Newspaper Page Text
vL. X MANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY, NVMBER 27.
FOUR DOLLARS A PAY.
UCH THE PRESENT PAV OF THE
le Convention. After a Very Lively De
bate, Fixes the Per Diem Since the 15th
COLUqBIL, Nov. 19. -Special: To
ight's session of the convention was
-te of the liveliest. The debate arose
%J the ordinance the first section of
nhich reads as follows:
Section 1. That the following sums,
if so much be necessary, be and the
'Ame are hereby appropriated to pay
! te expenses of the Constitutional
convention from the 10th day of Sep
;i-mber, 1895, to the close of the ses
,ion (except the time of the recess
taken from the 4th day of October,
1895, to the 15th day of October, 1895)
to the close of the session, as follows:
For the per diem of the members at
$ and an additional per diem of $2
ron the 15th day of October, 1895, to
the end of the session; for the pay of
S. W. Vanc:, secretary of the con
vention, $60L': for the pay of P. L.
Melton, assistant secretary of the con
vention, $4 per day ; for the pay of H.
R. Flaunigan, second assistant secre
tary, $3 per day; for the pay of J. T.
Gantt, journal clerk, $3 per day,.and
$3 per day for indexing after adjourn
ment, not to exceed 20 days, such
number of days as are absolutely nec
essary, to be certified by the secretary
o' the convention; for the pay of D.
H. Whitherspoon, bill clerk, $3 per
day; for the pay of A. H. Dagnall,
readino clerk, $3 per day; for the pay
of E. . Jenkins, postal clerk, $2 per
day; for the pay of A. M. Jolly, door
keeper, $2.50 per day; for the pay of
Joseph Witherspoon, assistant door
keeper, $2 per day; for the pay of W.
J. Shelton, gallery doorkeeper, $2 per
day; for the pay of Glenn Smith,
James Robinson, J. B. Hughes, Bel
ton Drafts Caughman, J. W. McCal
la. U. R. Brooks, Jr., pages of the
constitutional convention, each $1.50
per day; for the pay of W. W. Lazen
berry, West Oliphant, Damon Canty,
Council Cross, James Adamson and
Aaron Owens, laborers, each $1.50 per
day; for the pay of W. Boyd Evans,
clerk of the judiciary committee, $2
per day; for the pay of Benjamin W.
Crouch, clerk of the suffrage commit
tee, $2 per day; for the pay of Levi
David, clerk of the educational com
inittee, $2 per day; for the pay of A.
R. Harmon, clerk of the executive
committee, $2 per day; for the pay of
J. W. Wessinger, clerk of the legisla
tive committee, $2 per day;for the pay
of R. L. Freeman, clerk of the com
mittee on finance and taxation, $2 per
day; for the pay of G. P. Smith, clerk
of the committee on declaration of
rights, $2 per day; for the pay of E.
WTownsend, clerk of the committee
on miscellaneous matters, $2 per day:;
for the pay of B. H. Charles, clerk of
the committee on counties and county
government, $2 per day; for the pay
of W. H. Yeldell, chief clerk of the
engrossing department, $3- per day;
..-for the pay of N. H. Stansell sergeant
ams,-t3 per day; for the pay of
ehanlain of the convention, $100.
Mr. Nicholson moved to fix the per
diem at $2.00 from the beginning to
the end of the session.
Mr. Fitch opposed this amendment.
Mr. D. S. Henderson said that every
man's vote must be according to his
conscience. The legislature called
this body together and it fixed the pay.
He felt bound to take that and no
Mr. Cooper-Didn't the people call
the convention? Isn't the legislature
under us; aren't, we supreme?
Hr. Henderson's position was that
the delegates went into the canvass
with the understanding to take $2 a
day. They were therefore bound.
Mr. Burn said that this matter had
been done by the legislature, and he
was there when it was done, laboring
under a burning sense of wrong.
(Laughter.) He said that for the leg
islature to try to fix the amount of
their pay was resented by the people
by his county. He wanted to see the
d~elegates paid enough to live on at
Mr. Connor-We were under a mor
al contract to take $2 a day when we
came here. If we are not satisfied
with $2 we had better resign and go
home. Do we want to be legal burg
lars and legally burglarize the State?
Mr. Cooper-Didn t we put ourselves
under an implied contract to stay
here till this thine was finished?
Mr. Connor-He can resign if he
Mr. Fitch-Would you give your
extra $2 to a charitable institution?
Mr. Connor-Have you any poor
Mr. Klugh--We have been told that
this ordinance would have to go to the
l-egislature, and get its approval before
the State officers would dare to pay
out an y money.
Mr. Tillman-I will call the gentle
man's attention to the fact that when
the appropriation for the Georgia con
vention ran out Bob Tooms gave his
individual check for $20,000 to run it
on to complete its work, and had to
wait until the legislature reimbursed
A voice-Bob Toombs is dead,
Senator Tillman-The contract was
in going before the people after it had
fixed it at $2, and running for the po
sition of delegate.
Mr. Klugh-I haven't had a man in
my county to say that I should serve
for $2: but I have had members to
say that it was a shame that we
should serve for $2, when t.hey got $4.
That was a piece of political buncombe
when the legislature fixed it at?2.
Dr. Smith moved to amend, but the
amendment was not in order.
Mr. Barton moved to strike out the
word "two," on line 7, and insert
"'one,"so as to make it read one addi
Mr. Geo. Johnstone spoke in favor
of the $2 amendment, and Mr. Sligh
The vote was then taken on the mo
tion to table Mr. Nicholson's amend
ment-resulting as follows:
Yeas-Barry, Barton, Behre, Bobo.
