Newspaper Page Text
vWE 23UN 23, 1897.NO.4
VOL. XiI. MANNING. S. C., WE1) ESI)AY, JUNE 11i 1?;>,.48
MAY ATTACK NEGROES IN CHARLES
TON COTTON MILL.
The Skilled Laborers Shut Off From Means
of Earning Bread and Barred Out of the
A dispatch to the Columbia St2te
from Charleston says the white ope
ratives who formerly worked in the
Charleston cottcn mill before the re
cent reorgan:zstion. have not ; et be
come reconciled to their displscerni.t
by negro labor. There are about 300
white operatives, who have been in
the city ever since the mill shut down
last fall, who are out cf employment
and absolutely without a means of
subsistence. They are skilled opera
lives and are St for no other vocaion
of life. The determination of the ne a
management not to give employment
to these operatives, who are without
the necessary means of leaving tie
city and seeking worn elsewhere, nat
urally excites them, and the strained
relations which are now existing be
tween these people and the negro
operatives should not be wondered at.
Since the mills resumed operation,
it has been necessary to k-ep a de
tail of police officers in the vicinity of
the mills to preserve the peace. The
white operatives continue to threaten
the negroes, and even the owners of
the mill and the property itseli, that
trouble of some kind is liable to break
out at any time. This state of affairs
is not destined to give the nee man
aeement any peace of mind. They
wish to continue the employment of
the negroes at one third the rate for
merly paid to the white operatives and
reap the consequent profits, but the
attendant danger of violence on the
part of the operatives makes the ex
periment one of great risk and a
source of much alarm to the manage
The operatives recently presented a
communication to the local newspa
pers, which was refused, as are many
matters relating to the e:nployment
and the substitution of negro labor
for white. The operatives are deter
mined to present their cause to the
public, and this afternoon the opera
tives are distributing the letter in the
form of bibs about the streets. They
are hung in the street cars and at di
ferent public places. The affair has
created something of a sensation.
The letter is caustic, to say the least of
it, and furnishes interesting reading.
Here it is:
Mr. Editor: A few days ago the old
familiar whistle that has been silent
so long brcke the industrious lethargy
that has prevailed for many months
in this beautiful part of our city. It
awakened many from a tried and en
forced indulgence in idleness, but in
stead of joy and gladness it orought
sadness and tears to the cneeks of a
large and respectable portion of our
community. It sounded the deato
knell to all their hopes and patient
waiting ; it strue1 not their ears as the
harbinger of the . eace, prosperity and
better days they were looking long
ingly for and praying to come, but as
the advance signal of continued in
activity and want.
Some had applied and been refused
employment because their complexion
clearly indicated they were not tinged
with negro blood. Still they could
not realhze that evidences of amalr
mation and no long years of experi
ence were prerequisite to procse em
ployment in theilately revised Charles
ion mills. But doubt was dispelled
and truth flashed over their minds as
they watched the negroes move in the
direction of the mills. Seething con
tempt for the propagators of this d'a
boncal conspiracy against white Ia
bor of the south fired the cheeks,
dried the eyes and filled feminine
hearts with indignation, and had
their voices been e qual to the millfs
blast, Mr. Witte wiould have quaaed
upon his luxurious couch of ease, and
sworn by all his gods nothing is less
desirable than a mongrel coLLJLn mil:
Indeed, the unexpected has happen
ed. Who could read the history of
Charleston and predict she would be
the first city of the western world to
produce a negro-loving cotton mill
president; the first to issue a manifesto
declaring it to bc bona nolders' pui
pose to mix whites and blacks it'
in southern mills; the first to repudi
ate social distinction in labor and sub
ject the young, beautifuland innocent
of our souwniaud, on whom Lortune
has not smiled, to competing for
bread at the side of the uncouth Afri
cans, whosa great physical powers
adapt them for mc're arduous and
equally needy pursuits.
Our objection, as operatives, to a i
mitting ce.dored people to tne text .le
industries is an aamission of their is
' aDiity to become skihed opeetiv a.
If, as some say, they ai e inespau~e of
acquiring the kuowledge necesry in
this brancen, thezn we operatives save
nothing to apprehend, out it is our
opinion they are as suscepuibie here a.
eisewhere,and it is tweil kniown. in.
every c-ratt where they have acquired
knowledge that oeterioratLion Ot wages
set in. hor tuis reason, bencheiders
are willing to spend $40,U00 or $50,000O
for educating tnem, claiming it to Os
an investment c'-rtain to y ield large
It is currently reported that Super
intendent Hay aen entered into a con
tract with the mill cocpanuy to far
nish them 300 thorougm~y effiient
colored operatives in on~e yeair, or
borteit all claims agast ine copny,
but it he succeeds is to have $S per
dlay and a bonus of $5,000l tur
his year's services. In acQiuion to
other expenses this seems to be a la b
ulcus stun. Bait it is reasonea amoig
them, by distriouuon, tmns 300 can
cquip 3,000 or more at less than it
took to prepare ta~e first 3u0, and in
three years soutnern cutton mil
stocks will be quoted at doutle their
present value. ?acreased s:.ca mensas
impoverisnment ot help. Greator oL
paupers that nmust sooaer or later fallI
to public charge.
'.nhi is no pm ilnthropic movemnent
as the h-oguage of a city jura~i inli
cates, and "gives tLIes: j.>hr peopie a
chance to live, ' but as rr o. u
part of capitaatsi t th-r. *las 'aa
tives' scant~y unaJ LL~rystr
opportunities, - s oaeu
done in every me r "'en \~W!
they have gaiue. :o t a 1s i -
Our only nur nus. se us e yem
And is it suieent to calii forit a~i
our energies iin oppo)sg a to call La
our aid all thost no & gre .o see oir
Southland, asno a 1esv inigas
prosper, gro w rmA a. at uuueir m
imnpelus sne has ..m receiveu La
If the colored people's ser vices are
ee-y cornorsod crevice overl bwi g.
should be the prit~cess of the esteri
world. Cladin roy al rezsiie, j y avd
mirth shaaid be in every honx'e. wn
tabues groating beneath their rieh .>er
dens ard ev rya e pei'ea. 'pasea froze
the cream of the world. Be alas: how
reversad--her best ajpearacVe is but
cheap tu.urr g and tree haxNest sc af
fi is maintained At every door to pre
v t the wclF fr entering.
