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VOL. XII. MANNINM. S. C.WEI)NESDI)A, AUGUST2.is;
NO WAY TO BEAT BRYAN.
WHAT THE FCURESOF THE ELECTO
RAL COLLEGE SHOW.
Changes in Political Seantiment That In
sure Democratic Snccesm-The Greater
Part of the Doubtful States Lean Toward
It has been said that the political
figurers may as well give up their cal
culations this year. as the electioi is
one in which the issues are novel,
party lines broken and new deals
made in the game of politics.
While this is in a measure true the
conclusion reached is incorrect.Except
in a few states the Democracy is as
powerful as ever, and in some parts of
the country, where it has formerly for
years had barely a standing, its
strength has greatly increased. The
marked enthusiasm of the large
majority of the Democratic national
convention means something. It in
dicates a Democratic revival in the
west and south. The Populist pow
er- .is shown by the elections of
1892 and 1894. Its union on the
Democratic candidate is just so much
solid gain. If the bolting Dem
ocrats should put a third candidate
into the field, its only effect would be
to draw to the ballot box the few De
mocrats who, dissatisfied with the ac
tion at Chicago, but not prepared to
swallow protection. plutocracy and
pateralism in McKinley, might oth
erwise remain away from the polls.
Itno third candidate should be in
the-fied;- some disaffected Democrats
might vote- for McKinley, but quite
as many would vote with their party
ratherlthan lose their votes. Hence
there is good ground now for an intel
ligent judgment on the outlook, based
on former. votes and the ascertained
strength of parties.
The questions that present them
selves in considering the chances of
1. Have the Populists lost oir gained
strength since the election of 1892?
2. Wil thePopulist support of the
Democratic -candidate for president,
William J. Bryan, be general?
3. Will the defection from the De
mocratic party, caused by the action
of the Chicago convntion, be great
enough to offset the increase of
strength gained from the Populist
1. Are the Populists growing?
The total popular vote in 1892 was
The Democratic and Pfopalist vote
combined was 6.597,946, or 1,421,838
in excens of the Republican vote.
The total Ponllist vote in 1894 was
1,363,452, or 322,421 Larger than in
In -view of the large Populist vote,
it is significant that the Democratic
vote in 1892 *showed an increase of
18,685 over the vote of 1888, while the
Republican vote decreased 264.108
from the vote at the election of four
U the states which will be the bat
t roundof the election the increase
or-decrease of the Populist vote in
184, as comiared with 1892, is as fol
In 1892. In 1894. crease. crease.
Califiornia-...25,8,52 51,301 25,952 ...
( Colorado...'.. 58,584 82,111 28,5-27 ...
Idaho-...... 10.520 7,191-...... 3,395
Illinois-....22,207 59,793 37,556 ...
Indiana.-.... 22,208 29,358 7,180 ...
Iowa...........20,595 32,118 11,523~...
Kansas (1895). 63,111 18,829-...... 44,782
Michigan.....19,892 30,012 10,120 ...
Minnesota...... 29,318 87,981 58,618 ...
Montana .... 7,834 15,240 7,906 ...
Nebraska.-...83,134 97.815 14,681 ...
Nevada...... 7,264 5,523 ...... 1,741
North Dakota. 17,700 9,354-.....8,436
Ohio (1895)..... 14,850 52,675 37,.825 ....
Oregon............ 26,965 -26,033 ....... 932
South Dakota.. 26,544 26,568 24...
Washington..... 19,165 25,140 5,975 ....
West Virginia. 4,166 Fasion '...........
Wisconsin-....9,909 2.5,6(4 15,695...
Wyoming-.... 7,722 2,176 .... 5,546
These figures do not correctly show
in all cases the actual Populistic in
crease or decrease. In Colorado, for
instance, the Populist vote of 1892
shows the fiusion Democratic and Pop
ulist vote. In 1894 (the congressional
election) the Democrats had no candi
date and divided their votes between
the Republicans and Populists. In
Idaho the Democratic and Populist
votes were bunched together in 1892
and separated in 1894. The Kansas
vote of 1892 shows the combined De
mocratic and Populist vote, while in
1895 they were divided.
In Nebraska in 1892 there was a bit
ter fight among the Democrats over
the question of'fusion 'on the Populist
electoral ticket, the -local Democratic
leaders fearing they might lose their
power in their organization if fusio5n
-prevailed. The combination was de
feated, but the Democratic vote,which
had been 80,552 in 1888 and 71,381 in
1890, d windled down to 24~,943. In
1894, on a union, with the Populists on
governor, -it'- was '97,815, and 6,985
votes were cast for a silver Democratic
candidate. .The Democratic Populist
governor carried the state.
In North Dakota the'Democratic and
Populist votes were counted together
as Populists in 1892 and separately in
In Nevada in 1894 the vote of 5.523
was cast for Governor Jones, the sil
ver candidate. Seven hundred and
eleven votes were cast for a Populist.
.In arriving at the total-Populist vote
of 1,363 452, in 1894, some Democratic
votes are therefore included in cases
where Democrats supported Populist
candidates.~ But this is offset by the
fact that in North Carolina, where the
Republicans fused with the Populists
in electing a chief justice of the su
preme court, and in other states where
the Republicans combined with the
Populists in electing judges and con
gressmen the votes .were counted as
kNepublican and no enumeration was
made of the Populists votes. Hence
the total of 1,363,452 is as nearly accu
rate as possible.
The extent and enthusiasm of the
last St. Louis convention, as well as
the proof given by these figures, show
that the Populists strength has not di
minished since its large vote of 1892.
2. Will the Populists support of
Bryan be general?.
