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VOL X- MA- -N-ING- S. C. WEDNESDAY, APRIL NO. 39.
THE "L1LLY WHITES."
THE MELTON-BRAYTON REPUBLI
CANS IN CONVENTION.
Fun Bepresentation from all Counties, Re
tunsed to 'nxdorse a Presidential Candi
date-TWO White and Two Colored Dele
gates to St. Louis.
CoLA., April15.-Leaders claim
that for the first time in many years
the convention of Republicans that
met in the State house yesterday was
a fullrepresentatilon, with every town
ship and every precinct represented.
It was the first State convention held
by the wing of the Republican party
which recognizes Capt. L. D. Melton
of Columbia as the State chairman,
and which is generally known as the
"Lilly Whites," being the faction to
which many white men, who have
heretofore been recognized as Demo
crats, have cast their lot. In the con
vention, of about 240 delegates, there
were between 60 and 70 white men,
but these, with a few exceptions, were
not recognized as prominent in poli
tics. The white men present who
have for some time taken a prominent
part in the affairs of the Republican
pity In this State, were Fllery M.
Brayton, Lawson D. Melton, B. Odell
Duncan, V. P. Clayton, R. M. Wal
lace, Louis Jacobs and W. W. Rus
sell, but conspicuous among those
new and prominent men who have
joined the party recently were Dr.
Sampson Pope of Newberry and D. J.
Knotts of Lexington, old Reformers,
and Clarence S. Nettlesof Darlington,
a Conservative in days gone by.
There was a strcng negro representa
When the convention was called to
order a large lithograph of Tom Reed
adorned the rostrum, just behind the
reporters' table; but later, not to be
partial, likenesses of Morton and Mc
Kinley were tacked up by Brayton
During the day there was a large
crowd cf spectators on the floor and
in the gallery, and among them were
many handsomely dressed colored
women, relatives and friends of dele
tes. At 1:20 p. m. State Chairman
Melton called the convention to order
and asked the Rev. W. M. Thomas, a
colored preacher, to open the proceed
ings with prayer. The livine asked
that all obstructions be removed from
the path of the delegates, and that
what they did should be for the good
of the State.
Mr. Melton addressed the conven
tion as follows:
Friends and Fellow-Republicans:
In opening the convention as your
State chairman, it behooves me to
make a few brief remarks as to the
purpose for which this convention
was called, the circumstances under
which it arose and its final object
which is the building up of the Re
publican party in South Carolina. In
the fall of 1894 an issue was presented
to the people of South Carolina, which
threatened the disfranchisement of
more than one-half the Republican
voters of the State, and finding noth
ing being done to frustrate such an
attempt against the liberties of the
people, we determined to do some
thing to stem the tide of a calamity
which threatened the rights of the citi
zens. We earnestly went to work to
try and persuade the old committee to
take the lead and prevent this calamn
ity. But for reasons not necessary to
state here, that committee ref us&to
call the people of South Carolina to
gether to attempt to avert that mis
fortune. After that there was noth
ig for us but revolution and we de
termined to appeal to the people of
South Carolina to rise uu from their
sleep and save their rights. On the
6th day of February, 1895, a conven
tion of representative men was held.
Out of that convention has grown
what will be recognized as the Repub
lican party of South Carolina. The
result is this convention here assem
bled, and a better one the God of re
publics never looked down upon in
this country. It has not been -filled. by
oing into the high ways and by ways
for delecates, as our friends the ene
my did Yfast week, but here every pre
cinct in South Carolina is represented.
(Cheers.) This organization reminds
me of the story of the wonderful isle
where the little infant of today is a
grown man tomorrow. It recognizes
no obstacles and is going to succeed.
(Cheers.) In the near future its voice
will be heard in the legislative halls
of South Carolina, and it is going
with such a sweep that Tillman, with
all his power, can't keep down. Go
back to your homes, stand shoulder to
shoulder: the white people are with
you; do your duty; go and try and
register and stand there all summer.
When you get the certificate even the
n~sttution of South Carolina can't
preen -you eastinag a vote. (Cheers.)
At the close of Mr. Melton's speech,
the call for the convention was read.
Chairman Melton announcied that
the executive committee had suggested
as temporary chair man Clarence S.
Nettles of Clarendon, and Clarence
Holmes of Columbia as temporary
secretary. The convention was evi
dently heartily in favor of the selec
tion of Mr. Nettles, his name being
greeted with applause.
On motion of Prof. Morris. a cm
mnittee was appointe d to conduct Mr.
Nettles to the rostrum.n
On this committee Mr. Melton ap
pointed Prof. J. WV. Morris, Mr. E. M.
Brayton and Congressman Murray.
Mr. Nettles, on taking the gavel,
said: "I thank you for the distinction
f calling mue to preside over this con
vention of Republicans of South Car
olina. I believe that this gathering
marks an epoch in the politics of this
State. This is not the resurrection of
a corpse, but the growth and develop
ment of a healthy Republican party
in South Carolina. It is not based on
prejudice, race issues or greed for
money, which has disgraced the party
in the State up to this time, (Cries 01
good, good,") but is based on the
rock-ribbed principles which have
made the Republican party the .stay
of the government, the principles
which, when permitted to languish,
brought financial ruin upon the peo
ple of the whole country. It is the
party which stands for the liberal con
struction of the Federal Constitution,
keeping abreast of the advanced busi
ness and wants of the people, the pro
tection of American industries, Amer
ican shipping, American labor." He
onsidered this a happy day for South
Carolina, when such a convention,
representing a party with such princi
ples, convened here. The success of
'.bis party would bring capital to
outh Carolina; the hum of spindles
would be heard in every town in the
State. This party commands the con
fidenc of men with money to invest.
The party promises protection not
alone to the industries of America,
but protection to all the rights the son
of man is entitled to.
