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LOUIS APPELT, EDITOR.
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Entered at the Post Office at Manning as
MANNING, S. C.:
WEDNESDAY, JAN. 1, 1896.
New Year's Day 1896.
A happy new year to all! A happy
and prosperous year, a year of peace
and plenty to each and every one!
The joyous custom of expressing
good wishes and of sending gifts on
"New Year's Day" we owe to the
Romans, who probably learned it
from the Persians, -and they from
some still older nation, tribe or race.
Itsres1crigin is lost in the dim and
distant past. Solomon says-"There
is nothing new under the sun. What
is, hath been; what hath been, will be
Julius Cesar revised the calendar
and made January first the first day
of the year. Previous to Jan. 1st,
46 B. C., the calendar year began in
March, as the names of the last four
months in the year plainly declare;
for September means the 7th month,
October the 8th, November the 9th,
December the 10th.
The year 47 B. C. was "the last
year of confusion" and the longest
civil year that man's laws ever de
creeaIt cqnsjsted of 445 days, and
was the fr of' preparation for the
Julian calendar which began Jan. 1,
46 B. C.
Many of the Roman new year fes
tivities were, of course, heathenish in
their character, and it was not until
some time during the fifth century
A. D., that Chriatians began to ob
serve the day and then it was because
it was the octave of the nativity,
which is the great Christian festival
the whole world over.
"New Year's Day" has to many the
deeper significance of the beginning
of a new life, of a higher life. Hence
it isthat ithasbecome a day of re
formation, of vows, of writing out a
charter for a better life to be followed.
Eace day's a new life-live it right!
To all our readers again 'we wish
a happy new year! a year of success
in every laudable undertaking!I a
year of peace and plenty and pros
prrity ! a year of higher, nobler life!
a year of consecration to the dis
charge of every duty to God and man
McLaurin on the Financial Quetion.
In the speech of Congressman Mc
Laurin, which we publish elsewhere,
among others he makes two strong
points which fairly took the wind out
of the sails of those who preceded
him in the great financial debate.
He gave them a hard nut to crack
when he told Congress "that while
the bill declares its purpose to main
tain and protect the coin redemption
fund, there is no authority of law
providing for such a fund." This as
sertion of our representative shows
he had made a thorough study of the
law. It shows that neither the act of
1875 or 1881 provided for the main
tainence of such a redemption fund
and that the Republican msjority
were guilty of gross usurpation of
authority and that this act was in
line with the usual insidious assaults
of the money power, and that it was
a "covert" attempt to legalize the
usurpation of power indulged in by
the various heads of the financial de
partment since the inauguration of
the policy of contraction in 1873,
and that it would result in the retire
ment of the greenbacks and thereby
a decrease of $346,000,000 in the vol
s-ume of money. His second point
~ie;hat it would be just as easy to
exchange greenbacks for gold with
our own people, as to sell interest
bearing bonds to alien money-lenders.
That the secretary of the treasury is
purposely depleting the gold re
serve to force bond issues, else why"
should he use the greenbacks in pay
ing the current expenses of the gov
ernment. The salaries of all officials
are paid in greenbacks to help float
out and be gathered up to dfrain the
gold reserve for export. He clearly
showed the conspiracy of the finan
cial jugglers, and that the only hope
for the people lay in being educated
on this great question.
McLaurin's speech was strong and
incisive, and it had the effect of carry
ingasgreat many Republican votes.
The speech was limited to ten minutes
and the time was too short for him to
do the subject justice, and at the re
quest of many members he was com
plimented with the request to enlarge
his remarks in the Congressional Re
cord. The financial battle in the
house last Saturday was upon the
shoulders .f McLaurin, ex-Speaker
Crisp and Bailey. These Democratic
reprsentatives boro the brunt and
they made a noble effort to stay the
hands o.f our oppressors.
Since McLauriu's elevation to the
ways and means committee he has be
cone a power, and he will use that
power for the best interests of his peo
i.e. We want every body to read Mc
Laurin's speech and although it is a
mere s llabus, it is full of convincing
truth, and it places him among the
foremost on the question now most
imprtant to the masses.
MCLAUR11'S RINGING VOICE
In the Halls of Congress-An Able
Mr. Speaker, I am opposed to the pass
age of this bill, because its provisions will
not only burden an already debt-ridden
people, but will legalize a long series of
usurpations by different Secretarias of the
Treasury. The caption declares this a bill
"to protect the coin redemption fund,'
while at the same time there is not a single
line of law upon the statute book author
izing or providing any suah fund. Judg.
