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V, t-- 1 --- - - - - - - MANNING, (2., WED.NESDAY j 'x i O.7
THE STATE SENATF.
WOPK DONE IN THE BOEY DURING
THE PAST WEEK.
What Has Bsen Done ln the way cf Leg
Isiation During the Fain Week by the
tpper Brarch of the L-g'slatur,.
On Monday an invitation was ex
tended the Serate to visit Clemson
College on WeC uesdsv, 19.h instant,
Lee's birthday. Mr. Norris urged the
acceptance of the invitation and said I
he thought it tbe duty of the general
assembly to visit the varices State in
stitutions It was true that an invita
tien to visit the South Carolina Col
lege had been accepted for that day,'
but said he, this invitation was in the
city and c:u'd be inspected at any
time, while Wedaes-ay was the only
legal holiday the legislature would
have during this session. After some
discussion Mr. Archer demanded an
aye and nay vote on the acceptance,
which resulted in only Senators Arch
er, Alexander, Conner, Douglas. ;
Miller and Walkes voting in the neg
Mr. Brown's bill to author'z' uni
versities and colleges of this State to
provide a course of study and confer
the degree of licentiste of instruction.
which shall authcriza their graduates
to teach in the free public schools of
the State without examination was
The governor trats nitted to the
senate the finding of the court of in
quiry into the disturbance between
militia and students last summer on
the college grounds. Oa motion of
Mr. Henderson it was referred to the
committee on military.
Mr. Henderson's bill to facilitate
and economize the enforcement of the
criminal law in this State came up
for a second reading and passed.
On Tuesday Mr. Poilcok's joint res
olution to extend the time for the
payment of taxes came up and was
passed to its second reading by the
Yeas-Aldrich, Alexander, Brown,
Dean, Dennis, Hay, McAlhar.y,Moses,
McDaniel, Mower, O'Dell, Pettigrew,
Stackhouse, Suddath, Talbird, Turner,
Ragsdale, Sanders, Sloan, Msyfield
Naye s-Archer,Buist, Connor, Doug
lass, Dubose, Gaines, Griffith, Hen
derson, Lesesne, Love, Jeffries, Mc
Calla, Miller, Scarborough, Walker,
Wallace, Wailer, Williams-18.
The following bill which will inter
est farmers, was introduced by Sena
Sec. 1. That the transportation over
the public highways of this State of
heavy loads on wagons, with narrow
tires, now in common use, is hereby
declared to be injuricus to said high
ways, and against the public interest
Sec. 2. That after the year 1901,dur
ing the months of January. February,
March, April, November, December
and after the year 1903, during any
part of the year, it shall be unlawful
for any person or persons to transport
or convey over the public highways of
this State, or any part thereof, any
load or loads of any kind or kinds of
freight or products whatsoever on
wagons having less than the follow
ing width of tire, viz: On wagons
drawn by one horse, mule or ox,when
the Icad does not exceed 1,000 pounds,
the width of the tire shall be not less
than two inches; on wagons drawn by
two horses, mulks or cxen, or when
the load exceeds 1,000 rounds, but
does not exceed 2,000 pounds, the
'width of tire shall. be not less than
three and one-half inches; on wagons
drawn by three or four horses, mules
or oxen or load exceeding 2 000 pounds
and not exceeding 4,000 pounds in
weight, the width of tire shail be not
less than four inches; on wagons
drawn by more than four horses,
mules or oxen, or carrying load or
more than 4,000 pounds, the width of
tire shall not exceed less than five
Sec. 3. It shall be the duty of all
county supervisors and county and
township boards of commissioners to
see that the provisions of this Act are
properly entorced and to prosecute all
Sec. 4. The violation cf any of the
provisions of this Act shall be deemed
and is hereby declared to be a misde
meanor, and the offender, upon con
viction, shall be punished by a fine of
not less than $5 ncr more than $10,
or by imprisonment for more than
thirty days for each offence.
Thursaiaythe three liquor bills which
were carried over from last year came
up under special order and were being
debated when, at the suggestion of
Mr. Moses they were made the special
order for next Thursday, awaiting
such liquor measures as may ccme
over from the house. The object is to
discuss the whole lior ques'.ion at
the same time.
The house joint reEolution to extend
the time for the payment of taxes to
Feb. 20 coming up for a final reading,
Mr. Connor moved to strike out the
resolving words. He said tt at it was
oaly encouraging procrastination in
the matter of paying taxes and could
do no one any good. The county
treasurers had make up their books: a
number of delinquents had already
paid their panalti's, for whicx ,there
was no provision for remitiog; the
State's obligations fell due o:- the 1st
of January, and furthertcore the cuis
torn of extending the time for the pay
ment of taxes had been abolished and
people were be coming used to meeting
their taxes with promptness. The paa
sage of this resolution would be a re.
trograde movement which it wouild
take years to overcome.
Mr. Mc Albaney favored the exten
sion of the time and gave as his reas
ons that many farmers had to borrow
the money from the ban ks to pay their
tsxes. Tue banks were unwil ing to
advance this money until the new
year and hernce many were unwilling
Mr. Sloan and Mr. Dennis also
spoke in favor of the extension and
deprecated any attempt to impise on
the poor people and declared it wju~d
be a crying sname to sell ihe ome C'
sorne destitute widow icr taxes Mr.
Dennis urged that the State would not1
get her taxes any qu:cker by not ex
tending the time, for p roperty would
have to be sold for thieir coilection
and before this culd te done it. nad
to be advertised.
Mr. McCalla said that at firs: be had
favored the extension of the time and
had voted for it but since that time,
said he, he had made irt iiry into tne
matter. As a result of tiis mievstiga
tion he anncunced that county tre as
urers now have in their yessession
checks for the payment of taxes so
soon as it is seen that this resolution
Mr. JEtfries ststed that before th
bocks closet he went to the courty
treasurtr of Cherckte, who said ,hal
95 rer cent. of the taxes tiad been naid.
He saw no use for the extension.
