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VOL XI. MANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 12, 1896. NO. 29.
LAWMAKERS AT WURK.
A BUSY SEASON IN THE LEGISLATIVE
Severai Measure- of Great Inuqortance In
troduced and Cor, idered--Summary ol
CoLUmBIA, Feb. 5.- -Secial: Both
branches of toe General Assembly re
sumed work yesterday--the House al
12:30 and the Senate at 8:30 p. m.
In the latter the bill in reference tc
emigration agents was killed. The
following were passed to a third read
ing. Mr. Moses' bill to define the
manner in which towns increase or
diminish their corporate limits: bill
changing the name of the "State Iu
natic asylum" to "the State hospital
for the insane;" the house anti prize
fight bill; Mr. Walker's bill to amend
the act relating to agricultural liens,
which makes no material changes in
the present; Mr. Harrison's bill to fur
ther protect landlords; house bill to
pay urors and State witnesses ferri
age; . Stribling's bill pertainmg to
building a bridge across a the Keowee
river near the mouth of Little river,
and the concurrent resolution pertain
ing to the time for electing penitentia
No bills of special interest were in
troduced except Mr. Finley's relative
to the collection of taxes on municipal
property not used for municipal pur
poses in accordance with the new con
The house decided to hold day and
night sessions henceforth and declined
to consider propositions to fix the day
of final adjournment and the limit to
the introduction of bills.
The judiciary committee made a fa
voraole report on the new registration
It was only a few minutes after the
body was called to order when the
house struck the second reading bills,
there being 97 such bills and resolu
tions on the calendar.
After several bills had been passed
over Mr. Gary's bill to authorize the
sinking fund commission to lend the
sinking fund on the security of the
valid bonds of the State when the
bonds cannot be purchased at par
was called up out of its order, Judge
Townsend saying there was a large
amount of money lying idle which
should be utilized.
Mr. Gadsden moved to strike out
the enacting words of the bill,saying it
was very dangerous for the State to
go into the banking business with the
credit of the State. This fund was put
aside as a guarantee for the security
of the State bonds. It was wrong to
touch this fund. It is not certain that
the State will at all times have such
an honorable gentleman for State
treasurer as she now has. It was put
'ing too much power in one man's
hands and opened the gates for the gi
gatic defrauding of the State. The
bonds themselves would be endan
After mucn debate and the voting
down of Mr Patton's amendment to
fix the minimum rate of interest at 6
mpercent., the bill passed to its third
reading with a 41 per cent. minimum
rate of interest.
Mr. Hazleden's bill to provide for
the forfeiture of charters of railroads
g- higher rates than those fixed
by te railroad commissioners was
taken up and discussed.
The bill was finally passed to a third
reading with an amendment, by Mr.
Patton, providing for an appeal to
courts of competent jurisdiction.
A bill to exempt mortgages held by
banks from taxation was indefinitely
A resolution providing for the State
moving in the matter of erecting a
monument to George Peabody passed
A resolution to appoint a commiittee
to examine into the status of the rail
roads of the State was introduced by
THE SCHOOL LA\W.
In the Senate this morning the first
bill taken up was t hat to alter, amend
and prfect the school law.
Mr. Efird offered the following see
tion, providing for a board of educa
tion to take the place of the present
Section-The State board of educa
tion shall appoint in each county three
persons, each of whom shall be com
petent to hold a teacher's first grade
certificate and to conduct a teachers
institute, 'who shall be known as the
co ity board of education, who shall
hold their term of office for the term
of two years from the time of their ap
pointment and until their successors
shall qualify. Tbey shall take the
oath of office prescribed in, section 26
of Article III of the constitution and
the oath against dueling. They shall
organize by the election of one of their
members as chairman and one as sec
.ry The county board of educa
tion shall meet quarterly at the coun
ty seat and shall receive as compensa
tion three dollars per day and five
cents per mile of necessary travel, to
be paid by the county treasurer upon
-the warrant of the county board of
commissioners: Provicaed, such board
is not in session more than ten days
in any one year- The secretary of the
board of education shall attend at the
court house, in the office of the coun
ty board, on each and every Saturday
while the public school term lasts in
lbis county and for one month there
after for the purpose of approving
teachers' pay certificates or warrants
properly signed by the trustees of the
various school districts, and to keep an
account of the claims so approved
Hie shall receive as compensation one
hundred dollars, to be paid quarterly
by the county treasurer upon the war
ranit of the county board of commnis*
Mr. Finley offered what was design
ed as a substitute for Mr. Efird's
amendment. Its object was to retain
the present system of having a county
commissioner, but provided that he
hold a first-class certificate as State
After some debate the substitute was
rejected-17 to 12.
Mr. Buist offered an amendment
which was adopted, providing that sc
far as the Charleston schools were
concerned, no certificates as a State
teacher should be required from grad
xates of the Memmier school.
in amiendment -&oered by Mr.
Brown requiring the heads of all
schools in the State, graded, normal or
special, to report to the State superin
tendent every summer as to number
of scholars, condition, etc., was adopt
Mr. Efird's substitute providing
for a board of three mnstead of the
county commissioner, was adopted by
a vote of 18 to 10.
Th ptition from the colored Meth
odists to have the colored college to be
cut oi from Claflin. established at
Lancaster. "the garden spot of the
State," was referred to the educational
The netition from the State fair so
ciety for an appreciation of $2.500,
which was sent witn a message from
the governor, was referred.
