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3NOT A PROTECTIONIS" "
SENATOR M'LAURIN SPEAKS CUT
THE TARIFF DEBATE.
Denounoes the Pcesent miJ . s on
meaeure and Wll Try to Amentd it in
the Interes, of his State and Sec
Senator McLaurin made his :ira t
speech in the Senate a shor; ti
in reply to the charges made ia
him at home and elsewhere that he 's
a Protectionist. in the coulse of -:J
remarks he paid his respects to Sea
tors Vest and Mills, who recently
criticised him and other senators for
voting for a duty on lumber. rice and
cotton. He ?ad his manuscript before
him, but he did not have to refer to it,
as he was thoroughly equipped for the
occasion. His speech was hetened to
with marked attention on both sides
of the chamber, and even those who
differed with his conclusions admit
that he made a very strong argument
to show that free raw material is not
one of the cardinal principles of the
Democratic party. He said:
Mr. President: 1 desire to call the atten
tion of the Senator iu charge of this bill
to Paragraph 342. and in:ire why a dt:y
is imposed on jute bagging fcr coverin
cotton, while in another paragraph H l
ing twine is placed on the free list:
If such discrimination can he defen e
am certain that such defence woul1 he li:
tened to with very great attention. If sneh
a policy can be justitied by any rule c' na
tionallegislation its advocates shouldi asten
to make the disclosure. To ny mind it as
sumes the form of studied and pernicious
sectionalism; of a deliberate and preme-li
tated attempt to punish the :otton planter
of the South and tavor t.e grain crower "f
the North and West. In my opinion it ad
mits of no other construction. In fact. a
careful examination discloses the car .arks
of sectional advantage running all through
the provisions of the bill, whiich should be a
source of profound regret to every one inter
ested in the general welfare of o ur common
The South seeks no advantage and only
asks for equal rights under all national leg
islation. Sound policy, if nothing else,
should secure to us these rights, since con
tinued injuries to the South must. in the
near future, react on the balance of the
country. When I consider the evident un
fairress of this measure I must confess to a
feeling of alarm that the spirit of oppression
yet prevails, and that the South must con
tinue to subserve the greed and avarice of
NEW ENG.LAND ROBBEnS LrOSEn
This measure will doubtless pass and be
come a law. There is little hope of chang
ing many, if any, of its oppressive features.
Yet I desire to go on record as protesting
against sectionalism, and demanding justice
and equality for the industries of the South.
Going further into the details of the bil!
I find free binding twine for the Northern
farmer and taxed cotton ties and jute bag
ging for the Southern planter; protected
wheat and corn for the North and, until
recently, free cotton for the South. The
Senate committee attempted to protect the
Northern railroad tie industry and leave the
Southern tie industry to fight for itself. As
the bill came from the Houle there were
free hides for New England and taxed boots
and shoes for the balance of the country.
I find Northern linseed oil protected 20
cents per gallon and Southern cotton seed
oil but 4 cents per gallon. Maple sugar for
Vermont and the North is protected 4 cents
per pound, while the tar of Georgia and the
Carolinas is put on the free list. The turpen.
tine of the South is put on the free list,
while the maple syrup of the North is pro
tected by a duty of 4 cents per pound.
Northern hay is protected $:3 per ton. while
Southern oil is placed on the free list. Cot
ton waste is found on the free list, while
New England shoddy is protected 20) cents
I might continue this list of discrimina
tions to a greater length. I might take upi
the list of manufactured products and show
that certain grades manufactured in the
South are not protected in proportion to oth
er grades in similar lines manufactured at
the North. I might analyze the iron, coal
and other great industries and show how the
Eastern monopolists have arrranged their
intricate schedules to plunder the South. I
might point to the outcome of the recent
contest over railroad ties, rice and cotton
schedules as further evidence of the section
al animus of this bill.
If all the tricks and schemes of the New
England manufacturers and Eastern import
ers could be fully exposed the people would
be amazed at their extent and the cunning
manipulations which fixed them in that bill.
But I have already pointed out enough to
sustain my contention that this bill is framed
upon sectional lines, and is unjust and inju
rious to the South. Even in its provisions of
reciprocity with Hawaii the South bears the
burden, while the North, as usual, reaps the
benefit. I venture the assertion that 90 per
cent of the free imports from those islands
come in direct competition with Southern
industries, while 90) per cent of the exports~
to those islands are Northern products
OPPOSED TO A SEcTIONAL DtLL.
While I disclaim most positively any at
tempt to stir up sectional strife or sectional
animosities, I feel a sense of deep concern
over the sectional features of this measure.
Without intending to criticise anyone. or in
any manner assume superior knowledge, l
give it as a matter of personal opinion if
those who are opposing this bill had taken
time to thoroughly analyze its sectionai pro
visions, and fought it out on that issue as
Dersistently and intelligently as they now
are on other lines, the bill might have been
defeated, or a full measure of jumstice and
fair play secured. I believe that there are
those on the other side of this chamber who
would recognize these unfair conditions and
vote with us to correct the wrong.
Mr. President, in a speech upon this bill.
while under consideration at the other end
of the Capitol, I took occasion to disclose tne
result of sectionalism in previous tariff legis
lation, and the disclosures made at that time
have so far remained uncontradicte d. 1 gave
the facts and statistics concerning the differ
ent sections of the country with reference to
the decrease in wealth, the accumulation of
wealth, and the distribution of capital :and
wealth. In each and every instance the re
sult favored the manufacturing and money
lending States. I will quote the conclusions
given at that time.
Here followed an extract from Mr. McLat
rim's tariff speech in the House.
Mr. President, the more 1 examnined h
subject the more thoroughly I was impressed
with the belief that the people of the South
were being plundered, and that as a rtle we
were giving more attention to the propagan
da of a political theory than the materitd in
terests of our constituents. Ac e . .ron this
belief, I demanded of the conm-set of ways
and means an eaualization of the bcentt of
this measune between the North and theo
I asserted that if the policy of the mecas
ure prove beneficial, the South was sel :i
enough to want her proportion: if en tue
contrary, the bill should be detrimental, the
South was patriotic enough to stand its i-are
of disaster. That any event and at all times
we of the South demanded that all national
legislation should distribute its burdens and
benefits equally among all the sections and
all the people. The novelty of such a posi
tion was so great, and the spectacle so rare
for a Southern Rlepresentativie to muak such
demands, that I have been cali a rt
wANirs iFMR 'L.A~ e...