The temporary roll was then called.
There being no contests, the tempo
rary roll was made permanent.
Mr. Brayton moved that a commit
tee of nine, two at large and one each
from the congressional districts, be
appointed on platform and resolutions.
This prevailed and the following were
appointed: B. Odell Duncan, Geo. W.
Murray, W. W. Russell,-A. M. Daw
son. W. J. Whipper, S. E. Smith, S.
P. Foster, R. A. Stewart and D. J.
Professor Morriss of Columbia took
the floor to nominate a permanent
chairman. He was proud to name for
permanent chairman a gentleman
born on the soil of South Carolina
and with South Carolina ancestry.
They were here, white men and black
men, born on a common soil, with a
common destiny, and while "skins
may differ, affections dwell in black
and white alike." He named Dr.
Sampson Pope of Newberry. There
were loud cheers for Dr. Pope.
Mr. Brayton seconded Dr. Pope's
nomination, not because he was one of
the sons of South Carolina, but because
by his conduct he had proven himself
superior to the traditions and restraints
of so many sons of South Carolina.
He looked on the course of Dr. Pope
in 1894 as active and potent in bring
ing into being the forces which culmi
nated in this convention. He recalled
the stand of Dr. Pope in the dispensa
ry and registration cases. Dr. Pope
was elected by acclamation and L. D.
Melton, Professor Morris And Captain
Paul Whipple escorted him to the
chair. There was prolonged cheering.
Dr. Pope said:
We have assembled here in obedi
ence to the call of the State chairmaa
of the Republican. party of the Slate,
for the purpose of electing delegates to
to the National Republican conven
tion which meets at St L->uis, Mtssou
ri. That convention will elect the
standard bearers of the party for Pres
ident and vice president by the nation.
We have also assembled for the pur
pose of protecting the party organiza
tion in this State. Unfortunately the
Republican party in this State is di
vided. into two factions, two hostile
camps, both claiming to speak for the
party. This being the case, and as
harmony and union is necessary to
accomplish results, the success of the
party in this State, and its assistance
in winning the presidential election,
nothing should be done here, calcu
lated to widen the breach, nothing
should be said in the way of harsh crit
icism of those of the other faction.
When the National convention meets
and settles, as it will, the differences
that now exist, the two wings must
flop together for common good,
Therefore, I trust that members will
be imbued with such a spirit here,
that so far as we are concerned, when
the verdict is reached that this is the
reorganized organization, that those
who have gone away from us, come
back and take their places in the ranks
of the party without any feeling of
There are many candidates for the
high position of president, any one of
whom will be acceptable to the Repub
lican people; the country will be safe
in any of their hands, whether it be the
favored son of Ohio, the great apostle
of protection; or he presides over the
United States house of representatives
with such marked ability ; or the able
governor of New York, who so recent
ly presided over the United States sen
ate to the satisfaction of all, or the
Chevalier Bayard of Iowa, all of them
are lovers of liberty, true to the con
stitution of the United States and zeal
ous defenders of a Republican form of
government. I am glad to say that
they are not of that class of designing
politicians who are "waiting for a
light in the west."
In South Sarolina, we need a
change of affairs. We have witnessed
with sorrow and shame a government
of the people by the people, and for
the people, subverted in the interests
of a few designing men to a condition
close akin to anarchy and ruin. We
have seen the State, for political pur
poses, made to enter into the business
of a liquor dealer, not only so, but we
have seen liquor forced upon the peo
ple six or sev-en counties heretofore
free from its deleterious influences.
We have seen constables and spies
put over the people se".rching their
houses at the dead hour of the night,
frightenihg women and children, and
sometimes sneaking in stocking feet
upon the roofs of the houses of private
citizens in the night time to peer in
their bed rooms -yea, more. We have
seen ladies trunks broken open by
these people at the railroad depots,
their cioths thrown about in the insane
desire of these people to find liquor.
Worst of all, we have seen the gover
nor of this State. at that time the can
didate for the United States senate,
ive instruction to his minions, to de
feat and defraud at the elections. We
have seen managers of elections en
sconced behind screens, in utter disre
gard of the constitution, causing
voters to cast their ballots in the wrong
box, and in some instances, when cast
right, take them out of the box and
put others in their places. We have
seen managers of the election when
the poll wias known to be strong in fa
vor of the opposition candidate, absent
themselves imn the day of election so
that no election was held.
We have seen the call for a consti
tutional convention fraudulently
made to carry. We have seen a gov
ernor and a United States senator elect
meet with other men and make a trade
as to representation in the constitu
tional convention and as to qualifica
tions of voters to be inserted in the
Constitution, agreeing that "no white
man should be disfranchised excpt for
crime, which plainly meant that all
color d men possible should be dis fran
cised. We have seen that conven
tion meet and carry this out, and we
have seen a Constitution formulated
without being referred back to the
~We have seen the taxable property
of the State increase and yet taxation
is higber than before. We have seen
the mortal tone of the people lowered
under all wrongs. How could it be
otherwise "for as you sow so shall
We call upon every honest man in
this State, white and black, to come
and help us rectify these wrongs. We
call upoii them to stand with us for
the good of those hereafter to come.
It is the duty of every man who loves
liberty and the principles of a repub
lican form of government to stand to
gether in this fight. Let the cry be a
republican f orm of government, and,
as a consequence, honest elections,
protection to American industries and
to Ameica labor and protection to
every citizen of right guaranteed by
the Federal Constitution. Add to
this a sound currency, sufficient in
volume to meet the demand of trade.
