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WOR OF T! 8 S10
ACTS OF GENERAL INTEREST PASSED
BY T HE L EGISLATURE.
The Measures that Got Through and Were
Batinesd by the senate and Rouse of
Representatives-The Unal Number.
The following are the acts and jPin
resolutions of general interest pesstd
by the Legislature at its late session
which closed last Wednesdsy morn
AN ACT TO
Provide for the taxation cf telegraph
telephone, palace car, sleeping car.
drawing room car, dining car, express
and fast freight, joint stock associa
tions, companies, copartnerships and
corporations transaciog business in
the State of South Carolina, and to
repeal acts in conflict.
Prohibit unreasonabie discrimination
by telephone companies doing busi
ness in this State in the rates at which
they furnish telephones and telenhone
service to their patrons in different
Amend an act entitled "An act to
amend Section 27 of act entitled "An
aot to provide a system of county gov
ernment for the several counties of
this State, to far as it relates to the
working and maintaining the roads
and highways in this State,"' approv
ed 21 March, 1897.
Regulate the practice in the courts
of this State in actions ex delicto for
Amend Sections 4 and 27 of an act
entitled "An act to provide a system
of county government of the several
counties of this State, so far as it re
lates to the working and maintaining
the roads and highways in this State"
approved March 23, 1S96, ant also
amended and approved February 25,
Create the county of Lee from por
tions of Kershaw, Darlington and
Sumter counties, with boundaries as
hereinafter described, and to provide
for the erection of court house and
jail, for the holding of courts and for
the electio- of county officers.
Authorize and empower the county
boards of commissioners of the several
counties of this State to establish and
maintain free ferries.
Declare the law as to fees of Clerks
of Courts and Registers of Mesne Con
veyance for certifying to the record
ing certain written instruments.
Regulate express and telegraph com
panies and to extend the powers of the
railroad commissioners, so as to give
them power and authority to regulate
charges by express companies for
transportation,to regulate tne charges
of telegraph cpmpanies for the trans
misston of messages by telegraph, or
charges by persons engaged in the
several businesses herein named, to
apply the powers given to said com
minioners, by law, over railroad com
panics to all companies or persons
owning, controlling, or operating a
line or lines of express and telegraph,
and make the penalties prescribed
against railroads for violating com
missioner's rules apply to the compa
nies and persons herein named, whose
line or lines is or are wholly or in
part in this State.
Amend Section 1694 of the General
Statutes of 1892, appearing as Section
432 of the Revised Statutes of 1893,
Volume 2, so as to prohibit the des
troying of the nests or certain birds.
(Charter the Central Carolina Rail
way and to authorize towns and cities
interested in and along the lines of
said railway to subscribe to the capital
stock thereof in bonds.
AZwend an act entitled "An act to
require all persons or corporations
boilding or using a barbed wira fence
within fifty feet of a public highway.
when same runs parallel with and
within fifty feet of a railroaa track,
to place a plank on or near the top of
said fence," approved December 21st,
1894, so as to make the terms thereof
Amend Section 2 of an act entitled
"An act to apportion the road fund
derived from the special county levy."
approved 17th February, A. D. 1897,
aa to length of bridges to be repaired
Amend Section 1692 of the General
Statutes of South Carolina, being Sec
tion 425 of the Revised Statutes of
1893, Vol. 2.
Amend Section 693 of the Revised
Statutes, relating to certain claims
Construe mortgages of real estate
within this State.
Amend an act entitled "An act to
deciare the law in relation to liens on
real estate," approved December 24,
Create the office of State Libarian;
to fix the salary and prescribe the du
ties thereof; to constitute a Board of
Trustees for the State Library, and to
designate the powers and duties thero
of; to appropriate money for the use
of the State Library, and to make cer
tain offenses herein specified a misde
Amend Section 1299 (596) of Vol. 1
of the Bevised Statutes, 1893, as to
labels on commercial fertilizers.
Amend an act approved 17th Febru
ary, 1897, entitled "An act to provide
the pupils attending the free public
schools with school text books at act
Amend Section 1776 of the General
Statutes, being Section 1963 of the Re
vised Statutes of 1893, as to the effect
of registration of legal instruments.
Amend Section 279 of the General
States of 1882, apnearing as Section
335 of the Revised Statutes of South
Carolina of 1893, Vol. 1, relating to
the powers and duties of the Compt
roller General in the non-payment of
taxes, in special cases.
Amend Section 352 of the Code of
Civil Procedure of 1882, appearing as
Section 352, Vol. 2, of the Revised
Statutes of 1893, relating to stay of
execution and sale on appeal to the
Sunreme Court in certain cases.
Require the Magistrates to hold pre
liminary investigations in criminal
cases beyond their jurisdiction unless
waived in writing.
Protect boarding houses and inn
Empower magistrates to order ser
vices by publication upon absent de
Provide for the pay ment of certain
Incorporate the Saluda and John
son Railroad Company.
Make the drawing of jurors public.
Authorize sheriffs and deputy sher
ifs of the State to arrest criminals
without warrant in certain cases.
Establish and declare the law as to
distress for rent.
Exempt students of colleges from
road duty orthe payment of commu
tation tax in the towns and cities of
Provide for the inspection of foods,
drugs, spirituous, fermented and malt
liquors, and to provide for the pun
ishment for adulteration thereof.
Providing for~ the erection and
maintenance of gates acres pbi
highweyn-t certain points and for the
punishment of persons failing to close
To amend the act entigjed "An act
to provide for the formation of certain
corporations and to define the powers
tnereof," approved 9th March, 1890,
so far as the same relates to the notice
to be given in order to obtain a new
charter or an amendment to a charter,
and in ordernto mortpage a corpr-a
tin's naroert to scus- the navmen
Art; nd s~;''> t -tt
re qire certail c::mors to keep an item
ized :.ccoit Of teir incomre o virtue
of their et: e. and to r:ilire them to
make an arQ l repcrt or the same to
the Cor'y S uterriscr," approved
March 2nd, 16147.
