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VOL XII. MANNIN~i~ S.C.. WEDNESDAY JANUARY1l1l.NO 5
A NEGRO LYNC[ED.
THE MYSERIOUS HANGING OF L AW
He Was Suspectcd of Uihvlng -t Fir to
the Barn of Mr. R. F. Waxnm.nmaer. near
Sitton~--Arreste d and Disch arge d
Hamged and Ridoled with Bullets Later.
ORAs;i:uo, Jan. G.-The people
of our citv v:cre thunderstruck this
morning when it Was made known
that there had been a lynk-inug witbin
three miles of heve last night. The
following are the fee's as aicertaineu:
Early this morning the lifeless body
of Lawrer c Brown, a well-built ne
gro of about 20 y es s. was found lang
ing from the daneer signal at the
crossing of the old stage read and the
South Carolina and Georaii rauroad,
one mile from Stilton, and abcut three
miles from Orangeburg. How it got
there is still a mystery to every one.
Several bullet and gunshot wcuands
were found on the locciv.
The post frcm which the bcdy was
hanging is about 15 feet high and 3
feet from the track. The face of the
corpse was turned towards the post
and his bsck to the railroad. Pin nea
to his back was found a placard wi:h
the following irci iption:
"Noticet& all whom it way corcern:
Judge Lyrch's court is in session to
night for the protection of ur proper
iy, and by the help of God he wil
convict and execute any man, woman
or child that burns or destroys our
property with fire. We will protect
our homes and property and our
xieighbors shall not suffer loss from
the hellish fire buas. Let this be a
warning to others."
Coroner Dukes went to the scene of
the lynchinz.-early this morning and,
after empaneling a jury, of 12 reliable
'men, with Capt. G. W. Brunson as
foreman, commenced the inquest.
1sam Brown, brother of the deceased,
testified that late last night he heard
several shots fired in the direction of
the crossing, which is about half a
mile from his house, and later he saw
three persons on horseback from Lhat
dir6ction, but could not tell who they
were, whether nes roes or whites, or
even if they were men or women. He
attached no importane whatever to
these circumstances until he foand
that his brother had been lynched..
Mr. R E. Wannamaker testified
that he also heard several shots fired
last night about the same hour as
sworn to by the negro, but thought
nothing of it, as it was a very c mmon
occurrence. No one knew until today
what those shots wreant, but now there
is no doubt but that those with the
rope used, were the means of sending
the soul of Lawrence Brown into
eternity. Whether or not justice has
been done, time alone will prove.
Following are the facts and circum
stances which undoubtedly led to this
lynching: On last Friday night the
barn of Mr. R. E. Wannamaker, who
lives at Stilton, was burned to the
ground, proving a very severe loss to
the owner. Lawrence Brown was
suspected of the crime and lodged
in jail to await a preliminary hearing.
Mr. Wannamaker said he had strong
proof against Brown, but as there were
others implicated also, and he wishea
to catch the whole crowd, he decided
yesterday to withdraw the charge
against Brown, turn him loose and in
this way, with the aid of a dtetective,
discover who the others were. Ac
cardingly yesterday (Tues-iav) the
charges against Brown were with
drawn and he was sent on his way re
joicing, but his joy was apparently
short lived. Brown didn't go straight
to his home, and nothing more was
heard of him until his ghastly crpse
was fountd dangling by the side of the
railroad. Who did the deed, no one
knows, and it will very likely always
remain a mystery. There are two
theories advanced-one is that Brown's
accomplices, fearing expcsa at his
hands, committed the deed and plse ad
the placara on his back to mish ad
those interested. Anotber is that it
was done by the friends and neigh
bors of Mr. Wannamaker, who sym
pathized with him in his great loss of
property. No one can tell which of
these is correct.
This is the secnd time Mr. Wanna
maker has been burnt out in about
two years. A hittle over two yea~s
ago. at night, Mr. R. E Wannamaker
had his barn and outbuildings burnt,
and the very next night those of Mr.
E. N. Wannamaker, who also lives at
Stilton, were burnt. Several negroes
are now serving terms in tnle peniten
tiary for these crimes. Coroner Dukes
was not Eatisfied with the result of
today's inquest, so adjourned the in
quest until tomorrow, when it is hoped
that other fse'.s will be made known.
Some excitement and indignation pre
vails among the negroes, but no trou
ble is feared. The coroner is using
his best endeavors towards finding the
guilty parties, but whether or not he
will succeed is yet to be seen. It is
hoped, however, that success will
crown his untiring efforts. -State.
DR T. A. JEFFoRDs,
a regular licensed practicing play sician
of the county of Orangeburg and State
of South Carolina being duly sworn,
says that at the request of Coroner D.
E. Dukes and a jury of inquest empan
elled in the case of South Carolina vs
Lawrernce Brown, deceased, he exam
ied the dead body of Lawrence
Bown in the public stage road about
three and a half miles from Orange
burg, and foun~d the neck of the de
ceased broken, a pistol bullet on the
left side under the skin, about four
inhes below a line drawn through
the nipples arnd about five inches from
the mecian line, one pistol ball in the
leIt groin and about four inches from
the median line: bullet was under the
skin; cne oistoi ball in right side,
about eight inches from median line,
and about eight inches below the Ihae
of nipples; this tullet was also under
te skin: a fe r abrasions on the chin
and under the chin on the neck.
There were no other marks on front
of the body. On the back of the body
there were evidences of eighteer buck
hot, or pistol baits, rang ing from the
base of the neck to toe buttcck. Also
there were evidences of three loads of
small shot, one in the left arm at the
elbow, one in the left side, about five
inches from the spinal column, and
one in the lef t butticc, about four
inches from spinal column, all of
which was suilicient to cause ceath.
a venerable looking old colored man,
came up next. He is the fathe rof
wrence Brown. who was ynched.
e lived neata'ir---am,- S wamip.
ut vfrs ago he hired Law
his son, to Albert Bennett.
ce would have been 22 years
couple of weeks- He has not
so since Christmas. He saw
hun at his home: since tn he has
not seen his ;oa until the killing. He
was not at the tire. Liwrer.ce went
home to soend Christmas. and carried
presents with hin. H1e was tod of
,be kiiling by a hale boy, who saw
him while on his way to school. He
heard of tbe i tir during the rnorn
ing. le knew his son was im ,i
and be c me down to see about i
boy Monday. It wis then put ot un
Mr. Jefords: "You new he was
discharg sl :'
Uzeie Isa-c: -I knew notbing
about the whole thing.'
