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HE REBUKET THIE1.
What Was It That Christ Wrote in
REV. DR. TALMAGE EXPLAINS.
Illustrates Story of Savior and Sin
ning Woman. Sympathy for
Penitent. Boundless Ocean
of Divine Mercy.
In this discourse Dr. Tahage gives
heroic treatment of a delicate subject
and applies to modern society tihe les
son taught by Christ on a inemorable
occasion: text. .John viii. .Jt-TuIS
stooped down and with his finger wrote
on the ground."
You must take your shoes off and put
on the especial slippers provided at the
door if you would enter the Mihanine
den iosque which stalnds now wlcre
once stood Ierod's temple. the scene
of iy text. Solomon's temple had
stood there. but Nehuchadnezzar 1had
thundered it down. Zerubbabel's ten
ple had stood there. but that had en
prostrated. Now we take our places in
a temple that Ierod built. because he
was fond of great architecture. and he
wanted the preceding temples to seeni
insignificant. Put eight or ten inodern
cathedrals together, and they would
not equal that structure. It covered 19
acres. There were marble pillars sup
porting roofs of cedar and silver tables
on which stood golden cups. ani there
were carvings exquisite and inscriptions
resplendent, glittering balustrades and
ornamented gateways. The building of
this temple kept 10.00) workmen busy
In that stupendious iiue of pomp and
magnificence sat Christ. and a listen
ing throng stood about him when a wild
disturbance took place. A group ot
men are pulling and pushing along a
woman who had committed a crime
against society. When they have
brought her in front of Christ, they ask
that he sentence her to death by ston
ing. They are a critical, merciless.
disingenuous crowd. They want to get
Christ into controversy and public rep
rehension. If he say. 'Let her die."
they will charge him with cruelty. If
he let her gothey will charge him with
being in complicity with wickednessi
Whichever way he does they would
howl at him.
Then occurs a scene which has not
been sufficiently regarded. le leaves
the lounge or bench on which lie was
sitting and goes down on one knee or
both knees, and with the forefinger of
his right hand he begins to write in the
dust of the floor, word after word. But
they were not to be diverted or hinder
ed. They kept on demanding that he
settle this case of transgression, until
he looked up and told them they might
themselves begin the woman s assassi
nation if the complainant who had
never done anything wrong himself
would open the fire. "Go ahead, but
be sure that the man who flings the
first missile is immaculate." Then he
resumed writing with his finger in the
dust of the floor, word after word. In
stead of looking over his shoulder to
see what he had written,the scoundrels
skulked away. Finally the whole pilace
is clear of pursuers, antagonists and
plaintiffs and when Christ has finished
this strange ehirography in the <iust
he looks up and finds the woman all
The prisoner is the only one of the
courtroom left, the judges, the poliee,
the prosecuting attorney having cleared
out. Christ is victor, and he says to
the woman: "Where are the prosecut
ors in this case? Are they all gone?
Then I discharge you. Go and sin nc
more." I have wondered what Christ
wrote on the ground. For do you real
ize that is the only time that he ever
wrote at all? 1 know that Eusebius
says that Christ once wrote a letrer to
Abgarus, the king of Edessa, but there
is no good evidence of such a corres
pondence. The wisest being the world
ever saw, and the one who had more to
say than any one who ever lived, never
writing a book or a chapter or a para
graph or a word on parchment. Noth
ing but the literature of the dust, and
-one sweep of a brush or one breath of a
wind obliterated it forever.
Among all the rolls of the volumes
of the first library founded at Thebes
there was not one scroll of Christ.
Among the 700,000 books of the Alex
andrian library which by the infamous
decree of Calipi Omiar were used as
fuel to heat the 4,000 barns of the city.
not one sentence' had Christ penned.
Among all the infinitude of volumes
now standing in the libraries of Edin
burg, the British museum or Berlin or
Vienna or the learned repositories of
all nations not one word written direct
ly by the finger of Christ. All that he
ever wrote he wrote in dust, uncertain,
My text says lie stooped down and
wrote on the ground. Standinir straight
up a man might write on the ground
with a staff, but if with his fingers he
would write in the dust he must bend
Aye, he must get at least on one
knee or he cannot write on the ground.
Be not surprised that he stooped down.
His whole life was a stooping down.
Stooping dowrn from castle to barn.
Stooping down from celestial homage
to monocratic .ieer. From residence
above the stars to where a star had to
fall to designate his landing place.
From heaven's front door to the world's
back gate. From writing in round and
silvered letters of constellation and
galaxy on the blue scroll of heaven to
writing on the ground in the dust which
the feet of the crowd had left in I1er
od's temple. If in January you have
ever stepped out of a prinee's con serva
atory that had 3Mexican cactus and
magnolia in full blcom into the outside
air, 10 degrees below zero. you may
get some idea of Christ's change of at
mosphere from celestial to terrestrial.
