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VOL. XI. MANNING, S. C.. WEDNESDAY, MAY 27, 1896. NO. 44.
THE STATE DEMOCRACY.
FULL REPORT OF THE PROCEEDINGS
OF WEDNESDAY'S CONVENTION.
Irby Made a Great Fight to Have the Del
egates Pledged Not to Bolt-Tillman Re
plies to Irby In a Long Speech Which Is
COLUMBIA, May 21 -At about twelve
o'clock yesterday Senator Irby called
the Democratic state Convention to
order. After rapping he waited for a
moment and then called for nomina
tions for temporary chairman. Mr.
McSweeney nominated Mr. I. H. Mc
Calla of Abbeville and he was elected
unanimously. Messrs. McSweeney,
Martin and Timmerman escorted him
to the chair.
- Mr. McCalla thanked the conven
tion forthehonor conferred upon him.
He said it was time for action and not
for speech-making, however, and pro
ceeded to call for nominations for tem
porary secretary. Messrs. M. S.
Scruggs, S. W. Vance, C. J. Allan
and Dr. E. S. Bernhem were elected.
ROLL OF DELEGATES.
The roll of delegates was then made
up as follows, the appointment of a
committee of credentials being dis
pensed with as there were no contest
Aiken-John Gary Evans, 0 C Jordan, G
W Thorpe, J W Dunbar, J W Marchant, J R
Eidson, W B Woodward, R L Gunter and R
Abbeville-J C Klugb, I H McCalla, II J
Power, J T McMillan, .J 1H Morrah, W L
Miller, W H Whitrock, E L W aldrop, T A
Graham, H J Kinard, J H Thomas and J C
. Anderson-W A Neal, J P Green, D K
Norris, J B Watson, 3 B Brezeale, C H Bai
ley, H H Gray, S N Pearman, J W Ashley,
W T Dean, A N Richardson and D H Russell.
Beaufort-Thomas Martin, J S Reed, W
H Lockwood, Thomas Talbird, W C Vincent.
C L Paul, J L Lopez, W O Prentiss, W F
Sanders and E T Lafitte.
Berkeley-T W Stanland, J B Morrison,
T W Williams, J B Wiggins, W P Russell, T
L Connor, R H Sweeney, R G Causey, Wm
Henderson and A H DeHay.
Barnwell-W H Duncan, A H Patterson,
S G Mayfield, W A All, Sr., H H Crum, 11 P
Dyches, W S Bamberg, Robert Aldrich, M W
Phillips, C B Free, Henry Folk and W C
Charleston-C M Trott, L D Marshall, W
G Whaley, C E Burnham. I M Mierhead, G
W Williams, Jr., Robert Graham, W J Mott,
B M Lebby, T S Terry, J W Barnwell, W K
Steedman, E W Wynee, P II Gadsden, T W
Bacot, A J Riley, C S Vennig, J P Roach, J
L Oliver and P. Carter.
Cheater-J K Henry, H C Brawley,
P T Hollis, C T Miners, W S Brown, W
C Brown, T J Cunningham and A Wise.
Chesterfield - W F Stevenson, J M
Hough, F M Welsh, W P Pollock, R E Rivers
and W C Mcreight.
Clarendon-Louis Appelt, J S Cantey, D
J Bradham, P W Webster, A 3 Richbourg,
W C Davis, J W Kennedy and J J Mitchum.
Colleton-M R Cooper, C W Garris, T J
Appleby, A E Williams, C J Allen. J D Biv
ens, L E Parler, W C'Brant and E J Lime
Darlington-I P Kirven, T E Early, J B
Floyd, J N Parrott, H A Josey, G W Smith,
C L Beynolds and W J W Skinner.
Edgefield-B R Tillman, W }(Timmerman,
WRParks, J W Hardy, J M Gaines, N G
Evans, W H Yeldell and S M Smith, Sr.
Fairfield-J W Lyles, R. Y Lemmon, J B
Stevenson, W D Hall, W L Rosborough, W
H Mobley, J G Welling and WV 3 Johnson.
Florence-J W McCown, J S McColl, J S
Richardson, D H Traxler, J B Hubbards, B
B McWhite, T J Jones and Dr William Ilder
Georgetown-J B Steele, S M Ward, Jo
siah Doar, L 0 Walker, M W Pyatt and 0 H
Greenville-J T Austin, B N Shuman, H
M Barton, J T Bramlett, A W McDavid, R
Y Hellams, Dr W H Austin, M S Scruggs, J
S Latimer, WY H Whitmire, J R Harrison and
Hampton-W J Gooding, A L Youman's,
W S Smith, M B McSweeney, W H Tutu-l
and B J Riners.
Horry-I R. Sessions, E Grahm, J P Der
ham, R B Scarborough, J A Mcbermott and
J A Lewis.
Kershaw-R B Williams, Joel Hough. C
L Winkler, 0 M Moseley, John (i Richards
and J N Jones.
Lancaster-J C Elliott, W P' Caskey, WV G
A Porter, J N Estridge, T Y Williams and
L M Clyburn.
Laurens-J L M Irby, J W Ferguson, F D
Bolt, J S Machen, M B Crisp, G 1? Smith, A
C Workman and R TDunlap.
Lexington-C M Efird, D) J Griffith, A F
Lever, H 3 Seibels, Dr D H Crosson and J
Marion-W HI Ellerbe, WV A Brown, J D
Haselten, J D Montgomery, D W McLaurin,
J W Smith. C T Bast and W A Oliver.
Marlboro-W D E'vans, H M Stackhouse.
3 F McLauren, R M Pegues, J T Donaldson,
J N Drake, L J Breeden and J F Breeden.
Newberry-J A Sligh, 3 L Keitt, J T Dun
can, C L Blease, WV C Sligh, P H1 Koon,,Tho
mas SSease and B TPaysenger.
