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VOL. XI. MANNING, S. C.~ WEDNESDAY. NOVEMBER 6, 1895. NO. U3.
THE SUBJECT FULLY DISCUSSED !N
Earnest and Able Speeches on Both Side
The Advocates of the Bnllot For Wouen
Lose The Fight.
COLUMIn. Oc t. 2S.-Special. The
fight over the matter of female suf
trage began in the Convention today.
when section 3 of the suffrage article
came up. Mr. Ctayton of Florence
offered the following amendment:
Amend in line 3 after the word "it"
and before the word "shall- insert the
words -and every female citizen of
this State and of the United States 21
years of age and upwards, not laoor
ing under the disabilities named in
this Constitution and who, in her own
right owns taxable property of the
value of $30O."
Mr. Clay ton stated that the amend
ment just offered placed the conven
tion face to face with female suffrage.
He had to attack prejudice in doing
so. But he would not hesitate to make
the charge. He hoped the members
would rise superior to prejudice. The
women of the State had rights that
should be preserved. Give them the
right to preserve their rights. The
women once had no legal status what
ever. They never had no political exis
tence. It was their political and not
to their social existence that they were
now to apply themselves.
They now have the right to hold
property. The right to hold property
is given. Then they should have the
right to protect their rights. But it
has been claimed that she does not
want that right Who makes that as
sumption? What right has any man
on this floor to make that assump
tion? We have here able women who
have addressed your body. We have
received and there is on that desk pe
tition after petition asking for the
right, and if my memory serves me
right, there has not been a petition
sking that she be denied the right to
vote. Then who has the right to say
that she does not want it?
It has been said that if she wanted
it she would get it. That very admis
sion establishes her right before this
body and it is our duty to give it to
her on the evidence before us that she
does want it.
The next question is: Will the ex
ercise of that right degrade her? Does
the right to vote degrade your man
hoodl Do you feel that the right of
suffrage has lowered you? If it cannot
lower you it canz.ot lower her.
It has been argued that she would
come into the canvass and go upon
the hustings, and that she will seek
office. I admit all that. If she does
she has the right. Are we denying it
because we fear that she will exercise
that right? I do not think that there
Is any man who will ask that we
should not give her the right for that
It has also been said that she could
not do jurv duty or road duty, or
militia duty, or other duties that have
to be prformed by citizens. That is
absur! Look at the State of Wyom
ing and see if they do not perform
jury duty there. I was reading some
time ago the statement of a Wyoming
udge, who said that he had never seen
btter jurors. That question is not
worth debating. Now, the next ques
tin: Will she do military duty.
I understand that one of the delegates,
a member of the committee on suffrage
asked that question. Upon inquiry I
have found that he was a very young
man, who had not been in thecil
war, or he would nothave ashed such a
Didn't she do it in the war just
passed? I know by personal knowledge
one or two intaces when young men
who refused to go to the war were
presented with a full suit of women's
aparel and told if you won't take up
ams, take to skirts.'' They did do
military duty. To those men who
were old soldiers there is no music so
ennanting; no music carried men to
a career that will ever be remembered
as did "The Girl I Left Behind Me."
Every company and every regiment
that marched from its native town to
the field of glory did so to the sta&ns
of that inspiring song.
It may not be known to those who
are carried away by classical music,
but that tune carried more men to
glory than any other tune ever
She will do military duty. She was
an angel in the hospitals during the
late war and she made all the clothes
--hat the soldiers needed. and exhibited
a spirit of self-denial that has
never been surpassed by women
in any country. Who does
not remember how they took
the palmetto and the shucks and
platted them into hats, and how they
wove their own homespun dresses?
And I mean no reflection upon the
women of the present day when I say
that there were and never will be fairer
faces than those of the women who
wore the palmetto hats and homes
spun dresses. Yes, gentlemen, she
has done military duty and she will
continue doing it...
Now then comes the question, is it
expedient to give her the ballot?
We are confronted, gentlemen of
the convention, with a grave and seri
ous problem. We have Charrybids on
one side and Scylia on the other, and
we are trying to steer between them.
It is a great ek and we should take
advantage ot 'a ery chance that offers
The learned gentleman from Char
leston, in discussing the legal aspects
of this bill that has been framed by the
wisdom of some of the best minds in
the State, says that we are nearby upon
sands, but that there is a rock ahead.
Whatever may be the division or the
fate of the rest of the bill, here is a
rock we can rest upon with safety En
franchise the women of South Caro
lina the property-holding women,
and they will be a safeouard whenever
the occasion arises. I have made out
a case here in which 1 have shown
that she has a right. I ask you now
by the memories of Lexington and
Yorktown and by the memories of the
Lost Cause and by the memories of
those monuments which the gentle
man from Beaufort said would be the
gravestones of our lost hopes, I ask
~ou to throw aside your prejudices and
give to woman the right which she
aeserves and which is the only right
which wil nlac her upon complete
equality with man.
Mr. Rogers moved to lay the amend
ment on the table. but withdrew to al
low Col. John T. Sloan to speak. Col.
Sloan spoke from theeentre zzis!. and
with mnch energy. He opposed most
earnestly the L-Mrainng of tin srure
to women. lHe was frequemly inter
rupted by Mr. Clayton, and the word
plav between the t wo gentiemen was
Gen. R. il. Hemphill then took the
floor, and stated that the ,gentlenian
who preceded him indulged in voci
feration and not in argument. He had
taken up the cause of woman years
ago. The more he thought of it the
more he was convinced that it was
right and the only solution of the ques
tion of suffraze. It did not follow
that a woman had to be a policeman.
if she was ziven the voting privilege.