Messrs. Aldrich and Ragsdale spok
in favoi of the ex-ension. Tne ay<
and nay vote was taken on Mr. Con
noi's motion to strike out the resoiv
ior words of the resnlation and result
ed in its loss by the fo"llowing vote:
Yeas-Archer. Buist, Connr. D-ug
lass, DuDose, Gain's, Gr iith, Hen
dersor. Jetferies, Laesne, Love, Mc
Caila. Miller, Scarborough. Walktr.
Ns;s-Aldrich, Alexander. Brown.
Dean, Dennir, Hay, Mayfeld, McA1
hany, McD.riel, Moses, Mower,O'Dell
Pettigrew, Ragsdal?, Sloan, Stack
house, Saddath, Talbird, Turner, Wal
Mr. D-an calie-i up a bill to prcvidE
for the c ti:-e of banking and irsurance
commiss oner, and to define the dutie
of the same, in order to more to stri:
out the e .acting words.
The aye and nay vote was abcat tc
be taken when Mr. Buist desired t
pu himself on record by declaring
that he was not opposed to the bill.
but did ohjtct to making the banks
and insurance companies pay the ex
penses of carrying out the law.
Mr. Henderson put himself on rec
ord with Mr. Buist and gave the same
1easons for his ncsition.
Mr. May field stated that he opposed
the bill for the same reasons, for, s:aid
he, while the expenses ' the biJ
would ostensibly be paid by the bank
they would in reality cme cut of the
Mr. Mower spoke on the meas ure
and said that while he was not wedded
to the provisions of the bill he believ
ed it was incumbent upon the general
assembly to pass such a law for it was
made mandatory in the constitution.
Mr. Dean not only objected to the
provision relating to the payment o
the salary of the inspector, but be
lieved the bill would co no good. HE
cited the failure of the Gates City
bank of Atlanta, which failed the day
after it was pronounced sound by the
Mr. Ragsdale spoke against the bile
and referred to the wrong ideas "clod
hoppers"and concerning banks. Im
mediately afterwards Mr. McCallh
took the floor to make some additional
remarks. He began by saying thal
while r.e favored the bill he did not
do so from the same motive as some
of these little lawyers who saw a pos
sible fee in it for them.
Mr. Dean and Mr. Ragsdale simul
taneously sprang to their feet to ask
if personal allusions were made to
them. Mr. Dean spoke first and turn
ing to him Mr. McCalia said he did
not take the floor to make any per
sonal allusions to any member of the
body. Mr. Dean sat down and Mr.
Ragsdale then spoke to Mr. McCalia,
say ing that his remarks seemed spec
ially directed at him and he wished t
krnow if they did.
Mr. McCalla responded that he did
not unless Mr. Ragsdale classed him
self as a little lawyer. Mr. Ragsdale
was demanding a direct answer when
Mr. Dean interrupted and made the
Mr. McCalla replied to Mr. Dean
that he most certainly did not refer tc
Mr. Ragsdale insisted on a similar
answer and Mr. McCalla re;ponded
by saying he d d not allude to the
senator fromn Fairfield unless he ex
pected to get a fee out of the banks.
Mr. Ragsdale took his seat and Mr.
McCalla soon corncluded.
Mr. Henderson explained his posi
tion on the measure.
Mr. Ragsdale arose to a question of
personal privilege and declared that
in his speech he intended his ref erence
to little "clodhoppers" as a pleasant
ry. He zraeant to give offense to rn
one, for he had himself hooped as
many clods as any one. "But," de
clared the senator, emphaticaily, "I
did not come to the senate to brool
insult either on or off the floor of this
cham er. It is my desire that my re
lations with my colleagues be pleas
ant, but when any of them sees fit t(
asperse my honor in any way I an
Teady to hold him personally responsi
ble on this floor or off."
Mr. Slcan spoke for the bil!, Mr.
Moses against iu and Mr. Dsan con
cluded tae debate.
J ust before the vote was taken, Mr.
McCalla arose and said:
"I have assured the senators that]
meant no reflection. I thina the sen
ators know me well enough to knoa
that I am personally responsible
either inside or outside of this chamber
for what I say. I was nettled by the
reference of the senator from Fairfield
to "clodhoppers," as I took it to bea
reflection on the farmer and I arose tc
his defense. I wisn to say now that]
have held the two gentlemn in high
esteem and have al ways regarded then
as honorable attorneys."
The vote was then takn on Mr.
Dean's motion to strike out the enact
ing words and resulted:
Yeas-Aldrich, Alexander, Brown,
Buist, Dean, Dennis, May tield, Mc Al
hany, McDaniel,Miller, Moses, O'Deil
Pettigrew, Ragsdale, Scarborough,
Stackhouse, Suddatb, Turner, Wal
Nays-Archer, Con nor, Duzlass
Griffith, Jefferies, Hendersop, L >ve
McCalla, Mo ver, Sioan. Talbird-1Li
Mr. Browr's till to make narents os
guardians to compel their childrea oi
wards to attend school for eigat weeks
in each year was called up as a special
order. Debate was precipitatedi b:
Mr. Aacher moving iadetinite post
Mr. Brown took the floor to defern
the measure. His speech was cornpre
hensive and showed much putient re
search. He compared the conditi n!
of this State with that in others where
education is coanpulsory. He pointec
out that the most progressive nations
were those where compuhory educa
tibn obtained and in th:s connectiox
Mr. Archer explainel that he onl'
opposed the measure because he be
lieved it would become a dead letter
Mr. 'Connor obycei to the bill fo:
the reason that cci dren should not bi
compelled to go to school, for in some
inistoners the teaciers were i-nmoraJ
Hie be:ieved that before such a law b
enac ed there should be some require
cents for the morality of the teaehers
Mr. Walker made an impass'onet
speech for the passage of tne bill
Mr. Talird also spcke in favor of it
Th oeon the bill resulted io it
passaa by a good majority.
