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The plant is first raised in seed
beds till large enough to transplant,
the same as cabage and tomato plants.
These beds should be properly lo
cated and carefully prepared.
sEED BEDS ON NEW LAND.
Seclect a sheltered spot sloping gent
ly to the south and well exposed to the
rays of the sun. Upon this plat burn
brush or wood until the soil is made
hot enough to kill the seeds of grass
and weeds. With a hoe or spade stir
the earth two or three inches deep,
but do not disturb the subsoil. If, in
preparing a seed bed on new land,
an inch of the surface soil is removed
or the subsoil is brought to the sur
face, plants will not grow. Rake and
work the bed until the surface has
been made mellow and fine; well rot
ted manure spread over the surface
and thoroughly raked in will promote
the growth of the plants. Remove
all roots and trash; run shallow
trenches or hard-beaten paths at in
tervals of 4 or 5 feet through the bed,
and dig a trench 4 or 5 inches deep
on the upper side and at the ends;
without this protection heavy rains
will drift the seed and cover many of
them too deeply.
One tablespoonful of seed will sow
a bed 10 feet square, which will furn
ish plants enough to set an acre.
Mix the seed with dry ashes and sow
evenly. Brush or rake in the seed
very lightly. Compact the earth by
treading with the feet or by the use
of a light roller, leaving the surface
smooth and even. Cover with light
brush thick enough to slightly shade
the plants and protect them from
frost or drying winds. The brush
may be left upon the bed until the
plants are half grown to the size for
transplanting. Leaves of trash which
accumulate upon the bed must be
removed. Something heavier like
pine or cedar boughs or cornstalks,
may be used as a covering for the
bed, but these must be removed
soon after the plants are up.
SEED BEDS ON OLD LAND.
The practice is to burn the surface
until'the soil is baked half an inch
deep. This is done to effectually de
stroy foul seeds and because the
plants grow best, as; many believe,
upon soil that has been thus baked.
As soon as the bed has cooled off
the soil is stirred and worked to a
depth of 3 inches, being reversed as
little as possible.v. A"liberal applica
tion of well-rotted manure or com
mercial fertilizer is made, and the bed
is worked until it is put in fine con
If the seed is sprouted before be
ing sown, and the beds are covered
with canvas, plants large enough to
transplant may be obtained in from
thirty to forty days.
HOW TO SPROUT THE SEED.
Upon several layers of woolen
cloth spread the seed about one
quarter of an inch thick. Cover well
with woolen cloth, thoroughly soak
the whole mass with warm water, and
set in a warm place near the stove.
Keep moist with warm water. In
three or four days small white spots
will indicate germination. Thor
oughly mix the seed with dry ashes
HOW TO COVER WITH C.XvAS.
The bedshould be 5 to 6 inches
wide, with a southern exposure.
Place boards 6 inches wide around
the bed, and to keel) ithese on edge
fasten by driving small stakes on
each side, or drive stakes and nail the
boards to them. Across this frame,
at intervalsj of 3;feet,'.fasten narrow
strips to support the cloth. Bank up
the earth. Two widths of light cot
ton cloth sewed together will form
the cover. Upon the sides and ends
of this cover sew small loops of cloth
or heavy twine. Stretch the cover
over the frame and fasten the loops
to nails driven at proper distances in
the outside of the frame. The cot
ton cloth used for covering the beds
should be a medium between the
common grade and what is known as
cheese cloth. 'j he cover should re
moved a few days before the plants
are set out.
HOw TO HAsTEN THE GROWTH OF PLANTS.
Set up a leach of well- rotted ma
nure. Manure from~thelebicken
ouse is the best. To one part of
the liquid from the leach add three
parts of water and sprinkle upon the
plants. Strong liquid manure will
injure or kill the plants, but if used
at proper strength it is the best ferti
lizer that can be applied.
Beginers are apt to make a muistake
at the very outset in not raising
PREPARATION OF THE SOIL FOR TRANs
Old land should be plowed to a
depth of 8 inches early in the fall. In
February apply stable manure or
commercial fertilizer, or both, and
plow under to a depth of 3 or 4 in
hes. The last of April or the first
of May, or earlier, as the season per
mits in the Southern States, plow the
land again to the same depth that it
was plowed in February, and with
drag or harrow and roller pulverize
it thoroughly. Sod land plowed late
in the fall, or in the winter or spring,
should not be reploxed with the turn
plow, but should be put in good con
dition with the double-shovel plow,
ultivator and drag.
With a marker made for the pur
pose, lay off the land in rows 3 feet
3 inches apart each way, and with a
hoe ~ake small hills at the intersec
tion of the rows. Instead of hills,
"lists" or ridges may be made by
throwing twvo or four furrows to
gether with a light turnplow drawn
by one horse. The "list" or ridge
tlus made should be trimmed and
patted with the hoe at the proper
place for bills.
