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VOL. XII. -MANNING, S. C.. WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 24, 1897. NO. 31.
WORK OF THE SENATE.
A NUMBER OF BILLS PASSED BY THE
Redolutions on Judge Aldrich- -New Coun
ty RIllsPaised--The Anti-Free P:1 and
Cigarette 1ills K me d.
COLUMBIA, Ftb. 20.--The work of
passing second and third reading biills
in the senate Saturday was not inter
rupted by discussion. Work was be
gun on the calendar and the follow
ing third reading bills passed:
To establish Dorchester county.
House bill to amend county govern
ment law so far as it relates to work
ing the roads.
House bill to authorize and empow
er the sheriff of Williamsburg county
to purchase and keep at the court
house a pair of bloodhounds for the
purpose of tracking convicts and fu
gitive law breakers, amended by Mr.
Williams so as to apply to all counties
and limiting the ost of the dogs at
$100 a pair.
House bill to require county super
visors to publish quarterly reports in
the papers of their respective counties
at a cost not exceeding $600 for each
county. Amended by excepting An
derson, Beaufort, Barnwell, Bamberg,
Berkeley, Chester, Colleton, Gerge
town, Horry, Kershaw, Laurens,
Lexington, Larcaster, Marlboro, Mar
ion. Oconee and York.
House bill to establish Bamberg
House bill to amend subdivision one
of section 9548 of the revised statutes
of 1893, relating to costs.
House bill to amend section 311 of
the revised statutes being section 256
of the general statutes.
Making it a misdemeanor for any
State or county officer to receive any
debate on purchase of books or any
other property cr supplies from print
Soon after 1 o'clock the senate pass
ed the following resolutions and ad
jouruned out of respect to judge Al
Whereas it has been learned by the
senate of South Carolina with pro
found regret of the death of the hon
orable Alfred Proctor Aldrich of
Barnwell county, who as a judge
kept his ermine unstained, and in
defiance of the military power which
dominated the State in 1S60 laid down
his robes of office in open court and
refused to administer the law while
the seat of justice was surrounded by
Federal bayonets; as a patriot, self
sacrificing and devoted to the jus.
cause of South Carolina, and as aman
without fear and without reproach,
whose unsullied career has added lus
tre to the annals of the State, there
fore be it
Resolved, As a mark of respect t.
his memory, that the senate do nov
On Monday the Greenwood County
bill was taken up. Mr. Gaines offer
ed an amendment providing for the
orgnization of the county 30 days
after the election.
- Mr. Archer objected to the time for
the bill to go into effect as the same
question would arise over Cherokee
county and by an organization of the
new counties during the fiscal year
would cripple the old counties by tak
ing away a large part of the revenue
that ought to go to the old counties to
meet the estimated expenses.
Mr. McCalla offered an amendment
that the county governument of Gr een
wood would be put in operation the
first day of next January.
Mr. Gaines said that to the people
of Greenwocd the advantages accur
ing frgm an early formation would
more than balance the evil. The
senate could not with .Tae regard to
the Constitution defer the formation
Mr. McCalla said that a hardship
would be in flicted on the old and on
the new county by putting this bill in
force before theast of next January.
Mr. Mower said the Constitution
was mendatory in requiring that the
county government go into effect in
mediately upon the formation of the
county. T"his being so the senate had
no discretion in the matter.
Mr. May field asked that the senators
vote as nearly as they could on the
question of the time new county gov
ernments should go into effect.- He
said that Bamberg did not want to
form her government until January
Mr. Gaines moved to table the mo
tion of Mr. McCalla that the bill go
into effect on the 1st of January. By
a vote of 26 to 4 this prevailed
Mr. Gaines' amendment was then
passed requiring the county govern
ment to be put into etfect 30 days
The Senate on Tuesday killed the
anti-cigarette bill and the bilt to re
peal the anti-free pass act. Neither
one, however, was defeated without a
vast deal of discussion and then it
was but by a single vote that the lat
ter measure was killed.
The senate had shown an inclina
tion to discuss at length every meas
ure that had been taken up nntil the
free pass bill was reached and then
almost every senator -turned himself
loose," so to s peak. An unfavcrable
report has been made on the bill and
as soon as it had been read Mr. Moses
moved that the report be indefinitely
postponed. Mr. Ragsdale was the first
senator on his feet to oppose the mo
tion. He said that any member of
general assembly who used a free pass
over any railroad would not be above
suspicion. It was not right that rep
resentatives of the legislature who
were to decide many important mat
ters affecting railroads should accept
any favors from these roads. Try as
they might, they could not but feel a
sense of obligation to the roads over
which they had free transportation.
Mr. Scarborough replied to Mr.
Ragsdale, recommending that he stu
dy the quotation, "Consistency, thou
art a jewel." To be consistent, said
he, Mr. Ragsdale should have refused
to accept the offer of the railroads to
carry him with the other legislators
to Cnarieston. The acceptance of that
effer- was nothing more than a viola
tion of the oath of otiice on the part
of every member of the general as
sembly. He thought the act now on
the statutes was a stigma upon the
name of the good people of the State.
Mr. Scarborough spoke at length and
with fervor in favor of the bili.
Mr. Hay said the act which this bill
proposed to repeal was founded ou
sound public principles. The senators
would not hear of a judge accepting a
free pass. It should be the same with
members of the legislature. There
was no getting around the fact that
these passes were given to secure fa
vors Some ha-J argued that the act
against the acceptance of free passes
was a reilection upon the peogle of
the Sta but it was no more a rellec
tion than any other act on the statute
books. It would be as well to say the
act against stealing was a reflection
cn the people as the act prohibitiug
the seceptance of a free pass. The
city courcil of Charleston he under
stood was providing the transportation
of the general assembly and though
the railroads might do it free, there
was no Invitation from the road to the
Mr. Buist said that Mr. Hay was
right in his position about the visit to
Charleston. He then proceeded to
speak against the bill. The Lord's
Prayer, said he, which he trusted
every senator repeated before retiring
and after arising im the morning, be
sought "lead us not :nto temptation."
