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VOL. XIMIANNING S. C, WEDNESDAY. INEEMBER 4, 1895. NO. 19.
THE CONSTITUTION MADE.
THE LAST SECTION OF THE LAST
The Close of the Session Marked With
Some Very Rapid Work--The Ditrerent
CoLUMnAB, Nov. 25.-Special: The
first matter taken up today 'was the
ordinance tocreate Seabrook county
which cameup on its second reading.
The committee recommended that this
county scheme be exempted from the
operations of the fifth section, which
related to the eight-mile limitation.
Mr. W. B. Wilson then offered the
following amendment to be added to
the end of the section:
"Nor shall anything contained in
section 3 of said article on counties
and county government apply to pre
vent the formation of a new county
embracing within its limits the city of
Rock Hill, with an area of not less
than 300 square miles. and having a
population of not less than 16,000 in
habitants, and property assessed for
taxation at not less than $2,500,000,
and the county seat of such new coun
ty shall defray the cost of building a
new court house and Jail.
Mr. Bellinger questioned the rele
vancy of the amendment.
Mr. Geo. D. Tillman then offered
Amend the amendment by adding:
"Provided. The general assembly may
'in its discretion create any new coun
ty with an area of not less than 300
square miles, whenever it is shown
that an area of 400 square miles cannot
be obtained, and upon such new coun
ty complying with all other nianda
tory requirements of this article."
After a short discussion this amend
*ment was killed.
Mr. R. F. Smith then offered the
following amendment to the amend
ment, which was voted down:
"Nor shall anything- in section 3,
articles on counties and county gov
ernment, prevent the formation of the
new county of Williamston with 300
square mires: Provided, That the
same has a population of not less than
34,000 and property of the assessed
value of not less than $5,000,000.
Mr. McGowan moved to table Mr.
Wilson's amendment. An aye and
nay vote resulted as follows: Yeas 65,
nays 31. 3o the amendment was
After some debate the ordinance to
create Seabrook county was lost by a
tie vote-55 to 55.
THE CASH BASIS.
Mr. Connor's ordinance to raise a
sinking fund to put the counties on a
-cash basis next came up. That gen
tleman moved to make the annual
levy one mill instead of a half mill.
Tabled-67 to 39.
. Mr. Meares moved to indefinitely
postpone the ordinance. Lost 45 to 56.
Mr. Meares moved to strike out
"shall" and insert "may" in the first
line. This was adopted. The ordi
nance, as thus amended, was then or
dered to a third reading, as follows:
Section 1. That the general assem
y may provide for an annual tax
levy not to exceed one-half of one
mi in each county not now on a
cash basis; the proceeds of all such
levies shall be used as a sinkino fund
for each and. every county in w;'ch it
is levied and collected, and shall be in
vested as the general assembly shall
direct until an amount shall have
been collected to put such counties on
a cash basis, then such annual levies
When the article on finance and
taxation was taken .up Mr. Jeremiah
Smith moved to amend by providing
that court expenses in the several
counties be paid from the State treas
ury, and not from the several county
treasuries, as is now provided.
After forty minutes debate, the
amendment was tabled-75 to 36.
THE HOMESTEAD EXEMPTION.
Mr. Bates offered the following
amendment to section 5 which he said
would take 30 minutes to discuss:
Amend section 5 by adding at the
end of the section: "And there shall
further be exempt from taxation prop
erty of the assessed value of $500 to
every widow who has a family de
pendent upon her for support, and for
every Confederate soldier who lost a
limb or is disabled by in juries received
while serving in the late war, provid
ed such widow or soldier does not own
property exceeding in assessed value
The convention then took a recess
till 4 p. m.
At the afternoon session the vote
whereby section 5, which Mr. Bates
really wanted to amend, was adopted,
was reconsidered, and Mr. Bates again
put in his amendment.
Mr. Breazeale offered an amendment
,at double tax all bachelors of over 30
years of age, and a member offered to
amend the amendment by including
old maids. This amendment was killed
viva voce, amid laughter.
An aye and nay vote on the adop
tion of Mr. Bate's amendment then
being taken, the result was as follows:
Yeas 38, nays 62.
Mr. Bellinger offered the following
amendment to section 5:
Add after the word "same" on line
4 the words:
"All shares of the stockholders in
any bank or banking asssociation lo
cated in this State, whether now or
hereafter incorporated or organized
under the laws of this State or the
United States, shall be listed at their
true, value in money, and taxed for
municipal purposes in the city, ward,
town or incorporated village where
such bank is located, and not else
where: Provided, that the words
"true value in money", as used in line
3 of this section, shall be so construed
as to mean and include all surplus or
extra moneys, capital, and every spe
cies of personal property of value
owned or in the posession of any such
This amendment was adopted-yeas
63. nays 51.
The vote was then clinched, and
Mr. Barker offered the followiuie
"P~rovided that wherever the stock
holders are taxed on their shares of
capital stock in the bank, the bank
shall not be required to pay taxes on
its property or capital."
Mr. Bellinger then moved to table
Mr. Barker's amendment and an are
and nay vote being -taken, it resulted
as follows: Yeas 65, nays 47.
Mr. Prince offered the following,
which was accepted by Mr. Bellinger:
Add "provided a like rule of taxa
tion shall apply to the stockholderr of
allcorporations other than banking in
Section 5 was then orered ina thiird
reading and then clinched.