He never expected to see any more
war in South Carolina. There was no
purpose to encourage war. We stand
thus. It has bten charged that South
Carolina had practiced fraud. If there
had been any fraud in this county he
did not know it. But if there wvas
fraud, give the ballot to the women
and that would settle the matter. All
the plans suggested did not seem to
solve it. They should remove this re
tiection on the great State of South
Carolina. You propose to restrict the
sutfraze of men. We went back into
the Union takintr the obligation that
no class should ever have its privileges
or immunities abridged or denied.
Now all admitted what the United
States Constitution and amendments
said of the subject.
How are you going to comply with
all this? Why. give the franchise to
woman with a proptrtv qualification.
There is the solution of tie question
before the people of South Carolina.
This enlarges the suffrage and you can
equality it. His friend had said that
God never intended that woman should
be on an equality with men. It may
be on the idea that women are not
paid for the work. He mentioned
several South Carolina women who
nearly 60 years azo demanded this
right of suffrage. They were demand
ingit now. They have their represen
tatives here. They tell you the wo
men will not go to the polls. The
women of South Carolina had never
failed to do their duty. The good wo
men and men can vote on one day,
the bad men the next.
A voice-What about the bad wo
Gen Hemphill-And the bad women
will not come out at all.
No women would ever be insulted
in this State at the polls or elsewhere.
Up to 1868 the women had no rights
that the law was bound to respect.
Now a married woman has the- right
to hold her separate property and dis
pose of it as she may wish. Why not
give the women a fair and equal
chance? Give the women a
full chance. This will make
South Carolina once more the
leading State in the Union. Dis
appoint those who think we are
going to settle this matter by fraud.
With the educational qualitication the
matter will be settled.
In iSSO there were 72.000 white men
over 2 L years of age who could read
and write. There were 14,200 who
could not, making a total of 86,2.0
white men. There were 25.S70 ne
groes who could read and write and
96,010 who could not, a total of 11,889
Teewere 75,000 white women who
could read and write and 18.000 color
ed women in like condition.
The educated white majority with
the women added was 31,000.
In 1S90 there was a majority of 30,290
negro men over the white men. He
then cited the figures as to males and
females in Laurens county. In Rich
land there were 592 white women who
would be qualified against 115 negro
Women now take positions as book
keeps, clerks, stenographers and they
are thrown thus publicly with men.
Have they been insulted ? No. They
will elevate our country in all re
spects. He would not "fatigue the pa.
tience' of this convention.
Mr. Rogers stated that suffrage was
a duty to be imposed. He wanted to
know if General Hemphill believed
that any considerable portion- half of
them, say-want them to put this bur
den on their shoulders.
General Hemphill said that they
wanted it; that was all. They would
do their duty.
Mr. Prince wanted to know if the
qualification he gave would not be
merely bringing about temporary re
General Hemphill stated that he did
not intend to abridge any one's privi.
leges nor could it be done by law.
Mr. D. S. Henderson then took the
floor. He would detain them only a
few moments. He said no matter what
the female suffragists may say in tnle
way of argument, the argument made
here tonight shows that the scheme is
founded upon pure cowardice. Would
you try to solve the suffrage problem
in this way? Let us follow this mat
ter like mien. The idea of saying to
the world that the negroes were so
numerous that we had to drag the wo
men in the State before us to protect
us is pitiful. Before we do that, let us
do away with the excellent report of
the comimittee. go back, get our shot
guns and stand by the polls, and not,
in the name of heaven, drag our wo
men to the ballot box. Take up the
excellent and manly report of the
committee and bring the divided white
people back to the ballot box. When
and where was the suffrage discussed
-on the stump or in the canvass on
this subject How would the people
have spoken on this subject? In be
half of the mothers of South Carolina
and our dear old dead mothers who
have taught us that woman's sphere
is the home, keep woman there, and
not make her a tramping voter at the
ballot box. Do this and receive the
plaudits of men.
Mr. Clayton asked him a question
as to who was to protect the women.
He replied: "IJf they have no hus
bands let them find sweethearts to
Mr. Burn took the floor as Mr.
Rogers was demanding the roll call
on his motion to table thme amendment.
Mr. Burn spoke with his usual feeling
and energy. He gre w very eloquent
on the subject of women. He inti
mated that Colonel Sloan had very
little chivalry if it was to be judged
by his speech. Why should not a
woman be allowed to vote:i If woman
did not want the ballot she would not
use it. Take care you may need wo
man's vote. I will say no more. I
know that woman is superior to man.
He rung in a quotation from the Bard
f Scotiand, and then spnkeonf the
peerless markmanship of "that little
woman in Buffalo Bill's show." This
was a centre shot. He felt it a duty,
however, that he owed to his constit
uIency to vote against it. (Prolonged
lauzliter) Prejudice was a dangerous
Miller-How can you make such a
speech like that and then say you
can't vote for it? tLaughter and con
Mr. Burn said he always tried to
represent by his vote the vill of his
people: that was all.
Mr. Clayton wanted to have the
further consideration postponed until
tomorrow morning. This caused a
volley of 'oh' no's" from all parts of
the house. Mr. Rogers renewed his
motion to table, but withdrew to al
low Dr. Timmerman to speak for a
began to speak amid a roar of laughter,
but it gaickly subsided, for he stood on
strong ground. He said he advocated
the cause of woman's suffrage because
it would contribute to the moral status
of the men and would improve the
moral tone of the suffrage article. He
was somewhat surprised at the distin
guished gentleman from Aiken sa ing
that the men wished to hide behind
NO VOTING WOMEN THERE.
Mr. Rogers said he went home the
other day and he made a special can
vass, finding not a single woman who
Mr. McWhite got the floor as the
vote was about to be taken and lie pro
ceeded to state that the women of
Florence did not want the ballot.
