Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XI. iANNING.. S. C. WEDNESDAY, MAY 1 3.189.-- ___4--- _ ___
REV. W. J. 1)IAZ
TELLS OF HIS ARREST AND IMPRIS
ONMENT IN CUBA.
Was Persecuted Because He was ax
American Citizen--How His Message t<
His Brethren in America Was Sent.
ATLANTA, May 6.-Rev. Dr. A. J
Diaz, the Cuban missionary of the
Southern Baptist convention, who was
recently expelled from the island after
being imprisoned Icr eight days, ar
rived in Atlanta this morning.
Dr. Diaz, though an Atuericans citi.
zen is a native Cuoan,.and in personal
apperrance is a manly type of his race,
short-built and stout with a swarthy
complexion and a pair of dark eyes
well set in a head or cue proportions.
He wears a closely cropped chin beard
and is somewhat bald-a man whom
at a glance one would pick out for
great energy and indomitable courage.
During the ten y ears' war in Cuba te
was a captain in the rebel army and
is the personal friend of General Go
mez and General Maceo, with both of
whom he has served on the field of
In the present struggle, however, he
has held himself apart from the con
flict on account of his church work,
although as a member of the Red
Cross society, or the White Cross, as
it is called in Cuba, he has succored
the wounded and buried the dead after
a score of engagements between the
insurgents and the Spanish during the
advance of the former on Havana.
- This work among the sick and
wounded led to his arrest and impris
onment though he and those ot the
society who iollowed him ministered
to both spanish and Cuban alike.
"They knew," said Dr. Diaz this
morning, "that I had been in the rebel
army before, but they also knew that
Ihad not hadany communication with
the rebels this time, because I was de
voted to my church work. Why I was
arested I do not ktow. The day be
fore l left Havana I wrote a letter to
Consul General Williams asking him
for the reasons. But he did not an
swer me and will not."
Dr. Diaz was banished from Cuba
together with his amily,includiog his
brother. Unless there is a revocal of
the order he can never again set loot
un the island without -being arrest
His *ife and three children are
now in Tampa,. Fla., where they will
remain for some time. His brother is
also there. They left Havana last
Wednesday. Under the decree of
banishment they were ordered to leave
Cuba by the first steamer that cleared
from the island the same day that Dr.
Diaz was released irom jail. He, how
ever, declared that he would not go
until he had made his business ar
rangements so that the church prop
erty which in Havana alone is valued
at *140,000, was safely provided for.
If any damage comes to this property
it upon the Spanish government. The
Spanish- soldiers had already sacked
one small church building in a suburb
of Havana, before Dr. Diaz left and a
claim will be made for this.
"The soldiers took -the building,
said Dr. Diaz, "and broke up all the
furniture. They had had a fight with
the rebels in the vicinity of it, and de
lared that the people in the neigh
borhood were in symptathy with the
insurgeitts. Not stopping with the
destruction of the cnurch furniture
they butchered one hundred persons.
They said these victims were mnsur
gvats. Among them were two cous
ins of mine and several members of
the destroyed chneh. T wo of them
were women, .and a child was shot
also. My brother and I saw these dead
victimns with our own eyes. We know
the names of all of them, for when I
am through with my church affairs
here we shall set toywork to show the
people of the world the horrible atroc
ities that are being perpetrated by the
soldiers of the government, and wii
nieed the records. I have been on
twent'y battlefields and have seen the
graves where the helpless victims who
have fallen into the hands of the sol
diers afterward were buried, sometimes
"The day of my arrest twenty-seven
persons were shot--among them were
saml11boys and old men. Before they
were marched out they were all made
to gp out and dig their own graves. It
was a horrible sight."
."Another time I rode horseback six
ty miles out into the country through
the lines of the insurgents to rescue a
friend who had sent for me. He had
ten shots in his body and six wounds
made by a sword. It was the work of
the Spanish. He was not an insurgent
but happened to be found at home af
ter an engagement. The soldiers left
'm-~i for dead, but he managed to get
wo~d tonme. There were others dead
hout him. One of them I buried by
the, side of six others who had fallen
victims of the slaughter.".
Of his arrest and imprisonment he
"It was between three and four
o'clock in the morning. The soldiers
came and surrounded our house. The
captain called me up. and marched
me off to the jail. Moro Castle and
Cabanas were overcrowded and I
could not be taken there with the oth
er political prisoners. My brother was
taken along and put in' the cell next
to me. Thiere was no warrant or any
"1 was put in the cell with a single
chair and sat with my face to the wall,
warned not to talk or to speak to any
one. My imprisonmens~ was what is
called 'Incommunication.' Under the
law of the island suspects may be ar
rested and held without being allowed
to communicate with anyone for a~
hours. But I was held so for 13(.
hours, which was illegal under their
"For the first 24 hours I was no1
given' any thing to eat or drink and n
bed to sleep upon. I was afraid to eal
anything offered by the guards, be
cause it often happens thiat prisoner<
are poisoned and the police give it oul
that they commit suicide. After awhili
when it became known that I was at
American citizen I was allowed to re
ceive food from my family, and whet
the 130 hours passed I w as allowed t<
send for the consul general and to set
my family in the presence of the
"One day the guard asked me if
didn't want to send some private mes
sage to my family. He told me tha
he was my friend and in sympath:
with me. But I kne w that it was onl1
a trap to catch me, and I told him no
except I said, 'Give them my love an<~
tell my wife to telegraph Uncle Tich
enor. I did not say Dr. Tichienor fo
I knew that if they suspected he wa
n A mea it would cause trouble
But they could not send my telegram.
Everybodv was watched by the police.