ing from past experience. without doubt
this language would be construed by the
secretary for the purpose of sequestering
in the treazury this vast sum of $100,000,
000, -hich should be in the channels of
business, giving life and vigor to our com
mercial transactions. This unauthorized
fund has been maintained in absolute idle
ness for over twenty ) ears, and at simple
interest his cost the people more than
$80,000,000. This is a covert attempt tc
legalize an unwarranted assumption, which
alone should prevent the passage of the
bill. ir. Speaker, instead of this being
a boill to protect the coin redemption fund
it is, more properly speaking, in my judg
ment, an act to provide for a deficiency it
our revenues. The President has already
issued over $160,000,000 of interest-bearin,
bonds for the alleged purpose of strength
ening this reserve fud. In my opinion wc
might with profit inquire as to what ha
become of the proceeds of the sale of thes
Mr. Speaker, is it not true that the oni
hundred and sixty millions of gold receive
from the sale of these bonds was drawn on
of the Treasury through the redemption o
United States notes or greenbacks? Is i
not also true that these one hundred anm
sixty millions of United States notes o
greenbacks have been paid out by th
Secretary of the Treasuiy in the ordinar;
expenses of the Government? I repeat, ha
it not been the custom of the present. Sec
retary to sell bonds for gold, to exchang
the gold for United states Luotes, an<
then to use these notes in payment of ou
governmental expenses? Then why corn
here with a bill claiming to pTotect "tht
coin redemption fund" when in fact an<
in practice it is a bill to supply a deficienc:
in the revenue?
I believe in dealing with the peoplc
frankly and squarely, and if this bill n
really to maintain a redemption lund, i
should be so stated, plainly and distinctly
and then used for no other purpose what
ever. If, on the other hand, as is noi
secretly practiced, it is to supply, a de
ficiency in the revenue, I maintain tha
such a declaration should be made, in or
der that all may clearly understand it:
Jsesides, I am decidedly in favor of cur
tailing rather than extending the discret
ionary powers of the Secretary of the
freasury in our tinancial aflirs. The ac
of 1J75, mentioned in this bill, provided
for the sale ot bonds at his discretion, a
not less than par in coin,while the last issuc
of bonds by the .)ecretary of the Treasury wa
made for so many ounces of gold bullion
I merely mentian this to show the char
acter ol the usurpation of power by the
Secretary of the Treasury. ..r. Speaker
there is a vast difference between sellin
bonds for coin, which means both gold ant
ilver, and bartering the obligations of thi
United States for gold bullion.
I assume that all of our present diffical
ties would be eliminated and fUthor legis
ation upon this subject unnecestary if wt
had a secretary oi I reasury who would
obey the law now upon the statute book to
the nation.There is to-day not a bozgI, cou
pon, obligation, or debt of any characte
against the United States which is not pay
able, principal and interest, in coin; ant
coin to-aay means just what it has sinet
the loundation ot Wbe Governient-botl
gold and silver.
Now, Mr. Speaker, with the vaults of tht
Treasury bursting with siver, wiW tht
great plain people struggling beneath a
load of debt ad aistress, .t assert that it ii
unfair, unjust, wholly uncallet
for, that interest-beaitig bot~ds, it
time of peace, should be sold, to faither iai
.*-. and through this in
he does the debt due the alien mone2
lender. Ail are payable in coin, and al
should alike be paid in coin.
If it could be unnouinced to-morrowi
that an Amnerican policy of inance woult
be inaugurated and the further doinatiot
of alien mnoney lenders resisted, the sami
enthusiasm and patriotic response wouk
come from the people to the support of th<
Administration that was witnessed whet
the President so forcibly reaffirmned th4
Monroe doctrine, and notified England t<
encroach no further upon American i.il
A similar announcement on the financia
situation would infuse new life into thi
Democratic party, from which hope mas
been crushed by the financial policy of th<
Let the United States, like Fiance, be
gin t'Ae payment of silver for her pape:
money when presented for redemption
and the necessity for another bond issaw
would vanish. Let us also imitate the ex
ample of France in relusing to fuirnisl
gold for export. in doing this we wouk
simply be putting into practice that grans.
rule of huimane governmnent, "equal right
to all, special privileges to none."
There is a another point, Mr. Speaker
that seems to have been overlooked, It i;
claimed by the Secretary in bis Ia.%t repor
that there is in circulation among the peo
pe four hundred and seventy-five imillion:
in gold coin. From the report of th,
Comtroller of the Currency it is learne,
that not over one hundred and fifty miil
lions is held by the banks, leaving thre<
hundred and twenty-five muiliions amonl
the people. If the secretary of the 'Tres
ury would expond as much energy in eX
changing with the people greenbacks 1o
this gold that he does in exchanging gol<
for greenbacks with alien financiers, I an
of the opinion that the exigencies of tti
Treasury might be reiieved without a f urth
er issue of bonds.
The gentleman from Maine [.\r. Ding
ley) advanced the proposition to secur
this goid by an issue of interent-bearin1
certificates of indebtedness. In miy judg
ment the object mnight be attained at Ia
less expense by exchanging greenback
which come into the Treasury for this golt
coin among the people.
In order to meet the temporary :efici
ency in the Treasury, instead of interest
bearing obligations to become a burder
upon the people, I would suggeit certiti
cates be issued against every idle ounce ol
silver in the Treasury. This would give in
stintaneoils reliefand would put into circu
lation among the people, without the burdet
of intereat, a kind of currency that noni
would refuse and all be glad to get. These
in brief, are my objections to the bill.
believe they are valid.
