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VOL. .111". MIG . . "1.~ WENSDY JUN SQ! .? NO.49
UNTITLE I BEROS .
THE PRIVATE SOLDIERS CF THE
An Elcqueut Tribute Pidt( Thm by That
Battle-Scarred Chie-ft ar. Gen. (ordon.
in His Farewell A dras to H t+ Comrades
of the voited Con!e dtrate Veterans.
The following is the farewell ad
dress of Gen. John B. Gordon. delle
ered Wednesday morning, on the oc
casion of his voluntary retireiAnt at
Commander in Cbief of the United
Confederate Veterans, at the grand
reunion inNashille, Tenn:
"Mr. President and Conradess: Per
mit me with few words to return the
commission with which -'ou have
honored me for eight years acd by
unanimous vote. Wittin the next
few hours you will elect my successor.
When this duty is performed by ycu
I shall gladly take my place by those
untitleu heroes who so grandly bore
the battle's brunt in the stern work of
war. Such a step voluntarily taken
ought not to be considered a strange
condescension by any man. To me it
is a privilege. It was as a private
that I enlisted as a soldier on the first l
indication of approaching wars. It is
true that the partiality of my com
rades, which has followed me from that
hour to this, did not permit me to
serve in that honorable and sell-sacra- I
ficing position. But, Mr. President,
through all the vicissitudes of war,
amidst its lights and its shadows, its
glories and its gloom, I never lost)
sight for one hour of myobligations tor
the private soldiers. From first to l
last, in all those years of aiteraate
victory and defeat, of hope and de
s.air, my hear: was ever paying its
spontaneous tributes to the matchless
fortitude of that intrepid band, who,
shoeless, half clad and hungry, mai e '
ed on foot, suffered on picket and
bravely defied the battle's carnage
and from the beginning to the end of
that struggle witnout one murmur of
discontent Sir, if I had the powers
I would erect to the private soldier the
most splendid memorial that grati
tude could suggest, genious could
plan er money build. but I am too
poor for that. Or if I possessed the
needed gift of speech, I would leave
upon record a tribute worthy of them,
and such as my own convictious and
emotions prompt; but my words are
too feeble for that. There is one
thing, however, which I can do. I
can Jay at their feet the commissions
which they won for me in war and the
honors with which they have crown
ed my life in peace. I can promptly,I
as I shall proudly, take my dlace in
their now thinned and rapidly dissolv
-Mr. President, in these closing
hours of my long Fervice as com
manding general I must ask the con
vention's indulgence fora brief review
of that official relation and possibly
for some suggestions as to the future.
"On the 10th day of June, 1889, eight
years ago, while serving as Governor
of my native State, I received from
N-e-roeamrw te-W-Oy et
announcement of my election as
commander-in-chief of the newly or
ganized United Confederate Veterans.
This new communion of ex soldiers
began its somewhat unpromising
career with the modest number of but
ten organiz itions, united for peaceful!
and noble ends. To day it presents
the proud array of more than a thou
sand camps answering the roll call
and reflecting merited honors uoon'
the different commanders and espec
ially upon our able- adjutant general.
In the next few hours I shall turn
over to my successor this army of
more than a thousand organiz'itions
rapidly advancing toward the second
"'I said, Mr. Preident, that I would
turn over an army. It is an army of
ex soldiers, of ex Confederate soldiers,
of ex-fighting .Canfederate soldiers,
~at whose prowess and end urarce en
lightened Christendom stood in brenath
less amazement. It is an army still,
Mr. President, but an army for the
bloody work of war no longer. Its
banners no longer bear the flimimg im
signia of battle. Its weapons no longer
flash defiance to the foe nor deal death
to opposing ranks. Its weapons are
now the pen without malice, the
tongue without aspersion and history
without misrepresentation. Its aims
- are peaceeful, philanthropic and
broadly patriotic. Its sentiment is
lofty, generous and j ast. Its missi n
is to relieve the suffering of the liv
ing, cherish the memory of the dead
and to shield from reproach the fair
name of all. This now mighty or
ganization, while insisting upon comn
plete historical justice to the South,
will scorn to do less than complete
justice to the North. Proud of the
South's chivalry in defending the
rights of the States, they honor the
heroism of the North in defend iog the
perpetuity of the Union. Having
committe d the South's cause to the ar
bitramneut of battle, they loyallyv and
tnanfully stand by that tribuinafs ver
dict. Fighting and suffering for
their homes and rights as men hare
rarely fought andi suffered in the
world's history; exuibiting on a
.hundred fields and in a thousand
emergencies a heroism never e xce:Ld;
yielding from utter exhaustion and
only when their prostrate section was
bleeding at~every pore; failing after the
mcsL desperate defensive struggle in
human annals to establish their cher
ished Co~.federacy, these high souledi
sons of the South offer this record o&
devotion as the noblest pledge of their
fealty to freedom and of their re-ai
ness to defend the repu'li: of h
"My comrades of the Uni:.ed Con
federate Veterans, if the brief summto
ry fairly represents your sentinsemst
and your aims, then my cup of joy is
full indeed. I cannot doubt. I do
not doubt, that I ba re caught andj
correctly voiced the impulses and'
hopes of this most representative bo..dy
of Southern manhood. In the first
: ddress issued by me as your c am
muander I sought to embody your en
ti-entsaslIdid my own. L'et me reau.
a few more sentences from that ad
d~ess. After reciting the objects of
. he united Confederate Veterans as de
e'ared by your constitution, I sd:
'No misjudgments can defeat o-'r
eaceful purposes for the future.
\ ur aspirations have been lifted b
he mere forces and urgency ofs
Sunding conditions to a pla f
bove the paltry considerations ap
-san t'riumnkis. The honor o .