Tnv" ho e concur:astresolutioa fix
ing net dnesday for the eieetiot
of a co!ptroller -ntral, t -voamember:
of the State boardt of comtrol and tw<
directors of the penitentiary wal
The senate concurred in the haum
r-ntesontatves in c-:neress to secure
the passage of a bill leaving the rep'
lation of the liquor qu'aestion to each
After the introduction o! severoi
" new bills the Senate cdjurned zc
SFriday morning in th-e senate wa5
o'cu-ried with a lively discussion of
:enato: Basits's primary election bill,
the discussion of which was tira iy
continue; until Monday.
Messrs Archer and Buist made the
chief spreches for the bill, while
Me-srs. 'enderson and i'ettigrew
'kd the iiht against it.
The worst feature of the bil is it:
nrovision that no one can vote m a
Democratic primary who does nct
show a registration certficate.
Mears Eventual Bankrop:cy.
Having made a thorough study o0
.te Money question from the stand
point of a scholar, President Eben J.
Andrews, cf Brown University, an
- ounces 'hat he is ardently in favor
cf iii: coieage. Dr. Andrews. says
the Atla. - Co.istitution, contends
that while fr: _o.nage will undoub:
edly increase tht tctal amount of sil
ver produce ., it w:'i not, as the advo
cates of grid moumetallism insist,
accomnlist a reducti )m in the price of
silver. Under a doutle standard silvr
could not be mined at such a low mar
ginal cost as that whih now prevails,
and besides other cause: would oper
ate to increase its value. I!i regarJ to
the adverse position which the money
power of th. country has taken on the
money question, Dr. Atdre xs is out
socken. He says that he has never
known such bitter and determind
opposition. "It means," says he,
'that the money power seated in Lon
don, but with agents in New York.
Philadelphia and Chicago, is deter
:mined to continue the appre:iation of
gold in this country. At the same
tirme, the :eal object of these foreign
syndicates is kept in the background.
I regard tie money questi "n as one of
the greatest issues of civilization.'
The example which Dr. Andrews
has set will not be without its iaIla
ence upon the campaign. His posi
tion is the result of study and retic
tion. Two years ago he was predls
posed in favor of the gold standard.
but having investigated the questi-n
more thoroughly, he has come to the
conclusion that a single standard
means the eventual bankruptcy of the
nation. Taking tnis view of tae mat
ter, he pruncunces himself warmly
in favor of free coinage,
Out for Governor.
Wednesday Senator Archer of Spar
tanbur, issued the following card to
the public: "There seems to be uncer
tainly in the minds of many as to
whether I will be a candidate in the
next campain. In order to allay
doubts and let the opposition fx their
plans and trot out their horse or horses,
I take this method of declaring mysdif
a candidate for governor. Though I
will have no money for a campsignor
corruption fund, I shall be able to
canvass the State. My platform shall
be the same 1 have practiced in man
aging my personal affairs: E ;onomy,
industry, education. and tempnerance.
I would favor a constitutional amend
ment requiring a two-thirds vote ot
both houses of the general assembly in
appropriating the people's money for
the suppert of pubhc iustitutions and
in the administration of public affairs.
I belheve in every officer giving value
received in service,. for his salary. I
doa not believe in crippling any insti
tution, but in strict economy in man.
aging their affairs. I believe in uni
oriyin administering all laws.
What is gocd fcr Cbarleston in good
for Spartanburg, and vice verse. I
Iam in f avor of the dispensary as it now
stands until the people decide other
Iwise; then I shall support prohibition
with a provision attaches tnat tuos
towns or counties wziich prefer pro
hibition shall pay for its enforcement
in their borders. Here is brielly how
I now~ stand. Respectfully,
E L. Archer.''
Culumboia, Jan. 19, 1898.
Thrown In-o a Panic.
Rev. Mr. Akin, pastor of the ilock
of Bethel church, B-surban, lad..
Sunday night took for his theme,
"His Satanic Majesty." He is an elo
quent man and ne painted the arch
hiend in vivid colors. At the close of
the description a being dressed to rep
resent a devil with large heai and
switching tail ambled up the aisle,
blowing smoke from its nostrils and
bellowing: "I am the devil, and I
want all of you!" The audience ne
came panmc stricken. Men, women
and children were hurled to the floor
and tr-ampled upon in the mad rush
for the door. In the confusion the
stove was overturned and the build
ing caught fire. Before the horritied
members regained their senses the tire
had made such head way that all at
tempts to save the church were is
vain. This morning George Akin son
of the pastor, confessed that he, with
tne help of other boys, rigged up a
devil suit, and knowing the subj ct of
his father's sermon, concealed min self
behind a chair and awaited the arriv
al of the congregation.
Four Cent Cottmn.
The Philadelphia P'ress noiv thinks
that 4ceest cotton is not far oif. I:
says that : nenty years ago only a oou:
-four bales out of ten were grown west
of the Mississippi river; now seven out
of ten are produced there. Texas.
IArkansas ar-d the L dian Territory
are increasing their crops yearly, an-d
the Kansas farm- rs have begaa lo
make it. North Carolina h.as millh
enough to manufactare all the co;.t->n
made in that Srate, and in five
-years more South Carolina and Gea'r
gia will be in the same ciaditio
fuen nilt building will cease in th=
Atlanti States The Press says that
tI .e world's yield has trebt d in t,-entv
fira years and gone up ore half in ten
for twelve years, and taat the product
will coatiue to increas-.
.JohnnJ M2Neal, for years an em
pl-ave of Lf.'s mill, nest Mac n, Ga.,
Iwas undcer- a log train? w-:th E iK
G-reen doing some repair work, w -i
the colored fireman w-s----------2
jnear the mill1 Tne tiea e
when a coupling' caut~ Mic\eal, ist
liicting an ibjury, froma whi c ledd
fin iioe nours.( Gr es--p d frn -
-der the engine uuhurt.
G'omult General Gadgeon at. hua-x
- ma, canied the sin~e Liepartment a
nou.nci;z the drom-e-:g of Wo. W.N
s Ashbv, l 2ittd Sates cwnsui ,t Colo's.