I can see no good reason why the tax
payers, the producers, and toilers of thi:
country, should be forced to pity an in
terest tribute extending to generations ye
unborn when the simple application o
justice and commton sense woui-I obviati
the necessity of it all. .[Loud applause ot
the Demociatic side.)
jER, Word's Fair
- PIZE MEDAL
PEACE, GOOD-WILL TOWARDS
[Maj. John 3. Richardson in News and
Courier 26th inst.]
Not a few of us are glad to see the stand
you take against the rediculous Jingoism
of the hour. We want no war with Great
Britain. Sbe wants no war with us. What
could either gain? Each would probably
lose more than all bouth America will be
worth to the world for a hundred years to
come. Surely the resources of honorable
statesmanship have not been exhausted
yet, as between Great Britain and the
How baseless the war talk and the war
panic of the markets. President Cleveland
simply asked for a commission to get the
facts with regard to the matter at issue be
ween Venezuela and Great Britain. and
forthwith Gen Serator Chandler calls for
$100.000.000 for war equipments. 100,000
Southerners to invade Cuba and 900,000
Northerners to invade Canada!
Complimentary to the South, to be sure,
conceding, as the call does, that 100,000
Southerners can do far more in war than
But what has Cuba to do with the mat
ter? And what does the South care for
Cuba? True, we are in sympathy with the
Cubans in their struggles against oppres
sion, but we don't want Cuba, neither do
we want Canada. We want no conquered
people and territories--no mixed races as
Suppose the commission shall find that
Venezuela is right and Great Britain is
wrong. Will that justify war on our part?
The wise man said:
"He that meddleth with strife belonging
not unto him is like one that taketh a dog
by the ears," or words to that effect. We
don't want to get "dog-bit."
A war between Great Britain and the
United States would be the greatest pos
sible misfortune to civilization and the
Christianizatiou of the globe. Who can
join in the angelic chant:
Glory to God in the highest!
And on earth peace,
Good will towards men!
And yet go on breathing out war and
hatred, threatenings and slaughter against
a people who are blood of o-r blood, tongue
of our tongue, soul of our soul, [religion of
Let every pulpit all over our land preach
peace on Christmas Day. Let every lover of
God and man pray for peace between the
two great nations of English speech. For
how can we love God whom we have not
seen if we hate our brother whom we have
No just cause of war has yet revealed it
self, and every honorable effort should be
made to avert so dire a calamitv; but should
war come the South will, as she has ever
done, perform her part, and perform it
John 1. Richardson,
Manning, December 23.
Of a new year, when the wintor -eason of
close confinement is only half gone, may
find that their health begins to break
down, that the.least exposure tbreatens
sickness. It is then as well is at all other
times, and with people even inigood health,
that the following facts should be remem
bered, namely: that Hood's Sarsaparilla
leads everything in the way of medicines;
that it accomplishes the greatest cures in
the world; has the largest sale in the world,
and requires the largest building in the
world devoted exclusively to the prepara
tion of the propriety medicine. Does nut
this conclusively prove, if you are siok,
that Hood's Sarsuparilla is the medicine
I for you to take?
THE VENEZUELAN DISPUTE.
No one can accuse the President'ot tim
idity in his attitude towards Great Brittain
in the matter of the Venezuelan boundary,
as expressed in the special message sent to
Congress. The course he proposes is
certainly unusual, but since the govern
ment of the United States is so far com
-mitted against the extension of Europeani
territory in South America that it cannot
what is the lawful boundary and snail pro.
teet Venezuela in the accupation of w bat
ever territory may thus be found to be
T'he President does not disguise the
seriousness of the responsibility thus as
suamed or of the consequences that may
ensue. But he believes that to allow Great
Britain to determine for herself the lituits
of her territotial possessions in America,
against the p'rotest of' a neighboring repub
lic,would be "a supine subtuission to wrong
and injustice" derogatory of the nation's
In the cold light of recognized interna
tional law or custom, it would doubtless be
easy to criticise the President's position,
yet we believe that it expresses the com
mon feelings of Americans ins th~is mnatter
and that it will be cordially sustained by
the whole nation. Indeed Lord Salisbury
himself seems to go far in justifying Mr.
Mr. Cleveland wvhen he admits that the
E nglish government not only received
with entire sympathy the doctrine origin
ally enunciated by President Monroe, but
fully coneurs with the view "that any dis
turbance of the existing territorial distri
bution in that hemisphere by any fresh
acquisitions on the purt of any European
State would be a highly inexpedient
change." It is true that he denies any
"fresh acquisitions,' but he has declined
to take the pains to satisfy us upon this
point, and since he has acknowledged our
right, to dispute such acquisition if at
tempted, he may not dispute our right to
-search into the facts and to govern our
actions according to our own conviction ol
it is impossible to believe that two great
civi.ized nations like Great Britain and the
United States are going to war over a petty
dispute of this kind that ought to have
been settled by friendly adjt'stinent years
ago. It dould be a grievous mistake for
Uougress now to do or say any thing that
would make it niore difficult for the Ex
ecutive to comne peacefully as well as hon
orably out of the discussion. 'lTie presi.
dent speake for the nation and he should
leel that the nation will strenuously sup
port him in all that its dignity mnay de
mand, even to an extremity that we still
prtfer to bedieve remote.-Tlimes.