Mi~nee-E B Craighead, A P Crisp, J R.
.1 ones, E P Earle, Wiltiam Brown and T F
Orangeburg-O R Lowman, J W Stokes,.]
HI Dukes, L S Connor, J H Price, I) A Por
ter, 0 C Salley and G B Kittrell.
Pickens-W T O'Dell, WV T Field, T C Rob
inson, WV A Hamilton, Daban Mauldin and
J H Miller.
Richland-W W Ray, F S Earle. W McB
Sloan, J Frost Walker, R. S Des Portes. T J
Lipscomb, T T Talley, WV R Muller, WV Lykes
and J S Reynolds.
Spartanburg-J T Hunt, HI C L Murphy.
J A Lancaster, C C Hill, Dr W F Leonard, iG
ll Dean, J M Rudasail, T J Johnson, Rt M
Jolly, L F Pearson, B 0 Bennett, R. N Lan
aster, T L Gantt and B BI Bishop.
Sumter-T B Fraser, C L Williamson, Rt
eM Cooper, R. T McCleod, R J Browntield, WV
J1 Rhodes, Shepherd Nash, H T Abbott, IH R
Thomas, D E Keels, W A James and J E Du
Union-J M Greer, Dr J T Jeter, S Wil
horn, J T Douglass, J M Bennett, J U Tate,
J W Cunningham and H C Little.
1Williamsburg-Dr A H Williams, Capt W
*1Kennedy, J 11 Blackwell, A A Brown, J J
M Graham, A H Reese, T M Allen, J C Wil
born, W H Carroll, L K Armstrong, W J
u-avis, J E Leech and C T Cook.
Mr. Louis Apelt was appointed Ser
geant-at Arms with Mr. B. B. Evans
Mr. J. Belton Watson nominated
M .-. A. H. Patterson of Barnwell for
permanent president,.referring to Mr.
lPatterson in complimentary terms
He was elected.
Trhe following vice presidents were
elected, there being a little stir over
the election over the representative of
the Third district:
First District-Geo. W. Williams,
Je , Charleston.
Second District-Maj. W. J. Good
Third District-J. A. Sligh, New ber
Fourth District-J. J. Gentry,
Fifth District-J. K. Henry, Ches
Sixth District-J. N. Parrott, Darl
Seventh istrit-H. T. Abbott,
After a speech of thanks from Mr.
Patterson, Senator Tillman otfere I
the following resolution, which was
Resolved, That a committee of one
from each county, selected by the
delegation thereof, be appointed to re
port a platform. and that all resolu
tions be referred to the committee
After the appoiutment of the com
mittee provide d for in the above resolu
tion Mr. Elird moved that a commit
tee of one from each county be ap
pointed by each delegation to examine
and pass on amendments to the consti
tution of the party, if any appear to
them necessary. The resolution was
adopted and the committee appointed.
Senator Irby then introduced the
following resolution, which he asked
be referred without debate:
Whereas, neither white supremacy
in South Carolina nor constitutional
government in the United States can
be maintained without the preserva
ton of the supremacy of the Democra
tic party and
Whereas the supremacy of the De
mocratic party cannot be maintained
without holdingthe will of the majori
ty as absolutely inviolable: therefore,
Resolved by the Democratic party of
South Carolina, in convention assem
bied,That it is theduty of the party,na
tional as well as State and county, to
acquiesce in the will of the majority
when expressed by its constitutional
methods and to abide by and support
The following resolutions were all
presented and referred to the several
committees, after being read. There
was some objection.to the reading of
the resolutions but the convention
would not do away with the reading.
There was considerable applause fol
lowing the reading of the resolution
naming Tillman for President and the
By Mr. James: Resolved, That in
the high interest of harmony and good
will between and among the white
men of South Carolina we do not nom
inate national electors at this session
of this convention.
By Mr. Whaley: Resolved, That
the executive committee be and they
are hereby authorized to nominate
whenever it thinks proper. presidential
electors to be voted for by the Demo
crats of this State in the general elec
tion of 1S96.
By Mr. Blease-Be it resolved that
we favor immediately restoration with
a free and unlimited coinage of gold
and silver at present legal ratio of 15
98-100 to 1 without waiting for the
consent of any other nation and that
such gold or silver shall be full legal
tender for all debts.
Resolved, 2.-That we demand that
the secretary of the treasury recognize
silver as the money of redemption and
that he exercise the right to redeem
all coin obligations in silver.
Resolved, 3-That our delegates to
the national convention are hereby in
structed to demand that the platform
of the national Democratic party be
adopfed as customary before the selec
tion of the standord bearers of said
party, and that they are futher in
structed to vote for no candidate for
President or Vice President of the
United States in said convention ex
cept men loyal and true to said de
mands, and who will hold honor and
principle above the desire for money
and self-promotion, and they are fur
ther instructed to use their own discre
tion in acting so as to promote the
peace and welfare of their country and
to secure them the relief that they
bhave so long begged for at the hands
of unscu pulous money grabbers and
By Mr. Fred Williams-Resolved,
By the Democratic party of South
Carolina in convention assembled.
First. That we favor the free con
age of both gola and silver at a ratio
of 16 to 1.
Second. That we are in favor of the
change in the banking system of the
United States so as to give the people
a currency sufficient to do the busi
ness of the country.
Third.- That we will not send dele
gates to the national convention but
will leave each voter free to vote on
By Mr. Gantt-Resolved, That our
delegates to the Chicago convention
oe instructed to impale all Wall street
candidates upon a pitchfork, and hold
them over the fire of genuine Jeffer
By Mr. McSeveeney-Resolved.
