Newspaper Page Text
VER Y LIVELY D1SNTSS1i0
CoNTIN FD FROM li: oN.
trol them then, but a most serious fea
ture in the measure was that it would
enable dispensaries to be established in
those towns. and ruination would in
Mr.-W. D. Ev.aus-How could they
do it when all the buildings belong to
Mr. McGPwan-) ou propose to
make it a corporation, sir.
Mr. Tillman-By your argument
they would elect the mill president
mavor, and if he said so vote against
th&dispensary. How about that
Mr. McGowan-I was using there
your argument. Do you believe it
would be well to have dispensaries in
Mr. Tillman-Answer my question.
Mr. McGowan-I follow your plan,
and ask one in answer to-one.
Mr. Tillman (from his seat) -No.
Mr. Johnstone, in alluding to Sena
tor Tillman's reference to the legisla
ture, said it was 3hocking. pitiful, mis
erable that such an estimate of the leg
islature of South Carolina should be
held as had been expressed on that
floor. If he -had such an opinion of
that body it could not give him an of
fice. If factories can debauch the leg
islature, let's abolish the factories or
the legislature. If there exists the
power of debauchery let's cut out the
The factory oflicers.had told 4.im
they did115t "wish himif&be incorpo
rated because they did not wisLi whis
key put upon theim. The principle of
local self-government will be violated
by this amendment by the gentleman
of Edgefield as much as he claims the
factory presidents violate it.
Mr. Tillman-Why are other towns
much.smaller incorporated? .
Mr. Johnstone-If other towns wish
it they get it. Look at the expense of
a municipal government; if they do
not wish it why thrust it upon them.
Mr. G. D.'Tillman (from his seat)
Tge cure is worse. than the bite.
Mr.- Johnstone, continuing-"Ex
cept the imperious will of the gentle
man from ,Edgefield, there is no evi
dence that these people wish to be in
or. mTilian-Except that all other
towns 'have it and-exdept that they
have not got it. -
Mr. Johnstone-Except that the gen
tigraan from Edgefield admits that they
have never asked for it. He cannot
ecape the predicament -in which he
has placed himself. ; There are 50,000
fa'ctory p lQ in South Carolina. He
charges t~y'' ai% 'controlled by
emplo ers. If .that is so, God help the
rest. i d~ny'thie imputation upon
Mr. Henderson said he had examined
all the Constitutio&acf State in this
Uaion, and was unable to find where
compulsory incorporation was legal.
The question was then called, and
Mr. Georze D. Tillman's motion to lay
all amen<ments on the table was car
ried by a vote of 93 to 44.
Mr. W. B. Wilson moved to strike
out section 2. - Lost.
Mr. Stanyarne Wilson moved to add
to section 2, "except factory towns."
Log brgthe following vote: Yeas 59,
navs 73. -
TIhe section was then adopted- as
reotdby the committee.
Mr.Henersn moved to strike out
section 7 as the judical -committee
-would cover the, .subject matter.
Secins 16, 17 and is, relating to
municipal elections, were stricken out
*as the report 6f-the. committee on suf:
frage would-cover-.the subject matter
contained -in them.
THE ARTICLE ADOPTED.
The article a--municipal corporations
and police regulations as amended was
then passed to a third reading.
The committee on education, or
rather, three sections of it, made three
different reports, differing as to some
points, abut all agreeing on the follow
no': A constitutional tax of three
mihs; separate schools for whites and
blacks; proper provision for the State
University and Clemson College; pro
hibition of all sectarian control or in
fituence in any institution supported
or aided by public money.
-.THE PER DIEM.
-Upon assembling at S o'clock the ar
tidle on legislative department was
takenup. The amendment of Mr. Gray
of Greenville to section20, making pay
of members of the ogeneral assembly
-$4 instead of $3 per 'ay was taken up.
Mr. Sligh favored the amendment.
In fact he preferred to have it $5 a day.
Mr. W. J. Montgomery was unable
to find in the Constitution of any State
where the per diem of legislators was
absolutely fixed. Would any man on
the floor engage now to pay a certain
fixed sum to an employee 10 or20 years
Mr. Gray would rather vote $5 than
$4. He had been a legislator for four
years, and knew what the expenses
were in Columbia and incidental to
Mr. Burn was as much of an econo
mist as any one, but the men who
came here to represent the people
should be paid enough to enable them
to live here with proper dignity. Con
gressmen and State officers were paid
handsomely, but the effort was always
made to cut the pay of the representa
tives of the people.
Mr. Sligh hadbeen doing some figur
in.At $2 aday the pay of the mem
$730 per annum; at $3 per day
it was $1,t, t$-per day, the amount
he wanted to ~ egislators, it
would come to $1C460; at'Tri~tnae to
$1,825 per year. Now the State otlrde
receive $1,900, and he thought it was
little enough to pay.'meibers of legis
lature at. the rate of $440 less than
State'officers, when they had to work
Mr. -W. D. Evansinoveda substitute
that it be left to the legislature, and
that the pyof members should not
be reduced blow $4 per diem.
Mr. Barton spoke i- favor of cutting
Mr. Shighr'moved- to lay Mr. Evans'
amendment on the table. Lost.
The- amendment-was then adopted.
Mr. Bellinger then moved to lay the
whole section -on the table, and leave
it to the legislature. Adopted and
Section 25 was amended so that of fi
cers of militia and notaries public can
be members of- legislature, and strik
ing out trial justicesand judges of in
ferior c'ourts as dligible to such elec
Mr. Sheppardamoved to recur to see
tion8to aniend it liy adding the fol
"Senators shall .betso classified that
one-half of.their number, as nearly as
practicable, shall be chosen every two
years. Whenever the general assem
bly shall establish more than one
county at any session, it shall so pre
scribe the first term of the senators
from such counties as to observe such
THE ir-s ELING o.\TH.
Mr. W. B.~ Wilson fnored to strike
out that part of section 27 providing,
for taking the asi-dueling oath.
Mr. Henderson- spoke against the
Mr. Hutson hoped the amendment
would be adopted. We might as well
have a similar oath for murder or any
other crime. They were gom;: too
much into details.
Mr. Clayton was not an apologist for
duelng. Hehored the day was a long
way oti wihe any it aki in South Caro
lina would be. But this oath was such
that the pardon of the governor, while
reimvving the disabilities from the man
committing arson or rape, and en
abling hiimi u hold olice, could not re
move it in this case. This had been
a phantom, intending to cure an evil,
and had resulted in making black
guards of gentlemen, and in causing
the loss of more lives by assassinations
than-were ever lost under dueling law.