Mr. President, 1 ama not a l'rute.:tiona:
have never given a votei upot:t~
principle, or uttered a warl indfneo
that doctrine. I look upon thoderi-:
protection as indefensibe .ind p- :::
tor in building up and in'ti-n' r
and monopolies. Cer:ain nea w -i:e : N
North, instead of answern :y:.. ~ n
against protectton, have se ea d
me a Protectionist, bcae .: i
equality before the law. I a -
upon the tariff plank of the Chicap..
and base my actions entirely uren ia t
ings. My votes u~pon the *unrsu a'
rice schedules are in stritae:Iw~
doctrines of Demnocracsy. hyaegv
in defence of the rneotle vi'~ rrro et
and to compel the Rletublia pat
. titwant to say
. l:. r who may
r the welfare of
:r i. lm t of m y abili
1" earnely for the ma
ra :r -t: thei r nople. :he la1w' on
in:. c l ' s.1 , It '1.i T r:..
c" e: ofbe:::o r.. and ilhat;u ct.n
breatrned discord in the Die:::Leratic party.
I cn :is 1 lose resce and deree:ue all party
.li=ens:o 1 .nnot permt' scil impu:ta
IAs to renWai un.halln ge. 1 have sought
are: sly and earnestly to inform thyself
s'r :rtr. This suibjet, with a s.neere desire
to " e ri and act ;ntell'igently.
From all the tacts That I have been able to
_ater,1' esee.1t i-ed in making the aser
a: what is now known as the doctrine
free raw material nas never been an estab
_ei principle of Ie noenay. To prove
:"cnte:t I wip4eal tuti" past re
-d of the Demo'ratic party itself. I re
: :e ..idea o placing raw ttateri:l
fn the free lis:. whle the fnished product is
e",.e by \7ut is tot and never has
np... ei.. e .'f Democracy.
TS e 'a i' t.ri:1, h was pra tiially
n for.:e from 1",' to 1.61. did not provide
era del'e t':i'e of roee raw material. I
Wil n atuit t:at the rate of duty on certamn
protelts was very aw, but 1 contend that
the lrintcip'e of ree raw material was not
reconid ':n that bill.
Itn-T: r S-iLttS el E- F.
I have examined quite carefully the his
tory of lerislation since the war. especially
the -peeches and letters of the Hon. S. J.
Tilden. and find no mention of this "estab
nished princiole of Democracy" until March
:30. 142. (n that day the Hon. A. S. lie
wit:, then a member from New York, intro
duced the following resolution, upon which
he made an extended speech:
"Resolved. That the hill creating a tariff
commision be recommitted, with instructions
to the committee on ways and means to re
port within thirty days. or an earlier date, if
it be tracticable. a bill based upon the fol
'First. That all raw materisis, meaning
thereby all materials which have not been
subected to any process of manufacture, and
all waste products. meaning thereby all waste
materials which are only tit to be mianufac
tured, and all chemicals which are not pro
iueed in this country and alcohol for use in
manufacture. shall be placed upon the free
'"Second. That so far as possible specific
duties shall be substituted for ad valorem,
and that in determining such specific duties
the nverage dutiable value of imports during
the last three years shall be taken as the
s:andard of value. upon which no higher
rate of duty shall be imposed than shall be
necessary to compensate for the difference in
the cost of labor at home and abroad ex
pended in the production of such products,
after making due allowance for the expenses
of transportation, and that the rate of duty
shall not in any case, except on luxuries, ex
ceed '0 per cent of such average dutiable
The bill under consideration at that time
provided for a tariff commission. 1 have
examined the debates on this measure as
carefully as my time would admit, but failed
to discover that this resolution attracted
much attention, or was cordially endorsed by
Democratic speakers. Mr. Hewitt was
charged by the Republicans with selfish
motives, which the facts in the case appeared
1 will quote from a speech of Mr. Town
send, of Uhio. upon this subject: "Andi
right here, MIr. Chairman, let me emphasize
what I have said by refe: ring to the resolu'
tions which appear at the opening of the
speech of the gentleman from New I ork,
which deceare for free raw material. This
would include iron ore, and in the course of
his remarks he favors the free importation
ot scrap iron. ie would strike alblow at out
native ores, which constitute so large a part
of outr mineral productions. and drive out of
employment our puddlers by the free intro
duction of scratp iron. The manufactutrers
on the seaboard want free foreign ore, be
cause they need it to mix with the ores of
New Jersey, and if once they could bring it
in as ballast cheaper than they could get our
Lake Superior ore, the benefit, if any. would
be to manufacturers on the seaboard and
would not restult in a reduction of the price
of iron or steel. It would give an advant
age to those munfacturers at the expense of
their associat es, engaged in the samte trade,
further removed fronm the seaboa'rd."
When in addition to the above, it is known
that M1r. Ihewitt was a large manufacturer
of iron, the charge of selfishness appears not
altogether without foundation. I examined
the dily press of New York and fottnd
these resolutions mentioned as 'lHewitt's
tlan," and "Hewitt's idea.'' This led me to
uspect that the doctrine of free raw mate
rial oririnated with MIr. IHewitt. and that
his motives were somewhat selfish. These
resolutions were up before the New York
Chamber of Commerce on April S, and adopt'
ed by the narrow majority of dd to 29.
A meeting held at Chickering Hall, New
York, on April 153, passed resoluttions t'av
oring M1r. lewitt's proposition. The Demo
cratic county committee of New York soon
after endorsed the resolutions, all of which
went to prove that at that time the doctrine
of free raw material had not become an es
ta'lished Democratic principle.
It is not probable that all this trouble
would have been incurred to bring out arnd
endorse an old and well established Demo
HICwtTT 5 oRtER YroT D'owN.
On 3May ;, ISm,. at the close of debate on
the hill, M!r. Hewitt introduced the following
amendment as specific instructions for the
1. Repeal of the duties on raw materials.
2. The proportionate reduction of the
duties on articles manufactured from raw
materials thus placed on the free list.
:3. No duties to exceed 50 per cent except
those on luxuries.
4. No internal revenue duty to be imposed
an alcohol used in manufacturers.