Amfnd an act entitPd "An act re
Sairin the Sinking Fand Commis
sion to lend funds to the several coun
t- Bods of Commissioners of the
State for the use of their counties in
preference to lending same to other
applicants for said funds," aDproved
February 25th, 1S97.
Amend an act entitled "An act to
amend an act entitled 'An act to pro
vide for the formation of certain cor
porations and to deir.e the powers
thereof,'" anproved the 9.h day of
March, A. D. 1S9tt.
ttake railroad corporations liable to
a penalty for ailure to post the sched
ule of rates as provided in Secton
1650 of the Revised Statutes of 1S9:3
Amend certain sections o the Gen
eral Railway Law, Chapter 11, Article
10, relating to certain ofenses and
penalties, and to insert a new secion
to be ;oown as 1734 i.
Confer on the couvcils of the cities
and towns of this State. power to
make and establish certain rules, by
laws and ordinances including general
Define the rights of the Sinking
Fund Commission as to unpaid tax
claims, and forfeited and other lands
in the control of said Commission and
for the management of the same.
Amend the law in relation to the
location and names of voting precincts
in this State, aporoved 9th March,
Amend Section 4 of an Act entitled
"An act *o require the Supervisors of
the State to publish quarterly reports,"
approved 2nd day of March. 1897.
Amend an Act entitled "An act to
amend Section 2555 of Vol. 1 of the
Revised Statutes of 1883, being Section
2431 of the General Stat utes regulat
ing the fees and costs of Clerks of
Common Pleas and General Sessions,
and to establish a special fee bill for
the County of Spartanburg," approv
ed March 5th, 1S97.
Fix the salaries of the County Su
perintendents of Education of the
ieveral counties of this State.
To abate all taxes due the State and
county by certain citizens of Colleton
County who have suffered losses by
the storms of 1893 and 1894, rendering
them unable to pay said taxes for the
fiscal year 1892 and 1893.
Require all magistrates to submit
their dockets to the County Board of
Commissioners quarterly, and said
board to report on same to court.
Amend an act entitled "An act to
prohibit trusts and combinations and
to provide penalties," approved 25th
of February. 1897.
Amend Title 4, Section 146, of the
Code c Uivii Procedure of 1882, being
knowa as Secraon 146 of the Code . of
Civil - rocedure of 1893, relating to
the place of tried of civil action.
Provide f^r the number and ap
pointment of clerks and attaches to
the Senate and House of Representa
Provide for the county government
of the various counties of this State.
To incorporate ,the Barnwell Rail
Amend Section 1288 of Vol. 1 of the
Revised Statutes, relating to the Gen
eral Stock Law.
Authorize town authorities to ex
change labor of town convicts with
Amend Sections 4. 5, 10, 11, 12 and
13 of an act entitled "An act to pro
vide for the registration of all electors
in this State qualified to vote in State,
county, municipal, Congressional and
Provide for the winding up of the
business of corporations whose char
ters have been forfeited.
Amend an Act entitled "Au act to
amend an act entitled 'An act to pro
vide a system of county government
for the several counties of this State,
so-far as it relates to the working of
the road and highways in this State,'
approved 23d March, 1896, erxepting
Amend an Act entitled "An act to
amend Section 15 of an Act entitled
'An act to provide for the election of
the State Board of Control and to
further regulate the sale, use~ and con
sumption, transportation, disposition
of intoxicating and aleoholic liquors,
etc.'" approved the 5th March, 1897,
to prevent the manufacturing and dis
tilling of such liquors within two
miles of any church or public schooL.
Make appropriations for the pay
ment of the per diem, mileage and
stationery certificates of the members
the of General Assembly, the salaries
of subordinate officers and employees
thereof, and for other purposes herein
Raise supplies and make appropria
tions for the fiscal year commencing
January 1, 1898.
Require all railroads and railroad
companies operating trains and doing
business in this State to provide and
oerate separate coaches or separate
apartments in coaches for the .accom
mdation and transportation oi
white and colored passengers in the
Make appropriations to meet the
ordinary expenses of the State Govern
ment for the fiscal year commencing
January 1st, 1898.
An act relating to the records in the
office of County Auditor.
An act relating to the collection of
taxes in towns and cities.
Joint Resolution to abate all taxes
due by the taxpayers of Colleton Coun
ty for the fiscal year 1893 and 1894
icluded in that portion of the county
known as the storm district.
Joint Resolution to authorize and
direct the Secretary of State to enclose
the Confederate monument on the
State House grounds.
Joint Resolution to authorize and
direct the Comptroller General to
draw warrants on the State Treasurer
in favor of the County Treasurers for
the amount due each county in the
apportionment of the supplementary
school fund derived from the net in
come from the sale of spirituous li
The MIc~rady History.
Th-e following' is the text of the
reolti.on cLiered by Senator Archer
and acopted or both houses of the
aere-al as-emblyv in regard to General
McC ady' n:ory of ts.State:
Whereas "-The History of South
Carolina" by Gen. McCrady (.he
first volumnero which has been ve:y
recertly published by tce Mc\iilian
comparlj is th~e irst comnlete and
only consitutional and ptilosophical
history of the Sate vet written:
Be it resolved by le senate, thte
house of represe" a "-es corncarrirg,
That the said h t 'y o -, and tne sa:se
is herehy, earnestly and specially coa
mended by the genrai assembly of the
State of Southi Carolina to the trustees
ad other peons in carge of every
Ieducatonal instiution in the Ste as
we:l us to e-ca and every ciutn of
No> sgs of the Forty Man.