> Dr. Hareman, the German c-nsUJ
s Mastr Mechanic Mott anu four ctaers
fare supposed to have been also prown,
ved. Tne bodiy of the boatman nas at
IN THlE HOUSE
WrAT iT V1D DURING THE PAST
ha teas rtec Don.e tn tha Way of Leg
iri %,-on Daring the) Fast Week by the
Loow'r B:-ar.ch of the LeAislature.
in t-e House Mo:dy Mr. Mc~ul
laugh rmo*ved to strike out the enact
ing word: o Mr. Lccaster's oil in
se ion bill. Mr. Lancaster spoke in
-:poort of the bill and argued that it
-ua protect the people of the State
agais: inferior illuminating oils. It
will cost tne State nothing, as the sal
ary would come out of the inspection
fets It would not cause an increase
ia the price; at least it had not done so
in otber states. The bill passed its see
Wiith save-al amendmentt popcsed
by Messrs Pa'ton a:d McCullough,
the former's street pr.ving ball passed
to a third reading. I;isa measure of
general interest to cit.es and is intend
ed to meet constitutirnal objections
hitherto urged agaic.s; laws on the
s:me subject previ5usly pissed.
An invitato:. was received from
Cle:son Coller s trustees to visit that
insti ution on Wednesday and it was
A message was read from the gover
nor traisnitting the finding of the
scur: of inqiiry in:o the conduct of
the nuilitia cificers at the South Caro
lina College ball grounds last sum
iner. Tae documents were referred to
the committee on military.
Oa Tuesday the first matter of gen
eral in :erest, when the calendar was
reached, was Mr. Pat:on's redistrict
ing biil. After some discussion the
bill vas kiled,
Oa Thursday the fight of the day
was to put telegraph, telephones and
xpress companies under the control
of the State Railroad Commission.
After cons deraole discussion the bill
was passed to its tLird reading in the
Se c:ion 1. That from and after the
passage of this : ct all companies or
per.,ons owning, controlling or opera
ting, or that may hereafter own, con
trol or operate, a line of express, tele
p'one or telegraph whose lne or lines
:s or are in wboie or in part in this
State shall be under the control of the
railroad commitsiniers of this State,
who shall nave full power to regulate
the prices to be charged by any corn
pany or person or persons owning,
controling or operating any line or
lanes of express, telepanone and tele
graph for any serviee performed by
suca company, person or persons; and
all the powers given to said commis
sioners over railroads in t -is State and
all tan penalties prescribed against
railroads c.mpanies or persons opera
ting railroad companies or persons
operating railroads by existing laws
are hereby dciared to be of force
against corporations, companies or
person or persons owning, controlling
or operating a line or lines of express,
telephone and telegraph doing busi
ness in this State, whose line or lines
.s or are wholly or in part in this
S:ate, so far as said provisions of the
taw can be applicable to any corpora
ion, cmpaay, pe:son or persons
o vning, controlling or operating a
line or lines o' express and telegraph
or telepbone. The said commissioners
shall also have power and authority
t> require said companies to locate
agernces at railroad stations.
Src 2. Be it further enacted by the
autnority afor-siid, That the poawers
of the commi~ssioners to regulate
charges by corporations, companies
andI persons herein referred to shall
apply to cuarges by express for trans
portation f rom one point to another in
this State and messages sent by tele
phone or telegraph from one point to
another in this State.
Sec. 3. That the telegraph, tele
obone, and express companies shall
bear their proportionate part ot the
salaries of the railroad commissioners
based on the gross earnings in this
State; the said asstssment snail be
charged against the said corporations,
respectively, under the order and di
rection of the comptroller general and
shall be collected by the several coun
ty treasurers in the manner provided
by la w for the collection of taxes from
snch corporations and shall De paid
by them as collected into the treasury
of the State in like manner as other
taxes collected by them for the State.
&c 4. Be it further enacted, That
all acts and parts of acts in conflict
with this act be, and the same are
Mr. Winkler offered the following
concurrent resolution at tuis juncture,
asking its immedidate consideration:
Waereas, intoxicating liquors is
one of the greatest curses of ine pres
ent day to tne ssclal, financial and
political world ; and
Whereas, EXch State should have
exclusive power and authority to reg
alate and control this evil in her o wn
way, and in the manner best suited
andi adapted to the genius of her peo
WVnereas, Right, justice and wisdom
require each State to enac: suca laws
es are most suited and conducive to
ene health, morais and welfare of her
ctize-as; nosr :herefore be it
RIeolvedJ by the house of repres:-nta
tives, the senate concurring:
S:ction 1 Inat our representatives
in tae upper and lower house of con
cress. be and are hereby urged to use
.al fair an i nnnorable means in their
power to secure the early passage of a
ouii now pending in the lower house
congerss dchtring that each State
~naii nave tne same uower to contraI
.ud r~galate tne use, sale and cia
uip.oa of ini~oxicating 1:q aors
Iu~ n ncured or m ide within her
Ste. 2. That a copy of this resolu
tion, si~nei by t-10 clerk of t ae senate
ati house of repiresentatives, be farth
'Af forwvarded to each mnember -of
c resfrom the 8:ate o' South Car
Tne resuuion was adopted.
'Mr K oler's bui to ot'serve arbor
d~ y wa t u.' jast here. Mr. Kin
r id -very Snale shi ..id have such
e-r u.it involved no cost
t di gaa to- bU. antity thdc oo
d.After s:ome discussion the
was passed toliis third reading in
- cio . I ast the free public
schoous of -----S-ae s';all observe the
ora Ende in inem rof each year
c.abora- and~ on that dav the
sem li-r anda tes-~ers shail coin
us: u i. eri-ss and e gage in the
pas~ i..u d.sn-r- os, piants anu
uns a ispress on tne minds of
t i puaste proper valueand appre
c a. on to be pLaced on Ilowers, orna
measi srucbery aad shade trees.
Mr ine's bili to amend the law
called up and Mr. Winkler moved to
strike out the enacting words.
Mr. Blythe said several attorneys
had asked him to push this bill. He
explained its provision thoroughly.
He could not see any harm in the bill.