He said he knew aosolutely ncta
ing of his sou's death or how it oc
a bright looking negro, saia be livel
on Mr. R. 'E. Waunanaaker's place
ar.d knew Lawrence Brown, whcse
body was found by the roadside. le
was going up the road yesterday to
lcok after some sicck with William
Govan. He siw the boy's body hang
ing on the crcss piece. 'He did not go
anv closer to the body, and reco:mized
the body as tnat of Lawrence Brown.
A short while afterwars-j brother
recorn'zed him, He then went back
to his nome and reported his find.
The last he saw cf Brown was the
ziiht of the fire until be saw the dead
body . By his clock the shooting oc
currEd at sixteen minutes to 10 o'cicc0.
When he was roused there were eight
or ien shots tired. and he was in a doze
atd the firing did not disturb him.
RICHARD WILSON, COLORED.
lived near the scene of the trouble.
He was at home on the night of the
killine. Yesterday Isham Brown
asked him to cime to town with him,
and on his way from home to town
they saw Liwrence Brown's dead
body. He did not go t> the body.
Isham Brown recognized him.
He heard shooting about 10 o'clock.
He last saw Lawrence Brown alive
Friday morning. Brown worke d for
Mr. Bennett. He did not go to the
fire at Mr. Wannamaker's.
a brother of L iwrence Brown, was at
the O'cain pl %ee tUe night of the kill
ing. He kner nothing further about
.. LOX Ron1NSON. WHITE,
lives Uear Ja:u-son. He knew noth
ivg about the case. lie did not hear
the shooting, living about 1 to 1E
miles of Orangeburg. He saw Brown
Tuesday afternoon in Mr. Wanna
MR. .1. M. KNOTTS.
a young white man from the county,
who livEs about 16 miles from here,
was next examined. He bougat the
"railroad place," where Mr. Alfred
Bennet lived. Tne 'place" was owned
by the South Carolina and Georgia
Road. He was yesterday moving to
the place. He is Mr. -Wannamaker's
brother in-law. Day before yester
d.y, Tuesday. he heard of the Wonna
maker fire. He found the barn burn
ed, and saw Mr. Wannamaker about
sundown Tuesday at his home. They
were all 1,i the store about 10 o'clock,
when ther heard shcoting. There
were in the store with him: Mr. It.
E..W'nnamaker, Cliford Westbury,
Addison Haynes, "Solomon," a col
ored boy, probably, and myself. He
was certain that Mr. Westbury, Mr.
Havnes and Mr. Wannamaker were
there with him. They heard shooting
about 10 o'clock. The front door was
closed and they could not locate the
rmng. Some said it was up at a ne
gro house on the place; they all
thought it was firecrackers shooting
of. At tirst there was a gun fire,
both barrels were fired. After that
the firing was all from pistols, he
thought. They walked to the door,
and by that time all was over. They
did not see anyone pass. The next
morning a colored boy told Addisor:
Haynes there was a dead man up the
road hanging on the railroad crossing
post. He and Mr. Wannamaker re
turned about 12 o'clock. They were
together all evening. Ttey were talk
ing busihess, as he had .iust moved
over. He knew nothing about the
guilty par-ties, or of the burning.
Mr. Ri. E. Wannamaker simply cor
roborated the evidence c f Mr. Knotts.
He saw Lawrence Brown Tuesdlay.
ie went on to say that Brown was
held on suspicion of burning his barn,
and "in fac:, I believe we had enough
evidence to convict him."
After consultation with his attorney,
he had him turned out, and to with
draw the indictment temrnorarily for
the purpose of working up other testi
mny implicating other parties. Mr.
Lite was the attorney I consulted. Af
ter getting the disecharge he went to
the jail and had Brown released. He
wanted to ask some questions of Brown
and wanted a witness present to hear
what he had to say, and asked Mr.
Noah Wertz to go up with him. The
jailer was not present when he went
there, and a young lady allowed
Brown to be removed after getting the
order of dismissal. Brown came out
wita Mr. Wertz and Mr. Wannama
ker. lie asked him if he was going
home, and he replied, yes. lie asked
me if he could get a seat in my buggy
and I at tirst told him yes, but know
ing and believing he was the party
who burned my barn, I told him be
had better walk home, Hie walked to
wards the postotlice, and I did not see
Brovn again until he was hung up on
the post. When we turned him out
it was understood that it was not be
cause we believed him innocent, but
aim ply to implicate others. Hie said he
had gotten Mr. Hampton Dukes to ar
range to employ a detective to work
up ine case, and ne was to or had writ
ten about the matter.
OIAGISTR ATE C. I'. BRNNSoN
swre that he wrote the discharge for
Lawrence Brown on then5th, Tuesday.
The disenarge was directed to the sher
if. It was given at the request of the
prsecuing~ witness, who came to him
and told him he would like more time
and saic~. he wanted more time, and if
he got more evidence he would renew
the charge, as he could work up the
case better with Brown at large.
He did not consider the dismissal
temporary. He judged that the case
was to be pushed, out that the dismis
sal was final so far as he was concerned.
Tim cnarge could be renewed at any
time. There was no preinninary hear
ing. There was no evidence otf'ered.
The warrant was issued on informa
tion and belief. He understood Drown
was to be ussd as a decoy. If he had
gotten hold of any evidence he would
never have discnarged hun.
ie asked for the nature uf the evi
dence, but none was pressted Mr.
