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VOL. xli. MANNING., S. C.. WEDNESi)AY MAY 5 189)7. NO. 41.
WATTERSON IS SAVAGE.
SAYS CLEVELAND IS SCHEMING FOR A
THIRD TERM AS PRESIDENT.
What One of Cleveland's AI)',s in the
Late Presidential Election Thinks of
Him Now-A Fair Estimate of the Man.
Recently the Louisville Courier
Journal published the following caus
tic article from the pen of Henry
Watterson on Cleveland's speech in
New York before the Reform Club:
"Forewarned is forearmed.
"The first gun of the battle of 1900
is fired somewhat early, but it was
fired by the Reform clubof New York
last Saturday night. The reform
club is made up exclusively of the
Dersonal followers of Mr. Cleveland.
It exists ia point of fact to exploit the
fame and to advance the interest of
the ex President. The names of Fair
child and Hornblower and Peckham
are a sufEeient guarantee that the
association has no other source of in
spiration, nor any further point of
"The dinner, an account of which
appeared yesterday, was given to
place Mr. Cleveland in the field as a
candidate for President, and from
this time forward all the appliances
of a small but energetic and intelli
gent machinery will be put forth to
make a campaign of education and a
canvass for Mr. Cleveland synony
"It is a grievous feature of public
affairs that great issues are so often
complicated by lesser issues, and that
the virus of private aim not infre
quentiy percclates the veins of the
CLEVELAND AND A THIRD TERM
"By no possibility c&n Mr. Cleve
land affect the cause of genuine re
form except for ill. He has had his
dav-a sad one for his party-and
'whatever cont.-ibutions he made to the
cause of good government during
that day are upon the record and go
to his credit. But his name in con
nection with the Presidency can be
only a reproach, because, aside from
the contaminations and frictions it in
v'olves, it carries with it the odius
idea of a third term, antagonznz a
law unwritten, it is true, but deeply
imbedded in the popular mind and
"Mr. Cleveland can never again be
President of the United States. Under
no circumistances ought he to be.
That he should contemplate another
candidacy affords strong eviderces of a
lack in him of integrity and virtua.
That a club of satellites should con
spire to place him again in nomina
tion is not merely proof of the treason
of its members to their country and to
the party to which they profess alle
giance, but of a degradin: sacrifice of
of patriotism and manhood. No par
ty which is worthy the popular confi
dence could or would put him in nom
ination. Any party seriously con.
templating it would be consigned to
"It was said not along ago and
very truly that Mr. Cleveland would
be a candidate for President every
iour years as long as he lived. The
circumstances of his life, in the ab
sence of any elevated principle of cal
culation or unselfish rule of action,
bear him out in the belief that he is a
law unto himself, contradicting all
prece dents He has impressed this be
lief upon the group cf persons who
immediately surround him. They
ought to be good Christians, for they
seem to have been created for no oth
purpose than to serve their creator;
and, if assidity and constancy be mer
its, they are surely meritorious. But
they are short-sighted. Their notion
that Mr. Cleveland is within himself
both a party and a platform and that
he can command a following
strong enough to win an election
against the so called Democrats and
the so called Republicans, is an illu
sion. If it could be realized the event
would then and there Mexicanize the
public administration; for, once again
in power, like Diaz, Mr. Cleveland
'would find the means to continue in
power the residue of his natural life.
'Better the Mexicanization of the cur
rency than the overthrow of liberty,'
would be the well-nigh universal cry
of the nation, so that the very best
hope the free silv'erites can have is
the candidacy of Mr. Cleveland, fatal
ly dividing the elements of sound
economics and making a sure high
way for the forces of fiscal and other
"But there can be no reason to
doubt the fact that Mr. Cleveland is
the one man to be reckoned 'wi.
thosa who seek to attain good govern
ment as distingushed from the opera
tion of rampant nartyism, swinging
the pendulum fromt one to the other
dizzy height of political excess. From
first to last this callous, self-seeking
man has been the cause, the sole
association of all cur undoing. -
*-To go back no further than the
last internal Democratic conflict. If
six months before the nominating pe
riod of 1896 Mr. Cleveland had firmly
said: -I will not be a candidate under
an circumstances, nor allow my name
to be used by any body,' the elements
of order in the party could gtt togeth
er and uni.ed on some leader equal to
the task of meeting and beating the
extremists. But Mr. Cleveland could
not be induced to make the slightest
sign. He was as silent as an oracle,
standing the while exactly where the
lightning might be expected to strike.
Except for tius paralyzing Carlisle
Kentucky could not have held; Ken
tucky gone, the rest followed like a
landslide. Mr. Cleveland was knownz
to be a covertly candidate, and.
handicapped by tuiw, the friends of
sound money snd revenue reform
-were overwhelmed by the malcontents,
raised up in tne first place, by Mr.
Cleveland's exasperating temper and
incompetency for leadership.
"It is discouraging to the friends of
reform in the south and west thsat
thus prematurely the movement for
honest and sound money should be
freighted down by a name which is
potent only for evil. But it is still
more discouraging to reflect that the
man behind this namie is as indefati
gable as he is mischievous, that he is
the author of the lax( party discipline
of which he complairns; tnat he is the
author of the protection gibberisn
which the national convention in
1892 refused to adopt; that elected on
a pledge of tariff reform. he sent the
tariff to the rear, and, advancimg the
money issue to the front, lost noth;
that he is very much richer than ever
he was and much more ambitious
than ever he was; that his removal
was the first adroit step in his nei'
plan of campaign; that every day of
his late in tuaLt ine effeminate Italian
had he wilm write from two to fifty
letters, addressed to persons in every
part of the country: that posing as a
retii ed statesman and philosopher, and
playing upon the credulity of the sim
pie minded and easily flattered, he
will leave no string untouched for
stimuiating the activity of the expect
ant; and day ard nicht this Reform
club, having in charge the circulation
of Democratic Jiterature, will be si
lently, surely working to the one end
which he. and they, bave before them
-bisnonination in 1900.
