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VOL. II :1M AN~XNIN G S. C,, WE D\ESI)AY7 DECEMBER A19. ____
A DARING FEAT.
HCW MOSBY K|VAP E A FEDERAL
GE NE RAL.
Under the Vera Nose of a Guard tie Guer
riia and His Band Eetered the Uaton
O mp and osptured the'Ccnmmander.
The reunion of Motby's Rangers,
which took place last week in Balti
more, recalls most vividly the stirring
times cf war, when these same men
were not the peaceful citiz'rs of to
day, but the much-feared bold :pirits
that spent their daye and nights in
harrassing the boys that Urc!e Sam
sent out to capture them. It is a icng
time since the lads in gray bsd been
in a Bght; many of those who bad
teen boon ecrpaniens are now sleet
ing undisturbed by the sound cf strife.
and over the heads of all Father Time
had cast a frost that, while it silvered
the hair, tcuched. not the h-eart of
those who met around the ;estal :oard
to talk of the adventures of the days
The band known as the Mosby Ran
gers was in fact the Forty third Vir
ginia Battalion, a regularly orgsnized
troop. in which the cffcers were com
missioned and under the personal su
pervision of Mosby, who was subordi
nate to Gen. Lee, just as were the
other dcers of the Confederate army.
These rangers, however, were gather
ed for a species of warfare which, be
ing exercised in an independent way.
was the means cf harassing the enemy
and of keeping the large armies of the
Union constantly on the alert. Asa
line is only as strong as it weakest
point it sometimes took several thout
and federal troops to guard a road or
communications, when they were in
truth menaced by only a few hundred
The rangers, who were composed of
the young men of the state, received t
no ccmpensation from the Confeder
ate government for their services,
other than tha spoils of war taken by z
their own efforts from the enemy.
Many of the soldiers were but boys,
some scarcelv out of school. but the
flower of the South could be found in
tbcir ranks, while for daring and ab
solute fearlessness they had no equal.
That part of Virginia which is in
cluded in Fauquier and Fairfax coun a
ties be came known as Mosby's Con I
federacy, and in a short time was
practically under the control of his
men. Ceaseless were the skirmishes
which took place, the thrilling adven- C
tures and hair breadth escapes they I
encountered, but none perhaps are as'
remarkable as the affair in which
they went boldly into the center of a
Union camp and took cut from is s
midst a slumbering general, escaping
with their prey urnder the very frown u
.of the guns in the Federal forts.
This adventure cccurred in March, t
1863, just after the battle of Chancel a
lorsville, and about the time that Lee i
bad begun to marshal bis forces for n
an intend'ed invasion of the North. 8
Brigadier General Stoughton and a
large force were encamped at the lit r
tie village of Fairfax, which is the t
county seat of the vicinity, and num- i:
bars a few hundred inhabitants. The b
men of the force were quartered about c
the place, while the gereral had his t
headquarters, with his staff, at the t
brick house which is now used as the c
rectory for the Episcopal clergyman
of the town. This residence is a large I
.one, standing in the midst of a lot of I
goodly size, just about 100) yards from.
the main road, and the front room in I
the second story was cccupted by the t
The night selected by the rangerst
was a cold, dr'zzling one, and they set z
out on their journey from their start
ing point, which was several miles
outside the enemy's line about the
town, at near midnight. The lines of 1
e Federals extended in every direc
'on about the country, some of the C
nion forces being at Centerville, at
*y hamlet six miles frcm Fairfax.
vi order to escape the pickets the ran- e
ers mnade a detour, and striking offC
mn the main road on which they I
eetraveling managed to approach C
the town in such a way that the Fed- g
erals could not but suppose the troop
was part of their own force. The road
was anything but a pleasant one to .
ride, for tbe mud was d~ ep as only
Virginia mud can be, but the men
plodded on, muffied up in their cloaks
till they saw in the misty distance a
few lights faintly gleaming through
The soldiers belonging to Stcught
on's force were soundly sleep.ing, ar
tillery, cavalry and infantry being
quartered about in the citizen's tousss.
The general was in the center of the
town, and had retired late, having er
tensively celebrated at a supper at
which tnere was a libEral supply cf
champaigne. Mosby, with twenty
men, rcde slowly into the town ab:.ut
two tours before dawn, and troting
up to the ccurthouse green the little
party divided, some goiog to get sup b
plies that were precureable, as wel Has
the horses of the enemy, while MosbyC
and two or three of his m'n rode ~
down to the headquaters of the gen
No scund was to be heard in the
foggy dark-.ets but the slight splash
of tae horses in the muddy road, and
- even had any of ihe en:emy bee
awake they e ould never have dr. am
ed for a mcm-1.t that the gueriilbs, as
they weie calL d, wer e calmly ridinug
acout in the mnidtt of their carop, hav
ing eluded by strategem the pickets
posted along the line. Mcsbn and his
men roc'e up to the generai's horse
arnd dismouried, the leader bold y
knching at the door. The bcuse was
shrouded in da-knf ss and silence, hus
presently a herd was p k-ed cut of an
v per windo w and a sle' py voice in- -
qmired what was wan-ed. Masby ret
olied that he was a bearer cf d~spatch
i s fcrGen. Stcug h~on. The head dis.
appeared, then came a gierm cf light.
snd an off cer in uniform, came down
the narrow stairs and oper ed the dor r.