Wanuamsker believed Bro su was the
guilty party, and expected to get proul
to show it conclusively.
0ix. S. w. WERTz
wet to the jail with Mr. Wanna
maker a littue after 4 Oclock. Hie was
aked whether the discharge was all
buzzy wi.h Mr. Wannamaker. Brown
told Mr. Wannamaker he knew noth
ing abjut the burning of his barn.
Mr. Wannamaker told Brown that he
did not have much evidence against
hin: although he believed he was guil
tv, and if he promised to behave him
stif he would have him released.
ADDI-SoN HAYNES, COLORED.
corroborated the testimony of Mr.
K notts as to being iu his store about
to o'clock, . e.. he was in the store
with M r. Wannamaker and Mr. Knotts
when the firing was heard outside.
b-irg recalled, said that Brown was in
his bigv only for a few minutes, and
ht told Brown to get out, as he had
other business. Brown did not ride
out with him.
MR ALBERT BENNETT
swore that he lived near Stilton's. He
was at home Tuesday, and in the after
noon took a load of oats to his new
place. Returned home about 8 o'clock
and went to spend the night with his
father, who lived about a mile away.
He heard of the lynching next morn
ing. He saw Brown Friday night at
his house. Rrown lived on his place.
He did not see Brown Tuesday nignt.
Yesterday Isham Brown, a brother
of the deceased, testified that he saw
three men ridtby his house af ter he
This ended the testimQov i : the
case. The jury, of which Capt.-G.orge
W. Brunson was foreman, went iutm
a consideration of the case, aad ren
dered the following verdict:
"That Lawrence Brown carnie to his
death by violent means, indicted by
party or parties unknown to the jury."
The jury was dismissed, and this
ended the second chapter in the tra
As was stated this morning, it was
suggested that the confederates of
Brown were suspicious of him and
fearing treachery on his part, killed
him. This is a theory.
Then there is another, which is much
more likely. The community, hear
ing of Brovn's release, not knowing
of Mr. Wannamaker's plan to use
Brown in making other arrests, but
feeling that Brown was the guilty par
ty and would not suffer just punish
ment, immediately organized and dis
patched the sapposed "fire bug." This
frame of mind was assisted by the
fact that there had been three such
fires in the immediate neighborhood
within a short period, and that a
brother of Brown was now serving a
ten-year sentence, having been con
victed of setting fire to Mr. Elliott N.
There has not been any talk about
the relatives of Brown bringing an
action under the provisions of the new
Constitution for the "violent" killing
of the lad, ana it is not knc wn that
any such proceedings will be under
HE WAS NOT A MARRIED MAN.
It is said that Brown and his family
lived on a piece of property that went
into the hands of Mr. Wannamaker,
or his family, and that when the
Browns had to leave the place Law
rence said: "It will never do him
any good.'" This is alleged to have
been a threat that pointed to Brown's
The last lynching in Orangeburg
County was that of Jack Prater, who
was stung up in the eighties, after a
jury had failed to render a verdict in
response to public sentiment.-News
A Chicago Yarn.
CHicAGO, January 6.-A Superior,
Wis., special says: Bloodshed may
be the result of a misunderstanding
between tIwo prominent men. The
parties are Col. C. D. Loud, who is
here from Savannah, Ga., and WV. J.
Holden, a local shipbuilder and poli
tician. Col. L->ud was engaged in en
:ouraging immigration to the fruit
growing sections of Georgia. Holden
was sent with Col. Loud a short time
ago to Georgia by a party of ship yard
ont to look over the country. W hile
.:ay Holden conceived the idea of
oing into business himself and start
d a rival business about three miles
from Col. L-ud's lands, near Macon.
he Colonel demanded an explana
ion and got Holden out in the South
>ae night to cowhide him, but the lat
ter escaped in the darkness. Both
men were armed, so said the Colonel,
although shooting on his part was to
be the last resort. The q uarrel has
been carried to this city, and Loud
hreater'ed either to cowhide Holden
:r kill him because he had done him
a dirty trick. Both men are talking
oud and threateningly and a duel has
been hinted at. Col. L-ud is a typical
3outherner, who has the reputation of
aving protected his honor on ground
where blood has been spilled. Holden
stubborniy holds off and friends are
keeping them apart and say that a
uel may yet end the misunderstand
tg. _ _ _ _ _ _ _
D~eath of a Noted Yankee.
NEW YoRK, Jan. G.--Big Pete Au
brey, a war veteran, died at his home
in Florence, Mass., today of blood
poisoning resulting from an cld wound
Ee was famous as the giant chief of
police at Andersonville prison and
other Southern prisons in the latter
part of the war. Aubrey was born at
Ruse's Point, N. X., in 1833. When
the civil war came he enlisted in Com
pany B. Wih New York regiment, and
was~ in the Peninsula campaign. At
Yorktown he was wounded in the
head by a bullet, which was never
removed. On April 30, he was cap
tured and sent to Andersonville where
he was elected chief of police. Later
he was removed to the prison at Flor
ence, S. C., and again to the Onarles
ton Race Course, and at both he acted
as the head of the police. He had a
number of thrilling adventures in try
ing to escape. ____
sunk Near Fort Carroll.
BALTIORE, Jan. .-T vo lives
were lost as the result of a collision in
the Chesapeake Bay. near Fort Car
roll, this morning. The Merchants'
and Miners' steamer Howard, from
isoston and Norfolk, crashed into the
tug Job T. Wilson, of the Virginia
Dredging Company, and sunk her.
The engineer, James Chilrus, 54 years
old, and Charles O Chappell, aged 17.
son of the captain of the tug, were
crowned. Tne captain and tne other
four members of the crew clung to th~e
mud scows which were in tow of the
tug until rescued, Chilrus leaves a
widow and four children at Norfolk,
Chappell's home was in R-ichmond,
A vic'.ory fojr Darmt c:ras.