The convention refused to strike out
the oath by the following vote3 Yeas
Mr. Stanvarne Wilson moved to
amend by iaking the oath applicable
to duelin'g in this State: . lie believed
it was only theintention to preserve
peace in this State and that gentlemen
were not concerned about what their
fellow-citizens did in other states.
Few laws had so seriously at'ected the
manhood of our men as the anti-duel
Mr. Sligh novcd to table. Carried
by a vote of 85 to 52. "The -Ti4lman
brothers voted in the negative.
Mr. Byrd offered an amendinent ex
cepting ~State oflicers and meibers of
the legislature. He made a speech on
the line that campaigners were subject
to insult, and because they were
known to have their hauds tied, bullies
sending challenge and holding them
up as cowards because they could not
be accepted. Laid on the table.
Mr. Jervey moved to change the
form of the oath so tha.t -:ie'--offer
would only swear that -he will not en
oage in a duel as principal or second
auring his term of oflic6. Ibid on the
table by a vote of 67 to 60.
James Wigg moved to include in the
oath "or in a lynching bee " so that a
lyncher would be debarred .holding
office. The question wxgput -. de
clared lost while Wigg -was hlo ing
the floor and calling on the president:
Wigg-.Ir." President, I have t'he
Mr. Talbert-Well, hold it.'
He was finally recognized and Vfigg
made a good .speech on the line-indi
cated by his amendment. The-. vote
was again taken and his amensinient
Mr. Johnstone amenddhe"soh
prohibiting the paymgnt -of salaries of
State officers after theii death by -ad
ding "and no pensions shall be granted
except for military service." i
Section 27, on which a fight is ex
pected, was passed, and section 28
A LiVELY D;BA-E.
The sections up to section 34 were
adopted at once. Sectioi-34 read as
The marriage of a white person with
a negro or mulatto or person who
shall have any negro blood, shall be
unlawful and void. -
When it was called up, Gen. Smalls
startled the convention and created a
dignified stampede from the galleries.
He offered the following as an amend
ment to follow after "void -
"And that any white petson who
shall live and cohabit with a negro or
mulatto or person who shal have-one
eighth or more of negro blood shall
be disquallified fro oldin"ingk of
fice of emolument or trust in t~s *State,
and the offspring from any such liv
ing or cohabitation shall bear the
name of the father and shall be entitled
to inherit and acquire~property the:
same as if they were legitimate"
Smnalls spoke to the subtject at length.
He noped the gentlemen would vote
here to purify t uemselves; stheir.wo
men were good and pure and he wanted
the men to be. He read census returns
showing the number of mulatfoes in
the South. .He asked that~ey would
put a stop to this crime;'bnew that
if woman suffrage was allowed the
women - would pass .some such law to
purify the ien. .
Mr. Cooper of Colleton moved. to
amend Smalls' amendment by striking
out the last 32 words relating to legit
imatizing the offspring of the alliances.
Mr. 'W.. D. Evans moved to lay both
amendment-on. the table. The vote
was very close,' and if anything the
"noes" seemed to make more noise,
but the motion was declared adopted.
Mr. B R. Tillman took the floor and
said he had been accused of being an
arch enemy of the negro, but he want
ed justifce, and he was now''going to
show himself their friend. He ;renew
ed the amendment of Mr. Cooper
made to Mr. Smalls' amendment, and
which had been declared tabled when
ha did not believe it had been. He did
not impute any unfair action on the
part of the president.
Mr. Talbert fired up instantly. The
vote had been correctly stated, he said,
and as long as he was in the chair he
propsed to state it witho.ut assistance
from the floor.
Mr. Tillman reiterated that he had
not desired to impute unfairness, and
said he did not wish to get into a
As the motion he had made was out
of order, Mr. Tillman moved to recon
sider the vote by which Mr. Cooper's
amendent was tabled. This was car
Mr. Timmerman moved to adjourn.
Mr. Price spoke against the amend
ment. He believed it unconstitutional.
How could they deprive a man of priv
ileges for having illegitimate colored
children, when they did not do so
when the illegitimate children were
white? It brought in the question of
race-drew the color line.
Mr. Lee was opposed to the amend
ment. It was entirely out of place
here. No man who could be convicted
of living with a negro wtenan_ could
ever be elected to an office in this
Qen. Smalls spoke in reply to Mr.
Tom Maeimlso had something to
say. He evidently'thoug~t.Mr. Lee's
propositionY did not hod g'df 1
that if this amendment was ado pted he
ouaranteed to furnish valuable evi
ence which would bar many men in
Mr. W. D. Evans moved to table
Mr. Cooper's a.mendment to Mr.
The ayes and nays were called, and
the motion was lost by a vote oT 103
to 22 a~djourned.
.- A QUESTION OF TALK.
When the Convention reassembled
this morning Mr. Sheppard, of the
committee on rules, reported a provis
ion as to pairs. It was adopted.
Mr. Patterson moved to limit
speeches to ten minutes each, except
by consent of the Convention. This
notion brought out a long discussion.
Mr. Miller wanted to have more
time-than that on the suffrage ques
Mr. Wigg moved to amend by ex
Mr. J~ohns~tone said they were not all
able to condense remarks as Mr. Pat
terson; they did not want-to make - a
Constitution by machinery.
Mr. Patterson declared that some of
them were being ruined by staying
here, andi if they. did' not limit speech
mking tiey would be here a month
A fter much discussion, a motion to
.tabl~e the motion was killed, and it was
adopted with the proviso that a speak
er's time may be extended, on request,
at the pleasure of the Convention.
AS TO MILEAGE.
The legislative report was taken up
and Mr. Sligh offered the followinag in
lieu of section 2i stricken outon Wed
nesday nighit, relating to salaries:
Each member of the general assem
of travel in going and returning from r
the place where the sessions of the I
legtslature are held, and no general-|t
assembiy shall havetha power to in- I
crease the per diem of its own mem- I
bers, and niembers -of the general as- ,'
sembly, when convened, shall recer, r
the same -compensation as is fixed by
law for the regular .session and no I
The section over -which there - was
something .of a sensation oi ,. 0OCS:-. t
day uight, caused by the Smalls reso- J
lution. was'then called up. I
Mr. Aldrich moved to strike out sec- I
tion :1 Why was iA necessary to '
name mye crime and not name all?
Was the crime mentioned 'more hein
ous th'rWIurder, manslaughter, etc.?