Mr. T. E. Johnson oHfered the foi
lowing amendment to section 7:
Add to the end of section 7 the
words: "Railroads are not to b' inclu
ded in the term 'public roads.
Mr. W. ). Evans moved to lay it on
the table. This was done.
Mr. N. D. Evans offered tlie fol
lowing substitute for section 17 which
"The general assembly shall pro
vide for the assessment of a] I property
for taxation-and State, county. town.
ship, school district and all other tax
es shall be levied on the same assess
ment, which shall be that made for
State taxes. and the taxes for the sub
divisions of the State shall be levied
and collected by the respective fiscal
Mr. Rogers then offered the follow
ing additional section, to be known as
"Section 18. The general assembly
shall provide by suitable legislation for
the exemption of all real estate on
which a mortgage exists from taxation
to the extent of the proportion the
mortgage debt bears to the value of
Mr. Rogers afterwards withdrew the
The article was then given its final
reading and was sent to the comminittee
on style and revision.
The article on education was then
taken up for its final reading.
Mr. E. J. Kennedy presented the
following substitute which was agreed
upon by him and the chairman of the
committee on education for section 12
of the article on education:
Section 12. All the net income to be
derived by the State from the sale, or
license fo)r sale, .f spirituous, malt.
vinous and intoxicating liquors and
beverages and the profits of the peni
tentiary shall be applied annually in
aid of the suplementary tax provided
for in the sixth section of this article;
and if, after said application, there
should be a surplus, it shall be invest -
ed to create a school fund, the income
of which investment shall be applied
first, if necesstry, in aid of said sup
plementary tax: otherwise it shall be
devoted to public school purposes and
apportioned as the general assembly
may determine. All waste and un
appropriated lands belonging to the
State, which terms shall include marsh
and tide water lands, but not the phos
phate royalty or phosphate deposits,
and the income to be derived from
said lands by leasing them, shall beset
apart and be and remain forever a
perpetual school fund for the support
of the~ public schools of this State.
All funds to be derived from the sale
of the aforesaid lands, if the general
assembly should ever deem it advan
tageous to sell the same, shall be se
curely invested, and the interest alone
shall be appropriated."
The'conventioL then took a recess
until 7:30 p. m.
At the opening of the night session
a report from t'ie committee on en
grossed bills was handed in, covering
matter during the day.
Mr. Kennedy's amendment being
the pending question. Mr. Mitchell
asked if Mr. Kennedy could not let it
come in as an amendment, to section
Mr. Kennedy refused to do so.
Senator Tillman then offered the fol
lowing substitute for the substitute:
"Section 12. All the net income to
be derived -by the State from the sale
or license for the sale of spirituous,
malt, vinous and intoxicating liquors
and beverages, not including so much
thereof as is now or may hereafter b
allowed by law to go to the countie
and municipal corporations of the
State, shall be applied annually in aid
of the supplimentary tax as provided
for in thesixth section of this article;
and if after said application there
should be a surplus, it shall be devot
ed to public school purposes and ap
portioned as the general assembly
may determine: Provided, however,
that the said supplementary taxes
shall only be levied when the profits
aforesaid and from the sale or li
cense for the sale of alcoholic
liquors or beverages are not sullici
ent to meet and equalize the deficienci
es for which the said supplementary
taxes are provided."
This amendment was adopted-95 to
The section as to boards of school
trustees was amended so as to permit
such boards to have not more than
seven members each.
Senater '.illman then brought up
the fight over the higher institutions
of learning by offering an amend
ment, which would make the opening
of the section relating to higher insti
tutions read thus:
Section 8. The general assembly
shall provide for the maintenance of
the Winthrop Normal and Industria
college of South Carolina and ma
create scholarships in the various in..
stitutions of higher education support
ed by the State, etc. This struck out
all reference to Clemson and the
South Carolina college and used
"shall" for "may."
After some debate the amendment
was killed-78 to 41.
After several different motions, all
of which were lost, the article was
passed and sent to the committee on
order, style and revision.
The Convention then adjourned.
THE LAST DAY.
COLOuGuu, Nov. 2t.-Special: The
following resolution, were ol'ered by
Resolved, That the committee on
order,style and revision be empowered
to call to their assistance such clerks
as they deem necessary who shall be
paid at the rate of $4 per day for the
time employed; and that tihe public
printer do such printing as is required
by such committee.
Resolved, That said committee have
leave to sit during any recess of the
convention that may be ordlered.
Mr. George Johnstone moved to
amend by substituting $2 for $1. lie
said these young men had done noth
ing for several weeks at $2 a dlay, and
he thought they ought to be willing
to do this work for $2 a day.
After some discussion ~the resolu
tions, as amended, were adopted.
Section 35 wvas then taken up.
Mr. Howell moved to strike out
lines 28 and 2t) of section :35, the
"And no waiver, mortgage or other
lien shall be permitted to defeat the
exemption in lands after the home
stead has been claimed."
After a short debate the section was
stricken out-yeas t2, nays 48.
Mr. Clavton then oii'ered the fol
Add to th~e end of section 2'J. Pro
vided that uponl sale under foreclosure
proceedings, the homestead inust brintg
thereto are repealed by this Constitu
tion, except where reordained and de
The hour for recess having arrived.
it was agreed to continue the session
until the business was completed.
Mr. Johnstone then offered the fol
lowing amendment, which was agreed
Insert after "State," on line 4. set
tion- of the schedule, the words "and
Constitution when enrolled."
THE LAST ARTICLE.