Brice, J S.: Brice, T. WV.; Burn,
Carver, Clayton, Cooper, De
Hay, Dent, Derham, Doyle, Dudley,
Fitch, Gage, Gamble, Garris, Good
ing, Graham, Harrison. Hay, Hemp
hill, Henry, Hutson, Jervey, John
son, Klugbh, McCalla, Mc~aslan, Mc
Gowman, McKagen, McMahan, Mc
Makin, Mitchell, Montgomery, J, D.;
Montgomery, W. J.; Moore, Murray,
Parler, Parrott, Patton, Read, J. H.;
Readfern, Rogers, Roseborough, Row
land, Scarborough. Singletary, Sligh,
Smith, A. J.; Smith, 'V. C., Smoak,
Stackhouse, Stribbling, Taylor, von,
Kolitz -Water. Waters, Wells
Wh.rton. Vhipper. White. A. .:J
White, S. E.: Woodward-G.
Navs-President John Gary Evans,
Ashe, Atkinson, Austin. Bowen,
B-reazeale. Buist. Connor. Douglass,
Efird. Estridze. Field. Gary. Glenn.
J. P.: Grav.'lamel. Harris. lender
son. 1). '.: Houser. Johnstone,
George: Jones, Wilie: Keitt. Meares,
Mower, Nicholson, Otis, Peake, Prince
Raisdalp. Russell. Shuler. Sloan,
Smith, I. F.: Sullivan. Tilhuan. B.
R.: Tillman. G. D.: Timmerman.
Wiggins, Wilson. Stanyarne: Wink
So the proposition to make the pay
$2 all through was killed.
Several parties were announced
among them the followinV:
Mr. Bradham. who wo ld have vot
ed "no." with Mr. J. P. K. Bryan.
who would have voted "aye."
Mr. Stokes voting "no," with Mr.
Dennis voting aye.
Mr. Bates voting no,- with Mr.
Bellinger voting "aye.
Mr. W. D. Evans voting "no,"
with Mr. Jeremiah Smith voting
Mr. Jones voting "no." with Mr.
J. L. Glenn voting "aye."
Mr. Lowman voting "no," with Mr.
M. P. Howell voting "aye"
Mr. Floyd voting "no," with Mr.
Oliver voting "ave."
Mr. Barker voting "no, with Mr. J.
W. Kennedy voting "ave.
Mr. Lee ~voting "no," with Mr.
Nash voting "ave."
Mr. Sheppard voting "no," with
Mr. Miller voting "aye."
Mr. Talbert voting "no," with Mr.
William Henderson voting "aye"
Mr. R. B. Watson voting "no,"
with Mr. Perritte voting "aye."
Mr. PIaterson voting "no, with
Mr. Farrow votino "ave."
Mr. Havnswort& voting 'no," with
Mr. Wigg v-ting "aye."
Mr. McWhitc voting "no." with Mr.
Gilland voting "aye."
Mr. McCowan voting "no,- with
Mr. Morrison voting "aye."
Mr. Ragsdale moved to paIy the
pages $2. 00. Adopted. His motion
to pay the postal clerk 4,00 was ta
Mr. Smalls moved to pay laborers
$2.00. Ado ted.
Mr. W. D. Evans moved to pay
each chaplain $100. Adopted.
Mr. W. B. Wilson proposed $2.50
for the assistant door keeper. Adopted.
Mr. Smoak then otfered the follow
ing, which was greeted with a roar of
laughter and he withdrew it:
After the word session on line 8 in
sert: "Provided, nothing herein con
tained shall be construed to enforce
the acceptance of this per diem on the
part of those having conscientious
scruples about acceptino the same."
About this time Mr. 'ficholson sent
the following to the press stand:
"As the convention has voted its
members $4 per day from the 15th
Oct., 1S95, I agree to turn over to the
Columbia hospital all of my pay in ex
cess of $2 from above date till the
close of this session."
Mr. Ragsdale again tried to get the
pay of the postal clerk increased and
he roll was called on the motion to
take it up from the table. The vote
resulted-yeas 70, noes 52. and that
amendmont was beforo 1-ho house.
After a few words by Mr. Mears the
amendment was adopted.
Mr. Johnson offered to amend by
raising Doorkeeper Jolly's pay from
$2 to $3 a day.
On motion of Mr. Talbert the
clerk's pay was raised to $S00.
Mr. Austin moved to make the read
ing clerk's salary $4 a day, and, by a
vote of 65 to 66, it was adopted.
Mr. George J ohnstone moved that
they turn over the entire $30,000 to
the employes and adjourn. It was
voted down amid laug'ater.
Mr. Stanyarne Wilson moved to in
crease the pay of the second assistant
secretary, the journal clerk and the
bill clerk to $4 a day, Tabled.
Mr. George Johnstone moved to re
commit the whole thing to the com
mittee. He said that they were here
under a solemn obligation to the peo
ple not to act as they were acting.,- He
begged them to pause. and consider
carefully what they were doing. He
pleaded with them to stop where they
were. There had been pratically a
unanimous increase all along the line.
The committee's recommendations had
been pratically doubled. They were
treading on the toe of the poor tax
payer. They had hesitated as to com
mon schools' appropriation, yet they
were here grabbing like mad men. The
legislature had been postponed and .a
protracted session would be a necessi
ty, and it would be a heavy expense.
Last year our people staggered under
the weight of the hard times-cotton
at 4 cents-and in spite of the reason
ably advantageous prices we are get
ting for our products, it will take us
three years to recuperate.
Mr.~ Talbert seconded this measure,
and everything they had done tonig'ht.
They had come here under an imnplied
contract to take only $2 a day.
Mr. Cooper asked him if he had not
advocated the incr"-ase of the sere
tary's salary to $S00.
H e said he had done so.
Mr. McGowan said 'he was tired of
trotting up the hill and coming down
again. He had voted for $4 at first
and he thought he was right.
The president said that if the report
stood as amended the total amount of
the convention's cost would foot up
something over $53,000. This started
the landslide, to which attention was
direcP d by Mr. Johnstone's speech.
Mr. Stanyarne Wilson opposed the
increase, as did also Mr. Watson.
Mr. McCalla came here understand
ing that he would get $4 a day, but he
was willing to do anything and ac
cet the committee's report, or recoin
mit it if that would better things.
Mr. Stanyarne Wilson asked Mr.