For that very reason this bill should
be defeated. The members of the gen
eral e2sembly should have the tempt
ation of taking free passes removed
from them. "Talk about the dignity
of humanity, why it is the depravity
of humanity. Mr. President, that i; to
be guarded against," exclaimed Mr.
Buist in conclusion.
Mr. Archer thought if the dignity
and the integrity of the senate was
above temptation that this question
should not be annually resurrected.
Why not let it stay as it is? asked he.
Mr. Scarboroug and Mr. Henderson
spoke in favor of the bill and Mr.
May field against it.
Mr. Moses defined his position, say
ing that when a member of the house
he had voted against the act which
this bill was intended to repeal and
that he had a'ways been opposed to
The aye and nay vote was demand
ed on Mr. Moses' motion to indefinitely
postpone the unfavorable report of the
committee. It resulted:
Aye-Connor, Dennis, DuBose,
Gaines, Gritfith, Henderson, Mauldin,
Moses, O'Dell, Pettigrew, Ragin,
Scarborough, Sloan, Saddath, Walk
Nay-Alexander, Archer, Brown,
Buist, Dean Douglass, Hty. Love,
Mayfield, McDaniel, Miller, Mower,
Norris, Ragsdale, Stackhouse, Talbrid,
The motion to table the bill was
passed by the same vote as above.
The vote was then clinched by the
usual motion to reconsider and table.
This completely kills the bill for this
session at least, thcugh it was accom
plished but by a single vote.
The house bill to regulate the sale of
cigarettes and cigarette papers was de
bated by the friends and opponents of
the bilL The friends pointed out the
evils of the cigarette habit while the
opponents pointed to the act against
the sale of tobacco to minors under
the age of of IS and urged that this
bill would become a dead letter as that
act had. The injury it wovld do to
the tobacco industry was also shown.
Messrs. Archer, Connor, Love and
Pettigrew spoke for the bill, while
Messrs. Hay, Moses and May field
spoke against it. Finally, by a vote
of 25 to 8 the bill was killed. Only
Messrs. Archer, Connor, Gains, Love,
McDaniel, Pettigrew, Stackhoase and
Wallace voted for the bill.
The special committee charged with
making arrangements for the contem
plated trip to Charleston on the 18th
inst., reported as follows:
There will be two trains to Charles
ton, ore by the South Carolina and
Georgia and one by the Atlantic
Coast Line, both leaving Gervais
street station at 7:30 A. M, Thursday
morning, the 18th of Febraary, 1897.
The head of each and every one of
the executive departments in the State
House and each and every senator
and member of the house will be enti
tied to two tickets, one by the South
Carolina and Georgia railway and
one by the Atlantic Coast Line. Of
ficers and attaches will be entitled to
one ticket each.
There are a limited number of tick
ets for the steamer provided by the
city council of Charleston, but there
will be other steamers that will trans
port parties to the fleet for 50 cents
each.- Altamiont Moses,
For the Committee.
CoLDIBIA, S. C., Feb. 21.-The
Senate met at 10 o'clock Wednesday
to avoid a night session, in view of the
By consent a concurrent resolution
was introduced and passed to allow
the Mutual Guarantee Insurance Com
pany of Greenville to apply for a new
Mr. Gaines worked his Senatorial
amendment in the Greenwood County
bill by reconsidering the amendment
passed on the previous day and adding
a provision for the election of a Sen
in the Cherokee County bill Mr.
Ragsdale, for the friends of that Coun
ty introduced a Senatorial amendment
in the bill similar to Mr. Gaines'
amendment to the Greenwood County
bill. That bill was also put through
its final passage and was returned to
the House with amendments.
Mr. Wallace offered an amendment
to the bill providing for the expendi
ture of the commutation tax, making
it more strict in its provisions by re
quiring the tax to be expended, not
only in the township from wvhicn col
lected, but also on the section of the
road from which it was derived.
Mr. Archer opposed it as imprac tica
ble and having a tendency to pile up
work on somebody wita no pay. The
amendment was adopted and the bill
Mr. Norris was disposed to make
war on the bill to re quire railroad e om
panies to stop all trains at local sta
tions, but a compromise was reached
in the postponement of the bill that
Mr. Norris might study its effects
with the amendments made to it.
The Bamberg County bill came up
on its third reading, was amended as
regards the Senatorial representation
and in a number of details and was
Mr. Mayfid moved the adoption of
the unfavorable report on Mr. Con
no's bill to regulate the manufacture,
sale, inspection, &c., of fertilizers
Mr. Connor defended the bill. Its
chief point was in the cancellation of
the privilege tax tags, tne effect of
which he said would De to iscrease the
revenue from this tax at least 20 per
cent. He said that these tags were
used again by manufacturers. it also
provided for a reduction to 10 cents
of the privilege tax- lIe thought that
the tax should De applied to the sink
ing fand, the specitiz purpose for
which it was levied, after the pay
ment of a sum to Clemson to justity
the analysis by its chemist. 11e was
not a n enemy of Clemson. lie spoke
long and (arnestly on the question
pointig out evidence c f the uodging
of the tax by comnpaniets selling fer
the farmer in the high tax and went
fully into all the bearings of the sub
Mr. McDaniel, for the Committee on
Agriculture, which made the unfavor
able report, replied to him. Ciemson
needed the fund, he said. Taere was
no demand by the farmers for its re
duction. There was no need for the
law. It was not fair in its restrictions
on the fertilizar companies, which
were not in a position just now to
bear fresh burdens. The chemist at
Clemson had never found any delete
rious matter in any samples of fertiliz
ers examined, though analyses varied.