"If Mr. Cleveland were possessed of
the faculty for conceiving any public
affair apart from his oxn interet
even if he had any real sense of per
sonal dignity-he would rid the great
questions at issue from the embarrass
ment of a presence which is not a
help, but a hinderance. Instead of
playing the part of a philosopher and
statesman, while exhausting every
artifice to regain the presidency. he
would perceive the grandeur of being
such in point of fact, and of enjoying
like a statesman and philosopher, the
repose of his old age and his honors,
but he would not be himself if he con
siaered anything else than his own
desire and will. The executive office
represents both. He liaes the power,
the emoluments and the employment.
He has a talent for industry. He is
dominant and experienced.
"To him the Presidency has become.
what he indeed made it while he had
it-a personal affair, held regardless
of party obligations. Destitute of
imagination and of sympathy, he
subjected everything and every bcdy to
his unbounded and iunquenchable egot- t
ism. this egotism indeed,became so sin- I
cere that he grew at last to believe that t
he did actually know something of the i
questions of his time and had some t
policy other than the gratification of
his love of power and display. It is
just as wdl that Democrats who seek
the rehabiliation of the prsrty on t
sound political lines of action and i
thought should know, to begin with, I
what lies across their path, and that i
they should begin to cast about them I
how to shake from their shoulders i
this veritable Old Man of the Moun
tains. He is with us only for what it
will bring him. Nothing could have i
induced him to appear in public ex- I
cpt to keep himself before the public, ]
and there is not a word uttered by i
him to depreciate the idea of another i
"All his life an officeseeker and an'<
officehoider, he differs 1rom the riff- i
raff of hii class only by his high pre <
tensions and profound duplicity. He
hopes in the burly-burly of affairs to
force himself upon the country as the (
representative of clean politics and the
public order. He represents neither. t
He represents only his own lust for t
office. A great an noble principle I
must not be thus desecrated. A pos- t
ible party rehabilation of the greatest
moment must not be obstructed by <
such a dcath's head at the feast. t
If Mr. Cleveland has not the wis- <
dom to see his duty and the grace to step i
down and out, he should be compelled
by the opinion of decent people to step 4
down and out, for the elimination of (
his ambitions is indispensable to any i
progress in the direction of reform, t
which, while he stood as its official i
chief, encounted nothing but obloquy t
Pleasure in Prospect.
President E H. Avll and Secretary 4
C. C. Langston have announced the i
arrangements that hav-e been made
for a pleasant and profitable meeting
of the State Press Association to
meet in Newberry on May 25th next 1
and spend t wo days in discussing va-<
rious topics of interest to the profes-t
sion, and incident aly enjoy New berry's
proverbial hospitality, after which a
visit will be made to the Thornwellf
Orphanage at Clinton, where lunch
will be served by the ladies of the I
town, and then to the celebrated Har- ti
ris Lithia Springs, where an elegant<
banquet will be tendered by the pro
prietor. Leaving this place on Friday ti
onL an excursion to the Tennessee Cen-]
tennial Exposition at Nashville, stop- <
ping en route at Chattanooga to visiL
Lookout Mountain and other points of[1
interest. The whole scheme is cer
tainly highly attractive, and there<
will doubtless be a large turn out of
the members to enj'.y the rare oppor-1
Electric car Causaity.
&.n electric street car filled with1
paisengers was run into Thurday after
noon by a railroad train on the out
skirts of Tampa, Fla., anid one passen
ger was killed, two fatally and others
slightly injared. The street car was
without a conductor and the motor-]
man was taking fares. One Cuban
refused to pay and when seized to be,
put off the car was rescued by three1
other Cubans, who assulted the mo
torman, holding him down on thei
rear platform wnile the car ran down
grade to the crossing. The name ofI
the man killed is Manul A-cano. The,
injured are Antonio Sierra and Wii
liam Forepaugh. The t wo first named
are Spaniards. Forepaugh is nroprie-I
tor of a circus.
King Found at Last.
John C. King, the long lcsi heir.
of his brother, Louis King of New
Orleans, that was supposed to be con
cealed in Troy by persons who wished
to gtet possession of the property, au
peared before the district court in New'
Orleans on Friday to prove his ideu-1
tity. Anr attempt to prove that hel
was unfit to control the .large f ortune
failed, and the court ordered King
put in possession of the property.
King acknowledged that he was a
neavy drinker and that he was a
tramp, sleeping in the police statioc
at Troy when he heard of tne death of
his brother and his accession to the
A Confederar~e M1onument.
The Confederate monument erected
through the efforts of the Daughter
of the Confederacy of Dallas, Texas,
was unveiled Friday morning. TheI
Hon. John H. R-agan delivered a
eulogy on Mr. Davis. Other euloaiesj
,rere pronounced as follows: On~
Oen. R E. Lee, by the Hon. George
N. Aldrige; on Gen. Stone wall Jac
son, by Judge H., WV. Lightfoot; on
Gin. Albert S. Johston, by the Hon.
Norton G. Kttrell; on - The Private,"
by the Hon. A. T. Watts.
Make Home Happy.
This is an injunction that will be
eeded by all wno look to the promo
tion of the pleasures of others. A
happy home is indeed the happiest of
places. One source of happmness in
tue nome circle is good music. A
sure surce of gooc. music is a good
piano-such as may be had from M.1
A. Malone, Columbia, S. C.- Read
what he has to say in his new adv-er-I
T THE BANQUET OF THE NEW YORK I
,ommented on by W. Jennings Bryan.
Late Democratic Candidate for the Pres
idency-He is Courteous but Critical.
