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THE BOND DEAL.
AN ALLEGEDHISTORYOFTH E.SOl
Some Caarges Xsde Against Senator Till
man, Governor Evans and State Treas
urer Bates In a New York New-paper.
BiLTtn)tP, Jane 3.-Senator Till
man of S.uth Cirotina has been very
free with his criticis-n of the national
administratioa for its manner of con
ducting biad optrations, and in the
recklessness of his rhetorical frenzy
has not hesitated to impute improper
m-tives to the President and Secreta
ry Carlisle. In vie .v of these facts a
little history of ouc of his own bond
deals is 'atr-1ntive and interesting.
About $3,20.X00 of Sath Cirolina G
per cent. b-ads fell due July 1, 1893.
Tillman was Governor of the State
then. John Gary Evans, the Senator's
closest politi^al and personal friend,
and said to be slated as his colleague
in the Senate, was administration lead
er in the Legislature, and Dr. Bates
was State Treasurer.
Te L3gislature, at its session in
1891, adopted a refanding bill. sug
gested by Governor Tillman. This
provided for an is;a of $1,0 000 4
percent. bonds to fund the outstand
ing 6 per cents., and Treasurer Bates
and the G.vernor was appointed Com
missioners to manage the matter in
behalf of the State. The acts of Mes
srs. Tillman, Bats and Evans are out
lined in the evidence in a suit devel
oped in this city for the division of the
commission involved in the transac
tion; the brokers and the syndicate
which took the bonds having quarrel
ed. The action was brought here be
cause the funds involved were held by
a Baltimore trust company.
The evidence shows that one of the
first steps taken by the Commissioners
was to gi -e a m, n >1 6 y of the entire
transaction to a mr. ?tgiad, a broker
of Augusta, Ga., whose name does not
even appear in the commercial reports.
Mr. Rhind testified that early in 1892
be was approached by Mr. Evans,now
Governor, and asked to place the
South Carolina 4 per cents. He ob
tained the exclusive option on the en
tire transaction from Governor Till
man late in May, the contract being
that he was to receive a commission of
5 per cent. on the $5,000,000-a mat
ter of $300,000. Mr. Rhind failed to
make the trade, however, and in Oc
tober surrendered his option. Then
Governor Tillman an I Treasurer
s Bates took a turn at it. They visited
New York and roamed through Wall
street. On returning home, they de
clared that a 4 per cent. South Caro
lina bond would not sell at 95, attrib
uting the State's poor credit to the
course of Charleston bankers and other
political opponents of the State ad
Mr. Rhind again was called in to
take the job in November, 1892. He
managed to interest a New York
broker in it, after having exhausted
all his own efforts and influence. And
here the curious fact may be noted
that Mr. Rhind testified that he at
first did not approach this broker on
the subject, although making head
quarters in his office, regarding him
as too small an operator to undertake
so big a trade. Yet this broker is rated
hign in the reports, while Mr. Rhind,
who controlled the option, and was
trying tonuse it, is not rated at all.
With the assistance of the New York
man a syndicate was formed, headed
by the late F. 0. French of the Man
.-aLTrust Company, which agreed
~to -e $5,250,000 of 4j per cent.
South Carolina bonds on a nominal
basis of par fiat. This arrangement
fell through when Mr. French died.
The New York broker then enlisted
the aid of a Richmond broker, and the
two again went to work, the Legisia
ture having met in the meantime 'and
started its machinery to pass a new re
funding bill, which, it now appears
by the evidence of the persons inter
ested, was ruggested by the brokers,
through Rhind,to Tiliman and Evans.
Mr. Evans was not only the adminis
tration representative and leader in the
Legislature, but he was at the same
time the attorney of Rhind, having
been engaged in that capacity, accord
ing to his own sworn statement, when
Rhind was appointed fiscal agent. It
.is, therefore, established by undoubted
and unchallenged testimony that
Governor Tillmnan not only let out
thie job of selling the bonds of -his
own State exclusively to one man
months before the time of sale, but
permitted brokers in Wall street and
elsewhere to dictate legislation to his
Iegislature and allowed a paid attor
ney of the purchasing parties to con
struct ad steer through the Legisla
ture the Act under which the bonds
were to be issued.
The Act provided for $5,250,000 4i
per cent, bonds, to run twenty and
forty years. These bonds were to be
dated and issued July 1,1893, but they
were to begin to bear interest from
January 1, 1893. In other words a
bonus of six months' interest, or 2e
per cent, amounting to $118,000 was
offered to whoever would take the
bonds and pay dollar for dollar for
them. The syndicate organizea by
the New York and Richmond brokers
agreed to take the bonds at par and to
accept three-fourths of one per cent- of
the bonus, amounting to $39,000, mak
ing the net cost of the bonds to its
members about 99k. The remaing 11
per cent. of $78,000, ostensibly went
to Mr. Rhind, the man who had been
chosen by Mr. Evans, the administra
tion leader in the Legislature; the
man who had employed Mr. Evans
and Major W. T. Gary, Mr. Evan's
uncle, as his attorneys, and who had
the option on the entire bond issue be
fore it had been provided for by the
onot appear that Mr. Rhind
took any active part in the organiza
tion of the syndicate. It is in evi
dence that he borrowed $500 from the
New York broker, with which to meet
his traveling expenses- There is
nothing in the testimony to show
what services Major Gary, who is a
citizen of Georgia, performed, but the
sworn statements show that he was
paid $1,000. Governor Evans, who
was supposed by people in South Car
olina to be acting in the interest of the
Stae testifies that he came North in
Mr hind's behalf, and, after the
squabble over the division of the comn
mision arose, urged on the members
of the syndicate the propriety and .ins
tice of allowing Mr. Rhind to receive
his share, then tied up in the Balti
more Trust Company by litigation.
The expense account of the syndicate
shows that Governor Evans was paid
$100 attorney's fee, and that Treasurer
Bates was paid by the syndicate $2,
-330.88 for "services"
Mr. Rhmnd testified that he had not
yet, so far as his part or it was con
cerned, paid Governor Evans' fee or
learned what it would be, it appears
on the record that at least two of the
three State officials actively engaged
in the negotiation of the bonds were
employed and paid by the purchasers.
