Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XII. MANNGS.C. WEDNESDAY, SE1 IMTE ,18.
TILLMAN TAKES A HAND)
HE WRITES A LETTER IN THE INTER
EST OF GOV. EVANS.
He Is Persuaded to "Give an Expreesion
of His Opinion'.of the Situation-Advised
Al Reformers to Vote for the Governor.
CoLtmwma. S. C., Sept. 3.--The fol
lowing correspondence explains itself:
Columbia, S. C., Sept. 1st, 1896.
Hon. B. R. Tillman, Trenton, S. C.:
Dear Sir-Recognizing you as the
rignator and trusted leader of the
Reform movement in South Carolina,
and having full confidence in your
judgment and political foresight, we
respectfully ask an expression of opim
ion from you regarding the senatorial
race and the effect its result may have
upon the future of the Reform move
ment in this State and in the nation.
We know your reluctance to interfere
in this race and your determination to
avoid anything like dictation, as has
been shown by your public utterances;
but we regard this as a serious crisis,
and, as in e past, your wise leader
ship and advice have brought the Re
form movement safely through grave
perils, we feel that you should now
take the helm and give an expression
to your fellow citizens of your opin
ion of the situa'tion.
X. B. McSweeney,
W. T. C. Bates,
J. Gary Watts,
W. A. Neal,
J. Wm, Stokes, .
A. C. Latimer,
A. W. Jones, Abbeville, S. C.
CF. P. Scarborugh, Darnington, S.C.
J. W. McCown Forence, S. C.
C. L. Winkler, Camden, S. C.
B. F. Holley, Aiken, S. C.
W. W. Williams, Aiken. S. C.
W. H. Mauldin, Hampton, S. C.
A. F. H. Dukes, Orangeburg, S. C.
L W. Bowman, Orangeburg, S-. C.
W. W. Cassels, Chester, S. C.
G. D. Bellinger, Barnwell, S. C.
T. Y. Williams, Lancaster, S. C.
S. W. Scruggs, Greenville, S. C.
J. M. Harrelson, Spartanburg, S. C.
E. J. Dennis. Berkeley, S. C.
J. B. Morrison, Berkeley, S. C.
J. G. Long, Union, S. C.
W. A. Nicholson, Union, S. C.
J. A. Sligh, Newberry, S. C.
Robert Aldrich, Barnwell, S. C.
C. W. Garris, Smoak's, S. C.
A. H. Williams, Williasurg Co.
Wilie Jones, Richlamd, S. C.
W. A. Bennett, Spartanburg, S. C.
J. D. M. Shaw, Laurens, S. C.
0. G.. Thompson, Laurens, S. C.
H. L. Farley, Spartanburg, S. C.
Jn. B. Davs, Edgefield, S. C
T. C. Robinson, Pickens, S. C.
Josh W. Ashley, Anderson, S. C.
E. B. Stackhouse, Marion, S: C.
. Trenton, S. ., Sept. 2,1896.
To~Iesrs. M. B. McSweeney, James
'Norton, - W. T. C. Bates, J. Gary
Watts, W. A. Neal, J. A. Sligh, J.
D. M. Shaw, A,. C. Latimer and
-Gentlemen: Yoir letter of this date
hasjust-been received, and as its ten
-ordemaW prompt answer, I reply at
Inc. I intended to say and do
nothing in the snatorial race, but I
recognize in you, my strong personal
and political friends, the right to call
nme both for advi-a and work, if
need be. What I may say may serve
only to give an explanation of the
causes that have produced a threaten
ed disainrrather than avert it. You
ask me to "take thehelmn" when the
ship is already in the breakers.. As a
.true man I miast do so, even thouh
at'this late day I might well askwh
you have not called on me sooner.
regard the election of Governor Evans
to the Sen~ate now as a political neces
sity. I say this without the slightest
degree of dsagent to his oppo
nent. There is neesaily a difference
of opinion among our people.as to the
fitnae and qualifications of these two
t anfor the hign office named.
hiisnot a personal contest, and
and Judge Earle's qnalifiations can
notnow enter as factors in the consid
eration of the question by the true Re
formers ot the State. To these I ad
dress myself because I -know too well
that nothing I can say will have any
weight with }hose who have fought
me with such intense bitterness in the
past and who now fight Evans as the
exponent of Reform. The Reform
movement had its origin in the de
mand of the people, the common peo
ple, for recognition in governmental
affairs. It swept the State and assum
ed absoluts control of -al its depart
ments. General Earle opposed it with
bitterness in 1890, but his manly ac
quirescence in the result won the res
pect and esteem of all his opponents,
so much so that he has since neen
hcnored by an election to a judgeship.
H scannot therefore complainthat the
Reformers are unforgiving.- The ques
~h earned the United
Satessenators ' , and is he in sympa
'tay with the men who are to give it to
him if 1preceives it?
Heenlies the essence of the whole
matter, and he himself, time and again
on the stump, has declared emphati
cally, "I am not a Reformer," thus
making a subtle appeal to his old sup
porters by an avowal of still being one
of them and .repadiating those who
bad honored him.
