Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XTI. MANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY, JULY 29, 15_ NO,1.
POLITICS GETTING WARM.
JUDGE EARLE AND GOV. EVANS HAVE
A LIVELY WAR OF WORDS.
The Most Exciting Meeting Up to Date.
Fiat Contradictions and Fluger-Shakiug.
EQovernor Evans *ays That Col. John C.
CESTERFIELD, July 21--The cam
paign meeting here today was a stormy
one. The sensational feature was the
colloquy between J udge Earle and
Governor Evans. Debates cau scarce
ly continue in the strain of today
without there being trouble between
these men. There are limits which
must be reached even in these days of
indecency upon the stump. There
were contraaictions flat. J adge Earle
declared Evans had condemned aim
.elf by his own statement in the bond
case. In his talk about Detective
Newbold, there were some remarks
which might be construed to mean al
most anytning you pleased I rom coffee
After several other caudidates had
aired tnemselves the Senatorial aspi
rants were heard from.
GOV. EVANS SPEAK.
Governor Evans was the first Sena
tonal candidate. He said that the peo
ple's intereses were at stake in this
great financial fight, and their hopes
would be realized unless some mistake
was made. In reply to an attack by
Mr. Whitman on mm about the Atlan
ta- Exposition matter, he explained
that at the solicitation of many people
in the State he had borrowed the ne
nary money and the Legislature and
thepeople 1uad endorsed nat action.
So tar as Mr. Tompkin's statement is
concerned, he is rgnt. We adjusted
our differences and there is none now
between us. When I heard he was
aggreved I went to see him We de
vined a plan bat the Legislature, in its
wisdom, adopted another, and we of
course bowed. He cannot be respon
zabie for newspaper statements and
mere isno difference between us. Tne
ifspensary Jaw is now out of tne hands
uL btate'house oticials, and uas Leen
put in the -tands of an inependent
-ooard. it has been taken out or poll
uca and no man can nse it for poliucal
overnor Evans then dropped State
isues and went into a discussion of
mse monetary problem, showing that
years back mne Alliance had formrLatD
ed demands for tree coinage and an in
come tax.. Where was Judge Earle
thent He stood with n=s sword nght
mg theseprinciples for winch we were
stnving. Wheni. was tighting for re
Iorm he was-fightng tie SiielL mani
testo, asying it was untrue trom end
to end. It was easy enough to say I
am with you now, because the Demo
cratic convention had adopted our de
inands and they had to Doe-with us.
The reason way we put Judge Earle
on the bench was because be naa said
-fliman was all righL Hasn't he
been paid well enougha (Cheers.)
dJuage Ea160 gwhere were you m
.-480 at the campaign meeniug at
.(*ov. Evans: 1 was right where 1
am now." (Uheers.)
Judge Earle: -You didn't act that
way; you yourself nave been hanging
Gov. Evans: 'Well, then you set
me a bad example, ir I was in the
Samte boat with you. Why, John
kiaskell accused tue Evans boys of
ntowling down old W ade Hampton
when he 2neir it was a lie. (Cneers.)
He said that' he did not believe the
yeople would lay aside an old leader
ior a new one. .Judge -Earle sitting
on the bench could not learn the peo
pie's needs like he and others who
went among them. The Judge would
be too dignified to wield oid Ben's
p1tchfork inthe Senate." (Laughter.)
- iteferring to Senator . iarrison'si
stapunent inat thke appomntment of a
few constables wouma endanger the
liberties of the people, he saiu maL wm
all bosh. A lew Ilie constables could
not take away the rights of the people.
He denied inat taxes had been in
creased. .N1ore money had been col
lected, but it came irom railroads,
nanks, factories and..otner propert~y
that had escaped taxation, but nurs~es
and mules and other property of the
farmers had not been increased.
(Cheers.) lie warned the people that
tale tight had not been won and he
utrged them all to register and vote.
&tferring to tne bond matter he
asked whether any man wanted to
near it, he having published his expla
nation in every paper and made nt in
nearly every county hie had been in.
T wo or three asked Ior the explanation
and although the Giove nor's une was
oult he proceeded to gyve his ex plana
--Judge Earle: "Hfow much are you
* (overnor Evans: 'it has never
been determined how auuen 1 a'u to
Judge Earle: "Did you not tell
Philip Gadsden of Charleston that
you would get $12,000 to $15,0001l"
Governor Evans: '*It ki Gads
den says I told him any sach thing he
lies in his throat."
Continuing, he exclaimed: ' For
God's sake give me credit for some po
litical foresight. The idea of me tell
ing Phil Gadsden, my political and
personal enemy, that I was corrupt."
Judge Earle, Governor Evans con
tinueai, should answer the questions
put to him by Mr. Kollock, who
printed them ini his paper over his own
Judge Earle: 'I will answer any
question. I am not ashamed of any
of my actions."
Governor Evans: "I don't believe
you are. You are not ashamea of
jiaving been an anti or haviog fought
Tillman, but I believe he is ashamed
to ask you to turn me out." (Cheers..
JUDGE EARLE NEXT.
Judge Earle lollowed Governor
Evans. Hie was not cheered when he
appeared, but his remarks received
close attention. He said: Yc u have
listened to a remarisable harangue. I
don't suppose any tiovernor of this
State or any othier State ever made
such a haranguie. All he can say is
the man who comes after him ran
against Ben Tillman. in all my cam
paign against him 1 did not hear such
aittle, mean and contemptible fhiugs
against the opposing candidate.
Governor Evaar " What were they '
What did I say ?"
Judge Earle: "I mean e:Cacuy what
he then repeated the statement just
made. Judge Earle then Went on to
tell why he ran in 1890~. He had con
ducted his office of Attorney General
mtsantoily.mHe twon, more cases
for the State than any other Attorney
General. and Tillman had said that
be wouid have been glad to have him
<Judge Earle) on his ticket.
Governor Evans: "If your office
was cleared and was all right why
did'nL you run on?"
