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A REUNION IN COLlIM- A.
DELEGATES AND PEOPLE MEET
AROUND THE FESTIVE BOARD.
Gratadl Ianquet Given 1y me Ctens 0
Coltub!a to the lyele;4tes of tile Conzstl
tutoinal Couvention--It is Largely At
COLUiBL,. November 11.-The citi
zens of Columbia gave the members
of the convention a right royal time
tonight. Without any ado or flourish
of trumpets the substantial business
men of Columbia indicated their fel
lowship and kinship to the members
of the Convention. The entire mem
bership of the ConveLtion, was invited
to spend at least one evening with Co
lumbians as brother Carolinians. The
union was a further and convincin<
evidence of the feeling and good will
and common interest that has prevail
ed in and has actuated the work of the
Convention. There was such an in
termingling of opposing political fac
tions, such good feeling and general
good will that it would be altogether
uncalled for to attach any poitical
significance to the reception except
that it emphasizes the era of good will
that seems to have begun.
The invitation to the memoers an
nounced "a banquet to the members
of the constitutional conventiongiven
by the citizens of Columbia." It was
a little after 10 o'clock when the jovi
al and light-hearted members and
their Columbia entertainers, who had
been chatting in the Grand Central
parlors, were ushered into the dinihg
room. Dr. A. N. Talley, chairman of
the committee, went in with Governor
Evans, Col. Wallace with Congress
man Talbert, B. L. Abnev and Con
gressman Wilson. F. H. Weston and
Dr. E. S. Joynes, R. W. Shand and
Speaker Jones, J. P. Thomas, Jr.,and
J. M. Sullivan. Mayor Sloan with At
torney General Barber, and then came
the members of the convention arm in
arm with citizens of Columbia.
The delegates are so well known
that, as they say in convention, a rep
etition of their names would be a
"surplusage." Among the other rep
resentatives of Columbia's citizens
were: Chairman, Dr. T. T. Talley;
Secretary, F. H. Weston; Master, J.
S. Verner; Mayor, McB Sloan; Dr. E.
S. Joynes, F. H. Hyatt, Col. J. (.
Marshall, C. B. Simmons, Thomas S.
Bryan, A. C. Squire, F. H. Weston,
Col John T. Sloan, Col. Wm. Wal
lace, W. J. Murray,E. W. Robertson,
State Treasurer W. T. C. Bates, R. B.
Bryan, Commissioner Mixson, Col.
Wilie Jones, J. M. Roach, W. S.
Pope, B. L. Abney. W. C. Whitner,
W. Anderson, Geo. R. Koester, W. J.
Keenan,R. W. Shand, John P. Thom
as, Jr., J.-L. Mimnaugh, H. C. Pat
ton, E. W. Wilson, J. Caldwell, Rob
ertson, A. R. Stewart, W. R. Muller,
W. B. Lowrance, Dr. W. C. Fisher,
J. f.-Withers, W. B. S. Whaley, L.
B. Folk, J. R. Hopkins, R S. Des
portes, P. B. McCoy, W. A. Clark, R.
A. McCreery, W, G. Childs, T. T.
Moore, Superintendent W. A. Neal,
M. L. Kinard, H. P. Clarke, B. W.
Taylor, J. K. Alston, A. W. Ray, C.
K. Oliver, T. A. McCreery, Fitz H.
McMaster, . J. Watson, Paul M.
Brice, Levi David, August Kohn, W.
R. Davie, Jr., Secretary of State
Tompkins, Secretary U. 1I. Gunter,
Delegate -John McMahan, C. WV.
White, of Richmond, J. A. Peterkin,
of Fort Motte, J. H. Pearsoni, of
Washington, Adjt. Gen. Watts and
Assistant Adjt. Gen. Bruce.
When the party reached the dinino
room they found that Mr. Gillard hal
done his part elegantly; that he had a
bountiful suppy of tempting dishes,
beginning wit oysters and runnino
down by the turkeys and ducks~a
*~gs then through the cold meats and
. ' 'cie in vegetables, fruits and
'ofrtons. Then, too, there were
pune und wines and, indeed, plen
ty to 'd more than plenty to
stisfy the mo m~ . gr. There
were seven long tables, au '~fully
arranged, with a profusion of fioWb
and decorations. The orators of the
evening' and their introducers were
ranged around Dr. Tallev, chairman
of the committee, and t'he patriotic
secretary, Mr. Francis H. Weston.
After prayer Dr-. Talley called upon
Mr. W. A. Clark~ to welcome the
Mr. ,Clark said the occasion was
other than that of the ordinary, ban
uet. The delegate to a Constitu~tion
aConvention bears to his people the
most intimate relations. We there
fore feel that we are here with a most
representative body of our people, and
wre desire to welcome the people
throiwgh you. in our CapitaL It de
pends much on the form of govern
ment as to what your Capital is and
how it is regarded by the people. He
reviewed history to show .how Rome
and Paris became the pride of their
nations. We desire that in all future
ages Columbia shall be what Rome
was to her people, and we want you
to feel that you are welcome by our
Senator Tillma~n expected to attend
the banquet,but sent word thathe was
quite unwell and could not attend.
After the good-humored party had
enjoyed the delightful repast prepared
by the Grand Central Hotel Dr. Tal
ley announced another attractive bill
of fare in eloquence. Dr. Timmer
man, in the absence of Senator Till
man, was called upon to respond to
the toast, "Our Guests."
He said the delegates were delighted
at such an opportunity for relaxation
from their work. They all enjoyed the
hospitality they had received in Co
lumbia. He thouoht in the near fu
ture there would 'ea political love
feast as this had been. (Applause.)
He hoped for the moral, political and
- financial prosperity of the State.