A merican repubic: the just power
me federal governrenCft; tne
.ights of the States; the integen o
w'e constitutional Union ; the sanLC
r ons of law and the enforceme: Go
rder, have no class of defenders more
-'he t out st t rt:' veseCs
emr~s. Da: seu :r' :e grent tront?
that a peoLte vShou' the !;mrOrie^s O'
me'- c su &e'ri ar d sCiices are a
i)"cole witho i-'' to'ry.
-To ccers sch i.nories snd re
Ca' l schi a 40. ':t-remnm
wi'h sjcces -Le rcrat-i in defeat,
is to ideafz .iiple and strer t e["
c"'aQter, ii' c oe t cot'u"
a: dI converdeat.t and disaster iut)
"i?"r is ot for f uture man!. hcod
ia S 1S :.i Z.,a noble ,tr suh ood. Whether t
souto- rat jrple un~dEr thewir chlan"eca
ccndi.tiongnay e er hotpe to vtnees
aother eiilization! w hi shall e q l
that wvi~cl begat wiih their Ge "r
Washivntyn a.d ended with ther
Ire. it is certainly true trat d-votion
to their glorious past is rot only the
surest gusenty of future proess- e
holiest bond of unity, but is also the
stron'ess clsim they c' present to
the confiderce and respect of thie other
sections nf the Uaion
'-Spesking then of your organiz3
tion, I aid:
-Ti is political in no sense except
so far as the word ' political" is a
synonym of the word "patriotic." It
is a brotherhood over which the gent
ous of pbilanthropy and patriotism, of
truth and of justice will preside. Of
philanthropy because it will saccar
the disabled, help the needy, stre'gth
en the weak and cheer the dicmso
late; of patriotism. bccause it wil
cherish the oast glories of the dead
C.afederscy, and transmute them ito
inspirations for futaire s-rv"ces t) tie,
living republie: of truth, because it
will seek to gather and preserve un
itrpeacbable facts as witnesses for his
tory ; of justice, becruse it will cuim
rate national as well as southern fra-!
:ernity, and will condemu nearrcowv #
mindedness and prejudice and passion,
and cultivate that broader. higher,
nobler sentiment which wculd write
on the grave of every soldier who fell
on either side.
"Here lies an Aneriian hero, a
martyr to the right as his conscience
"Mt' comra'es, how can I doubt
oar sympathy and approval. when
this analysis of your creed you have
supported me for so great a period and
with such unparalleled unanimity?
guided by my own convictions of dau
,y to you and to our whole country. I
ave not hesitated to proclaim on all
proper occasions in public and private,
n the political hustinas and the fl)or
he Senate, at the north and the south
md among the English speaking peo
le beyond the Atlantic-everywhere,
repeat, I have orcelaimed that tne
:ightnood won by the Confederate
oldier in war would never be lost or
varnished in peace by narrow bigotry
>r any lack of a noble magnanimity.
"Mr. President, as long as the
cuth's flag could be held aloft in the
smoke and storm of battle, no man
oilowed it, I think, more loyally or
Lovingly than myself,and the jadge of
dl hearts is my witness that I would
.reely have given for its triumph the
Last drop of blood in these remns No
nan is more loyal now to the hallow.
!d memories than are embalmed with
t, but when that 1 g went down at
appomattov. whe'n.the f .e of war.
nae-it ce-tain that this country was
o remain one, with one flag and one
lestiny, I turned my thoughts and
tabors to the upbuilding of that one
ountry which was bq ieathad to all
be sections by the fathers. From the t
rorning at Appamattox to this hour
n Nashville it has been my highest
olitical ambition to be an humble
nstrument in the restoration of fra
ernity an!d unity to the once divided
ad embittered sections, upon a basis
:orsistent with the honor and man
ood of all.
"I trust, my comrades,that you will
egard these personal allusions as at
east pardonable, although they may~
ot be essential to a clear understand-A
ig of my stewardship. You will also
>ermit me to recall in this connection
he indisputable fact that for thirtyI
ears southern leaders have stoo<! in
he forefront of the country's peace
nakers. It was Ben Hill, of Georgia,
who, in that mssterful defense of his
eople on the floor of Corgress, cal i
d the nation to witness that 'south 'sj
ons were in their father's house andl
hmr to stay,' It was my long cher
sed friend, Mississippi's illustrious1
on, the matchless Lamar, wbo utter-I
d in that same hall the inspired
ords, 'My countrymen know eachI
ther and you will love each other
hese noble words from a southern
eader caught the nation's ear and
triled the nation's heart. It was
ery W. Grady who, in the very
recinci of Piymou-.n R:ck and ink
ight of Bunker Hill, proclaimed thatj
~vangel of peace that rang in every~
ome thoughout the land. Anad.
r. President,- and Comrades,
le proudest hour in my owr
ublic lire was that in which
: was able to pledge to the dis
ubd comm'~unities of the north thy
oal hearts and straing ar~ns of the~
outh for the enforcemient of law and
rder. It was in that dreadful hourj
when your sist r city of the wvest was
breatened with riot, torch and blood;
hen mob violence ruled in herj
treets; when laws were trampled an
ivil authority defied; when ia:e
were spreadin~g amidst her d wellices
aben panic and dismay ti-led Chi ai
go's homes, atnd when no man ou l
redict the nex scene inte drama
t was in tnt hour and on the tiyr of;
the Senate that I was able to pledg'
outhern sympathy and aid and to de
are that u.o man in this lCaion were
nore loy al to law and to public liber
y as conserve d by law; none mo-re
eady to defend the authorty of the
! neal governmfenit, its hoaorit
l.: an d its f-: ,'3 th a n the ne roLe
ewiats ofths inmorta arme
:ustoi. Be "n d or Jb
huart mad Bdy 'rrt i
"Mv comradu the ecoes cm and
ame g aickiy fro-n all over theC la.d.:
ad no sweeter solace~ couldi came to
ny spirit thian that which wasbrgu
y the responses fro0n north and souti'
"a. cocl.usin r ce,mrrades, lo
e hope that theC wimi e)L -VatS2n,
.me spirit of mw iiywi~ sa
couirae, w'ti mr': your ea'ne-r in
ie futueas they .ave in t'c past
- e ter emo ab e occasion w ten
pekig s souter r-pre~entative,
sa . i susta c nos no e
s i1C~ n.o d iant wen eer
wt eret >3aizev thet mou, e
vthat sook hic amau a s the rans
tbtsop(i~maasliladthun:dered art-und iner heights of Gt
tvsbure: every ratrio-i pray er or
U'set hvenard fr om tr.fe rth !
