Newspaper Page Text
TE STATE DISPENSARY,
[C3NTINUED FROA PAGE 1.]
and as soon as I could get off in tue
afternoon Tampkins and myself went
to the G veraor an I stated the case.
rtold him exictly what Srgggs had
told m3 I hada't seena m7 sons. The
Gvernor told us to ren tin Q .iet; he'd
bring it outt at the proper time, and
would see if S-ruggs wuld.r - )rt. I
think it was To.nokins w'h) sid we
had rep:rted the 'mitter to the proper
authority, and it was in his hands.
E7rerything was exlained. N-thing
was kept hidden as ta my connec
tioa er noa connectionoa with it.
Wa that desk given you a- an in di
-Oldutl or for the Dispensary?
a Mr. White said it was for me, pro
.vided rd keep it where it could be seen.
Mr. Abney: In February ware you
c:>gnizant of any presents given to
your son James?
Mr. Misson: Nathing ex -ept a dia
Did you make any purchases fro n
Live Oak after Scrugg's return.
I think maybe some special orlers
came in and were sent outyy SrugeA
When I discovered it I made him stop
sending in special orders-to them.
Mr. Abney: Have yoI ever roceiv
ed Seeret'commissions for rebates, di
redty or indirectly, h any iufiuenca
exerted on you to fa or one against
another whiskey ho se?
Mr. Mixson: Ne r. I never receiv
ed a cent.
Mr. Abney as d him from whom
most of the DI4' whiskey was bought,
- and whether e had ever received
n' ind eat from them?
V. n went over the list. R 3ss
Co., B timore, made no induce
ts. . obought from Walters be
vernor ETans asked him to.
their liquor was gool.
Abney: It is. (Laughter.)
man. Goldsmith & (>., otfered
ught from Francis Kelley because
2,000 empty bqrrels on hand
d he promised to take all of them at
$L25 less freight, if I'd buy cars of
one, two and three X each.
Mr. Abne -: Has any charge in writ
ing or in 4ngible form ever been
madeagainst you of taking secret com
missions or rebates and if so where is
Colonel Mixson:. I've never seen
any. I had no knowledge of the con
duct of my sons. The letter of W. T.
Mixeo was read in which he confess
ed getting commissions. He had never
received atelegram from J. W. Mix
from Atlanta concerning whiskey
I had no connection with
and never received
from him about such a
5 or 1896.
.: Can you tell how the
h arose as to the tele
as far as Mr. Scruggs is concern
loneliMixson: I know nothing of
I don't recollect such a telegram
any shape or form. At Mr. Ab
ney's request Colonel Mixson gave the
board auhority to inquire for the tel
egram from headquarters.
Mr. Abney wanted Senator Eard ex
amined as to the prices paid for li
quors in 1894, he being a member of
tae Legislative Committee.
Chairman Jones said that was un
neemary. The board adnits that.
Mr. Wilams: What amounts did
Scrugg report your sons as receiving?
Colonel Mixson: I don': recollect.
I was worried. I don't challenge the
correctness of his statement.
-Why did the Live Oak Company
give your sons tHs money?
I don't know no 'about it.
Mr. Williams: You kow the sup
position of the public. You kaow
.tkiev wouldn't give that inoney unless
-They my have
thought 16 but'I-had~ -no reason to
think they were getting money.'
- -- RA RRER QUESTIONs.
* Will you state what induced you to
-write a letter of introduction for R.
He asked me to do so. He knew I
knew Hubbell. He did not state his
purpose. ~He may have said some
thing abkshipments. Hubbell was
a large shipper to Macon and Mixson
wasn't -any of the business for
ihad nothing to indicate
* that e -' = the whiskey
business as he seems have done.
Didn't know it until this 1etter. was
hihr.Hubbell told vernor
imnabout it He never to' me
veubally or otherwise. -
- Aa toT. W. Minson's trip to Cincin
ati, he says he went the day beforelI
left for Old Point. I knew he was go
igto Cincinnati on bicycle business.
ewent to see the Peerless Manufac
turing Company. When I came
back he was at home. I had been
gone eight or ten days. I didn't know
W. T. contemplated going in the liqu
In his letter W. T. speaks about you
advising "against it." What was
He asked me about representing
Myers, Pitts & Co., Baltimeqre. Don't
remember whether it was subsequent
*or prior to my appointment. Never
knew anything about W. T. or J. W.
receiving money until Servggs told
* ~ wHO OBTRE REBATES.
Did any other but Hubbell offer
ofered me half his commis*
sion. -orahalovitch, Fletcher &
Oo. of "Cincinnati offered rebates
to me individuanly. so did Mr.
Blanek of Charleston, who said
ha ersne the PurtyDistill
thtfrom Mhalovth and Live Oak,
-but never got any rebates. Got ad'
'rc from them. When
ever eoffered me a baitlItook it.
I mean bythat special inducements in
prcs No beer concern has ever of
erdme personal or private induce
ments..to buy from them. I nevez
had an-offer fom Peebles.
- Have you ever received private or
personal gainsin purchases?
Did you ever get rebates or commis
sions on supplies!
No. -. -.
Did Tompkins try to use his influ
ence with you to get you to purchase
from any one?
Only once. There was Major Mc
Cann who was on Gary's staff. TH
asked me to give him an order if ]
colbut his liquor didn't analyvn
rih I didn't buy.
Doyou know any other Dispensar3
officials who got rebates?
Govesdor eEvans next asked ques
Don't you remember, he asked, tha
we discussed Hubbell' price and toki
you they were 5 cents a gallon cheap
I believe we did.
Did I order you to buy from hin
Did I ever order you to buy fron
Ysyou told me to buy fron
Hubbell, but I said I'd have my hea
cut off first.
~asn't that before he attempted t.
Did I ever try to interfere
No. Ycu only asked me to buy rrm
Wasn't it about the time you wer
in office that White tried to bribe yo
and dita o - by snnnlien from hii
af Lr vardi
Yes, I b ught tin foils, corks and
Were presents of silver mide you?