Judge Earle: 'Because it had got
into the minds of the people that some
think was wroung, just as it has got
outabout you, and if you, sir, make it
as clear as I made it you should be
Governor Evans: "I am."
Judge Earle, continuing, said this
young gentleman, the Governor of the
State. said at Manning he was going
to rip me up the back. The Aiken
gamecock. Such courage as that is
too common. We eat game chickens
for breakfast every morning in Green
ville. (Laughter.) Let him tell the
people he is clear without making in
Governor Evans: "I have."
Judge Earle: "I say here that B.
R. Tillman would never have taken a
fee if he had known when Governor
Evans nominated Rhind that he was a
Governor Evans, excitedly: "I
was not his partner and you know I
did n't say so."
Judge Earle: "I am talking your
own words. Well. if you expected to
be his partner."
Governor Evans: "I have said I
was not his partner. Don't put words
into my mouth."
Judge Earle: "If he had known
you would co-operate wtth Rhind in
get'dng the commissions he never
would have anpointed him."
- Governor Evans again got up and
said with a great deal of warmth: "I
never co operated with him and you
know I said no such thing."
Judge Earle was close to Governor
Evans and both were gesticulating
Judge Earle: "You said you were
going to get a fee or commission."
Governor Evans: 'You know I
said I was going to get a fee as attor
Judge Eirle: "I just take your
own statement. What is the differ
ence between fees and commissions?
You have in an unbecoming manner
referred to me and by your own words
[ convict you, if you in the Senate of
the State took part in the passage of
the bill and subsE qaentdy went to Gov
ernor Tillman anu nominated Rhind,
a man of no national reputation."
Governor Evans: "I was not his
attorney then. I' -e told you that al
Jadge Earle (continuing) "If your
relation was such as to make him ap
point you as his.attorney in that trans
action Tillman never would have ap
pointed Rhind. Why did Rhind ap
&point him (turning to the people) his
attorneyl Was he selected for his
towering ability ? There were distingu
ished lawyers in Baltimore. Was it,
because he was so much superior to
Detective Newbold was sitting on
the stand, and turning to him, Judge
Earle said that wherever Governor
Evans goes this man, who carries a
pistoL is along to protect the gallant
Governor Evans: "That's not so
and you know it. I don't need any
man to defend me."
A voice: "He don't need any here."
At this point the debate was sudden
ly interrupted by one end of the stand
falling by reason of the crowd stand
ing on the railing. Several were
thrown to the ground but fortunately
no one was hurt.
After the commotion had subsided
Judige Earle continued and referred to
the questions asked Governor Evans
at Lancaster and turning to Col. Tomp
kins he asked: "Now, I ask if you
had agreed with Governor Evans upon
mny line of policy and that no meetings
were necessary ?"
Col. TIompkins: "No. We did not
agree on anything."
Governor Evans (to 'Goi. Tompkins):
"Didn't you tell me that you would
stand by my back in carrying out
I'iliman's Dispensar:. policy'?'
Colonel Tompkins "I don't remem
ber ever saying an, such thing."
(Cheers for Earle).
Judge Earle went san to say that
there was a disagreement. Governor
Evans says one thing and Mr. Tomp
kins says another.
Governor Evans. "Has the State
suffered? Have you any charges
ag.enst the management of the Dispen
J uge Earle: "I merely wanted to
find out whether you were correct.
He says there was no understanding
between members of the board. I
wanted to know this, for .1 may want
to use it in tne future."
Governor E vans said that he could
not help whether Colonel Tompkins
remembered or not, out he did say
what he says he said to him.
Judge Earle then went into a dis
cussion of national issues and the re
mainder of his speech was without
special incident. The Judge was
given some applause and cheering, es
pecially by the ladies pi-esent.
MR. DCNCAN CLOS.
Mr. Duncan came last, and just as
he began speaking rain began to fall
and the crowd started to leave, but a
considerable number remained, and
Mr. Duncan said that Governor Evans
could clear himself of the bond busi
ness by a word from Rhind, and tnus
ensure his election, but he would not
speak. R-eplying to the Governor%
statement tuat the Board of Control
was in accord with him, Mr. Duncan
said that Goverror Evans knew thait
the Board was opposed to the establish
ment of tive Dispensaries in Colum
bis. they opposed establishment of an
other in Spartanburg and allowing
breweries to peddle Deer on the streets
of cities and allowing particular bre
weries to have exclusive privileges.
The Governor whines, he said, wnen
Judge Earle brought up Phil Gadsden
on him because ne is an anti, but he
would bring up a Reformer against
the Governor-. Hie then read Larry
Gant's statement as published in The
Register to pu ove tnat Governor Evans
had begged liie aboy about how much
he was going to get. Mr. Duincan at
tacked overnor Evans: on his usual
lines, tJUL betlore ne had completed ins
remarks a heavy rain :storw camne up
and the meeting dissolved immediate
ly. - legister-.
a can~ Imuiea.
cratic State committee has issued a call
bor a conventiou, inviting all who -are
in f avor of the i-ee c:oinage of silver at
16; to 1 to participate in tne Democrat
ic caucuses and primaries. An effort
will be mnade to combine the Demno
crats, Populists and Republhcans who
itend to vote for Bryan and Sewall
in support of a union ticket for State
officers. The date of the Democratic
A POLITICAL SENSATION.
GOV. EVANS READS A LETTER FROM
SENA FOR TILLMAN
Lively Day Anoag the Senatorial A-pl
rnts at the Birthplace (if the Iteform
Party-Most of the Tiue Coneamed by
BENNETT.SVILLE. S. C., July 2. --
Tnere was about u peoiple preseut at
the campaign m--eting here today.
The usual fr-rmality of opening the
nwetintg with prayer was dispensed
with and- Couinty C(hairu-tn, W. D.
Evans, introduced Judge Earle as the
first of the Senatorial caudidates. He
started off in the discussion of State
issues by stating Lhat the only objec
tion either of his opponents could
bring against him was that he opposed
Tillin n in 1890. Another objection
is that I had not entered the race at
the start. The Governor objects be
cause, he says. I ought to be satisfied
with the otlice of Judge, but why
shouldn't he be satisfied with his pres
ent position? Why is he a candidate?
