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XT c bVNNDA Sv f55 4 18.NO. 6
TOBACCO C LTtURE.
THE GOLDEN WEED THE TRUE
"PEARL OF THE PEE DEE-"
How the rlanters or This Section Out
strip Their Fellows-Two "Btreaks" in
Florence-Facts and Figures on Tobacco
FLOREcE, S. C., Aug- 29.-There
is now no longer the shadow of a
doubt that South Carolina soil is
among the best adapted in the world
for the cultivation of fine tobacco and
that The State's advice so often and
emphatically given, that unprofitable
crops be cast aside and that attention
be given to the cultivation of tobacco,
has been taken. The ball has been
set in motion; the Pee Dee section is
now recognized as a valuable tobacco
raising country, and the record made
this year is calculated to astonish the
natives. I wish the horde of South
Carolina cottontots could have been
here today to witness the "break"
the opening of the season-at this city,
the natural heart of the tobacco grow
ing section of the State.
Tobacco is a new commodity in
South Carolina. For years it was
thought that it could be raised on
South Carolina soil, and the present
condition proves this surmise correct,
but its cultivation was attended by so
many peculiarities, the tobacco plant
being very tender, that no one dared
Finally about ten years ago, Mr. F.
M. Rogers, the tobacco farming pio
neer of South Carolina, a planter iv
ing ten miles from the city of Darling
ton, began toexperiment with tobacco,
hoping to find a staple crop that would
take the place of cotton, for cotton's
prices were rapidly falling off. His
experiment proved that the soil of the
Pee Dee country would produce a to
bacco said to be finer in color, charac
ter and texture than any section of the
bright tobacco belt of North Carolina
or Virginia; that no tobacco was finer
for smoking purposes, though the
"mahogony" tobacco needed for plug
manufacture was not forthcoming.
He had not solved the problem of:
cheap production, however, and the
farmers were chary of embarking in
the cnlture of the weed. They did not
wish to cultivate anything at a loss.
Mr. Rogers lost money. But the seed
was sown, and in 1889, when a plant
er, Mr. D. M. Smoot, plantedfive acres,
the culture of tobacco took a fresh im
petus, the proper method of cultiva
tion, drying and curing by heat, hav
ing been hit upon, and in the last few
years the growth of the tobacco indus
try in this section has been without
a parallel in the history of the State.
When all the talk came about the re
duction of the cotton acreage the
farmershereabouts remained quiet and
instead of talking only quietly plant
The principal towns in this section
have been recognized by the American
Tobacco Compny and other big con
umpa loale imarkets-particular
this place,w w ist
uting market on account of its loca
tion and railroad facilities-and they
ha-e stationed buyers here to. conduct
their leaf transactions. In j uly 35,
226,005 pounds were bought in Dan
ville, and it seems strange, but this
market is close behind the noted and
established one. The American Tobac
co Company has even erected here a
three story leaf factor, where its pur
chases are stored, gaed and shipped
bytecompany's efficient manager,
Mr. W. F. Car. There are upwards
of thirty buyers here now, and ten
other leaf factories are open for the
use of these buyers. They have been
ds hard at work for several days in
Darlington, Timmonsville and Flor
ence as so many Trojans, with coats
I am told that between ten and fif
teen million pounds of leaf tobacco
will be harvested and put on the
market in the Pee Dee tobacco region
this season. The average yield per
acre is said to be very nearly 1,000
pounds, while the average yield per
acre in North Carolina and V irginia
is about 250 pounds less. The per cent.
of increase in the tobacco crop this
year will be enormous in Florence
county. It is a noteworthy fact, so
tobacco growers from other points say,
that a town that is a tobacco market
. quickly increases in population, and
when it becomes the market of a sec
-tion, the population quickly double.
Florence seems certain to become in
short order the central distributing
market for the Pee Dee sections for the
reasons given above. In the Pee Dee
tobacco raising section are the coun
ties of Florence, Darlington, Williams
burg, Marlboro, Clarendon, Marion,
Sumter and Horry. There is in the
warehouses today, tobacco from five
counties and some from ontside the
State. Florence is the very centre of
the district, and at least two-thirds of
the territory is tributary to it. In
other words, that much of the crops
must pass through Florence to gain
any market at all.
Florence has two magnificent tobac
co warehouses. It should be stated
that all leaf tobacco sold to buyers in
a local market has to be placed in a
pile on the floor of such a warehouse,
and sold at auction. When a ware
house has been stocked and opens' its
businetss for the-season, the opening
day is called a "break" and thousands
of pounds of tobacco are disposed of.
This was what Timmonsville has had
for two days, and what Florence has
had in her two big warehouses today.
It has been a kind of gala day here
The two warehouses here were erect
ed by stock companies of citizens. Ex
pert tobacco handlers are placed in
charge, and tobacco auctioneers ex
perienzced in the business conduct the
sales. One erected three years ago, is
known as the Farmers' warehouse. It
is a handsome structure, having a
floor space 60 by 100 feet, and this is
lighted by twenty large ground glass
skylights. In front is a two-storyv
brick structure, 40 by 50 feet in size,
containing the otlices. It has large
sliding doors on all sides and is
equipped with the latest improved
trucks, etc. It is managed by Messrs.
Ellingtor & Miles and Mr. A. J. El
lington is the lightning auctioneer.
The Florence warehouse is the name
of the other one recently erected. It
has a floor space of 50 by 225 feet, be
sides offices and rooms. It is managed
byMessrs. Hill and Hodges, and Mr.
Hill is the auctioneer. lie comes
from South Boston, Va., and has had
30 years experience in his business.
He is a man of means and comes here
to stay. He says he has the greatest
confidence in the future of Florence.