There are thousands of white men in
this State, not now in the Republican
party, who are willing to stand upon
this platform. We are willing to
stand upon it. We need the help of
these white men. There is one thing
in the way of our getting that help, a
fear of negro domination. They need
not fear it for the negro is willing, if
the whites will adopt a proper plat
form of principle, put out a ticket of
their very best men, pledged to reform
this government, to support the ticket
so put out. Our Republican brothers
in Beaufort and Georgetown have car
ried this out since 1S66. Only once
did they fail. That is when Ben
Tillman went down there and fooled
them out of it. (Great and long con
If this is done, if the white man ac
cepts this in good faith, the State will
be redeemed and peace, prosperity and
happiness will sweep over this land.
All that you would claim would be
the national Republican ticket and the
members of congress. Now, this is a
fair proposition, on your part and if
you make it I believe that it will ba
accepted in good faith. If it should
not then we must put out a ticket from
governor to coroner.
I have given you my views upon
the situation. Take them for what
they are worth, accept them if you
think them good, reject them if they
do not meet your views.
Clarence Holmes was made perna
nent secretary and J. M. Johnston as
Pending the report of the committee
on platform, the convention took a re
cess for one hour. On reconvening,
the following platform was presented
by the committee:
We, the Republicans of South Caro
lina, in convention assembled, reaf
firm our adherence to the time honor
ed principles of the national party,
that is to say:
First-We are in favor of moderate
and reasonable protection for home
labor and home capital against th'
cheaper labor and cheaper capital of
other countries, and of such reciprocal
commercial arrangements with other
countries as may be necessary to fos
ter and extend our foreign trade.
Second-We are in favor of main
taining the present monetary standard
until some satisfactory ratio between
the hard money metals shall have been
reached by international agreement.
Third- We are in favor of a gov
erment service based on merit and
character and capacity, and not on
the corrupt and debasing Jacksonian
system of "to the victors belong the
spoils." But while as Republicans we
heartily endorse the above principles
as highly important from a nation
al point of view, what is of vastly
more importance to us, and to all good
citizens here in South Carolina, is to
secure fair and honest elections, and
to get rid of our present arbitrary and
despotic factional State government
with all its accompanying evils. We
therefore reaffirm our purpose to use
every proper and legitimate means
to have our new Constitution set aside
as in conflict with the Constitution
and laws of the United States. We
admit that it-has certain good points
in it, notably its improved education
al facilities and its provision against
lynching. But it is tainted with fraud
in its origin; fraudulent in its char
ater, and fraudulent in that it was
foisted upon the State without ratiaca
ton by a Dopular vote. We therefore
hold that neither congress nor the fed
eral courts ought to recognize validi
ty. We also declare our most emphat
ic oppasitien to the entire brood of in
iquities imposed on the State by the
dominant faction, and pledge the Re
puolican party to remove them as
rapidly as possible if put in a position
to do so. We are opposed to the me
tropolitan police in Charleston cr else
where, and we pledge its immediate
suspension if given the necessary au
thority. We are opposed to the State
constabulary and pledge its promt dis
solution. We are opposed to the dis
pensary law, and pledge its promnt
repeal or fundamental moditication so
as to remove a stigma of State traffic
in whiskey for the sake of proaL. We
are opposed to an incumbent, partisan
and factional judiciary, and pledge its
restoration to respectability, capacity
and non-partisan as rapidly as possi
ble. We are opposed to the degreda
ton of our higher institutions of learn
ing to mere political ends, and pledge
their restoration to their proper and
legitimate duties. We are opposed to
discrimination against any class on ac
count of its religious beliefs. These
we do not regard as partism~ questions
at all, but simply questions of good
We, therefore, not only cordially
invite, but appeal to all good citizens.
to whatever party or faction belong
ing, Democrats as well as Re publicans,
Reformners as well as Con;servatives,
to unite with us in securing the over
throw of these and all other iniqities.
and in the restoration of peace and
harmony and good government in our
The platform adopted with but two
or three dissenters.
This resolution was offered:
Resolved: That either of the four
candidates, Reed, Morton. McKiuley
or Allison, wvill be acceptaible to the
Republicans of South Carolina.
A. E. Smith made a vigorous pro
test against this, arid offered a su~bsti
tute endorsing McKinley and iustruct
ing the delegation for him.
Whipper made an eloquent appeal
against the delegation being sent to
St. Louis handcuffed.
Smith again supported McKinley in
a long speech, after which his substi
tute was laid on the table.
Shirer of Chester made some refer
ence to Dr. Hooper of the same town
having been bought by the Webster
ites at the last nominating convention.
W. WV. Russell called on the chair
to have Shirer removed from the hall
by the sergeant-at-arms.
Dr. Hooper intimated that Shirer
was drunk and the latter subsided for
Rev. R. E. Hart madea longspeech,
in which ne said that the negroes were
not for McKinley, because he had de
clared they should not have been
granted the right of sutfrage.
Mr. Brayton concurred in the spirit
of the resolutions, but there was some
thing .lacking, it did not include all
the candidates. There was another!
not named in the resolutions. Mat-|
thew S. Quay, the greatest political
general or the age, was a candidate
whom this organizaticn could not af
ford to alight, however unintentional.
He would not have the convention in
structed for the candidates of his choice
because the recognition of this organi
atio was of irst importance and
they should be free to make friends.
He favored having at least one McKin
ley man in the delegation sent to St.
Young Thompson of Richland, a
oright mulatto of boyish appearance,
evidently the beneficiary of Columbia's
excellent school system, made a viol
ent attack on the resolutions. He de
scribed them as a straddle and he
wanted it recorded that he was for
The irrepressible Shiver here did a
great service. He moved that noth
ing more be said about candidates.
This motion prevailed, although there
were cries of protests one of the dele
gates who was cut off by Chairman
Pope, crying out that if that was the
doctor's plan he should never be gov
Nominations were declared in order
and C. M. Grand, a yo-ang man of
Charleston, who, as the Rev. Hart
later said, "if he was not white he
should have been," nominated G-eo.