The impression given to the persons
most actively engaged in behalf of the
syndicate at the time is clearly set
forth in the testimony. Certain memi
bers of the sydicate expressed curt
osity and interest, natural, perhaps,
in the circumstances- They inqunired
why it was that of $l118,000) bonus of
fered by the State to purchasers of the
bond, niya $3939 was available for
the a ' .a. -pa rchasers who were to fr
ish - n;)mey, wiile ,,JNU was to
r to M-r. Iiui, who was furnishing
ih maner and apparently takio no
active part in the dicker. The Rich
maud broker told them he understood
-presunaby from Mr. Rhind-that
the balk of that sum was to "be di
vided among parties in South Carolina
who had political influence." The
New York br ker, who was in close
association with Mr. Rhind, and whose
opportunities for knowledge were best
of all, replied that they "would better
not investigate that; that it was to go
to people who would better not be
known." It reads thit way in ti tei
timony as taken.
When Mr. Rhind was on the stand,
he was not pressed regarding his use
of his part of the bonus, and offered
no explanation. It is not in evidence
in this case, but it is a fact capable of'
easy and direct proof, that Mr. Rhind,
while holding the option on the bond
issue and endeavoring to induce the
formation of a syndicate to take it,
stated that he would not get more than
enough from it to pay for his time
and expenses. It is also true that
members of the syndicate who were
willing to deal directly with the State
and take the bonds for a commission
of three-fourths of one per cent. were
oiicially informed that no proposi
tions could be considered unless they
were sent through Mr. Rhind-that
not even an offer of par net without
any commission, although at that
very time Mr. Rhind was demanding
a 2J per cent. commission.
When the time came for division of
the bonus of $78,000, the New York
man toook $20,000 and the Richmond
man $5000, for a pecial services and
expenses. Mr. Rbind got $4.500, and
Major Gary $1,000. A peculiar and
perhaps significant circumstance is
that Mr. Rhind took his $48,000 not in
one draft on the Baltimore Trust
Company, but in three separate drafts,
all payable the same day-one for
$25,000 one for $9,000, and one for
$14,500 To sum up, according to the
sworn evidence on record:
Mr. Rhind, who has no special
prominence or standing in business
circles, and who was not a citizen or
resident of South Carolina, was ap
proached by the present Governor,
Evans, then the recognized adminis
tration leader in the Legislature. He
was given by Governor Tillman and
Treasurer Bates an exclusive option to
place $6,000,000 4 per cents at a com
mission of 5 per cent. fourteen months
before the time for the bonds to be is
sued. He failed to effect this, and
Governor Tillman declared that, after
a personal visit to New York, he be
came convinced that a4 percent. bond
could not be placed. The Governor
again gave an exclusive option to
Rhind to place at 4 1-2 percent. loan.
The syndicate formed to take this fell
to pieces. -For the third time Mr.
Rhind was given the exclusive option.
The men who composed the syndi
cate got $39,000, or three-quarters of 1
percent. The men who organized the
syndicate got from Rhind $25,000, or
less than one-half of 1 per cent. Mr.
Rhind realized $19,000, or nearly 1 per
cent., on the option given him long
in advance of the time for placing the
loan. So far as that part of it is con
cerned, it appears to have been a free
gift from the State of South Carolina
to a chosen citizen of Georgia, who
employed the present Governor Evans
and his uncle as his attorneys. The
$2,000 and odd paid Treasurer Bates
by the syndicate is said here to have
been for services in removing the
money sent by the syndicate from
Charleston to Columbia.
Governor Tillman demanded that
the syndicate pay for its bonds in cur
rency in Columbia. That was in
June, 1893, about the time for the
.anic, and it was represented to him
that the currency could not be obtain
ed, except in silver, which would load
six freight-cars. He replied with the
declaration that the six cars should be
delivered to him at the State line, and
that he would order out the troops to
escort it to Columbia. "By -," he
excsaimed to the banker who was ne
gotiating with him, "you can't scare
me by threatening to pay in silver."
But he was finally pacified and induc
ed to accept exchange on Charleston.
It is possible that the continued em
ployment of Mr. Rhind and there
newals of the exclusive option to him
were the results of the confidence he
inspired in his ability, and that his
sion is his exclusively, not to be shkr
ed with any body. It is also possible
that the duties of Mr. Evans. now
Governor, as attorney for Mr. Rhind
did not interfere with or affect his ac
tions and course in the legislature, and
that he could and did separate his pri
vate interests and his public duties eg
tirely. It is further possible that
State Treasurer Bates earned the $2,000
paid him by the syndicate fairly and
fully. In the language of Marc An
tony, they are "all honorable men."
It is not possible, however, for Till.
man and his followers, in view of this
transaction, with any consistency to
continue to accuse the President and
Secretary Carlisle of mismanagement,
waste, lavoritism, or worse, or to de
nounce with horror the idea of attor
neys or members of trusts, corpora
tions, and syndicates sitting in Con
gress.-New York Times.
Attacked by Hyenas.
.BRIDGEPORT, Conn., June 11.-Dur
ing the street parade of the Barnum
& Bailey circus, Harlo Northrop, a
keeper, was attacked by four hyenas.
The struggle between man and beasts
lasted while the den was drawn in
parade along Main street from State
street to Eairfield avenue Thousands
of spectators -witnessed the battle.
Women screamed and the crowd
massed about the den so as to interfere
with the circus men, who were endea
oring to assist Northrop. One of the
hyenas was killed and the other tnree
are battered, bruised and lacerated.