Simply because he wants the office. I
want it, and I feel that I am compe
tent to fill the duties of the position.
He referred to his fight against Till
man in 1890, but said that he had al
ways said that Tillman was honest.
He was not tainted with bond deals
and commissions like others. The re
mainder of his speech was de voted to
a discussion of fioancial matters.
MR. DUNCAN NEXr.
Mr. Duncan discussed national pol
itici as a starter but very soon got
down to State issues. As to one of his
competitors, the campaiga could be
made in a decent and gentlemanly
manner; as to the other he would
leave his exhibition to the peopl-t to
sty whethcr it was becoming to a
Governur of South Carolina. He be
lieved that if Judge Earle had not
come into tne race Governor Evans
woud have been run off the stump;
he would not have made the canvass.
Judge Earle's candidacy could not
possibly mean his election.
Judge Earle (interrupting): "That
would be a pity." (Laughter.)
Mr. Dancan, in continuing, referred
to Judge Earle as an old man, and he
latter )Jcularly asked Mr. Duncan to
say anything about him except call
him old. Mr. Duncan said he would
let tbe Judge's gray hairs speak for
Mr. A. B. Hennegan (from the audi
ence): "That don't make any differ
ence. DeLesseps, who built the Pan
ama Canal, had a baby at 80 years
The whole crowd was convulsed
with laughter at this sally.
Mr. Duncan in the course of his
speech said that Mr. Barber would ex
plain about the drawing up of the
present Dispensary law.
Mr. Barber said he would explain or
ans wer any questions provided it came
out of Mr. Duncan's time.
Mr. Duncan: "Was an outline of a
bill agreed upon before handf"
Mr. Barber: "The tirst bill was
drawn by Mr. Johnson of Fairfield.
(overnor Evaas handed it to me. He
and Senator Etird had taken a great
deal of interest in it, and they met in
my office for the purpose of drafting a
bill. the principal thing discussed be
ing tne system oi bookkeeping. There
was an understanding about the Board
of Control, but for the life of me I
can't remember the details. Neither
does Senator Eflrd remember, Later
overnor Evans saw Colonel Tomp
kins, who objected to the bill, and af
ter tnat at Governor Evan's direction
the present bill was drawn up by me."
Mr. Duncan then referred to the
Manning Times' article, stating that
he had bught 10,000 acres of land
about Columbia. I did buy some lit
tIe land about Columbia, but the price
f land there is $300( per acre. The
insinuation is tt;.t I bought with
whiskey rebates That means that I
got $3,u000,000. if that is so, what sort
of a watcher of the State's interest is
he? Mr. Dancan attacked Governor
Evans for making diametrically op
posite statements and concluded by
referring to two of his brothers hold
iag otlix, one appointed by Governor
filman and the other appointed by
Mr. Duncan himself.
GiOVERN~OR EVANS CLOSES.
Governor Evans started otf by refer
ring to the fact that the first tocsin of
Reorm was sounded in the court
house in this place. He said that he
did not care to be fumigating a skunk
at every meeting, but ne liked to an
s wer an honoraine man in an honora
ble way. Wnen Judge Earle irst en
erel tne campaign, ne nad said he
was glad to welcome him as an honor
able ioe, but he too had resorted to in
sinuations by asking him questions
whien were calculated to put aimi in a
Judge Earle aae and advancing
towa.rus (kovernoc &vans, said -. -Wno
started that wariares tt was you yes
terday wno made statements in the
peence ot ladies muat no Goivernor of
:sJuta Carolina saiould use. (Linrrahs
or Ear le anid Evans.) I want you to
understand here aau no# that I will
not submit to such language."
idovernor Erans: --\ou can't blutT
me. I wi say to you or any nody else
watever I want."
J udge Earie: 'Don't you dare make
the statements that you mnade yester
tioverai >r Egau?s:- "I'll make any
statemn-uis I please be.ore my people."
tovernor Eraus cauainued and said
that J udge Earit- had cnarged tnat he
nad cancelie I iusurauce ini Anderson
and given it to nis bro ther.
J udge E irie said that ne had been
so iaiormned a-ud asked Governor Ev
anS tne specific questioa whetner he
G-overnor E vans: "Most certainly
Judge Earle: -- i'tien the proof will
Governor Eyuns went on to say that
the insinuation was made three mIe'et
ags ago and yet no proof had beenr
adauced. Hec then read a letter from
F. M. Mixson to Attorney Gieneral
tfaroer stting that in 18%~ he alone
was5 responsi nie for aln insurance piac
ed ou dispensaries iu 1s0%; taat tkov
ernor Evaus knew niotning about it
aed that zh, letter was wriuten with
out U-overnor Evans' knowledge.
.J udge Earle: ".ion't you counter
sign? ail cuess and aidn't you kaow
tuatL it was at a higher rater' "Oneers
fr Earle and counter cLueere for Ew
t;'Jernkor Egau:: went on to say that
ne had :sigued tuousauu ot dallars
wono ceiici:. never .iuosvimg wnat
J udge E arle asked u'tether he did
not kuot at tue a fPb*.ary munds
were kent separate.
ain or Ens 5did that muc sum
were not kept separate, and Judge
Earle retorted that as chairman of the
board he must of necessity know that
they were and must know that the
premiums were higher
Finally (overnor Evans said: "Sit
down, Judge. I'll say what I want.
No one is scared of you."
Judge Earle: "Say what you please,
but say nothing about me at your per
iI. Don't you dare make use of such
languag as vesterday."
Governor Evans: "I'll say what I
please. You started these insinuations
about me giving my brother insur
once, while as a inatter of fact I had it
given to Seibels."
Judge Earle again repeated that he
had received the information intinat
ed in his question and that the proof
be forthcoming. Governor Evans said
he had denied the statement and did
so now again.