Col Sloan proposed the toast, "The
State of South Carolina." He said his
great wish was an Irarmonious and
united people. He could not help say
ing something for the great little State
of State of Carolina, and he did in his
eloquent manner. Carolinians may
differ, but all love the State as one
people. We have here. the most
prominent men of Columbia, and this
proclaims we want peace and happi
ness among our people. He said Gov
ernor Evans was one of the youngest,
as he is one of the oldest, of them in
bringing about peace, and he asked
Governor Evans to respond for the
Mr. Murray, of Berkeley, said:
"South Carolina may be one of the
smallest States, but she is the greatest
for all that." (Great applause.)
Governor Evans said he would rath
er see South Carolina free than drunk,
to paraphrase a sage expression. He
felt like saying amen after Col.Sloan's
speh, in the presence of South Caro
ina's most august and powerful body,
a body capable of doing almost any
thing except adjourning, he felt al
most afraid to speak for South Caro
lina. Continuing he said.- "This State
is not all here. You represent her
sovereignty, but there is a constituen
8v who know that brains is more to
be desired than prehistoric matters.
No class made South Carolina great.
no section, no faction can clafrn cred
it for her greatness. Every citizen
helped to make her great. There is
one thing about which all will unite,
and that is our past greatness. Bat
why live in the past. Would that be
.uficent for our future glory. We
should look to the fu tire. The eyes of
tile world are on you.
iHe was satisfied that no one could
point to the work of the convention
with scorn. for all have worked for
one end. As Governor it gave him
great satisfaction and pleasure to see
Columbia again throw her doors open
to South Carolina. (Great applause)
He hoped from the bottom of his heart
that no iron lock or bar would ever
again through political prejudice bar
the .door against any of the people of
He believed this was the beginning
of a new era in South Carolina. There
has always been an individuality
among South Carolinians, and where
ever you find then you lind that love
of liberty that is inherited by the peo
ple of the State. What gave this State
its character was its insiglit into State
craft and its vast intelligence. You
are to say whether that, shall be per
petuatef. He was satidfied the con
ventio:1 would not take a step bac
ward. He was satistfied that in the
efforts to do what cou!d be done for
the State no ligh!s would be put out.
He always believed when the good of
the State was at stake all would join
hands He thanked the people of the
State for this evidence of future unity
amon the white intelligence of South
Carolina. The evidence of future pro
gress and peace, and let us go forever
on hand and hand together working
for one end, the common good of the
State of South Carolina.
Governor Evans was given a round
Mr. Gillard: "Let us take the echo
on the wing and drink to the Confed
erate soldier." (Applause.)
Col. Win. Wallace introduced Con
gressman Stanyarne Wilson. Con
gressman Wilson responded to the
toast to the United z tates, proposed
by Col. Wi. Wallace. He said that
no place could be better fitted for re
sponding to such a toast than. Colum
bia, the cradle of secession, from
which all portions of our land could
be reached, from the bleak regions of
the North to those of the South,where
the alligator alone held sway. He
could say that if one State could claim
more than another in keeping alive
the fires of patriotism that State was
South Carolina. And that when we
had thought to go by ourselves our
company had been found so pleasant
we had been held in the Union by
main force, and there we were now
and there to stay. (Cheers.) This is
a great country, the one that had
shown the greatest ability to assimilate
all people-Teutons,Slaves,Goths and,
last of all, the son of Africa,under the
14th and 15th amendments, and as a
country the greatest of all in civiliza;
tion, with a strong government, and
one to stay and one prepared to say
thus, as an elder brother, we would
see to it that no foreign hands should
lay ruthless hands on any part of the
New World. (Cheers and "Hurrah
for Cuba:") And it could be depended
upon. that when the United States
should be called upon to say that these
principles should stand, by force of
arms if need be,South Carolina would
show that the same spirit existed now
as in the Revolution, that the fires of
liberty still burned. All that Colum
bia needs is for her to be placed in
connection with the sea and be placed
on the same footing as other cities
similarly situated-a few feet of water.
hat wbhile other cities were askino
for many feet all Columbia wantea
was four feet. It was time for her to
ise to a question of privilege, to have
er rocks blown up, and when this
as done we would all come to the
onclusion that Uncle Sam was a very
god old gentleman.
Dr. Joynes, of the South Carolina
ollege. said that he deemed it an
onor to be able to offer the toast "To
ur educational institutions." When
hs auditors were charged with the re
ponsible duties of providing for the
overnment of the people they should
ee to it that the foundation of all gov
rnment, education, should be well
ared for. He had recently visited a
ountry whose greatness had been
uilt up by education. So France was
'ffs.img. The greatness of Virgin
as was dueto the same cause. He call
d on Mr. Rogers, of Marlboro, to re
pond to the toast.
Mr. Rogers said he yielded to no
an in his admiration of educational
nstitutions of State. First of all come
he great University of the State and
ollege for Women. Of the Univer
sity he could say Carolina owed to her
he oreatest statesmen and jurists of
he State, and it wonld ill become the
State now to forget her, and he dared
ay that no member of the convention
woul'd dare lay the vandal hand on
er. While this was all true, the con
ention should be liberal in their sup
ort o'f the primary schools of the
tate. As a son of a danomninational
chool he would bid God speed to
very institution of the State located
Col. Win. Wallace proposed "The
nited States." Response by the Hon.
Dr. Joynes offered: "Our Educa
tional Institutions. Responded by Mr.
ogers of Marlbroro.
Mr. W. B. Smith Whaley, who is
iost active in the industrial progress
f Columbia, introduced Congressman
W. J. Talbert to respond to the toast
.o Talbert made a most admirable
Speaker Ira B. Jones responded to
Our County and municipal govern
ent;" General Hemphill to the
Press," and Attorney General Bar
ber to "Women."
The gathering' then dispersed, in the
ery best of good humor.
Elopes With Three.
FOLKESTON, GA., November 12.
he arrest of Adolphus Snowden near
here yesterday is the sequel to a re
arkable elopement Ten days
ago - Snowden eloped from
nverness. Fla., with Mrs. Mary
Burelson, Mrs. Salley Snowden and
rs. Alice Snowden, the two latter
being the lothario's sisters-in-law.