Mr. Norris eulogized his friend, Mr.
Connor, bu, thought his bill would
work an injury not only to Clmson,
but to the men who built Clemson. In
the course of his argument for the
support of Clemson, he urged that the
graduating papers from that institu
tion would not admit one of the re
cent graduates to the freshman class
of a technical school for higher edu
cation. He contended that the reduc
tion of the tax would make no differ
ence with the farmer, as the small
change in price would be lost between
the manufacturer and the middle
Mr. Archer moved that further con
sideration be postponed until Friday.
The Senate then adjourned until Fri
day at 10 o'clock.
There was a strong effort made dur
ing the day by members of the House
to have reconsidered the voteby which
the anti-free pass repeal bill was kill
ed. A number of Senators were im
portuned to make the motion, as it
was declared that a full Senate would
pass the repealing bill. They did
not, however, meet with a great deal
of encourgement. It is possible that
they may, if they press their efforts
as actively as they did yesterday, be
ultimately successful in inducing
some Senator to open the way for the
free passes again .
AS TO MAGISTRATES.
The House Bill Defling Their Powers and
COLMBIA, Feb. 1S.-The por.ion of
the bill passed by the House defining
the powers and daties of magistrates
reads as follows:
Section 1. The governor shall have
authotity, by and with the advise and
consent of the senate, to appoint magis
trates in each county of the State,
who shall hold their offices the term
of two years,and until their successors
are appointed and qualified. The
number of magistrates to be appointed
for each county and their territorial
jurisdiction shall be the same as here
tofore prescribed by law for trial jus
tices in the respective counties of the
State, except as hereinafter otherwise
provided. Such magistrates may be
suspended by the governor for iaca
pacity, misconduct or neglect of duty;
and the governor shall report any sus
pension, with the cause thereof, to the
senate at its next session for its ap
proval or disapproval.
Sec. 2. The governor shall have au
thority, by and with the advice and
consent of the senate, to fill any va
cancy caused by death, removal or
otherwise of any magistrate for the
Sec. 3. Before entering upon the
discharge of the duties of his offlice
each magistrate must take, in writing,
the oath of office prescribed in the
Constitution, and also the several ad
ditional oaths required to be taken by
trial justi::es before the clerk of the
court of common pleas of the county,
or in case there be no such clerk, be
fore any one authorized to administer
an oath, and must file the same with
the secretary of state.
Sec. 4. The civil jurisdiction of
magistrates shall be the same as that
heretofore exercised by trial justices.
They shall have exclusive j uris
diction in a1' riminal cases in which
the punish1.- 2t does not exceed a fine
of $100 or imprisonment for 30 days
except in cases of riot, assault and bat
tery, and larceny and carrying con
cealed weapons coupled with an of
fense in which such weapon is used.
In criminal matters beyond their jur
isdiction to try they shall sit as exam
ining courts, and commit texcept in
capital cases) or discharge persons
charged with such offlenses. Magris
trates shall have concurrent jurisdic
tion only with the court of general
session in c-tses of rio', assault and
battery and larceny. In counties
where they are given separate and ex
clusive territorial jurisdictiona, crimi
nal cases shall be tried in the district
where the offense was committed, un
less the place of trial be changed to
another district in the same county in
the manner prescribed by law. The
drawing of juries and the taking of
appeal shall be governed by the same
proceedure as obtained in trial justic
Sec. 5. Magistrates shall have all
the powers and perform all the duties
heretofore vested in and incumbent
upon trial j ustices.
Sec. 6. Tne rules of procedure in
civil and criminal cases shall be the
same in magistrates courts as in for
mer trial justices' courts.
Sec. 7. Magistrates, in their discre
tion, sentencing :orisoners to labor on
the public high waLys may cmmit them
directly to the officer in charge of per
sons so laboring upon the public high
ways or other public works. But one
committal and discharge fes shall be
charged by any sheritt of the St.ate f or
such prisoners when incarcerated in
the county jail after sentence. All costs
and tines collected by magistrates in
criminal cases shall be paid over
forthwith to the county treasurers of
the respective counties.
A Crazy Han's Freatk.
CoLUMBi, S. C., Feb.1it.-Thie wild
freak of a cra-y fireman on the fast
mail from Augusta yesterday after
noon was the cause of a sensation to
those who witnessed the occurrence.
The name of the fireman in question
is WV. P. Hutchinson, lie has been
recently a resident of this city
but has only lived here a short
time, and but little seems to be known
of his anticedents except that
he is a married m in andl has a wife
and cuildren. He is about 25 or 26
years of age, and gave no evidences of
insanity previous to yesterday. He
came out of Augusta all right, but
just as the train left Bath, he became
violent and suddenly leaped fromi the
engine and broke for the woods at fai
speed. An immediate pursuit was
made, but all etfrtrs to catchi him:
proved unavailing. So anotiaer tire
man was put on in his placie for thmeI
remainder of the run to Colunbia.
No doubt search parties will be made
up in the vicinity where the incident
occurred, and an earnest etfort made
to find the poor fellov w n-d -i
wher he co a properly -r for
SLASHING AT SALARIES.
THE HOUSE CUTS.THEM RIGHT AND
LEFT WITHOUT MERCY.
The Paw of Clerki Reduced-The South
Caroliua Conlege ApproprIation Cut
io!auied Account of tho Proceedings
Cor.sU'n.. Feb. 19.--in the House
on last. Monday the appropriation bill
was taken up and toned down. Mr.