How many heaveus there arc I know
not, but there arc at least three, for
Paul was "caught tip into the thi-~d
The urplifted save of Galilee was
high. but he had to conic down~ before
with his feet he could touch it. and
the whirlwind that arose above the bil
low was higher vet, but lhe had to come
down before with his lip lhe could kiss it
into quiet. Bethlehem a stooping
down. Nazareth a stooing down.
Death between two burglars a stooping
down. Yes, it was in consonance with
humiliations that went before and sclf
abnegations that came after when on
that memorable day in Ilerod's temple
he stooped down and wrote on the
Whether the words lie was writmnc
were in Greek or Latin or Ilebrew. I
cannot say, forhle knew all those lani
guages, but. he is still stooping down
and whit his finger writing on the
ground. In the winter in letters of
c-rystals. in thec spring in letter of fiow
ers, in summer in golden letters of
harvest, in autumn in letters of
fire on fallen leaves. Ilow it would
sweeten up and enirichi and e-mblazo.n
*'r'tIhx all i4\(r it' I tsxc'"~ ' : o
1o :ind the Ileft to 0lo k out for tse -
it is Stihll u.der tiw divinw care. Cihrt
g it. r it would soon W e aship
s NVt W !rld. : n lht oioned world, a
1ai world. --Let t here ' ight.
sadat th bginig.an Christ stand'S
under the wintry skies aind says. Let
there 1,, snowflakes to enrich the eart i.
and under the clouds of spring :nd
Gt~iflle. ye lios v . mtina e L d
olent the orchards anl in Ueptelbetr
dips tie branIlches inl the Vat of beautLifiul
ctdors and wins them into tel hV
air. N1o wiahi of mini thi. --With
out 11111 wts not anthing mardc tht:
mnade?'' Christ wrai;ner onl 0h., grolnna
'11 youl couldI see his hand1 i.. all thle
Ia. in]se ov hwIt xli' wod lheni
the world-' All verdur anIMli
wold Ie ae,- .1ie :ujd W1 w %e0 o
hear hm a11y :l S f 1h0- 't" .i. h"
cliies of 111t 1i1 1 1. y O i
we wou\!J ld not i:r t whe 111ot a
uaI Or the c:nin *, f- a ravenk-1 "r 1!:'
rnay 10 tah brmll lth e ithout
saini" : --iehldvhe fml~sof the air.
il>..mitehn of the b"arth. y C011ar ctu lot
cluik fo eI Ib- bt ws w l dr ]I hear
w ould hae gathr dil t chiiren to
"e ther. even as a h1n '1 gatiereth heII
chicens nde her wingus,'' and
thlouh tlie redolent herdes we woule.
hear Chri: sayinr. -I an the rose tof
rsharon1." We Could not dil the season
il- from twe salt-ellar Without th ik
in l- th e dii s tion. rYe are
the alt of the earth. but if the salt
hath ot its eavor it isi t io lotLinye
but to be east out an trodden under
Ifoot of muen."
Let us wake fromi our stupidlity anld
take theo wilineworld as a par able.
Te. if with gun ant pack of hounds
we start off before dawn and see the
m iorning. comling- downl off the hlills to
eilet Us e would ery out With the
evanCqtelist. "The day sprinh frpe ol
hi--h'hiath visited usi." or. caugh1t inl a
snowstorm while strugg li oe. eye
brows. and beard apparel all covered
with theg whirlin flakes, we would cr
out with David, Wash I . and I shaee
Ibe whiter than now."* InI a picture
gallery of Europe there is onl the ceiling
an exquisite freso but the people
having to look straight up. it wearied
and dizzied them and beint their neeks
almost beyond endurance. so a great
looking glass was put near the floor.
and now visitors only need to look easi
lv down into this mirror, and they see
toe freseo at their feet. And so, iuch
of the hih heaven of Gods truth is re
fbcted in'this world as in a hirror. and
thines that are above are copied by
thin,_s aroundI us.
t hat right have we to throw awa
one of God's Bibles-aye, the first Bi
ble hie ever gave the race? We talk
about the Old Testament, and the
New Testament but the oldest
testament contains the lessons of
the natural world. Some people like
the New Testament so well they d.,
card the Old Testamnent. Shall .Ose
like the New Testament and the Old
Testament so well as to depreciate the
oldest-namely. that which was written
before Moses was put afloat on the boat
of leaves which was ealked with asphal
tum-or reject the Genesis that was
written centuries before Adam lost a
rib aind gained a wife? No. no! Whien
Deiy stoops down and writes on the
ground, let us read it.
Yes. I think that one word written
on the ground that day by the finger of
Christ wvas the .1wful word hypocrisy.