Becker gave me a pitc'er ar d t w
caps. I only parchasel from Bvcker
when he baited m3. I told him if his
liquor did not cone up to san- le I'd
turn it on him.
Isn't his house an unreliable Jew
bouse? It is a Jew house, bat aood
m my Jews are in the whisk-3y basi
ness. I got no more preseati.
Didn't I tell you I didn't waat to
hurt an innoesnt in in?
You might have told m something
of the kind.
Remember w'a)t I i-L ant your
I offered to resign but you told me
not to. I olfered agaiu and you told
me not to. Ater vards I heard you
wanted mne to resign aul I refused.
Didn't I telL you 1 dida't want to
hurt an innocent i in?
I think you said soi 3thing like
Ive you ever heard of my getting
I in ly have. I lhwa heard of Till
mn tu, Traxer, you and me and the
present b.xard. (1, iughter.; ' it I'm
willing 16o swear tiat you never got
Mr. Nicholson somnewhat indig
nant.) Haive you any reason t> be
lieve the b-3rd got rebates?
No sir. Rpoarts are the same with
everybody who touches liquor. I'm
positive Gavernor Evans got none.
Chairman Jones: Aren't you p3si
tive about the board? (L-mghter.)
I believe I am. (L-ughter.)
Mr. Williams: Can you state wh>
told you the board got rebates?
No sir. You can hear anything.
-Mr. Nicholson: It -nuthave made
an impression on you sin&3 you re
N) sir. it did not.
Mr. Weston: Did the Governor ex
press an opinion as to your guilt or in
I'm not positive, bat I think he said
"Mick, don't think yoa did wrong."
Did you hear any reason why he
wanted ,o rssign?
Notbag except Mr. Tompkins came
to me from'him.
GaN ernor Evans den.ied that Tomp
kins went to Mixson from him.
Mr. Abney asked was it possible to
trace rumors of wrong doing in the
Colonel Mixson said it was not.
Even ttie hands wouldn't teli when
rumors were out that some of them
were taking whiskey. The air seems
infectious with idle, meaningless ru
-Mr. Williams jocularly asked whe
ther he couldn't recall who cast asper
sions on the board, for the board
would hold him responsible.
J. W. MXLSON.
Mr. J. W. Minon was the next wit
ness. In reply to Mr. Abney's ques
tion about the telegram, he said it
didn't in any way or form relate to
liqaor purchases. He went through
Atlanta on his way to Cincinnati and
stopped about an hour. He never sent
any telegram and never signed his
name "James," but "J. W.'
B. B. Evans: I saw the telegram.
It was signed J. W. Mixson.
Mr. Abney: You received $690
from the Live Oak Company. What
was that for?
That was commissions on whiskey I
suppose. I suppose W. T. Mixson was
the general agent. I collected it for
him. I was going to Cincinnati any
way and he asked me to collect it for
him from Yost. After he told me it
was commissions on whiskey I told
him he better let it alongvli ?'iLght
cause pa to give ug-1iis position and
me lose mine. Fasked W. T. whether
my father knew of it and he said he
Idid not and he didn't intend for him
Have you had any agreement, un
derstanding or partnership with him
to receive any of the commissions?
I wasn't here when Siruggs re
turned. -This was absolutely my only
connection with it and I don't know
whether my brother has received any
more. He promised me not to. f
went to Cincinnati to see the Southern
agent of the Peerless Bicycle Com
What abou~t an entertainment there?
I met the agent, Mr. Eckert, and
was with him all day. We went to
the theatreat night. About 12 o'clock
next day Ireceived a note from Yost
to call on him at the Live Oak office.
went there and with another gentle
m we went to what they called 0o
ney island. That is all tlie einertain
ment iow of.
A newspaper man called on me at
the hotel and asked me about politics.
I didn't know much about it but talked
about Tillman, the Constitutional
Convention and the Dispensary.
Examined by Mr. Barber: I sent
no telegram to father from Atlanta.
Didn't send one to W. T. Mxron;
didn't give Yost any receipt for the
money. I simply handed him the
statement given me by my brother
and he paid me in currency. Father
didn't know anything about it from
Mr. Abney: Tell about that diamond
Mixson: I don't mind telling, but
the board has no right to ask me. In
March or April Yost was hero and I
was in my farther's office doing some
typewriting, having then no office of
my own. Yost asked me to write him
a list of Dispensaries and Dispensers
addresses. I promised to do so. I
took a copy of them on paper and
copied them on a typewriter when I
was in Sumter and sent them to him.
I got a letter asking me where I would
be soon and replied in Columbia.
Soon after he sent me this diamond
shirt stud, which I wear. I expected
no remaneration-and didn't look on it
as a bribe. I don't know anything
about any contract with whiskey meri
my brother has.
Questioned by Governor Evans:I
didn't tell my father about my brother
because he promised not to do so any
more. I paid my own way to Cincin
nati. I borrowed $25 from your Sec
retary, Gunter. I did have a pass over
the Seaboard Air line to Atlanta
which I used that far. I haven't got
a pass now and haven't had one fora
A suggestion was made that W. T.
Mixson be called, while the board
:,waited for Mr. Tompkinks, who had
been sent for, in order to let himi
make a statement.
Mr. Abney thought it would be un
kind to ask him to testify to matters
he had already told. The confession
has been made and it would be humi
liating to make him go over it. The
board. of course, can do as it pleases.
After a little consultation the board
decided to hear him and Mr. Mixsor
said that to the best of his knowledg<
his father had never received any comn
missions. His father never knew hi:
connection with commissions. Som<
time in December mentioned some
thing about me going in with Barne'
I fvans. He said he intended to giv
Baroey the Dispensary insurance..
> determined to go in it as my salar;
had been cut one-half in the Superin
tendent of Education's omlce. 1 men
tioned the matter to Barney and ais<
the brokerage business which my fath
er said nothing about. I did this be
tcau.se i saw St. Julian Yates gettin;
n coimmiisdons from the Pennsylvania
,i ramum. i wa clerk of h,
board. -It put me in mind of the
brokerage busiuess. I thought if I
could get a good house my father
would give me the preferenc e. I
didn't see anything wroag in it.