So when Dr. Porter came to see me
after I was allowed to communicate
with y friends, I gave him the tele
gram that finally came. When Broth
er Porter went to the telegraph office
with the message, boweverthey would
not send it, because the operator said
the Cincinnati or the Iowa would be
down there in no time to fight it out
for me, Dr. Porter was followed, the
police trying to get the telegram. He
happened to come up with Brother
Bueno, the missionary at San Miguel,
who was fleeing in nis carriage from
the country, on account of persecu
tion, and gave him the message to be
sent from K-v West. When the Mas
cotte was getting ready to sail Broth
er Porter went down to the dock, and
the police thinking that he was trying
to get the message on board arrested
him. But Brother Bueno had it safely
on its way. Brother Porter laughed
at the police and told them so, and in
two hours I was released and told to
leave the island by the next steamer.
I would not go without my family
and leave my business affairs unset
tled and told the police that they
would have to carry me aooard if they
wanted to make me go.
"It took four days to get ready, and
all the time I was followed and watch
ed by by the police."
Dr. Diaz said that persecution be
cause he was an American citizen was
the cause of his true arrest. A few
weeks before some one placed two dy
namite bombs in the lobby of his
church. They exploded during ser
vices and shattered the glass in the
building, but no one was hurt.
During his confinement be was sum
moned before a military court, but re
fused to answer the questions put to
him because he decltred that he was
entitled to a cival trial. He had com
municated with the consul general
and seen him, and the consul being
apprized of the condition, the military
court had to dismiss him. From the
written. questions put to him the court
suspected that he had been writing let
lers to the insurgeit chiefs and that
he was associated with Alberte Fer
nando, a rebel leader. Dr. Diaz,
however, declared that he did not
know Fernando, and had nothing to
do with the insurgents.-Augusta
LIQUOR AND POLITICS.
D1spensaries must Not Mix the Two Things
The State Board of Control.
COLttBIA, S. C , May 8.-The State
board of control spent a greater part
of yesterday in making the appoint
ments of the county boards of con
trol It seems to be their desire to re
move the dispensary as far from poli
tics as possible. To this end the board
passed an order that a man could not
be a member of a county board of con
trol or a county dispenser who was a
candidate for any office. After sifting
the list of applicants the foliowiog
were appointed as members of the dif
Aiken-Clinton Barton, B. F. Hol
Anderaon-John Eskew, Jesse i.
Smith, J. W. Bowden. 1
Barnwell-J. B. Hunter, T. C. Wise
and C. B. Free.
Beaufort-Jos. L. Reed and C. .I.
Berkeley-S. P. Driggers, S. J. Mc
oy and W. C. Whaley.
Charleston-J. M. Muirhead, V. T. 1
Miller and J. H. Gramaan.
Chester-J. J. Hocd, S. Mi. Jones
ad W. 0. Guy.
Chesterield-John M. Laney and J.
Clarendon-E. B. Felder, W. E.
enkinson and T. C. Thomas.
Colean-Henry Remley, L. Bell
nger and L. W. Westberg.
Darlington-A. F.Stuckey, J. 0. A.
oore and J. W. Davis.
Edgefield-Jesse W. Dorn, D. R.
errissoe and R. B. Dorn.
Fairfield-E. P. Jenkins,J. F. Lyles
ad J. M. Higgins.
Florence-Ei. J. D. Munn, Jas. Law
on and John C. Wilson.
Georgetown-W. 0. Butrk and -
Greenville-R. Y. Hellams, W. L4.
Eulett and J. B- Speegle.
Hampton-C. J. Gray, W. H. Jut
en and A. A. Browning.
Horrv-Jas. F. Harper, C'. J. Prince
ad J. ~D. Oliver.
Kershaw-D. M. Bethune and D. E.
Lancaster-k. T. Esiridge, F. M.
Fitzpatrick and WV. M. Neal.
Laurens-J. D. M. Shaw, H. B
Gray, J. W. Little.
Lexington-W. B. Taylor, W. T.
Ballentine and S. P. G.eorge.
Marion-A. 31. Gasque, D. Mc~n
Marlboro-Not yet appointed.
Newberry- Not yet appointed.
Oconee-J. J. Keith and W. L4.
Oriangebarg-E. T. Edwins, Chas.
A. Stroman, II. C. Pauling.
Pickens-W. W. F Bright, L. R.
Durham and W. T. Field.
Richland-E. W. Robertson, P. L.
Mei ton and Robt. E. Martin.
spartanburg-Robert F Ltne, J.
M. Hanelser and WV. [L. Morgan.
Sumter-W. J. Dinkins, H. C. Cut
tins and T. T. Hays.
Union-B. F. F~oster,.C. C. Sartor
and A. C. Lyles.
Williamaburg- H. 0. Britton, WV.
D. Fitch and C. M1. Hines.
York-P. M1. Burris, WV. F. Dye
and WV. H. Moore.-The State.
Eis Accounts Short.
WasmINGTos, May 6.-It is reported
upon what proved to be good author
ity that the expert accountant employ
ed by the Secretary of State has found
a shortage of $127,000) in the trust
funds account of F. J. Kckofer, un
til recently the disbursing officer of
the State Department. Tuis amount,
together with the $12,000 shortage
said to have been found by the audit
ing oilicers of the Treasury in .Mr.
Keicktofers general account, brings
tle total up to ji13,000~. WV hat actuon
the government will take in the mat
ter has not been made known.
Died in the Rzng.
Siviss~i, May 3.-Andy Willy, a
oung Scotehman, died sudddently
tonight as the result of a four-round
scrap with gloves with Paul R~apport
of Montgomery, Ala. The two men
were entertaining a few friends at the
Pastime Atheletic Club, an institution
devoted to scrapping matches, and in
the middle of the tuird round, Willy
retired from the ring and laid on a
bench. He was stripped and rubbed,
but died before medical aid could
reach him, In the opinion of those
who saw the scrap there was no blow
severe enough to have produced death.
a Thecorner will invstigate the mat
THE LAST DAY'S SESSION OF THE
Resolutions Passed Declaring That the
South Possessed Superior Advantages.
