him a goo deal. but he had gone
through it and been profited im the
end. He always claimed to have
"ideas" of his own, which, somehow,
he invariably contrived to carry out
in a way to suit himself. This was the
first time during twenty years of mar
ried life that his confiding spouse had
ever questioned his metnods, and it
surprised him so very much that he
could only look at her in dumb aston
"Now, tell me what in the name of
common sense has set you so despera
tely against Ted Minter?" she asked,
with asperity in her voice. "I always
thought you had a very high opinion
of him before, ever since he was a
"He hasn't any spunk. and, what is
worse, he isn't likely to have any as
long as he lives," replied Mr. Wig
"Pshaw, Jim! You know better than
that Ted has got grit, and you know
it," cried Mrs. Wigfall. Then she ad
ded, as a clincher: "He always man -
ages to come around ana see Maggie
when he wants to, in spite of your
threat to shoot him on sight."
"Maybe he does manage to come.
But he doesn't want to see her very
bad except when I have my back turn
ed, or am away from home."
"But he always comes in at the
front door," insisted Mrs. Wigfall.
"And always goes out of it, too, in
a hurry, when I show myself. It is
lucky for him that the cap snapped
on my gun when I shot at him to
he gun was empty, Jim," laughed
"How do you know."
"We examined it this evening before
you came home."
"I'll lock that gun up after this, so
you women folks can't meddle with it.
And next time i snap a cap at Ted
Minter somebody is going to get
"Now, Jim," said Mrs. Wigfall, in
presuasive tones, "don't make a fool
of yourself. I never did set myself up
against you before, before, but in this
thing my whole heart is interested,
andl will see that Maggie and Ted
get one another if they feel that way
"And I have made up my mind
that they shall be kept apart, sa id Mr.
"Weli, then it is Ted, Mgie and
myself that you will have to fht and
-we will see who wins in the ena."
'Tve got an idea, and I'll bet on
'that" 'mutteireMr. Wigfall.
A couple of days latter Mrs. Wigfall
and her daughtr Mlaggie were sitting
on the pahin the warm rmng sun
shine, te former shelling te season's
first mess of new peas, and the latter
busily engaged with her crochet need
"Ted sent me a note this morning
by Cousin Tom, saying he wascoming
here this evening, said Maggie. "'Now
mamma. can't you manage to keep
papa off the porch tonight, so he and
Ted won't get into any trouble?"
"I don't know Maggie, but I can
try," replied Mrs. Wigfall. " I wish
you and Ted would hurry up and
come to an understanding before
your father becomes plumb cantank
erous and does something desperate,'
and there was a look of anxiety in the
mother's eyes as she stopped her work
a moment and looked up at her daugh
Ted wants me to run away with him
and marry him. He just begged me
and begged me the other evening
when he was here."
"It is a bAd business at best, this
rumnino away," half musedl Mrs.
Wigfa17. '"There is no telling what
father would do then. You can't count
on him from one moment to the
"Ted said he wasn't afraid."
"No; he would risk almost any
thing, I suppose, to get you."
"If he asks me again tonight, maum
ma what shall I tell him?" -.
"I really don't know, daughter.
Then, looking up, smiling, she asked:
"What would you like tell him?"
Maggie blushed prettily. She sprang
up from her chair, ran to where her
mother was sittingr, and put both arms
around her neck.
"I would like to say yes," she whis
pred shyly. "I never would ac
kowledge to Ted how much I thought
of him, but to you, mother dear, I
can own up that I would do almost
anything in the world to make him
happy. I would go anywhere with
There was a happy gleam in the
mother's eves as she looked at her
dauohter's pretty face.
"Iknow how it feels, my dear," she
said. "It comes to- all of us, that feel
ing, sooner or later, and then it either
makes or mars our lives."
"But what must I tell him, if he
asks me again tonight?" Maggie whis
"Tell him what your heart bids you
"Then it will be 'yes.'"
After awhile mother and daughter
left the porch and went into the house.
As they did so Mr. Wigfall stepped
out upon the porch, through an open
window, and an amused smile played
around his lips.
"It works like a charm." he' mur
mured, as he went down the front
steps and wended his way toward the
After sup r that evening, when
Mrs. Wigfali was trying to think of
some scheme to keep her husband in
side the house he approached her.
"I thought I would go into town
to the lodge to-night," he said. "I
shall probably be away till mid
Mrs. Wigfall tried to look disap
"You are always going away some
where and leaving me at home to take
care of myself," she said with a little
pout. "'I was just planning how I
could give you a pleasant eveming at
home when you came.
"Oh, well, if you have set y-our
heart upon it, and wish me to spend
the evening at home with you, l'il do
so rather than make you feel disap
pointed, smiled Mr. Wigfall.
"No. no, she replied, hurriedly.
-I was only tezising. Maggie and I
w ill ind something to keep up employ
ed and anmused until bedtime.
Mr. Vigfall smiled kniowingly, and
noded toward the house as lie rode
"I caught you fairly that time," he
chuckled. "I won't have to snap any
caps on an empty gun to-night, if I
stay long enough."
And, somehow, Mr. Wigfall did stay
away long enough. Ted and NJaggie
occupied the front porch all by theni
selves, and before the formnier left that
night the latter had consented to
elope with him and be married on the
following Wednesday night.
During the few days between that
night and Wednesday, Maggie and
her mother were in a flutter of ex
citeinent, and inany were the whis
pered consuhations between the two.
when Mr. W\ igfall was so near that
they feared he could hear what they
said, if they spoke in their natural
It must be admitted that a move had
been made in the game of which Mr.
Wigfall was not fully cognizant. but
the smile which often played around
his mouth, when he saw his wife and
daughter together eyeing him sus
piciously, was not very sinister.
The eventful Wednesday came at
last. It was a clear, brighi day, full
of dhe perfume of new-blown ilowers
and sweet with the south wind coming
in from the sea.