Whiie talking to Barney abut it in
the Senate c-amber he said: "Don't
talk s) loud. Somebody will hear
you." I talked to my father about it
but he advised a<Xainst it but didn't
seem violently opposed to it. 1 made
a e mtract with Meyer, Pitts & Ca.,
and Live Oak Conpany. My, father
told me to drop it; that he would have
nothing to do with anybody I had
anything to do with..
I never sid nnthig, more about it.
Yost was dawn here and %4beu I first
made the deal I didn't tell him to keep
it secret. Bat when he came the see
owl time 1 told him to tell no on -
not even my father. I had put all- I
had.in-the bicycle business and was
hard up for money. I hesitated to
trust my brother. with my secret but
needel the maey and gave him the
statement. Then lie told me to let it
alone. I promised ,to do so. lie
brought back $t50. I knew the amount
because I was a privileged character in
my father's office, and-got the amount
out of the in voice book. I never talked
to my father except indirectly ab:>ut
Live Oak Company. My cmmissions
were $1 for a barrel of X, $3-for X X
and $3 for XKK I e Ya-nintl the in
voice books abut dinner time when
nobody was in the ofli .e. I got the
$3.30U odd dollars and that wa all.
The last paymnnt was in Jv'uary.
Lqiaor was bought in February, but I
got nothing for it.
My father never received a cent of
Mr. Abney-Do you swear positive
ly that your fathei knew nothing of it
until you made your confession?
Mixsoa--I am under oath.
Mr. Abaey-Bat I want to'remind
you of its s)lemnaity.
Mixson-He certainly knewiothing
from me and I don't suppose the ]Ave
Oak people told him.
Ex amined by Mr. Barber:
The first money my brofther got.
Tae next was gotten at the Atianta
Exposition, I having writtea to Mr.
Yost to meet me there and told him
that a package of labels-would be ap
preciated. He replied that the labels
were in the hands of Hairry Gilmore
and I could get them. Labels meant
cash. The last payment was collected
by myself in Cincinnati. After I got
back my statement didn't agree with
him by $39 which he owed me. I got
$1,290 from 'Gilmore. My first con
tract was made in Atlanta with Mr.
Peebles. I was to sell the liquor to
the dispensary. My father .44d been
buying from thei and I hqard him
say it was gooafliquor.
Mr. Barber-Then in rerua for this
money you were to use your influence
with your father, which you say you
never did except indirectly.
Quest'oned by Mr. Williams:
What indirect remarks did you
make to your father in favor of Live
Mixson: Yost wanted me to get an
order for 50 barrels of XXX. I re
marked to my father a few days after
that that Live Oak was pretty good
stuff.- Everybody liked it, and if I
was him :I'd buy all XXX. He could
not suspect anything from that. He
knew nothing of my going to Cincin
nati. I have collected commissions
twice since my brother advised me not
to, but he knew nothing of it.
Q iestioned by Governor Evans:
Wny did you think it would influence
your father to sy that Live Oak was
goadfliquor, when he knew you didn't
Mixson: Well when anybody praises
anything it has an effect. I made ov.
ertures to the whiskey men, telling
them I could influence my father.
Yost claimed to be employed by the
Board of Control.
Governor Evaus: He had nothing
whatever to do with it. He assisted
Gunter during the Legislature, and
whatever pay he got came from Gun
I don't know what I did with the
money. Some was put in my business.
The rest was spent-it's hard to say
how. I never bothered the invoice
books in Scruggs' presence.
Scruggs: He certainly never looked
at them in my presence. I don't allow
anybody to do that.
Nicholson:- If you had .no permis
sicn to look at the books, what right
had vou to look at them. You were
onan illegitimate mision.
Mhson : Well, I don't know about
UGovernor Evans: Who gave you
the privilege of being a privileged per
son in your father's office?
Mixson: No one.
Nicholson said 'he simply wanted
to bring out the fact that neither Col.
Mixson nor Scruggs had given him
permission and he was simply an in -
Mr. Mixson said that when he was
told that he had been found out-he
was completely demoralized. He was
in his office when he wrote the letter
to his father. No one was with me.
I had no one to consult.
Colonel Mixson being recalled said
he didn't remember his son's recom
mendation, but he only bought oQne
car load of XXX. Don't remember
exactly the date. -
Colonel Tompins was called. Mr.
Abney asked him about the letter from
Peebles asking him and Mixson to vis
it to Cincinnati and whether he had
ever tried to induce Mixson to buy
Colonel Tompkins: I never dida I
never had anything to davith. sMix
son's purchases. Hethen told about
Scruggs informing him of what he
had discovered in Cincinnati. "He
and Misson went to the Governor and
told him. They saw the boy atter
wards and he confessed. After that
the Governor told me he had told
Tillman and he thought Myson ought
to resign. I told Mixson and he said
he would resign whenever the Gover
nor wanted. The Governor after
wards told me that he had ad
vised Mixson not to resign. I never
saw anything to implicate Mixson.
When all the facts were fresh in my
miind I never saw any circtimstance
that would indicate that he had done
wrong. I was willing to find any
thing, but didn't know where else to
to go. Governor Evans told me that
Mixson's boy, was trying to make a
deal with whiskey b-uses. Hubbell
.told Tillman and I told Mixson not to
let him have anythiug to do with
Mr. Williams asked Mr. Tompkins
as a member of the Board of Control,
why the Governor wanted Mixson's
The reply was the only thing the
Governor said to hiL-a was that he
wanted him to resign on account oft
his boys. The Governor asked was
there really anything for the boat-d to
sconsult albout it? Mr. Tompkins said
b e had signed some revocations of dis
tilline license. He said he never would
rsign a paper to license distillers. Gov
eernor Evaes then wvent on to say there
Iwere few meetings of the board and
Sall that was done was perfunctory.