Snowden is 19 years old and insignifi
cant looking, while the women are
aged about 30 and handsome. Each
of the women, besides a husband, left
several children and a comfortable
ome. Sunday the elopers were lo
cated near this place, where Snowden
was living in Mormon style with the
women. One of the women lie rep
resented as wife, another as sister an~d
the third as aunt. Yesterday the de
serted husband's came here and caus
ed young Snowden's arrest. While
the women were in the boy's presence
they were completely dominated by
him, but when the oflicers removed
him'they broke down, and, weeping,
begged their husbands to take them
back. They claimed Snowden exer
cised some strange influence over
they that they were powerless to re
sist, and said he compelled themi
against their wills to tlee with him.
Snowden's doctor says the boy is an
unconscious hypnotist, and by this
power led the women astray. The
husbands have not decided what to
do with their erring wives-Atlanta
Fifteen Were Drowned.
LoNIoJ, Nov. 35. -The British
steamer Leo, from Odessa for Copen
hagen, has foundered off the coast of
Denmark. Fifteen out of twenty-two
01R PORATI ONS.
ONTINUED FROM IM;E ONE.
baiting corporation which is a bank
of issue shall he individually respon
sible and liable to its creditors over
and above the amount equal to his or
her respective shares so held to secure
the payment of its bills.
Mr. Gage, continuing, said lie simp
ly wanted to makethose who took
the people's money pay it back;
it was a simple matter. Mr. Stanyarne
Wilson's amendment wanted to put
the matter in the hands of the legisla
Mr. Wilson's substitute was then
put and voted kown.
.Mr. Oreorge Johnston'es substitute
was put and on motion of Mr. Floyd
it was tabled.
Mr. Gage's substitute was about to
be adopted, the vote being half
through when Dr. Timmerman got
the floor and spoke azainst Mr. Gage's
measure, urging the points he had
made at the morning session.
Dr. Smith wanted to know if most
of the banks didu't pay interest on the
Mr. Gage's amendment was then
adopted by a vote of 67 to 36.
The whole section was then adopted
Section 18. The stockholders of all
corporations in case of insolvency shall
be individually liable to the creditors
thereof only to the extent of the
amount remain ing due to the corpora
tion: Provided, That stockholders in
banks or banking institutions shall be
liable to depositors therein, in a sum
equal in amount to their stock, and
over and above the same.
NINETEEN AND TwENTY.
Sections 19 and 20 were then adopted
Section 19. The general assembly
shall enfoi ce the provisions of this ar
ticle by appropriate legislation.
Section 20. Nothing prohibited in
this article shall be permitted to be
done by any corporation or company,
person or persons. either for
its or their own benefit or
otherwise; by its or their holding or
controlling in its or their own name
or otherwise, or in the name of any
other person or persons, or corpora
tion or company whomsoever a ma
jority of the capital stock or of bonds
having voting power of any railroad
or trans portation company or corpora
tion created by or existing under the
laws of this State, or doing business
within this State.
SECTION THREE AGAIN.
The Convention then recurred to
Mr. Glenn wanted to know what
they meant by "public highway."
Mr. Razsdale rose and said the con
vention had already passed a section
providing that counties could issue
bonds for court expenses and public
highways, but it was expressly the in
tention not to allow them to issue
bonds for a railroad, and if they were
called public highways in the Consti
tation it might give rise to a serious
question whether bonds could not be
issued for them.
Dr. Stokes thought that even as the
use of the word railroad was surplus
age, the other terms used were not.
Railroads should be controlled like the
Mr. lenn moved to strike out the
first clause of the section.
Mr. Stoires moved to table Mr.
Glenn's amendment, but this the con
vention refused to do by a vote of 46
Mr. Glenn's amendment was then
adopted, striking out the sentence
reading thus: "All railroads and road
ways, canals and other waterways,
used in whole or in part by corpora
tions for the transportation of persons
or freight for hire* are public high
On motion of Mr. Stokes, the word
"sleeping car" was stricken out.
Mr. Farrow movezi to strike out the
sentence reading "it. shall be unlaw
ful for any such corporation to make
any contract relieving it of its com
mon law liability."
Mr. Farrow aroued that better rates
could be securedy such a release.
Mr. WV. B. Wilson thought that it
was a provision they should not strike
out. It was becoming general.
Mr. Lee did not think that the com
mittee had gone 'far enough and he
would like to add the words "or limit
ing the same." The supreme court
had decided that the libility of the
common carrier could be limited.
There was danger which should be
Mr. Howell agreed with Mr. Farrow
on this matter. Rates would certainly
be higher. If a man made such a con
tract or agreement, he knew what he
would get in case of loss in advance.
This proposed action was going too
far. This would put an additional ex
pense upon the great mass of the peo
~Mr. McCalla said that Mr. Lee was
eminently correct. The railroads had
forced him to release them from all
liability in shipping stock.
Mr. Cooper- -Did I understand you
to say that they refused to ship unless
y ou shipped released?
Mr. Mc alla-You did.
The amendment was then voted
The Lee amendment was then adopt
ed and then the whole section was
adopted as follows:
Section 3. All railroads, express,
canal and other corporations engaged
in transportation for hire, and all tele
graph and other corporations engaged
in the business of transmitting intelli
gence for hire, are common carriers in
their relative lines of business, and
are subject to liability and taxation as
such. It shall be unlawful for any
such corporation to make any contract
relieving it of its common law liabili
ty or limiting the same.
SECTION FOUR AGAIN.
Section 4 was taken up, and passed
Section 4. Every other than religi
ous, eduzational, or benevolent associa
tions, corporation organized or doing
business in this State shall have and
maintain at least one agent in this
State upon whom processmay be serv
ed, and at least one public oflice for
the transaction of its business: Pro
vided. That nothing contained in
this section shall be construed to por
hibit the general assembly from pro
viding for the service of process on
any agent of a railroad corporation
so as to bind such corporation: Pro
vided further, That this section shall
not apply to mercantile corporations."
AS TO STREET RAILwAYS.