We are cf the opirlon the negro's
krosledge of the craf:s bas been tr e
cause of northern capitaltists securiw:
in this city suc a large amount of
work for so smali an outiay of money.
To the casual onlooker the whirl aid
din ird cated prosperity, but the
thoughtful obierver could not divine
it. He saw by the mu titude of ne
gras employ el that :hz city was los
ing from 50 to 75 cents i : day on eac'a
laborer furnished, avd distant ci-is
gaining the amount oa c; struc i,
that would soon be compete, and Icr
years to coane vieid a surplus to be
trarsported. Dividend prayers, in
deed ! Impoverishing their o -in city
their own bo-nesand enriching others.
To the capitalists they have been of
great advantage; to the community a
great curie. So will it be to the south
when they reach the cotton mills.
We claim an equal right with bond
and office holders in social objections.
Aside from competiton and white
supremacy, social status is a strong
argument against colored office hold
ers- Not long since while an emr in
ent statesman of the south was before
McKinley, opposing on social grounds
the appointment of a negra to the
Augusta postfize, Mr. Witte was,
prepariog a declaration of determina
;ions that he would not have d-red to
issue in any other city of the Union,
without first having his valise packed
and ticket purchased for parts un
Proximity is the parent of social in
tercourse, which is longingly courted
by the colored rac--, notwithstanding'
all that has been said to the contrary.
and where does it abound more than
in cotton milis? Yet Mr. Witte pro
pose to put the blacks and whites,
male and female, side by side, under
one roof, thereby opeuiug the doors
to amalgamation and bastardism, for
matrimonial alliance is prohibited by
If the present national ad ninistra
tion, at whose dtsp.sal are ma-y
prominent and desirable positions,
should decide to give those or this city
to its strongest and most faithful sup
porters, none would be more vocife:
ous in sounding the social alarzn,
maligning, condemning and in the
most virulent manner holding the ad
ministration up before the people for
rebuke and vituperation, than this
mongrel cotton mill ad vonte. Still,
if every office at the President's dis
posal were filled by comnpetent or in
ompetent colored men, it could not
ossioly be so disstrous to the peace,
social and finacial condidon of the
city I the colored man's status pre
ci'd-s rii from comp:nz vita thel
otfil.no:der it siou:d preclade him
froam corneting t\vh o-ir mnothers,
wives, sus and dAugniers in tne iigiit
pursuits of the country, for here in a
large proportion, is tue milk from
which the cream arises; adulterate it
and the impurities will be found in
the cream and tasted in the bubtter.
If, howe-er, his services ate of such I
intrinsic value to the city's ind tstries!
that he must be put in dangerous
proxinity with our mnaidens, or tn~ey
deprived of opportunities for his ben~e
fit, what consisteat reason can De as
signed for excluin~ig him fromt utticia
positions. If we lov.. uur race~ lets,
and hike money-glutieli foreigners acit
southern apostates, inchaned to do
grade caucasian blood, we would
cbeerfully sazpport them. for oice.
But as a hereditary right we claini for'
our race the hirst fruits of the
land and are determined to opoose
all foreign socialists or soumnean
apostates who attempt to depriie us of
tem. We atfirm by all outr physical
power and Lbrave hearts not to sit sup
icely by and witness this negro horde
turnea loose upon the puarsuits of our
mati~rs, our wives, our widows, our
daug hers. our sisters, and rob them
of theurliving. Many Operaives.
A swindler in Greenville.
One D. D. Marshall has been cut
ting a wide fiure in Gree'nville since:
February. He hails from Chicago
and represet~ts the Sprig Collecting
Agency, of that city, a wealituy can
cern, with agencies all over the Udit
ed States. Marshall had been drtving
about towrn, ucing the sciety act in
great shape and has made many friends
:~t appears that he toot notes or pa-1
pers from customers of his agency as1
tees for mnembersnip in ?mis agency.
These papers were to be held and paid
by collections made cor [its customers.
His fast living and tree expe'iture of
mo2ney evidently caused hira to use
the notes. He furted tne name~s r
Hayes and Marif and Steven King to
notes for twenty il.. ve ollars enA. anu
got the paper discouated at tile Per
ple's Dark He alM pjresented a ior.
edI note oH C. Er ey at tie see:
ank, i~ut Cassier B acua:n detez.a
the forgery and the papier failed to
pass .lvesti'ation showedt tmcat te
utnler notes were vorged an Marsna
is now in jail. Eiforts nave been mauie
to comlpromnise the mflter, tut Kh.'
anid H~ees and a If refuse to cflm
promisr a f elon-t-cence trne dasaing
Marahall lazngutsnes in jail.
A Whie flan wnlpped.
A special dispatch io th-e Columbia
State from Greenvtle, &. C., says
on Friday Jim Sc -t, write wno~ ies
~on tnle armu o'~ El E?rk belov e
::ity, w'ent to treler's [ st, wat o
the city and waile tuer- grssl tu
suited the wife of John MarchomI&ss
a prominen. ferner in that sec&
O3 Suoday t1i..' t a but 2i00 men csi
lteted an~d r ode do ;n &o S ott' hse
took nin out la theo y ard s tripped
rim ana gave ha i a- unrzihu
beatingc. and tP.en served no~iao
him tbat i he did n t leave the couu
v in 24 hours he~ would be 1 Lched.
A guard remaineto LI)e- that he o:>ey
ed :.he order. He lef the saene signi.
Scott was a foramr resident of this
ccunty, but has li d for seeer.t
years in Tes whnen nie o.ane ce
Lov.' an indian fliidez).