Climatic, Agricultural and Mineral.
SOUTHERN PINs, N. C.. May 6. -The
last day's session of the Southern
States Settlers convention here began
at 10 o'clock this morning: most of it
was devoted to speeches. Among the
speakers were Gen. J. R Lewis of
Atlanta. permanent president of the
convention, and of the settlers associ
ation, and who also presented the
claims of Georgia to northern emigra
tion. Among other speakers were J
J. Ward of Darlington, S. C.. J. P.
Coffin of Florence S. C., J. L Patter
son. commissioner of agriculture, H.
H. Battle, State chemist and J. A.
Holmes, State geologist of North Car
olina. Several State delegates met
and elected vice presidents as follows:
0. S Hays, Statharn, Ga.; A. Jeffers,
Norfolk. Va ; J. P. Coffin, Florence,
S. C. The convention issued the fol
lowing address to the public as a con
cise expression of the views of north
ern and foreign-born citizens of south
ern States concerning their respective
"O.ving to peculiarly favorable cli
matic conditions and natural g-ologi
cal divisions the South is blessed with
resources distinctive and of inestina
ble value. Its healthfulness far sue
passes that of any other section of the
union; its soil is unsurpassed in vari
ety and fertility, and its mineral, ag
ricultural and borticultural products
furnish the basis of a great diversity
of industries. The southern harnest
has tnken the first premium at thit
world's fair at Chicago in wo.>1 and
wheat. It has been clbarly atested by
many settlers in each Southera State
tbat Northern men can find, not only
prfitable investments here in their
new homes, but can live with their
ramily in pleasant social relations
with their native neighbors, enjoying
their political and religious convic
ions as fully and fearlessly as any
where in the North or in the wide
world. It has been demonstrated that
.his section has within its borders nu
erous places where persons with sen
itive lungs and throats may be cured
if their ailments and live in vigorous
aalth the ailoted years of human <
"Tne testimonies of this class of wit
esses have been corroborated by ex
iibits at great fairs and expositions of
ecent years, where as fine fruits and.
regetabies, as rich ores and precious
tones, as heavy corn and wheat and
ther grains as the earth affords, have
een examined. Our mines, mills and
ther manufactories, our farms, for- I
sts and fisheries are now vieing
ith each other in such generous riv
dry for first place among profitable l
r tne other.
"Raw materials of every industry
xe to be found in inexhaustible quan
ities at our doors. Religion, educa
ion and broad ideas are generously
ostered' by all classes of our citizens.
'he South needs a larger population
of a thrifty, skilled and intelligent
lass. It needs more capital to help
orward development. Its people (to
e manor born) appreciate these
hings, and, without a dissenting
oice, unite with 'es in inviting alt
en of trained ability and good mn-r
l to join us in building up this, the
~randest country that the sun shines
Marked interest was manifested in
he plan of making an exhibit at Chi
ago and the convention unanimous
y adopted the following:
Resolved, That the liberality and
nterprise of citizens of Chicago in
roposing to organize and maintain
le Chicago Southern States expost
ion for the display of Southern re
~ources and industries is characteristic
f the great western metropolis of our
Resolved, That this convention of
outhern citizens from many cities
xtend most hearty thanks to Chicago
ad the enterprising gentlemen who
onceived and will carry to successful
ermination this proposed exposition.
Resolved, Tnat the Chicago and
southern States exposition, the object
f which 'is to present the illimitable
esources and natural advantages of
the South, and to show the people of
hicago and the great Northwest the
wonderful progress which has been
ade in this section of our common
:ountry," ii of the utmost importance
o us and can be made of incalculabie
enefit in the developing of our re
Resolved, That the success of the
ndertaking and our advantages there
from now depend on Southern action
in securing representative exhibits of
our resources and achievements; that
failure of the enterprise would cast a
stigma on us and our South; and we
ednestly urge oflicial and private or
ganized effort in each Soutnern State
io securing and sending to Chicago
ty pical and complete exhibits of her
rcth followig resolutions were
W nereas, we have one of the great
est sections of the country in the scope
of vast and illimritable resources, and,
whereas, if we keep this knowledge to
ourselves our Nortbern friends wiil
suffer and die in ignorance of the fact,
therefore, be it
Resolved, That this convention urges
upon each section of the South the su
prmne need of ad vertising its resources
in papers and periodicals which reach
te Northern people, and that sucn
advertsing should be facts and only
facts, and tn-at nothing should be cou
tained in such adveruisemien-ts which
cannot be amply sustamned, upon ex
amination oy would be settlers, -and
that each section necessarily harimg
some particular point in which it ex
ceeds, that particular point snould be
made the keynote of advertisement,
leaving for others their own keynote.
A hiereas, many people from North
ern States deem the south the hotbed
of disease dutring the summer months
and whereas, such is not the case,
therefore be it
Resolved, That this convention de
clares for itself and b r each iudivid-|
ual maember that the health of tfle
south is as good as that of the North,.
and that persons from~ the North can
visit any locality in the South during
the suunner with as much freedom,
and with as full immunity from dis
Iease as- they can visit any simila~r local
ity in the North.
Wnereas, owing to the almost ide-al
conditions of temperature, humidity
and length of day which the Souta
posese forem the manufcre of cot
ton goods: be it
Resolved. That this convention ur
aes upon all citizens of the South to
co operate in the erection of cotton
mills in different sections that our
farmers may be able to realize the best
prices for that staple product.
