Newspaper Page Text
H ospru c 1 . :r :: - -
F r om ....
esa::e s ......
bern I1 3 -75..
e a e s s $ 1 3 ; :$ 7 7 ,~
useIv cc C' "..
duing c r
By re -
colae-d e a''... 14 - -
Admissons utoi* -.. - 4
divided respc u'l y ur __
men 119, m.te omen t j r c
men 94, n CO:Cr t zrC :U: Ta
total -e -;;e ra-le -
the year was 1,2.1 T_: cla. a'er
and teao"res t
The reiw:M e foir:. . ' :
mor l n::c~a ---- '-~
eaprs, (D 1 a e o
attna.:ts .. e,. .
d~2 . . L
1seen at. he. . .-.23
he men and~ .. c
Admisons dui :he year .er -1
men119, wShiae women 111, V: ~c.
mthya ss ..at . eoa:. r
wlasto5, The ilyes: obe c~i J E~
athe loar cet 621. : t..
the Hoi 1. e u s'tm.rr c"
thre timportant: sa e fo ap
sevetee ar Ad i~s
Year.th Die. C e ). T~
t8e2....... W, 1-c -a
One...,..... - .. .
1889.........1.1 it~ n-. 2
1e95..........e idllJ ~e r
Tota dtotargnumr:. o: adne e:. e
324. Oiof thS7 hospt !!S 1
recomvered: ave be ra:v. ic
amtrsoed $ as itraem h o
TueatioTh:iy cs:: of~ SS3, Jan
two yearg clse tor 2 metsi
thad this' lam l inreseT-p.: t
has been receindin ur-e : e s.-t
gTrs we had i-c-s years ago vWi.d
tthe i::" ex 'e howeer'
toul hav bneenu let
acoms i rsfo lie : -
Oe of th cas ii s:s
Thi us tisi ltasf-hep .
fe er a enthe concr-d .2
this e o ad:iinsa e.n a
aroo rioofheehv wie
ther womniTe otz nmbr f
epilptics r ad'C e3 t~ ig
324. Oet;e- 7e eiho
as mprvd2, sumpve.
tients io ens e s n p::ae
hbeen m e ~oe o. hr
Thest er otri e ; :c
arites direr, it is
tat the State is
)7;e yearly for a
- patients than
C ear'v shown in
the date on
as d .h patient was
Fs admitted De
D aditted June
- a; acmitted April
s admited Jrun'
s admitted April
-as admitted April
we r.ow admit
s.e Lumber that it
hirty years to
c the alleged in
i the last report
he New York luna
" st ated that: "The
daions which enter
n -s fal scope are
- -easonir- are sure to
s h it will be seea de
t ion." As bearing
s 'e s me report quotes
:e Ecish commission,
7 gher reasans for the
: ar ... of insanity, the fol
w c m eapplikd to south
i re exr Fded views as to what
u v requiring confine
n' raduaiy increasing popu
Fc- s:no prcpcrtion of old
.'. ;. r : L'e. S
c;L ed .nu.ber of inebri
c nthe death rate.
- , i oa in the dischargesof
c. a of reasons stated in No.
- .33 is the rate of recoveries.
sc cauws havc ben in opera
- r final conclusion of the
o'.:ision is true also, in
- cr -outh Carolina. As
- y:.. : sta'ed, we arewell
:at tere has been a
number of officially
s s of unsound mind, but,
- . - rd to cemonstrate, this
due to accumulation,
Seral causes, which with
o^ C" prstion, we have en
e ad tion the hcspital has
'spe ivebriates. To pre
at "So cf:his privilege a-law
a, ec acted in 1S t4, r: quiring that
ra suf.ering from the abuse of
*cho. opium or chloral be received
on y as patients, being supported by
tbr .rinds or, when they were not
Ss L, '-r-c:n i e county treasuries; in'
SFr, it was clearly the intent
_.1rt these cases should not
. :-es of the State in the
sm e~ee t"e mnsane. In its pur
sisa wise and just law. It is
L' speci 'nUgh, howe-.er, in- its
of couinty supoort, nor
eyteinninuma length of
s e 't'i-:s maybe kept here.
eue or inebrittes to be
or a week or- ten days, till
e riste effects oftade
a c he i'charge them t re
S p 'ly hs in the pst,S as our
"- kos to'o well reflected little
e e . e n0:einbriate of the man
ci nh ospital. As a xule,
e'a liers ignore the require
o pa forthisclass of patients.
I w & aticre, suggest that your
C')ir - onaend to the General As
se'nt'y ii'e enactment of a law requir
'a ro idete-ndoa cf an inebriate for
c~eta eau ixt days, and exacting
fra~n the faily o. the patient or the
c-:.1 upervisor the payment of the
fialrors rqired of pay patients, that
is $20 S5 p: r monh.
During the ear several criminals
were sent here zs insane. It appears
'that th a number of this class is increas
i ng. Tec omm-itfment of such cases
:o the ;:cpi tal serves more frequently
:c.oe :tc istpenalty of crime than
i' u1:3 'nane purposes of an
ad m fr te nfortunate. Without
noe dicussa- at length the serious
i':es' iin . wol suggest that a law
ra' enet d providing for the confine
meti a'separate department of the
P 't 'etisrv ci insane criminals,
as1i endone within the past year
'v th~ Se:o of North Carolina. I
e :erase the question of juris
d 'ez- o Pbate Judges over persons
seuedc crime. The decision of
e- eases wou',ld seem to me to be
cu-.e the pale of the Probate Courts
and tob 'ilng rather to one of the
TE PARKERt BtILDING.