Rev. R. E. Hart, in a lengthy speech.
in which he spoke of the beauties of
two races dwelling in harmony in one
commonwealth nominated Capt. L.
D. Melton. His name was greeted
Ellery M. Beayton was nomiuated
by H. L. Shrewsberry.
A. R. Smith nominated S. E. Smith
James Wigg named W. J. Whipper
of Br ufort.
J. B. Ebiards nom:nated P.-of J.
W. Morris of C.lumbia.
Rev. R. E. Hirt of Columbia was
nominated ov Tuos J. Waelar.
C. F. Holmes of Columbia was
nominated by E. D White.
R P. Daniels was nousianled by P.
J. M. Martin of the "Mitnclia City
of Greenville' nam--d Prof. A. M.
Dawson of Greenville
W. C Rush, Jr., of Florence moved
the noniuations b- closed. They
came here to vote the Brayton ticket
Braytou, Melton. Murray and S~nmtn.
That ticket was the choice of the pen
plt and they were ready to vote.
Chairmau Pope deiiued to put the
motion while other men had nomina
tions to make. It would nurt the par
ty and they would never hear the end
J. S. Mobley of Union was nominat
ed by A. E. Epps.
A. T. Jennings of Charleston was
nominated by A. E. Smith.
At 7:23 nominations wereclosed and
the voting began, each delegate rising
and na'nng the four candidates of his
choice. It was 8:30 before the election
was clksed. It resulted as follows:
L. D. Melton, 230; E. M. Brayton,
226; Geo. W. Murray, 231; S. E.
Smith, 212; R. E. Hart, 9;J. W. Mor
ris, 6; C. F. Holmes, 5; W. J. W hip
per. 18; Daniels, 1; Mobley, 1.
The first four were declared elected.
E. M. English of Charleston nomi
nated as altenates A. T. Jennings of
Charleston, R. M. Wallace of Sumter.
T. Daniels of Florence, R. E. Primus
of Hampton. He asked that they be
elected by acclamation.
Mr. Braytongotthe floor. He made
an eloquent appeal for the election as
alternate at large of Dr. V. P Clayton.
Geo. W. Murray felt proud to speak
to a convention representing-for the
first time in the history of the State
the native white and native colored
people of the State. He. nominated
ol. . M. Waillace of Sumter. who
backed him with his money in his con
test. A. M. Dawson was named. A.
T'. Jennings of Charleston was norm
ated by Parris. J. WV. M.,rris was
nominated by Delegate Stewart.
And the niominations continued with
speeches unstinted, until finally at 11
'clock~ a halt was called and the bal
loting began. This was the result
R. M. Wallace, 191; Jennings, 187;
Daniels, 121; Dawson, 114;. Clark 12;
layton 94; Williams, 56; Hooper, 34:
The first four were elected.
T. L. Grant of Charleston offered a
set of resolutions very complimientary
to Dr. Pope, as presiding officer, which
Some delegate, whose name was not
made known, offered these resolutions,
aimed at Tom Miller:
"Whereas, the constituitional con
vention and legislature of the State
have established a Colored Normal,
Agricultural, Mechanical and Indus.
trial college, and since it is publicly
asserted that a certain man has string
tied to the presidency of said college,
and whereas, we, the representatives
of the people of this State, enter our
protest against forcing upon the col.
red people any man who will be dis
tasteful to them. Therefor, be it
" Resolved, That we, toe representa
tives of the people of the State, in
conventicn assembled, ask that the
trustees, in the selection of a presi
dent for the college, give to them a
practical ed ucator and a C aristian gen
tieri-n, and not a politician."
They were unanimously adopted.
11. L. Shreevsbury offe-red. tnese re
soluions, which wer-e adopted:
"Rrsolved, That a special committee
be appointed to prepare a memorial to
the congress of the Umited States pray
ing the appointment of a committee to
ivestiga'-e the atfairs of South Caro
lina as to whether a republican form
of govenmnent is of rorce in .tnis State,
as required by the Constitution of '.he
United States, tine same to be forward
-d to tre lIon. Geo. WV. Murray, tue
Rpbban cougressan from the
On this committee w'-re app-ited
EL L. hressuury, L. D. Meiton and
C. F. IL loes..
At 121 this morming the conven
tion acjourued.-The State.
lPIONEER, 0 , April 15.--Burglars
looted the private bank in this town
last night. They succeeded.in opening
the vault without the use of ex plusives,
and then, after probably taking all
that it contained, they chaugedi the
combination so that the vault could
not be opened when the cashier tried
it this morning, it is believed that
the robbers got at least 85,000 in cur
rency. The burglars were heard from
at Alvartou this morning. wvhere they
stole a team to facilitate their- escape.
Te local marshal and five deputies
have a clue and are now in pursuit of
Wron;; Man Shot.
WELLINGTON, Kas., April 12.-Edi
tor Chats. Br-anscomb, of the South
Haven New Era, was killed in a shoot
ing scrape between A. A. Richards,
editor of the Wellington Daily Mail
and Robert Simmons, editor of the
Cad well News. No arrests have been
made. Simmons and Richards had
been carrying on a bitter newspapern
war. They met by chance, when ooth
drew revolvers, and began firing. A'
the fifth shot, Branscomb, who was
mih ~Ricrdsw fell piemrce by a bullet
GOOD PLAN ADOPTED.
TO SECURE AN EXHIBIT AT THE
SOUTHERN STATES EXPOSITION.
A Company Will be Formed-Gov. Evans
Will be President-The Oficers and Exe
cutive Committee Good Business Men.