When they want it I am willing to
.ive the ballot to them. He did not
know until tonight that his colleagues
were in favor of this scheme. He at
tacked the argument on the other side.
Mr Burn started to ask him a ques
Mr. McWhite-Why. I understand
you are going to vote with me; its no
use to answer any question from you.
That little organization of women
over in Florence has about a dozen
women in it, and the president of it
is a New Englander! He had never
seen anything in Mr. Clayton's paper
in favor of woman's suffrage.
Mr. Clayton-There have been sev
eral editorials therein.
Mr. McWhite-I have never seen
I anything else in it except some little
local or show notice, outside of some
poor people's land advertised to be
After some little debate, the further
consideration of Mr. Clayton's amend
ment was postponed till tomorrow
whereupon the Convention adjourned.
A FINAL APPEAL.
Just before Mr. McWhute began to
speak the following petition from the
womien of Fairfax was read to the
To the Hon. John Gary Evans, presi
dent, and the members of the Con
We. the undersigned women of
Barnwell county, earnestly urge upon
you to give the ballot with a property
or educational qualification.
We base our appeal on justice, we
being subject to the burdens and pen
altiks of government, and because as
taxpayers we have a right to repre
sentation by vote.
(Signed.) Mrs. Virginia D Young
Mrs. LIarion Moro-an Buckner. Mrs.
Dora Wilson, S s. Rivan Lipsey,
Mrs. Pauline Brunson, Miss May
Brunson, Mrs. Matilda Knioht, Mrs.
Eliza Allen, Mrs. Iola K. eenger,
Miss Edna Kear'se, Mrs. Lizzie M.
Preacher, Mrs. Mamie P. Wilson,
Mrs. Ida G. Jarral, Mrs. Elliott G.
Kessler, Mrs. Anne A. Bassett, Mrs.
Lucia B. Knight, Miss Ida M. Hair,
Miss Minnie B. 'Hair, Mrs. Geneva
Barber, Miss Lily Kearse, Mrs. Mar
tha A. Craddock,'Mrs. Hettie M. Fen
nel, Miss Maggie Fennel, Mrs. Sallie
More Ogilvie, Miss Minnie Fennel,
Miss Rhoda Fennel. Miss Laura Fen
nel, Mrs. Nettie B. Fennel, Mrs. Min
nie Ogilvie Lanier, Mrs. Mary Z.-King,
Mrs. Lewis P. Sindersine, Miss Ada
L. Sindersine, Mrs. May E. Connolly,
Mrs. Elizabeth Connolly, Mrs. S. J.
Gravson, Miss Ada Brunson, Miss
Maude Sindersine, Mrs. Rebecca S.
Williams, Miss Donnace Fennel.
THE AMENDMENT DEFEATED
COLUMBIA, Oct. 28.-Special: The
Convention, with great promptness,
resumed, this morning, the considera
tion of the article on the right of so
f rage-the pending question being
on the motion to give women,
under certain limitations, the right to
The debate was opened by Mr. Tal
bert, who made a strong speech
against the propoition.
Next came M r. J. A. Sligh of New
berry. He was sorry to see a disposi
tion to choke off debate. He was
heartily opposed to the scheme, as
now presented, but if it should be de
feated he would offer an amendment
allowing every woman to vote who
should own $300 worth of taxable
Mr. McCalla called for the previous
question, which was then ordered by a
vote that was very nearly even.
Mr. Berry of Marion then took the
loor for five minutes, in order to pre
sent the views of the ladies of Marion,
who has presented the petition the
convention has before it. He wanted
to speak in reply to Mr. Henderson's
statements He would vote for the wo
men at a sacrifice of his feelings. The
plan suggested by the committee could
not do more than be temporary in its
operations. He would not like to
see fraud fastened on the people.
Mr. Clayton then said he desired to
have Mr. LGeorge D. Tillman close for
his side. lie asked the other side to
He gave Miller five minutes, and the
colored member pleaded for universal
suffrage for both sexes and said he was
willing to accept it even with, a prop
erty qualification upon it. He hoped
that they would take this thing as it
was and settle it squarely and fairly .
There was forther debate. Mr. Geo D.
Tillman now made a lengthy and ear
nest speech in favor of female suffrage.
Mr. Bryan closed the debate, arguing
against the amendment.
Mr. Clayton moved to reconsider
the vote whereby the previous question
had been called. This was voted down.
HOW IT WAS KILLED.
Mr. Rogers then withdrew his mo
tion to table, and a straight vote was
taken on the amendment offered by
Mr. Clayton. The amendment was
lost by the following vote:
Yeas-Clayton. Cooper, Cunning
ham. Dudley, Ellerbe, Evans, W. D.;
Hemphill, Jones, Wilie; Keitt, McMa
han, Meares, Miller, Montgomery, J.
D.; Montgomery, W. J.: Moore.
Nicholson, Parler, Rosborough, Shu
ler, Smith, W. C.: Stackhouse, Tay
lor, Tillman, G. D.; Timmerman,
Nays-John Gary Evans, Aldrich,
Alexander, Anderson, Ashe. Atkinson,
Austin, Barker, Barton, Bates. Behre,
Bellinger, Bobo, Bowen, Bowmar
Bradham, Breazeale, Brice. J. S.:
Brice, T. W.: Bryan, Buist. Burn.
Cantey, Carver, Connor, DeHay.
Dennis, Dent, Derham. Douglass,
Doyle, Efird. Farrow, Field, Fitch,
Floyd, Fraser, Gamble, Garris, Gary.