That we affirm our approval of the ac
tion of the late Constitutional conven
tion in making permanent and liberal
provision for the support of the com
mon schools of the State and in provid
ing also the means of higher education
for all classes and conditions of our
people. We point to the recent
changes in our Constitution whereby,
in the Democratic primary, every
Democrat may vote directly for the
man of his choice for all o1fics, from
the highest to the lowest, in the gift of
the people and declare that such pro
visions evidence the purpose of the
party to procure the free and untram
meled choice of the D~emocratic voters
By Mr. Joel IHoagh: Resolved, by
the Democrats of South Carolina,
That we favor the unlimited coinage
of silver and gold at the ratio of 16 to
1, without waiting for the action or
cooperation of any other nation and
we hereby instruct our delegates to the
national convention to be held in Chi
cago in~ July next to vote for a plat
form emboding those principles.
And we further instruct our delegates
to vote for no man for President or
Vice President who is not fully and
unequivocally in favor of the princi
ples above expressed.
Resolved, That the delegates to the
national convention from this State be
instructed to vote as a unit on all
TILI3IAN FOR PRESIDENT.
By Mr. John WV. Lyles: The peo
ple have the numbers to right their
wrongs if but they had a battle cry
and a leader to gather them in solid
array. At every turn the masses are
confused, their minds divided and re
solution paralyzed by the counsel of
pretended friends-oficeholders and
bribe-takers manipulate the party pri
maries. The policy of the money
power controls the masses in conven
tion.- Platforms and candidates of so
called opposing parties are made such
that each presidential campaign is but
a sham battle.
What the country needs is an aspi
rant for the presidency who is a man
of the people, himself suffering from
their hardships and aroused to indig
nation by the general wrongs; with
the brains anel the nere, anr the elo
quence to enlighten the minds of the
masses as to their interests and their
duty as to kindle throughout the land
smouldering fires of patriotism. They
need a man who owes no favors to the
powers that be and takes the field with
nto commission froru millionaire poli
We put forward as that leader, a
farmer pure and simple, yet an orator
who can lay down the champions of
the enemy, a man of courage and will
whose honest heart is aflame for the
masses; the man of destiny-B. R.
We call upon him to go forth to bat
tle and to reach with his voice the peo
ple of America, slumbering under op
pression and misrule in the past, and
we put at his command, in the service
of the people of a nation, the organized
Democracy of the sovereign State of
By Mr. Russell: That we have wit
nessed with deeep sympathy the strug
gle of the Cuban patriots for freedom
and we endorse the action of congress
in recognizaing them as belligerents
and we call upon the President of the
United States to give immediate effect
to the clearly expressed will of the peo
By Mr. J. D. Montgomery: We
endorse the present State administra
tion for the vigilance exercised in the
enforcement of the laws; for protection
of the rights and liberties of the citi
zens: for the economical administra
tion of affairs and for the competency
and honesty displayed in the exercise
of their duty by the various State offi
By Mr. T. S. Terry: The Democra
tic party of South Carolina do hereby
affirm the Constitutional enactment
as passed in the recent Constitutional
convention of the State of South Car
olina, "That no public moneys shall
be used for sectarian puoposes," ac
cords with the sentiment of the peo
ple of this State and we further cou
denn the action of the United States
senate in reinstating sectarian appro
priations in the general apropriation
bill passed by that body.
The convention then adjourned to
S o'clock in the evening in order to
give the committee time to consider
the matter referred to them.
During the morning the several del
egations from the congressional dis
tricts met and selected their delegates
to Caicago to be present to theconven
tion at the proper time.
THE EVENING SESSION.
At S o'clock Mr. Patterson again
called the convention to order. The
committee reports were called for.
Mr. Cooper of the committee on gon
stitution made its report, being a new
constitution constructed upon the old
constitution. The only material
change from the old constitution's
provisions is that presidential electors
shall not be voted for in the primary.
Another section requires the election
of the county chairman by the county
convention instead of by the execu
tive committee. The other changes
are merely verbal and unimportant.
Those who have cdpies of the old con
stitution are in possession of the new
one by making the changes indicated.
Mr. Efird asked that the chairman of
the committee explain all the changes.
While this was being done a brand
new pitchfork elaborately decorated
with ribbons could be seen in the
crowd near the door of the hall.
The committee on constitution to
whom was referred the resolution in
structing the delegations to vote and
act as a unit on all questions before
the national convention reported the
resolution with out recommendation.
The convention declined to strike out
the words "Before the national con
vention" and adopted the resolution.
The committee sent back the resolu
tion in regard to the registration of
voters with the suggestion that the
matter be sent to the State executive
committee. This suggestion was adopt
THE PLATFORM PRESENTED.
Senator Tiliman then presented the
report of the committee on platform
and resolutions. At the request of Mr.
Efird, the platform was presented first.
Senator Tillman read it as follows,
taking peculiar pleasure in doing so,
judging from his manner:
1. The Democratic party of South
Carolina reaffirm its alleinceto the
principles enunciated by Jefferson,
Monroe and Jackson and followed by
their successors in office and pledges
itself to stand by those principlas as
the creed of our political faith.
2. We denounce the administration
of President Cleveland asundemocrat
ic and tyrannical and as a departure
from those principles which are cher
ished by all liberty-loving Americans.
The veto power has been used to
thwart the will of the people as ex
pressed by their representatives in
congress. The appointive power has
been used to subsidize the press, to de
bauch congress and to overawe and
control citizens in the free exercise of
their constitutional rights as voters.