Aitlatsession the General As
ilding for colored men. Your
b n ad most prprydecided to
oll rl utldng the Parker build
i-g,. icl because of the fact that
i'. eecio: vibeen proposed by Dr.
1rr S i bu: alsn because of
D:. Pke' .ong and eminent service
o h ':t-: an officer of this Hos
ImmdI2cel:y af ter the adjournment
ofd LiAturc the ylans for the
es -r vre prepsrcd. Owing to
a e )L-1 pprpration it was under
va au e should so far as possi
o devis ork.~ wit-hin ourselves.
e, foudc urseves debarr
s of both architect and
'ation having been comn
ro ptints, the founds.
d dunel1, and owing to
ate the erection of the
*s since been carried on
.LTh building fronts
a' c c'nsists ofthree stori-s
- a' ape basement, except
at .1 ton is carried one
. Wn the view of pos
e'een of the Hospital
'" d'e lie of the lirst cross sec
son'-hern wing of thle main
ascontin-ued through the
a d a .The length of the
'eet, the' main portion
- n n extremities
"'w'de, The cellar, as
s 'welve feet high.
sam"e level as the
p ned for the din
mssions of sixty
enfeet. The front
eee end is to be a
- d .ith appliatnces
Trst story will bec
- ~ rv ward. The
o er the dining
ru sasciate dormnito
ccaa.ig forty patients.
.croteries over the
- Ienty beds each,
a 'toy thirty beds.
o icapacity of the
th L undred beds.
- csets and bath
xrate tower ex
nec building on
the cavity or hollow plan, having a
threeinch air space between the inner'
and utter wall, thus preventing damp
ness from reaching the inner waap.
and promoting warmth in winter and
coolness in summer. At the base the
foundations are four feet wide anu
laid in cement, with a damp-proof
layer of tarred paper on level of next
wall, thus preventing the entrance of
ground air into the suferstructure b
means of the cavity which extends to
the roof. The outer wals are finishe d
plain, with common brick laid with
red mortar. This outer wai !c
the inner wail by p';rv rive cours
and eiKt:cu iiches apart, and is fu
tader strengthened at intervals wi
The inside walls are struck <moo h
and are ready for painting, thus reu
dering plastering unnecessary. A1l
the brick work about the doors. and
windows above the basement is madr'e
with "ball nosed" brick, which pro
vides rounded corners to prevent cli -
ping and injury to patients by cutting
with sharp angler.
Chimneys and fire placs have bcen
built at the ends and central portion,
but for the purpose of eventually heat
ing the building by indirect radiation
flues run in the corridor walls from
the basement to each story.
Ample prevision is made for light
and natural ventilation by iarge win
dews, doors, alcoves and statrwn
wells. For the escape of foul air one
or more flues lead from each rcor
and concenirate beneath the roof
where exit is provided for by ventilst
ing turrets on each corner of that
structure as well as by "star" ventiih
tors along the ridge of the roof.
The building is divided into thrL?
sections by two fire walls, one cf
which forming the inner cross will of
the dining room and associate dormi
tories rises three feet above the roof.
The other, or middle lire wal., serves
as an outside wall and extends without
window or other openings a story
above the eastern v ing.
A wide stairway hads from the
basement to the top story in each of
the three fire sections one at either
end on the rear and central one in
front. The windows are finished on
the inside with a sloping or beded
still, thus preventing patients froe
standing upon them.
The plans include on the southern
or front exposure a piazzi on each
wing and a central porcb, all having
brick substructure. Provision has
also been made for erecting at the eas
tern extremity verandas similar to the
ones now on the other buildings.
The appropriation for the butlding
was exhausted about November 1.
-when the brick work was about two
thirds finished. After cons'ulation
with Governor Ellerbe, it was decided
that in view of the fact that a force of
experienced workmen was upon the
ground, and since the brick ccu'd be
obtained from the directors of the Peni
tentiary and from Capt. Giugnard on
credit, the better course would be to
push the building to such a state of
completion as would prevent injury
to the work already done by exposure
to the weather. This course having
been determined unon, the work has
been continued upon borrowed money
and by the time for the session of thD
General Assembly the building will
be nearly under cover. The dining
room was so far completed that Christ
mas dinner was served and a Christ
mas dance held therein.I
A fire occurred aboutl1P. M., June
, destroying the laundry, electric
plant carpenter shop and mill and in
juring the boilers and engine.- The
fire originated in the southern end of
the laundry building from a detect mn
theflue of the stove for heat flatirons
So much headway had been made by
ti e fire between the celling and the tin
roof before its discovery that the ef
forts of the city fire department which
ame to our relief was of little avail
:ther than to save adj joining buildings
The property was insured under an
0 per cent. company insurance policy
for $6.400. The adjuster offered to
pay $5 949.97 and this was accepted in
view of the fact that the walls of the
building cculd be used again.
With this amount of insurar ce mone y
the laundry has been rebuilt, the
whole building being now devoted to
the purpcses of the laundry, boilers
and engine, and a very complete laun
dry plant installed.
The mill is again in operation, but
we are without an independent elec
tric plant and carpenter shop.
It has been thought best to take a
somewhat comprehensive revlew of
the financial history of the Hospital,
so that the members of the Generai
Assemoly may inform themselves of
past acaievements as well as of future
eeds. The following table is based
pon the one published in the last re
port of the census:
Total treated. Maintenance. Building
882.... 643 $ 69,726 $43,184
S3.... 775 73 810 3,026
LS4.... 789 86,078 16.560u
885.... 914 92,5S5 44,392
886.... 859 SS,772 25,889
887.... 857 91,262 4,110
SS8.... 894 94,142 ..