Mr. J. K. P. Bryan moved to recur
to section 6 and offered the following
amendment, which was agreed to after
Add to section 6. "All street rail
way corporations having rights of way
or acquir-ing rights of way through the
same street or parts of the same streets
of any town or city in this State shall
use in common the same tracks in said
streets oi- parts of said streets, said
tracks so used in common shall be
built constructed and maintained at
the joint expense of such street rail
The whole article was then sent to a
TiHE NE w COUNTY 31ATER.
Mr. Otts called up the section as to
new counties. Several amendments
were offered. On motion of Mr. Mc
Gowan the further consideration of
t he matter was made the snpeial ornder
for iThursday at noon.
To S.WE TIE.
Mr. Sheppard, from the committee
on rules submitted the following re
solutions, which were laid over for
consideration to morrow:
I'Lesolved first, That when an article
or resolution is presented for consider
aton, the consideration thereof shall
not be interrupted save by recess or ad
journment, until the same shall be dis
Second. That the "previous ques
tion" is hereby abolished. That in
lieu thereof it shall be competent for
the convention to fix a time at which
vote upon a pending question
shall be taken. The time intervening
between the date of the order
and the time fixed to be equally divid
ed between the mover of the question
and the chairman of the committee, the
chairman of the committee, being en
titled to a reply. The motion to fix
the time to be decided without debate.
Third. The motion to fix the time
for voting to take t e place of the
"pre vious question" in the order of busi
ness as rovided by rule 15.
Fourth. That no member shall
speak more than 10 minutes without
the permission of the convention.
The convention at 10:40 adjourned.
COLUMBIA, Nov. 13. --Immediately af
ter the reading of the journal this morn
ing, the resolution, offered by Mr.
Sheppard, on behalf of the committee
on rules, intended to expedite business.
were adopted without debate and with
LOOKING TO LYNCHINGS&
THE CONVENTION FURTHER CON
SIDERS THE SUBJECT.
An Interesting Debate Over the Section to
Punish Sheriffs--What Was Said and
COLUMBIA, November 11.-Special
When the Convention met this morn
ing President Evans advised the sec
retary to note all absentees and, ac
cording to the rule of the Convention,
all members who were absent and
who had not leaves of absence would
be "docked" for their pay.
Mr. Rogers rose to a question of
personal privilege-taking occasion to
reply to an editorial paragraph in The
State referring to him.
Mr. Frank B. Gary then offered the
Be it resolved by the Constitutional
convention now assembled. That
hereafter the speeches 'of delegates
shall be limited to 10 minutes: Pro
vided. however, that the convention
may extend the time whenever it may
deem it proper to do so.
Senator Tillman said he thought the
following, which he offered as a sub
stitute, would accomplish the same
Resolved, That the committee on
rules be instructed to consider and re
port Wednesday morning, the day for
tinal adjournment of this convention,
and that it shall be authorized to ar
range a schedule of work for the con
vention, fixing limit for debate, length
of speeches and time of voting on the
various articles and matters yet to be
considered and acted on.
This was adopted without any trou
Mr. McGowan then offered the fol
lowing resolutions, which he said he
offered because most of the important
matters were being acted upon by
practically little more than a quorum.
Many of them had been here all
through the session and others should
Resolved first, That all leaves of ab
sence heretofore granted be and the
same are hereby revoked.
Second-That the sergeant-ayarms
be and is hereby instructed to notify
all absentees to report immediately to
this convention under penalties to be
imposed by this body.
Third-That no leaves of absence be
hereafter granted except in cases of
Mr. Austin made some remarks in
regard to this, and then Senator Till
man said it was scarcelv necessary as
the convention could refuse to allow
pay to absentees. He said it looked as
if the pay would be increased to $4
a day, which would be a considerable
Mr. Bellinger said that a great many
of them had been there all along; that
there were always enough present to
properly conduct the business, and he
saw no reason why such a proposition
should be made.
The resolutions were tabled by a
THE ANTI-L NCHING SECTION.
When the convention got ready for
work Mr. Bellinger offered the follow
ing as a substitute for section 6 of the
article on jurisprudence, hoping Mr.
Johnstone would withdraw his amend
ment, which was the pending ques
Sec. 6. In the case of any prisoner
in the lawful custody or under the
control of any sheriff being taken
away by any mob or any other unlaw
ful assemblage of persons and suffer
ing bodily injury or death at their
hands, the said sheriff shall be pro
ceeded against by impeachment at the
next session of the general assembly,
as provided in this Cnstitution in the
ease of executive and judicial officers.
And it shall be the duty of the solicit
or of the circuit or attorney general
to present to the general assembly ex
parte affidavits as they may be able to
obtain tending to sustain the im
peachment. The official bond of the
sheriff shall be liable in a sum of not
less than $i2,000 as a penalty payable
to the person so injured, or in case
of death resulting- from violence re
ceived as aforesaid, to the legal repre
sentatives of said per-son, the same to
be recovered by suit in any court of
competent jurisdiction; provided, that
nothing herein contained shall be con
strued as relieving the sheriff of any
criminal liability at common law or
under the statutes.
Mr. Johnstone withdrew his amend
ment for the time being.
Mr. Bellinger said that this simply
eliminated the question of a change of
venue from the section.
Mr. Rogers suggested that the sec
tion be passed over.
Mr. Rogers said that the convention
had declared that there should be
proven some connivance on the part
of the sheriff. He wanted to study it.
He mov-ed to p ass the section over.
Mr. J.- L. Glenn, who had opposed
the section as it was first presented,
then said that he was in favor of it in
this form. It simply said that the
sheriff should be impeached.
Mr. Rogers said this matter was sim
ply doing- with money what they had
tried to do Saturday in another form
-to hold the sheritf liable whether he
was guilty or not.
Mr-. Bellinger said that the sheriff
was simply to have a trial by jury of
his countrymen. If the sheriff con
nives then he can be sued for damages
just as anyone else.
Senator Tiliman thought the change
proposed would not mend matters.