Read What He Say:
The Hon. W. J. Bryan writes as
ollows to the New York Journal in
:ommenting on the recent speech of r
lx-Pressident Cleveland before the N
.eform Club of New York:
The presence of Mr. Cleveland, two L
nembers of his cabinet and such emi
ient gold Democrats as ex-Congress
nan Turner, Bynum and Patterson
nade the banquet an important Polit
cal event, and the address delivered
)y Mr. Cleveland may fairly be ac
:epted as setting forth the present
riews and future purposes of the bolt
Probably the most unexpected thing
n the address was his reference to the
.epublican administration. He bor
ows emphasis from a scriptural text
md accuses the Republicans of return
ng in hot haste to their wallowing in
he mire of extreme protection. This
s an unfair criticism, because the Re- 9
ublicans have never shown any dis- r
)osition to abandon extreme protec i
ON M'NLEY DEMOCRATS I
Mr. McKinley won political fame as t
he apostle of a tariff, and during the
ate campign reiterated his devotion
o this policy. Those Democrats who
oted for Mr. McKinley voted with
heir eyes open to tariff possibilities.
Neither have those Democrais rea
on to complain of McKinley's attitude
m the money question. To be sure,
he President has sent an argosy
'broad in search, not of a golden
leece, but of an object equally elusive
iamely, an international agreement
or the restoration of bimetallism, but
a so doing, he is only carrying out a s
ledge contained in his platform.
Unless the gold Democrats were in
)ossession of aszurances not given to
he public generally, or expected the
President to abandon his platform, t
hey ought to be satissed witn his fi- 5
iarcial policy. He promised to main
ain the gold standard until relief
omes from abroad, and he is doing it
n spite of the continued distress c
aused by such a policy.
CAN CONDEMN POLICIES.
The Democrats who supported the I
"hicago platform can consistently
:ondemn both the tariff policy andjl
be financial policy of the administra
ion, but those who supported Mr.
dcKinley are only receiving what;
hey had a right to expect.
Mr. Cleveland accuses the Republi
ans of a determination "to repay par- i s
isan support from the proceeds of in-1 C
reased burdens of taxation placed t
ipon those already overladen."
He knew that the Republicaas had!
:ollected a campaign fund larger than
ver before known in Ameican poli
ics. Did it ever occur to him that
he contributors would expect repay
ent through legislation friendly to
heir interests. Has not the Diagiey a
>ill been drawn exactly upon the 0
>lan cf the McKinley bill It may C
liffer in its schedules, but it does not t
iiffer in its general plan and prepara- 9
ion. But if those Democrats who t
upported Mr. McKinley have no rea- t
on to criticise his course, what shall ~
ye say of those Dcmccrats who sup
>orted the Indianapolis ticket? Wnat ~
~laims have they to consideration at
he hands of the President?
FROM BOLTING DEMOCRATS.
Mr. Cleveland asserts that when the
ate of the nation seemed in the bal
me, deliverance came through the
>olting Democrats. Does he mean
brough those Democrats who voted
irectly for Mr. McKinley. or through
hiose who voted for the Indianapolis .
icket. The leaders among the gold ~
)emocrats claim to have voted for I
?almer and Buckner. Certainly this '
lid not entitle them to pose as saviors
>f their country. They knew that '
he contest would be close, even Mr. 1
3eveland refers to the campaign as I
me of doubt and fear.
Was it patriotic for gold Democrats
: throw their votes away upon a tick-I
at which had no chance when their
;pport might have decided the con-1
:esi There is a touch of humor in the
yoisterous intentions of those who,
uring the contest, watchied the strug-f
te from afar and after the battle wasO
>ver claimed all Credit for the victory.
HIS WAR DECLARATION.
The important part of Mr. Cleve
.and's addfress, however, is found in
2is declaration of war against those I
whto supp-rted the Chicago ticket. In
;his last address he has given more
tid to his opponents than to his sup
porters, just as he did by his official
Ics. Iiis surrender of the executive
>ranch of the government into the
aands of the Wall street financiers
luring his last administration did
nore than any one thing to arousene'
American people to a llnowledge of
he gold standard.
His thinly disguised support of the
Republican ticket in the campaign did
nuch to drive the silver Republicans
yut of the Republican party, and their
oyahiy to oimietallism has not been
~baken by defeat. In his address Sat
irday night he aided the silver cause
~till further by removing whatever
lager there might have been of con
sesions from the regular Democrats
o0 the bolters.
If he had discussed the fundamentail
rinciples of Democracy and then j,
reed union of force upon a platform
~omposing differences on the money!
estion he might have done us harm;
a some section, but his dogmatic in- a
isttnce upon a foreign financial poli- ~
y and his endorsement of the organ i
ition of the g-old Democrats will Lave
a wholesome influence in convincing
.imid Democrats of the folly of any
ttemp? to reunite tne Democr-ats who
re wedded to gold monometallismn.
CONTEST IN ITS INFANCY.
Mr. Cleveland recognizes that the'
:ontest over the money question, inI
tead of being ended, is just beg inmng:1
ne recognizes it as an irrepressible con?
lict, and in this he reasons rightly.
The Democratic party will in 1900
reiterate its demand for free and un
timited coinage at 16 to 1, and it wil
be opposed by those who at that time
Delieve in a gold standard. This being~
ts certain as any future event can be,
why should those aililiate now who
axpect to engage in combat so soon
We now have a harmonious Demo
:ratic party, and we have a boluing I
yrganization which cliams to represent t
aother kind of Demccracy. Let Lhe m
moth exist and time wih determinejc
which is fittest to survive.r
Tf any bimetallist is converted ino(
he gold standard he can :join their
,rganization; if any gold Democrat
enents he can return to the fold.
iowever much we may differ from
Ir. Cleveland ve must admit his
A less resolute man would hesitate
o assume the leadership of a little
and of 130,000, many of whom voted
he Indianapolis ticket b'v mistake,
.nd then accused 6,500,000 voters of
cing either designing agitators or the
uecs of designing agitators.