Taos Groua \mwalthy foreig
r. orecently went to Dakota to
- tue arid land. has miade a
e o- a bridte. He maet with
Suandi fiially b:cam.e
a& Eyes,"' the belie
:R . c Agency. He
b0 .oo-ed, anti t:ie s e
wiu shortly bec~ne tue orrde ot the
-arty Ih rtigne
TIL LMAN ANI) HOAR.
THE TWO SENATORS LOCK HORNS !N
A WARM E TE.
Thu South Carolima S-nator Take the Sagar
Scar'd'is for a Text for Anu:her speech
sud O0d " anoy Hoar Gets the Fiiaets.
The debates in the United States Sen
ate over the tariff bill has been quite
spicy at times. and one of the most spi
cy oc:urre-d bet ween SeLators Tillman
and Hoar one day last week. While
the sir cchedule was und-r discus
sion Mr. Hear of Massecusetts effer
ed an arendent for the aupointment
by the Presideat of a commission of
five membars to ii'-estigate into the;
subj-:t of su:ar production and the
best means of sutp!ying the Ameri
can mark -t at the ast cost. He said
tre raising of revenue fromi sugar had
been a sahject of cjntenition fo5r 150
years in Eiglan.d and this couotry.
He did not think any considerable
portion of the people believed that the
men who framed these and former
tariff schedules were impelled by any
other than honorable motives But
the men who make these tartiff are
met by subtle and conflicting ques
ions which had already broken do vn
one of the senators (1r. Aldrich ) Mr.
Hoar urged,- therefore. that this pro
posed commission would command the
best tel-nt of the coantry in present
ing to the senate the fullest informs
tion concernicg sugar. No-t to the
development of our virgin wheat
fleids, the develop-nent of the sugar
beet would be the greatest boon to aC
r.culture. Revertiog again to pub
lished statements of irregularity in
connection with the sugar schedule,
Mr. Hoar said although it had been
s'iggested in the press that somebody;
had been bribing senators, these state
men s are received by serious people
to:roughout the country "with absolute
Mr. Al!ison sugested that this was
such an irnp-rtaat q iestion that it
ought to be considered by the finance
co-u-.ittee. Mr. Hy'ar agreed to the
reference of the amead'nent to the
c-mmitiee, and this was d.ne.
Mr. T!lman of South Carolina then
answered Mr Haar. He said he had
the deepest respect for the distinguishi
ed senator from Massachusetts, bit he
perhaps had become callous in his long
service, as was indicated by the st.ate
mint that tLe best peoole of both par
ties treated with contemot the .:at!
ments that there was irregular'ity in
making the sugar schedule Bat,
said Mr. Tailman, when pub'ished
statements were made that sena.'rs
were in touch witui sugar barons, whrn
circumstantial evidence was at hand
that a huge noncooy levied tribute
on the public, that the American per'
ple were h lpiess in the grasp o !hi
octopus. then it was strang indee,
that any se rator should as;ert toi
the peop!e treit with c)nL'teac. t]s
carges O a the contrary. ne ceszar
e a, tuhy wanted an investigation.
They wanted the hoLo of Lhe senra!
vindicated or the men who stand un
der it ounish:=d. Far th tit reason, ir.
Tillman said, he had contempla'ei an
ameendmogt to Mr. oar's proposition
so that :he comniissir would -ot
only irq:ire into toe mere mat:hn:ery
of saga . kiig, but !s>) "whethe:
the sugar trust has made,, adue means
to contro l gis tion and to gel. at tr e
-oot o, a.>w it is, an.d why it is tha
tne Americ2.nl senate can't touch sagar
without geating crntaminated."
Turning to u'e Saata Caroliina sen
ator, Mr. Hanr said there were si ce
men who seemele to thing that do vn
beneath tne body of the people tnere'
was a great mnass of seething pecoole
eaer for extremes. He kne .i, through!
and through, mie char reter, purooses
snd opinions of the men who get mrer'
livig from t'r , farms and factories of
Masachusetts. He had spruug fromn
a yeoman, his associationls had b:en!
with that class, and he kaew what
they were tanigaboat."he
are," heproceeded i'mpresively, "siml
nle, smceere, honest, liberty-Ioving,
God-eaio mn. They thick no evil,
atd the appeal to vise passion.s fails on
deaf ears wahl them."
"Will the senator permit me?"
broke in Mr. Tilimnan.
Mr. Hoar wett on without pausing.
The men who makte up the farms a-nd
te factories were the same the c una
try over, iie said, Their kinsmen asd
turned westward, buliding up a new
enoire there, a iarge and a more glo
ious New Eagland. "And I nzld,"
concluded Mr. Hoar, "that to the '
great body of tnese peopile, these
cnearges are not only prepos..erous, but
Mr. ":iilman again -vas ready with
a reply 'As to the seetning mess of
iguaranice, as the senator from Masa
chasetts nad Iesigua.d the mnaes"
said Mr. Tdi~m.i bat the Moeiac
wais sanator pro nuitiy interragL:d
"I deny that statement," saidi Mr.
Ioar. - IL said j.~at tn- cmwrar-y a:.d~
.fy -atemlent is sererd.
Verr well," ~answerei Mr. Till
man, - y'ou ar- thti lai man I would
be wriling to misz epresent to his ace."
Wrule he coame:d no speci misj
sti, ne veaL o.s, ye:. fe c9*laie to!
noecme fromn tue farmn and from
the- pop~e, and to have cume to the
S:nate mnore r cntly ti tae senator
fom Massachuseitts He knew, he
saidi, that Lte only toing~ infamious in
this tranaction, in the viewv of Lu
acojie. was the rerusal to investigatti
ard dhis etfort to ide beuhma tie!