'r. Wir kler thought that the ma
jority of the women of the State would
be violently opposed to this law. The
law as it stood was clear. There was
no good reason for this measure, and
an improvident husband could de
prive his wife of any protection at his
Mr. Bacot said that the majority of
the members of the judiciary commit
tee were opposed to the bill. He gave
Mr. Sinklor said that a woman had
a higher right in selling property than
her husband. The wife could sell a
piece of property without saying a
word to her husband; yet the husband
had to obtain such causent.
Mr. Bacot moved to indefinitely post
pone "such an iniquitous bill."
Mr. Ilderton--I think it is as little
as the members of the general assem
bly can do to let the women alone.
He was opposed to any measure
that would take a roof from a widow's
head. He moved to indefinitely post
ponethe bill. This was done.
After the transaction of some minor
business the Eouse adjourned to Fri
The house is entitled to immortal
glory. It distinguished itself Frday
morning by passing a "yaller g
bill, something the public long ago
gave up all hope of seeing accomplish
The bill was introduced by Mr.
Hamer, permitting the kilhog of
sheep-killing dogs and made the keep
ing of such a dog punishable by fine
A fight was made on the bill and
there were attempts to cripple it by
amendments, but it steered clear of all
rccks and passed by a good mojority.
Mr. Rains'ord's bill for an amend
ment of the constitution for the elec
tion of judges by popular vote only
received 42 votes. while 61. were re
corded sgainst it The bill was opposed
by Messrs. Sitkins and Bacot, while
Mr. Rainsford made the principal
spech for it.
Messrs. Kinari and Blythe made
statements about the election of C.
B Calvo as public printer which
showed that Governor Ellerbe had
usurped power to secure the taking
away of the printing from The Regis
ter. Some action will be taken later
and The State may lose the printing.
Assaulted ard Kililed Fier.
The details of one of the most horri
ble crimes in Florida history have
just come to light. Last Friday night
Herbert Zsley and Miss Alice Caro of
Warrington, a town surrounding the
navy yard, left in a buggy to attend a
party at Millview, about 10 miles
away. They arrived safely and were
among the gayest of the guests. Danc
ing was kept up until after midnight,
about 2 a. m. the young couple left to
return. Miss Caro and her escort did
not appear at Warrington on Satur
day, but no alarm was felt by her
family, as it was supposed that she
had remained with a relative who re
sides near Millview. It was learned
yesterday evening that the couple had
left Milview the night of the party,
and the young lady had not stopped
at the house of 1 er relative. Asearch
Sin. party was organized, and near a
bridge, a few miles from Millvie w, the
horse, attached to the vehicle, was
found tied to a tree. A few yards fur
ther, in a clump of trees, the bodies
of the two young people were found.
Tue youing lady had been killed by a
pistol bali which entered her head
near her ear, and the young man had
been killed by a pistol bail which shat
tered bis skull. His head was was ly
ing on the young lady's lap. Coro
ner Jo.es was immediately notified,
and he went out and held an inquest.
Dr. J, H. Pierpont was also summon
ed from the city, and on making an
examination, he found evidence of a
grave crime. There were evidences
of a severe struggle, a portion of the
woman's clothing was found yards
away from were the bodies lay. A fter
vie wing the bodies and surroundings,
the coroner's jury was convinced that
the young m.aa had killed her and
subseg aently committed suicide. Miss
Caro was about 22 years of age. It is
understood that they were engaged to
be mar:ied, and so far as is known
there was no opposition to the mar
Fire and E archiakM.
United States Minister Powell re
ports to the state department from
Port au-Prince that American resi
dents suffered very heavily from the
recent fire which destroyed 800 homes
in Port au-Prirce, rendered homeless
more than 26,000 people and entailed a
loss of more than a million dollars.
Many of the largest American coun
mercial houses were located in the
ourned section. Tne tire spread rap
idly and got beyond control, owing to
the lack of water and inadegqste fire
service. The minister says: "-rhis is
one of the saddest blows that has ever
oefallen PorL au Prince. Many who
were in alibient circumstances yester
day are paupers to-day." Minister
Po well als >reports that an eart hquake
occarred in Part-au prince Decemnoer
29, wh:en lasted several seconds and
caused fissures several inches wide in
many parts of the city. Houses rock
ed and dishes and other artacles were
tarownl from shelves. Great excite
ment prevailed during and after the
A Fiocky woman.
0a a Chingzo s:reet one evening
last w eek a woman routed two would
oe robbses with a hatpin for a weig
on. There were~ si passengers on the
car; two women aid tour men. Two
men seized Condarc.or Warren Sv
:nonton and tried to rob him. Tne
Iconductor n~ade a desperate struggle;
but the other two n.c2 showedi no ds
pu~itxon to assist him. As. the con
dictor was about to get the warst of
it, a younz woman-diss Sadie Wil
liams-made a placge at the nearest
roboer with a hatpin. Tne pin s;.ruck
Ithe fellow in the smalt of the back
and he screamed wita paa. Thewo
ama~i struck hi~n ag-aii and he jamed
af te car. Toe-n su-- wee.t fur the
otter rellowv, and mtha a few staos ran
nlau utY the car neso. lne t wo male
passeugeri remainedl pissive duriin
'he -.raggle, and at the first opporu
nvty sareaked cli'. Miss Williams
akhed Ondu::tor Symonton as to hosv
he ?ad ar ed, avi waen- she learnedl
ha hewas not badly hurt, she faint
Forty iu yte- Ka~e
Fot:eseas -avre killed and 1t3
injured by so explostoa of gas in one
of the mines of tue Donet ari comnpa
ny, in the TLgenerog district, on the
~north shore of the Sea of Azov.
ELECTION OF JUDGES -
CHIEF JUSTICE MCIVER RE-ELECTED
WITH VOTES TO SPARE.
Mr. Gage Succeeds Judge Witherspoor,
Who Declined to Bun-A11the Other Cir
cult Judges Elected Without OpposltioD.
Shortly after noon Tuesday the two
houses of the general assembly met
in joint assembly and proceeded to the
election of circuit judges, a chief jus
itce of the supreme court and a regis
ter of mesne conveyance for Charles
Lieutenant Governor McSreeney
presided over the joint assembly in a
business like manner. In the galler
ies were many ladies, and when the
re-election of chief justice was declar
ed there was applause, which caused
the gavel of the presiding officer to
fall quickly and sharply. When the
senate arrived the members of the
house as usual stood while the sena
tors entered. The resolution fixing
the time for the elections was read.