Reynolds moved to amend s: as to re
duce the pension clerk's hire from $300
to V000. Mr. Ilderton moved to fur
ther amend so as to reduce it to $400.
Mr Reynolds thought a good man
at $100 a month could do this work in
six months. The house by a vote of
51 to 25 agreed to Mr. Ilderton's
Mr. Winkler asked why the com
mittee had provided for an additional
expert clerk at a s ilary of $1,500. Mr.
Crum explained why this man
was necessary. Mr. Gasque want
ed to reduce the salary of
this additional clerk, who wouid in
spect all county offlices, from $1,500 to
Mr. Pollock moved to amend the
amendment so as to strike out the en
tire provision for the inspector.
Mr. Reynolds earnestly advocated
the establishment of the office. He
said the comptroller general was a
badly overworked man and his re
sponsibility was very great.
Mr. Toole said the comptroller did
not need any such extra ofE cer.
Mr. Simkins thought the additional
clerk shonld be given the comptroller.
The amount was only to be expended
if it was necessary; but if it was neces
sary, it should be spent.
Mr. Kinard of Abbeville said if it
was necessary to create an officer to
examine the Looks of auditors and
treasurers it was necessary to require
him to examine every other office. He
didn't think the condition of the
State's finances warranted the forma
tion of new offices.
Mr. Stevenson didn't think it fair to
make the whole State pay for the in
competence or dereliction of county
officers. Let counties select compe
lent officers, and if they do wrong, let
the county pay for it.
Mr. J. P. Thomas, Jr., held that
this measure was in the line of -econo
my; it would save the State money.
The idea did not originate in the comp
troller's offics, but was a suggestion of
Mr. Ilderton said the office of comp
troller general had been increasing in
cost every year, and he believed it
was time to call a halt.
Mr. Crum explained that the extra
expenses were on account of pensions,
and then argued that this was a meas
ure of economy.
Mr. Pollock's motion to strike out
the whole clause was adopted by a
Mr. Winkier moved to do away with
one of the bookkeepers of the State
Mr. Reynolds explain'tI -that this
was ota iate- i ttrtXa treasurer.
Mr. Thomas said that the treasurer
had always had two bookkeepers. The
past year these two bookkeepers had
to handle the dispensary funds. The
committee thought they should be al
lowed $150 extra for this work.
Mr. Kinard suggested an amendment
to the amendment to strike out the
provision for $150 extra to each of the
Mr. Thomas sxplained that the leg
islation had imposed this ex tra work
without providing for extra pay. At
certain seasons of the year these two
bookkeepers worked from 9 a. m. to 12
r 1 o'clock at night.
Mr. Kinard thought that the State
should be entitled to every moment of
the time'of these officers. They had
to reduce the expenses of the State.
Mr. Winkler withdrew his amend
ment, and Mr. Kinard's amendment
came before the hoaise.
Mr. Williams thought that this sum
should not be paid as the State got no
Mr. Mehrtens, as one of the com
mittee that investigated tne matter as
to where the $500 appronriatett last
year went, said that they had found
that it went to the treasurer, while the
bookkeepers did the work. Mr. Ki
nard's amendment was then adopted.
Mr. Pollock moved to cat ihe sala
ries of the bookkeepers from $1,350
each to $1,250.
Mr. Thomas remarked that the sala
ry red-uction act of 1893 had placed
these salaries at $1, 350; that was why
the committee had pat that amount in.
Mr. Pollock thought that they could
get good men for the salaries named.
Mr. Pollock's amendment was agreed
Mr. Pollock then moved to reduce
the chief clerk's salary from $l,500L to
,250. Thislwas agreed to in short or
Then Mr. Toole moved to cut down
the salary of the chief clerk of the
comptroller from $t,400 to $t,3}0 and
that of the bookkeeper of the comp
troller from $1.500 to $l,400.
Mr. Pollock suggested to Mr. Toole
that he make the salaries of the comp
troller's clerks $1L,250 each. Mr. Tloole
accepted this, and the house agreed to
Mr. Pollock then went for the sala
ries of the clerk of the secretary of
state and the governor's private secre
tory, cutting themn to $1,23J eaca.
On motion of Mr. McWhite the
usual appropriation of $500 for collect
ing arms and other incidental ex
penses of the adjutant generai's office
was cut to $3u0. Mr. (Jrumn of the
committee, wno had looked into the
matter, said lhe had found that the
amount was carefully expended.
Mr. Ildertou had the salary of the
clerk of adjatant general cut from
$00U to $Si00. Mr. Tno mas said the
act of 1893 provided for a salary of
Mr. Toole had the salary of the
clerk of the superintendent of educa
tion cut to $300.
Mr. Ilderton had the salary of the
State armorer cut from 8500 to $300.
Mr. Winkler wantecl tiae adjutant gen
era's contingent fund cut to $1[00, but
at the retguest of the chairmnan of the
committe:-, Mr. Rainsford made a
statement suosmg that [ne amount
was neessaryv, a-iu the house Lilled
Mr. Ilderton wantel the adjutant
eenerai-Vs statioperv and stamv fand
decreased from $2u to $151. Mr. Li
nardi thouighi S$2 was too great asau.
Tne amendmient was then about to De
areed to, wnen Jonh Ashley took the
lor andt earnestly advocated the r
tensioa of the $2c'0 appropriation.
Tere was considerable more debate,
and then Mr. Patton called the pre
saying he would save something to
the State in that way anyhow. The
amendment was then adopted.
The appropriation for the support
of the militia was called up and Mr.