"eaatoh iaj top. If ta sen-e p-i
sLt-d in tais, u-en 't we igac
'-fore :ne p-opl ?Pablic chav e- ma~
oineuen .vm tI-s e ijt. - A a
t ess y ou is e iate, you stuad c
A te-r :ns oivertiig i::1cin Lie
s?at ca?- back to toe b:11 aod \Ir
Li.:aa2y avedt so s rike out 1 95 Lii
cusa.d.rert Iil1 cents as r
This cr- t from Mr. Ailis-m au ani
:uati d1Teene of tae m agr.-pa. 2n
omyi c'e 0IX. 6- v: td s s ti
ti.s?u of 1.95 fo ? d'5 -u tiitfe-re-ce
dred paus. He mete :.aPi
ascetiag scale of~ 3 100 e'-a on e
degree are 75 ns' not -"ecesv
benefit to the- -i'r
Mr. ms-i r~r-d to th fc tt
th-e cium... nad purria'd -e-r-:.r
y the course o- tae iD *moc-'..i siao
cmminttee. Mr. Etiia th e
or imitat' the 'ilianies i gd nb
your Demnocratic colleagues turee
--I did not indulge in epitnt:s. I didi
ot sayL viulainy." answered Mr. Alli
'-o, I said it," responded Mr. Til
The bill was laid -side without a
ve.'s or. the pendioz amendmeut and
at 5 10 the senate held an executive
session adjouring sortn after.
SHE BAPTIST COLLEGES.
The E adit-g of a M5sr Succcef:I Yaig
The closing exercises of Farman
University were held in the chapel
Thursday mornir.. After prayer by
the Rev. James E Br wn of Due Wes
the following programme was carried
Music, Pian) Duet-Misses Lottie
ard Aunie Manly.
Arnouueement of distinctions.
Music-Vocal Duet-Misses Birdie
Du c':forth and Aunie Mar.;y.
Oratioc: "Oportuity - F. C.
Music-Piano Solc-Miss Alpha Mc
Oration: "Tmpressions from Biog
raphy"-R. K. Taylor.
Oestion: "A Cuban's Appeal to
Americans "-M. C. Barton.
Music- Vocal Solo- Miss Sarah
Oration: "Abuse of Political Par
ties"-James A. Hoyt, Jr.
Music-Piano Sols-'.isses Kathe
rine and Margaret Moore.
Oration: "Sccial Control"-C. E.
Award of medals.
Music - Piano Duo-Miss Annie
Manly and Chev G Farrata.
Dr' Manly, the president. then de
livered dioio.nas to the followin
Master of Arts-Cl irence E. Wil
kins of Ciareadan.
Bschelor of Arts-J )bn K. Hair of
Baraweli, Janes A Hoyt, Jr , of
Greeavil!e. R abert K Taylor of North
Cdriiua, and H.enry K. Toones of
G:eet vi le
bachelor of Science-Frat k T. Dar
DArgan of Grer vtiile.
Bich-or cf Literature-M C Bir
ton of O:onee, F U Bates of Spartan
bure, Ruth S. D rnan of Spartan
..,m. W. M. Hartia of Fairfield, W.
L Nr!aldin, Jr.. o' Greenrvdie, M. J
A;:F.den of Ch-ster, and L. C. Rich
arhsan of Anderson.
Master of Mathena'ics and Mechani
cal Pnilosphy-F. T. Dargan, J. K.
H .ir and L C Rie trdson.
Master of Pniiosophy-Emma V.
J thnson of Greenvalie.
Mr. L C. Ri iurdsn. one of tbos3
receiving dz4ress, is a -ecn-it graduate
of the United Sates N :val academy,.
where he won a beau tit ul s vord by
his high stand in tue academy. He
'as for several years a student of
Furman, where he did such ex elent
w-k as to enttle him to a dipibma
b-.t 'ih did not apply icr it until this
Tre E idel medal in decla-nfion
was award-"d to W. E. Jordan of Ches
t-:r, the llichanp medd in E agi sh
to "J. t3 H llaud (,' Greemvi' a:nd
the Mc\tdia redal ia deiaaion to
R N'1 Pratt o B nr.ett?'-e
r-,. g-ad n:,~ ? .":_s of tee ?'a
m ie college mre held Thursdry
aig t, when the address was delivered
by Dr. D. M. Rmsey of Charleston.
T': r rnime a as follo
Fuao. S-alo-Miss L ttie Maaly and
v -7. Fer ra:.
Esss: TheWorlo.'s F."rces" -
Luva E. A nes.
Voc;al Soh: "'Dost Thou Know Thnat~
S n-et Litnd" -E3'.rah M ::iih.
ld:-est-Dr. D. M R ensey. I
E,;sa": "N >toksse 0 vlige"-'Margu I
D.r. Riley, the pretid2ent, deliv
red dinlonas to the graduates.
The 'poramme clbsed with thel
sigicg of a ch >rus for female voices
na~ie: for arnd dedicated to the
cass of 1837. by Giuseppe Ferrata
avalier, uiasical instructor of Green
ille F-m'ile college; words by Mrs.
'[. H. Cevelnd of Greenville. Tais
wa abeautulanid tisting close t
secessf ul year's work. ta
The~ gaduates are:
B'cnelor of Amt-Lira E. Agnev
Ct Donald%, Cbfr B. Jord in of
e re:vile, Nina W Riser of Green
i1le R 'baoe P. Wakctield of Szptus.
N 1l S. Wastelsof Honea Path
Bachelor of Englisha-M. Amelia!
Norri of Vances, Cara C. Parker ol
(xreenvill, Ja cie E S-ra wnofcGreen-g
vll. Kate Hi. Sican of Greenvilie, and
Marguerite A. Tinidal o: Felder.