In a moment he found himself a pris
oner, and was told in a low voice to
conduct the Iren to the general's
Thehalf awake and sisr'led c~icer
was too much surprised to resist, Cs
ptcialiy as there was a lorg ba re- i
glittering just before his eyes, s> rea
went upstairs, e cor p anied by Mcsbye
and his companions- The party walk
ed into the room in which S oughtoni
Slay calmly slumtering amid bfilows
of blankets. and M'oby, wa un up<
and shaking hitr, told hi-n to ge- up. t
Hearing the nanme of Mcsbv faint y
in his dreams. Stcughtcn s'e oiyinc
quired if "H~ave youi got Ma by .' f
surpposing it was oine of his own Sc-ut- s
ing arties coweto report iteCespture
of the 'anger lead "x but he was scar t
ed ino lie wnen, ;vtht a rcugh shane t
and a slap, the ( nieierate irformed
him that "Moshy La i nt yn '7"
'There is no u: e in resis'in, re
gnasd Me sby, coolly. "i: means,
ir, that you are my priner, 'or
tuart's cvalry is in po- session o th'
place." Krnowiog it fruitless to st-u:
ls rgainst s';ch a fcr:e, S:otghtnn
arose and dressed hurriealy. g'tua d-d
all the whil by the Conf'dera:es who
also :ecur'ed the swtf ficers in the
aouse. P1!ci!g the ge neral te:ween
wo c f his men. Mosby returned to the
raten, where he mret the re t of his
men who had teen on a forainu t x
pediticn about the town. On akin:
naccourtcf whet ad been atte:cd
a it was found tha', b sides B indie
3ene rat Stoughtn, they had secuwed
rio captains, thirty other pr:scrers.
osether with their arm,, ammunitin
tnd lifty eight h rsEs.
The return trip was sately r.at'e,
:ough the party, whcse prisoaers
were stronger in numher than tleir
ptrs, were fearful that some outcry
night te made that wcu'd awake
ho se cf the foe who were slumbering.
As soon as they were ot of arsot
f the town they set ou.t at a brisk
sce and about dawn passel ithui
O yards of the Federal fort a C n
erville. The grim mouths: f the can
ton c, u'd be seen lcemin up in the
ian ient, a"d one prino:Er, a Capt.
Barker, of Ne.v Ycr-, hire n rd a
:-resk for liberty, tut was truught
ack by a timely shot. Pessing be
ord tie reech of the fortifica'iors,
yosby'smenstruck out tt a rasi
ate for their own lines, aid ne-e
con safe from any fear cf it trier
cce. deliverirg up their pri: oasis t;
he Con'ederate authorities.
Another exciting and very remoner
ifive adventure of the ranters was
ten they capr~d a Federal pey
rain, from which they secured a larce
imount o ereenb.cks. It was in
)ctobxr. 186, that Harry Heatcn.nne
f the scouts. came and inform d Mo;
)> that there was a fins Cr:ing in
he valley on the line o' the Ba.irt ore
Ltd Ohio railroad, to a party was sA
tired and they set out across the
nountains for Duffield statior, at
hich place the pay tr,.in was to pass,
aching the sto: just before it was
!ue. Oostructions were plaad tp'o
he track, so that when the- ex less
ome dashirg down it came to an ab
A guard was placed over the (nei'-e
end the rangers entered the cars Oa
oard were two Union payiaasters.
aving in charge tie monev 'or the
reops, the atrount reaching $170 C0.
hich was secured by West Al ridge,
me of Mcsby's men. Aldridge prom pt
v retorted his luck to Mosby, and
vhen the full sum was collected it
was equally divided out among the
Wen. Mosby refusing to accept his
barp. The passergers we:o reliev- d
f their funds, which went as individ
al spcils. Then the cars were set on
ire, and the band went back with
wenty prisaners, besidcs the money
.nd the two paymasters. the latter be
eg sent oa to prison. One of the nay
Wasters was a brother to Gen. Rig
les, now in the war department.
Another time a train was captured
ear Catlett's station, en what is now
be Southern railroad. Lee was mak
ag his preliminary p: eparations for
is Gettysburg campaign. Hooker wat
overing Washington, while Pleasan
:'s cavalry corps was stationed on
be river abcut fifty miles from the
apital. Gen. Stuart bad sent to Mos
>y by Capt. Fountain Beattie, a small
noun'ain howitzer, and it was deter
ined to use it in an attack on the
ailroad which was emnployed by the
inion Army for the conveying of
roops-. To cripple this service wotild
e a great aid to the Confederacy.. So
he te leg raph lines w ere cut, a rail re
aoved and with the how~itzer on the
ank the men waite d for the train. La
q minutes it came booming along,
nen glided from the track, while the
fatry guard fired a volley. In a
oment a shell from the gun wer~t
rashing into the boiler, at which the
roons deserted. The hay on board
red up and burne d brightly,wr ile the
scaping steamn made a noise like that
f Inferno's caidrons. The cas were
a'ed with fine-sutler's stores az~d all
f this was secured by the hungry ran
Ratilesnakes as a Means of Grace.
From that prolific land of good
te ries comes the following: An old
ellow had three boys, bad old boys,
om, Dick and Harry, for shor', so
~ad that the old man could really only
laim precederce tarough his years.
~heir Sunday fox hunts, games of old
ledge and drinking bouts were the
candal of the neighb:.rhood. It
hanced that Tomt was bitten by a rat
lesnake and with the mestenger for
hie doctor went a runner for a well
nown old Methcdist parson. The
ainister came Reverentiy kneeling bc
ide the bed of the thoroughly frigh
eed Tom he put up the fellowmng
tition: "O'.1 Lord,we thank thee
or rattlesnakes. Lord send one to
'ite Dick and one to bite Harr; arnd oh
ard in rtnme infinite e isdom send the
iggest snake in Georgia to bite the
.ld nian for nothing tut rattlescakt s
an bring this ungodiy set to repen
A fter MIany Years.
When the river steamboat Arabia
ank in the Missouri river, near Park
le. Mo. over forty y ears age, her
argo included 165 barrels of wniskey'.
Por several weeks past a small force of
iver men have been di;gixng in the
andbar near Pa'kville in search~ of
he Arabia's valusble cargo. Lute
~nurcay afternoon the d:wgers un
overed the whiskey, finding the bar
els well preserved, and they not. ti:d
be Unitev States revenue authorities
hat they desired to remove their tind
he diggers will real~ze a hat dsome
umn for their work and the govern
nent will receive about $7.000 revenue
ax on the liquor. The Ara ba sarnk oii
he Misscuri's fickle current. Tze
rek now lies under a dry sandbar
m the Kansas side and the revenue
miers at Le van worth wilt supe vs:
he removal of the cargo.