They had done a wrong to put that sec
tion in there. and they could not pass
r-nd stand before the world without
passing something else. (Supposed ]
reference to the Smalls amendment. I
Mr. Johnson, after a spe-ed in which
declared that God Almightv, 'declared
the speaker never joined together the
African and the Anglo-gaxon, -
He moved to lay all amendments on
the table. ~
Mr. Tillman attempted to get the
Mr. B. R. Tillman believed that if
an indiscreet act had been committed,
the gentleman from Barnwell: :(r.
Aldrich) was responsilp. for it in try
in($jobliterate section 34. The ques
tion was here.: should we not meet it t
like men? Whether the committee
was wise in bringing in the section he
would not say. If we pass a law mak- i
ing ist unlawful for intermarriage. of
the races, we cinnotin commonjus
tice refuse t6 -punish a white nian for
"ebauching a negro woman. He of
fered this amendment and substitute, ]
the ame.ndment to follow section;-34:
."And.the patijs1to- suehnarriage,
V .orvictiq ial epunished as i
the gineral ass -Mly my prescribe."
ection 35: 'Any white '-erson who
shall livendbhabit with a negro or
mulatto, or person who shall have any
negro blood, shall be'guilty-of aifiis
demeqaorand shall. be-panished as
the general aiinbly may prescribe.
We dare not, said Mr. Tillman, pub
lish it broadcast' that after this ques
tion has come up we are afraid to act
Mr. Johnstone declared that his mo
tion was pending, and Mr. Tillman's
amendment.was out of order.
It was o held.
Mr. Tilfi said that the question
having been presented here, it should
be acted on. Ajlludng to the senti
ment at the no'rthi he declared that
we knew nothing about it down-here. .
They looked upon the intermarriage of
races as natural, and he suppo'sd we
would, be forced to shake them up
there in this matter.. Public sentiment
wasjndicated wher-the last cedsus for.
New York State'showed that 1,300,
whit'e women were wives of negro;
mem . He had seen whitegirls waiters
ii Massachusetts under orders of a
negro head waiter. He had seen-a
sad sight-a pretty girl, evidently with
geritte blood in her veins. but who -had
becomepr, married to a negro, and 1
with two mulatto children. He cited
these things to show our ignorance
of northern sentiment.
Mr. Tillman then -toved to lay all
pending amendments on the tablje1
This was carried with little opposition
by a viva voce vote, the convention
not seemingr to realize that they thus
disps.ed:of' the Cooper amendment to
Smalls' amendment, which they adopt
ed the-night previous after a length'y.
debate 'by .a vote of-lD3. to 22, 'and
which reads as follows:
' And - that' any white person who
shall live and cohabit with a negro or
mulatto or person who shall have one
eigth or more of nea'ro blood shall be<
disqualified from hoI'ding any office of,
em'folumnent or trustain this State."
The question turned upon- a motion<
j' Mr. G. D. Tillman to reconsider
the vote by which the amendment to the
original section, offered by Mr. John
stone, was adopted. That.amendment
inserted "any" instead-of "one-eighths
or more," so that 'no imtermarriage of1
white persons with 'one of atify negio.
bloo$d is 'permitted.
'ir. Johnstone spoke earnestly
against striking out his amendment.
He wanted AnglIo-Saxon purerule and~
*AgloSaxon pure blood, supen in,
this State. He was oppos'ed to any in-j
termIxture, whether there was 11 or 1
Mr. Sligh-Would you force aiiman
of 1-16 or 1-32 to go back and raise up
negroes. I should think it better to
raise up white families. Otherwise,
it seems to me, it would be unjust.
Mr. Johnstone declared it would be.;.
better by far to keep the man of all''i
ages in the negro ranks than to mon
grelize the races. . If you are going toi
keep them separate, keep them separ- ]
ate. If you are going to take down
the barrier, take it down.
After further discussion the motion
to table Mr.' ~B. R. T'illman's amend
ment,reading "and the parties to such
marriages shall be punished as the
general assembly may prescribe," was
lost, 93 to 33, as follows: 14
J. S.: Cunningham, Douglass, Evans.. 1
W.'D2; Farrow,.--Fraser, Gage, '&m:'
ble, Garris, Gary, Gilland, Glenn, J.
L; Gray, Jervey, Johnstone, Jorge,
Kennedy, E. J.; Klugh, Lee, Meares,
Peake, Rsaale, Read, J. H.; Red-.
fearn, Slig, Stribling, Taylor, Till
man, G. D.; White, A. H.; White, S.
E.: Wilson, W. B.-33;.
Nays-Alexander,' Austin, Barry,
Barton. Bobo, BoWen, Bowman, Brea-.
zeale, Buist, Burn, Byrd, Cantey,-Car-' -
ver, Clayton, Connor, Cooper, DeHay,
Dennis, Dent, Doyle, Dudley, Efird,
Ellerbe, Field, Fitch, Glenn, J. P.; -
Gooding, Gunter, Hamel, ,Harris, -
Harrison, Haynsworth, Hender
son, D. S.; Henderson, Win.; Henry,
.i.ile4 HowelHutson, Irby,
Johnson, T. E.: Jones, ~~ et''e, ,
Kennedy, J. W.; Lowmnan, Mc~alla.
McCaslan,,.McCown, McDermotte, Mc'
Kagen, McMakin, McWhite, Miller,
Mitchell, Montgomery, J. D.; . Mont
gomery, W. J.; Moore, Morrison,
Nash, Nicholson. Oliver, Ott's, Par'
rott, Pattersonm Perritt, Prince, Reed,
John, Rogers) Rosbou~gh, Rowland,
Russell, Sheppard, Sloan., Smalls,
Smith, A . J. ; mith. Jetremiah; Smith,.
R. F.; Smioak, Stackhouse, Stokes,
Talbert, Tillman, B. R.; Timmerman,
VonKolnitz, WatersWells,' Wharton,
Wigg, Wiggins, -Wilaon, 'Stanyarne,'
There was some fuirther. talk about
the matter..- Mr. .Tilldia'n-jtlidrew
Mr. - Henderson's amendment was
laid on the tabile and.Secti-on 34 final"
-.TO TAKE A. RECESs.
At-the night session Mr. B. R. Til:l
man offered the following: I
Resolved, That when this convew-.
tion adjourns Friday,. it .stand ad-c
journed until Tuesday,. October 15th,s
at 12 im. and that no pay be allowede
during the recess except mileage. c
Mr. Tillbnan said 'thatlin off'erings
this resolutiori~he wanted to state rea
sons promptiing him'. It is well know~n
that on Saturday all lawyers will ab
sent themselves with or without leave.