Mr. Bellinger-I would like for
some of these gentlemen to get up and
offer amendments instead of offering
Mr. Gary-We discussed this miatter
Saturday until we got it to express the
will of this convention. I therefore
move to lay upon the table the substi
tte of the gentleman from Barnwelt.
Mr. Bellinger called for the ayes and
The motion to table was carried by
a vote of 89 to 22.
Senator Tilliian then offered the
following amendmeint to be added to
Provided also. In all cases of lyd'h
ing the county where sucl lynching
takes place shall be liable in exem
plary damages not lhss than $1,000
After some little debate,'sone wish
ing to fix it at $5,00(:, and some $1,000,
the latter seemed to be fixed.
Then General Grav wanted it to
read "not less than $2,000." Senator
Tillman accepted th:^s.
Mr. Patterson moved to make it
Mr. Wilson stated. that they should
add the words "to the person injured
or the legal represertatives of the par
ty killed.' This was accepted.
Mr. Otts moved to table Mr. Patter
son's amendment. This was lost by a
division vote of 44 to 53.
Senator Tillman exclaimed that they
would never stop lynching un ess they
made the people pay for it.
Mr. George Johnstone arose to "say
only a word" amid general laughter.
He said that unless they put a lhrge
amount in as the penalty they were
merely playing with the matter.
Mr. Stanyarne Wilson called the
previous question on the whole article.
It was not voted on, however.
Mr. Bellinger moved to amend by
adding after the word "shall" he
words "without regard to the conduct
of the officer."
Mr. Patterson's amendment was
then put on a straight vote and the
roll being demanded by Senator Till
man, the vote stood: yeas 65, nays 48.
Mr. Gilland asked some questions as
to the matter and then Mr. Howell
wanted to know if it applied only tc
the sheriffs. He was informed that it
applied to any officer having the pris
oner in custody.
Mr. Bellinger offered this amend
To insert the words, "In cases of
lynchings the county shall."
Mr. Wilson raised the point that the
previous question had been called.
The president stated that the previ
ous question had not been called. The
vote had not been put.
The matter was getting in such a
tangle, and it being the third reading
of the section, Senator Tillman. rose
and calling attention to this fact, said
it was too important a matter to fool
with lightly. He therefore moved
that it be allowed to go over.
Mr. Glenn said that this matte: was
more a personal matter with the chair
man of the committee, and that gen
tleman would be forced to be absent
after the morning session indefinitely.
He thought they had better finish it.
Then the section was continued. Sen
ator Tillman's amendment as amended
was left as follows:
"Provided also in all cases of lynch
ing the county where such iynchings
takes place shall without regard to
the conduct of the officer be liable in
exempLary damages not less than
$1,000 to the person so injured or to
the legal representatives of the
Mr. W. D. Evans then sent in an
amendment-the section and all
amendments being ordered printed in
Mr. Geo. Johnstone then renewed
his amendment-which provides that
the offending sheriff shall be tried in
the circuit of which his county forms
a part. __
THE FARMERS AND THE OIL MILL.
The Relative Value of Cotton seed and
Cotton seed Meal.
The Director of the Georgia Experi
mental Station contributes the follow
ing article to the Atlanta Constitution
and farmers would doi well to study
the facts and figures given:
There is no doubt of the facts that
the advent of the cotton oil mill has
been of :considerable benefi to far
mers in enchancing the market value
of cotton seed. At times there has
been disposition on the part of some of
the mills to squeeze the farmer, as
well as the seed, in the terms they of
fer. It is well, therefore, for the
farmer to understand the actual and
relative commercial value of whole
cotton seed and cotton seed meal, both
for food and for fertilizing purposes.
Accord ing to the best authorities the
following are the fertilizing contents
of one ton each of cotton seed and cot
ton seed meal, and the commercial
value of one ton cf each, based on a
valuation of 15 scents per pound of
available phospheric acid and 5 cents
per pound of potash:
In one ton of cotton seed there are
6 pounds of nitrogen, 20 pounds of
phosphoric acid, 23 pounds of potash ;
the value of one t-m is $11.40, the val
ue of 100 pounds fs 57 cents.
In one ton of cotton seed there are
142 pounds of nitrogen, 56 pounds of
phosphoric acid, 36 pounds of potash;
the value of one ton is $25.84; the
value of 100 pounds is $1. 29.
By an easy calculation we find that
one ton of cotton seed is equal in fer
tilizing value to 8S0 pounds of cotton
seed meal. This estimate takes no
account of the superior mechanical
condition of the meal, n-r its greater
concentration, which involves less la
bor in hauling, mixing, etc., and
greater promptness of action when
applied to the soil as a fertilizer. The
calculation is based solely on the con
tents of fertilizing elements in the
seed and meal respectively, as shown
by many analyses. The advantages
of this superior mechaical condition
and concentration are certainly worth
something to the farmer. In addition
to these advantsges the cotton seed
meal is in better .condition for feeding
to milch cows an d other cattle. Sup
pose we granit that these advantages
are together equi valent to 10 per cent.
of the value of the meal. Then de
duct 10 per cer t. from 880 and we
have 880 less 88-792 pounds of meal
as the approximate fertilizing equiva
lent of one ton of cotton seed. In
round numbers we will call it 800
pounds. Then we have 830 pounds of
meal, equivalent to 2,000 pounds, or
one ton, of cotto.' seed, the exchange
to be made withrout expense of haul
ing to the farmer. It seems then
quite clear that a farmer cannot afford
to exchange one ton of cotton seed for
less than 800 pounds of meal, free of
the expense of hauling. With these
simple data it should be in the power
of any farmer to decide for himself
whether a given offer would be rea
sonable or profitable for him. Valu
ing cotton seedl meal at $20 per ton,
the farmer would have a marg'in of $2
to cover hauling expenses whien the
mill man offers him 1,000 pounds of
meal for one tona of seed. How far
can lie afford to haul one ton of seed
toward the mill and 1,000 pounds of
meal to his farm. We learn that
sonme of the mills are offering just the
exchange above suggested, viz., 1.000
pounds of meal in exchange for one
ton of seed, the mill to uav railroad
freight on the seed and the farmer the
freight on the meal.