Johnstone to withdraw the motion to
recommit to allow him to submit a
substitute leaving the pay at $2 a day.
,Great confusion prevailed at this time.
Mr. Gage said he had voted for $1 a
day, but there was nothing like "the
cohesive power of public plunder,"
and seeing the way things were going;
he was willing to do almost anything
to stop it. He was disgusted, and said
he would be willing to take $2.
There was great confusion now, Mr.
McGowan, Mr. Fitch and others de
manding the floor as the vote was
about to be taken to recommit. Fin
ally the roll call was ordered and the
vote was taken resulting in a refusal
to recommit by the following vote:
Yeas--Messrs. John Gary Evans,
Alexander, Ashie, Atkinson, Barton,
Bowen, Brice, J. S.; Connor, D~oug
lass Etird, Estridge, Evans, W. D.:
Field, Floyd, Gage. Glenn, J. L.:
Glenn, J. P., Gray, Hamel. Harrison,
Hemphill, Henderson. D. S.: Houser,
J ohnstone, r'.eorge; Keitt, McCalla,
Meares, Mitchell, Mower, Nicholson,
ntts, Pattersn, usell, Shnier, Sloan,
SnitI, 11 F.;Talbert. Tillman, B. R.;
Tillmon, G. D.: Timmerman, Wat
son. Wiggins. Wilson, Stanyarne-42.
Navs--Messrs. Austin, Barry, Be
hre, Bobo, Bowman, Brice. T. W.:
Buist, Burn, Carver. Clayton, Cooper.
DeHay, Dennis, Dudley, Fitch, Gam
ble, Garris, Gary, Gilland. Graham,
Harris, Hay, Henry, Howell, Hutson.
Jervey. Johnson, T. E.: Kennedy. E.
J.: Kennedy, J. W.: Klugb, Lee, Mc
Caslan, Mcown. McGowan,, McKa
gen. McMahan, MeMakin, McWhite,
Miller, Montgomery, J. D.: Mont
gomery, W. J.; Moore, Murray, Oliver
Parrott, Parler, Patton,:Prince, Rags
dale, Read, J. H.: Redfearn. Rogers,
Rosborough. Rowland, Scarborough,
Singletary, Sligh, Smalls, Smith, A.
J.; Smith, W. C.; Smoak, Stribling,
Taylor, von Kolnitz, Waters, Wells,
Whipper. White, A. H.; White. S, E.;
Wilson. W. B.; Woodward--72.
Mr. Stanyarne Wilson then sent up
his amendment to make the per diem
$2, and Mr. McGowan sent one which
which was section 1 as reported, with
one word changed--the date.
Then a motion to adjourn was made
by Senator Tillman and he insisted on
the roll call amid the confusion. Pres
ident Evans had the greatest trouble
in bringing the house to order suffi
ciently to have the roll called. The
house refused to adjourn by a vote of
25 to 91.
Senator Tillman, at this juncture.
rose and said that he had been reliably
infornied that the majority of the con
vention had come here pledged to
vote for this $4 per diem. Therefore,
if they wanted to commit political sui
cide, let them go ahead. I bow to the
will of the convention.
Mr Fitch said in the same spirit he
hoped that those who had made the
amendments would take the proper
steps to kill them and let the commit
tee's report go through.
Mr. Nilson's amendment was then
called up and Mr. McGowan insisted
on his substitute. There was a bad
parliamentary tangle, and amid the
grenktest confusion President Evans
did his best to unravel it, while the
members wrangled and wrangled.
Finally the vote was taken directly
on a motion to table Mr. Wilson's
amendment to make it $2 a day. The
amendment was tabled by the follow
Yeas--Barry, Barton, Behre, Bobo,
Bowen, Brice, J. S ; Brice, T. W.;
Burn, Cantey, Carver, Clayton, Coop
er, DeHay, Dudley. Fitch, Gage, Gam
ble, Garris, Gilland, Graham, Harris,
Hay, Iemphill, Henry, Hutson, Jer
vey. Johnson, T. E.: Kennedy, E. J. ,
Klugh, McCalla, McCaslan, McGow
an, McKagen, McMahan,- MeMakin,
Mitchell, Montgomery, J. D.; Mont
gomery, W. J.; Moore, Oliver, Parler,
Parrott, Read, J. H.; Redfearn, Rog
ers, Rosborough, Rowland, Scarbor
ough, Singletary, Sligh, Smalls, Smith
A. J.: Smith, R. F.; Smith, W. C.;
Smoak, Stribling, Taylor, vonKolnitz,
Waters, Wells, Whipper, White, A.
H.; White, S. E.; Wilson, W. B.;
Nays-President John Gary Evans,
Alexaader, Atkinson, Austin, Bow
man, Connor, Douglass, Efird, Field,
Floyd, Gray. Hamel, Henderson, D.
S.; Iouser, Johnstone, George; Keitt;
Kennedy, J. W.: McWhite, Meares,
Mower, Nicholson, Otts, Patterson,
Russell, Shuler, Sloan, Talbert, Till
man, B. R. Tillman, G. D.; Watson,
Wiogins, Wilson, Stanyarne-39.
'r. McGowan's substitute, which
was the report of the committee mere
ly changing the date from Oct. 15 to
Det. 16, was then called up. It pro
vided for $4 a day.
Mr. Nicholson then offered the
same amendments that he had offered
to the matter at the start.
Mr. Cooper moved to table them.
This was done.
The McGowan substitute was .then
dopted without trouble. It was ex
ctly the same as the section of the
ommittee's report given above, save
hat it read "Oct. 16,"'instead of "Oct.
At 11 :30 the contvention adjourned.
The Bessonette Cotton Bale.
A man of the name of Bessonette,
f Tenwple, Texas, has invented a pro
:ess of compressing cotton, which, it
s estimated, will save to the south
32,000,00 anuually. Imagine, if
you please, a cotton bale so dense and
so well covered that a fire may be built
pon it without causing calculable
:amage; also imagine a bale so packed
as to occupy much less room than an
:rdinary compressed bale, yet not
need any ties to keep it in shape. Im
agine further a bale which contains no
moisture, no air and nothing but cot
ton, so compact as to be like a block
f hard wood into which nails can
be driven the same as it were wood.