They have- to go to'attend salesday. i
It is thei'erop and it: i< their duty to
theirclients?'- Then there aire farmers -
here whose business demands their -t
presence at home.*.
The question- was- -luft on the adop
tion of 'Mr. Tilhdtan's resolution. ThS' -
ayes and noes were called with this 1
ve a Austin, Brk er, Ban, Bae. t:
y, Bobo, Bowen, Bowman, B1reazeale,
,rice. J. S.; Buist, Burn, Byrd, Can
ev. Carver, Clayton.Connor, Cooper,
>ellay, Dennis, Doyle, Dudley, Eller
.e, Evans, W. C.: Gamble, Garris,
Tary. Gooding,. Gr am, Gray. lar
is, Harrison. Ha ,'Havnsworth,lIfen
erson, Wm.; Henry, .Iiers, Howell.
Iutsou. Irby, Jolinstone, George:
'ones, Wilie, Keitt, Kennedy, J. W.:
Clugh, Lowman, McCalla. MlcCaslan,
IcCown, MMAItermotte.McGown, Mat
hews, iller,;Mitchell, Montgomery.
. D.: Mooi-e, Morrison, Nathans,
icholson. Oliver, Parrott, Peake,
>erritte, Ragsdale, Redfearn. Reed,
ohn; Rogers, Rowland, Sligh,Sloan.
mialls, Smith, Jeremiah: Staokhouse.
4tiibling, Tailor. Tillman, B. I.;
illman, G, D.; VonKoluitz, Wells.
X harton, Whipper, Wigg, Wiggins,
Navs-Aldrich. Alexander. Barry,
3ehre, Cunningham, Douglass, Efird,
arrow, Field, Fitch, Flovd, Fraser,
Xage, Gilland, Glenn, J. L.: Glenn,
F. P.: Gunter, Hamel. Henderson, D.
.; Houser, Johnson,T. E. : Kennedy,
. J.: Lee, McKagen, McWhite.Nash,
)tts, Patterson, Prince, Rosborough,
lussell, Sheppard, Smith, R. F.:
.oak, Stokes, Talbert, Timmerman,
White, A. H.: White, S: E.: Wilson,
DOWN TO BLSINESS'.
The president stated that there were
ections of the Constituton to be read
third time,and the clerk proceeded
o read those on amendments, im
)eachments, miscellaneous matters,
nunicipal corporations and police
-egulations and the report of same
:ommittee on ordiance proposed by
iqr. Farrow. -
The first section on "miscell-neous
natters" was amended on motion of
fr. Gray so that the State librarian
tmd department clerks may be women
dr. B. R. Tillman thought the amend
nent unneoessarj* to. accomplish the
bject, but "let it go through-to pre
rent lawrs getting out an injunc
'EH e amendment as adolited:
-"Provided, Thdt tlepfovisi6n's of
his Section shall not apply to the of
ices of State librarian and department
dI clerks, to either of which offices a
oman. resident of the State two years
1na edgthe age of 2.1years
(tn motion of Mr. Patton, the:sec
ions ielating to exemption from taxa:
ion was amended so as to'read thd#:s
Section 8. Cities and towns may ex
mpt from taxation by general or spe
ial ordinance, except for- school pur
poses, manufactures established with
in their limits for five successive years
Lom the time of the establishment of
much manufactures; provided that
much ordinance shall first -be ratified:
by a majority of such quaMefid voters
>f such city or town as shall vote at
mn election held for that purpose."
Mr. Patton spoke to his amendment,
&hing that it was more explicit than
he-section adopted, which left it in
oubtas to whether the exemption of
xdsshould run from five years from
the adoption of the Constitution, or
'or five years from the action taken by
.he city or town council. The ainend
ment was put and passed.
Mr. Wilson moved to reconsider.
Mr. Ragsdale made several pertinent
points. The memberiof this conven
ion should be credited with being men
mnd knowing whaf they were doing.
When they passed upon a question
entemen should not thfak that a lit
le eloquence could turn their votes and
hese" motions were simply wasting
- eA He moved to lay the motion~of
.i Wisoxito reconsider on the table,
SThe rfotioli was put and carried in
geat confusion. A half a dozen mem
>ers were upon the floor calling to the
aresident. ~Mr. Talbert declared the
guestion to be upon the adoption of the
hble section. A motion was made to
trike out section S. He held it to be
>ut of order.
After five minutes of rapping, ex
,laining and restating the question as
1saw it, Mr. Talbert said that while
le considered a motion'byMr. Wilson
o strike out section 8 not in order.
1iere>eing a diversity of opinion he
ould leave it to the house to say
whether heshould entertain Mr. Wil
on's motion' to strike'out section 8
the substitute offered by Mr. Patton
nd accepted.) The ayes and nays
~ere ordered and the convention re
used to alllow Mr. Wilson to make
,he. moQtion by the following vote:
Yeas 6f nays 68S.
Mr. W. D. Evans offered an anjiend
nent to postpone the operation of the
ection for ten years. Lost.
Col. Sloan moved to strike out the
ection abolishing the right of dower
lands sold in the lifetime of the hus
Mr. Rogers opposed the motion as
lid Messrs. Sligh and Aldrich. Messrs
3urn aad Garrett wanted the section
Pending the debate the Convention
. . g~ Black's- Majority.
ATLAn, Oct. 3.--The official returns
how that Major J. C. C. Black, Dem
crat, defeats Thomas E. Watson. Pop
ilist, for Congress in the tenth district
y a majority of 1, (41. The election
resterday was' one of the quietest ever
eldin Georgia, a striking contrast to
he one held just etven months ago.
t that time three men were killed in
he'streets 'ofAugusta -ani petty rows
>ccurred throughout the several coun
ies. Watson claimed that the~ elec
ion was unfair, and Black, in defer
~nce to Watson's views, resigned. The
pecial race of yesterday was honest in
~very sense.- New laws were-- respect
Kin most eboanties and the majority
or Blick shows that the district is
)emocratic in a clean ballot. Watson
ost in most of the counties from his
rote of 18S94, and over a hundred votes
n McDuflie,-his own county.
Took Thirteen Thousand.
*iOUNT VERiNON, Ind.; Oct. 3.-It
ias been learned that Albert Wade,
ssistant cashiier of the First National
>ank, who disappeared Monday, took
with him $7,000 in -gold and $6I,000 in
ilver and paper belonging; to the
>ank's depositors. The experts exam
ning Wade's- books are not -ready to
eport. Wade has not beern heard of
ince he left the Louisville and Nash
ile train at Nashville, Tenn., Mon
lay evening. It is thought he has
rone to relatives in Fort- Worth, Tex.