Senators Dean and Williams were ap
pointed tellers on the part of the sen
ate: Messrs. Simkins, Blythe and Mc
Cullough were appointed fcr the
Senator Dennis nominated the Hon.
W. C. Benet for judge of the First ju
dicial circuit. Messrs. Crum, Gads
den, Magill, Pollock (for the Chester
field delegation) and others seconded
the nomination. Mr. Benet was prac
tically unanimously reelected. Messrs.
Carson and Price and Senator Connor
of Orangeburg voted for James F.
Izlar. The vote was declared thus:
Benet, 143; Izlar, 3.
Senator Henderson nominated
Judge Aldrich for re election in the
Second circuit. The nomination was
seconded in all parts of the assembly.
among the seconding members being
Messrs. Thomas o? Richland, Garris,
Smith, Haselden and Ashley. The
vote was: James Aldrich, 153. He
was elected judge for four years.
Senator Moses nominated the Hon.
0. W. Buchanan for reelection as
judge of the Third circuit. Mr. Reyn
olds of Richland seconded the nomi
nation of "his old friend;" Senator
R gsdale and others also seconded the
nomintaion of Judge Buchanan. The
entire 170 votes were given to Judge
Judge R. C. Watts was nominated
by Mr. Stevenson for reelection as
judge of the Fourth circuit. Messrs.
Robinson, Mc White, Gadsden, Good
wie, Mitchell of Charleston and others
seconded the nomination. The whole
146 votes were cast for Judge Watts.
For the judge of the Sixth judicial
circuit, Mr. Rogers nominated "that
distinguished son of Chester," the
Hon. Geo, W. Gage. The nomina
tion was seconded by the Aiken,
Charleston, Richland, Sumter, Fair
field, York, Bamberg and many other
delegations. The nominations were
closed without Mr. McDonald's name
being presented. Mr. Gage was vir
tu ally unanimously elected, receiving
all the 148 votes cast, save one cast for
Mr. DeBruhle, presented the Hon. J.
C. Klugh, "the present able judge of
the Eighth circuit." Messrs. Kinard
Magill, Asbill, Limehouse and many
others seconded the nomination of
Judge Klugh. Judge Klugn received
all the 149 votes cast and was declared
elected judge of the Eighth circuit for
the next four yerrs.
Nominations were then declared in
order for chief justice of the supreme
court. Mr. Pollock nominated Judge
Mclver, the incumbent. Mr. Bacot
said it gave him peculiar pleasure to
second the nomination. Mr. de Leach
and several others also seconded the
Then Dr. Wyche got the floor and
the name of Senator George S. Mower
was put in nomination. This semina
tion was seconded by Senators McCal
la, Archer, Love and Messrs. T. E.
Johnson. Ilderton, Fairey, Toole,
~KIard, Kibbler and others.
Ihe nomination of Justice Mclver
was seconded by Messrs. Peritt, Ver
ner, Townsend, McKeown, Rogers,
who referred to "that grand old man
-Justice Mclver," 5. S. Smith and
On motion of Mr. Winkler the'
nominations were closed.
The vote was then taken resulting
in Judge Mclver receiving 93 to 51 for
Mr. Mower. The two houses voted as
For Mower-Aldrich, Alexander
Archer, Douglass, Gaines, .Jeffries,
McCalla, McDaniel, Moses, O'Dell,
Sanders, Suddath, Wallace, Will
For Mclver--Brown, Buist, Dean,
Deunis, Griffith, Hay, Henderson,
L-ses.e, Maytield, Mcxlhany, Miller,
Pettigrew, Ragsdale, Scarborough,
Sloan, Staeanous, Talbird, Tuarner,
Mower--All, Asb ill, Austell, Bailey,
Banks, Bethune, Crum, Davis, G-eo.
W. Datkes, Fumrey. Fox, Graham,
Hamilton, Holiis, Hu-nphrey, Ilder
ton, Jo:nnson, T. E , Kibbler, Kinard,
Henry J., Kinard, J. D., Lancaster,
Lister, Lamon, Limnehouse, Maul
din, Miller, Joel H., McDaniel. Phil
lips, Pr-ice, Russell, Skinner, Timmer
man, Toole, West, Witherspoon,
Melger-Hion. Frank B. Gary,
spesirer, Anderson, Ashley, Bacot,
Bedon, Blythe, Bleeland, Burns, Car
ra say. Carson, Cailds, Colccck, Cush
mand, Davis, C. M , Davis, WV. C.,
IDel~ruhl, DeLeach, Elwards, Enrd,
Epps, (Gadsden, (Garris (Jasque, G-ood
win, H. P.- Good win, 0. P., Haselde a,
IHendermon, Hiott, Hyarick, Johnson,
Horace E., Livingston, Lofu~n, Magill,
MeaesMulrJ. E , Mishoe, Mitch
ell MoreMc Jullouenl, McKeown,
IMcLaurin, Nettles. O wen, Patton,
Perritt, P'iyer, Policck, Prince Pyvatt,
Rausora, Re~ynoids, R binson, RHg
era, Sanders, Seabroog, Sinkler, Simp-I
kius, S:nitli, J. Ri., Smith, t3. W.,I
Smnith, W. 5, Starkie, Stevenson,j
Sulivan, Toomas, John P., J r.,I
T:?aas, WV. H., Townsend, Vern er,I
Vocent, Wolling, WestmaorelandI
Wnisonant, Wilsoa, Wingo, Wink
er, W lians, Witherspoon, Neldell.
When the vote was announced and
HT Ly MIver, was declared reelected
eme j ice for th~e pericd of eight
years, tuere was applause from the
F~or re..;ister of mesne conveyance of
Chreso county Mr. WV. H. Tnomn
Ksnomicated ttae mecumbent, Mr. Ju
huse te Gaswell. Mr. Bacot nomi
nedthHon. Jno. C. Menrtens.Te
vata resulted: Cogswll. 99; Mehr
ITaen the joint assembly was dis-i
soived and the senate returned to its
A TERRIBLE COLLISION.