A man with lers self-reliance would
e-examine his o-vn conduct t see
;hether it was his folly or iheirs
Pbich separated them from 5,000,000
f Democrats who once idolized him,
ut In the lexicon of Mr. Cleveland's
aaturer years there is no such word
POWERLESS TO RELIEVE
The gold Demccracy is impotent to
ring any real relief to the country,
is long on platitudes and short on
erformance, it reaches its maximum
t a banquet and its minimum at the
olls. It is the toy of those financiers
rho prate about national honor wbile
hey fatten on the nation's extremity,
.nd is powerless to protect the pecple
rom the extortion of trusts and the
reed of unrestrained corporations.
Those Democrats wbo believe in
quality before the' law will naturally
ravitate toward the regular Demcc
acy and those Democrats who believe
a a government by syndicates and for
yndicates will naturally drift into the
tepublican party, because it offers
bem the besL prospects of saccess.
The Rtoad Law.
SECTION 1. Be it enacted by the
reneral Assembly cf the State of
outh Carolina, That an act entitled
An Act to prov'de a s stem of coun
7 governioen t for th1 counties of this
tate, so far as it r,:a:es to the work
og and maintaining the roads and
ighwass in this State," approved
larch 231, 1893, be. and the same is
ereby, amecded by striking out Sec
on 4 thereof and inserting in lieu of
id Section the followiog:
SECTIoN 4. That all able bodied
iale persons and all male persons
ble to perform or cause to be per
armed the labor herein required, be
ween the ages of eig teen and fifty
ears, except in Horry and Spartan
urg counties, where the ages sball be
rom twenty-one to fifty, and also ex
ept ministers of the Gospel in actual
harge of a congregation, and persons
rmanently disabled in t;e military
rvice of this State, and persons who
erved in the late war, shall be liable
unually to do and perform four days
ibor on the highways, under the di
ection of the Overseer of the road dis
riet in which he shall reside, except
3 the in the counties of Soartanburg,
Lderson, Greenville and Darlington,
therein tne number of working (lays
hall be three, and the countips of
)rangeburg, Pickens, Saluda, E Jge
eld, Colleton, Chester, Barawell,
,ewberry and Williamsburg, where
2 tb number of working caeys shall
e six, and the counties of Charleston,
'renown, Btaulort and Florence.
,hei ein the nu mber of working days
ball be eight: Provided that the
ounty Board of Commissioners of
ny county may cause to be levied an
dditional tax, not to exceed one mill.
n all the taxable property of any
>wnship in their county, when so re
uired by a written petition signed by
yvo thirds of the freeholders of such
>wnship, such tax to be collected as
bae other taxes, and to be expended on
he roads and highways of each town
SECTION 2 That the said act be, an d
be same is hereby, further amended
*y striking out Section 27 thereof and
Esrting in lieu of said Section the
SECTION 27. That the County Treas
rers of the counties of this State are
ereby authorized and empowered to
eceive from any and all persons lia
le to road duties as commutation tax;
a the counties of Aobeville, -dol
irs, to be fixed by the County Board
4 Commissioners; Aiken, one dollar;
tnderson, one dollar; Barnwvell, one
ollar; Beaufort, t wo 'dollars; Berke
ey, one dollar; Chester, t vo dollars;
Tnesterdid, one dollar; Charleston,
wo dollars; Colieton, t'vo dollars:
llarendon, one dollar; Darlington,
mie dollar; Edgefield, two dollars;
'airfield, two dollars; Florence, two
tollars; Georgetown, two dollars;
heenville, one dollar; Hampton, one
olar; Horry, two dollars; Kersbaw,
ne dollar; Lancaster, one dollars;
2aurens, two dollars; Lexington,
ne dollar; Newberry, one dollar;
larlboro, one dollar; Marion,
wo dollars; Pickens twvo dollars;
~ichland, t wo dollars; Spartanburg,
ne dollar; Saluda. t wo dollars; Sum
er, one dollar; Union, one dollar;
)conee; one dollar; Orangeburg, two
ollars; Willismsburg, twvo dollars;
erk, two dollars; and all moneys io
>aid shall be set apart and known as
he county road fuud: Provided,
'hat such commniati.~n tax be paid for
be deal year1l5tt oetween the first
av of March aud tse iirst day of
tpril, and 'ereaftersadcnmmutation
ax shal 1be paid for the succeding
ear when~ State and county taxes are
aid, anid that the County tre-asurers
-hall furnoish a r-ctlit t tth p.. -n so
n'mts as to Pick.ens countv shall not
.ppiy to the present fiscal year. Tr at
he amendmenrts to this See:.ion shall
tot go into e!TecL until the first day of
six convx: ien4Ircioned.
Thc Go~verno&r issued the following
ardons Friday onr the recom-rnd i
ion of Dr. Pope, surgeon of the Pen:
Joseph Bole:t. convicted in Beaufort,
96, of h au-e breakin~ -and iareeny.
rd seemenctd by Jud e Ealto
MonroveI Hela con ,ie-( ,d in Aien,
o9->, o: r?ouse br -li ad!r'
id sentenced by Judge Gar to u .e
Peter Geen, evi'-"d laBI ot
St95, of burglary,.. an seteced bv
udg-e Gary ta five years
Wilia'c Lesoth, convicted of 'i.n
ttempt to murder by poisen" in Or
ngeourg, 18t6. and setenced or
udge Town:>end to Live 'eurs.
Dr. Pope saiys they are all well -ad
anced in consumption arid caunot
i-re many weeks longeor ii prison a
Ie a constant source of danger to the
Hor~ Kon advic~es s::y latrs rom
-zensa pro~viLces so.v 'l: 23
Juina21are assed inr o. arm it
or food Two pitched batt~shv
ake' plae between the~ mobs a'nd
ovenmeInt troops in which 12 1l
iers were killed and wounded. Two
egiments of regular troops have lefL.
"GIVEN TO GARRIS
MR. GASTON'S OFFICIAL REPORT AS
TO THAT TRUNK.
Important Orders Have Been Issued by
Gov. Etterbe-What He says-Questions
for Mr. Gaston to Answer.