[he fact-that Wade was a poker play-.
~rad lost large sums in that manner
~aused great surprise when it becam~e
nown yesterday. Wade's bondsmen
vill make his'shortage good.
Blown Into Eternity..
SvaNnAu, Oct. 3.-A special to the
iorning News fron' Waycross says:
Ienry Carpentery .a. Plant system en
~ineer, and three negroes were killed
>y a boiler explosion early this morn
ng.a. sawmill near Alexanderville
in thie YWest'Coast Line of the Plant
ystem.. Carpenter was asleep necar his
ngine, while the train was waiting for
irders to leave thessawmill. The large
awmilboiler exploded and Carpen
er's head was blown oflf,
Recent. Storm in Great Brit ian.
London,- Oct. 3.-Muchi additional
ireckage has been washed ashore in
he vicinity of Ilfracombe, on the.
Mti coast of Devonshire, and it is
bought that several vessels founder
d in the-Bristol Chann'el during the
ecent gale. This would make the
Lumber of craft of various descriptions
:st over fifty, and may considerably
acrease the loss of life, previously es
mae at nlv twenty-four.
TRE TFrA E PLANT
REPORTED BY COMMITTEE TO THE
Stringent negulatiosi- for the Exercise of
the Elective Franchise--Ft 1 Text. of the
COLiuIA, October 2. -'Special: The
long expected repoi-t of the conminttee
on sull'rage was made to the Constitu
tional Convention this afternoon. Fol
lowing is the full text of lie proposed
Sc. 1. All elections by the people
shall be by ballot.
See. 2. Every qualified elector shall
be eligible to any otlice to be voted for
unless disqualified by age. But no
person shall hold 'two offices of honor
or profit at the same time except oili
cers in the militia and no-aries public.
Sec. 3. Every male citizen of the
United States. 21 years of age and'up
wards, not laboring under the disabil
ities named in this Constitution, and
possessing the qualifications required
by it, shall be a legal elector.
Sec. 4. The qualifications for sulf
rage shall be as follows:
a. Residence in the State for two
years, in the county one year, in the
election district in - which the elector
offers to vote four months, and the
payment of a poll tax six months be
fore any election: Provided, however.
that ministers of the gospel in charge
of an organized church shall be enti
tled to vote after six months resi
dence in the State, if otherwise quali
b. Registration which shall provide
for the enrollment of every elector
once in 10 years.
c. The person applying for registra
tion must be- able to read and write
any section of the Constitution, or
must show that he owns and pays tax
es on.4300 worth of property in this
State: Provided, That at the first reg
istration under this Constitution and
up to January 1, 1898, all msle per
sons of voting age who can read a
clause in this Constitution or under
stand and explain it when read to
them by the registration otficer shall
be entitled to register and become elec
tors. A separate record of all illiterate
persons thus registered, sworn to by
the registration officer, shall be filed,
one copy with the clerk of court and
one in the office of the secretary of
state, on or before January 1, 1898,
and such person shall remain during
-life qualified electors, unless disquali
fied by the provisions of Section 6 of
this artidle. The certificate of the
clerk of the court or secretary of state
shall be sullicient evidence to establish
the right of said class of citizens to
registration and the franchise.
d. Any person wh6 shall apply for
registration after January 1, 1898, if
otherwise qualified,may be registered:
Provided, That he can both read and
write-any-section of this Constitution
or can show that he owns and haz paid
taxes during the previous year on
property in this State assessed at $300
.e. Managers of election sha. require
of every elector oIfering to vote at
any election, before allowing him to
vote,proof of the payment of all tax~es,
including poll tax, assessed against
him for the previous year.
f. Registration certificates when lost
shall be renewed if the applicant is
qualified under the provisions of this
Constitution, if he has been registered
as provided in sub-section "c."
Sec. 5. Any person denied registra
tion shall have the right to appeal to
any and all courts of this State to de
termine the quest:.on under the limita
tions imposed in this article, and the
general assembly shall provide by law
for the correction of illegal or fraudu
lent registration and the punishment
of the same
Sec. 6. The following persons are
disqualified from being registered or
First. Persons convicted of burgla
ry, theft, arson, obtaining goods or
money under false'pretenses, perjury,
forgery, robbery,.britbery,adultry, .em
bezzlemnent, bigamy, or crimes against
the election laws: Provided, That the
pardon of the governor shall remove
Second. Persons who are idots, in
sane, paupers sup ported at* the pubtic
expense, and persons confined in any
Sec. 7. For the purposeof voting no
persou shall be deemed to hav-e gained
or lost a residence by reason of his
absence while employed in the service
of the United States, nor while en
gaged in the navigation of the water
of this State, or of the United States.
or of the high seas.
Sec.8 . The general assembly shall
provide for the registration of all qual
ified electors, and shall prescribe the
manner of holding elections and of
ascertaining the results of the same:
Provided, That each of the two parties
casting thie highest number of votes at
the preceding election shall have rep
resentation on the board of managers
at each precinct, and on the board of
county canvassers in each county.
Sec. 9, The several counties in the
State shall be divided into election dis
tricts, with one precinct in eacn of the
same at which alone the voter regis
tered for that precinct can cast his
ballot: Provided, That a voter may be
transferred from one election district
Sec..10. The general assembly shall
provide by law for the holding of par
ty primary elections and punishing
fraud at the same.
Sec. 11. The registration books shall
close at least 301 days before an elec
tion, after which transfers and regis
tration shall not be legal, except as to
persons coming of age in the interim.
Sec. 12. Electors in municipal elec
tions shall possess all the qualifications
Sec. 13. At any special election in
incorporated ci:ies and towns of this
State for the purpose of bonding the
same or for the raising revenue all
resident owners of property in said
cities and towns of the assessed value
of $200 who are qualified electors un
der this Constitution shall. alone be
entitled to vote. At such election the
voter shall produce a receipt for all
taxes, cottity, State an.1 municipal for
the previous year as evidence of his
right to vote.
Sec. 14. Electors shall in all cases
except treason, felony, or a breach of
the peace be privileged from arrest on
the days of election during their at
tendance at the polls and going to and
Sec. 15. No power, civil or military,
shall at any time interfere to prevent
the free exercise of the right of suf
Ilan;;cd for Wife Murde-r.