It is as ridiculous to suppose that
the Populists will not support Bryan
as it was to imagine that the Chicago
D~emocratic convention would not
avail it-sell ') its -imple majority to
make giood ;a tWCetIiIsI -*ota- to lay
down a platform in accordance with
its own views and to select its own
standard bearer, or as it was to predict
thast the St. Louis Populist convention
, would throw away its chances of suc
could not be elkett d i n preference to a
candidate with a good prospect of sue
From the first the Populist conven
tion was in favor of Bryau's nomina
tion, but its members desired to act in
a manner that would pre;erve their
own organization intact and not merge
it in the Democratic organization. The
Texans were more earnest than others
on this point, because of their great
strength in their state and the much
larger strength of the Democracy.
But with them, as with all, the talk
of a middle of the road candidate for
the presidency was as nonsensical as
the talk of a .side ditch" bolt f-om the
action of the convention is now.
The nomination of an independent
Populist candidate for vice president
accomplishes all the so called middle
of the road delegates wanted. It pre
serves the identity of the party, and
instead of injuriously affecting the
president's vote will serve to increase
The last vote .in Texas for goverbor
was, in round numb! rs: Democratic',
242,000; Populist. 160,000, and Republi
can, 55,000. A Populist bolt in Texas
would mean the cutting down of the
Populist vote 30 per cent and the con
'sequent increase of the Democratic
vote- With the Demccratic vote in the
west strengthened and increased. by
free silver a straight Populist nominee
for president would only lose the P'opu
lists the four states they carried with
Democratic help in 1892 -Colorado,.
Idaho. Kansas and Nevada.
3. Will the defection of the gold
Democrats defeat Bryan!
In considering the amount of dan
ger to the Chicago ticket from the dis
affectn of the gold Democrats, it is
important to remember that -such dis.
affection is serious in only a limited
number of states and is scarcely of
any account whatever in the west.
Of the New England and middle
states Maine, New Hampshire, Ver'.
mont, Massachusettsand Pennsylvania
elected the Republican electoral tick
ets in -1892 and may be conceded to the
Republicans now. Any gold Demo
cracy movement in those states is im
material. If half the Democrats
should repudiate the Chicago candi
dates, they could only swell the Re
publican majorities Connecticut,
New York and New Jersey are, on the
other hand very important Democratic
states. With Delaware. Maryland and
West Virginia, their electoral votes
were cast for Cleveland in 1892.
It is claimed that the gold Democrats
will turn over Connecticut, New Jer
sey and New York to the McKinley
Republicans in this election.
In the section most affected by the
silverand Populistmovements through
the mining and agricultural interests,
five slates ran no Democratic electoral
tickets in 1892-Colorado, Idaho,
Kansas, North Dakota and Wyoming.
In Nevada, altho'ugh a Democratic
electoral ticket was in the field, the
Democrats generally voted with the
Populists. Colorado, Idaho, Kansas
and Nevada were in consequence car
ried by the Populists by pluralities in
Colorada of 14,964. in Idaho of 1,921,
in Kansas of 5,874 and in Nevada of
4,453. In North Dakota the Populists
obtained 181 plurality in the state, but
the three electoral votes went one to
each candidate. In Wyoming the Re
publicans secured 732 plurality.
In the other western and Pacific
states a combination of the Deriocratic
and Populist votes in 1892 would have
made these changes in the results:
California, carried by the Democr'ats
by 144 plurality, would have given
25,496 plurality over the Republbcans.
Illinois, carried by the Democrats
by 26,993 plurality, would have given
them a plurality of 49,200.
Indiana's Democratic plurality of
7,125 would have been increased to
Iowa's Republican plurality of 22,
965 would have been reduced to 2,370.
Michigan's Republican plurality of
20,412 would have d windled to 520.
Minnesota's Reptgblican plurality of
21,903 would have been changed to a
pluarality of 7,410 against the Repub
Montana, instead of givi'ng 1,270
plurality for the Repbulicans, would
have given a plurality of 6,064 for- thLe
Nebraska's Republican plurality of
4,093 over the Populists would have
given a plurality of 20,850 against the
Ohio would have reversed the Re
publican plurality of 1,072 to a plu
rality of 13.778 for the 6ther side.
Oregon, which gave a .mixed vo!.e,
showing a - small plurality fcor the
Republicans, would have given a plu
rality of 6,206 against Harrison.
South Dakota's plurality of 8,344 for
.the Republicans would have changed
to 737 against them.
Washington's Republican plurality
of 6,658 would have been wi ped out and
a Democratic and Populist plurality of
'12,507 would have turned the state to
the other -side.
West Virginia's Democratic plural
ity of 4,174 would have been increased
:Wisconsin's Democratic plurality of
6,544 would .have'swelled to 1G;453.
Wyoming, which gave Hfarrison
732 plurality, woulId have doled out to
him only 202.
Allowing to the Chicago Dem~)-at
ic candidate only 'the states that- are
believed to be certain for him, wbat
ever the gold D~emocrats niaty do, the
following is the list of
DEOrer ATIe 5T A~T.
Kentucky................... . 1:
.\ issouri...............................--- 17
North Carolina........................--- 11i
Texas..... .... .... .... .... .... .... .... .... 1
Utah....................- .....- .......
V irginia........ .......................... 12
Total........... ........... ..- ....... 153
Add the Populist States:
Coloraxdo-................ - ............. 1
Idaho....... ...... ...... ...... ...... ......
N evada...................... ..............
Conceding to the Republicans the
i-tates likely to be affected by a Demo.
cratic bolt, although the surrender of
New York at least is strongly and vig
orously protested against, McKinley is
given the following states:
31aine... .... ..... .... ......... ..... .... ...