- 110Da~ Is WONUERFUL.
No lees than wonderlul are the cures iac
coinplishu by flood's Sarsaparilla, even af
ter other preparations and physicians'
prescriptions have lailed. The reason,
-nowever, is simple. When tne blood is
enirzcheu and puritiedl, disease disappears
anid good health returns, and liood's narsa
parinla is tue one true blood puritier.
-liood's k'is are promupt and ellicient and
do not puige, pain or gripe. S5c.
The Japanese parliament was opened
at Yokohama with the imperial speech.
His majesty said he was rejoiced at the
end of the war with China, that order
had been established in the island of
Formosa and that the relations between
Japan and foreign powers were more in
timate than formerly.
Waiter Scott, a young business man
of Des Moines, Ia., and Miss Clara
Dawson were married by a justice of
the peace. Scott went from the office
of the justice to the ho.me of the girl's
father, S. R. Dawson, and was shot
dead by the father, who objected to the
marriage of his daughter.
The Mexican government has grant
ed a concession to George Detweiler of
Chicaigo, and Emil B. Barry of Boston,
to build a railway along the Pacific
coast from Tehuantepec to the Guate
malaai frontier. Thie concessionaires
get about $5,000,000 subsidy. Contracts
have been given for $800,000 worth of
bridges on the Tehuantepec railway.
Official calculations inade in Russia
and transmitted to the state department
by United States Consul General Karel
at St. Petersburg. show that the present
year's harvest of cereals in the whole
world is much smaller than last year's,
anid compared wvith 1894 the decrease is,
ini wheat, 1.50,467,000 bushels, and rye,
126,971,000 bushels. Other grains turn
SUMMERTON LITERARY CLUB
EDITOR THE MANNING TiES:-The
writer is not prone to scribbling, but
you will perhaps allow me space in
your columns to give a brief ac
count of one of the most pleasant af
fairs it has ever been my good for
tune to attend.
It was the fifth anniversary meet
ing of the Summerton Literary Club,
and was held last Friday evening,
the 27th inst., at the residence of
Hon. J. M. Richardson.
When the writer arrived at Mr.
Richardson's, most of the crowd had
gathered, and the spacious parlors
and almost every portion of this ge
nial host's large and handsome resi
dence was thrown wide open, that
the club and their invited guests
might spend the evening in the most
pleasant manner they desired. Large
and cheerful fires tbaw the bitings
of Jack Frost on this cold winter
evening, nor did Mr. Richardson, or
his courteous wife, or sons, or daugh
ter, spare any trouble to make each
one present experience the highest
enjoyment it was possible to obtain
on such an occasion. '
About 9 o'clock the crowd were in
vited to the back portion of the
building where is a very large room,
in fact could be called a hall, and
which was fitted up with a small
stage, sp-endid seats, piano, etc.
The room had been beautifully
decorated with evergreens by the
delicate hands of the many yonng
lady members of the club, and when
one entered the door the first thing
upon which his eye would fall was
the word "Welcome," artistically ar
ranged in evergreen letters on the
opposite side. A beautiful mono
gram of the letters "S. L. C." (Sum
merton Literary Club), hung tastily
over the stage, wrought in a manner
which could only have been planned
by -the fair daughters of western
Clarendon. and executed by their
Nearly two centuries ago Alexander
Pope rose to the height of his literary
genius, and in his poem on "Great
ness" penned the beautiful lines:
"Horor and sihame from no condition rise,
Act well your part, there all the honor lie.,"
but little dreamed he that the inspir
ing words, "Act well your part,"
should be transmitted across the At
lantic, and become the motto of a
social and literary organization in the
since-born county of Clarendon, and
that this sentiment, couched in ever
green letters, should decorate their
stage and inspire the zeal and ambi
tion of these young people to parts
The audience consisted of about
o'e hundred persons, representing
the intelligence of Summerton, Pa
nola, Sumter, Camden; nor did -your
town fail to be represented, Mr.
Editor, there being present some half
dozen or more from Manning.
But for the program:
Mr. W. Elliott Keels, president of
the club, called the meeting to order,
announcing that this was the fifth an
niversary of the organization,- and in
a few well-chosen remarks gave every
one a cordial welcome.
The next was a resume of the year
1895 by Mr. Gordon Belser. It will
be remensbered that Mr. Belser. was
the first honor man at the South Car
olina College last June, and it is suf
ficient to say that in the yoduetion
of this paper, and its manner of de
livery, he failed not to do himself
The next was a laughable f~arce,
"Just My Luck," which was well ren
dered by Misses Caro Belser, Maud
Brock, Fannie Brailsford, and Messrs.