When the campaign opened at Man
ning, General Earle withdrew from
the race because he felt that he could
not hope to win against Governor
Evans alone, and only when he re
entered it at the last m-"ment, when
he had been informed of Mr. Duncan's
entry and speech, indicating a fight
between Reformers by which be could
ledid not enter the canvass active
ly until he had watched its course for
1wo week~s, and with subsequent events
the public are familiar. Suffice it to
say, that while Mr. Duncan hung on
like a sleuth hound and doubtless ful
ly expected to be elected, his role has
been that ofithe cat who pulls chestnuts
out of the fire for others to eat, and he
has injured the Reform movement
more than any man who has ever
been in it. While he has bad the sat
isfaction of being patted on the back
by The News and Cqurier and The
State, as having "done the work,
while Earle got the votes," the specta
cle has been presented of the man who
was selected by the people to take my
place and assume leadership in the
tstate being attacked by slanxer; first
by the Anti newspapers and then have
him slandered repeated from every
stump by a Reformer who failed to
furnish any proof. While it is a well
anown principle of logic that you c-an
not prove a negative, it has been de
manded of Governor Evans to prove
his innocence when there was no evi
dence to pnove him guilty.mHe has
committed the fatal blander, coutrary
to my advice, of noticing Mr. Duncan
just enough to keep him as a factor in
the election. He failed to notice the
only charge that was really of any
moment, viz.: What he is said to have
said to Mixson.
Governor Evans entered upon the
duties of his otlice pledged to enforce
the dispensary law and continued the
policy I had followed. He had a diffi
cult role to perform and it was impos
sible for him to give satisfaction. If
he had trid to placate the Conserva
tives it would have angered the Re
formers, and yet his efforts to enforce
the dispensary law and the use of the
metropolitan police in Charleston en
raged opoonents in all the cities and
towns. He thus made enemies while
he failed to retain the support of his
friends. Entering the race for the
senate as tme logical candidate of the
Reform party, he alo-e has been
fought by the oppositior and in addi
tion the str ange specta( has been
presented of two promin t and popu
lar State officers fighting. tm secretly
or openly while he has had no assis
tance whatever.either from his present
colleagues or any of the local lead
ers. There has been no organization.
Every local candidate was either trad
ing him off to gain Conservative sup
port, or keeping quiet so as not to
give offence. He has been the only
standard bearer we have had as a par
ty, and therefore with his possible de
feat will go the defeat of the party.
When he entered the race, the admin
istration of the governor's office and
his services and abilities; as displayed
in the Constitutional convention, left
him without a rival, except the two
appeared at the last moment, as I have
indicated. Now, what will be the
moral effect of his defeat? First, the
Reform movement will lose the prize
which is justly its own, the place in
the United State senate for six years.
This cannot be denied, because Gen
eral Earle has repudiated with scorn
that he is a Reformer. Second, the
Reform party will lose prestige outside
of theState and will showt that it caa
not under its own rules and regula
ions control the election of senator.
Third, the Reform movement will be
disgraced in the eyes of the world, for
the man whom it has honored as gov
erner will go down under the accusa
tion of personal and pollitical crimes,
which while not proven, had yet caus
ed his fellow citizens to declare him
guilty by their votes. Those Reform
ers who from personai motives, either
of securing political support for them
selves or from animosity to Governor
Evans have voted against him in the
irst primary, must determine, and of
course they will determine, their own
course of action. I will simply ask
them one or two questions. If Gov
ernor Evans did not appear to be the
proper and best candidate and the
strongest candidate, why did they not
put up some other good Refermer?
Second, if, under the rules of the
party, the race for the Senate could be
had between General Earle and sever
al Drominent Reformers whom I could
mention, could Earle be elected?
Third, if General Earle is not a Re
former and cannot be expected to give
recognition as senator to Reformers,
what are we to gain by sending him
to the senate?
Fourth, if Reformers in office fight
each other and Reformers in the ranks
vote against their party, how much
longer will there be any Reform par
ty left? I make the prediction that if
Governor Evans is defeated that it is.
the beginning of the end, and the
three daily papers which have coddled
our poople into the belief that this is a
great victory for Reform will sing a
different tune hereafter. "A house
divided against itself cannot stand." 1
In conclusion, I feel constrained to
point out to those who may be dispos
ed to criticise me for writing this let
ter that, while I am trying to repre
sent all people of the State without re
gard to party differences, the war on
me from that faction continues. Their
newspapers have never let up, and
while this is the case I can never hope
to win their good will. I would be
glad to see the present party lines de
stroyed and htave given evidence of
that in the Constitutional Convention1
and otherwise, but I know I must de-1
pend upon those who have been my
friends in the past, and my reason for
writing as I have is because I wish to
pint out that the disintegration of the
Reorm movement is inevitable unless
internecine strife and jealousies are
thrown aside. B. R._TILLMAN.
Senl Your Cotton Slowly.
We beg our farmers to read very
patcularly the following paragraphs
fm Riordan & Co's last cotton letter
from New York. In these matters
Riordan & Co. are extremely reliable:
The course of prices in the immediate
future will depend, not so much upon
speculation here or abroad, as upon
the action of the Southern holders of
cotton. We are firm believers in a
small crop and in much higher prices
when the extent of the yield shall
have been approximately ascertained.
But holders in the South who persist
in the policy of forcing their cotton
upon the unwil'ing market, need not
be surprised if ;)rices should go lower.
This, it seems to us, is the season of all
seasons for the Southern farmer to
keep his cottcn off the market as long
as possible. We think it will make
the difference of at least a ce'nt a uound
whether he sells his cotton in Septem
ber or in December. Many of the
shrewdest and most conservative trad
ers here are predicting 10 cents a
pound for cotton before Christmas.
The bureau report on the 10th of Sep
tember is likely to enlighten the
world as to the real value of cotton.
A Boid Highwayman.
SPRTANBCRa, Sept. 1.- -Oue of the
boldest and most daring highway rob
beries ever committed in this town
was committed yesterday morning in
broad daylight on south Church
street. Mr. Joe Mangum, a farmer,
who lives about four miles in the
country, was held up by a negro and
robbed -of his watch and a $5.00 bill.