At the night session the bill was fur
Mr. Mayfield offered this amend
ment, which was adopted:
Be it provided that all school funds
other than those arising from the spe
cial levy of the several school districts
shall be paid out of the county treas
ury on the warrants duly vouched by
the school trustees of the respective
Mr. Archer moved to ctrike out sec
tion 52. This section relieved school
teachers and young men who might
be attending school from working
roads or paying a commutation tax.
Teachers, he said, were not idiots: they
were working on salaries and were
able to pay their part towards keeping
up the roads. Young men, of the age
which made them liable to road duty,
who were able to attend to attend
school, were as able to pay the commu
tation tax as those young men who
worked in stores. Ie was opposed to
deadheads. The motion prevailed with
out discussion or division.
Mr. Harrison moved to indefinitely
postpone the bill. It was complicated
and needed most careful consideration.
The present school law was working
very well, and he thought it would be
to the benefit of the State schools to
have this bill postponed.
Mr. Harrison, it was at first thought,
intended this as a little diversion to
make a break in dry offering of amend
ments that had been going in by single
file of an hour and a quarter.
President Timmerman put the ques
tion in the gravest manner and declar
ed the motion lost. Mr. Harrison, as
gravely, demanded a division, and
stood up with a little ring of five sena
tors representing the greater portion
of the Piedmont.
"No further count demanded," an
nounced Mr. Harrison, and the sena
An amendment by Mr. Barnwell
was adopted providing that members
of the State board of education appoigt
ed by the governor shall receive as
compensation the same mileage and
per diem as is provided for the mem
bers of the general assembly.
On the final assage of this bill Mr.
Finley demanded the ayes and noes.
He believed the law on the statute
books was better than that contained
in this bill, and he could not vote for
it. The result of the vote was as fol
Yeas-Barnwell, Barton, Brice, Der
ham, Douglas, DuBose, Efird, May
field, Miller, Moses, McCalla, McDan
iel, Pettigrew, Sloan, Williams-16.
Nays-Archer, Finlay, Fuller, Har
rison, O'Dell, Stribling-6
The Senate passed a number of bills
-among them the following:
House bill to exempt certain por
tions of Pickens county from the op
eration of the general stock law of the
To amend an act establishing the
county of Berkeley, so as to define
boundaries between Charleston and
House bill to require petit jurors
for the last week of circuit courts to
remain till all eases requiring jury
trials are disposed of.
To provide for the settlement of is
sues between citizens of this State by
To regulate the election of wardens
in the towns of this State.
To incorporate Converse college.
IN THE HOIsE.
A resolution stopping the introduc
tion of new measures after the 15th
inst. was adopted.
Time bill introduced by Mr. Jarris,
to fix passenger fares on railways was
much discussed. It passed its second
reading in the following shape:
Section 1. That from and after the
passage of this act the rates for trans
portation of passengers by railroad
companies chartered and doing busi
ness in this State shall be for first class
fare three (3) cents per mile every
mile traveled, and for second class fare
two and one-half (24) cents per mile
for every mile traveled, and shall sell
first and second class tickets: Pro
vided, This rate may from time to time
be altered and changed by the railroad
commission, as toany railroad or rail
roads, as in the judgment of said rail
road commnission the circumstances of
such railroad or railroads may war
rant or require.
Sec. 2. Any railroad company charg
ine higher rates for passenger trans
portation than those herein fixed, or
such as may be hereafter fixed, by the
railroad commissions shall suffer all
the penalties provided by law.
Sec. 3. Nothing herein contained
shall prevent any railroad company
from selling excursion tickets and
mileage tickets of not less than one
thousand miles for lower rates than
those herein fixed.
Sect. 4. All acts or uarts of acts in
consistent with this act are hereby re
THE "JI1 CROw" CAR.
Mr. Otts' "jim crow" car bill was
called up. The house had passed it
last year and sent it to the senate,
whichi body killed it. The bill was
Mr. Skinner thought it would in
flict a hardship on the railroads.
Dr. Wyche said that the Constitu
tional conventiion had emphasized the
the fact that the two races should be
kept apart. He had voted against the
bill, but proposed to vote for it now.
The State should enact such laws as
would forever keep down social equali
ty in this State.
HELP FOR THE sTATE FAIR.
At this juncture the following mes
sage was received from the governor:
Gentlemen of the General Assembly
-I herewith transmit to your honor
able body the petition of the State
Agricultural and Mechanical society
of South Carolina.
I had the honor to call your atten
tion to this matter in my' inaugural
address at your last session. I can add
nothing more to my recommendation
then made. I trust that time petition
will receive your favorable considera
tion. ' R~espectfully,
Jso. GARY EvAss, Governor.
The memorial referred to is published
elsewhere in this issue.
The discussion of the " Jim Crow
Car" bill was resumed.
Judge Townsend said the committe
had a good many railroad men before
them on this bill at the last session.
lie detailed the disadvantages that
would come from the operation of this
Mr. W. J. Johnson said that this
was a necesary hill;- the railroads
were the only corporations that sub
jected the fair women of the State to
the necessity of riding in a car with an
Mr. Otts said that the bill had been
discassed and passed by this house on
more than one occasion.
He demanded the roll on the adop
tion of the bill, the call resulting in
the adoption of the bill by the follow
ing vote: Yeas 58, nays 32.
CHECKS TO LABORERS.