-Mr. Tompkins asked whether it was
necessary to call the board together tc
take away Columbia's profit. Gover
nor Evans then said that the profits
had been taken away before be came
;in oflice. Governor Evans and Secre
atary of State then had a lengthy col
.-lin abou the responsibility of ee.1h
for acts af the board, which had noth
iag to do with the investigation and
after a time the chairman called them
In reply to Mr. Barber he said he
knew nothing of any commissions ex
cptas to Mixsou's boys.
Chairmin Jones asked if Colonel
Tompkins had ever heard anythin;
reflecting on the presen board.
Mr. Tompkins: Oh, yes. I've
heard talk. (Laughter.)
There bein g no further wittnesses the
board w ant into executive session at
8:3. After several hourii' session,
they announced that all action hal
been deferred until the nfxt regular
meeting in October.
RFELIUGN IN CITIES.
REV.DR TALMAGEPREACMiES UPON
MUN!CIPA!_ EL'ECT IONS.
He3ays theCitipisofSin Are All Geiug to
C,) Captured by the Sunglass of the Oog
p, F.wuxAdI Up-,n wickednee--He Er
pa C s to Li V to See I t..
WASuINaTo\, Spt. 13.-S> much
that is dapressing is said about the
wick'dness of the cities that it will
cheer us to read what Dr. Talmage says
in this sermon about their coming re
aemption. The text is Zechariah viii,
5, '"And the streets of the city shall be
full of boys and girls playing in the
Glimpses of our cities redeemed!
Now, boys and girls who play in the
streets ran such risks that multitudes
of them end in ruin. Bat in the com
ing time spoken of our cities will be so
moral that lads and lassies shall be as
safe.in the public thoroughfares as in
Plit and printing press for the
most part in our day are busy in dis
cussing the condition of the cities at
this time, but would it not be health
fully 'encouraging to all Christian
workers, and to all who are toiling to
make the world better, if we should
for a little while look forward to the
time when our cities shall be revolu
tionized by the gospel of the Son of
God, and all tne darkness of sin and
trouble and crime and suffering shall
D8 gone from the world?
Every man has a pride in the city
of his nativity or residence, if it be a
city distinguished for any dignity or
prowess. Cosar boasted of his native
Rome, Virgil of Mzntua, Lycurgus of
Sparta, Demosthenes of Athens, Ar
chimedes ofSyracuse and Paul o: Tar
sus. I should have suspicion of base
heartedness in a man wno had no es
pecial interest in the dity os his birth
or residence-no exhilaration at the
evidence of its proeperity or its artistic
embellishments, or its intellectual ad
I have noticed that a man never
likes a city where he has not behavey
well People who have had a free ride
in the prison van never like the city
that furnishes the vehicle. When I
find Argos and Rhodes antmyrna
trying to prove themselves birt.h
place of Homer, I concj ., at once
that Homer behaved wAJ * He liked
them, and they liked We must
not war on laudabl . eity pride, or,
with the idea of b ~ oing ourselves'up
at any time, try to pull others down.
Boston must continue to point to its
Fanenil hall and to its Common and to
its superior educationa' advantages.
PhiladelpW m ontinue to point
to its In ence hall and its mint
and Gisdcollege. Wazhington must
continue to pint to its..wondrous cap
itoline-' buildigs If I should find a
man coming from any city, having no
pride in that city, that city having
been the place of his nativity or now
being the place of his residence, I
would feel like asking: "What mean
thing have you done there? What
oufrageous thing have you been guilty
of .that you do not like the pl ce?"
I think we ought-and I the it for
granted you are interested in this great
work of- evangelizing the cities and
saving the world-we ought to toil
with the sunlight in our faces. We
are not fighting in a miserable Bull
Run of defeat. We are on our way
to final victory. We are not follow
ing the rider on the blackl horse, lead
ing us down to eath,- akd darkness
and edoom, but th rider on the white
horse, with the .oon under his feet
and the stars of eaven for his tiara.
Hail, Conqueror hail!
I know there :-e sorrows, and there
are sins, and t :re are sufferings all
around about n but as in some bitter,
cold winter da .when we are thrash
inlgtbur arms ound us to keep our
thumbs from ezing, we think of the
warm spring -that will after awhile
come, or in the dark winter night we
look up and sjthe northern lights,
the windows o .ieaven. illuminated by
some great vicf try, just as we look up
from the nigh >f suffering and sorrow
and wretclied4 ssin our cities, and we
see a light str mi through from the
other side, an we ow we are on the
**ay to morning- ore than that, on
the way to a mnorni without clouds."
I want you to u erstand, all you
who are toiling f Christ, that the
castles of sij are al going to be cap
tured. Th~ victory r Christ in these
great to~wns is goin o be so complete
that not a ihn on h or an angel in
heaven op a devil i hell will dispute
it. How'ido I kno I know just as
certainly as'GerJ1 and that this is
holy truth. The ol ible is full of it.
If the nation is to saved, of course
all the cities are to b ved. It makes
a great difference h you and with
,me whether we are iling on toward
a defeat or toiling toward a victo
:Now, in this mu ipal elevation of
which I speak, I h to remark there
will be greater fi cial prosperity
than our cities hay ver seen. Some
people seem to ha morbid idea of
the millennium, a they think when
the better time co to our cities and
the world people, give their time
up to psalm singi and the relating
of their religious e rience, and as all
social life will be p fled there will be
no hilaritys and as 1 business will be
~purified there wil no enterprise.
There is no groun r such an absurd
anticipation. In the time of
which I spea here now one
fortune is ma there will be
a hundred fortt , made. We all
know business sperity depends
upon confidenc tween man and
man. Now, wh at time comes of
which I speak, when all double
dealing, all dis ty and all frauQl
are gone out o mmercial circles,
thorough confi will be establish
ed, and there better business
done, and larg rtunes gathered,
and mightier s es achieved.
The great bu s disasters of this
country have c from the work of
godless specula nd infamous stock
gamblers. Th t foe to business
is crime. Wh e right shall have
hurled back the ng, and shall have
purified the ercial code, and
shall have thu d down fraudulent
establishments d shall have put
into the hands nest men the keys
of business, b I time for the bar
gain makers. not talking an ab
straction. I a t making a guess.