The negro approached Mr. Mangum,
and thrusting a pistol into his face,
told him to throw up his hands. His
hands went up promptly, and the ne
gro went through his pockets and re
lieved him of his valuables. State.
Texaa' Crop Fa~ilure.
AUsTIN Texas, Sept. 1. -State (Xm
missioner of Agriculture A. J. Ross
yesterday issued a crop bulletin cover
ing 120 counties in the agr-icultural
portion of the State. It puts the aver
age yield of lint cotton at only 90)
pounds per acre ; corn seven busnels;
wheat aine bushels, oats seventeen.
The increased acreage in~ cotton is put
at 15 pei.r ce t. The repori says it is
doubtful if Tex~as has ex:perieuced a
more general and damaging drouth in
the pa-st 30 years during the crop sea
IR. DUNCAN'S REPLY.
RECAPITULATES HIS CHARGES
AGAINST GOVERNOR EVANS.
Sayn He Will Prove Every Charge le Has
Made Against the Governor Before the
Legislature if Given a Chance.
CoLumIa, S. C., Sept. 4 -This
seems to be a day of pronuncia-men
toes in political circles. Now comes
Mr. John T. Duncan in reply to Sen
ator Tillman, in which lie reiterates
all the charges made against Governor
Evans on the stump. The document
given the papers by Mr. Duncan reads
"HANDS OFF :"
None are so blind as those who will
not see. But when those who know,
and see, and have the proof before
them day by day, hide these things
and attempt to mislead the people by
partisan appeals where must the con
With due respect to Senator Till
man, I must say that his course in
this matter is a mistaken one.
He can't make wrong right;he can't
make the guilty innocent, unless his
pardon can blot out guilt.
Tillman says "the spectacle has
been presented of the man who was
selected by the people to take my place
and assume leadership in the State, be
ing slandered repeatedly from every
stump by a Reformer who failed to
furnish any proof."
Pray, Senator Tillman, specify.
Was it slander to show by the house
and senate journals that he voted
against you and your friends and for
your enemies or opponents on the
board of agriculture and that he vot
d to postpone the acceptance of the
lemson bequest, a zift t,, the farmers
f more than $100,000?
Is it slander to show the recent date
f his partial conversion to Reform?
[s it slander to show by tWe senate
journal that after his partial conver
sion to Reform, he led the fight against
you while you were making desperate
fforts to elect a Reform judge on the
mupreme benchI Yet at Spartanburg
e admitted that he was paying off a
"personal obligation," while the peo
ple might be damned.
Was it slander to ask some questions
about the bond deal?
He told you, and you told me that
is explanation was that he was only
=mployed by Rhind after the debt was
rounded, to get his commissions. He
aid something like this in his first
tatement, but three days later, at
ouway, he said he had been associat
md with Rhind from the beginning. Is
t slander to ask why this contradic
ion? Then he said he was to get
part of the commissions and he hoped
t would be $15,000 or more.
Was it a slander to ask what was
the nature of his valuable service to
-aise his hopes to such a dazzling lig
He had but a natural cariosity to
cnow if he traded with Rhind before
e commended him to you. Then
as it slander to inquire of the 'na
ure of the trade between them,"
vhich you yourself say you "did not
When I said that he (Evans) had re
ently tried to persuade a party that
he impressions or recollection of a
ormer conversation concerning his
ommission fee was erroneous, was it
lander for Gantt to verify the occur
~ence of such a conversion?
Is it slander to show that while you
ere chairman of the State board of
~ontrol, that local insurance was tak
en by local agents, and that now it is
~onentrated in the hands of E vans'
yrother at a higher stock valuation
Ld one-fourth of one per cent. higher
ate than offered by Mr. Maxwell?
Was it slander to show that he usurp
ed the auhority of the hoard of con
;rol when he gave as an excuse for
ot having more meetings "that he
ird Tompkins and Norton had agreed
ipon a policy and they had left him
o carry it out." Was it slander to
ring up the other two members of the
>oard and prove he lied?
Would it be slander to show now
hat a trick of insurance was resorted
o, to anticipate the possible adverse
etion of the present or new board of
Will the dispensary books be suffi
~ient to sho'w that but a few days be
ore the new board took charge and
lov. Evans let go, the unexpired in
urance on the dispensaries of the
tate was cancelled, and all reissued
or 12 months?
Was it slander to prove by Attorney
Jen. Barber that Evans lied when
speaking of the dispensary bill drawn
t the last session, lie saying there was
so previous agreement as to any other
Was it slander to detail his attempt
o enrich himself with rebates, and
his charge against you, in the pres
nce of an honest man who is ready to
verify the truth of it?
Evans knew the truth of my charge,
ad kept silent, and up to date has
not denied it. Ie may when 'tis too
ate to contradict him.
I showea sworu copies of his own
vouchers on file in the comptroller
general's citice, which were charges
apon his contingent fund, which show
d that he had traveled more than sev
en thousand miles .L public expenses
in nine months. 2.- know this could
not have been on legitimate public
busmess. Let him acc(ount for this if
he can; if not, keepsilent.
1 showed that in the passage of the
last dispensary law he recommended
one thino- and tried to do another.
Senator 'fird was given as witness in
Now again, Senator Tillman, I shall
make you a witness to Evans' verac
ity. 1 said at Manning that you said
that you advised Evans to put the dis
pensary in the hands of a separate
boaru, and be rid of the responsibility.