D~ovER, De. ,Jan. 4.-The court of
errors and appea!s today reverred the
decision of the superior court for a re
cont of the vote in Kent county by
the canvassing board. This is a vic
tory for the D~emocrats and gives that
party a decided majority in the legis
lature, which will elect a Unmted
THE FARMERS' COLLEGE.
NUABER OF STUDENTS A LITTLI
LESS THAN LAST YEAR.
The I;oard of Trustees Argue for a Contin
uance of the Appropriation of the Pr1V
ilege Tax-Presildent Craighead's Re
port of Operatlons.
Clemson College is one of the insti
tutions of the State in which the far
mers especially are interested and r
will be gratifying to them as well a,
all of the people of the State to knov
that the institution is flourishing an
from the reports of the officers seem:
to be accomplishing much good.
President Craighead, in the course
of his report, gives the following fig
ures to show the number of student.
by classes, which is slightly less that
Seniors, mechanical.............. 2.
Seniors, agricultural.... ......1
Juniors. mechanical.......... 1
Junors, agricultural.......... 1;
Sophomores, mechanical......... 2(
Sophomores, agricultural...... 2
Summary by counties: Abbeville,25
Aikeu. 5; Anderson, 32; Barnwell, IS
Berkeiev, 2: Beaufort, 1; Charleston
: Chester, 5: Chesterfield, 4; Claren
do on, Colleton, 7; D irlington- 9
.i"getield, i - Fairfield, 7; FL 'rence,
5; Greenville, 1,3Hnip~a'- 1; Ker
shaw, 6: Lancaster, 1: Laurens, 1
Lexington, 11; Marion, 3; Marlboro
12: Newberry, 7; Oconee. 16; Orange
burg, 18; Pickens. 21; Richland, 6:
Saluda, S Spartanburg. 16; Sumter,
5; Williamsburg, 4; York, 5; total
By States: Washington. D. C.. 1:
Transylvani-, N. C., 2; Fulton, Ga.,
1; Steuben. N. Y., 1; Colquitt, Ga.,
1: Faette, Mo., 1; Rome, Italy, 1
total, not counting student twice 350.
About half of our students, as will
be seen, are in the fitting school. Ex
perience shows that, of the boys whc
come to us, an average of only aboul
one in twenty is prepared for college.
It is true that our entrance require
ments, owing to the excellent work
done in the fitting school, have been
somewhat raised. I need not stress
tne importance of thorough elementa
ry instruction, and, until the district
schools fit boys for college. preparato
ry classes here will remain a necessi
ty. Six years is rather a long time fo:
a boy to remain at college. and it is to
be regretted that boys cannot obtain
at home good preparatory education.
If this cannot be done, - each county
or each congressional district should
have at least one school where boys
and girls could be fitted for college at
a cost not exceeding that at Clemson.
Major Edgeworth Blythe,who,since
February, 1894, has done faithful and
efficient work in the fitting school,
will sever his connection with the col
lege at the close of the year and begin
the practice of law. Major Blythe car
ries with him the respect and esteem
of both faculty :nd students. .
There are men in our senior class
able to do his work well, and I, there
fore, recommend that one of our own
graduates be appointed to fill the va
cancy. Prof. Morrison, the head mas
ter of the school has been from time to
time assisted by the professors in the
I deem it unnecessary to make more
than a brief summary ot the work of
the vario.us departments during the
year. The reports of the professors
ieretfore attached will give a correct
idea of the work done, the text books
used, the money expended, and such
other information as the board may
care to know.
The agricultural department has
sustained a great loss in the death of
Prof. WV. L. McGee, who, on October
22, while instructing the senior class
at the college barn, was caught in our
corn shredding machine and fatally
injured, dying after an illness of four
hours. His untimely death cast a
gloom over the whole college.
At your last meeting it was decided
to elect at this time a botanist and an
etymologist. OU t of a large number
of applicants for these positions I have
selected two whom I feel justified in
recommending to you.
CHE3iCA L I EPAR T3NET.
The work of the chemical depart
ment, which from year to year has
grown in importance, is fully set forth
in Prof. Hardin's report. The number
of analyses of waters, made at the re
quest of parties living in nearly every
part of the State, shows that our peo
ple are at last realizing the necessity
for good pure drinking water. No
State, perhaps, is doing more than
South Carolina to protect the farmers,
not only against fraadulent fertilizers
and other impositions, but also against
impure water, the fruitful source of
many ills, both to man and beast.
Prof. Hardin recommends that the
salary of Mr. McDonnell, a graduate
of the Maryland Agricultural College,
who has been employed in the fertil
izer department since J uly 2, be raised
to $00U. Mr. Mci)onnell's excellent
work fully entitles L is to this amount.
The mechanical department is at
last fairly well equipped. With the
excelent instructan given here and
the creditable equipment already had
I see no reason why students seeking
courses in electrical engineering and
mecanial engineering should go to
other States for i.nstruction. The ex
hibit recently made by this department
at our State Fair was pronounoed by
many to be most creditable, and gave
to the people of the State s ,me knowl
edge of the work attempted here. All
the instructors seem to be earnest and
faithful, determined to keep up with
the rauid progress being made in the
mechanic arts. Several of the instrue
trs, including the superintendent.
Prof. Thmpkius, wish to spend their
vacations at Cornell, the Drexel insti
tute, and other great polytechnic
TH E ACA1E11r DEPARtT3ENT.
The mathematical department, un
der the direction of Prof. Clinkscales,
who, at the beginning of tne year,
was promoted to a full professorship.
is. I think, meeting the need especial
ly of mechlanical students for thor
uh miathematical training. If, as
was once' contemuplated by the board,
stuents desiring it are to have in
structon in civil engineering, I re
commend that this work be assigned
to Assistant Professor Brodie.