31assachuisetts........... - ............ 1
New 11aupshire.......... -............
New Jersey................................ 1
P1nn syivani ........................ ...........
Rihode Island.........:........................... 1
ert ont ........................................ 1
# yom ingr.........................................
This leaves unplaced the following
C aiforniaf.......,. .............................. 9
1llinois ......... 21
Indiana.. . 1
owa.......w................ ...................... 1;'
M i igan .................................... . 1.4
M o t n ........................ .................
Oregon. . ........................... 4
South Dako a a ................................... 4
W est Virginia................................... t
W isconsin........................................ 12
Total ....................... 1
WHERE WILL THE PLNACE TATEs Go?
Of the unplaced States, where ought
Califernia to go? -In 1892 its electoral
vote was given to Cleveland by 114
plurality. The combined Democratic
and Populist vot'e was 25,496 over the
Republicans. In 1894 the Democratic
governor was elected by 1.206 plurality
and the Democratic and Populist votes
combined had a plurality of 52,510
over the Republicans. It is a signifi
cant fact that much dissatisfaction pre
vailed, and wLile the Democratic gov
ernor was elected-the other State ofli
cers went to the Republicans.
Delaware has gona Democratic seven
times since 1876 and Republican once.
Illinois, Indiana, Iowa and Michigan
have in them some Democratic disaf
Judgment, based on ascertained
facts, would be justified in placing Il
linoisi Indiana and Wisconsin in the
Bryai column. .There is certainly
good grounds for believing they will
maintain their combined Democratic
and Populist pluralitis under the im
petus of union and the promise of vic
tory. The rest of the unplaced States are
on t he crest of the great western tidal.
wave of the free silver movement and
are believed to be prepared to sweep
away all opposition to Bryan. Minne
sota, Montana, Nebraska, North and
South Dakota, Oregon, Washington
and West Virginia are all counted on
to give the Chicago: candidate their
They are placed in the Democratic
column for good and convincing rea
sons. Minnesota, because the Democrat
ic and Populist vote of 1892,with both
these-parties inharmonious and dissat
isfied, was 7,410 larger than the Re
Montana, because without the pres
tige of union and free silver coinage
the Democratic and Populist vote
combined was 6,064 larger than the
Republican vote in 1892 for president,
2,489 larger in the congressional elec
tion of 1894 and 7,257 larger in the last
election for governor.
Nebraska, becausa the combined vote
was 20,850 larger than the Republican
vote in 1892, was 10,187 larger in 1894
for governor and 19,614 larger last
year on supreme court judge.
North Dakota, because fusion with
out the prestige of a solid union de
feated the Republicans for governor in
1892 by 1,729 plurality.
South Dakota, because the Demo
crats and Populists together had a plu
rality over the Republicans in 1892
under adverse circumstances that kept
Democrats from the polls and reduced
their vote more than 60 per cent.
Washington, because it has shown
large Democratic and Populist plurali
ties ever'the Republicans in 1892 and
all subsequent elections.
West Virginia, because its straight
Democrats gave Clevelaind a plurality,
because all its state o21eers and judi
ciary are Democratic and because in
eight blections only one has been Re
publiciim in its result.
-Theeprobable results, based on the
foregning facts,' aie' thus stated:
..THlE DEMOCRATIC Fo?.ECAsT.
fPdpugt States of 1892................2
Caif~rnia ..................... 9
North DJ -t .................
regon'. ......... .............-.
Southi Dakota.......... ....:: -... -I.
Wes . ign .......... . ..- ..-.-...--...-4
. .THE REPUPLICAN FOR~cAST
Iowa........................ ...... ....-l
Michigan....:. ..............I....3.. A
< Totah..::: ........'..'...... 182
EleefdiaI vote for Hfyai............-6
Electdi-iT majority for Brjan............
COULD WIN ,WLTSOUT . LL.1NolS ANt)
'Thie condissioin of Illinois and Indi
anato. the -. Reptiblidaas would make
the foliwiu.esulA - -
119in0i......... ..... .............
Indiana ....-..............................- 1:>
Total.. .-............................ 221
Or in a 5rdhnce with other Repub
lican fleures and claims; the iPesult
might be foretold:
States probably Republican......-....... 1.82
West. Virginia...................- .......
Other Republican prophets give up
the western unpiaced states except In
diana, but ce'aim for their ticket Dela
ware, North Carolina and Louisiana.
This would give, with the states as
signed to the Republicansi
Assigned votes........................... 18
North Carolina.......................... .1
Still not enough to elect McKinley
On the other hand, it is seriously
questionedl whether . New York, with
its deadly Republican local feud and a
Democracy growing in enthusiasm for
Bryan, whose only crimes appear to be
hisyouta and his eloquence, will be
found .in . the Republican column.
Many Demccrats deny that Ohio can
be saTeiy coanted for McKinley, while
every man with a kr owledge of poli
tics cati'judge whether it will not be
more probable that iowa, Michigan
aud W-isconsin will be found rolling
on to the Democratic shore on the
great western tidal wave than that Del
aware, .i heois, In diana, Nebraska,
North Carolina, Oregon and Louisiana
will ranige themselves in the Republi
MIXSON ON HUBBELL.
EVIDENCE OF TALL AND PREMEDI
ommissioner Mizson and His Nephew
Flatly Contradict Mr. Hubbell - The
Former Cla!ms iis First Statement is
ro the Editor of The State:
Mr. Hubbell says 'n reference to me
in your issue of -sterday: "Every
word he says about my o!fering him a
rebate, directly or indirectly, of any
amount, or in any shape. or at any
Lime, is absolutely Jalse from begin
ning to end." Yet he does not deny
the interview in the sample room nor
my statement of what occurred there.