A later report- say s the steamer
Cara Nev2. vs bauine otr Berners
Ba;, Lynn Caa. c tire and. ex
ploion were a-en and near:,: arm the
wha.rf and reckage was picked up on
the beach nextdcay but there were no
signs of the forty' men who left Sa
uy on nr
REASCNS FOR PRIMACY ON THE
Thinks the Free ,>teage of Silver the Par
amonut Issue in the Next Campaign Be
tween the Two Great Parties.
The Journal prints the following
article by Wiilian J. B-yan:
In ansver to your inquiry, I submit
some f the reasons which lead me to
b:-e that the money question pre
E srn:s an issue which is still paramo x. t
In the platfcrn adopt d at Chicago,
the Demccratic party said:
"Recognizing that the money ques
tion is paramount to all others at this
time, we invite attention to the fact
that the federal constitution named
silver and gold together as tge money
metals of the United States, and that
the first coinage law passed by con
gress under the constitution made the
silver dollar toe monetary unit and
admitted gold to free coinage at a ra
tio based upon the silver dollar unit"
After thus eievating the question to
the place of supreme importance, the
platform proceeded to poiint out the
effect of an appreciating dollar, and
declared the unalterable opoosition of
the party to the gold standard, char
acterizing it as both un American and
anti-American. The platform specifi
First-The free and unlimited coin
age of both silver and gold at the
present legal ratio of 16 to 1.
Second-That the standard silver
dollar be made a full legal tender,
equally with gold, fcr all debts, pub
lie and private.
Third-lhe enactment of such legis
lation as will prevent for the future
the demonetization of any kind of le
gal tender money by private contract.
Fourth-That the United States shall
not surrender its right to redeem its
obligations in either gold or silver.
Fifth-That the government shall
not issue interest-bearing bonds in
time of peace.
Sixth-That the government shall
not surrender to national banks the
right to issue paper money.
While the declaration against na
tional bank notes is not a part of the
silver plank,the division line between
those who favor independent bimetal
lism and those who oppose it is almost
identical with the line which separates
the advocates of government paper
from the supporters of national banks
of issue, and the two questions will be
Nothing has happened since the elec
tion to lessen the real or relative im
portance of the money question. If
the gold standard was bad in 1896 it is
still bad; if our present financial sys
tem was un American and anti Amer
ican in 1896 it has not become natu
raliz d since that time.
"THE ONLY REMEDY.'
In 1896 independent bimetalhsm was
pointed out as the only remedy for the
gold standard, and the failure of our
monetary commission to secure inter
national bimetallism sti engthens our
contention. The senate has recently
put itself or record in favor of that
plank of our platform which declares
that the silver dollar shall have a debt
paying power equal to the gold dollar
and that the government shall not
surrender its right to redeem ccin obli
ligations in either gold or silver, and
the house' has declared against the
The effort of the secretary of the
treasury to secure authority to issue
more bands and his demand fcr the
retirement of the greenoacks are in
direct opposition to the positions above
statEd. Thus it will be seen that events,
not free silver agitators, are keeping
the money question before the coun
The evil effects of the gold standard
are so apparent that the Republican
party ref uses to become sponsor for
the system; it is so indefensible that
even Secretary Gage in his recent
speech at Philadelphia took occasion
to say that the president is in favor of
international bimetallism and has the
support of all his cabinet in his effort
to secure the co-operation of other
nations in getting rid of the gold
But while the Republican party,
through the chief executive,still holds
out the hope of international bimetal
lism,. none of the party leaders say a
word in defense of the double stand
ard, independent or international.
Because international bimetallism
can only be defended on the theory
that the existing gold standard is un
satisfactory, and the Republican party
leaders know that the Republican par
ty has no real intention of abandon
ing the present gold standard, and
they cannot, therefore, afford to say
anything which would make the peo
ple-dissatisfied with it.
Neither do they. as a rule, say any
thing in favor of the gold standard,
because to do so would at once raise
the question: Why, then, is interna
tional bimetallism des'rable?
"GAGE ON BOTH SIDES."
Occasionally a speaker will be found
who will take both sides of the ques
tion as did Mr. Gage at Philadelphia.
After trying to show that the gold
standard had been a great blessing to
the laboring man, he declared it to be
the intention of the Republicans to
substitute another system. The ques
tion at once arises, if the gold stand
ard has been a blessing to the labor
ing man, why does niot the Republi
can party advocate its retention,rather
than its abandonment.
International bimnetallism will have
exactly the same effect as independent
bimetallism in raising prices. If a fall
in prices is an advantage, then a rise
in prices cannot be desirable; and if,
on the other hand, a rise in prices,
whether obtained through independ.
ent bimetallismn or through an inter
national agreement, is god, then the
fali in prices caused by the gold stan
dard must be admittedt to have worked
The fall in prices extending over
the last 25 years, has, in fact, been
disastrous to the producers of wealth
in every gold standard country of the
France now desires to abandon the
gold standard ; the German reichstag
declared for international bimetallism
in 1895; the far-ners and laboring men
of Eag;and are nowv protesting namnst
the goldA standard Can any Demo
rat deny that relief from the go~d
s'andard is imperatively needed i
Should the Deraceratic party aandon
the position it has taken on the side
of thec masses in this world wide can
The stand taken by the Republicans
rase-'th 'most im portsnt question thai
ca c ufot a naition, uamely;, the
rgt of the people to legislate for
themselves. Tne Rapublican platform
is the irst. platform which ever de
elared in favor of repealing tie De
c"aration of indenendence.
That platform expressly transfers
from' America to E-:rope the right to
determine thle :inancial policy of the
Un'd SttEs. Accord'ing to that
platform, the American pepie shouid
seek inter-national co-operation in re
storing bimetallismi, but must main
:ain the cold standardi until that co
oeration is secured.
'The Republican plan is to invite for
eign assistance, but while we may in
thus far done s). ie ieuucan
platf=orm, thererore, means that we
must have the gold standard as long as
European nations faro-the gold stand
ard, and can have binieta!lism only
when they consent to it.