A Fatt i Exploelon.
'he boiler of a 15 horse power en
ie used at Townsends wood 'ard
n Tradd street, in Charleston, S. (2.,
xleded at 2:30) o'c'ock Wedninsthy
ternoon. Dallis Whinj.field wais kile
d instantly and two other negrcoes
ane-d Cbisolm and Hall were fatally
jured. A part of Whitilds bcdy
~as blown through a third story win
lorw 300 feet away. Portions of the
ncanery were blcwa 300 ya~ds,
vere iey crashedj througn the roofs
f residences. The g hs i in indlo ws
or a block around .'s *-rchen It i
apposed that the negroes who v'.:re
n charge c f the.yard alio .e d th a
er torun too lo 7 in the~ x irad
nat the explosion resulted .Tere was
TH E P:..O> S F 'THE S6U ,-H ER - COT
TO0- GROwE RS.
Wibr. Puirs--The Presldent Writes
a Letter Givi: gin Detail Wha ' bey Pro
p , e to o.
I -es-pani -. a. rr one~st rom IlitOr
ian'.. Wilthcr ofJ:+ ihe Saern A
ciation of Cotton G r:e. has writ
ten th follo':in-g k'ier which gives
the fi-st re l informlaion as to what
t: e orgaiztion pr ^ F to :
D ar ir: In v t yourz r quest
For my impressi :n of th'e Atlanta cou
wention, I b-: to encise t.e report of
the committee on reroitiions. which
will give vu a skaleton idea of what
is to be d;n. 1: is prr p:.d to or
eauze every foreship in each State.
close and com)ipac. to h-' presidents
and secretaries of townships, counties
and States and to Enroli every name
that is wiilirng to enlist in the fight
and to spot the man that sulks in his
Through State, ccaty.i and towi
ship bcdies a bureau of inr rni
ion is established, this for purp -e
rot iiforrning ourseis es ss to acreage
ai:d -i-ld, etc., eto.
Said inforna icn Erst compild to
be c mmunicate d to ia'e, county andc
tornsbip organ:zltions. and after
w rdo given to the public. if the bu
reau sees pr~per so to do. I most
earnestiy urge upon ev'ry conmuni
ty to at once prcceed to roli and or
canize and send dehgates to their
Jaruary coutyt conven.tions.
The people nut real.z that the or
2ardzation in nrcrsssrv. We wcant
indiisual ac'vitv. The scuthern
Stat-s have onry commenced to act.
I would have thrilled the heart of
ev: r: cotton grower to heve heard the
rep;it ;.f the commissioner of agrical
:ure of Ablbama; they have callec
Stae, county and di-trict conven.iors
and are orcce' ding with an activivity
that "vili be effective; every S;ate is
proceedios on siellar lines. Please
renmember that th's sssccistiou is
cot yet 40 da s old, first springing into
exie:c_ by my humble call for a
con vention en Nvembar 10.h. There
the association was formed. Histcry
I does not show where any- army was
organ:z-d and mobilized in so shirt a
time. I have been sur :rised, almcs
over heimed, at the ann nity of
t'e cotton growers of the south. All
admit that tree time to act is at hand,
and are ready to fight fire with fire,
to meet organ:zation with organiza
J. C. Wiu oax.
The follo wing is the report referrei
to by Mr. Wilborn in this letter:
The interstate cotton growers' co'
vention, met atd sitting in Atiant
December 14, 1597, having thorcugthy
canvassed the situation of our indus
try in all its many phases, promulgate
the following statement and address
as the result of its deliberations:
1. The mcst pressing need cf the
hour for the attainmentof our ends is
a through organization of the growers
of cottor, teginning with the individ
ual growers, however humble, and
reacaing upthrcugh township,county,
State and interstate organization. We
cordially commend the organization
over which Hon. Hector D. Lane ably
presides. and tender that body at its
meeting in Memphis on the 2th in
stant our cooperation in comspleting
the organiz ition so well begun by it
several years ago. T.o the end that
uniformity may exist throughout all
tue States organized and to be organ
ized, vie shall appoint a committee of
the bcdy to consider all plans of or
ganization that may be submitied at
this meeting and mature a plan for
presentation to our trathren at Mem
phis next week through a delegation
to be appointed by this meeting to
represent this convention in that
2. While not abating any of our
contentions that the monetary system
of cur country is at the foundation of
our difficultier, as it is at the bottom
of the depression in all industries, we
hold that there are deep t ooted evils
peculiar to cur industry that demand
immediate a tention and remedy.
And of first importance among these
as a factor in depressing prices is the
speculative control exercised over the
price of actual cotton through the un
just rules and regulations of the cot
ton exchianges. This ev-il we are con
vinced eai be reached oaly by legisla
tion, arnd hence we plcdge ourselves
and our organ zition to Iabor for the
needed legislative rrstriction of gamb
ling in futures in car et soectiva States
and in cngress.
3. This evil bting abolishai or re
duced to a minimumar ty proper Legis
lation, and tne control 0f spo- cottcn
being thus restored to th p oucers
under the law of supply and de
mand, as far ss that law is allowed to
operate u::der a vicious mionetary ss
ten, we de-m it rext in importance
that our far-is be m'ade self sustaining
in so far as climate and s-oil conditioras
per mit and icre1ase the a mount of
rocd supplies The cotton grower
who makes hi ::u-;piivs at home, is in
a large mreaure i 'epent of the
manipu:aior of th'e spot c'2tton m.:r
4 The mx: sou ce of' lis is also an
impor-~an o0: but is nt"r-y inte
on- -ie tn c'-efui au-' tion tj
he pre1pa'i-on of o'- cYta for the
miarka. OTau (ds-yes. m;Jiln
of dolas ar?.at anuav o thecot
ton .rome~ thr-ug' careles band.'ng
Iof tn cot on frorn the~ fii to th- gin
ard press a' d hrouen- use of ia erior
cojverin~r Wiz-ie our far.ners~ lly'
uniderstatd tis, this me'-og would1
:,er.:ecta imp~ortart rrspribiliu'.yii.
failed to cili attenit:oa to tms::ue
of 1 a-ss antd urge carr-Lc iot of theeii..