Bhould he do so and when he does,
then he is the liar that I have already
branded him in such event.
I now go further and say when the
offer of the 10 per cent. discount was
made in the privacy of the sample
room, (he having previously so pre
-mptorily refused to give me the 5
per cent. off) I looked upon it:with
;uspicidn and hence the question,
"Will you let it appear regularly on
the invoices?" Upon his declining to
Jo so and throwing himself behind the
"trust" I was fully satisfied his mean
ing was and consequently declined to
leal with him and have never done so.
In the matter of interest, my letter
,hould have read, interest beine
paid after GO days in place of
w0 days as stated. I now say
,hat his invoices for all goods bear
pon their face "interest after 60 days
it 6 Der cent. per annum," except on
the X.XX ryes which he bills at $2.25
per gallon, four months.
You must understand that the quan
ity of XXX ryes is very small indeed
mn comparison with the quantity of
the other, which was billed on the 60
After assuming the duties of com
missioner a draft came in from Mr.
Elubbell's company claiming a balance
)f interest due them. As Mr. Traxler
bad not returned any amount due
hem as such, I refused to pay foT
,ome time, and did not do so until I
ad Mr. Hubbell to come out and had
ltr. Trailer to go over the account
wvith my bookkeeper, Mr. S. W.
3ruggs, who was soon convinced
hat there was an accumulated interest
rom partial payments of accounts due
hem amounting to $t,255.34, for
hich amount I issued a warrant on
he State treasurer, Mr. Traxler agree
ng to the same, which I now have in
ny office in writing. .
Even if Mr. Hubbell did not intend
ny putting the return "cash" from the
LO per cent. offered, in my own pock
t as is so religiously claimed, he cer
ainly offered to act, must I say, in
)ad faith in trying to beat and deceive
he "trust" of which he is an honored
nember and I am intomed an ,tlicer,
mnd in doing so he laid himself open
o be adjudged capable of making ary
kind of a proposition. As to the par;
)f his letter which states "an agent of
21s called onme with a letter of intro
luction," the only party to whom I
ave a letter of introducticn was to
Ar. Robt. M. Mixson under the follow
About the time I assumed the duties
>f the office Mr. Robt. M. Mixson, a
2ephew o1 mine, who is and has been
or the last 10 or 12 years, the solicit
ng freight agent of the southern de
>artment of the Louisville and Nash
nile, with headquarters in Atlanta,
ia., asked me for letters of introduc
ion to several parties, in the interest
>f his road. I readily and gladly
omplied with his request and gave
aim polite and gentlemanly letters to
~he following parties: George Hub
sell, Cincinnati; Messrs. Block, Acme
Brewing company, Macon; Penn Glass
ompany, Anderson, Ind., and per
[aps to another one or two, I do not
recollect. What took place between
Mr. Hubbell, the secretary of the
ill Creek Distillery company, and
Nr. Robert M. Mixson, agent of
the Louisville and Nashville rail
road, I do not know, but this [
:lo ~know, Mr. Mixson never in
iated to me that his letter was to be
sed for other than the purpose it was
written, nor was he authorized to make
nj proposition coming from me, and
fany such proposition was made it
was without my knowledge. Jmmedi
tly on reading Mr. Hubbell's letter 1
wired Mr. Root. Mixson, asking him
ror a statement of phat occurred be
twseri hbimself and Mr. Hubbell that
in any manner related to me and here
with I give you his reply.
Mir. Hu~bbell's statement in reference
to'my sending him an agent to nego
Late bears badly on his side, for after
refusing to gi ve the agent, as he states,
~I per barrel for X, $2 per barrel for
X. and $3 per barrel for XXX, he
himself offers me $i1. 25 per barrel bor
XXX and would not consent to put it
on the invoices. Besides had 1 any
intention of such a deal I would have
been more discreet and not allowed a
tl rd party the knowledge nor a part
of the deal.
I didlike very muchi to be for-ced to
inlict all this upon the people, but it
would be suicidal in my remaining
quiet when stuck, and however disa
greeabe it may ne for me to make
these appearances in print, the people
may rest assured that I will strike
back when struck. F. M. MixsoN.
The following is the letter of Mr.
Mison's nephew to him:
F. M. Mixson, State Commissioner,
Columbia, S. C.
Dear Sir :-Replying to your request
to state to you what occurred relative
to a letter of introduction to George
Hubbell, secretary of the Mill Creek
Distilling company, Cincinnati, given
me by you some time the lirst of the
year, 189J5. I beg to say that when I
called upon you about the time you
took char~e of the State dispensary,
and asked you for letters of introduc
tion for several western firms, from
whom the dispensary bought goods,
you kindly gave thenr. to me, among
them one to Mr. Hubbell. As well as
I can remnem ber,the letter read: "This
will be handed you by mny nephew,
Mr. Ri. M. Mixson, who represents the
Louisville and Nashville railroad.
Anythinm re' can do for hinm will be
appreciate( by yours respectfully,
F. M. Mixso.
I secured thi letter for the -eason
that I was anxion~ to haul all oz the
shipments for the Mum Creek L':still
ing company, having oe aauling
only a portion of same under Mr.
Traxler. I mailed this letter to Mr.
Hubbell, stating that I would like to
meet him on his next visit to this ter
ritory. Mr. Hubbell replied that lie
would notify me when he next came
to Georgia or South Carolina. 1"!id
ing thot I wao ingn his Mwan chin
ment also, I wired him that I was
anxioustosee him, and toplease wire
me dead-head answer when he would
I finally met Mr. Hubbell on one of
my regular visits to Macon, and had
a, nice talk with him relative to
freights and other things, During
this conversation Mr. H ubbell made
me a proposition to represent the Mill
Creek Distilling company in South
Carolina, and offered to pay me 50
cents per barrel on whiskey I would
sell to the South Corolina State dis
This went on for some months,
when I met him at the Planters hotel,
August, on his way to Columbia, S.