Recent events have demonstrated that
Europe has turned the money question
over to England, and England seems
to have turned it over to the English
tinanciers, who, on the 22 1 of last Sep
tember, met at the clearing house,
pledged themselves to secrecy, decided
upon the gold standard, and thus de
term'ned our financial policy as long
as the Reprulican plan prevaiis.
.W)NEY QUESTION FIRST.
No one oeieves that bametailism
will prove a panacea for all political
ills, best the money question must be
settled before other questions can be
reached. Financial independence is
a condition precedent to reform alone
other lines. The power that controls
our financial policy can control the
pokey of our government cn every
other subject whenever occas:on
arises for the exercise of that control.
Suppose, for instance, that the men
ey question were dropped and the
ight against the trusts made the main
issue. Much foreign capital is invsted
in trusts, and foreign financiers could
announce that any legislation hostile
to trusts would be followed by the
withdrawal of foreign capital and a
panic. If they can threaten the with
drawal of foreign capital to prevent a
change of our financial policy, tney
can tnreaten sucn withdrawal to pre
vent the annihilation of trusts or the
regulation of other corporations.
Not only can this threat be made in
regard to our domestic policy, but it
can be made to prev.:-nt the adoption
of any foreign policy which does not
meet with favor in Europe. We can
not protect the rights of our citizens
avenge an insult to the thg, enforce
the Monroe doctrine or express our
sympathy with thcse who are strug
gling to be free, if we are to te de
terred by the threats, of foreign invest
The right to legislate for our people
on the money question involves the
right to legislate on all questions, and
until this right is secured the discus
sion of other questions will avail
When we have released ourselves
from the dictation of foreign finan
ciers and overthrown the local money
trust which controls our financial pol
icy we shall be in a position to under
take the extermination of other trusts
and the protection of our people from
all forms of monopolistic oppression.
"OTHER I'LANKS NOT ABANDONED."
The other planks of the Chicago
platform are not abandoned. Those
who favor free coinage at 16 to 1 ad
vocate and will carry out all the other
reforms enumerated in the platform,
but they will not lessen the emphasis
placed upon the money question by
the party itself in its latest utterances.
But there are some who admit the
necessity for bimetallism and who
confess that it can only be secured by
independent action but suggest a
change of ratio.
Tney ask, why 16 to 1?
I answer that there are several rea
sons. Sixteen to 1 is the ratio at
which we had free coinage from 1834
to 1S73. It is the ratio now existing
et ween the gold and silver coins in
circulation, and it is more favorable to
gold than the ratio now existing in
most European countrier.
To change the ratio by independent
action, beside changing existing con
tracts, lessening our currency and in
curring great expense, would put us
out of harmony with other nations,
especially would it put us out of har
mony with France, the European na
tion most friendly to silver, where
the ratio is 15 1 2 to 1.
If by international agreement we
should change the ratio to 32 to 1, for
instance, it would necessitate the re
coinage of more than four billions of
silver into coins twice as Isarg~e (pro
vided the change was maae by increas
ing the size of the silver coins).
To double the size of silver coin of the
world would L iminish by one half the
silver money of the world; ir, would
diminish by one quarter the entire
volume of metalhe money of the
Such a shrin'kage in the volumne of
money would, ia effect, add hilions
of dollars to the debts of the world
Should so great an injury be done
without the necessity for it being prov
en beyond a reasonable doubtI
"PRESENT RATIO ARTIFICIAL."
Bimetallists contend that gold and
silver have been driven apart by hos
tile legislation, and that they can be
brought together by friendly legisla
They contend that legislation favor
able to gold has increasad the purchas
ing power of an ounce of gold through
out the world and lowered the general
level of prices, while the same legisla
tion has lessened the demand for sil
ver and lowered the gold price of
They con tend that the restoration of
the free and unlimited coinage by a
great nation like the United States
will increase the demand for silver to
a point where the mints will require
all the surplus silver of the world,
and thus, by raising the gold price of
silver and lowering the purchasing
power of an ounce of gold, will re.
store the-parity at 16 to 1, and there
after maintain the parity at that ratio.
It is true that some bimnetalists do
not believe that tbis nation alone can
maintain the parity at that ratio, but
shall the great majority who do De
lieve surrender their conviction to the
comparatively few who doubt?
Upon what principal can a minority
demand of a majority the right tc
dictate a platformI Those who are
oppsed to the gold standard must act
together, and the plan of action must
be determined by the majority.
The moment the ratio of 16 to 1 is
surrendered our silver plank loses its
"OPPONENTS OF 16 TO 1 NOT AGREED'"
Those who oppose the ratio of 16 to
1 are not agreed among themselves.
No considerable body of men ask for
any other specific ratic. One man
says 20 to 1, another 24, another 32;
but all the objectors together are
small in number when compared
with those who firmly believe in the
ability of this nation to maintain the
parity at 16 to 1.
If it is proposed to leave the ratio to
congress, it must be remembered that
those who desire bimetallism demand
aiirmative action, and every one op
posed to the ratio fixed in any propos
d bill will be counted againu any
Kind of bimetallism.
If the ratio is left to be determmred
by congressmen who run upoa differ
ent platforms, itgives a charnce for a
I a-it ty of ra t.c s which will e fectually
prevent any legislatioa favorable to
imetalism, and will also give a
enance for friends of the gold stand
ard to slip int o congress under the
Ipretense of favoring some und.:ned
Iratio, bu: who, as matter of fact,
would use their nositi-ons to maintain
the sold standard.
The ratio of 16 to 1 has been adopt
ed by tne Demccratic party in acon
vention whice, more than any recent
convention, received its authority di
Irect from the people.
The rank and file of the party, in
stead of leaving the ratio to the lead
iiL: u' e. ai( twL openiir'T ;.cs .ut o
chacnrea since t:Ic coraenticn.