889.... 931 94265 ..
890.. ..1,014 100 744.......
891.. ..1,081 105.950 7.591
892...l,1.32 92,317 9 323
193....1.1(9 101,593 2,852j
894.. ..1,107 92,474 9 311
895.. ..1,157 96,53 15 9U2
896... .1,247* 107,282 27,601
897... .1,257 98.273 23.000
All of the building fund from 1891
nclusive is for permanent improve
The deficit of last year, 1S96, j1,
58 23, had to bed made good from
his year's appropriat on. 0Oir total
ncome was St03.066.39, the total ex
penses $102. 291 49, which gives a bal
nce of $3,775 90. This balance has
een used to reduce the amount ofI
oney borrowed from the banks to
eet the expenses of the Parker build
ng. The total cost of maintenan ce
roper was $98 273 40 This amoun t,
ivided by 875, the daily number of
average patients, gives the sctual an
ual per capita of $112 31, or daily per
apita of $30a 77 cents.
For comparison with former years
the following tables are presentvd:
88.. ..$140.27 1892... .$139 11
LS8... 140 59 1894.... 123 37
889.... 137 47 1895.... 116 76
891.... 133 42 1897.... 112 31
ESTIMATES FOR THE YEAR 1898.
Your board, after careful considera
on, has decided to ask for spicial ap
roriations as follo ws:
or Parker building........13 50
or Wallace property, debt and
interest.................. 4 4
For insurance (three years... 1,200
For mileage and per diem re
THE prohibition candidate in Naw
York is found by the corrected returrns
to have polled 650 votes, and in t be
present city of Brooklyn, long regard
d as strongly inclined to temperance,
607 votes, a total in the two cities of
1,257. As his contribution to the cam
paign was $5,000, it therefore cost him
about $4 a vote.
GovERNOR Powers of Maine, recen'.
ly told hoe, when he was a young
justice of the peace, he married a1
couple, iater secured them a divorce,
married the man to another wvomns.
secure:1 them a divorce, and later re
T1'1rnn Agrces whb !-Arb ,
>.Iter Ti'bo' :r.;:re v 1 G...V
to. ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ c Wah-:en:ree tto
N :: C r , n r
Iant o t r -
le' e: '. 1, l n u i' s :c d t -
wi;'i;ch, safisn dati. ,s w- t prr
ve t a pte or s::,';:at ,: ;ud be'
t:e bls_ syte 5 only quio
tai t^F Unit . Ca it clon31
the 1ou: 1', " ri ' . :l i . .t'. e o".n
s1 .q: , - p s,::
to-r r -:'! a iciousir .iiis w \ i: C i- s. r -
osI and r1n a.ed . ! r
u,. ernor E..lerC'e 1t :.- 'e '?-', hatIt ?
d s'.re ve proit fesrer of . dis e'
sur t-i n u.d rt .. : r c
o :lhe :xi:Ing c.-:dIV u v. c :s !rt e
whiReyI'rragut e Sa~t. Agreat,
:. :: e :. at
ule, a11, wc ' co)l r-Lcru.d-:
mal he dit rnee-bat-t:1 e ce pt
i:'g mney- for l1icem arnd c(b*.i
it ope pi: om :'ig r :ll i e
ta pr~e ed oo odr of the ta
to forego tie n rt enti e ' iathe r
h n i r i- or license. O will
gain tine, ad :an det;rmine - hat is
best to do nox winter, after the ccurt
nls decided the questii), ardafter the
h,.use has xa 'ad cr refunsd to pas
the bill which I got t'e sens.e to
A Ci ariesten vaper. severai y ear
age, uL::s ed the foliovirtg: An
-srchar e sss that hugging parties for
the ben ti: of churches are a rt cent
imuortation into tie South, but they
are b c nini vary po'ula in soie
Section,, es-Griny in t irgn-i. The
)rices ire as foti. s: For girls under
15 35 cert: rr a hug of ? minutes;
,:am 15 :o 2) years of age, from 35 to
75, another man's wife, '1; widows,
accordin, to locrk. from 10 cents to
old mnds, 2 cents apiec-, cr two
tor a Lickei, and no limit of to t:me
To w":hic h a lady very properly o b-,
jected and replied as folows: "In
-cur last issue tl:ere appear-d a para
ra')h entitled 'A Hugging Match.'
. ic': was intended to be funny, but
which pr ovtd to be mean. It etl
bodied th' old fossiiz?d slur on old
maids. and averred that in ti e hug
in, lithls now in voguoa i d:
vers places, while youn:: girls and
widows were' gged at a doiiar o: two
each, and a very fewv seconds allowed
at that for the thrilling performance,
old maids were hungge; at 3 cents
ach or two for a nickel, with no limit
.s to time. I'll vouch that the author
of that paragraph is a bachelor who
keeps his blacking brush on the man
:epiece, and his cean shirts in the
toal box, and who is a good enough
bdge of v.hisky to pull the stopp. is
ut of a bo'tle of corn whissy ana
:nell the negro that hoed he corn.
And if the tr h were only anou, he
das been rejected by a don gils
prhas some ol aids, a-ty s::e 0
whom would nad to have supported
atmn Lad she bee'n fool enou;; to have
ba I him, and all of whom render
thuks night and morning now that
hey had sese enough to kis~k him. I
am an old. maid, and I am happy. I
.o't know hov it feels to uneork a
botle of paregoric at 2 a. mn. to gatiet
a squil that was caustd by a colic in
*~ed o ac clod; and I am ignorant cf
te'ocess of pulling off a pair of
mnuddv boots a midnight and swaih
in with wet towels the burning, acih
ig forehead of at "lord of creatior,"
who tromised with a lie u~con his lips
at the holy altar, to love, honor and
protect m:i as long as he lived. I re
pe:1 it, I don't knowv anything about
these ddights of matrimony. I sup
pose I ovygt to be pitied. But I had
rather be laug hed at because I am not
mjarris d. than not to oe able to laugh
b cause I am married. If you will ex
:us- me for being cornil ential, I'll say
in ciosing, that during a career of 30
ea I've only beena hugged one timne.