C. lie then increased his offer to $1.00
for one X, $2.00 for two XX and $:3.00
for X X Il. e went on to Columbia,
and on Saturday afternoon of same
week he wired me to meet him Sun
day afternoon following at the Plant
ers hotel, Augusta. I was in Augus
ta, and met him. lie informed me
that he had a settlement in full with
the dispensary and had concluded to
abandon their business; that it was
too risky, and therefore had asked me
to meet him so that he could withdraw
The foregoing propositions were
made tome individually, and not as
agent for anybody else.
R~ M. MasoN.
Politics Oissolves a Firm.
DETROIT, Autg-. 211.--The law firm of
Dickinson, Thurber & Stevenson.
which is compr-ised of lion. Don M.
Dickinson, LIenry T. Thurber, private
secretary of President Cleveland, and
Elliot G. Stevenson, late chairman of
the Democratic State central commit
tee, has dissolved on account of politi
cal differences which have arisen be
tween Messrs. Dickinson and Steven
son since the Chicago convention. In
the Chicago convention Mr. Stevenson
posed as the mouthpiece of Mr. Dick
inson, who represented the adminis
tration. Stevenson was chairman of
the Michigan delegation and also
chairman of the State central commit
tee. le declared he would resign
from the latter position, not on ac
count of the platform, but because of
the treatment of the Michigan delega
gation in the convention. Mr. Stev
enson did resign, but his resignation
was not accepted, which was consid
ered purely a personal victory rather
than one for gold or the administra
tion. Later Mr. Stevenson resigned
again and made way for Fred A. Bak
er, a rabid silver advocate, retaining a
place on the committee, however. Mr.
Stevenson has been taking an active
part in the campaign in the interests
of Bryan and Sewall. The action on
the, prt of Stevenson so incensed Mr.
Mr. dickinson that- the relations be
tween the members of the firm became
greatly strained. Articles ef dissolu
tion were signed Saturday. Mr. Thur
ber will remain with Mr. Dickinson.
This law firm probably had a larger
revent-than any other similar firm
inthe-Etate. Mr. Stevenson,-besides
being one of the most conspicuous
Democrats in Michigan, is considered
a lawyer of great ability. He came
here from Port Huron a few years ago
to become the junior partner of the
firm and immediately took high rank
among Detroit lawyers.
Kied by a Negro Thief.
SPARTANBURG, Aug. 16.-One of the
saddest and most shocking tragedies
ever known in this county occurred
here today. Capt. J. H. Blassingame,
one of the oldest and most respected
citizens of the town, was shot and in
stantly killed this afternoon about 1
o'clock.- Capt. Blassingame was at
hisbother-in-law's house, having gone
there while the family were away, for
the purpose of protecting it from the
robbers, as it has been for several Sun
days past been broken into and robbed
of jewelry and silverware. While he
was lying on a sofa in the hall he
heard a noise and upon going in he
was fired at by the negro. Ten, shots
were fired, 'and it is supposed that
both did the shooting, as t wo pistols
were found lying empty in the room.
Capt. Blassingame was shot twice
through the heart. A short time af
ter the shooting a negro by the name
of Chris Cannon was found at his
home suffering from a pistol wound in
his left side, and it is supposed that he
did the shooting. Cannon is a noted
thief and has for some time been sus
pected. Cannon's wound is thought
to be fatal. Great excitement pre
ails, but the law will take its course.
Capt. Blassingame wasabout 64 years
of age. lie was one of the best known
men in the upcountry and had held
office in this county longer than any
other man. H~eserved as sheritT and
treasurer for years. lHe was at one
time chief of police. He served
through the war, and a braver soldier
never drew a sword. Before the war
he was a colonel in the Guited States
Army. Another negro by the name
of .Johnson has just been arrested as
an accomnplice to the killing. -State.
Au inhuumn wreteir.
WlNirEz, Manitoba. Aug. 19.
John Glenn, a farmer of Rapid City,
a settlement near Winnipeg, is being
closely guarded by law olticers from
indign.'ot settlers. Some time ago
Glenn dopted a fourteen year-old lad.
On Satirday the lad, who had been
ill treat-:d ran away. Glenn took a
horse and followed him, catching the
little fellow about ten miles out of the
settlement. Ou Sunday the boy was
found on the roadside dying from the
effects of terrible bruises all over his
body. Before he died the boy recov
ered sutliciently to tell that his guar
dian, when they got to a lonely part
of the road, tied a rope around his
waist, and pushing him off thre horse,
dragged him along the road. The
horse was galloped several miles at
full speed. The child had nearly all
bis hones broken. Glenn left him by
the roadside, thinking he was dead.
Died From a Spider's Bite.
PHILLISDURG, N. 5., Aug. 19.-Mrs.
A. Melinda Slavin, wife of John Sla
in and the mother of nine chiidren,
while performing her household du
ties on Friday was bitten on the arm
by a small spider. She brushed the
insect off' and gave no heed to the
small, stinging wound which it made.
Saturday her arm began to swell, end
on Sunday her condition was so alarm
ing that a physician was called in.
Blood poisoning had resulteu prom
the bite of the spider. The woman
died early yesterday morning in great
D~etermained to Die.
HoT SPraIxs, Ark., Aug. 18.- Ear -
ly yesterday morning J1. C. Williams,
from Montana, stabbed himself im the
breast four times with a knife. Fail
ing to end his life in that manner he
jumped head ir-st into a deep well and
brak hs neck.