Resolutions were adopted pledging
aid in the establishment of free libra
ries; thanking the officers of the Sea
board Air Line for its courtesies and
congratulating it for the development
a long its line and particularly congrat
ulating it uprn the valuable work be
ing done by Vice President St. .John;
thanking the citizens of Southern
Pines and Manager Charles St. John
of Piney Woods Inn for courtesies;
thanking John T. Patrick for efficient
work for et'orts to make the conven
tion a success, and thanking the
Southern Associated Press correspond
Sit for full and accurate reports of the
prcceedings. The convention this af
ternoon adjourned sine die.
AS TO STATE POLITICS.
Governor Evans on the Coming State Con
COLUMBIA, S. C.. May 6.-Governor
Evans returned to the city yesterday
from New York and Wrsbington,
where he has been for the past week
on official businers.
ie was in good health and spirits
and talked pleasantly to a representa
tive of Tue State on politics, State and
On the table is his library lay a
handsome goldneaded walkian cane,
with "John Gary Evans, April 24,
1S96." engraved thereon. It was pre
,eute1 by an admirer of the G~ver
When asked how he was pleased
with the actions of the different coun
ty conventions, which were held on
Mi>udiy. he answered that he was
wore than satisfied with the result.
When the State convention met on
the 14th instant, he said Tillman
would be pre-sent with a strong major
ty of the delegates thinking as he
does, and ready to act with him.
There was no doubt in his mind about
Tillman being sent at the head of the
lelegation from this State to Chicago.
rhe delegates would probably go un
instructed, but with a firm determina
ion to nominate a man as candidate
for President who stood for silver at
L6 to 1.
As to bolting, he hardly thought the
lelegation would find it necessary. for
:here would be a majority at the Chi
sago convention holding the same
ie ws as they did on the monetary I
The governor was particularly grat- S
fed with the results in Charleston.
freenville and Laurens. One-half of V
he Charleston delegation, he said, a
were stalwart administration men, a
oho could be relied on. In Laurensjl
rby barely got in by the 14 Anti del
gates in the convention supporting
aim. He would come to Columbia e
not cut any ice."
Irby's inconsistency is being brought a
ut forcibly, he thinks, for last year 0
he senator would not hear of a divis- t
on of delegates with the Antis, while
ow it looks as if he is trying hard to S
,et their support since he is about to
ose his seat in the Senate. t
The governor is of the opinion that i
e is the man who is about to unseat a
rby in the Senate. Everything is n
noving smoothly to that end, so he '<
ays, and he entertains no fears of the
When Greenville was mentioned,t
fov. Evans could not repress a smile.
-Yes," he said, "-Gray and Donaldsont
iave been given back seats." He
bought that the fight in Greenvilie
tad been made on very much the
amte line as it will be for the Senate
nd if it ends the same way he will I
~arry the county.
While in Washington, the governor I
aid he had talked with many leading
nen froan all over the United States. 1
timost every man thought Tillman
he logical candidate to nominate on<
sfree silver platform.- To~ win the]
ight for the Democratic party and
;ver, against McKinley, it will take <
s man who can arouse the enthusiasm
f the people in the west. No half
earted man would stand any show
ng, the times requiring a man of Till
It is marvelous, he say 3, to note the
umber of letters Tillman receives
rom all over the country, telling him
ow much he is admired. They are
ot contined to the west, but come
from New York and other eastern
Tilman was not a caadidate for the
residectial nomiuation, but if the
jarty demanded his services he would
f course make the fight for silver.
Tillman's name would, almost with
:ut doubt, the governor said, be pre
seted to the Chicago convention, and
if it were he would probably receive
As for Tillmnan not ranking well in
Washington, that was all nonsense.
He was regarded by other senators as
a very able man, and was listened to
witih great attention whenever he
In conclusion, the governor said:
"Tillmuan's cefork will be the em
blemn of the ~victorious farmers of the
south and west and there is promise
of livey timues atuead. Tillman stands
before tne nation now as he stood in
Soutn Carolina in 1890 arid I look for
tae same remit."-State.
A Close Call.
LOUISVILLE, Mayv 6.-A sensational
eucounter took place on a crowded
street car comning in from tie races
shortly after 6 o'clock this evening.
One person was killed and one badly
snot and many narrowly escaped.
Henry Jones, a negro, was arrested
by a private policeman, Charles Failes,
for gamnbhug.- Failes handcutred the
negro to nis mywn wrist and boarded a
trolley train of three cars, bound in.
There were 223 people on the three
cars. Without warning, the *negro
drew a revolver and began firing at
Failes. Failes foolishiy returned the
tire, the tusilade creating a panic in
the cars, which were promptly stopped.
Faies and Jones wvere removed to the
city hospital, where the negro died
tonignt. Four bullets pierced the
dr-eas of Mrs. James B. Camp, wife of
the manager of the Grand Opera house
and one tbullet went through the rim'
of Mrs. Camp's hat and tore a hole in
the side of the car.
Her2 is the way an exchange under
stands the game law: Booit agents
way be killed from August 1; spring
poets fr-om March to July; scandal
mongers from January 1 to December
1, inclusive; umbrella borrowers from
February 1 to November; open season
all the year round on fellon who
brro-w thir neigor's pnaper.
CAROLINA AT CHICAGO.
THE COUNTY COMMISSIONERS DIS
CUSS THE OUTLOOK.
A Full Attendance and a Fuller Dlscuslon
it the Senate Chamber--The Counties
Assessed According to Taxcable Property.
COLUMIBIA, S. C., May 7.-The con
vention of the county commissioners
for the Chicago Southern States expc
sition was held yesterday afternoon at
5 o'clock in the senate chamber of the
Governor Evans, after calling the
meeting to order, said that its object,
as they all well knew. was to devise
means to have South Carolina repre
sented at Chicago. In getting up an
exhibit for Atlanta, great trauble was
had in getting the delegates from the
several counties to attend the meetings,
but he was glad to say such was not
the case with this.
