Newspaper Page Text
CITADEL 011 ENCE1ENT.
f-CONTINUEL; FIiO)M "A, EI '
seated and just conviction a'n the
mansses, that we are sphnding, t.
mIuch money for higher ed acation an I
not enough for the cominon schoos.
It cannot be den;ed thit oar ehaeation
system is top heivy, but there is no
institution in the State performing tie
pweuliar work of the citadel. There
are few in the S~uth so well titted for
military institutions per se. Tue liter
arytraining is dupheited in mituv
places, but the military at few swa
If I thought the destruction of e rer y
Statecollege was necessary to give us
a complete common seto:>l system, I
would be in favor of doing away with
them all, for I believe in the greatest
good to the greatest number. This
would not however increase one iota
the efficiency of our common school
system Inadeed I think the contrary
would be true, for a caref-l study of
the census will show, that the States
with the best facilities for higher eduz
cation, havethe best commoa sehool
systems. In South Carolina, it Is e
tainly true, for since the buiihnz o
Clemson and the agitatio" upon the
subject of schools there hus been a
marked improvement in the free
school system of this State. and there
is plenty of room for more. Some
superficial thinkers imagine that Suate
aid for colleges and common schools,
rest upon ditferent governmental pria
ciples, because they claim one is for
the few, the other for the many. Tis
is partly true as a fact but the man
who uses that as an argument against
State aid for colleges, fails to compre
hend the basis upon which rests the
obligation of a government to educate
its children. He confounds the indi
vidual, with that great complex aggre
gation of individuals, caIled the tS:ate.
He utterly confuses private with pib
individually, 1, .loh L1. MeL-turin,
have no more right to demand that
the State pay for the tuition of my
children, than I have to expect it to
pay my doctor's bill, or other items of
domestic expense. It is the public, not
the individual interest in the matter,
which creates the duty and gives im
portance to education as a matter of
government policy. Viewed in this
liht it is easy to see that the same
principle applies to common school
and college. Another has said, "State
education rests upon great public
grounds, its foundations are political
and moral, and it is only permissible
from the close relationship, which the
experience of ages has demonstrated
exists between the public welfare and
all the elements of traditional pros
perity on the one uand and the en
lightenme.nt of the population on the
other." It is not for the rich that
State aid is wanted they can get it
anyway either in or out of the State,
but many a poor lad has made a great
man, through a collegiate education,
from State aid, when he could have
received it in no other way.
There should be ample educational
facilities in this State so that none
need go abroad for an education.
A MILITARY SCHOOL.
There is something peculiar about a
military school, the uniform, the
regular routine, the discipline and
formalities, is fascinating and for
some natures no place will so well de
velop the best that is in them. I know
I needed just such training to hold me
I often laugh now at how much we
stood in awe of Colonel Thomas, his
formal politeness, dignified bearing
and military promptness. absolutely
overwhelmed us. He was a bigger
man to us than the "Czar of all the
Russia's." How every boy that had
been up'to some devilment trembled
when we were drawn up in line and
the Colonel walked slowly up and
down and looked at us. 1 have suffer.
ed the tortures of trial. condemnatiox
and execution, for I felt he was look
ing right straight at me, and knew
that I broke gareison last night. Whal
a sigh of relief, I heaved when he
passed, and what a mental -vow]
swore. Never, never, to do so any
more. To tell the truth I haven't gol
entirely over it yet. I remembe
meeting the Colonel a few years ag(
in Columbia, with a cigar in my
mouth, and boys, before I knew whal
I was doing, I slipped it out of my
mouth, eased it round behind me, and.
out into the gutter. Perhaps I ough1
to say however that it wasn't a v'ery
good eigar, but if it had been a 50 ceni
full havanah, I would never stand uj
and smoke in Colonel Thomas' face,
and he is the last man ou earth thai
I would wish to know that I was guil
ty of a dishonorable or mean thing,
and there is no treasure I -value mor<
than his confidence and respect. A~
teacher and a school like that is wha
I want for my boy.
PROBLEMS OF THE HOUR.
Coming fresh from the great centr<
of political activity, a few thoughts or
the problems of the hour will not be
amiss. No man of intelligence doubts
that we are in a neriod of rapid politi
cal and social evolution. Everybod3
feels that there is something out o:
gear in this huge governmental ma
chine, because it does not responc
readily, as in days of yore, to th<
popular wish or need. The rapic
growth of executive power is fas
crystalizng a contest between Con
gress, representing the people, and th<
Executive, representing entrenchec
monopoly. It is the same old fight oi
Parliament and King, waged by oul
ancestors. Political scicnce has ao1
ept pace with the inventive genius oj
the age in physics. There has beer
no political Morse or Edison, to turi
X rays into the vitals, lay bare the
secret cause and cure the disease whicl:
affects the body politic. Every quack
in the nation has scratched his head,
looked wise and prescribed a nostrum,
but the'patient is no better than she
was three years ago, when hero<
treatment was prescribed. The people
feel that something is wrong. You
cannot put it into words, that -vague,
troubled unrest pervades the masses
to-day. If no statesman rises up tc
blaze the way, the instinct of the peo
ple will in the end lead us aright.