A TARDY CONFESSION.
THE NEGRO TREATED BETTER IN
THE SOUTH THAN IN THE NORTH.
Th is i the Couclusion Reached by Zion'
Herald, a LeadIng Methodist Paper Pu,
Unhed ia lioston--The Negro I.oved at a
Zion's I Learld of Bcston reviews the
negro question in the North, but more
forcibly than it has hitherto been
done, and reaches the conclusinn that
the South treats the negro a great deal
better than New England does. it
may not be excited for his political
condition, but it takes a great deal bet
ter care of his physical condition.
Take Boston, for instance, which is
popularly supposed to be the most stal
wart friend of the colored man in the
Union. The Herald finds that the col
ored population in that city is segre
gated as a rule, not because of any de
sire on the part of the negro to sepa
rate on himself from his white breth
ren, but because the latter do not like
have him reside in their vicinity.
Real estate tgents will not sell proper
ty in the better sections of the town to
a colored applicant, and he can secure
a house or lot in such quarters only by
quiet and careful scheming. To illus
trate: A Boston negro recently pur
chased a home in Brookline, through
medium of a third party. As soon as
it was known in the locality that the
newcomer was a black the white neigh
bors endeavored strenuously to buy
back the property. Finally -the ne
gro sold it for twice the amount it cost
him, and then with a portion of the
proceeds purchased another house only
a few doors distant.
But it is in regard to labor that the
Herald is most distressed. Massachu
setts is willing to educate the negro,
but as soon as it educates him it wants
him to move South. The writer says:
"With years of residence in Boston we
never saw a negro with the hatchet or
the trowel, nor even with the
blacksmith's apron. Doubtless there
are some, but they are few.
Here the negro carries the hod.
in the South he lays the brick and mor
tar; here he shovels out the cellar,
there he frames the dwelling; here he
whitewashes the fences, there he
paints. the houses; here he cleans the
stable, there he shoes the horses; here
he is a common laborer, there he is an
artisan." The stores of Boston con
tain almost no colored clerks. The
negro barber is no longer found in
first class shops. Only the work which
the white is unwilling t do falls to
the lot of the black, and not much of
that. Indeed, it is no easy matter for
a negro to make even a meagre living
in Boston, which explains wny so few
of them go North, in spite of all the
honeyed words they hear from that
The social line is a distinctly drawn,
it-the- piibli& resorts, -tie hctels and
elsewhere. The negro cannot join a
club, belong to the League of Ameri
can Wheelmen, or any other similar
social organization; indeed, he is be
ing so generally crowded out by the
whites, so given the cold shoulder,
that he is living more and more to
himself; and thus there is growing up
not only in Boston but in every other
Northern city, and a distinctive and
separate negro quarter, where the ne
groes live to themselves, and where
they need not be thrown in any inter
course with the whites.
What Zion's Herald says of Boston,
and which it seems to present as a
charge against that city, which has
made so many pretenses of being de
void of all race prejudices, is not con
fined to Boston. The Providence
Journal, published in the second city
of New England, says that it is equally
true of Providence and remarks.
"And asit is in Boston, so it is in
other Northern cities. There is no par
ticular moral to be drawn from the
fact, no especial complaint to be made
on either side. If one of two dissimi
lar races is unwilling to admit the
othier to its social life there must be
thought to exist an impassible barrier
too formidable for law to level or for
even the moralist to inveigh against.
Surely there is no ill-feeling entertain
ed by the whites of the North toward
the negro. Nobody wishes to deprive
him ot a single legal right. But when
it comes to the intimate and private
phases of society the white man will
erect such barries as he pleases, wheth
er against the lacky, the ,Mongolian
or the uncongenial white person. This
is something outside the pale of law,
and no amount of legislation could ef
fect a permanent or widespread
change. Perhaps in the future the
white citizen will have a greater re
gard, socially, for his black brother
thia~n he has at present, but not till
then will there be any important al
teration in existing condilive in amity
and neither mu-:t deny to the other its
This is tne plain, unvarnished truth,
and we are glad to see New England
confess it. It is the race question. in
the South which, as the Journal de
clares, cannot be settled by any legis
lation, as Congress seemed to believe
at one time. Our- New England friends
see the question, however, in a modi-'
ied formi. In a community where
there is but one negro to every hun
dred whites, and where the African
isms have been rubbed off by 'inter
course with the Caucasian race the
colored man is naturally less objec
tionable than he is in the South, where
he forms in many localities three
fourths, (and in some instances nine
teen-twentieths) of the population,
and where the white inliuence is so
small that it has not been possible to
civilize him, but where he still fre
quently remains, in his habits, ideas
and general characteristics, an Afri
If Boston and New England draw
tbe color line they cannot be surprised
at the view the South takes of the ne
gro evil, which is sixty fold greater
n ere, that being the relative propor
tion of the negroes in the two sections.
Our Northern friends, however, seem
to be rapidly understanding the mat
ter, and show a far better comprehien
sion of it thait they every did before.
An !Cnglish VIew.
LONDO, Au~g. 19.-The St. James
Gazette this afternocn published a col
umn leading article pointing out that
I ryan's chance of election to the
Presidency of the United States is niot
hopeless, concluding: "It is imnpossi
ble to doubt that thousands of Amieri
cans will vote for Bryan and free sil
ver, mainly because they think it will
mean a deadly blow to English capi
talists and financiers who are sup.
posed to have sucked the gold from
the country and impoverished its arti
PUT UP OR SHUT UP.
A Republiean Campaign Lie Choked 1)1
U PPEt RED HooK, N. Y., Aug. 18.