What pretensions to sanctity are the
part of those hypocritical Pharasies!
When the fox begins to pray, look
out for your chickens. One of the
ruel magnates of olden times was go
ing to exconnmunicate one of the mar
tyrs, and he began in the usual forni
-In the name of God. Anien." "Stop!"
says the martyr, 'Don't say 'in the
namec of God!'"~ Yet how ninny out
rges arc practiced under the garb of
religion and sanctity! When in synods
and conferences ministers of the gospel
about to say something unbrotherhy and
unkind about a member. they almost
alays begin by being ostentatiously
pious, the venom of their assault cor
responding to the hecavenily flavor of the
prelude. A bout to devaour a reputatmon.
they say grace before meal.
But I amsure thait there was another
word in that dust. F-rom her entire
manner I am sure thait arraigned woman
was repentant. She miade no apology.
and Christ in nowis te belittled her sin.
But her suipplicato(ry behavior and her
tears moved him, and when lie stooped
down to write on the ground he wrote
that mighty, tha t imperial word forgive
When on Sinai God wrote the law. lie
wrote it with finger of lightning on ta
bles of stone, each word cut its by a
chisel into the hard granite suirface.
But when lie writes the offense of this
woman lie writes it in the dust so 1that
it cani be easily rubbed out, and when
she repents of it. oh. lie was a mereiftil
Christ! I was reading of a legend
that is told in the far east about him.
ie was walklng through the streets oIf
a eity, and he saw a crowd around a
dead'dog. And one man said. "What
a loathsome object is that dog!" "Yes,"
said another. "his ears are mauled and
bleeding." "'Yes," said another: "even
his hide would not be of any use to the
tanner." "Yes."~ said another: "thie
(((r o)f his carcass is dreadful.' Then
Christ. standing there, said. "But
pearls cannot equal the whiteness of
his teeth." Thien the pleople, mioved
by the idea that any ((ne could find
anything pleasant concerning the dead
dog, said. "Why. this mtist be Jesus of
Nazareth!" Reproved and convicted
they went away.
Surely this legend of Christ is good
enough to be Itu! Kindness in all his
wors5 and wys and haubits! Forgivae
ness: Word oIf 11 letters. and somei of
thm thrones and some of them palm
brnhes. better have Christ write
cloe to our names that one word.
thouh he write it in dust, than to have
our inme cut into monumental granite
wtthleters that the stormis oft 1.0001
yearcanotolterate. Bishop~l Bab
in to ha id a book o'f oly\ three leavaes.
The first leaf was black. thme second leaf'
red the third let a white. Ih black
tea suic'e'ted sin. the red leaf atone
mnent. tile white leaf purification.
Tat is the whole sttory. God will
I must not foraet to say tihat as
Christ. stoop4ing des .a'n. wvith hiis tin::er
wrote oii the grun it is evident that
is~ sympathiecs are withl this peitent
woma~ni and that lie has 1no sympathy
ih hecr hivpocritical pursuers. .Juti
opp(oite to~ tha t i- the. world's habit.
Why lidn't~ i thae'e utncleani Phiairisees
bit~ ne ofi 4 thetirxown inmber to Chris
for exorit' 1 in andl (''1p1tal punishmienit'
No'1 no Theya xverlooik that in a man
wx ih they 'a'mnailite ini a womanita. andi~
s the wori4ld ha- had fo'r (iifending wi
waxhie for' men whose lives haxe beenu
5ooie410i for 20 yaear'- the w'rldi 5wtig
aoveni its doo4ui.-44 o riliat welc come. andl
+1 ey m-ii Si inl lii a !-w I'nl ike
the Christ of ImI\- text. I]w w r
a lua 11 niSdenl ea'l l.t il n( ''I" t'
els a woman's t offense whh t rt 1 i
F-r flol I- i t lord ' :u ' 1p r i t . wii
ar-e wval n 1 :1 re. ,fa o iann
t1n wit. and at the iir-t leek sail out
with them into te ihlackness
of darknes forever. And in wiat
are called higher eireles of socie
there is now ntt ONtly the imitation
Ier ITlut an otti n I o frei. ill
toutenet t'LI like a fMreit d I
like ant Amel ica u tte It tet .I
Itren earthN ittt-:'tltt Am-rlil phrying
tie foreigl er. io i ety I t ito be t
crc-Ited1 1 o it thi. ubjet Treat
thi ali K. masuline csi l l a ldei
ine crime. -I'f you enIt I hve one il bet0t
it te tt bot ini rii . I f t
in itctt. i'o. sdus. w: it the ontl
--let woan en don .:ent lot mu
up."rI What is t nat Iw isin th
tie atd n it. Potomae at iniht?