That wisdom which comes from the
concentrated thougbt of many people
may commitexcesses follow false lighi
and go astray for awhile, bu'; in the
end truth andright prevaileth. God'
gift of instinct to the uneducated nmass
es is something more wonderful that
the light of reason. The trained ora
tor may descant in polished periods 01
the beauties of the situation and prove
that everything is all right, but the
mases-the mob-while he talks, sul
lenly say everything is wrong. ane
nothing will ever be right until w<
rise up and right it. Obedient to this
instinct, thrones, dynasties, churcl
and State have gone down before the
wrath of the people. They couldn'
tell in words why, for like the tige>
pierced by the arrow, the sullen hatt
and fury of a people's wrath can fine
no words and bath no bounds-a cruae
wrath, that makes no distinction be
tween the good and the bad, the falst
and the true, a foolish wrath, whici
makes an ideal to-day of the diema
gogue who best plays upon the tierci
frenzy of the passing wim or caprice
whila to-morrow they cut his head ot
andsetup a new idol; a dreadfat
wrath, whose mad breath withers jus
tice, and sends mercy trembling out c
sight, while vice and virtue guilt an
inene patriotism and selfishness
are Swvet into) a e >m-nln grave. Then,
exa.uste, slo.ly and ruaiafully so
Cietv stragles on its feet again, old
auseS anid w rn out traditions have
been shAtterd, and o-it of chaos comes
order, and hi-u tity mikes another
Tae last entty behell the changes
and phantasies of the French R.-vota
tion, whenTi with a com)a instinct the
masses rose and went ia search of
e.ality, and liberty, leveled all
ranks, tramplel in the dast thrones
and crowns, only t-) seeiingly
establish a desp Itism more pro
found. Yet the seed s)ova in th
bosom of each nation then, in these
latter times hava b:rne fruit. A LA
feyette camne to tiiht for American in
dependence. A .1errersan returned
bearing the grand simiple message,"all
meu are born free and equal." Not
equals in coaraz, intellect and ener
gy, but equak in opportunities before
the law-no soialy favarel classes
or ndi'vida il,' but etch im in, each
.la, wth e' tetly the samn opporti
nit to mrke th n is of G 3d given
* at a grand conception these
Sf esr of the vounZ republic had of
t fnct ion of grovernment! Here
Was realized the dream of liberty, for
whi,:h through m ny a tragic century
the lowly and oporessed had yearned
and feasessly fo ight and proudly
How is it now) Special legislation
has created specially favored classes.
Giant trusts ana monopolies laugh at
law, and all property steadily gravi
tates toward the possessors of wealth.
Toilers increase, while labor-saving
machinery passes into the control of
capital, and worker competes with
worker for work. Tne tyranny of
party caucus and faction has well
nicrih robbed the masses of the
power to govern, by arraying in hos
tile camps those whose interests are
identica!. Teii people feel this, they
k now, a nd yet seem powerless to act.
There is sonie hidden force struggling
for expression and 11nding no nation
al exponent or depository, which
shakes the fabric like sorne mighty gi
ant straining to break his bonds. A
vague, troubled unrest-that is what
the Alliance,the Knights of Labor and
kindred organizations mean. The
people are all right, and were it not
for the sellishness and meanness of
those who thrive by playing on igno
rance and prejudice, the problem
would soon be settled. New tools,
new methods and new institutions
must be devised to take the place of
those that are worn out or have served
their purpose. It is ever thus in the
evolutionary progress of humanity.
The will of the people will find some
channel if. like the river, it must leave
the bed and cut its course anew.
We talk about the stability of our
government based on a written Con
stitution; this amounts to nothing, for
like quicksand it is forever shifting
an( changing to suit new thoughts
and new times, either to bless or curse.
A great Italian statesman has said:
"The actual state of society is war, ac
Live, irrecincilable war, on every side
and in everything. Never has the
struggle, as old as the world itself, be
tween fact and right, fatalism and lib
erty, assumed a character more uni
versal than at present." Never, per
haps, on the one side, in the history of
man hs iere been such a period of
social, political and moral uneasiness;
never did the conflict between labor
and capital appear m~ore irrecon::lable,
and never greater the discontent with
existing conditions, nor the distrust of
the governing power. On the other
side, as a counterbalance, never has
there been more true charity, never
more earnest efforts for the aba:,ement
of human sutfering, woe and sin. So
cial wounds were never so fearlessly
probed, their origin sought and cure
attemoted with brave- compassion.
P'olitical rights were never more fear
lessly expounded, nor more earnest
efforts made to strike the fetters from
the soul and mind of man, as shackles
have been from the limbs of the slarve.
Upon us, young men, and upo'. our
generation is devolved the duty c f set
tling these complex .problems. Our
destiny as a nation is in our own
hands. We can make it what we will.
Our salvation lies in educating the
people to an intelligent and patriotic
use of the ballot, when men shall vote
not for faction or party, but for coun
try; not in narrr w prejudice, but from
enlightened self interest.
There isa disease which means death.
First, a small spot on the hand; it
spreads to arms, limbs and face; the
flesh wastes away and the eyes glare in
fleshless sockets; the once beautiful
body becomes a living corpse, filled
with corruption ; and with a shriek of
mad despair, the ieper flees from the
haunts of men, to die amid the tombs,
with parched tongue and dry eye, cry
ing, " Unclean, unclean."
There is a disease as deadly and as
dangerous to national life. When
men vote to gratify hate and envy, or
in sullen despair and disgust remain
away from the polls and refuse to par
ticipate in the affairs of government,
it is the small spot on the hand, whose
ravages unchecked, will spread like a
dry rot to all parts of the system. It
means abandoning the conntry to the
professional politician, whose horizoL
is bound by the dollars and cents he
can wring from the public treas
ury. In means, that henceforward we
have abandoned regular and will
adopt irregular methods of righting
wrongs. It means anarchy. it means
revohstion. The man who remains
away from the ballot box is as culpa
ble ~as the man who makes a bad use
or a God given privilege. When men
shall use the ballot as a high and sa
cred trust, then, and not till then, will
the dream of the early fathers of the
Republic De realized and every ill and
woe thiat aillicts the nation find a sure
and safe cure.
John Davis well says, "the ballot is
our River Jordan, the quiet and sim
ple healer of all our political maladies,
the Ark of the Covenant, and the only
hope and refuge from anarchy and ty
Like Namaan, the leper, we must
dip in the River Jiordan, or' perish as
nations have done before of a loath
somie leprosy, crying to God, "Un
Let none shirk the duty, for all
alike are called to labor in behalf of
peace and civilization, and it is this in
siration which marks the boundary
line between the statesman and dema
gogue, the philanthropist and hypo
crite. Your life or mine is but a drop
of water to the mighty ocean of na
tional, but both have our work great
-or small that God intends none other
shall do; we must do it ourselves, or
through all eternity it remains un
Your lines may lie in easy places,
mine amid thorns and briars, but duty
done, it is all the same in the end.
SThe "Well done, good and faithful
servant," will bless us both.
Let us not deceive ourselves by a
blind fatalism, crying, "Oh, the coun
-try will take care of itself." God only
helps those who help themselves.