We understand that the mills at
present prefer to buy the seed for the
cash and store away the meal for fua
ture consideration (and higher prices.)
We have heard that the oil mill comi
bine has adopted $7 per ton as the
maximum price to oe paid for seed
until further orders: and we have not
heard of hig-her offers than 30o cents
pr huudred pounds, or $6 per~ toni.
nt we hna revinnslv shown that
for manuring purposes cotton sced
are worth 57 cents per hundred
pounds, or $11.40 per ton. It is mani
fest. therefore. that not M nor even
47, is a fair price for a toll of cotton
seed. Now. if the oil mill will i make
a corresponding, reduction in the price
of meal. and the fanner shall avail
himself of the sinme at once, no harm
will be done. It makes little differ
ence how small the price offered for
cotton seed if the farmer can get the
meal at a corresponding pric'. At $6
per ton for cotton seed the rarmer
should not be required to pay iore
than $15 per ton for meal- the mill
paying for hauling and delivery both
But should not the farier receive
some partof tho valut'e of the oil hat is
expressed fromi the seed and 'oldi
Certainly, we would say. unless it be
true that the expenses of the mill
plant, the operatong expenses and the
exigencies and uncertainties of the
trade--to which should be added a
fair per centage for profit in capital
invested-shall require the full value
of the oil extracted and the value of
the remainingby produacts-the bulls
and litters. We learn that one
-ton of seed yields the following pro
Oil....... 33 gallons or 250 pounds
Hulls.................... 978 pounds
The 33 gallons of oil at 17c... $5. 60
The 978 ponds of hulls at $3
The 20 pounds of linters at
-)c per pound........ 60
Total, exclusive of the meal $7.68
If the mill man gives the farmer
SO pounds of meal for one ton of cot
ton seed (only 50 pounds more than
the ton of seed contains) he still has
marketable products to the amounts
of $7.68 less the value of the fifty
pounds of meal, or about $7.:30. Out
of this margin of $7.30. net product of
each ton of seed, how much will be
required to pay mill expenses, interest,
wear and tear, profit on capit'd, etc f
We are not prepared to say, but it
seemsa good wide margin, and that
the farmer should have at least the
value of 400 pounds of 'meal, or say
$3 worth, which would leave $4.30
per ton to the mill out of which to pay
the above recited charges. This'would
be equivalent to a basis of exchange of
1,200 ponnds of meal for2.000 pounds
of seed, freights to be paid both ways
by the farmer. We may be in error,
but think not. If in error, let the
mill men point it out.
The Cotton Crop.
The firm of Latham, Alexander &
Co., of New Yorc, is recognized as one
of the most reliable authorities on 'ot
ton estimates. The firm has an army
of correspondents all over the cotton
region, and its circulars contain valu
On the 26th of October, they sent
out 3,500 letters of inquiry to "select
ed, reliable correspondents." To these
letters 2,632 replies were received, and
they should form the basis of a pretty
accurate estimate of the present cotton
crop. These replies are tabulated as
Average of 295 letters makes Alaba
ma 33 per cent . decrease or 670,000
Average of 244 letters makes Arkan
sas 33 petr cent. decrease or 570,000
Average of 52 letters makes Florida
15 per cent, decrease or 51,000 bales.
Average of 454 letters makes Geor
gia 27 per cent. decrease or 949,000
Average of 153 letters makes Louisi
ana 37 per cent. decrease or 378,000
Average of 363 letters makes Missis
sippi 23 per cent. decrease or .864,000
Average of 21.1 letters makes North
Carolina 34 per cent. decrease or 307,000
Average of 222 letters makes South
Carolina 26 per cent. decrease or 592,
Average of 162 letters makes Ten
nessee. etc., 28 per cent. .decrease or
Average of 474 letters makes Texas,
etc., 45 per cent. decrease or 1,802,000
Average 2632; estimated total crop
of United States 6,435,000.
The weight of bales this season is
10 to 12 pounds lighter than it was
Latham, Alexander & Co. have re
ceived 2,418 letters giving estimates
of the crop from every State in the
cotton region. The average of them
all is 6,680,000, which is considerably
larger than the firm's estimate, based
on its latest information. Few of the
firnm's correspondents report any dis
position on the part of the planters to
hold back thein cotton. It now seems
probable that the crop will not exceed
Something Worth Knowing.
Prof. William Jones, of Harvard,
in his text book on Psychology, says:
"Could the young but realize how
soon they will become mere walking
bundles of habits they would give
more heed to their conduct while in
the plastic state. Every smallest
stroke of virtue or of vice loaves its
scar. The drnnken Rip Van Winkle
i.n Je fferson's play excuses himself for
dvery fresh dereliction by saying: "
won't count this time."~ Well; he
may not connt it, an-I a kind Heav
en mnay not count it, but it is being
counted none the less. Down among
the nerve cells and fibers the mole
cules are counting it, registering and
storing it up, to be used against him
when the next temptation comes.
Nothing we ever do is, in strict scien
tific literalness, wiped out. Of course,
this has its good side as well as its bad
one. As we become permanent
drunkards by so many separate drinks.
so we become saints in the moral, and
authorities and experts in the practi
eal and scientific spheres by so many
separate acts and hours of work."
What Smoking Does for Boys.
A certain doctor, struck with the
arge number of boys under 15 years
of age he observed smoking, was led
to ingnire into the effect the habit had
upon the general health. He took for
his purpose 38, aged from 0 to 15, and
carefully examined thtem. In 27 he
discovered injurious traces of the
habit. In 22 there were vario'us dis
orde::s of the circulation and diges
tion, palpatation of the heftrt. and a
more or less taste for strong drink. In
12 there were frequent bleedings of the
nose, 10 had disturbed sleep. and 12
had slight ulceration of the mucous
membrane of thte mouth, which disap
peared on ceasing the use of tobacco
for some days. The doctor trented
them all for weakness, but with little
effect until the smoking was discon
tinued, when health and strength were
soon restored. Now this is no "old
wife's tale." as these facts" are given
under the authority of The Medical
Clingiug to the Rigg'ing.