IHe replied that you had done noth
ing of the kind, and you kne w noth
ing of it till he told you what he had
done.- I rose and said if I was mistak
en I would correct it when you assur
ed me I was wrong. When I saw you,
you assured me you had given him
rhat advice during the constitutional
convention. Ttus you contradicted
him A gains, why have you and he
io vehemnenidy and recenatlv "dammed
if you didt't," and "'dammed if t did"
one another as to the time and place
a2 r-eceiving your letter of advice as
to taking no notice of damuing charges
Senator Tilhuan, I have, from a
sense of duty to m'y State, been im
pelled to show up some very damning
acts to the discr-edit of this young
wa, and reluctantly I reply to injus
tice at your hands, and now, with not
a particle of passion or pr.-judice
gainst you in this awkward predica
met, I .h ang you to prove aainst
me the giving voice to one single false
hood or slander. Let me suggest that
the truth may be gotten at by calling
a halt just here. Let the governor
call an extra session of the general
assembly to investigate these matters
and I will prove every charge in de
tail and more than has yet been men
tioned. "Let justice be done, though
the heavens fall."
I have acted in collusion with no
one, but with the hone of sa 7ing my
party from wreck and my State from
disgrace. You can not recommend to
a Christian people this protege of
yours as worthy, in a moral way, of
their respect. You know him too well
He (Evans) seems to have forgotten
that at Cokesbury, his old home, he
received not one vote, and that Edge
field, the home of his manhood, went
back upon him, and in order to carry
Aiken for him, a Conservative and
goldbug senator was chosen.
He should not cite Newberry against
me, when he knows your (Tillman's)
first letter to me and him did that
Again, Senator, you may remember
I said you would have to write anoth
er letter to save him. It seemis I pro
phesied aright, as to another letter, at
least, but I doubt if -ou save him.
If you do, take him to Washington
and exhibit him as a piece of your
handiwork wherein you failed, for
you are capable of better things.
He would remind me of the drunk
en deacon who was delighted to meet
with his minister and, reeling, said:
"I'm one of your convers." The min
ister replied: "You look like some of
my work. I don't think the Lord had
anything to do with you."
Now, Senator, time only can prove
who has builded wisely, whether you
or I, just now, are doing the best work
for the Reform party.
Let me assure you that I am with
you on every Rtform principle, but
cannot become particeps criminis by
helping to hide the rascality of any
I am a friend of the, dispensary and
shall fight for its preservation, but
against its perversion. Evans has
struck a more deadly blow than Tne
State, The News and Courier and all
its enemies combined, yet it will sur
I shall stand by Clemson College
and tliat glory of our State and your
(Senator Tillman's) greatest mon ument
-the woman's college.
I am ready to enumerate and show
to the world the things accomplished
by the Reform party, and yet another
thing we shall yet boast or-the defeat
of Evans, the slanderer, who is now
nn his knees begging pardon of men
whose shoes he is not worthy to un
L'enator Tillman, we are yet willing
to d. much for you, but we cannot be
driveL to support this unworthy man.
You cannot deny that this man has
peddled more abuse, slander and vile
fiction and done more to disgrace the
State than any man since the days gf
Scott and Moses. Did you ever hear
of any man apologizing to him? No.
It is ever he apologizing to some man
he has wronged.
We can save the party a great deal
asier than you can save Evans and
Let me say that I bear malice to
wards none and trust that the politi
al atmosphere may be purified by
this thunderstorm of startling expos
ures. J. T. DUNCA..
dewall to Bryan.
CHICAO, Sept. 3.-Chairman Jones
of the Democratic national committee
has made public a letter to Win. J.
Bryan from Arthur Sewall, apparently
dated July 25, at which time the Pop
ilist convention was in session. The
letter; which is exciting a great deal of
comment, reads as follows:
"My Dear Mr. Bryan: In view
of the action of the St. Louis
convention today I cannot refrain
from giving you my thoughts on the
'"My advices are that you have been
nominated as candidate for President
and. Mr. Watson for Vice-President. I
also learn through press dispatches
that you are somewhat undecided
whether you ought to accept or de
line. Now, I desire to say to you
with the utmost frankness and good
feeling, that you must not allow any
personal consideration for me to influ
ence you in your action.
"I desire you will do just what you
believe is best for the success of the
head of our ticket. The principles
we are fighting for are so paramount
to any personal considerations that the
latter should not have any weight or
infiuence whatever with your action.
"I cannot for a moment allow my
self to be a factor in any action on
your part that would in the slightest
degree hazard an electoral vote for
"With kind regards to Mrs. Bryan,
believe me, your sincere friend,
"ARTHUR SEwALL "
"Bath. Me., July 25, 1896."
The Democratic managers at nead
quarters insisted that the letter had no
tturther signiticance than that Mr. Bry
an would consent to receive a formal
notification from the Populist party
in the near future and the publication
was to forestall all rumors as to the
attitude of Mr. Se wall to ward otf a
Accompanying the letter is an un
official statement to the effect that se v
eral days ago Ctiairman J1ones wrote a
letter to Mr. Sewali stating to him that
many Democrats throughout the coun
try, and especially tbroughout the
West, were objecting to fusion with
the Populists on electoral tickets for
the reason that they did not wish to
be disloyal to Mr. Sewall. In reply
to Chairman Jones Mr. Sewall for
warded the foregoing copy of the let
ter written to Mr. Bryan.
The Ieisionuof.J udga siiuonton.
CU aKLLsTON, S. C., Aug. 31. J1 ud ge
Simon ton, of the United States circuit
court, to day tiled his decisiou in the
now famous railroad cut rate case.
The suit, it will be remembered, was
an action for injunction brought by
the Port Royal and Augusta Rail way
against the Southern States Fright as
sociation to restrain the latter from
putting into operation the 80'per cent
reduction in freight rates it had die
elared to mecet the Seaboard Air Line's
reduction. The hearing took place at
Greenville, S. C., some two weeksago.