We furthr rec: m read the estab
lishment of an infr:ation cureau.
IRa s-crd, That tais comut:Ou i0
dorse the ega~rz~ti->a k .i-'- a, ttue
Amne:itan Cottoa Gr vwers' Prutecti-:e
asoocro~n; as it reauy nl exist
eceC .. is wokn o ta, 'sa m- ob
j e.sa f.t wic 'ear sse-ntled, th
rt cucti- u of tLe =creai at~d increase
of the- prce~ of coutn, ..d te ca.rac
otes b op're-s 'h- prodcer; ta.t
we give ou:r~c indoree to th 'e A-er
ican Co"uen Gro s-crs' ProteAie asso
to the n.e&t- Vof in Am rica L
ten Gro.er' Piroctive s can' " at
i'.s meeting in Mem- s - t .2e -ki,
that tne preside?nt f ..eu n.te er?ga
piesiden:ts apui pre~e ofcaI
ty crgan.zions to be formd in all
t he on rtiet of te aita where cnttro
is crown, so that the orga ztion may
heso perfected that the decisions ar
rived at by the asscciatior. may be
carried out throughout all the cotton
growin.g scction of the United States
as a 'nit, as it is in this way only tha1
the designs c f the assccistion may be
carried out and the variuus measures
of rel'-f and reform bexnaugurated al
over the south.
ilesolved, That this convention, a:
far as the votes of N rth Oarolina.
South Carolina, Alabam', Mississippi
and Georgia may entitle them, r.c
ommend the reek e:ion of the Hon.
HIaItor D L::e, of Alabama. as pret
ident of the American Cotton Growers
Prot- ctive asscciation.
This committee recomn-e ds the fc'
lowing committee as su-A.able gentk
men to represent this convention at
the coning Memphis convention; Dr.
D. M. Crosson, W. A. Broughton, W.
1'. Batchelor, W. J. Lack. Dr. J. B.
HUnnicutt. That these ntlernen
ekct their alternates. J. R E rle
Be it resolved by this c-nventior,
That we commend the anti-option bil.
to the attention of the cotton growers
of the south and to the meat and :aira
producers o' the west, at.d we earnest
ly urge upon the producers of th-e
articles of commerce that they memo
rahze their resnectivc representatives
in congress and the senate of the Unit
ed States to give to the Stokes bill
their active and earn st support and to
do all within their power to have this
bal enacted into law.
Committee on Resolutions-J. Nii
iiam Stokes, South Carolina; I. H.
Mc~alla, South Carolina; H. D. Lane,
Aiahana; J. S. Culver, Alabama; W
LI. Broughton, Georgia; J. L. Joht
Lon, Georgia; Sam E. Watson,'Texas;
J. P. Sassaman. North Carc lina; W.
B. Batcheior, North Carolina.
WrERE THE DEMOCRATS S'AND:.
R hat ;hey Think and Will Do .boit Cer
tain measur< 8.
The caucus of Democratic members
of the house of representatives Wed
resday night resulted in the adoptioi
of resolutions definirtg the party peiicy
on the question of Cuba, 'isarc and
banruptcy. Out of 125 Democratic
members, 101 were present, despite the
stormy weather. R-'presentative Rich
ardson, of Tennessee, wasin thechair
Representative Bailey, of Texas, took
the initiative by presenting the follow
Resolved. That it is the sense of this
caucus that the Democratic members
of the house of representatives ought
to resist all efforts direct or indirect to
retire the greenbacks and treasury
Resolved 2. That we are opposed to
and will resist all attempts to extend
the privileges of national banks, or to
reduce the taxes which they now pay.
Resolved 3. That we favor the early
consideration and passing of the sen
ate resolution recognizing that a con
dition of war exists in the island of
Cuba between the government of
Spain and the Cuban people.
Resolved 4 That we fa -cr the early
enactment of a just and wise bankrupt
The first thi ce features of the resol u
tion on finance and Cuba were consid
ered separatively, the discussion being
vigorously and uanimousiy favorable.
Mr Bailey made the main speech urg
ing that Democratic members should
take their position promptly against
those financial movements now assum
ing formidable dimension owning to
the recommendations given to them
by the president and secretary of the
treasury. He also spoke for a clear
cut position in favor of the recognition
of Cuban belligerency, as embodied in
the Morgan resolution which passed
the senate during the extra session.
There was not a dissenting voice to
Mr. Bailey's propositiorns and the first
three resolutions were carried by un
animous vote, the result being received
with hearty cheers.
The fourth feature of the resolution,
dEclaring for a just and wise bank
ruptcy law, met with some opposition.
but finally prevailedi by a large ma
On motion of Mr. Maddox, of Geor
gia, arrangements were made for the
usual congressional committee to con
duct the congressional campaign of
1898. The committee is to consist of
one member from each state, territory
and the District of Columbia, and
nine senators to be chosen by the sen
ate Democratic caucus. Tne caucus
ad journed at 9 o'clock and was in ses
sion just an hour and a half.
HE WOULDN'rT WORK.
A New Jertey Peisorter Who Preferred
Death to Labor.