5. Where practicable duties to be made
se!:le by converting ad valorem into spe
in duties on the basis of average market
Thi aeric xt was reiected on a divis
co yavt of 42 to sM. It is evi'lnt
fom thi: vote that 3Ir. Hewitt's doct.ine
wa-- soewha t of a stranger among Demo
Te Hon. Hlandolph Tucker, o:' Virginia.
imm'eite~v followed with another amend
men',i which on woolens he proposed a
schedue of duties. ranging from 4.' per cent.
ad valoremx un. The only free raw materis
sugeve My3r. Tucker were medicinal
b.rt. rep'ared or otherwise. This amend
ment w-- reiecte-i by at vote of t7 to 79.
Iti :ieevident that so eminent a Decm
.la s3r ucker had niot learned of this
dltrn bein t an iL'mortant tenet et nms
-Sdcm::ssiont shal report no revision
oftetr' roviding for duties !n excess of'
te "e'eral duties ant rates of duty imrose'd
the Act of Congress arpproved M1arch 2
11, a known as the 31orrili tatri:., on
nyotheflowing articles not subject to
a'x unde th internal revenue laws. nanme
'3:ufcurers of cotton. irn anl teel.
wol he Cp jutlx atnd nalt:.:. glas
a lar:5 embraced in the schedule
li s. soen all metals not otnerwise
r.ant all tmanuftttureS of
-- -.* -n all WOOl. iir o 0
- '' e' inal, and all m'an
- ey.cor 'n i
Then f.llowed a mt' by the :in. ii
. ils. of T1': , w a di-in uI She
..eaber ofi: t v t rec 'n::it t'
with :h- :..ila''n ing'ruii . 1. ili
-:a: - tha hi. ir : i c wr' th"= wi:b
were preptare . r the it ... !: t. W,iker in
the tari:t.or I ':
is ,: e1. Th.. t':e i '.:e"e1:i:1 : a .fri:f
ec nison bet' r' ::.i ed1 t lte cor :
otn wt ' a:.. --. With i1tr:I'onS ti
rei ". wi:b:In ..ir:. y i . ill frn:ne 1 lu
iii c.:I:p.lin . wit:. (the : lowing:T luetre
I -'1 w'i fila Ic:L r i
. That ni ul be it:::- i ,n a y
tai v thle lw r"-t "te that w a C.ie, l he
let ai moun t '' reven '. .
ilh' n.i a eo i:ch rl e .1:itbrin
d.fie , oorac imerative t^ n th artI .?
'aIb pace the ':' eo hee re :i- ' :
op Te mac- n reve::e. d:- .- ' e
impe on laxur ie.
->. That all ine du~t oea
ns amen vlorem r ,a::ed P7ua otof :
in their lace eare beilta:ken t- .uad
againt ra tuletnt ia\ ie. alk under Val
uatin. nd wh C: t e : the l o: tin e act
ual market valne.
esTha: the dut:y shtild fe so ml-posef th
toi operate e' ually as poa-sible throu :Bout
the nion, discri ninating neither for or
against any class or section.
inis amendment was retorted by a vote of
152 to -7.
Mr. Presiden:. this resolutin demanded
the re-enactment of the Walker taril of
1t, in which the idea of the doctrine of
free raw aterial cannot be fund. This
resolution received the solid support of the
Democratic members. if I remember torrect
iv, and was no toubt considered ortha
Delocricy at that date.
M1ay we not fairly draw the conclu=ion
that u to this date the doctrine of free raw
material had not become an established
principl e ocatiDemocratic party' Having
located, as I believed, a date when the doc
trine of free raw materials was not an "s
tablished Democratic principle, I continued
my investigation to find when it was.
In the Democratic platform of 1,S- I tind.
the first mention of free raw material in the
following indirect manner:
nI was A Ittitasuen 'oI'n:.
"Speaking of the Blepublican party. it has
subiected them to an increasing flood of
manufactured goods and a hopeless compe
tition with muanufacturing nations, not one
of which taxes raw material."
It would require a very vivid imagina
tion, in my opinion, to torture this state
ment into a demand for free raw materia,
yet the distinguished Senator from Missou
ri, Mr. Vest, declared guite recently that
such was its meaning.
which the distinguished Senator so emphat
ically stated declared for the doctrine of
free raw material, reads as follows:
'The Democratic part- of the United
States, in National Convention assembled.
renews the pledge ofits fidelity to the Dem
ocratic faith, and reaflirms the platform
adopted by its representatives in the Con
vention of 1 S4, and endorses the views ex
pressed by President Cleveland in his last
annual message to Congress, as the correct
interpretation of that platform upon the
question of tariff reduction, and also an
dorse the efforts of our Democratic Repre.
sentatives in Congress to secure a reduction
of excessive taxation.''
It would appear from the reading of this
paragraph and the declaration of the dis.
tinguished Senators from Missouri that the
interpretation placed on the Democratic
platform of 1SS4 by President Cleveland. to
gether with the schedules of the Mill's bill,
furnish the real authority for declaring the
doctrine of free raw material a cardinal
principle of Democracy.
I do not remember President Cleveland's
interpretation, neither do I care to know.
since the time has come, thanK God, when
his declaration of what Democratic princi
ples are or should be do not pass current.
As for the distinguished author of the Mlills
bill being authority upon so important a
matter, 1 assume there is at least rootm for
honest differences. Not that I would retiect
upon his Democracy or eminent ability, but
the resolutions of 1852, when comprared with
the schedules of his biil of 186S, disclose a
want of continuity that is not always a dis
tinguished feature for safe guidance.
In 1882 the distinguished Senator is found
advocating the doctrine of the Walker tari:T,
in which there is not a single trace of the
principle of free raw material. while in 1888S,
less than six years later, he is declared the
bulwark of that principle.
1 find free raw material mentioned in the
platform of 1S72 as follows: "We endorse
the efforts made by the Democrats of the
present Congress to modify its most oppress
ive features in the direction of free raw mta
terials and cheaper mantufactured goods that
enter into general consumption.'
In the platform of 18 the idea of free
raw material was eliminated altogether.
MIr. President. have I not shown conclut
sively that the doctrine of free raw material
has never been an established principle of
Democracy: Have I not shown that a single
allusion matde to it in the platform of 164,
a covert attempt to endorse it in 18o". a
tu-aled endorsement in 18n2, and an abso
lute abandonment in 15%,. is the real histo
ry of this dogma~:
This dobtrine came and went with Grover
Cleveland. and I believe that the peopile are
willing for him to keep it, or sink it in Buz
zard's Blay., as he iz'y elect.
wh T sAYD 'TH : soUrTH.
