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VOL. X111. MIANNING.4 S. C., WEDNESDAY, APRI 2,18S.N. 9
A FULL STATE TICKET PUT IN THE,
Joel E. Branson for Govarnor Tle Balarce
=of the Tihes compoeed of Good Men
Pull Aeoount of tre Frcceedings of the
The State Prohibition Convention
met in Columbia on Wednesday night
and nominated a full State ticket from
Governor to Railroad Commissioners
The convention was called to order a
few minutes after 8 o'clock, and was
called to order by acting chairman F
H. Hyatt, of the State Central Com
mittee. Rev. G. T. Gresham opened
the proceedings with prayer.
Secretary T. J. LaMotte read the
official cai, and a lemrorary organi
zation was effected by the election of
Col. Jas H. Hoyt as temporary chair
man and Mes-s. T. N. Berry and J.
L. Bristow as secretaries. A call of
the rolI showed the following dele
Aiken County-J L Quinby, Rev.
J W Neely.
Anderson County-B F Crayton, J
A Hall and W E Lee.
Charleston Countv-John B White,
E 8 Burnham and E S Moorer.
Chester County-Rev. J 8 Moffatt,
F M Hough, J T Marion, J 8 Mc
Keown, Rev J E Mahaffey, T N Ber
ry, and T B McKeown.
Cherokee County-J L Straia.
Clarendon County-ev. JO Gough
Cleton County-J D Ackerman,
H B Ackerman and E K Moore.
Darlington County-J J Ward, B
0 Bristow and J S White.
Dorchester County-W S Wimber
ly. R W Minus and J A Patrick.
Edgefield-Rev. John Lake, Rev.
L R Gwaltney and Jake L Smith
Fairfield-CIbas R Wray, J A White
and R H Jennings.
Florersce Coanty-Rev. H R Mose
ley and Rev. W I Herbert.
LAncaster-D A Williams, J A
Weaver and Waddy C Thomson.
Greenville-J M Whitmire, J A
McCullourb, Jno C Wingo, Jas A
Hoyt, A 8 Beden, Rev. J W Shell 0
Greenwood-P L Stuckey. Rev. G
W Gardiner, J D Focshe, Rev. C 0
Horry-8 F Parrott, T C Barnhill.
Hampton-Rev W H Dowling.
Kershaw-G H Pooser.
Laurens A C Fuller, Rav J L Har
ley, Rev. JD Pitts, R)v. R H Jones,
C C Featherstone.
Lexington-Prof L B Haynes, Hen
ry A Meetze,
Marlboro-J F Breeden.
Marion-W 8 Foxworth.
Newbrry-Arthur Kibler, Rev. W
K Slih, A C Jones, C H Carmon, J
W While. R C Williams, J M Tay
lor. Rev. J W Speake.
Oconee-E E Verner, J Steck, W
Orangeburg-Rev J L Sifley, A K
Smoak, B F Keller, J B McLa hn,
Rev. Jno Owez , J C Shecut, PI li
Pickens-Julius E Boggs, J S Por
Richland-C D Stanley. A M Booz
er, Jno L Berg, Thos J LaMotte, S J
Hofman, Howell Morrell. F H Hy
A Dr. S. Abney, J W Pooser.
uda-J M Paget, J A Attaway.
Spartanbar-Prof 8 C Sturgis, R
K Adam, B W Getainger.
Sumt-r-Rev. G T Gresnam, Bev A
8. Williford E D~mith.
Union-P P Hamilton, 8 K Rice,
Jr. Rev E H Reckham, D N WilburD.
Williamsburg---Joel E Brunson, W
M Kells, A McC Pitman, L 3 Bristow,
E E Hailer.
York-A N Brunson. J A Thacker,
A A Youngblood, J B Harris.
At the conclusion of the roll call
Mr. Joel E Brunson was elected
chairman, Colonel Hoyt declining to
serve as permanent chairman. Mr.
L. J. Bristow was elected permanent
secretary, with Mr. A. K. Smoak as
Colonel Hoyt then relinquished the
chair to Mr. Brunson, who was re
ceived 'with applause. He made a
capital speech of acpnce whie'b
was frequently apudd. He said:
"The State is fled with barrooms.
In order to get rid of the barrooms,
'we must control the State.' They tell
us that it -a better to have the Stats in
a barroom than barrooms in the State.
He referred to the certificate on each
bottle of dispensary liquor, testifying
to its "chemical purity," and spoke
feelingly of the pa'metto tre e on that
label, saying that the sight of the pal
metto recalled to him the time when
Caroliniasn fromn four to 80 years of
age were wearing palmetto cockades
in honor of the flag of the State on
which was the legend "Sts.te's Rights
Forever" and, underneath, the pa]
metto tree. The palmetto tree on that
flag was drenched -in blood It is now
used as the trademark of the traffic of
hell." He concluded his speech by
saying that the members of the con
vention had come from their homes
to save Carolina "the brighteset star in
the galaxy of States."