Mr. Miles' bill to regulate the issu
ing of checks, scrip and due bills to
laborer5 and wageworkers was then,
taken up and ordered to a third read
ing without debate in the following
Section 1. That unless otherwise
provided by special conract, it is here
by required of a:1 persons or corpora
tions who employ laborers or wage
workers by the day, week, month or
year, or by tne job or piece work, to
pay st-ch laborers or wazeworkers in
good and lawful money.
Sec. 2. That if any person or cor
porations, after the approval of this
act, shall give to any laborer or wage
worker, except as provided in the
preceding stetLion, as compensation
for labor or service performed, any
due bill, check or scrip of any des.rip
tion which is intended to be in lieu of
good and lawful money, and which is
not paid or redeemed in cash for its
full face value when presented. the
said person or corporation so otfend'
ing shall be deemed guilty of a misde
meanor and upon conviction shall be
punished by line or imprisonment in
the discretion of the court.
When Mr. B. J. Jobnston's bill to
prohibit the running of freight trains
in this state between the hours of 12
o'clock Saturday night and 12 o'clock
Sunday night, was taken up. Mr.
Johnston made a vigorous speech in
its favor. He said there was now a
law against running trains on Sunday,
but the law was being constantly vio
lated. The railroads violate the law
Judge Townsend said that the pre
sent law on the subject covered the
case exactly. He read the law.
The bill was further discussed by
Messrs. Bocot Williams and Magill
Mr. Magill moved to indefinitely
postpone the bill. On this the roll
call was demanded. The house re
fused to indefinitely postpone by the
following vote: Yeas 33, nays 53.
Mr. Gadsden made an earnest plea
in behalf of the truck farmers in the
lower portion of the State. Ihe truck
farmers would lose more tnan the rail
Mr. Watson said other farmers had
things which got ripe on Saturday and
Sunday also. They had to suspend
work on Sunday. This argument was
all poppycock. The poor men work
ing on railroads needed protection.
They should reverence and hod invio
late the Sabbath day.
Judge Townsend called attention to
the palpable manner in which the bill
would conflict with the United States
interestate commerce law, which
would cause a discrimination against
the State of South Carolina. The de
bate was interrupted by the arrival of
the hour for the joint assembly At the
night session it was resumed. Final
ly the enacting words were stricken
out and the bill killed by a vote of 46
THE COLORED COLLEGE.
After much debate the bill to estab
lish the college for colored students
was passed in the following shape:
Section 1. That Claflin college be
andj is hereby severed from Claflin
University; provided, that this sever
ance shall not operate so as to inter
fere with the teaching and instruction
now being given during the present
session. which closes in the month of
May, this y ear.
Section 2. That during the year A.
D. 1896, there shall be established
within this State a normal, industrial,
agricultural and mechanical college
for the higher education of the colored
youth of the State, and that said col
lege shall be known as the Colored
Normal, Agricultural and, Mechanical
College of South Carolina.
Section 3. That the Colored Normal,
Industrial, Agricultural and Mechani
cal College of South Carolina shall be
a branch of the university of South
Carolina, but shall be under the man
agement and control of a separate
board of trustees composed of seven
members, six of whom shall be elected
by the general assembly, whose term
of office shall be six years. But the
general assembly shall at its present
session elect two of said trustees for
two years, two for four years and two
for six years, so that two of them shall
go out of office every two years. The
governor of the State shall be ex-otli
cio the seventh member of said board
Section 4. That the board of trustees
of the South Carolina college now in
control of the property belonging to
Claflin college shail turn over to the
board of trustees of the Colored Nor.
mal, Industrial, Agricultural and Me
chanical College of South Carolina all
of the real and personal property be
longing to Claflin college.
Section 5. That the board of trustees
of the Colored Normal, Industrial,
Agricultural and Mechanical College
of South Carolina are hereby author
ized and empowered to take charge of,
manage and control all of the real and
personal property belonging to Clatlin
college, in whosesoever hands or cus
tody the same may be now or hereaf
ter found, and shall hold the same in
trust for the benefit and uses of the
said Colored Normal, Industrial, Agri
cultural and Mechanical College of
Section 6. That the board of trustees
of the Colored Normal. Industrial, Ag
ricultur-al and Mechanical College of
South Carolina shall have and are
hereby given full and ample power to
do and to peform any and all acts
whatsoever necessary to affect a com
plet3 and final separation of the inter
ests of the State from those of Clailin
university, and if found necessary to
protect or promote the interest of the
State, the authority here given shall
authorize said trustees to sell,purchase
or exchange real estate.
Section 7. That the Colored Nor mal,
Industrial, Agricultural and Mechan
ical College of South Carolina shall
have all the rights and privileges pos
sessed by ClaIlin college, and be enti
tled to receive all the funds set apart
for the support of Ciaflin college un
der the acts of the general assembly
of this State and the said college shall
forever be and remain free and sepa
rate from Cllin university and all
other colleges, schools or other insti
tutions whiich are wholly or in part
under the direction or control of any
churcn or r-eligious or sectarian de
nomination or society
Section 8. That the board of trustees
of the Colorel Normal, Industrial,
Agricultural and Mechanical College
of South Carolina are authorized and
empowered to provide all necessary
suitable buildings upon a proper site
for the purpose. to establish a course
of study covering the Normal, Indus
trial, Agricultural and Mechanical
sciences, and provide the necessary
appliances for proper instruction in
the same; and to select a proper corps
instructors and fix their salaries. The
principal or president and the corps of
instructors shall be natives of South
Carolina and of the negro race.