JERSEY (2rrv, N. J., Oct. :3.-John
Czch, otherwise known as " Fish
John" was executed in the county
jail in this city today for tile murder
'of his wife on June 3. Jealousy was
was the motive of Czech's crime.
Einr-suVEx y-ears of thegold stan
dard has brought nlo prosperity to the
farmer's of Gxreat Briitain. Women
and girls are forced to work for $1. 25
a week. Childr-en from fifteen vear-s
down to live are driven from form to
farm to labor f'or their bread, and hud
ded together at night in barns with
aut regard to sex. So says Gen. Frn
A TRA.IE BATTLE.
DR. TALMAGE ON GIDEON'S ARMY
AND GOD'S WAY.
~The L~awfulness of Chri ,tiani strate;;,em.
Gidon's Depleted Army The 4reat I
Lessoni of H is onderful victory.
NFW Yon. Sept. 29.-In his ser
mon for today 'Rev. Dr. Tahnage dis
cusses a subject of special interest to
Sunday szhool teachers and scholars
at the present time, being Gideon's
battle with the Midianites near Mount
Gilboa. The text chosen was Judges
Vii, 20, 21: "And the three compan
ies blew the trumpets, and brake the
pitchers, and held the lamps in their
left hands and the trumpets in their
right hands to blow withal. And
they stood every man in his place
round about the camp and all the host
ran and cried and fled."
That - is the strangest battle ever
fought. God had told Gideon to go
down and thrash the 3Iidianites, but
his army is too large; for the glory
must be given to God and not to man.
And so the proclamation is made that
all those of the troops who are cow
ards and want to go home may go,
and 22,000 of them scampered away.
leaving only 10,000 men. But God
says the army is too large yet, and so
he ordered these 10,000 remaining to
march down through a stream and
coinmands Gideon to notice in what
manner these men drink of the water
as they pass through it. If they get
down on all fours and drink, then they
are to be pronounced lazy and incom
petent for the campaign, but, if, in
passing through the stream. they
scoop up the water in the palm of
their hand and drink and pass on,
they are to be the men selected for the
Well. the 10.000 men marched down
in the stream, and the most of them
come down on all fours and plunge
their mouth. like a horse or an ox.
into the water and drink, but there
are :310 men who, instead of stooping,
just dip the palm of their hands in
the water and bring it to their lips,
"lapping it as a dog lappeth." Those
300 brisk, rapid, enthusiastic men are
chosen for the campaign. They are
each to take a trumpet in the right
hand and a pitcher in the left hand
and a lamp inside the pitcher, and
then at a given signal they are to
blow tie trumpets and throw down
the pitchers and hold up the lamps.
So it was done.
It is night. - I see a great host of
Midianites sound asleep in the valley
of Jezreel, Gideon coines up with his
300 picked men, and when everything
is ready the signal is given, and they
blow the trumpets, and they throw
down the pitchers and hold up the
lamps, and the great host of Midian
ites, waking out of a sound sleep, take
the crash of the crockery and the
glare of the lamps for the coming on
of an overwhelming foe. and they run
and cut themselves to pieces and hor
The lessons of this subject are very
spirited and impressive. This seeming
lv valueless lunip of quartz has the
pure gold in it. The smallest dewdrop
on' the meadow at nignt has a star
sleeping in its bosom, and the most
insigniticant passage of Scripture has
in it a shining truth. God's mint coins
no small change.
I learn in the first place, from this
subject, the lawfulness of Christian
stratagem. You know yery well that
the greatest victories ever gained by
Washington or Napoleon were gained
through the fact that they came when
and in a way they were not expected
-sometimes faling back to draw out
the foe, sometimes crossing a river
on unheard of rafts: all the time keep
ing the opposing forces in wonder
ment as to what would be done next.
You all know what strategy is in
military atrairs. Now I think it is
high time we had this art sanctified
and spiritualized. In the church, when
we are about to make a Christian as
sault, we send word to the opposing
force when we expect to come, how
many troops we have and how man,'
rounds of shot, and whether we will
come with artillery, infantry or caval
ry, and of course we are defeated.
There are thousands of men who might
be surprised into the kingdom of God.
We need more tact and ingenuity in
Christian work. It is in spiritual af
fairs as in military, that success de
pends in attacking that part of the
castle which is ue 2rmed and im
Eor instance, here is a man all armed
on the doctrine of election. all his
troops of argument and prejudice are
at that particular gate. You may bat
ter away at that side of the castle for
50 years, and you will not take it, but
just wheel your troops to the~ side gate
of the heart's affection, and in five
minutes you capture him. I never
knew a man to be saved through a bril
liant argument. You cannot hook
men into the kingdom of God by the
horns of a dilemma. There is no
grace in syllogisms. Here is a man
armed on the subject of perseverance
of the saints. He does not believe in
it. Attack him at that point. andl he
will persevere to the very last in'not
believing in it. Hlere is a man armed
on the subject of baptism. He believes
in sprinkling or immersion. All your
discussion of ecclesiastical hydropathy
will not change him. I remember
when I was a boy that with other boys
I went into the river on a summer
day to bathe, and we used to dash wa
ter on each other, but never got any
result except that our eyes were blind
ed, and all this splashing of water be
tween Baptists and Pedobaptists never
results in anything but the blurring
of the spiritual eyesight. In other
words, you can never capture a man's
soul at the point at which he is espe
ciallv intrenched. But there is in
everyv man's heart a bolt that can be
easily shoved. A little child 4 years
old may touch that bolt, and it will
spring back, and the door will swing
open, and Christ will come in.
I think that the finest of all the Sine
arts is the art of doing good, and yet
this art is the least cultured. We
have in the kingdom of God today
enough troops to conquer the whole
earth for Christ if we only had skilful
manoeuvering. I would rathier have
the 3u0 lamps and pitchers of Christian
stratagem than 10I, 000) drawn swords
of literary and ecclesiastical comnbat.
I learn from this subject also, that a
small part of the army of God will
hav;e to do all the hard fighting.
Gideon's army was or'iginally comn
posed of 3i2,000 men, but they' went
otif until there wer-e only 10,000 left.
and that w~as subtr'acted from until
there were only :A00. It is the same
in all ages of the Christian church: a
few men have to do the hard :ighting.
Take a membership of 50", and vou
generally lind that ten peop~le do the
work. There are :cores of' churches
where two or three people do the
We nmouirn that there is so) much
useless lumber ini the miouintains of
L eanon. I think, of the 10,100,000
meber.-hiip of the Christian church
toay, if 5.00I0,((00 of the names were
ott' the books the churchm would be
stronger. You know that more cow
ards and drones there are in any army
tme weaker it i<. I would rather have
the :;uo picked rmen of Gideon than
:;2,'00 unsif ted host. How many
Christians there ar standing in the
way of all progress: I think it is the
them and the quicker i does it the
quicker it does its duty.