I am telling od's eternal truth.
In that day hich I speak taxes
will be a me ing. Now our bus
iness men ar ed for eve~rythng
City taxes, c rtaxes, state taxes,
license ta:?s, manufacturing taxes
-taxes, taxes, taxes! Oar business
men have to make a small fortune
every year to pay their taxes. What
fastens on our great industries this
awful load? Crime, individual and
official. We have to pay the board of
the villains who are incarcerated in
our prisons. We have to take care of
the orphans of those who plunged into
their graves through sensual indul
gences. We have to support the
municipal governments, which are
vast and expensive just in proportion
as the criminal proclivities are vast
and tremendous. Who support the
almshouses and polic stations, and all
the machinery of municipal go vern
ment' The taxpayers.
But in the glorious time of which I
speak grievous taxation will all have
ceased. There will be no need of sup
porting criminals; there will be no
criminals. Virtue will have taken the
place of vice. There will be no or
phan asylum,, for parents will be able
to leave a competency to their chil
dren. There will be no voting of large
sums of money for some municipal
improvement, which money, before
they get to the improvements, drops
into the pockets of those who voted it.
No over and terminer kept up at vast
expense to the people. No empanel
ing of juries to try theft and arson and
murder and slander and blackmail.
Better factories. Granderarchitecture.
Finer equipage. Larger fortunes.
Richer opulence. Better churches.
In that better time, also, coming to
those cities, Christ's churches will be
more numerous, and they will be larg
er, and they will be more devoted to
the gospel of Jesus Christ, they will
accomplish greater infl uences for good.
Now, it is often the case that churches
are envious of each other, and denomi
nations collide with each other, and
even ministers of Christ sometime%(
forget the bond of brotherhood. _'ut
in the time of which I speaIc., ile
there will be just as many di erences
of opinion as there are now, ere will
be no acerbity, no hypercriticism, no
In our great cities the e1iurches are
not today large enough to hold more
than a fourth of the popalation. The
churches that are built-Mcomparatively
few of them are fully occapied. The
average attendance if the churches of
the United States today is not 400.
Now, in the glorious time of which I
speak there are going to be vast
churches, and they are going to be
all thronged with worshipers. Oh,
what rousing songs they will sing!
Oh, what earnest sermons they will
preach: Oh, what fervent prayers
they will offer! Now, in our time,
whatfis called a fashionable church is
a place where a few people, having
attend very carefully to their toilet,
come And sit down-they do not want
to be crowded; they lite a whole seat
to themselves-and then, if they have
any time left from thinking of their
store, and from examining the style of
the hat in front of them, they sit and
listen to a sermon warranted to hit no
man's sins, and listen to music which
is rendered by a choir warranted to
sing tunes that nobody knows. And
then after an hour and a half of indo
lent yawning they go home refreshed.
Every man feels better after he has
had a sleep.
In many of the churches of Christ
in our day the music is simply a mock
ery. I have not a cultivated ear, nor
a cultivated voice, yet no man can do
my singing for me. I have nothing
to say against artistic music. The $2
or $5 I pay to hear any of the great
queens of song is a good investment.
But when the people assemble in religi
ous convocation, and the hymn is read,
and the angels of God step from their
throne to catch the music on their
wings, do not let us drive them away
by our indifference. I have preached
in churches where vast sums of money
were employed to keep up the .music,
and it was as exquisite as any heard
on earth, but I thought at the same
time that for all matters practical I
would prefer the hearty, outbreaking
song of a backwoods Miethodist camp
Let one of these starveling fancy
songs sung in church got up before
the throne of God-how would it seem
standing amid the great doxologies of
the redeemed? Let the finest operatic
air that ever went up from the church
of Christ get many hours the start; it
will be caught and passed by the hos
anna of the Sabbath school children.
I know a church where the choir did
all the singing, save one Chrisitan
man, who, though "perseverance of
the saints," went right on, and after
ward a committee was appointed to
wait on him andt ask him if he would
not please stop singing, is he bothered
Let those refuse to sing
Who never knew our God,
But children of the heavenly King
Should speak their joys abroad.
'Praise ye the, Lord. Let everything
with breath praise the Lord." In the
glorious time coming in our cities and
in the world hosanna will meet hos
anna and hallelujah, hallelujah.
In that time also of which I speak
all the haunts of iniquity and crime
and squalor will be cleansed and will
be illuminated. How is it to be done?
You say perhaps by one 'infiuence.
Perhaps I say by another. I will tell
you what is my idea, and I know I am
right in it. The gosepel of the Son of
God is the only agency that will ever
A gentlman in England had a theory
that if the natural forces of wind and
ti-le and sunshine and wave were right
ly applied and rightly developed it
saould make this whole earth a para
dise. In a book of great genius and
which rushed from edition to edition
be said: "Fellow men, I promise to
show the means of creating a paradise
within ten years where everything de
sirable for human life may be had by
every man in superabundance with
out labor and without pay; where the
whole face of nature shall be changed
into the most beautiful farms and man
may live in the most magnificent pala
ces, in all imaginable refinements of
luxury and in the most delightful gar
dens; where he may accomplish with
out labor in one year more than hit
herto could be done in thousands of
years. From the houses to be built will
be afforded the most cultured views
that can be fancied. From the gal
leries, from the roof and from the tur
rets may be seen gardens as the eye
can see full of fruits and flowers, ar
ranged in the most beautiful order,
with walks, colonnades, aqueducts,
canals, ponds, plains, amphitheaters,
terraces, fountains, sculptured works,
pavilions, gondoals, places of popular
amusement to lure the eye and fancy,
all this to be done by urging the water,
the wind and the sunshine to their full
He goes on and gives plats of the
machinery by which this w~ork is to
be done, and he says he only~ needs at
the start a company in which the
shares shall be $20 each and .$100,00g
or $200,000 shall be raised just to mak
a specimen community, and trien,
this being formed, the world will see
its practicability, and very soon $2,
o00,000 or $:3,000,000 can be obt ained,
and in ten years the whole earth will
be emparadised. The plan is not so
preposterous as some.[ have heard of.