Northrop is terribly injurad and in a
critical condition. The trouble began
just below State street, where the pro
cession had been stopped for a few mo
ments by some trolley cars. The
street was jammed with spectators, and
some boys began poking at the ani
mals. Northron was seated in the
center of the hydua den. At each end
were two hyenas. The keeper's busi
ness is to prevent the beasts from
crossing to the opposite ends of
the den. The prods from the boys,
however, caused one of the hyenas to
rush forward. Northrop drove the
animal back with his whip. As he
struck at it, the two from the other
end rushed at him; as he turned to
drive them back, the opposite two
rushed at him. In a second all four
were tearing him. Northrop struck
them off as well as he could with his
loaded (whip. As the cage passed
Wall street the hyenas got Northrop
down. Then for the first time he
drew his revolver. He shot one beast
and then managed to rise. He pre
sented a sickening spectacle. His
clothes were stripped into shreds. He
was covered with blood and one cheek
was partly bikten off. One arm was
cut to the bone, and his body and legs
were scratched and cut in long, rag
ged wouinds. The eye of one byena
was batte red out andi the heads of the
other two wooked like raw meat. The
crcus men tiually got Northrop out of
the cage. Hie was taken to the hos
IS TIES MAN A TRANKY"
A REPUBLICAN HISTORIAN ON THE
,Ichn Clark Ridpath Expre-sty Views on
the Financial Question Which are Shared
by Many Thousands of Hl Is Party in Indi
INDIANAPOLIS, June 1.i-The follow
ing letter, written by John Clark Rid
path, the historian, was addressed to
Fran k A. Homer, State coinmitteeman
for the Fifth district, in response to an
inquire as to whether Mr. Ridpath
would become a candidate for congress
in that district:
"Frank A. Horner, Chairman D'mo
cratic Central Committee for Fifth
"My Dear Sir: I have your favor of
June 3 and will say in answer thereto,
and to many other letters of like pur
port, that I am not a candidate for
representative in Congress or any of
fice. or for any nomination. I am
deeply concerned in the condition of
the country and anxious to the last
degree that the people shall, in the
ensuing contest, succeed in rescuing
the government absolutely from the
powers that now control it. Those
powers are inimical to popular liberty.
They are hostile to those rights which
the American people once enjoyed,
and which, if they are true to them
selves, they will soon enjoy again. I
do not wish to shrink from any duty,
but I think that I shall be able to do
the cause more service in the position
which I now hold than if I were a
candidate for public office.
-To me it seems clear that the
American house of representatives is
no longer the splendid arena that it
once was for the display of statesman
ship and patriotism. The manner of
its organization has closed tnat arena
against all individnal initiative and
made it a sense for the display only of
party contest and the vociferation of
party triumph. It is not true that the
house of representatives at the present
time stands near to the people and
speaks their voice. It is one of the
strange facts of our political history
that the senate has become the area of
the people. There their voice is heard,
and their of late their will has been
"I greatly hope that all patriots who
desire the recovery of the government
from the powers that now control it
may get together on the simplest pos
sible issue, or issues, in the ensuing
political contest. There is just one
great question before the American
people, and that is whether they will
be compelled by the international gold
consyiracy, having its bifurcations in
London and New York, to transact
their business, and in particular to
pay their debts with a cornered dollar
worth two for one, fraudulently sub
stituted for the dollar of the law and
the contract, or whether they, the peo
ple, will reclaim the right to transact
their business and pay their debts ac
cording to the terms of the contract
and according to justice.
"It is said by the emissaries of the
gold propaganda that they who advo
cate the restoration of our coinage
and money to the exact condition
which it held prior to the act of 1S73
are dishonest; that they wish to coin
50 cents worth of silver into a dollar
and compel creditors to accept that in
lieu of an honest dollar. Than this
there never was a greater sophism and
falsehood. What the people desire
and what they intend to nio is to coin
a hundred cenits worth of silver, that
is, a dollar's worth, that is 371+ grains
of silver into a dollar, and by that act
to break the corner on gold and re
duce the exaggerated purchasing pow
er of that metal to its standard.
"If any man dare say that 371+
grains of Pure silver are not a dollar's
worth let himi be challenged with the
question whether that amount of un
coined silver will not purchase as
much of the average of twenty-five of
the great staples of the American
market, including real estate and la
bor, as the same silver would purchase
20 years ago. Let him answer that
truly, or forever afterward hold his
peace. As a matter of atct, the un
coined silver in the American dollar
will buy more of the average of our
great staples than the same would buy
What then? The limited supply of
gold in the world has been cornered
by those who own it. They are few,
very few, and the people are millions.
The price of the cornered gold has
advanced more and more until it has
become worth almost two for one.
All the while coined gold has conceal
the fallacy that is in it. The gold eagle
still proclaims itself ten dollars, al
though it has advanced in purchasing
power until it is nearly t wenty dollar;.
Under the obscure and fraudulent
process all productive industries have
been crashed to the earth. They who
labor in the fields and shops have been
virtually ruined. For myself, I stand
with the men of the.fleld and the shops
-with them and for them.
If the present process goes on and
the price of gold continues to increase
until it is worth five for one the owa
ers and controllers of it will, I sup pcse
still continue to insist that the gold
dollar is the honest dollar. The clai n
that gold money is the "sound money"
the "honest money" of the world that
silver money-real, primary silver
money on our old statutory ratio-is
dishonest and unsound money is the
most false, as it is the most adroit,
proposition ever put forth'by interested
parties to defraud the people of a great
nation. I rejoice that our noble gov
ernor, Claude Matthews, has repudiat
ed it and taken his stand on the side
of truth and justice, with the honest
people from -whom he sprang. He is
worthy of all praise.
I do not desire t'he nomination for
congress in this district or any nomi
nation for any place, and decline the
use of my name in that connection;
but I shall be found at my post, assist
ing my fellow-citizens as much as may
be in their contest for the recovery of
a true financial system,the restoration
>f their rights and the preservation of
their liberties. Jorx CLARK RIorATII.
Greencastle, Ind., June ri.
Three on the scafrold
LONDos, June 9.-Three men, Mil
ion, Fowler and Seaman, were hang
ad in Newgate prison here at 9 o'clock
this morning on one scattold. The ex
acution was private and death was in
stantaneous.' Milson and Fowler are
known as the Mus well Hill murderers.
l'hey were convicted of burglariously
entering Muswell Lodge, Hetherdown,
Muswell Hill, on Feb. 13 last, and
:urdering Mr. Henry Smith, the oc
:upant. Seaman was a Whitechapel
:nurderer. Unless there is a change
>f the arrangements, Mrs. Dyer, the
baby farmer convicted of murdering
3 number of infants, will be hanged
rt the same place tomorrow.