Do not worry. C Christian. if vou
have to do more than your share 01
the work. You had better thank Go(
that he has called you to be one of th<
picked men rather than to belong t(
the host of stragglers. Would no
you rather be one of the 30o that figh1
than the 22,000 that run? I suppos<
those cowardly Gideonites who wen
off congratulated themselves. Thei
said "We got rid of all that fightin(
(lid we not ? How lucky we have been
That battle costs us nothing at all.
But they got none of the spoils of th
victory. After the battle the '300 me
went down and took the wealth of th<
Midianites, and out of the cups an<
platters of their enemines they feasted
And the time will come, my dea
brethren, when the hosts of'darknes
will be routed and Christ will say t<
his troops: "Well done, my brav,
men. Go up and take the spoils. B,
more than conquerors forever:" An
in that dav all deserters will be shot
Again, I learn from this subject tha
God's way is different from man's, bu
is always the best way. If we had th
planning of that battle, we would hay
taken those 32,000 men that originail
belonged to the army, and we woul<
have drilled them and marched then
up and down by the day and week an
month, and we would have had then
equipped with swords or spears, ac
cording to the way of armin in thos
times, and then we would hav,
marched them down in solid colum
upon the foe. But that is not the way
God depletes the army, and take
away all their weapons, and gives the!
a lamp, and a pitcher. and a trumpet
and tells them to go down and driv
out the Midianites. I suppose som
wiseacres were there who said: "Tha
is not military tactics. The idea of 30
men, unarmed, conquering such ;
great host of Midianites!" It was th,
best way. What sword, spear or can
non ever accomplished such a victor;
as the lamp, pitcher and trumpet?
God's way is different from man
way, but it is always best: Take, fo
instance, the composition of the BiblE
If we had had the writing of the Bible
we would have said: "Let one mal
write it. If you have 20 or 30 men t
write a poem, or make statute, c
write a history, or make an argumeni
there will be flaws and contradictions.
But God says, "Let not one man do i
but 40 men shall do it." And they di
differing enough to show there ha,
been no collusion between them, bi
not contradicting each other on an;
important point, while they all wrot
from their own standpoint and ten
peraient. So that the matter of fa<
man has his Moses; the romantic n
ture his Ezekiel; the epigrammatic h'
Solomon; the warrior his Joshua; tb
sailor his Jonah; the loving his John
the logician his Paul. Instead of this B
ble, which now I can lift in my han
-instead of the Bible the child ca
carry to Sunday school, instead of tb
little Bible the sailor can put in h
jacket when he goes to sea-if it ha
been left to men to write, it woul
been a thousand volumes judging froi
the amount of ecclesiastical contro'
ersey which has arisen. God's woy
different from man's, but it is b'est, i
So' it is in regard to the Christian
life. If we had had the plaraing of
Christian's life, we would have sai
"Let him have 80 years of sunshine,
fine house to live in. Let his surroun<
ings all be agreeable. Let him has
sound health. Let no chill shivt
through his limbs, no pain ache h
brow or trouble shadow his soul."
enjoy the prosperity of others so niuc
I would let every man hays as muc
money as he want and roses for h
children's cheeks and fountains<
gladness glancing in their large roun
eyes. But that is not God's way.
It seems as if man must be cut at
hit and pounded just in proportion:a
he is useful. His child falls from
third story window and has its lil
dashed out. His most confident il
vestment tumbles him into bankrupte
His friends, on whom he depended, ai
the natural force of gravitation in tal
ing him down. His life is a Bull Ru
defeat. Instead of 32,000 advantage:
he has only 1,000. A;.e, only 300
none, at all. How many good peopl
there are at their wits' end, about thei
livelihood, about their reputation. B:
they will find out it is the best way afte
awhile God will show them that he dei
letes their advantages just for the san
reason lie depleted ;.te army of Gidec
-that they may be induced to thro
themselves on his mercy.
A grapevine says in the early spring
"How glad I am to get through th
winter ! I shall have no more troub]
now! Summer weather will come an
the garden will be very beautiful.
But the gardener comes and cuts th
vines here and there with a knift
The twigs begin to fall, and the grape
vine cries out: "Murder what at
you cutting me for?" "Ah," says th
gardener, "I don't mean to kill yor
If I did not do this, you would be th
laughing sfock of all the other vini
before the season is over." Months g
on and one day the gardener comes ur
der the trellis, where gratest clustersc
grapes hang, and the grapevine says
"Thank you, sir. You had to cut nm
with that knife." "Whom the Lot
loveth, he chasteneth." No pruning n
grapes'no grinding mill, no flour; n
battle, no victory; no cross, no crown
So God's way, in the redemption o
the world, is different from ours. I
we had our way, we would have hai
Jesus stand in the door of heaven an<
beckon the nations up to light, or w
would have had angels flying aroun<
the earth proclaiming the ui~nsearcha
ble riches ~of Christ. Why is it than
the cause goes on so slowly? Whyi
it that the chains stay on when Gol
could knock them off? Why d,
thrones of despotism stand when Go
could easily demolish them? It is hi
way in order that all generations ma:
co-operate, and that all men may knov
they cannot do the work themiselves
Just in proportion as these pyramid
of sin go up in height will they comi
down in ghastliness of ruin.
0 thou father of all iniquity : I
thou canst hear my voice above th<
crackling' of the flames, drive on thv
rojets, dispatch thy emissaries, buik
thy tenipies and forge thy chains. bul
know that thy fall from heaven wa:
not greater tihan thy final overthr'ow
shall be when thou shalt be driven dis
armed into thy fiery den. and for ever'
lie thou hast framned upon earth thot
shalt have an additional hell of fur'
poured into thine eanguish by the
vengeance of our God, and all heave:
shal s::out at the overthr'ow as fron
the ransomed earth the song breaks
through the skies: "Hlalleluiah: foi
the Lord God (Umipotent r'eigneth
Ialleluiahi for the kingdoms of thi:
world have become the kingdoms o
0.0' Lord Jesus Christ!" God's way i
the composition of the Bible. G;odi
way ini the Christiau life, God's wa:
in tihe redemption of the world. God'
way in everthing-diff'erent fron:
mans way, but the best.