Governor Evans then took up he
Manning Times editorial and said that
the latter had talked about a $10,000
purchase instead of a purcbase of 10,
000 acres. He had had nothing to do
with the editorial and made no insia
uations about anybody getting rebates.
He would say nothing al-out anything
like that so longas no money had been
stolen from the State and he could not
be caught up with. Speaking of the
dispensary bill, Governor Evans said
that Mr. Duncan's father-in-law had
got mad about it and the law was
Mr. Duncau: "Listen, men, I've
gotten him to deny at least ote insin
Governor Evans: "Sit down, Jjhn
Mr. Duncan asked to be allowed
nother interruption, wthih was not
Governor E vaus next refet red to the
fact. that for the first time since the
3ampaign opened Mr. Duncan had
failed to bring in Tiliman and praise
bim to the sky. There is a reason for
it and I'll sho v you presently why he
failed to ;ay that Tillman said he was
hands off in the fight. Saeaking at
Judge Earle, he. said: "He says he
(rillman) would not have countenan -
3ed me being attorney for Rtisnd."
Judge Earle: "And I say so still"
Governor Evans- "All right, I'll
ead what -HonestBsn' has to say
bout it." (Cheers.)
Judge Earle continued: "I Utili say
,hat Tillman would not sanctioa a co
partnership between you and Rhind."
Governor Evans (with emphasis):
"Now you know, sir, I was no copart
Judge Earle: "You took a fee; Sou
idmit that; ana. I say if you took a fee
nd shared in tne profits you were a
Governor E;-ans retorted: "If that's
ll you know about law you had bet
Governor Evans reached in his
pocket and pulled out a letter which
te said had been written to Mr. Dun
,an in reference to the 'commission
:harges. As the sequel proved it was
a great boost for the Governor's Sena
orial aspirations. He said he wanted
o read it so that the people could see
what "Honest Ben" had to say about
Before he had commenced Judge
Larle remarked: "Autn he will not
ay that he knew you got a fee as a
aopartner of Rhind."
Governor Evans: "Sit down sonny.
Neither of us shall speak for Tillman.
Ele will speak for himself."
The Governor proceeded to say that
the letter w as in reply to one written
i' Tillman by Duncan, but the latter
would never read it to the people. He
;hen read the letter which is as fol
Taresros, S. C., July 2C), 18%t.
!o Hon. Jno. T. Duncan, Columbia, S. C.
My Dear Sir: Your letter of July 5th, ad
ressed to me at Chicago. reached me in the
nidst of the hurly burly attending the na
ional convention, and, of course, there was
2either time nor inclination to answer it.
[ reached home on the 14th, but had not re
overed from the fatigue and excitement be
ore the shoeking tragedy occurred which
natched from me my tirst born. I mention
hese things by way of explantation of the
lelay in reply to your letter.
Frankly, 1 must say that I am sorry you
wrote any letter, for as I am dragged reluct
intly into this matter, I must speaa with my
asnal bluntness. I have always regarded
you as my personal and political friend and
is a good and true Reformer; ani'd for per
tonal reasons 1 would be glad to help you in
my way. You have a perfect right to aspire
o any otfice in the gift of the people and to
se all honest and honorable efforts to se
ure votes. I must say, however, that you
ave no right to make use of the private con
rersation which you had with me in a man
-ter calculated to deceive the public. Tnere
was nothing in the nature of a consultation"
bout it. You did not breathe a word or in
imate your purpose of becoming a candi
late, and the tenor of our entire talk was, as
you know, one of n~alignant criticispi on
your part of Governor Evans, while I defend
aim or asked for proofs of your accusations.
I did tell you that I expected to take no
part in the election of Senator because I be
ieve the people of South Carolina to be com
petent to judge for themselves and that I
ave no right in any wise to attempt to dic
ate their decision. You did me a wrong,
when, as you are reported to have said in
~ne or your recent speeches, you claimed I
ould --make whom t pleased Senator." It
is an accusation of - "bossism," which the
wtch the people must resent and which
you, yourself, must feel to be untrue. If
you were not in the heat of battle, in which
self-love and vanity are calculated to blind
you. you would see what is apparent to
every unbiased and calm mind, that you are
anjust to Governor Evan-. and have jumped
to conclusions that are unwarranted. Ho w
can Governor Evans working for or accept
ing a fee from K-hind for legat services rend
ered before and after the contract with the
syndicate was signed, be distor-ted into -dis
honesty' Rhind received a commission for
his services to the syndicate; Governor Evans
is to receive a fee for his services to
Rhind. I did not know the nature
of the agreement between them, be
ause it did not concern me. But 'I did
know that Evans was actinr as Rhind's at
torney, for I could not help but know it
when he acted as counsel in both the friend
- suits broug~ht before the Supremoe Court
in connect'on with the bond issue. His con
nection with the cases is a matter of record.
What I, stated at Walterboro was true then
and is true still. Governor Evans had noth
ing to do with the making of the contract or
the signing of it. That was the work of Dr.
Bates and myself. Rhind organized the as
sistance of Lancaster and Wiltiams and they
areed to pay him a certain commission.
r. Bates and 1, responsible instruments in
the transaction, were in constant dread that
the deal woulli fall through and the state
debt not be refunded as one obstacle after
another presented itself. TIhe Judges of the
upreme Court sent every assistance in their
power by speedily determining the questions
of law prezseuted to them. Every depart
ment of the state governmnent was willijg
and anxious to lend aid towards refunding
the debt. Governor Evan:z had nothing to do
with the transaction except in the capacity
as attorney for the broker whose commissioni
was at stab-e if the deal failed if you were
not blinded by prejudice and passion you
would be bound to acknowledge what every
tweyer in the State would assert and sustain
that his being a State Senator c iid in no
wise make it lishonorable or d.shonest to
pra:tice his profession under the circumstan
ces presented in this case. If you will re
member my last word to you that nelit when
we had our conversation at Mr. Bunch's
were, "Take c:re that envy is not at the
hottom of'this, and that you people in the
State HIouse do not :ccomplish the over
throw oftbe Reform movement. if you keep
on tiglting one another in this way," and I
now repeat the warning. If, I saw any
thing in Governor Evan's conduct to condemn
I would not he.iitat, but. believing as I do
that he has been guilty of no official miscou
duct. I cannot lend any help to drag him
down or allow any one else to use meas the
instrument of his undoing. Yours truly,
Bi. R. TrLLM.rs.