Of the 1,245 prisoners in the New
Jersey state penitentiary at Trenton
there is one who will not wcrk, nor
can he be compelled to work. He is
a man of intelligence and has been
put to different kinds of work, but he
will no! raise a hand, so the cilicials
and keepers have given up the idea of
making him toil. He has the run of
the orison and can do pretty much as
he chooses. He was sent uo frorni one
cf the lower counties of Ne w Jersey
ir forgery. Oa his arrival at the
prison he was put to work a-t keeping
oooks, but he simply "laid down," as
te say i-g gos He was told he must
work but be w'ouldn't, so he was plac
ed in the durgeon. At the end ci
three days he was brought out aed
put back to his desik. Tnere he sat
A ain hewent back into the dungeon
at d w~as fed on bread and water for
four days This time it was tihoaght
that he had been cured. But he
wasn't. He was brought cut once
more and pat into tae snoe dep i-t
ment. He still refused to toil. I e
keep' rs now begain to get angry, and
resr-rted t.o the last method applied to
stut,>rn prisoners. In one s ction of
t be pehitentiary is a boiz tank about
seven feet deep A pris 'ner who per
sists in violating the rules of thne
pruite2 tiary is placed in the center o~f
th-e task and his feet are stra rped to
the bottom. The water is then turia
ed on gradualiy, and to prevent it fromn
going over the prisorer's hea~d, he is
expected to pump and keep on pump
igor run the risk of d-eding himself
over h:s head. But this prisorer
vasn't in the pu-uping business. He
was strapptd in tate tank and the wa
ter turned on. Gradual'y it begn t
get Ligher. Several of the prn
keepers looked c-n, one laughindiy re.
marked that if he never worked before
he r-oa now. Tae we~er go t up to
:he prriner's chin but he wo'ldn'
:as;J toe pu iap handle. H>e siply
went to the bottcm and tne keep ra
had to reseoc himn to prevea' dro
f . Since th-n the case he~s been:
given up as a bad joy. 'the prisoner
j E[TiiODIST PREACHERS
D "HEIR FIELDS CF LABOR FOR
THE NEXT YEAR
As Assign' d Them by the Bishop at the
Confererce of the Methodist Episcopal
Cl urcL, South
The following are the conference appoint.
ments for next year:
Presiding El ler-W P Meadors.
Trinty-J W Ilg
Bethei-II W Bays.
Spring Street-S 1' 1 Elwell.
Curberland-J 'd Steadman.
Bcrkeiey-W H Thrower.
Summervilic-G P Watson.
Ridgeville and Cypress-J L Ray and 0 N
St. Georce's-A C Walker
St Georges Circuit-W T Patrick.
Colleton-1H C M!ouzon.
Round 0 and St. Paul-E K Moore and
W 1R Buchanan.
WIalterboro-W M1 Duncan.
lamrton and Port Royal-R L Holroyd
and W A Fary.
Allendale- W B Duncan.
Black Swamp-W H1 Weston.
larleeville-J C Welch.
Beaufort-P A Murray.
McClelanville and St. Stephen's-G W
Gatlin and D A Patrick.
Ilardeeville-E MI1 McKissick.
Presiding Eider-G T Harmon.
C-kesburg-J C Chandler.
Verdery--G i Shaffer.
Ninety-Six-W A Betts.
Donalds--W B Wharton.
Abbeville-J W Daniel.
Antreviile-W .J Snyder.
McCormick-W H Ariall.
Lowndesville-E W Mason.
Mfount Carmel-H Stokes.
Princtton-S D Vaughn.
Waterioo-W W Jones,
New Station and City Mission-C W
Creighton and J W Speak.
Newberry Circuit-D Tiller.
Kinard's-J S Lesley.
Saluda-J .J Stephenson.
Butler-W C Wurn.
Parkville-J C Holley,
Prosperity-E G Price.
Presiding Elder-J W Dickson.
Washington Street-W W Daniel.
Marion Street-P L Kirton.
Green Street and Brookland-W B Baker.
Richland and Grandby-J C Abney.
Edgewood-R C McRay.
Byatts-J W Neely.
Lexington - -Wm. Harden.
Lexington Fork-_M L Banks, Jr.
Lewiedale-J N Wright.
Leesville-N B Clarkson.
Batesburg-D D Dantzler.
Johnston-C C Herbert.
Edgefield-D Z Dantzler.
Graniteville-N G Ballenger.
Langley-J H Noland.
Upper St, Matthews-J W Ariael.
Fort Moge-R W Humphries.
Ridgeway-A R Phillips.
Winnsboro-J D Crout.
Fairneld-W H Miller.
Columbia Female College-J A Rice presi
dent, and R E StaCkhouse professor.
Epworth Orphange-Geo. H Waddell,
Paine Institute-Geo. W Walker, presi.
Presiding Elder-E T Hodges.
Florence Station-W R Herbert.
Darlington-R A Child.
Cheraw-D M .McLeod.
Cheraw Circuit-R E iMood.
Clyde-J S Abercombe.
Darlington Circuit-K S 3Iartin.
Lamar-J M1 Boyd.
Timmonsville-R W Barber.
Claussen-3I H Pooser.
Soath ilerence-R 31 Dubose.
Scranton-J W Harris.
Lake City-K H Kirton.
Kingstree-A 13 Earle.
Unicn-G W Davie.
Lane's-J A White.
Sellers-R C Boulware.
-Georgetown-A J Stokes,
Gergetown Circuit-O L Duant and 3 B
Johnsonville-A E H oller.
GRsii~ IEENvILLSI DISTRICT.
Prsdn Elder-W C Power.
Buncombe Station and MIills-K A Ro0g
ers and D W Keller
St. Pau's-Hl 1 Browne.
Anderson and West End-K R1 Richardson
and S B Harper.
Starr and Iva--E H Shuler and R E Turnip
Pielmont-E P Taylor and T Grigsby Her
Greenville Circuit-J C Counts.
Fountain Inn-J K .Shell.
Reidville-C; H Clyde.
Gree-s and. Pelham-A HI Best.
Traveier& Rest-C U Burns.
Eatsley and Bethsadia.-J E3 Rushstone.
Picket's and West Pickens--J S Porter.
North Pickens to be supplied.
Walhalla Circuit---J L M1ullinix.
Senaca and Walhalla.---J L Daniel.
Westmirnister---R Rt Dagnall.
Townville.-L L Inabinet.
Pendieton--A T Dunlap.
Williamston and Providence--P F Kilgo.