After dinner, when Maggie was
ready to leave home, ostensibly to
spend the night at a young friend's
house, she went to where her father
was sitting, put her arms around his
neck and issed him affectionately.
Mr. Wigfall eved her questioningly
and somehow tiere seemed be a bIr
on his sight as their glances met fol' a
moment. which made him blink his
Both appeared as if they wanted to
say something,. but for some reason
they parted in silence.
Mother and daughter, on the other
hand, whispered together for several
minutes, and when Maggie rode away
there were tears in the eyes of both of
That evening Mrs. Wigfall's heart
became too heavy for her and she
went to her husband and imparted to
him the secret which weighed upon it
"Jim," she said in a choking voice,
"Maggie and Ted have run away and
She fully expected to see Mr. Wig
fall fly into a terrible rage, but, in
stead, was very much surprised to see
him smile, as if he were fully satisfied
with the turn events had taken.
"I am glad of it," he said.
Mrs. Wigfall was doubly surprised
"Glad of it, Jim? Why, I thought
you were opposed to the match, and
oing all you could to break it up."
"Don't you remember, dear, wnat
a hard tinie we had to keep up our
engagment for two years before we
were married?" he asked, chucking
her playfully under then chin. "I
didn't want Maggie and Ted to go
through the same trying experience.
So I took it into my head to oppose
the match, knowing that was the only
way to hurry them up, and you must
alnowledge that I have succeeded."
"You always did act queer, Jim,"
cried Mrs. Wigfall. But there was
not the slightest reproach in her'voice
as she said it.-New Orleans Times
Not Yet Broken.
An Aurara special dispatch to the
hicago Inter Ocean says Edna R.
Brown Garman of Kaneville, Ills.,
riginator of the famous letter chain!
system, which was widely discussed
recently in the papers, and was started
by her for the purpose of collecting
ancelled postage stamps, still receives
several hundred letters per day, al
hough the end of the chain was sup
posed to have been reached several
months ago. Recently among the let
ters received was one from Henry
lancy of San Diego, Cal., inclosing
a check for $500. Mrs. Brown Gar
:an's letter chain was started about a
year ago, her unique scheme being to
secure 1,000,000 canceled postage
tamps, which she hoped to sell for
eough to pay the expense of hospital
reatment for her crippled sister-in
aw, Mattie Garman. She wrote let
ers to three friends, who in turn were
o each write to three more, and so on
util the number of 50 was reached.
['he chain was then requested to stop.
Each person receiving a letter was to
end ten cancelled stamps to Mrs.
arman. The results were wonderful.
or a month letters poured into the
ittle Kaneville postolhice at the rate
f 20,000 a day, and Mrs. Garman es
imates the number of stainps received
t 5,000,000. The crippled girl has
een sent to a hospital and can be
cured. This will be pleasant news to
hose who aided Mrs. Garman in her
,ork of love and devotion to a crip
led girl, who, as will be seen by the
bove, can and will be cured.
A Terrible Fall.]
CHicaGO, Aug. 13.-At the mami
oth coliseum show building, which
s being erected opposite the World's
air grounds on Sixty-third street,
his afternoon, Samuel McC-arney and
. McNeil were instantly killed by
he falling of a massive cross beam of
ron. Five hundred men were at work1
n the open space bounded by the
four walls, placing and bolt-1
ng iron girders which are to
pan the width of the structure. Mc
arney and McNeil were perched on
oe of the girders, 150 feet in the air.I
hey crept to the centre of
he ~beam in order to put the bolts
n position, when the two men felt it
hake. The ends had not been fasten- 1
d to the walls. Workmen shoutedt
rom below, but the warning came too 4
ate. The great mass swayed for a
oment, then overbalanced and top- t
led to the ground, carrying the occu
ants to their death. Their bodies <
ere shockingly mangled. The scores
f workingmen barely had time to es-]
ape being struck by the falling beams.
A Poor Marksmrani.
NQRTH1 YAKIA, Wash., Aug. 1:3.
ithout intending to shoot either of
hem, Charles McGonigle last night
hot and killed his father, a ranch
wner, near Lhis city, and fatallyi
ounded an Antenunm blacksmith 1
amed Evans. He surrendered and
as brought here by the neighbors.
The murderer' had 'slandered Evans'
aughter~and that caused the tragedy. -
Evans, his wife and daughter, drove1
o the McGonigle ranch to force him
o retreat. X.oung McGonigle first
hot at Evans. but killed his own
ather, and h'e then fired at Evans'
aughter, wounding hei' father.
The Green Eyed Monster.
Cnows POINT, Ind., Aug. 14
heriff Haynes has captured the
holesale poisoner who drugged a pail
f water with strychine at a dance at1
Eorseford Park MIonday night. Char
les William's wife is the guilty one.
She did it to get Williams out of the
ay so she would get the heavy life
insurance he carried. She says she
put the poison in the water because
her husband was paying too much at
tention to several girls and wanted to
kill them all. The four victims are
woise today, having a relapse this
morning, and also convulsions. Mrs.
A FREE SILVER A11EETIN.
SENATOR TILLMAN SPEAKS TO
THIREE THOUSAND PEOPLE.
lie Think,% it i, Time for the Free silver
ten ts. Ranly--li ispec ill FslI--wh:rt
the I'Ian and Ptitrpose- Are.
Caorui, N. C.. Aug. 14.-There
was a large meeting here yesterday of
free silverites. the number present be
ingr over three thousand. The speak
ers were Senators Tillman of South
Carolina. and Butler, of North Caro
lina. and things were said by them
which show that the formation of the
new national silver party hinted at up
at Tirzah, is a certainty, and that Mar
ion Butler, the new North Carolina
Populist Senator, is pushing the South
Carolina Senator as the leader of the
Both Tillman and Butler were met
at the depot at different hours, and
driven over into the town in a drag
pulled by four magnificent bays, being
escorted by about 100 Populists on
horseback. The speaking took place
on a stand in front of the county court
house. Tillman was several times
loudly applauded. Butler spoke for
nearly three hours, and was cheered
to the echo. They stood on a platform
covered with heavy paper, bearing the
inscription: "Free silver, 1; to 1.