Messrs. ElHington-and Miles are stock
holders in the Farmers' Warehouse
Company. These managers deal with
the buyers. acting as middlemen, and
pay the farmers their money.
It is difficult-to get closely estimated
figures as to the acreage in tobacco in
the Pee Dee section. but below will be
found what is considered a fair esti
Darlingwn..... .......... 3.575
Clarendon, Williamsburg, Hor
ry, Marlboro, Sumter........ 6,500
It is estimated that this acreage
should average 850 pounds to the acre
at least, thus giving for this year a
production of 13,067,70 pounds. It is
possible that it will go higher, but the
most conservative men place the total
crop at not over this figure. This crop,
taking a minimum average price of 12
cents a pound, ought to bring to the
farmers $1,569,130. It is estimated
that the average cost of production of
the tobacco is only $45 per acre, in
which case, taking the acreage as giv
en, the total cost of production of the
crop will be $691.875, leaving a profit
to the tobacco farmers of $876, 225. It
is easy to see what a handsome profit
per acre these figures allow. Some of
the best farmers tell me that they do
not think the average profit per acre
will fall below $25, under any circum
stances whatever. If cotton were 8
cents a pound, they tell me, it would
be hardly possible to make more than
$6 per acre. The difference speaks for
In Florence county there are 300 to
bacco farmers, who are members of
the county tobacco growers' associa
tion. There are about 600 altogether
engaged in the culture of tobacco.
The following shows the number of
warehouses in the section, not includ
ing the storage warehouses used by
Lake City Williamsburg)......... 1
All these are similar to the ware
houses described above.
At Darlington there is one large
factory for the manufacture of smok
ing tobacco- -the only one in the Pee
Dee. It is known as the Darlington
Tobacco Works, and is run by Messrs.
Burch & Burch. Its capacity is 500
pounds a day, put up in pretty packa
ges. The factory is well equipped. I
had the pleasure of going through it
and it was a revelation to see the
speed with which the packages are
turned out. The crude leaf, flavored
with rum, is ut in the machine and
the best grade of tobacco, "The Pride
of Darlington,'.' is as pretty as, and
very much resembles, the "Marburg
Pickings." The grades of this facto
rv's output have, however, already
been described in The State. The pro
duct of the factory is finding a ready
place on the market.
The first "break" today was at the
armers' Warehouse. All of the for
ty pi es litobacco, -averaging
about ninety.five pounds to the pile,
were brought in during the twelve
hours preceding, straight from the
barns of planters in Williamsburg and
the Indiantown section. The farmers
had had no time to select it and con
sequently a large number of tags were
"turned,"' which means that the to
bacco was withdrawn in many instan
ces. It was to a laro'e extent damp,
and the buyers couki not do much.
All the same Timmonsville' highest
price, $2.05 a pound, was beaten, $2.25
being paid per pound for some choice
tobacco. Eighty cents was paid for
another lot. The warehouse present
ed a beautiful scene. The people were
up and doing bright and early. At 10
o'clock the warning horn blew, and at
10:30 Auctioneer Ellington began his
work. The average price per pound
was quite low. Scores of ladies were
present in the warehouse, moving
about among the golden leaves, and
some were to be seen sitting' on the
piles of tobacco, watching thie lively
The "break" at the Florence ware
house began after dinner. The same
amount of tobacco was on hand to be
disposed of as at the other warehouse.
The tobacco came from around Flor
ence and Marion and was of -a much
better grade. Though $1 was the hig'h
et figure paid for a pound, the entire
sale, it is said, averaged up 14 or 15
cents per pound. which is better than
the usual average of the "breaks" at
Danville, Durham, Winston and the
other markets of Virginia and North
Carolina. Only six tags were turned
at this warehouse. It was a most suc
At the first "break" the planters
who had but lately begun to plant to
bacco showved their experience, by
putting superb leaves along with
small ones, not knowing that the
buyers bid according to the smnallest
leaves. The best prices usually paid
are 35 to 50 cents a pound; the average
is 12 to 13 cents. An experienced
planter who spends about $75 per acre
in raising his crop, usually gets about
$130 an acre for it.
Truly today was a great day in fair
Florence, the future central tobacco
market of South Carolina, and in
those golden tobacco leaves she dis
played to the world the the true "pearl
of the Pee Dee."--State.
Con fess' t o Arson.
CArTON, Ills., Aug. 28.-Oscar
Baughnman, alderman, Ellis Brown,
ex-city marshal, and Chas. Henry,
ex-night watchman of the City of
Lewiston, have been arrested charged
with the burning of the court house
of this (Fulton) county at Lewistbn
on the nio-ht of December 14, last. All
have ma(7e confessions and all have
been bound over to the grand jury.
Bauhman was arrested in Chicago
andlxis arrest caused a rumor that he
had been kidnapped. lHe was brought
here this morning.
Fen fromz, a WVindow.
LENIN(;TON, Ky., Augr. 28. -- Arthur
Master, son of Lord Arthur Master, of
London, fell from a second story win
dow at Middlesboro. Ky., this morn
ing and was fatally injured, lHe is a
cousin of the Marquis of Salisbury.
Arthur has been in Middlesboro live
years, having come to Kentucky with
a number of other E-nglish capitalists
when the famous Middlesboro b~oom
Possessed~ ofI the Devil.
Mc -o> . Neb., Aug. 26.-William
Tate and Archibald Carhart, promi
nent men, met after church services
last night to settle an old quarrel with
knives. Tate used his knife with fatal
effect, Cathart dying this morning.
ONE DAYS WORK
COMPLETES THE BUSINESS OF THE
President Evan's Address - Hon. Joseph L.