The cotton, according to the Besso
ette process. is ginned into bats,.
wound on iron spindles, pressed down
pon the spindle by a revolving cylin
der with any requie pressure, and
hen wrapped with cotton duck, some
thing after the style of the wrapping
f a cigar. Cotton duck cups are
placed over the ends of the cylinder of
:otton, after the spindle is withdrawn
and strands of wire passed around the
eds of the cylinder hold the cups in
place. No iron bands are used, as the
way the cotton batting is wound on
the spindle retains the full force of the
:ompressage. The duck is to protect
the outside of the cylinder of cotton
from dirt. -Tuscaloosa (Cal.) Times.
DrownedI in a Water Pail.
Savassau, November 21.-A little
egro child was drowned here yester
day afternoon in three quarts of wa
ter. The child was about two years
old. The mother was at work in the
ard.- She had left her little one
asleep in the bed, exp)ecting it to re
main until she would return. Otn the
Ioor by the bed was an ordinary wa
terbucket, containing about three
quarts of soap-sud. The little one
awoke and fell out of the bed, land
ing on its head in the bucket.
When the mother returned to
the room she found her child
quite dead, the baby having
drowned before the mother reached it.
The parents of the child are Isaac and
Amelia Washington, worthy colored
Killed Her Drunken Hlusband.
CENTER, Ala., Nov. 22.-W. II.
Walker, a prominent planter fifty
years old, while on a violent spree,
went home and threatened to kill his
wife and child. The womon snatched
up her child and her husband's pistol
and lied to her sister's home half a
mile away. As Mrs. Walker entered
the door of her sisters house, her hius
band attempted to seize her, when she
shot him dead.
RaumI Levy does not see how a poli
tician who starts poor can make
$,00,00 in office honestly. There
are a good many other people like
CO1IN6 TO THE CLOSE.
ARRANGEMENTS OF THE CONVEN
TION TO HASTEN ITS WORK.
I The usines1s Mapped Out and Apportion
ed--Three Sessions Heid Daily-1an:
Important Matters Settled.
COLuMhIA, Nov. 20.-Special: Th<
first matter up this morning was ,
communication from Mr. Mayfield
the State Superintendent of Education
saying that he had made arrange
ments for the members to go to Atlari
ta at $2.50 each-either from Colui
bia or from Rock Hill.
Mr. Efard said he was opposed t(
going to Atlanta, but he would mov<
that the convention go there in
body-this in order to test the ques
After a little debate Mr. Lowmar
moved to lay Mr. Efird's motion or
the table, and withdrew it; but Mr.
Johnstone immediately renewed it.
Senator Tillman wanted to offer ar
amendment, but the demand for the
ayes and noes having been made, il
was out of order. The vote resulted
ayes 9.8, nays 36. So the conventior
decided not to go to Atlanta.
Senator Tillman then offered the
Resolved, That Messrs. Stanyarn<
Wilson, W. D. Evans and Georg<
Johnstone be, and they are hereby ap
pointed a steering committee to ar
range for completing the work of thi
convention, so that it-may be engross
ed if practicable by Tuesday next, anc
that a recess be taken until Monday.
the second day of December.
Mr. Coeper moved that the name,
of B. R. Tillman and R. B. Watsoi
be added to the commission.
M:. Winkler moved to lay th<
amendment on the table, and the con
vention on division voted, ayes 65
The vote was then taken on the mo
tion to table Senator Tillman's amend
ment, and it resulted as follows:Yeas,
63, nays 70.
The motion was then adjopted -yea
74, nays 55.
Mr. W. D. Evans then offered thE
The sessions of the convention shall
be as follows. after today: Meet at 9:3(
a. m., adjourn at 2 p. m.; meet at 4 p.
m : adjourn at 6 p. m.; meet at 7:30.
adjourn at will.
Mr. Efird had this referred to the
Mr. onnor then offered the follow
Resolved, That the session of this
convention from now until the ad
journment of same, be as follows:
Convene at 9 a. m., recede at 1 p. m.,
convene at 3 p. in., recede at 5 p. in.
convene at 7:30 p. m.
THE ARTICLE ON COUNTIES
then came up for its third reading.
Some amendments were brought up,
as indicated below.
Mr. Talbert, when section 2 was
called, offered the following to go at
the end of the section:
Add to the end of the section 2: "In
all elections for the. formation of new
counties, the constitution and law,
now regulating and controlling elec
tions in this State shall remain in
force until the laws regulating the
same under the new constitution shall
After some discussion the amend
ment was tabled.
When section 3 came up, Mr. WV. B.
Wilson moved to amend by adding
Provided, that a new county, which
shall embrace within its limits the
city of Rock Hill,mnay be'formned with
an area of not less than 300 square
miles, and having a population of not
less than 15,000 inhabitants, and prop.
erly assessed for taxation at not less
than $2,500,000, and cutting into any
established county- not nearer than
eight miles to any established court
house; and the city or town selected
as the county seat of such new county
shall defray the expenses of building
a county courthourse and jafl.
After some debate the amendment
was lost-yesas 49, nays 67.
When'section 5 was called up, Mr.
Hamnel moved to strike .out the word
-"seat," at the end of the section and
insert "county court house building."
Mr. Patterson said the way it read
now, the line could not come nearer
than the limits of the county seat.
That was near enough. He moved to
table, but withdrew temporarily.
Mr. George Johnstone said the term
as used meant the starting point. He
wanted to prevent litigation: He
thought the amendment shouldl pass.
M~r. Gary said that this meant that
the new counties were trying to get a
mile or two nearer within their lines.