On the square was a lemonade stand
bearing the inscription: -The Till
Senator Tillnian began by saying he
had just returned from the great
Gotham with its millions of people
and billions of money, and in three
speeches there had the opportunity to
"feel of 'em," not, however, on politi
cal questions. I am glad to get back.
I feel at home and among friends.
We are poor, but we are honest. That
country is reeking with corruption,
and wallowing in wealth. We are
locally free but nationally enslaved. I
feel like I am talking toTillmanites in
one of our northern counties. We are
the same people anyhow. the same in
blood and in tradition--the boundary
line between the two Carolinas is only
a geographical division anyhow. I can
therefore touch your sores and point
out the places where they need a little
ointment, for I have felt the shoe
pinch myself. The Southern people
are the poorest Anglo-Saxons on this
continent: they are the most homoge
neous people in the world. At the
North, the foreign element has come
in, while we are native to the manor
born. The entire South has been held
together since it was overpowered, by
the paramount issue of white suprem
acy. This solid South is dissolving.
It is breaking up. We gave allegiance
to the Democratic party of the North,
because it was the only party that
kept the heels of our former slaves off
The Democracy in my State has
never had any other significance than
white supremacy. Party ties have
loosened their grasp and other issues
have come before us. We had no oth
er party to affliliate with but the Na
tional bemobratic party. Within the
last few years other issues than the
race questions have become of absorb
ing interest to the Southern people.
We have come to realize that the pro
ducers of the country were systematic
ally robbed by a vicious financial s3 s
tem and that, while we earned money,
others enjoyed the fr'uit of our labors.
How have our people been educated
alonog these lines? Alliance has done
it. The Alliance sprung up in the
'West and spread like a prairie fire
eastward and southward. It taught a
doctrine of placing partisan political
questions to one side. The Democracy
has always been for free silver in its
platform, but it has never been able to
bring any relief to the people because
it never at any time controlled all
three branches of the government.d
The Republican always represented
the classes and stood for gold mono
metallism and their attitude on this
subject, together with their malignant
warfare on the Southern people, kept
us loyal to the National Democracy,
till our producers had almost reached
the starvation point. In my State we
had the ground cleared, broke and
ready for the seed, and when the Alli
ance came, we reaped a harvest.
Voice-We did too.
Tillman-But you didn't get it as
soon as we did; nor in the way we did.
You slutled off. We didn't. We took
:harge of the Democratic party and
ran it. You went outside and got
whipped. The machine was too strong
ind'you got beat. At least 35,000 of
the Reformers or Tillmanites in. South
arolina were anxious to go out. I
iaid no: we've got the only original
seed corn of Democracy in South Car
ilina. The minority claim they are
Democrats, and that Tillman and his
party were populists. The name De
mocracy means the rule of the majori
:y and that's what we have. We suck
x the principles of Democracy with
>ur mother's milk. WVe are Demo
rats still in every fibre of our being.
Senator Tillman then told of how lhe
2ad fought Cleveland at the Chicago
onvention. Although we were indig
ant at his nomination I told our peo
>le that wve could not go out of the1
arty; that we had gone into the p~ri
nary and we had to stay. Wve kept the
D~emocratic narty to its moorings.
Weaver received only 2,4(00 votes in <
he State. Cleveland then turned down
>ur Alliance Congressmen in regard to 1
he patronage, which was given to our 1
>pponents. Cleveland thought his;
ness of p)ottage would buy us. Poor
ld fool: (chieers.' We held to the
>arty and you could have done it, and
o could the P'opulists in Georgia and 1
You retired and committed a great
>lunder. Otherwise you would con
rol the machine now.' But at the last 1
~lectioni the Democratic party, while
.ansom and Jarvis were disputing as
o which should be Senator, 1
nd no one consider-ed a Denmocratic
lefeat p)ossible, broke up. The young !
nan here (pointing to Senator MIarion
utler) quietly coi~ned up the tree, 1
ot the permissio:2 and away lhe went.
Cheers.) There is this advantage
n the breaking up of the South polit
cally. It has broken up the North:
~omewhat. As long as the South had
'emained solid, hooked together as
vith a band of steel on the race issue,
he North under sectional appeals to
he old voters to vote as they shot. re
naned solid also.
The signs of the times point to a
reneral breaking up, and a new al
ignment of parties. The masses have
een blinded by a vanal press. News- <
>apers bought up by the money power
re teeming with all manner of so
>histries and falsehoods to befuddle1
md confuse the minds of the people.4
% help me God, I'll stand by the par-)
.v if it purifies itself, but I will never
'~ollow any- more rascals and thieves.
C'heers. ~The best definition of patri
tism is enlightened self-interest.
When you let it go only so far as not]
: impose on your' neighbor you are ai
patriot: if not you are a rascal. 1
The whole situation is boiled down i
nto this question : Shall the people
~overn this c-ountry for their own be
aefit, or shall the money power govern.
it for the benefit of a few: This is
aove everything on earth . The old1
Puritans ran thteir- government on this]
proposition. The world was created
or the saints, and we are saints.
SCheers and laughter). There is only1
mu id e1to this qnnstion. Prve ead al l
lock. What would Andrew Jackson
have said to them: "By the eternal.
you must take what the government
promised, and git out, or I11 kick you
out." (Cheers.) Jackson refused to
black the English officer's boots: Cleve
land and Carlisle are today licking the
shoes of John Bull's Jews. (Loud
They ar -ue that if we restore silver
to the right our dollars will only be
worth 50- cents. This they tell
to the working men. They ap
peal to the wage earners, factory
operatives and clerks: "You want
sound money and as good a dollar as
anybody else's dollar: you want your
doilar to buy as much as possible."