Keitt Elected Prenident After a Hot
Contest-Resolutions Adopted and 011i
COLUMIA, S. C.. August 29.-The
annual convention of the State Alli
ance was opened yesterday at noon in
the Senate Cham ber, President W. D.
Evans presiding. Several counties
did not have delegates but there were
representative Alliancemen present
from most of these counties in their
capacity as officers of the State organ
The committee on credentials re
ported the following delegates:
Abbeville-J. G. Graves.
Aiken-R. H. Timmerman.
Anderson-J. W. Bowden, J. S.
Chester-T. J. Cunningham.
Clarendon-D. T. Bradham.
Colleton-D. M. Varn.
Darlington-W. H. Lawrence.
Edgefield-W. J. Talbert.
Fairfield-T. P. Mitchell.
Florence-J. W. King.
Lancaster--W. G. A. Porter.
Laurens-Jno. M. Hudgens.
Marion- F. R. Stackhouse.
Newberry--Dr. W. E. Lake.
Orangeburg-Dr. J. W. Stokes.
Pickens-Jno. T. Boggs.
Richland--E. P. Whitman.
Spartanburg---W. F. Brown.0
York-W. H. Edwards.
Chesterfield--F. P. Taylor.
Horry-James A. Lewis.
Marlboro--W. B. McLaurin.
Oconee-J. B. Pickett.
After the organization President
Evans delivered the following ad
To the members of the South Caro
lina State Alliance and Industrial
There never was a time since the
first organization of the F. A. and I.
U. when there was more urgent need
for us to keep up this great union of
the industrial classes. Many of our
profoundest thinkers believe thati this
country is on the verge of revolution,
peaceful it may be, but revolution
there will be. It is my own convic
tion that this revolution will come,
and that it will be settled through the
How important then that the large
army of voters, who have so much at
stake of common interest, should have
an organization through which they
can make their combined influence
felt by the political parties striving
for supremacy. Though non-partisan,
yet the Alliance is political to the care
and should redouble its energies to
educate the masses in the science of
Dovernment, for it is only through
e intelligence of the citizen and his
knowledge of the relation of the Gov
ernment to finance, commerce, agri
,ulture and transportation that he will
be able to protect his interests by his
You cannot trust to political pa Lies
the keeping of such vital interests, for
ll parties are sooner or later controll
ed by the politicians, whose guiding
star is policy, and not principle, so it
is absolutely necessary to have such
an organization as the Alliance is to
heck parties and politicians when
they go wrong as well as to give sup
port to those who are right. There
are other important reasons set forth
in our declaration of purposes why we
should keep up this organization,
which I recommend to your careful
aonsideration, and in conclusion ap
peal to every one who believes in the
prciples and demands of the Alli
ance to stand by and push for ward
the organization, so that we may reap
the general benfits of organization as
wel as see to it that some political
party shall enact these demands into
There will be reports from the com
rittees in charge of your State Alli
nce organ, "The Cotton Plant," your
Business Exchange and other branch
as of Alliance work, upon which I
miay have something to say during
After the reading of the address the
onvention went into a discussion on
the good of the order, much interest
being manifested. Among those par
ticipating in the discussion were Pres
ident Evans, Congressman Talbert,
Mr. Pickett, Mr. J. WV. Bowden, Mr.
At the close of the discussion a re
:ess was taken until 8 o'clock.
The followide are the oflicers in at
President, W.D.Evan'., Yice Presi
lent,J. L. Keitt;Secretary,J. W.Reed ;
reurer, F.- P. Taylor; Lecturer, J.
a Sligh; Steward, k. B. Taylor; Ser
reant, D. Mi. Varn; Assistant, J. B.
At the night session of the State.
Farmers' Allilance a resolution was
adopted petitioning the constitutional
convention th it in the framing of the
new Constitution, nothing be done in
relation to our election laws calculat
ed to lower the senses of personal re
sponsibility, to blunt the conscience
or dethrone man within God's soul.
The following resolution was adopt
Inasmuch as ignorance is frequent
ly the mother of poverty and the fruit
ful source of crime; and inasmuch as
a well educated and intelligent citizen
ship is a chief factor both in civil
prosperity and social purity, therefore
Resolved, That it is the duty of the
approaching constitutional convention
to make provision for the establish
ment of a complete and thorough
common school system which shall be
vigorously enforced throughout our
Resolved, That in the ap~propriation
of the necessary funds for common
schools, while 'liberal provisions be
made for the colored race, that due re
gard be had for the excess in taxes
paid in for this purpose bj the whites
and that such a ratio of divisions be
adopted as shall best show justice to
the needs and rights of both races,
The following was also adopted:
Whereas, the freight on guaiio to
the farmer being much higher per tun
ttan on cotton seed to the fertilizer
factories, be it,
Resolved, That we ask the Railroad
Commission to equalize those rates so
that the injustice to the farmers be ree
Columbia was chosen as thme pl-ace
for the holding of the next meeting
on the fourth Wednesday in July,
The election of officers resulted in
the choice of the following: P resident,
dent and State Lecturer. J. C. Wil
born of York: Secretary and Treas
urer, J. W. Reid of Spartanburg: Ex
ecutive committeeman, W. N. Elder,
Xork; delegate to the National Alli
ance, J. W. Bowden, Anderson.
A resolution of thanks was adopted
directed to the Columbia Alliance and
its friends for the cordial treatment
accorded the members while in the
Several changes were made in the
State Constitution, most of them ni
nor ones. The most important one
was the abolishment of the oflices of
Treasurer and State Lecturer and de
volving the duties upon the Secretary
and the Vice President respectively.
After the installation of oflicers the
Alliance adjourned about 1 a. m. sine
A Sickening Crime.