Tne report of the surgeon shows
that the health of students has been
fairly good, but not so good as our
excellent sanitary conditions seem tc
wvarrant. The surgeon, however, has
treatment of a number of critical
cases. We have lost by death one
student during the year-W. H. Mar
tin of Orangeburg, who died of meas
les. complicated with pneumcnia. It
is gratifying to report that the mat
ron of the hospital, Mrs. Porcher, is
also a most excellent nurse. Mr. Gor
don is also a reliable and conscientious
nurse. The manazement of the hos
pital is entirely satisfactory.
The laundry cannot be made self
sustaining unless the number of gar
ments which students are now per
mitted put out be cut down or the
The library now contains 2 105 vol
umes, 700 of which have been added
during the year, and many Damphlets
and government reports. Nine hun
dred and ninety-eight dollars have
been spent for books and cases during
I earnestly recommend that not less
thaa $2,000 be anproriated for library,
and I also call your attention to the
following resolution of the faculty,
which I heartily endorse: 'n mo
tion of Mr. Morribon (seconded by
Mr. Lucas), it was
"Resolved, That the faculty peti
tion the board of trustees, through
the president of I e o f pro
vide for a trai iibrarian."
LI NARY SOCIETIES.
The. ee literary societies-the
.La] oun, the Palmetto, and the Co
lumbian-meet every Friday niaht in
their handsomely furnished halls for
exercises in o--.:4ory, declamation and
debate. I recommend that every stu
dent join one of these societies, but
those who prefer not to do so are re
quired to declaim before the fac-altv.
In connection with the library is a
reading room, supplied with the lead
ing papers and periodicals, half the
expense of maintaining which is de
frayed by the faculty.
The Young Men's Christian Associ
ation is a strong influence for good
among thecadets. Six members of
the association, whose expenses were
partly defrayed by the faculty and
students, attended the Knoxville
Seven Farmers' Institutes have been
held at the following places: Orange
burg, Walhalla, Laurens, Fairview,
Anderson, Manning, and Darlington.
Dr. Wyman and I attended all the in
stituteF, and Profs. Hardin, McGee,
DuPre and Hart three or more. Near
ly all the institutes were well attend- i
ed, and I think both the farmers and
the professors attending were benefit
ted. In many States appropriations
by the Legislatures of from five to
fifteen thousand dollars are made for
this work. Our experience this year
will enable us to do better work next
year, should the board see fit to appro
priate money for this purpose.
The faculty recommends to you for
the degree of B. S. the following ca
dets, each of whom has successfully
comleted the agricultural course: J.
M. B3ain, G. P. Boulware, J. F. Brea
zeat, J. F. Folk. C. M. Farman, Jr.,
P. 1H. Gooding. Rt. G. Hamilton, J.
H. - oore, B. F. Robertson, B. F.
Sloa 13 R.Ts r ., L. _.
Tompkins, B. R. Turnipseed, and L.
A. Werts; and the following, who
have successfully completed the me
chanical course: B. M. Aull, J. T.
Bowen, J. T. Bradley, F. L. Bryant,
P. N. Calhoun, W tarpenterr A.
M. Chreitzberg, T. W. Cothran, D.
Dowling, E. P. Earle. P. G. Langley,
R. E. Lee, I. M. Mauldin, 0. M. Pe
gues, L. A. Sease, J. G. Simpson, A.
J. Tindal, T. H. Tuten, and W. W.
The faculty is composed of able.
energetic, conscientious gentlemen,
nearly every one. of whom is an ex
pert in some line of work. The kind
liest feeling exists among the mem
bers and all the faculty, and all the
employes of the college are, I believe,
enthusiastically devoted to its inter
ests. They are mostly young men,
ambitious to win for themselves dis
tinction in their* several specialities,
and if left undisturbed by political
combinations, threatening frequent
changes in the affairs of the institu
tion, will make Clemson a college of
which the State may be proud. The
deportment of students has been ex
cellent, and their devotion to the col
lege most commendable. In conclu
sion, I desire to thank the board fo~r
their support and for the interest
which they have always taken in the
success of the college. Respectfully
submitted, E. B. CRalGEEAD.
The Board of Trustees in the course
of tneir report, in speaking of the
privilege tax says:
By reference to the report of J. P.
Smith, secretary of the fertilizer de
partment, the total amount received
from the privilege tax this year is
$49,872.37. The expenses charged
against this department is $4,533.82,
leaving for the 'college from net pro
Leds of the privilege tax, $45,340.55.
(The salary of professor of chemistry
and his assistant, the cost of bulletins
and the analysis of waters are not in
cluded in the expenses charged
against the fertililer department.)
The income of the college for the
year consists of:
The net proceeds of privilege
Interest from land script
fund................. 5,7:4 o0
Interest from Clemson be
quest...............- 3,5.2 30
From incidentals...........554 95
Should the privilege tax realize as
much next year as this there will be a
sutlicient amount to meet the expenses
of the college, and comp:.ete trie de
velepment of the agricultural depart
ment of the college. which is very
much needed. We therefore earnest
ly re quest that the college be left in
undistur bed possession of the privilege
tax. Thev advocates of Clemson Col
leea wy ontended that this privi
lege tax, if properly expended, would
pay the expenses of a college wawah
would be of a great benefit to the peo
ple of the State. This claim has been
fulfilled, and to-day Clemson college
for the year 18%, graduating a class of
thirty-seven young men, and that too
without a dollar of appropriation
from the State Treasary. The appli
cation of the privilege tax to Clemi
son College was decided by the peo
ple in the campaign of 1S:, and we
trust that this fuand will not nIow be
taken from the college when it is just
getting upon its feet, ar d just getting
ready for eilicient work.