south: enry thmb: of a.^ :i:h; i C:
triotic wossi~e tri: every bu:i
tear on .vn's every te: r
m.inistrationL by her loing ds a
t'he d fl i rsoldier'.- side - dl. a: w e. t
contribnicons for the up bui:diert o~
Ame-en anhod.for t;-,- fuime.C
defe: s~ of A r
POLITICS IN 1 HE -.NATE.
The Lnte D in cran'e P-r:den tal Cemtdl.
In ciscassin tIe tar :'. il in te
Uoitid States Sanate on Wed rtsd3y
Mr. Hoar oointed cut that thee was
not a mjort in the itnate favorable
t-) that dctrine of p:otectioa s:orort
ed by the Republican party. It be
came necessary threfore. to secare the
co-operation of those who had support
ed a man for the Presidency who, if
elec:ed. was oledged to v. to a tarilf
ill. Mr. iHar said Mr. Bryan's
record in the House of irenresentatives
would throw some light on the sub
j--et. "He was supported by nearly
all the free traders in the country.' 'ad
ed Mr. Hoar, "and. if the party did
not ple')zv. nim.he p:e(ied the ariv
Mr. Len said the statement of Mr.
hoar as t"3 the Siver candidate for the
Presidenc snoulid not go ur chall
'd.Thre was nothing in wh aM
L.an hid slid j istif -i a ass r .
tnt he would hay' setd a arti .
If it had been a bill of conthc1tion,
dou.btl ss he would have vetoed it.
Mr. Hoar brought f: ,ard c nies ^f
th R-c:rd, shoving Mr. Bryau's
course on the tar il- He had voted in
the H.use to put wool on the free list;
he bad carried out in triumph Mr.
Wilson, who had denounced protec
tion as robbery; he had himsolf de
noi .ed protection as robbery. "I
have a zod dial of resp-ct for Mr.1
Bryan" continued Mr. Hoar. "His
character has inpressed me very fa
vorably. and I have never j iced in
criticis.u upon him: but if he would
not veto a tariff biii for such utter
ances, I would not have much respect
Mr. Stewart of N vada thouzht
thse criticisms of Mr. Brva'2 were
most unfair. "For," said the S-nator,t
"an exanination of Mr. McKney's
record would shoe him to have voted
for the free and u-2limited coinage of
silver." Mr. Stewart stated that dur
ig the consideration of the Bland
Allison Act Mr. McKinley had voted
at every stave "with the most radi;l
silver men." E yen as late as 189) Mr.,
McKinley had made a speech at To~e
do, denouncing Mr. Cleveland for dis
criminating between the two metais.
Mr. Stewart caused a laug, as he
closed, by saying very earnesly that
it was "no use to criticise Bryan, as
he's going to be the next President."
Mr. Teller reported to tbe statements
c )ncerning Mr. Bryan. Tae latter's
vote for free wool would not j istify
the assertion o the Massactiuse:?
Senator that Bran would veto a tar: if
ig :e uv might approve it as a reve
Mr. Hoar interjected the remark
that he had intended to stir up Sena
tors, but had merely pointed out that
at present the friends of the tariff bill
were com'peed to secure the co-opera
tion of senators who voted for a free I
trade undidate and would probably!
vt W' -- that crd idate again.
Mr. Tei e-, cetnuinz, declared
hat the Mass.a 'sett Senator had
dragged ina pliue.' question for the
evident purpose & Mllenging the
positon of certain Seisators. As for
himself. he wanted th~s bill passed.
He did not belie' e it wou.:i bring the
relief exoec'e.e He was iere to see
that a decent biil was et acted. Hie
was not here to delay, for i' there w'as
any relief it should came quicklv. BMt
if the Massachu-etts Sen'atr desired
to bring in politic il q iestions. Mr.
Teller gave notice that taere would be
a Lull reply.
kRun by Women.
The state of B-sjek>vschtschina, in
R ssia is probably the only place in the
world that is entirely run by women.
says the London Firefly. This slate
is'made up of seven villages, each
presided ever by a mayoress, the
whole un ler Lhe superintendence of a
lady namecd i'aschka, who acts as
president There are women mnagis
trates, women preachers, women pa
licemen-in fact, every capacity icn the
state is filled by women. The roads
are made by women, and women sell
milg and delhver letters. If you want
to bring an action against your neigh
bor, in this state you go to a woman
ayer, and if there is anythine in
your hcuse to be stoleo, then a barg
Jar of the weakcr sex steals it. No
lace of any ituportance is filled by a
inn The state of affairs has been~
br'u::ht about by an epid~nic which
oc'rred in 1881,. and during woien
t'.e rnen~ of the state behas ed so badly~
as tore ae the population to starva
tion Sice then t'he women lav
take-n the state in hand and made i
A Ocose story.
The Seartanburg Herald. of Wed
nesday, says "ME. J. L. Oeliltree, who~
iv ts on Jennings street, in this cihy.
nserday gave Mr. George Avant a
miost interesiing g~ose story. wmiea is
absolutely true. Tuie facts of the case
re that yesterday Mr. Oahiltr&&
peple killed a Large, fat goose. a~d i
p~reparig it for cooking, found in
sizard 17 saali naus, about hali e
ica long. Tney mauu have been
there fo' so ine time. for they wer
rorn by he gr't and pebbles in a~
.:os '-gzzd. I' these nails hu
lybeen dii'ns or acid coiIn
stlsorv wo\ h've createdU mu
Sa~ siu~a on is a recent N:it Yor<
n sto" 'a whiehi t so G>ran .gi-a
oud a large donood in a de
:erald re.'rtr had the- oportunuiy of
s-eng the 'a' s and thecy certainly
e~vienace sigos of having been well
We" IS wo rrit-d1.