Johnson moved to reduce it from $10,
000 to $,000. The house refused to
Mr. Reynolds wanted the appropria
tion of $550 for purchase of United
States court repoits stricken out, as
they were in the supreme court libra
ry. Mr. Thomas said that these books
could not be taken cut of the library
and the attorney general needed the
books badly. le moved t> table the
Mr. Patton thought that this was an
almost nnnecessary appropriation.
After some further discussion the
amendment was agreed to.
Mr. Ilderton wanted to increase the
assistant attorney general's f alary from
$1,300 to $1,500 on account of the hard
work required of this officer. The
amendment was promptly tabled.
. Mr. Kibler wanted to reduce the to
tal appropriation for salaries of the
railroad commissioners from $5,700 to
$4,500. He said they should deal
with the money cf the railroads as
they did with tne State's fund. This
amount came from the roads. It was
not right to make the roads pay more
than they would themselves.
Mr. Pollock raised the point that
the Constitution prohibited changes in
the salary of any officials during the
term for which he has been elected.
Mr. Simkins said that this provisi)n
applied only to the judges.
Mr. Stevenson said that the Consti
tution required that these salaries
could only be changed by statute.
The amendment was tabled by a
vote of 34 to 33.
The salary of the State librarian
was then on motion of Mr. Toole cut
from $1,000 to $800. Mr. McWhite
moved to cut the stamp fund from $225
to $150. Mr. Crum and Mr. Ilderton
said that former appropriations had
been insuflicient. The amendment
was then tabled.
Mr. McWhite wanted to have the
State reporter's salary cut from $900 to
to $800 but failed. Mr. Toole moved
to cut the salary of the librarian of
the supreme court. This was voted
down. Mr. Toole then moved to re
duce the contingent fund of the su
preme court from $500 to $300. This
Mr. Speer moved to increase the ap
propriation of the State board of health
from $1,500 to $2,500. He said this
sum was necessary.
Dr. Wyche said that to reduce the
former appropriation would be taking
a step backward. The State board of
health was a most important organi
zation. Mr Rogers also spoke earnest
ly in behalf of the proposition to make
the appropriation $2,500 as it had been
Mr. Toole was opposed to raising
Mr. Ilderton said he very seldom
asked for an increase of an appropria
tion, but he did in this case.
Dr. Smith of Laurens made an ear
nest speech in advocacy of Mr. Speer's
amendment. He save many reasons
-why the State board should be given
earnest and substantial support.
Mr. Thomas said the committee had
not had the benefit of the board's rc
port this year and had merely acted
upon the comptroller's recommenda
Mr. Sturkie siid that the amount
should be given. The amendment
was agreed to.
Mr. Speer then moved to increase
from $L,600 to $3,000 the appropria
tion for carrying out the provisions of
the act quarantining the State against
contagious and mnfectious diseases.
Mr. K'nard protested against thisI
amount. He couldn't see the necessi
ty of it. Mr. Wyche stated why it
was necessary and then the amend
ment was agreed to.
Mr. McWhite offered to amend so
as to reduce the appropriation for
printing books, etc., for auditors and
treasurers from $2,500 to $2,000. I~e
said it was only what was allowed
Mr. Thomas explained that the
comptroller found that more books
would be needed this year. Amend
Mr. Ilderton then moved to cut the
South Carolina College appropriation
from $25,000 to $21,000. Mr. Ilderton
had said in the morning that this was
to bring it down to the figures of last
year. He argued that all these State
institutions should be cut down; the
professors should not be paid so much.
He could not see how it took so much
to run the college. He wanted all the
colleges reduced. He wanted to do
what was right. The professors
should not be paid more than any oth
er bard-worked men.
Mr. Kennedy moved to amend the
amendment so as to reduce the appro
priation to $17,000. He presented a
schedule of ideal salaries that should
Mr. deLoach then spke earnestly
and vigorously against these proposed
reductions. It was a shame to vote
mere pittances to these institutions.
To vote for such reductions meant the
crippling of these colleges. They
could not run the colleges with cheap
professional men. If you want to
starve them out, do not give them one
cent. As he conciuded, there was a
wave of applause from the students
and ladies' in the galleries. The
speaker at once rapped for order andi
announced that if such a demonstra
tion was repeated he would have to
have the galleries cleared.
Mr. Toole was oppoted to the
amendment to the amendment, but
thougnt that in view of the State's
financial condition $21,000 was
enough; he represented tfle taxpayers.
Mr. Simkins wantei the $25,0001 ap
propiation made. To cut it meant
the dealing of a severe blo v to the en
tire educational system of the State.
Make this reduction, and how much
money will you save? The $25,000
appropriation cost each citizen about 2
cents. You would save less than a
cent apiece by the reduction. He read
the figures given in a coimmumication
recently pubiishecI in The State. Tne
South Carolina college had fesver pro
fessors than any high grade college in
Mr. Bacot briefly stated his observa
tions and e-xperiencc as a trustee. LHe
went there ignoraut of the inner
working~s of tne college, lHe found
there a ody of men than who-m none,
stand higtaer in tnis country. lie re
ferred to their earnes: worn, giving
up their holidays to work in summer
schiools. And ail this upon reduced
salaries. If they d:d anything, it
should be. to increas2 and puit tnis col
lege on a par witu the other leading
insttutions of this land.
Mr Speer did not wih inoantagoni/.c
SOUTH CAROLINA COLLEGE
UNDER DiSCUSSION IN THE HOUSE
iany More Scholarmhips Prov!ded for In
That Time Ilonored Institution-H1ow
the Members Vot ed.