I". S.--Governor Evans has writren me
asking an explanation of your charges, etc.,
in connection with our conversation, and I
h:ve sent. him a copy of this letter as an act
of justice to him and to you. B. I. T.
At the conclusion of the reading
Mr. Duncan said that the letter to
Tillman was in reference to the Man
ning Times editorial and asked to be
allowed to interrupt the speaker.
Governor Evans: "Sit down. I do
not want to have anything more to do
A voice: "Hurrah for Duncan."
Governor Evans: "I know you are
a Haskellite." (Cheers for Evans.)
A voice: "What are you going to
do in Washington?"
Governor Evans: "Something for
ignorant people like you." (laughter.)
Governor Evans then directed his
attention to Judge Eirle again and
asked him why he had not answered
the Kollock queries published in the
Cheraw paper. J udge Earle replied
that he had already answered them iu
his speeches, but stood ready to an
swer them again, or any other ques
tions that any man might ask.
In some further reference to Gen.
E irle's words or actions. the latter
arose and told Governor Evans not to
refer to him unless he was going to
stick to the facts.
Governor E fans replied that he had
no special objection to leaving off all
references to the Judge as he was not
in his (Governor Eran's way. (Ap
plau3e and laughter.) He said that
neither of his opponents, although
they jumped on him, had pulled a
single leather out of the tail of the
gamecock." He defied any one to
show one single act of his which had
done injury to the State. He then
brancnea off into national matters
and henceforth to the end everything
was as quiet and serene as a May
At the conclusion of his speech he
was loudly aoplauded and a handsome
basket of flowers was presented,where
upon he said tiLat the ladies were with
him and that "he had got the coon
and gone on." (Cheers.)
Murdered by Mutiueera.
HEALInAx N. S., July 21.-The
American bark Herbert Fuller, which
sailed from Boston a few days ago for
Rosario, Buenos Ayres, arrived in
Halitax harbor this morning with the
bodies of three muraered people on
board. - The balance of those wno left
Boston on the vessel were immediate
ly ejapped into prison cells. The
three dead ptrmons, whose murder is
evidently the result of a bloody out
break on the part of some members of
the crew, are captain Nash, his wife
and Second Mate Brumtberg. The
horrible triple murder occurred on the
night of the 13th, and the affair so far
is wrapped in complete mystery, not
withstanding that there were seven
other men on board at the time it oc
curred, besides a passenger named
Monck, whose story of what he could
learn after it was all over was the
only narrative, reliable or unreliable
as it may be, that can be ascertained
so far. Monck has been closeted with
the police authorities ever since the
arrival of the vessel. Tne cre w were
brought ashore and the surviving offi
cers and men of the ship are locked
behind bars in three different sections
of the police station. A half dozen
policem~en guard them, while Monck
is unaccessable until the chief of po
lice and detective powers have finish
ed wtth him. Monck seems to have
taken charge of the vessel after the
tragedy, and by his orders the bodies
were placed in one of the boats and
covered with tarpaulins and tne boat
towed eastern into Halifax harbor.
There the coroner took charge of the
remains, which were so far advanced
in decomposition that it was almost
impossible to remove them from the
baat. Monk'sstory is tnat he knew
nothing of the tragedy until notilled
of it next morning by the first mate.
He admits that he neard a scream dur-1
ing the night, but it did not disturb
tuim enough to wake hi up, although
his cabin was next to tnlat in wn
the murders were comittted. Tne
weapon used was au a~c. Tlne crew
profess tue same ignorance t nat over
wneluis Moucti of waen, now and by
whotn the munrders were cornmmitted.
Keep out smiipux.
WasmsaNTos, J uly 23. -dovernm~or
Mitchell of Florida nas appeale.1 to
the Navy Department for help in pro
tectiug his State against the introd uc
tion of smallpox from (Cuba. Secre
tary deroert nas accordingly tele
graphed instruztions to Captain Cro N
ninshield of tne Maine, no v at Key
West, to aid the local health authori
ties in the work of buarding steamers
and passing upon bills of health. itne
Maine will not be kept at thb: work
long, as orders have been given to the
cruiser Montgomery no e at Tompkins
ville, Staten Island, detaening her
from Admiral Bance's squadron and
sending her to Key Wesi to take the
Maine'e place in looking after tilibus
tering expeditious and enforcing ub
servances of quarantine regulations.
Tne Montgomery is expected to start
South within forty-eight hours.
Hanging and Lynching.
How-se, Ia., atuly :.-Jona Huard,
colored, wais hanged nere L2 day for
wife murder. His neck was broken
by the drop and in sixteen minutes he
was proaounced aeadI. In additioni to
the legal execution today Judge Lynch
held ntwa carnival. A mob camie into
town and took from jail a negro nam
ed Ike McGee, and atter he had made
a brief contession tthey hung him to
the ltm Dof a tree. Yesterday evening
Mctee madhe a criminal assault upon
Mtrs. Webs, a nighly esteemed lady
but she made ner escape.
Avenged His Fatther.
Dave~agers, wno shot and killed
Wash e tta in a tiht here last Tnaurs
day, was snot and killed himself by a
son of Sotth's in Union county today.
Rogers was released on bond and had
gone home. \oung Smith had sworn
to avenge his father's murder and he
killed Ragers on sight today. The
arfair hasc created great excitement and
it is feared that a tend will break out
banimaen the two familie
THE STATE ALLIANCE.
ANNUAL MEETINGOF THE ORDER IN
THE CITY OF COLUMBIA.
President Kett Makes a Timely and Patri
otle Addreim, Iu Which, Re Ensiorse-i the
Democratic Candidate-Will Fight the
Cotton Tie Trust.