A Wanicetou s-ea o h ~t
P1a-' W*orv i i m 'a ".iofmi
justce. :-nmcust r
ppoitmnents "il -e m- a e
te adj u- ne' of'- e- - . T
.u e mde soasIthtee
seved by the depart-ment 'apr'
detal odices whecre no carges are
A PIAY 1U OtR DERE1 ni
THE 3TATE EXECUTtVE COMMITTEE
1:: iiwr Foriy C' unt& s--Cam ptu 7.eetingrs
to b-3 Held in Every County- (chdule
i ill b! --Pr. p.r( d by a ' p cial C'm
T tate executi-C nomiLtee nwet
T u i.ight in Coiiimbia and or
d(r.: a primary for Lnite States sen
str ad a pritary- in the Sixth con
:r ssional di;trict to til the vacancy
x:Siing here. After azreeing up;:
h iimary, the committee decided
p a t:e csmpaign with meeti::gs
in each of the 4t) counties of the State.
i:e schedule of which will be arranged
y a social cammtee.
T:e me+ inn was rat r fully at
t ad. Present were the fo!lowimr
members of the committee: J. Y.
Jones, Abberille; W. A. Neal, An
derson:S. G Mavield. Barnwell: T.
J. Cunninghan, Cester: D. J. Brad
.ham, Clare'ndor ; J. N. Parrott. Dar
ing2ton W. H . Timmerman, Edge
field; W. J. Jo nson, Fairfield; . B.
ae'-weeney. Hampton: J. A. McDer
ott, Horr: C. \Vinkler, Ker
shwa- ;V. E O rit:zs. Laurens: C. M.
J. L-xington: J. ). Montgomery.
.4rion: W. D. E ans, a ribor;: J.
A. S.igh, Ne. sberry 0 IO Lo' man.
)a:n'eb : T. . 1 abinsn . Pickres:
-1 d n :ts. 'iL1^: :d; S nopardi
Nash, a.mt'r;) Fial-y, Tock; T.
D~: ' Bi~n er ua..
St Chairman Tonnis annonn
E d that the meeting had been called to
cetermine wnether or not a primary
h d behd to nomina e a United
Mr. 0. R Liwma.?n said to test
wht: her a primary should be ordered
or not. he would move that a primary
for UniLed S:ates senator should be
held on Aug. 31.
Mr. Parrott, for reasons unex oressed,
bit whica would be seen later, said he
t:ought the primary should not be
Mr. Winkler said unless Mr. Par
r.tt could point out good and valid
reasons. he tiiou ht the committee
sould not depart from the time-hon
ord csto:n-of the Denocratic narty.
Mr. Parrott, in arsver to Mr. Winik
Lr, s:id the people were tired of so
many ehe:ions and managers were
get:iug tired of st-rving and would
not serve without pay.
Dr. Timmerman said that though
the rules were not maendatory in this
case yet it had came to be uncterstood
that a primary would be ordered. It
would be a labor of love for the man
agers to serve, and if any were so pe
nurious and hidebound as to be un
willing to serve, there were others
who would gladly perform the duty.
He thought the committee should or
der the nrimary.
Mr. Parrott, in reply to Dr. Tim
merman, feelingly asked had it come
to this, thst those unwilling to serve
for n-thirg were termed hidebound?
Tae prinary, he went on to say, was
"r. m1,ta nson the loo-'=.sa. Which
wse^:s here next winter.
Lieutenant Governor McSweenev
was surprised to hear any oojection
raised to the holding of a primary.
"I am in favor of a primary for sena
tor now and I am in favor of a prim
ary from governor down to coroner "
The people, he said, were not tb'c ones
raising the hue and cry .obu tflese
primaries. Th~ey favoreli thern and
should be given a rig it to express
their choice for their etli~ers
Mr. S. G. Mayield said that until
yesterday evening he dId not know
Lhere was any oppotion to ordering
a primary. As one who proposed to
enter that primary for the United
S:tes senate he y as willing to abide
the result and h' knew every man
who entered would feel in honor
ound by the primary. It was not
binding, but the candidates would so
consider it. He favored the priamary
ad a campaign meeting in each of the
Mr. J. WV. Moatgomery said he dis
agreed wita th~ose w an said the peopie
were demanding the primary. They
were sicer and tired ct campaigns of
crmination and recriminatuon and of
elections year in and year out. Man
agers were not so patriotic as to ser ce
for nothing and the expense would be
enormous. The people were not so
much interested ini who represented
them in the United States senate. Ua
der the Republican administration a
senator would do nothing more than
drasv his pay. The choice would be
made by the people of the towns, for
the couutry people would not turn out
and vote and it would be better not
to have a primary.
Col. W. A Neal wa's surprised that
any one. in face of the rules of the
Dmocratic party would advocate that
a pri:nary b- no- ed
vas as much obl uon on the execu
ve c~lmtieto' order~ a primt-ary to
i1 this vac-nce as th-re gras to raake
the urst nomi~:mtion luet yrar. He
exected Lo ' s~ - -argst vote in this
:rmary la1 t;eny he tate.
Tne ~questio-n be~ culed for, M..
L->.mar-'s m-oton tot a primiary for
Uited State's senator be held on Aug.