Da that occasion, strange to say, I got
ihree scents. I didn't want any
rore. The three scents I got were
scents of d:s;-.usting hair oil, rum and
MUd Form sma:1 p x
Dr. H. M. Stuart. of Beaufort, ar
rived here on lsst Wednesday to ex
imine into the small-pox suuuion
ere and report to the State Board of
Eealth. He' w as taaen tirst out to the
tate Colored Collezc in a carriage,
icc>mpatnied by Mayor J. W. Hi.
Dakes. Dr's. J. W. Imvman and T. A.
Jetfords, of the kc'.l board of health,
ad Drs. A. S. Hydrick and T. C.
Doyle, of the city council. The eight
.ma'.es cf the house out on the farm
iown as the "pest house" were first
xamined, and then the case of Jim
Binks, who has been sick at Sunny
ide, in tce city, was looke d into. Af
er these examinatons Dr. Stuart ex
pressed it as his opinion that they
.ere cases of smnallocx. Bat he con
iders tais is smallpox of an esp..eially
nild fer.n. He stated tha it appeared
hat the sulhorities of Orngeburg
bad doneall trat esoild oe 3o; toLL
prevent the spread1 of the disease and
recmmnucded the same str-ct -aran
ine against the colored coee and
he house of Banks, on S-arnside.
[ seems that whatever might be the
>inioros of our local ohysic ans, the
ases here are to be considered as
:msllpox, as this opinion has b:en ex
pressed by the represees:ive of the
:ate board of health. Every pr~ciu
on vrili be tak-n by our authorimes
o prevent tie spread of the disease,
d rigi ; Ii ara atine wilt be enforcedi
a a stuspects Thto e at h
-.esv'( C mege are all at the ps h fe
5ed *L'*be ke pt thereC utit Iscn
adrsf or -.L em to e rele-a-'d.
'he Ed o - Wo.
Soe-onths -azo theSraet
Be aL~ d that a ocal jade d
seen goluy of falisehood. The :Idaar
f T'e Bee'- was dned for co'nimpt by.
he jid e whom he had anackd
~he editor's counsel appela to th e
uprme court r"d co e 'ded tha' as
nere--was aquet~ of ratiya
,vna - a;e an thes eet, ti eit
aseood i-ec-- was ar- - .a
>rel og" -a si-es and t'i* e sapamet
d"d 'a Cao':itheU e"tor Ihma
-dwthga .ice.ion, andi tha.
on 'ad "sNe-ann uwar-rante d er-I
T HEGOERNODR'mm; IGE.'
_..;t', i n' x e. ' i s e
e.._ i _.- ru h 1o ' -, s c ..
this souic .5 *. rec mm :i
.t tie of ::. ~ o p a a e '. _.. p J , r '
ai . ci a . .d _ 1.1 c . ! '
_c: rat ral a . V-:. i ::
C,'. r t1 :i0 li" . 1&1
- pl . r' i i: an re. ;tm: t: toLt
:m.:a c' r., crr7iatCd d
:ommu r: . :es i , r t.v to ;.j cl:..'e s o
.;s ' al nh'.,:a e r:. . N prc. 1:.:;.,
" rii. Asitis f an i ~a.. me es
_. t?" jt5_ a 11 ' C'tttiO
-- ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ " .:1 e I.-vs ' ': :i
ea. -r t op t o j thi I r 1r s
Ti i I:: cic' 3 J l I C'1 0 .
! e ttl a i' e rae .. of ti
:uM'ts orv c) o ibt2ns' p-ov~y.'id b
Jacson l aiu exuSssGetdt
i: ta3 Was lopr ne s toc:unt se ciate
rf 5 prcntite;es per asuui iT di
.inki:ig fund has permanert viavcsled
in S:te stocls v :a.7S3 r i'Le e is
:nvEsteU in t-rpcrary leans, uandzr
Ie Act of Februar 21, 1S4 rrad
',briar. 25, 1SS'7, 5 .4S4. 22 'i_:s
heavs abalauce o i31,2t2 7S. which
ra bea decosited i baly u aring 4
pcr cen, payable mo:hy. u can
net froni In aove statpiora rca tut na
d r th, A ct of 1S7 oui a smal
arrctirt wa~s ent tO c tte while t '
:'eater part of iLi' fund as ben ic
cosie.ds in banks and :s basecard, ex
cep by the credit of lhese Yu It
ifl also be een that on t ae 31st cf
Dcentber, 1o3, there was then laned
.o the banks at 4 i per cent. interest,
and secured by a deposit with the State
Treasurer as coliateral s curity of a-e
Brown 4 = ter cent s'oc' $173,0(4 2.
ieaving only X2,816 03 ca-. depsi:ed
CONFEDEP.\TE RECORDS. t
It has beetn particulary uafcraunate
that the c111ie of State historian has
been made.vacant by the death o' tso
worthy incutents. Since the ad
journment of the General Assembly,
the grand old Confederate soldi"r,
Gen. Hugh L Forky, has passt d
away, before he had completed t:re
work to which he had been a signc.