This means that we farmers must pay
the piper. One half of the people of
this country is composed of farmers
and we voted it on ourselves. We are
no longer consumers, however. We
are too poor to buy. The army of
tramps is increasing. Prices for labor
have been driven down. We must
aet a reasonable price for our products
&,efore wages and prices will increase.
We are the basis of all prosperity; we
grow prosperous before the merchant
can sell us any goods; or the manufac
turer can increase the wages of his em
ploves and give employment to the
idle thousands. The wage-earner is
working at starvation rates because
these idMe men stanC ready to take his
place, and until there is work for all at
fair wages, this must continue. This
work will never be furnished as long
as the farmers are too poor to bay.
The home market has been destroyed
by the impoverishment of the agricul
tur-al class and demonitization of sil
ver has been the prime fector in pro
ducing their poverity.
What are you going to do about it?
The shoe pinches; the blood is even
running out. There's not enough pa
per money; there's nothing to base it
on, and until we get silver back, we
are goin to suck the hind teat with no
milk in it. (Cheers.) Those who tell
you that this is not making this coun
try a nation of slaves are either liars,
or they are deceived themselves.
I told you that the old parties were
breaking up. They have been telling
you the tariff was the cause and means
of your being robbed.
Wheni Cleveland got in and the
Democrats took charge of the govern
ment for the first time in thirty years,
did he call Congress to relieve us
by lowerin , the tariff? No. When
he got in he said to Congress, come
here and repeal the Sherman law and
stop this. Didn't they keep their
pledges? Oh, my! (Cheers.)
Cleveland used his high office and
his patronage to debauch the people's
representatives. He was a Judas.
What ware they? Benedict Arnolds,
and worse! (Cheers.) The Democrats
and Republicans voted together then
for goldbugism. Some of them were
not millionaires then,but I expect they
are now. (Cheers:) Now, can't all
these people who are opposed to such
schemes-the Democrats and Populists
and Republicans-come together and
put out a ticket that will stand aainst
Wall and Lombard streets? Can't
they do this, under a new name if
necessary, and go into the fight to
Tillman-Well, that's a mighty weak
try, but you people here are divided
into. bitter factions. Ah, I know what
it is to have a bitter personal feeling
of that kind, but friends the time has
come to put patriotism above all party
feelings, drop factional feelings to the
rear, put all our shoulders to the
wheel and rescue the country. You
have everything easy of attainment
here in this matter.
How ~wil the Republicans of the
West and the Democrats of the South
Voice-By going into the Populist
Tillman-Ah, that's so simple that
you ought to have a chromo for it.
But, my friends, this is all fun. This
ia time to be serious. We have only
twelve months in which to work. In
that time, if we all haven't come to
gether, then our handcuffs are forged
on us. We will here on the gold bug
bonds, and we will be in abject finan
cial slavery for a generation. I- hope
that you have enough true men here
to send to the electoral college a dele
gation above suspicion; men who
would be scared if they nominated a
gold bua- to go home for fear that the
outraoe2 people would hang them for
it. T~iis is the kind of a delegation we
are going to send.
The :Republicans cannot take the
name of' Democrat. They hate our
name ;they have spoken of us as "cop
per heads," and all that. We can't
take the Republican name, for we
have been taught from babyhood to
hate that name. And we can't join
the Populists and swallow all your be
liefs, fo~r you have too many cranks
at your' head and too many cranky
Voice-We cant go back to Cleve
Tillman (reaching down and grasp
ng the hand of the owner of the
oice)-Gimme your hand on it.
Now, my friends, we South Caroli
ians are going to the National con
ention to support only a strong free
silver man. If we don't get a Demo
rat, then as a last resort, we may
ave to vote for a Populist. But we
ill not under any circumstan .:es vote
for a Democrat who is not flatfooted
on the free silver platform.
The leaders of the Democratic party
ave left us a shadow for the sub
tance of a party; we have the name
eft; all the principles have gone.
['her afore why should not you Demo
rats go off and say start up a new
arty for North Carolina and for the
Voice-The other fellows might fooL
Tillman-My friend, you go ahead;
eave that fooling business for Marion
Butler and those fellows to take care
f. It is the struggle over your local
>lices that is keeping you fellows
part in this State. If you keep on
hasing after the false Gods; I hope
he Populists will whip you out. Let
s do so now and start the movement
hat will save the country from ruin.
ollow our lead in South Carolina,
nd I will guarantee that we will lead
you down the straight road.
Voice-And take Mary Ann Butler
long in the procession with you.
Tillman-Well, yes, I'll take him
long, lie has said he was willing to
ut aside all factional and party feel
igs and notions and vote for any
an standing on the free silver plat
form; that lhe wanted to be in a party
ith no other platform but free silver.
e is for his country and not for any
reed. (Prolonged cheering.)
Senator Tillman thanked the audi
mee for its attention, and took his
eat. 'While the audience, which was
omposed of more than four-fifths
?opulists, dian't relish the hot shot he
gave them about the cranks they had,
he seemed to make a lasting impres
ion upon them.
"Mar-y Ann" Butler, as he is famil
arly called by the Tar Heels,was then
igorously called for. He was not on
he stand, having gone up street a few
oments before. Some old fellow re
arked that lie had gone to get a
iink of Tillman's dispensary and Till
an remarked that it would be "migh
y good stuff."
After awhile Uarion Butler came
the gold bug :peeclhes, aid they have
neither facts nor argum ent to sustain
1ut SomeIC will say to 11eC: "You are
a Pritan, when von deny that von
can be wrong. wilile charging others
I wish that there was some nan
here to get up and throw rocks at me
-gold rocks. 1 wants to pitch into
someboly so bad that I am almost
ready to pitch into Butler a little, for
I am sUch a rock thrower I hardly
know how to make a speech along
any other line.