There were in attendance upon the
college at tihe close of the collegiato
year 'about 30; students. F-rom the
best information we have this number
will be largely increased at the reop
enn of the college in February,
net.Th curraium of the collee
has been thoroutely revised at the
present meeting of theBoard and Clem
son College is in reality and truth an
Agricultural and Mecanical College,
and is the largest institution of the
kind in the Southern States. It has
no catch courses, the only two courses.
in the college are the agricultural and
mechanical courses, and every boy is
required to take one of these courses.
ln concluding, the Board sav:
This Board earnestly entreats each
and every member of the General
Assembly to remember the ditficulties
and backsets which have been en
countered n bringing the college up
to what it is to day, and to lend to the
Board their help and assistance. Fur
thermore, we urgently reauest, if
possible, every member of your
bodies to visit Clemson College during
this session: and if you desire to ac
cept this invitation an intimation to
that effect will be suilicient, and some
members of the Board will make the
necessary arrangements, and look
after the e >.nfort of the visitors.
R. W. SiuPsoN,
President Board of Trustees Clemson
ARMOR PLATE FRAUDS.
Herbert Tells How Uncle Sam Has
W.sINuTON, Jan. 5.-Secretary
Herbert today transmitted to Con
gress his reply to a provision in the
last naval apprapriation bill, direct
ing him to examine into the actual
cost of armor plate and report to
Congress before January 1, 1897, and
to make no contract for armor plate
for the vessels authoriz-d by that Act
until after the report was made to
The report is a very important and
in mary respects a sensational docu
ment. The present cost of armor is
$583 per ton. Mr. Herber's conclu
sion is that the cost of material and
labor is $193.70 and allowing for the
cost of maintaining the plant and the
nickel now furnished by the govern
ment and 50 per cent. proat to the
companies the next cost to the govern
ment would be in round numbers W00
per ton. The Carnegie and Bethle
hem Companies have both expressed a
desire to sell out their plants to the
Secretary Herbert says that both
the Carnegie and Bethlehem Com
paines declined last spring to give the
information on the ground that they
were not obliged to give to the public
the secrets of their business.
The Bethlehem Company fnaally
submitted a statement placing the cost
of armor plate at $194 per ton. Ac
ompanying it was a letter which
stated that in view of the government's
proposal to operate a plant of its own,
the company desires to withdra w "from
this troubiesome business by selling
to the government below cost our
entire armor plate plant, which we be
lieve to be the best in the world."
The Cargenie Company also sent a
letter about this time declining to give
a full statement of cost, but giving the
elements entering into the cost, exclu
of the shop cost, making it $221.
'he Cargenie Com urn then also
nimadverted on t act taat the work
f making arLc.L had bee undertaken
at the reouest of the g-vernment and
said it would, if the government de
sired to manufacture its own armor.
be "only too happy to sell its plant at
Mr. Herisert says the government
experts do not sustain the estimates
o the Cargenie Company. Mr. Her
bert calls attention to the fact that the
companies made no statements until
be had returned from Europe where
he had procured two estimates of the
cost of armor plate. "An inspection
of the prices paid by the American
companies," Mr. Herbert says, "will
indicate that they agreed with each
other as to prices. Taey divided the
contracts of tais government bet ween
themselves, each bidding lower on one
half of the armor required by the
Secretary Herbert concludes that
3250 may be taken as a fair cost of a
ton of armor. The Secretary says that
it is essential that these or other plants
be kept in operation. Mr. Herbert1
says it is not desirable that the govern
ment should manufacture armor and
for these reasons very liberal profits
should be offered to the present con
tractors to induce them to continue
their plants in operation and r.e re
cmmends as a fair profit 50 per cent.
on the cost of manufacture, which
would be $375 pe:- ton. It will p'rove
litiicult to obtain armor for the battle;
ships already under contract if the
3mpanies refuse to bid within the
limit Congress may fix. To eliminate
this difliculty Mr. Herbert recom
mends that upon fixing a price for
armor. Congress also authorizes the
Secretary to erect or buy or lease an
armor plant or a gun plant il necces
A Political Freighxt Train.~
SILvER SPIUNos, N. -., -ian. t3 -
Dne hundred and sixty cars loaded
with 5,450,000 pounds of salt left here
oday consigned to New England
tirms. The train was the Worcester
salt special, bearing a consignment of
orders to New England, which had
been given contingent upon Presi
lent McKinley's election. The vast
shipment made up the finest freight
train ever put together. The cars
were handsomely decorated with vari
:olored banners. Tbis train will go
ver the Etrie Railroad to Jersey City
and thence by the Consolidated Rail
oad to Boston. A large crowd was
gathered about the tramo, and as i
started there was a great cheerimg.
he first section has attached a private1
3ar- for representatives of the press anda
oil ials of the Worcester Salt Comn
pany. Tue shipment contains 14:322
barrels packed with salt in bags and
ulk and 10.774 sacks not in barrels.
[ the barrels in the train were placed
staning one on the top of the other
:he most elevated barrel would be
ver six miles high.
A re Pop uis~ts Honest '
RaLEIG Hi. Jan . -.-The Democratic!
egislative caucus adopted unanimous -
y the following resolution which1
ias passed in the hands of the Popu
"Contiding' in the P'eople's partyI
orofessions favoring free silvr we
nvite cooperation witu the PopulistL
uembers of the legislature in the elc
ton of an advocate of.free silve;, a
opponent of trusts and comabt, an
n advocate of an mncomn tax to me
Unted States senate. J the Peole'
part" acc ' stio we ee
THE OTEAT(J TIIAGEY.
THE INQUEST BEGUN. SUT AD
JOURNED UNT!L TH!S WEEK.
Fiva Witnesses are Said to H-tavo Seen store
or Lt.4 of the Tragedy. l)nt Only Two
nave i5een Examin< et-The Sory s
Still a H arrile One.