I app:inted Col. John I'. Thomas,
Confederate hietorian, to carry on the
task. You will find in the report of
Col. Thomas a detailed statement cf
.he work already c.one, together with
what remains to be liaished, (special
ly as t) the completion o the Confed
erate rolls. It is the duty of the State
to prepare an his:orikal account of the
:gar; teoen by the cornmaAs fror1 'his
State in the great civi .ar and tocom
plete the rolls. I therefore urge that
provision be made for carr inor on this
work. To insare comnpl''in 1 recomn
me-d that a sum be approrite -- .
:icient for e irrying oat t s unde:ta
in an I sue es: as ?n inducemnent
to its early competion that vile s
Lri ent m n y be allo ged monthly for
current exuenses. the majr portion he
paidQ only upOnlthe compIAion and ac
captance'of the work as row ma~pped
careful consideration to the matte: of
expenditures by county governments.
Tne systemn no.: in force is very cumi
tearsome, and in many courit'es leads
to extravagance. Fromo tke represen
tstion by tnynships aris:s s a ency
to reciprccate favors, sad this leads to
useless expenditures which, if there
were no opportunity for thcse msutaly
beneficial ex baoge, wculd be
avoided. Many counties have reme
died this tecu'>l as aras possible and
'rave made a furthersaving by placing
rtheir cilicers on fix .dsalaries and turn
jog the surplus le t over a: ter p2ay inig
thie salaries into tne general c~uritv
I destre to impress upon the mem
bers of the General Assembloy the
ntcessity for the strictest e-nomy in
the appropriaLion of pubolic moneys.
While unnEcessary and ex~essive an
propriains of paolic money should
ce avoided at all tiixes, and the sirict
est economy cnsisieat with good ad
ministration in every branch of the~
nuolic service should be at all times
enforced, there is at this time aspecial
reason why this principle should be
carefully applied. Toe people have
endured a long period of busine ss de
pression. bat the present low price of
cotton, our principal money crop, has
caused still greater depression, and the
mercantile and industrial inactivity is
keenly felt by all classes. As guar
dians of ther public int erests and cas
todians of the public funds the~ para
mount question at this junzcture, whnn
:cnsidering the approerlation of the
people's money, should oe. Can this
~xpendture be deferred..withcut inrjuy
to the niblic interests. until basins
shall have resumed its normal activi
ty 0 O seclunt of low prices and the
scarcity ot money the burden of taxa
tton presses. with more than usual
severty upon the p ople, and ia no
say can you more richly merit their
approval ard gratitude or justify their
con iddence in you than by jadiciously
striving to iighten this burden
I have endeavored, after a study cf
the State's atfairs, to make such reeoim
mendatiocs to y ou as see- p r n
j st. Tne Governor e:m~t m..ke
es~s-to y ou alone is cnu auc , as i
shoudbe,ne poerto psbls'd!
to change ex-itin las for bac ig
the conditions of our mnc:iutions anu:
far reducing tax. M. ' om4a
tons ::re inerely advisr ; e ret
bill~s. ?Jircducd orreome d Id
oerate d-uringc the co r s son, as
disatd member's -n -'e interes 0i
he~ s tapayers and of ou coegn
rallyv- thl~at b'hal I ii :
irnce lease toicoisul. ::6c
n to ih in divid ad ::r nc
my ooha.nc me or a hmrn
mer in y of mya-n.b mm
Thi Casts Qt ?ho Colored College.
T fol'owirg statement is made by
esi L:t Thcs E. Miller. of the State
r d Clege at Orangeburg:
Tth-r of The State.
the 17h cf Dcem'er Student
igue of Spartanburg showed
y s of 1he present disease in so
c~t a form ne was never vaccinat
:.a t the most sceptical would have
p r,.crd it chickenpox, aad it was
p pr: cu-ced on that day by Dr.
Lo n a .:;n Oathe 5 h o .January three
S e es .were develcprd. Monta
\ esSes at d other persons
roc med with he sick ri umber
s:e immrediately taken away
he wocds ia a house that
u: ed for farm hands, and
:a is aed. And the rooms occu
pi y. them, after having removed
::... 'urniture and clothing down
- :j farm hou e. were thcroaghly
ru niga:ed, by or. e - o D., L-wman.
That :r.e niaht student Hicks re
*u-r ed from home broken out. He
s immeiately sent to jSin the col
r V. is has been the worse case,
i ns:tied from having taken cold
driving across the country with
t dise-se ;:,oa him. With the ex
'.ee ti of Hicks, who contracted the
cd other patients have suffered
t lt ine uvenience, being. up the
con'd day. Not one cf the students
I-o as teen attacked save student
Jansou has ever been vaccinated,
Ai: wh ave been sick. are up and
a- enire school were vaccinated
on Jr day the 103b. The students
i h:se arms show sign of baving been
iaccculatea will be revaccinatei on
-Moday, the 17th. The boys and the
.iris cceany the same building. The
isolation has been so perfect that up to
Jate not a single girl has taken the
disease. We have been quarantined.
The d'isesse has been pronounced
smailpox by Dr. Stewart, but, as in
the beginn n of the s ckaess, medical
o1inou here is still divided as to the
nature of the disease, it is cur duty to
kne the students here. I ask the
rairod otlicialsand officers of the law
=o lock cut for my students, for some
of them may escape, being anxious to
g: to their parents, and should they
see any of my students isolate them or
retura them to me. The parents and
gaardians of students need not be
alarmed, for the malady is of a very
mild form and the students are being
well cared for and attended. I call
apon the parents of students who are
in arrears for board to come to my
assistance in this my time of need.
J - e dollar now will be worth 10 after
the q 'arantine has been removed.