JonssTowN, Pa., June 9.-One hun
Ired and eighty cans of dynamite ex
ploded about a mile~ below Lilly this
afternoon with frightful results. One
Slavonian was killed :nstantly, and
three Slavoniars, two negroes and
:e American were fatally injured.
l'he men were at work on the Pensyl
ania Railroad and were getting ready
to make a blast, when a premnature
axlosion followed, blowing up the
t80 cans of dynamite and burying the
.even men beneath a mass of sand.
A Most Horrible Ca 1ie.
TwirrN, June 11. -A sad story of
man's perfiditv and crimeand a young
girl's ruin comes from Sumner, a
small town in Worth county between
Tifton and Albany. On last Satur
day night there was a meeting of the
Rosebud society, a literary club, at a
residence three miles out from Sum
ner. At his invitation Miss Inez Ses
sions rode out to this meeting in a
buggy with Tom Edwards. The se
quel to the trip is that yeterday after
noon the sheriff of Worth couty took
Edwards to Maco)n and put him be
hind the bars there charged with
criminal assault. Miss Sessions'state
ment is that on the way out her es
cart asked her to drink some wine
which he had along; that she refused;
that on the way back home she was
again invited to take wine and finally
took only a swallow, and that in a lit
tle while she became unconscious and
remained so until 9 o'clock the fol
The couple came in from the woods
into Sumner at daylight and when
they drove up to Edwards' home Ed
wards' father, who is the postmaster
at Sumner, met them at the gate.
Young Edwards was drunk and the
young lady was unconcious. The
father helped his son out of the buggy
and carried the girl home. Miss bes
sions is one of the most beautiful girls
in this section and is only 16 years
old. Her father is dead and she has
no male relatives. Her mother keeps
a small merchandise business in the
little country town and as a result of
her daughter's downfall is almost de
stracted with grief. Dr. Bacon, the
physician who was called to see the
girl, says that she is in a serious con
dition. Young Edwards is physically
a wreck, having had an operation per
formed for agendicitis seven months
ago. His version is that the young
girl was entirely willing to his advanc
es, that they were both intoxicated and
that he did not use force with Miss
Sessions. His otfer to marry the
young girl was turned down by her
mother and a warrant as stated is
sued and Edwards arrested. Judge
Spence will be asked to call a special
session of court to try the case and the
feeling of sympathy for the unfortu
nate girl is outspoken in her section,
as well as a feeling of indignation
against the young man. A message
from Ty-Ty is to the effect that indig
nation is so high in the community of
Sumner that lynching is freely talked
of and every effort will be made to
have justice wrought immediately.
The sheriff of Worth carried the young
man to Bibb because of the intense
feeling and the strong probabilities of
an -Attempt at mob violence.
A Record-Breaking May.
State Weather Observer Bauer Wed
nesday issued his monthly statement
of the weather conditions for May,
and it shows that the month just clos
ed has broken the record. Here is
what Mr. Bauer says in his report:
"The month of May, 1836, was the
warmest ever recorded in this State,
the daily mean temperature having
exceeded the normal by 7.7 degrees
per day, and on the Sth only did the
temperature go below the normal.
The number of days on which the
temperature rose to 9J or above aveag
ed 15 for the whole State, equalling a
similar record for June and July in
1895, and two more than during Au
gust, 1895. As a corollary of the heat,
there was an entire absence of frost.
"The rainfall averaged 65 per cent.
of the usual amount and fell mostly
in lig'ht scattered showers, which were
usually followed by bright sunshine
and drying winds that quickly evapo
rated the moisture from the ground,
in consea uence of which drouthy con
ditions ~existed quite extensively
throughout the state, with exceptions
where the showers were more copious.
The weather conditions outlined
above were not generally favorable
for crop development except for cot
ton and corn, which made remarkable
growth and were in exceptionally
promising condition at the end of the
month, while spring oats, wheat, po
tatoes and gardens were very poor.
The weather was also unfavorable on
'-Hail was quite frequent, and t wo
tornadoes were reported, of limited
extent, but attended by fatalities and
considerable injury to crops.
'-Temperature-In degrees F.-State
mean 76.7 (normal 69.0). Highest
mean 73. at Port Royal; lowest, 71.9
at Greenville. Maximum tempera
ture, 104 on the 11th at Gillonsville.
Minimum, 42 on the 9th at Allendale
and Georgetown. State range 52;
greatest local range 57 at Gillisonville;
least 41 at Pinapolis.
"Precipitation-In inches and hun
dredths-Average for the State 2.47
(normal 4.:36). Greatest amount 6.07
at Pinopolis; least 0.52 at Charleston.
Greatest 24 hourly fall 2.94 on the
21-22 at Pinapolis. Average number
of days with 0.1 or more rain S, rang
ing from 3 at Georgetown to 11 at
Coluimbia a:' States burg."
A Prophecy of Evil.I
Mr. A. B. Williams, late editor of the
Greenville News, has signalized his
debut in metropolitan journalism
with an article contributed to the New
York Tribune, one of the bitterest Re
publican papers in the country, in
which he attacks the political methods
of the South in general and those of
South Carolina in particular. He
rornounces the "Solid South" a thing
of the past never to be restored, unless
it be in the form of Republican solid
arity. The class relation between the
whites have become so strained, he
thinks, that it will wipe out the caste
or race line that has formerly prevail
ed, over all other considerations, to
keep the white men together and thus
ensure white supremacy. The aris
tocracy in his opinion will eventually
combine with the negro to escape the
dominatiun of the popular white ele
ment. The free silver trend of the
white masses will atrord the minorit
whites the necessary excuse to vote
with the Republican party on the
sound money issue and thus conjoined
with the numerically strong negro
population enable them to convert the
Southern States to the Repuplican
olumn. In commenting on? Mr.