The foliowing communication was
published in the News and Courier
To the Editor of the News and Courier:
Since the ju ry who sat on the case of Will
iam Beckroce vs. The State of South Caro
lina in the iUnited States Court has given a
verdict of o darages to the plaintiff, it is
reasonable t3 suppose that a return of the
ciptured trunk and contents goes with the
verdict. Dartnm the trial of the case the
attorney for the plaintiff propoinded the
qtestions to the Assistant Attorney General:
"Where is the trunk*"' 'Where are the ci
gars':'' To both of which, if I am correctly
informed, he replied, -In Columbia, I sup
Now, I wish to ask. Did he suppose they
were n Couihia: Had he not the infor
nation to the contrary?
Now I propose the following question. and
call on the named gentlenien to give us all
the knowledge they have in reference there
to, and I ask each of them directly and seper
ately for this information:
Where is the trunk? We would like for
Col. Wilie Jones.chairman of the State Board
of Control, to say what he knows about this.
Then we would be glad to have Mr. Seth
Seruggs, the chief clerk of the State Board,
to tell what he knows. Then Col. John T.
Gaston. ex-Acting Commissioner, to say. and.
lastly. we would be glad to have )Ir. C. W.
Garris, a metmber of the legislative examin
ining committee for the Dispensary, to say
what he knows about the trunk.
Next. where are the cigars? I think, per
haps. all of tle niemhers. all five of them.
can say sor'thin-g on this subject. Then
let Colonel z'-G:ou,wlo was in charge of them,
say where they are. Thea Mr. Scruggs can
com'e up and have his little say, and finally.
perhaps Mr. Charlie Lynch. who is an em
ployee in the office, can enlighten the pub
Next, where are the wedding shoes? They
must have been fine shoes to be in keeping
with the balance of the contents of the trunk.
Where are they? Colonel Gaston. tells us.
and let all of the above named gentlemen
give the people of South Carolina an accouut
of their stewardship. The people should
know just how things are being worked and
managcd at the great moral institution, and.
if honestly and correctly, then they will
only have to say so and stop suspicion, and
if not. and they fail to satisfy the public,
then they must bear the stigma. Come up,
gentlemen. an anxious public awaits replies
from each and every one of you. and should
there he anything out of place let it rest on
the shoulders where it properly belongs.
The Columbia Register s-ys Colo
nel Jones stated that he had never
seen the trunk or any of its contents,
and certainly had not smoked any of
the cigars. The trunk bad been sold
to Mr. 0. W. Garris. As to the ci
gars, he knew nothing, but was
having the matter investigated; The
trunk was sold just as barrels or any
other old thing is sold from the Dis
pansary. The trunk had not been
paid for so far as he knew. Mr. Scruggs
said the whole thing simply amount
cd to msking a big thing out of noth
Governor Ellerbe, in speaking of
the matter, seemed to be considerably
angered about it. He said Judge
Townsend wantE d to see the marks on
the trunL to use as an argument in
the case, but reported that he
could not find it. Gocernor Ellerbe,
in investigating, called upon Colo
nel Gaston, who replied by letter and
sent a similar one to Chairman Jones.
This no doubt has some information
the public would like to get, but the
IGovernor did not care to give it out,
pnigthe investigation he is now
making. He concluded by saying
that as long as he is Governor he will
not allow such things to go on if he
can prevent thlem.
IThis, then, is the status of the pres
ent cas0. It must be confessed that it
is but one of the others upon which
complaints have been made, but none
heretofore received such an investiga
tion. Mr. J. P. K. Bryan made a for
Imal demand for the trunk, and this
br.,ught the matter to a crisis. In
mary of the other cases there have
been only mutterings an dnothing has
come of them, but this one seems to
I e loaded with a genuine sensation.
The report of ex Comnmissioner John
IT. Gaston of the State dispensary on
the Beckroge trunk and its contents
is as follows:
Columbia, S. C., April 14. 18'..
lion. W. A. Barlier, Attorney General of
Sir: Cornplying with your request con
cerning a certain trutnk seized in Charleston
by the State constabulary and sent to State
.lispensary, I have this to say: A large
drutnmner's trunk was received here by the
authorities, containing (to the best of my re
collections) three two-gallon jugs of
whiskey, nine bottles of wine. 10 boxes ci
gars, two cans peaches and I think one doz
eni iems. rThe trunk was not to my recol
1lec ions, marked so that yotu would know it
contained whiskey. A card marked glas
was~ on the trunk in several r'aces. Mr: C
W. (,-rris of Colletun toil me that Mr.
- eru"s, the bookkeerner, told him that h
couiuldethe trunk andI I' let hi haeit.
The whis!:- - has teen dumped . th ine-s are
uere in my pcosses:-ion: the e-'are . te
p-ehe- and~ the le.:'s are pne That is
-uu't the -tatus of tbe trunk h'u-iness as I
recellect. Youurs rcspectfiully,
Governor Llerbe is gaite wiling to
oerrmt the search light of public opmn
ion to penetrate into the remotest co:
ner of the dispenscary w-orkings.
To a reporter of Th State ne said
that he caly heard of the Beekroge
: runk for the "rst ttime a feiv days
eo It was when the above regcort
f Mr. Gaston was referred to him
- rom the aulOrnlPy g''eneal's clice. It
wa a t boreonh surprise. The gover
o - cn 'in", sj'd that he had had
is aik w.ia Clerk Scru-m soon af ter
thei reporit was refrred to hin. Clerk
I rugs said that? he had sold the
tratk t -Mr C W. Garris.