Gilland, Glenn, J. L.: Glenn, P.:
Goodino, Graham. Gray. Gunter,
Hamelarris, Harrison, Hay, Hayns
worth, Henderson, D. S.: Henry,
Houser, Hutson, Irby, Jervey, John
son. T. E.; Johnstone, George; Jones,
I. H.: Kennedy. E. J.: Kennedy, J.
W.: Klugh, Lee. Lowman, Lybrand,
McCalla, McCaslan. McCown, McDer
motte. McGowan. McKagen. McMak
in, McWhite, Matthews, Mitchell,
Morrison, Mower. Murray, Nash. Otts,
Parrott, Patterson. Patton. Peake,
Perritte, Prince, Raasdale, Read, J.
H.; Redfearn. Reed, R.: Rogers. Row
land, Russell, She pard. Singletary,
Sligh, Sloan, Small, Smith, A. J.:
Smith, Jeremiah: Smith, R. F.:
Smoak, Stokes Stribling. Sullivan,
Talbert. Tillmau, B. R.: v-onKolnitz:
Waters. Watson, Wells. Wharton.
White, A. H.: White. S. E. Wiggins,
Wilson, Stanyarne: Wilson, W. B.:
The convention then took a recess
till 7:30 p. m.
THE NIGHT SESSION.
When the convention was called to
order at 7:30 p. m., section 3 was
adopted as follows:
Sec. 3. Every male citizen of this
State and of the United States, 21 years
of age and upwards, not laboring un
der the disabilities named in this Con
stitution, and possessing the qualifica
tions required by it, shall be a legal
Mr. Sligb moved to reconsider the
vote whereby the section had been
adopted in order to allow him to intro
duce an amendment. A division vote
was taken on this motion and the mo
tion prevailed. 65 voting with Mr.
MR. sLIGH'S PLAN.
Mr. Sligh then offered the following
"The general assembly may at any
time after the first day of January,
19S, by legislative enactment provide
that every femalecitizen of the United
States 21 years of age and upwards not
laboring under the disabilities named
in this Constitution and in addition to
the qualifications required by it own
ing property in this State assessed at
$300 or more shall be a legal elector."
Mr. Sligh spoke to the amendment,
tating in substance what he had stat
ed in the morning why this matter
was necessary. It could not do any
harm and it might do a good deal of
good. The wisdom of the body did
not rest in one committee. He hoped
as it could do no harm that this mat
ter would be allow to go through.
Mr. Henderson said the difference
between the proposition already de
feated and this one was merely an ef
fort to shift the burden from the con
vention to the general assembly. He
thought this was the worse proposition
of the two. If the women were to be
given the ballot they should give it to
them in the organic law.
Mr. Wharton stated that this thing
would bring about a perpetual row
not only in elections for members of
the general assembly, but before the
Mr. E. J. Kennedy moved to table
and the roll was called, resulting in
the proposition being killed by the fol
Yeas-Aldrich, Alexander. Ander
son, Austin, Barker, Barton, Bates,
Behre, Bellinoer, Bobo, Bowen, Brad
ham, Breazea~'e, Brice, J. S.; Brice, T.
W.: Bryan, Cantey, Carver, Connor,
DeHay. Dennis. Douglass, Doyle,
Efird, Farrow, Field, Fitch. Floyd,
Fraser, Gage, Gamble. Gary. Glenn,
J. L. ;G-oodmg, Gray. Gunter, Hamel,
Harris, Harrison, Hay, Henderson,
D. S.: Henry, Houser, Hutson, Irby,
erey, Johnstone, T. E. ; Johnstone,
George; Jones. Wilie: Kennedy, E. J.;
Kenedy, J. W.; Klugh, Lee. Low
man, Mc~alla, McDermotte, McGow
an, Mc aen, McMakin, McWhite,
Matthews, Mitchell, Morrison, Mower,
Murray, Nash, Parrott, Peake,
Perrittee, Prince. Ragsdale, Redfearn,
Reed, J. R.; Rogers. Rowland, Rus
sell, Sheppard. Singletary, Smalls,
Smith, A. J.: Smith. Jeremiah;
Smith, R. F.: Smith. W. C.: Stokes,
Stribling, Sullivan, Talbert, Tillmnan,
B. R.; vonKolnitz, Waters Watson,
Wharton, White. A. H.: Wiggins,
Wilson, Stanyarne: Winkler, X ood
Nays-Governor John Gary Evans,
Ashe, Atkinson, Bowman, Burn.
Clayton, Cooper. Cunningham.
Derhamn, Dudley, Ellerbe, Ev
ans, W. D.: Garris, Graham. Hayns
worth, Hemphill, Jones, I. B.: Keitt,
McCaslan. McCown, McMahan,
Meares, Miller. Mongomery, J. D.:
Mongomery, WV. J.;: Moore, Nicholson,
Otts, Parler, Patton. Rosborough,
Shuler, Sligh, Smoak, Stackhiouse,
Talor, Tillman, G. D.; Timmerman,
Wells. Whipper, White, Wigg, Wil
son, W. B.-42.
Smalls stated, when the roll was
called, that he was infavor of woman's
suffrage, but he was opposed to the
proprty qualification. aeavra
Mr. Johnstone then mae n era
change at the end of the section chang
ing the last words, "a legal elector'
and making them read "an elec tor."
Section 3 was then adopted as a
whole as presented. save for this
A Graceful Deed.
CoLMBLu, Oct. 31.-While Wigg,
who is a rather corpulent Mustee the
olor of coffee with cream and appar
ently with a trace of Indian blood,
was speaking., Mr. Evans.of Marlboro,
a rampant reformer, noticed that the
tumbler on the desk in front of the
speaker had been em ptied. He step
ped gently from his place and handed
the tumbler to Mr. Cooper, of Colle
ton, another i-ed hot white supremacy
and Ben Tillmnan man, who took it to
the table, filled it from the pitcher of*
water there and returned it quietly so
that Wigg might not be interrupted
by thrist or be compelled to stop to
call a page. It was a very small inci
dent, but I thought it was very grace
ful and an illustration of a spirit of
magnanimity and good will which I
like to see, especially from the strong
side tothe weak.-A. B. W.,in Green
An Unknown Woman Killed.