In his decision today Judge Simnonton
dissol ves thbe tent porar-y in junctionl and
dismisses the bill. Each side is to pay
its a wnU c-osts.
Flye, Wotuenf iHurauiM to lreat h.
Commierci-al lotevl, owned by GieorIge
Constau tinzau, was partially destroyed
by tire last night, and live persons
were burned to death. They were
Mary Louise Vaudeau, Charity \ ill
eneuve, Josephine Deschamps, Mr-s.
ri. Finn anr1 Mice K. M Leordl
EARLE TO THE PEOPLE.
HE WRITES A LETTER TO THE DEMO
CRATS OF THE STATE.
He SayK it Senator Tiiinan's Views are
Sound the Primary System is a Farce
Denies He Ever Said lie wa Not a Re
GREENVILLE, S. C.. Sept. 4, lS9.
To the Democratic Voters of South
In accordance with the rules of the
party, I have had the honor of apoear
ing before you or the hustings in sup
port of my candidacy. I did not pur
pose to have anything further to say,
but had determined to await the ver
dict to be rendered by our people at
the primary elections. The entry of
Senator Tillman, however, into the
fight as the. champion of my antagon
ist compels me reluctantly to address
you in reply to his letter.
I am surprised that the senator
should have so far forgotten the prin
ciples which he has so ably advocated
as to come home from Washington t
influence the Reformers in their
choice of a United States senator.
You will remember how harshly he
criticized Senator Hampton in 1890,
for what was then termed unwarrant
ed interference in the guoernatorial
contest. His contention then was that
the people should be permitted to ex
ercise the right of sutfrage without the
dictation of any self-constituted ruler
The primary system of election was
adopted in order that the people
might see and hear the candidates,
and then express their will at the bal
lot box. But, if after the people have
seen and heard and given expression
to their will, a high and honored of
ficial can intrude nis views, so as to
change the judgment which is about
to be pronounced, then a primary
election is a sham and a pretense. It
would havA saved time and trouble,
strife and contention, if a few friends
of his favorite had in te first instance
called upon him to name thestandard
bearer of the party.
In advocating primary elections
did the senator mean to say, "I am
willing for you to elect the man of
your choice without consulting me,
provided you elect my favorite, but if
I discover you prefer another candi
date, I will assert my power so as to
control your votesf" It looks so.
But the senator is mistaken. The
people are sovereign, and while they
have honored him and would doubt
less honor him again, they will not
submit to -his dictation. Again, the
Reformers of South Carolina believe
in fair play. and I would ask the sen
ator if it is fair that he should now
come into the field against me after -
the battle has been fought and my
opponent virtually vanquished. Why
did he not take the stump during the
canvass? I would then have had the
oppo'tunity of showing to many wno
v111 not see this paper how unjust the
senato--hfs-been in his criticisms of
my political course.
It is true that I was compelled to
take the stump in 1890, in defense of
the State administration of which 1
was a member. Surely no one con
demns me for that. It was my privi
lege to become a candidate for the
Democratic nomination; it was my
duty to appear before the people in
vindication of my administration as
their attorney general. But after the
convention met and Capt. Tillman
was nominated, it is well known that
I refused to oppose him. After his
election as governor I did all that I
could as a private citizen to hold up
his hands. You will remember my
letter to The News and Courier in18S92,
in which I advised my friends and
supporters to yield to the will of the
majority and give Governor Tillman
all due credit for all that was com
mendable in the discharge of the deli
cate and important duties of his office.
This letter resulted in estranging from
me many of my personal and political
friends. Since that time I have be
longed to neither faction, but have
advocated peace. harmony and the res
toration of good feeling among our
No oene can truthfully say that I
have been unjust to Senator Tillman.
Has he been unjust to me? Let his
own conscience answer. Permit me
to refer to some of his strictures upon
my candidacy. He is mistaken when
he says that I was influenced by any
thing that occurred at the first cam
paign meeting in deciding to enter
the race. Mr Duncan's entry and
speech had no effect whatever upon
my course, for while 1 had been in
formed that he had filed his pledge I
knew nothing of the character of his
I was presiding over the court in
Charleston with a heavy criminal
docket before me, and could not ne
glect my duties as judge to promote
my interests as a candidate; hence,
many of the campaign meetings had
been held before I could appear upon
The Senator is also grossly unjust
and inconsiderate when he says that:
"General Esrie has repudiated with
scorn that he is a Reformer." I would
like to know upou what he bases his
charge, for it is not founded upon any
act or word of mine, and is not true.
A large major-ity of my friends are
Reformers; they elected me to the of
-ice of circuit judge; they induced me
to become a candidate for the United
States senate, and at least 20,lJ00 of
them voted for me at the last primary
election. If the Conservatives had
voted foi- me generally, I would have
received a large majority. But many
of them declined to vote . or me because
of my attitude towards the lReformers
and their leaders, and because I had
commended many acts of ther Rteform
it is true, as 1 asser-ted many times
during the canvass, that I am the can
didate of no faction, and recognize no
difference betweea Rieformers and
Conservatives; but honor themi all
alike as Democrats. it is also true
that I criticised the a'aministration of
the dispensary law, the appointment
of constables to receive S .00 per day
of the people's money to do thle work
of heelers at the campaign meetings.
and the turn ing of the dispensary into
a political machine to promote the for
tunes of a certain candidate for the
United states sen-ate. But the good
work of the Reformtnrs h-as only re
ceived praise and commendation from
But strange as it muay seenm, he is so
blinded by friendship for my oppo
nent that lie actually contends that
the defeat of Gove-nor 1Evans will be
the destruction of the Re~formi move
mnent. Does the life of a gr-eat move
ment depend upou the election of any
man tcoffite? oes the ntinuation
of thelReform movement depend upon
the election of a man to office who has
been repudiated by at least 20,000 Re
I commend the eloqaent words of
the Columbia Register and invite your
attention to the following extract from
its editorial of September 2, 1896.