)Ew YonK, Aug. 2.-One of the
most atrocious murders that has occur
ed in New York for years was com
mitted about 10:30 o'clock today at515
East Thirteenth street. when a jealous
husband, crazed with rage because, as
he claims, his wife wronged him, but
chered her with a knife. The murder
ed woman was Annie Postalka. forty
five years of age. The murder is Char
les Postulka, a butcher, who married
hertwo years ago when she was a
window with six children all of whom
are still living. The eldest is Lizzie,
nineteen years old, who assisted her
mother in running the Cafe Waldorf,
at 114 East Fourth street. The murder
er's explanation of the his act is that
he went home unexpectedly and found
a strange man in a compromising po
sitioD with his wife. He asserts that
he saw sutlicient to convince him that
his wife was not a proper women and
was unfaithful to him. le picked up
a small butcher knife and slashed her
until she was left a mangled corpse on
the floor. The woman's hands were
cut to pieces where she grasped the
knife with which hier death wounds
were inflicted and struggled madly
with her murderer for it posession.
The frenzied man drew the weapon
across her throat from ear to ear.
Then he shoved the blade down her
throat and drew it across her cheek,
so that her chin was almost entirely
cut away. Not satified with this, he
jabbed the knife into the unfortun
ate woman's back and cut out a large
piece of flesh. The murderer was ar
rested while calmly seated at a table
in his wife's cafe.
An Heirloom of Disease Germs. -
Infected beds are a menace to the
health, but an exchange says the
most unsanitary of all household arti
cles is the feather bed. Quite too fre
quently it is an heirloom which has
come down through many generations
past, and at times it proves to be a
genuine Pandora's box of germs and
malodors and other unsanitary things
which have accumulated during the
several generations in which it has
done service for all sorts of people a n
der ali sorts of conditions. In the
larger cities, convenient renovating
establishments afford facilities for the
purification of feather beds, pillows.
etc., which to some degree remedies
the evils of which we complain,but by
do means altogether, for the feather
bed, at best, contains a considerable
amount of organic matter clinging to
the quills and feathers, which, absorb
ing the waste of the body, is always
ndergoing decomposition, throwing
Dff poisonous gases ino the air anid
affording food for myriads of pestilen
tial microbes which are ever in readi
ness to seize a favorable opportunity
of infecting a weakened body, setting
up suppairating processes and intensi
rying the effects of specific germs of
arious sorts whleh may become act
ive in the body through contagion.
ometimes, also, a feathered bed be
comes infected by the contagious ele
Enents of scarlet fever, diphtheria.
measels, smallpox or other maladies,
and constitutes thereby a most efficient
vehicle for these dangerous disorders.
All Want Offleb
-CoLmBmI, S. C., Aug. 28.-Now
that the constitutional convention is
almost in sight there are hundreds of
hungry office seekers wanting jobs
and they are making life miserable to
some people whom they . think have
numbers of positions to deal out to
the faithful. For instance the Attor
ney General has received between
s;aty-five and one hundred applica
tions for positions in the engrossing
department of the convention. Really
there is no such thing. No provision
was made for any such department
and the Attorney General has abso
lutely nothing to do with it and hence
has no positions to give. If applicants
will bear this in mind they will save
themselves trouble and disappoint
ment. If there is to bc an engrossing
department the convention will have
to provide for one and how the posi
tions shall be filled. The Attorney
General, in speaking of the engross
ing department, said that he had al
ready two hundred applications for
positions in that department during
the session of the Legislature. There
are only twelve to be given out and
out of Ithe batch of two hundred there
are exactly one hundred and eighty
eight people who are going to get left.
A Duie1 in Dar~n;:rtofn.
D~xauxA-roie, Aug. 29.-A fatal duel
between Ambrose Adams and Dorsey
Atkinson, with dlouble barrel shot
guns occurred in the Swift Creek
neighborhood a few miles distant from
this city today, in Adams was killed
and Atkinson mortally wounded. The
cause of the difliculty was some rude
ness by Atkinson towards the wife of
Adads. Both had armed and they li
ed on each other on sight. Adams
was for several years a polieceman in
this tow~n. lie on one occasion had, his
bowels emptied on the ground by a
knife slash in the hands of a negro.
Adams is about 45 years old and At
kinson was between 18 and 2'4 years
old. The above facts are all that
could be learned of the fearful duel up
to this time. Another report is that
Adamn s w~as father-in -law of A thin son.
Both men fired si mulaneously. A tkin
son was shot in the hieart and Adams
received the load in his abdomen.
The trouble was caused by Atkinson
striking his mother-ini-law. The men
are well-to-do andl respectable-tate.
A Sensible Duzke-.
Pauus, Aug. 28.--The newspaper
Echo de Paris today announces that
the Djuke of Or-leans, who upon the
death last year of his father, the Count
of Paris. became the head of the Roy
alist party .in F-rance and claimant to
the throne, has become convinced of
the futility of further fighting the re
publican. lie has, therefore, decided
to abandon the Royalist propaganda
in France, cease the payment of sub
sidies -to Royalist newvspapers and
abandon the oflices in P ar-is occupied
SUICIDE IN PITTSBURG.
Solves a Love Tangle by Going Out of the
PITTsBURaG, Pa., Aug. 26.-W. W.
Kettle, of Washinoton, D. C., shot
and instantly killedlimself at the Ho
tel Willey, 6th street, at 8.55 o'clock
this morning. The suicide stood in
front of a mirror in his room when he
fired a bullet into the base of his brain
behind the right ear. Saturday even
ing he mailed a money order for $100
to G. W. Ket.tle, Bartow, Fla. He
was connected with the war depart
ment at Washington. A note, bearing
the signature of 0. A. Wylie in a
lady's handwriting, was found in his
pocket. It reads: "I hereby promise
that I will never ask you to take me
anywhere as long as I live."