Iwo. Engines Demo1ished and Coaches
Smashed to Splinters.
A special dispatch from Charleston
to the Columbia State gives the par
ticulars of a terrible collision on the
iNortheastern Railroad about eight
miles from Charleston Friday morn
ing, by which two colored firemen
lost their lives and a number of others
were badly injured. The two men
killed outrignt were Robert James,
colored, the fireman on No. 37, the
Florida special, and Wesley Bishop,
colored, the fireman on No. 52, tne
lccal train for Columbia.
The others injured were;
Engineer Neely, of Ficrance, of No.
37, very badly mashed and scalded,
one side badly crushed and his recov
ery is doubtful.
John Sellers, the colored porter on
37, left leg badly crushed and numer
ous bruises; suffering great pain, but
no bones broken.
E. R. Liles, baggage master on No.
37, left leg badly crushed and numer
ous bruises and cuts over body.
Electrical Engineer F. R. Claris of
No. 37, bruised and cut, but compara
tively slightly injured.
Conductor Bullock of No. 37, a few
bruises and cuts on the face.
Engineer E. F. Hall of No. 52, left
arm broken, probably in several places
and left shoulder mashed.
Mail Clerk J. H. Bingham of No. 52
left leg and arm broken and other wise
M. McDuffie, baggage master of No.
52, bruises about the head.
J. A. Powell, Express messenger on
No. 52, leg broken.
A. J. Gourdin, of Charleston, a pas
senger on No. 52, cut in the head.
J. W. Hood, of Knoxville, Tenn., a
passenger on No. 52, cut in the head
and injured on left side.
Both engines and tenders were com
pletely demolished, the engines being
turned completely over and lay about
a car length from the point were they
came together at the side of the track.
lhe front end of the combination.
mail and express car of No, 52 was de
molished, and about half of the first
Pulman car of No 37, which was a
combination baggage car and emnloyes
sleeping car, as well as the car for ti'e
electrical apparatus, was smashed to
Fireman Bishop of No. 52 and Fire
man James of No. 37, both negroes.
were instantly killed. Both were
buried beneath the wreck and were
erushed beyond recognition. They
were merely a tangled mass of flesh
and bone and blood. Engineer Neely
suffered severely and it is doubtful if
be will recover. He was badly scald
ed and one side badly crushed. Ea
gineer Hall of No. 52 had his arm
badly crushed and his shouldersevere
Ly injured. He was suffering intense
ly. John Sellers, the colored porter
of the special, was in the first Pullman
with Electrical Engineer Clark. Sel
lers was badly scalded about the face,
and received internal injuries. Efec
rical Engineer Clark was badly bruis
ed but not dangerously injured.
Baggage Master Liles of the special
was in the front end of the first Pull
man. He had a quantity of baggage
to handle, and as the car received the
Eell force of the collision, he suffered
severely. So did ExpLezs Messenger
Powell of No. 52, and the only thing
that saved his l:fe from being crusned
)ut by the 3,000 pounds of freight in
his car was that he was shielded more
or less by the water cooler, against
which he was thrown. There were
irty-six passengers on the two trains.
Cure For Hog Cholera.
What is said to be a sure c-ure for
og cholera has been discovered. It
is nothing more or Jess than anti
toxine serum with which Dr. D. E.
almon, chief of the national bureau
of animal industry, has recently been
experimenting. In connection with
the discovery Mr. Wilson, secretary
of agricultura, says: "I propose to
ask congress to provide an appropria
tion necessary to enable this depart
ment to furnish 2,000.000 dozens of
serum during the next year, and to
make a considerable portion of the ap
propriation immediately available. ft
seems from Dr. Salmon's report that
it takes three or four months to put a
horse or cow in condition to supply
the serum; consequently the work up
on an extended scale must be under
taken at once. The losses from hog
cholera are so enormous and have
weighed so heavily for years upon our
farmers that I cannot imagine that
congress will for a moment refuse to
make the appropriations necessary to
carry on this work thoroughly. In
deed, apart from the great- stake the
farmers havo in this matter, to refuse
to provide for a thorough test of this
remedy ncow would be, indeed, penny
wise and pound foolish; for the dis
covery ,if this serum has involved al
rady many years of work and a very
large sum of money. It would be a
great mistake, now that so great a dis
covery seems to have been made, not
to finish the work by giving it a thor
ough and extensive test."
Stew Wife and children.
John Matthe ws, a retail grocer, of
New York, murdered his wife and
their two children, a boy 10 years old
and a girl 12, by hacking them to
death with a hatchet. Matthe -s then
committed suicide by shooting himself
in the head. It is supposed that Mat
thews had become despondent from
his pecuniary difficulties The tragedy,
was discovered through the odor of
escaping gas whieh prompted a milz
man making his rounds early tcdayj
to call a policeman. Oa the dbor of
the sleeping room the cilic zr found
the corpse of Matthews. In nis hand
was a revolver and there was a ballet
bole just above his mouth. O a one of
he beds in the room lay Mtthew~'
wife. Her head was chopped and mia-,
~led almost beyond recognition. 0a
he other bed the two cailiren liy,
ide by side, Their faces, too, were
~rightfully cut and hacked. That the
urders and suicide were premne.ita
ed was evident. From a letter lef a byI
rs. Matthews to a friend it was gath
red that she was a party to a suicide;
The membcrs of tae 8:ate Lcaisia-i
ure, now in sessicn, may niot be lac -
ag in adlvice from outsiders. W sth
r this be so or not, we respctaily
1.- Tnat the; do not attempt to en
act any laws that are not strictly nec
~ssary. Tde more lawv we hnve ihe!
yester the proboability that some of
nem will become "dead letters" an?d
a increasing disresp.ect for such as
are not '-dead" will follow.
2. As far as practicable let alt en
ctmnts accord with the spirit of the
3hristian religion.-Christian Neigh
SIL ER SCORES ONE.