Section 9. That the sum of $5,000 be
annually appropriated for five years
for the purpose of erecting the neces
sary buildings, if su much be necessa
ry; and that the authorities of the
State penitentiary be, and they are
hereby, required to furnish, on the
demand of the board of trustees of
said college. 40 able-bodied convicts
to said board of trustees. the convicts
to be used in erecting the necessary
buildings, and to. be transported,
guarded, clothed, fEd and attended
free of any cost to the college. and to
be returned to the peniLentiary when
the buildings are completed.
Section 10. That a majority of the
whole board of trustees shall be nec
essary for the transaction of any busi
TIE JOINT ASSE3IBLY.
At one o'clock today there was a
joint session of the two houses, to elect
directors of the penitentiary.
Nominations were asked for to fill
the unexpired term of the late Mr.
Sprott. Senator Finley nominated
Mr. J. J. Ashe and Mr. Ilderton Mr.
J H. Blackwell. Mr. D. W. MeL-aurin
nominated Mr. James Stackhouse, but
withdrew the name later. The sen
ate voted pretty solidly for Ashe. The
vote resulted as follows, and Mr.
Blackwell was delared elected: Black
well 69; Ashe 51.
Nominations were then made for
successors to Messrs. Garris and Wil
M 'Gaston nominated Mr. W. 0.
Tatum. Mr. Shuman nominated Mr.
J. W. Whitmire of Greenville, Mr.
Cooper renom' d the incumbent
director, Mr. Senator Norris
nominated Mr. J.7 ribling. Sena
tor Watson nominated Mr. T. 0. San
The balloting resulted as follows:
Tatum 68, Whitmire 26, Garris 82,
Striblins 34, Sanders 52.
A great many members then changed
their votes, the result having not yet
been announced, and as a final result
the vote was declared as follows. Ta
tum 85, Garris 84, Striblidg 29, Sanders
30, Whitmire 23. Messrs. Tatum and
Garris were declared elected and the
joint assembly dissolved
Messrs. Tatum and Blackwell are
both members of the house at present.
Mr. Garris has been a member of the
boasd since the last election.
TROUBLE IN THE JOINT ASSEMBLY.
Scenes Brought About by the Change of a
Vote--Lively Times Expected.
FRANKFORT, Ky., Feb. 4.-The roll
call disclbsed the presence of 126
members in the joint assembly today.
Senator Heyward voted for Buckner,
Holloway for McCreary and Stone for
Evans. When the name of Mr. Jones
(Dem.) of Floyd who had been voting
for McCreary and other "sound mon
ey" Democrats, was reached, he arose
and made a short statement reviewing
his reasons for his course up to the
present time in refusing to vote for
Senator Blackburn, but declaring that
the crisis had been reached. He was
almost ready to announce his vote for
Blackburn when Lieutenant Governor
Worthington, who was in the chair.
auped the Floyd co.unty member to
oraler, ruling his remarks out of order.
A sharp spat then passed between
Senator Bronston and the lieutenant
overnor on Senator Bronston's in
isting that the Floyd county member
ad the right to explain his vote.
Several representatives joined in the
:efense of the presiding officer.
Mr. Bronston said the lieutenant
overnor had exceeded his authority
and he made a fiery speech in which
e hurled defiance into the faces of
he Republican side.
The lieutenant governor replied that
e would not be intimidated by the
remarks of the senator from Fayette.
Senator Bronston then denounced
s untrue the statement that he had
ndertaken to intimidate the chair,
and with much feeling invited the
lieutenant governor to come down
from the chair and give his place to
some one who would preside with
The Democrats crowded around Sen
tor Bronston and the Republicans
around the lieutenant governor and
the most intense excitement prevailed.
The wai of words finally passed off
by Mr. Johns being allowed to finish
his speech and after a brief ex planation
e cast hijs vote for Senator Blackburn.
Rice also voted for Blackburn. The
ballot resulted: Hunter 62: Black
burn 56; scattering S.
Serious trouble may occur at tomor
ow's joint session if the house Re
publicans unseat Tompkins and Kauf
man as it is stated they intend to do.
t is said that within five minutes after
the unseating the senate Democrats
ave arranged to expel four Republi
:an senators, appoint extra doorkeep
ers to keep them out of the joint ses
sion, and tflen take a ballot for United
States senator. Ladies are warned to
keep away tomorrow.
31urderer and Bigamist.
ROANoKE, VA., Feb. 3.-Jasper J.
Hale was married on Sunday evening
to Elvina Adams, aged 16 years, and
this morning left the city. Shortly
after lhe left an elderly woman com
plained to the police that Hale had
been married to her a number of years.
She also stated to the police authori
ties here that he was the murderer of
Thomas G. Massie, who was cruelly
killed on a cold wintry night in De
ember, 1890), on one of the principal
streets in this city. This murder
has always been a mystery to the peo
ple of this city and now it seems that
a solution of it is near at hand. An
oficer was put on Hale's track and lie
was overtaken at Radford and arrest
ed just as lie was lifting his bride of a
day from the train, she having follo w
ed him to that city. He wvas brought
back to Roanoke on the midnight
train and lodged in jail.
Shot Him in the liack.
WALwo. 1FLA., Feb. 5.-Last night
E. L. Melvin met the wife of .J. P.
Coemnan clandestinely near thfis place.
While Melvin was talking to the wo
man, some one concealed near by shot
him in the back, killing him instantly.
Coleman yesterday learned that his
wife was to meet Melvin and disap-j
eaed. He as not heen een since
HOUSE AND SENATE.