CUA1tLESToN, Jan. S.-It was a hor
rible tale, that which the News and
Courier was forced to tell yesterday
morning. At the breakfast tables it
caused a shudder and all day the peo
ple were talking of it. Two men
slain and their blood on the hands of
another-a man who had been always
known as both hospitable and hu
mane. And, worse still, one of the
mea lying dead was said to have been
a personal friend of the man who shot
him down. Not fire hours before the
fatal shooting Mr. Poppenheim is said
to have greeted Mr. Mazyck most cor
dially and extended to him the privi
leges ot his hunting preserves. It was
known that there had been hard feel
ngs bet ween Mr. Brown and Mr. Pop
penbeim, but no one was prepared for
such a tragic and fearful end to their
The story in the News and Ccurier
?esterday was even discrediteed by
-ny. It was too hard to btlieve for
those t -new the men and had b
ashort time befor , erhaps, ).en in
timately associated with '7
is was only too true. From all sources
the story conies and the variations are
but fe w. Mr. Brown and Mr. Maz ck,
it seems, were hunting upoa lands
lased by Mr. Beown: a buck was
jumped and wounded: it swam the
cree', and in order to pursue it the
two men went over onto Mr. Poppen
heim's land, hitched their horses and
hired a boat. Tney were out in the
stream when hailed by Mr. Poppen
heim and told to take their horses and
leave his land. Then a conversation
occurred, it is stated, between Brown
and Poppenheim. Brown is said to
have gotten up in the boat with hi,
gun and the next instant fell over
board, shot to the heart. His com
panion. Maz;ck. is then said to have
made a move as if to rise and use his
gun, and received the second load
from Poppenheim's gun in his fore
head. Botn men;were killed instant
ly. Mazyck fell forward in the boat.
Mr. Poppenheim, it appears, gave
some orders to several negro hands
who were employed about the place
and then went up to Strawberry, a
station about eight miles from the
scene of the tragedy. He did not sar
render to the sheriff of Berkelev Wed
nesday night, as was stated, but yes
terday morning. He is now in the
Berkeley county jail, and has em
ployed Mr. H. K. Jenkins and Major
Dennis as counsel.
was begun at the Ceaar Hill landing
by Magistrate Whaley, acting coroner,
There were five colored witnesses to
the shooting. Two of them gave their
testimony yesterday, and then the in
quest was adjourned to be continued]
Tuesday noca, at O;ranta-. Tae tsti:
nony given below is exactly as taken
down by Mr. John Buzon for the act
ing coroner. Magistrate Whaley. It
is in a crude form and statements are
repeated coatinually. but as it is below
it is in possession of the proper au
The jury was as follows.- J. A . Mal
lard, white, foreman; John Watson,
colored; Aleck Jones, colored; Caro
lina Davis, colored; Christmas Lef
tenant, colored; Sam Gamble, colored;
Richard Ladson, colored; Joe Nelson,
colored:; Sam Lef tenant, colo -a. ; Dan
iel Flua, white; William You~ng, col
ored: Robert Jefferson, colored; W.
D. McCoy, colored; Sam Green, col
James Gold, colored, the first wit
ness s worn, said: "I was away ar ound
oak pile cording oak wood; saw Mr.
Brown and Mr. Mazyck coming down
the road down to the river. They got
off their horses. Did not see them
again till they were in the boat about
middle of the river, paddling out. I
then heard the galloping of a horse
and on looking to see whao it was
found it out to be Mr. John Poppen
neim. Juast as Mr. Poppenheimn got to
the landing near the water he said:
"Did .'not ask you not to trespass
on my land ?" I heard the gentlemen
in the boat speak, but could not hear
what they said. "Come back; take
your horses off my lands." I heard
one of the gentlemen in the boat say,
"All right." They turned the boat
about so as to return to the landing.
When they got near the shore I heard
Mr. Poppenheim say: "Did~ I not
-ask you not to trespass on my land ?
Did not hear what reply the gentle
men in the boat male. Heard Mr.
Poppenheim say: " I do not want to
hear a word from you." Heard no
more until gun was nred. Mr. Pop
penheiim called me to help Cato Reese
to get him out of water. I a~ked Ca
to who was in the water and was told
that Mr. Brown was. Cato got into
the boat before me. Before we got to
him Mr. Brown sunk. We picked up
his hat. One man was dead in boat,
face down, across the seat next to the
stern. Did not hear Mr. Poppenheim
tell Cato to take horses otf. Just be
fore the gun shot heard Mr. Brown or
Mr. Mazyck talking, but could not
hear what they said. Cato was near
est to Mr. Poppenheima, Mazyck andi
Brown. When heard gua. tired II
jumped up on wood pile, looked over
in the river and time I get upon wood~
pile I heard anoth-er shot. When
second gun fired I jam ped 0ii wocod
pile. Mr. P'oppenheim called me to
iielp take him out of the water.
Cato ileese, sworn, says: When I~
camne down yesterday ? met Mr. .James
Gold and three other- boys, rSandy
Tindall,- who works for Mr. Clark,
Isaac Parker and Jacco Grant. Ij
heard Mr. Po)ppenheinm talking to Mr
Brown and Mr. Mazyck; could not
hear what anyone said on account of
wind blowing hard. About thre e
minutes after being on lacdinz I
looked down the creek acd saw Mr:
Mazycek and Mr. Brown. in a smna
boat. I heard'. 1--u- -'9
off~ that horse, speaki- to Mr. aop-'
penheim, "andi we we ses tm'S
now." I do not ku-. -vhth meant.
When I saw M- ';ow~ a he hadt a pad
dle holding -t sp "tte shnor. I
went t. nialn my wagoa andI
we~n lo * ~aan where Mr.t
p'. a ,:' Mr.azyck were I~ saw~
- sit his gun in his hands.
n I eard report of a gun.
' n""! w-as standing up im tue
boa' , t gun in hi h~ands, the boat
on side of the shore.' I heard the
rep'rL of the gun- aud saw Mr. Bro na
rail overboard I becamne excited,
cotnendm : ine aowards the boat.
I saw Dir. M2z7cK oerore tnat siTting
on the stern of the boat. Did not see
him get up after second shot was fired.
Mr. Poppenheim fired both barrels.
Mr. Poppenheim called me to catch
Mr. Browr, he being overboard. Mr.
Poppenheim said to me, "You saw Mr.