A letter was here read from Mr. L
D. Cnilds regretting that on account
of sickness ne could not be present
and wishing the convention a harmo
The motion to appoint a committee
to suggest candidates to the conven
tion for the various offices brought on
Mr. W. K. Bligh opposed the mo
liona and thought nominations should
be made in open convention. He
thought that the Governor, Lieuten
an: Gjovernor and Attorney General
rwe the only officers which should be
Prof. Shecut opposed the plan of
atominating by committee. Whatever
is to be done should be done in open
convention, so that there would not
hereafter be any suspicion of clhques
Mr. Padgett Eounded a discordant
note. He came from a prohibition
county, which thought that nomina
tions should not be made by commit
tee, nor by convention, but by the
Mr E D. Smith, as author of the
resclution under discussion, made an
explanation of his 'views. The candi
dates should be scattered over the
State, Another matter was that the
candidates should if possible be taken
from as many different churches as
pcssible. Further, a committee could
investigate the character of the pro
;osed candidates. These three quali
rications could not be discussed in open
convention. He showed the danger
of delay in selecting candidates for
but a part of the offices. He thought
it .ime to leave aside rules of expedi
Ie reuolti,,n .... atmOa uani _
Mr. Featherstone moved that the
roll of delegates be called, and that
the chairman of each delegation sug
gest the name of the member of the
Following is the committee thus ap
Aiken-James L Quinby.
Anderson-B F Crayton.
Cherokee-J L Stram.
Charleston-Edward 8 Vernon.
Chester-T N Bury.
Colleton-E R Moore.
Darlington-J J Ward.
Dorcbester-J S Wimberly.
Edgefield-J L Smith.
Fairfield-C P Tray.
Greenville-J M Whitmire.
Greenword- P L Sturkey.
Horry-S F Parrott.
Kershaw-G H Pooser.
Lancaster-Waddy C Tompson.
Laurenz-A L Fuller.
Lexington-L B Heyne,
Marlboro-J F Breeden.
Marion-W 8 Foxworth.
Newbrry-A C Jones.
Oconee-E E Verner.
Orangeburg-Rev John Owen.
Pickens-Julius E Boggs.
R'chland-T J LaMotte.
Spartanburr-R H Adam.
Union-P P Hamilton.
Sumter-E D Smith.
Williamsburg-L J Bristow.
York-J H Macker.
Mr. Kibler moved that the commite
tee retire to report as soon as possib!-'.
Mr. Moffatt suggested the advisa
bility of appointing a committee on
platform, one from each county, this
The fotllwing committee was ap
Aikej-W H Lever.
DalIington-B 0 Bristow.
Richland-8 J Huffman.
Chester-J 8 Maffett.
Lancaster-D A WIlIams.
Anderson-W E iee.
Laurens-C C Featherstone,
York-J B Harris
Greenwood-G W Gardner.
Sumter-A 8 Willeford.
Lexinton-H A Meetze.
Fairfield-G A White.
Marlboro-J F Breeden.
Union-D A Wilburn.
Colleton-H B Ackerman.
Greenville-J A Hoyt.
Pickens-J 8 Porter.
Spartan ourg-S C Sturgis.
Edgefield-L R Gwaltney.
Orangeburg-J B McLaughlin.
Dorchester-R W Minus.
Horry-T C Barnhill.
Oconee-J A Stecr.
At twent minutes to 12 the cem
mittee on pform was ready to re
There was some discussion as to
whether or not the report- be read un
til the committee on nominations be
Messrs. Moffatt and Curtis were sent
to communicate with the committee
on nominations, and Col James A.
Hoyt, chairman, read the following
platform prepared by the committee:
The prohibitionists of the State of
South Carolina in convention assem
bled on the 14th day of April, 1898,
hereby adopt the following platform:
First. We declare our allegiance to
the regular Democratic party and our
suggested nominees stand pledgd to
abide the result of the Democratic pri
Second. We declare that we are un
alterably opposed to the manufacture
and sale of alcoholic or malt liquors
except for mecanical, medicinal, scien
tific or sacramental purposes.
After some discussion the platform
At 1220 the committee on nomina
tion reported the following ticket:
For Governor-Joel E. Brunson, of
For Lieutenant Governor-L D.
Childs, of Kchland.
For Attorney General-Geo. 8.
Mower, of Newberry.
For Secretary of State-D. H. Tomp
kins, of Greenwood.
For State Treasurer-W. H. Tim
merman, of Edgefieid.
ton, of Spartanburg.
For Superintendent of Eiueation
E. D. Smith.
For Adjutant and Inspector General
-Henry T. Thomson, of Darlington
For Railroad Commissioner-T N.
Berry, of Chester.
Mr. E. D. Smith stated that these
were simply suggestions, and that the
convention could adopt or refuse the
report as it saw fit.
There was no break in adopting the
report seriatim until the question of
nomination for State Superintendent
of Education came up, Mr. Shecut, of
Orangeburg, suggested that the teach
era of the State should be recognised,
and he wanted to know if Mr. E. D.
Smith was a teacher.
Mr. Smith, in justice to himself,
stated his position on the educational
question. He had been charged with
oeing opposed to State institutions of
h'gher education. He was n t, but his
position was that there ought to be a
more equitable adjustment of State
funds between the colleges and com
mon schools. In reference to his fit
ness, he had been a teacher but two
years, and his only qualification was a
aeep rooted desire to fight for pro
tiibition and for the education of those
who might never be able to see a col
leis speech was received with ap
plause, and he received the nomina
The other candidates suggested were
also approved by the convention.
Mr. Julius B. Boggs moved that, in
case of the death, declination or re
signation of any of the nominees, the
executive committee be instructed to
till the vacancy. This was carried.
A committee then escorted the nomi
nees present upon the stand where
they made short but appropriate
Mr. Boggs moved ta the conven
iion elect a State executive committee
consisting of one lrom each county.
?tue following were chosen:
aiken-J. L. Quinby.
Anderson-J. a.. Hall.
Crherokee-T. Mf. Littiejohn.
Chiarleston-H. T. Wiuiiams.
Cnester-J. S. Moffatt.
Clarendon-J. 0. Gough.
Coileton-J. D. Acmerman,
Darlington--J. S. White.