Money is the medium by which we
exchange commodities. Bartering
was a cumbersome scheme. Some
thing of value was needed for a me
diu;i: gold and silver coin fit the bill.
For a long time these metals were ex
changed by weight in all countries.
But this too was cumbersome. The
governments coined the two metals to
facilitate exchange. The world got
along very well with this scheme. It's
only in the last twenty-five years you
hear them say we want only one of
these metals for a -standard of value,
and let that be fixed. These two metals
have an intrinsic value. The only
other money is paper money, and pro
mised to pay the gold or silver. This
is a provision of law. Carlisle says
law cannot affect the value of these
metals. This is false because gold is
made the standard. You can carry it
to the mint and get it coined. You
can't do it with silver, because it is
contrary to law. Melt a silver dollar
and a gold dollar. The silverin a dol
lar will be worth only 50 cents, while
the gold bullion is worth 100 cents.
Law makes it so. Go and get it recoined
Gold is as mnuch fiat money as silver.
The law says a silver dollar is a dollar
and then that it cannot be recoined.
And this is the wrong that is done
you-silver is driven out aid denied
mintage. Political economists are all
unamimous on the law of supply and
If articles are plentiful, the prices
go down, and vice versa. So it is with
gold and silver. As long as the coin
age of both metals was the law the
The description of silver as a money
metal and refusing it mintagedestroy
ed one-half of the money of the world
and the consequence has been a con
tinued and prolonged fall in prolong
ed fall in prices. The result of this
conspiracy against the people has been
ground betwen the upper and neither
mill stones till they can't get another
drop of it, (Applause.) If you con
tinue to support this schemeof robbery
by your votes, you should be put in a
lunatic asylum. Why was silver de
monetized, sneaked through Congress
and signed by the President without
anyone knowing anythingabout it ex
cept those who were in the conspiracy?
In 1873, when this iniquity was per
petrated, the United States owed $2,
500,000,000. Sherman and his crowd
decided that if they cut off half of the
yard stick they could increas the value
of this debt to those who held it The
panic of'73 followed the demonstraion
act, but it was several years before the
people found out what was the matter.
The agitation Ior the remonetization
of silver resulted in the passage of the
Allison-Bland bill over the President's
veto. This, however, only provided
for the purchase of E2,000,000 of silver
a month for coinage, but not for free
coinare. It was a compromise, the
best that could be obtained at the time.
While there was a majority in' favor
of free coinage there was not erfoug'h
majority to override a veto. The go~l
bugs then made dire predictions of
disaster, because of the declaration by
Congress that all of the obligrations of
the government were payable in coin
and the partial rehabihtation of silver.
It was said by-the-gokL- bug .t the
national credit would be inj and
that the debt could not be re nded,
except at a very high rate of terest;
but te prophets were ' sthenas
they are liars now, for the bonds were
refndd a 3and31per cent., and
some were evye. continued at 2 per
ent. rather that accept the money for
Now, they tell you that a sillver
dollar is worth only 50 cents. They
tell you that we want to pay our debts
in 50-cents dollars. Lying thieves,
they are, when they say this, for we
re paving' them with 200-cent dollars.
To illustrate: India is on a silver
asis and' the Indian cotton farmer
when he sells his cotton in Liverpool
boys $2 worth of silver for every dol
ar of gold lie receives, in effect receiv
ng 10 cents a pound with whrich to
ay debts, while the American farmer
eceives the gold and must pay hisI
iebt with it at the rate of 5 cents a
ound for cotton. So it is with wheat.
Carlisle says that if we restore sil
rer to free coinage we will rob our
lear English creditors and Northern
~reditors. I've no patience with the
ellow who says stand still and let me
~et that other dollar. (Cheers.) This
rhole scheme. and all the plans and
>redictions of disaster are simply to
righten the people into remaining
luiet, while these robbers steal our
~arnings. They say that the govern
nent must go out of banking. What
s it doing in banking? This means
he r'etirement of over five hundred
illion of paper mioney and silver cer
if icate and greenbacks, anid the issu
nce of gold bonds. That will further
~ontract the currency. They have
ot only robbed you; they now want
o rob your children. The bonds of
he United States are selling away up
-onder above par, showing that the
cople of other countries and our own
rant them. Why can't some gold
~reenback paper be as good as
onds? All of tIs is intended to wring
aterest from the people, and give you
paper currency, based on what: Is
thie intention to hrave the National
anking' system enlarg'ed on a gl
asis alone and make the government
~uarantee tire notes: The bonds arid
hie greenbacks r'est on the same basis:
hue conftidence of tire people in the
~overnment. If the bonds are good.
ry not the greenbacks? Fiat money
hey cry: The bonds are fiat. If one
aper is good with interest, why isn't
lie other without it? They want the
terest; that's where the shoe pinches.
've seen their diamonds and finery.
fy heart bleeds for the poor foolIs
ro are going to continue to let this
o on. (Cheers.: Throse fellows up
here are livinglike Roman lords. No,
hat's not it: Roman lords ain't in it
rith them? (Laughter.)
Wasn't that a fine performance of
ur Secretary of the Treasury and
.resident last fall: Instead of re
eeming the paper of the government
n coin as the law provides, they paid
in gold. They created a panic by
retending thratthe gold would all low
utt. Under the plea of maintaining
arty, they drove silver down and
old up. and they issued the bonds to
uy glod-what pretense: .Taking in
on-interest bearing paper in one win
ow and issuing bonds out of another.
ah:: tApplause.) Such treachery
senough to make a nman hold his
ead down in shame--especially a
an who voted for them, as I did.
Senator Tillnmari then read an extr'act
romn tire Morgan-Behnont contract.
Ie also qjuoted'what President Cleve
nd said in Ihis message in regard to
ire interest on tire bonds. IHere we
ave tire President and Secretary con
essinig thrat this gr'eat country with
eventy millions of people and seventy
ilions of property is so poor that we
and started out on a speech nearly
three hours in length. He seemed tc
have the crowd at his beck aad call.