The alumni association of Farman.;
at its annual meeting this week, de-.
cided to push the matter of an alumni
hail aud throgh the efforts of Presi
(ent Mioseley and others euugh money!
has been suuscrioed to jsutify the belief?!
tac work wi11 soont begin. It has
been proposed tna', the aiumuii hulaQ
iu celeoration in 1901,. et semi-cen
Lennia of the found i. g of Fu-:nan?.j
i'ne Rev, H. R. XLscev t. Fiorernce
has been ehcied to tne po'tio? .of
Luaste :amde vacant by ihe de.atth oi
tt- Rev. .'. A W. Tou'mx2, and :h'e;
Rev D W. K y ckes tue piace of G
J. frm :n still Lives.
Wl i J B-ga sp'ak at Chr
ctes~ille Va , a. u.di-y before tne
Wasai 'tn and.. JItfes ae liir' ry s>
eit ap-th ui1versv.ty H3is sau >je
-as Je-tf-rseasti1 *. Ls." Tie peo
tf ;h - euair ,anaougj theai aea
om' uea nt is basiness and pol'tics,
naayz of tm dan na or tuis old at
ersty, so na d .a se- tne:- atca
mater sae? lev. ct lv -ic scads
ears agu. Lue - '.. tor tae in teres
bich 'this adere's ha~s attr.-.ct- d
trurfout -ae rauat.y has sar:rio.
orMr. Camieit -sod -'i sudr:ess Wa
'.v..d :naiJly t, J trorso-/s ide'0
qj eso n, -. - d =im, .wr? -s :20 u.
eeuyouatr of ~.c-, Ce eu flu.- r Leal
mint it ou thlis C-' oeciu B- he de:
c-ted, that z:a>e-rt o' wroa2
~ery h o a-. :.s lian' to e
rr, the e e . fu-pxpie 'as a!
urency good~ evn are la Aner
words, oae <"ich w id not tiae:uate
in value, an .ee. w-as as Gud! as
u: otner in the wr d Ar. Lae txalm
Sreception1 on LL- li-VL, IaLg two1
n -ii b.y R-ve:ue Ge~o Wi b
*na .ruccun.s sem .o -.xmie
v . nsquetuce of tue ameession o.
G tai r arsher as peci Ag-ent 'f
t'd.ailr ~n::nt. H~e w a uner *band
fsr $...00CO, 'vith the, Nati.:nal ourety
C e at ofEms an a u-colh-c
-a -ys that i: there is 4ny shaortage
at cat.I amount to more than~ $~,uU0
THE D SPFN AF.Y FIG-IT.
OrIging1 Package Stores in CObarleston and
For some uo2rown cause nhe ad
minis'rat-oa 'ill purs' a d -rent
cou-s- re ardii: "ori inai package"
F~ablo:ritnts th:an at ts' announc-ed
:,r J:age Simor ton's decision be
cane known. This was very c:early
shown in a statement which Governor
Eilerbee Thursday gave the press. It
is as follows:
"Hearing from a reliable source that
Mr. F M. Simnoirs onf Greenviile bad
openrd au -original pickage''tre, I
sent State Detective Necoohi up there
to loc k into tbe matter and see ;f he
was st-ling in accordance with the de
cision of Judge Simonton. Newbold
foird that Mr Sammons wys seiiing
beer by the bottle arad also whiskey iu
the s:.'ne way. Upon receiving this
infcrmation, I wired Nevboid to have
him arrested Judge Simonton, in
his decision, did not say that a man
could break open a crate of beer or
whiskey and sell by the bottle. Sim
mons was an agent of a whiskey deal
er and not of a manufacturer."
Governor Ellerbe then went on to
sty that he had wired Asaistant Attor
ney General Townsend, who is inves
tigating original package establish
ments in Charleston, to have Pinkus
sohn, an original package man. ar
rested. The chief execative holds that
the dispensary regulaions must be
complied with by original package
azents; ihat agents nust directly rep
r-sent bre vers or distillers, and not
d-alers who handle their goods; thy
quor cannot be stored ror sale in this
Stae. On these grounds he ordered
the arrest o Pinkuiso'tn. Thr gover
nor Thursday afternoon received a
telegram stating that Pinkussohn had
been arrested acd the stock seiz d An
inventory was taken of the g:ods on
haud and the Sta:e will hold posses
siea of them without removing them
until the case is stetied.
The grovernor further holds thic rs
Judge Sriontos in his dec:sioa useci
the word manuractu't tirouhom.;1t
ad nowhere said the deal-=rs in the
products of manuracturers had the
rilit to establish ag. cies in this
S'at:e, he w.ild not per oit Plu' s
sjhn to act as ageat of deoers, s he
is trying to do. Pinku .onn is wil
ing to test tni- very poi t, cla-ni g
o Lave !':,al advice tta ne has the
right to act as agent for dealcrs as
well as manufact.irers.
About the storicg of liq iors in the
State and selling by original packages
the governor said that an agent cae
take orders for saipment of liquor
fr..rn uther States for delivery in tie
rizinal cackage, but that if he ou-)ns
a warehouse and stors liquors in tnis
S:t for del very upon sale, he te
osrs as mucn suoje t to the 8Sat'
Siicn pawer as ci..size-:s of this Stte
wrio might atemt to manuftacture -->r
seli 1:qior. Tae governor, upon e-u
-itat- n with Attor hey Gonecai B-ar
ber, is deter:niard to masin.ain chLs
-r'-u'ds un-ii i further judicial deliv
siord in South Caroiina for sale is
Tnat the criginal pr.ckage cannot be
brcituo ar d i conpoant gaantities
Taat maniuracturers only, and not
da!irs, can be r:p s )nted in ta
.t: b7 a L nM.
'That the -f ispensary regulatonmv;
>e oueyed by o--iro.1 packag- agents
s wvell as by dispeasers.
a1sughter of spaniards.
The ne vs comes fromn Havana that
3 large force under 'En Q istin Ban
era suce-eded its aesrcoyn~g a o dy
>f Spanisha near Sabaua. Gen. Ban
era plazed hiis men in amousn and
nen instrazted fry scouts tso approaca
t f.ort where the Spaniards were uarri
zded. The Scoaniards sallied from ttue
ort in pursuit of trne sc-as, ivbo cun
lir.gly iell Mck, leading their pursu
ers into the he~art o Bandera's a'n
>ash. A hot fight ensued. first with
nusketry, but fi'niiy hand to hand.