Mr. Stanyarne Wilson moved to
suspend the further consideration of
the schedule for the time being and
take up the article on declaration of
rights for its third reading. This was
the last article. The motion was
Mr. Connor offered an amendment
to section 17 of the article on declara
tion of rights. Mr. Connor was in form
ed thatsecticn 17 had been stricken out
on the second reading. The president
understood tkat Mr. onnor withdrew
the matter and went ahead. Mr. Con
nor claimed that he had offered it as a
substitute and said lie might have beei
treated with a little courtesy. Mr.
Talbert apologized. Mr. Connor still
complained and Mr. Talbert spoke to
him rather sharply. saying he had told
him all he could tell him.
Then the entire article on declara
tion of rights was rushed through its
third reading and sent to the commit
tee on style and revision, having been
under consideration only about 15
minutes. Then it was clinched and
and the Constitution proper was com
pleted at 5:48 p. ni.
The schedule was again taken up
and Mr. Stanyarne Wilson offered an
additional section, purely ex plaiatory,
which was adopted.
The schedule was then sent to ti
committee on style and revision.
The following resolution, which had
been standing on the calandar. was
Resolved, That the comptroller
general be authorized and directed to
audit the accounts of the State printer
for work done for the convention be
fore or after its adjournment sine
die, and draw his warrant upon the
State treasurer therefore upon the pro
duction of the proper vouchers.
The ordinance to authorize the gen
eral assembly to provide for a sinking
fund in the several counties of the
State, to enable the same to do busi
ness on a cash basis was then taken
Mr. Connor's ordiance to raise a
sinking fund to enable the counties to
"catch up" received its third reading.
An effort to change "nay" to "must"
in the first section was defeated.
Mr. Dudley's ordinance relating to
the alphabetical indexing was given a
final reading and sent to the commit
tee on style and revision.
The resolution to provide for the
pay of commissioners and managers
of election was then taken up and
rushed through its final reading in a
The resolution requiring all expen
ses of the court of general sessions for
each county to be paid by the State,
was then called up, but was withdrawn
from the calendar.
WHEN THE END CAME.
This concluded the work of making
the new Constitution, the calendar be
ing cleared at exactly 6:39 o'clock.
The steering committee then offered
the following report:
1. That the calendar of the conven
tion has been cleared and all matters
upon the president's desk disposed of:
that nothing more can be done until
the committee on order, style and re
vision shall make its report, which
will require a period of several days.
2. That, this convention do now
recede from business until 7:30 p. m.
December 3, 1895;, thateach delegate,
officer and employe be allowed mile
age at 5 cents going to his home and
returning for the recess; that no per
diem be allowed for the recess to dele
gates, officers and employes, except
to those who remain in Columbia sick
during the recess, except to those
delegates who shall attend the
meetings of the committee on order,
style and revision and such clerks as
shall be employed by them under a
resolution this day adopted.
Mr. George Jonstone was objecting
to the matter of the per diem and mile
age, when all the electrict lights save
four on the circuit suddenly went out.
By this time there was great contusion
and Mr. Talbert kept continually rap
ping for order. Many delegates were
gathered around the press stand. Some
wanted the word "adjourn" changed
to read, "recess." Mr. Cooper waxed
wroth over the puttihg out of the
lights, evidently thinking some one
around the hall had tamper'ed with the
switches. The president ordered the
sergeant-at-arms to go out and see
"wywe are in the dark here." Mr.
Meares then sent up a substitute re
latino to the pay during the recess.
Mr. VTilson changed the report so as
to make it apply only to members re
maining here on the sick list. . This
finally proved satisfactory and the re
port was adopted.
Then at 7:03, everything being out
of the way, the convention so far as
the making of the Constitution is con
cerned, caine to an end. Several
songs were sung by happy attaches
and soon the hall was vacated .
The delegaitesgoot Atlanta exposition
"CarolinalDay" badges later on, and
this morning all of themt but the
members of the committee on style
and revision will leave at 7::30 a . m.
for Atlanta to enjoy the sights.
A Terrible Rlnnaway.
SrAntTAsBUta, Nov. 27.-As the
county convicts were returning home
from work Tuesday afternoon, the
mules became frightened and ran
away, throwing the occupants of the
wagon, thirteen in number, down a
thirty foot embankment, injuring ev
ery one of them more or less. The
runaway occurred near. the Port R~oy
al and Western Carolina Railro:,d be
yond the Fair Forrest creek where the
dirt road crosses the railroad. Mr.
Bolt, the driver oft te wvagon, had just
driven up te the railroad when1 a crank
car suddenly dashed of a cut and
passed them, frightening the mules.
The mules became frantic and turned
down the track throwing out the con
victs, guard and driver. The injured
and injuries are: Tonm Brooks, right
hip and leg bruised: Jim Gtounlock,
injured ibternally; George Wright.
injured internally: Bob Collins. left
side bruised and left hand cut: John
Richardson, stomach smashed and
hand bruised; Henry R~ollins. white.
bruised: Chas. Powell wlhite, right
knee sprained: Mr. J. Ri. Tillitson, a
guard, received a severe cut across the'
head. Immediately after the accident
the convicts were brought to the stock
ade and Dr. 11. K. Black was called
and did all he could to relieve the suf
or the sale shall be void. -
Mr. Clayton said that some protec
tion should be given to the poor
Mr. McWhite moved to strike out
ilke entire homestead section.