In preparing land for a crop of to
bacco the soil should be put in such
perfect condition that no future cul
tivation should be required, except
to ill the wveeds and keep the surface
About the 1st of May, or as soon
as warm growing weather, according
to climate and season, is assured, the
plants should be set out. Showery
:r damp cloudy weather affords the
best time for doing this. When the
argest leaves are 2 1-2 inches wide
:he plant is large euough to set.
Saturate the plant beds by pouring
water carefully upon them. This will
.oosen the soil so that the plants may
e ;drawn with the last possible in
LOUIS APPELT, EDIToR.
PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY.
One Year........ ............$1.50
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Four Months....................... 50
One square, one time, S; each subse
quent insertion, 50 cents. Obituaries and
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three, six and twelve months.
Communications must be accompanied
by the real name anc address of the writer
in order to receive attention.
No communication of a personal char
acter will be published except as an adver
Entered at the Post Office at Manning as
MANNING, S. C.:
WEDNESDAY, FEB. 19, 1896.
We think the newspapers that so
anxiously published one side of the
controversy recently engaged in by
the editor of this paper, should have,
in the spirit of fairness, published
both sides or else kept their noses
out of it altogether.
The militia men throughout South
Carolina owe Captain W. C. Davis a
debt of gratitude for introducing and
pushing forward to success a bill to
exempt all active members of the
militia from street tax and road duty,
and we hope the next Legislature
will further exempt the militia from
Ever since the delivery of Senator
Tillman's famous speech there has
been a growing disposition on the
part of other Senators to speak bold
ly and plainly. At present Secretary
Morton is receiving the burning de
uunciations of the Senators, and
some of the terms used are bolder
and more violent than that used by
the Great Commoner from South Car
The Kentucky deadlock is proof
conclusive that the gold Democrats
are band-in-glove with the Repub
licans. Secretary Carlisle has de
clined to give his influence to the
election of a Democrat from his own
State, and the New York World, a
gold-standard paper, is of the
opinion that the Secretary of the
Treasury gave away Stewart's bid in
order that Morgan could get the
bulk of the late bond issue. As far
as we have been able to see Secretary
Carlisle has not demanded an inves
tigation of the World's charge.
The late issue of bonds, according
to the latest mathematical calculation
we have seen, shows that the United
States will receive $112,000,000 in
gold; that the gold to be drawn out
of the treasury by the Wall street
sharks is $112,000,000 which leaves
a balance to the government of
nothing. To pay for this issue of
bonds, the United States government
must pay $100,000,000 as the princi
pal, and for twenty-nine years inter
est at four per cent., $116,000,000,
making a total cost to the people of
$216,000,000, thus giving syndicates
a contribution of $116,000,000 of the
people's hard toil No wonder there
is weeping and wailing throughout
the land, and no wonder that pitch
forks are flying through the air, and
if there is not something done soon
to arrest this waste of the people's
money, fire and brimstone will be
heaped on the heads of those en
gaged in the nefarious work.
We think the Legislature in hesi
tating to make the necessary appro
priation to reimburse ,Governor
Evans for the money borrowed to
make South Carolina have a decent
appearance at the Atlanta Exposition
is showing ingratitude and a very
small appreciation of the soldiers who
went thus to help the cause at their
own expense. South Carolinians
have every reason to feel proud of the
exhibit from this State. and from a
business standpoint the resources of
this State received a tremendous
amount of advertising at a nominal
cost. The same amount of advertis
ing at a nominal cost. The same
amount of advertising for a private
enterprise would have cost a hun
dred-fold more, and instead of hesi
tating about paying this money, they
should pay it and adopt resolutions
commending the Governor for his
business foresight. The amount bor
rowed by Governor Evans for South
Carolina's exhibit certainly did more
good for all the people of the State
than is now being done by the Leg
islature in wasting time discussing
matters of some local interest, or
whether or not people should marry
under certain ages. These jaw con
certs cost a pile of money and do not
benefit the material interests of the
State. Pass the bill to reimburse the
Governor; the tax-payers will mocre
gladly pay it than they will to pay an
increased tax for the opening up of
two new judicial circuits for the
special benefit of somebody from
Anderson and Barnwell or other
SnEor Orno, CITY or ToLEro, -,
Faixx J. CHEN~EY makes oath that he is
the senior partner ot tho firm of F. J.
CHEN~ET A Co., doing business in the City
of Toledo, County and State aforesaid, and
that said firm will pay the suta of ONE
HUNDRED DOLLARS for each anid every
ease of Catarrh that cannot be cured by the
use of HALL's CATARRa CURE.
FRANK J. CHIENEY.
Sworn to before me and subscribed in
my presence, this 6th day of December, A.
[SEAL.] A. W. GLEASON.
Hait's Catarrh Care is taken internally and
acts directly on the blood and mucous
surfaces of the system. Send for testi
F. J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, 0.
.|0Sold by Druggists, 75c.
jury to the roots. Pull the plants I
carefully, one at a time, laying them
straight and in a position to protect
the leaves from mud and dirt. In
setting out tobacco a hole is made in
the hill with the fingers or a short
sharpened stick. Into this opening
the roots of the plant are inserted
and the earth is pressed firmly about
them. In transplanting tobacco it is
important to obtain an even stand.