Dick Richardson, Ollie Keels, Rem-y
M~ullum, and Lucian Brailsford.
Miss Novelle Richardson rendered
a beautiful piano solo, the namie of
which the writer (lid not catch, and
one has only to hear her perform to
appreciate her magnificent musical
An inspiring instrumental solo, en
titled, "Tbe Lion Hunt," was execut
ed by Miss Mabel Cantey, with the
delicate skill that only one so accomn
plished as she, could command to de
light her intelligent hearers.
Another farce, called "The Darkey
Wood-dealer," was then given by
Miss Richardson and Messrs. S. A.
Harvin and W. E. Keels. It- was
well acted in every piarticular, but
Mr. Keels deserves special mention
for the fine way in which he took off
the dusky wood-dealer.
The program was interspersed with
some magnificent music by Messrs.
H. B. and R. C. Richardson on the
violin and Mrs. J. C. Manning on the
General E. W. Moise, the special
orator of the occasion, was then in
troduced and delivered a most inte
resting address of an hour's length,
reciting the most important events of
the late war, and at its conclusion
drawing a comparison between Lee
But I am trespassing, Mr. Editor,
and will not consume space to dle
scribe the supper. It was one of the
niest the writer has ever seen, heard
of, or tasted, and made up of viands
which indexed in the finest degree
the tastes and culinary accomplish
ments of the many who took part in
But enough said. The Summer
ton Literary Club have reason to feel
proud of their fifth anniversary, and
the writer bespeaks for them that ev
ery visitor present will ever remem
ber it as a most pleasant event.
$100 REWARD $100.
The readers of this paper will be pleased
to learn that there is at least one dreaded
dispase that science has beon ablA to enre
in all its stages. and that is Catarrh. Hall's
Ctrrh Cure is the only positive cnre
known to the medical fraternity. Catarrh
being n constitutional disease. reguires a
constitutional treatment. Hall's Catarrh
Cure is taken internally, actingz directly
upon the blood and mucons surfaces of the
system. thereby destroying the foundation
of the disease, and giving the patient
strength by building up the constitution
and assisting nature in doing its work.
rho proprietors have so muelh faith in its
curaitve powers, that they offer One
Hundred Dollars for any case that it fails
to cure. S'end for list of testimonials.
Address. F. J. CHENEY & Co., Toledo, 0.1
ZeSold1 by Druggists, 75c.
SENATORI LODGE SP9OKE
The Massachusetts Statesman
on the Monroe Doctrine.
INTERESTING SKETCH OF POLICY.
Says It Is Vitally Involved In the Venezu
elan Boundary Line ( ontroversy, and
That the Dispute Has Now Reached a
Crisis Affecting Most Gravely the Honor
of the United States-Senate Work.
WASHINGTON, Dec. 31.-There was a
large attendance of senators in antici
pation of the vote on the reorganiza
tion and the galleries were well filled
Mr. Peffer (Pop., Kan.) presented
resolutions from several G. A. R. posts
in Kansas, offering their services to the
United States in the event of war with
Senator Voorhees presented acommu
nication from Senor V. D. Dommin
guez, charge d'affaires of the Argentine
legation in this city, bearing upon the
relations between Argentine and the
United States, affected by the tariff,
which is proposed to be levied on wool
under the house revenue tariff bill.
Senator Perkins introduced a Nicara
guan canal bill. It provides that the
capital stock shall consist of 1,000,000
shares at $100 each and is on the lines
of th Barham house bill.
The clerk of the house announced the
passage of the bond bill by that body.
Mr. Chandler (Rep., N. H.), who has
been waging war against the interstate
commerce commission for not putting a
stop to pooling arrangements, introduced
a bill to enlarge the interstate com
merce commission and modify and in
crease the scope of its powers.
Mr. Brice offered resolutions instruct
ing the secretary of war to make an ex
amination of the physics and hydraulics
of the great lakes and to report on the
feasibili and cost of raising the level
of the Iles by a series of dams.
Mr. Chandler offered aresolution call
ing on th4 committee on naval affairs to
inquire into the prices paid by the Unit
ed States for armor plate; as to wheth
er they were reasonable, as to whether
they were in excess of the price charged
foreign governments, as to whether the
prices had been increased by reason of
new patent processes, and whether the
navy department had expedited the
granting of those patents and whether
any officers of the United States were
interested in those patent processes.
Mr. Lodge (Rep., Mass.) then took
the floor to deliver an address on the
Monroe doctrine. Before he began,Mr.
Mitchell (Rep., Or.), chairman of the
Republican caucus, gve notice that at
the completion of . Lodge's remarks
he should ask the senate to take up the
question of reorganization of the com
mittees of the senate.
A resolution offered by Mr. Quay
(Rep., Penn.) was reported, directing
the secretary of the navy to inform the
senate whether in his opinion it would
be advantageous to the naval service to
now contract for six battleships instead
of four, as at present authorized on the
basis of the bids now before the navy
department, modified as might be to the
Mr. Lodge's address was listened to
with attention by the senate.