SPARTANBU;RG, April 16.-The busi
ness convention that met at Spar
taaburg last night rounded off its
work this morning. Governor Ev
ans was elected President of the
convention, and he and Hon. Patrick
Walsh of Augusta, Ga., addressed the
convention on the importance of
South Carolina being well represented
in the Southern States Exhibition to
be held in the city of Chicago. The
delegates, who represent the best in
terests of the State, are determined to
have South Carolina take first honors
at the Southern States Exposition as
she did at Atlanta. The delegates ap
preciate the opportunities of the Chi
cago show and want to let the west see
something of the resources and devel
opment in the State. At last night's
session a committee was appointed
consisting of Messrs J. C. Hemphill,
chairman, A. C. Shaffer. Wm. A.
Courtenay, W. B. Smith Whaley, A.
H. White, W. Evans, H. W. Finlay
son and Altamont Moses to prepare a
plan on which the proposition to have
a creditable exhibit might be carried
out. Mr. Whaley being called away
last night, was utrable to serve.
By way of preface to the report of
the committee Maj. J. C Hemphill
stated that the committee had not
done all that it desi.ed, but that the
plans were ample for active work. He
hurriedly related the importance of
having a good exhibit at Chicago and
emphasized the talk by reference to
the settlement at Fitzgerald, Ga. The
people in the west were hunting bet
ter climate, better soil and more profi
table investments, and there was no
place where these could better found
than in South Carolina.
Chairman Hemphill then, on behalf
of the committee, submitted the fol
For the purpose of making a com
plete and representative exhibit of the
resources of South Carolina at the
Southern States' exhibition to be held
in the city of Chicago, beginning
August 15th next, this convention
provide for the organization of the
South Carolina Exposition company.
This company shall consist of the del
egate! to this convention and others to
Tne officers of the company shall be
a president, rice president, commis
sioner and a financial committee to
consist of three members. The head
quarters of the company shall be at
the State capital.
The president, vice president, com
missioner and members of the finance
committee shall constitute the execu
tive committee, three of whom shall
make a quorum.
That this conyention designate an
active, progressive man from each
county as county commissioner, who
shall associate with him such persons
as he'sball deem expedient to perform
That the commissioner be given
power to fill vacancies occurring and
The urgent necessity of funds (for
which purpose about $15,000 will be
needed) being raised at once to make
a proper representation of the resour
ces of the State of South Carolina, be
lieving as we do, that it can be made
1to lead the South, that the commis
sioners be instructed to organize their
respective counties without delay and
report to the State commissioner the
amounts their counties will contribute
to the exposition fund and collect the
same and for ward as fast as collected
to the chairman of the finance com
That the convention invite the act
ive co-operation of the manufacturing,
mechanical, agricultural and all other
industrial interests of the State. The
co operation of the owners of arable
timber and swamp lands, undeveloped
water power and mining roperties,
that they may have for sale or lease,
is also invited, towards making the
State exhibit at Chicago a success.
Appreciating the very great interest
already manifested by the railroad
companies of the State in promoting
the success of the enterprise, as evi
denced by the free transportation fur
nished to the members of this conven
tion and the presence of representa
tives of railroad corporatioas in this
body-the convention will invite a
continuance of this interest and such
further aid as they shall be able to
The committee recommend further,
tbat his excellency, the Governor, be
made president of the compan:: arid
that the Hon. William A. Courtenay
be made vice president, and that Mr.
E. L. Roche be conmissioner for the
State, and that theie three designate
the finance committee.
The committee further recommend
that the press of the State be requested
editorially arid otherwise to bring this
matter to the attention of the citizens
of thie State, and to urge upon them
the necessity for contributing to the
fund, and the advantages to be deriv
ed from this exposition to communi
Lies as well as individuals.
J C. LLH ILL, Chairman.
The ouly pr-oposition to change the
plau wvas in so far as the president of
tule cotapany was co)ncernled. The
comittee recommended thaL Gover
nor Evans be toade president of the
company. Editor N.-G. Gonzales, said
that while he hesitated to oppose the
plan in any way he felt that the con
ventioni itself ought to select the presi
dent: that the selection ought to made
entirely without referen ce to politics
and tnat the officer should be selected
from business reasons alone. He
mov-ed that the convention proceed to
the naming of commissioners from
each county and that these commis
sioners select the officers with a view
to their business capacity. He said he
did riot make the move with any politi
cat intention, or because s. man of any
special party was named for president,
but insisted that the convention should
select a a business man for the place.
Mr. Tillinighast, of Hampton made
the chief argument against any such
proposition and said that as a member
of the political faction opposed to
Governor Evans, he would not cast
such a "slur" on the governor. He
said that the committee .aad with due
consideration made the selection and
it would not do to ignore it. The gov
ernor was, he said, an influential offi
cial and citizen, and could do the un
dertaking more good than an outsider
could, and that there might be an
emergency in which no one else could
help out the enterprise. amwa~s the cas.
in the Atlanta arrangement. He in
sisted that no one had a right to ques
tion another's politics, and that he
would vote against any changing of
the committee on what he deemed
purely business ground.
Mr. Gonzales, in reply, said that he
questioned no man's politics and said
he would make the same objection to
placing any officer at the head of the
movement. What he wanted was a
business man and a man who could
hold the people together. The dele
gates themselves, he urged, should
select the officers, Mr. Coffin of Flor
ence had announced that the idea of
politics in the Atlanta exposition or
ganization prejudiced people against
Maj. Boyle of Charleston said that
in the name of Charleston, and in be
half of Charlestonians, he hoped the
original report would beadopted, with
Governor Evans as president of the
Mr. Bright Williamson of Darling
ton said that his county wanted to let
the organization stand as reported.
Mr. Moss of Orangeburg said that he
was sorry that a word of politics had
entered the convention, which was so
thoroughly business-like, and he
moved to table the suggestion of Mr.
Gonzales, and the motion was carried
by a decisive vote.