SOMEOF THE WORK OF THEGENER
Legislation Which Afdcts su ne in
portait Intere-its--outliue of he Pro
COLD.IBIA, February G. -Special:
One thing may be said about ihe de
bates in the General Assembly-they
most frequently relate to matters of
importance. Such has been the case
THE VOLDIE OF PRINTING.
Senator Moses introduced the follow
concurrent . resolution which was
adopted and sent to the House.
B2 it resolved by the senate, the
house of representatives concurring,
that a committee consisting of two on
the part of the senate and three on the
part of the house be appointed a spe
cial committee to inquire into the sub
ject of printing the reports of various
departments and to inquire if there is
any unnecessary printing, and if it is
practicable to cut down the cost of the
sante without impairing the public
service, said committee to report by
bill or otherwise.
This was immediately considered
A concurrent resolution, offered by
Mr. Finley. immediately considered
aud adopted, fixed Feb. 20 as the date
for the legislature to adjourn sine die.
The resolution from the house pro
posing the erection of a monument in
Wasbington tgshe Southern States to
George Peabodv and appropriating
$1,500 as South Carolina's quota, was
presented. At being a concurrent res
olution and carVring a proposed ap
propriation, wat ineffective, and was
recerred to a senate committee to re
port it in the shape of a joint resolu
The house was invited to ratify acts
at 1 p. im. and accepted.
The special order-relating to roads
and highways-was called up imme
diately after the morning hour. It
contained 29 formidable sections.
After some debate the further con
sideration of the bill was postponed.
The bill to allow directors of State
banks to be borrowers caused some de
bate. The bill 'assed with the follow
"The directors or other officers shall
not be indebted collectively to the
bank of which they shall be at the
time directors or officers, to an amount
exdeeding in the aggregate one-third
of the capital stock actually paid in
and surp us."
These bills passed a third reading:
To provide for the examination of
the banking corporations of the State.
House bill to exempt certain por
tions of Pickens caunty from the op
erations of the general stock law of the
Tp further protect landlords in the
collection of rent.
House bill to require petit jurors for
the last week of circuit court to remain
until all cases requiring jury trials
are disposed of.
To provide for the settlement of is
sues between citizens of this State by
To regulate the election of wardens
in the towns of this State.
To incorporate Converse college.
These were the acts ratified:
To amend section 3.540 of the gen
eral statutes of this State relating to
To prevent lynching in this State.
Joint resolution to provide for print
ing, and sale of copies of the new Con
To amend charters of cities and
towns with regard to the sale of fresh
Relating to the disposition of the
balance remaining unsold of the gen
eral statutes of this State of 1882.
To provide for a change of venue in
civil and criminal cases in the civil
and magistrates's courts.
To authorize and provide for the
erection of a new county jail in Spar
Joint resolution to authorize and re
quire the comptroller general to draw
his warrant for $1751in favor of the
commander of the Santee Rifles.
To provide for the election of code
TiHE PENSION BILL.
The night session of the Senate was
taken up in the consideration of the
bill to pension Confederate soldiers
and the widows of such. After many
changes the bill was passed in the fol
Section 1. That section 939 of the re
vised statutes of 1893 be, and the same1
is hereby amended, so that said sec
tion when amended shall read as fol
Section 9:39. The following persons,]
sold iers aud sailors, now citizens of
South Carolina, who were in the ser
vice of the State or of the Confederate
States in the late war between the
States, shall be entitled to receive
from the treasurer of the State a
monthly payment of four, six and
eight dollars, to be paid in the man
ner and on the terms and conditions1
nereafter set forth.
Section 2. That section 940 be amend
Section 940. In order to obtain the
benfit of this chapter. such soldier or
sailor mnkst show: First, that he was
a bona fide soldier or sailor in the ser
vice of the State of South Carolina or
of the Confederate States in the war1
between the States; second, that while1
in such service he has lost a leg or arm:
or roceived any wound causing a per
mnanent disability, incapacitating him1
for earning a livelihood ; that neither
himself nor his wife is receiving anI
income exceeding the amount of $2501
per annum: Provided, That the word
income shall be held to include any]
amount received as wages, salary or
from any other source. And all such
persons shall receive as pensions $41
per month. to wit: All ex-Uonfederate
soldiers and sailors,and the widows ofi
such soldiers and sailors, who are resi-1
dents of this State, who have reached
the age of 60 years and who are not
recetying or enjoying the benefits of]
an annual income of $100 from any1
ob) All ex-Confederate soldiers and1
sailors who are residents of this State <
and who have lost one arm or one leg<
in the said service, $6 per month
(c) All ex-Confederate soldiers and
sailors who are residents of this Statei
and who have lost both arms, or both1
legs, or who are physically helpless,
shall receive $S per month.
td) All ex-Confederate soldiers and
sailors, in addtion to said pension,<
shall be exempt from road or street
duty or the payment of a commuta
tion, road or street tax.
Section tI. That section 950J of the re
vied <:tatutes of 189)3 be amended so ]
that said section when so amended
shall read as follo vs:
Section 950. The State of South Car
olina shall annually appropriate the
sum of $100,000, which shall be ap
portioned among the several counties
in the proportion of the claims appro
ved in such coanties, and shall be dis
tributed as hereinafter provided.