CoLIurA, S. C., Feb. 20.---In the
House on Tuesday an effort was made
to abolish all free scholarships in the
South Carolina College, but instead
of doing this the House increased the
number, allowing each county as
many free scholarships in the college
as they have Senators and Represen
tatives. The fight was brought on
when Mr. E. D. Smith proposed the
following amendment in the para
graph of the appropriation bill relat
ing to the South Carolina College:
Strike out, Provided, That suitable
courses of study are provided without
fees for tuition or matriculation for
two young men from each county,
and also for admitting young women
qualified to enter the college so that
it shall read: "Provided, young ladies
are admitted who are qualified to en
ter." He spoke against any free tui
tion. The people are taxed to pay for
the education of one in the normal
department and then taxed to pay him
for teaching. His idea was to require
a pledge that the money spent on his
educatioa should be returned to the
Mr. Patton asked whether the gen
tleman's position was that the State
should be taxed to support the college
and yet ch rge $S1 tuition, thus pre
venting some poor man from getting
the advantages of education?
Mr. Smith said that was it, and it
would tax those who attended for the
Mr. Cushman said if Jie amendment
prevailed, we might as well close up
Mr. Kibler said he certainly favored
giving two boys in each county free
Mr. Ilderton said that instead of
striking out the Drovision, he thought
more ought to be glien the benefit of
Mr. Gage asked whether these two
scholarships referred only to the nor
Mr. John P. Thomas said he had an
amendment confining them to the
normal department. He introduced
the amendment as a substitute to Mr.
Mr. Price agreed with the amend
ment of Mr. Thomas. We have not
arrived at that point in South Caroli
na where we can do away with free
tuition, he said. He spoke of the ne
cessity of keepingup these institutions
so that our 3 oung men can be educat
ed at home.
Mr. H. J. Kinard said the argument
indirectly was that this institution
could not compete with the denomi
national colleges. It must have free
tuition in order to get patronage.
There is no deficiency in teachers and
there is no necessity of this free tui
tion. As the friend and supporter of
a denominational college, he could
not see its doors-thrown open to pull
dovn these colleges. There is no de
mand for the South Carolina College.
The friends know it and are trying to
mislead the members in the matter.
Mr. Patton asked whether the in
tention was to assert that he intended
to mislead the House by fals3 state
Mr. Kinard denied that, but wanted1
to know why the friends of the col-I
lege didn't come out squarely and say
what they wanted free tuition for.
This college's standard shoul:d be
above that of the other colleges in the
State so that they can take a post
Mr. Patton asked did the gentlemen
not know that there was no such in
stitution in the country ? Mr. Kinard
did not answer directly, but said it
was admitted that the standard was
too low. Hc said the college was a
drag on the State,and this free tuition
idea was just to bolster it up. The de
nominational colleges educate more
boys on much less money, and as a
business proposition, he did not see
why the South Carolina College*
should be supported.
Mr. Wyche said he had been struck
with the remark that we had an abun
dance of teachers. He held, however,
that all of them should be better pre
pared, and he wanted to see the nor
ma] department increased in etlicien
cy. It is the grandest feature in the
whole affair. He protested against
this covert effort to stab the normal
department. Our teachers are not as
well qualified now as they ought to
be. The State could not do too much
for the teachers, he said.
Mr. Kinard asked whether it was
right for a man to be taxed to support
a college which would pull down an
Mr. Patton said he would have to
pay the taxes anyway whether stud
ents were educated free or not. Hie
held that all denominational colleges
help the South Carolina College, but
if one wants to cripple denomination
al colleges, let him teach the doctrine
that State : ~ueation should not be
farnished, and soon the people will
begin to believe that denominational
education is useless. The great foe of
education is a feeling that money
spent on it was throwvn away. Speak
ing on his resolation, he explained
that it was intended to give overy
county as many schaolarships as it had
representatives in the House and Sen
ate, these to be appointed by the dele
gations any way they saw tit-either
by compeuitive examinations or other
Mr. Gage regretted -that so much
spirit had been injected into the de
bate. Hie regretted that any man
should arrogate to himself to sp)aak
for an institution which belonged to
the whole people.
Mr. Patton rising to a question of
pers'nal privilege said that not one
word in his speech could be construed
that way, and he was surprised that a
gentleman of intelligence should
naake suchi an asertion. Mr.- Gage
continuing said that he had voted for
a i:25,000 appropriation in order that
the college might work withoat detri
ment to its usefulness. But the ques
tion of tuition is another thing.
While he is opposedI to free tuition on
principle, yet he wo-ld vote for the
proposition of Mr. Th om ta baciuse if
he can't get wh'a he wanuted hie was
willing to comp~rmis -as alln
Mr. T. A. Grah-am nmad: some el'
ing points in reply~ to speCsebes mad.
lHe said tha' e a a alvan of '
Woflord Colloee but he v~ould vote
for Mr. P'atton'sui amnent. At a
conference of the friendjs of the de
nominational colleges some weeks
s~in'i W-a ste ha the eenmuina
1ional colleges were weeding out
free tuition and soon they would get
in a position where no one would be
educated who couldn't pay for it.
Where then will the poor oay.s be?
They will be run into the sea. Under
these circumstances he thought Mr.
Patton's amendment eminently prop
er. The 16( students provided for
would not cost the State any more
than what she has already appropria
ted for the support of the college. He
denied that Mr. Kinard represented
the true position of Wolford. That
college was not jealous of the South
Carolina College. He said no man
ever hurt himself taxing himself to
support a denominational college,
when he was paying other taxes. so
all this talk about double taxation
amounts to nothing.
Mr. Kinard said Mr. Patton had re
ferred to him as a representative of
Wofford College. He denied the in
sinuation, but said that he spoke gen
erally for all denominational colleges.
Mr. Smith arose to a question of
personal privilege too, and Mr. Stur
kie suggested that if so many gentle
men wanted to rise to a question of
personal privilege they write them
out and print them in the journal.