But I will take no stock in that com
pany. I do not believe that it will
ever be done in that way, by any me
chanical force or by any machinery
that the human mind can put into
play. Iti to be doclnc. b tbr. gonel
of the Son of God-the mnipotent
machinery of love and gra e and par
don and salvation. This is to empar
adise the nations. Archi edes de
stroyed a fleet of ships comr ng up in
the harbor. You know ho lie did it.
He lifted a great sunglass, hi tory tells
us, and when the fleet of shi s ca me
up tne harbor of Syracuse he rought
to bear this sunglass, and he -cused
Tbe sun's rays upon those ships, Now
the sails are wings of fire, the rn ts
fall, the vessels sink. Oh, my frie ds,
by the sunglass of the gospel conve &.
ing the rays of the sun of righteous
ness uDn. the sins, the wickedness of
the world, we will make them blaze
In that day of which I speak do you
believe there will be any midnight
carousal? Will there be any hiecti
off from the marble steps of shive ng
mendicants, Will there be . y Uni
washed, unfed, uncom children?
Will there be any pl .shemies in the
streets? Will there any inebriates
staggering past? N . No wine stores.
No lager beer salo ns. No distilleries,
where they make the three X's. No
Bloodshot ey . No bloated cheek.
No instrume s of ruin and destruc
tion. No ti: pounded forehead. The
grandchil en of that woman who
goes dow the street with a curse,
stoned b the boys that follow her,
will be e reformers and philanthro
pists ai d the Christian ien and th -
honest "rchants of our cities.
Th -n what municipal governments,
too, e will have in all the cities.
So e cities are worse than others
b in many of our cities you
Ju-st walk down by the city halls and
I k in at some of the rooms occupied
y politicians and see to what a sens
ual, loathsome, ignorant, besotted
crew city politics is often abandoned.
Or they stand around the city hall
picking their teeth, waiting for some
emoluments of crumbs to fall to their
feet, waiting all day long and waiting
all night long.
Who are those wretched women
taken up for drunkenness and carried
up to the courts and put in pron, of
course? What will you do with the
grogshops that make them drink?
Nothing. Who are those prisoners in
jail? One' of them stole a pair of
shoes. That boy stole a dollar. This
girl snatched a purse. All of them
crimes damaging society less than $20
or $30. But what will you do with
the gambler who last night robbed the
young man of $1,000? Nothing.
What shall be done with that one
who breaks through and destroys the
purity of a Christian home, and, with
an adroitness and perfidity that beat
the strategy of hell, flings a shrinking,
shrieking soul into ruin? Nothing.
What will you do with those who
fleced that young man, getting him
to pa rloin large sums of money from
his empjoyer-the young man who
came to an officer of my church and
told the story and frantically asked
what he should do? Nothing.
Ah, we do well to punish small
crimes, but I have sometimes thought
it would be better in some of our cities
if the officials would only turn out
from the jails the petty crtminals, the
little offenders, $10 desperadoes, and
put in their places some of the mon
sters of iniquity who drive their roan
span through the streets so swiftly
that honest men have to leap to get
out of the way of being run- over. Oh,
the damnable schemes that professed
Christian men will sometimes engage
in until God puts the finger of his
retribution into the collar of their
robe of hypocrisy and rips it clear to
the bottom! But all these wrongs
will be righted. I expect to live to
see the day. I thinklIhear in the dis
tance the rumbling of the King's cenar
iot. Not always in the minority is
the church of God goingto be orare
good men going to be. The streets are
goin to be filled with regenerated
populations. Three hundred and six
ty bells rang in Moscow when one
prince was married, but when right
eousness and peace kiss each other in
all the earth, ten thousand times ten
thousand bells shall strike the jubilee.
Poverty enriched. Hunger fed. Grime
banished. Ignorance enlightened. All:
the cities saved. Is not this a cause:
worth working in?
Oh, you think sometimes it does not
amount to much! You toil on in your
different spheres,sometimes with great
discouragement. ;People have no faith
and say: "It does not amount to
anything. You might as well quit
that." Why, when Moses stretcened
his band over the Red sea it did not
seem to mean anything especially.
Pecple came out, I suppose, and said,
"aha!" Some of them found out what
he wanted to do. He wanted the sea
parted. It did not amount to any
thing, this stretching out of his hand
over the sea. But after awhile the
wind blew all night from the east, and1
the waters were gathered into a glit
tering palisade on either side, and the,
billlows reared as God pulled back on1
their crystal bits. Wheel into line,
0 Israel! March: March! Pearls1
crashed under feet. Flying spray]
gathered into rainbow arch of victory |
for the conquerers to march under.
Shouts of hosts on the beach answer-1
ing the shout of hosts amid sea. And
when the last line of Israelites reach
the beach the cymbals clap, and the1
shields clang, and the waters rush1
over the pursuers, and the swift fing-1
ered winds on the white keys of thei
foam play the grand march of Israell
delivered and the awful dirge of |
Egyptian overth~ro w.
So you and I go iorth, and all the
people of God go forth, and they
stretch forth their hand over the sea,
the boiling sea of crime and sin andi
wretchedness. "It doesn't amount to
anything," people say. Doesn't it?
God's winds of help will after awhile
begin to blow. A path will be cleared
for the army of Christian philanthro
pists. The path will be lined with the
treasures of Christian bereticence, and
we shall be greeted to the other beach
by the clapping of all heaven's cym
bals, while those who pursued us and
derided us and tried to destroy us will
go down under the sea, and all that
will be left of them will be cast high
and dry upon the beach, the splinter
ed wheel of a chariot, or thrust out
from the foam, the breathless nostril
Sa rideless charger.
Preferred Death to Poverty.