1)orchester-R. W. Minus.
Eigefield-T. W. Carwile.
Fairfield-C. E. McDonald.
Gxeeavlle-J. If. Whitznire.
Fiorence-F. 2. Covington. _
Greenwood-J. B. Leavell.
Kershaw-J N Jones.
Lancaster-Waddy C. Thompson.
Laurens-C. C. Featherstone.
Lexington-L. B. Haynes.
Marion-W. 8 Foxworth.
Newberry-A. C. Jones.
Orangeburg-J. L Sifly.
Pickene-Julius E. Boggs.
Richland-T. J. LaMotte.
Boartanburg-J H. Carlisle, Jr.
Union-S. M. Rice, Jr.
Sumter-H. L Scarborough.
Williamsburg-R R. Roper.
Tha convention then, on metion of
Mr. Kibler, at 1 15 adjourned sine die.
All the members seemed satisfied with
FLED FOR THEIR LIVES.
oonsui Brise and staff in Feri from Mob
While in Ma tanza.
The Norwegian steamer Herman
Wedel Jarisberg arrived at New York
last week from Matauzas' bringing 13
passengers who fled from that port to
evade the Spanist mob. The pas
sengers were United States Consul
Brice and staff and their families.
Consul Brice said that for three days
before leaving Matanzas the people
threatened his life, and at all times his
property was in danger. His secreta
ry was obliged to flee for his life, as
the mob threatened to drag him
through the streets. During this three
days the consul stuck manfully'to his
post, distributing supplies to the starv
ing reconcentrados and relieving their
necessities. At 7 p. m. of the 8th inst.
he received notice from Habana to
withdraw from his post. The Jaris
berg was the only steamer in port and
Capt. Kjerland agreed to take the
consul and his party to New York At
10 p. m. the party embarked on board
and the steaner immediately sailed
The consul left all of his baggage, and
the members or the party were unable
to bring away any of their effects.
The consul says that the condition of
tne people is terrible and that the an
thorities are making no effort to sup
ply their wants. The party is as fol
lows: Alexander C Brice, United
States consul; George C. Brin kerhf if,
vice consul; Mrs. Brinkerhoff, Fred
Delgado, secretary; Mrs. Delgado, hir,
and Mrs Presas and two children,
Carlos Tejdor, George F. Churchill
and Clotilde and Emile Tejdor.
TO INVADE CUBA.
Pack Saddles Wi1l b Espalred for Us en
The United States army is getting
ready to invade the Island of Cuba.
This fact has been made evident by an
order issued at headquarters in this
city today directing that all of the
aparejos or pack sadiles in the depart
ment of the gulf be sent at once tc St.
This order is believed to have great
significance by the officers at head
quarters, as indicating that the sad
ales will bs needed very soon. There
is a lare supply at St. Louis, and it is
believed the saddles are sent there to
be repaired and placed in condition
for use in the Cuban hills and moun
The pack-saddle employed the army
is capable of holding 300 pounds, and
this weight is easily carried by the
pack mules. There are frequently as
many as 100 mules in a train, and the
amount of ammunition or supplies
they can carry is very large. They go
through portions of a country where
wagons could not o taken, and are
now employed by the Spanish very
largely in Cuba.
The num ber of aparejos in the de
partment is not known here, but an
order has been sent to all of the posts
to forward all they have to St. Louis.
If during the progress of the war with
-pi it becomes necessary to enter
Oba elsewhere than at Hvana the
mule trains will be relied on.-Atlan
MILONS FOR NEW SHIPS.
A Libarai Appropriation for Fors Boysl
The Senate committee on appropria
tions Wednesday completed considera
tion of the naval appropriation bill
and Senator Hale atterward reported
it to the Senate. The amendments re
commended by the committee increase
the aggregate appropriation made by
the bili as it passed the House to the
extent of $8,263,500, making the total
$46.277,558, as compared wila $33,003,
234 carried by the approprianion bill
of 1897. The principal items of in
crease are the following: For the
construction and the machinery of
ne w war and defense vessels, $6,000, -
000; for armor and armament, $1,500,
000. The addition of $6,000,000 for
construction is for the purpose of
building four harbor defense vessels
of the monitor type, to cost $1,250,000
each. The three battleship provided
by the House bill are left in the bill.
The number of torpedo boat destroy
era is increased from t welve to sixteen
and the appropriation for the construe
tion of this class of vessels $4,680,000O
to $6,900,000. They are to be of 400
instead of 350 tons displacement a
provided in tne House bill. The ap
propriation for improvements at thle
naval station at Port Royal, S. C., a
increased from $85,000 to $330,000.
LEE DECi..N1.S RECEPTiON.
Plain Statement of a lode ii Ge n;ie man o1
7 act and raite.
A dispatch from Washington says
Gen. Fitzaugh Lee declined the honor
of the reception tendered him. When
the committee waited upon him to re
ceive his final decision he started his
spe*Ch of declination in a CharaCteris
tic manner. "Look here, boys," he
said in a manner of fact tone, "I1 have
not done a thing that either one of
you, or any American ciuzen woula
not have done, and LI don't she wny
there should be any fuss made about
it. Now, I don't want you to think I
am ungrateful, for I am not, but I
have studied over the matter and I feel
satisfied that it would be better not to
have the reception. I don't for an in
sant want any body to think that 1
wish to put myself forward, and 1
must decline your most kind offer.
One of Gen. Lee's most intimate
friends said that one reason for nis not
,ranting the reception was that he re
cognized tne fact that he occupied a
ofiicial position and felt a hesitantcy
in accepting any formal demonstra
tion on this account.