Washington, Aug. 26.-W. W. Kit
tel, the Pittsburg suicide, was a clerk
in the record and pension division of
the war department. This afternoon
some -of the details preceding Kittel's
leaving here were learned at his board
ing house. Here he formed the ac
quaintance of Miss Wylie, the twenty
ty-year-old daughter of the landlord.
Kittel was almost constant in his atten
tionto theyounglady from the firstand
they were engaged to be married. The
wedding day was fixed for last Satur
day, all arrangements having been
made to have the ceremony performed
in Baltimore on that day. Mr. Kittel
surprised his sweetheart Friday night
by telling her that the weddingwould
have to be postponed for a short time,
because he was broken down in health
and had obtained a sevea days' leave
of absence from the office and intend
ed going away for a short time to try
and recuperate. The young lady pro
tested at first, but seeing her entreaties
were without effect she reluctantly
consented to the proposed trip. He
left Washington Saturday night, go
ing direct to Pittsburg, and the sad
news o! his suicide in that city was
the first word Miss Wylie has received
of him since his departure. He is
about 30 years of age and it is under
stood that his parents are in Florida.
Our Woman's Room.
COLUMBIA, S. C., Aug. 30.-Below
is given a list of the women in every
county seat of the State who have
been appointed by the chairman of the
South Carolina Woman's Room at the
exposition, to take charge of the col
lection and forwarding of exhibits
from their county to that room. Tags
will be furnished them with which to
label the boxes and insure their free
transportation to the Woman's build
ing at Atlanta. All women having
exhibits to send will please confer
with their county agent, who will re
ceive and forward the exhibits.
Abbeville-Miss Ma--7 Hemphill.
Aiken-Mrs. Eliza Legare.
Anderson-Mrs. P. K. McCully.
Barnwell-Miss Hattie Manville.
Berkeley-Mrs. S. Porcher Smith,
Charleston-Mrs. Thos. S. Hey
ward, Savage street; Mrs. Samuel
Wrao-- Legare street.
Co71'eton-Mrs. Allen Izard, Wal
Cl1rendon-- Mrs. Abe Levi, Man
Chesterfield-Miss Harden, Cheraw.
Chester--Mrs. Paul Hemphill.
Darlington-Mrs. F. C. Norment.
Edgefield--Mrs. J. E. Bacon.
Fairfield-Mrs. Ulysses DesPortes.
Florence-Mrs. T. P. Kershaw.
Greenville-Mrs. Win. Wilkins, Jr.
Hampton--Mrs. Gen. Moose.
Horry-Mrs. C. P. Quiattlebaum.
Kershiaw-Miss Emma Reynolds,
Laurens-Mrs. J. W. Ferguson.
Lancaster-Mrs. Nat. Chafee.
Lexington-Mrs. W. P. Roof.
Marion-Mrs. C. A. Wood.
Marlboro-Miss Breeden, Bennetts
Newberry-Mrs. Nat. Gist.
Oconee-Mrs. Senator Stibling, Se
Pickens-Mrs. J. E. Boggs.
Orangeburg-Mrs. Mort. Dantzler.
Richland-Miss Earle, Miss Lynch,
Mrs. Clarke Waring, Columbia.
Spartanburg-Mrs. Montgomet y.
Sumter- Mrs. John Kershaw.
Union-Mrs. M. F. Schaife.
Williamsbur y-Mrs. G. P. Allen,
Yorkville-Mrs. B. N. Moore.
Rock Hill-Mrs. Sam'l Reid. '
It is hoped the women of the State
will now make ready and ship to the
Woman's Room their exhibits of skill
in the various departments of art and
All the papers in the State are re
quested by the lady management to
copy this list at once.
some War Reiics.
PHILADELPHIA, Aug. 28.-Two of
the old United States navy monitors,
the Lehigh and the Catskill, are now
at the Leauge Island navy yard, hav
ing been towed up the river yesterday
by the tug boat Luckenbach. Both
the old monitors have been in the dry
dock at Norfolk, Va., where they had
their bottoms cleaned and painted.
Their hatches and other deck openings
were made water-tight for the ocean
trip. Thre old monitors had been lying
about two and a half miles below
Richmond, Va., since 1880, when they
were taken there from City Point,
some distance below, on th'e James
River. These monitors, some of the
few remaining naval vessels built dur
sels during the rebellion, will be most
attractive for Ph iladelphians to visit,
for they bear evidence of the
fire fr-on tile Confederates. Both
the Caitskill and the Lehigh
have a number of shot indenta
tions in their turrets aiid some in the
low sides of their hulls. The Lehigh
went aground during the war near
]"ort Moultrie, Chrarleston harbor and
received a heavv fire before she was
pulled offI of the'shore. The Catskill
was engoagred in the attack on F'ort
Fishrer,. N. C., in which she took a
prominenrt prart. The other monitors
whrich are to come to League Island
all show the inrdenrtations made by
shot, either in their turrets or hulls,
excelpt tire Ajax.
They H ave Graich~-ilirenz.
J1v sosN, Miss., Aug. 28.-lIon. L.
F. Childs. deputy sheriff of 1Iinds
county for twenty years and mayor of
the city of Jackson for the last ten,
years has created a sensation by filing
a suit of divorce against his wife. The~
grounds on which a separation is asked
are yet secret. Mr. and Mrs. Childs
hrave grandchildren about whom it is
said they have quarrelled.
All Were Drowneel.
PORT IIUlloN, Mich., AUg. 2-.
I)uring the prevalence of a squall and
hrard r-ain last evening on the St. Clair
river near Barysville, a rowboat con
t.aining fr persns we-- drowned.