Williams' article the Charleston Sun
voices the sentiment of nine-tenths of
the white people of the State when it
ays "the negro of the South will not be
a factor in the settlement of this ques
tion. It is not in the nature of things
that he should rise as a race to a high
er plane on such a question than the
white masses of the State, as Mr.
Williams seems to anticipate. The
Enancial problem is one that is clearly
beyond the attainments and capacity
af the race in so far as they have yet
been developed. It miust be confessed
that it is too abstruse and intricate for
the undoubted mastery of the children
>f our older and superior civilization.
We think better of all political ele
ments of our citizenship than Mr.
Williams seems to do. We have not
he slightest anticipation that any ap
preciable p)ortion of our Conservati're
:itizenship will be moved to throw in
their fortunes with the Republicans
and the colored people. They will
eather turn and merge again with the
masses of their own race and caste,
helping as individuals and brotners to
work out the common and inseparable
:estiny and piacing implicit fatith and
reliance in the eventual welfate of the
Saite under such auspices."
MURDERED MANY BABES.
Mrs. Annie Dyer Hung Wednesday in
Newgate Prison London.
LONDoN, June 1O.-Mrs. Annie Dyer,
the baby farmer, of Reading, who was
arrested on April 9. on the charge of
murdering mauy infants entrused to
her care, was hanged in Newgate pri
son at 9 o'clock this morning. Mrs.
Dyer was one of the most extraordinary
criminals of the age, a wholesale, cold
blooded murderess. The police first
became suspicious of her and her son
in-law, Arthur E. Palmer, earlyin
April, when the bodies of a number
of children, apparently strangled to
death, were recovered from the River
Thames, where they had been thrown,
weighted down with bricks, etc. An
investigation led to the arrest of Mrs.
Dyer and Palmer. Letters found in
her possession showed that many of
the parents with whom she and her
accomplice had dealings were aware
of the fate intended for the infants.
These letters were from persons in all
ranks of society. The coroners had
long been puzzled at the fact that so
many bodies of infants were found in
the Thames between Wapping and
Battersea, some of them naked and
others wrapped in old linen or brown
paper, but all of them weighted down
in some way or other and all of them
evidently strangled to death.
The preliminary examination devel
oped a most horrifying condition of
affairs. It was proved that since
Chrismas at least twenty children had
been entrusted to Mrs. Dyer's keeping
and of this number only four were then
living. In addition, prior to Christ
mas, many other children that had
been placed in the woman's charge
were unaccounted for and are admitted
to have been murdered. A conserva
tive estimate places the number of
children killed at forty, but other
estimates have it that as many as 100
infant:; were either strangled cr
drowned by Mrs. Dyer. Mrs. Dyer
and her son-in-law lived in Reading,
where they had a great reputation for
piety. Over the door of her home was
a figure of Jesus Christ, beneath which
was the inscription:
"Surer little children to come unto
me and forbid them not, for of such is
the Kingdom of heaven."
Mrs. Dyer had been arrested on four
previous occasions, but somehow she
not only managed to escape punish
ment but succeeded in maintaining her
reputation for piety. But, in court,
the woman's nerve entirely deserted
her. She had a dejected, terrified look
and apparently was in despiar and saw
the gallows ahead. The baby farmer
was a gaunt, yet fairly good-looking
woman of about 50 years of age and
she seems to have derived quite a good
income from her crimes. Three chil
dren were found at Mrs. Dyer's resi
dence, when she was arrested. They
were a boy, seven year of age, a girl
of eight years and a boy three months
old. There is little doubt that they
would have gone the way of the other
charges of the baby farmer had the lat
ter not been arrested.
Some idea of the extent of the busi
ness done by Mrs. Dyer may be gath
ered fr:>m the statement that baby
clothes weighing nearly 300 pounds
were found at her house vrhen the po
lice made the first search. A box con
taining the decomposed body of an in
fant was also discovered in the wo
:.nan's adwelling, evidently having
been placed there while she awaited
an oppotunity to throw it into the
Thames. Late in April Mrs. Dyer
made a written confession, admitting
the murders of which she was accused.
It was proposed to introduce the plea
of insanity in her defense. She was
examined later by a physician em
ployed by the Home Office and was
declared to be sane. On May 21, Mrs.
Dyer was indicted for murder and on
the following day s-he was sentenced
In prison Mrs. Dyer made several
attempts to commit suicide. As Read
ing she tried to strangle herself with
her shoe laces; some time later she
tried to force a handkerchief down her
throat and upon another occasion she
attempted to cut her wrist against a
piece ot iron. The baby farmer's last
attempt at suicide was on May 26, in
Newgate prison, when, while lying in
bed, apparently asleep, she t wisted a
handkerchief around her throat and
almost succeeded in strangling herself.
A Wail street Tip.
The men who have made millions
out of the people of the United States
through the bond deals which Presi
dent Cleveland and Mr. Carlisle have
sanctioned, are marshalling their forc
es for a new and bigger deal than ev
er. Here is a circular that is being
sent out to every bond and stock
broker in the country, and perhaps to
many ini other countries:
Unied States Bond Brokerage,
279 Seventh Street,
New York, June, 1S9t.
Dear Sir: It is with a peculiar kind
of self satisfaction that I am writing
to y ou this letter. For ever since the
time that I wrote to you the last let
ter, you have had ample opportunity
to become convinced that what I state,
propose or predict is not mere theory
but is founded on absolute facts and
What I now wish to bring to your
notice is that there will soon be an is
sue of Uuited States Government
bonds. The amount of the bonds in
this next issue will be five hundred
As you well know, the silver ques
Lion is coming rapidly to the front,
and large withdrawals of gold from
the treasury are being made every
:lay, therefore, acc:>rding to my cal
:ulations; this issue will be very soo~n
mnd the last one for a long time to
:3ne. Hence the greater need of vig
ilance. protection and taking advan
tage of the opportunity. Should you
let this opportunity pass by, without
:loing anything, then you can blame
only yourself, for this notice clearly
lescribe~s the situation, and deserves at
east an investigation.