He wanted to say county seat "as now
Mr. Prince said that any court
would decide that the term meant
court house. He was a 10-mile limit
Senator Tillmnan said he was sorry
to see this old fight come up again; he
wanted to-see it settled by votes and
not talk. - --
Mr. McGowan then -oifered a. sub
stitute to say "court house building"
and "'10" miles. lie thought this was
honest and fair and just.
Senator Tillmnan-Why don't 'you
say nine,and be -reasonale-allow the
average limits to any town. You are
after .tghtingr over the light we have
already fought out. You are thresh
ing old straw. Let's-vote. -
Mr. McGowan said that it would not
hurt neither the Greenwood or Honea
Path county schemes, and explained
Mr. McGowan's amendment was
then killed-yeas 44, nays 75.
A motion to substitute nine for
eight miles, as the distance fr-om any
new county seat to the old was killed.
Mr. H~owell's amendment was then
When section 12 was called up, Scn
ator Tillman otfered this amendment,
which wvas adopted:
Add to section 12: The election or
dered in said ordinance for the loca
tion of its county seat shall be held
under the Constitution and laws now
of force, and the general assembly
shall provide for the assessment oi
property in the county of Saluda for
the year beginning January L, 1896
and for the collection of said taxes
Section 12 as it stood recad as foi
Section 12. Until changed by thle
general assembly as allowed by thib
Constitution, the boundaries of the
several counties shall remain as then
are now established, except that the
boundaries of the county of Edgefiek.
shall undergo such changes as art
made necessary by the formation o
a new county from a portion of Edge
field to be known a aluda ti
boundaries of which are set forth in a
Senator Tillman also offered the
following, to be known as section 13,
which-'was also adopted:
Section -13. Ttie general assembly
may at any time arrange the various
counties into judicial circuits and into
congressional districts including the
county of Saluda, as. it may deem
wise and proper. and may establish or
alter the location of voting precincts
in any county.
The whole article was then given
its third reading and sent to the com
inittee on style and revision.
Mr. McGowans ordinance fixing 16;
as the "age of consent" of women
was then called up. The age was fix
ed at 14, and in this shape the ordi
nance was adopted.
THE "STEERIN; SCHEME.
The report of the steering committee
was adopted as follows:
1. The convention shall each day
convene at 9 :30 a. m., recede from
business at 2 p. m., and continue in
session till 6 o'clock p. im.; again re
cede till 7:30 and then continue in ses
sion'until adjournment for the day is
2. The time of the convention for
the present week is assigned as fol
(i, For this evening. Nov. 20, to
the report, of county and county
government, No. 29, one hour if so
much be necessary. To the report of
the committee on legislative depart
ment, No. 10, the remainder of the
(b) For Nov. 21-To the report of
the committee on finance and taxa
tion, No. 12, two hours if so much be
necessary. To the rep )rt of the com
mittee on judicial department, No.
42, the remainder of the day and the
ivhole of No'V. 22 if so much be neces
Cc) At the conclusion of the last
named report, to the report of the
committee on declaration of rights,
No. 34, two hours if so much be nec
essary. Then to the third reading of
the report of committee on contingent
accounts, No. 58, one hour if so much
be necessary; then to the third read
ing of report of committee on juris
prudence, No. 46. one hour if so much
be necessary; then to the third read
ing of report of committee on corpo
rations, No. 30, one hour if so much
be necessary; then to the report of
committee on finance and taxation,
No. 50, and to each of the several or
dinances, Nos. 48, 57 and 59, in the
order named, one hour if so much be
3. The assignment of time for Mon
day and Tuesday of next week will be
announced Saturday next.
4. Each of the p'yriods assigned to
the several reports and ordinances
will be distributed by the committee
amongst the variou.s amendments to
be proposed as they may arise during
the progress cf the cebate, whereupon
sucli portion of time so fixed shall be
equally divided between and be at
the disposal of the mover of the
amendment and the chairman of the
committee reporting the article of or
- DOWN TO HARD WORK.
CoUMBA, Nov. 21.-Special: The
Convention promptly settled down to
hard work this moring.
Mr. Sligh moved to amend the home
stead section so that, after the home
stead should have been laid off it
could not be waived or mortgaged or
other wise defeated.
Mr. Sligh spoke earnestly in favor
of the amendment.
Mr. Gage offered the following sub
stitute for the amendmient:
Add to the close of section 29-"-Pro
vided further, After a homestead in
lands has been claimed, set aside and
recorded, it shall not be mortgaged or
conveyed, except by consent of those
persons for whose benefit it was
claimed and who are 21 years of age
and up wards, and are members of the
family, such consent to be expressed
in writing on the deed.
Mr. Gage argued for this amend
ment. There were several other
speeches on each side.
President Evans left the chair and
supported the amendment-urging1
that the homestead of the wife and
children should always be sacred.
After further discussion Mr. Gage
withdrew his amendment; and Mr.
Sligh's was adopted by a vote of 72 to
Mr. Sligh then otfered the following<
- Strike out on fourth line all after 1
the word "estate" down to the word 1
" provided" on 7 and insert: "To the I
value of $1,000 or so much thereof as I
the property is worth if its value is<
less than $1,000, with the yearly pro
ducts thereof and e very head of a fami- I
ly residing in this State, whether-en-<
titled to a homestead exemption in<
lands or not, personal property to the
value of the sum of $500 or so much]
thereof as the property is worth if its
valu~e is less than $500."
Mr. Sligh said this was 7.he matter I
that was voted down when the section
was up before. He thought it was a<
matter that should be put in.
The roll was called for on a direct
vote on the subject. The roll was I
about to be called when the call was<
withdrawn and the amendment was I
adopted viva voce. -1
An 'amendment was adopted. to put
the exemption of personalty on thei
same footing as that of real estate, as,
to the iight to sell, mnortgage, etc.
Mr. Fitch offered the fol~owing: 1
Amend section 29 by adding: "Pro-<
vided further, that any person not the <
head of a family shall be entited to a
like exemption as prov-ided for the
head of a family, in all necessary
wearing appeaiel and personal proper- 1
ty not to exceed iu value the sum of
Mr. Fitch explained his amendment
and urged its adoption in a forcible
speech. It was to enable the artisan
to carry on his ordinary trade.