William J. Bryan, for the first time
since Senator John M. Thurston, as
alleged, declared that he (Bryan) was
in the employ of mine owners, made
an ollicial denial, coupled with a chal
lenge to the National Republican Corn
nittee to come out in the open and ac
cuse him or forever be silent. Mr.
Bryan's attention had been called to
the controversy between Senators
Thurston and Stewart, and he deter
mined tonight to settle the matter, if
possible. le therefore demands an
open charge, which he says he will
refute with details of his private life
and his financial affairs, or silence.
lie said tonight:
"I have already denied this charge
on several occasions, but the reitera
tion of it by Senator Thurston, a dis
tinguished resident of my own State
justilled me in answering it again. I
nave never at any time, or under any
circumstances, been in the employ of
any mine owner's individually or col
lectively, directly or indirectly, nor
have I ever been in the employ of or
paid by any Bimetallic League Associ
ation. Aside from my editorial sala
ry of about $150 per month paid by the
Omaha World-Herald, and a small
amount derived from the legal profes
sion, my income has been derived en
tir 1y from lectures before Chautauqua
lyceum and lecture bureaus, which
ha'e usually paid me a fixed sum and
fro n contributions made by the people
of te localities where I have spoken.
In some instances I have received
nothing at all. In most cases I have
received more than enough to pay
travelling expenses. In only two in
stances, I think, has my compensation
exceed $100, and in those instances it
was about $200 at one place and $300
at the other.
"The fii-st platform on which I ran
for Congress in 1890, before I was
known politically outside of my State,
contained a free coinage plank, and
my Republican opponent that year
was an advooate of free coinage. In
the campaign of 1892 I again ran on a
free coinage platform. In 1894 I
again ran on a free coinage platform,
and my opponent for the Senate, Mr.
Thurston, while opposing unlimited
coinage at 16 to 1, imisted that he fa
vored bimetallism. I wrote the free
coinage plank on which I ran in 1890,
and the free coinage planks in the Ne
braska State. platforms in 1891, 1894
and 1896, and tried to secure the adop
tion of free coinage planks in the State
platform in 1892 and 1893. I only
mentienthis to show thatmy advocacy
of free silver is not of recent date.
"Having made this answer to Mr.
Thurston's letter, I shall take no no
tice of individual and newspaper com
ment on this subject. If the Republi
can National Committee will say offi
cially that I have ever been employed
to deliver speeches by any mine-own
er, a group of mmie-owiers, or by any
associations supported by mine-owners
I am ready to make a statement show
ing in detail all money received by me
Replies to Nixson.
To the Editor of The State:
In your isue of the 7th inst., you
publish a letter from Commissioner
Mixson. Every word he says in that
letter about my offering him a rebate
directly or indirectly of any amount
or in any shape, or at any time, is ab
solutely false from beginning to end.
He further states that "when Mr
Trailer was commisioner he discov
ered that the Mill Creek company was
being paid interest after 30 days, and
each 30 days calling for more or big
ger interest." Ttiis statement is also
All the goods we sold Commissioner
Traxler were sold on 60 days or four
months time, and interest was charg
ed after the maturity of each invoice
at 6 per cent, per annum, and so stat
ed on-each invoice. I cannot unjer
stand how a sane ma-n can msae
.tucli a statemen$ ove-r his owni signa
ture, when he knows~ the evidence to
prove him a falsifier is on file in the
ofiice of the State dispensary.
The reason this man Mixson is so
bitter against me is because I would
not employ hir agent and pay him a
commission. Shortly after he was
appointed commissioner,: but before
the business of the dispensary was
transferred to him, he gave nis agent
a letter of introduction to me. This
agent said he could get me the busi
ness of the State dispensary and want
ed a commission of $1 a barrel on X,
$2 a barrel on XX and $3 a barrel on;
XXX whiske/', and wanted this on
all we sold the State. I told him the
Mill Creek D)istilling company fur
nishaed the capital to mak~e the dispeni
sary a success and that institution
o wed us more than $92,000 at one time,
and the books in the offlee of the dis
peilsai-y would prove it, and I thought
the maanagement of the dispensary
would be cold-blooded and ungrateful
if they did not gives. us a portion of
their business without our having to
t'put up" for it.
We did not get the business. Now,
I leave the readers of your paper to
judge for themselves.
Secretary Mill Creek Distilling ('o.
Cinemnnati, Aug. 18, 1896.
WasrearroN, Aug. 19.-1. N.
Stevens. vice chairman of the Silver
party, arrived in Washington to-day.
He has been in conference with the
leadears of both the Populist and
Democratic parties here. Tt is the
wish of the Silver party to arrange
co-operation with the committees of
both the other parties in order that
there may be complete harmony
among the supporters 'of Bryan.
There is some talk that the headquar
ters of all the parties will be in the
Wormley building so that the co-op2
ration may be complete. The Popu
List executive committee continued its
session, but nothing more than a dis
cussion of the situation was the result
of the committee.
A Disastrous~ Cloud( buIrst.
SILVER CITy, N. M., Aug. 20.--Tele
graphic comununication has been re
establirehed with tue Magolon mining
camp, eighty-two miles from here, in
Socorreoco County, and details of the
cloudburst of Wednesday afternoon
received. The waters swept down the
camp about 41 o'clock in the afternoon,
totally destroying twenty-six houses
arid business-places and causing loss
in property of fully $25,000. John 1
Knight, a miner, was caught asleep in
his cabia and drowned. An unknown4
Mexican was carried down the canon
and drowned. There are reports of
eight people missing but the loss of
life so far r~s known is limited to
WEEKLY REPORT OF THEIR CONDI
TION IN THIS STATE.