For the purpose of buying this en
ire issue of bonds for mutual protec
ion, and for excluding all other pur
~hasers, the parties wvho were during
he last issue direct opponents, have
~ormed a syndicate. The reason for
he existence of this syndicate must be
vident to you, because every person
xho participated in the last issue made
This syndicate to "smash" and in
ther ways to hinder its success, I have
>rgania:ed a rival syndicate with the
ntention of buying up a large part or
erhaps the whole of the next issue of
In th is syndicate that you should in
erest yourself is the object of this let
er to propose. Yours respectrully,
P. S. Subscription list is already
>pened. Plans and calculations are
al readly. and aetails will be furnish
d on application. ___
IN a recent speech, at Des Moines.
ov. Boise said he expressed con fi
ience that if Democrany would make
inaace the overshadowing issue this
rear and a brief platform unequivo
tally demanding free silver e >inage it
vould carry all the south and west
.md ITlnois Indiana and Michigan
S9UT OUT OF 1 HE HOTELS.
Cleveland Delegates Given the Cold Shoul
der at St. Louis.
ST. Louis, June 10.-The St. James
Hotel today openly refused to enter
tain negro delegates and- cancelled a
$ 6,000 contract it had made for feed
ing and housing delegates.
Three weeks ago the officers of the
Tippecanoe Club, under the direction
of M. A. Hanna, made a contract with
Thomas P. Miller, the propiietor of
the St. James Hotel, to take care of a
certain nnmber of delegates for live
days during the convention. The
club otlicers then wrote to certain
Southern delegations that rooms had
been engaged for them at the St.
James. When Mr. Miller learned that
the club intended to fill the rooms with
negroes he objected.
"If I permit you to bring negroes
here," he said, "all my help, will
leave. It will put me in a most em
Upon the arrival of Mr. Hanna
from Cleveland today he was told of
what had occurred.
"I am sorry for Mr. Miller," said
Mr. Hanna to his agent, "but he signed
a contract and unless he lives up to it
he will find himself involved in a most
unpleasant legal compl cation."
When the hotel man was notified of
this, he made the folcwing written
"ST. Louis, June 10, 18963.
"Mr. J. C. Dorn, Agent Tippecanoe
"DEAR SIR: [ cannot entertain the
colored delegates in our main dining
room or under the contract with your
club. Yours truly,
"THoMAs P. MILLER"
As all the leading hotels are crowd
ed, the Tippecanoe Club is in a quar.
dary as to what it will do with the
colored delegates whom it promised to
care for. Mr. Hanna said he felt very
sorry for the Business Men's Leag1:e
which promised the national commit
tee there would be no color line drawn.
"The league has done everything in
its power to prevent this trouble," he
added, "and I do not consider it in
any way to blame." Mr. Hanna's
emisaries also rented th.e big expoli
tion building for use during the con
vention. It was suggested that cots
be placed in it for the use of the col
ored men, but when the manage
ment of the building learned of this, it
told the club that negroes could not
be quartered there. It was finally
agreed, however, that the colored dele
gates. might be fed there. Tony Faust,
who holds the lease of the kitchen at
the exposition, said he could not furn
ish either food or cooks to do the work.
An officer of the club said to night
that cooks would be imported from
Cleveland. Many of the colored men
have of their own accord, gone to the
homes of colored people living here
and obtained board and lodging.
Some of them, however, refuse to do
this. Dr. John Gant of Sherman,
Texas, who leads the contesting Mc
Kinley delegation from the Lone Star
State, is angry over the service which
he is assured Proprietor Griswold of
the Laclede Hotel expects to give the
colored members of his delegation.
Gant has a contract with Griswold
for quarters at the Laclede for his peo
ple, black and white alike, and this
end of it the hotel man is going to
keep, but black delegates will not be
allowed to eat in the dining hall.
~Meals will be served in their rooms
and there will be no lack of attention
to them. This is what makes Dr.
ON TO RICHMOND!
Gen. Gordon Calls on all the Old soldiers
to Rally Once More.
Gen. J. B. Gordon, commanding
the United Confederate Veterans has
issued a circular letter calling on all
veterans to be present at th'e reunion
of the U. 0. V., a t Richmond on June
30, July 1st and 2nd and urging all
old soldiers to form into local associa
tions and apply for papers to organize
in time to participate in the great re
The letter continues
"Business of the greatest importance
will demand careful consideration du
ring the Sixth Annual Reunion
such as the best methods of securing
impartial history, and to enlist eacil
State in the complication and preser
vation of the history of her citizen
soldiery; the benevolent care through
State aid or otherwise of disabled, des
titute, or aged veterans and the wid
ows and orphans of our fallen broth
ers-in arms; the care of the graves of
our known and unknown dead buried
at Gettysburg, Fort Warren, Camps
Morton, Chase, Douglass, Oakland
emetery, at Chicago, Johnson's Is
land, Cairo and at all other points; to
see that they are annually decorated,
the headstones preserved and protect
ed, and complete lists of names of our
ead heroes with the location of their
last resting places furnished to their
friends and relatives through the me
dium of our camps, thus rescuing
their names from oblivion and hand
ing them down in history; to partic
pate id laying the cornerstone of the
Jefferson Davis monument at Rich
mond, Va.; the consideration of the
itierent movements, plans and means1
o complete the monument to the
memory of Jafferson Davis. President
f the Confederate States of America,
and to aid in building monurnents to
ther great leaders, soldiers and sail
rs of the South; and as there is no r
ief or aid for our veterans and their
families, outside of our selves and our(
own resources, to perfect a plan for a
utual aid and benevolent asssocia
ion; to make such changes in the con- I
titution and by laws as experience
ay suggest, and other matters of
Total number of camps now admit
ed 833, with applications in for near
y one hundred more. The follo wino.
s the list of camps by states:
Texes 213, Alabama S7, South Car
lina 71, Missouri 69, Mississippi 60,
eorgia 54, Louisiana 51. Arkansas 50,
entucky 37, Florida 30, Tennessee
9, Virginia 27, North Carolina 21,
ndiana 1, California 1, District of Co- I
It will be seen that South Carolina
as the third largest number of camps I
and an etfort should be made to place
er still higher in the list.