Le'mos. Nov. 15.-A large bark is
ashore at Wembury Bay, Plymouth.
The crew has taken to the rigging.
There is a tremendous gale on and a
lifeboat and tug have been vainly try -
ing for hours to reach the vessel. fI
is fenard that all on bardl will nerish.
Reason Why the MI tefuse1 to ray
The following in'ident occurred at a
railway .station near Rochtdale.says the
1Iorida Tims-Union. A young nman
was standing beside some luggagte
waiting for a train, when a porter came
up to him and said:
"Sir. that luggage is over-weight."
"Who says it is?" asked the man, who
"Well. I think it is," answered the
porter. -but we will weigh it."
During the conversation a crowd had
collected round them. anti another por
ter caie up and a %k what was the
matter. The man stamimered out:
"F-irst he says it is over-weight:
then he-says he th-inks it is over
weight. and th-u he savs he will
The porters then took hold o. the
luggage and carried it to the office and
"It is over-weight, and you have got
fifty cents to pay," said porter No. 1.
"Sh-an't pay it," the man said.
"Well, if you won't pay it, we shall
fetch the station master," said the por
"Fetch wh-o you like; sh-an't pay
it," again stammered the man.
The station master was duly fetched.
and on arriving asked what the bother
was about, when the man again said:
'F-irst he says it is over-weight, and
then he th--inks it's over-weight, and
then he weighs it, and says it's over
weight, and I have fifty cents to pay.
"Well." said the station master, in a
rage, "why won't you pay it?"
"Because it is not my luggage," an
swered the man, and walked off.
LAKE OF BOILING LAVA.
One of the Natural Curiosities on the
Island of Hawaii.
Mauna Lon, the gigantic Hawaiian
volcano, has two craters or openings,
one of which. Kilauea. is the largest ac
tive volcanic crater in the world. The
mountain is fourteen thousand one
hundred feet high. and Kilauea is situ
ated on the eastern side. about four
thousand feet above the level of the
sea. This marvelous crater, says the
St. Louis Republic. is really a vast lake
of boiling lava which rises and falls
continually by the action of subterra
nean fires. In tossing to and fro like a
troubled sea of molten metal, the lava
is dashed against the cliffs and hardens
there in the form of long, glassy fila
ments, gigantic knobs, miniature
trees, and in imitation of glass. leaves,
etc. Another form of glassy filament
to be found along the shores of this
fiery lake is in the shape of queer
bunchcs and tufts of lava made up of
an aggregation of vitreous threads
which the natives call "Pele's hair,"
Pele being the goddess to whom the
mountain is dedicated. These glassy
threads appear to be caused by the
passage of steam through the molten
lava. In so doing small particles i
the shape of bubble-like balloons are
thrown into the air, leaving a tail be
hind like a comet. When the scene of
these miniature steam eruptions is near
a rock or the shore, all solid and cool
surfaces are found covered with
bunches of "Pele's hair." This "hair"
was formerly used in mystic native cer
emonies. and of late years has been
gathered in large quantities by curiosity
They Are Beating Fish Yarns Out of
Sight and the End Is Not Yet.
The fish-story Ananias is not sustain
ing his reputation this summer, andI
the watermelon Ananias is rapidly
pushing him from his well-earned and
long-held position, says the Boston Her
ald. Accounts of incredible melons
rush in restless wvaves from the south,
while the season has not brought forth
a solitary story of a wonderful catch of
fish and that ten-pound brook trout
has not as much as shown his nose up
to date. A gentleman of the name of
F. M. Caffey, of Ilaynesville, Lowndes
county, Ala., has come to the front as
the hero of the champion melon novel
ette. It is stated' .that he nulled a wa
termelon from his patch during the
session .of the Baptist association at
Iaynesville, which tipped the beam at
seventy-three pounds. It is said to
have been cut and set before twenty
eight delegates and visitors to the asso
cation, and that after their appetite
had been fully gratified the report is
that there was enough left for a half
dozen more melon munchers. As Mr.
Caffey's portrait~ does not accompany
the account of the melon in the local
newspaper, there is every reason
to believe that he is a myth and
the story an ananiasism. Of course,
this melon will be cast into the
shade by a melon of .still greater size.
and there is a itrong likelihood that
the business will not stop before a one
hundred-pound production comes to
the front. The G;eorgia gooseberry that
weighed fourteen and three-fourths
ounces knocks this Caffey melon sky
high in point of daring invention.
Something About Moonshine.
Thle astronomer royal for Scotland
states that when the moon is half full
its brilliancy is not neariy one-half as
great as when it is quite full, Hie at
tributes the brightness of the full moon
and the lack of brightness in the half
noon to the variations in the reflected
sunshine which are due to the rugged
ess of the moon's surface. The high
peaks and immense chasms on the
:noon's surface are constantly at cross
purpose in their mode of reflcting
light. The bright streaks which the
teescope proves to emanate fronm cra
ers and chasms are largely invisible
under cross light, but are brilliantly
lluminated when the sun shines full
Breaches of Etiquette In China.
It is a gross breach of etiquette for a
hinamuan to wear eyeglasses or specta
:es 0in ompany, and it is equally im
olite to enter a room with the hat off.
gentlemnan from tile celestial king
iom alwvays remains covered to shlow
The Columbia Register says of the
anquet tendered the members of the
ostitutional Convention by citizens
f Columbia Monday night: The
anquet last night, tendered the mem
ers of the Constitutional Convention
by representative Conservative and
eform ciI'ens of South Carolina
hould show the people of the State
that Columbia is not hide-bouod and
has no animosity toward any wvho
can claim to be sons of South Caroli
na. While we may ditier in the, fut
ture, last night's scenes and words
give promise that we will diifier as
riendls and not as enemies. Hereaf
ter all the white sons of South Caroli
a will settle their dillferences among|
hese-es and hand in hand press
orward to tuphold the honor of the
State and udvance her pros perity.