Mr. 1'resident, since I took a position
against the so-called doctrine of free raw
material I have reccived hundreds of letters
from the South commending my course. I
will refrain from printing any- of themi. but
instead will read an extract from a letter
written by the present Govertnor of Texas.
the Hion. C. A. Cutlberson, for the purpose of
disclosing the fact tht a very widte difer
enee of opinion exists on the question of free
raw mnaterial between the Governor of Texas
and the distinguished Senator frotm Texas.
M1r. M1ills. The letter is dated Austin. Texas.
July the nth, 1%:5, and is addressed to the
lHon. John Brookhout, Dallas. I will print
the letter and comments iby M1r. E. W. Cave
as an appendix to my remarks.
The conclusions which I have reached in
regard to the doctrine of free raw :::ateriali
are the result of careful investigation. I
disclaim all thoughts of bringing discord in
to the Democra~tie ;'arty and hope thi:, doe
trine will follow Grover Cleveland into q1uiet
~obscurity and thus fade into winnecuons de
iHE'"'WI nL'AN DIL A
MIr. Presiliet, I reaize . uite fully the
diilictulties wich te urround this m-esre. I
saw thetn at the beginnng: o' it construc
tion and have se--n them nmulti and 'ntetn
sify overt- day ice. Long~ bef-ore the bill
left the ways an' means- commi'ttee tt had
degenerated int a ctt over schedule:s,
atndhas renai in that lot inunti the
presetnt titme. This b i 'repre::et-- no:xd
or partiular econoic theory. bult to the~
contrary is a 'mixtur of the-u ll wi th' t he
keen .\ew Englandt manuf'turer, the iu:
Trust klags ad other kin re npiit m
nipulating the conpouni1
By aittempting~ to i la. -it e politi ca cbli
gations in c'"''un-tio with~ 'a '''I dollr
(ongress, the- lieubli party has fae
upon hard line- and t'n is exrmiyi
'ctheasi earfully, i no wod- fl
per- cai'. expenses ant Politi, a o;igtou
ja- th pas century i' ' etremely pro.e~T
ob1tain. Secrtary .'on Sherm-an in bea n
i diue p:.er nt::. d'e e~r
Yet it wouli -e""" so -a"~ ainlta.
is concerned thtrea - i-mc cex
Ier unit than wholes'alng WXhen nur- I:
l : - r. ti . . .
!'; i :.y , ni::: t : :, 1 v th i dire -
C,1io I:i 1 IF
: =in 0 i mi-i 't toa ti en t : ::..::t t t e free
n: .'.fsiv :r lI' w 11:1,i- y !". r e..ti n
w h e re"f i t v e 't e e::; . s T h i " i: : b rl1 i e I i s
:1 1 : we "t e : \ the e ::.r d -
nea i : t u i e :1 -J t 1 1
:al atinilf ic e , ne i e re.
u:iu ie 'i . The . 1 '..p . .'"t' : c re inde
The pani -ie : k
e 'tar. a r, it; :,, p. r c n t. T h e rai
i 1':: an u r'2 " a .r l :,t .
w :er1 :. :e r ce.. : th e p- i
ofr~ :tv rr. I rt~i: the ' .. .\i in e i~irir:
which wv :ic
en- r we-: tar .- i:iee 1i"
:ind lso t a r 'etrr:bic I anies earle unric
a i h i ie-t rf w ve h a.- Th in rov
tha 11:'ni-- Cre ::n ier low iatrilf, :ap i
ri. r a sn ving~ .;r 'oi : !. eve
hari of o v:i:iewe} a anC when the reo
pie my tin . i ei :::vne.pr
CRO S OF THE COUNTRY.
Co2dtions ar ported by the Ntiona
The National Weather Bureau in its
report of crop condItiols for the week
endead June 2l sa'::
Except over the central R->ck Moru
tain region ad in California, where
it was unseasonably cool. the week
endingr June 21 has been generally
very favorable for the growth and
eriepation of crops. Portions of
Misour, Arkansas. Southern Texa
and F kidra. however, need rain.
orn a made vigorous growth in
the principal corn States during the
week, all reports from the centra:
valleys inuicating a marked improve
ment. Ia the Dakota-s. however, the
crop continues backward, with unever
stand?, and in portions of the South
ern States, where the early planted is
neariog maturity, rain is neede&.
Corn is being laid by as far north as
the souihern portions of Kansas and
Cotton has made good growth dur
ing the week generally thrcughou
the cotton belt, the iLtorior of Fiorids
and Southern Texas being the only
sections in which the crop has nol
made satisfactory progress. Report:
indicate a marked inprovememen1
over the central portion of the cotton
belt and in Northern Texas.
Southward of the northern boun
dary of Tennessee the bulk of the
winter wheat crop has been harvested,
and some thrashing has been done in
North Carolina and Texas Harvest
ing in Kansas is nearly completed and
will begin this week in Indians, Ohio.
West Virginia and Maryland. In
Tennessee the finest crop for many
years is now in sbock. The weathez
conditions of the past week has been
very favorable to this crop. In Wash
ington and Oregon recent rains havE
practtcally assured good crops of
winter wheat in those States. In Cal
fornia harvesting continues, witb
light yield and grain of indufferen1
Spring wheat is doing well gener
ally and has made rapid growtha in
North Dakota. In South Dakota,
however, while the outlook for thE
early sown is good, the late sown is
While the reports concerning to
bacco are generally favoraole, the
condition of the crop in Virginia is
considered belowi the average, and in
Florida it is sairering for the rain.
Considerable has been set in New
York and conditions have been favor
able fcr transplanting in New Eng.
Ttim ImmortaI Jackson.
The dedication of the "Stonewall
Jackson Memorial Hall," the most in~
1eresting feature of the commence
meat of the \'irginia Military Insti'
tute, tock place Wednesday in the
main hal of the building at Lexing
ton. 'V. Toe hall was paciaed to
The exercises were opened with a
prayer by the Rev. C. R Hemphill,
DI.,of Louisvillec. Mr. Houston S.