And then titere is ci :1ir
auato . ud all i- :stil. N r id
It rsti lysa wman oii uad tle
live. et the mill, of thc ul ld
But whil ee i t' I 'hr i *ic the
text, his stooping1 down, wnungl nI t let
dust. do iot think I uitderate the litera
ture o the duist. It is the Most tre
mIndous WI ti' all literature. It is the
greatest of a nll liiaris. When Layard
Cxhume1d -Nilnveh. he0 wa-S -n111 pen
In-in the door f its mghy dflurt The
excaations ofI* Poan peiihave only been
the unrlaspii fof tie lids t t voume
o anaitd fust. Whell Adlifr
Farraert and ependsiste that re
surreeth city. the hose of fi,. who
hai been one of its cier itiens ml its
I prosperis ds. wan o eoue and a table
was spead ith that ad wich 1.Ite
ve1rs had been buried l volcanie erup
ton. and they his guests wNalked
over the exquisite mosaes and under
t e beautiful fresco. ani alhost seei
lice entertained bv those who 1o
centuries ago had turned to Just.
Oh. thih. ty iterature ft the dust
Si wI onderful. after all. that Christ
c'ose instead oft an inkstand the im
tessionble sand the floor of n an
cient temple, and( instead oif aI hard pen
put forth his forefinger with the same
kind of nerve and ouscle and bone and
fiesh as that which makes up our own
foreninter, and s.rot te e awful doom of
Shypoerisy and full and corlete for
eins or repentant sinners. even the
Ivorst. We talk about the ocean oif
Chruist'e imerey. Put four ships u-on
that ocfa and let ites Sail out i op
I osite directions for 1.000 years and
see if they can find th e rkof the
ocean of the divine mercy. Let thei
sail o the north an the south and the
east and the west. and then after the
1. R00 years of voyage let themi come
back anid they will report. "-No Shore.
no shore to the ocean of God mercy!
And now I oan believe that which I
read, how tl.at ai mother kept burnin
candle in the window every night for
ten years. and one night very late a
I poorwsif if the street entered. The
ed oman. Said to her. -Sit lown bg
dsie fire.' And the Stranger said.
"Wy1v do you keepi tha t lIIhe in the
widowet" p e a'ogiew wor ad:
broat ituo tlhti enyar aughteric
when thog retrnl. tine shrnt i f taway,
te in yarastm hirta re white.It''s i'itr
o ti~lksi blank me fo worint k buhr
Times Citylf Grdoentilles a troeen
thetdoor a sokoiton thw darkness
andtreet anizznite nie'.~ ost iipurtat
horeloufay ofreeaboutlmy Wtouble
onreet.uthe nrosm texcitin iyol dryeyo
havte itoubl ensogh ofcure ownsdhy.
Augus 2ol abou sie ouseel O. my: iatii
Cait wer? YJtes . u lare isit m
Carlhoe again" And hat as tieot
rocigh tterige wasg: that onie thas
it!neses Chit al in stope dlowns
were inteahes I~.A1 of tha ta now
ited up.tis Cittmtrieby athraeat laz-t
irst lotstanwb thte jod ofi hi reuied
housteold wte th ots amet \litts
worsi tand had eendwrittnt more than
originyars jakg sntoe orstrofthet'Jefu
Thertadeog frinds buhis enuernoot le
Pot wit areat onawhie hres. netril
ty otil, tilnk ttl'ank. WSletec
Tts Citare off Grenilleuisretreet
haW:itig tes iiI tit thow tof 3i. alxi
sereet abot the fet apart whcottb.
shootighfeae ofdot GreenvilleWsin
to sat te motgt eacit ptide
ofthcity'shisor outttxccurrteed aTuesday
nueust ea, abot 5te oxcrk Thte pari wtii
pantest were Jae lit.lI Wilaias and iit
khritec. otott Th la tttr wa sot
through1te Sttrigh~tll u: t fa orerwa
ut lit. T heret'zerere a numeriu~s eye
witnssot. but. ack wifras to detlais
ae himnt atttn at ne St sheake
were nearet' Drx. A .S hmso
ihelBatni s i Couie atl ttcte byth
fsaxs shot sae nIrt is lie.t
clea saeetht lot n Willitt.il emams
oSignl pearase sitore anrk ledtant
The mde riends~tt. aut hi afternoon
Potts. th 'a mtian naided :tt30it ii. iet
wats t''rte ott self .lfinsteet w
lis :t Bigs todxim notr the go.They
were fabot liewa fet 'rlt' whene t
ntin be'glan andr' t bot'idvanced.
At wasaatio Awits Tahemte
mld ec thert cvryeha with ei
tsbeiist'ee.Wilha' w alponl bitn
n fcdlotos and Whentttt' a-L
bndtit 'atts asrdaid ias 1senlhe
Th Most Am zing Swine!e
Known in Modern Tines.
EXPOSURE OF THE FRAUD.