Atlanta, Ga.. Oct. 28.-An unknown
woman was killed by an Exposition
train today at Ella street crossing. She
started to cross just as an incoming
train passed, and was struck by an out
going train..She was a stranger in the
THE RIGHT OF RIGHTS,
THE CONVENTION CONSIDERS THE
Animated and Interesting Debate on this
Mlost Importait Sub.ect--What Was
Said and Done.
COLUMBIA, Oct. 28.-Special: The
Convention was not slow in reaching
the most interetsing of the matters
which are to be settled by that body,
and which are to form parts of the or
ganic law of the State.
The article was the special order for
7:30 this evening. The galleries, to
gether with the spectators' space on
the floor, were well filled. The first
speaker was R. B. Anderson. the col
ored delegate' from Georgetown. He
delivered a well prepared speech, in
which lie pleaded for justice to the
negro as a citizen and as a factor in
the development of the country.
Mr. Burn made a strong and impas
sionate speech in favor of the plans
embodied in the report of the commit
tee on suffrage.
Next came I. R. Reed, one of the
colored delegates from Beaufort. who
made a speech of considerable length,
taking the same positions as his col
Whipper's substitute was then voted
down, only the six negro members
The following sections of the article
were then adopted:
Section 1. All elections by the
people shall be by ballot, and elec
tions shall never be held nor the bal
lots be counted in secret.
Section 2. Every qualified elector
shall be eligible to any otice to be vot
ed for, unless disqualified by age, as
prescribed in this Constitution. But
no person shall hold two of honor or
pr oit at the same time, except oflicers
of the militia and notaries public.
THE PATTON PLAN.
COLUMBIA, October 29.-Special: As
soon as the Convention had disposed
of the matter of female suffrage, as re
lated elsewhere in this correspondence,
it proceeded to take up section 4,
which embodies the regulation of the
right of suffrage, on the so-called
-Mississippi plan," with certain modi
Mr. Patton of Richland offered the
1. Every male citizen of the State of
South Carolina of the age of 21 years,
not laboring under disabilities named
in this Constitution, who shall have
resided in the State two years, and in
the county in which he offers to vote
one year next preceding any election,
and who shall have paid all poll or
other tax due by him to the State for
the fiscal year preceding that in which
he shall offer to vote: and who, in ad
dition thereto (a) shall be able to read
the Constitution in English print
or sign his name: or (b) shall
shall have been engaged in the active
military or naval service of the late
Confederate States of America, or of
the United States of America during
the late war between the States; or (c)
shall be the lawful. lineal descendant
of a jerson who was engaged in such
service, and shall be alive at the time
of the adoption of this Constitution,
shall be a qualitied elector of this
State, and, when duly registered, shall
be entitled to vote for all officers that
are now or may hereafter be elected
by the people, and upon all questions
submitted to the electors at any elec
2. The general assembly shall enact
just and equal laws for the accurate
registry of the qualified electors of this
State, and they shall also establish
convenient, fair and impartial tribun
als to pass upon and determine the
qualifications of persons offering them
selves for registra-tior. as qualified elec
:3. A popular government cannot ex
ist without a pure ballot; the general
assembly, therefore, shall enact string
ent laws for the regulation of the rex
istry and elections of this State, wit'i
severe penalties for the violation of
the same. Any person who shall wil
fully violate such laws shall, upon
conviction to such penalties as the
general assembly may impose, be for
ever disLgualified from voting and de
barred from holding public office in
this State: and the disabilities imposed
by this section shall not be removed
by the pardon of the governor or by
act of the general assembly.
Mr. Patton first made a scathing re
ply to the speeches of the negro dele
ates. and then proceeded to consider
the scheme reported by the suffrage
committee. He took the position that
if it were fairly enforced it would dis
franchise between ten and twelve
thousand white men. If it should be
dishonestly employed, then we should
have the same troubles which the
Convention was expected to cure.
Coming down to the discussion of his
particular plan, Mr. Patton said:
The people of South Carolina have
the right to give the ballot to any class
that we see tit, and we as their repre
sentatives are the people of South
Carolina. We are limited by nothing
save the iifteenth amendment. I have
atirmed that military service is a pro
per ground for the bestowal of the
suffrage. It is no novel idea. The
statutes of the United States have
something akin to it. They require a
residence of only one year. instead of
two, for naturalization if a per-son has
served in the army. Again, sir. the
State of Connecticut, from 1t81S to
1845, when the Constitution was
amended, had this provision that lie
should reside so long in the Stue and
that he should have property of the
annual value of 17 sterling. or- 'e al
ternative that he should have~ done
duty in the militia for one year-. Now
consult your Constitutions and look
under the head of the Connecticut
Constitution and you will find that
very thing that so many of the dele
gates are shy about, it went in Con
necticut and no one there thought
there was anything new or startling
about it. The great State of Massachu
setts. which was certainly equipped
with as line a bar as any State in the
Union has adopted into her Constitu
tion a provision exactly similar to that.
There is difference in the proposition
that I propose. I also grant suffrage
for service in the Confederate army.