When the plants grow evenly they
may be cultivated easily and effect
ively, and they may all be topped
and harvested at the same time. To
obtain this even stand of growth, the
soil must be put in good condition,
the hills must be made of mellow
earth and well firmed or patted with
the hoe, the deadly cutworm must be
hunted out and killed, and good
plants must be set in place of those
destroyed at the first opportunity.
The best time to kill the weeds is
just before they appear upon the sur
face. Stir the soil often and keep it
loose and mellow. If the soil is
heavy or has been beaten down with
rain, the first cultivation should be
deep. The roots of the tobacco plant
grow rapidly, soon filling the earth
completely between the rows. The
tobacco field should, therefore, be
well cultivated early in the season,
and late cultivation, if necessary,
should be shallow.
The hornworm generally puts in
an early appearance, and it must be
hunted dilligently throughout the
season and destroyed, or it will great
ly injure or ruin the crop. The first
week of its existence is occupied in
eating several small holes in the leaf
near the spot where the egg was de
posited by the parent moth, generally
upon a lower leaf. These small
holes indicate its hiding place during
the first week of its life and will aid
in its discovery.
PRUNING AND TOPPING.
Pruning consists in stripping off
the lower leaves, leaving the stock
bare 6 or 8 inches above the surface
of the hill. In topping, that is, re
moving the upper or flower stalk,
from 8 to 12 leaves are left upon the
plant, according to strength of soil,
type of tobacco, etc. Good soil will
mature a greater number of leaves
than poor soil, and the bright varie
ties are topped higher than the dark
or exoort varieties.
The leaves of the tobacco plant
stand in eight perpendicular ranks.
The ninth leaf stands over the first.
This fact will assist the beginner in
determining the number of leaves
upon a plant without counting them.
With practice the point at which a
plant should be topped can be fixed
at a glance.
Suckers should not be allowed to
sap the plant. They should be brok
en off every week, care being taken
not to injure the leaves.
CUTTING AND CURING.
About six weeks after the plant
has been topped it will fully have at
taned it. growth. The leaves will
become thick and brittle, breaking
easily, and they change in color from
reen to a pale yellowish green.
These conditions indicate that the
plant is ripe and ready for the har
vest. With a thin butcher knife the
stalk is split from the top to within a.
few inches of the bottom leaves; thei
stalk is then cut just below the lowest
leaves. The plant is placed astride
upon sticks, and these sticks are
hung out of doors upon a scaffold,
which consists of two poles standing
on an incline as far apart as the)
sticks are long, so that the plants
anging from the sticks will not in
terfere; or else the plants are im
mediately conveyed to the curing
Sun-cured tobacco is hung first
upon scaffolds for from five to ten
days, according to the weather, and
is then hung in the barn, where it is
cured by air alone, no fire being
Properly constructed barns for
curing tobacco by this process, ow by
what is known as the air- curing pro
cess, should be built practically air
tight, with adjustible ventilators.
Rail pens or cheap and open sheds
are, however, often used as a make
shift from lack of means or desire to
erect better buildings.
- CURING wITH OPEN FIRS.
The custoni of curing tobacco with
open fires is still practice:I to some
extent. The tobacco is placed upon
scaffolds four or five days until it is
well yellowed, when it is hung in the
bArn and fires are kindled under it.
The fires ar-e made to burn with the
least possible blaze, slowly at first,
but the heat is gradually increased,
and maintained continuously until
the leaf, except the upper half of the4
stem is entirely cured. This process
is fast losing its old time popularity,
and will doubtless soon be super
seded by better methods.
CURING BIGHT TOBACCO wITH FI.UES.
This is a somewhat pifficult pro-e
cess, requiring practice to insure the
best results. The curing barn should (
be made nearly air-tight and pro
vided with amlie ventilation readily
controlled. We give the Rlagland
First. Yellowing process, 90 de-(
grees, fr-om twenty-four to thirty
Second. Fixing color, 100 degrees,
four hours; 100 to 110 degrees in
creasing 2 1-2 degrees ever-y twoc
hours; 110 to 120 degrees, four toI
Third. Curing the leaf, 120 to
125 degrees, six to eight hours.
Fourth. Curing stalk and stem,
125 to 170 degrees, increasing 5 de
grees an hour, and continue at 170
degrees until stalk and stem are
thoroughly killed and dry, which
usually requires from twelve to t
After the tobacco has been cur-ed ~
it must be stripped and sorted, dur- t
ing damp weather, and, is not sold ,
loose, it must be bulked or rehung I
and packed. It should be bandled C
only when in good order. The
leaves are generally sorted as they i
are stripped from the stalk in five or
six grades-three or four of leaf and
two of lugs. The different grades
are tied in small bands or bundles, j
and the crop is sold loose or placed 3
on the sticks and hung up as soon as r
stripped, to be taken down andb
packed in the spring or summer. c
EFFECTs OF CLIMATE.t
Success in the production of to- b
acco involves not only a knowledge
f the best methods to be employed
a its culture and curing, but also a
nowledge of what types can be most
uccessfully raised in different locali
ies and upon different soils. And
vhen it is known what class of tobac
:o may be produced in any locality,
t is also necessary to know what va
ieties must be cultivated to produce
he most perfect type of that class.