Thos. E. Miller, President.
Ct mpiericn of the Senate.
Theo political comphxlion of the
United States senate will not be
chane d M u:ch 4 next, as it often is
on that Csy. When the senate mem
bership is faIl, it consists of 90. or two
rom each of the 45 states. But now
there is a vacancy from Oregon, Mr.
Corbett not having been seated. The
roster of the sznste at the present time,
therefore, shows 89 names. The politi
cAl' division is as follows: R-publi
arLs, 43; Democrats, 34; Silverises, 7;
Populists, 5 -Total, 89 The silver
euators are: lCannor, Utath; Mantl-,
Montana; Stewart ana Jones, Nevada;
Pettigrew and Kyle, South Dakota;
Teiler, Colorado. To those Mr.
Wolecit of Calhfornia should be added
in certain contingencies and possibly
the t wo senators from Wyoming arnd
Mr. He~nsbrough of North Dakote.
I'ne Populist senators are: Allen,
Nebraska; Butler, North Carolina;
Harris, Kunsas; Heitfield, Idaho; Tur
The term of none of the senators ex
pires in March. Under the law cena
t1ms are divided into three classes, and
tae terms of all in cne of these classes
expire every other year, always in an
odd rumbered yezt. A year from
-next March, there fore, 30 senators. i f
rnot re :-heted, will come to the end of
t heir ser vice. The senators who haie
out a 3ear of their terms remaining
Republicans -Aldric h, Rhode Is
land; Burrows, Michigan; Clark,
Wyoming; Davis, Minnesota; Hale,
Maine;-,Ohio; Hawley, Connecticut;
Lcdge, Masstenu etts; Proctor, Ver
mont ; Q iay, Pennsylvania; Wilson.
Washag ton ; total, 11.
Demccrats -Bate, Tenrnessee; Cock
r 1i, Misscuti; Daniel, Virginia;
Money, Mississippi, appointed ad in
terim; Gorman, Maryland; Gray,
Dela ware; Mills, Texas; Mitchell, Wit
consin; Murphy, New York; Pasco,
Florid a: Roach, North Dakota; Smith,
Ne .v Jersey ; Turpie, Indiana: White,
Cali'oruia; Faulkner, West Virginia;
Silye rite s.-Cannon, Utah; Mantlk
Montarna; Stewart, Nevada; total, 3.
Populi.-Allen,;Nebraska ; total, 1.
At least two-thirds of those are like
ly to be re-elected by their states.
T cach Your ohildren to Work.
If y-ou want to make a child think
that it is of so-ne importance in life,
te ch i. to work as soon as it can un
understand a request or obey an or
der. Make it understand that it can
look at the magazines on the table,
but that it must promise not to tear
them, and must carefully pile them
a way j-:stas it found then'. This will
b a g ad first it sson, because every
child likes to look at magazines.
Work makes a child feel important,
jast asi lifts a man out of the vaga
u nd ranks to give him employment.
A very lit te child will save you
many steps if you have but the pa
tience to teach it properly, and thus
the seeds c f a future usefulness.
I do not mean that children should be
deprived of their play, or that they
s hould be set to do tasa~s that are diffi
e Al. Bat in the ie play they disarrange
carefully kept rooms, or scatter their
pi:usinigs, and most mothers will
fret and worry and stcrn at the aw
ful havcc they make, and yet trail
arvi ud after them and pick up and
rep ace thiugs, when the child that
scattrd them should be taught to
do hat as well as to take them down
in th -irs place. G~ve it to under
sta' d tat i- is doing you a favor, in
ad cf "orderinA" it to replace its
toys, an ery soon you will find that
i. will pmv then up as a matter of
abt. Price it when it has tried to
do well, no matzer what the mistaken
r -saitma b2, and if you censure, do
it in kindu- s of spiit, and above all
ting avid hurting the self-respect
Eiht we e Decwned.
La 's d ices from the Orient state
I: the Jpar~ese transport steamer
Nara, of 2.51 tons, bound to the Pec
eace ::.s. wrecked D~ec. 24 and about
:e ost The only survivors were
6.2mmeo, ho were picked up by
,e stau- Madsuma Maiu Captain
s da ofteJhpan navy, and nine
ai e~ s-were 'amoug the missing. The
stukan uncharted rock, her
*i n atd Lhe went to the bat
\N Inda"a genua nas beaten per
pulmotio and the Keeley motor
-m f aft."t I- ras invented, so
e ,aperi etual liht. Once set
1-uwei buns forever, or until
am iob, v hin ontains it. is
. ahe ubtance, which is a
u d ecre, is emnetically sealed
a !s lob?, wnere the inventor
~~s it wi glow brighitly and con-'
atly for a ime.h~ ing acidens
A CHANGE OF PURPOSE.
COW BOYS REFUSE TO MAKE WAR
ON A WOMAN,
Who Pitched Into Them in Her Pap'r,
The Prairie Eagle, But-, Instead, Chip
pad In and Gave Her a Helping Hand.
Which was Notded.
W }IEN Silas Psyan, thc proprieto,
and manager of Ryan's ranch.
ert his employes at work fencing in a
aree body of the best government land
a ou:hern Kansas. he stirred ip a
SOO-i/e' hornets nest and brought
he. it ets buzzing an grily about his
lad. lie had no shadow of right to the
and. and natura!ly the settIcrs aid
oneseekcers resented his cool appro
ariation of it to his own use. There
'were men who wanted it for homes. and
who were ent bled to it under the laws.
anid these men looked'upon Rlyan's con
duct as a base infringement on their
rights and were not sparing in theirde
nunciation of hint and his order.