Editor -Southern Christian Advocate---J
Assistant Editor---L F Beaty, Williamston.
Williamiston College.--8. Lander:
Presiling Eider -J B~ Wilson.
M1arion-T E3 Morris.
Centenary-G Rt Whitaker
1 ritton's Neck--E S Campbell.
Conwa y- K Stokes.
Conway :remt--W lE Barre.
Bucksville-..J F Way.
Whaccamaw-D A Calhoun.
L:>ris- 11h Sojourner.
Alunliu-S .J lUethea
Nort 31uMllins-J K MIcKain.
L itta- E LUeard.
Little Rock-A J Cauthen, Jr.
C io- W Williams.
L.Lenheim-P U3 WVell
Bennettsville-'-JIL S okes.
Leuinettsville Circuit--J S Beasley.
Urightsville-J U3 Traytwick.
M tal alisio-T L lr'ivin.
Northi 3ariboro- V8 Good win.
Presiding Eder-Jonn Qwen.
J rangeburg and City M1ission-E (J Wat
o0 and J ., Stri' ILnd.
<frangeburg circuit-- L Waite.
Loe St 3at ne r.--M 31lHok
Povidence- D I)1ann and EZ Z .-: s.
Btmberg-T Cu dll.
Denmira-- 3 U Kelley.
iBarnwell-W A - Wriht.
Wiito- C Dai
Boiing spring -J Di Fri'erson.
')range-N I. 31elon.
Ehi I--J Ct Loge
S'wnsea-J T1 .lae:arlane.
WageLer to besupled
P re"~ln E .- J C Cmpbell,
-he r Crcuit-J L MIaha:tev.
ileur-E l' ilton.
200 lbd-- /..1 i Z a~uran.
it e ll Gr iT CLigun.
North ituck 11111-J B llarris,
IYorsville- --A N Brunson.
Hickory ( nor -.T T:acker.
York Circuit-.I WV Ima'ert.
Fort Mill-.J A Camp'e'.
Van Wyvck- II Bo th.
Lanca'ter-J E C arli-e.
Lanc:-ter Circuit-. C LeonarI.
Fradesvile- L L Ueden1ugh.
Chesterteld-.1 P Attaway.
Jetferron-A lin Mct'arlane.
liackstock-P I I Inraha:n.
Pre-idin, Elder-A J Cauthen.
Central-M L (arI l.
Duncain-W ClKir::an 1
Spartan!u !ir- B Lo-:es.
('liton-It V Spi ner.
Union Station ani I W A Mlassa. nau
and .' C Rorer.
Gatiney-T Mi DonL
Gairney Circui'-S T Creech.
Laureis Staion an. Iission-ii II Jones
and J Ml Shell.
North Laurens--D P Boyd.
Cherokee-J I iwon.
Jonesville-E Ii Beckham.
Belton-.i N Igo:.
Pacolet Miills-B \I rier.
Pacolet Circui:-E S Jones.
Enore-J 'I Frid :.
Clinton-J L II rley.
Whitmire-) A Phillips.
Santuc-A F Berry.
Campoella-S A Netdes.
Belmont-S T Blac'kman.
Wolford College-C B Sitrh.
Presiding E. for-T J Clyde.
Sumter-J A Clinton.
Sumter Cit 2lision--W A Heley.
Sumter Cir.it-W M B;rd.
Manning-' IT Ilodges.
Santee-A 1B atsor.
Jordan-W A Pitt;.
Foreston-J R CopeIand.
New Zion-W L W\igins.
Lynchburg-W I Justus.
O-wego-J F Anderson.
iBishopvilie-J W Elkins.
Bethany-G ii Pooser.
Salem Statlrn-T W Henry.
Kershaw-J G Beckwith.
S:rihville-W T Duncan.
Camden-J T Pate.
Camden Circuit- B I ltobertson.
Wateree -S D Bailey.
richland-T ( White.
Wedg 'ield -F Spear.
S'EL NIUATFtr re.Ci ma
F Auld. 'M L Lanks, J C L'riswell, Sidi IT
Browne, J MI Carlisle, William Carson, W A
Clarke, A M Crietzberg. 0 A Darhy. R L
DJfoie, J F Smith. J A Wood. A IV Walker,
J J Workman, John Attaway, L M Ilamer,
A W Jackson, Simpson Jones. L A .ohnson,
Paul F Kistler, L C Loyal, M M Bradham.
J J Neville, J J Newberry, J A Porter, W C
Patterson, A M Attaway. T P Phillips, C E
Wiggins, J S Sibley, M 'M Ferguson. J .
Rogers, Thos. G Herbert, Sr., T E Wanna
COTTON GROWERS CCNVENTION.
It Decidt C, Unantmous1y in Favor of a l
dacticn of Acreage.
When the convention of the South
ern cotton growers met in the ballroom
of the Kimball in Atlanta at noon
Wednesday nearly 300 delegates an
swered to the roil call. They repre
sented the foremost planters of the
fleecy staple cf South Carolina, Geor
gia, Alabama, Tennessee. Texas and
other southern states. The meeting
was called to order by Mr. J. C Wil
born, president of the South Carolina
The first business taken up by the
convention was the election of tempo
rary cfficers. The following were
J. C. Wilboru, of South Carolina,
president ; S E. Watson, of Texas, vice
president; Robert Cheatham, editor of
the Memphis Cotton Journal, secre
ary. The delegates will from what
s to be known. as the International
and State Cotton Growers' association.
The object of the asscciation will be
o have repealed the present mortgage,
ien. etc., laws, under which they con
ed that the scuthern farmers have
een subjected to atjset poverty. They
will also devise scme means to greatly
:ilitate against speculation in cotton,
which is now indulged in so freely by
the southern, as well as the northern
people. They say thbat the speculators
practically gobble up the entire crop
before its production mid that low
orices is the result.
The sout hern farmers w ill be advised
to reduce their cotton acreage and
plant more food crops.