The amendment was adopted.
The homestead article was thien
adopted as a whole.
At thle afternoon session the negro
blood section was adopted as reported
by- the commiittee--reading: "The
nmarriage of a white person with a ne
gro or mulatto, or person who shall
have one-eighith or more negro blood,
shall b~e unlawful. and void.
M1any efrorts were made to amend
to have it read "any negro blood," but
Mr. McMahian introduced and the
convention adopted a section designed
to protect the waste lands of the State
from being taken up by foreigners and
corporations composed of foreigners.
When the convention took its 6
o'clock recess it had completed the ar
ticle on the Legislative department
and sent it to a third reading.
-Tonight a long session was held.
An effort was made to have the steer
ing committee done away with for the
next few days. It was voted down.
The article on finance and taxation
was taken up ind went to its third
There was a determined effort to get
in a provision to allow the Legislature
to authorize any county or township
to tax itself to aid railroads, as hereto
fore. but it it was voted down.
An ordinance was presented provid
ing for the payment of the interest on
the public debt due on January 1.
An ordinance was also presented
authorizing the appropriation of $60,
)00, if so much be necessary, to defray
the expenses of the convention, and
permitting the State treasurer to bor
row whatever he might need, the Leg
islature being required to make pro
vision for its payment.
The article on judicial department
was next taken up and the fight of the
night was on the section relating to
the composition of the supreme court.
The committee had recommended
An amendment was offered by Mr.
Ragsdale to leave the court as it now
is, with three justices.
After a long debate Mr. Ragsdale's
amendment was killed by a vote of
75 to 49.
The convention adjourned at a late
bour without taking further action on
Twenty-eight members have filed a
protest against the action of the con
vention in turning the business over
to a steering committee.
CoLU3IBIA, Nov. 22.-Special: The
Donvention today discussed the sec
ions bearing on the judicial depart
ment. The terra of the justices of the
upreme Court was fixed at eight
years, and they are to be four in num
ber, elected by the Legislature.
For the decision of constitutional
luestions there is to be a special court
:omposed of all the judges of the Su
preme and the Circuit court.
The term of the circuit judges was
ixed at four years.
INGERSOLL ON ALCOHOL.
& Wonderful Piece of Word Painting by
the Great Agnostic.
The following wonderful piece of
ord painting has been frequently
published, says the Chicago Tribune,
but we reprint it at the request of
everal readers who desire a complete
,opy. Colonel Robert G. Ingersoll,
[n addressing a jury in a casse which
involved the manufacture of alcohol,
made the folllowing terrible arraign
ment of the demon:
"I am aware that there is a preju
lice against any man who manufac
tures alcohol. I believe that from
he time it issues from the coiled and
Doisonous worm in the distillery until
t empties into the jaws of death, dis
onor and crime, it demoralizes every
body that toucbes it, from its source
:o where it ends. I do not believe
inybody can contemplate the object
without being prejudiced against the
iquor crime. All we have to do,
gentlemen, is to think of the wrecks
n either bank of the stream of death,
Af the suicides, of the insanito, of the
ignorance, of the destitution, of the
ittle children tugging at the faded
nd withered breast of weeping and
lesparing mothers, of wives asking
or bread, of the men of genius it has
recked, the men struggling with im
iginary serpents, produced by this
evilish thing; ard when you think of
;he jails, of the almshouses, of the asy
Lums, of the prisons, of the scaffolds
1pon either bank, I do not wonder
~hat every thoughtful man is prejudic
d against this damnmned stutf called
lcohol. Intemplerance cuts down
outh in its vigor, manhood in its
trength, old age in its weakness. It
yreaks the father's heart, bereaves the
loting mother, extinguishes natural
dection, erases conjugal love, blots
>ut filial attachment, blights parental
iopes, brings downy mourning 'age'in
orrow to the grav6. It produces
veakness, not strength ; -sickness, not
iealth; death, not life ..[t ,mak-es wivis
vidow; children orphe'ns; fathers
iends; and all~of them paupers and
>eggars. It feeds rheum atism, invites
:holera, idiports pestilen ce and em
>races consumption. It ' covers the
and with idleness, ,misery, crime. It
ills your jails, supplies- your-.alms
Louses, and demand s your. asylums.
t engenders controversies,. fosters
tuarrels andscherishes riots. It crowds
rour penitentiaries'and furnishesevic
ims for your-.scaffolds. It is the~life
loodof-the gambler, the element-of
he burglar, thespropfor the highway
nan and .support of the midnight in
endiary. It co'untenances the - liar,
espects the thief, esteems the blas
>emer. It violates obligation, rev~
rences fraud and honors infamy. It
efames benevolence, hates love,
corns'virtue and slanders innocence.
t incitesithe father~ to butcherhel.pless
ffspring, helps-the -husband to massa
re his wife~and'tho;child to.grind the
>aricidal ax. It bua-ns up men, con
umes women, -detests life, curses.God,
Lespises heaven. It suborns witness
s, nurses perjury,Jdefiles the jury box
nd stains judicial crime. It degrades
he citizens, debasis legislator, dishon
rs the statesman-and disarms'the pa
riot. It brings shame, not ' honor;
nisery, no-t-safety; .,despair, not hope;
nisery. not happiness. - and with the
nalevolence of a. fiend i tcalmly sur-I
eys its frightful~desolation and unsat
ated havoc. It~poisons fcdicity, kills
eace, ruins morals, blights confi
lence, slays reputations, and wipes
ut national honor, then curses the
vorld.and':laughs at its ruin. [t does
Ll that and more. It murders the
oul. It is the . sum of all villanies,
he father of all crimes, the mother of
dl abominations, the devil's best
riend and'.God's wor-st enemy."
MurdIer is Wife?