Rev. P. F. Jernegan Promotes a
Gigantic Fraud and Lured
Many Innocents to Invest
in the Scheme.
The meit a4.t.ni4hini sw i f mod
rnl timeics has - en expoli ei by the New
Y irk lerald. The scheme was pr1
m.td by ml l . . Fl. JernieI:. a Bi
iil.,~ e~i , I ,~ ic~ -41'4X 4acli '.r~a
tIit ster. T v h tm
inoee"a proces, Fort extracting
4.,a4.4il.wa 144ilimil . So :dso wx:s it
. 1) itl:oar to) the credll4.4ustk
Imiders in: thle Eh-erolytiv .\arine Salt
comntI4y that rbes beyon1d1 the dre: n
4f .\4 44d144 lt'tIwaie theln1. In 5snel1
rkocate 1:'Ihgu1e as this did tile lev.
Dr Jr1egan pictur'e tite ps.,iility of
the VlectrolYtic jproces ;:
--)ne is at a loss to comp141 lrehend
the e1nr11moIts wealth thus floating in
si'lution inl thet oce~li At the lowest
M im att. a eubic mile of sea water con
tains ',old to the \alue of' .000.00.
It is pr1al y nearer the imark to place
i t :1 *, (1100.000.0o. There is enough
o I tile waters of' Long Isl:id Sound
to pay "9 th' national debt :nd leave
4 larger gold reserve in tle treasury
iItl the g'iverniltielt has yet possessed.
Tle waters that swee}' in and out of
Nex' Y-ork bay dail'y contain enough
41d too buy ill the ships and merehan
d'is( brne on their surface. 31assachu
Sets hay holds enough of the reciouts
1:1tal to tuy all the real and personal
proierty in the entire state. Acre for
aere. the waters of the hay are worth
1Ire thall lthe :ind4 of tIle state.
The astoilding feature of the scheie
was that it wNas eminently successful
and that capitalists were induced to put
their Iwnney into it. Last week the
fraudI was expised. but not before Rev.
.Mlr. Jernegan and his coifederate. C.
E. Fisher. had disappeared. The wily
minister is now spiending the thousands
Which lie received fromt stockholders on1
the othor side of the marine gold mine
which lie proposed to develop by the
I cubic mile.
The story (f the ail:azifn.g swindle is
told in the Herald of Sunday by Detee
tive William Phelan. who was en21gaged
by the conspirators to assist ill operat
in-- the scheme. Detective Phelan-s
story in part is as follows:
"In Nepteiber. IS%. I received a
letter from C. E. Fisher. at Deland.
Fla.. in regard to a scheme lie had o1
ftoot. lie was a diver by profession.
but had been a floorwalker in a Brook
lyn dry goods store.
--le referred to his friend Jernegan
as a Baptist clergyman who had inven
ted a process for making noney out of
the Ocean. By the aid of electricity lie
could abstract the gold held in stotlu
tion by ordinary sea water. This was
not explained to me at the time. Ile
wotuld tell me nothing then. but lie
hinted stronlly of great foirtuues await
;inl-- theml all.
II.le soon01 camne to New York. accomn
paniied by Jernegan, amid asked if' I
wottuld give themi a roomi in my houttse.
Th1ey were to esta4blishi themselves
inl a q1uiet pla4ce where thley could i~ros
ectute sonie inmportant business conn~ec
tedl wttith thleir experiment. But it must
be w ith a man41 they could tru.st.
-- gave~ themn my frtont plarlo~r. Al
thloughi theyt remained a mionith, no(th
il' excefpt ill the way of hints was saidi
iif the ptroposed schemeu to make us all
rich. They onily reiterated that it was
the bigges.t thing outside of bonanza
'old min~es for makingz fortunes.
L1ater F ishier asked me to go to Ni
antie and I wenlt. I was to do someI
detective w t~ork iln connection with his
old ptroducinig scheine. lie said. In a
cotttgle jtust t'utside of Nianitie 1 found
Jernegan. Iit belonged to A. 13. Ryan.
aterwt'ards. president of the gold comn
fany. T hey were (apptarently ptuttinlg
lin a dayI or two. on returninig to
New' 441rk. I receivetd word fromi Fisher
hat thle N ianitic peofple hadI becoetIe
4sspiciou411 an~d they propfosedl to) motve
their works to H Ittde Islaind. lt 4114o
illc tile a11liluuenlelit caline a1 sectonit
etter~ from11 Fisher. dated P rovidence.
ile~ wantedl mie to jin hfiin there and3(
assisSt in: somie impo44rtan1t exper'iimnts
abtiut tot ta4ke place connected withi
their greait scemlie fori mak4ing gold.