On the Pattgn substitute the vote
stood 67 to 3 in favor, by the follc w
Yea-Hon. F. B. Gary, Speaker;
W. A. All, R. B. Anderson, L. K.
Armstrong, Joshua W. Ashley, T.W.
Bacot, Joseph C. Bailey, R. C. Bark
ley, A. S. Badon, D. M. Betune, A.
Blythe, J. V. Breeland, C. R. D.
Burns, C. J. Colcock, A. W. Cash
man. 0. M. Davis, W. B. LeLoach,
A. F. H. Dukes, H. H. Eiwards, S.
H. Epps, Philip H. Gadsden, L. M.
Gasque. Jno. M. Glenn,Tbcs. A. Gra
ham, J. Morgan Hiott, J. M. Hum
phrey, Wim. Ilderton, T. E. Johnson,
R. Y. Lemmon, E. J. Limehouse, R.
M. Lof ton, D. H. Magill,R.A.Meares,
J. C. Mehrtens, Jeremiah Mishoe,
Julian Mitchell, Jr., J. C. McDaniel,
B. B McWhite,T. B. Owen, H. Cow
per Patton, M. W. Paillips, W. P.
Pollock, C. J. Prince, M. W. Pyatt,
Thos. H. Rainsford, J. S. Reynolds,
R. B. A. Robinson, E. M. Seabrook,
Huger Sinkler, J. R. Smith, W. S.
Smith, W. F. Stevenson, J. M. Sulli
van. J. P. Thomas, Jr., W. H. Thom
as, R H. Timmerman, G. L. Toole,
B. F. Townsend.W. C. Vincent. J.G.
Wolling, J. S. Welch, C. W. Whi-o
nant, C. L Wink-ler, T. Y. Williams,
J. R1. Witherspoon, W. H. Yeldell.
Nay-W. G. Austell, J. F. Banks,
J. A. M. Carraway, B. L. Caughman,
H. H. Crum, G. W. Davis, D. F.
Eard, G. W. Fairey, G. W. Gage, H.
P. Goodwin, J. S. Graham, T. A.
Hamilton, J. D. Hazelden, B. H. Hen
derson, P. Hollis, vV. H. Kennedy,
A rthur Kibler, H. J. Kinard, J. D.
Kinard, A. B. Layton, L B. Lester,
J. H. Miller, W. A. Nettles, T. I. Ro
gers. S. W. Russell, A. K. Sanders,
J. ii. 0kinner, S. McGowan Simkins,
E. D. Smith, A. J. Speer, L. K. Stur
kie, E. E. Verner. Thadeus T. West
mereland. J. H. Wilson, J. 0. Win
go, C. T. Wyche.
Dr. Sturkie and others who voted
against the Patton amendment were
not opposed to free tuition, but would
have voted for the Thomas amend
ment if they had an cportunity.
A Murderonu Maniac.
LEXINGTON, Ky., Feb. 16.-John
V. Marrs, city treasurer, Saturday
killed his six-year-old son and also
shot his daughter and sister. The
ladies willrecover. After attempting
to kill the whole family, Marrs killed
himself. He had been in the asylum
ten years ago, but had since been well
and was with Wilson & Co., clothiers.
When the servant awoke Marrs at 7:45
this morning, he arose with an insane
light in his eye and as the servant re
treated, two shots were fired. Mrs.
Marrs and her sister-in-law, Miss Ida,
a school teacher, ran up to the room.
Miss Ida entered the room and found
Marrs brandishing a pistol. He struek
her with the weapon and fired, but the'
bullet missed its mark. He then shut
and locked the~ door and when the
neighbors assembled and forced an en
trance he was found with his throat
cut ,from ear to ear, his head barely
hanging to the bedy. The little boy
was shot through the head and muti
lated with the razor. Helen was
wounded in the back of the head, but
will recover. Mrs. Marrs is in a criti
ca1 condition from nervous prostra
tion. The Marrs family is a promin
eni one, socially and financially.
The Girly Girl.
The girly girl is the truest girl. She
is what she seems, and not a sham
and a pretense. The slangy girl has
a hard job of it not to forget her
character. The boy girl and the rapid
girl are likewise wearers of masks.
The girly girl never bothers about
woman's rights and woman's wrongs.
She is a girl, and glad of it. She
would rot be a boy and grow up into
a man and vote and go to war and
puzzle her brain about stocks for a
kingdom. She knows nothing about
business, and does not want to know
anything about it. Her aim is to
marry some good fellow and make
him a good wife, and she generally
succeeds in d~mg both. She delights
in dress and evcr: thing that is pretty,
and is not ashamed to own up that sne
does. Sae is oleased when she is ad
mired, and lets you see that she is.
She is feminine from the top of her
~head to .he end of her toes, and if you
try to draw her into the discussion of
dry themes she tells you squarely that
the conversation. does not suit her.
Sse is the uersonitication of frank
ness. There is not a particle of hum
bug ie hr composition. Here is
health to the girly girl :May her
number never grow less.
Two Ki1eId on the Ratil.
5In:un MAuunos C:cNrr. Feb.
5.-Last Thursday the local freight
coazioa- south. while shijtir z at Row
land. N. C., ran over and killed Mi:ss
Catherine WiginsU. () Saturday
night last, Mit ethe~a, a colored brake
man, was eaught between the cars at
Biugham, on the L ta Brcanch Road.
and from the efects of the iuyries
died vesterdar. Today an inquest is
Ibeinr held o .e i bod'y at inrnam.
The engineer, . *llen. and the con
dutctor, Cip. F itts, have bee-n sum
moned as witnesses.
r r.o iiy Cvu iae.