As l~AND, Ky., Nov. 21.-The dead
ody of Mrs. James Dewitt was found
n the wood, six miles beyond Gray
on last night with a shawl tied tightly
round her throat and face, and marks
f choking and beating lainly visible.
he disappeared last Thursday even
ing, after visiting her husband at his
boarding house near her mther's
home. The couple have been living
apart for some time. Her husband as
isted in the search for her and was with
the pariy that found the body. Just
before the discovery he complained of
having a chH1 and shook so, that the
search was delayed for some time.
Dewitt has been arrested charged with
the murder. He protests his inno
ence and claims his wife committed
suicide. Excitement is intense, and
if ie is held for the crime he may be
JAMEs Ancrum Simons. a promin
ent lawyer of Charleston has been
presented by the grand jury for get
ting away with $5.Qt00 of his client's
TO THE CONFEDERATE VETERANS.
An Important Circular in negard to a
To the United Confederate Veterans of
Fellow Comrades: The flattering en
dorsement the convention of United
Confederate Veterans in Columbia
gave the plan suggested and published
in various papers, for collecting the
facts and data pertaining to the history
of the South Carolina troops during
the war, prompts me to explain my
reason for not wishing to wait for the
legislature to make an apprcpriation
to carry on that work.
To ask the State to appropriate mon
ey to be expended in an enterprise i
which, perhaps, many of its citizens
feel no interest, and less pride, is only
giving ground for obstructionists and
croakers to oppose it and pour cold
water upon it. I have no doubt (and I
shudder at the thought) that there are
men in this State today who might be
of some service in this work, who
would rather see the records that
brave men and women have made for
themselves and their State during that
eventful struggle destroyed or hid for
ever from mortal sight, rather than to
have them preserved as history to be
read and revered by loyal and patriot
ic generations yet unborn.
The men of our State who in 1861 to
1865 immortalized the name of Lee,
Jackson, Beauregard, Hill,Longstreet.
Stuart, Hampton, Butler. Evans, Gary,
Jenkins and many others, are not
"deadbeats" knocking at the door of
the State treasury, claiming something
that is not due them. The work be
fore us is a labor of love. Let the sur
vivors of the different regiments, bat
talions and batteries, select their ablest
and most energetic comrade who will
go to work at once and gather up
every obtainable incident worthy of
note, pertaining to his command, or
any individual soldier (dead or alive)
connected with it, and let it be written
down for the use of the State historian,
whose c.uty it will be to put it in book
form. If this work is done thoroughly
and properly, the State authorities
will see at once a bonanza in procur
ing the publication of these records
and will willingly pay those who have
labored so faithfully in getting them
I verily believe it will realize a suffi
ciency from the sale of the book (after
paving all expenses incurred in its
pulication) a sum sufficient to bestow
a bounty upon every disabled Confed
erate soldier in the State without one
cent of expense to the taxpayers.
When the legislature is asked to
raise money to procure the publica
tion of this history, some people will
begin to cry out: "It's a money ma
chine, gotten up, by the old soldiers
and their allies to deplete the State
treasury or live at the expense of the
Gentlemen, .the men who saved the
reputation of the State in its darkest
days, are not going to do any such
thing; neither do they intend that
their enemies shall write their history
for them-mark that.
We have a perfect right to meet in
convention, with open doors, as we
have done, and recount the deeds and
recall the memories of the past, with
out being guilty of any disloyalty to
the general overnment. The war is
over.- The fla of the nation is our
flag. The soldiers of both armies,
north and south, can no~w meet and
exchange courtesies, and in the most
pleasant and dispassionate manner,
recount the incidents of the past, the
needs of the present and the hopes of
the future, without discord or embar
Let every old soldier who fought on
the side of the South remember that
his name will soon be forgotten and
his deeds perish with the cause he held
so dear unless he bestirs himself to the
duty before him.
If he is an uneducated main who
can't write, let him call to his assist
ance some one who will write for him.
In this he will find some men willing
endfready to give him assistance
then thie noble women of our State.
Ofthereisi~no reason why a single
incidentiremembered by an old soldier
should not be incorporated in the
liistory if-it is worth preserving at all.
'There are $lenty of publishing hous
es .-in -our State, and many men
throughout-our country that would be
glad to get ,thepublication of these
records, arid will pay a handsome roy
alty for that'privilege. So let us be up
and doing;*there is not a moment to
lose. No- loyal son of South Carolina
can distrust his mother State, and he
may rest assured that if he does his
duty faithfully he will recompense
himself forit. A history gotten up to
maintain the truth is of incalcably
more value than one made mainly for
the money, the State might agree to
pay for it. Let us work to the hearts
of the people rather than their pockets
for a true -history. Hoping all papers
friandly to our coarse, will copy this
letter, I am your fraternally,
JAMES L. STRAIN.
Adjt. Camp Giles. U. C. V.
Union, S. C.
The United States senate.
It is not probable that the federal
senate will be reorganized at the open
ing of the next session of Congress.
No party is in control of that body
and reorganization can be effected
only by the co-operation of the Re
pubhicans and Populists. The Senate
now contains 42 Republicans, 39 Dem
ocrats. 4 Populists and 2 non-descripts.
The latter are Jones and Stewart, the
Nevada senators. It is impossible to
classify them except as silver senators.
Both were regular Republicans until
a few years ago, but they now repre
sent a Populist state and stand for
nothing but the idea of free and un
limited silver coinage. Even if they
should go into the Republican caucus
it will number but 44, just exactly half
the Senate, and would still be short one
vote in any effort to reorganize the
senate. There has been some talk of
a combination between the Republi
cans and Populists for the purpose of
reorganizing the senate, but some of
the most influential Republican sena
tors are opposed to any such scheme.
When the senators from Utah are ad
mi.:ted the Republicans will probably
reorganize the Senate, but hardly be
Uinrned in a D)istllnery.
WINSToN, N. C., Nov. 22.-Thomas
Mabe, with his two sons, were burned
fatally last night by a lire which de
stroyed their brandy distillery near
Danbury, in Stokes county. The fire
originated from the singlings and
backings boiling over and catching
fire. The burning Iluid ran on the
two sons, who were asleep on the
tloor. The house was locked up and
the father and sons were unable to get
JUVENILE JESSE JAMES.