Letchaer, president of the board of vis
Itors, then gave a brier history of the
efforts to ~e funds for the construc
sion of the hall, mnying that the first
co ntriou n.on ss made by President
Jefferson Davis, andi that a large pro
portion of the contributions camne
from Pennsylvania. Mr. Letcher then
introduced thae first orator of the day,
Dr. Hunter .agure of Richmnond,
inedical director of Jackson 's corp;,
who opened hiz address by relatini;
that he had been recently told by em
inent British generals that the great
est English-spensing generals of the
last huudred er"s were Marloor'ough,
Weilingtcii Xsinngion anaJ Jckson.
They declarccd 2tu the comoragn 01
Jackson in the vaey of \ir i.as
the iirst in' w''ch thewr d nad
Known no btla:mers Rv. D. J. P.
Snrith of R&'icj~N3u was nxt intro
duicd by Mr. Lech"er. IL diee
I glwr eulogy, on Jackon. T
emluin aress w-s delivered by
a Se- ira':.'.Joh ,. Dan.L
ei tid hi inc.ie.in by Mr. Le
Cer wa tue ce.:a of a wvarm and
.er rein from the~l eeassem
blage ""nto Da)l' = rern .s were
>f te st secaore r. He held alcit
tbe ci'r..er~ Tf Jacfon the aiu.:
sim hi v~rtes an h id rrs iis
seekng raiimz Li coocentr.tu. of
pumrpose, and. ,s genusc in a mv tiner
V n-. -d aarge
Mrs. A. A.Serir . wa r Trere
e~ch her '\and is pr .eoa
[megin, N.C., a 3: 2 o'c:oc
'-m i. eeeva dur r oiei,:. ofTis
u"er' de g us:m h
H V_ ND R JNON AT NASH
The-y -H.I v y.tiy E:.1ertaife d by the .loo.
pre-Gneral (;dan Re-Elected Com.
ru:(Ier-IL-Chit!-+2;! Meet in Atlauta
The reuni of the Suervivors of the
Confederatt Armits, in Nasnvilie.
Tenn., last week, .::as a notable event.
It i estimated that about tvrentv thous
and veterans were nresenrt and partio
ipated in tre festivitiesof the occasion,
which cormmenc-d on Tuesdaey rnd
ended on Thursday. On Tuesday th
assemlagewas ca:lled to order b-,
Gen'ral Gordon. and prayer was of
fered by )r. Jones, the chalain. a
Governdr Tay or deliv~ered an address
of welcome in behalf of the State:
Judge Ferris spcke for the county ard
ishonp Fz raid, who represerted
Mator McCarthv. spoke for the city.
Capi rin J. B. O'Brien, chairman o
the executive committee, made some
announcements, and in behalf of the
committee welcomed the visitors.
Genera Gordon spoke brieily. Judge
Reagan then delivered his address.
The city is full to ov--rt ,wing and the
sh has not ceased. Tuesday night
bauds pared' d the streets, playinz
itrns familiar to all vho endured the
tris from 'GL to i05. He1k arers
are besiegcd. speeches ar- bin madh
and the city is one grand mass 1f fes
tive occupants. A brilliant reception
w-s given by the Ten nessee Daugh ters
of the Confederscy to the old soldit rs,
the s4, inons and the maids of honor
at the c-aoitol at night. It ws large
ly attended and was one of the charm
in;; events of the reunion.
On Wednesday a business meeting
was held at which reports were pre
sented, and General John B. Gordon
delivered an address. General Gor
don prefaced his remarks with an an
nouncement of his intention to resign
as general commanding. Tnere were
cries of "No!" "No!" from all over
the iall, and when qilet had been re
stored, General G.,rdon prcceeded
with his address. It is printod on
another page. When General Gor
don had concluded his address. a mo
tion that General Joseph H. Wlreler
be requested to nominate General Gor
d-n for re election was made and car.
ried. General Stephen D. Lee, who
had been called to the chair, declared
nominations closed, and General Gor
don was unanimously re elected. The
thousands of delegates present cheered
and waved their hats and handker
ci iefs. The committee on credentials
reported 7 ubU delegates present
and one thousand camps repre
sented. The report of the board
of trustees for the Confederate Memo
rial Association was read and adopted.
At the business meeting in the after
noon it was voted to meet in Atlanta
A resolution commrdatory of the
reign of Q aeen Victoria was voted
d*9wn and a resolution of praise for
the Q aeen's Jubilee was defeated.
The principal reports were by the
committee on history and the memo
rial Association. The history com
mitter in substance reported in favor
of the plan now pursued in inviting
many writers into the field of history
rather than selecting one or more to
write a history. The memorial re
port shows that the board of trustees
were making excellent progress and
would be aole to report a location for
the memorial building at the next re
union, provided camps and bivouacs
subscribed liberally. Both reports
were adopted. Wednesday night in
the tabernacle, thousands were de
liebted with a Confederate concert, in
wnich were sung and played old Con
federate airs. Governor R L. Taylor
and Mrs. M. M. Gardner sang a duet
Iwhich cantured the audience
On Thursday the parade of the vet
Ierans, the closing event of the reun
Iion, in which more than 10,000 veter
ans took part, was the largest in the
history of the organization and, one of
the greatest ever seen in this city.
The streets were densely crowded.
The stars and stripes and the Confed
erate tiags were conspicuous in the
long line that reached from the pub
lie square to the Tennessee Centennial
exposition gates. One hundred thous
and people had collected to see the pa
rade. Nothing in the history of Nasa
vill had equalled the outpourirng;
never was there such a procession. On
the faces of lookers on and some of the
bent figures steppiog briskiy and
proudly, could be seen the suggestion
tat':never again wculd there be sucn
another parade. The line started
riromptly. Police on horseback clear
cd the wav and from start to finis
the best of order prevailed. Ali vehi
cles kept elf the streets included in the
line of march and the street cars
stopped ranning. Tne parade was
cheerfully accorded the fudl right of
way. Fromn the starting point, the
custom house, tercugh the cenTer ofi
the city, around thepub~ie square, our
B roadi street to' 'aueritUivriy
Jrhere the parade broke i-anas, a dense
mass of enthusiastic, cheering people
Igreeted the old soldiers, their gener~als1
Iand the beautiful women who took
-oart. The citizens of Nashville were
I loth wejcoming and speeding theirI
departig~ guests and they did it with
Iwhole souled cordi~,ity, inspirirng to
Gen. WV. H. Jar.eson, of Nashville,
che mrsh~al, haine~xx phrocssion,
his' -td c.- onsisting of dii-gih
mn. Comm-and -r in Cnief Joan B.