Murdered in Bed,
AUGUTn, June 11.-A special to the
h onicle from Harlem, Ga., says A.
. Verdery and George Edmunds 0f1
olumbia county, living six milest
from Harlem were brutally murdered e
ast night at the home 'of Edmunds. s
hey were both attacked while asleep y
n bed. Murderer used a large stick, r
hich was founid in the room. They a
ere both horribly beaten in the face.
o clue has as yet been obtained con-s
erning the identity of the guilty par- f
y, and the crime is wrapped in mys- 1
erv. Parties are looking for the mur-r
erer, and if found he will undoubted
y be lynched.
A slaughter of Germans. e
LoNDO J une 9.-The Daily News
ill publish a dispatch from Athens t
aying that instead of only a few I
rench, British and German engineers -
eing massacred by Kurds on the line
f the railway from Smyrna to Kassa- f<
a, as reported on Sunda; last, the s
umber of victims is estimated at 200. Itl
he consuls at Smyrna have gone to I.
Silver's Coming Triumph.
Under the above caption the Chica
go Record says the silver men of that
section regard the .silver victory in
Oregon as a sure indication that the
next President of the United States
will be elected on a free silver, 16 to 1,
platform. For several weeks they
have been talking of a free silver cy
clone which was to sweep the country.
These men take it for granted that
the National Democratic convention
will not only adopt an out-and-out
free silver plank. but will nominate
men for President and Vice President
who will be acceptable to the free sil
ver men. If the Democrats do this
the silver convention, which meets in
St. Louis, July 22, will be turned into
a national free silver ratification meet
ing. This, The Record says, is the
tali at the headquarters of the free
silverites in Chicago, and they all
agree that the following table of elec
toral votes is a very conservative esti
Democrats, Iep'b- D'b't
States. Popullstr. lican. ful.
Alabama ............. 11 ..- .
Arkansas............... s ...
California............. 9 ... ...
Coiorado................ 4 ...
Connecticut............ ... d ...
Delaware............ :. -
Florida................. 4 ... ---
Georgia.................. 13 ...
Idaho.................... 3 ...
Illinois................... ... 21
Inc iana.................... ... 15
Iowa....................... ... 13
Ka sa,...............10 ... ..
Kentucky............... 13 ... ..
Louisiana.............. 8 ... ...
Maine............... G ...
Maryland ............... ... 8 ...
N aassachusetts ..... ... 15
Michigan.........-...... ... ... 14
Mi nesota ................ ... 9
Mississippi............ 9 -- -
M issouri........ 17 -. -
M ontana................ ... ..
Nebraska............... s ... ..
N evada.................. ... ..
New Hampshire....... 4 ---
New Jersey.............. 1 ---
New York................ : .
North Carolina...... It ... .
North Dakota........ 3 ... ...
Ohio....................... 23 ...
Oregon................. 4 --- ..
Pennsylvania ............ 32 ---
bhode Island......... ... 4 ---
South Carolina....... 9 --- ---
South Dakota......... 4 .-- ...
Tennessee ............. 12
Texas.......... 15 .. ---
Utah..................... 3 --- .
Virginia ............. 12 --- --
Washington ......... 4 -.- -
West Virginia ....... 6 .
Wisconsin........... ... . 12
Wyo .ing........ 3 ... ...
Totals................ 209 151 87
Necessary to elect, ::24.
I n the above table Illinois, Indiana
and Iowa are put in the list of doubt
ful States, and it is almost certain that
Illinois and Indiana will go for free
silver, with a strong probability of
of Iowa doing the same. According
to the table the silver men lack- only
fifteen voters which we are almost cer
tain to get from some of the States
classed as doubtful. On this point
the Columbia State comments as fol
lows: "The estimate of Chicago sil
ver men as to the electoral vote ap
pears conservative enough. The only
States set down for silver which we
have any doubt about are Kentucky
and West Virginia. The problem in
each of these States is how many gold
Democrats will vote tbe Republican
ticket and how many silver Republi
cans will vote the Democratic ticket.
The Democrats had 40,000 plurality in
entucky in 1892, and there were 23,
000 Populist votes; in 1895 the Re
publicans had 8,000 plurality, and the
Populists 16,000 votes. Kentucky is,
however, decidedly safer than West
Virginia, where the Republicans had
13,000 majority in the last congres
sional elections. These 19 votes would
be more than offset, however, by the
24 of Illinois, which we regard as
more certain for the Democracy than
either Kentucky or West V irginia;
and Indiana, which is a sure thing,
will give the necessary majority to
elect. The chances are good in Michi
an and Minnesota, and we dont con
ede Ohio by a good deal. -Times and
Destroyed by a Cyclone.
MONTGOMERY, Ala., June 9.-The
retty little town of Weyeth City in
Iarshall county on the Tennessee
'iver and some 30 miles west of Gads
en, with a population of some 300
ouls, -was completely wrecked at 11
clock this morning by a cyclone.
arly in the morning a dark and
hreatning cloud came up in the
outheast with considerable wind, and
11i of a sudden the wind made a swoop
rnd struck the to wn, almost complete
y demolishing it. . Eighteen d welling
iouse swere destroyed, live being s wept
~opletey away and not a stick of
he timber left. Tne cyclone lasted
ully five minutes and then p assed in
northeasterly direction. ?'rees as
arge as a man's waist were taken
own like weeds. After the storm
assed the work of rescuing was com
nenced. At this writing it is known
bat 15 are wounded ana six of them
'atally. Mrs. Ricketts and a man
amedi Bundy were badly hurt and
vill d ie. Mrs. Clark, Mrs. Brown and
everal children will probably die. A
.0-year old boy was found half a mile
~way in a dying co'nditioni. Others
re bay wounded. The path of the
yclone was about 100 yards wide and
total devastation marks its path.
ad the storm struck an hour later
ally 50 people would have been killed
r wounded,at that time the operators
tf the basket factory would have been
.t dinner. Fortunately both factories
scapd. The scene of the storm is a
esolate one now. The work of res
ue goes bravely on and every few
iours. a fresh victim is found. The
loud had tihe regular funnel shape
,nd when it struck the town there
"as a loud report as of cannon and
on the air was full of flying timber,
rees houses, animals, etc. Several
ersons are missing and it is possible
bat taey will be found dead. A meet
og of citizens held at Gunitersville
aised several hundred dollars for
uferes. Fully 100 people are acting
s a relief corps.