TAMPA\, FLA.,Sept. 16.-A t 10 o'clock
yesterday morning Rafael Garcia Lu-i
que, reader for the cigar makers int
Julius Ellinger's factory, mounted his
platform, and, instead of reading, he
addressed the 250 amen, telling them
that they had not paid him enough of
late for the support of his family and
that he could no longer live as he hadt
been living. He then drew a revolver
and fired four shots. The last ac
complished its purpose only by his I
holding the barrel against his temple
with one hand and pulling the trig
ger twith the other. |
Two Outlawi Kmtld.j
Bmr~msnc~uA, ALA., Sept. 10 -Bart
Thrashe:-, the notorious Bibb county I
outlaw, and his pal, Dock Panther,
but whose real identity is unknown, t
were killed by Deputy Sheriffs IHenryt
Cole and J. Ball, of this city, near p
Iersa Creek, Walker county, at dark p
last evening. Ever since the murder a
>f Deputy Sheriff Gritlin Bass, at 1
locton, three weeks ago, Cole andif:
Dali have been on the hunt for the Is
>utlaws, for whom a larg-e reward wasP
ASSISTANT RE PUBLICAN8,
THE GOLDBUG WING OF THE SOUTH
An A dd res to the People, by Those Sel f
Constituted Delegates who Attended the
luntlianapolls Convention Which Nomi.
nated Palmer and Muckner.
To the Democrats of South Carolina:
The national Democratic convention
which assembled at Indianapolis on
the 2d of September, mindful of the
rust imposed by Democratic tradi
ions, jealous of the honor and true to
Ahe principles of the party, entered its
solemn protest against the platform
and nominees of the Chicago conven
tion; against the dangerous and radi
cal experiment of the free and unlim
ited coinage of silver, and against the
unholy wedlock of democracy with
the painted jade of populism and the
Formulating a platform, worthy of
the best days of the republic, broad
enough, strong enough and sound
enough to atford secure footing for all
honest, intelligent and patriotic Ameri
cans, it placed upon its candidates for
the presidency and vice presidency
representing all that is best of Ameri
can honor, valor, political experience
and ability, and confidently appeals to
American manhood for support.
Elsewhere in this broad land com
munism, populism and executive
tyranny is a dread, a fear. In South
Carolina it is an experience.
For six long years we have witness
ed the suppression of individual liber
ty, the violation of corporate and.
municipal rights, the usurpation of
executive authority, the domination of
the Legislature and the prostit.tion of
the judicial department of our State
government, all in the sacred namecf
We have seen our citizens murdered
without redress by the armed constab
ulary of an irresponsible and tyrann
ous executive. We have seen the fel
on's stripe placed upon a citizen with
in the walls of the penitentiary with
out a trial by jury, and upon the de
cree of subservient judiciary, at the
bidding of one who now impudently
and dishonsestly inveighs against
"government by injunction."
We have seen the time-honored and
chartered right of local self-govern
ment rudel; stricken down for party
purposes and to gratify personal pique
We have seen the registered appeal
of our people for prohibition answered
by a State monopoly of the whiskey
traffic, besotting the people in the
name of law and debauching the weak
virtue of our chosen officials, and as a
natural and fitting sequence, our politi
cal atmosphere reeks with the putres
cence arising from the uncovered
graves of private and official corrup
The methods, the purposes and the
very utterances or the Chicago nomi
nee for president are painfully familiar
The effort to array class against
class, country against town, the poor
against the rich, the appeals to prison,
prejudice and ignorance, the reckless
attacks upon the judiciary,.the charges
of speculation fraud and dishonesty in
high places, are but faithful echoes of
campaign methods in this State within
the memory of all.
Make no mistake, fellow Democrats;
Bryanism is but Tillmanism upon a
That south Carolina was the hatch
ing place of Tillmanism is charged
against her, and resented in all sec
tions of the republic. That she still
supports it and attempts to thrust it
upon the entire country by insisting
upon the election of the Chicago nom
nees after six years of experience and
test will justly expose us to the exe
ration of our fello w men throughout
As Democrats we cannot vote for
the nominees of the Republican party.
By us, protection for the millionaire
manufacturer cannot be distinguished
from protection for the millionaire
We cannot vote for the nominees of
the Chicago convention and risk a
repetition of our own experience for
six years, enlarged to the dimensions
of the republic intensified by the co
operation of such forces and agencieE
of anarchy as fortunately we do not
possess in this State.
No man in South Carolina who is
unwilling to see Tillmanism played
upon the national stage, with the ar
my and navy of the United Sitates in
the role of Tillmnan militia, Congress
representing the "driftwood" "June
bug" Legislature, and the Supreme
Dourt, the ore tur-e, the puppet and
the obedient slave of an autocratic ex
eutive, can affordr to vote for William
Jennings Bryan ior President, or for
those ia the legislative department
who will sustain his etfort to subvert
the department of justice to party pur
poses, and the -lepartmnent of finance
to private gain.
We deny the wild and frantic alle
ration that the people of S->utth Caro
lina are struggling in the depths of
nisery and calamity. We declare that
the industrial conditions of our peo -
ple are pictured in colors so false that
~he natural result must be to repel
mmigration and frighten a vay capi
al. While recognizing the inevitable
liferences in wealth which have al
ways existed among men, we calatten
ion with pride and satisfaction to the
prosperity that the masses of our peo
ple enjoy and the rapid and uncheck
x progress being made in the devnl
>pment of our State's resources.
Among our farmers and mechanics,
he standard of f iving is constantly
mproving, their ciiildren are being ed
icated and their debts are being paid.
At no period in the history of the
ltate have the people enj yed more
f the comforts and luxueies of life,
nd this we attribute, in sone measure
at least, to the achievements of the in
sumbent Democratic national admin
stration in retarding class legislation
f the Republican party. Wittiin the1
-ecent past a splendid mnaaufacturmng
ndustry has been successfully estab-1
ished in the State, and all signs point
o its contiuned expansion.