"The Register has n) sympathy
with any attempt to dragoon men into
voting for a man by cracking the par
ty or factional lash ove- them. It is
nonsense to say that the Reform move
ment will die if Evans is not elected
United States senator. The man who
says that, in effect asserts that thous
ands of Reformers are Reformers sim
ply because they believe the Reform
faction is in the majority and that
only from it can office be obtained;
and that these men will desert the Re
form movement as soon as they sus
pect that it no longer has the power to
bestow office. The Register refuses to
so degrade the Reform movement,
which it believes to be the movement
of a great body of earnest men who
honestly believe in certain principles
which they desired carried out in the
governmental policy of the Slate. If
the defeat of any man can disrupt the
Reform movement there is nothing in
the movement worth preserving and
it has degenerated from the plane of
principle to that of otlice-seeking.
Earle is a Democrat and Evans is a
Democrat and both stand upon'practi
cally the same platform as regards
those questions upon which the one of
them elected senator will have to pass,
which is also the platform of Ben Till
man, with whom each of them is
pledged to work in harmony. As far
as their platforms and principles are
concerned, the only question left the
voters to decide is which of them is
most sincere and which is best quali
fied to carry on the work each of them
his promised to do if elected.
"Earle's election cannot be consid
ered a Conservative triumph, for he
has been repudiated by many Conserv
ative voters and papers as a deserter
and has been voted for by many Re
formers as a convert. If he gets the
office it will be because he gets the
votes of thousands of man who would
spit in the face of any man who dared
tell them they were traitors to the Re
In conclusion I appeal to you as
honest and fair-minded men of both
factions to rise above prejudice and to
do your duty. You wear no man's
collar, and will exercise your own
judgment as free and independent cit
izens. I have always submitted to
the will of the majority and I now
confidently await your verdict.
JostPf H. EARLE.
Greenville, S. C., Sept. 4, 1896.
FOR A WOMAN'S LOVE.
The Sad Story of a Young Philadelpblan's
The following additional facts in
reference to the suicide of a young
man at North, in the upper edge of
Orangeburg County, is taken from the
"We. the undersigned, fld that
jack W. Travis came to his death by
a pistol shot fired by his hand." So
read the foreman of the jut-y at the in
quest held by Magistrate Smith.
We often read in romance of men
dying for love. but well balanced
minds always look for some other
cause save that of love, but from all
the evidence in this case it seems that
the rash deed was caused by the rejec
tion of his suit by a fair girl.
Travis was a handsome young man
of 27 years. He came to this place
several months ago with the train
crew that is at work on the Edisto
trestle. He was employed some ten
months ago at Yulee, Fia., by the fore
man, and remained with them until
about a month ago, when the force of
hands was reduced. Travis lost his
situation, but continued to make his
headquarters at the shanty cars, sta
tioned at an embankment just south of
the Edisto. He was a very intelligent
young man and w'-ll spoken of by his
fellow workmen, but beyond telling
them that he had brothers in Phila
delphia he seems not to have had any
Some time ago he commenced to
pay marked attention to a handsome
young lady. What encouragement
lie met with can only be surmised,
butt from a letter addressed to the
young lady, with the request that it
be shown to the authorities, so that no
one should be accused of his murder,
he does not answer her, but breathes
only a prayer of love, and says that he
has had grand opportunities, but that
without ner life is a burden too hard
to be borne.
Yesterday morning he visited the
young lady's father, telling him he
nad come to bid him a final farewell,
and placed a letter in his hands with
the request that it should not be opened
until t.hey heard from him. The gen
tleman tried to cheer him, but he in
sisted that his troubles at home and
here were more than he could bear.
After leaving the above place he pro
ceeded to the shanty cars; from there
to where the men were at work, asking
one of them to lend him a pistol to
shoot a rabbit. He then returned to
the car, packed up all of his clothing,
wrote and adldressed a letter, placing
it on a table. He removed the bed
ding, leaving only the sprmngs on the
cot. A few moments later several of
the men passing heard a shot in the
car, and on forcing open the door be
held the unfortunate young man ly
ing on his back on the springs of the
bed, with a bloody wound in the left
breast and the smoking 38 calibre
Smith & Wesson pistol on the tioor
by his side.
In a few moments the soul of the
unfortunate had been rushed to meet
his doom. Clutched in his left hand
was a folded envelope, 0!) which was
: love you, are my last
words. 1ti:W I have shot myself."
The sealed letter on the table, ad -
dressed to whomsoever it may concern,
read as follows:
"North, S. U.
"P'lease notify Mr. -, also Miss
--- , of my death. Tell them it is
time to open the blue envelope. I
have taken my own life; the reasons
are not worth while writiug.
"P. 8.-Please put my death in the
Ia the letter shown by the father of
the young lady, he stated he was born
in Nevada and raised in Philadelphia;
that he h1ad no father or mother, but
three brothers. lie requested that he
should be buried on the hill near- the
dark waters of the Edisto, wvhere lie
met his untimely end.
It Blew Lip.
ST Loas Sept I.-- This mloruilig
the powder mill near- l'ast Alton, Ills.,
exploded, and three men weret killed
instantly. There names are: Henry
Regas, Henry R-ogers and Thomas
THE cOLD MEN MEET.