31 was carried by an almaost ntaeL
A motion by Mr. E rd that asee
nd primary, if necsary, sbou-ld be
lIeion Sept. 11 was adopted
Mi. L nman ci :red a s 'e 'u-fo
the cruaty metis wih wa the
mea-s that of 1a't1
ttr. E. 1Lt said that it woud o3 out
of the gestion for' the- people inte
u-per part of the Riae to attentd thes
me- tinxts this early i~n the ~ s-a
l'he ea~npai-gn she - d o' s~trteda vhe
l'ur part o h aelet
Colonel Neal ur't -td against c-n
*i~i th s1 ei i~s cutir-ey,
f r it could. not be S-i -aciom il do7e,
-e s-aid. HL thoudt a specia comn
:-te -Lou td be apointed to prepare
Mr.- Es agee i:h Colore'.
Nal. The sxh isrict. said he.
wated the campai-n to end there.
Col. Neal thn -ai a mnotion L-hat
a com'nittee of one fran eac.. culn
gresional dste. cbe appiointed. and
e- .0-rdt arrar-se a cudue
s'er e -ia1 said e limata h
Waie Jose, '-rn-n W .D
dida'e was required,. one ha' to ber
I n-ned to the defeated candidates.
A motioi by Mr. Evans that no
tate ase ent on ca:ddates in the
sixth congressional district be levied
-as adopted. The congressional can
didates will be assessed a Emall amount
b; etch coonty.
Mr. E:;d r:;c-ed that all cardidates
for the United States senoa e reuuest
Eel to file their piledees by 10 a. i. on
h i dv of the cama:in, ano
caid 'ates for cougre:s in the sixth
d istrc: be rneuested to fW thtir
pke ~-by 10 a. m. on July 13
r. Finley conuosed the motion, and
thou:ht it could no. be done, for it
Was in conflict with the party cmnsti
Ser much disc :csion it was found
that no rtion had been made for a
, rim: In the si:h distrh-t A mo
tion to the etfect that a primary be
:el orn A u.ust 31st was adopted, and
thei r. E rd's motion prevailed.
The rule o' the Democratic party as
to ph dges being tiled is as follows:
iy pledge of such candidate sball
b fi ed on or before the day of the
tirst campaign meeting of the county
or 8:aie respectively
Mr Winkler said that the commit
Itee a-s here arranging for an election
?for a successor to the late Senator
Earle. He therefore thought it emi
nently proper that a committee be ap
pointed to draft resolutions of respect
for the memory of that distinguished
gent an. Toe "notion :was unani
moe i" adopted, and thechairmtan ap
poict-i Messrs. 'ickier, May field
and MIrneney. The resolations
il 1e drafted and pubian.
The ex c;tive com nittee then ad
Th mnernb rs of the sixth congres
siona dis-rict met then and adopted
the fellowiog schedule of meetings
nor tha;?t distriet:
Clarendon County-July 13, 14 and
Williamsburgr-July 16 and 17.
FlorenIc-July 20, 21 and 22.
Darhrleton-July 23. 24, 26 and 27.
iarlboro-July 29 30 and 31.
Marlon-August 3 4, 5 and 6.
HIrry-August 11, 12 and 13.
PLAN OF CAMPAIGN.
Schidule Arranged for Meetinga in All
The committee appointed Tuesday
night by the Slate executive commit
tee to arrange a schedule for the sena
torial campaign met Wednesday
morning and accomplished its work.
The wish of the executive committee
was complied with as near as possible
as to the section of the State where
the campaign should begin and where
it should end. Members from the Pied
mont section did not want the cam
paign to open there as farm wore
would not be so near completed as in
the lo w country, while representatives
from the sixth congressional district
specially requested that the campaign
be allowed to end there. Accordingly,
in trying to satisfy all narties the first
meeting was fixed for Sumter on July
5 and the last one at Fiorence on Aug.
8. juis.. three days before the prim -
The following is the campaign as
arranged by the committee:
Sumter. Monday, July 5.
Monck's Corner, Tuesday. July G.
Charleston, Wednesday, July 7.
Walterboro, Tnursday, July S.
Beaufort, Saturday, July 10
Hampton. Monday, July 12.
Barn-rell, Tuesda y, Jumy 1:3
Aiken, We-inesday, July 14.
EligefieldJ. Thursday. July 15.
Saluda, Friday, July It;.
Lexington, Saturday, July 17.
Winusboro. Monday, July 19.
Calumbia, Tuesday, July 20.
Osangeburz, Wednesday, July 21.
D ]Jrchester. Thursday, July 22.
Bambergz, Friday, J oly 23.
Union, Monday, July 26.
Soartanburg, Tuesday. July 27.
ICherokee, Thursday, July 29.
Greenville. Friday, July 30.
Pickens, Saturday, Juiy 31.
Oecnee, Monday, A ag. 2.
Anderson, Wednesday, Aug. 4
Greenwood, Thursday, Aug. 5.
Aobeville, Friday, Aug. b.
Lturens, Sturday, Aug. 7.
New berry. Monday, Au 9.
(Thester, Wednesday, Aug. it.
York. Thu-sday, Auag. 12.
L incaster. Firiday, A.ut. 1:3.
2irershaw, Saturday, Aug. 14.
Chesterfield, Mondoay, Aug. 16.
Mariboro, Wednesdayv, Aug. iS.
Darlington, Tnursday, Aus. 19.
Marion ,Saturday. Ag. 21.
Gn~rgetovn, Weeday, Auc. 25.
Wifiamsburo, Thursday. Aug. 26.
Manning, Friday. Aug. 27.
Fiorence, Saturdsy, Auag. 2S.
Wa'nts to Return a Watch.
A former Federal soldier who de
sires to return a silver watch to the
fam! of the dead "Johnnie Rleh"
mrom whom he took it. writes to, Ad
juiat and Inspector General Wat
for linforation as :ol1ws
Palaadelp'hia, Pa. June 11, 19~7.