Big Fire in roronto.
TORONTO, June 8.-A conflagration
rhi at one time threatened to eclipse
ny former experience of Toronto in
iat line, broke out in McKundry &
ompany's department store on Young
treet at 7 o'clozk this evening. By
rompt work on the part of the fire
en. the fire was confined to McKun
ry & Co's., store. The stock of Ea
>n company and Guinane Bros., shoe
tore, suffered considerable damage
com water and smoke. The total
>ss on the building and stock is esti
2ated at i20)0,000; insurance $150,000.
Mss Helen Gould has once more
ome to the front as a dispenser of
iuni~cent charity. She has sent to
re surferers from the storm at St.
.uis the splendid gift of $100,000.
lrelv she has devoted to charitable
york a considerable portion of the
rtunie left her b.y her father, and it
ems to be her purpose to continue J
1e g:od work whenever occasion of
ers. Wealthi in such hands is a ben
action to the human race.
A cream of tartar baking powder.
Highest of all in leavening strength
-Latest United States Government
RoYAL BAKING POWDER Co.,
New York City.
A DESPOTS WILL
Napoleon's Stubbornness Caused the Death
of Two Hundre-] Frenchmen.
It is only a'few years since many
English sailors were drowned because
an admiral gave a wrong order. and
another office*, who knew the order to
be wrong, obeyed it. Admiral Bruix,
of the French navy, was once in the
English officer's position, and took a
contrary course, although his orders
came from no less a personage than
Napoleon I. Both cases, it should be
noted, occurred not in battle, but on
parade. At such a time, surely, a sub
ordinate must be justified in saving the
lives of his men, even at the cost of
While Napoleon was at Boulogne. in
1S04, he went out to ride one morning,
leaving word that on his return he
would review the fleet. During his
absence, therefore, a message was sent
to Admiral Bruix, that he might order
the ship to weigh anchor and put out
to sea. To the astonishment of the
messenger, the admiral replied that he
was very sorry, but the state of the
weather would not permit the review
to take place.
In due time the emperor returned,
and inquired if everything was ready.
The admiral's response was communi
cated to him. At first he seemed not
to understand, but on its being re
peated he stamped his foot and ordered
the admiral summoned into his pres
The admiral came at once, but even
so he was not quick enough for the em
peror, who met him half way. The
emperor's staff followed, and stood
ranged in silence about him.
"Sir Admiral," said Napoleon, in an
angry voice, "why have you not
obeyed my orders?"
"Sire," answered the admiral, with
respectful firmness, "a fearful tempest
is preparing. Your majesty can see it
as well as I. You cannot wish to ex
pose uselessly the lives of so many
Constant, the first y et tie chambre
of the emperor, and one of his firmest
apologists, is constrained to admit, in
relating the story, that the aspect of
the sky at that very moment -fully
justified the fears of the admiral; but
Napoleon was too much irritated to
listen to reason.
"Sir," he said, "I have given orders.
Once more, why have you not executed
"Sire, I shall not obey."
At that word the emperor advanced,
riding whip in hand, as if to strike.
The admiral recoiled a steppd lai~
his hand upon his sword.~
"Sire," he said, turning .jale, "take
The two men faced each other; then
the emperor dropped his whip, and the
admiral withdreir his grasp from the
handle of his sword.
"Rear Admiral Magon," said Na
poleon, "you will execute instantly
the order I have issued. As for you,
sir." turning to Admiral Bruix, "you
will leave .Boulogne within twenty
four hours and .retire into Holland.
The rear admiral did as the emperor
had bidden. The temnest broke as
the admiral had predicted, and more
than two hundred Frenchmen were
drowned before the emperor's eyes.
Troubles Among the Hairdressers of
A long chapter might be written on
hairdressers, their rights and wrongs
and revolutions; but they have always
been stanch tories in their hatred of.
wigs. England had her wig riot in the
reign of George 11.; 3Milan had hers in
the reign of M1aria Theresa. It arose
from an audacious attempt by some
restless innovator to cover every
fashionable head in M1ilan with a wig
of steel or silver wire, warranted to
save some three hours' daily toil and
endurance in the dressing of the hair.
Up rose the hairdressers like one man.
ad petitioned the empress to save
them from the threatened ruin of their
The empress listened to their prayer,
ad straightway decreed tiat anyond"
wearing one of thsse-new-fangledl
periwigs must pfy a fine of fifty
sequins or -J6 thrice scourged in
public. She further eni~owered th.
police to search private houses for the
offending article, and to destroy it if
round. To this imperial legislation
Loldoni alludes in the doggerel lines:
In that great day It came to pas4
That a gentle countess was forced, alas!
For her hairdresser's sake to forego her
He kept her too long at her toilet.
Ten years later another satirist pub
ished an "Account of a Prodigious
omet Lately Seen at M1ilan," the
~omet being a transcendent specimen
>f the hairdresser's art, erected on the
'ead of a certain noble dame.-3Mac
Stub Ends of Thought
What man has done, woman thinks
she can do.
If the men didn't oppose the women
n their efforts to gain their rights the
omen wouldn't think they had any
-ights to gain.
It is harder work holding back when
ye starts going down the hill than it
s to get up when one starts goin.g up.
A pretty woman is the prettiest
:hing on earth-to the eye.
A wife may easily love herself
mough to make her husband unhappy.
The more a bachelor thinks of matri
nony the less of it he does
A pair of soft brown eyes in a man's
seart makes him blind all over.
31elody is the soul of music, while
armny is its mind.
Love is the great inexplicable, and
narriage sometimes makes it more so.
Faith in men and things is one of
ankind's slipperiest possessions.
Jetroit Free P'ress.
One ltequired the Other.
Thamma-Willie,. where are those ap
*,.'tlat, were ini the~ st').rrovni?