It would be best to have the getting
up of an exhibit in the hands of an
experienced man, such as Mr. Roche.
The Atlanta exhibit was on hand and
would serve as a nucleus for the one
The meeting was to decide on some
plan to raise the $10,000 needed for the
purpose. The asssnent plan had
been proposed, but it was left to the
meeting to decide on such a plan as it
The secretary, Mr. Auil of Newber
ry, called the roll of the county com
missioners and the followiug were
found to be present:
Abbeville, A. J. Sprois; Aiken, H.
J. Rty; Anderson, R. S. Ligon; Barn
well, J. F. Folk; Beaufort, W. H.
Lockwood; Berkeley. J. B. M:rrison;
3barleston, G. H. Tucker; Chester,
R. A. Love; Colleton, B H. Padget;
Darlington, W. C. James; Edgefield,
3 B. Lake; Fairfield, J. E. Coan;
3eorgetown. W. D Morgan; Green
ril.e, A. H. Dean; Horry, B. R. King;
Kersbaw, C J. Shannon; Lancaster.
f eR )y Springs; Marion, E. H. Gasque;
VIarlboro, T. B. Gibson; Newberry,
. H. Aull; Oconee, Z. W. Jordan;
)rangeburg, B. H. Moss; Pickens, J.
. Boggs; Richland. W. McB. Sloan.
Sumter, R. I. Manning; Union. J. A.
lant; Williamsburg, F. B. Grier;
cork, W. B. Moore.
Chesterfield, Florence, Hampton,
Laurens, Lexington, Spartanburg and
saluda were not represented.
Commissioner Roche, after the roll
all, took the floor and stated that af
er the meeting in Spartanburg, he
Lad looked through the comptroller
:eneral's office and gotten the last as
essment of all the counties in the
hate, which he had here, and from
rhich he apportioned the $10,000
mong the counties according to the
mount of taxable property in each.
le would like the secretary to read it,
u that every one preseit could see
rhat sum his county had been assess
er, made a motion that fr. Roche s
ssessments be adopted. It would not
f course be binding on each county x
raise the amount assessed, but eaih
rould simply do its best to get such
Mr. Moore of York said that some of
he counties did not have as much
aterest in the exposition as others.
nd by this assessment plan would
got be equally treated. Some of the
ounties with the largest assessments
rould not have so large manufactur
rig interests as others, and he thought
hie counties having such interests
hould do a greater part toward get.
ing up the exhibit for Chicago.
Mr. Sproies said if $405 was what
Lbbeville was to raise, he would do
tis best to get it, and though tnere
rould be difficulty in getting it, yet
te would go before the different town
oucils and ask for appropriation and
ry in other ways.
Mr. Moore asked if there could not
>e a plan devised by which the facto
ies could be assessed so much, accor
ling to the number of spindles or
ooms. He thought that all the money
vould have to come from the towns
>r factories, or it would not come at
Mr. Boggs said that the commnis
joners must first go the individuals
Ld ask for contributions. In his
:ounty he was going to appoint solic
ting agents at each precinet and he
vou.'d get 50 cents from each of them,
tnyway, and as there would be a
tood nunber of them, the amount
hus raised would be considerable.
Mr. 1Dean stated that in his opinion,
he plan proposed by Mr. Rocne was
.he most equitable. Let the money
ye raised, even if hot suppers h~ad to
ye given as a last resort. Greenville
would come up with her share and he
noved to vote on Mr. R-jche's plan.
Mr. Tucker of Charleston arose and
said he thought Charlestonk's stock
2ad been watered. He submiitted a
plan, whereby each county should be
issessed according to population
and wealth. By this plan tne assess
ment of Charleaton would be reduced
rom $1,215 to $750. Changes would
be made in all the counties by this
plan, the amount beizig raised in some
and decreased in others. This was a
moral obligation to raise the amount
under Mr. Ruche's plan and he did
not want to leave letting the members
think that Cnarlesth,u could raise
$1,200. What right aid this meeting
have to assess lactories, banks or
anyone else? Some factories in this
State did not care any tning about the
exposition, They aida t want new
factories built and have conupettion.
As b r the Atlanta exposition. Gu~iarles
ton had given $1,600, but he did not
think there was any hope of getting
t he $1,200 assessed.
Mr. Ligon of Anderson regretted to
hear Mr. Tucker sp)eak as he did. It
did look to him as if $10,000 spent now
would do more good tuan any otner
investment. The assessmient of Ander
son, comnpared to C narleaton's wa
.arge, and it was time :'or more patriot
ismn to be shown. He urged that the
motion be passed and all get to work
with a will.
Mr. Tucker would not make a speech
on Charleston's record, but he would
say tnat her past recyjrd spoke for it
self and could not be imnpugcned.
Mr. Ray of Aiken said he had come
here to get enthusiasm and not the
olues. Aiken's amount was twice
what her peonie had expected, but atill
they were going to try to raise it.
Finally, the assessments ot thle dif
ferent counties were read and remarks
made thereon by the represetative of
They are as follows:
Abbeville, $405. "It could probably
be raised," said the coamissioner.
Ailgen, $349. "Yes; tney would try
Anderson, $348. "Yes."
Barnwell, $373. "Three hundred
and twenty-five dollars would be raised
and maybe the whole amount."
Beaufort, 8211. "Thecounty was in
debt and had a large negro population,
but efforts would be made to get $100
Berkeley, $302. "No wealth except
land and negroes, yet it would do its
Charleston, $1 215. "(f this $750
could be raised."