CoLUMBIA, S. C, July 23.-The
Farmers State Alliance met in the
Senate Chamber last night at half
past 8 o'clock. and was called to order
by President Jos. L. Keitt. As soon
as the body had gotten into working
shape a committee on credentials was
appointed, consisting of Mes'rs. J. B.
Sanders of Oconee, W. H. Bryant of
Pickens and W. Edwards of York.
This committee soon reported and
the roll was made up as follows, the
attendance being very good:
Abbeville-W. J. Gaines, Bradley.
Aiken-B. H. Timmerman, Tim
Anderson-J. B. Douthit, Ander
Barnwell-W. S. Bamberg, Bam
Chester-T. W. Shannon, Chester.
Colleton-C. J. Allen, Giohans.
Edge6eld-S. M. Smith, Trenton.
Florence-M. L. Munn, Hyman.
Greenville-Wm. Verdin, Walker
Horry-C. B. Todd, Finklea.
Lancaster-C. A. Plyer, 0. K.
Laurens -M. A. Summerell, Lau
Lexington-D. F. Etird.
Maricn-W. Innis. Carolina.
Newberry-John F. Banks, Franks.
O.onee-J. D. Sanders, Oak way.
Orangeburg-J. WM. Stokes, Or
Pickens-W, H. Bryant, Easley.
Richland-E. P. Whitman, Pleas
Spartanburg-B. F. Todd, Beiling
Union-J. F. Bailey, Sedalia.
York-W. H. Edwards, Rock Hill.
The counties of Beaufort, Berkeley,
Charleston, Chesterfield, Clarendon,
Darlinqton. Fairfield, Georretown,
Hampton, Kershaw, Marlboro, Sufn
ter and Williamsburg had no repre
sentatives present last night.
Other prominent Alliancemen pres
ent were Messrs. J. A. Sligh, D. P.
Duncan, Norman Elder, L. J. Will
iams and others.
All the offcers and members of the
executive committee were present.
So were the members of the board of
directors of the State Alliance to ex
change and editor Jesse Gantt of the
Cotton Plant, the organ of the Alli
PRESIDENT KEITT~S ADDRESS.
After the organization had been
completed, President Keitt proceeded
to deliver his annual address as fol
Brethren of the Farmers' Alliance and In
dustrial union of South Carolina: We again
meet under the mandate of our organic law
to counsel for the advancement of our pur.
poses. In reviewing the works of the past
year, a 'report of our financial condition will
be made by the executive committee. The
directors of the State exchange and the Cot
ton Plant committee representing two arms
of our organization wilt report in full re
spectively. I will therefore leave the pres
entation of the matters in their charge en
tirely to them. Since our last meeting all
the time and labor I could bestow has been
devoted to the work of the reorganization.
This year I have attended the county alli
ances of Abbeville, Anderson, Oconee, Pick
ens, Greenville Spartanburg, Union, York,
Chester, Lancaster, Kershaw, Colleton and
Edgenield, besides doing local wor~k in Fair
field and Lexington. 1 was accompanied at
most of the county meeting by our State
lecturer. It gives me pleasure to acknowl
edge the hearty co-operation I have received
from Brothers Wilborn and Reid, our effi
ient State officers. How far we have been
successful in our work may be shown by a
comparative statement of the membership.
The numerical strength of the alliance is by
no means as great as it should be, but I feel
ssured that the organization is now upon a
firm foundation and is moving upward. The
lliance sentiment everywhere appears as
ever. All agree that the alliance is a good;
necessary organization for the protection
and advancement of the farming interests,
and ought to be kept up. But too many,
through the inertia of what I presume they
onsider " innocuous desuetude" permit it
tbe kept up by others. With the general
sentiment so favorable it is inmportaut that
this alliance should invetigate closely the
onditions and, if possible, remove the caus
es that have produced this feeling of apathy.
My observation convinces me that it pro
eeds from the alliance in both its local and
eneral application. Absence of direct and
immediate local benefits is a prevalent cause
of apathy. In contrast, it is notable that
those alliances that continue strong in senti
ment and membership have achieved local
benefits by the application of business meth
ods to the letter and spirit of our constitu
tion. Failure and disintegration can be
traced extensively to financial losses from
isregard of business principles. There are
members on our rolls whose loyalty to the
high purposes of the alliance has risen above
personal consideration. Their example
:hallenges our admiration, and their expe
rience cannot fail in the future to be a source
of profit Any sub-alliance in the State can
by intelligent cooperation be productive of
fnacial local benefits sufficient to hold the
membership together. The moral and in
tellectual development that results from or
ganization and regular meetings cannot be
verestimated. The isolated lives we lead,
the meagre opportunities for reading and
study, and the natural feeling of indepen
ence inculcated by farm life militate against
social and intellectuzal progress. The inertia
f stagnation can best be overcome by or
ganization, and our lecturers can render no
more effective service than to impress upon
:ur farmer the individual responsibility that
rests upon them to organize. Every farmer
who is a good citizen should be a member of
the Farmers's Alllianoe.
The achievement of general benefits will
depend upon the strength and loyalty of the
ocal organizations. The operation of the
alliance is unlimited in scope, except as to
its political character. The usefulness of
the organization therefore can be abridged
only by the members themselves.
Prejudice from outside which existed from
Smisconception of our purposes, as well as
individual and local errors of our members,
bas, I believe, nearly dis-tppeared, and the
Alliance is now more than ever regarded by
all classes of our citizens, according to its
true intent, as a patriotic organiztion laboring
to develop a better State mentally, morally,
socially and financially," and to elevate the
standard of our people of our people in all
the qualnications of citizenship without strik
ing against the interest of legitimate busi
ness of any class of our citizens.
The members of the Farmers Allianre
were justly proud of the signal victory wo~n
over the jute trust. That fight was shor.
sharp and decisive, and the truits of vict -ry
were immediate. Compared with the grani
educational work in the science of ecofl$11i
cal government through a period -f seven
years, bringing into sight, i trust, the cul
mination of our hopes in reliet of :he people.
the jute fight shrinks into insignincance
in 1890 our national Alliance asserted the
principles of good government in demanding.