The report was then adopted as a
whole as reported, with the exception
of changing the amount of money
needed from $15,000 to $t0,000, which
Mr. Hemphill, who was in charge of
report, said the committee thought
would be ample.
The convention then made up the
list of county commissioners as fol
Abbey ille-Wvatt Aiken.
Aiken-H. M. Dibble.
Anderson-D. K. Morris.
Barn well-J. P Folk.
Beaufort-W. H. Lockwood.
Berkeley-J. B. Morrison
Charleston-Geo. H. Tucker.
Chester-R. A. Love.
Chesterfield-R. T. Caston.
Clarendon-D. J. Bradham.
Colleton-D. H. Padgett.
Darlington-W. E. James.
Edgefield-Geo. B. Lake.
Fairf eld-J. E. Coan.
Florence-Smilie A. Gregg.
Georgetown-W. D. Morgan.
Greenville-A. H. Dean.
Hampton-W. S. Tillinghast.
Marion-E. H Gasque.
Marlboro-T. B. Gibson.
Newberry-E. H. Aull.
Oconee-L. W. Jordan.
Orangeburg-B. H. Moss.
Pickens--J. E. Boggs.
Richland-W. McB. Sloan.
Spartanburg-A. H. Twitchell.
Sumter-R. I. Manning.
Saluda-W. S. Allen.
Union-J. A. Fant.
Williamsburg-F. Barron Grier.
York-W. B. Moore.
This abut finished up the work of
the convention. State Senator Moses
of Sumter otfered the following reso
lutions, which were unanimously
Resolved, That the thanks of this
convention be, and they are hereby,
tendered to the citizens of the city of
Spartanburg for the cordial welcome
and attention shown to the delegates
while in their midst -
Resolved, That the thanks of this
convention and of the State of South
Carolina are due to the Hon. Patrick
Walsh for his patriotic action and for
his eloquent ad dress delivered before
Resolved, That the thanks of this
convention are tendered to the rail
roads in the State in passing delegates
to and from this convention.
The convention adjourned in time
for most of the delegates to leave the
city on the midday trains.
Commisioner Roche, who is in
charge of the work of the Chicago ex
position, was the mainstay of the com
mittee that prepared the exhibit for
the Atlanta exposition for this State.
The following is the roll of dele
gates in attendance:
State Girange-G, W. Moseley, R.
Chester-B. M. Spratt, J. L. Argus.
Blacksburg-John F. Jones, J. G.
Black, Win. Anderson
B-ninettsville-Knox Livingston, W
D. Evrans, Douglas Jennings.
Lake City-H. H. Singleton.
Seneca City-J. L. Stribling.
Anderson-G. F. Tolley, J. M. Sul
livan, George E. Prince, D. H. Rus
Pickens-T. C. Robinson, J.- E.
B3amberg-John F. Folk, J. D.
Copeland, 0. M. Dickinson.
Beaufort-N. Christensen, C. C.
Townsend, Win. H. Lock wood.
Kinigstree-R. R. Stuts.
Woodruff-A. D). Chamblin, W. F.
Lanacaster-.Wm. D. Brown, T. K.
CMiga-. F.- Carroll, Jr.
Darhington-Brigh t Williamson,W.
E. James, J. R. Ware.
Hampton-W. S. Tillinghast, W.
F. Cummings, W. M. Stokes.
Fairneld-T. W. Lauderdale, J. E.
Coan, H. S. W yle.
A bbeville-J. F. Miller, F. J. Doug
lass, S. G. Ed wards.
Blackille-C. M. Felder, E. Spann
Hammond, Crharles C. Rush.
Carlisle-E. C. Houze, J. D. Flem
minrg, J S. Welsh.
R.>ck Hill-Jotu R. London, J. B.
Johnson, R. T. Fewell.
Walterbro-A. C. Shaffer, J. S.
Grihin, B. H. Padgett.
Maunicg-E. C. Horton, J. F.
Bradh'tm, A. Levi.
Orangeburg-Geo~rge WV. Brunson,
B. H. Moss. P. T. Hilderbrand.
Aiken--G. T. Holley, M. G. Holley,
Jr.. James Powell.
Gr-eenwood-WX. G. Gambrell. F.
B. Cobb, F M. Allen.
Greenville -A H. Dean, J. F.
Richardson, C. A. McAllister, R. A
McDowell, J. A. McCullough, WV. J.
Tackston, J. H. Earle, F. B. McBee.
St. George's-I. J. Hutto, T. V. Ap
pleby. G3eorge M Rumph.
Unio-J. A. Fant, WV. T. Beaty,
W. M. Sartor, J. D. Arthur, R. W.
St. Stephens-T. L. Jaudon, Peter
Klintworth, S. T. Russell.
Seneca-L. W. Jordan, G. W. Gig
Sumter-Altamont Moses, W. A.
Suder, John Reid, Richard L. Manning
Barnwell-F. C. Butler, W. W.
Moore, P. W. Price.
Georgetown-Josiah Doar, Marks
Moses, J. J. Hazard.
Walhalla--C. WV. Pitchford, WV. L.
Verner, James Thompson.
Columbia -W. McB. Sloan, WV. B.
S. Whaley, N. G. Gonzales.
Branchville-F. M. Stokes, M. S.
Connor, J.- T. Pearistine.
Egelild. B. Lake,$ M. Smith.
Yorkville-G. B. Beard, Withers
Adickes, J. E. Lowry, M. C. Willis.
York County-J. C. Welborn.
Marion-R. J. Blackwell, E. H.
Gasque, S. W. Smith, H. Witcover.
Kershaw-R. S. Beckham.
Fort Motte-J. K. Hane, W. W.
Wolfe, J. A. Peterkin.
Cheraw-H. W. Finlayson. J. C.
Colt, R. T. Caston.
Florence-J. P. Coffin, E. F. Doug
lass, H. S. Rose.