FOUR BOYS CAUSE A WRECK ON THE
N. Y. CENTRAL.
Removed Spikes and Flshplates From Two
Rails--Many Persons Killed and Injured.
The Young Misereants Captured.
ROME, N. Y., Nov. 1.-Thedeliber
ate wrecking of the fast mail train
No. 6, eastbound on the New York
Central railroad, was accomplished
about three miles west of this city at
4:20 this morning. The wreckers had
broken open the company's tool house
nearby and obtained a wrench and
.rowbar, with which all the spikes and
fishplates from the two -opposite rails
on the shoutherly track had been re
moved. The two released rails were
left in their places on the track. As.
the train, comprising four mail cars
and three sleeping cars, came along at
the rate of about 40 miles an hour, the
locomotive left the track, bounded
over the ties and fell sidewise into a
ditch 12 feet deep on the south side of
the track. The first two mail cars
shot over the engine, the first car land
ing fuly 75 feet from the point where
the engine left the track. The second
and third mail cars came together in
"V" shape and the wrecked engine lay
in the open space between them. Un
der the second mail car, pinned down
by a pair of trucks and stone dead,
was found Engineer Hager. The
rourth mail car was toppled part way
:ver. The first two sleepers were part
ly turned over and the last one re
mained on the tracks. Strange to say
the two loose rails had not been
thrown from the roadbed, the last car
remaining upon them. There were
50 passengers in the three sleepers and
not one of them was hurt. The pas
iengers were taken east on another
train shortly after the accident. The
killed and wounded in the smashup
Nathan N. Hager, engineer, Albany,
killed; Robert Elliott, or Bond, from
Syracus . a tramp, died after being
removed from the wreck; E. Reardon,
Herkimer mail clerk, head and body
.ut and bruised; J. E. Lavine, New
York, mail clerk, upper arm
bruised and sprained; F. N. Pad
lock. Syracuse, mail clerk. arm cut;
0. W. Sackett, Herkimen, mail clerk,
arm cut and bruised; M. J. McCarthy,
Buffalo, porter, mail car, head cut
and bruised; R. B. Peck, Syracuse,
mail clerk, head cut and bruised; Con
luctor Charles R. Reynolds, Albany,
injured in the chest; John R. Macy,
tramp, Syracuse, right foot smashed
and amputated-he is at the Rome
bospital; C. Wagner, Albany, fire
man, head cut. The body of Engi
aeer Hager is in charge of Undertaker
3rton of this city.
The tools with which the spikes
were pulled were found on the track
after the wreck. One week ago, last
Bnday night, a fishplate wasloosened
ear the point where this morning's
accident occurred. Several trains
passed over the place in safety. The
matter was discovered by trackwalker
the following morning and a watch
was kept there each night till last
Three young fellows, aged 18 to 19
years have been arrested for wrecking
,he train. They are J. Watso Hil
Ireth of New York; Fred Br: and
Eerbert Plato of Rome, Hildreth has
nade a co seon implicating the
>therC sdn Theodore Hibbard, who
as not been apprehended. Their ob
ject was robbery. The arrests were
nade by Detective Latham of the New
~Tork Central and Policeman Keating
They found Hildreth's hat with his
name in it in the bushes near the
wreck. Upon confronting him he
weakened and told who his accom
plices were and their object.
Twenty-two p%'ngers were taken
>ut of the windcws on the first sleeper
,he Inca. All (of the mail and sleep
ng cars were Eighted with pintch gas
mnd no fire wvas set in the wreck:
young Hildreth is said to be the son
>f a wealthy lawyer in New York.
Pheodore Hibbard, the last of the four
:rain wreckers, was captured at 3 p.
n. and is nor in the e-ustody with the
>thers. A r-'llow covered history of
he exploits of the Jame~s boys was
ound in one of Bristols's pockets.
In addition to the four boys arrest
d for wrecking the Central mail train
tear this city this morning, Joseph
W.ilkes, 18 years of age, has been ar
-ested as a witness. It is said that he
was taken into the confidence of the
>thers when they were planning the
wreck, but that he refused to go with
hem when they went to commit the
leed. Confession have been made by
all the other boys of their guilt.
One of the boys confessed that they
1ad woods near the railroad track,
and he was taken there this evening
.o locate them, but on account of dark
1ess the spot could not be found.
Phere is no evidence that others be
sides those apprehended were concern
id in the plot. Coroner Nock began
an inquest on the bodies of Engineer
Elager and the tramp Robert Bond,who
were killed, but the inquest was not
:ompleted this evening.
Lewis Harris of this city this after
ioon found a black cloth mask in the
voods near the scene of the wreck.
No More Bonds.
A Washington letter says not an
ther bond will be issued by the ad
ninistration, until the Republican
Jongress has an opportunity to extri
~ate the Treasury from the embarrass
nent into which it was forced by re
utblican legislation. This can be ac
~epted as absolutely authentic, even
;hould the demand for gold become
nuch greater than it has been for the
Last few days. It may not be true
chat Republicans are trying to force
mnother bond issue before Congress
rneets, but it is true that they would
be glad to see one.-a big one-as it
ro.uld at the same time relieve them
,f the responsibility of providing for
he needs of the Treasury and furnish
hem' with a new peg upon which to
ib.ag fresh abuse of the administration.
tt is not a subject for smiles, but it
wvould not be strange if President
3leveland indulges mn a few grim
smiles as he pens that portion of his
:nessage to Congress calling attention
:o the needs of the Treasury. If such
language were permissible in so digni
lied a document as a President's mes
sage, he might be imagined as writing:
"Your party put the Treasury in a
hole; now the country expects you to
it least lend a helping hand towards
pulling it out.'
OF the forty-four- State Governors in
the United States thirty-nine are
avowed believers in religion, twenty
nine are trofessed Christians, most of
them are'regularattendants at 'worship,
and a vast majority are contributors
tho the nxene ofreligions work.