Chester, $223. "Chester would give
Chesterfield, $91. No remarks were
made as the county was not represent
SClarendon:, $157. "It would be
Colleton, $251. "The amount would
Darlington, $221. "Yes; we will
Edgefield and Saluda, $365. "That
will be raised."
Fairfield, $211. "Not much en
couragement from the people, but as
much as possible will be-raised."
Florence, $215. There was no one
to answer for her.
Georgetown, $119. "Not less than
$150 would be raised," said the com
Greenville, $470. "It would be 1
Horry, $56. "At least $100 would I
Kershaw, $150. "It could be given."
Lancaster, $131. "She would give
Laurens, $239 No one from there
to abs ver. t
Lexington, $198. There was no r
conuissioner from this county, so the
chairman apointed Mr. W. P. Roof.
Marion. $249; Marlboro. $149; New
berry, $23S; Oconee. $155 Orangeburg, ]
3110; Pickens $125; Richland, $143;
would all be ready with the cish, so I
their commissioners stated. a
Spartanburg, $613. Mr. Twichell, 1
he commissioner, was absent. t
Sumter, .;377; and Union, $195.
Bnt h would try and get their amounts. c
Williamsburg, $155. "Afraid it f
ould not be raised."
York, $365. "Could be counted on."
After the reading of the assessment s
>f the counties and expression of opin. I
ons, Mr. Manning wished to hear a
rom Mr. Roche as to what his views C
Lad aims were. i,
Mr. Roche said the display to be u
nade at Chicago depended on how o
nuch money there was at the disposal f
>f the commissioner. Maunfactories a
ould be urged to make individual e
exhibits, and if they did so the money b
equired would not be quite so much. 1,
Vork should be started at once, as the tI
xposition opened by the middle of b
ugust; and fruits, vegetables, s rains, si
:t, should be gathered and put througn
ome process or preserving b
Seven Stat:s have gone into this
how, and it will be a general south- a
rn States exposition. Allthe resources sl
f the State would be shown, and this w
as auopportunity to work for South a
ion as to how much would . ,
>er line in the proposed hand books. d
his was referred to the committee on %
A full discussion was had as to the fi
yest way to raise the amounts in each n
:ounty. All were generally in favor h
if subscription lists.
Mr. Morgan of Georgetown moved o
hat all the commissioners raise their
unds by the 20th inst. and send them a
o Mr. W. es. Clarke, the treasurer of ti
he exposition funds. This was agreed tl
o. Mr. Folk introduced a resolution. 'a
hanking the railroads for furnishing
ree transportation to this meeting. It is
Governor Evans made a few con- k
luding renarks. He said the facto- g
ies had shown great lukewarmness in
iding in the Atlfanta exhibit. He had
o make personal appeals to them, and 11
~ven theanhe met with poor success. b
Chis was a southern State exposition, g
tnd it would be the means of carrying si
nanufactured products to a new a
narket. This shtould remove the fear n
>f new factories coming in and corn tl
eting, for t hey never came from tne r<
est, it being an agricultual region. .2
He spoke of the advantages of emmi
grants comni g into thais $tate from thep
sest, and ur-ged Charleston to do her t
yest for the exposition. Twelve hun
red dollars could be raised there I
vithout trouble.- t
Mr. Roche was instructed to send a
ut to the county comm issionaers a cir- e
:ular stating what had been done atd
;his meeting, giving the scope of the
work and the assessment of thecouns
:ies. This dircular is to be printed inI
the county papers.t
The finance committee was autho
rized to give the commissioner a suit- 1
able salary for his work.
Th'e meeting then ac journed.
Mr. Rocehe left for Atlauta last nigh4
to attend a meeting of the advisory
committee, composed of memnbers from
the aeveni States takir'g part in the ex
iazn's, startling story.
.JacIsoNV1LLE, Fla., May 2.-rhe
Rev. Attuetto Diaz. Southern Bapiist
issionary, expelled from Cuba by
Weyler, in a long inter vie w tells ap
galling stories of atrocities being comn
iitted by Spaniards. In the last
t-.o weeks in the rural districts of San i
\guel, Dii Parlon aud Minas Mr.
Daz says Col. Fonderville has had
m>re than oue hund red personis butch
ered and then reported them to thte
outside world as usiing been killedI
in ,attle. Among tiiose killed were
chidr-en 12 aud 1-1 years of aie. Tue
vtiais were comp elted to dig their
ewsa graves bef ore being snot . As the
seamier was leaving IfaeLaa Mr. Diaz
says word was brought on board that
t wenty se ven more peaceable citizens
natd been butchieredi by CoL Fonder
vale's troops near tf~scana. Col. Fon
drville is one of Weyler's favorites
and is acting under the Captaia Gen
NEW YoRK, May 5.--As the result
of the explosion of a gasoline stove in
a 13rooklyvn tenement house today~tvro
women and t wo children were so bad
ly burned that they died soon after.
T wo other children were also serious
ly burned. The dead are: Mrs. Re
ecca Cohen, 234 Johnson street; Carl
Cohen. aged 2 years; Solomonl Cohen,
ag - ears; Mrs. Pasternek, 2341
Johnson street. solomon and Rosie
P'asternek, one aged8S months and one
3 months, were sei iously burned.
A LAWYER may keep her hat on
when addressing thle court down in
Jersey, if she happens to be a woman.
Such was the decision of Chancellor
McGill the other day when opposing
counsel ungallantly cale d attention to
the fact that Miss Pnitbrook, attorney
had not removed her hat.
A HOUSE BLOWN UP.
Shocking Cacastropbe in the City of Cin
CINCINNATI, May 5.-What may
prove to be the most disastrous calam
ity of the year occurred in this city
last night, when a five-story brick
building, filled with people, complete
ly collapsed and fell, a conglomerate
mass of brick and shattered timbers.
burying the unfortunate inmates be
neath its ruins.