Section 4. That section 951 of the
revised statutes of 1893" be amended so
that said section when so amended
shall read as follo ;s:
Section 951. On salesday in October
in every year the surviving soldiers
and sailors who were in the service of
the Confederate States,or of this State,
in the late war between the States, re
siding in any county in this State,
shall be authorized to meet in conven
tion in the court house of such county
at 11 o'clock a. m., or such hour
thereafter on such days as will pro
cure as large an attendance as may be
had, and organize by electing a chair
man and secretary. after which they
may elect by ballot two of their num
ber, who shall receive a majority of
the ballots cast in such election, who,
together with the county auditor, the
county treasurer and a practicing phy
sician, (the latter to be selected by the
other members of the board) shall
compose a board of pension commis
sioners for such county until the next
ensuing election hereunder. After
first being duly sworn fairly and im
partially to discharge the duties here
in prescribed for them to the best of
their ability, and filing such oath in
clerk's office in such county, they
shall meet as soon as practicable with
the county examining board of pen
sions, and, with them, examine the
pension roll for such county, and
shall select therefrom such number of
the most needy applicants as will be
sufficient to consume the appropria
tion for such county, allowing to each
applicant so elected the sum of three
dollars per month from such appro
priation. In selecting such applicants
for pension the said board shall have
regard to their physical condition and
financial means, and also to the finan
cial condition of their near relatives,
and shall, in every instance select the
most helpless and needy applicants
for aid that can, in their judgment, be
found upon the pension roll. A ma
jurity of the members present com
posing the two said boards shall be
neccssary to determine any matter
presented to them, and a majority of
each board shall be necessary to form
said joint board. As soon as such
board completes its list as above they
shall certify the same to the clerk of
court for such county, who shall rec
ord the same in a list to be designated
"A pproved pension roll for 18-" and
shall certify such list to the secretary
of state, and such persons shall con
stitute the pension roll entitled to re
eive the aid herein provided for the
ensuing fiscal year. If from any
cause the meeting herein provided for
should not be held on salesday in Oc
tober in any year, the same may be
held on salesday in November follow
ing, and the action of such meeting
shall be as valid as if held in October.
Said board, or a majority of them, are
to decide all questions relating to pen
sions in their respective counties, sub
ject, however, to the right of review
by the State board. The compensation
of the two veterans and the physician
shall be three dollars for each day's
The following bills were then or
lered to a third reading without dis
Mr. Garris' bill to fix the rate for
Lhe transportation of passengers by
railroad companies in this State.
Mr. Otts' bill to require railroads in
.his State to provide separate first
~lass coaches for the accommodation
>f white and colored passengers.
Mr. Miles' bill to regulate the issu
ng of checks, scrip and due bills to
taborers and wage workers.
The bill relating to t' severance of
3aflin college from Clzflin university
md the establishment of a normal, in
ustrial, agricultural and mechanical
ollege for the colored race.
When the second reading bills were
reached at the request of Mr. Good
win the bill relating to school claims
was taken up out of its regular order.
'he bill was ordered to a third read
.ng without any trouble. It permits
he county treasurer, supervisor and
chool commissioners of all the coun
ies save seven or eight which are
nentioned, to borrow money to pay
AS TO LABOR CONTRACTs.
Mr. Thurmond's bill to amend the
aw so as to increase the penalty for
he violation of agricultural labor
~ontracts, giving jurisdiction to the
orts of sessions, was then taken up.
~Ir. Thurmond said that at present the
enalty was too light. He thought if
aborers left their employers in busy
easons they should be punished. if
few of them were put on the chain
ang it would have a good effect. He
aid the present penalty of 30) days had
Mr. Breazeale thought that thme pas
~age of this bill would mean giving
he stiong power to oppress the weak.
He moved to indefinifely postpone
he bill, and Mr. Thurmond demanded
he roll call on this. The bill was in
leinitely postponed by a vote of 74 to
WORK OF RAILWAY EMPLOYES.
Mr. Riast's bill to regulate the hours
f labor of trainmen on railroads in
his State and to provide for the viola-]
ion of th.e same was call up, and Mr.
danning wanted it to go over, saying
e thought they had enough railroad
alk the preceding day to last for i1
pell. He said thme railroad men had
een before the committee, and the 1
ill would do no good.
A fter a lengthy debate the bill was
>assed to its third r eading in the fol
Section 1. That from and after the 1
>assage of this act it shall be unlaw
'ul for any railroad doing business in
his State to require or permit its em
loyes, who are engaged in the busi
iess of operating its train over its 1
oads. to make runs of over thirteen
iours, or make runs aggregating more
han thirteen hours in twenty-four
iours, except when such trains is de
ained by reason of casualty or other
ause, from reaching its destination:
m schedule time, and no trainman.
fter having been on a run or runs
'or as much as thirteen hours out of]
.wenty-four hours, shall be requtired<
o again go on duty until after :en
tours' rest, except inl case abc ve stated.
Ko employe of any railroad conmanmy
hall be deprived of his right to re&o'er
lamages for personal injury by rea
on of the fact that he, at the time of
uch injury, was mnaking a run of
nore than thirteen hours, or making<
run aggregating more thtan thirteen
mours in twenty-four hours, or had
gone on duty after a thirteen hours'
run, or runs aggregating thirteen
hours, before ten hours' rest.
Sec. 2. That any railroad violating
any of the provisions o.. section 1 of
this act shall be subject to a forfeiture
of not less than $500 nor more than
4500. That one-half of all for
feitures collected under the provi
sions of this act shall be paid into
the State treasury, to the credit of the
school fund, and the other half to the
THE ENGROSSING DEPARTMENT.