Advices from the city of Santiago,
Cuba, says that many Iamilies
combined to charter a British steamex
mor the purpose of transporting them
so Jamaica until the end of hostilitiem
betwee. the Waited sates and Cuba.
THE SENATE FOR WAR,
RESOLUTION3 REPORTED ON THE
They Declare tor Intervention but Ne Ie
cognltor--a Tarrflle Arraignment of
Spain and Her Nefrleas Pelidee--The
Maine as an Issaa.
War between the United States and
Spain was the sole topic of discussion
in the United States Senata Wednes
day. A full quarter of an hour before
the Senate was to convene, Mr. Davis,
chairman of the foreign relations com
mittee,entered the chamber and quiet
lv went to his seat in the centre of the
Republican side. He carefully placed
on his desk a package. which all in
tuitively knew to be the fateful reso
lution and report from his committee
apon which peace or war might hinge.
The chamber filled rapidly, and
when the Vice President's gavel fell
nearly every Senator was at his desk.
Scarcely five minutes had elapsed af
ter the session convened before the
Vice President recogn zed Mr. Davis.
Mr. Davis presented to the Senate the
resolution and report from his com
mittee and requested that they be read
The report was a terrific arraignment
of Spain and her policies, yet so eager
were all to hear every word that not
the slightest demonstration occurred
throughout the reading. The resolu
tions and report are as follows:
"Whereas the abhorent conditions
which have existed for more than
three years in the Island of Cuba so
near our own borders, have shocked
the moral sense of the people of the
United States, have been a disgrace to
Christian civilization, culminating as
they have, in the destruction of a
United States battleship, with two
hundred and sixty six ef its officers
and crew, while on a friendly visit in
the harbor of Havana, and cannot
longer be endured. as has been said by
the President of the Vuited States in
his message to Congress of April 11,
1898, upon which the actioa of Con
gress was invited, therefore,
"Resolved, First, That the people of
the Island of Cuba are and of right
ought to be free and independent.
"Second, That it is the dutv of the
United States to demand and the gov
ernment of the United States doe
hereby demand that the government
of Spain at once relinquish its author
ity and the government in the island
of Cuba and withdraw its land and
naval forcea from Cuba and Cuban
"Third. That the President of the
United Stotes be, and he hereby is,
directed and empowered to use tbo en
tire land and naval forces of the Uni
ted States and to call into the actual
service of the United States the militia
of the several states to such extent as
may be necessary to carry these reso
lutions into effect."
The report of the Senate committee
on foreign relations on the Cuban sit
uation was made by Senator Davis,
chairman of that committee, and was
a very thorough review of the entire
situation and a strong presentation of
the facts which have led the commit
tee to its conclusions. The report takes
up the Maine disaster as the leading
topic for consideration and plunges
into that question in its first sentence
which is as follows:
THE MAE DIsASTEE,
"The destruction of the United States
battleship Maine, of two of ner cffcers
and 264 of her cre w in the harbor of
Havana on the night of February 15,
1898, excited to an unprecedented de
gree the compassion and resentment
of the American people."
"Manifestations of that resentment
were suspended, although the feeling
was not allayed by the self-restraint
of our people, who determined to hold
their judgment in suspension concern
ing their ultimate action until an ofEi
cial investigation should disclose the
cause of that great disaster and enable
them by direct or circumstantial testi
mony to impute the responsibility
"That investigation had been made.
It was conducted with judicial thor
oughness and deliberation. The diffi
culty of demonstration by conclusive
proof the efficient personal cause of
that sinister event was the usual one
of exposing plotted and mysterious
crimes. No such difficulty, however,
obscures its cffcial and responsible
The committee say that the explo
sion of the Maine was linked with a
series of precedent tramiaaction," which
cannot in reason be disconnected from
it." "With animus by Spain so plain
ly apparent that no one can even
plausitily deny its existence, it is
merely one reason for the conclusion
to which the Investigating mind must
come in considering the entire subject
of the resolutions of the United States
with that government."
Concluding this portion of Its pree
enLation, the committeec says:
"The duplicity, pertidy, and cruelty
of the Spanish character, as they al
ways have been,are demonstrated still
to continue by their manif estions dur
ing the present war in Cuba. All
these circumstances, considered cumu
latively, warrant the conclusion that
the destruction of the Maine was com
passed either by the official act of the
spanish authorities (ad the ascer
tainment of the particular person is
not material) or was mnaae possible by
a negligence on their part so wilhini
and gross as to ba equivalent in cul
pability to positive crimiaal action."
Mr. Hoar aemanded maat the reso
lutions lie over under the rules until
Friday. The Vice President sustained
eaorTurpie then presented the
report of the minority of the commit
tee, as follows:
'-The unidersigned, members of the
committee on foreign relations, cor
aially concur in the report made upon
mne Cuban resolutions, but we favor
tie immenaiate recognition of the Re
public of Cuba as orgaaized in that
islaiua, as a free, independent and
sovereign power among the nations of
It was signed by Senators Turpie,
Mills, Daniel and Foraker.
Mr Hale offered a substitute for the
pending resolution, authorizing the
President to intervene at once and to
use tne army and navy to this end.
'he substitute carries no recognition
Tne Hale substitute also went over.
It is in accord with the President's
Following this came two of the
most remarkable speekhes yet made
en the 6uan qnwt&a. Mr. Taraiser
and Mr. Lodge both present different
phases of the Cuban question. Mr.