A YOUTHFUL SWINDLER.
THE GAME A YOUNG MAN PLAYED
ON A NURSERY CONCERN.
He Forged Orders Right and Left-Started
H is Work in Edgefield, but Ended Up in
Columbia, and is Now in Jail--How He
CoLLM)1A, S. C., Aug. 30.-A young
white man. about 19 years old, who
says his name is T. A. Dean of Edge
field County, was sent to jail yester
day by Trial Jusice Troy on the very
serious charges of swindling and for
gery. Very little could be learned as
to the young man's connections in
Edgefield, but he is a good looking
boy, well dressed and appears to be
very intelligent. He has started on
his career of crime quite young and he
did it in such a clumsy way that he
was bound to be detected.
Sometime last spring Dean saw an
advertisement of the Southern Nurse
ry Company of Winchester, Tenn.,
which wanted agents to represent it
in the State. Young Dean answered
the advertisement under the name of
"J. H. Dean" and was appointed an
agent. According to the terms of his
contract he was to get ten per cent.
of the amount of the order at once and
thi-ty per cent. more when the trees
or seeds or bulbs should be delivered
in the fall, thus getting forty per cent.
Dean went to work with a will, at
least the company evidently thought
so. for orders erme in to them at a
great rate and no doubt they believed
they had the star fruit tree agent of the
country. Dean collected his ten per
cent. with great regularity and kept
on sending in orders until the whole
amounted to about $700 from Edge
field County alone.
He was ajpparently not satisfied with
confining his operations to the towns
and villages of Edgefield County, so
he came to Columbia and put up at
Mrs. Davis' boarding house on Ger
vais street. He wrote a letter to the
nursery company from this city ask
ing for an agency under the name of
J. M. N. Zeigler. He got the agency
and an outt and went to work. He
sent in order after order to the home
concern until they became suspicious
at so much business being done in
fruit trees in Columbia. It appeared
to them as if the whole town was
crazy on the subject. The outfit sent
the agent consisted of a blank order,
which was to be signed by the person
ordering the trees. Dean or Zeigler,
as le called himself, didn't do any
canvassing, but that was a small mat
ter with him for he sent in the orders
any way. Without consulting certain
gentlemen ia this city he signed their
names to orders himself, often order
ing enough to set out a whole orchard
for them. Among those whose names
were thus used were those of Dr.
Talley, Dr. Murray, Mr. W. A. Clark,
John Fitzmaurice, R. S. Desportes, J.
L. Mimanaugh and a host of others.
In all his orders amounted to about
$1,000 from Coulmbia. That made
the firm ver-y suspicious, but Dean in
sending in the orders always referred
the firm to Bradstreet's as to the fin
ancial standing of the "signers" of the
Mr. A. H. Hasting, the manager of
the nursery., wrotes to some of the gen
tlemen and asked them about their
orders given to Zeigler and was in
formed that they had not only never
ordered any fruit trees but had never
seen or heard of Zeigler.
The company then determined to
catch him. If Zeigler's orders had
been genuine the company would have
owed him $50. Not suspecting that
the company was aware of the game
he was playing, Zeigler or Dean wrote
to them for a check in payment of
what what was due him. In answering
they stated to him that Mr. Hastings,
who was on the road, would pass
through Columbia soon and would
hand him the amount due. Dean
didn't want anthig like that and
wrote back that he had an engagement
in the lower part of the county to sell
some trees and he was sorry that he
would not have the pleasure of meet
ing Mr. Hastings. The latter could,.
however, he wrote, direct a letter to
him containing the check, drop it in
the postotfice and it would be all right.
Mr. Hastings got here Wednesday
and immediately went to see Judge
Troy and swore out a warrant for
Dean's or Zeigler's arrest. He dropped
a letter in the postoffice directed to
Zeigler and awaited results.
Justice Troy kept the whole thing a
secret and sent a special deputy,Mr
C. F. Brown, to the postoflice to watch
for Zeieler. The deputy remained
there a~l day and still no Zeigler
came. Finally about dark a young
man came in and called for mail for
Zeigler and among other things got
the letter directed to him by Mr.
Hastings. As soon- as lie did Consta
ble Brown arrested him. Zeigler at
first made an attempt at bluffing the
constable off, but he was taken before
Trial .Justice Troy.
Judge Troy sp)oke to him and called
him Zeigler,~but the prisoner said that
was not his name, but that it was
J. H. Dean, Judge Troy asked him
why he called for Zeigler's mail and
the pr-isoner replied that he had met
Zeigler on the streets, who asked him
to inquire for his mail. He said Zeig
her was a medium built man of dark
com~lexion and had a black mus
tache. He said Zeigler had left town.
He didnt know where he boarded, lie
being only an acquaintance of his.
Justice Troy told Dean that he
would have to hold him as a witness
until Zeigler could be found and ac
cordingly sent hinm to jail.
Yesterday morning lie went to
Deans boarding house and found a
vase in his r-oomn. but there was no
key to it. Going to the jail lDean
was asked by the justice where the
key was and'hie replied that ne didn't
know, that he hadl probably dropped
it in his room or lost it in the streets.
A pocketbook, which was in his
pocket, was taken and on opening it
the valise key fell out, it being the
only thing in the purse. Dean then
acknowledged that lhe had been going
under the name of Dean and Zeigler
and had forged the orders for the
fruit trees. His valise was opened
and two complete sets of orders were
found one for Dean and the other for
Zeigler. Yesterday morning Justice
Troy held him in $1,500~ bail for Is
a~pearance at court and the young
mans first experience in a career of
crime was brought to a sudden stop.