Climate determines the class of to
>acco which may be produced within
ertain areas. Thus the fortieth par
illel marks, quite abruptly, the
)oundary line between the cigar-leaf
listricts on the north and the regions
vhich produce the manufacturing
Lnd export types south of that line.
Between the fortieth and thirty
ifth parallels of latitude lies the
,reat tobacco belt of the United
states, where tobacco has always
)een a leading crop and where its
:ultivation is generally well under
,tood. South of the thirty-fifth par
fllel, in the States of South Carolina,
3eorgia, Alabama, and Mississippi,
;obacco has been grown to some ex
:ent, mainly for home consumption,
tu nearly every county since the date
>f the earliest settlements. Its culti
vation in these States has never been
ollowed by a regular industry. What
varieties and types will succeed here
best is not, therefore, definitely
known. These facts can be ascer
mained only by careful experiment.
We know, however, that for several
yesrs past South Carolina has pro
luced an excellent type of bright to
bacco, and that Florida has produced
the highest grade of cigar-leaf.
These facts indicate that bright to
bacco may be successfully grown in
the northern portions of Georgia and
Alabama, and that cigar tobacco, of
the Cuban type, may be profitably
,ultivated in the extreme southern
portions of those States; while if we
judge of the types of tobacco which
may be raised in Mississippi from
those which are produced in contigu
ous States, both the bright and the
ark heavy varieties may be grown
there, varying according to soil.
Mr. Winslow S. Pierce, acting for the
reorganization committee of the Union
Pacific Railroad company, has submitted
to the senate committee on Pacific rail
roads the reorganization committee's
draft of a bill for the reorganization of
Edwin F. Uhl is now ambassador to
Germany, having taken the oath of
office at the department of state. He will
go to his home at Grand Rapids, Mich.,
order to close up some private busi
ess, so that it may be about 80 days
before he reaches Berlin.
It is announced from a good source
that, following the advice of the United
Btates, Venezuela has practically de
ided to send a representative to London
with powers to open direct negotiations
with the government of Great Britain
for a settlement of the boundary dis
pute between British Guinea and Vene
Last year the Suez Canal company's
receipts were larger than ever before,
hough the number of ships passing
hrough the canal was 18 less than dur
ing the preceding year. The increase
in receipts is explained by the special
traffic caused by Chino-Japanese war
requirements and the Madagascar and
A strong effort is being made by the
mianagers of Governor Claude Matth
sws' presidential boom to advance the
[ndiana man's interests in Arkansas.
A. correspondence bureau has been es
:ablished for this purpose, and promi
ient Democrats all ovgr the state are
-eceiving letters urgmng a favorable con
ideration of the Indianan.
William L. Littlehales, a lawyer of
Wasington city, 37 years of age, was
ound drowned in the Potomac river.
Eis death was, it is believed, the result
>f an accident, as he suffered from ver
igo and probably fell into the water.
tr. Littlehales, before his health failed
everal years ago, had a brilliant repu
ation as a criminal lawyer.
The announcement is made that Sen
tor Quay of Pennsylvania has con
ented to permit his name to go before
he Republican convention at St. Louis.
'he senator is now in the hands of his
riends, and his prominence as a factor
ni the race will depend upon their ef
orts. It is understood that the senator
ias full knowledge of the statement
hus made public.
A telegraphic dispatch received from
xkutsk, Siberia, says that a Siberian
rader named Kouchnareff, who is the
gent of Dr. Fridtjof Nansen, the Nor
egian explorer, who sailed in the Fram
Fune 24, 1893, for the Arctic regions,
ias received information to the effect
hat Dr. Nazvsen has reached the north
>ole, has found land there and is now
-eturning towards civilization.
The president has transmitted to the
iuse such correspondence relative to
Duba as he daems not incompatible with
he public interest. This was in re
ponse to a house resolution. The pa
ers are voluminous in their character,
nd include over 2,000 letters which
assed between Secretary Olney and
senor De Lome, the Spanish minister,
)onsul General Williams. and others.
The United States civil service com
nission will hold examinations on March
0 in Bost' u, Buffalo, Philadelphia,
Jincinnati, Kansas City, Chicago, Los
kngeles and San Francisco for the po
itions of meat Inspector, stock examiner
nd tagger. For all these positions the
upply of eligibles Is not equal to the
emand. Application blanks and in
ormation in regard to the examinations
vill be furnished on request by the
Frank Specher, agent at Dunbridge,
)., for the United States Exress com-.
>ay and the Ohio Centra railroad,
as found unconscious in his office.
hen he revived he said he had been
lugged by two robbers who had taken
n express package containing $110.
linton Raab was arrested on suspicion
nd locked up, charged with the rob
>ery. Later Specher confessed that he
Lad not been robbed; that he was short
n his accounts $200 and that he had in
rented the robbery story, hoping to
:over up his defalcation. To lend plaus
biity to the story he had hit himself on
he head with the stove poker.