As h~e exptlinetd it. there was somie div
ingc to be done andi a life line to bte held
in the water. It was5 so iimpo~rtanlt thait
oily a nian in whiomi he had imptlicit
trust would be allowed to d. th~e work.
lIe offered to pay my expeniSes aind re
imburse-mile f44r outflays, regalrdless of
what thley. were. SO I went tto P'rovi
'Oil r'eachinig I 'rovidlence F'isher fur
ther explainled that I was5 tto go doltwn
the bay4) a4 miile otr 54o at a1 potint whe4re2
thelir' exp elrimenit $were to he nmade :inrd
bgin opIi erationls. To coniceal the putr
pose4 441 hiis oper'ationls. nottw.i ttstaning i
all tha:t lie had4 hinted abotut their in
teltin41~ of 1 prdui ngr old. lhe declar4ied
they Were onlly to ma14:ke a4 geog4raph411ical
survey. It woutihld he nlecessary to do
soie diving toi get the exact contfigu
ratitn 44f the bot'ttmi itf the bay.
f',unld tha:t myi (dut1ies wter'e tt help211
im iiifb.ler) pult tin his arloo' r and14
t~en hotld the life line while lhe maide
his dive. iie r'eininled unlder from '11a
1half hour to thlree tgua:rters tf' an1 houir
4t a timie. ih 1.hould bte expt:lained tha4t
Jeniegani was5 alsot there 4 n tile scenie.
ltho4ugh lhe was5 exceedingLly alctive ini
tfying a4round the ctunltry in aill diree
iin1. lie wais still my'tsteriou an : id eVa-'
sive-ahw:vy hiiniting a4t grealt foirtuine.
ant niever ex f lililic.
jwitter and1 cta:l:11 lisi and 4 al 1 Pirtn
the fiorist. bo~th of whom llwere t4 p ut
uif lluitnev. I lence tile lle'ces'sty 4of
llaving1 tflli:ies ready4i fir itnakill the ex
-erimen~itS pf'ect. The idea was1 to)
paral)'Ze the nd p44.1~ rodune gohd .4rom
54ea waItertlere before their ey e.
(-One leening1.. af1ter a4 day4 of expteri
m1enits. We er4o,t'ed NaIrra4canlett baly
and14 beganli to ma4:ke $outndlings from a
little rtocky island1tol 14a wha~rt on siltrei
tle dth14 4of water' betweenl the wharf
andlt tile islanid tto be froim ,een41 tt 1i44
fet. An insulted(t: wire or cable was
l4id ailongl theC bottom4. connectinlL thle
041 thle islan 11.I disc' vered that1 i iter's
:l wa4s t4otfollow thle wire~ under wter
im4 by thle a1iif* his dIiv.illg lilt reach'l
th wharfl'. wher1e lhe wa~ls ti 1 mailateIt
it' 1.44 acainist the w41ar4.
--I al1so disc4veredt tha:t 41 littl It x10i
ho u1.e of b1ard had't 1 been14'i ci nlstructed
1n 114e end4. of thett whalrt. ti'ir. J''ernean's
ute inl miak ing thle alhl4e4ed geigraphlical
sur'ey'. Thht is thle wayl) lhe exlainled
it. F'isher wav~s suceS-fuli inl f'ollowing
te wir nt 1 nd :41 rom'"44 thle b44tt4omi of thet
wharf1'. unde41r water. even tw'tithot ta: life
in, . re.. nng no the sanoi1( until boC
W~.ii i~ ;I*I Vwli
aii t s h!I
a ~- :Iv it'
hiii ' i I i't. M r l l|il i liv .t ;nIII
of emunre ~-ei :ir.i whI hctle wor an
hi1b17 . rea" lly* chited at1 the sulccess
Of hli, ub rietrip. hec exclainlI ed:
--W are gIingr to mlakegld. Jerne
!,n is to have two nel here. Tly
will -tay ill that hut )il the wharf over
i-llt tLI wateI tlIe li'oLes. llere
Sa fortuile in it for us. It will aston
I ih the world. These capitalist are
ini to furnish their wil chemicals
ad place them inl the water theiselves
while Jeriegani will supply Ilthe battery
coinected with the subimiarie recepta
cit ho getting gld frfom the sea.
-Ile further exphiined that platiInumiii
wilre Were eolmecie'l with tie aplara
uiiakiiig it easy ti aistract th i olld
from the surrin salt water. which
hl .1d t Ile pIciouis met: ill solutitoI. It
all statee d miarvelous. At tir-st I eould
scar cIy believe the thin possible. bu
on further exIPoIl:tionl tile lperiatioll
apMeared1 Simple ad plausi ble.