Foraker advocated the direct recogni
tion of the independence of the Cuban
Republic and with an eloquence and
vehemence seldom heard in the Sen
atn, splendidly maintained his posi
tion. A sharp colloquy between him
and Mr. Elkins (W. Va.,) caused ex
Mr. Lodge followed with an appeal
for action in preservation of the na
tion's honor and in wiping out the
stain of the "atrocious murder" in
Havana harbor. His words so reach
ed the heart that the galleries were
swept with a tremendous wave of ap
Mr. Lindsay concluded the discus
sion for the day with a powerful
speech, in which he advocated the re
cognition of the Cubans and a concert
of action between the insurgent army
and the United States' troops in driv
ing the Spanish forces from the Island
Senator Pettigrew introduced a bill
declaring war against the kingdom of
BRYAN'S VOICE FOR WAR.
The Great Democratic Leade:'a Patriotic
The one hundred and fifty-fifth an
niversary of the birth of Thomas Jef
ferson was celebrated at Washington
Wednesday night by a dinner given
at the National Rifles' armory, under
the auspices of the National Associa
tion of Democratic clubs. About 400
representative Democrats from all see
tions of the country were present, in
cluding many Senators and Represen
tatives. The guest of honor war Hon.
W. J. Bryan, of Nebraska.
Mr. Bryan, who responded to the
toast of "Thomas Jelferson," was
greeted with enthusiastic cheers, and
throughout his speech there were
many demonstrations. In the course
of his remarks he spoke feelingly of
the Cuban situation, declaring that if
the United States assumed the respon
sibility of deciding that the cruelties
and barbarivies of the warfare on that
island should cease, no nation in Eu
rope could protest without defending
the things which we condemned. He
said that any man bad a right to pre
vent the erection of a slaughter -house
in his own yard, and that we, who
live side by side with those who suf
fer, could not refuse, in the name of
humanity, to insist that those who
had manfully resisted the tyranny of
Spain had earned their right to self
In addition to our right to stop the
war on humanitarian grounds, he de
clared that we had a right to insis.
that any government at our doors
should be of such a character that one
of our ships would not be blown up
while under its prottcioa.
He congratulated the Democratic
party also upon the fact that recent
events had vindicated it from a charge
persisteatly brought in the Nortm that
it was not a patriotic par.y. He paid
a glowing tribute to General Fuzhugh
Lee, waich set his hearers wild with
enthusiasm, and in conclading de
clared that the enemies of the Demo
cratic party could no longer revive the
issues of the civil war, out must meet
the Democracy upon the issues which
arose in time of peace.
FLYIN3 SQUADRON MOVES.
Whether Getting in Poaicion or on Prac
tice Cruise Unkno wa
The flying squadron, which is com
posed of the fhigsaip Brooklyn, first
class battleship -lassachuseuts, second
class battleship Texas, and cruisers
Columbia and Minneapolis put to sea
from Newport News, at 1 2 o'clock
Wednesday aft.rnoon under sealed
orders. It was learned at Old Point
10 o'clock Wednesday morning that
Commodore Schley nad received or
ders to take his fleet to sea. Tne ne ws
spread rapidly and hundreds of people
hastened to the docks to see the war
ships depart. At 11:30 o'clock Com
modore Schley and the other officers
of the ships came ashore to bid fare
well to their wives and families, who
were guests at the hotels. It was an
affecting scene. Tne ladies followed
their husbands to the dock, clinging
to their arms with tears streaming
down their cheeks for who knew but
that it was the last farewell that would
be spoken in this world. A few
minutes later the all aboardi gun was
fired from the Brooklyn and the offi
cers stepped anoard the .launChes.
F'rom the stacks of the vessels smoke
curled and there was great ac
tivity on the decks. The Massachu
setts moved away first, followed by
the Columbia. Then the Brooklyn
beg an slowly to steam off, the Texas
folowmng. A few seconds later the
Minneapolis started, but she move
only a short distance from her anchor
age before she stopped. In the mean
time the Brooklyn was leading tue
fleet and heading straight for the
open aei off Virginia beacn.
GAMBLING IN CJ TON.
oongressman atikes G.ts a He aring in the
In the House Tuesday Congressman
Stokes got the fibor and util:z d it to
discuss at some length the bill intro
due:a by him some time ago against
gambling in cotton futures. He de
monstrated from the testimony of the
Cotton Exchange experts before com
mittees of Congress several years ago
that these gamoling operations con
tribated a large measure of tne dis
turbances in the price of cotton. He
particularly emphasized the point that
exchanges, by their own admissions,
have tne power to control prices abso
lutely. The question is, having the
power, will they exercise it? The
mere possession of snch p-ower over
prices is an overshiadowing menac
that of itself wouid be sutfi.:ie.st to
demoralize prices. He cited the lawu
of Germany and Russia for the pro
ection of tneir agricuhural classes asa
commended these to t ae cooasideratio
of the House, along witn several nills
pending in committees.
Political parties at Madrid a-e unir
ing agsinst the Spanisa governmiezt
ad Lnere is sinster reference to "h
Austrian whica means that the Q ieen
Regent, who was never popular in
Madrid. is rapidly failing into is.creas
ed disa vor. Tne :eeliug against ne-r
majesty is exasperatea ny gaotations.
from Eiglisn and French piapers of
suggestions of Eanperor Fr-aneiJo
sepn respecting the (Xuoan question.
1o ir Big cre.Iers.
Secretary L ang has contracted for
the St. Paul, St Louis, Ne - York and
Paris of tht, American l;ne to oc re
turned after the war at d the o ivners
pa for the damage sustained. J
THE TOCSIN OF WAR.