Charieston Knitting ill! rn Operation.
CHARLESTON, Feb. 17.-The Charles
on Knitting mills, witha capital stock
.f $25,000, has started its machinery to
rorking. The mill now has 25 knitting
cachines and employs about 85 people.
.'wenty-flve more machines will soon
e in operation and the working force
ccreased In proportion. The output of
he mill is to be 800 pairs of halfhoue
*d stockings a day, which will supply
he retail trade In the state, and which
rill in time be increased to carry the
'usiness into other southern states. The
apital stock is all held by Charleston
eople and the new enterprise is hailed
s the signs of future change for the
etter for Charleston.
Death of an Actor.
Nuw Yonx, Feb. 17. - James 0.
'aget, an actor, died from pneumonia.
r. Paget was well known to the theat
ical profession and was, at the time of
is death, a member of the John Drew
mpany, in whioh he played character
arts. H~e had many friends and rela
tves living in Chicago. He was a mem
er of the New Orleans lodge of Elks
nad ana nf thO KniahtI of Dethla
INTERESTING READING TO MEM
BERS AND OTHERS.
BY 0. E. WEBBER.
Be it ordained by the Supreme Lodge,
Knight.; of Pythias, that ia order that all
may know the origin, principles and alms
of the Order, the following shall constitute
the deelaration of principles:
Pythian Knighthood had its conception
in the exemplification of the life test of
true friendship existing between Damon
Friendship, or mutual confidence, being
the strongest bond of union between man
and man, and only existing where honor
has an abiding place, is adopted as a foun
As the ideal Knight of olden time was
the personification of all the higher and
nobler attributes of man's nature, the
candidate for Knighthood had to prove
himself worthy of acceptance by those who
valued friendship, bravery, honor, justice
The Order Knights of Pythias-founded
in Friendship, Charity and Benevolence,
which it proclaims as its cardinal princi
ples-- -strives to gather in on' mighty fra
ternity worthy men who appreciate the
true meaning of friendship; who are cau
tious in word and act; who love truth; who
are brave in defending right; whose honor
is untarnished; whose sense of justice will
prevent, to the best of their ability, a per
sonal act or word injurious to the worthy;
whose loyalty to principle, to family, to
friends, to their country, and to constituted
authority under which they enjoy citizen
ship, is undoubted; and who, at all times,
are prepared to do unto others as they
would that others should do unto them.
QUESTIONs ASKED AND ANSWERED.
In order that the reader may fully un
derstand the intentions of our Order, we
will give a partial review of its origin,
with a few questions and answers, etc.:
1.-What is Pythianism?
Answer.-It is the banding together'of all
those who wish to follow the noble exam
ple of friendship shown by Damon and
2.-What are the intentions of the Order?
Answer.-To visit the sick, relieve the
distressed; to watch over the dying; to
bury the dead; to comfort the widow in
her afflictions; to exercise a guardianship
over the orphaLs, and, in fact fully to fol
low out the golden rule: "Whatsoever we
would that men should do unto us and
ours, do we even so unto them."
3.-Is it a secret organization ?
Answer.-It is, for the purpose of
protecting those who join our ranks, and
in order that we know one another-the
secrecy of the family circle-talismanic
Brotherhood of Knight's of Friendship.
4.-Is it a labor union ?
Answer.-Not by any means. We take
no part in disputes between employer and
employe. In our lodges the laborer, the
millionaire, the artisan, the mechanic, the
professor and the man of leisure meet upon
the broad and level plane of equality,
where each deposits, as in a saving fund,
his monthly contribution, and like the
wise husbandman, by watchfnlness and
economy secures a sufficiency to meet the
wants and rigors of the winter of sickness
or disability; and it should ever be our
purpose to secure employment for such of
our members as may be without it.
5.-Is it a religious or political faction ?
Answer.- If you believe in the Father
hood of God and the brotherhood of man,
we care not to what sect you belong. We
meddle not in any disputen, either relig
ions or political, our motto. being "Friend
ship, Charity and Benevolence," Peace on
earth, good will to men."
6.-What is the origin of the Order ?
Answer.-Our Order was founded Febru
ary 19th, 1864, at Washington, D. C., by
Justus H. Rathbone. At the time "when
wr was in tha heart of man, and sorrow
in his home,"-when from ocean to ocean
and from lake to gulf, our glorious land
was engaged in scenes of carnage and
death-Rathbone saw in Grecian history
the germ of an Order that should prove a
power in dispelling the warmth of sectional
strife and restoring the hearts of men to a
basis of universal brotherhood.