We, therefore, denounce the cry for<
n inflation of the currency as unwise,
nexpedient and unnecessary and as
alculated to dest oy that confidenca
n prevailing couw- >s most needful
o the continued enAn~cement of our
>rosprty, a prosperity w-hich has not
>een hahied even oy in. :uarplots and
isturbers of business, ve i which we<
iave been so sorely s.ili eted. The
roters of the State are prepared tot
ink for themselves. They v~ill be
low' to endorse the pure specu'ative
ilanetal retuedy oilfersd oy i.: eaaai
>ioLs of free sitver at 16 to 1- They I
'ill halt long before hazarding the in- I
vitable panic in business and paraly
is of industry which must follow itsi
.doption. Besides, when it is broughti
ome to them that reckless tamperingt
rith the money standard involves the
robability of repudiation, the princi-t
dles of strict and stern honesty, theirss
my ancestry and education, will assert
heseives and repel the insidious ap- x
eals to them to compromise or temn- s
orie with conscience. The political i
iosphere is clearing in South Caro- I
na, and the temper of the people is t<
mvorable ior the return to old, tried, i
.e and established monetary princi- tI
A cream of tartar baking powder.
Highest of all in leavening strength.
--Ltest Untited States Government
ROY., BAKING POWDER CO.,
New York City.
you in the persons of John M. Palmer
and Simon Bolivar Buc 'ner, candi
datessafe, conservative, wise and pure.
Men whose lives have been consecrat
ed to duty, broadened by experience
and educated to the discharge of exec
utive trusts, and who in every emer
gency and place have proven them
selves honest, faithful and true, and
equal to position. Representing, as
they do, the blue and the gray, their
nomination upon the same ticket
marks the grave of sectionalism.
Their election will bind together in
triple bands of steel all sections of our
common country. Every interest, ev
ery cause and every man desirous of
preserving unimpaired the liberty of
the citizen, with the. constitutional
powers of the government in all its
departments,' its honor, its integrity
and the public faith, will drive af
frighted to their loathsome dens the
hideous forms of anarchy, license and
disorder, evoked by the nomination at
Chicago and St. Louis of the grand
high priest of communistic agrarian
ism, and will transmit to posterity the
blessings of constitutional government
strong in justice, tempered with mercy
and unflinchingly sustained by every
American worthy of the name and of
Electors will be choon and tickets
provided in this State fo. all who wish
to join in the effort to avurt the disas
ters which threaten our c.vilization, to
perpetuate the name, the faith and the
principles of democracy and to justify
the confidence which the American
public has always placed in the grand
old party of the people.
We invite and urge all Democrats
in the State who appreciate the neces
sity for the reorganization of the na
ton democracy to join actively in our
efforts and to this end they are asked
to place themselves in communication
with Mr. W. R. Davie the State com
mitteeman at Landsford, S. C. Their
suggestions, advice and co-operation
are needed. W. R. DAVI,
Member National Executive Commit
tee f or South Carolina.
W. W. BALL,
dniver Elements Maast Combine.
WASHINGTON. Sept. 16.-The lead
ers of tne differentelements which are
supporting Mr. Bryan who are in the
city, including Senators Jones of Ar
kansas, Garman and Faulkner, Dein
ocr'ats, Teller and Dubois, silver Re
publicans, and Butler, Populist, and
Mr. St. John, the Democratic Nation
al committeeman of Kansas, have
spent a quite busy day in conference
among tnemselves. Tney have not all \~
been together at one timne but theid
has been no time during the day whea
two or three of them were not closet
ed. They have discussed all phases
of the campaign, and it may be stated
in a general way that they have gone
over the entire political situation with
the view of obtaining united action in
Senators Jones and Butler devoted
two hours to the question of fusion on
Presidential and Vice Presidential
electors. The failure of the Democrats
and Populists in many of the States,
especially in tbe South, to agree upon
some electoral ticket was discased,and
it is understood that the chairmen
were agreed on the necessity of im
pressing on the members of the two
iarties in the discordant states that
they should get together as soon as
possible. They went over the differ
ences in Kentucky, Tennessee, Alaba
ma, North Carolina, Kansas, Florida,
Texas and West Virginia, and agreed
upon a line of action to be recom
mended in each State. In Kentucky
and West Virginia Senator Jones
agreed that the demand of the Popu
lists for two electors in each was rea
sonable, and he will.recommend that
the proposition of the Populists to fuse
on this basis be accepted. He will re
comiaend some what more liberal con
cession in Tennessee.
There are three straight tickets in
the field in Florida, and as a result of
the conference an effort will be made
to merge the Democratic and Popr :st
tickets. There will be an attempt ..o
get the twe parties together in Alaba
ma, Louisiana and Texas. In Texas
there is a movement on foot looking
to a fusion bet "een the Populists and
Republicaqs. Senator Butler's influ
ence will be exerted to prevent this.
With reference to North Carolina,
Senator Butler gave th .ne e
that whether there -fsusion or not,
the electoral vote6 the State could be
3ounted upon for Bryan. 'It is," he
said to Senator-Jones, "'like the case of
the two women who appealed to King
Solomon to settle the dispute as to the
21otherhood of a child. Neither of us
:an accord to have the child killed to
settle the dispute."
The situation in Kansas received
special attention. Some of the Popu
ists in this State are dissatisled with
the arrangement ther", which they
ilaim would result in giving the elec
oral vote of that state to Sewall and
gnore Watson. Mr. Butler is inves
igating the situation, with the hope
>f securing better terms for the Kan
as Populists. Mr. Johnson assured
iim, however, that the leadin -i
>ers of the Populist party were ent-w ..
y satisfied with the arrangement in
bat State. tra tnat the movement for
Ssecom Poon'Lt convention was in
iowise generai among the members
>f that party. It is unzlerstood that
senator Jones promised to give atten
ion to the situation there and to use
is good offices with the Democrats to
eeure some concession for the Popu
ists on the electoral ticket of the
;tate in case it should appear advisa
>le so to do.
One of the reasons for a general un
[erstanding in the states where there
s known to be a majority favorable
o silver, which was conc:ded by all,
was the necessity for arranging mat
ers s:) as to permit the leaders in those
tates to devote themselves to the cam
sign in other sections. In this con
tection there was considerable discus
ion of the sit uation in Idaho as bear
ag upon Senator Dubois's re-election.
twas generaIly agreed that the effort
> reach an harmonious understand
ig there should be continued, with
ie view of permitting tie Senator
nd is rinustoparticipate freely in .