SENATE TAKES UP SENATOR TELL
It Prcvides That Bonds of the United
States May bs Paid :n Standard Silver
The United States Senate Thursday
agreed to Mr. Tillman's resolution
providing for'an investigation by the
interstate commerce committee con
cerning railroad transportation for
any other consideration than cash.
Mr. Lodge then moved that the senate
go into executive session.
This was antagonized by Mr. Vest,
who called attention to the fact that
he had given notice of his intention to
call up the Teller resolution.
The chair held that Mr. Lodge's
motion took precedence, and the yeas
and nays were demanded. The vote
resulted-yeas 27, nays 39.
The motion of Mr. Vest to take up
the Teller resolution was then carriea,
41 to 25, as follows.
Yeas--Allen, Bicon, Bate, Berry,
Butler, Cannon, Chilton, Clark, Clay,
Cockreil, Faulkner, Harris, Heitfield,
Jones (irk.,) K-enny, Kyle, McEnry,
Mallory, Mantle, Martin, Mills, Mitch
ell, Money, Morgan, Perkins, Petti
grew, Pettus, Prichard, Quay, Rawl
lins, Roach, Shoup, Stewart, Teller,
Tillman, Turpie, Vest, Walthall, War
ren, White and Wolcott-41.
Nays- Aldrich, Allison, Baker, Cul
lom, Davis, Fairbanks, Forsker, Frye,
Gallinger, Gear, Gray, Hale, Hanna,
Hansbrough, Hoar, Lodge, McBride,
Morrill, Nelson, Platt (Conn.,) Proc
tor, Sewell, Soooner, Thurston and
Mr. Teller's resolution provides:
'That all bonds of the United States
issued or authorized to be issued under
the said acts of congress hereinbefore
recited are payable, principal and in
terest, at the option of. the United
States, in silver dollars of the coinage
of the United States containing 4121-2
grains each of standard silver, and
that to restore to its coinage such sil
ver coins as a legal tender in payment
of said bonds, principal and interest,
is not in violation of the public faith
nor in derogation of the interests of
the publi: creditor."
Mr. Vest so-ke in support of the
resolution, sa Iin, he hai no desire at
this tiie to thrash over tne old straw
of financial discassioa, but hoped to
be able to call the senate's attention
to some reason why th s pending reso
lution should be agreed to by the sen
ate. He said twat twenty years had
passed sicce Stanley Matthews's reso
lution was first put on the statute
books, but he believed that there was
no reason why there should be a re
iteration of the resolution and the dec
larations contained in them. Mr. Vest
maintained that if the resolutions were
origiually correct and proper, they are
correct and proper at the present time.
"They do not in any sense," said Mr.
Vest. "involve either repudiation or
The senator maintained that the is
sue involving the consideration of the
resolution has been thurst upon the
senate by the admission that senators
were required either to remain silent
and by their silence give tacit assent
as to the recent declaration of the
secretary of the treasury in favor cf
the gold standard, those deciaratio
being evidently endorsed by the presi
dent, or else to reaffirm the Stanley
Matthews resolution, which had been
passed by the senate by a vote of more
than 2 to 1 and by the house by an
over whelming majority.
'It will be recalled," said Mr. Vest,
"that the presant president of the
United States was then a member of
the house and tlien voted for these
Mr. Vest held that the time had now
arrived when the country must either
go to a gold standard or makie the last
and over whelming contest for the f.
nancial system wnich he believe a
great majority of the people were in
favor of. He said he had no desire
now to enter upon an elaborate dis
cassion o f the pending resolution, and
if any senaator on the other side of the
chamber desired to speak upon the
question he would yield to him.
There was no response to this invi
tation to the Repubican side, and Mr.
Vest was proceeding with his remarks
when Mr. Piatt, of Conn., asked if it
was Mr. Vest's mntention to press the
resolution and to secure an immediate
"That is," interjected Mr. Aldrich,
"is it the purpose of the senater to en
deavor to secure a vote upon the reso
lution today ?"
"I expect," replied Mr. Vest, "to
endeavor to secure a 'ia vote upon
the resolution whenever under 'the
rules of the senate a final vote can be
The Missoari senator was proceed
ing with his remarks, when the vice
president, the hour of 2 o'clock having
arrived, h id before the senate the un
finished business, the census bil].
Mr. Vest moved to lay aside the un
finished business and to proceed with
discussion of the Teller resolution.
The motion prevailed without divis
ion, the eff:c: being to make the reso
lution tee uannished business.
MJr \est then yielded to a sugges
tion of Mr. Aldrich, that further con
sideration of the resolution be post
poned umtil Friday, in order that
those opposing miten; have opportuni
ty to prepare ior the de bate.
At 2:10 p. mn., the senate went into
execu:ive session and at 2:55 adjourn
F-ar KdI-d and six Missing.
The B3 tis a te-smn r m1reca, Captain
Latcd, abieh arrirea at Cork January
8 "ran iniiito -, and wa.s cound for
Ne vpor. ic s enre wesof S. George's
r-e~ s Jm:lxe~ c :es: t-f Wales. Tuir
teen oi i de e -esae ssuely landed, but
fo.ur ';ere kied o: b.ard the steamer,
from so ne c~ze and six were left in
a coast and? are issicg.
a esions Hasbana'8 Mad Act.
A terrible tragedy occurred near the
mouth of the St. Francis river in Ar
kaaa Tusday nf ternoon. Nelson
Tukr n a il of jealously, shot his
wife tce with~ a shotgan loaded with
slags iiimg tier mantly. The man
then tar..ed a re'volver to nis head and
sent a bu'le' t arough his brain, falling
dead u-:.e te body of his wife.
F rmen's Ghastly Find1.
Whil te es department was -ex
ti tuLi n~.: a i ma d welling in St.
Li, tjj 'e chre remains of a little
ein ~a. i x- xe .nre house was
oc'' le'd oj--augus~t Bauer and his al
ledprm ,'. Hilda Ersar and
ser 1i tle giri. luer was arrested.
T'e police- think he kiiled the child
and tired the buudig