A plutocratic despotism is thus sought
to be established on the ruins of the
3. We believe the power and usur
pations of the Federal courts as now
organized to be dangerous to the repub
lic. The American people have lost
con fidence in life tenure of officers in
any department of government and
we repeat here the warning of Jeffer
son against the tendency and effect of
the constitution of tha Federal judici
ary, which he styles an "irresponsible
body working like gravity by night
and day, gaining a little today and a
little tomorrow and advancing its
noiseless steps like a thief over the
field of jurisdiction until all shall be
usurped from the State and the gov
ernment of all be consolidated into
one." The sudden reversal of the de
cision in the income tax cases has nev
er been satisfactorily explained to the
American people and the court has
lost the respect and confidence of the
people as a natural result. To restore
contidence in the judiciary and make
the courts the bulwarks of liberty
rather than the apparent tools of the
"sordid despotism of wealth." To
protect the people against the brood
of vampires in the shape of monono
lies, trusts and combines which have
grown up under vicious laws badly ad
ministered. To provide for the elec
tion of senators and of all high gov
ernment officials by the people so as
to reduce the dangers of Fecieral pat
ronage in the hands of an unscrupu
lous President. To restore govern
ment of the people, by the people and
for the people we demand the calling
of a constitutional convention to form
an organic law suitable to the changed
conditions and to the growth of the
4. We demand a more economical
administration of our national affairs
and that taxes shall be levied so as to
bear equally on all sections and all
classes. Labor should be lightly bur
dened and by a graduated income tax
wealth be made to pay for its protec
We repudiate the construction plac
ed on the financial plank of the last
Democratic national convention by
President Cleveland and Secretary
Carlisle as contrary to the plain maan
ing of English words and as being an
act of bad faith, deserving of severest
censure. The issue of bonds in time
of peace with which to buy gold to re
deem coin obligations, payable in sil
ver or gold, at the option of the gov
ernment, and the use of the proceeds
to defray the ordinary expenses of the
government, are both unlawful and
usurpations of authority deserving
5. A sound and just system of finance
is the most potent factor in a nation's
prosperity and we demand the restora
tion of the money of the Constitution,
by giving silver the same rights and
privileges now given to gold. We de
inand the free and unlimited coinage
of silver at a ratio of 16 to 1, regard
less of the action of any and all other
nations and that such coinage be a le
gal tender for all debts, public and
private. Congress, alone ha, the
power to coin and issue money and
President Jackson declared that this
power could not be delegated to a cor
poration, therefore, we demand the
national banking system be abolish
The absorption of wealth by a few,
the consolidation of our leading rail
road systems and the formnation of
trusts and pools, require a stricter
control by the Federal government of
those arteries of commerce. We de
mand the enlargement of the po wers
of the interstate commerce commis
The reading was concleded amid
loud applause. Lary Gantt moved
that it be adopted unanimously with
every "i" dotted and every "t" cross
A MINORITY REPORT
It was about to be done when Mr.
John S. Reynolds of Richland an
nounced that he had a minority re
Senator Tillman rose and stated that
since coming into the hall the gentle
man from Richland had come to him
and told him of the minority report.
He requested the convention to hear
the report and consider it. Mr. Rey
nolds read it as follows:
The undersigned, unable to concur
in all the declarations submitted by
the majority of the committee on plat
form, recommend the following
changes in the report of such majori
1. That there be added to section 1 of
the "Platform and declaration of
principles" the following words:
"And we declare our purpose to abide
by the action and support the nomi
nees of the national Democratic con
vention to assemble in Chicugo on
the 7th of July, next."
2. That Section 3 be stricken out.
3. That section 4 be amended by ad
ling thereto the following words:
"And we demand the re peal of the 10
per cent. tax on the circulation of
4. That there be added to said plat
form and declaration the following
words: "We reaffirm the principles
of the national Democratic platform of
1892. respecting the reform of the
tariff." ' JOHN S. REYNOLDS.
J. W. FERGUSON.
I cannot concur in section 2 or in
section 3. Aside from the considera
tion that it is denunciatory to an ex
tent not justified by the facts of his
tory, it has no place in the platform of
the Democratic party of South Caro
I further object to the declaration
in section 6 because I think it unne
essary. John S. Reynolds.
Mr. Reynolds did not speak to the
report and Senator Tillmnan gave no
tice that he would move to lay it on
LEA DING A FORLORN HOPE.
Mr. J os. W. Barnwell then took up
the matter of the policy of the Demo
ratic party in declaring for free silver.
He was aware he was in a minority.
Free silver, he believed would ruin all
the farmers in the State. (Laughter.)
Mr. Barnwell continued to argue that
free silver would put the Democratic
party in a position where it could not
make a winning fight against the Re
publican party. It seemed impossible
to accomplish anything by declaring
for free silver. He was opposed to
antagonizing States which had stood
by us in greater crises. Was it well
to throw this bombshell in tbe centre
of the ranks of the Democratic party.
It was exchanging old, tried friends
for new friends who might not be so
kind. Mr. Bamnwell was applauded.
Mr. Reynolds then took the floor.
He said that he felt that he was beaten
at the start, and there was enough to
show that it was useless to offer argu
ment. But there was one proposition
in the minority report which was
worthy of tne closest consideration. It
was the provision that called for ac
quiescence in the action of the nation
al convention, and the support of that
body's work. For 20 years past there
has never been any such talk of aban
doning the national party. He point
ed ut the danger of abandoning the
friends of the south of 30 years stand
ing. He was in favor of the free coin
age of silver at 16 to 1. (A pplause.)
He had advocated it for years. He had
criticised Cleveland in 1886. But should
they sacrifice all else that the national
Democracy could do for them to get
this one thing? Vital as it was they
should not go so far. Has anybody
indicated the place to which we will go
when we desert the national Democ
racyi Do you mean into the Repub
lican party? Let the Edgefield sena
tor remember his speech made in this
hail picturing negro rule in South
Larry Gantt asked him if he did not
know that the majority report said
nothing about bolting.
Mr. Reynolds asked him if he did
not know that it was the open purpose
of the leaders to bolt the convention.
He pressed Gantt for an answer.
Gantt said there, was some talk of
it, but there would be no bolting when
they got to Onicago.
He said something about the inten
tion of the gold bugs to bolt if the free
silverites won. Mr. Renold said it was
merely a question of the integrity of
the Democrats here.