Ail of Gaara1li;-sdera's men were
eroes with maccttes. Ten of the
nsurgents were killed an~d tie entire
prsuil.g party of the Spaniards. At~
Aguisa, a town of 3.000 iiauabitants.
783 persons diedc last mourth f rom 1vn -
tr a'd destitution. Juquin Vargas,
-o A-nerican citizen, bas oeen arrest
d-c at Rmmedii's. He~ has re;-ained Jose
Rndo as his ccuisel, and the latter'
ill imake a protest if the authoriuas
oceed to try V.argas oy court war
ial. It is reporte~I from R--mediios
~nat Pancho Carillo has diree:.ed that
he insur:e-t lmder Fanteya, a mu
atto, b. cour-s martialed and sho:.
F' om Jaruco come reports o~f the suc
esful iaudig of an expedition.
Judge Harlanu KIu.a.
James P. Harlan wa accideatadls
ill-a by a trra on the Iju:ri:le,
ed-mon a. d $t. L-juisi raiisay
ur. Hariaa, who was a iooat 7t vy-a
ija was onec of tue most pra11eot
adyers in tu- o a e e: j giug g-g
r-..:c" a .u una ':' a m1-r' ja.ymt
Gti2C is uus c:>aoty. Re 'sa a r
uoeontroilaOle .spye..e for l:icar, and
o bricg about h-s cure. He practiced
ai ior several - ears in Knas. and
eurned to L suisvill- aoat thrree
ears ago and volutarily euter- tie
uai 'oase, w ere he- has smere~rsaJu.
Ja--- H~rian was oni mls w Iy tu .
aitliwy sr'uou to pureuase une e've-.
-':- piO~r aS WA*s BisS n, .
'ipnde- '.t -upoi '' he e d~ chio. b
-' in may b'' '0 ii r-i&-> . -r:
erred to hv at tae l1atituil dn [Je :La
Ja persn.:d4 fie5dsop hr tar .i"M
Tri 1't yisc, Uuy kiirris.i
The '-extc Ps ses nurses inte.
"ur -is-ed for 5L1 etwts to a e,
: d wan ine i: -a'. iu-n
na-e c- ?uo t-eu on~- r' raa~
'so f -.s.raW a a i ka r ua h
jand cr ero apoeue ue
::.eese, 't. w Dce sod:o
re 1-r, and~ou t Ie n-e-d1 i--- v" e
*hs i whl-s-e ar ,.p'-ri 10*. ti
lis nOry 1,;~ 1no-.- thae t tie e h'e
been 47 persons iynched so far this
WHAT HE KNOWS ABOUT COTTO'.
'r. DrLe n W"ud Confine Hon. John
Gry to Dtspennr-'.
Mr. Perry M. De Leon, of Atlanta,
who hss been engazed in the catton
business for many years, takes excep
tions to the statements of ex Gov. John
Gary Evans, of South Carolina, in re
rard to the cotton tax. Mr. De Leon
hcs studied the question ciosely, and
i" regarded as an authority in his sec
tion . In sp-aking of the natter to a
rc eorter of the Washington Pest, he
"I notice in youir columrns an inter
view wir John G ry Evaus, ex Gov
erner of Sout." Carolina, in which he
scouts the idea of the cotton tax beirg
of any beneti to the cotton .ianter,
and denies that Ezyptiancotton comes
in ccmp'tition with any grades of
American cotton. The Ho)-. John
may knowv a good deal more of dispn
saries, which sten to be the Alpha and
Omega of modera S.u th Carolina
statesmanship of the reform school,
but he evidently knows nothing of
the subject he discussed. Egyptian
cotton has invaded our markets since
my connectisn with the cotton busi
nees, hence I sought information from
"In 1896 we raised about 33,000,000
pounds of Sea Island cotton and im
pcrted 55.000,000 nounds of Ezyptia-i.
The president of the Ne7 York Cotton
Exchange, Hon. Gustavus C Hop
kins, writes me: 'Egyptian cotton
certainly does c >niete with our long
sta.ple.' Agaia he says: 'Altnough aj
nee trader, I do not s-e why, if the
N >rth is to have orotcei- on Her wool
and other articles, the Souti should
nit have it on her cotton and rice.' A,
p'ori:ent mercaa:t, h se ir-m were
the first imtp 'rers o't any scale o
Ea ;'tian cocon. teils tre every pound
of Eyptian cotton cisplaces so muc. .
of our :a Island cottotn and the rxtra
staple cotton of the Y z o Delta and'
Braz=s bttorns. It 'i';es not aifct our
ordinary uplands. Y :t the Hon Joan
Gary E vans and Seuator Gnilton, of
Texas, tell us It does not compete with)
any variety of our c)t.u-s.
"The c.uutry :oili -rd-y acceR
+heir testurany on the subj'c of cro
to:a in tre ferenceta tioe a Ir i
qu'te. My o rn Sta e G "rdia, rais
t.4o-thirds of :h-: S.-. Ida::d cr a a d
our S nators did a ri -e a'd perione -
thing wea the.y in e i or is .td
vo':d fora Lx on cmvtv. Hting
t-c~e anuroval of 'beir cmns'.iuests, as
tihey do. they wi. scar.'y care for
-h. cci.;cisaLs of S'r. E mts. His re :
marks were evidtaly aim-d at s-u
tor McL turin, whom he desire.; to suc
On the Right Line.