Mr. Tillman sprang to his feet and
dramatically seconded the motion,
saying it was not worth a snap of his
finger any longer.
Mr. McWhite got the floor, the chair
saying that the laymen was in posses
sion. and that the homestead had been
qualified and this section was, so far
as any good that it would do the wom
en and chiliren, absolutely null and
After further discussion the motion
of Mr. McWhite was-tabled-112 toll.
Mr. B. R. Tillman then offered the
Insert on line 12, after the word
"Orovided:" "That the head of the
family to whom a homestead has been
set apart shall not have the right to
alienate it without the consent of the
persons dependent on him or her."
Mr. W. B. Wilson offered the fol
lowing as a substitute for the amend
ment offered by Mr. B. R. Tillman,
which was adopted:
Add after the word "homestead,"
near end of line 28 the words: "Pro
vided, further, That after a homestead
in lands has been set off and recorded,
the same shall not be waived by deed,
conveyance, mortgage or otherwise,
unless the same be executed by both
husband and wife, if both be living."
Mr. Aldrich asked Mr. Wilson to
accept the words "set off" for the
word "assign" which he accepted.
Mr. Roger's amendment to allow
bachelors $300 exemption was killed.
Mr. Prince offered this amendment
to the same section, which was agreed
"Strike out on lines 30 and 31 the
words 'personal property' and insert
the words 'tools and implements' of
Section 29 as amended was then
adopted and clinched.
Mr. D. S. Henderson moved to strike
out on lines 2 and 3 of section 14 the
words "foreign citizen" and insert
"alien." This, he said, would be
striking at capital that comes to this
State. If aliens was put in it would
refer to persons coming from beyond
the sea. A foreign citizen was a citi
zen of New York and New England.
The amendment was adopted.
THE QUESTION OF FEES.
Mr. Jeremiah Smith then moved to
strike out the last section of the arti
cle. Speaking to this amendment, he
said he could not see how expenses
could be fixed. It was unfair to tax
our people to foreclose mortgages held
by people outside the State.
The section referred to limited law
yers' and officials' fees in foreclosure
cases to ten per cent. of the amount
After a brief but spirited debate the
section was stricken out 66 to 46.
Mr. Stanyarne Wilson offered an
additional section creating a labor
commissioner. It was rejected-84 to
Section IS was then recurred to and
Mr. Ira B. Jones offered to amend sec
tion 20, so as to make it read as fol
On line 1, after "bill", insert "or
joint resolution ;" also by adding to
end of section "provided, that either
branch of the general assembly may
provide by rule for the first and third
reading of any bill or joint resolution
by its title only."
The amendment was adopted.
The article on Judicial Department
was taken up, and, with immaterial
changes, was adopted. When section
34 (recognizing divorces granted in
other States) was reached, Mr. Bow
man inoved to strike it out. The mo
tion was adopted- 54 to 47.
TO SETTLE THE LAW.
Mr. Aldrich then offered the follow
ing new section:
No decision of the supreme court of
the State, which modifies or overrules
a predecision of said court, shall have
any protro-active effect or injuriously
affect any rights. accruing under the
law as was down in such prior decis
Col. Aldrich said that it simply
meant that when the supreme court
expounded the law of the State for
once, that this should be the settled
The section was rejected.
At the afternoon session Mr. Ellerbe
moved that the chaplains should re
ceive $150, and asked for its immediate
Mr. Sheppard moved to amend so as
to make it $75 each, which Mr. Ellerbe
Mr. Patterson moved to amend the
resolution so as to increase thme ser
geant-at-arms' salary by $50, but on
motion of Mr. Stanyarne Wilson this
was voted down.
Mr. Ellerbe's resolution, with Mr.
Sheppard's amendment, was then ad
The "schedule" was then taken up,
and Jvdge Fraser offered the follow
ing amendment to go at the end of
"All ordinances passed and ratified
at this convention shall have the same
force and ef fect as if included in and
constituting a part of this Constitu
The section as it stood read:
"First. That all laws in force in
this State at the time of the adoption
of this Constitution, not inconsistent
therewith, shall remain in full force
until altered or repealed by thme gen
Judge Fraser also offered the fol
lowing new section, to be known as
section 7, making the section reported
Section 7. At all elections held for
members of the general assembly in
case of a vacancy or for any other of
fice, State, county or municipal, the
qualifications of electors shall remain
as they were under the Constitution of
1868 until the first day of November,
A. D. 1S96.
Mr. Wilson moved to fill the blank
in the last line of the former seection 7
by inserting "31st day of December,"
which makes the new Consitution ef
fective after Dec. 31, next. This was
Mr. Aldrich then moved to insert
after the words "general assembly" on
line 6 of section 1, the words "or ex
pire by their own limitatiqps." This
was agreed to.
Mr. Geroge Johnstone oifered this
amendment, which was agreed to:
insert after the wor. "State," on
line 41 of section 1, the words "and
constitutional when enacted.
Mr. Stanyarne Wilson the offered
the following new sectiomn, to be known
as section 9, which was adopted:
Section 9. The provisisons of the
This Brigade was composed of the
following companies: Clemson~ Col
lege Cadets, 225 strong; Company A.
Captain R. E. Lee: Company B, Cap
tain 0. M. Peguis: Company C. Cap
tain B. I. Tillman; Company 1), Cap
tain I. M. Mauldin: Company E, Cap
tain W. H. Carpenter: Company F,
Captain F. G. Thompkins.