ACTION WHICH WILL PRECIPITATE
A CONFLICT WITH SPAIN,
The House Adcpt Resolutions Faverable
to Caba- Only Nir e teen Dseenting Vots.
--Personal Golisions en the Floor of the
rhe National House of Representa
tives Wednesday after one of the most
exciting and memorable days in its
history, by a vote of 322 to 19. adopt
ed a resolution which nine tenths of
its members believe makes war with
Spain inevitable. The resolutions
adopted direct the President to inter
vene at once in Cuba, to restore peace
and secure to the people of this island
"a stable and independent" govern
ment of their own, and authorize him
to use the army and navy to execute
the purpose of the resolutions. Al
though only 19 members-fifteen
Democrats, thres Republicans and one
P pulist-dissented upon the final
vote, the proceedings were marred by
a bitter and acrimonious display of
partisan feeling. During the height
of the excitement the lie was passed
between Mr Brumm (Rep., Pa,) and
Mr. Bartlett (Dem., Ga..) and a dis
graceful scene followed that almost
descended to the level of a free fight.
Later the two members found that the
altercation had arisen out of a misun
derstanding, whereupon there were
Only forty minutes were given for
debate, and a special rule was requir
ed to get the resolution before the
House. Snme stirring and patriotic
sentiments were voiced during the
debate, which lifted the galleries and
the members to a high pitch of enthu
siasm. In the early part of the day,
Mr. Crum Packer (Rep , Ind.,) from
the cimmittee on elections No. 3. made
a report in the case of Brown vs.
Swanson, from the Fifth Virginia dis
trict, in favor of the contestant.
Shortly before 3 o'clock Mr. Adams
of Pennsylvania, the acting chairman
of the committee on foreign affairs,
entered the hall with the report. The
presentation of the resolution was the
occasion for a wild outburst of applause
from the galleries and the loor. The
resolution is as follows:
THE RESOLUTION REPORTED.
"Wnereas the government of Spain
for three years past has been waging
war on the Island of Cuba against a
revolution by the inhabitants thereof,
without making any substantial pro
gress toward tne suppressian of said
revolution,and has conducted the war
fare in a manner contrary to the laws
of nations by methods inhuman and
uucivilized, causing the death by star
vation of more than t o hundred
thousand innocent non combatants,
the victims being for the most part
helpless women and children, inflict
ing intolerable injury to the commer
cial interest of the Unitsd States, in
volving the destruction of the lives
and property of maoy of our citizens,
entailing the expenditure of millions
of money in patrolling our coasts and
policing tne high seas in order to
maintain our neutrality; and
"Whereas this long series of losses,
injuries and bardens for which Spain
is responsible has culminated in the
destructioa of the United States battle
ship Maine in the flar cor of Havana
and in the death of 260 of our seamen.
"Resolved, etc., That the President
:s hereby authorized and directed to
intervene at once to stop the war in
Ctsoa, to the end and with the purpose
of securing permanent peace and or
der there and establishing by the free
action of the people thereof a stable
and independent government of their
own in tne Island of Caba; and the
President is hereby authorized and
empowered to use the land and naval
forces of the United States to execute
the purpose of this resolution."
Mr. Adams asked unanimous con
sent for the consideration of the reso
lution, and Mr. Bailey reserved the
right to object, saying that whether
he objected or -not would depend
whether a fair understanding as to
the length of the debate could be
Mr. Bailey sought to interpose with
a request that the minority resolutions
be read, but the Speaker insisted tnrat
if objection was to be made it must be
"The chair is determined to try to
force the minority,' cried Mr. Bailey,
amid much compassion and cries of
" regular order," whereupon Mr.
Bailey turned, and facmng the other
side, entered his objection in emphat
Tne whole Democratic side rose en
"Tney are simply playing for politi
cal advantage, and the peonle of the
country ought to know it," shouted
Mr. Richarason ( em. Tenn.)
" There is a perfect understanding
with the D mocratic members of the
foreign affairs committee on this
,,oint,'' replied Mr. Henderson (R ep.,
'That is not true, if we are to under
utand that a'ny such arrangement as
this was agreed to," retorted Mr.
At this juncture occurred the sen
sational caimax of the day and o'ne of
,.ne most ex::iting incidents in the his
tory of the Hlouse. Mem-oers all about
were in a state of frernzted excitement.
Partisan passion was running high.
it rs quired only the application of a
,nateni to explode the magazine, and
eneae the explosion came panidemoni
Mr Bartlett (Dam., Ga.,) off to the
right of the cnair, was su ppurting the
protest of the Danoccarts against the
auniriLg words whicn were coming
fromn tue other side.
Saiddeniy in his rear, in the next
.ier of seats. cams stentirian tones
ruin Mr. Bruamw (iRep., Pa ) a taun?t
hddres:.l generaihy to the Democra'.c
- Yuu got just what you did not
wantI 'ine snuuted.
''?nat is not true criedi Mr. Barr
ett, who it was expiaised suoseq'Jent
., was addressin~g nlis reinarn to a
d pncnOn the other siue.
--I say it is," retjrsed Mr. Brumam,
--It. s not," fhared back Mc. Bartlett,
iuriAng and facing Mc. B:uaui.
"You are a liar!1" responded Mr.
A DISGRACEFUL SCENE.