G(ordion and stalf caa ne-t, with the1
-ia~rma Lu'ars asa ecort. Gn
erial '2ohn the new marnj- gener-ai
of th'e Te-nness-te division, folod.
IT-en cam1e t'e :r-e nisionsee
d::sion precede-d :;y spoYsors, "ta~is
of bnce nd ivited g-uess, eui
fusv atied n --"ner- costumes.
Sa.- rolina, M1isii Fiori
kansas Masori, Kn *uen Mary
a'd tIndian Te rriory New Yoras,
:iii~nis Nor.: Carolina, Te-xas. ( -
.:-ubia all hd veeasi line.
In the afterontesr-sw
-' : 0uoi~ on to the s" e'
Is arec .ito-ss ib -cloigc sr~sso
an th lie of m:atchi was nnsm
ivdeor0 The ve -rans were u-a
aliin J"uifrn tough a :arge2 nu
o r la ea c divison wore totun
rms of the da-ys of batule. Inch
-t thef ator I2n by delegates, their
Cred and a soeakerc 'neted forrh
Cap. J B.U'Bi- pre(O~Sided. A n
of ee~t. vas nieewhich p~~2aked for
the ocesion, and asteneti to te re n
derirg of another southern pro
Confederate itgs. regimental li g2,
t ettered and Corn, appeaid in the dec
orations and in the parade, t qal v,
pro'ir.et Mt every turrn was
e ors and r;s. and in the parade
ery divisior. t is the uranimcus
verdict of the veterans and their visit
vst friends that the reunion was the
mnat successfui ret hrd. The esti
mate is that at leat2t 20 ) veterans
were in the city during the celebra
WEATfiER AMD CROPS.
DIRECTOR BAUER'S WEEKLY SUM- I
M.RY CF CONDITIONS.
Cotton Contihnes Small, Is fieathy But Is
Ilooming-Inprovemeut in Conditions
Gen.rallr, ReIprted -Corn Seenm to be
Doing Well-O her Crops.
The following is the report of the
Weather Bureau on the crop condi
tions for the past week:
The week averaged 5 degrees per
day hotter than usual with a maxi
mum temperature above 1uG at many
places The highest reported was 102
on the 191.h atGillisonviile; the lowest
I3 on the 14th and 16th at Florence.
The mean of the State, for the week,
deduced from 50 reports was ;3 and
the norral is approximately 73.
There were showers in some portions
of the State each day in the week al
t cugn. with a few exceptions, the
rainfali was light, as 20 places re
ported iess than one inch; 10 from one
to two inches: 10 over two inches,
i it 5 21 at Peck's Station ; 3.5) at
Mount Clare; 3.15 at St. George; and
3 55 at Florence. The average of the
measurements were 1 (11 while the nor
mal is approximately 1 u.
There was an abundance of sus
shine, the estimated percentage of the
pssible was 83, and not below normal
at any place.
Destructive bail f.ell in Florence,
Ander.sor.. Sumter, Darlington, L-x
ingion, Newberry, and Orangeourg
High winds destructive to crops,
especially corn, occurred on the 17th
in Florence, Clarendon, Darlington,
Marion, Chester and Chesterfield.
There were also destructive winds in
Hampton, Spartanburg, Pickens,
Greenville and Beaufort. The iojury
was in each case confined to compara
tively small areas.
The combination of steady high
temperature. abundant sunshine, and
generally sufficient moisture was very
favorable on crops; which made rapid
growth except that in places corn and
cotton wilted in the mid-day sun, re
viving again at night. O vei portions
of Barnwell, Bamberg, Pickens. Edge
field, Horry, Anderson, Aiken and
Lexing ton Counties the ground is very
dry and hard. Oter portions of Ber I
keley. Florence, Clarendon, 0:ange
burs, Horry, Chester and York Coun
ties the ground is too wet to plow and
grass has become a menace to small
corn and to cotton. Grassy fields are
also reported from Sumter, Union and
Newberry Counties, otherwise fields are
generally clean, and free from grass
or being rapidly put into such condi
From Spartanburg and Fairfeld
cmplaint is received of crusted soil
after the heavy rains of the previous
week. Lands were badly washed in
Edgefield and Greenville.
All these adverse conditions are
more than offset by reports of improve
ment in crop conditions, over the State
generally, and applicable to all erops
raised. Insects were less numerous
and destructive than during any pre
vious week of this crop season, al
[though chinch bugs in York and
Chester, on cora; a root louse or bee
tle on cotton in Richland may be
noted as exceptions. The latter insect
is new to the region infested.
Some of the lands flooded by theI
previous heavy rains have been re
planted and others abandoned.
Corn is being laid by with prospects
decidedly bettered although adverse
re ports are numnerous. Early corn is
in silk and tassles. Its color is good
except in Berkeley where it is turnning
y-ello w. The improvement noted does
not yet promise a full crop.
Cotton continues small, is healthyj
and the earliest is beginning to bloo.
The plant made fair growth and it
condition is generally satisfactory,
except where injured by excessive rains
in Berkeley, Chester and York. Some
rust is noted in Fairnield and Lex ing
ton. Sea island cotton in splendid
condition, free from parisites andJ
Tobacco was injured by hail in por
tiojns of Florence, Clarendon and DarI
ington. Its condition has generally
improved but is not uniform, and
in places tobacco shovs signs of mi
turing too early.
Rice doing well in Colleton, but
iss: plauting somew"hat inj ared by
caterg:Lars. Is small in Williams
Ourg. Stuall and yelio w in Lexin g
1.0. Earlv rice headmng well.
Earliy peaches incliined to be small
and faulty. Grapes rot.ing badly in
Peas being sown in with corn and
on stabole lands. Seed scarce over
he eastern counties but plentif ai over
the western. The crop is making
good .rowt b.
Wa:eat harvest practically nnished.
F.:.i oats also harvated, with general
ly good yields. Somre damaged in the
shoek by rain. Spring ot e u
and' are po.Threshing begun withI
yil fwheat ood, of oats from poor
to v ry good.
Ga rdeus have kept up their abu'i
ua'nt vield. of seasooable renetables.
I'stres are better aan heretofore.
W u erries are abundant over the
e-utire Sta - Sugar cane of all vari
tisdon very well.