Spartanburg-W. A. Law, W. E.
Burnett, D. E. Converse, D. R. Dun
can, R. K. Carson, G. W. Nichols, J.
K. Jennings, S. J. S'mpson, J. H.
Montgomery, A B Calvert, J BCar
lisle, H J Johnson, J B Cleveland. A
H Twitchell, T A Caldwell, R H F
Chapman, J S Amos, R A Robinson.
George Cofield, Joseph Walker, S T
McCravey, W I Ha-ris, J B Liles.
Pacolet-H S Lipscomb.
State Press Association-J E Boggs,
Pickens Sentinel; J A Hoyt, Green.
ville Mountaineer; N G Gonzales, Co
lumbia State; J C Hemphill, News and
Courier; August Kohn, News and Cou
rier; E. H. Aull, president State Press
Charleston-A F C Cramer of the
city council; W M Bird, G H Tucker.
chamber of commerce; C I Walker, G
B Edwards, H A Molony, Young
Men's Business league: J C Hemphill,
R B Lebby, I P O'Neill.
Chester and Lenoir Railroad Com
nany-G W F Harper.
Port Royal and Augusta Railroad
J H Averill, R H Wright.
South Carolina and Georgia Rail
road-W A Boyle.
Atlantic Coast Line-C S Gadsden.
Seaboard Air Line-H W B Glover.
Port Royal and Western Carolina
Railroad-W. J. Craig.
Newtarry-T. J. McCravey, W F
Ewart, J H Wicker, 0 L Shnmpert,
H H Evans, W H Hunt.
Camden-G W Moseley.
Davisville-S H Wildes, C P De
Modoc-U H Key, P R Waites, M
McColl-T B Gibson, A K Adams,
Charles Iseman. .
Woodruff-A D Chamblin.
Williamsburg-W D Fitch, F M
HABANA, April 16.-Alberto Jesus
Diaz, a Baptist preacher of Habana,
and his brother, Victoriano Diaz, both
American citizens, have been arrested
on the charge of having in their pos
session compromising papers referring
to the insurrection. The American
consul general has report-d the case
to the State department at Washing
TO BE SHOT FOR "REBELLION."
HABANA, April 16.-Gregio Boras,
Jose Bacallae and Estaban Hernandez
will be shot tomorrow in the Cabanas
fortress. They were accused of the
crime of rebellion, tried by court mar
tial and sentenced to death. Thirty
two political prisoners have been
arrested and placed in Morro cas
tle. Nineteen persons, mostly women
and children, belonging to the family
of Periquito Perez, have been taken to
Santiago de Cuba and placed in jail
there. Maceo, the rebel commander,
still remains west of the troja or mili
tary line extending from Mariel to
Majana. Slight attacks at different
points are reported.
MA.DRD, April 16.-A dispatch from
Habana to The Imparcial says that
the insurgents have hanged 22 Span
iards in the Sagua district.
Tillman In Colorado.
DENVER, Col., April 14.-Senator
Till man of South Carolina, arrived in
Denver this morning. He was met at
the train by leading Democrats and
escorted to the Brown palace Hotel
where ha met the committee of recep
tion as a body. Tonight a public re
ception was tendered the distinguish
ed visitor at the hotel and tomorrow
night he will address the State Demo
cratic convention. When aked as to
the political outlook Senator Tillman
said: "I have discovered a much
stronger spinal column among the sil
ver Democrats, in fact. heretofore it
has been a sort of jelly affair. Press
ure at home among the constitueats of
Congressmen and Senators as to the
necessity for progressive action has
produced a great change. Men who
would not speak to me in Decew'her
are growintg more chummy all tue
time." "Tnere is only one trouble,"
ne continued, "only one reason why
we have all been harnessed with
doubt and that is some silver men
hate to quit the old party and the fee-l
ing of loyalty holds them back. The
outlook is altogether for the Demo
cratic convention to be controlled by
the free silver wing."
CAPE HENRY, Va., April 10.-Cap
tain Johin Fauce-. his son, Percy. of
Washington. D C., were druwued to
day with their crew of seven colo'red
men. Captain Faunce was reue wmg
his sturgeon nets, which were located
on the coast just belo w Virginia Beachb,
Va. The ocean swell has been very
heavy for the past two days, due to
the easterly weather off shore. and
tis afternoon, when Captain F-aunc-e
was making a trip to the fishing
grounis, which are about a nmil- off
shore, several unusually hea-v bre-ak
ers came suddenly upon the frail craf t.
The first and second breakern were
passed all right, but the next whi--hi
was unexpected and unusu d ly heavy,
struck the little craf t and cip-azed it.
drownrineall hands. Captain Fauinice's
son, Frank, saw his father and broth -
er Percy clinging to thie bottom o.f
their boat and ran to the sea track life
saving station for help, but before that
crew could reach tne unfortunate mlen.
all had disappeared and no assistanc
could be rendered. None of the bodies
nave been recovered.
Broken Rail-Two Killed.
MEADVILLE, Pa., April 15.-A brok
en rail on the New York, Pennsylvan
ia and Ohio Railroad, near Geneva.
Pa., about noon, wrecked the third
section of freight train No. S2. T wo
men were killed and three others seri
ously injured. The dead are: Patrick
Kerr, engineer, Burt Rowley, brake
man, injured: Elmer Rush, fireman;
C. M. Farland~engineer; A. M. Weir.
All lived at Meadville.
Kiled in Court.
CENTRAL CITY, aol., April 15-This
morning during the trial of a case in
court, Samuel Covington, a vintor,
charged with endeavoring to intimil
date a witness, denied thle assez'tion
hotly, and being threatened with ar
rest. drew a pistol and killed ex-May
or Williams and mortally wounded
City Marshal Keleher. Covington,
while endeavoring to escape, was shot
ad by Henry Leanan.