This ratio has also been indorsed by T
the Populist party. the National Sil
ver party and the Silver Republicans.
To abandon the ratio v culd be wrong
in itself, and as impolitic, as it would A
be wronv. S
If the Democratic party were to al- G
low its policy on tuis question to be d
dt trmined by a few doubting Thom c
ases, or by the deserters who support- tl
ed the ene:ny in thestrugles between f,
D mncracy and p:utcrary, it would g
lose the respect atd coniidence of those
who now iok to it :+s an efficient to
means of restcrirg the government of n
the people. I
"TILE .,IRE OF AlMDiGUITY." b
To turn from its clear and coura- n
geous enunciation to wallow again s
in tte mire of ambiguity and deception e
would alienate those who rave been c
drawn 1o it by the plat'orm of 189E t
The Democratic party could havere- t
tained withn its folds the deserters of t<
1S9G if it had consented to a meaning- t<
less platform. but it preferred to lose
some members of the body rather c
than have the whole bcdy destroyed. b
Regeneration did not come too soon. t]
The gold Democrats were rapidly
making the party a rival of the Repub a
lican party for the favor of trusts and I
monopolies. If the Chicago platform v
did nothing else, it drove frcm the o
party those who had been manipulat
ing the party for private gain and e
using the government for public plun- d
There are many of these deserters s
whose return to the party would bring f
weakness rather than add strength, r
and there are millions of Democrats n
who would not surrender a single v
line of the Chicago platform to re- e
cover every deserter who left because a
of real antagonism to the principles p
set forth in that platform.
I do not refer to those who were to
misled. There were many who left o
because they did not fully understand -
the issues raised,they are coming back b
of their own accord, because they find t<
t.emselves in sympathy with out
The party can win more voters by s
steadfastly standing by the right than c
by weakly compromising with error, a
and those won back to the platform a
will be useful when they return, c
while those who profess attachment i:
to the Democratic name rather than to F
Demccretic principles will always re
quire watching. t
The Democratic party has put its a
band to the plow. and unless 1 mis
ake the spirit which animates the t
members, it will not look back. e
W. J. BRYAN.
George TUiman in the Race. -
Gcorge D. Tillman, of Edgefield,
has given out to the press the follow
To the Demccracy of South Caro
Much more at the suggestion of
others than by my own prompting, I t
announce my candidacy for governor, i
honestly belie 'ing that the otile seeks r
the wan, or else I would not have re- t
ceived so many letters urging me to r
Manly candor also bids me to con
ess that a sense of duty as a citizen
impels me to make the effort to reunite
the people of the State and correct
certain evils, which if done would re
sult in more liberty and less taxation.
To ichieve these ends I s'tall advo
cate several measures that if adoptedt
would both strengthen local self-gov-c
ernent and reduce present annual
State and county taxes at least a
fourth-or say, half a million dollarst
-without diminishing but positively
increasing the efficiency ef our gov
ernment. What these measures arec
and argument in support of them, will
be discussed later on.
I shall run as the candidate of noa
faction, no ring, no bcsi, but simply
on my own character as a man andt
record as a public servant.
Geo. D. Tillman.
Kentueky Red HoS.
The following resolution was intro
ducsd in the Kentucky legislature
Thursday and will be voted upon
"Where, war is now being waged
by the Cuban patriots, for linerty,.
home and country, and whereas, the
United States, for her kindly endeavor
in trying to secure peace and autono
my for the insurgents has been re
peatedly insulted by the Spanish gov
ernment, to sich an extent as to no
longer be withstood; be it
"Resolved, That the general assem
bly of the state of Kentucky that Cuba
is, sud~ of right should be free and in -
dependent, and to secure that end,
immediate steps should be taken by
our representatives in congress and
senators to secure liberty and restoret
peace; and forever renounce the right
of Spain to 'overn said island.
"Be it furtaser resolved, That a copy
of these resolutions be presented to our
representatives and senators in conc
gress, and they may know that in the(
sense of the representatives of thec
common-wealth of Kentucky, furthert
delay is cowardly, and the time fora
action has come."
Mail advices received from Colom- 1
bo, Ceylon, say that Barnes and King3
marines belonging to the Unitede
States cruiser R ileigh, on her way to I
Obina ,were drowned during the night I
of Jan. 24 It is supposed they started(
to swim ashore on a "lark", thinking
they were able to scale the breakwa
AS IMPORTANT ORDER.-Dr. Wv- -
tan, of the agricultural station of i
Clemson colle. e, has received frome
the secretary o' ag' icultur -, Jamess
Wilson, the following order, whichi
is of munch i-r p rtance to cattl.e ship-t
pers: "Con'oromng to the s at- re
gulations of Kansa s..Illinois, Ket tuckyc
and Vi-ginia. it is hereby o' de ed
that B. A. Or der No. 8 (D cer her 13,
197), and amendments thereto, bea
suspe -d d so as to permi the entryt
of Souths-rn ca'tle into Kansas, Illi
nois and Kentucky until Februa-y 1,
1898 and icnto ani through Vi-gini e
u-itil Feb uary 15, 1898, w.-thout re
stri:ion. Alt prior order conlie'.ingt
erewith are hereby suspended."?
EASTER.-Lent beiins this month.
Wednesday, February-23. will be Ash
Wednesday, and the period of 40 days
of self-denia.l will begin at that time.
Hoy week begins ihis year April :s
and Eister comes April 10. Durii g
the 40 dans intervening betwseen the
drst and last date mentioned the ada
son will be religio'iy of erved by a
To the average eye not more thane
5CC0 stars are visible; some personst
taing extraordinarily strong eyes
can see about 8,000 stars. Through the
Lick telescope and other poweriul in.
struments about 50,000 stars are visi
ble. There are believed to be stars in
existence beyond the reach of any tel
esope yet constructed.