T'e Washigtorn carve pondent of
thn N "* and Cour.ir se. C ars:f
man J!..oes T ?ursday offered a ioin
'-eir layon pro-idi: g for an am-ud
meot to the (J'ni?: :ia in favor of
AU is-,tuie tax. WeenC?: ratified by;
t e. fourths of t'he L'g a!ures of snet
,everal S.ates it s' be part of -.'ae
".Pdche X' . T" "o-e- of Ce
gress t> levy and c'ilect diret taxsi
sha 1 not be re::tricted exclusiveiy t,,;
th'e mnahods of appvw"'.-nsert a'xl
.* ee'r.: I StA -, n~z .!, -i 'at
ba.e full pow er to lay a d coli-et d
:.1e s .ic - 3 r1 - c . .
acomaduaderitax uLoy ng such tax
as I eicinesiti rerd my& bed -
L~wiciae o tad snb.c t i:.oynd
nt taon i~ ncorh n s t ame le
lor cgradel buformar touaotgout
th~ e te Soes.neu 'u
Dr.~c S oke "to poide " spciel0v tor
a~ grdae a oaaoe.s o
~as fexamne the ,resoutirc alre?.d
i:::roduced oI ta subect he y d.
not ig frA nuihis dirttlLof on. I
tok cdonfidety .ravard o a im e
whn tohdehu ovrne must se oac
sou-c to- eveu c in li of the t r
ien Tecoumt iy wilawk :d f
bears r its est protection de br-s
raiigrvne rc taxation. I
At jugent ais Toud of suf tend
and wo4Uld hus Bl nef sam tim ac
weoemnalish t o heoingrfomso i
sto thefnrc *ies of th G*":-r
minishtred, ad ctmpelli,~ e3 t to
aLd ,s Ma-1 B.:.e' ft, of C)ea
to th'e afrnd c rci' aisi
; a) fr:: te C l Ia CtiI
\ sixte-e y deaee
G--or Banr. cf'a- .n a
wou'u loe e oh r .
Souag pe ,,ie ,!< e:t:j a
mvt h e,-sr
u' e er -
cir .:are r
g'roundi and whaole K
Th-. ssesai e .' -n
t be m-ach ~s : e1
Fourteen Tung .n Composethe Gradu
atirg 2sari T.Is Yeer.
The commeircemrsc of N\eberry
College, which ended on inst W hes
day, was of a most interesting charac
ter. A dispatch from Newberry to the
Columbia Register says Wednesday
the opera house was packed from cen
tre to circumference and from bottom
to top. The Italian orchestra a-e
fine selectiors. The exercises began
with prayer by R-:7. S T. Hallman.
of Prosp-rity. Then came the
speeches rf; the graduates,the pieasant
1B anticipated event The clasp of ':17
numbers foairteea young mer. of
South Caroliia, as worthy a set that
ever set foot frorn college hals. The
f ooine was the prog-'a-ime, exceut
t .at Mr. Boland was detained at nome
W. B. All, Dyson-Salutator7.
Clifford Bruiks, Newberry-Jingo
W. C Bynutn, Newberr;-Conser
vetion of Enery.
Jmee Calk, L xington-Trusts.
J. S. Derrick, Hilton-Victories in
J. M. Long, Newberry-The Power
G. A riser, Pomaria-Epidemic
P. D. R singer, Leesville-Religion
in S~3ial Q ains.
F. K R;of. B'ooklaad-'"P.at
Monev in T - P me "
E U. She yv. W t R mek-Person
al Virti. i? P it:c d E ninenca.
A. S. We!"s, N .serey-N rth Pale.
H. F. Wh..-!er. Pe..s erity-C;m
R A. Abrams. Newberry-Valedic
To say that the young men cq .i tt:-d
the-nse!ves handso:mely wau1d os bu:
a f" : bl attempt on tre part of Tnr
R-tister reporter to exorfes n cn-,
s-nsas of opinion. Tae heir. ap
piause following eaca sprec attested
tie 1ooreciatioa of the audienc . as
the fl rl girts prowud '.'. p >uarit
of tie gradlates T".:i" wee s:,rl-s
of fntrs. d 'aa of ta bou- ts
T':en~s c 'f the iimr-s'inr -.i in
SrAc iv, pro?r~2o ' o LAv-d tie
.awarirg of m is ,.ad ea c.:lon
o .1 s. Mun is: .r t. a' -.ys
taka in tais eta; o^ .: -rc":n,
:s ..veli as in the erecliui ta s
Gret it st ,s ma:'ifes-a in tie
delivtrv of the saiutatory end v:d
tory, , !ess than in t at of all t e
speeches, -te r It:'".r. p:ceedig
Tn: arding of dat ad ?iz:
w..s ss folio' is:
Tle S. J. D piek pearrtry prie
the nie-hest average ia: the s-e :ior pre
owbry class -t c py :j Wes.er'as
IdternaDona n D ac-'.n,. v--vas gun
by Mr. Geo. W St ;!air, o Carl's
ton. Pr..snted b7 R:r. i. A. Ki
nard, or )olemo .
Jae D-.AO B. A ge .stin prize
of te' daa-s in boots-' to mat
frea wi ho '11t ,ta: the het
' c.:p':a:wn 'or ad uissin ito a
sopLon re class"-was won by Mr.
D R. R'.Rr. of Sid a. Prete ' y
R :c E J. So . r, L-:eiut~to-a
. n1 T o W oay and W. .
A. Moselev snhemore Greek: me l.e
u: . . runation in taeGre:a
gu be--was wo0 be Mr W. A. l"..
TheJ. F. J.~ Ca! elher r il
"a 'olidn.1to ta: ncmbrf
snio3r cl.. '7ao .tali. pas the best:
er-vuindiron on an asigned ees of ;
or 1837: Green's Shorvr Lieri t
E~4a ad)--was won cy Mr. E U.
se1.of White Rok pr sened by
The George S.XI Muer esa med-al
-"a gold ned~d ar.ul arre
that memberC or !.be seo class Wto
has writtena t-:e o t essa on aaoji..O
enga :oquisite for grads io' (s '')
he'j"-was won b r. R->bri. A.!
Adams, the frs:, LD'0r man. Pre
seun"d by Rv. D2r. J. C. Moier, ofl
Hickory, N C
Th. prceentatio-2 'speecheis were ab
Tae~ r.r- of. President Cr mn
Which closed~ t mer-'ale cz.sm :i,
a.-. They w-r- mrds "fi~y sc.
Ard thuls e 'ded comn ce-nyt.
B~i.:bt were the exercis 5:.B
are- tne future prospects of Nexvbfrry
A:crdi'g to t' 'fedataa \fd
a Fre-ach mi-- ev 1o U.; ::
rdd ' l
e rSUn e: 'i .