The reign of Dionysitus, the Elder,
marked an era of selfishness in the world's
hitory. Following the example of a ty
rant, his adherants in the I1le of Sicily
vied in obliterating from the tablets of
their memory every vestage of that noblest
principle of manhood which recognizes
man's fealty to his fellow. Damon, a sen
ator at Syracuse, by .his opposition to
Dionysinus, in his attempted usurpation of
power, was placed under sentence of i
mediate death. Pythias the time tried
friend of Damon. besought the tyrant to
grant him a respite; that he might bid a
last farewell to those he loved. The denial
of this request was followed by the most
striking exemplification of pure friendship
that has ever illuminated the pages of his
tory. Pythias offered himself as a hostage
for Damon while he should visit his wife
and child once more before his execution.
The chains were taken from the limbs of
Damon and placed upon those of Pythias.
Damon was soon at his home; he bids his
weeping wife and little one an affectionate
larewell; and calls for his horse, in order
to return in time to redeem his pledge to
Pythius. He finds that h-is horse has been
killed by his servant in order to prevent
is return, but lhe secured another horse
and flies to Syracuse. In the meantime
Pythias had been tempted to escape the
doom which seems to threaten him; hut no!
le insists upon the form of the hostage be
ing carried out to the letter. He exclaims,
-It is sweet to die for those we love !" The
ime is fast passing and still Damon does
not appear. The block is erected, the
:rowds gather in the square, the funeral
procession is formed, and Pythias is led
orth to seal his friendship with his blood.
Does he shrink? No. Does he falter?
Ro With soldierly courage and iron
serve he wends his way cheerfully to die
ror his friend. In thrat awful moment the
:latter of hoofs is heardl in the distance,
td soon Damon falls exhausted at the feet
f his frienct. This display of manhood
md true courage led captive the tyrant's
eart, who, remitting the death sentence
f Damon, sought admission to their
The bright spot on the pages of the past
ras the corner-stone upon which Brother
Rathbone "builded wiser than he knew."'
Por years the fires burnt low upon the
~ters of the young and struggling brother
ood; but its present high noon when
'rom every hill-top the shields of brave and
;allant Knights ma~ke bright the day of
romise, the Founder of the Order may
rest assured that it's ascendant star shall
7.-Give me some idea as to the inten
ion of the ranks.
Answer.-The secret work of the lodge
:onsists of three Ranks, which are symbol
cal of three principles of the Order.
aamely: Friendship, Charity and Benev
lence. The three Ranks, Page, Esquire,
d Knight, are separate, but it is neces
ar to be initiated into all of them to
one to a just appreciation of the extent
d scope of what this Order comprehends
d teaches. The instructions given in
he several Ranks are part of the essential
blements that go to make up a secret socie
y, and they are conferred upon all who be
mome members, that they may come to a
orrect understanding of the basis upon
hich the Order is built. Friendship is
he mystic tie that brings and binds our
THE ENDOWMENT BANx.
The Endowment Rank provides a per.
ectly reliable endowment of $1,000, $2,
00 and $3,000 to members of the Knights
if Pythias not over fifty years of age, and
s endowed by and under control of the
upreme Lodge. The assessments are
ied at a stipulated sum in accordance
vith the age of the applicant and the
mount of endowment applied for when
me becomes a member of the section; they
lo not increase or decrease. All endow-1i
nents are paid immediate upon receipt of
he proof of death, to such person or per
nsas en designated in the certificate.
Is SIMMONS LIVER REGULATOR. Don't
forget to take it. Now is the time you
need it most to wake up your Liver. A
sluggish Liver brings on Malaria, Fever
and Ague, Rheumatism, and many other
ills which shatter the constitution and
wreck health. Don't forget the word
REGULATOR. It is SIMMONS LIVER
REGULATOR you want. The word REG
ULATOR distinguishes it from all other
remedies. And, besides this, SIMMONS
LIVER REGULATOR is a Regulator of the
Liver, keeps it properly at work, that your
system may be kept in good condition.
FOR, HE BLOOD take SIMMONS
LIVER REGULATOR. It is the best blood
purifier and corrector. Try it and note
the difference. Look for the RED Z
on every package. You wont find it on
any other medicine, and there is no other
Liver remedy like SIMMONS LIVER
REGULATOR-the Kingof Liver Remedies.
Be sure you get it.
J. H. Zeilin & Co., Philadelphia, Pa.
SENSAThION IN MILE
A Prominent Man Arrested For
Killing His Wife.
LEADING LIGHT IN THE CHUROH
The Dying Woman Made a Statement In
Which She Accused Her Husband of
Administering Nitric Acid-Unpleasant
Family Relations Supposed to Have Been
the Cause-Police Investigating.
LouisvnE, Feb. 17.-A special to
The Courier-Journal from Mobile, Ala.,
says: A sensation has been caused here
by the arrest of Henry David Hearn, a
leading light in the Baptist church,
who is accused of causing the death of
his wife by the administration of nitric
acid, which he had obtained from a
local physician for alleged analytical
The arrest was made upon the infor
mation of the accused's stepdaughter,
who alleges that an ante-mortem state
ment of the deceased woman, who died
suddenly in convulsions Friday, attrib
uted the cause of death to poisoning at
her husband's hands.