THEY PUT UP A TICKET TO CATCH
President Cleveland and His Administra
tion Esndorsed In Glowing Terma-Favors
Tarl fr for Revenue Only, Currency Reform
aud Economy In Public Expenditures.
INDIANAPOLIS, Ind., Sept. 3.-John
M. Palmer of Illinois and Simon Boli
var Buckner of Kentucky, were nomi
nated today by the Bolting Democratic
Convention for President and Vice
President on a brief but emphatic plat
form which repudiates the doctrines
enunciated by the late Democratic con
vention; endorses President Cleveland
and his administration in glowing
terms; declares for the gold standard,
tariff for revenue only, liberal ship
ping laws, currency reform, civil ser
vice and economy in public expendi
tures. The spirit that animated the
convention was contained in this de
claration of the platform: "The Demo
cratic party has survived many defeats
but could not survive a victory won
in behalf of the doctrine and policy
proclaimed in its name at Chicago."
And so, in the language of Mr. Ham
mond ct Georgia, tnis convention
placed in the hands of other nominees
their banner and bade them fling it
forth "skyward and seaward, high and
The real work of the c nvention was
soon transacted when it was reached,
but the delay in reporting the platform
gave opportunity for a series of elo
quent and stirring speeches. The at
tendance was larger than yesterday
and the enthusiasm was great. Col.
W. C. P. Breckinridge, made notori
ous by his trial and conviction of the
seduction of an innocent school girl
under promise of marriage, Dewitt C.
Warner of New York. H. A. Ham
mond of Georgia, F. W. Lehman of
Missouri, W. D. Bynum of Indiana
and Controller of the Currency Eckels
of Illinois were in turn called to the
stage and stirred the enthusiasm to a
high pitch. When the platfom was at
last brought in shortly before 2 o'clock,
after the convention had been in ses
sion three hours, it was read amid an
almost continuous storm of applause
and was adopted unatnimously without
a word of debate.
When the nominations for President
were called for it was apparent that
Palmer would be nominated over his
protest as the opposition to Bragg has
concentrated upon him. These two
names were the only ones presented to
the convention. it was known that a
message from President Cleveland had
reached the convention that he could
not entertain for a moment the sugges
tion of his nomination and his decision
was at once accepted as final. Before
the States were called for nominations
Henry Watterson was taken out of
the lists by Mr. Carroll of Louisville,
who, from the platform, conveyed to
the convention a message from the
Kentucky editor in his retreat in the
mountains of Switzerland. Mr. Wat
terson, Mr. Carroll said, three days
after the Chicago convention had
cabled that other candidates must be
named or the Democracy was lost.
Later he had said he did not want the
honor, but that if no one else could be
found to take command he would not
ask others to go where he would not
lead. Now that others were ready to
accept he preferred to do battle in the
Some of the nominating speeches
were eloquent and full of fire, L. L.
Kilbourne of Michigan placed Senator
Palmer in nomination and there -was
a series of seconding speeches. Burr
W. Jones of Wisconsin named Gen
eral Bragg "the hero of fifty battles
and the commander of the iorn brig
ade." Illinois waited until all the
other States had been called. Then
Judge Moran of Chicag-o took the
stage and said they had? recognized
from the first that Senator Palmer was
the man to lead the fight. He was, he
said, a platform in himself. All his
life he had fought fiatism, greenback
ism, free silver and other vagaries.
But he had sealed their lips. After
seeing the temper of the convention,
however, he said Illinois was com
Delled to join hands with her sister
States in urging his nomination.
The roll call immediately developed
an over whelming majority in favor of
Senator Palmer, but it proceeded to
the end.- Palmer received 757k votes
and Bragg 1246. At its conculsion,
the commander of the iron brigade,
mounted a chair and in a brief but
graceful speech moved that the nomi
nation be made unanimous and pledged
that he and Wisconsin in the coming
battle would be "where brave soldiers
should always be-nearest the flash
ing of the guns." He was given three
hearty cheers and General Palmer
was declared the nominee amid an
enthusiastic demonstration during
which the State guidons were carried
about the hall in the wake of the
standard of Illinois.
There never was any doubt about
General Buckner's nomination for
Vice Presiden, except while the nomi
nation was being talked of for Sena
tor Palmer for President. When
Chairman Caffery instructed the Sec
retary to cali the States for nomina
tion for Vice President the latter call
ed but one State, "Kentucky," and
the band struck up "My Old Kentucky
Home." Win. F. Brodder of Russell
ville, Ky., placed General Buckner's
name formally in nomination was
forth with made unanimous.
Affer the convention had ad jurned
Senator Palmer succumbed, lHe said
he would accept, He had never yet
failed to respond to the call of duty, he
said, and lie could not do so now with
such a cause at stake.
The Alabama delegation with its
band escorted the New Y ork delega
tion to the station to-night. Gover
nor Flo ' e- made two speeches to the
crowd, one before starting and one at
the station, in which he commended
the enthusiasm showh by the people
for the ticket nominated to-day.