"The price of liberty is eternal vigi
The old Roman cried, "Roman for
-ever," and yet the Appian Way of the
--Eternal City" resounds no longer
with the shouts of freemen. Once the
-Ihome of whatever was great and br-il
liat, sold at -auction by her P'raeto
ian guard to the highest bidder, she
ignoble in human nature. Once the
proud mistress of the Universe, she
speaks to the world only through
cruniling porticoes and moss grown
H-er once great rival, Carthage, per
ished and leaves scarce a vestize of her
ruins to remial us of that once muigh
ty sovzreiga of co:nlmeree. Greece,
the mother of arts aul sciences, lies
prostrate under the cruel yoke of igno
rance and barbarism. The slavish ten
ant of the harem has succeeded the
Spartan mother, and serfs and slaves
people the land of Leonidas and Peri
eies. L-t us leirn from the lesson of
the past. Tais is God's school to teach
nations the way of wisdom.
To THE YOUNG MEN.
Pardon me, ladies and gentlemaen,
for overstepping my time; a word to
these young men and I am done. To
morrow, you begin the real battle of
life. It is a struggle in which, untir
ing energy. self denial and persistent
application cau alone win success.
No amount of genius will succeed like
hard work. Tne most successful men
are the hardest workers. I have a
friend who was born in the same
town and went to school with Edison.
This man has the genius of work him
self, and he says Edison is the hardest
student and worker that tiere is in the
world. He told me that when Edison
had some great idea praying upon his
mind and striving toburst forth in some
wonderful invention that he was like
a man in a dream, thought of nothing
else, retired to his study or work-shop,
where food and water were brought
from time to time, but were hardly
tasted, until he accomplishEd his work.
Sometimes days were spent in that
manner. The world sees the phono
graph, the telephone and the electric
light, bat it knows, nothing of the
days of toil and disappointment, of the
sleepless nights with their expenditure
of brain and nervous energy.
No laborer, dependent on daily toil
for bread, no convict within the walls
of your penitentiary, toils as do some
of the statesmen that I know in Wash
ington. I often look at Dingley or
"Old Joe Cannon," and wonder how
many hours a day they have worked
all these long years to mister all the
details of legislation and acquire their
vast fund of information. Real suc
cess, true greatness and happiness
mean a life lived for something out
of ourselves, whose ideals are broader
than our petty ills and woes.
--Through all the thronging marts of life,
Where men rush to and fro,
In battle scene or mortal strife,
Forever come and go;
Some lag behind, some go astray,
Some lead the marching van,
Thank God' 'mid thousands on the way.
There's once in a while a Man.
-Among the countless millions of the past,
Who swept like phantoms by,
Cowered, beneath each rising blad.
And all forgotten lie,
A few loomed up like tall pine trees,
Bore every curse and ban,
To doat some banner on the breeze,
There's once in a while a Man.
-Thousands in greedy haste for gain,
In panting after gold,
Wreck all at once a noble name,
Their honesty is sold,
Here and there a few stand firm,
From truth and right they never turn,
Shine like stars, over all the land,
There's one in a while a Man.
'-Somebind their hearts with bands of steel.
To piteous calls they never yield
Their money, love or pride;
But here is one and there is one,
With heart to give and plan.
Shines in the soul; warm as the sun,
There's once in a while, a MIan.
'"A trembling cause to save the lost,
To lift, the most forlorn,
Wins from the crowd,
Who count the cost,
The ready sneer of scorn;
Just then, some noble Soul,
Will bring his wealth, power and hand,
And every angel harp will ring,
There's once in a while a M1an.
Young gentlemen, fame and riches
are to be desired, but if all of us instead
of devoting our lives to their mad pur
suit would more cultivate and prac
tice those simple courtesies, humani
ties, and virtues which adorn and
beautity human life, we would bi
ha ppier, and the world better.
Fame and riches may be secured by
low cunning and rapacity. Arroganc4
and pertinacity may raise you fai
above your intellectual and moral
superiors, and place one in the chief
est seat of ambition, but vulgar admira
tion can never atone for the conscious
lack of those simple, but grand attri
butes, that constitute the ideal of the
Th-se fertilize the lo wliest glades o
human existence and best adoru the
Mr. McLauren's address was wel
received and he was liberally ap
plauded at its close.
Colonel Coward then introducet
the first honer graduate, Cadet S. P.
J. Garris of Colleton. Mr. Garri:
took for his subject, "What is to b4
my future :"
Cadet B. J. Murphy of Union was
the other speaker, holding up as a mo
del for young men the life of Robert
Colonel Coward then presented the
chairman of the board of visitors th4
graduating class of 17 young men, t
whom General Hagood then presentec
diolomas. The names of the gradu
atcs in the order of graduation are as
S. P. J. Garris, Colleton; B J. Mur
phy, Unio n; T. W. Carmichael, M
F.K. Holman, Sumter; S. WV. Car
wile, Edgefield; E. J[. Rogers, Abbe
ville: S. M. Martin, Barnwell; J, P
Galvin, Charleston; E. C. Wilcox
Polk county, N. C.; P. A. McMaster
Richland; G. L. Dickson, Sumter; J
H. Taylor, Richland; J1. S. Matthews
Bar-nwell; E. Croft, Greenville; J1. P
Guess, Barnwell; G. fi. Kaminer,
A Terrible Accident.
By the collapse of a large part of
coal mine near Pittston, Pa., early
Monday morning, over 100) men were
entombied and probably killed. A
night force of miners were engaged ii
attempting to brace up the roof of the
mine, when the cave-in occurred and
was followed by an explosion. The
superintendents, foremen and other
otlicials, including the mayor pro tem
of Pittston, are buried in the pit,
and therefore information concerning
the accident and the number of men
who were in the mine at the time, is
not known. Tne worR of rescue was
beiug carried on yesterday.
Rtepulsed by Women.
Cleveland, 0., July 4.-The striking
quarrymen at Berea have quieted dowi
somewhat. WVednesday night some 0f
them tore up some water pipe at quar
ry No. 6, crippling it. Today work
men tried to repair it but were beset
by a crowd of Polish women with
clubs and stones who compelled them
to seek re'uge in a shed. 1'wo special
officers went to their rescue and only
sc'eeded in dispersing the women b
drawing their revolvers and threaten
ing to shoot.
Drowned in a Well.
AT.ANTL. Ga., July 4.--A special
from Dalton to the Constitution says
that a negro employed by John C.