Col. 'Wihie Jones was sent for by
the gon rn and to him said that tha'
was te fi-st timse he had heaird of the
Th-ogh thre governor did not say
so. froml his talk it was see that he
s "srprised when he read in Tee
&ate cr etra that Colonlel Jones
realdtat the trunk had been put
ntedispenusary and a report mae
Gov'rno" Ellerbe did not nijace
word in speaking~ of the trunk inci
dent "Thy hd aswel take the dis
t.-ar 1qutat is b&-ughlt by the
friends." Contraband goods ate the
I roperty of the State as mtuch as the
liquor that is bouguit, he decared and
there was no warrant or excuse for
them to be considered in any other
alight. The constables are paid by the
State to seize contraband goods and
the seizures should go as far as possi
ble to pay for the maintenance of the
It is all right for the oilicials to use
the samples of whiskey, he said. and
he cnuld see no harm in an official
even gi,-ing a bottle sometimes to a
"I would nothesitate," declared the
governor, "to go in the sample room
and get a bottle of whiskey if I felt
the ued of it, but I would never think
of taking any of the contraband li
quor no matter how choice it might
Conlinuing, Governor Ellerbe said
he had advised the board to turn over
the management of the details of the
dispensary to Commissioner Vance.
It would be well nigh impossible for
a board meeting once a month to man
age everything about the dispensary.
The duties of the board, he thought,
were like those of the board cf regents
for the hospital for the irsane. It
was to exercise a general sucervision
over all the affairs and leave to the
management to execute.
On one point the governor was par
ticularly emphatic. He did not think
it wise to leave the purchasing of
whiskey to one man. That the board
ought not to do.
Returning to the question of contra
band goods he said that even if the
Beckroge trunk was sold that it had
not been sold in a businesslike and
proper manner. It should have been
sold to the highest bidder, he declared.
"I have given Vance order:, howev
er," he said, "not to let any contra
band things go out of the dispensary."
He went on to say that bereafter
trunks, cigars and suin like tbir'gs
se:zed with liquor would be advertised
and sold to the highest bidder. The
seized liquor could not be disposed of
in this way. but after having analyzed
it could be bottled and sent out if up
to the required standard. He has al
ready given orders that a list of every
trunk, pair of shoes or anything of
the sort must-be kept and that he was
going to hold the persons in charge
responsible far everything.
Governor Ellerbe in conclusion said
that he was going to try and carry oat
his pledge of a clean and business ad
ministration of the dispensary.
Scrap Book and Diary.
We wcu'd urge upon our young
friends of both sexes to use an occa
sional golden hou: and a few of the
brilliant fragments of Time in devotion
to the scrap book and diary. They
will never regret it. Many moments
fly away in dissipated thought never
to return, in which incidents happen
worthy cf record. The world is mak
ing history very rapidly, and there
are many things they may wish to re
call in the future, should their lives
be spared. And then their own
thoughts, their best thoughts, come to
them often, as the birds come, unbid
den and unlooked for, yet ever wel
come, to build their nests under the
eaves, and, if not recorded. may never
return in the sane connmction. "Peli
on is piled upon Ossa" of incidents.
happenings and data, daily, and will
be buried in oblivion i" not noted.
Tnese exercises will develop an order
ly and disciplined mind, and be of
-Take this lesson with you, take it, hold it
The mill will never grind with the water
that is past."
The Columbia State says a compari
son of the amounts received by the
State treasurer from the privilege tax
on fertilizers for this and last year
shows that the dlifference is small, in
spite of the alarming report sent out
by correspondents that never before
had such amounts of guano, been sold
in thleir neighborhooas. For this
year the privilege tax up to this time
aggregates $55,975.93 while last year
it was $54, 524 37; a difference of $1,
451.56 in favor of this year. The
privilege tax is 25 cents a ton and
four times $1,451.56 gives the number
of tons more sold this than last year,
Iwhich is 5.8u6 tons. Proportioned
equally among the counties of the
State the amount of fertilizers used in
each this year is 145 tons in excess of
that used last All of this tax goes to
the support of Clemson. Though the
amount is -$55,975.93, Clemson has to
pay back to the State $10,000 which
was overpaid one year by a clerical
error. That is to be returned to the
Slate this year, and will reduce the
colleges's re'venue that amount.
A Tale of Horror.
The French fishing vessel Vaillant,
Captain Pierre, boun d from St. Mig
uel, struck an iceberg on the Grand
Banks on the 16th instant and almost
immediately foundered. She had
seventy-three fishermen on board and
all toofk to the boats; but only one of
these boats has thus far been heard
from. When she left the vessel her
complement wss seven men. Three
-of them perished from expisure and
hunger. The bodies of the lirst t-wo
Iwere thro'vn overboard. but toe survi
vors, in the ir desperatioo, were driven
to canuvjbalism and ate the tbird. TYe
booat was ;cced us Tnurs&'.y by the
schooner Vc o:r Eune which at
cited at St. Pierre. Txe sar;'v:rs are
in a sh.:ckloj- condition an.d are s.'
badly froist bitten that tneir arms must
- Monuznent to- Granut.
Th obof General U. S Grant
wvas d,:a!.ed in New York city, last
been witnessed in this co untry It is
nowv 12 ve rs since Grant died, and
'ever sinc'. thle movement to comaplet.
the mo~numet to mis m 'ory- nas Dean
'pushed '.i.. -n ea-ue- pi'.s- tece.
Tne& amountriedi but 000,000.
The principal features~ o. th-e crm
ni o w r grea mi' ry narade. par
I icipat-d ira by- t re-gular armny,
Grand -Army a d Confederate Ve r
ans, antd a se--en by PresidJent Me
E inley. Mrs. Grant was present aind
r-eived a gr-at ovatiun. T'he viittrs
frotm all parts of the couutry nium
bared something like hal! a miiiion.
Soot Watuer for Plants.
ISoot weer, madie fr'om tie soot of
wood tires, is saidi to be an excellent
fertiliz-r of house or outtioor plants.