Mr. Gadsden spoke earnestly in fa
vor of passing the resolution requiring
all to abide the result of the national
convention. This money question
was a financial and not a party matter.
He, like Mr. Barnwell, recounted the
acts of friendship that the national
party bad shown to the people of this
IRBY ATTACKS TILLMAN.
The galleries and all the available
space in the hall were by this time
was in such a presence that Senator
Irby came forward in the centre aisle
and then the fireworks began. Irby
began with great deliberation but
warmed up to his work rapidly. His
attack on Tillman was intensely inter
esting. Time and again he was loud
ly applauded by his friends in the con
vention and the occupants of the gal
leries. He spoke as follows:
If I were toconsultmy own feelings
I should not utter a word on this ques
tion; but, Mr. President, occupying
the position that I do, holding a high
trust as the guardiat. of the Democra
cy of South Caroline., were I to fail to
respond for the grard old party when
she has been challenged, (and shame.
for it) by her greatest beneficiary. I
say. Mr. President, not an ill will, but
in truth and candor and honor, to the
people of the State, that when this
"Edgelield Democrat," as he has so
proudly proclaimed himself upon this
floor, challenges the party over which
I have the honor to preside, that I
should be recreant to my duty if
I did not defend it.
When this Edgefie.d Democrat, who
was taken from a a lowly position, but
an honorable one, and raised to the
highest in the gift of the people of
South Carolina, proclaimed himself
as an "Edgefield Democrat." I must
say tba I knew be'ore what an
"Edgefield Democrat" was. (A.p
plause) Mart Gary was an Edgefield
remocrat. (Applause.) But, Mr.
President, Mart Gary was not that
kind of an Edgefield Democrat. Mart
Gary was a South Carolina Democrat.
(Cheers) And I speak for Laurens
when I say that grand old Laurens
has no such Democrats within her bor
Now, Mr. Presiden t, where are we
I regret that I have to talk so plainly
as I am talking here tonight-who are
we? Where are we? How come we
here in this conven-ion? You have
all heard of the manifesto that: was is
sued in 1890. It is a prominent docu
ment. The people of the State have
the right to known about it. I
had something to do with the revis
ion of that document before it was is
sued. That document was at first so
framed that it addressed all the people
of the State-white, black, Republican
and Democrat alike. I entered my
protest that unless it was changed. I,
as a Democrat and a loyal son of the
State, would not go into it. I was
willing to make the fight under the
machinery of the party: to capturs
that machinery that the people of the
State might control, and therefore at
my suggestion the words "To the neo
ple of the State," which included all
classes and complexioas, were changed
to "To the Democrats of the State,"
and the words "We will abide by the
result of the September conuention,"
inserted at the end. I insisted upon
that because I was a Democrat and un
willing to destroy the Democratic par
ty of the State. Under that flag the
people of this State put the govern
ment of the State into the hands of the
Reform faction. But for that pledge
in that manifesto the March conven
tion would have failed..
We came in claiming to be Demo
crats. We are enongh Democrats to
elect our governor twice, and that.
dear. old, rotten party, as some call it
now, was good enough to elect some
people to the United States Senate, but
it ain't good enough to elect some peo
ple to the Presidency of the United
States. Now, that's w hat's the matter
with Hannah! (Applause and laugh
Are we, Reformers of South Caro
lina, to be mere tools in the hands of
any man? Are we t~o acknowledge
the fact that we are carried in his
breeches pocket to be delivered at any
minute? I will tell you, sir, that I
for one am not to be carried in the
pocket of any man, I was opposed to
bolting in 1890). when I think my
friend, the Edgefield Democrat,
thought a bolter worse than a Radical.
Am I, the legal head of the Demo
cratic party, to sit as tamely as a sheep
and allow Lhe party to be delivered
into the hands of the enemyi Oh, my
dear, Reform friends, I am talking
plainly and honestly to you, and if
you fall out with me, I am sorry for
it. Four years ago y ou were such
Democrats that you required' the elec
tors nominated by this convention
to sign a pledge to vote for the nomi
nee of the Democratic convention.
Are you going to hold the party re
sponsible for Mr. Cleveland's policyi
The party cannot be held responsible
for Cleveland's policy. You had as
well hold the M< thodis: church respon
sible for the action of a minister in it,
and say "That minister has gone
wrong and I am going to leave the
church and go to the Baptists." There
is no one more sincerely and honestly
for free silver at 16; to 1 than I am;
but I am not prepared to dodge this
issue. And you men who are going
to run for the legislature, you sign a
pledge reading, "1 am willing to abide
by the result of the primary," and still
you are dodging and unwilling to
abide by the result of the national
The idea of 18 men cut of 914 going
into a convention and saying to the
balance, "We have got to fix this plat
form; we have got to name the man,
and we have got to be above suspicion,
or we are going to bolt." Why, that's
simply ridiculous. If that's the way
von are going, you had as well stay
at home. Wby not propose to turn
the whole matter over to South Caro
lina and let her run it.
The convention ought to instruct its
delegates to abide by thbe nomination.
The free silver men need not be afraid.
They will control the convention by
at least a hundred majority. And yet
you say we must go there and run the
thing or bolt.
Here is a possibl-: candidate for the
Presidential nomination within the
hearing of my voice. I have no objec
tion. If they nominate him in (Chi
cago I will do as much for him as I
have done for him in South Carolina
in the past, and I think every one will
agree that I have done as much as any
one else. He is willing to go into that
convention and take pot luck witna the
others, and yet here is th, convention
dodging the issue. Why, you dele
gates here don't represent 5,000 votes
in South Catrolina, you didn't made a
test of the thing in any county in the
State. There is no use in talking
about it. There are 102,000 white
Democrats in South Carolina, and you
may go from county to county, and I
will guarantee that we don't represent
1;000 men any way. And yet you
are going to break the record~ of the
Democratic party with a possible Pres
idential candidate in our midst, by
dodging this issue. Let us for decency
sake abide by the result, whatever it
may be-for Democracy's sake and for
poor old South Carolina's sake. Here
you are endorsing a man for the Pres
i~enrcy on a platfrm, sayin, "I you
don't do our way we will walk out."