Henderson was overcome by gas while
cleaning out a well. IHenderson wveni
to get him and was himself overcome.
Neighbors attempted to bring both
men up at once. The rope broke and
Henderson and the negre fell backl
a both wer drowned.
A DIiSGPCE PUL MEET[NG.
COLLETON MOB HOWLS DOWN SO
LICl TOR BELLINGER.
Twiuted With CarrylnuBoouBhg
M urderers to .ikon-A Slanderer Threst
ened with Presacition-Didn't Horea
BEFUaaT, July 1.-There was one
overshadowing feature at the Colleton
campaign meeting in Walterboro to
day. A State officer, for fearless dis
charge of duty in the face of known
popular opposition and veiled and
open threats; for a courageouis course
in the interest of peace, order and the
good name of his State; for devoting
energy, talent and time to prosecuting
a case that his c' ligatioas to himself
and his State required, as well as the
demands of civilization made impera
tive, was howled down in the most
disgraceful manner. The only coun
terpart of this meeting today that I
have ever witnessed was when Gen.
EArle sp)ke in Sumter in 1890, only
in that clse the Conservative candi
date for governorhad a strong follow
AN ATTrE1PTEr LUFF.
Mr. G. Dancan B.tllinger, solicitor
of the Second circuit, appeaeed ai a
candidate for re election, and faced a
crowd of 30U men, who at first blush
seemed to be unanimously opposed to
him, but which contained perhaps 50
friends, some of whom were prepared
for any emergency.
When the campaign party arrived
at Walterboro at 1:30 o'clock, the
newspaper men who were with the
party and who had also been there to
report the trial of the "Cplieton
lynchers" last February were told
that there would likely ba trouble and
that one of them had been promised
a horsewhipping on the streets of
Walterboro because of reports of that
trial sent to his paper. This was con
sidered in the light of a blufr. It was
such and the blutfersdid notcall.They
would have found a full house.
The speaking took place in a pretty
oak grove in the heart of the town. A
colored string band furnished music
when it was permitted, but the time
being limited, the fiddlers were not
given opportunity to calm the savage
The meeting was called to order at
12:20 o'clock by County Chairman
Cooper, who without the prayer pre
liminary introduced Mr. Duncan.
Mr. Duncan, who after outlining
his policy on national affairs, pro
ceeded to give the facts and suspicions
he had as to the bond deal. I was
given a quied, hearing.
Governor Evans said he did not be
lieve the people of South Carolina
would send Duncan to the Senate if
there was no one running against him.
Mention of Tillman's name always
elicited cheers and Evans was cheered
at the end of his speech.
"How about your wife, governorf"
asked a faithful.
Governor Evans - -'ve nearly got
He was sent a bouquet.
In Mr. Duncan's reply he was asked
if be believed John Gary Evans, I r.
Bates and Senator Tillman to be
"I do not," said Mr. Duncan. "The
mistake is in putting Dr. Bates and
Senator Tillman in the same boat with
Gen. Watts was the next speaker
and was cheered.
Gen. Richbourg was indisposed and
did not speak.
When Mr. Carroll Simms of Barn
well, candidate for solicitor against
Mr. Bellinger, was introduced, he was
received with cheers. He asked for
their suffrage, -not on the weakness of
any opponent, but on his own strength
as a lawyer.
A Voice-Are you a Conservative
or a Reformer?
Another Voice-That's all dead now.
Mr. Simms understood the Consti
tutional convention had settled that
question and it was now wiped out.
They were all Dermocrats. (Cheers.) If
he had to go into poiitics to get the of
fice of solicitor, he would not have it.
A Voice-Do you believe no 12 men
of Colleton county can give any man
in South Carolina a fair trial?
Mr. Simms-I would not disgrace
myself by asking the suffrage of Col
leton if I thought so, but if there is a
man in the crowd who expects to vote
for me to e~et favors, I advise him not
to do so. I' will administer -the law~
strictly and fairly.
Mr alos C. Tracy of Walterboro
-was introduced and proceeded to say
he had determined not to be a candi
date for solicitor.
A DISGRACEFUL SCENE .*
The next speaker introduced was
Solicitor Bellinger. Immedialy there
was confusion in the crowd ; men mov
ing to and fro and the murmuring of
"Tell us somet hing about Hannah
Walker," called one man.
"Tell us about Aiken, where you
can find 12 honest men," was the
taunt of another. This was followed
by howls that drowned other sonnds.
Chairman Cooper appealed in a mild
way to the gentlemen of Colleton to
listen to wvhat their solicitor had to
"Men, will you refuse to hear me?"
asked Mr. Bellinger. " I am a South
Carolinian, a white man and a white
A Yoice What, you:"
Bellinger -Yes. (Hoots and howls)
Bellinger -1 came here to speak, and
so help me God, I will stand here un
til m y time is exhausted whether you
hear me or ntot. If he was listened to
in his own behalf he would show
them that he was on enthusiast on the
subject of law and order, and who be
lieved the power to make and execute
human laws the highest attributes of
man. Interruptions, which had been
constant, here broke out afresh. Some
cne shouted that the man who said
Colleton people were not honest was
a liar. Such~ declarations as "We do
not want to hear you. God knows we
don't"; -We don't care a d n what
you have to say;" "You are a d n
scoundrel" were frecuient.
About this time Chairmana Cooper
apealed to the meeting to be quiet.
If they felt that Mr. Bellinger had
treated them badly they should listen
to what he had to say, and then vote
for the man they wanted.
Mr. Bellinger said if they would lis
ten he would tell them something that
would make them mad sure enough.
(Confusion continued.) "The man
who accepts oflice," said the solicitor,
"and fails to carry out the law is a
moral coward and poltroon."
A voice-Why did you say ouir
county could not get a jury of twelve
men to give a fair trial?
Mr. Bellinger --What I said was that
I did not believe that the State could
get a fair trial in Colletoin. Are you
going to vote against me because of the
Broxton bridge prosecu tion:
A voice-Persecution, you mean.
Mr. Bellinger-AIl who are going to
vote against me on account of the
Broxton bridge prosecution hold up
Confusion and voices-Nothtat's not
it; dont try Ben Tillman's plan.