Colonel Wilie Jones. of the first :eg
iment and ColonelHall and stail.
The first regiment under the com
mand of General Stoppelbein was next
in line. This command was made up
of the following troops: Cadets of
Patrick Military Institute and John
son Military Institute: Dougleton
Guards, Captain Thompson; Manning
Guards, Captain Davis: Gary Evans
Volunteers, Captain Fannin; Gover
nor's Guards, Captain Bateman; Edis
to Guards, Captain Wise; Richland
Volunteers, Captain Weston: Fair
field Rifles. Captain Jordan: Bamburg
Guards, Captain Eams; Greenbriar
Guards, Captain Lemmons; Tillman
Volunteers, Captain Claffy; Ridge
way Volunteers, Captain Johnson;
Sal lev Rifles, Captain Salley: Pomaria
Rifles, Captain Eargle.
The Governor's Horse Guard and
the Atlanta Artillery closed up the
The line moved along Peachtree to
Wall, Wall to Pryor, Pryor to Ivy,
and out Ivy to Peachtree street and
thence along th4 street to the exposi
The Macon troops were frequently
cheered as they moved along the route,
but the South Carolina troops created
the greatest enthusiasm. All along
the route crowds were packed in dense
masses and as the troops moved along
they were cheered again.
When the line reached the grounds
the soldiers passed around the plank
walk and were revie*ed at the govern
ment building by Governor Evans
and Governor Atkinson. After the
review the troops gave a dress parade
on the plaza and were inspected by the
Afterwards the South Carolinians
gathered in the auditorium where they
neld their public ceremonials. They
were welcomed to the city and state by
President Collier of the exposition and
NEW YORK, Nov. 25.-Herman
Hattenhaft, a phytsical instructor,
killed his two children and himself in
Brooklyn y'este:day. He lived in
Greene avenue, with his wife and two
children, the latter very young. Hat
tenhaft went out in the afternoon,
taking the children'with him. When
he had not returned at midnight, his
wife. started out to look for the three.
The doors of the gymnasium where
Hattenhaft was employed were found
locked and were battered in by the
police. They found father and chil
dren lying dead. The two children
had been shot and killed by their fa
ther, who then shot himself. The
bodies were cold. and it is supposed
the triple tragedy occurred during the
afternoon Hattenhaft had been de
spondent for some time, probably be
cause of domestic troubles. Twelve
years ago he was a pugilist, and was
well khown in Brooklyn as an athe
lete. Ile was at one time the instruct
or in the Brooklyn Athletic Club. The
bodies of the two children were found
in a closet used for vapor baths, where
the little ones had been playing while
living, probably having been first
made inser ible with chloroform.
Into the bu.< a tube connecting with
the gas pipe was inserted. The chil
dren had died of asphyxation. Tihe
wife and mother is so prostrated with
grief that it is feared she cannot re
cover. In intervals between fainting
spells Mrs. Hattenhaft said that there
had been no domestic difliculty be
tween herself and her husband, and
she thought lhe must have become
temporarily deranged over business
troubl.es, of which she had heard him
speak of on several occasions. So far
as she knew, however, he had never
threatened to take his life or do bod
ily harm to any member of the family .
Hattenhaft. although an ex-pugilist,
bore a good name.
M1urderedI on a Boat.
P~auus, Texas, Nov. 2.-A ghastly
find was made on a shanty boat at the
mouth of Wild IHorse Creek on the
Indian Territory side of the Red river
by peop~le from Arthur City, Sunday
night. Aboard the boat were found
the dead bodies of three men and a
boy, a fai~hful dog keeping guard
over the bodies. Yesterday Marshal
Williams sent two of his best men to
the scene. They found that the three
men had been shot in the head. Two
were shot with pistols and thme third
with a shot gun. The boy had been
killed with a gun barrel or a club.
The murderers were so close to their
victims when thme shots were fired
that their clothing was burned. The
men had been killed several days be
fore and the bodies were in an ad
vanced state of decomposition. The
men's clothing, with pockets turned
inside out was scattered about the
boat. showing that they had been
murdered and then robbed. As far as
can be iearned the victims were E. C.
Canody. the owner of the outfit,
Ihenry Thomas Rlice, a music teacher,
and a young man named Maddox,
who said a few days ago that he was
from Atlanta, Ga., "and that his father
was in the grocery business there.
The men left Arthur last Wednesday
and the murder nrobably took place
Thursday night. ~The boat was in an
out of the way spo:, there being no
house nearer than t wo miles. There
is no cle~w to the per-petrators of tihe
Corea's, Mu rdered EQueen.
AN-or VER. B3. C., Nov. 2.-Chi
nese papers byth seaer Empress
of China are bitter in their attacks
on tihe Japanese authiorities in Corea.
whom they blIame for the murder of
the (Queen. They assert that Japan
is a nation pretending to be civilized,
but is the most barborous on earth.
The Q2ueen was 1hun g ulp by the hair
and,after being otherwise abused, was
tied hand and foot, soaked in oil and
burned in the rear of time palace, her
remlains being reduced to ashes so that
all trace might be lost. Thirty at
tendants of the Q-ueen, it is alleged
were butchered. their corpses being
left about the palace. Whenm the p~ai
ace was attacked of some 1,500) guar-ds
on duty, one in six remained at their
post and they wer-e quickly dispatch
ed. According to the Chinese reports
there were tifteen women of title ini
court-the Queen. her mother. and
thirteen ladies ~in waiting. They
were nearly all Moaked in oil amnd
burned, while the rien's thrmoats were
TEN THOUSANDSOUTH CAROLINIANS
INVADE THE CITY.