He twitted them about calling hirr
"Mary Ann," saving Grover Cleve
land had given his Tatest girl thai
name and had a nonopoly on it.
(Cheers.) He came to hear Tillman:
every time he heard him, lie wanted
to hear him again. Tillman was a
Democrat. and lie was a Populist for
ever and forever. But how many
Democrats have you got in this coun
try like Senator T.llman! I want you
to show to the pecple of this State ihal
you have learned that there is some
thing in this country bigger than all
labels. Show then. that aPopulist will
take the doctrines of Jefferson and
Jackson and Lincoln under any kind
of a label. That's the politics of a
Populist and that is the true patriot
he that puts the welfare of his coun
try above any party label. GAd save
any man who is a Democrat and is
not the kind of a Democrat, Populist
or whatever you may call him that
Tillman is. Luther had to leave his
creed to preserve its purity. When he
had told the peop-e of North Carolina
long ago that the financial question
was the question of the hour they had
called him a country crank. He told
them that this was the trouble, the
thing that was making hard times.
He repeated at great length his mil
lionaire illustration reported in his
speech made at Tirzah. He took a
hand primary to see how many would
vote to perpetuate the present condi
tion of things. A forest of hands
went up in the negative. An honest
financial system the country was com
pelled to have at once. If sheep were
the medium of exchange in that State
one. man could secure a corner on all
the sheep and he would have every
body else at his mercy. So it would
be if a gold standard was adopted. He
wanted a financial system in which
every dollar had to stand on its own
At this point it began to pour down
rain and the crowd adjourned to the
courthouse where he concluded his
speech, which was a very long one.
When Senator Butler completed his
long speech, onl.y portions of which ]
have given, the crowd pressed around
him and shook his hands as they
cheered him. I had a talk with him
about the proposed new party, and it
now seems certain that the plan of the
free-silver-new-party men is to go intc
the national convention of the Demo
cratic party in the hope of controlling
it through hard work in each State
prior to its assembling. Then, failing
to control it, they will retire from the
hall, issue their call to dissatisfied Re
publicans who are for free silver, and
the Populists, to come in with them
and form a new party, with victory in
sight. -Columbia State.
THE WEATHER AND CROPS.
What Director Baur Ha8 to Say
COLm3IDIA, S. C., Aug. 14.-There
is considerable improvement to note
in the condition of crops in general
and corn in particular over the west
ern and northern counties where the
drought was partially relieved every
where and in some places entirely so,
except that in Abbeville and Ander
son the showers were partial and a1
There were general showers on the
6th over the upper portion of the State,
the rainfall amounting to from one tc
two inches. There was rain in some
portion of the State every day of the
week. The rainfall varied from 00 tc
50 in Darlington, Colleton, Fairfield,
Anderson, Greenville, Clarendon,
Richland, Williamsburg, Charleston,
Lexington and Spartanburg counties;
from 50 to inches in Barnwell, Berke
ley, Beaufort, Ham pton, Laurens,
Sumter, Kershaw, Chesterfield. Lan.
caster, Chester, Abbeville; over 2.00
inches in Aiken, Newberry, Union,
Edgefield. Pickens, Orangeburg and
Florence; at Conway the week's rain
fall was 5.09 inches, and at McColl in
Marlboro, 4.50 inches. The average
of thirty-eig'ht rainfall reports was 1.80
inches, and the normal for the same
period is approximately 1.47.
The temperature was very even,
having been slightly, but steadily
above the usual, the entire week, the
excess averaging 2 degrees per day.
l'he highest temperature reported was
38 at C5olumbia on the 12th; the low
st 63, at Sanituc, on the 8th. The
averavge temoerature of the week for
the State, deduced from thirty-one
tations evenlyr distributed throughout,
was 81 degrees, and the normal for
the same period is approximately 79
The sunshine ranoed from 57 to 92
er cent. of th~e possible, with an aver
ge of about 7;4 per cent. for the State,
hich is considerably in excess of the
sual, and in places was damaging,
where there was also excessive rain,
cusing a steam-like vapor to raise,
hich was in jurious to crops. There
ere high local winds on the 6th in
?ickens and Union counties, and a
evere -cyclonic storm in the vicinity
f Santue, Union county, on the 10th
Saturday), that broke down a great
eal of corn tore up some by the
oots, unroofed houses, destroyed fruit.
The reports on cotton show that
hile in the main it has slightly im
roved during the week, yet in places
ts condition has retrograded.
Abbeville county reports rust, lice
nd shedding of forms and the plant
urning yellow. Many other places
also report shedding. Comparino its
>resent condition with the same ates
ast year, the plant is from ten days to
hree weeks Later, lacks uniformity of
ondition and the acreage greatly re
uced. A few sections only report as
ine a crop as last year.
The regular and some special reports
on corn confirm the reports by coun
ies of last week, except there is con
iderable improvement in the northern
nd western counties, where the
rought was greatly relieved, which
ut latest planting in promising con
ition. In Anderson and Abbeville,
~ut little improvement noted; In
hesterfield, Cherter, Lancaster and
aurens, the improvement is most
arked on bottom lands of late plant
ng. Corn in those counties that was
lanted late in May and early in June
s a failure. The ~average fine condi
nd large acreage promises a very
aro~e corn crop, much of which is al
ealy made. Fodder pulling will be
uite general this week; a great deal
as already been gathered in fine con
Tobacco curing continues and the
eports all agree as to the fine quality
f this year's crop, due to both the
tness of the soil for tobacco and skill
sed in curing.o
Peas are ripening and the crop is a
ne one in most sections, especially so
here the rains have been abundant.
urnip sowing continues as the con
ition of the ground permits, and
here will be a large crop planted.