Hearn denies that he administered the
poison to his wife. Appearances are
against him, however, as besides his
wife's dying statement, half the con
tents of a 2-ounce bottle of nitric acid
There have been unpleasant relations
between Hearn and family ever since
they charged him some time ago with
making a proposition to his stepdaugh
ter to marry him in the event of her
The police are investigating the case,
and a post-mortem examination will be
held to decide the cause of the woman's
Effort Being Made to Advance the Indiana
Man's Interests In Arkansas.
LrrL RocK, Feb. 17. -A strong
effort is being made by the managers of
Governor Claude Matthews' presidential
boom to advance the Indiana man's in
terests in Arkansas. A correspondence
bureau has been established for this
purpose, and prominent Democrats all
over the state are receiving letters urg
ing a favorable consideration of the
One of these letters is signed by Hon.
Sterling R. Holt, chairman of the Indi
ana Democratic state committee, and it
recounts in glowing terms the public
services of Governor Matthews and
commends him to the favorable consid
eration of the Arkansas Democracy.
After stating that Governor Matthews
is a practical farmer, a strong sympa
thizer with the laboring classes and a
lifelong Democrat, the letter concludes:
"It must be accepted as a fact, if we
hope to win in the coming contest, that
the Democracy must look to thle great
west for a leader who will impress the
whole country as a wise, able and con
servative m:-n, a man in close touch
with the masses. Indiana believes that
the tide will be irresistible for a west
ern man, and that in the person of Gov
ernor Matthews the ideal candidate is
"Will you kindly inform me, at your
earliest convenience of your candid
pinion as to the probability for sup
port, either in your district or state."
TRIES AN ULTIMATUM.
icaragua Dictates Terms on the Costa
Bica Border Question.
MANAGUA, Nicaragua, Feb. 17.-This
government has requested Costa Rica
to appoint another commission on
boundary, it is said, as Nicaragua can
not continue to treat with the persons
onstituting the present commission.|
~icaragua proposes to cede to Costai
Rica a piece of land along the boundary;
a mile wide, and desires that all further
ifferences regarding the boundaiy
shall be submitted to the arbitration of
he United States.
This prop. ition, it is stated, is pre
ented as an ultimatum, but it is not,
elieved tha1 Costa Rica will accept it
President Zelaya has to exercise cone
stant vigil t.. prevent being overthrown. 1
Tis situation is due to the Clerical -
arty, which has succeeded in dominat
ng the president to such an extent that
he Liberals threaten revolution.
A Bad Man Arrested In Missouri. --
SEDALIA, Mo.,Feb. 17.-John Johnson,
lias '-Cleveland Sport," arrested here
for vagrancy, confesses to being wanted
t Palestine, Tex., to finish an unservedI
wo years' sentence for highway rob
ery and is believed by the local detec
ives to have been implicated in the
ashvil'.e, Vernon county, train robbery
on Jan. 15, as well as the holding up of
he Gulf railway operator at Fort Scott,
an., and Richards, Mo., Jan. 10 and
4, respectively. His pedigree will be
Will Contain several Resignations.
Naw YORK, Feb. 17.-The Advertiser
ays: The letter from Dunraven in ref-.
rence to the Defender-Valkyrie episode
s expected to reach here Sunday. A
umor is floating around town to the
>efect that the expected documents will
onsist of the resignation from the New
ork Yacht club not only of Lord Dun
aven, but the Prince of Wales, the
darquis of Dufferin and Sir Robert.
Peel -__ __ _
Weekly Bank Statement. A
Nuw YonK, Feb. 17. - The weekly
ank statement shows the following
hanges: Reserve, decrease, $3,353,550;
oans, incre .se, $3,311,300; specie, de
rease, $7,142,500; legal tenders, in
rease, $3,844,200; deposits, increase,.
261,000; circulation, decrease, $239,
00. The b. aks now hold $36,818,875
n excess of the requirements of the 25~
e cent rule.
To Our Clarendon Friends :
We are now prepared to offer lower p
you want. Our Stock is complete. V
hardware a large line of
Paints, Oils, Etc.
Harness, Saddles, Rubber and
Great bargains in guns, pistols,
Headquarters for Powder, Shot
Engine supplies, belting, etc.
Headquarters for Cooking and
The Terry Fish Company
WHOLESALE SHIPPERS OF
rrosh nish of all Us Oysters, Mlams
Our regular season for shipments of
fresh fish (packed in ice) being now open.
we are prepared to ship you any desired
qnantity. Charleston is the only market
suth that can offer a large variety of fish,
and, being situated on the ocean, where
they are caught, must be fiesh. We solicit
Consign'ments of poultry, eggs, etc., so
licited. Account sales and check mailed
day of sale.
22 AND 24 MARKET ST., CHARLESTON, S. C.
0ET THE BEST
Whn you ae aboutto buyaSewing tchine
I* nout be deceived by alluring advertisements
nd be led to think you can get the best made,
:ircst flnishcd and
cr a mcre scug. See to it that
viu buy from reliable manz
.acturers that have gained a
d oling, vou will then get a
Sewing Machine that is noted
the world over for its dura
bility. You want the one that
is easiest to manage and is
There is none in the world that
can equal in mnechanical con
struction, durability of working
parts, fineness of finish, beauty
n appearam-e, or has as many
improvemenits as the
It has Automartic Tension, Double Feed, alike
on both sides of needle (fatented),no other has
it; New Stand (patented),driving wheel hinged
on adjustable centers,thus reducIng friction to
WRITE FOR CIRCULARS.