The Exercises at the Expoitin--senator
Tillman. Governor Evans, and Several
Prominlent Georgian, )ake Speehes
Our Soldiers arc Loudly Cheered.
ATLNTA, Nov. 2.-The people o f
the 'alinetto State are gloriously cele
brating South Carolina )ay at the
exposition. Their military pagean
and the exercises at the auditorium
surpassed everything attempted by
any of the states that have sent dele
gations here to make the exposition a
success. There are ten thousand South
Carolinians in the city and their white
badges can be seen everywhere at
The crowds began to arrive yester
day morning and before night they
had filled the hotels and overflowed
to the private boarding houses around
the city. Every train from South
Carolina brought hundreds of people.
The cars ware pacKea rrom door to
door and those who could not obtain
seats stood in the aisles. From every
point in the state cheap rates were in
effect and the people took advantage
Today Columbia. the capital of the
State. is deserted: the halls of the cap
itol are quiet. The olicials of the
State are in Atlanta. Not an ollicial
was left in Columbia last night to ope
rate the departments. The governor
deserted his post and the constitution
al convention, which has been in ses
sion in Columbia for a number of
months, was adjourned to give the
members a chance to visit the exposi
There has not been a moment since
the movement to have an exposition
that South Carolina has not given At
lanta her heartiest support. The con
gressmen from that state fought for
the government appropriation and did
much to help secure it. The people
prepared a magnificent exhibit of the
state's resources and products and in
stalled it here, and now they are here
celebrating in a way that has surpass
ed everything yet attempted their own
day at the exposition.
The crowds began arriving in the
city yesterday morning, the first ex'
cursion being from Columbia. It
came over the Seaboard Air line.
Since then the Seaboard has been run
ning specials into the city. every few
hours. The Georgia road brought in
a number of specials yesterday and
more will arrive today. The heaviest
movement was over the Southern as
that was the line by which the gover
nor, his staff and troops traveled to
the city. They ran eight special trains
to accommodate the state. The first
train came in shortly before noon yes
terday and the last arrived this morn
The excursion trains arrived yester
day in the following order:
First train at 11 a. m., with students
of Cleria. College, with 298 people.
Second train with Tillman Blues of
Clifton with 100 men .
Third train at 4:10 p. i., with Gov
ernor Evans and his staif and mem
bers of the constitutional convention
including 263 people.
Fourth train at 4:31) with Winsboro,
Ridgeway and Greenville troops, 333
Fifth train. 5:35 p. in.. with 2t6
school girls from Rock Hill.
Sixth train at 6:15 p. in., with South
Carolina college of Columbia and mil
itary companies from Union and
The last two trains arrived this
morning and had on board the Cita
del Cadets and the state troops of
As fast as they arrived the troops
were met by local soldiers and were
escorted to the various armories around
the city where they will make their
head quarter-s u ntil their departure
G overnor Evans and his staff, Sen
ator Tiliman and the state house ofli
cials. went to the Aragon while the
members of the constitutional conven
tion secured sleeping berths wherever
Early this morning the South Caro
linians bestirred themselves for their
celebration. It was not necessary to
hunt a physician to get a certificate
and then locate a dispensary, they
found everything they needed close
at hand and they took advantage of
Shortiy after 9 o'clock the military
began assembling on Walton street
and in a short while tile three brigades
had formed for the parade. In a few
minutes they began moving in the fol
The marshal of the day. Colonel
John S. Candler, with the following
members of his sta fl:
Captain George S. Lowman, Fifth
Georgia Regiment, chief of stall.
Colonel .Johin Milledge, retired.
Major .John T. Hiardemnan, Second
Maijor Oweni T. Kenan, Second Gieor
Captain Thoma . Sereen, Furh
Georgia R egimnent.
Captatiin . . nsymo, Fourth er
Capltain C. C. H anstel, Frth Geori
Captain John D). Little. Second
Captain John A. M iller. retir-ed.
Captain George S. ('bear, retired.
Lieutenant Hunter Ligget, Fifth
United States Infantry.
Lieutenant Oscar .J. Brmown, First
United States Cavalry.
Lieutenant Freder-ick Kimball, Fif th
United Stattes infantry.
Then came the irst and second bat
talions of the Fifth Regiment of Geor
coa commandcd by i .eutenant Colonel
A. P. WXoodward. The Macon Light
Infantry and the Macon Volunteers
were next in line.
Governor Evans and his stall rode
at the head of tihe South Carolina
troops. The governor's staff was as
follows: J. Glary Watts, adjutant
and inspector general of South Caro
lina: W. WX. Bruce, assistant adjutant
and inspector general: Colonel George
S. Mc( rary. Colonel N.- G. Evans,
Colonel L Hi. McCallai, Colonel J. W.
F'lor-d. Colonel A . H. Patterson. Colo
nel ID. W. McLaurin. Colonel W. R.
Bullock, Colonel 0. R. Lowmnan,
Colonel WV. J1. Rollison, Colonel H1. T.
Milami, Colonel J. A. Mood, Colonel
Thommas :Martin and Colonel Boyd
The fo)urth Brigade commanded by
General Anderson was the next in
line. Then came the second Brigade
under tile command of General Rich
A Telling Speech by a Constant Friend of
NEW YORK, Nov. 27.-The cause of
Cuba's patriots was the topic of a big
mass meeting held in the hall of
Cooper Union last night. The meet
ing was under the auspices of the Jose
Marti club, composed of Cubans.