Mr. Lodge's Speech.
Mr. Lodge gave a very interesting
sketch of the history of the Monroe doc
trine and told how it was vitally in
volved in the Venezuelan boundary line
otrtversv. He followed tKi' with *
uspuwai ciaun, seized terrntory and de
clined arbitration upon it, her action, he
declared, did not differ from seizing and
holding new territory in the Americas
by right of conquest. If she could
seize territory under a claim which had
grown larger with each succeeding year,
there was nothing to prevent her tak
ing indefinite regions in South Ameri
ca. The senator referred to the claim
made on Venezuela by Great Britain
for reparation on account of the arrest
by the authorities of the former coun
try of British subjects on the disputed
territory. But the question of repara
tion, he declared, must not be mixed up
with the acquisition of territory. If
Venezuela paid the indemnity fixed and
demanded by Great Britain, she aca
knowledged in se doing that the disput
ed country is British territory and made
the whole case void.
We had, he continued, neglected too
long our foreign policy and the great in
terests of the United States, which lay
beyond her borders. We wanted the
matter of the boundary dispute settled
by arbitration, because if settled other
wise it was a blow to a vital principle,
to the welfare and dignity of the United
States. He did not believe the people
of England had the least desire to en
gage in hostilities with the United
States any more than we sought or de
sired hostilities with them.
"We have," said Senator Lodge,
"seen British forces at Corinto. We
know the attitude they assume in Ven
ezuela. They are attempting to take
land on the Alaskan boundary. They
have just denounced the modus vivendi
and reopened in that way the perilous
dispute of the seal fisheries. It is not
by accident that these events have all
occurred or all come to an acute stage
within the past year."
The senator closed by expressing the
belief that the questions between Eng
land and the United States would be
peaceably settled, but he was very clear
that such settlement could only be
reached by action on the part of con
gress and the president, which should
be as firm as it was temiperate and
which should maintain the Monroe doc
trine absolately and at all hazards,
wherever it justly applied.
JUSTICE BREWER NAMED.
One of the Men Who Will1 Invcstigate the
Venezuelan Boundary Line.
WASINO'roN, Dec. 31.-Justice Brew
er of the supreme court has been ten
dered and has accepted a place on the
State of South Carolina,
County of Clarendon.
By Louis Appelt, Esquire, Probate Judge.
WHEREAS. MRS. MARGARET E.
[esesne made suit to me, to g'rant lher
ltters of administration of* the estate of and
ffects of L. F. R. Lesesne.
These are therefore to sight and a.1mon
Lsh all ad singular thme kindred and cred
itors of the said L. F. Ri. Lesesne, de
eased, that they be and appear, before me,
n the Court of Probate, to be held at Man
iing', on the 16th day of January, next,
tfter ).iblication hereof, at 11 o'clock in the
~orenoon, to shew canse, if any they h:av.,
rhy the said administration should not Le
Given under my hand this 1st day of
ranuary, A D. 1895.
s~.) LOUIS APPELT,
Judge of Probate.
The County Board will meet on the first
donday in January, and on that day will re
elve bids and elect a physician and su
erintendant to Poor House and Farm for
he coming year.
C. RA. FELOER,
and everyone needs it at all times of the
year. Malaria is always about, and the
only preventive and relief is to keep the
Liver active. You must help the Liver a bit,
and the best helper is the Old Frienc, SIM
MONS LIVER REGULATOR, the RED Z.
Mr. C. Himrod, of Lancaster," Ohio,
says: "SIMMONS LIVER REGULATOR
broke a case of Malarial Fever of three
years' standing for mez, and less tha-%
one bottle did the business. I shall use
it when in need, and recommend it."
Be sure that you get it. Always look for
the RED Z on the package. And don't
forget the word REGULATOR. It is SIM
MONS LIVER REGULATOR, and there is
only one, and every one who takes it is
sure to be benefited. THE BENEFIT IS
ALL IN THE REMEDY. Take it also for
Biliousness and Sick Headache; both are
caused by a sluggish Liver.
J. H. Zeilin & Co., lhimaclph ia.
A N APPE Ab_.1 0'I' 1.a
Contributions to Relieve Desti
tute Armenians Asked.
MEETING IN BEHALF OF ARMENIA
Address by Dr. McArthur-Sorrow Ex
pressed For Sufrering Christiani-Gov
ernment Uraed to Protect American
People and Property In Turkey-Long
ing to Hear a Brave Word.
NEW YoRK, Dec. 31.-The national
Armenian relief corutmittce appeals to
the people of the United States for im1
mediate and generous contributions to
relieve the needs of 350,000 Armenians
who are destitute.
Justice Brewer of the supreme court
of the United States is chairman of this
committee, which includes Archbishop
Corrigan, Chauncey M. Depew, John
S. Kennedy, Alexander F. Orr, Bishop
Potter, Jacob Schieff, EverettP. Wheel
er and Spencer Trask.