Letters have been sent to Ed(getield to
see if anyv of his relatives live in the
county and advising them of the sit
A DEEP DYED VILLIAN.
The Chain of Convicting Evid ence About
Complete Against Holmes.
INDLtNAPOLIS, Ind., Aug. 27.-In
dinapolis will claim the right to try
H. H. Holmes for murder. This
claim will be based upon the horrible
developments of to-day, which in
clude the finding of the charred re
mains of nine-year-old Howard Piet
zel and evidence which before any
jury in the country would convict
H. H. Holmes of having murdered
him and then partially burned his
body in a stove.
Detectives Geyer, of Philadelphia,
Richards, of Indianapolis, and Inspec
tor Gary, of the Fidelity Insurance
CoMnany have been at work for weeks
hunting for traces of the boy's body.
He was traced here with Holmes and
disappeared. The -city was scoured,
and work began in the suburbs, hunt
ing for a house rented by Holmes on
October 10, 11 or 12 of last year. This
morning the detectives went to Coy
ington, a pretty suburb of the city and
the seat of Butler College, and before
they had been at work an hour their
attention v'as called by a local real es
tate dealer to a small vacant cottage
situated in the woods at the edge of
town and far from any other dweling
The party went to the house, and a
few minutes later the officers founds
beneath the side porch the miss
ing trunk which was taken from the
side door of the Circle House in this
city, October 10, by H. H. Holmes,
which was thought to contain the body
of the boy.
Great excitement followed, and hun
dreads flocked to the scene as soon as
the discovery leaked out, although the
officers endeavored to keep the matter
a secret. The house was guarded and
work began searching for additional
evidence. Developments followed
thick and fast, and the chain of evi
dence is damaging.
In a barn connected with the house
was a large stove of cylindric shape,
of the same pattern as Holmes brought
in Cincinnati. He rented the house
under an alias. The stove had been
moved from the house to the stable by
the owner of the house after Holmes
vacated. It was at once concluded
that the body had been burned in the
stove, and search began for the re
mains.- Dr. J. F. Barnhill's attention
was called by a small boy named
Walter Jenny to the stove hole where
where the stove had been.
It was filled with refuse. This
was pulled out, and the remains of
the boy we fouud.
Physicians and dentists were there,
and in this pit of refuse hundreds of
peaces of charred bones were found.
The teeth showed that the body was
that of a boy between eight and ten
years of age. All the other bones con
firmed this. All were charred and
pieces of flesh clung to some of them.
The skull bones and pelvis added to
the same convicing truth.
The body had evidently been burned
in a cob fire and in the huge stove
found in the barn. Howard's overcoat
was found at a grocery store near by,
where Holmes had left it, saying the
bov would call for it. He never
Owners of the house recognized
Holmes from the picture shown them.
All identify him as the man who last
October rented the house, with the
same story he told in Toronto and
other places. He came with the body
and the big stove, washstand and bed,
stayed two days and then disappeared.
Several people havre identified him
and aldoubt is removed.
Other developements are expected
tomorrow, and with this evidence In
dianapolis will demand Holmes for
Hanging Too Good for Him.
ATLANTA, Ga., Aug. 29.-A special
to the Constitution from Tallulah
Falls says that Seymour Keener was
convicted today at Clayton and sen
tenced to be hanged on October 18.
Keener killed his two cousins, Leonia
and Arizona Moore, on Sunday after
noon, June 23 last.- Keener had once
proposed to his cousin, Arizona, and
she had refused him. That was three
years before. Keener threatened to
kill her.but one or two of her sisters al
ways accompanied her, Keener built
blind on the Moore farm and would
hide behind with a gun, hoping to get
a shot at the girl al'one. On the day
of the double tragedy Arizona, Leonia
and Laura Moore, all sisters, went on
a visit to a neighbor's house. Keener
saw them go and when they returned
he sprang out from behind a rock and
shot Leonia first. Laura seized both
his hands and held them while her
sister, Arizona, ran away. Keener
fnally broke loose, however, and pur
sued and killed Arizona. lie threat
ened to kill his-sister, who tried to
save the girl.- There has never been
a legal hanging in Raburn County.
For Unrequaited Love.
NEW ORLEANS, Aug. 27.-A Chatta
nooga, Tenn., special to the Daily
States, says: Perrin W. Barton, a
popular Southern Express clerk, is be
ing guarded by oflicers at his room in
Tschopik Hotel, violently insane, as a
result of unrequited loved. lie has
been in the city two years and was a
popular favorite in society, but seem
ed to be affected with an 'unusual sus
ceptibleness, and has proposed to a
number of young ladies without sue
cess. A few weeks ago he bought a
diamond ring, paying $100I for- it, and
ofered it to Miss Lillie Belle Dodge.
as a token of love, asking her to mar
ry him. She took the offer as an in
suit and called her mother who eject
ed the young man from the house.
Yesterday he, rushed from his room
in his night clothes, threatening to
kill himself, lie is violently insane
and it is feared that the will commit
suicide. Barton was generally the
centre of attraction at all social func
tions lie attended and has hosts of
friends throughout this section. His
brother will arrive tomorrow afte
noon from Lexington, Va.. and will
take the unfortunate man to the \ ir
ginia State asylum for treatment.
CoLI.mai, S. C., Aug. :I'.- Ia ac
cordance with an intention a nounce
some time ago the State Board of Con
trol has begun cutting down the sala
ries of certain Dispensers. The object
is to get the salar-ies on a basis comn
mensurate with the work and it was
announced yesterday that the salaries
of several of them had been materially
reduced. The names of these unlucky
fellows were not given for p)ublicationi.
A Hadly Huiilt Boat.