Senator Irby-"God above knows!
We will all be ashamed of this fool
ishness in three years. A bolter never
amounts to anything and its only two
or three years when yod see him com
ing back and sitting down on the
mourner's bench. 1
I don't want to impose on your time
and I am feeling very unwell, but I
have to say this, as the head of the
party. If I have offended my friend
I can't help it. This dodge ruins the
party-ruins the Reform party in l
South Carolina; and it makes us as 1
guilty as the followers of Mr. Pope
and Mr. Haskell or Mr. anybody else, c
and there is no excuse for it.
It has been said .bat the Edgefield r
Democrat carried the State in his
breeches pocket,or that he knew where
it was going. The people of the whole <
country are looking at us to see which I
way it goes. But, gentlemen, I tell <
you (here Senator Irby drew himself t
up to his full height and laid his hand <
on his breast), here is a Laurens Dem
ocrat that no man has in his pocket. a
Now, Mr. President, in conclusion,
this is my last official act as chairman C
of the Democracy of the State. We e
have had much ti uble-when South t
Carolinians divide both sides have V
trouble. We have been successful be
cause we clung to Democracy. If you t
had deserted it, as some of your lead- e
ers, who don't like me now wanted to a
in 1892, and who would have gone if t
I, as head of the party, had not held I
them bacir. we would never have ac- n
complished whit we have. They pick- s
ed up Mr. Bowden, who is conscien- a
tious and honest, and pitched him in d
the stream of Popu:ism;but they came v
back and behaved themselves when n
they saw what a rough time he had of 1
And now, sir, let me say that if 1 I
lose the friendship of every Reformer 0
and every Democrat in South Carolina n
it will be the proudest act of my life e
that my last official act as chairman of e
the Democratic party of the State, was 1
to sound a warning to my friends, to h
the Reformers of South Carolina not n
to desert the party. If we do, white a
ivilization, to say nothing of white n
mupremacy is gone. Whenever we P
livide and go in another pariy the b
breach that is oniy factiona' will be t
widened and made permanent, and I
white civilization in South Carolina t
will be destroyed. My friends, it is r
he greatest blunder that has ever been R
nade in South Carolina and you will R
see it. If we stand together we will b
o to Chicago, or our delegates will go 0
here (for I don't think I'll go) (laugh- n
er); and be received as friends. But
f you dodge this you will be hissed as a
.raitors and enemies in disguise. i
A STIRRING SCENE. s
When Irby concluded his speech
here were cries for Tillman. As he
stepped to the position occupied by
[rby while the latter was speaking
;here was deafening applause success
ul by wild cheering and throwing t)
tats into the air. The seene was a
nost remarkable one. Senator Till
nan had said but a few words before d
D. A. G. Outzs of campaign fame,
orged his way through the crowd
earing aloft a handsome pitchfork e
lecorated -vith ribbons and appropri
ately inscribed. He passed up the
aisles holding the fork over Tillman a tl
ew moments, and then placed it on
he presidents desk. Tillman was fre
uently interrupted by loud applause.
dte spoke as follows:
Mr. President and gentlemen of the
~onvention. We have had many re
narkably interesting exhibitions to
aight, such as our past history has
iever seen the like o f. I. suppose that
io ill-assorted and uncongenial a corn
iination as the one which has exhibit
ad its venom here tonaight on this fior
2as never been equalled. We haven
2ad here a man who has been honor
ad by South Carolina a great deal s,
more than he has honored himself,.
We have had this man, a repre
entative of the people of South Caro
ina, undertake to speak to us here as
i master, and tell you to your teeth
:hat you are not representing the peo- b
ple. I pray to God, such assurance!
Why, he could not have been elected
o this convention if he had not madec
t cembination with the Conservatives.b
A~nd what is all this about? Is there a 1
;yllabla in the principles that we ad
rocate that is not Democratic ? Talk ~
tbout bolting, I know that our people t
lispise the idea of a man going out
md pulling in the negroos, but t wo of
he men who have spoken here to-t
sight have done it. And still they t]
~ome to us and say, "Don't even hint
it a proposal to go to Chicago unpre- y
aared to lie down and let the Shylocks ~
md gold bugs trample on you."
I have been doing more than any ti
>ther Democrat in South Carolina to,
rin g about a revival of the hopes of
he Democratic party in the nation, ,
mnd make it go flor ward as the party of'
he people, rather than as the tool of
he moneyed classes. Two years ago,
w'hen I was running' for the senate, 1 ,
old the people of Lexington county
mbout the rascality and treachery of
31eveland, and said to them. "If this
naa is a Democrat, I am no Democrat,~
mnd so help me, God, you will never h
ind me in alliance with him." (Ap- I'
You are told that the Shell manifes
;o, (which I wrote, if you want to a
mnow it) was altered at the dictation fa
>f the senator from Laurens. Mr.
P~resident, when the Reform movement b
itarted in 1886, and Richardson was t]
2ominated in the opera house,I moved u
o make his nomination unanimous.