M.:mN. Feb \--Astory of whole
sal-aedr reac't's bere from a small
vilag inlugar. t appears that
is~rere lare niumber of unfaith
.::!wiv in the vi-llage who were de
cuo~ rding themsel res of their
-ju--a-d . Eghteen of themf uro
eto their husban~ds with fata sults
The murders have caused the greatest
excitement among the piasanlts to
whichl class the wvomnen and. tiir vie
TEXT OF THE BILL AS IT PASSED THE
The New I ili Makes a Number of Impor
tant Changes In the Law as It Now Stands
as to the County Boards,
Con'JLA, Feb. 20.-The following
is the full text of the amendatary pen
sion bill as it passed the House:
Section 1. That section 943 of the
revised statutes of 1S93, as amended
by an act approved the 9th of March,
1896, relating to pensions, be, and the
same is hereby, amended by striking
out said section and inserting the fol
lowing, which shall be section 943:
Section 943. The examining board
of pensions for each township in the
several counties of this State shall be
composed of three ex-Confederate
soldiers Cr sailors, who shall be non
applicants for pensions, if available,
otherwise to be composed of reputable
citizens thereof, to be elected as here
inafter provided, to which all appli
cation for pensions shall be made,
whose duty it shall be to decide to
which class said applicant belongs;
and in case of any contest-it shall be
referred wit all tiefacts to the coun
ty examinfng board, which shall be
composed of four ex-Confederate sol
diers or sailors, who shall be non-ap
plicants for pensions, to be elected as
hereinafter provided, whose decision
shall be final. The several township
boardsshall meet at such time and
place most convenient befora the first
Monday in April. 1897, and on the
third Mondays of January, of each
succeeding year, for the purpose of
considering applications, and within
10 days thereafter the county examin
ing board shall meet at the several
county seats to settle all disputes and
contests. It shall be the duty of said
board to examine each applicant or
his application under rules and regu
lations prescribed by the secretary of
state, the attorney general and comp
troller general, who are hereby craat
ed a State board of pensions, giving
in detail the reasons which have in
fluenced them in granting or rejecting
said applicstions, accompanied by all
the evidence upon which they acted,
after first being duly sworn fairly
and impartially to discharge the duties
herein prescribed for them to the best
of their ability; and after said oaths
are duly filel in the office of the clerk
of the court the members of said town
ship boards of pensions shall meet as
soon as practicable for the discharge
of the daties herein imposed upon
them. In selecting pensioners from
among the applicants the board'shall
have regard to their physical condi
tion and financial means, and also to
the financial con ition of their near
relatives, allo wing each applicant so__
selected the sum- & .6, $ and .$& per
per month, as they may be entitled
under the provisions of this act. A
majority of the members of the said
board shall constitute a quorum who
may determine any matter presented
by them, subject, however to right of
review by the State board. As soon
as such township and county boards
complete their list, as above, giving
the names of the pensioners, their
residences and the amount per month
to which they are entitled, they shall
certify the same to the State board of
pensions to be reviewed by them. The
State board of pensions shall thereup
on pass upon the names contained in
said list, and shall certify to the clerks
of the court of the several counties the
list of the names and amounts ap
proved by them and the said clerks of
court shall record the same in a book,
and the said roll so made up shall be
designated "approved pension roll for
is-,"' and such pension shall consti
tute the pensioners entitled to receive
the aid herein provided for the cur
rent year. That the members of the
several township boards shall serve
Section 2. That section 9-51 of the
revised statutes of 1893 and the act
amendatory thereto approved the 9th
of March, 1896, be further amended,
so as to read as follows:
Section 951. Tha t on some conveni
ent day prior to April, 1897, and prior
to August of each succeeding year,
the surviving soldiers and sailors who
were in the service of the Confederate
States or of this State in the late war
between the States,residing in the sev
eral townships of the coutnties of this
State shall meet at such place in their
se veral townships as may be most con
venient, and after organizing and
electing a chairman and secretary
shall elect a majority vote of three of
their members, who are not applicants
for pensions, to constitute and be
known as the township examining
board ; that the said township boards
shall elect one of their members chair
man. It shall be the duty of th~e chair
man of the several township boards
to meet at their respective county seats
within 10 days thereafter and organ
ize by electing from among their num
ber a chairman and secretary, and
when so organized shall elect by a
majority vote four of their members
and a regular practicing physician,
who shall constitute and be known as
the county examining board of pen
sions. The said county examining
board shall meet on salesday in April.
1897, and on salesday in August of
eacn succeeding year: Provided,
however, That in those townships
where such surviors fail or refuse
to comply with the provisions
of this act the State board of pendons
shall appoint thr-ee ex-Confedewate
soldiers or sailors, who shall be non
applicants for pensions, when availa
ble, and when not, to appoint three
reoutable cit:zens5 of said township as
miembers of said township boards,who
shall hear all applications.
Se. . That the members of the
smvral county examining board of
pensions shall receive as compensa
tion for their ser rices $L per day, and
5 cents ier mile one way; said per
diem and mileage not to exceed $8
eacn in any one year.
A Race Against Death.
DENvEa, CoL., Feb. 16.-Hl. J. Ma
han, who took a Burlington special
train from Chicago yesterday morn
ing to Denver, hoping to reach the
bedside of his only son before death
came to him, arrived this morning
nearly four hours too late. The run
was made by the special between the
tw-o cities, 1,2i0 miles, in eighteen
hour and :ifty-two minutes. The
las tree hundred miles this morn
inwi climb of nearly a mile in
the a.r, was made at the rate of fifty
-.e'en miles an hour. Young Mahan
i est af ter b i.s father entered Colo