It is impossible to say how many
persons have been killed, some plac
ing the number as high as forty, oth
ers as low as fifteen. No accurate
statements can be given on this point
until the debris shall have been cleared
away, which will certainly tale all
The building was situated on the
east side of Walnut street, just south
of 5th, the lower floor being occupied
by Drach's saloon.- Tne upper -Apart
ments were rented out to lodgers. Peo
ple for several blocks arourrti where
the disa:tmr occurred were startled by
. most terrific explosion about 7:45
,'clock. A fire alarm was instantly
urned in. and in a few moments half
he fire department of the city was
ipon the scene. The work of rescue
vas immediately begun, a force of men
aking the front while a second corps
vent to the rear of the buildinir, which
)pened into an alley. Tne fir'st per
ons who appeared upon the scene en
ered the alley and came up to the
-ear of the building, where the piteous
:ries and moans of a female were the
mnly ev'dence of life beneath the
vreck. These cries came from the eel
ar. It was utterly impossible that [
ny persons on the other floors could
ave escapd a horrible death. In
ddition to the victims who are buried
>eneath the building it is estimated
bat fully one hundred people have
>een more or less injured by the con
ussion, falling electric wires and
ragments of shattered glass, stone
Twenty of those ibjured on the
treets were taken into the Gibson
louse just across the way and their
rounds dressed. Among these was
bief of Police Joseph Pugh, of Cov
agton, Ky, who reports a most mirac- -
lous es ape. He was just in the act
f entering the saloon, in fact, one
>ot was upon the door sill waen he
rs startled by the flash or a burning
lectric wire overhead. He sprang
ackward, when almost simultaneous
T the explosion occurred and he felt
e ground leave his feet. He was o
lown almost into the middle of the 0
Three persons whose names cannot
e learned were injured slightly in a t
assiog street car, and several ladies in t
nother car were prostrated from the <
icek. A New port, Ky, car, which I
'as near the scene, met with a remark- o
ble experience. It was suddenly a
rought to a standstill by a fearful :
a - iunense mass came
oor rt' .-n- e a s
'hich by some strange freak of the ex
losion had been blown through the
tling debris and uo into the air. A o
ian named John Neibel, of this city, C
ad just left the spot where it fell and f
ralked back to the rear platform. No a
ne was hurt.
A Brown street car was smashed al- t
iost into fragments. There were for
inately no passengers on board and 1
1e conductor and motorman escaped
rith slig ht injuries.
The explosion was caused by the
tnition of a gasoline tank. Adolph
irach, proprietor of a saloon on thet
>wer fi->or, had recently placed a
asoline engine in his cellar for thet
urpose of generating his own gaso
ne fuel. Best authorities agree that
2e commutator of the engine hadt
urned out, setting fire to a tank of
asoline. The building was seen to
take for an instant and then cave in..
Ln instant later only an indiscriminate
lass of ruins remained. Toe walls of<
se buildmngs ad joining on either sidei
emained in tact. The streets all
round the block are literally covered
rith pieces of glass. It. is almost im
'ossible to push one's way tarough the
brong of excited thousands gathered
bout the place as late as midnight.
Iundreds of anxious inquiries keep
he tele ph-'nes busy and the hospital -
nd morgue are besieged wi callers.
ager to ascertain the identity of the
lad and dying.
The identified dead and the in jured
o far as known are as follows: Dead,
1. A. Davis. travelllng mn-m. Hamnil
on, Oihio, has wife livin2' iu Tryon,
C. C. ; Adolph Drach, propieitor of sa
oon. Four bodies not yet identifird
The injured are: H. E Huawick,
>ookkee per; Joseph S~ariges, colore-d
>ortor; C. S. Wells, ci~erk; Sidny Wv.
ohnson, barkeener; WV. D. Crosby,
>aper hanger;fXm. E. Cook, cle-rk,
irondale; J. L. Ward. race horse
nan, Toledo; Barbara Hude fel man,
lomestic; John Mc~arthy, of Cinicin
iati Wharf Comnparny; Pete Burus,
jharles Spiilo. Of taie iujured it is
yelieved several will die.
Several more vict.ims are yet beneatn
he ruins and ever, thing possible is
)einlg done to recover the bodies.
R. A. Fricke. of N'-r wood. was to
2ave left for Philadelphia to-night.
EIe is known to have lef t his valise in
Drach's saloon early t bis mortiaug As
t hias not been seen since the explo
ion his friends fear that his body is
auried beneatth the iuins i the cellar
.a pa~tietic incident in the work of
recovery occurred when by digging
;hroughan a Jjoirnin't wall the liriem
:ame upran Jonni McCarthy, who wais
lying uipon his back helplessly pin
otoned. Mctarthy was released after
die hardest labor, he himself assisting
bis rescuers by giving them directions
how to pr)oeed.
Near where Mcfarthy was found
were three other victims, among themx
a woman and a child. who have not
yet been taken from the ruins.
Tne pitif ul moans of the mother and
cries of the little one, beggingr her umo
ther to come to her, sti!mula?ted the
brave fellows who are woriig with
might and main to save them .Two
priests, Fathers Tieruan and Kelly.
were courpicuaous for th~eir etorts at
consoling tihose oentata tne rmas.
While leaning for ward to admilister
cousolationi to an unfornate who was
crying for aid, Father Tiernan was
struck by a falling til- and badly
tnough not seriously hurt.
An exchange srys that a fellow in a
near by town who couldn't spare one
dollar and a half a year for a ne wspa
our sent fifty two cent stamnps to a
down East Yankee to learn how to
stop a horse from slobbering. He got
his receipt and he'it never forget it:
'-To stop your horse from slobbering
each h un r.)> Yt."