THE EW HOBSEWIGMCIE CO.
QVAqo,V&=n BoroxiMss. ssmU. uazz,. Y
CaC.GO. ILL. )rro, o.D
Sa Faxcsco, C..Aar, dA.
FOR SALE BY
E. JENKINSON, Manning, S C.
W HE N YOU COME
TO TOWN CALL AT
-Which is fitted up with an
eye to the comfort: of his
customers.... .. ..
IN ALL STYLES,
S H AVIN G AND
SH AMPO OING
Done with neatness and
dispatch... .. .. .
A cordial invitation
A. B. GALLOWAY.
Wood's Packets of
Contain more High-Grade Seeds
than any other packets sold.
Don't buy half-size, poorly
filled packets and commission
seeds, which are not to be com
pared, either in quality o r
quantity to Wood's Packet Seeds.
If your merchant does not
handle Wood's High-Grade Seeds
send your orders direct. We
pay the postage, delivering
packets, ounces and quarter
pounds of seeds free to your
poet-office at catalogue rates.
geDescriptive Catilogue and
Guide to the Farm and Garden
mailed free. Write for it.
T.W.WO0D & SONS,
Seedsmen, RICEDIOID, VA.
-Foa sALE BY
L B. LORYEA,
Manning, S. C.
CIVIL ENGINEER .AY SU.RVEYOR,
nving an expe~rienlce of thirty seven years,
fl&rs bis professional services to the people
f Chendoni county. Satisfaction guaran
a. P.O. KINGSTREE, S. C.
ATTORNEY AT LAW
MANNING, S. C.
OSEra F. EKAME. -V C- Davis
RHAE . DAVIS,
ATTORXEYS A7 LAW,
MANNIN G, S. C.
R. J. PRANK GEIGE11,
MANNING, S. C.
OFFICE IN MANNINL HOTEL.
OHN S. WILSON,
AUorne~y and Counselor at Law,
MAiNNING S. C.
INT & SON
rices than ever. Call or write for
e have added to our immense stock of
at Low Figures.
Belting, Leather, Etc.
and Shells (loaded and empty).
Heating Stoves (Waranted),
ceo. S. Hacker Son
Doo1, Sh, Bil(ids, 1oulld,
ilg all(i Bfildi(ig Alterial.
CHARLESTON, S. C.
SASH WEIGHTS AND
WINDOW AND FANCY
ALWAYS ON HAND AT
The WeM nown and Reliable
DEUG STORE OF
Dr, W. M._Brockinton
In addition to a fuil and complete
stock of drugs, Medicines and
Chcmicals, we, zeep a complete
Pater. t Medicines,
And the thonsand and one thinks
usually found in every first-class
and we l-regulat. drug store.
MANNING, S. C
KNIGHTS OF PYTHIAS.
p meets every frst and tir
~,Thursday Lnights. Every
, tuember requested to at
.tend regularly and prompt
J. F. GEIGEn,
- K.ofR R&
Prof. Stkith, fer 2is YEus
COMMERCIAL CO 'LE C " '
.4 earded .!- ila Loi;. :>
For .<yntem1 of Iootac-::m
Buznines Edsts,-atsir. etc - :
Tce-ranR.s2 y. -.
and exhausted fields which
were once productive can again
bc made profitably fertile
by a proper rotation of crops
and by the intelligent use of
fertilizers containing high per
Strikingly profitable results
have been obtained by follow
ing this plan.
.::tnaphlets are r'it advecrtising circulars boom
'- : ecal-ertiizers, but are practical work. con:ain
i a .: re'earches on the subjctc of fertJia:ion. and
. c really helpful to farmers. They are n: free for
GERMAN KALI WORKS,
93 NaLnau St. ew York,
State of South Carolina,
County of Clarendon.
By Louis Appelt, Esquire, Probate Judge.
WHEREAS, ISAAC .JOHINSON DE
parted this life intestate more than six
months ago and his estate has become dere
liet and in accordance witb a statutory re
qnirement, James E. Davis, Clerk of' the
Court of Common Pleas for C:larendon
County, State aforesaid, made suit to me.
to grant him letters ot administrtion otf
the estate of an d effects of I-aac Johnsou.
These are therefore to sight andu admwon
ish all and singular the kindred ard cred
itors of tie .eid I-aae J 'besan, de
ceased, that they be and appear, before me,
in the Court of Probate, to be held at Mlan
nling, on the 12th day of M1arch, next,
after p .blication bereer. att 11 o'einek in the
forenoon, to shew canse, if any they have,
why the satd administration should not be
Given under my hand thi< 29th day of
January, A. L. 100G;
[8E~u..] LOUIS A1FPE LT,