F'rom 'he national bulletin of June
14: " There has been a general im
pr'9vement in the condition of cotton
throughout the cotton belt, it bling
rtaost marked in South Carolina and
"Core, while generally bace!ward,
las ~a~le goedprogrest in -.re p:inci
p'Ue LOrn dttv nde th ae favorbie
;:mai;c- mreet 1y, nc'ight The opi
epored fran 'ilssr, asDas nd
Itarsona. and Ceay Enrougs'on
Tne centras valiers.ar~ma
To1 t~ aides. thrt eight in
ab%-, 0o- do .tegaebyn
Harriso Gee ad Char Deawso.
Da'wsns sekb- elavehmo
codtoto to e oui c?- al. n
stAbes fro :nter. sy-d 18 yearit." '
plai onall n g thenWa: ah e
cse iu un-e touhh oacut. gcon
SA S OR S T IKEStJfE.
.ur sth, !from ;.iin!ng In Ore
Abr halfi p st J ock (.n Thur:
day uiht a terrific storru burst whi
sudden fury on the town of Sumter.
There was a heavy downpour of ran;
and tne wind blew a perfect eaie while
the heavens were illuminated wi.h
continuous lashes of blinding light
ning. Considerable damage was done
in ditferent parts of the city and there
was one death fromt a boil ci ligh?
ning. Tom Wiliams and George
Richardson, both colored, were co2-n
ing in from Mr. W. M. Grahams
strawberry farm and stopped at the f
house ci a colored woman until te
storm should pass. Willians sat
down and leaned back against the win
(;ow facing with Richardson nearby.
They had only been in the house a
short time wnen lightning struck the
house near the gable end and running
down inside of the sash, knocked both
cf tie men out of 1 heir seats. Richart;
son was stunned v-hile Williams was
instantly killed faliinz across the arm
of Richardson, who did not have the
strength to extricate himselU from the
dead body of his companion for sever
at minutes. Some clothes lying in a
corner of the roori caught tire and for
awhile it looked as if tue house would
be burned. The alarm was given and
t e hose wagon were soon on the
scene but the llames were extieish
ed without any trouble. George
Richardson was tauea on one oftne
hose wagons and carried to Dr Ar
c-ie Chia, and, after being pre crtb
ed for re was taker, to his ho.ne. This
mo ning he is out but seems to have
beei pretty badly shaken up b the
shock and the narrow escane from
death. An inquest was held o'cr the
body of Williams this morning. Up
on examination of the body by Dr. A.
C. Dick it was found that there were
several burns on the head and left
shouid r and the side was badly
burned. Dr. Dick gave it at his
ooioa that death wCs instantate )us.
A gre: t many shade trees weie up
rooted and fences Mlown d", va, and
awninzs stripped f.om poi:s. Tue
damagr- was not c ,:ined io any spe -
ial locality bat s:emed to be worze in
s:pts in ditferent parts o~ the city. !
At the repid-ce of Mr. Henry iary,
on t:e eastern side of the city. th
tops of ooth chimneys were blo -n Otf
and the roof en one side of the hous
crushed in. Coosiderible damage
was dine to furniture, etc ;by b-cste
iP g -ailing. The warehous' of air C.
G Rowland, near the Atlantic C)ast
Lne depot, was compl~Aely denuiish
and the ir dow gasses in t' e r.- t
part of St. Steph-n's church Op.c)
pal) were badly broken. It is iepnrt
ed that there were three other deaths
by lightnin g in the ecu y besides
that of Tom Williams. one at Stses
}uog, one in Mayesville aed a Mr.
P.arse:i at Lynchburg, making four
deaths in the county in one day and
all ov lightning. in the Statesburz
neidbornocn there was considerabla
hail which damaged the crops to some
AIKEN IN A FEARFUL STOR .
Ma&y Buildings Unroofed or B'lown
A special dispatch to The State says
Ak-n was visited on Friday after
noon by one of the most terrific hail
storms that has ever been experienced
in that part of the State. Tne cloud
came fron the west and reached the
city at about 15 minutes to 5 o'clcck.
The heavy wind that accompanied it
was on the order of a cy clone and did
iomense damage to prope-rty in the
c ty. The storm prevailed about 35
minutes and duaring that time the face
of the earth was covered with nails,
varying from the size of a pea to that
o' a hickory nut. During the storm1
great fear among the people prevailed.
It was densely dark ad the fanAg ot
the trees and tear ing off of the roofs
of residences was fearful. Among theI
damaged so far heard fro~m is Mr.
John Williams' house, which is crush
ed in by a chimney. The Stafford
house was completely blown down.'
Mr. Charles B'arckhalter had a small
house unroofed, as did Mr Summerell.
P'owell Bros.' store, E. H. Butsche's
store, the Highland Park hotel, Mr.
C. Klatte's store and dwelling, Mr.
Johnson's store and d wellihg, Mr. G.
K. Chafee's house, the old Henry
house, Dr. C. F. Mc~ahen's stables
all had part of their roofs taken cff.
The damage to window glass is un
known, as all windows on the west
s.de of all buildings suffered from the
hai!. In many places saddie boards
and shingles _ were ripp ed from the
roofs of wooden bailutags and the
fences and shade trees are all damaged.
The S::hotield school had part or a
roof taken off. Much damage cgner -
wise. The craps, alt that have beenI
reported thus far, have been serio'uly
damaged by the hail and wind. Tne
oldest cit z mns of cour city claim that
they never saw the like berure. Tne
da g to p ropertyr canrnot be estimat
ed at mnis writing, let alone the crops
in the liald. It is claimed that the
d amage would have been greater had
not tue thicg hills and pine forests on;
the west ci Aiten broken the force of
Burning of a Raueslan ship.
Farther details received of the burn
ing of the Russian steamer Onni or
Nai, early in the week, while near
Skenaes, snow that sh-i had scarcely
e t the landing stage when frigatial
screams were heard and smoke was
seen isuing from th port hot's. A!
panic ensu-d on the crowderl deck and
the ire sore ad r-apidly. Tne captain~
dcreiv benaved nooly. Tne sailors
o the Rus~iaa s'eam- Sla:jik t,
coraeously cam to~ t-u- reu and
assisted the people into Lie oss~ The
sne of an arti>t who rushed fr-on a
irat class caoia with her cloth s in
lames adcarrying her child, s:pd
and feil upon the deck. Sthe w. -as
cued alive, but died In terri->le ic -ny
soon after she landed. Thirty p~ea
rs were serio'usly burned. It ap
ears that tue Dren was caved o-I
osinger dr-upping~ a boult> -a~
of w.'ine at tue sen'xe mIo~nett thiat
other erekssy threw d-own a match.I
The sme Od '.tory.