1. Thee ano the national bank sys
2. The free and unlimited coinage
and silver it the ratio of It; to 1.
3. That our paper currency sh'l be full
legal tendrer government issue instead of
The!e- demanls expre!iel at different.
time- in slightly varying phraeolgy raised
the is-ie. It. was met by organized capi
tal with a strenuous efort, to fasten on us
the blight of the gold stanard. Our de
umnls, ignored at Iirst by the political par
ties steadily gained strength among the
people as the educational work of the Alli
ance unveiled their justice and fairness to
them. Now we witness the unparallelled
sight, of strong forces in all the political par
ties striving to shape their political course
in barniony with us. The reform forces are
gathering. Parties are being rent assunder,
and :U new political alignment is being form
ed. The national Democratic convention.
which lately met at Chicago, by an over
whelming vote embodied our tinancial de
mands in its platform, thereby aligning it
self with the masses of the people upon
Demicratic principles against the dangerous
encro.tchment of plutocratic power that
threatens the perpetuation special privileges
on the gold standard. Win. J. Bryan of
Nebraska, the nominee of the Democratic
party, is an exponent of true reform. We can
fully trust him. His election next Novem
ber will bring into sight the relief for which
we have been contending for years. I have
too much faith in the wisdom and patriotism
of the political parties that meet at St. Louis
today to doubt that he will receive their cor
dial endorsement. Our political hope now
rests in concentration of the reform forces.
The efforts of all patriotic men should be ex
erted to secure it. The Alliance has accom
plished a grand work in forcing the issues to
the front, and deserves the thanks and con
grat-lations of the industrial world. While
great good has been accomplished, letus not
believe that the mission of the Farmers' Alli
ance is ended. It has just begun. Its mis -
sion is perpetual. "Eternal vigilance is the
price of liberty." It must endure until
rights no longer need enforcement, until
there are nu longer grievances t3 be redress
I congratulate you, brethren, -apon the
favorable auspices under which we me it in
this our ninth annual session. I trust that
we may have an enjoyable meeting, and that
your deliberations may materially conduce
to the permanent welfare of our organization.
A committee was appointed to whom
was referred the president's address.
The following letter was then read:
DsvEE, Col., July 10th, 1896.
I wish to congratulate you people on the
efficient secretary of your State Alliance.
The law of the order requires reports to be
made to the national secretary twice a year,
January and July 1st. Brother Reid re
ports the first of each month. By so doing,
he has been a great help to this office. Re
has a model form for reports where they are
to be made monthly, as he makes them.
Sister Fannie Leak of Texas made the first
semi-aunual report. News received from
different States is generally good. Minne
sota promises to organize a State Alliance
this year. We hope to get Idaho and Mon
tana in line.
R. A. Southworth,
Secretary and Treasurer.
State Lecturer Wilborn then ad
dressed the Alliance giving an account
of his work during the past year and
speaking in detail of the condition of
the Alliance. Among other things he
said that the membership of the order
in this State had increased 60 per cent.
during the year just ended. He stated
that the farming people of the State
seemed to take more inte-est in the or
der and seemed to be more determined
than ever to keep up their organiza
tions and work for the best. The fol
lowing committee on press reports was
then anpointed: J. D. Douthit, An
derson;'J. (2. Wilborn, York; J. F.
AS TO THE EXCHANGE.
A committee consisting of Dr. J.
Wmn. Stokes, M. L. Muan and (C. J.
Allen was appointed to examine into
all the affairs of the State Alliance ex
change and submit a report to the
body at today's session.
Speeches were then made by Presi
dent Keitt, Dr. Stokes. Dr. Walker of
Spartanburg, W. H. Edwards, W. H.
Bryant, Col. D). P. Duncan, and the
Rev. J.- A. Sligh. president of the
board of directors of the State Aliiance
exchange. These speeches dealt with
the workings of the exchange and it
was developed that the exchange was
universally endorsed. The reports in
dicated that the exchange had during
the past year done $150,000 worth of
business for the members of the or der
at a cost of less than 2 per cent, for its
The executive committee of the State
organization submitted a report to the
effect that the books of the secretary
and treasurer had been examined and
found to be in hrst-class condition.
THE (CoTTON TIE BUSINESS.
The matter of the cotto, tie trust and
the tmethod of dealing with it was
then taken up. Col. D7uncan of the
exchange made a tuall statement in re
gard to the formation of the trust, and
quoted the figures showing what the
armers had to face this year. He in
formed them that the price had been
increased from 72 cents a bundle, de
livered, to $1.30. There had, it was
true, been a slight increase in the price
of iron, but it did not guarantee an
increase in price of over 10 per cent.
He recommended a tight all over the
United States against the trust,' and
urged that the South Carolina Alli
ance take the initiative, inviting all
other State Alliances to join 1t in fight
ing the common enemy. The sugges
tion was received with universal ap
proval, and a committee, consisting of
Mr. J.- B. Douthit, C. A. Plyer and T.
W. Shannon, was appointed to looks
carefully into the whiole matter, re
porting to the Alliance today the most
feasible plan for fighting the trust:
The Alliance has in view a steel tie
substitute in the shape of a ne w wire
tie, which can be bought at the rate of
6 cents a hundred feet. This will re
duce the cost of "-tieing" a bale of cot
ton about one-third of the former cost
and may reduce it to about 4 cents per
'The Alliace at 11:15 p. m. took a
recess until 10 o'clock this morning.
i-Te State Farmers Alliance met
Thursday morning at 10 o'clock in the
Senate chlanber. After the usual open
ing exercises, the annual election of
officers was held. H-on. .f. L. Keitt
was unanimously re elected pr-esident.
Hon. J. C. Wilborn waus re elected
vice president and :Late f eeturer. .J.
W. Reid was uanimously re-elected
secretary and treasurer. Dr. J. L.