A MARKED LIPROVEIMIENT
IN THE CONDITION OF THE CROPS OF
Weekly Bulletin of the State Weather
Observer Issued Yesterday-The Rain
Relieves the Situation Somewhat.
The following is the encouraging
weekly bulletin of the condition of
the weather and the c-ops of the State
issued yesterday by State Weather
This bulletin covers the weather
and crop conditions for the week end
ing Saturday, May 2, and in its prep- -
aration were used reports from one or
more correspondents in each county
of the State.
The past week was considerably
cooler than the previous one, with a
mean temperature about 2 degrees
above the normal. The mean for the
week was 69 degrees, that being the
average of 40 stations reporting mean
tern peeature; the normal for the same
period is approximately 67 degrees.
The highest mean was 73 degrees, and
occurred at Shaw's Forks, Aikencoun
ty ; the lowest, 66 degrees, occurred at
Little Mountain, Newberry county.
Tee maximum temperature for the
week was 90 degree3 on May 1st, re
ported from Gillsonville, Hampton
'Runty, the minimum was 48 on April
th, reported from Lynch, Florence
ounty, and 50 on the 26th, reported
rom Elloree, Orangeburg county.
The excess in temperature over the
aormal since March 1 was slightly in
reased, and now averages about 1.5
iegrees per day.
The late drought was effectually re
ieved at most places during the week,
)ut the showers were scattered and
>artial. so that there yet remain many
.calities without beneficial rains, but
enerally the rains were sufficient for
he present needs of crops. In rich
and, Newberry, York and portions of
yumter, Kershaw, Lancaster and Lex
ngton but little rain fell, and practi
ally none along the southeastern
oast. Elsewhere the showers were
yell distributed and in places heavy.
L'he following heavy rainfalls were re
>orted: Society Hill, 1.60; Green
.84; Pickens, 1.82; Camden, L27;
Lerill1.53; Spartanburg, 1.04; Pov
r'y Hill, 1.20; Santuc, 1.2L tea
ther stations reported measurements
anging from 0.50 to 1.00, and 26 re
orted from none to 0.50. The average
f 43 rainfall records for the week is
.54. and the normal for the same
eriod is approximately 0.79.
N.>te-Special reports received since
ae regular reports were closed state
at rain was general over the State,
a Sunday and Monday (May3 and 4.)
aiberty, Pickens county, reported
ver 4 inches. The special reports
nil be recorded regula i then
imited exceptions all crops made satis
actory improvement, due to the rains
f this and the previous weak. The
all beneficial effects of the late rains
re not yet reflected in the reports, ex
ept where anticipated, so that con
inuec. improvement may be expected.
Corn made satisfactory advancedur
.g the week. It has recei_.d its first
rork generally, and in places its see
nd. The later planting has not at
ained[ good stands yet, but will be
eaterially helped in this respect by
he late rains. Corn retains a good
olor, but cut worms are damaging'
he sands in a few counties. .But
rorms were injuriously active in Lex
ngtoa and Edgtfield counties during
he few cool aights. Much bottom
and corn yet to plant. All reports
a corn are favorable.
Cotton planting is practically fin
shed.: reports indicating that in a few
ounties from 5 to 10 per cent, only
ema ns to be planted. That that
r'hic iis up has a vigorouns stand of
rood color, but later planting coming
ip t'o irregular stands, but during the
atter~ part of the week a great im
>roveme~nt was noted in this respect.
Jhop.ping out has been actively begun.
Che .iot, dry weather of the past two
veek~s affected cotton favorably, ex
ept tri t it retarded germination. Sea
:slactd cotton has a good stand and
.olor, but needs-rain badly.
The failing tendency of grain was
~ffectually checked by the rains. Oats
jae shown much improvement dur
ng the latter portion of the week, but
t co atinues to be the opinion of most
~orrespondents that oats cannot fully
~eco rer from the damaging effects of
:te late drought. Fall oats look more
promlisiug than spring sowing. Oats
are ripening in the southeastern coun
ties, and heading generally. Wheat
also has improved, and in places has
a ffliient length of stalk, and is stool
og and heading satisfactorily.
Toba~cco has grown well in beds.
Plnt aresall in beds that were re
pIltedi in rch. Transplantinghas
b-en slow, somec farmers watere the
plai s by harnd previous to the rains.
franating will now be pushed
r-pidly, as the weather favors it.
P1imts co..tiaue comparatively scarce.
Rce seedinog contiunes, and what is
up appears to be doing well generally,
..xce'pt in Florence county. where
poor st ans are reported. The weath
er favors late planted rice.
T ae di tierent reports continue to ex
press a diversi y of opinion as to the
:rait pr.)spects. In some localities
frui t is dropping freely. while in other
loealities the pronnects continue prom
(n G 1erll in the extreme east
enadextreme western counties the
tres 1ook mont promising.
G-rapes appeaIr to be putting out nu
me:o)us bud clusters and promise well.
Saiall berries are ripening in the
southern ct.unties. Strawberries are
Gardens have improved where
en'2ugh rain fell, but in some locali
ties continue to fail, although sea
son able vegetables are comparatively
plentiful, and quantities of peas, beans,
lettuce, radishes, cucumbers and cab
bag~es being snipped out of the State.
s a-eet potatoes putting out plenty of
draws, which appear to be more plenti
ful than for many years; in places
considerable transplanting has been
done. Irish potatoes generally doing
.well with rapid improvement noted
Bugs are numerous on the coast pota
to i..lds, and are reported from a few
other sections ol the State.
Mrs. Fannie hR. Allen, of Athol,
Mass., who is 75 years old, recently
tok unto herself a new husband.
T a~s is some w-hat remarkable in view
of the fact that the bride is a great