Thirte. of th color-ed persais who
o': the- Icternato: a ' :ratin So
Yo recendy aboard ,. Casri
las een a tot'lfailure; tha.t --.i 7
hei nu'mber di-ed of stern. : at d
te contract. aa miany membtI
th expea.2'in are straclde -aIa
cre'rm. Thrie young
ed b lightning ini
e- wakn in the road to-:
aercompnamson was o::v.
-c e down and stu-'ned. S-- el
at wear a coset. Tne steel s:s i
e crsets of the other three are ho
eebr:iedI for its great leavening Strength
a in. t hfulnes . Assures the food arainst
ahtn an all fortns of adulteratiou common
to the cheap brands.
ROYAL BAETING POWDER CO., NEW YORK.
IT S-iOU.D BE CONE.
Dr. Stok - a' Scheme for Cutting Down
The Washington correspondent of
the News and C.ourier says Represent
ative Stokes, of South Carolina. pro
poses to immortalize hi nself by ap
ptaring in political history as a public
otlicer willing to reduce his own sala
ry. Mondav Dr. Stokes. who was for
merly president of the Farmers' Alli
ance in his State, introduced a bill to
reduce the ex 2enditures of the govern
ment by cutting down the salaries of
all public officials and pensioners 30
oer cent. His cut begins at the Presi
dent of the United States and runs
down the scale to the poorest paid
scrub woman in the departm ants. The
bill provides that after March 4, 1898,
the compensation of all Senators,
members of the House, officers and
employees and pensioners of the gov
erament shall be readji sted to the
changed value of our money standard.
The President and U:ited States
Judges are exempt until their success
ors shall be elected. The readjust
ment of salaries shall be based upon a
comparative statement of the average
prices in the first five years in
comparison with the last five
years in the preceding decennial
period. The disbursing officers of
tue various branches of the
service shall readjust their pay rolls
correspondingly, so that the pay of
each officer or employee of the Gov
ernment shall bear to his pay in the
previous decennial period the same
proportion that the average prices
for the respective periods compared
bear to each otner. Representative
Stokes says in support of his meas
ure: The bill emphasizes in a
practical way the growing evils
of an appreciating money standard.
From 1S72 to 1895 the average
price of 223 commodities in common
use have decreased fully 33 1 3 per
cent. During the same period the
compensation of officers, employees
and pensioners of the Government
has steadily increased, either in salary
or perquisites, or both. From 1888 to
189 the average annual expenses of
the Government were $263,916,473 18.
The average annual expenses from
1893 to 1896, inclusive, reached the
alarming figure of $358,633,341.40, an
increase in less than a decade of uin
paralleled distress among the people
of nearly 30 per cent. Of course all
of this was not salaries and pensionr,
but the greater part was. I do not
think the ser vants and pensioners of
the people are any better than the
people they serve, and mnere ought to
be some such method of maintaiag
the equilibrium bet seen salaries and
pensions on the one hand and prices
of commodities on the other. Tne
bili also illustrates in a very practical
way the good Democratic doctrine
of keeping the Government out of
debt and relieving the burdens of the
people by cutting down expenses,
rather than by piling on taxes. Upon
a rough estimate such a readjustment
as proposed in the bil would save the
Government more than sixty million
dollars a year, without injustice to
anyone, and without detriment to the
public service. The legislative, execu
tive and judicial departments of the
Government are responsible in large
measure of the conditions that brought
and perpetuate falling_ prices, and
there is a bsolute justice in the propo
sitions that they should share with
the people at large in Lhe consequenc
es of tneir oivn action. Under present
conditions they actually proat by the
distress of the people.
Tlred of Her Baby.
The Colutnbia Statb, of Saturday,
says among the pasngers on the
south bound train from L aurens on
T esday evening was Mary (iovan, a
highly cultivated young c~lored wo
man, who for the past year has been
supposed to oe striving to teach the
colored youth of Laurens a part at
least of what had formerly been
taught her at Claln, in 0:angeburg,
where her home is. Sae was accom
paid by a nice tan bsoy which
seemed to enbarrass her-. Ace >r.iingly
OI her arrival tuere sne went to the
house of a coored womau namned
teorgiana Daniei and amled her to
~ka caarge of toe infant until she
culd reta:n later in te eventag. The
vening came and went a ad the Daniel
woman sa-q nothing or her, and began
ogrow 0uspicious. Numerous friends
were applied to, but noae of them
new anything or Ltr ivhereabouats,
the only one wno had sea ner being
the colored waitress in tae ladies'
saiting roomf at tae Ua,.ila cam saed,
no had noticed ner get oF the L 4.u
rens train with the baoy in nier aruis.
Goriana Dantil was iu~ a state of
nind at b-:iag, without her consent,
c.nLerte1i into a founaling nome, and
rp ared to shift tae ourden and re
poniilty of tae infaat to the broad
r no' lders of the coiuty. But be
e sh~e cud tak atae steps necessary
e waiting roomu iaitress saw Mary
Cvan get on tae south Carolina
ran fr. 0:ug bag aed sent a mes
eneinase for (5eorgtana Daniel.
'eui .. ,y summaou&t a p:lieeman,
- .g a th se a hew mnin
- ae a train pulled out, they
r~se th young~ woman and had
aer rous ooreMagistratrate
jia TIere she ackno wiedged the
:ada ad that she wanted to get
ud o cf ~ a doaodsadal hme. Dits
:nad on ao roise to taue the child
v:ta ier, snie .nen went a,'way sorrow
tu't Death by B3ee4.
ha n Aiert, a Niagara ccunty far
2e.lvn near Midaleport, N. Y.,
hti e plowieg. was attacked by a
.vr fc:s, '.in also stung the
'rss causing thern to run away.
lerts nlead was asooienl until scarce
va sembnc o f Lis features remain
. He~ ws 2 a coscious until his
eat, whics. oc2Irred Wednesday.
I Little Brother.
~ ry. cmes fron Bel
ac iltl coaimunity
nanorh of Rxck dill, neae
r L ist Tuesday after
Na.., the three year-old
c 'aw, a ten'-nt on MI. B.
e shot' and killed his in
~jnr, Bill not quite two years