No one in the legislature ever hesitat
ed to vote for pensions because the
words " soldiers of the Confederacy'
were used. They tax the colored peo
ple to help pay 'pensions for the sol
diers of the Confederacy. No. sir, we
pay $3.U000,000 a year to the pensions
of ~the northern soldiers. If we could
pay tip our own soldiers as much as
we have to pay the Federal soldiers
they wouldi be able to qualify under
the property qualification, ie could
save up the pension one year and
qualfy Not being able to give him
the money, is it not reasonable to give
him a vote? It is exactly the same
thing as giving him a -30 bond, non
interest bearing and non-taxable. We
give him a bond that enables him to
Now we also allow any one who
has fought in the Union army qualify.
but that will not affect many votes.
As a rule those vho have come here
from the north were men of property
or education, and the negroes who
fought on the Federal side have, as a
rule, more intelligence than their fel
lows. In this county there are num
bers of negroes who are called white
men because they entered the Confed
erate army with the understanding
that they would be recognized as white
men if they did so.
Now, sir, is it constitutional Well.
there is no way of demonstrating that
as you can that two and two makes
four. There is no decision upon re
cord that would indicate that it is un
constitutional. The only provision of
the Constituion that it might infringe
upon is the fifteenth amendment. The
suggestion of the gentleman in the
caucus that the hereditary feature of
it was contrary to the rights of nobili
ty clause, etc., won't do. The revised
statutes give pensions to the sons of
soldiers. I will say that Connecticut
and Massachusetts have had the same
provisions in their constitutions and
they have never been attacked.
The greatest argument of all is that
it will give a true and honest ballot.
Then, sir, the dark cloud that is hang
ing over our State will burst asunder
and we will walk out into the sunlight
and get out of the miserable slough,
where the fanatical hate of the north
ern people and the ignorance and in
competency of the southern negro
have placed us for the last 30 years.
Here is an opportunity to brush aside
these clouds and walk out and look
the world in the eye.
Mr. Patton concluded thus: "If the
plan of the committee is unconstitu
ti nal you have a . direct educational
and property qualification. If my
plan is unconstitutional we will be in
exactly the same fix. But we can go
to our people and tell them that we
have done the best we could, and if the
Federal courts will not let us, it is not
the first time in the history of South
Carolina that she has been forced to
call upon her sons to sacrifice their
private interests to the public weal."
Robert Smalls. one of the colored
delegates from Beaufort, rose to a
question of personal privilege. He
referred to Mr. Patton's statement
that he (Smalls) had, in 1S77, been
convicted, in the Richland court, of
having received a bribe whilst Sena
tor from Beaufort. Smalls indignant
ly denied his guilt-said his case was
pending in the Supreme Court of the
United States, when the governor of
South Carolina, without his solicita
tion in any way, granted him a full
Mr. Havnsworth of Greenville at
tached Mr Patton's plan and warmly
supported that of the suffrage con
mittee. He declared that the latter
contemplated no fraud, and was, un
der all existing circumstances, the
the best that could be devised.
Miller of Beaufort had something
to say about Mr. Patton's reflections
upon the Republican administration
from 186S to 1S7G.
Several amendments to section 4
were handed up, to be printed for the
information of the members. None
of them was acted on.
REDUCING CLERICAL FORCE.
Owing to the fact that there was no
work for the engrossing clerks to do,
the conventio-n passed a resolution dis
missing them, and providing for their
pay at $2 a dayv and 5 cents mileage
The convention then adjourned.
PATTON'S PLAN REJECTED.
COLU31BIA, Oct. 30.-Special: The
Convention this morning resumed the
consideration of the suffrage article
the subject ii hand being the substi
tute offered by Mr. Cowper Patton of
31R. 3!CGOWAN'S P'OINTS.
Mr. McGowan of the committee got
the loor at t ie outset and stated that
in his opinioa the attack on the report
last night was uncalled for. The com
mittee had worked hard for three
weeks and they had given- it the most
careful consideration. The Conserva
tives and Reformers had all agreed and
reported the matter unanimously. He
proposed to show that the attack was
unwarrantec. in every respect; he
wanted to show that Mr. Patton was
wrono-in his facts and his law. I deny
that tIhe comimittee contemplates that
the plan shall be fraudulently en
The object. was to en franchise illiter
ate white rien. I don't care who
knows it: And we can do it without
trouble. He denied that it was the in
tention of the committee to have the
requirement enforced dishonestly.
Mr. Patton :aad said nine-tenths of the
poor white people would be disfran
chised. I deny this: I can say that
they can u:aderstand. If they know
so little that they cannot understand,
they are bo:dering on idiocy and lun
acy. This clause should and will be
administered honestly.- My friend
based his entire argument on this
'impossibility to understand. " I
say that he has built his argument on
a "false basis. His purpose is to get
these men in who should not be dis
qualified. This State's old soldiers
had been called off to war when they
should have been learning to read and
write. The argument of my friend
must fall to the ground. It cannot
stand. Now where is my friend's fig
ures and statistics to prove what he as
M:'. Patton-Now, where are yours:
Mr. McGowan-I get my statements
from my knowledge of the poor peo
ple in my own county.
Mr. Patton-I did the same
Mr. McGown-Then they are differ
ent from the people of my county.
Then followed a long running de
bate particpated in by Messrs. Patton,
McGowan and othe-rs.
The previous questions was then or
dered by a vote of 94 to 47.
Messrs. Fh-row and Burn spoke
against the Patton substitute, and
Messrs. Sheppard and Parrott in im
Mi'. Clayton advocated the Pattor
plan in a Aive miinute speech. Unden
the committee plan he thought miany
white me-n would be disfranchised.