A.nd again ,in 1888, when the machine a
wvas too strong for us, I moved to make 2
t unanimous. But when I was put a
orward by the common people, as the
~xponent of the new Democracy-the
>nly real Democracy we ever had in a
South Carolina, as the other was only g
in oligarchy-these men got up and a
went out. Went where? They went h
to the negro and begged the Repubhi- I
ian party to sustain the old oligarchy
snd retain them in office. And now n
they tindertake to come to us and say, d
"You must obey the national Democ- e
racy and crawl in t be mire for it." b
Jefferson taught no such, and Jack- i1
on taught no such doctrine as this, a
What are parties? They are organiza
:ions to accomplish what they believe ti
;o be the best policy for the govern- b
aient. The Democratic party has fol- C
iowed its leader, Jefferson, for more n
:han a hundred years and clung to his
principles until four years ago-and s
aow they say we must not bolt. There s~
s no obligation to a treeman to stand v
by a party that has deserted its princi- n
pies just because it is labeled D~emo
:ratic. We have been hampered by a t]
negro majority in South Carolina,and v
Democracy meant white supremacy ta
and nothing more. But now, no man
:an claim that I did not, in the Con- t<
stitutional convention, rise above per- 1<
onal cnsieatinsn e ne aorm tn nj
give the people of the State an organ
.c law that would last for all time,
Lad insure them good govern
nent. And now I can turn to these
nen and say to them that we are ready
,o meet them today with their uegro
rote. If they want to draw the issue
vith the Democracy, however, let
nem do it under the name of Democ
If we stand together like freemen,
ve may not accomplish what we hope
n national affairs, but we will at least
xhibit that manhood of manner that
ias characterized South Carolina since
he days of the Revolution.
This man exhibits a lack of histori
al knowledge when he says that
outh Carolina always voted the De
nocratic ticket. In 1832, Andrew
ackson ran on the Democratic ticket,
.nd South Carolina was mad at him
n account of nullification and voted
or his opponent; and on another oc
asion, South Carolina cast her elec
oral vote for a man who got the vote
f no other State. And so if we go to
lhicag o, we will not be bound by the
etion of a convention controlled by
aen el. eted from States that cannot
ast a sin le Democratic vote in the
lectoral college, and whose represen
3tives in congress are cheek by jowl
rith John Sherman.
He (pointing to Senator Irby) says
dat the Democratic party was good
nough to elect me governor twice,
nd good enough to elect me as sena
>r, and that the trouble now is simo
7 that I want to be President. I think,
1y friends, that the gentleman has
imply misunderstood the situation,
nd that all of this outcry is simply
ue to the fact that the gentleman
rants to be Senator again. So far as
iy desiring to be President of the
inited States is concerned, I view it
mplyin this way: In the first place
come from a State that is hated all
ver the north because secession origi
ated here-I am no fool. Whatever
Ise may be said of me, no one has
ver accused me of being a fool.
'herefore, when they accuse me of
aving a presidential bee in my bon
et they simply maginify the purposes
nd hopes of my heart. I have done
iy best to elevate and liberate the
eople of South Carolina, and my am
ition is to do in the national field in
iose other down trodden States, what
have done here. If I ehould receive
ze presidential nomination I should
ceive it with the same missgivings
rhich many of you heard me express
rhen I was nominated here in 1890;
ecause I would realize the greatness
f the task that I would have before
Though we may split on the Feder
[ticket and have two electoral tickets
i the fall, there is no reason why we
iould have a split in State politics.
re can go on and nominate and elect
ur State and county officers as here
>fore, unless some of these men (here
enator Tillan's voice and manner ex
ressed great animus) whom the devil
as taken upon the mountain, go to
ie negro and try to bring the black
fan into South Carolina politics asan
rbieter of our affairs. But if they
o, we can go right on and take care
f the State, anyway.
What principles have we abandon
There is nothing in the platform
fat even hints at the abandonment
f principles. We are simply saying
the northern friends who have stood
y us as long as they could keep their
ands in our pockets, that they can
o longer dictate to us.
I sat on this floor when a gentle
ian from Newberry uttered these very
~me things, and told him that he
'ould be making ourselves the laug'h
ig stock of the country if wedi
'hat he proposed. Now, I hope we
ill control the convention and will
anke the other fellows do the bolting.
But if we don't; if they prove too
rong for us; if by the use of money,
Sthey have used it lavishly in Michi
an, Florida. Illinois, Indiana and
[innesota, they buy enough of those
inorant and corrupt people to force
own our throats the doctrine of gold
ugismn, then I say it will be Cleve
Ldism; and we . will say to them,
Gentlemen, good -evening." You
in do nothing else. If you wish to
e terrorized by the sheet-lightning
iat you have seen tonight into incor
orating into the platform the resolu
on to support the gold bugs, I tell
ou, the common people of South
arolina will never support him.
kpplause.) We must simply say to
rese people, "You comne from States
rat have no electoral strength, and
ou cannot force us to support your
When the gentleman from Charles
mn says that we cannot carry the elec
on on a .silver platform, I appeal to
im in the name of the common sense
rat he appears to have lost, where is
re hope, then?
It has been asked where we will go.
favor a resolution to have the chair
an of the convention to call it to
ether again in case we have to come
ack, to give us furaher instructions.
The people are moving. I saw them
tKansas and Colorado, and Florida
ad Kentucky, and - when I called a
and primary on uniting with us in
:ansas, it might have oeen Anderson
>unty to judge from the response.
The men who are raising this fuss
re those who feel the teat slipping
om their mouths.
I am not debating this question
ere: I am simply talking to amase
e Columnbians who came out to boost
p these other fellows.
South of the Potomac and the Ohio
ad west of the Mississippi there are
) electoral votes-7 votes more than
majority, of the electorai college.
EVANS AND IRBY.
Governor Evans came to the front
SMr. Barnwell was endeavoring to
et the floor. Governor Evans wore
pitchfork badge in his coat lapel and
e was not long in stirrinag up Senator
by. He said in substance:
Governor Evans said that he could
ot understand the reason for intro
ucing this resoulution here by a man
-ho had announced his willingness to
olt if the convention did not adopt
.He it was, he said, who set the ex
mple of bolting.