Should you or any of the family
get a burn, moisten common baking
soda with water and apply at once toa
the effected part. It will stop the pain d
almost like magic, and prevent blist
engo- f the skin.
A acsA Hom_..
hree Iis< Iends Set FIce to al Young
An Atlanta dispatch says Govrncr
tkinson is in receipt of a letter from
heriff Patterson, of Decatur county.
a., giving the particulars of a most
astardly crime committed in that
munty one day last week, and asking
ie governor to offer a suitable reward
>r the arrest and conVction of the
The sher:!' itel's of the heino':s at
'mpt to burn to depth the 16 year
id daughter of a prom'irent eiAzn o'
>ecatur county by three unknovn
egrces who escaped :.'ter their terri
ie crime. ard are still at Lrge. The
egroes acccsttd the girl wnile at a
pring a shlr; distance from her fath
r's house, and without apparent
nuse caugnt the child and prcceeded
> ;et fire to her clothing. She was
ien released- and she ran screaming
her home, where she was expected
> die at last accounts.
The governor is investigating the
se fully, and if the facts warrant it,
e will offer a -suitable reward for
e capture of the three negroes.
The full particulars of the crime
re contained in a clipping from the
inbridge Democrat of recent date.
rhich Sheriff Patterson sent Govert
r Atkinson, as follows:
"A story has reached here to the
Ecct that on Mor dsy the 16-year-old
aughter of Mr. Jim Alday, of the
>wer part of this county, went to the
pring for water, situated 200 yards
nom her father's house, and on
!aching there was accosted by three
egro men, who asked her name and
rho she was, and upon being inform
d asked if she was Jim Alday's child,
nd upon receiving an affirmative re
"Well, - - - you, we are going
> burn you up," and seized her, two
f them held her while the third fired
e: clothing all round the bottom of
er skirts and then liberated her and
>ld her to r un.
"Screaming for life, she ran like a
eer to her father's door, but when
he reached there every stitch of
lothing bad burned from her body
nd she was horribly burned all over,
nd by this time the unfortunate
reature is probably dead from her
ojuries, although receiving the
romptest and best medical attention.
"Whether the demons who perpe
rated this horrible crime have been
pprehended, we are unable to learn.
"The account of the crime was de
ailed to us by a gentleman who learn
d it from Dr. J. D. Chason o" Iron
ity, who just left the bedside of the
oung lady, and he expressed no note
f her recovery.
She Forgot the Turnips.
She was a thin old lady and climbed
nto the car at Kingston with many
esitating turns of the head, and
hen her big black valise and other
Bundles had been piled upon the seat
a front of her, she pushed back her
ed-striped shawl and looked out of
he window with an air of content
The train had not proceeded many
ailes, however, before she began to
umble among her bundles in a ner
'ous sort of way, and suddenly she
iroke out in a most pittiful wvail:
'I knowed it! La w a massa, wvhat
ill I do?"
The passengers all looked sympa
hizingly toward her. The kindly
ld gest across the aisles went over to
Ler and said :
"My good woman, what is the
rouble? Can't we do anything for
"Oh, Lord, I can't b:ar it! Let me
if. Stop the train. Stop it quick."
The ola gent gave the bell cord a
!igorous pull and the train came to
n abrupt halt.
"What's the matter here i" asked
he conductor sharply as he came in
rom the forward car.
"W'y" sobbed the old lsdy. "I
lum fergot thet peck o' turnips I had
acked up to take to my son John
lenry in Atlanta."-Atlanta Jcurnal.
Mlill st )ne Brake.
A special from Letohatchie. Ala ,
svs: By the bursting of a mill rock
t the mill of McDonald and Whit
tey, near here Friday evening Z tck
)a had his brairns dashed out. Jim
~owell was fatally wur.ded snd C.
D. McDonild was b.ully hurt by a
ece of 20:k.
aarf oni Ace.
A dispatch received here from Eel
ingfors says that a track of ice on the
oast of Finland broke adrift in a
nown storm and was carried to sea
ith 200 fishermen an d several horses.
Deucerzdants oS oolutnbas.
A Spanish newspaper announces
hat the last two descendants of Chris
op ber Columbus are now occupants of
porhouse at Cad iz.
PROLONG CHILDHOOD .-Too early
:hidr'n b:c-me meut and women.
)ar effort should be to prolong their
hilahood, and beguile and enthrall
hem with childish pleasures and
musements. , Let them believe with
.11 their hearts that Santa Claus is a
eal person and a lover of children.
et imagination not be checked, Lut
Lave full and free rein. Too scon,
'es altogether, too soon, will their
yes be open, and they discover the
ollowness of life, as they assume du
ies we would fain have them escape.
)ny after they are men and womnen
ieed they putaway childish things.
TnE COw's CUD .-There are hun
reds of people who believe in giving
sick co w a piece of salt beef to
'ring back her cud." When a cow
s sick she refuses to eat ; it is then de
ided that she has 'los t her cud,"' and
he is treated for its restoration, when
a fact the chewing of the cud is simply
he forcing of the food into the moutn
rom a large storage stomach to be
hewed and then swallowed, the food
assing into a s:naller stomach for di
estion. Hundreds or cows, however.
re treated for "loss of cud," and
heir horns are bcr~id as a remerdy for
So3ITmsaN is bound to hreak out in
Ltla'ta 4. least once a we ek I: may
e Will My ers or only the smallpox,
lut break cut it mili, as sure a. deabh
.nd taxe- ahich are reasonab~y cer
an irn At'acta saa s the Aususta
jrald. It is th'e kissing evidemic
rhich roir attrac's attention. D.
grams of the infected district and
peciic directions how to catch' the
isease apcear 'n the daily p'pers ar d
he spe:iel correpone ns a:-e cerring
An exchange .as "Th~e mn n who
rert cut to milk and s--t cui a stump~'
n the mide of te p~iture and wait
a for the co"- to bac up to him a
he elderrther othe man who kpt
.store and didn' adverti'e because
be believe~d 'he purchasir c' puie
rould back u. tohisplace
T H E claim of the '.
overnmnatt for tne
rar of its builcg w3 y ss. etc,
ras passed 6.v th os a
n overwhel>ing miljjri -. Anter
clay of twenty-fie years the covern
aert. through onelHoue oE Congress
rats. s or un' isuuted iusdee.