Shuler of Lexington was elected a
membe-r of the executive committee
to 3Leceed E. R. Walter of Orange
burg, who declined re-election on ae
count of his hea lth. President feitt
was elected delegate to the National
The committee on caton ties made
it: report which was unanimously
adopted. The coanmittee on State ex
change made a ver-oal r'epor~tstating
that the institution was in the best of
sape and that it w as doing a flourish
ECONTIUED ON PAGE FoUR.
THE TEiRIBLE TRAGEDY ENACTED
BY A DRUNKEN BRUTE.
Murdored H6 Wife.. Five Children, and
Euded His Owu Worthie" Existence by
Blowiug OatfHla Brains-A Little Babe
Killed in its Mother's Arms.
ELBERTON, July 22.-Yesterday af
ternoon at twilight Dave Berryman, a
white man, killed his wife, four little
children, the oldest of whom was four
years of age, and committed suicide.
The awful tragedy was enacted at
Berryman's humble home, three miles
from Royston, in Madison county.
Late in the afternoon Mr. Berryman,
who was a man noted for his dissipa
tion, though liked in a general way
by those who knew him, was at Hull
& Vaston's saw mill. a short distance
by the country road from his home.
He was intoxicated, though by no
means helplessly drunk. Shortly be
fore the hour for closing down he left
the mill and went, it appears, directly
to his home.
When he arrived the four little chil
dren were playing in the house and the
faithful young wife had prepared sup
per -as tempting a meal as the circum
stances would permit. The drunken
husband entered. In a few moments
six successive gunshots rang out upon
the early evening air and neighborr
rushed to the scene to find the floor of
of the little cottage bathed in blood,
the dead bodies of the wife and chil
dren strewn about the room and the
brutal husband lying across the bed,
gasping in the agonies of death with
his hard tightly clasped about the
stock of a new breechloading &an.
The supper that had been pared by
Mrs. Berryman was untouched upon
the table and the room showed no
uigns of disorder, the work of the
murderer having been quickly accom
plished and without a struggle. Mrs.
Berryman, the wife and mother, was
killed first, and then in quick succes
sion, the children, who were too small
to flee for their lives or to the murder
ous assaults of their father, we-e shot
one by one and their bodies fell to the
floor, one of them across the breast of
Berryman had coolly and deliberate
ly loaaed the gun at each required in
terval and the sixth cartridge, the last
of the third loading, he fired into his
own person. It was when his family
lay before him murdered, that he step
ped across the room, fell face forward
on the bed and stilled the hand that
had rlready sent five lives into eterni
ty. Berryman was dying when the
neighbors reached the scene. He was
already unconscious, and the deep,
strangling breath of the inhuman
murderer was pregnated with the
fumes of whiskey ; a broken bottle in
his pocket furnished the first surmise.
for the cause underlying the tragedy
-a husb-%nd had committed, perhaps,
the most sensational tragedy in the
criminal annals of Georgia while his
brain was fired by drink,
There was not an eyewitness to the
enactment of the crime. The words
that passed between husband and wife
prior to the shooting will never be
known. Mrs. Berryman was a come
ly, industrious young woman. She
loved her husband and had stood his
dissipation with a fortitude rarely seen.
She had frequently been treated inhu
manlyuand yet she clung to him with
that love that binds a wife to a hus
band over the lives of four innocent -
babes. It is known that she felt keen
ly the humillation of her circumstances
but that did not meet the humiliatin
that she felt at herhusbancis insinceri
ty and infidelity. She of ten reproved
him for the undue attention that he
paid to anotner woman in the neigh
He was absent from his hdme thelar
ger part of yesterday; his wife suspect
ed his whereabouts and as he reached
home last night, probably upbraided
him for his conduct. It convulsed
him with angry passion. He snatched
the gun from its rack and the slaughter
of innocent lives was the sequel. The
tracks on the bloody floor would indi
cats that he turned to the door to es
cape; he retraced, stopped and glanced '
at the bodies of the dead, fell face for
ward on the nearest couch and then,
as if to -atone for the bloody crime end
ed his own life.
Berryman was only 28 yearsold and
of good parentage. He was once be
fore married and his wife left him and
secured a divorce on the ground of in
human treatment. He had recently
become infactuated with another wo
man in the neighborhood and in con
sequence became tired and dissatisfied
with the youngwife thathe murdered.
Hie had frequently treated her roughly
and on more than one occasion threat
ened to kill her. She attributed is
brutality to the effects of dissipation,
however, and continued to live with
him, though he barely provided a sub
sistence for the family.
His little children were bright and
playful and at times he seemed to be
fond of thein. The oldest was~a little
girl of 5 and her devotion to her father
nlas been marked. Her mother encour
aged it in the hope that family ties
would -bring him closer to a sense of
his duty. The youngest child was a
babe of a few months only. It was in
the arms of its mother when she fell
and its body probably received the
second shot that was fired. The heavy
load of the gun ploughed through the
little one's person, literally tearing it
into shreds, and buried itself in the
opposite wall. The other t wo children
were aged 2 and 4, respectively, and
they had been playing about the home
only a few minutes before their little
souls were swept into eternity.- At
Boy Murdem a Boy.
Criic.ao, .July 23.-Harry Rudolph,
aged n1, struck two biows with his
puny tist last evening, and his oppo
nent, Grover Hianson, aged nine, fell
dead at his feet. The lads were having.
a boyish quarrel, and young Hanson
started to run. Rudolph followed and
catching- the lad near the curb struck
him in the face and the abdomer.
Young Hanson covered his face with
his hands, fell back and expired.
Young Rudolg was locked up by the
police. The physician who examined
young Banson gave it as his opinion
that the young lad died from cerebral
congestion resulting from shock.
Crushed in a Building.
CHICAGO, July 23.-By the falling
of a portion of the interior dome of
the old postotlice building one work
man was instantly killed anid another
so badly injure.1 that his life is de
spaired 'of . The dead man is Nicholas
Siimth, and Elmer Stringer was terrib
ly crushed r~y the tangled mass of iron