B1owna draw his gun on mel" I said,
"I saw him with his gun in his hand,
his face toward Mr. Poppenheim with
his gun in his hands." Mr. Poppen
heim did not tell me to take the horses
away. Mr. Brown sunk. I went
Mr. John Buzn went to the scene
of the shooting on the early morning
train yesterday. With him was Mr.
Edward Mazyck, the son of one of the
victims of the tragedy. Mr. Buzon
made several sketcaes of the scene
where the shooting occurred and has
a diagram of the boat showing the po
sitions of Messrs. Brown and Mazyck
at the time of the shooting. These
will be utsed in the trial. Mr. Brown
was shot in the right breast, the whole
load of buckshot taking effect there.
Mr. Bazon said that if Mr. Brown
was pointing his weapon or had even
raised it at the time the shot could
not have struck where it did, without
some of it hitting the stock of the gun.
The gun was-fished from the bottom
of the creck and there were no shot
marks o2 it. The two hammers were
at the safety notch. Mr. Mazyck was
struck in the top of the head by the
load of shot from Mr. Poppenheim's
other barrel. Mr. Buzon says that
he was sitting in the rear of the boat
gun lying under or beside
him. Wld seem to have dodged
his head do Sn -r. Poppenheim
aimed at him.
Tne boat was very near the laid
upon which Mr. Poppenhim was. The
distance between the- was hardly
more than twenty feet.
At the request of friends and rela
tive of the deceased an autopsy was or
dered last night. Tae bodies were
brnught down on the 9:10 train of the
Mr. Mazyck leaves a widow and
nine children, the oldest being a girl
of about 21years of age. The oldest
boy, Edward, is 23 years of age. Mr.
Mazyck went to Oranto saturday
night. He took with him h'.s two
young sons, Robert and Richard. to
keep him c)mpany and to give them
the pleasure of a few days in the
woods. The boys were at Otranto
when their father was killed, but were
not allowel to see his body. They
were sent do wn on the evening train
to carry the sad news to their mother
and brothers and sisters. List night
nearly all of the boys of the family
were at the depot, and saw the coffin
taken from the train, and put in the
undertaker's wagon. The grief in the
family is pitiable. Mr. Mazyck leaves
very little for the support of his wid
ow and children, and this fact makes
the tragedy all the sadder to their
3IR. DOUGLAS'S STATEXENT.
Mr. George A. Douglas, who was a
member of the fatal hunting party,
made the following ~.statement last
"Oa Wednesday, :with Prty of
geniemenaamona whom were Mr. L.
F. Brown Mr. Stephen Mazyck, we
hunted Hickory Hill on Foster's Creek.
This place adjoins Mr. Poppenheim's
place, Cedar Hill. About 12:30 o'clock
Mr. Mazyck and myself in the drive
jumped a buck, which ran to Mr.
Mazyck. He fired one barrel, shoot
ing the deer do wn. Mazyck was rid.
ing a fiery horse and the second barrel
went off in the air, the deer then took
for the creek and swam for the oppo
site shore, badly wounded. We
stopped our dogs and continued the
drive out to the stands. When Mr.
Brown came up Mr. Mazyck explained
the situation to him and the sugges
tion was made that Brown and Ma
zyck procure a boat and cross the
creek, which they attempted to do,
carrying one dog along and their
guns. I then drove for the other gen
tiemen in the direction of Mr. Bro wn's
house at Goose Creek. We arrived
at his house at 5:30 p. m. Hearing
nothing of Brown or Mazyck we natu
rally concluded that they had gotten
the deer and were delayed in getting
back. Tae party had to leave Mr.
Brown's hcuse to catch the train at
7:30 and while at dinner about 7
o'clock a messenger from Mr. John
Happoldt sayiag that Mr. Brown had
been killed by Mr. Poppenheim at
Cedar Hill Lhnding. and requesting
me to notify the coroner. This I
"I then jumped into my saddle and
rode over to Cedar Hill. When I ar
rived at the landing, about 8p. mn., I
could find no one, and not knowing
that Mazyck was killed I hallooed for
him. Receiyed no reply. and rode
back about half a mile to a darky's
shanty. The darky sent a boy back
with me to sho w me the body of Mr.
Brow~n. When we got to the .landing
he carried me to a .boat in a lead o'
the river, and I asked him who was in
the boat. It was very dark and I
could not see. He said it was Mr.
Mazyck. I struck a match and found
poor Mazyck dead. Then I asked for
Brown, thinking, perhaps a mistake
had been made. He took me to a little
island, fifty yards from the boat, and
there I found Mr. Brown. Upon in
vestigat ion I found Mazvek~shot in the
top of the head and Mr. Brd~n shot
in the right side and the region of the
heart. I remainett with the bodies all
night, and came back to the city with
Died~ of Hydrophobia.
E~AmLTI M Jan. 5.-Iwrence Wil
soa of Enhia Park, who was one of
t eighat bays bMtten by a mad St.
RErnard dog On December 1, died at
tea minutes after three this morning
in horrible agony. He was bitten
over the lef t eye and was the boy taken
to the Pasteur Iastitute. arriving there
with his father :and mz:her, Mr. and
Mrs. F.~'~ E to. otv-two hours
afe he was . it. Dr. Gibier, direc
e:.e r thePaster Institute, 'when in
stinor tod Mr. Wilson that after
a~ee (/ays thae danger was reduced to
a naismamf and the child had been in
the best of sp 'iriths parents thought
he was perfectly safe The nrst sign
of te drd mt y appeared on Sat
-uday, whe~n >e compltained of a dull
"ai, exening from the wound in
his eve to his treart. Oa Sunday night
he could not sleep and towards morn
ing his breathinz was very short and
he was unaole to s wallo w. His father
boecamne alarmed and telephoned for
Dr'. McKnew, who arrived at 3 o'clock
in the morning and found his patient
with all the symptom of rabies. At
daylighit Drs. Chew and C. Downs, an
uncle of the little fellow, were called
into consultation and decided that it
asa case of hydrophobia.