By unanimous action at the night's
session the cotton growers decided in
favor of reduced screage, against trusts
and speculation in cotton, indersed
the meeting of the American Grcwers'
ssociation in Memphis next week,
ecided in favor of complete erganizi
tion in every county and state in the
suth, self-sustaing farms and in
formation '., ans:. A permanent
rganizaion -vas perfected and the
tcmporary clflicers mrade permanent,
A comrnattee of six was anpointee
to attend the Memtpis convetionl
Monday. Af:ec- three busy sessiors,
the conventions adj oared tonight at
11 :30 s'elock.
'The Fe nsion Laiw.
The Cola-nbia State says there is
some talk ofan ti of 'b e e
oard C f pensions la tnecxt few days
to arrange for th ri:n and distri
butin without dela et ai te b'ark
required by the to "'sti bo *r::s
Under arncnt decisi. -' the attor
ney generalsir h l t>wsi
boards wi l or Lj~t year the
deartmoent had -s maes h'l:ut
tev ot illno ser . Unproli:-rE
'on is mso' sto aprdcamen t,
and1 does no kOo y xaitym od
in. orde'rito g-' 'v t'is i.7s mthe
macitnry ''he filr of' an toj .a
shp board toac a t poper unte
teays whoe cuV '.s reo he ~.
theveernsiste seri c...uust
prdfre son d sp r C3sr
rspect of op 's.heb
and ther - r -.n. 3P ai N-'d me
tseni ear r .3 ae D c
A ro Ay-i w
a pur': d 00exra U1:: c:-s,
a'- hadthem J:.e r hi P
inu -c. cliiJgta ixyha
his on;~ prop rtasD 5j:'U- a d
ordred taat he' pay a tia: ama .o to
jail fer threo morhK
H^CW IT W4S D',E.
Mr. Tihomps .A~ UltvowI l:de~ . Us Bg
Eiitor of The Ycrvilie Enquirer:
In vcnr issue of December 2, 1 note
a sugesiucn frcm t::e News and Cou
rier to t' :e ct ct that many pecple
wo'ld probazly bE intErested t) know
w"heter or no, there wa, a nrent in
the crop of fcur bales which I recent
ly Sitheri frcm en acre of ground.
c :Sri:ing tlh report, it
did rot ceUr um but -hat I :was
uc y exd1i*.i. en this subject to
ale an. c':ot~. rier to figure the
hole' mu er cut fcr hi::s, anti
';,h entire :iJ"Tfaction; cut if you
wilt iIv i'o rte spac:, I Till be
ple'asel to' go inofrherc deis
Tre cro pai :, and it paid hand
somaly. e r the figu:es for fer
1.3 pouun Charot- acid.... 6 71
433 pcu s init.............. 4
233 soubl g'uano2............. 2 09
0 -u:s Coc d. 00
6 t.o horse 'cs. srable manure 3 00
Tctal.................. .$20 C4
N, co-nes the ahbor. Estimat
jng tre ;_:l r of a :a at 50 cents a
day and h :. of a horse at 25 cents a
^. the xpe:s for:
Picing 4,"25 puucds at 40 cents 16 50
Ginr~i ............... .......... 4 00
Fagcirg and tI.s............... 1 20
Hauli: g to manrt'............. 2 CO
T a*..............30 65
For my cotton, when :old, I receiv
cdan avsrage of C cents per poutd.
1 722 pound .................. 103 47
100 bushels cotton seed, worth 10 00
Su.bstract iota' cxpense...... 50 69
Leaing n t proai of........5 G f78
Of ccu:se, I raue left out certain
ex; ens-s, inicludia interest, etc , that
are usually counted in ; but these will
be rere than ctffet by the value of the
fert~z:r that has not yet been made
available, ard the calculation is close
enough fcr all practical purposes. The
cost of my cotton, it will be seer, was
not quite 3 cents a pound. This I
know is so low as to be almost beyond
belief with many farmers; but in my
opinion it is easily possible to make
further reductions in the cost
Now, before I conclude, allow me
to make another observation. As the
result of my report already published,
I have bEen literally overwhelmed
with letters asking for co'.ton seed and
for various points of information. In
regard to the cotton seed. I will do the
best I can to carry out my proposition
to send a pound to all who send me
12 cents with which to pay postage;
but I cannot undertake to answer all
of the letters that I am receiving.
This I regret very much; but positive
ly I cannot spare the time.
E. D. THolIPSON.
Point, S. C., Dec. 4, 1879.
FinarCs in the Home.
A lack of sound nusiness under
standing between h'usband and wife
has been the ruin of more homes than
poverty. When a man and a woman
enter into a merrisct--that mcst im
p:rtant partnership in life--both mem
bers of the new firni should have a
distinct appreciation of the financial
situa'ion, and, as the years pass, the
firm-'s prcfit s and losses should come
within the equal knowledge of both.
So would be avoided much of; the un
happiness that arises from the hus
band's thinking his wife extravagant,
or the wife thinking her husband stin
ey. Nothing is mcre disecuraging to
a man than to see his hard-earned
money thrown recklessdy away on
luxuries he feels that only the families
of richer men cant siford; but often
this expenditure is dua, not to willful
ness on the wife's par", but to simply
not knowing how much her husband
can afford to have ner spend. e is
often over indulgent. S-ae tells him
of two bonnets one is nve dollar ore
than the other and she dcetn't know
wvhether she cazht to get it-"but it is
dear of a bonnet she adds, and he.
too weakly loving, tells her "to buy it
and look pretty, " and then when the
biil comes in he broods over his CX
ceness. At another time she asks for
moe oouy a certain piece of bric a
bra, ad metswith a refusal. and, at
a less to re concile t er husband's for
nter genercsity with the present deni
asl, inwardly dec ides that he is 'cose
Both of these raisunderstandings are
due to a want of n.utual advice and
cc-nfl lence conicerning the household
treasury. The~ way to avoid the un
happiness that bach misunderstand
'n invariably briag about, is for the
wif to have~ an allowance for house
ai excenses. ka'riag exactly what
ran h aon-nc? oears to her hus
band a a nol ir et?. Whether ibe
allowa'ce~ be are or s:nall will really
m '-.t r littlie iu au'sme that is es
.b sh:. on the above sound money
vita a 2:ie a *eetee.1 the stage
or o th A dlph tatre in Lo-tdon
tlo:br. h x- sai spoe
to b a ~emer sr:- Th :Srdere
th- s~or r, hismurdeer e~z:
by: pe:.le ....o are rusee -a tre.