Daar S-ir: I have in my p'sst ssion
a silver watch that I took fcom the
booy of L eutenanit Vand 'ver-I tin k
that is the name, or somethng lik - it
L '-utenan Vandi-re:- . a member
or the Second S.)uta Carolina regi
t'an you inform me from *w st to.'n
~in Siuth Caroiahe en lieted ?if I
e jul. learn that. I mi-h 'ealet
learn of his famirly through the locu1
Co. .. 29.h PN. Vois., P?il.delhia
RUm xii7, OLI Feilm~ Tr-mple
A Terrile Des.? .
AtL::ne bbrr,. Va , WEter S:e i'.
anl ae onani, tet Wi~h a terrible death
l'nme m-sion ook nhie* froim c:nidAt
lrecrowd wa prem' i. Tere a
:nuch~ commrent ber 'e the b'iloon
wa I--' louse on th da' ger of aking
ieu the blloo shtup e a
asth 01oon proper got abu -" :
moi'r itdst in a -hareta dr
dr -rej, dai: by th- r
d aca im theupp r .. aso
mi3tee on.appropria'u- 1s, co:ninJs a
;rovmon aprp .:n $5oij: for thL
wi dov of the 1ate -'enator Earle of
LIVELIEST C?!J.!AGE CF SESSION
CN WOOL SCHEDULE.
Senatcrs Fora>,r And Allison sw Mach
Feel:iu-The First E'dence of Serons
Iepublic&an 1) erement-teeater Car
ter Takes a Har-d.
An excitint debate mak d the ccn
fideration of the wool sce dule in th
United Stairs S-rate on Tueedar. It
develoor-d the iirst eioeu d-sagreement
on the Republicac side of th' ciam
Der and hd to a warm 4 "r'onal ex
change between Sators 'rter of
Montana and Fordec-r of O io. on the
one hand and M . Allison of Iowa. in
charge of the bill, on the er. Asice
from this stormy icte rrution, fair
progress was made on the schedule.
The duty on :irst class wool was
agreed to at 10 cents per pound and
on second-class wool 1i cents, which
is between the house and senate rates
in each case. The rates on third -:lass
wools went over most of the other
amendments relating to .he cla.ssfica
tion of wools. On one of the amend
ments Mr. Jones of Ark.nsas spoke
against the entire schedule as sever'ely
oppressive on the couumers of wool
As soon as the wooi schedu:le was
taken gup Mr. M'nIte of Montana seib
mif tLd a substiute for paragraphs :3
to 361. i:clusive. everiug the three
classes of woeol at.nd tie rates thereon.
Mr. McLaurin of South Carolina
gave rotice of a farther amendr;:ent
providing a horizontal reduction of
:33 per e nt on the rates repor:ed by
The p .raraphs were then conslder
ed as reported, beinz agreed to on the
provisions relating to the classes of
wool up to parargraph 355 02 the
latter paragraph, the comini:tcc
amnendments were struck out at the
request of Mr. Aliaon. They refer)
red to skirted wools impred in 183
and prior thereto.
This brought the senate to tha rates
on the three classes of wool. Oz the
first class the house rate was 11 cents
per pound, a committee rate of S cents
per pound. Mr. Allison moved to
substitute 10 cents per pound. Oa
sec ;nd class wool the house rate was
12 cenis. Mr. Allison moved to sub
stitate 9 cents per pound.
Mr. Mills of Texas demartdcd a sep
arate vote on each proposition, and
the first vote was taken on Mr. Alli
son's motion to make the rate 10 cents
per pound on first class wool. There
was some auestion as to the form of
the motion, whether it should be to
reduce the house rate from 11 to 10
cents or increase the comem;ttee rate
from S to 10 cents. The former was
the form of the motion which being a
reduction secured an utuexpectedly
heavy atliemative vote. The motion
to reduce from 11 to 10 cents prevail
ed, yeas 55, nays 13. The announc. -
ment was the signal for an unexoect
ed outburst on the Republican side of
Mr. Carter tRep) of Montra arm e
and speaking deliboratel; and i ipres
sively, said the vote just given dis
closed a purouse to make reductions
in the rates on wool. There would be
a day of reckoning for such action.
In view of what had been done, hes
asked that the consideration of the
wool schedue be now susoerded.
This declaration, coming from a Rh
publican senator, caused a mild sensa
tion, which was but the prelude to a
dramratic ecene in which M~r. Foraker
and Mr. Allison, representing the fi
nance committee, participated.
Mr. Carter alluded to a 'combina.
tion" to reduce rates, which, he said,
would hear more aocut the matter be
ore the agreement wass reached.
Mr. Foraker, with great posiuveness
in his tones, said he had supposed
there was an agreement as to the man
ner of dealing with this wool sched
ule. Unless tuis agre'-ment was res
poted then, declared Mr. Foraker re
h miently, everyv senator must act for
"Every senator appears to have act
ed for himseif," aosawered Mr. Alin
"This senator h-as." aadeudMr. x
aker, dediantly. He adde'd that tere
was an agreement in writing and not
until be had entered the chamboer to
day did he knoiv of the chang--s which
"And I doot poropose, cor cluded
Mr. Forsker, with enry "to be
nound. by any su~h actio.