U FOREST E::S .
V/u>te P;op'rTy i arned-The FlMamt
Extend for Miles -Mary Need Assitance.
A gentleman who traveled on the
curter road from Vance's to Fort
Yctt on Tuesday week says that for
the distance of 30 miles fires were rag
inz in the p'ne forests on either side
the rivers. He was infr.ned by the
cor,ductor that the fire extended to
within 20 miles of Charleston. A
heavy southwest wind sprangup abcut
midday, driving the lre with great
rapidity. The roar of the flames was
like the roar of the ocean. The smoke
was so dense it obrcared the sun. In
places where fires were burning on
both sides the dirt read it was impossi
hle to sce the track, but the noble
thorough bred dashed through undis
mpayed by fireand smoke Several
rouses were seen on fire and it was
feared 'i it a number cf homes were
destroyed. Men on foot and horse
back were rapidly moving across the
field to endeavor to stop the spread of
the flames. Such destruction has rot
been seen for many years. It was
stated that a similar calamity occurred
42 years ago, when it was more wide
soread than this. It was a similar
winter to th.s. Otber fierce forest
Eres were reported from vs rious parts
of the county and State. Rev. J. W.
Peavy, a Methodist minister, who
lives about 10 miles east of the city,
told of a fire wbich occurred Tuesday.
It extended over many miles and
swept the homes and all of the proper
ty of many inhabitants in the section.
The fire apneared to ccme from the di
rection of Hampton's mill pond. Mr.
Peavy had been in the city Tuesday
morning and left for bis home about 3
o'clock. When he reached his place
two hours later, he found his barns,
and outhouses in flames. He had struck
the fire two miles this side of his
place, and had ridden in has'e to see
if it had reached his home, and fourd
that such was the unfortunate fact.
His neighbor, Mr. Wm. Tucker, had
fared equally as bad and all of his
Effects were totally destroyed. Mr.
Peavy says he never remembers see
ing such a distruction. The Rev John
Smith, who is a Baptist preacher, and
lives in'ote of Mr. Peav3's houses, had
to flee with his wife and children fcr
their lives. They together with some
member3 of Mr. Peavy's family had tc
get down into a ditch and remain un
ti night. Another fire occurred in
Lexington county, on the Augusta
road. Passengers who came in on the
train Tuesday afternoon say that the
fire was so fierce as to heat the win
daw glasses of the coaches so that one
could not touch them. This fire de
stroyed a thousand cords of wood be
longing to Dr. Sumter Earle.-The
The Separate Coach Act.
The separate coach act as passed ai
the recent session of the general as
sembly has been approved by the gov
ernor and has now become a law, ef
fective on September 1, next. The
following is the full text of the bill:
1. That all railroads or railroad
corgnanies engaged in thisBtate as
comn.on carriers of passengers for
hire shal furnish separate apartments
in first csess coaches or separate first
class coaches for the accommodation
of white and colored passengers; pro
vided, equal accommcdations shall be
supplied to all persons without dis
tinction of race, color or previous con
dition in such coaches.
2. That any first class coach of such
carrier of passerngers may be divide
into apartments oy a substant al par.
tition, in lieu of separate coaches.
I3- That should any r ailroad or rai'
road company, its agents or employes
violate the provisions of this act, suck
railroad or railroad c:.r p any shall bt
isble to a penalty of nor, mcra thar
$500 nor less than $300 for each viola
ton, to be collecte d by suit of anl
citizen of this State, and the penah:'
recovered shall, af ter paying all prope
fees and costs, go into the genera
furd of the State treasury.
4. The provisions of this set shai
not apply to nurses cn trains, nor ti
narrow guage roa:.s, nor to relie
trains, in cases of accidents, nor ti
through vestibuled trains; .cor to ofBi
cers or guards transporting prisoners
nor to prisoners being so transported
5. That in case the coach for eitk e
white or colored passengers shculd ti
full of passengers and snother coaci
cannot be trcured at the time, the2
the condu'etor in charae of the trair
shall be and he is hereby authorized t<
set apart so much of the other cotcl
as may be ne cessary to a ceommcdati
the pussengers on said train.
g6. That itere shall he in addition tc
te first ciss coaches provided for i1
i bis act, a second class car, in whicl
i: shall be lawful for any and all per
sons to ride by paying second class fart
or having a second class t'cket.
7. That the provisions of this ac
shall not go in'o efecet until Septemn
ber 1, 1898.
8. Tihit all a'ds and parts oftacts in
consistent with this act are hereby re
pealed; provided, that nothing in this
act shall 1:revert t be railroads cf thE
State from auaschiog nasseiger cacht
to freight trains. 'I he provisions ot
this act shall not apply to r'oads undei
40 miles in length.
A Distressing Tragedy.
A distressing tragedy occurred it
Cleveln d county, N. C., on last Fri
day. Sid Grigg, a youth about seven
teen y ears of age, had lcng been des.
prately in love with Ella Williams,
a very pretty young girl who had just
t urned sixteen. He besought her tc
elope withr him to South Carolina,
where they could be married, but she
refused all his overtures :id ' old hio
she did not love him. Gri~g orooded
over his unre quittedl love and resolved
that as life we~s no lenger worth iv
ing, he and Ella should die toge 'r.