? d e~
I * r- C -
WEATHER AND CROPS.
THE CONDITION OF SOUTH CAROLI
NA'S FARMING INTERESTS.
The Regular Weekly Bunetin of the
Weather Burean Issued Monday by Di
rector Usuor-The General Outlook.
The following is the weekly bulletin
of the condition of the weather and
crops of the State issued last week by
Observer Bauer of the South Carolina
section of the United States climate
and crop bureau:
The temperature was about normal,
the mean for the week having been 76
while the normal is approximately 77.
The fore part of the week was below
normal while the last three days were
very warm. The highest temperature
reported was 100 on the 12th at Beau
fort, the lowest 57 on the 9th at Col
The weather was showery on the
7th, 8th and 9th, and showery condi
ditions prevailed in places on the 12th.
Heavy washing rains occurred during
the first of the week. with oonsidera
ble flooding of lowlands, and material
in jury to crops in Spartanburg, Green
ville. Fairfield. Clarendon, Newberry,
Edgefield, Crangeburg, Barnwell.Lan
reds, Greenwood, Anderson, York,
Kershaw, Lincaster and Bamberg.
At the close of the week it was still
too wet to plow bottoms and in places
uplands in Chester, Chesterfield,
B-keley, Spartanburg, Bamberg and
The average of 50 measurements for
the week was 2 07, and the normal is
approximately 1.04. Seven places re
ported iess than 1 c0 of rain, 24 places
fiom 1 to 2 nches, 19 places over 2
i! cbes, among them were the follow
ing lervy rains: Blackville, 3 69;
Mount Clare, 4 18; Loopers, 5 93; Jef
feies Creek 3 10; Pinapolis, 4 44;
Barksdale. 4 10; Santuc, 3.11 The
c yrr-spondents at Inman.Spartanburg
county, r -ports nearly 15 inches of
rain in six hours on the 7th. It is de
scribed as h aviag been in the nature
of a clout: burst. Streams in the vicin
ity were higb.er than ever known and
a great deal of injury to crops, etc.,
Hail, doing material injury to corn,
cotton, fruit and tobacco, occurred in
Edgeheid. Fairdeld, Anderson, Mar
10n, Sumter, Chester, Pickens, Clar
endon, Flor.nce, Hampton and Or
a -e'm-g. Hall also fell. but without
doisg ay mn 1strial in ury, in Spar
tan burg. Newberry. Birnwell, Lex
in on. Richiand, Chesterfield, Dar
Suns:"-e varied greatly in different
porioni o' -he State, but was aver
aced about -).;rmal with 63 pei cent.
of tae po Si: e.
The aC erse c)nditions of the past
week were al:.o-ether physical and
thcrefore loca. and consisted mainly
r' high ^'ater 8 ,oding bottom lands,
yea vy rains washing slopes and hail
be ing down corn, cotton and tobac
co. - om carid-e.; speaking the dam
re was fotined to lnited areas in
tae counties already named. From
Abhe vilc and lower Barnwell reports
:r-. rl ei d nf cre.,.s s'.ffering for
as :.:.d iosn Sparaa urg, Chester,
L aaster and Chesterfield of too much
ran for plowing and that crops are
C' d" b'uys continue to destroy
Coa cand other vegetation over Ches
te . Y k ; cut worms in Dorcnes
e, oilii.or, Hampton and Williams
bug. but corn has generally made
'apid '-rowth, and in many places is
ben i'td by. The corn cr0? does not
cama~ uo to an average condition in
Lihr ize~ or stennd, owing principally
to br kea stands on bottom lands
cased by worms. Replanting still
Cotton mjade fair and altogether sat
isfacory progrerss daring the week.
Grass" zbrea the crop in some local
ies, but tos oIhnt is oi sudficient siz*,
and the prevailing .hot, sunny weath
er mii enbl fa-zmers to kill -grass
readity, and is also the weather best
suit-d f-r the developnent of cotton.
Sq :2ies are reported plentiful where
the pant is large eniough, but cotton
is~tj us.-as niabl y small everywhere.
Blo'us nlave oren noted in Barnwell,
i~a ?re as vet scarce. Lice infest some
dela- s, bar. not general.
4.obCco) has developed rapidly late
lv and: now in excellent condition,
erQep that worms are numerous in
Fiorece. waiie in Fiorence and Clar
e m d to a lesser extent in some
ot'er counties in the tobacco district,
ali haas doue matzerial iojuty to the
R-ce 'e gro rinr nicely, but in Col
-n 'a-' rice nas bee?n attacked by
e .. oi i a fl. o av-ver, out slight
1 . . -- to G..rgetonn acid
S ie -ce is douag well.
P are 'eir.:n. so .vn ';' stuoble land
- a eC2-'. Seed scarice in
rd Gr ov~n. buitreported
-a:~-et :2 made fair pro
d 'he yield is generally re
o an average and very sat
(, sa- arest nearly completed for
. a, on. The y tela aoout up to
.* ve.g. Soring sown naas improv
&d, of ::1 be a cor crop neverthe
- :-ts shacked on the fields
m:~ ua i~r.1 ightly by the rains
- s d al better since the
ru'.u n im~ a poor stnd and in
c ed by nus Will be
* p-Vto draws
r y are plenti
e ets Lhe condi
r -- ery much, and
*z G- rkos in excel
c or eroos. such as
n,+d .rs. Irish
4X o i an forage
Sp' toor abre any av
b l-s richness has
s a the~ ninth level of
-' boys'l mi~ne at C-ntral
a, Cdo. Tne reai valie of
C ore~ fou" cent be kearned, as
ep aan armed
* *'e, but it is known
L ct is two !eet in
- o i:11 otwire old ssto
s..d dollsrs to he ton.
e rs has been; worked con
s y r h pst thirty-eight years
j papr;1s iiin worked by the
a o .L ra c Ay, a crpora
>'r. ~. e nrs of Nw yorir men. -