The senate bill to provide for the or
ganization of the engrossing depart
ment was taken up.
Judge Townsend said that the only
object of the bill was to relieve the
State of about 2,000 annual expense.
He said last year the engrossing de
partrment cost $3,700 and under this
bill it would cost aoout $1,5110. The
bill proposes a saving, of -2,000. The
attorney general has this year. receiv
ed abot t 500 applications for positions
in th- department and clerks are now
employed who cannot spell correctly.
This bill restricts the number of clerks
to one for each solicitor and that nu m
ber cannot be increased. The reply
ing to applications and entertaining
visitors urging the claims of applicants
consumes one-third of the attorney
general's time. It is an outrage as
to the money spent in this department.
The attorney general favors this bill
and will overlook the work. It is to
be presumed that the solictors will
bring competent men.
Here, too, there was much debate
-hiefiy on the question whether wo
men only should be employed. The
bill finally went through in the fol
Section 1. That the engrossing de
partment of the general assembly shall
be under the direction and supervision
of the attorney general, and shall con
sist of the attorney general and a chief
elerk to be appointed by him, and of
the solicitors of the State and of one
female clerk resident in each judicial
Sec. 2. The attorney general shall
notify such number of solicitors and
clerks so appointed to attend upon the
meetings of the general assembly as he
may deem necessary from time to
time to properly perform the work of
Sec. 4. The solicitors, the chief
elerk and the clerks of the engrossing
department shall receive for their com
pensation the same per diem and mile
age as the members of the general as
sembly for the time they are actually
employed in the work of the depart
Subsequently an effort was made to
reconsider the vote passing the bill,
but the House refused choosing school
When Mr. Sturkie's bill to allow
patrons of the different public shools
of the State to select their teachers was
taken up, Mr. Whitmire moved to
strike out the enacting words.
Mr. Sturkie defended his bill. He
could see no rational reason why there
should be any objection to the bill.
He said it was of the greatest impor
tance to allow the patrons to select the
te'achers of their children. The ma
jority should rule in this matter.
Mr. Hough said that this thing of se
lecting teachers was one thing in
which intelligence should rule. The
intelligent board should have charge
of this imnortant matter. Pass this
bill and you will mark the .downfall
of the pu blic schools in South Caroli
After farther debate the bill was re
ABOl-T FREE TUITIoN.
Mr. Holloway's bill regulating free
.uition in the institutions for higher
~ducationi within this State was taken
ip and Mtr. Watson moved to strike
>ut the enacting words.
Mr. Holloway said he had hoped the
>ill would have passed without oppo
~ition. The argument had been made
hat the State was not able to carry so
naisy beneficiary institutions.
Mr. J. W. Mitchell said he was no
mnemy to higher education, but he
vanted the poor people's. children to
get the benefit of the State's school
uinds. They were not there to educate
'ich men's sons. He did not know
hat Clemson would do what they
vere expected here to d:>.
The provisions of the bill are as fol
Section 1. That no charges for tui
ion shall be made against or collect
~d from any of the youth of this State
>y any of the schools or colleges for
iigher education supported and con
rolled by the State unless the parents
>f such youth shall h-ave a gross annu
d1 income of at least .31.000, or shall
>wn property of the value of at least
~2,000, o::- unless in the case of no par
unts liiing the youth has held in trust
or hia~ or her an estate or incomie of
Sec. 2. No youth shall become a
)eneficiary in any way whatever in
nyl of said schools or colleges unless
~ntitled as above to free tuition and
jualified otherwise as may be required
y law or the rules and regulations
)rescribed by the boards controlling
Sec. 3. That this act shall take ef
ect immediately upon its approval.
Suoseguently the bill was rejected.
BRISTCL, CoNN., Feb. 6.--A most
ippalling disaster occurred here short
y after i) o'clock tonight, in which 20
vorkmen were precipitated into Pe
tuaback river from the East Bristol
>ridge and from 10 to 12 of them are
>robably lost. This afternoon the
tructure was found to be shaky and
lie 4:42 train on the New England
oad had a narrow escape from wreck
Ls it crossed on the way to Hartford.
f'or someC time the bridge has been
ooked upon with suspicion and at.
>resent the new bridge was in process
>f re-erection and was almost complete.
twas close alongside the bridge *hich
vas tonight carried away. After the
astbournd passenger train had passed
onight, one side of the old bridge gave
vay to the current andl with a crash
vent boiling down stream.
The Farmner/' Al liance.
WvAImNGTON, F'eb. t.-The Nation
Jl Farmner< Alliance a~nd Industrial
:invich has been in session here
hr--e days, adjourned tamis afternoon.
.aiportaE t action was taken d uring the
osiug session. Among these, the
sultreasury plan," to which the Alli
nee has been committed for a numn-]
,er of years and the demand for an in-]
r-ease of the circulating medium to
*5a per capita, were elimuinated from
hie platform. Resolutkns were adopt
d opposing the refunding of the Pa
ific Railroad debt and agreeing to
neet next year at Dallas, Texas if that
ity will makea snuia nt~ers.
THE ACREAGE OF COFTON.
LATHAM, ALEXANDER & CO. ADVISE
CONTINUANCE OF ITS REDUCTION. -
Interesting Circular from that Leading
Cotton Firm--They Endose Heartily and
in Toto the Resolutions of the Memphis
NEW RORK, Feb. 3.-Latham, Alex
ander & Co. have issued the following
We have the pleasure to submit for
your information thle following com
parative positien. of cotton and prices
on January 31st for the past four
Total visIble supply in United
States, Europe and at sea-1896, 3,
949,258: 18t5. 4.943,539; 1894, 4,581,
0.0; 1893, 4,320,094.