FREE SILVER WINS.
ALABAMA ROUTS THE GOLD BUGS
HORSE, FOOT AND DRAGOON.
The State is Safely in the Free Silver at
Sixteen to One Column-The Gold Bugs
Fought Hard, but Got Left.
BIRMINGHAM, Ala., April 13.-The
State Herald's estimate of the vote by
counties for delegates to the State
Democratic convention as furnished
Saturday is today confirmed by the
latest advices from all over Alabama,
as substantially correct. Of the 504
delegates to the State convention
Johnston, bimetallists, is assured of
357; Clarke, single and gold standard,
94, and 53 are yet doubtful. There
was some doubt about this, Jefferson,
the largest county in the State, until
today, whea authentic returns give
the county to Johnston by a small but
decisive majority. Great interest was
centered in a contest between two can
didates for the State senate from this
county because they represented E.
A. Porter, the single gold standard,
and R. M. Cunningham, the free
coinage man of both gold and silver at
16 to 1. They had jointly debated the
money question all over the county.
Both candidates were esteemed- as un
usually able advocates of their respec
tive views and the result of the elec
tion is conceded to have been a fair
test. Cunningham and free silver de
feated Porter by a majority of 1,000.
Captain Johnston had some so-called
sound money supporters in the State,
but he was throughout his canvass an
avowed bimetallist and there is no
doubt from the character of the dele
gations which have been selected to the
State convention which meets at Mont
gomery on the 21st, inst., will adopt
an out and out 16 to 1 free silver plat
fo-m and send a solid delegation of
that sort to the National convention at
TILLMAN IN DENVER.
He Addresses the Democratic Convention
and a Vast Audience.
DENVER, April 15.-The delegation
selected by the convention to repre
sent the party in the national conven
tion at Chicago carry with them one
resolution-that being a demand for
the restoration of the freecoinage of
silver. The chairman of the delegation
Hon. C. S. Thomas, after being nom
inated by acclamation, declared in an
impassioned speech that unless the is
sue be accepted by the national con
vention he would immediately resign
his seat in that convention. This sen
timent was received with such hearty
applause tnat it is supposed that the
other members of the delegation will
feel bound to do likewise. The con
venmion did not complete its work in
the afternoon session and a recess was
taken until 7:45 p. m.
When the convention reassembled,
Senator Tillman of South Carolina
delivered nis political- address to the
conventn. The foyers were packed
to suffo,,ation, the stage held 500 veo
ple, every aisle was filled and several
thousand disappointed citizens failed
to get as near as the main entrance.
The boxes we t e occupied by prominent
citizens of ai political organizations,
In the foyer t e crush was simply aw
ful and it required a great cdsplay of
good nature to prever' a pan .c. When
Senator Tillman er.cered the stage he
was received by a mighty outburst of
cheers, while tue band played "Dii:
Secretary Ne well read letters en
dorsing the siJ ver sentiment from the
governors of Mi~issouri and Virginia,
Senators Vest, Call and others, unti
the impatient audience howled down
the secretary and Senator Tiliman
In opening 'r~s address, Senator Till
man referred to the prestrtation of
the silver and gold pitchfork last
night by ayoung lady as a new and
proper emblem of the goddess of liber
ty, as it is now the emblem of agricul
ture. He reviewed historically the
Democratic party, handling the sub
ject seriously and earnestly. Then,
warinn up, he attacked the present
administration in plain words and
without a delicate choice of language.
He soon had the vast audience wild
with excitement. The mention of
John Sherman brought forth a storm
of bilses, which stopped the speaker
for a moment. His maiu effort was to
cnvince his audience that the capital
ists contr'ol the national goyernment
and both political parties, and he
sought to array the common people '
agiust the great centres of wealth.
He touche 3 at some length upon the
milver ques: ion.
T be convention was called to order
afte r 8 n-ror Tillmnan ha.d concluded
his add ess :nd chose the following
de at- sr ar: T. J. O'Donnell,
Deuver; Adiir Wilson, Durango; B.
0. Sne~u-y. Trinidad.
Every County The.re.
SI'ARTANBIca. S C., April 15.-The
Soutri C irolma convention in the in
'eres.t of th- Chicago Southern States
Ex position met here to-night. Coin
mnmrs to raise funds and arrange for
exhiots were appoiuted. The atten
uan.-e was largze anu much enthusiasm -
Sxtijitd. E >ery county in the State
.'.s re pr. s-mt-d Spet-ches .vere made
by Goveruor Evans and others. J.
d Hem phllof Charleston was eected
Stat' -hiirnan to arrange for the ex
'ioits Th'- delegates represented the
most substantia[ business men of the
S"tte. There were altogether about
150) deleg.. tes. A bout fifteen cotton
mnili pre..idents. as miany bank presi
demts. busi ess men. farmers and edi
t')rs were presea t at the night session.
Spees we-re moade tby Gov. Evans
tud Petri Walsh, who have attended
silrnilar couveationUs in four Southern
S-ates and says this leads them all.
There is a great deal of enthusiasm,
and a general desire to have South
Carolina to take tirst place at Chicago.
The convention is regarded as the best
gathering of strickly business men seen
in the State in years. and it is bent en
tirely o;n business. Mayor Calvert of
Spa rtanburg was elected permanent
ciiairman of the meeting; and E. H.
Aull secretary. The announcement
was made that it woula take from
eight to ten thousand d->llars to have
thie State properly represented at Chii
Free Silv-er Wins.
MONTGOMERY, Ala.. April 11.-Re
turns received u p to 9:30 to night in
dicate that Johuston has 286 votes
certain and Clarke 151 certain, with
67 doubtful. Necessary to choice 255.
t his has besn one of the warmest and
most exciting caupaigns ever held in