Mr. Henry Lincoln Winter intro
duced the Hon. Charles A. Dana,who
was a personal friend of Marti, as
chairman of the meeting.He eulogized
Mr. Dana as the undying friend of
Mr. Dana was received with a veri
table whirlwind of applause, the en
tire audience rising and cheering
again and again.
When quiet had been restored, Mr.
Dana spoke as follows, his address be
ing frequently interrupted with ap
"My friends, Cubans, Americans:
The warmth of your reception over
whelms me. I feel that I have done
nothing to earn such enthusiasm and
such sympathy. I know that it is not
a personal feeling. That every flash
of each eye that I see before me ex
presses the spirit of liberty and the
hope of independence for the fairest
isle of the earth. And all enthusiasm.
delightful as it is, and the soul in
which it is founded upon the great
principle, liberty for all,order and the
opportunity for every man on God's
footstool to work out lie end to which
nature and providence have directed
"My friends, it was one of the pieces
of the very good fo:tune that have
marked a career not short,that I knew
Jose Marti. I knew him intimately.
I worked with him, side by side, and
gathered inspiration from the ideas
that flashed from his unquenchable
soul. He was a man of conviction,he
was a man whose sympathies went
over the whole range of humanity and
sought for all the full. opportunities of
life. He died worthy. He died in the
cause dearest to his heart and we who
came here tonight to recall his lovely
characterto admire his great qualities
and to feel that a man was consecrated
wherever he went, may well be con
tent to gaze upon hisgrave and to feel
that he did not perish in vain. No
man perishes who follows ideas such
as he followed.
" For freedom's battle once begun,
Bequeathed by bleeding sire to son,
Though baflled oft, is ever won.'
There was great cheering at this
point and Mr. Dana had to pause a few
moments till the applause ceased.
"And that grave of Marti," he re
sumed, though it seems to mark the
failure and disappointment of his
greatest aspirations, is in itself a mon
ament on the roadside which Cuba
marches to her great destiny of uni
versal happiness, progress, light and
-freedom. For my part I can say that
wherever liberty is sought for, there is
my country, and wherever a hand is
raised or blow struck to secure the
freedom of a people, there is my heart
and all that I can give shall be ren
dered as long as I live.
"The freedom of Cuba is a cause
that interests all mankind and it is a
cause that specially interests all Amer
icans. It is on the American conti
nent, the last foothold of mediaeval
despotism. It is the last dungeon in
which the sort is perpetuated to im
prison the human mind and repress
the energy of man.
"I cannot share that animosity
against Spain which so many of my
friends feel and which I know they
feel justly, because that Spain did not
make herself ; she inherited the dun
geons and the institutions; she has
inherited the despotic practices and
what is more, she has inherited pov
"Where does she go for the treasure
that is necessary to maintain her agi
tated system. She cannot draw it from
the pockets of Spanish peasants; she
must draw it from the rich fields and
the divine sky of Cuba. But that ex
cuse can not justify the oppression,
the tyranny and the wholesale plun
der of that great and beautiful island
from which Spain is to supply her
"So Cuba must be free." The en
thusiasm reached fever heat and the
audience seemed to have lost control
of themselves under the spell of Mr.
Dana's oratory. Hats were Ilung in
the air and the women waved their
handerchiefs in their enthusiasm."
"So Cuba must be free," continued
Mr. Dana, "and Spain must be reduced
to a system of forced economy. My
friends, I will not detain you longer.
There are some letters to be read and
after you will hear speeches from men
whose hearts are fired with the inspi
ration of freedom, and who will use
words wvhich will correspond to the
spirit of freedom that pervades all
hearts here tonight."
At the conclusion of Mr. Dana's
speech letters of regret were read from
Gen. Russel A. Alger of Michigan,
Albert W. McIntyre, governor of
Colorado, Governor Culberson of
Texas, Congressman Amos J. Cum
mings. Gen. Martin T. McMahan,Gen.
Daniel Butterfield,Hon. Patrick Egan,
Governor Allen of North Dakota, sen
ator Wmn. E. Chandler of New Hamp
shire,Governor Upham of Wisconsin,
Andrew Carnegie and Augustus W.
Congressman Wmn. Sulzer was the
next speaker, and he received an en
thusiastic greeting. He said ini part:
'In the present crisis in Cuba my
sympathies are all with the heroic and
patriotic Cubans and I sincerely hope
and believe they will succeed. Cuba
must and will be free, and independ
ent and in my judgment the end is
near, the result inevitable and the
Cuba-a republic will soon take its
stand among the nations of the world.
In this revolution, the sympathy of
every American and every believer in
freedom and in liberty should go out
to Cuba and the Cubans."
Giving Away Balbies.
ATLANTA. Nov. 27.-Some of the
fair attendants at the exp~osition have
received souvenirs they were rot ex
pecting and this fact "should remind
our wemen that they had better- keep
their eves skinined and not loose their ]
wits. ~Last Fiday while Mrs. Geo
gia Hammuonid. of Columbus, Geor
gia who had attended the exposition.,
was sitting in the waiting room of the1
depot in Atlanta, a woman, clad in
black and closely veiled, entered, car'
r-ying the baby in her arms. She ask
ee- Mis. Hammond to hold the little<
one for a few minutes, which she read
ily consented to do. The woman nev-(
er- reappeared and search failed to find I
her-. Mrs. Hammond took the little I
girl home with her. The child is ]~
about a year and a half old and hasit
THE SECESSION OF SAMPS.