Tne soot should be trashed do'on f rom
the chimneys witu a lng~ h -ndled
brush, gathe.red into e cart a-- and
water, black as ink, wi' -rad o
use the next mnor ing To useabu
iiouse plan ts it simuld b- co"nsidera -
diluted It has a tedec to banse th
soli ar.: can easily be too stroog fr
the little amount of earta inwnd
box or pot. It is a pefect destroyer of
insects and worms ib-at sometimes in1
fest house plants and may be usedi in
such cases onc:: or twace a week until
SPANIARDS DONE UP.
450 Troops Killed by Insurgents Under
A dispatch from Havanna says Gen.
Nicolas del Rey has been recalled to
Habana from Santiago de Cuba by or- s
der of Gen. Weyler. The cause of his
recall is the great victory obtained
over Gun. Rey by Gen. Calixto Garica
near Guamo, a report of which was
published last week.
Further details concerning the bat
tle received from Manzanillo under C
date of April 19, have created a sensa
tion in Havanna. They show that
the Spanish column of 2,000 men was
utterly put to rout by the dynarnita
bombs that exploded, and instead of
10 soldiers being killed as the official
report declared 200 were blown up by
the bombs and 250 were slain by the
insurgents during the confusion and
excitement of the panic-stricken col- t
um-n. The bombs were planted in the
road on which the Spanish were a
marching. Theydidnotexplodepre- E
maturely as was declared last week. t
The six bombs exploded simultaneous- t
ly in the centre of Gen. Rey's column.
A Spanish officer writes the follow
ing description of the battle to his e
family in Habana: 1
"Tne explosion was so terrible as to 1
curdle the blood of the bravest men. d
From the centre of our column a sud
den shock came which threw us to the
ground. We remained deaf and E
blind for a few seconds. The cries of
our wounded soldiers were awful. c
When I was able to stand, I saw t
around me beads entirely cut off t
from bodies, pieces of human limbs i
scattercd here and there, and men 1
without arms or legs crying to heaven ;
in the gasp of death. It was perfectly
easy a lew seconds later for our suc- e
cessful enemies to rout us and disperse a
our column. in which nothing of mili
tary order and discipline remained. a
"As soon as the first shots of the in- a
surgents were heard after the explo
sion, our general, followed by his staff
and some other officers and soldiers,
fled to Guamo. Our panic-stricken c
crowd followed the general's party,
closely harrassed by the Cuban caval- e
ry, which made havoc in our ranks."
The writer of the letter adds that
the Spaniards left on the field nearly I
all their arms and ammunitions be- s
sides a considerable convoy of provi- a
sions they were carrying to Guamo. a
From other letters itis learned that
General Garcia in person led the Cu- z
bans and that since the landing of
General R:loff's expedition in Cuba,
the use of dynamite by the Cubans is a
incessant in Oriente. This has put E
the Spanish soldiers into a state of ter- c
ror. The Spaniards protest against s
the use of dynamite in the war as t
barbarous. notwithstahding the fact i
that they have also tried to employ it, I
but unsuccessfully, on account of r
the swift military movements of the i
The Diarlo del Ejercito, which is I
the newspaper organ of the Spanish
army, publishes cfficial figures show
ing that the number of armed men on I
the Spanish side during the two years
of war in Cuba has been 272,282. 1
Four Persons Burnt to Death.
Four persons lost their lives in a <
fire at 1278 Third avenue, Brooklyn. s
Thursday. The dead are: Mrs. Jui <
Newell and her two children, aged 8
and 5 years, and Mrs. Celia Barnett,
aged 38 years. The flames began in I
the lower hall, and spread with great
rapidity through the building, com
pletely cutting off the escape of the
Ne well family, which occupied the
top floor. When Mtrs. Newell found
the stairway burning and the hall
filled with smoke, she threw her chil
dren, Louis aged 8, and John aged 5,(
from a window to the street below,s
where four men held a blanket to
catch them. The children bounded
from the blanket and were killed bya
falling on the sidewalk. Mrs. Newell 1
was afraid to attempt the leap and
was found suffocated later in heri
apartments. Her husband escapedr
with slight burns. On the floor below I
live.d Mr. and Mrs. Barnett.- They
reached the street in safety, but Mrs.c
Barnett ran back into tbe burningr
building to secure some jewelry sheI
had left behind. She was subsequent- 1
ly founu in an alcove room dead andc
slightly burned - The loss is estima- I
ted at $25,000. The fire, it is said,was
of incendiary origin. That many more 1
lives were not lost is only due to the<
prompt action of police.
Backing up McLaurin.
Governor A tkinson of Georgia
takes the same view of the tariff ques
tion as does Congressman McLaurin of
this State. He believes that if protec
tion is to be the policy of this govern
ment its alleged bene~ts should be,
shared by all sections In the course
of a speech delivered by him a few
days ago Gov. Atkinson said: "The
South should have her proportionate
share of protection even though her
statesmen would not inaugurate it as
a policy of government, and it would
be a ?ross wrong for Congress to dis.
erimi3nate againg~t Southern manufac
turers because our people believe the
best general policy is a tariff as low as 1
t be needs of th~e sovernment will per
mit. When the majority decid~es fi
arotection, ther all should share alike.
It is a olunder in our public men
to permit one section to have
protection and refuse it for the
South. If protection is the banner
heisted by the majority. it sbould
float over all sections withoutdaiserim
ination. We must meet conditions as
we find them. We pay our share of
the taxes; we are entitled to protection
if it is given to other sections."
A Police O!Hecer Kiled.
Lieutenant of Pa:ice WV. E. Gruber
aus found lying itn a patch of brush
in the northe-rn part of Jaicksonville,C
Fia,1 Friday morning foully murdered.
de was on day duty yesterday and
let the police station about 8:30 last
night and that was the last heard o:
him until nis bsdy was fo-und coid int
death oy a negro about 10 o'clock this
forenoon. Near by was a wcomans
belt and a hands~erchief, ileading to
the belief that Gruber was murdered
eitr by a woman or by a jealous I
iover or husband. Grube/s. kall was
crushedt in, eiving evidence of havingi
been hit by a clb KVuen found he
was Iying on his face. His pistol was,
gone,' but other wise nothing had been
d=aturbed. An iur-estigation will be
:*de cy the coroner's jury tomorrow
Tortutred with Hot irons.