Mr.- Bellinger --You know that a cit
izen of your county wrote to a candi
date for solicitor in another county,
ayng the Broxton bridge ease would
get him 2,000 votes here'
Voice-No; he'll get 'em all.
J. 1 .1) >dd, a cousin of W. B. Aek
erman-You are a nier s man.
Mr. lMlinger-You opooe me be
cause [ am a nigger'i mau, do vou
Dodd - Yes.
Here the chairauia- called time.
Mr. -liinger - want to ansver
)odd---You cau answer me out in
the crowd or anywhere else. (Here
Dodd made a demzonstration and was
held by two men. Mr. Bellinger stand
ing fast, unflinchirng."
Dodd -Pitch him out here to me.
The crowd seemed to be closing in
on the stand, and the prospect was de
Dodd- You have been paid by north
ern Republicans to prosecute this case.
Bellinger-Put it in writing or print,
and so help me God, I will put yua Li
the penitentiary for perjury and libel.
(Shouts of "Write it," "write it:)
Mr. Bel1ing'er declared that he would
be re eleeted despite all the howling.
H1e said the lawyers for the defense
owed it to themselves and the State to
come before the people and explain why
there had been a delay in the trial.
It was because they appealed.
The crowd howled and yelled, some
one crying, "Pull him off the stand."
A movement was made with seeming
suc!i intention, buit it did not niAeri
Then Chairman Cooper stated to Mr.
Bellinger that the people of Colleton
ref used to hear him speak.
Mr. Bellinger then, with the declara
tion that they had stolen his time but
could not run him off the platform,
stepped from the front.
A messenger presented him with a
bouquet bearing the cards of several
of Colleton's fairest i rughters. IHe re
marked that he would thank the do.
nors in public if it were not Lhat the
llovers, by his doing so, might be
There were a number of ladies in the
outskirts of the crowd today.
The other speakers were given at
tention, the crowd being omused by
the gubernatorial candidates as well as
those for superintendent of education.
At 2::'o the campaign party left for
Candidates for cougress sp.ke in
This Valuable Department Now Thorough
ly Tanght at Clemson.
A very interesting feature of Clem
son College is the veterinary depart
ment established last spring and hi
charge of Dr. W. E. A. Wyman, vet
erinary surgeon, a graduate of the
University of the State of N::w York
and the New York College of veteri
nary surgeons. Here the boys are
taught by lectures in the class room
and practical demonstrations in the
operating house how to treat lame and
sick domesticated animals as the horse,
the cow, etc. The -.egular course ex
tends over a space of three years, thus
ensuring a thorough practical and
theoretical training. In establishing
the course, three years were deemed
wise as the student otherwise would
only have a limited knowledge of the
foundation of tne fertile farm-name
ly live stock. The young men are in
structed in the many branches of
making up medicine. For instance,
anatomy is taught in the class room
and in the winter the student is re
quired to dissect out all the muscles,
arteries, nerves, etc., of the horse and
other important animals. The many
patients brought to the free clinic
once a week serve as a splendid ex
ample to bear out the theory taught in
the class~ room. All the necessary ap
pliances and instruments to cast and
to operate animals are kept.
Dr-. W. E. A. Wyman strives to exe
cute all operations with as few instru
ments as possible to teach the student
to get along with as inexpensive an
outtit as compatible with modern sur
gery. Of course the main stress is
laid upon such operations as the fu
ture educated agriculturist is most lia
ble to come across, as castration, spay
ing, treatment of fistulae and espe
cially lameness. The operating house
is a conmmodius structure with stalls
to keep patients in order to demon
strate bandaging, treatment of wounds
and of giving medicine. A pharmacy
is attached, well equipped with all
drugs used for the cure of disease or
preservation of health of the domesti
caters animals. Here the student is
instructed how to compound prescrip
tions and acquaint himself with the
crude drugs and their preparations.
In the winter the student works on
the cadaver and studies in the dissect
ing room the parts mainly concerned
A blacksmith shop will be added to
the operating house and the student
under the guidance of Dr. WV. E. A.
Wyman will learn how to shoe the
hor-se and mule properly; how to cor
rect faulty gait, as interfering, forg
ing, etc.; how to shoe for diseased
conditions, as founder, quarter-crack,
corns, etc. The lectures in the class
room are supplemented by charts,
drawings, separate models, as the foot
of the borse, the brain, the udder, the
foetus, the heart, etc.
Sp-cial inducements are extended to
anybody wishing to devote all his
time to the atud.- of veterinary science
under Dr. W. E. A. Wyman. The
veterinary department of the South
Carolina Experiment Station has a
finely eq'ipped laboratory for investi
gationi of contagious and infectious
diseases. Here the micro organisms
producing the diseases are cultivated
and studied. New growth removed
from the animal's body by operations
or otherwise is examined, whethe- of
a benignant of malignant type, as
cancer for 'nstance. Milk is tested for
tuberculosis: lParasites found without
or within the animal are classitied and
advice given as to the best means of
destroying them- Outbreaks of infec
tious and contagious diseases amongst
domesticated animals are investigated
and advice given how to stop the fur
thier spread of themi.
Any communication addressed to
Dr. W. E. A. Wyman will be prompt
ly attended to. At the same time D~r. WV.
E. A. Wyman wvrites on some subject
of positive value tolevery farmier own
ing a horse or cow, being sent out in
the shape of bulletins which may be
had free of charge by any citizen of
this State applying for them. S> far
bulletins on colic, laumeness and dis
temper have been sent out.
Cattie starving in A arir~ona.
Piu~sc')TT, Arizona, June.'.-Cattle
are dyving f.-om starvation in all direc
tions on the ranges of Arizona, the
lack of fe-.1 being due to the failure of
rain. The greatest loss is in the Verde
country Istwardl from Flagstaff, and
to the Sou th ward in the Skuall Valley
ranges, where the animals art- dying
by- the thousands. In the latter region
the mesa is reported to be entirely
barn-, and the loss will be unpr-ecedent
C~rrelesness Cannes Deathi.
RuAmiThi, N. C.. July 1.--A freizht
train was derailed at Haw river, with
slight injury. While workmen weire
repairing the track, without placing
signals, another I reight came up. The
engine and four cars passed unin ired,
but the track was torn up and wrecked
nine cai-s, killing the extra tirenian
anrd wonndiner a brean.
fi Milueo)ta S)iv&'r ReiCbIcns Wi
N;)t Su p rt IfiImn.