I learn from this subje't that th
ovethrow of God's enemies will bc
sudden and teriife. There is the army
of the MIidianites down in the vaile'
of Jezeel. I suppose their mnighty men
are dreaming of. victory. MIount Gilbo:
never stood sentinel for so large a host.
The spears and the shields of the
~idianites gleam in the moonlight and
glance on the eye of the Israelites,
ho hovei' like a battle of eagles, ready
to swoop from the clif '. Sleep on. O
night to hide them, and the mountain
_toguard them, and strong arms to de
fend them, let no slumbering foeman
dream of disaster! Peace to the cap
tains and the spearmen!
Crash go the pitchers! Up flare the
lanips: To the mountains! Fly: Fly!
Troop running against troop, thous
ands trampling upon thousands. Hark
to the scream and groan of the routed
t foe, with the Lord God Almighty af
r ter them: How sudden the onset,
how wild the consternation, how utter
the defeat: I do not fear so much
what is against me if God is not.. You
a want a better sword or-carbine than I
i have ever seen to go out and fight
3 against the Lord Omnipotent. Give
i me God for my ally, and you may
have all the battlements and battal
s I saw the defrauder in his splendid
) house. It seemed as if he had con
e quered God as he stood amid the blaze.
e of chandeliers and pier mirrors. In
I the 4diamonds of the wardobe I saw the
. tears of the widows whom he had rob
t bed, and in the snowy satin the pallor
t of the white cheeked orphans whoni
lie bad wronged. The blood of the op
e pressed glowed in the deep crimson of
v- the imported chair. The music trei
i bled with the sorrow of unrequited
1 toil. But the wave of mirth dashed
I higher on reefs of coral and pearl. The
I days and Lhe nights went merrily. No
sick child dared pull that silver door
e bel:. No beoar dared sit on that mar
e ble step. o voice of prayer floated
I amid that tapestry. No shadow of a
judgment day darkened that fresco;
s No tear of human sympathy dropped
a upon that upholstery. Pomp strutted
, the hall, and dissipation filled her cup
e and all seemed safe as the Midianites
e in the valley of Jezreel. But God
.t .came. Calamity smote the money
0 market. The partridge left its eggs
a unhatched. Crash went all the pro
e celain pitchers! Ruin, rout, dismay.
and woe in the valley of Jezreel!
' Alas for those who fight agailt..
God! Only two side. Man immoml
s which side are are you -on? WomaA
r immortal, which side are you on? Do
you belong to the 300 that are going
, to win the days or to the great host
1 of Midianites asleep in'the valley, only
0 to be roused up in consternation and
r ruin? Suddenly the golden bowl. of
Y life will be broken and the trumpet
" blown -that will startle our soul into
I, The day of the Lord cometh as a
d thief in the night, and as the God
it armed Israelites upon the sleeping fos.
7 Ha! Canst thou pluck up courage-for
e the day when the trumpet which hath
never been blown shall speak the roll
t call of the dead, and the earth, dash
V ing against a lost meteor, have its
s mountains -scattered to the stars and
e oceans emptied in the air? Oh, thee,
what will become of you? What will
i become of me
d If those Midianites had only given
n up their swords the day before the
Le disaster, all would have been well, and
is if you will now surrender the sins with
d which you have been fighting against
.d God, you will be safe. Oh, make
n peace with Him now, through Jests
Christ the Lord! With the clutch ofa
is drowning man seize the cross. Oh,
1- surrender! Surrender! Carist, with his
hand on his pierced side, asks you-to.
s An Honest Confession.
a Col. Bob Ingersollrecently delivered
l: a speech. at Peoria, Il.s., and after
a discussing the war and its results,
e "And let me tell you here, today-l
er am soniewhat older than I used to b6:
is I have a little philosophy now that I
I had not at the 9 o'clock in the mornmng
hi portion of my life-and I do not blame
h anybody. I do not blame the South;
is I do not blame the Condfederate sel
>f diers. She-the South-was the fruit
d of conditions. She was born to circum
stances stronger than herseif, and, do
d you know, according to myphsophy,
LS which is not quite orthodox (laughter),
a -every man and woman in the world As
e what conditions have mnade them. $o
.- let us~have some sense. Tne South
y said~i jfWe will not submit, this is
d not a nation, but a partnership -of
a States." I am willing to go so far as
n to admit that the South expressed the
s original idea of the Government."
'. In commenting on the above the
le Augusta Charonicle savs "this utter
ir ance comes opportunelyjafter the Ver
tt mont governor's declaration that his
r people would teach their children that
-the South was wrong in the war be
e t ween the States. -If the South fought
n for "the original idea of our Govern
ment, as Col. Ingersoll says, she was
historically, morally, politically and
. ternally right, and, by _parity
of reasoning, the Nortti was
e wrong. So the Governor of Ver
mont proposes to teach the chil
,, dren of his State falsehood for historic
etruth. We are persuaded that this
Governor never critically read the
ZConstitution of the United States, the
articles of Union, the basis of indepen
e dence of Great Britain and similar
.documents. We are inclined to be
. lieve this more surely because, in 1S63,
eHon. James H. Hammond, who had
been a Senator of the United States,
ofrom South Carolina, declared that,
-in his opinion, many of the Senators
.f from Northern States were even at
that day ignorant on this subject.
d Hton. Alexander H. Stephens, Profes
d r Bledsoe, and the author of "The
o Rlepublic of Rlepublics,'' have so con
summiiately demionstrated the j ustitfica
.t-ion of the South that no mran can ever
successfully answer them. Had Jef
ferson Davis been tried, Charles
O'Conor and other eminent lawyers
ewould have proved the South's case.
eNo one knew this better than Chief
Justice Chase. and the potential au)
thorities of the North were prudent in
.releasing Mr. Davis without triaL.
sWe advise the Governor of Vermont
and the intelligent young men of that
SState to study the South's side of the
controversy and make a just decision.
s They will probably do nothing of the
'kindi and so abide in ignorance which
may or may not be blissful, in the
long run, The one p rime security of a
ssmall commonwealth like Vermont,
in the Union, in the sovereignty of
the States, within the Constitutional
forbit of local self Government. Some
day they may discover that this is
true, andi it may not be, --~.
As to the expediency of secession or
the wisdom of a. war for its mainten
ance, that is another question. But
the South was, in principle, eternally
right, and her children will be so
t iught, because it is the truth.
- Absolutely Pure.
Acream or tartar oarmng powdet
Ulighest of all in leavening strength.-La
test United States Government Food Re
ioyal Baking Powder Company,