Total exp )rts-S96;$2,750,33; 1895,
4,620.70S; 1t 94, 3,53s,223; 1893, 2,773,
Stock in United State- ports-1896,
989,500; 1895, 1,048,281; 1894, 1,108,
530; 1893, 1.069,923.
Stock in Liverpool (all kinds) -1896,
1. 103,000; 1895, 1,569,000; 1894, 1,587,
000; 1893; 1,645,000.
A float for Europe (American) -1896,
3 6,000; 1895, 692,000; 1894, 531,000;
Middlino uplands in New York
1896, 8 1-4c; 1895, 5 5-8c; 1894, 8 1-16c;
1893, 9 7-16c.
Middling uplands in Liverpool
1896, 4 5 8d; 1895, 2 32-12d; 1894, 4
1-4d; 1893, 5 18d.
From this Statement, the total visi
ble supply of cotton in the world is
994,281 bales less than last year, 631,
729 bales less than in 1894, and 370,
836 bales less than in 1893.
- The exports this year are 1,869,975
bales less than last year, 782,590 bales
less than in 1894, and 22,900 bales less
than in 1893.
The stock in United States ports is
58,781 bales less than last year. 119,
030 bales lesq than in 1894, and 80,453
bales less than in 1893.
The following was the price of cot
ton for future delivery in New York,
basis middling, on Jan. 31st of each
1896. 1895. 1894. 1893.
February. ..7.95 5.46 7.76 9.23
March..........7.99 5.50 7.82 9.34
April...........8.03 5.54 7.89 9.43
May ...........8.08 5.58 7.96 9.52
June......8.10 5.61 8.03 9.58
July...........8.13 5.65 8.07 9.62
August.........8.11 5.69 8.11 9.64
September......7.74 5.74 7.98 9.42
The price of cotton is now 2.49 cents
dearer than last year, 0.17 cents dear
er than in 1894, and 1-35 cents cheap
er than in 1893 for March contracts.
The amount of cotton that has been
marketed from September 1st, (five
months) for the cotton years mention
ed below, was as follows: 1896, 5,550.
599: 1895, 8.014,470; 1894, 6,254,172;
The amount, therefore, that has
come into sight this year to February
1st is 2,463,871 bales less than last
year, 703.573 bales has than in 1894,
and 194,392 bales more than in 1893.
The average percentage of the total
crop marketed by February 1st for
the past ten years has been 82.10 per
cent., and if the 5,550,599 bales that
has come into sight to February 1st
should prove to be 82.10 per cent. of
this crop, the actual total crop for
1895-96 would be 6,760,778 bales.
We cannot commend too emphati
eally the action of the Cotton Grow
ers' Association of America recently
convened at Memphis, Tennessee, and
we wish it were in our power to com
pel every cotton planter of the South
to read carefully the address issued by
that convention and lay its valuable
truths to heart. We have written on
this same line most urgently for
Our interest in the South and the
Southern people is genuine, and we
bhave endeavored to show to the plant
ers of the South what was indisputa
bly to their best interests.
Under date of November 2nd, 1892,
we issued a circular to the planters of
the South, and what we said in that
paper we had substantially written re
peatedly before and have written fre
:iuently since; hence, we can say
nothing new at this time in support of
~he address issued by the convention
it Memphis on January 21st.
The South has a virtual monopoly
n the production of cotton, and there
s no reason why this incalculable ad.
rantage should not be turned to the
vast enrichment of that section. Any
such good result, however, will never
e realized so long as overproduction
>f the staple threatens the world, and
.hereby hangs a weight to the market
ralue of cotton. In other words, if
;he cotton planters of the South insist
.ipon making more cotton than the
world has any use for, the surplus will
invariably make the price for the
whole supply, and thereby depreciate
;he value of the unnecessarily large
:rop below the value of the reasonable .
;mall crop, and the planter will find
airnself at the end of each croe season
>ut his labor and his pains without
The importance of this matter can
1ot be exaggerated, for the whole fi
aancial welfare of the South depends
.ipon renumerative prices for the cot
E very banker and merchant through
ut the cotton region should feel it his
>ersonal duty to reason and argue
with all the cotton planters with whom
1e has relations, persuading them if
3ossible to keep the cotton crop of
aext year within the protable demand
There should be a protest from
svery town and hamlet in Lhe South
lgainst any increase of the cotton
tcreage next year. If the catton plant
wrs will listen to such appeals remu
1erative prices for the cotton they do
ntake will be guaranteed by the in
lexible laws of supply and demand;
>ut~if they insist upon making anoth
r) 000,000 or 10.000,000 bales crop
ext year, they may look for a ruin
,is return to five cent cotton and
saved by the Paper.
NA~IsuILLE, Tenn., Feb. 4.-State
3enator L. B3. Morgan of Tullahoma
vas shot today by Henry Holder, and
r'as saved from being killed by a copy
>f the Atlanta Constitution, which
vas folded in the senator's left breast
>Ccket. The ball passed through the
aper and grazed the skin. Morgan is
eading counsel for defense in the case
Lgaiast Hlolt, Gunn and Gibson
harged with conspiracy and the mar
ler of Laporte Dickson. Holder is a
>rother-in-law of the murdered man.
he shootin g arose over feelingaroused