. '-i., 0in n., July 2. -Te most
snsaional m)anifesto in Minnesotas
history was that issued this afterno-in
by the Silver Republic;r, who refse
to supiort McKinley for President,
Clouli for governor, or any of the
Republi:can candidates for congress.
The prominence of the men signing it
attracts to it wide spread attention.
Among the r::'nber are Lieutenant
Governor Frank A. Day. Congress.
man Charles A. Towne, ex Congress
man John Lind and several State Sen
ators. The address is issued to the R,
publicans of Minnesota and says:
"The greatest issue which has arisen
in this country sinee the abolition of
African slavery now confronts the
American people. The cmrion peo
ple have viewed with increasing alarm
the attempts of a foreign money aris
tocracY to fasten upon this nation the
single gold standard of value. In the
past they turned with the inspiration
of faith to the Republican party for
protection against that power which
seeks to strike down one-half the re
demption power of the world that the
other half may purchase double thr
amount of the products of toii. They
had a right to expect such protection.
The Republican party was born ot the
common people. Its mission has been
to dignify labor, to secure to him wh>
toils in the field or mine the just fruits
of honest labor. From the day of the
party's birth until the present time noc
article of Republican faith has been
more pronounced than the belief in
bimetalism. It has been written in
its platforms and taught by all its
great leaders. In its natz.al conven
tion in 1888 it condemned ' the policy
of the Democratic administration in its
efforts to demonetize silver."
"In 1892, in its platform adopted in
Minneapolis, it declared in favor of
gold and silver as standard money.
In 1694 the Republican party of Min
sota reatfirmed its belief i a binetalism,
and that the restoration of silver as
ultimate money to the currency of the
world is absolutely necessary for the
prosperity, prper rate of wages and
the welfare of the people.
"Nearly every Republican State cor
vention in 1894, condemned, either
in express terms or by implication,
the single gold standard. James G.
Blaine well expressed the belief of
the Republican party when he de
clared: "I believethe struggle was
p oing on in this country and in
other countries for a single gold
standard would, if successful, produce
widespread disaster in and throughout
the commercial world."
"The action of the national Repub
lican convention at St. Louis has re
pudiated the fundamental doctrine of
our party. The single gold standard
has been endorsed. The Republican
party no langer stands for both gold
and silver as primary money, but for
gold only. We cannot accept the new
faith, and we will hold steadfastly to
the old. The policy of gold monomet
alism means prolonged and intensified
depression; an endless and hopeless
era of falling prices for our farmers
and other producers; continued uncer
tainty of employment for our work
ingmen, with lessening wages follow
ing the fall in the prices of the pro
ducts of labor; discouragement of all
enterprises, and in the end universal
bankruptcy and gravitation of all
money into the hands of money brok
ers. It means the obliteration of the
great middle class, t.he yeomanry of
the nation, and the division of the
people into the very rich and the very
poor. These Republicans who believe
in the use of both gold and silver as
the money of ultimate payment and
their free coinage in our mints mast
either submit in silence or speak ouxt
boldly in condemnation of this policy
so disastrous to the people. On mnatters
of vital principle no man can be asked
to submit to party dictation. Every
man who places country above party,
and whose sympathies are with the
producers as against the money brok
ers and bond holders, owes a duty to
his conscience and to his country
which can only be discharged by put
ting forth every etfort in his piner
that the blight of the single gold stand
ard may not be fastaned upon this
A Damaging Confesion.
Ex- Secretary Whitney is one of the
most prominent leaders of the gold
forces in the Democratic party, but he
has recently made a statement which
is not calc-ulated ito strengthen his
cause with men wh> investigate ques
tions for themselves rathe' than ac
cept the platitudes of parties or the
dicta of leaders. Mr. Whitney says:
"From the discussion of the last 20
years it has come to pass that, among
thbe persons in Euirope who are trained
recognized scientists upon monetary
and economic questions, scarcely one
is not, at this moment, ad vocating tbe
desi.ability of the joint standard as
tae real solution of the monetary difli
culties or the world. This includes
every professor engaged in teach ing or
lecturing on these subjects in the uni
versities of Great Britain." '-Recog
nized scientists upon monetaryv svs
tems iud economic questions" and
"every professor engaged in teaching
in Great Britain,'' agree that the real
solution of the money problem lies in
the recognition of the free and ii v
limited coinage of silver. The dif'r
ence between Mr-. Whitney and t ie
Democratic party is more appara it
than real - merely a question of ex-pec i
ency.- Tires and D~emocraL.
A 5.-arec-row for the South.
In the New York convenltion on
Weunesday ex-Governor Flower, of
fered the following, which was
"Whereas, lParty division at Chi
cago on the silver question will en -
danger D~emocratic success at the
"Whereas, R-epublican ascendancy
in the nation would undoubtedly be
followed by another attempt to estab
lish minority rule in Democratic
Southern States by means of a force
bill, therefore be it
"Resolved, That the Dem ocrats of
New York anpeal to the IDenwerats oif
the South in'the name of their politi
cal liber-ty and tehir properties, to
avert the possibility of a force bill by
uniting with the Democrat-s cf the
-lst and West in framring a platform
of all D~emocrats aind the umte-d siup
port will lead to glorius victory.
D~estructive Prairie FIres.
Sax ANToxio, Texas, July 2.-Un
valde county, eighty miles west of
San Anto , o, is being devastated by a
great prai.?e fire. The tire started six
miles from Sabinal Station, on Tu-s
day in a hay field and has burned
over, up to this morning, nine miles
of prairie tiimber land to the moun
tains. The inhabitants of the sur
roundidng country are engaged in
lighting it. Fifty men left Sabinal
esterday to fight the flames. Many
ay pr-esses and much farm machinery
has been destroyed. ReZsidences were
savedl by plowing ar-ound theim.
hillea by a Cave 10.
LA assEN. July 2.-Christopher Ca
seyv, a young white man, was kill at
Masters lime kiln, this :-ounty, on
yesterday, by a rock caving and full
ing upon him. '1 wo negro men ;vere
Mr. W. S. Monteith, of Colurmba,
S. C. has received the following very
(Cfton Station, Fairfax Co., Va
June 20th, 1896.