H concealed himself in a hed, e by
the roadside along which he knew <
would p:ass. She soon came along ae
capanied by her little brother. As
they came along from the ht- a
shot rn<u: and Ela W~liatr.s. 1e:
Ifatally wvounded. N t sure toat the
sintle bullet would do its work, Griga
rushed -ut from his concealment
stod . yr the body of the dying gir:
a shot itr'a time. After he saw
Ithat si e wras dead, he r e:ed to take
his omv lie He put - moin
ptol t> b's own ia - d fired.
Ts entire 'op cf his betau. was blown
(P and~ "te died al"cst instant'a. h
Williams~ child -rrid the - e
tetragedy to' he parens of c
tis Why v they reched iih
they fo"nd th'e 'cody of tu- "-ure r
ed has~ c:,sta l.> over i 'e entire
I ce-v county gc.
away with the coun
d c Os ni oners, cons'sting
~jeris >r and the chair
ei township beard, arnd pro
et d for a salaried supervisor
oc-:uty c: m-nissioners toServe
a rdelars per day for actuai ser
vce Tae salary for the supervisor
ofr 0:angeburg is fixed at 600. The
t 'o commnissioners are to b:: appointed
Roy - makes the food pure,
wholesome and delicious.
ROY OAkIm PowDER co., NEW YORfC.
Dangere of vagrancy.
In discussing the brutal murder of
Major J. K. Marshall, at Chester, S.
C., recently by a vagabond Negro, the
Yorkville Enquirer calls especial atten
tion to a condition of affairs that is de
serving of the mcst searching enquiry.
The average individual, says the En
gairer, unaccustomed tostudying con
ditions around will him, naturally be
disposed to put this murder down as one
of those unfortunate circumstances
that are liable to ccur at any time.
Not one in a hundred, probably, would
think of tracing the tragedy to any
special defect in social conditions, or
oversight in the enforcement of the
laws by the powers that be; but for the
real trouble we do not think it worth
while to hunt much further. There
is an old and true saying to the effect
that the "revil is always quick to find
somethug for idle hands to do." The
significance of this saying has been
appreciated almost as far back as his
tory goes. Especially apt illustrations
are found in the habit of wise generals
in keeping their soliders at hard work
while not engaged in actual campaign
ing. A dczen cases might be cited
from ancient history; but a more
familiar example can be found in
Stonewall Jackson. Many of his long,
tiresome and seemingly unnecessary
marches, were intended more than
anything else, to keep his men em
ployed and cut of mischief. This
Negro, Anderson, the murderer of
Major Marshall. the other day,
was one of the vagabond class-one of
those people who are always trying to
live without work, and who are so
common in all the towns. They
are of both colors. They are
not numerous, it is true; but they are
too numerous for the good of the
community. We find him loafing
about Rock Hill for several days, and
his whole time, like most of the oth
ers of his class. had been spent, no
doubt, in looking for a chance to steal
something. I'be same time and
thought spent at honest work, would
have probably paid him well.- But
by men cf his class honest work it
something that is thoroughly despised.
Subsequent developments in the case
were a matter of course. Inotur opin
ion, this murder is directly traceable
to idleness-vagabondage. More than
that, no town or city in the country is
threatened with a more dangerous
menace than the vababonds by which
they are infeste d. There are statutes
to remedy this evil; but we know of
no town or city in this stat'e which.
has magistrates of .sufficient intelli
p'nce or backbone to enforce the law.
Until, however, the laws against vaga
bondage are rigidly enforced, there
can be no hope of checking crime
in its irncipiency or protecting comn
munities from the recurrence of such
crimes as that which was witnessed the
other day in Chester.
Hon. Patrick Walsh, of the Augus
ta Chronicle, and Hon. Clark Howell,
of the Atlanta Constituticn, turned
the tables very neatly on two gold
bug calamity howl ers at Atlanfa last
week. Any cne who is familiar with
the vogaries of the avarage gold hug
are aware that for sever a' years past
they have delighted to rdfer to the
silverites as calamity bowlers and t >
ridie'!e the claims of silver men that
the condition of the cotry wa r not
what it should be, and, constantly, to
preent treasury and other statist'cs 1o
prove t'rat the county yi1 swimming
in oil, everything is 's lovely and ther
goose honks high.- But as thick head
ed as most gold-bugs are, the truath
seems to be making itself felt at last.
At a cmmercial emnvention held in
Atlanta last week Col. Guyt McLen
don, a Cleveland gold bug, and Maj ,r
Hanson. a McKinley gold-bug sang a
most mournful song about tbe degen
eration of the State of Georgia in par
ticular and the whole country in gen
eral. Col. McLendon arraigned the
legislative and j ndicial branches of the
government, and diclared the day of
hnest thoughtend courageous sl.e cli
see wo have passed away. It was a
sad, doleful, calamity howliig speech
that this deciple of Chveand mac e,
and when he got through gloom hung
like a pill over the assembly. Then
came Major Hlanson, theMcKin'eyite,
who declared that Gecr..ia was in a
bad way and was beirg ou's~ritped
in the industrial race by the Caroli
nas, and that she must materially
chage her policy before success wi'I
d awn. Both of these gerntlemen are
4cquent speakers and their calamity
no wing depr.essed the meeting very
:ach,hut luckily for thecountry
ard ithe State of Georgia there w ere
present two alleged silver calamity
howesin the persons cf the Hon.
Patrick Walsh. of the Augusta Ch roni
ee and Hon. Clarke Ho well, of the
A!an a Constitution. These t wo dis
tinguished gentlem i brought for
ward figures and facts to show that
Georgia is gettng along fairly well,
in view of the general depre:
ssion, and z ebuk el the spirit cf pessi
mnism manifested by McLendon
and Hanson, wno, no doubt, before
McKinley was eie~ted egpe:ted and
predicted great prosperity as a resul
of Repulica gold-bug success.