Ot te followiiir day the capitalists
arrived. reuistered at the city hotel inl
Providelicc. aid that afteriiloill they
went to thc wharf. where they remained
over niuh1t inl tile little house.
iie quicksilver whiichithey had
brol uhit with thelm was deposited
ini the subimarine tan k before it was
lowered into the sea. Thein the
current was turned on from Jerne
I 's battery. W tile tihe capitalists
watched the operations. i-ilently
and in wonder. These men sat
there all niig-ht. waiting in bitter
coll in February for the gold to
aecCtlulate ill the box. These
colifiding gentlemen -sulpposed to
be shrewd business men--when
they dropped their owni honest
juicksilvcr iito the square lead
lined box little dreamed that Fish
cr. the diver. would coie aroid
later. walkiig on te hottomli of tile
sea. emitviiig their qucksilver into
the water. replacing it with some
doctored mtercury of his owna. well
saturated with -old.
"I was told subsequently by Jerne
*zat hi iliS1ie1f that onl lie f111111Wii' il~ito
ing. when t lie submenrged box was lioist
ed out of the water. it was found that
the wercury had eaten throu-h the
lining of the box. and some of it had
disappeared into the sea. Enough.
however. remained to show the value of
the alleged experiment.
"To still further and the demonstra
tion. Jcrnegain slipped a little Califor
nia nugget. which he had been wearing
as a scarf ornament. in the quicksilver.
to be dissolved. This greatly added to
the yield of gold from the salt water of
the sea. The contents of the box were
then given to an assayer, who made his
analysis while the capitalists waited in
the reception room.
The assayer's report made the yield
about4.50-a fairly good iiiglit's work
for a little box in the bottom of Narra
gansett bay. with only an ordinary bat
tery to do the mining and abstract the
gold from the sea water. The capital
ists were not only satisfied, but amazed
at the result, and said they were will
ing to put up handsomely for building
machinery on a large scale that would
take gold by the carload out of the sea.
-'As the outlook appeared Aladdin's
lamp and the big diamond mines of the
Arabian Nights were not in it with this
little chain lightiiing gold mining appa
ratus invented by the Rev. P. F. Jer
negan. After congratulations all around
the capitalists returned to 31iddletown,
Conni.. where they lived, but we re
maiiied. in a few days along camu a
draft'-the amount of the first install
men2Xt on the payments to be made.
"After staying in Providence two or
three days I came to New York, having
done what Fisher had requested in the
way of aiding himt ini his experiments.
According to instructions I sent on my
bill-8->U0. Instead of paying it promipt
ly Jcrnegait sent me 8200 by Fisher. I
protested vigorously and said that I pro
posed to have the full amount of my
bill. After somte delay it was paid.'
From that time the stuccess of the
scemne was assured. Poor people in
vested their saviugs. Sonme of the vic
tims went so far as to mortgage their
hionmes, liutting tile proceeds into the
scheme. It is not known Inmw niuch
mloney Jerniegani received, butt the fund
was mo st exten.sive and its victims are
scattered all ovcr the Eastern and N ew
E'ngland states. lley. 31lr. .Jeriiegan
ha~s jtustly gained the iameiI of being
thle moist aston ndintg and pict uresque
swindler of modern ttnes.
The Boss Freak. -
This is a great country. We have
the most land, the most water and the
wettest. the coldest cold and the hotest
heat, the miost lovely women. the brav
est men. the biggest circuses and inore
coriis on our toes thatn aiiy other p~eole
on earth. We can raise fincr babies
arid make bctter chicken pie than all
the powe~vrs of Europ'e combined. And
now, according to the l5enlton Stanidard.
Ilhlinois comnes forward with thle boss
freak of the universe. The Staindard
says if he wais a little freak it would
not 'wn him i. butt as hte beats thle world
with hiob.bies on Ihis hin id legs thle
Standatrd goes into eestatcies over him i.
Accordingr to the Standard hte drinks a
pint of emnbalming fluid and then stucks
in al glass full of Paris green, anid calls
for a ilmonade of rough on rats. lIeI
drives an atwl in his skull. hianvs a chair
on the awl :ind swiniis it ar~ounzd. II is
skull is full o'f awl holes, ie kinows
ilo paini. lIa s no' feel Iing and likes at
hash of potunided glass, lie can eat all
day ori go withoultt victuals for a coulde
If monlithus. At 3I iinc. Inadian ah
was buried fo urteeii 'hiys ini a grave
seven feet deep'. with oly a smallI tubhe
thlrotugh whichi to breathe. Wile hie
was in his grave hie courted a younig,
gidy thinitg. proposeb5d to hier. a nd after
he was dugr ui'. married her. The g irl
seems to he proud of hiim. .Just why.
we do nit know. unless it is for the
sanie reas'iil a olili is pr ou'o an odd
hat. becallse llo ''titer wolan ill te e
world. hias one lie it. Vt I. tha t lireau
cant feel the thrill of love. lie can't
~lshi. lie can'lt emiotionate wolrthi a
cent. Somein day that irl wtill make a
nistake and drini~k otut of his 'lass and~
then .,he won' t need an ttr tubec in hicr
grave. N.' othetr couiitry couldi pro
duce such at freak or a big enough fol
to miarry himt.