SE'nRETARY Morton is enthusiastic|
over the Atlanta E-xposition, wvhich as
n educational institution lie believes
ncomparably superior to the 'World's1
'aiir. President Gilman, of Johns
Iopirs University, is credited with|
the same opinion. |
MoRE than 185,000 persons comnmitt
d suicide in the dif'er-ent countries of
the world during the year ended Sep
enber 30, 1895. This is an increase
f narely 91 oe rmS 12. I .
A cream or trar taRing p3rdac
Highest of all in leavening strength.-Ls
test United States Government Food Ra.
Royal Baking Powder Company,
106 WallSt..N. Y
VALUABLE DOG COLLARS.
Gold and Precious ems Often Used in
"I can assure you that you have not
been misinformed as to gold and pre
clous gems being used to decorate dogs'
collars." said one of the best-known
dealers in such articles to a New York
_New reporter; -but the craze is far
more prevalent in France, Russia and
England than it is here.
"Not many weeks ago I supplied to
the special order of an English lady a
dog collar that cost fifty guineas. It
was a chain collar of silver and gold
links, alternately, and with a gold bell
to hang in front. French ladies are
very fond of watch dog collars, a
small gold watch being let- into the
front of the collar, and I have made
several of these. But in scores of cases
I supply beautifully-made collars with
name plates of solid gold, and often
enough with gold 'bosses' as well.
Nearly all the collars of this class are
intended for carriage dogs and drawing
room poodles, and in most cases the
dogs do not belong to men, though the
latter order and pay for the collars as
"A fashion has'lately had great vogue
in France of putting tiny bracelets
round the forelegs of poodles, and I
have scen even diamonds set into these
circlets. At the same time, in my own
stock. I have lots of dog collars ranging
in price from fifteen to one hundred
dollars. The most remarkable collar I
have ever made was to the order of a
gentleman from South Africa. It con
sisted of nuggets of gold and an uncut
diamond, which he supplied, and it was
given to a well-known lady as a pres
Great Cliffs Within the Arctic Circle
Where Millions Nest.
Within the arctic circles are the
great bird colonies. The largest and
most remarkable i that of Svaerholt
Every inch of this wonderful cliff,
which rises about one thousand feet
from the water's edge and is of consid
erably greater breadth, says the Den
ver Times, may be said to be used by
the birds. The discharge of a small
cannon in the immediate neighborhood
will darken the air with millions of
birds, but even then a field glass will
reveal the innumerable ledges white
with the undistur bed millions.
These consist almost entir'ely of the
small gull (Rissia tridactyla), and they
arc a source of considerable income to
the owner of the colony, who lives at
the little fishing station ,close by.
About the middle of May each year. by
means of a long ladder placed against
the foot of the cliff. lie proceeds to col
lect the eggs. Of..these there are at
most three to each nest; an&tirilth
ber taken averages from six thousand
to ten thousand annually, or the prod
uct of, say, three thousand pairs of
Ropes are not used for this purpose
at Svaerholt. as thef~ are in the Faroe
isles, so that the highest of the above
ligures represent oniy a very small per
centage of the yearly production of the
colony, as by far the greater portion of
the cliff face, where the nests are
packed as closely as they can be, re
mains absolutely untouched.
A PULLMAN PORTER'S REASON.
Why We should sleep with Our Heads
Toward the Engine.
"In riding on a Pullman car," said a
colored porter more than usually ob
servant. according to the Chicago Trib
une, "sleep with your head to the en
vine. There arc not so many head-on
collisions on the railroads, experience
has shown. and besides the danger is
less from a rear-end calision. The
reason for this is that every passenger
train has its own right-of-way and runs
regularly, and is looked for by the train
ahead of it. The greatest danger is
from a train behind which doesnit
know when we have stopped or broken
something and been forced to stop.
This is the chief reason for sleeping
this war-. but there are others.
"You get the draught in the right
place." the porter continued, "with
your head toward the engine. Your
head feels cool n. ithout being exposed
to the :lood of air you would get if you
were pointing the other way. But the
most important reason for traveling
this way is the matter of the circula
tion of your blood. The motion of the
train is so strong and steady that it
sends all the blood toward the end that,
is farthest from tize engine. Put your
feet to the engine and the blood goes
away from your head. leaving it cool
and easy, so you can rest like a child.
When you have got yourself fixed this
way. and. moreover, have got in the
middle of the car, because it is the
safest. then you are ready for a good
night's sleep." ____
TENEMENT HOUSE DOOR BELLS.
There Is the Very ihest of Reasons For
Placing Themx JEigh on the Door P'o.ts.
.Strangers in this city often notice
that door hells are almost invariably
placed one or two feet higher on the
door posts of houses in the tenement
districts than is usual in more prosper
ouis neighborhoods. and the discovery
is always provocative of inquiry. Are
poor folks taller than the rich and well
to (10. that they should b~e obliged to
lift their hands five feet or more to
grasp the bell? Or is this merely a eus
tom among tenement house builders.
andl is there no particular reason for itt'
There is, a reason and a Very goodi
one, too. says the New York Iherald.
Tenement neighborhoods literallyv
swarm with children. and children,
whether wecll born or ill, are common
ly possessed of the "Cld Nick." There
is nothing in the word that an unre
ecnerate youngster so loves to do as to
pull a door bell and run round the cor
aer to observe from a' safe vantage,
wvith fie-ndi-sh glee, the diracomnfiture of
the woma~ ni who leaves her baking or
.iishwashing~ to answer the summons
In well-to-do nieighborhoods the sup
>ly of maischiievo)u- urebins is limited.
Ximong the tenmients they swarm.
[ienee the hi:;h dlor bell is there a ne
:essity aunl a defense.
L ONDON, Nov. 15.-The Admiralty
ias receiv-ed a dispatch from Shanghai
:aying that the steam launch of the
3ritish cruiser Edgar had been sunk,
ith a loss of frty-eight live