Governor .Jones of .\ tabamia re
sponided in a pleasant vein and the
crowd cheered both speakers heartily.1
The Alabama delegation and its baud
returned to the I )e-ui$on and serenaded
Generals F'alawr-' and Buck ner, both]
of whom umad' brief speeches, thank
ing the bind for its attention and the
people for their interest in them. A]
little later the indianagold Deinocr-ats
with a band appeared at the Denison
and gave the candidates another- sere
nade. General Palmer responded
with a humorous speech saying he
aume downm here to have a jolly]
~ood fime and talk over old army
.lays with the Hoosiers and while he
was talking the con vention nominat
ad him for Pr-esident. While he did
not not expect to be elected he felt that
the oneantion and every man in it<
thought he was the proper man for
President of the United States and he
would continue to think so. He told
one or two humorous stories and was
General Buckner was then called for
and made a more serious address. He
said that the convention to-day had
broken down the partisan walls which
had separated the country and bad de
cided that men in any part of the
country could hear the standard of
of Democracy. The candidates of this
convention would not go as Bryan
does, into an enemy's country, but
would go into a united country of pa
Iriotic people. Wherever floats the
flag of the Union there was the home
of Democracy. He expected to do his
duty by his country and, old as he
was, he would shirk no responsibility.
rURNING TO BRYAN. I
Many Republicans Leave Their Party to
WAsHLNGTON, Aug. 30.--As straws
which indicate the direction of the po
litical wind, here are a handful of ex
tracts from letters received at Demo
cratic headquarters here to-day:
M. B. Holland, secretary of the Bry
an Free Silver Club, of Nebraska,
"We have a Bryan free silvir club
organized here with a membership of
170, and still growing. Seventeen
Reoublicans are among the number."
J. W. Bovgess, president of the
Bryan Free Silver Club, of Pax, Mo.,
says that his club numbers at present
106 members, three-fourths of them
being Republicans. Pax is a mining
From Horton, Kan., W. I. Short,
secretarry of the W. J. Brayn Free
Silver Club, writes:
"We have a club here of 460 mem
bers 180 of them Republicans, and we
are growing daily. We are organizing
free silver clubs in every precinct."
G. H. Morgan, of Frederick, Md.,
in mazing application for the Bryan
and Sewall Free Silver Club in the
national association, says:
"Our club is composed mostly of
the working and farming element,
among them several Republidans, and
it would take a Gatling gun to turn
Edward M. Johnson, secretary of
the Bryan and Sewall Club, of Elk
town. Md., writes:
"There is a strong and growing sil
ver sentiment here, which we wish to
T. B. McJenkin, president of the
Bimetalic League, of Butler. Pa , says:
"We have a silver league here, with
700 members, one-fifth of whom were
M. L. Lockwood, president of the
free silver club, of Zelienopee, Pa.,
"If there is any such uprising in the
Eartern part of this State as there is
here we will~*mp the State."
Alpheus X7 Fidler. of Arlington,
W.Va., wites: . I
"I called a meeting to see if we
could not organize a Byan and Sewall
Club out here. Bofore I could get in
the house th.u night the crowd was
calling for i. speech. I took avote to
see how many would support Br.yan
and Sewall and the silver cause. Not
withstanding the crowd was made up
of about one-half of men who have
been voting the Republican ticket
heretofore, only one man in the crowd
would not vote for Bryan."
Charles E. Chappealear, Mayor of
New Lexington, Ohio, and secretary
of the Bryan Free Silver Club writes: -
"We have just organized a free sil
ver club, with a membership of nearly
300, 20 per cent, being former Repub
licans. There are scores of other Re
publicans who are on the fence and
need but little to help them over on
our side. Within the next ten days
there willibe a free silver club inev
ery voting precinct in this (Perry)
county. Although Republican by 650
majority last year, we will carry it by
500 for Bryan and Sewall and Fink,
our candidate for Congress.
A. R. Alman, of the Bryan Silver
Club of Salem, Ill., writes:
"Our club numbers about 600 mem
bers, seventy of whom were former
Republican's, and we will increase
Secretary Charle S. Dix, of the
Bryan Free Silver Club, of Prospects,
"The Democrats and free silver
Republicans of this city have organiz
ed a Bryan ciub of over 200, and it is
still growing. Of this number twenty
or more havealways been Republicans.
The Republicans have been havin a
majority of eighteen to twenty in ti
township, but we expect to make it
from seventy-five to a hundred Demo
cratic. Can assare you that we will
carry the township."
J. H. Grier, secretary of the Silver
League, of Aurora Mo., and also sec
retary of that city's board of trade:
"The situation here is this: We are
a lead and zinc mining camp1 and in a
Republican Congressional district, the
Fifteenth. We have about 100 Re
publican voters out of a total vote of
900 who are dissatisfied and have ad
vocated silver for some time, but the
Republican managers are after them,
trying to whip them in line. I under
stand the situation, having been a vot
er for twenty years, but this will be
Earthquake in Japan.
YoKOBHom, Sept. 2.-Much alarm is
felt over a report here of a great earth
quake. which occurred in the North
east provices in the main island of
Japan on Monday evening. The
town of Rokugo hias been entirely de
stroyed and several other towns se
verely damaged. Many persons are
reported to have been killed by the
earthquake and a still larger number
injured, while a multitude have suf
fered severe losseN by damage to
property. The provinces visited by
the ,;earthquake are the same as those
levastated by the terrible earthquake
And tidal wave of Jutne 15 last when a
arge number of towns were wiped
>Jut and the estimated loss of life was
i0,000O. The Provinces of Rekuzen
mnd Rikuchu, along the coast from
he Island of Kinkasan, Northward,
were the principal sufferers then.
L'he recollection of the havoc to human
ife wro ught by that convulsion caus
~sgrave anx iety as to what further
-eports may show of the results of
donday 's earthquake. On the same
lay a typhoon caused extensive dam
ge in Southern Japan.
Murdered For Money.
UNIorrowN, Pa., Sept. 1. Frank
dorris, aged 18 years, was hanged
rere at 1:30 p. m. for tue murder two
rears ago of Bernard L oker, a farmer
>f Chestnut Ridge. The object was rob
>ery. Morris was a neigh bor and be
ieved Loker- hasd money secreted