Instanuiy alr. 15iruetn reacaed for a
large bouud copy of the C2ongression
al Record, in tae desk before himi, and
rasising it aloit, hurled it at his adver
uary. It fell Snort and then tne t w"
antagonists rushed for each other.
mne House immediately was in an up
rnar. Some of the ladties in the gal
leries screamed hysterically. Mem
bers crowded toward the combatants
from all quarters. They ran across
the area in front of the Speaker's desk
and crowded up the adj-ining aisles,
clinchinz, tugging, hauling at each
other like mad men. It was like a
free fight in the street. Shouts of an
ger and indignation were heard on
every hand. Members in the crush
espoused the cause of the two original
combatants and there were several
exciting collisions but no blows were
struck. Meantime Mr. Bartlett and
Mr. Brumm were trying to get at each
other over the benches, but they were
borne back by friends. Mr. Bartlett,
who is a slight man, was carried off
his feet, and Mr. Miers, of Indiana, a
stalwart, broad shouldered Hoosier,
blocked the path of Mr. Brumm, who
is himself evidently a man of great
physical vigor. In his efforts to stop
Mr. Brumm, Mr. Miers became in
volved with Mr. Pierce, of Missouri,
and they almost came to blows.
All this time the gavel of the Speak
er was heard above the awful din and
his voice was commanding the ser
geant-at arms to restore order. Arm
ed with the great silver mace, the em
blem of the authority of the House,
Colonel Russell, the sergeant-at-arms,
repeatedly charged the thick mass of
struggling members, but was as often
sweptaside. One of the other em
ployes, Griffin Halstead, a son of Mu
rat Halstead, while attempting to
pacify Mr. Brumm, was felled by a
blow on the jaw.
At last, by the efforts of a dozen
muscular members, the belligerants
were separated, the angry legislators
retired to their seats, and a semblerce
of order was restored. It was one of
the 'nost disgraceful scenes witnessed
in the house in many years.
The eiort to get the resolution be
fore the Buuse having failed, the com
mittee on ruies retired and formulated
a special rule. It providea for the
immediate consideration of the resolu
tions presented by the foreign relations
committee The House was at this
time still laboring duder great stress
of suppressed excitement. Partisa2
feeling was still rampant.
Mr. Henderson .explained that the
did rule not propose to close debate.
"The sentiment on this side of the
House," said he, "is almost over
whelmingly in favor of action, not
Mr Bailey replied that he and his
colleagues heartily agreed to the rule
which provided for the immediate con
sideration of this important resolution.
He made sn impassioned speech in fa
vor of the minority report. He had
frequent tills with Repulicans. In
conclusion, he said:
"But, sir, we are ready to meet the
question; we are as ready to decide it,
we are as reay to take our resposibil
ity with gentlemen on the other side,
and we invite you to cdll the roll.
(Applause and cries of "Vote! Vote!")
Mr McMillin (Dem., Tenn.,) also
spoke for "Free Cuba."
Mr. Henderson asked for a roll call,
whereupon Mr. Johnson (Ind.) became
so violent in his denunciatian of this
effort to stifle debate aid not allow a
"remonstrance against this unneces
sary war into which the country wvas
to be plunged," that the speaker had
to appeal to the sergeant-at-arms to
compel him to take his seat.
The rule was then adopted and the
resolutions were again presented; to
gether ,with those of the minority,
which were to be ciffered as a substi
THE MINORITY REPORT.
The minus repo.rt is as tollows:
"R-.solved, That the United States
government hereby recognizes the in
dependence of the Republic of Cuba.
"Section 2. That, moved thereto by
manay considerations of humanity, of
interest and of provocation, among
which are the deliberated mooring of
our battleship, the Maine, over a sub
marine mine and its destruction in the
harbor of Havana, the President of
the United States be, and he is hereby,
directed to employ imnmediately the
land and nava\ forces of the United
States in aiding the republic of Cuba
to maintain the independence hereby
"Section 3. That the President of
the United States is hereby authorized
and directed to extend immediate re
lief to the starving people of Cuna."
The vote was then taken on substi
tute resolutions, and it was defeated
-147 to 190. Messrs. Beach (Rep.,
0.,) Door (Rep. W. Va.,) and Mann
(Rep., Ills.,) voted with the Demo
crats and Populists for the substitute.
Mr. Dinsmore then moved to recoin
mit, with instructions to report back
an amendment recognizing the inde
pendence of Cuba. The motion was
lost-146 to 190.
THE REsoLUTION ADOPTED.
The vote was then takea on the
adoption of the majority resolution,
and it was adopted-322 to 19. The
names of the Democrats as they voted
for the resolutions were cheered
Tne negative votes were cast as fol
Democrats - Adamson, Georgia;
Bankliead, Alabama; Brantley, Geor
gia; Bre wer, Alabama; Clayton, Ala
bamas; Cox, Tennessee; Elliott, Sautn
Carolina; Griggs, Georgia; Ho ward,
Georgia; Maddox, Georgia; Strait,
South Carolina; Tate, Georgia; Tay
bor, Alaoama; Lesier, Georgia; Lewis,
Bepublicans - Johnson, Indiana;
Bautel, Maine; Loud, California.
The House then, at 6:30, adj iurned.
THlE P,.AN OF GAMPAIiN.
rhe Army and Navy CJ & c; J Ant y A gainst
The New York Times Washington
special says the fleet will at once
move to Havana, invest it and at tne
samne time nold open the Florida
straights for the free transportation
ef troops into the island. A par: of tnle
dleet will be employed for tais pur
pose, as well as to keep open the gulf.
Ai soon as the army is ready a con
sideraole body of troops will be
tairowat into the proviac of Pmnar
Del Rto, in tne neiguo..rnlood prosa
oly or Bihia Hoada and an advance
up aa Huana sull Oe oegaa at one
I'n. 1-.J wti co-operate with tLae lana
ances fro:n tue memmnt tfley lana in
Cuba and ooth wi.? attaus ihvana si
muuitanieously. E ven if tae resoiution
flaby passed by congress does not
:eca'~z: ine preet repuile~ian gov
eruea?sL in tLe ialand the p~lan or txui
anny is to uL'1e wi.. me armies of
(amntz and Gahrcia, as allites against
One .rore t abe cdded.