Near Ryan's ranch there was a little
town known as Prairie City. It was an
insignificant place. with less than 200
nopulation. but it gave promise of great
things in the future. Its inhabitants
1:id the settlers on the prairie about it
aelieved that in time Prairie City would
>ecome one of the leading towns of
Kansas. Unfortunately. however. the
hopes of those people were never to be
realized. A railroad was soon after
built through that part of the coun
try, and it missed Prairie City by jest
ewo miles. The result was a new town
on the railroad and the death of the old
one. Prairie City went the way of hun
direds of other Kansas towns. Its popu
lation took up theirpossessions. includ
ing their houses. and moved across the
prairie to the railroad.
In Prairie City's halcyon days, how
ever. it boasted of a newspaper. the
Prairie City Eagle. It was not much of
a paper. being small and poorly printed,
but it was quite as good as its patron
age justified. Its subscription list was
extremely limited and its advertising
business was dwarfed to one column of
display matter and a few lines of pay
The Eagle. as a matter of course,
stood by the town people and the set
tlers, and when Ryan set, his men to
fencing in the public lands for grazing
purposes it came out. with a strong
editorial denouncing him in. the sever
est terms. It pronounced his action dis
honest. as he was stealing the people's
rights. It. went. further and' said that
it. was the lowest and most contempti
ble species of dishonesty. since by it he
was stealing homes from poor, strug
gling men and their wives and children.
thereby robbing them of a chance to
earn an honest living.
"It is the duty of the homeseekers."
it. went on. "to protect themselves
against the encroachments of this
greedy cormorant, who, for the sake of
adding to his ill-gotten wealth, would
starve eren- the innocent, unconscious,
helplfss babe in its mother's arms. It
is the duty of the settlers to band to
gether, to take the law in their own
hands and cut the wire that shuts them
out of their own. Tear down the fence.
drive off or kill the usurper's cattle and
give him to undlerstandi thaat if the gov
ern meat won't protect you yotu can and
will protect yourselves."
A copy of the paper containing this
editorial fell into Rva's hands. Nie
rend it and boiled over with wrath and
indignation. He was forced to admit
that there was much truth in the arti
ole. buit it was none the more palatable
to him for that. lHe swore vengeance
against the Eagle and its editor and
vowed that not arnother issue of the
paper should be published.
At dinner time he read the article to
his emploes as they sat at the table.
They were six in number. recently emti
grated from a ranch down in Texas, and
had a reputation for being the hardest
and most reckless daredevils that ever
rode the range. When Ryan had fin
ished reading he said:
"What do you think of that ?"
"I think it's- blamed big crowing
from a mtighty little rooster," one of
the cowboys replied.
"If the settlers want to take that edi
tor's advice andi try it Otn about cutting
thne wires," another said, "just let them.
They'll tind before they get thtrough
with it that. they've got into the hottest
ail most unhealthy job they ever
"Then yout boys will stand by me?"
"Of coutrse we will," one of thtem an
swered. "We're paid to work for you.
and we've not got any love for settlers.
We'll see that your fence is not cut and
that your cat tle are not bothered."
"That's all right." Ryan said. "but
:here is somtet.a:ig else I want you to
"What is it ?"
"I want this paper squelched."
"We'll squelch it."
"I want vou to ride over to Prairie
Cite to-nigrht and clean the thing out
root and brarnch. Butrn the offce. smash
up the old press and chase the editor
out of tihe ('ountrv."
"We'll do it."
Jusit after supper that night the cow
b)oys loadedt taeir pistols carefully and
buckled them about their waists, 'T'hen
thee brought out thcir horses, saddled
and mounted them, and rode away' in
the direction. of Prairie City at a mad
gallop. Just before they reached the
towna thee came to a halt. One of them
"Now, boys, we don't want to take
an-v reckless chances in this business.
so we had better be a little cautious. I
guess that editor is a spindle-shanked.
goggle-eyed old rooster from the east,
who'd drop dead at t he sight of a pistol.
bu t still he may be a raiment of a.-Yffer
cat color. For all we know he may turn
loose andi go to pumping lead into us at
he rate (of ab~out 60i bullets a nur ate.
It will be safest. to kind of slip tup oil
hinm and take hinm unawares.''
The othet's agreed to this proposit ion
tnd nerordintgly they rode qtuietly into
town. dismounted and tied their horses.
and noiselessly approne'hed1 the 'Eagle
ottice. A light w'as sh1tittng thr toutghl
windo(1w of the little, onet-story box
butibling, and b one common')i impulse
the cowboys stole ('alltiou:sly fornxartd
to this wind~ow. with a view to peepinig
into the rootm to see how thle land Iay.
On one side af the room they salw a.
rickety old ty pestand conitainiing a half
dozetn (ases oft :ype. O n t he other Said
stood til old airmty press, witle in tihe
center there was a zinec-coveredl goods5
box which answered in the place of ant
~imposing stone. 1-p at the entd ofthe
room was a small table at which wvas
seated a womiant.
'The woan's elbow rested ou the
ithble, tand her face lay bet weeni her
hand~s. She was sittirng directly in
frornt of t he wtin dow. apparently look
igstrta igh't at it. so thle cowbioys had
a. gol-i, qare '.iew of her features.
The saw tha she was youngr and
tire::y. teo tuc mot iore than a child,
a nd xery sad. There was a deeply
troubled epre'ssion ont her face, and
once tey sawv her brush tears from
lTh eiditors wife or daughter. I
reon." one of the cowboys wvhis
"Guess so," one of the others replied;
Royal makes the .
wholeso . -
ROYAL BAKINO POWtER CO., NEW YORK.