IHe appealed to the Confederate soldi
ers. the vote of many of whomi were
I -vE~TERAN Si'TA'Ks.
oThe next speaker was Mi'. Bradhatn
ofClaren-don, who said: -
It was a strange coincid~ence that
the speaker who took the iloor just af
ter Governor Sheppard had concluded
his one-leg story was Mr. Bradham,
Cnfederate -ran antl only ont
arm. He spoke on the comnittee a
side. iHe said in substance:
-Iam not a lawyer and do not knOw
the constitutionality of this nor of any
other measure, but I do know some- I
thing of the people of my county. I do
know something of the Confederate
soldier. If as my friend from Horry
remarked, the dead soldier could arise
from the battlefields of Virginia. I
would meet them and with that greet
ing that can only be understood by
comrades who have shed their blood
together in defense of their country. I
would say by the measure proposed
by the suffrage committee every Con
federate soldier is provided for. As
one, a part of whose body is buried in
Virg'inia. I would say that I would
lose my others arm before I would con
sent to disfranchise any one of them.
"My first objection to Mr. Patton's
plan is that all white voters who were
too young to go into the war and
whose farthers did not. and cannot
read and write would be disfranchised.
"My second is that the sons of men
who died before the war and who were
too young themselves to go into it.
will be denied the ballot.
"My third objection is that those
whose fathers were invalids and could
not go into the war will be disfran
"My fourth is that those whose
fathers were too old to go into the war
and all good people who have moved
into the State since the war and can
not read and write will be shut out.
-The better element of negroes do
not want the ignorant and vicious ne
gro to vote.
".I remember when a boy in going.
to Charleston with a load of cotton we
passed a place where a young man
while running a horse race, had been
kill. His tombstone vas by the side
of the road and on it these lines:
"'Ye living men as ye pass by,
As you are now so once was I;
As I am now, so you will be,
Prepare for death and follow me.'
"A man who was something of a
wag, came along and after looking at
it a while, wrote:
"'.To follow you I am not content,
Unless I know the road you went,
For they do fork and no one can tell,
Whether you have gone to heaven or
"And that the way with Mr. Pat
ton's plan: we do not know where it
will lead us." (Loud laughter.)
Mr. Bryan made a very strong
speech, pointing out the the constitu
tional oojections to the Patton plan.
On the suggestion of Mr. Patton the
vote on his substitute was postponed
till the night session.
HOW IT DIED.
The vote by ayes and noes stood
aves 20, noes 117. Those who voted
for the measure:
Messrs. Bates, Brice, T. W.: Burn.
Dent, Graham, Jervey, Jones, Wilie:
Klugh, McDermotte, Montgomery. W.
J.: Parrott, Patton, Perritte, Read, J.
H.: Russell, Sheppard, Smith, Jere
miah; Stackhouse, sullivan, Wigg.
THE "MISSsISPI PI -
Sevetal amendments were oftered,
on behalf of the committee on su ifrage
and ordered tobe printed. They were
mostly changes in the wording only.
Mr. Stanyarne Wilson offered the
Strike out (c and inser. subdivision
(c.) The person applying for regis
tration must be able to read and write
any section of this Constitution. or
must be possessed of sutfficient intelli
gence to understand and explain it
when read to him by the registration
The effect of this substitutewould be
to do away with all property qualifica
tions, and to extend the "Mississippi
pan" indefinitely-whereas the article
reported by the suffrage committee
contemplates that that plan shall cease
to operate after the 1st of January
Mr. Wilson made a long and earn
est speech in favor of this proposition.
He was answered by Senator Tillman.
The vote stood-yeas1iS, nays 129.
Those who supported the Wilson
amendment were-Messrs. Alexander,
Barry, Bobo, Bowen. Brice, T. W.;
Carver, Gray, Hamel, Harrison,
Henry, Johnstone. T. E. ;Otts, Peake,
Rowland, Wilson, Stanyarne;\ Wil
son, W. B.-16.
Mr. Jervey offered an amendment
which would preserve the sutirage to
all voters now holding registration
certificates, and exclude all others un
less these others should be able to read
Mr. Jervey made an earnest and
able speech in favor of his propositon
at the same time pointing out the dan;
gers and wrongs that he thought ie
dent to the plan reported by the suffrage
MR. B3ELLINGERS PLAN.
Mr. Bellinger otfered the following
amendment to Mr. Jervey's proposi
Inserting between the words "same&
and "be" the words "or upon proof
that he voted at the general elections
of 1S92 and 1894, or at the election
held on the 20th day of August.
Mr. Bellinger spoke at some length
in support of this measure- He was
not pledged to anything. He wanted
this matter of suffrage placed above
reproach, above the charge ol
The amendment was lost.
The vote was then taken on Mr.
Jereys amendment: Yeas 12. nays
12. Those who favored the amend
ment were Messrs. Anderson. Bates,
Dudley. Fitch, Jervey, Miller, Read,
J. H.: Reed, I. R.: Smalls. Smith,
1. F. : Whipper. Wigg.
Mr. Dudley olfer-ed the folloving
substitute for the whole matter:
Section 4. The qualification f'or suf
frage shall be as follows:
tai Continuous residence next pre
ceding any election in which the elec
tor offers to vote, in the State twc
years. in the county one y-ear and ir
he election district six months. an.
vamnet of all legally assessed taxes
including poll tax, by those liable te
taxation, next prior to such emetionl.
bi Registration, which shalhl providt
for the enrollment of every eme toi
once in 10 s-eurs.
e)The 'Australian ballo' system
or some modificationi thereoi shuall of
provided by the general assembly.~
di Managers of electioni salid re
qiire of every elector oilering. ti
vote at any e.etion betore allorans
~i to vote. proof ~ of pan~u or al
taxs. inclieling poll tax. w~heni' due.
:asmed again.:t him for the previou:
e ii legi.tration~ certiticates Wlier
lost-shall be renewed if the applican
is qualitied under the p~rov.isions 0
COLL-UIA. Oct. 31--Special i
has been a day of great debate in th
Costitutional Convention. Ther
.r several propositions bearinge o
the suffrage article, and they were all
most attentively heard.