Cotton and Corn Hurt by the Hot and Dry
Weather-Riice. Cane and Other Crops
Doing Very Well.
COtUMBIA, S. C., Aug. 19.-The
rollowing bulletin issued lby Observer
Bauer covers the weather and crop
ronditions for the week ending Satur
lay, Aug. 15, and in its preparation
were used reports from one or more
correspondents in each county in the
The abnormal heat continued dur
ing the entire week with but little va
riation from day to day, although the
tendency was towards lower tempera
ture. The heat was general, there
having been but five degrees difference
between the highest and lowest week
ly means, viz.; 86 at Allendale and 81
at Greenville. The weekly mean for
the State was 84, the approximate nor
mal 79. Fifteen places reported max
imum temperatures of 100 or above on
one or more days. The highest tem
perature was 105 on the 10th at Gilli
sonville, the lowest 67 on the 15th at
G-reenville and Cheraw.
The rainfall was copious and well
istributed over all sections of the
State. although it fell in sca ered
showers in the nature of thader
storms. These storms were most nu
merous on Wednesday and Friday.
[n places, notably Chesterfield and
Pickens counties on the 14th and Or
angeburg on the 11th, they were ac
companied by high wind, hail and
washing rains that did material inju
ry to corn and cotton. This week 36
stations retort rain against 22 last
week and 23 stations rerort measure
ments exceeding an inch against 7.
The following places reported heavy
rains: Allendale, 1.87; Greenwood,
1.42;Spartanburg. 2.00; Cheraw, 1.67;
Florence, 2.24; Kingstree, 2.50; St.
Matthews, 1.15; Yemassee, 2.01; Co
lumbia, 1.37; St. George's, 1.40; Pin
opolis, 3.32; Santuc, 2.10; Camden,
1.35; Oakwook, 2.05; Elloree, 180;
Chesterfield, 1.75; *Valhalla, 186;
Darlington, 3.11; Trenton, 1.41; Little
Mountain, 2.10; Gillisonville, 116;
Poverty Hill, 1.20; Society Hill, 1.69.
he average of all rainfall reports is
1.40 and the normal for the week is
The weather was more favorable for
crops in general than for some time
previous, especially in the matter of
rainfall, but the good effects of the
rains were negatived by the cotinued
abnormal heat which in places caused
scalding of cotton and peas. There
remained localities at the end of the
week which had entirely insufficient
rain and at those places..crop deterio
ration was rapid, the drought affect
ing all vegetation. Happily such dis
tricts in the aggregate form but a
small portion of the area of the State.
Late corn suffered severely from the
heat and dry weather and is called a
partial failure, being undersized and
the kernels drying and shriveling.
By far the greater portion of the corn
crop was made before the dry weather
set in and is consequently safe. Fod
der pulling continues. Interfered
within places by the rains and by
dry weather in others. Much foddee
on late corn is so bnrnt and dried as
to be unfitted for saving, and this im
portant forage crop is a comparatively
The continuous hot weather is still
an adverse factor in the seasonal de
velopment of the cotton plant, caus
ing shedding of leaves, blooms,
squares and half-grown boils as re
ported during the preceding week, but
not quite so freely as then. Rust is
common and reported from all ee
tions of the State. The heavy rains,
where they occurred, checked deterio
eation - for the time but correspon
lenizagree that the rains will not;
:ause cotton to .recover 'the excellent
:onidition it had when the extreme
dieat anzd drought began in the third.
lecade of July.
Improvement is noted in the west-.
~rn counties, but the improvement
will be confined, it is thought, to an
ncrease of the size of the bolls which
he plant now bears and better matur
t'. No top crop is generally expect
i as growth has stopped. There are
ocalities to which this does not applf;4
nd where new growth promises a togV
~rop. On sandy soils, particularly
.n the southern counties, the plant is
lead. and from one-half to two-thirds
f the bolls are open. Picking has
egun actively in the eastern counties
Lnd cotton. opening very fast over the
In every county, except Berkeley,
he prospective yield has declined ma
erially during the past week.
The- condition of rice continues ex
cellent. Iharvesting the crop has now '
airly begun, although some fields are
ust beading. All of it is fully up to,
r above, an average condition.
Peas are variously reported doing .
well in some places and being very
ooor in others, having been injured
'ay the heat and drynesss, or by too
nuch rain and hot sun which caused
~calding. The pea crop is considera
ly under an average one and a fur
~her falling off is more likely than an
Sugar cane is doing fairly well in
ome places, while others report it
lried up to a large extent,and that the
Vield of sy rup willbe thereby reduced.
ain improvement can be noted in its
:ondition. Sweet potatoes are still
rery promising, but the tubers are
-epried undersized where dug.
Turnips, as a rule, are not doing
well, but the rains permitted sowing
ander more favorable conditions than
bhave prevailed for some time.
The minor crops generally are better
han during the previous weeks, the
rood egfects of the rains having quick
y become noticeable.
Fusion in south Dakota.
MrrCHELL, S. D., Aug. 18-The
)emocratic State Central Committee
was in session here last night. The
>bject was to determine whether a
state convention would be held to put
ip a State ticket. Senator Pettigrew
Lnd Senator Kyle were present and
Lssisted in the fusion deal. It was
ong past midnight before arrange
nents Were comnpleted. -it was unan
".ously decided to endorse the 1Popu
ist State ticket and the nominees of
he Chicago convention, Bryan and
3ewall. 'The Democrats get nothing
ut of the deal. Sewall and Watson
vill both receive the support of Popu
ists aind Democrats in counties where
ither is the st'-ongest. The fusionists
xpect to carry the entire State, but
r-e 'nnt alloesher sanguine of success.