DR. POPE JOiNS THE REPUBLISAN
He Gives His Reasons For the Evolution
Wants to Belong to a Party That Favors
Honest Elections and a Protective Tariff.
Dr. Sampson Pope was yesterday
asked by a representative of The State
what he thought of the political situa
"It is hard,"he replied, "to foretell
just at this time what will be develop
ed in the future, but I believe that I am
safe in saying that there is much politi
cal unrest. The convention now
about closing its labors has framed a
Constitution for the people which, if
submitted to them would be rejected
by a large majority. There are too
many objectionable features in it to
refer to all of them, but the suffrage
clause'is the most objectionable. It
places the power in the hands of the
respective boards of registration to re
fuse any man not of their political
views, and I predict that thousands of
white men will be disfranchised by
them and more than 100,000 negroes
-in fact, as in Mississippi, I do not ex
pect 10,000 negroes to be registered.
This power comes from the Reform
members of the convention, aided by
some of the Conservative members. It
is intended by the Reformers to per
petuate themselves in power. That it
is intended to commit fraud under
the suffrage clause has been admitted
on the floor of the convention.
"The Conservatives have developed
but four able men-Messrs. George
Tillman, George Johnstone, ex-Gover
nor Sheppard and McGowan. The
Reformers have developed onlw three
or four-Senator Irby, Mr. 9llerbe,
ex-Governor Tillman and Mr. Burn.
None of the latter have had the moral
courage to meet the issues arising as
statesmen, unless it be Messrs. Ellerbe
"The suffrage clause is a disgrace to
the civilization of the age and is in
conflict with the Constitution of the
United States and it was adopted
whilst the flag of -the nation floated
over the hall of 1 ih convention. I
was amused this morning, in the con
vention, when I saw ex-Governor
Tillman wrougat up t0 such a pitch
on having the homestead section
amended that he moved to strike out
the whole section, and although the
vote was put on the same motion com
ing from another member, it was lost
by a vote of 112 to 12. Moral: States
men (?) should never lose their temper
and attempt to do foolish things.
Niany of the poor white menof e
tate are uneasy lest they lose their
right to vote, and well they may be,
for the Constitution puts it in the
power of a few white men in each
county to refuse them. I predict that
a majority of these men will leave the
Reform ranks and- seek safety else
"Will the action of the convention
lead to any political changes in this
"Yes, there are a large number of
white voters in the State who now feel
rree to make new party alionments.
The Republican party of this State
will in the next campaign consist of
L5,000 white Republicans, who have
not voted since 1876 or who have come
of age since and have not voted, and
of 25,000 Conservatives and Refrom
ers, who will seek a new party align
ment, and of that part of the negroes
to be registered who will not follow
"What are the causes of this change
that you speak of in the Conservative
"It is due to several causes: First,
the opportunity is offered of forming
a Republican party without being
taunted with "gone to the negro;" sec
ond, the frauds practiced in the last
election; third, the objectionable fea
tures of the new Constitution, coupled
with the fact that it was called by
fraud, and the fact that the members,
although unsworn, do not propose to
refer their work to the people for rati
fication; fourth, protection of our
manufacturing industries, which car
ries with it protection of labor and of
agriculture, and brings trade to our
merchants; in fact every avocation
gets its proportionate benefit.
'The protection of from one to one
and a half cents per square yard of
cloth produced is what keeps our mills
alive; without it every cotton mill in
the land would be closed, and yet they
sell their cloth only for from one
eighth to one-fourth cent per yeard
profit. This protection duty enables
the mill men to pay the mill ;opera
tives good wages the operatives buy
surpins vegetable and other products,
including wood, from the farmers.
They spend their income freely with
the merchants and others, thereby
putting in circulation large sums of
"The Newberry mill, one of the best
conducted mills in the south, pays out
$10,000 per month to its operatives,
nearly all of which goes into circula
tion. The other mills in the State pay
out sums in proportion to the help
employed. There are now, or will be
in six months, 1,000,000 of spindles at
swork in South Carolina, spinning 500,
300 bales of cotton. These mills will
pay out $400,000 per month as wages,
and will bu~y (at present prices) $20,
300, 000 worth of cotton per year. It
is a fact known to every farmer who
sells to thie mills that they get from
one-fourth to three-fourths of a cent.
per pound more for their cotton by
reason of the location of these mills
among us than they would get if we
bhad no mills and they sold to specula
"So it is to the interest of ever citi
ten to favor protection, and interest
overns the world. The Republican
party is the party of protection, not
nly of manufactures and labor, but
siso of the rights of the citizen under
he Constitution of the United States,
ience our people are looking to that
>arty. Ilavmgo been protectionist since
884, I naturally go to that party; and
do so for the further reason that I be
ieve in giving to every citizen
very right inherited from Magna
Thart a and the common law
>f England before the adoption of the
Inited States Constitution and every
ight guaranteed to him by the Con
titution of the United States.
"You you may look for a lively
amnpaign in this state next year.I
vould not be surprised to see South
arolina in the Republican column
long side of old Virginia, West Vir
:inia, North Carolina, Tennessee,
louisiana and Texas, Kentucky Mis
ouri and Maryland are in the column