The committee announces that the
immediate need is for mney, which
should be sent to the treasurers, Brown
Brothers & Co., New York, Philadel
phia and B;ston. The ouly supplies
that can be wisly used are grain. coarse
cotton and woollon goods in the piece,
but no such contributions should be for
warded without previous conimmuca
tion with the committee.
Rev. Dr. Robert S. McArthur, Colonel
Woodford, Rev. Phoebe Hanniford
Woodford and the Rev. Frederick D.
Green, secretary of the national Arme
nian relief committee, addressed a.large
congregation in the Calvary Baptist
Dr. McArthur said the meeting was
clled for a threefold purpose. .First,
to express sorrow for the Armenians;*
second, to urge the government to us~e
bravo word from Washington, but I
despair of hearing it."
"You Will Not Be Able to Find Even Our
Graves," Says a Missionary.
CmciAo, Dec. 31.-M. M. Mangasa
-ian has just received letters from Ama
sia, Marsovan, Malatia and Arabkir,
describing the horrors of the massacre
of the Christians in those cities. The
survivors have shut themselves up in
their houses, huddled together, waiting
momentarily for death.
"When you return to Armenia, you
will not be able to find even our graves,"
says one of the writers.
"It is incredible," says another, "that
England,with ample power to stop blood
shed and rapine, should remain in.
Another writes that "Armenia is the
only country that has given martyrs for
religon in the nineteenth century."
All the letters call upon Mr. Manga
sarian to use his influence to engage the
practical sympathy of the American
people with the starving victims of
plunder and persecution.
TOWBOAT RAN AGROUND.
One MIan Killed, Another Seriousily Hurt
and the Channel Blockaded.
PITTsaUrn, Dec. 31.- The towboat
Harry Brown, while. en route to the
south with a large fleet of coal, ran
aground at Glass House Rifdle, Brun
not's island, at 4 a. m. The pilot at
tempted to back into deeper water to
release the fleet, when a heavy cable
parted, the endis striking Jonathan
Wood and a deckhand known as
"Whitney." The latter was instantly
killed andl Wood was seriously, but not
Two coalboats and one barge contain
ing 60,000 bushels of coal arc at the bot
tom of the river as a result of the acci
dent, and~ the channel is blockaded.
The sunken boats will be blown out
with dynamite by the government. The
loss will be very heavy.
An Important Political Arrest-Cabinet
Meeting Called, Etc.
NFnw YORK, Dec. 31.-A dispatch to
The Herald from Caracas, Venezuela,
says: The government has made sev
eral important political arrests, includ
ing among others, Mantin Perez, a
brother-in-law of Matos, the ex-finance
minister, and once engaged in a revolu
tion against President Cresno.
The cabinet has been called to discuss
an important note from the Venezuelan
minister at Washington.
A diplomatic reception was held Sun
day night.___ ____
Many Colonists Coming.
WAYCnOSS, Ga., Dec. 31.-Mr. G. W.
Shults, the organizer and presidlent of
the Elwood park colony in this county,
writes from Columbus, 0., that lhe wil
arrive with the first excursion of several
hundred Ohio colonists about the mliddle
of January. Mr. Shults says that the
colony, which will consist of nearly
10,000 good far.. 4.. fruit growers, mner
chants, mechanics and various other oc
cupations, is being or;-anized by means
of attraetive circulars descriptive of
Ware county and containing full par
ticulars of the aim and objects of the
colony. Elwood park is the site for the
colony city, which is situated seven
miles west of Waycross on the Alabama
Midland dlivision of the Plant system.
losF.n F:.1UAnM. WV.C. Divis
ATTORXEYS Al LAW,
R W. DURANT &SON
To Our Clarendon Friends:
We are now prepa::ed to offer lower prices than sver. C.di or write for what
you want. Our Stouk is complete. We have addeL. to our immense stock of
hardware a large line of
Paints, Oils, Etc., at Low Figures.
Harness, Saddles, Rubber and Belting, Leather, Etc.
Great bargains in guns, pistols, etc.
Headquarters for Powder, Shot and Shells (loaded and empty).
Engine snpplies, belting, etc.
Headquarters for cooking and Heating Stoves (Warranted).
The Terry Fish Compaly
WHOLESALE SHIPPERS OF
ish 7ish of all sids, kses Clams,
Our regular season for shipmen ts of
fiesh fish (packed in ice) being n.ow open,
we are prepared. to ship you any desired
qnantity. Charleston is the only market
south that can offer a large variety of fish,
and'. being sitnated on the ocean, where
they are canght, must be fresh. We .olicit
Consignments of poultry, eggs, etc., so
licited. Account sale3 and check mailed
day of sale.