Senator Irby asked for an explana
on, and governor Evans said that he
ad seen an interview in the Augusta
;hronicle in which Senator Irby had
ade such an announcement.
Senator Irby said that he had no
ich interview, and raising his hand,
id: "B~efore God, that interview
as as false as was ever printed by
Gov. E vans accepted the denial with
ie remak that he thought the inter
iew looked like the gentleman's dic
He then went onm to eulogize Sena
> Tillman as the terror of the shy.
>cs, and to announce that there was
t a Democrt north of Masnnd
Senator Barnwell took the floor to
reply to Tillman's taunt that he had
bolted in 1890 and was here now de
nouncing a bolt.
Mr. Barnwell said he had bolted too
often, and he had said nothing about
bolting in his speech. In 1890 he had
said he would never vote for Tillman
unless a Republican was in the field.
I had the right to bolt, and bolt I did.
It was the proudest act of my life.
He told Tillman why he did not vote
for him. It was because he thought
Tillman said things about people in
South Carolina that were not true.
The senator had often been here in the
majority. Now he wasin the minority.
If you can find what appeal I have
ever made to the negro I wouldlike to
see it. Go and fight the thing out at
Chicago if you want to. I did not
speak to the minority report at all.
Senator Tillman utterly disclaimed
any intention of wounding Mr. Barn
well's feeling and apologized for it.
On motion of Governor Evans the
minority report was tabled.
As the majority report -was about to
be adopted Senator Irby gave notice
that he would call for the roll on his
resolution, which had been unfavora
bly reported so he understood.
Mr. Bacot demanded an aye and nay
vote on the adoption of the majority
report. The vote was then taken and
resulted in the adoption of the report
by a vote of 270 to 29. Those voting
in the negative, save one, whose name
could not be heard, were as follows:
Messrs. Ward, Dozier, Scarborough,
Sessions, Ray, Earle, Sloan, Lips
comb, Talley, Lyke Reynolds, Des
Portes, Brownfield, Williamson, Pren
tiss, Vincent, Levin, Barnwell, Steed
man, Gadsden, Olliver, Wynne, Cor
tes, Riley, Bacot, Cosgrove and Si
AS TO THE RESOLUTIONS.
The committee on resolutions then
presented the following report, which
was taken up in sections:
"The following resolutions were
"The longer Cuban resolution pre
sented to the committee.
"Mr. Hough's Mississippi instruc
"Mr. Fred Williams' resolution on
tree silver, and that no delegates be
elected, but that each voter be allowed
,o cast his ballot on national affairs as
"Mr. Terry's A. P. A. re.:olations.
"Mr. Irby's resolution pledging ad
herence of the party to the action of
the national convention.
"Mr. Blease's free silver, etc., reso
"The following were reported favor
"Mr. Russell's resolution favorable
to Cuba, calling on the President to
"Mr. J. D. Montgomery's resolution
endorsing the State administration.
"Mr. McSweeney's resolution in ref
erence to action of constitutional con
vention in reference to public schools
"Mr. Lyles' resolution endorsing
Senator Tillman for the Presidency
was referred to a special committee
consisting of Col. Aldrich, Col. Mc
Sweeney and Mr. Efird.
Mr. Blease defended his resolution.
Senator Tilman pointed out that its
co atents were covered in the platform.
The resolution died a sudden death.
The report of the committee was
adopted viva voce, as a whole, except
the portion as to the Irby resolution.
When the Cuban resolution came
up Mr. McSweeney moved that the
convention adopt the resolution by a
Mr. Stanland rose to protest against
the passage of the resolutions without
notifying Captain General Weyler so
he could issue a proclamation. The
resolution was unanimously adopted
after it had been read by Senator Till
Then the convention, on motion of
Mr. W. D. Evans, decided to have a
certified copy of the resolution sent
to President Cleveland.
LIr. Mcbweeney's resciution was tak
en up and adopted without trouble.
TILLXAN FOR PRESIDENT.
The special committee on the Tiill
man Presidency resolution reported,
through Col. Aldrich, the following
"We, the Democratic party of South
Carolina, in convention assembled,
view with satisfaction the patriotic
course of our distinguished fellow-cit
!2et, Sever~ Benjamin R. Tillman,
ari m'ivye with p ride the manifesta
tio'ns of approval of his public work
by the people of the country at large.
"That we present his. name to the
national Democracy as one worthy to
be the standard bearer of the party in
the coming Presidential election, and
poinotto his public career as a guaran
tee that his future labors in any and
every position in which he may be
placed will be marked by conservatism
andl designed to uplift the toiling
masses of the people without doing
violence to the just rights of any class
Cheers followed the reading of the
Mr. Thomnason of Spartanburg mov
ed the adontion of the resolution by a
rising vote. This was agreed to, and
there were precious few to rise in op
Senator Irby: "What has become
oI my resolution i"
The chiairman announced that it had
been laid on the table along with all
unafavorably reported resolutions long
Senator Tillman wanted the matter
considered, and wished to let Senator
Irby have his roll call.
There was quite a squabbie. Irby
vwas determined to get a vote on his
resolution. He did not think they
were intentionally trying to treat him
discourteously, but he 'had watched
his resolution, and had previously re
cuested this vote.
~Larry Gantt then gave the next sur
prise. ~Ie deserted Senator Irby in
tiis need. He said his delegation had
come here as friends of Senator Irby.
But they camne here as Jefferson Dem
ocrats and not as Grover Clevelana
Democrats. They did not propose to
go to Chicago and be tied to Grover
Cleveland's coat tail.
IRBY'S DEFEAT IN FIGURES.
Finally the vote was taken in a
m'sed up kind of way, the following
being the result, the vote being ad
opted on the unfavorable report of the
Aihen................... 7 1
Chester-................. 8 -
Chesterfield.............. 5 1
CONToNUED ON PAGE FoUR. J