Th re mnaked men entered the Hew
it House, a small tavern near Sharon,t
Pa., and ccmmnitted a brutal assaultr
c. La~mbert Hewitt, the proprietor.
lThey heated irons over a lampn and.
appilying them to him, compelled him
to tell where his money was hidden.(
T hey stnle $300 and eaped.A
WEATHER AND CROPS.
)IRECTOR BAUER'S WEEKLY SUMMA
RY OF CONDITIONS.
ome Damage by Frost-Need of Rain
Generally Reported-Weather Favorable
for Farm Work, but too Cool and Dry
for Growing Crops,
The following is the weekly bulletin
f the condition of the weather and
rops in this State issued last week by
)bserver Bauer of the State Bureau:
The temperature averaged 5 degrees
er day below the normal. The days
7ere sufficiently warm, but the nights
rere cool. The maximum tempera
aire was 83 on the 24th at Gillison
-ile, and the minimum 28 on the 21st
t Saluda, and 32 at Florence and
lantuc. The mean for the State being
[e average of 53 stations, was 60 and
he normal approximately 65.
The north central and northeastern
ortions of the State reported the low
st average temperatures. Along the
ower coast and over the southeastern
ortions it was from 1 to 2 degrees per
,ay cooller than usual.
No rain fell in any portion of the
tate during the entire week.
All correspondents report the need
f rain. In the western portions of
be State. to sof ten the baked soil so
hat plowing,preparation for planting
2ay be finished, this work being now
argely suspended, and to aid recently
lanted corn and cotton to germinate.
In the eastern portions rain is need
d for growing crops generally, but
aore particularly for transplanting
abacco; to bring up late planted corn
nd cotton; for the trucking interests
Pd gardens and for oats, which are
eginning to head.
Stands of late planted corn and cot
on very irregular, owing to the lack
Normal rainfall for the week 0.80
f an inch.
SUNSHMNE AND WINDS.
It was practically a cloudless week.
'he estimated percentage of possible
unshine ranged from 80 to 100 and
veraged 94 per cent. The normal is
bout 68 per cent.
The winds of the week were high
Frost was reported on the 18th, 20th
nd 21st, quite general over the entire
)tate on the last date, but injurious
ver the northeastern counties only,
7here considerable corn, young cot
on, tobacco in beds, peaches and gar
lens were partially destroyed. Ice
ormed in Chesterfield, Marlboro, Ma
ion and Horry counties on the morn
ng of the 21st. Over the western
,unties it is believed the high winds
>revented a killing frost on that date.
The weather was extremely favora
>le for farm work, but too cool and
Iry for growing crops and for break
ng up bottom lands or clay soils gen
Corn planting is about cbmpleted
>ver the eastern and central Portions;
bout half finished over the remainder
>f the State. It is coming Ap very
vell in places, in others very poorly.
tands are consequently very irregu
ar even in 'the same counties. Worms
Lnd crows damaged stands seriously
rom Hampton and Beaufort north
yard, necessitating replanting in
nsany places. Frost cut corn to the
rxound in Horry and Marion, but re
>orts state that it is coming up again.
Chinch bugs have attacked corn in
Thester and York. From York west
yard, corn planted early in March
vill have to be replanted.
Cotton planting progressed rapidly
.nd is now about half finished over
he western and central counties. In
nany places, in eastern sections,plant
ng practically completed. Slow ger
nination and growth owing to cool
rights and want of moisture. Stands
very uneven. Replanting necessary
ver northeastern counties, where
niany fields were destroyed by frost.
lain and warm nights would prove
eneficial. Sea island cotton practi
ally all planted and good stands
iave been secured.
Some tobacco has been transplanted
ut rain is needed to push this work
ii a large scale. Uncovered beds in
ured by frost; damage immaterial.
Rice planting made rapid progress.
nd stands generally satisfactory.
Wheat continues to look promising.
Thinch bugs have damaged it some in
Thester and York counties. Rain
vould benefit it.
Oats stand in need of moisture gen
rally, and -a '1-.-ginning to turn yel
ow for th. want of it, in the more
asterly counties where it is begin
iing to head. In Chesterfield some
ields apparently injured by frost.
Peaches are not as much injured as
arlier reports indicated. Some local
Lies, in same section, reporting a fair
'set" and others that all are killed.
k.pnles promise well, a few reports
inly indicate any injury to them.
>iums, cherries and apricots plentiful.
)ewberries ripening in Barnwell.
Mlackberries blossoming profusely
ver the central and northeastern
Canes, melons and pastures making
Too cool and dry for the coast truck
arms. P~otatoes, strawberries and
eans at a standstill foi- want of rain.
Sweet potatoes in beds not growing
yell generally. Irish potatoes coming
tp and doing well.
The national bulletin of April 19
eports the condition of corn agd cot
ou as f 'llo ws:
"No corn has yet been planted north
f tue Ohio river; practically none
torth of Maryland; westward of the
dIississippi, none north of Missouri.
ai the southern states corn has been
tnfavorably affected by low tempera
are anad needs warmer weather."
"Some cotton has been planted in
)klahomna. southern Missouri and
ennessee; ab:>ut half the crop plans.
d in Arkansas. In northcrn Texas
lanting and growth of cotton have
een retarded by cool weather."
A Slav Miner Kiled.
The badly mutilated body of John
kilko, a Slav miner, was found be.
ide the Southern Railway tracks
'hursday morning between -'Cardiff
nid Brockside, eighteen miles west of
3irmingham, Ala. T wo theories are
dvanced as to how he came to his
eath-one that he was murdered by
Legroes last night for the purpose of
obb::ry and then laid across the tracks
.nd was run over by a train; the other
hat while intoxicated he walked on
he track and was killed by the train.
Joroner Barkhalter held an inquest