22 AND 24 MARKET ST., CHARLESTON, S. C
When you are about to buy a Sewing Machine -
do dot. be deceived by allurng advertisements
and ba led to think you can get the best made,
finest Anishad and
for a imere song. - See to it that
yu buy. from reliable mann
facturers that have gained a
reputation by honestand square
dealirg, ou will then get a
Sewirg Machine that is noted
the world over for its dnra
bility. You want the one thzt
is easiest to manage and is
There is none in the world that
can equal in mechanical, con
struction, durability of working
parts, fineness of finish, beauty
i appearance, or has as many
improvements as the
It has Automatic Tension, Double Feed, alike
on bcth sides of needle (Aa tented), no other has
it;NewStand (patented, driving wheel hinged
on adjustable centers, thus reducing friction to
WRITE FOR CIRCULARS.
THE EW HORE SEWIXG MACIE Co.
MM ass. Bosro, MAss. 28 U7oif .anS z, 'N.Y
.r.. s.LocsMo. Darz1s. ZxAs.
FiW aaxcisco, Car.. ATYhA., Gs.
FOR SALE BY
E. JENKINSON, Manning, S C.
W H EN YOU COME
TO TdWN CALL AT
IN ALL STYLES,v
SH A MPOOING
Done with neatness and
dispatch. .. . . . .
A cordial invitation
is extended. . .
A. B. GALLOWAY.
Money to Loan.
MAiIo, S. C., Oct. 29, 1895.
I have made arrangements with brokers
n New York City, throngh whom I am able
to place loans seenred by first mortgage on
improved farms for five years time, pay.
bie in instalments, at the low rate of 8
er cent interest pet annum. The broker
age and the charge for abstract and inspec
on are small and at the expense of~ the
If you want cheap money come in at
once, as the supply is limited.
B. PRESSLEY BARRON
Prof. Srmith, for 19? Years Principal of the
OMRCA 0.LLE6EAOF KY, UNIVERSITY
Awarde .11,.lal ey Wold'sEro..nion
ar.tem' r pBook-keeping an, General
Et,..dne.s . er-atcin. etc. u est to cornplete
at h.,al. P'o~ic:-aphy. Ty pewritingE and
IN PROBATE COURT.
[n Re. Estate of A. W. Thames, decea~sed
PURSUANT OF AN ORDER MADE BY
Louis Appeilt, Esq., Probate Judge for the
zuty aforesaiud, maide this 17th day of
December 1895, I will seli by public auction,
at the late residence of A. WV. Thames, de
eisdl, near Silver, in the county aforesaid,
, Thursday. the 9th day of January next
-ommenccing at 12 o'cloeui mi., the plersonal
puroperty belongin.; to the Estate of said .3,
W. Thames. deceased, consisting of one
Engine and Shuaiting; one Pratt Gin; one
Grist Mill;. ne Guano D'istributor ;twvo cotton
Pinters; 1 One Ihorse Wagon; 1 Two-Horse
ago; Four Sli ies; Oo Ilorse; 20
>helhcs, more or less, of Curn, Fodden,
.tton Seedl, &e. Termus of isale, cash.
31. A T1HAMlEa,
Dc. 18th, 1895.
J E. \cLEN
CIVIL ENGINEER an SURVEYOR,
taving an experience of thirty seven years,
fr his professional services to the people
f Gi aren don county. Satistaction guaran
P.O. KINGSTREE. S. C.
If not, how can you expect to sleep well
without one? With a "Daisy" your mat
tress will not be continually droppin'g be.
tween the slats, and you will not. be for
ever hunting a comfortable spot to rest
your weary bones. The entire bed w'11 be
comforabl,. and your mattreas Vill last
four tiues as long.
OUR PRICE, ONLY $2.
All other kinds of Fur
niture just as cheap.
ARTHUR BELITZER;, M ER
Gee.S. HaCker i Son
Goa. S, acer -
ing and Building Material
CHARLESTON, S. C.
SAMT FT qT ATND
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL
COMMISSION DEALER IN
E4 OJsters, he and h0tNip
Fish Packed for Country Orders a Specialty
No charges for packing. Send for price
list. Consignments of country produce are
respectfully solioited. Poultry, eggs, etc.
Stalls Not. 1 and- 2 Fish Market.
Office, Nos. 18 and 20 Market st.,
cast of Bay. .
CHXAIRLESTON, S. C.
ALWAYS ON HAND AT..
The Well-Known and Reiabe
DRUG STORE OF
In addition to a full and complete
stock of drugs, Mediies and
chenmicals, we keep a complete
And the thousand and one things
usually found in every first-class
andl well-regulated drug store.
KNIGHTS OF PYTHIAS.
.DAMON LODGE No.3.
Sokp meets every first and third
C, , Thursday nights. Every
- . emiber requested to at
Stend regularly and prompt
ly. Visiting brothers a!
J. H. 111031, sG. C.
0. E. WEBBEB,
K. of R.&. S.
WVith careful rotation .of
crops and liberal fertilizations,
cotton lands will improve. The
application of a proper ferti
lizer containing sufficient Pot
ash often makes the difference
between a profitable crop and
failure. Use fertilizers contain
ing not less than 3 to 4%
Kainit is a complete speciiic
Our pamphlets are not advertising circilar boom
og th esult of f3a t experimnts in thistn
Evee cottonfre should have a copy. They are
GERMAN 3AL WS, 00