Mr. Alliso' tll preservig' h's ouat
ward calm, said thre wso writ.en
agreement that he knew of, and 'e
wished to resent, in mi'd terms he
said, th ggston of a cotabination,
that had be::-n -- by th eaor
from' Monta-na 'T'''e- mendmmsn
.heorgial e-me"'e I 's on* .tr
Mr.A~ F -rar ac:d.d:oe--ii
*':" to paser~~
and~ that the enat' 'is10 no a'~ goo pac
retorted Mr.~ Foakr ir -' - I
of a.' aob~f bej o dkn n-r
d a postpon ent of a- aag
it uaO vote o i - and ' 9o nt 10i to
be chargd, as~ a mmb-e-r fth ianc
com::d-?ee, dc.'"ak~y or idre ~i
to1 Mr. A-i2u "I Jb1y sexi
f rme (9 1:> , n
10 atnd a MT.
could read *-a Lcoui be d- m
an areemenWt on est inf 0tre
t e wnni ehodun
atee..mz Lad tb&ti 'ci ~
Tie -~v~.n'i s-~uator ~ai ucwft
who ~lih Mr -' rn-un ~v~es
tnana~emeD' of ~ rere v
~nnd deckire'~ ~ ' i3ce c)ir~">t
tee had ne,.. ~ ~ ~ proro~:
of itj insisteu N~ ~ra~r *ani to
~na~ h~e f nrzttt~-r :t I ca'~r~ d it
o th~- con 'rii't~ room, a c~ L~e ~
rim-c l.'~at?) wrote ~t c~ ~
a cite p~'~il in trv~ coo cf t'~ v r
o~ii T L ~cator rom iO~rn ~Nj' A 1
i-c) ~'*~ wrote it in ru cop.
~ clrcflLsLaltlal detaj of ~r Fora
~a4e'~'ent. Lie added i~a~ some
twcuv s~nators were present at itie
Thus renriinded Nir. Platt said he
would zmxiify his statement. There
was a m~ting at which certain sug
gestions were presented ~s to what
was wanted. but these were not assert
'or Li; " (Rep) of Maine now ert*
Iercd U e tr.eoate :tS a p~~rtce aiAi-:er. Lie
su~-cIest2d that the s.~nators were not
s~'. v~r'~ f~r anart. and cerhans -xith a
~e ?e all ~~trf~etces COuLd be ad.
ist~ '1 r'c~ united action s~c.tred.
~ po~ared to nieet with. ~eoerai
~pprcvtiL and Mr. Cart~r thoreunon
~.s~eu tha par~raphs 37u and 37~ iii
rve cot-er?ng carpet wocis, ~o
r A'' on assnnt'?d, and it seemed
is o ti tie storm nil piased
M \ e~ Mitsriri ~na Mr. Telier
of .. o1o~ado. -to we7cr. obj!ct.zd to the
~o~tpo~ement. Mr. Mantle asserted
..e b 1 ~o be ~ of Icop holes and
Mr. Allisor. then offered an amend
ment rEd airing scourel wool of the
thi~d '~a~s to pa~ three ti'nes the duty
of unscoured wool of that c:aes.
After a rather exi~t2ed di~bate the
amendment was adopted.
Whrn vara~raph 357. relating to
me rc.te on third class wool, was
reached. the bill was laid aside.
A SLANDER REFUTED.
W. J. Bryan Deteided Agsin~t a Base
Immediately aster prayer in the
United S ates Senate Wednesday
morning Mr. Allen of Nebrssks arose
to a qt1~tion of personal pri~i1ege in
connection with the conduct of the
last cimpaign. There was much in
terest in the statement. as Mr. Allen
t~as chairman of the Pooulistic na
tioral canv~ntjOn. Mr. Allen read a
published prrSs dispatch from Newis
zoo. Me., ~tatin~ that Prof. L C. Bate.
man, car- didate of the Peoiil&.~ party
c~f Maine for Governor last year, was
cut in an aztacl~ ca W. J Bryan, to
r~~8 eff ct hv Mr Bryan's gift of
* *? a a~ wi *h~ distncz under
stan~~ : ug ~fl~it no a"~on agazns fusion
~i cuLt be ?3j~ n by me Poiiuiistic na
iona~ Coi~v~-iition ~?r Allen ~nade a
~ ~ '~ n'~l H~ said Mr. Bryan
ia-at o'-te~mined tod'vide tue r'vvalties
n nn~ book ar' in cecia~ so be a].
The draft was ~nt '0 Mr. Allen, but
the chatrman of 'ne P~1Dult5t1C nation
al ccn~mittee nator~atier of Norh
(~tro:tca) ec ~ to acceot it.
Thereupon, a* t'~e str~o~estion of Mr.
Bryon, Mr. k 1-'r nv a ed the amount
to be used in n-~ interest of bitnetal
1is~n. Mr. A len cec'ared ihat tao
statement that an agreement t~zis~ed
as to fusion .a connectIon wit-ia the
"-t' w'~s an aosotueand unquc mad
'a's hood Ther~ nad n&er b~en,
ne cec~0i an ~ttemnt to fus~ the
nart'~, ei~h~ r-amonsl
Nir ~\i1en a~~o sp~cnn-~a1iy ~r.~ed LhC
~tvemAr~z 'ha- M~- B:en ~ur~ed n-As
(A-len name to r~ i ~t a enci-C to
tricl-ier o~ '~tca on jq b a
to'c -~ed wu4a a -"'-'ra r'-'i'eti Ar.
Br~-an and an -rrai-~ament of Prc'~.
13,t.-rinau. \~i- Ba *'~ stated brie:ly
dint the ctf-r was n.acie to him, ~uz he
felt ioaoeii~n t-~ ~a~ne it. Lie ap
prcvea .ar. ?r~an JOttVe, hut fet
ihot the scc20-ance m:ght be open to
mtsconstruC '0' Tne uffer had been
rmcd-:. he so '-?c-a~ any conditisia,
'?xor&stn or *ciap:m-C.
LuP- (1 on Free ~i1r~r.
~ Tc'ra D -nac ~ iuae cor.ven
ztcu t.c~-aurneti c-ar- ~ ~.dnc~~day even
- -niu 'ed
i arr. '~-~-~-- 'ma a tie
n-~ ~re a &'~
*J-~Lr~. au-c to a~ee on ce "vt*
'-'-r'---'-s Ia -.
I j ~ -b.. I ~ be
oc. . --- (7'~ '-~ O~1--V urc~r -be
a~ 1) a at \Xac...i LtiS O~
(.t~i ~ .. II ~ WS~ spV lii the
-, c. nv -man the ~
t- <-u aackr 00 a~er
tin c A. 7 - w~i-~. o~.