Sugar cane and sorp hum are not
.oing very well. Molasses boiling
as begun in the lower part of the
The greneral condition of sweet po
ttoes show gains, but the crop is late
nd, comparatively, a small one, ow
g to scarcity of seed at first and after
rards poor condition of the ground
or plantinz slips until quite recently.
Garden truck along the coast in fine
n1tn; -eliewhere about ruined.
"Soutli Carolina," lie added, "is a
conquered country. She is s-ruggling
under the $2,000,000 which she sends
every year to the Northern soldiers
who conquered her. Let the pension
tribute be returned to us by Northern
soldier who will settle here.
He enumerated the advantages of
his dispensary system, and said that
the principal were the removal of all
idea of profit and incentive to sell;the
procuring of a standard article which
was sold undiluted, as it was not open
ed; the fact that it was not sold at
night, and only for cash. He was told
to stop then by the chadrman.
There was t'he usual applause which
accompanied the Governer all the
evening, but the audience made no
conclusion as to who won last night's
debate.-N. Y. Sun.
HOW TO MAKE BUTTER.
Description of the Method Used by Mr. W.
The Yorkville correspondent of The
News and Courier, some time ago,
paid a visit to Mr. W. H. Hicklin's
dairy farm at Guthriesville. and wrote
it up for his paper. The* following
description of Mr. Hicklin's method of
making butter will prove interesting:
Shortly after we arrived at the barn
the separator-a machine used for
separating the cream from the milk
was put in motion. I shall not attempt
to describe it. as a detailed description
would occupy too much space, and
would be of little or no value to the
reader when done. I will say, howev
er, that the machine is a marvel, and
is a combination of cranks, cog wheels,
cylinders, spouts, etc. It does exactly
what it was made for, and will take
every particle of the cream out of 300
pounds of milk in one hour. On that
day the product of the cows-one
milking-was about 18 gallons, and
the cream was extracted within 30
minutes. I-asked Mr. Hicklin to tell
me what the relative value of the two
systems of extracting cream by this
new method and by the old of allow
ing it to rise and skimming it off was,
and in reply, he said that on receiving
the machine, he had made a test and
found that during the firs'. seven days
it was used, there was an increase of
23 pounds in yield of butter over the
seven days previous, from the same
number of cows with same feed and
treatment. He also said that the sep
arator had now been in use for about
two months, and had paid for itself
and yielded a net profit of about $80,
as compared with the old method.
As my special mission in this article
is to tell how Mr. Hicklin. handles his
milk and butter we will follow the
cream after it has been separated. It
is placed in tin cans and set in cold
water, where it remains for 12 hours,
after which it is mi,:ed with a previous
milking and set to ripen.
During the ripening process it is
stirred two or three times daily, and is
churned 36 to 48 hours after being
drawn from the cow. A swing churn
is used-one with no inside fixtures
and as winging mo-ion does the work.
The time occupied in churning is about
40 minutes, with the temperature of
the cream about f6 degrees. When
the butter comes it is in granules about
the size of a grain of wheat. The but
termilk is drawn o: and the butter is
washed in the churn with pure cold
water, and this process is continued
until the water runs off clear, and then
one ounce of salt is added for each
pound of butter. The butter is now
ready for the printer-not the kind
that manufacture The News and Cou
rier-but a powerful little machine
that is used to press all the water out
of the butter and to compress it into
cakes of one pound each. The cakes
of butter when taken from the printer
are about in the shape of a brick, are
free from any foreign substance, such
as milk or water. They are then
wrapped in parchment paper and pack
ed for shipment ina regular refrige
It will be observed that the story of
how Mr. Hicklin, or rather Mrs. Hick
lin, makes butter is very simple and I
can see no reason why any intelligent
housewife in the State might not make
exactly the same quality of butter as
that made at this dairy farm. Of
course it is absolutely necessary. if the
best results are secured, that the cream
be in exactly the proper condition be
fore being churned; and the next im
portant step is to see that everydrop
of the milk is washed out of the butter,
and next, that it is properly salted.
Mr. Hicklin says that one ounce of
salt to the pound of butter is the pro
per amount where butter is intended~
for market, but that he sometimes
puts only a half ounce, and occasion
ally as much as t wo ounces, at the re
quest of customers.
A Fatal Landrdide.
CoLUMBIA, Aug. 14.-Fifteen ne
oro laborers had a narrow escape from
aeath yesterday. As it was two of
their number, Henry Young and Joe
Jones were killed, and Richard Hall
was severely wounded. The force of
hands, under W. 0. Gouch, foreman,
were at work dijoging gravel at the
foot of the emban menit just north of
the penitentiary wall, and forty or fif
ty yards east of the canal bank, when
s iddenly a part of the embankment
slid out as it were and the top came
tumbling down, the stones and earth
fyino in every direction and causing
the aYove stated fatalities.-State.
Scared the Darkies.
BEAUFORT, Aug. 12.-The Amphi
trite reached Port Royal harbor last
night to be ready to make the test of
the streno'th of thie dry dock which i:,
completeal. Her arrival was heralded
up to Beaufort, a distance of ten or
twelve miles to where she is anchored
by lighting up the whole horizon with
her electric lights. The negroes did
not know what to make of the sudden
lashes of effulgence and thought that
volcano or some "debil of a ting"
ad broke loose down the bay.
THE powder used in big guns is
ueer-looking stuff. Each grain is a
exagonal prism an inch wide and
wo-thirds of an inch thick, with a
ole bored through the middle of it.
n appearance it resembles nothing
o much as a piece of wood. If yoi'
ouch a match to it it will take seven
r eight seconds to go off. Slow
urning powder like this is employed
n cannons because it does not strain
the gun so much. The quicker the
xplosion the greater the .shiock and
the shorter the life of the weapon.