WN. S. Ilollt -ith., E',q.
My Dear Sir: Your l-tter (f the
25th just received. I an glad
that you mentioned your connection
with the South 'arolina troops, as I
think I can interest you in the follow
ing that I had published in toe Fair
fax Herald and Alexandria Gazette:
My children, sev-ral years ago,
while picking wild flowers, came
across the deserted graves of some of
our dead heroes, ' pon a hill in pine
woods. I heard them speaking about
it, but realiy did not heed. The Sun
day before.Decoration Day, my dugh
ter informed me that she had cleaned
the graves, and had sent out requests to
ex-Confederates to meet at the graves
and pay the t.-ibute dear to
every Southein heart to our
dead". The following ex-Confed
erates met and, after service, fired a
salute, ran the Confederate ftag to
half mast, and covered the graves
E. W. Kinchelo, scout on General
Peter Howard, sergeant, Co. D,
Seventeenth Virginia Infantry.
George Pettit. private, Co. D, Sev
G. W. Tillet, Co. H, Fifteenth Vir
G. G. Brown, Latham's BAttery.
A. NW. Robinson, Co. E. Thirty eighth
The following are the names on the
John Hunt, S. C. V., died August
.1. D. Martin, C.). A, Sixth Rgi
ment S. C. V., died September. 1861.
Wm. Pardue, born in Chester Dis
trit, S C, died August 2Sh, 1861
F' Jamison, S. C. \V.
A. Noi, (rest effacedi. die-i Seotem
T. A. Nicholas.
Two other graves -no naimes.
t ii supposed that there was a hos
pital, and there is no doubt that the
soldiers were wounded at, the battle of
Bull Run and died from their wouod3.
I should thank you if it is possible to
have the hames published in South
Carolina paners: if we could give any
information to the families of the he
roes, we would; and if we do not hear,
we will have the remains removed to
Fairfax C. H , to the Confederate
Trusting that you will pardon me
for taking up so much of your valua
ble time, I remain at your command,
How the Vote standg.
CUICAGO, .July 2.-It being under
stood the Territories are to be allowed
six votes each and that the. District
of Columbia is to have six votes also,
the total number of votes in tne con
vention is 918. Thea 460 would be a
majority and 612 a two-thirds major
ity. Of these figures the silver men
today claim these States: Alabama,
22; Arkansas, 16; California, IS; Col
orado, 8; Florida, 5; Georgia, 24; Ida
ho, G.; Illinois. 48; Indiana, 30; Iowa,
26; Kansas, 20; Kentucky, 26 Lousi
ana, 16; Maine, 5; Minnesota, 7; Miss
issippi, 18; Missouri, 34; Montana, 6;
Nebraska, 16; Nevada, 6; North Caro
lina, 22; North Dakota. 6; Ohio, 38;
Oregon, 8; South Carolina, 18; Ten
nessee, 24; Texas, 30; -Utah, 6; Vir
ginia, 2t; Washington, 8; West Vir
ginia, 12: Wyoming, 6; Ariz >na, 6;
Alaska, 6; District of Columbia.
6; Indian Territory, 6; a total
of 596votes. The gold' standard
people are left onthis basis only
these States with the accompany
ing -rote: Connecticut, 12; Michigan,
2S; Delaware, 6; Florida, 3; Maine, '7;
Maryland; 16; Massuchusetts, 30;
Minnesota, 11; New H~atpshire, 8:
New Jersey 20; Ne w York, 72: Ohio,
S: Pennsylvania, 64; Rhode Island,
8; South Dakota, S; Vermont, 8; W's
consin, 24; a tot-al of 334. In connec
tion with these figures it will be notic
ed that the silver men lack but 16
votes of having the necessary two
thirds limit, but they claim that the
eight votes counted for gold in Ohio'
will come to them after the temporary
organization, while Michigan votes
are also expected. It will further be
noticed that Nebraska is figured in the
silver column and this is because,
while there is a contest the silver men
say that the./ will see that the gold
standard men aire not seated. It is the
security in this preponderance of
votes that makes the silver leaders
contident of ultimate victory. The
decision upon the abrogation of the
two-thirds vote on nominations may
be delay ed until after temporary and
permanent organization and until just
-as the convention is ready to nominate.
Then, unless the gold standard men
recognize the superiority of numibers
and succmb to tne iuevitable, the
silver men will force tue issue and
rescind the long standing rule.
DENvEti, Col., July 4. -Senator
Henry M4. Teller ,vill igo to his mui.'i
tain nomie ar. Central City, Col., for a
week or two to recuperate. During
the campaign he will deliver a num
ber of speeches in the interest of the
silver ticket in Illinois and Indiana
and probably also in Ohio and several
->ther Eastern Statesand in Californih.
"Just now it looks as if Bland or
Boies were in the lead, with Bland a
little ahead of anything," Senator
Teller s-aid today when asked regard
ing the situation at Chicago "I be
:ie-e that the Democratic party will
declare for silver at 16 to 1. The sil
ver people ar-s too much in earnest to
allow a straddle. "-I do not think the
gold Democrats will b lt the c )nVeu
tion, but they will knife the ticket at
the polls. The gold forces of the
country will be a unit in November."
" What would you advise should the
Damocratic party declare unequivocal
ly for silver?" was asked.
"I would advrise all the silver forces
to support it, for that is the only wvay
we can win," he answered. " We
must meet the enemy with a solid
front. 1 uelieve tiiat if the silver for
ces unite and there is a genuine silver
ticket in the field on a straight silver
plat form we will succeed in November.
Silver is gai ning strength with amnaz
ing repidity in all parts of the coun
try, and I am sure it will continue
to gr--w fro'm u'ow on, it is the only
subj -t discussed and the adherents of
it will gain. The tariff has beed rele
gated and the bat tle will be on the fin
Wilt Favor Silvers
Bo-suN, July 2.- -An eveining paper
states th'at lHon. Georg~e F'rederick
WXilliams, delegate -at large to the
Chicago ecuvention, vwill favor the
free coinage of silver. Mr. Williams
is quoted as making the following
statement: "The tinte has comec for a
great popular uprising anid I propose
to be in it. In taking this step of sup
porting :silveir I retalize that I am
uoomied polhticallyv in Massach usetts,
anid that i. shll neveir be forgiven by
meni w bo claan to be Democrats. I
m-uz: ailso thlat these taten can punish
me soially and financially, b-ut I in
--ite the peisecution with a conscien
tions feeling that Ilam doing right by
voiing the sentiments of an outraged
A cream of tartar baking powder.