BERLuN, Aug. 29.-The German tor
pedo boat, S. 41, capsized and sank in
the North Sea yesterday.-Thirteen of
her. rw were downed.
A DEADLY DRAUGHT.
WADE GEIGER DRINKS FOUR OUNCES
His Dead Body Found Under an Unoccu
pied House Near His Home-He was an
Asylum Employee and Trouble There
Caused the Rash Act.
COLUIBIA, S. C.. Aug. 28.-W. J.
Geiger, an Asylum attendant, was
found dead yesterday morning under
a small house within about fifty feet of
his own home at Huger and Blossom
streets. He had been dead for several
hours, how long it will never be known
and a four ounce vial labeled laud
anum lying under his-hand on the
ground told the story of his self de
struction. What reason the young
man had for taking his own life was
for a time a mystery. Neither his
father or his mother or his wife could
assign any reason for his desperate act.
Geiger was married only last Sunday
to a Miss Kelly and the last she saw of
him was 5:30 o'clock Tuesday evening
when he kissed her and went up street
saying that he would be back at eight.
He never came and as the hour passed
by the young wife became more and
more alarmed instinctively fearing
that some harm had befallen her hus
band. She never slept that night and
early in the morning her worst fears
were realized when the daughter of
Ste phen Frazier found the dead body
of Gegier under the house.
The Coroner was notified and had
the body removed to the house of Mr.
Ross on Marion street, who was his
friend. There was not much light
th.own on the reasons that led to the
suicide from the testimony at the in
quest. The following note was found
in the dead man's pocket addressed to
Mr. Charles Daniels, another attend
ant at the Asylum:
"Dear Charley take care of my wife
and treat her well, you did not do it
neither did she it was my own that
did it. Please pay R. J. Ross $3.50
for me-tell Sallie she did not do it'
I love her I found her a Lady--W. .
This enclosed in an envelope and
was addressed "to C. A. Daniels" and
just under this w s: "W. J. Geiger is
Another note was found in his trunk
which read as follows:
"Dear Mother and Father: Please
be kind to my wife for she is a Lady
for I know it. W. J. Geiger."
Mr. W. J. Geiger, father of the un
fortunate man, testified as to the find
ing of the body, the notes and $5.90
and a piece of tobacco in his son's
pockets. He could assign no reason
for the rash act. His son had resigned
his position at the Asylum. The notes
were written in his son's handwriting.
Mr. Daniels was an attendant at the
Asylum and got married on Sunday
at the same time his son did.
Mrs. Geiger, wife of the deceased,
said that on Tuesday at 5:30 Geige r
told her goodbye and kissed her. e
went up street and seemed to be in
cheerful spirits. After he got out the
gate he looked back and smiled -athis
wife. He gave her his watch and also.
got $5 from her berfore he left and
said he would be back at 8 o'clock.
She did not nctice athing strangs
about his behavior, although he had
seemed worried the day before and
when asked what was the matter told
her not to ask him about it.
Dr. Owens testerfied that no marks
of violence were found on the body.
These facts were all the light thrown
on the case at the inquest.
It nas learned that the deceased had
purchsed a four ounce vial of lauda
num from the Murray Drug Company.
Buying the drug in such large quan
tities no one would suspect suicidal
intention. The laudanum was bought
about 2 o'clock on Tuesday and
Geiger evidently had his plans well
arranged beforehand. When he left
his wife it is not known where he
went but some time after that he re
turned, crawled under the unoccupied
house and drank the deadly draught.
The verdict of the jury was that the
deceased had come to his death from
an overdose of laudanum.
As has been stated Geiger was an
attendant at the Asylumi and had been
there for a number of years. He was
one of the most efficient men about
the intitution and had charge of the
epileptic ward, one of the most diffi
cult to fill. He had a knack of getting
along splendidly with the patients who
all appeared to like him.
Quite to the surprise of Dr. Bab
cock, he resigned on Tuesday. Before
that some charges had been made
against him which shocked the offi
cers of the Asylum, who had the great
est confidence in him. The charge
was that he had taken some jewelr
belonging to a patient. Dr. Babcc
asked him about it; but he denied it.
The attendant who knew the circum
stances was in Chester and he was to
have arrived in Columbia Tuesday
night and Dr. Babcock made an ap
pointment for Geiger to meet him at
his ollice at 9 o'clock yesterday. Un
fortunately the charge against Geiger
was well founded and he knew ex
posur-e would soon follow. It is more
than likely that lie did not have the
courage to face the disgraceand grow
ing desperate determined to take his
own life and rid himself of the igno
miny that would attach to him in the
eves o&f his fellow men. No doubt too
hfe thought of his bride of but three.
days and what she would think. If
the poor fellow had only acknowledged
his wrong doing, he had friends at
the Asylum who would have willingly
paid thie money for the gewelry even
though it had amounted to $100. He
would have necessarily been dismissed
but lie might have started life over
again. repiairedi the wr-ong as far as
po:sib~e and lived lmppily thereafter.
So far as could be learned he had no
marital t roubles in his brief experi
enee. though it is said some of his
reltives wereC opposed to him marry
S )TI 1i:N>. Ind., Aug. 28.-For
sv;era! vears 3ishawaka, a small
place three miles east of South Bend,
has been visited annually by conta
gious diseases; causing many deaths.
About three months ago an epidemic
of diphtheria broke out which quickly
spread over the entire village with
nany fatal cases. Workmen engaged
on an- electric plant shut ollr the water
to drain the large pit, or reservoir,
from which the water mains of Mish
awka are supplied. The bed of the
pit was covered with dead Ilesh,
snakes, dogs, cats and other dead ani
mals. Workmen who attemp~ted to
clean the pit were overcome. All of
the water used in 3Iishawaka was
drawn through this mass of decaying