THERE is a negro in Laurens who
ecently bought and drank a quart of
blind tiger whiskey. The stuff proved
rank poison, and will probably cost
the imbiber his life. Soon after swal
owing the decoction the hands and
feet of the negro began to swell, until
they assumed enormous proportions.
e has been under treatment of a doc
tor ever since, who says lie is suffer
ing with poison administered in the
hiskey he drank, and his life is in
THE~ misguiided efforts of some of
he women of Georg~ia to obtain a
ommutation o:' the death sentence of
Mrs. Nobles, the woman, who with a
negro man, murdered her husband,
does not have the support of right
thinking people. There might be
omething said in their favor if the
fforts were directed to saving the ne
gro. He was the less intelligent, and
hefore the le respnsible.
A cream or tartar narmg powder.
Highest of all In leavening strength.-La
test United States Government Food Re
Royal Baking Powder Company, -
106 Wall St..N. Y.
A Great Corn Year.
The corn crdp of 1889 was 2,112,
892,000 bushels. It was the largest
crop known in our history, but this
year's yield promises to be still larger
and the estimate is that it will be 2,
The west will furnish a tremendous
share of this total and the south will
produce more than at any previous
period. The price keeps up fairly
well, and the farmers will make a
profit. The St. Louis Republic says
corn is the most valuable agricultural
product of the United States; not only
use it is the largest, but because it
is manufactured and consumed at
home. The total crop is transformed
directly into human energy or adds
to the country's employment of indus
try by being fed to live stock. It is
corn which makes the American peo
ple the best fed in the world; which
gives them a variety and cheapness of
meat food, phenomenal when com
pared with the past of any other na
tion and striking when compared with
the present. There has been some re
pining because Europe will not im
port our corn and corn meal in large
quantities. Some earnest efforts have
been made to introduce the many -
preparations for the table which we
find palatable and wholesome. Per
haps these efforts are not thrown
away, but the most profitable export
of corn is in the form of meat. If the
United States can sell abroad all the
meat their corn will make,they should
be pleased rather than discontented if
not a bushel of corn left our shores.
When the South manufactures its
cotton as closely as the west manufac
tures its corn, the wealth of this sec
tion will no longer suffer in compari
son with the showing of New Eng
land. There is more to regret in the
large proportion of raw cotton exports
than in the small proportion of corn
exports. This big crop will create
wealth and trade just where they are.
needed. It will pay debts, increase
the value of real estate and benefit the
railways. Corn is the poor man's
crop. It requires very little capital
and can be produced almost anywhere.
It is fortunate that the South is pro
ducing so much of this great staple.
We need it for man and beast, an&
even if we do not send it to distant
markets it will keep a'great deal of the
money at home which we formerly
spent in tIe West.
The Mmltary Academy.
We have-received the official register
of the South Caroliaia Military Aca
damy for 1895, and it contains much
interestinge information. This institu-.
tion has ben most highly recom
mended in the reports of United States
army inspectors, but the men it has
launched on the world are its highest
recommendations. Lieut. Col. G.
H. Burton, inspector general of the
United States Army in hiis report dated
1894 says: The disc'ipline, military
instruction, bearing and general ap
pearance of Cadets; the general care
and condition of arms and equipments
and the entire military aspect of the
military department of this Academy
admits of no comparision to any of the
colleges with which I have had experi
ence. It is so superior in all its meth
ods, scopes, appointments and its dis
tinctive military features that it must
be clqssed alone, and can only be com
pared to our National Military Aca
demy. Their limited means does not
permit the extended military curric
ulm that obtains at the West Point
Academy especially resipecting. ad
vanced theory and prectice in ordnance
and gunnery and practical instruction
in cavalry drill; but in, discipline,
methods and the practicaland theoreti
cal part of an infantry officers' educa-4
tion they follow closely the West
Point methods and are but little i
ferior in accomplished work. In the
set, military bearing, cohesion, and
drill of all kinds in the infantry tac
tics this battalion equals any organiza
tion in the army and is but little short
of that superb excellence generally
believed to be possessed by the West
A Sad Death.
RALEIGH, N. C., Aug. 14.-In Dav
idson county yesterday Hamlet Swing
lost his life in his effor': to keep his
sweetheart from drowuing. The
young couple were out driving when
the horse shied in crossing a bridge
and ran the buggy off. Mr. Swing
jumped from the vehicle, but the
young lady, with the horse and bug
gy, went overboard, falling several
leet. The young man ran to the bank
and swam to the rescue of Miss Galli
more. In the strizggle and excitement
she held him too heavily by the neck
and he sank and was drowned. Just
as she was sinking the last time Mr.
Robert Young came upon the scene in
a batteau, and seeing her long hair in
the water reached down and pulled
her out and she was saved. The body
of Mr. Swing was found and taken
from the water about 10 o'clock at
night. He was about 20) years old'
The horse was drowned also.
Sheppard Goes Free.
COLUMBIA, S. C. Aug. 14.-C' unty
Clerk of Court E. R. Arthur, at a late
hour last night, received by mail from
Cheraw, Chief Justice Mclver's decree
in the habeas corpus case of Win.
Sheppard, now confined in the peni
tentiary under the judgment rendered
by Judge Townsend, who held him
guilty of contempt of Judge Benet's
order of injunction under section 22
of the dispensary law. Sheppard gets
his liberty and will doubtless be dis
charged this morning. It. was hoped
that Justice Mclver would pass upon
the vitally important constitutional
questions involved but lie did not,
merely decides the case on the point
that Judge Benet had no jurisdiction
in this circuit when lie issued the or
THE August report of the statistician
of the Department of Agriculture
shows a reduction in the condition of
rotton during the month of July from
92.3 to 77.9 or 4.4 points. This is the
lowest average ever reported, being
lipl! a point lower than the average
for August, 1893. The reason for low
condition generally given by corre
spondents is excessive moisture,
though in South Carolina drought
eems to be a principal cause of in
jury. There is much complaint of grass
md not a little rust, the blight, worms
ad insect na enemie of the plant.