Hlihest of all in leaveninz strength.
-Latest Uite1 States Government
ROYAL BAKING POWDER Co.,
New York City.
The Sliver Qestion In Abov-9 Party.
CHICAGO, July 3.-In view of the
mnany conficting statements put in cir
calation respecting Senator Teller's at
titude and the intention of his friends
who walked with him oit of the St.
Louis Convention a fortnight ago,
Senator Dubois this afternoon gave
outthe follo ving letter from his asso
ciate, the only one, he said, that had
been received from Seuator Teller since
the adjournment of the Repulic.an
Morrison, Ill , June 24. 1896. - Hon.
Fred Dabois, Springfield, Ilil.-Daar
Sir: I reached this place yesterday
and will remain here until tne last of
the week, when I will leave for Deu
I notice that the gold Vndard Dem
zrats have declared their intention to
:ontrol the Uhicago Convention. I
Jo not think they can d) it. If our
silver friends cnitrol the Conventiua
and give us a good silver man, as t
think they will, I tWunk he should have
the active supnort of all wh> believte
the money question is the great ques
tion before. tne American people. We
must, for this campaign at leas t, over -
look all minor differences and put the
country on a sound tinancial system
that recognizes that gold and silver are
the money of the Constitution.
I believe this can be done, and to
that end we must bend all our ener
gies. A little more patriotism and a
little less partisanship is what our
country needs at this time. The
friends of silver made no mistake at
St. Lous and we must not make a mis
take as to our futurt alliance with oth
er silver advocates. The cause is of
too much importance to adm it of harp
ing or criticism. We mast all g4:t to
gether and act together until the bat
tle is won. ft will be a royal tuttle
with jistice on our side. We mus.
Let me hear from you sxmn. Your,
truly, H. Ni. Teller.
NEW YoRK, July 4.--Captain Max'
uiilian Janska. an Austriia armiy offi
cer wtio acconpanied Ruz on the Lau
rada, writes from Mantanzis under
date of June20 toa friend here: "The
atrocities the Spaniards commit daily
are beyond des~ription. Oue of tnle
most horrible took place near M untan
zas on the estate of Raphael Fcrnau
dez de Castro. General Melquizo sus
pecteted that three insurgents were
hidden on De Castro's plantation, so
he deliberately had put to death by
the iachete 13 people at work t bere,
among thbem a child -12 years old." A
letter received in this city fromn Oscar
Alcino, one of Generai Ruz's leuten
antsgon the Laurada expedition, au- -
nounces that General R-iz's force has
been divided into t wo parts. The fiirst,
commanded by Ruz himself, is station
ed at Cdbitas, the seat 'f the insurgent
government, and will be thle oudy
guard of President Cisneros CTae
other part, under Lieutenant Alcino,
is in Las Villas, having daily skirmn
ishes with the Spaniards andI slowly
working its way to Carlos Cespide3,
insurgent governor of eastern Cuba.
President James Woodrow, of the
South Carolina College, nas issued
circular letter, which is being distrio
uted throughout tfle State, in wnilca
it is announced triat the conipetitive
examiuatious for the normal sholar
ships in the College wili be held on
July 30, in each county in which their
is a vacancy. The letter is as Iollowvs:
A competitive examination for the.
normal seflolarshiips of the soutn Car
olina College will be held by the
school commissioner of e-ach county
in which there is a vacancy zan l'aura
day, July 30. Applicants wiil be ex
amined on English mathemiatics and
history, the re quirements in these sub
jects being tne same ai b r ad-xiintou
to the setentifie course of this College.
Furth.-r informia ian, ir destred, will
be cneerfully i uruisui-d by .la-me
Woodrow, President, South Caronnua
IkANsAS CITY, Juily 4 - - L'ne lt n sas
City 1'nies-, which na.s ner-!tofore beni
pronounced in its advjsey of ne-g,ld
standard and unwaveit espo.. 4f
the Cleveland adminirr~ition, C ,ie
out with an editrial pr.w'.idi ad
nitting that t5w~ ser - au have al
ready won a viiory at nficago ?nua
pledging Tue Times to snlppr~rt the~
nominee of the con ventimu. Lat con
clusion The Times states ite~nsition i
a word as follows: MG tun-:e Deraw~
cratic party, its platform and its etn
didates; its platform, whatever it is,
its candidates, whoever t bny may be."
In addition to the editorial, thlere- ap
pears on the first uage a iorece coin un
portrait of Riciard P. Biaud, under
this caption: " For Presidcut of the
United States, 'Silver Dick' Bland of
shot from A m bush.
MONTICELLO, FL\., Juiy 3 - W. C.
Camnpbell, of this county, was miur
de-red on his farmn Wednesday alter
noon while plowing cotton in one of
his tields. H-: was snot from ausbush
and as yet the assassin has niot Oren)
apprehended. Hie was a promiinett
farmer and his life was iusareai for
$-9,000t in favor of his brother. The
coroner's 3ury is yet iuigesuigunrg the
case. There is great inaCl.auou in
thy community of the aairder and un
erforts will be spared to bring the
guilty person to justice.
THE New York World say hodbart,
the Republican nominee for \ice Pres
ident, is a rich corporati.m law'yer,
corporation reorganizer and receiver
of c:>rporations. He is Pcesident of
the monopoly known as the "Enit
Jersey Water Comnpany," with head
quarters in Wall street, and is~ reputed
to receive $50),000 a y ear as one of the
arbitrators of the niational railroad
pool, a conspiracy against tne people,
every member of which would te now
in State prison if the present Attorney
General anid his predecesr had done
STILL. the "craze" spreads. Illinois,
Idiana, Georgia, Uaio, North Caro
iia and Texas seaud tre~e siier dee
gates to Chicago. Tue tenor of the
news from States in some doubt is
niformly one way. New York, is