~'~cs (xeiier' J L
a-"- r~ v~ ~reU yxc5
~. de'o-'-~cd Ba se
c s er fiic s woa. ~
1 Q~ *'~ I I
tic '~oOaerv un ~'- -
FiN1u WATTS GUILTY.
VER 'CT OF THE MILITARY COURT
it R ecommends that the Governor Repr -
mand General Watts and that Fishburne
be Di~ned fr"-. he Service and Dun
nizr 1be Ecprm anded.
After a session of ,ix days and the
examnination of fifty-four witnesses the
court of iuairy charged with investi
cation of the College campus trouble
reported its findings to Governor El
erbe on Thursday. In its finding the
To Uis Excellen y, V. H. Ellerbe,
Governor acd Commander-in-Chief.
Sir: In obedience to your special
order dated June 7th, 1897, a court of
iro-airy appointed by you "to examine
into conduct of all officers and men
connected with the disturbance which
occurred on the grounds in charge of
the South Carolina college at Colum
bia, Friday, May 1897." the said court
convened at the State House at Colum
bia at 12 m., on the day named. "A
thorough investigation of the affair
and its causes" was instituted fcr three
days, during which 40 witnesses were
exanined. Tbe testimony of these
witnesses was taken down by a com
petent stenographer and covered,
wdea transcribed. 1S1 pages. This
tetimony is herewith forwarded for
the information of your excellency,
tcgether with the exhibits accompany
ing the same. On Jane12th the court
tock a recess until Tuesday, June 22d,
at 12 m. 1R convening on Wednes
day, June 231. On these two days 14
witnesses were examined; their testi
mony, covering 65 pages, is also for
warded herewith, together with an
itemized statement of expenses of the
court After a most thorough investiga
tion of the disturbance which occurred
upon the grounds in charge of the
S uth Carolina ccllege at Columbia,
Friday, May 28th, 1897, and its causes
we beg leave to report the following
findings of facts together with our
opinions and recommendations there
on: The review, inspection and drill
having been completed, the purposes
from which the troops had assembled
were accomplished. -
In the battalion dress parade which
was about to b3 held the adjutant and
inspector general did not have any
inherent right and could not take any
official part as no position or participa
tion ii this coremony is prescribed for
such an officer, and he could be pres
ent only by courtesy or by invitatiou
of the colonel commanding, and was
therefore, without authority to com
mand the troops.
In taking and retaining a position
amidst a crowd of turbulent students
at or near third base, thereby encroach
ing upon the lawful territory of the
baseball players and uselessly inter
fering wiLh their game, when ample
Vand suitable grounds were available
near by, General Watts showed seri
ouslack of judgement and disregard
for the rights of others - His ordering
the battalion forward for the purpose
of cea -Iag the field was an assump
tion of authcrity that was unwise, un
necessary and unwarranted.
.i3ce from the circumstance of the
case a trial by court martial could re
sult in nothing more than a recom
nen6a'ion to your excellency that the
matter be brought to the attention of
the g-eneral assembly; and, since we
ar n 'ot r-estricted to recommending a
cour: marti, but may say what other
act'ion is called for by the interests
of the ser vice, or is otherwise desirable
to be tagen," we respectfully recomn
mand that your excellency lay the
whole ma~ter before the general as
semnbly for such action (at its next ce*
ston) under Article XV of the Consi
tution of 1895, as that body may deem
We further recommend that the
governor and commander in-chief
pubi a general order reprimanding
lac ofjdgmn and disregard of
the rights of others on the occasion of
the disturance on the athleticegrounds
of th-e Su h Carolina college at Co
Jumbia on May 28th, A. D. 1897.
O0 curse, it is to be regretted that
Col. Jones failed to meation the fact
to General Watts that the written per
mission given for the use of these
oruns v-as for the 26th of May, and
"no: the 23th, and the further fact that
insi written permission the military
were requested to confine themselves
asmuch as possible to the eastern por
ti-on or the grounds.
F arthermore the colonel of the regi
mect, or its adjutant, in accordance
wit' sec~ion 668 of the infantry drill
regulaion, United States army, under
the head of "'Gener-al Rutles of Re
vie ws" sh .uld have designated specifi
call by a flag some place on the
groundI- as "tne post line," which said
po'-t eculd then have answered as a
convenienrt noint from which the ad
jtant general could have witnessed
the dress parade.
We further recommend that Private
Fishburne of the Richlandi Volunteer
Ril company be discharged from
the militar y service of the State, and
in sutenort" of said recommendation
w wo'PI call the attention of the
- overnor and to nmander-in-::hief to
nue ~ts:nony of said Fish burne, to
gehr with that of Capt. Frost, the
comnmandir g offier of said company,
wheu re called to the stand.
We further recommend that the
cntain of tue Rictland Volunteer
:i13 cozim.anv b@ directed to publish
anrder repri~manding Private Dun
eing~ o: sild c ampany for leaving the
ra~ w:nout vruin
We iae hehnor~O to'be very re
snee uir, y u ob:iet servants,
mas eeneal 1st Brigade and
J. \. Wardlaw,
"ol 3rdreet Infantry.
Heniry T. Thompson,
apinCo "," Fo'urth Regiment.
A1; .Reward Offered.
Asealto the Columbia State
corUion. S. C., says: '"A petition
assr.din U aion Wednesday af
unon for su:bcription to the reward
a1nd for .he appretinsion of the par
c' or. eartie who attempted to burn
I oe fe w days ago. In a short
ni-i at been raised. An
he p j~o is now circulating, re
estig te Gvernor to add $500
: or. u imaking $3,500 rewari.
Se e~ims re vey lnch in earnest
abas o is n me au1 are determined
a a:23 lno- to the bottom.
cae asini~ the petition to
-e:. The business men of
a ur dowu with $:200 to
chwea "pproachaed on the
abIserao:~.'n. Here is an op
for somne wide-awake detec