Spain has not whipped a fight on
the seas eince Fran~cis Dr-aae anni
hilated her fleet b r "Good Q ieeni
BAss" dne in prep.aring to add more
to her long list of naval defeats.
INDICATIVE OF WAR.
THE ARMY TO BECONCENTRATED IN
Mob!zatlon 'Orders-Six Regments of
Cavalry, Two oty-two of Infantry and Five
Light artU1ery Batteries to Move at
Decidedly the most warlike step
taken by tha war department in pre
paring for the possioility of an en
counter with Spain was inaugurated
Friday when orders were issued for
the concentration at four points in the
South of six regiments of cavalry,
twenty two regiments of infantry and
the light batteries of five regiments of
artillery. At Chickamau there will
be six -egiments of cava and the
light batteries of five regiments of ar
tillery; at New Orleans, eight regi
ments of infantry; at Tampa, seven
regiments of infantry. and at Mobile
seven regiments of infantry. Since the
civil war no sucn proportion of the
army has been wobilized, and the
movement itself is the best evidence of
of the gravity of the situation as look
ed upon by tne President and his ad
The following is Major General
Miles's order, giving in detail the di
rections for the movements decided
Adjutant General's Office,
Washington, April 15, 1998.
Commanding General, Department of
the East, Governor's Island, N. Y.
With the approval of the secretary
of war the following regiments of cav
alry and light batteries of artillery
are relieved from duty at their present
stations and will be ordered to proceed
to Chickamauga Park, Ga.:
All the light batteries of the First,
Second, Third, Fourth and Fifth reg
iments of artillery and the First, Sec
and, Third, Sixth, Ninth and Tenth
regiments of cavalry.
he following regiments of infant
ry are relieved from duty at their
present stations and will be ordered
to the following points:
To New Orleans, Ls.: First, Sev
enth, E ghth, Twelfth, Sixteenth,
Eighteenth, Twenty-third and Twen
To Mobile, Ala.: Second, Third,
Tenth, Eeventh, Nineteenth, Twen
tieth and Twenty-second
To Tamna, Fla : The Fourth, Fifth,
Sixth, Ninth, Thirteenth, Seven
teenth and Twenty first.
The commanding general, depart
ment of the Colorado, will detail a
company of the Fifteenth infantry to
proceed to Fort Wingate and take
station at that post. The posts from
which the whole garrison is with
drawn one officer and a detail of two
men from each company will be left
in charge of the post. All transporta
tion will accompany the troops.
The necessities of the post from
which all public transportation is with
drawn will be proviaed with hired
transportation through the qua-ter
master's department. Troops will be
provided with thirty days' field ra
tions and necessary camp equippage.
You will give the necessary orders
for the execution of the movements
of the troops in your department as
By command of Major General
(Signed.) H C. Corbin,
The command of the army will de
volve upon Maj r General Nelson A.
Miles, who is now at the head of the
military branch of the government.
His temporar headquarters, it is said,
p robably will be at Atlanta, where
Gneral CO-"ham, w ao has command
of the TDepartment of the Gulf, is now
locatec. General Miles's permanent
headquarters will depend entirely
upon the exigencies of the situation
and the developments of the campaign.
He will leave the city soon for his new
Every housekeeper should know:
That salt should be kept in a dry
That melted butter will not make a
That veal should be white, dry, and -
That mutton should be deep red and
That the colder eggs are the quicker
they will froth.
That good management is better
than a good income.
That nutmegs should be grated at
the blossom end fl'z.
That to make good pastry the in
gredients must be very cold.
That lemons will keep for weeks if
covered with cold water.
That the best beef is moderately fat
and the fiesh of a bright red color.
That pork should be fine, close
grained, and the rind smooth and thin.
That soap and chalk mixed and
rubbed on milde wed spots will remove
That a brush dipped in salt water
should be used in cleaning bamboo
That a spoonful of vinegar added to
the water in which meats or fowls are
boiled makes them tender.
That good macaroni is of a yellow
ish tint, does not break readily in
cooking, and swells to three or four
times its bulr.
That warm bread and cake should be
cut with a knife, the blade of which
has been heated by standing it in boil
That a simple and very efficient dis
intectant to pour down a sink is a
small quantity of charcoal mixed with
Tnat a little vinegar kept boiling on
the stove wvhile onions or cabbageare
cooking will prevent the disagreeable
ordor g oing tirougn the house.
That ou1 stains may be removed from
wall paper oy applymug, for four hours,
powdered pipe-c?4y mixed with water
to the thickan-s of crea~m.
Accroding toa a dispatcn from Mad
rid, a Spanish cabinet minister has
declared that "snould President Mc
Eniley nlotify Spaiai to evaicuate Cuba,
ILis aoveainment will ifmmediately anld
emphatically reruse, and wiul add that
IL h fally _prepared t. take the conse
gaIences. It does niot regret tne ac
cordin.g of the armistice, thereby im
provinag 1:s posmtoni fromn an iaterna
.ional p->int of view and making it
more dutfic itt or the United Srtates to
intervene wimoutt puttag itself com
pletely in tue wrong."
Early on Lr.C ?ne..
War correspon.dent Mcaugh, of the
Lonzdou Telegrapta, arrived Friday at
New York on tae Maj:stic. He ex
umcts to accompany the American