The first matter handled was the
motion to postpone the committee re
port dispensing with the committee
clerks and allowing the chief clerk to
appoint two or more assistants.
The roll call was demanded and re
suited in the convention declining to
indefinite-ly postpone the report as fol
lows: Yeas 67, nays 6S.
The report of the committee was
then laid on the table. So the clerks
Miller of Beaufort caused much mer
riment by offering a resolution rais
ing the pay of the members to $3 a
dar. The motion was ruled out of
The question then recurring upon
section 4 of the suffrage article, Sena
tor Irby rose to speak. His speech
lasted considerably over two hours.
He reviewed the course of things in
this State since the Reform movement
began. and came down to the calling
of the Convention. He stated his own
con nection with the movement. Com
ing down to this matter of the sufrage
I say now, notwithstanding some
slurs cast upon me in my absence,
that I am not an ingrate that would
accept the highest otlice in South
Carolina from the poor and illiterate
white men and' then trample them
beneath-mv feet. They have been
my friends, sir. and so help me God,
I intend to be their friend, and en
deavor to protect them from what I
believe to be an iniquity. I say that
by way of preface. Fearing to trust
myself. indisposed as I have been, I
I.ave written what I conceive to be a
protest against the perpetratiou of this
outrage. I have to say, sir, that I am
not governed by whatother men may
do. Thank God I think and act for
myself. and I stand here today to tell
tle members of this convention that I
will vote with the negroes when they
propose the indefinitely postpone
this bill if we leave the conditions of
section 4 as they are. I shall vote
against the whole report if I am the
only white man on the floor who does
so. I conceive that to be my duty,
sir, and in spite of anything to the
contrary, I am willing to go before
the people of South Carolina and
their verdict I will abide by, but I
cannot be frightened or ridiculed or
driven from my position of honestyand
gratitude because the members of this
convention think otherwise.
Mr. President, I dare to say not
one-tenth of the Reformers of this
convention could have been elected
if they had had this plan and advo
cated it before the people on the
stump. This may be a guide to you.
Ask yourselves as honest men:
Could you have been elected if you
had frankly and boldly told the peo
ple this was your scheme of suffrage.
Mr. Patton 'n his argument the
other night said it wa: either to be
honestly or dishonestly administered.
He was right.That is the only way you
can look at it. If it is honestly ad
ministered, nine-tenths of the il'ter
ate men in this State will fall behind
the dead line and be disfranchised,
and there is no use for any intelligent
man to dcny it. It puts it in the pow
er of the supervising officer, appoint-...
ed by the governor of the State,-to
disfranchise any man, white or black,
who is not able interpret every
section of o- .tution. When
th ::ays "any," it only means,
sir, any that the supervisor may see
ound. If the man who
nresns imslftelongs to the same
political faction that the supervison
does, when party lines are tiohtly
drawn and partisan spirit runs high,
it will matter little whether he ex
plains it or- not he will get his certifi
The provision of being able to read
and write is intended for the protec
tion of that class who are educated.
It is constitutional beyond a doubt.
if you qualify the 15,000 or 20,000
people in this State who cannot read
and write under- your understanding
clause, honestly, or dishonestly, your
supervisor nmay be enjoined. This
question may be carried before the
supreme court of the United States,
and will be, and the supreme court
may strike it out as unconstitutional.
Then where, sir, is the promise that
not a single white man should be dis
qualified iIt will be too late then,
because this con vention will have ad
jour-ned. I dont tnink the. people of
this State, will ever have another one
in the next 100 years.
I demand for these illiterate people
the same protection to exercise the
right of the elective franchise, as far
as this Constitution is concerned, as
is given to the educated. It is not
right and you ought not to discrimi
nate in this way against them. If you
are going to protect them and give
them this right, let it be a Constitu
tional right, or none at all.
For causes that I need not mention
the factions are closer together than
many of you imagine. Some say
that this plan will qualify 25,000 or
50,000 negroes. I frankly tell you
that if it does not <enfranchise 20,000
or 1l.000 the chances are oood that
these i0.00 may hold the %alance of
power in a very short time.
Now. Mr. President. I warn both
factious in this convention; if you
strike down, humiliate or degrade
these humble but genuine heroes youL
will not only do an ungrateful act,
but something you will regret as long
as you live.
Mr. Dudley then rose to speak to
his amendment offered just before ad
journment yesterday. After a short
debate it was killed by a vote of 100 to
25. Those who voted for it were Mes
srs.- Bates. Berry. Brice.T. W.; Doyle,
Dudley. Floyd,'Gage. Glenn, J. .;.
Jerrey, Mellermotte, McMahanMont
gomery. J. D.: Montuzomerv, . J.
Nathaus, Otts, lead.~ J. 11.: Rogers,
Rosborough, Scarborough, Smaith,
Jeremiuah: Smihn. RI. F.:::hnitn.W.C.;
TairW. :N. E:Y Wine.-5
IML. W. J. M~ntgomery submitted
'the fohlowiniz am:endment:
Ad~i a a (tionf. to be known as sub
section "g as follows: In :ddition to
Ie ' e pr~~ uovided fo.r in suibsection "c"
ea elcr who has complied with
the regltons prescribed in the other
subsctions of this section, except that
reqmri~ng aim to be able to read and
wri t- anc section of this Constitution,
who .haspatid at the tax gathering next
preceding any State, coutnty or Feder
al election taxcs on real and personal
niropertv. either of the assessed value
of 8u0or nmore. shall be entitled to
one additional vote. The enforcement
of this section' to be optional with the
genera. assembl aftr January 1.
nlin' I :; stri'ot all the words
after- the e.cras- "vig age" in said
line down to -and ielding tha word