"1'm gor~ ing :ni and:( : 3 I .. t :-"
first speaker anno:::. ! caps
wait ousi e 'i:l I (sorn- b:.
A good idea."' armhee :;: We
want to s'er . :: : - :s ;>!
ness before weo a:: r
The < ov~b.hO v. 't ,.r, :; :h
door anti entered t ha 1e Ii 2L3ic. lHe p e
across the floor. acd st Y " je be
fore the little tale at v. hle h (i -
an was i ittin. ie Took oil is hat.
made an au kwxari o., ::d
"(ood evenin2r. .ad . I :ope I t::i
"I an. qtite well. tha. yu. I..a
thei-e anything I car dco fo" e":'.n
"Weil. I don't. know. I reckon may
be I'd like, to see the ed'ter of this
"I am the editor."
"Well, but. I want to sec the man
your father. or husband. or whoever
"There is no man here. I am all
".You don't- mean to say that you are
running this paper alt by vu;rseh"
"Yes. sir; except for the help of a
boy, who marages the press for me."
The cowboy w1Ktled, then stood
.,taring at the woman in ama:zcm-nt.
At last he ejaeulated:
"Well. if that don't stnutpi me: A
woman running a paper all alone. with
no men folks to lelip her: (Gee. but it
must be lots of hard work!
"It. is, but. I don't mind tha:. I'd be
willintg to work night and day if I
could just manage some w: v to keen)
the paper going"'
"You're not. figuring to stop it. are
"Yes, I'll have to stop it. T can't get.
enough money to buy any more paper.
My mother is sick, and I have to buy
medicine and things for ler. Poor
mother! I don't, know how I shall pro
vide for you now."
The girl's voice trembled. and her
eyes filled with tears. The eowboy
looked on a moment. thou: paced rap
idly two or three times across the
room. Finailly he said:
"You wait here. for mie. 1'.l bec
in a few minutes."
lHe hurried out to his coamnanons.
who were waitire at the doer. ife
dlrew t'henm away to a safe distane
fronm the oflice. and then told t hem all
he had discovered. They heard lham to
"So that woman." one' o a:1: said.
"'wrote that piece abo't: lyan."
"Then if wve kiek tit a fus~s wvith: arx
body'. it's got to 'r with he'r."
"Ini that ease. I Zluess wve war. t k
up any fuss.
"Not if I can help it. I:'s :!! rht:
enough to pile onto a man :mt. squiech
hinm. but it's a hMere::t tlh.n' wh--n
it comes to ai por. J n''w, nan srg
ghing bravely to supp~or't he:' 5t'Ik nwit
"The paper is go::.' to qit. an:, -
how," some one r, mnark:'d. "'.c> It's al
right to let it altne. It tnt da tany
The man who had come fromt thw
room was si:t andi th-oughtf:: for'i a
moment, then he saidh:
"1 reckon the paper's o on to
quit, either. I've got m' e e'u.
to tide it over a few wveekl ::d
"'I've got enough to tide ox ovr afw
more weeks." another sa'd and' he
was promiptly fo!!owed byx he o rs
with like proposi:ens. Im e:.p-ot of
it all was lhat a mit in a a of
money was put into th gI'ir' 5''' ds,
and before she had recoxvered from her
astonishmnent theecowbovs we xre ontheir
way back to the ranch.
"Wionder what. Rxan will think!"
one of them remarked as thexr rode
"'Don't matter what. lie thinks." an
other replied. "'We don't hi re to him i
to make war on womten."
Thanks to the ail eiven: b th--'o'
hoys, the Eagle lived: :aid uhe Ptalral
rie City mov'ed to the nwtw h
Eagle went with it. and thre t grew
and prospered, and in tmem benme a
prominent pap~er. But its edl 'it '-:t
knew the true object ofthni:'vst
that was paid lhe:' ix'y cr~ e bAys of
Rvtxan's ranch. Whether she xxm:1 live
thought any' the less of the 'i.1h ha
known is a matter of dou..
Naturally~' Ryxan was d ope'sed wi'th
the action of his nmploh - m're
especiady since the Eagen y:u t
fight. on im. Bat ther : toin
be could do saxve submit h ad
contracted with his em"p -..a
rear. and lie coiuld not de
for refusing to do ni
lie xwas entirely helpUee. n
ciainms on his ranch. he
give way to thema a:' C
ands elsewhere.--Det r. ' --
Too Late Davd
David B. H 11 hss come 'crth fr'm
his iong orster-like retiremet with
the atsertion that he voted 'o W..
J. Bryan for president, an d thc. r.e
stands on the Chicago piat form. He
c'aims that he is a Democrat stil. He
goes on further to say that. Richat d
Jroker fled to Europe to a'roid eccnmmit
tng himself; but, all the same, Rich
rd is a pronounced golebog, and
hall not have control of th'. Dsrc
ratic machine. Mr. Hill's deelira
ic'ts have created quite a sea sation in
ew York State, and many Demo
rats think tiat the time i".r a.etn- r'
Demccratic lan dside is g -tuz do Ul
A YOUNG college athlet~e at ich
end Hill, Long Island, saved Lo'rt
ives the other day by naaing a Ie9
f six feet through the air and strik
ng with his shoulders a man and
oman who stcod on the edge of a
ailroad track with a train alcst ona
hem. The shock threw them to ttte
ground just over the edge of the ir~ick
and barely in time.
The Stale lnccme Ta L'..
The New York Daily ay God:cs
Rcord prints a revistd estii ate c f the
otton crop of 1897-8, pliCt g the esti
mat otnf the crop at 10 257.03U aes.