me te~r ardd-~r an tore cali
R - 'iC fo T atn
According to..n.... ..me'0ate
'~~r ir:-ai d, .r ,on a
r d ay G a 's rcepion her
ras es- siai~isa: an tat the
TIIE STATE MILITIA,
A DEC;;EASE IN THE NUMBER OFENs
ao. sig Oat Frcrcsa Is Being Applied by
Ge, Wattz-Fiaures Frcm the Antaa
teport-A Conp sr son.
C... W. W. Bruce, the assistant ad
jtart general, has just completed the
pre::arat:on c4 the table showing the
num:'er of c l :ers and nen enlisted in
tI mltia cf the State under the mili
tia act. This is the statement that
zces into the annual report of the ad
jutant general. The statement wnen
compared with that of last year shows
that there are now 741 less men com
pcsicg the State militia than at the
end of last year. There are now 17
less c ampanies in the State than last
s car, the total number being 97 in
18t 3 against S in 1897. The principal
fal ling off has been in the infantry
companies, 14 having been dropped
and disbanded for various reason,
Last year 3,00 men cut of 3,683 turn
ed cut for inspection; this year 2,450
cut of 2,942 were present at the annual
inspection. Gen. Watts has disband
ed a number of the commands far
failure to pass inspection.
When asked about the decrease in
the State's militia force, Gen. Watts
said that it meant that the militia was
was in a much better condition than
for a long time. He would rather
have a few first class, thoroughly
driiled commands than thrice the
number of commands that simply
did nothing bat keep up the organiza
The - fcllowing comparative figures
are taken from the annual statement:
State Volunter Troops:
Cavalry, 1897........28 102
Cavalry, 1896........31 116
Artillery, 1897........ 2 6
Artillery, 1896......... 2 7
Infantry, 1897........40 153
Infantry, 1896........ 54 201
Total, 1S97...........70 261
Total, 1897............87 324
Naval Militia, 1897.... 3
Naval Militis, 1896.... 3
National Guard, 1897.. 7 27
National Guard, 1896.. 7 25
Total active militia
composed of State vol
unteer troops and na
tional guard, 1897.... 80 288
Total active malitia
composed of State vol
unteer troops and na
tional guard, 1896.... 97 349
Cavalry, 1897........ 858 960
Cavalry, 1896........1,058 1,174
Artillery, 1S97........ 70 76
Artillery, 1896......,. 65 72
Infantry, 1897........1,407 1,560
Infantry, 1896........1,920 2,121
Total, 1897.............2,335 2,506
Total. 1896..........2,043 3,367
Naval Militia, 1897... 183
Naval Militia, 1896, -
National Guard, 1897. 319 346
National Guard,1896, 291 316
Total active militia
composed of State
volunteer troops and
national guard, 1897 2,65k 2,912
Total active militia
composed of State
volunteer troops and
nationa guard, 1896 3,334 3,683
The follomng sho ws the division of
the militia, including all comm'ands
into regiments and battallions.
Second Regiment (tre --?).... 6 8
Third Regiment (tra"ps)... 6 7
First Battilion (trc.ops).....3 3
Secor-d Buatlion (trt~ops),..... 4 4
ITcotal (troops)........... 28 31
Attached to Fourth Brigade
I(batteries)~............., 2 2
INaval Battaliion (companies),. 3 3
IFirst Regiment (companies).. 9 12
Second Regiment (companies) 8 12
Third Regiment (companies). 5 6
Fourth Reidnent (companies) 8 6
Fifth Regrment (companies).. 3 -7
First Battlion (companies).... 3 3
Second Battlion (companies).. 3 / 3
WVashington Light Infantry:
Battiion (companies)... 1 2
F irst Regiment, Nation Guard'
Total (comnanies).......47 61
Number of active companies 80 97
Cavairy..........,....,... 1 0
Total..................,.. 8 6
Total number companies...... 88 103
Trying to Even Up.
We are informed that Ne;~berry
will have four candidates for state
Icflice:S.; two for attorney general,
Messrs. H. H. Ev'ans and Col. L.
B' ee, Hon. 0. L. Schumpert for
g rorand Hon. J. A. Sligh for
railroad comm issiorner. While it is
tru that Ne vberry has not had men
who file many state offices lately
ye. we think were we Newberry men
we would not want to hold all the
stt ci lce at one time.-Saluda Ad
v-ocate. New berry is not greedy. She
on.ly wants to catch up with old Edge
deid and keep up with rnew Saluda.
New berry Observer.
Tyewriters to be Cheaper.
Type wrier men of Chicago say that
1893o wi see big cuts in tt e prices of
machines. The eiigh prices main
tained by the trust have given the
oppsito~ copanesopportunity to
figt he rut wththe latter's old
ncis.I: is from the trust, there
Iee tht he cut is expected, and the
urdc.on is that it will be so great
ta80per cent. of the opposition
cap~t~o will be obliterate. A for
tr..e. mplove of the trust says the aver
neuu0 tmachir~e costs $15 and that
the acnies of this clss next year
w I retai at "50. A leading member
of the trust will widraw next month.
Interca ting Case.
Reoreentatve Pllck, of Chester
I. ., ha a mo&' interesting case rela
o te fsesar law now up on
.,a aral is taken from the
n ar.Ise Ueet.The case in
3 a peu~fcosion jast at this
a ci : e acisions of the
c Lt Chrles Holleyman
anwee convicted of
c:: s ey inio the State
2jrit time, contrary to the