Cervera on a Trip.
Admiiral Cervera. acopied~lti by
his . in. Lieut. Cervera. w ho have bueeni
pirisoners of war at the naval academy
Aiiaolis. for .everal weeks. lassed
througlh lilt iuore Tllursday en rote
for Fort ress Mi1 iiro e. 'The admiralire
ecved sp ecial erlillissioni Irun tlle na
vy dep'artmenit tio go tio Frtress 31'n
re tco visit & amiisht i icers whio aire uin
dr miitiical trcatmtenlt there. lie mayi
extend his visit to' New York.
Wrecked by a Cyclone.
Thte village if 31ediious illn fpianti wa5
w vrecked by a cyclone whtich killedl
many p'ersons. Several htouses at
I oili los are engulfed by thids. Numt
0S1,D O I I ERO E)1iS.
Members of th" Callant Palmetto
Rgimeint Still Living.
REMNANT OF A BRAVE BAND.
Their Names and Where Each of!'
Them Live. They are Scat
tered Far and Wide.
It will Ie velry interestingi to a great
many111 people inl ISouthI Caroilinn to kno1, wI
lleur 11111y awll wi:. thle urvivor-S are of
tIle valiait Pahne111tto re-jrimelt. whi ch
went friom this State to thc, 3exican
war in 15 IT. an l I ow is givenl a cion
plite list (f all thise old .soldiers who
arc still livii. 'lloinil now scattered
ovr aiospart" of"I thle counltry. it i
safec to :-ur that tht-e bra-.ve andl glallant
Neteras clei Ias' ever the zsame love
lor their Iold re uimnt as whenl fig--hting.
Fier thleir coun11try fin the battlefields of
eico e . The list was carelIily I pre
pared by 31r. Johl L. 1). ( antwell
Williiiutoln. -N. C.. who was a member
of the 'Palmetto regincit. The prin
cipal data was furnishu ied hii by the
United States pension bureau and Col.
Jam-es 1). Blni of Smu,1ter. Th'le
lalles of the surviv-ors are as follows.
unl it will be a good thing t keep for
.James 1.) a ig. frtlieutenlant.
sebastin Sumter. second licutellalt.
Co. A. Statesbur. S. C.
J nles Power:-. private. Co. A. (o
lulibia. S. C.
John11 Williamls. private. Co. A.
Patrick Stanley. private. Co. A,
o. 1. Uibbes. sergeant. Co. 1. 441
I 0lroad street. Aulnst a. ( a.
G illiaird 11. Smith. corporal. Co. B1.
James B. llardwicke. private. Co. B.
Elin iI. Texas.
Samlucl 'T1errell. C'l1. B. Garret.
Th'leodore 1). 1alle1r. p1rivate. Co. 1..
G ourdin. S. C.
William llollis. private. Co. I.
Chester. S. C.
Israel Hood. private. Co. B. Chester.
Sanford Horton. sergeant. Co. C.
1120 Eli street. Macon. Ga.
William R. Clanton. corporal. Co. C.
Lancaster. S. C.
Davis C. Pnillips. private. Co. C.
Camlden. S. C.
,Ransom L. Logan. private. Co. .C
31anninc. S. C.
John W. Knight. private. Co. C.
Joseph A. Jones, Co. 1), Moodford.
Thos. Anderson. private, Co. D.
James Anderson. private, Co. 1).
Johnston. S. C.
William 11. Burrell. private. Co. 1).
Trenton. S. C.
William P1. Betsell. private, Co. 1).
Plum Branch. S. C.
Robert Key, private, Co. D. Parks
Ville. S. C.
Anderson Howard, private Co D.
Im0doc. S. C.
Edmund MIelton. private.( Co. D
Wiles Simnpkins. plrivate. Co. D.
Alexander Sharpton. piva't. Co. 1D.
1900~l Broad street. Augusta, G.
TIhomas B. Norvell. private. C). D).
1138 Broad street. Augusta.Ga
I J. J. M1artin. private. Co. E. East
James A. MIekee. private. Co. E.
Stewart. S. C.
William A. Lomax. private. Co. E.
Verdery. S. C.
John 'Wilkinson, private, Co. E.
Bradley, S. C.
Wilim Spruel. Co. E. Ihodges. S.
Louis F. Robinson. second lieuten
ant Co. F, Chlarleston. S. C.
Constant F. Rivers. sergeant. Co. F.
Charleston. S. C.
TIhomas F'. Thayer, sergeant. Co. F.
li Broad street. Charleston. S. C.
Ihenry W. WXeinges, privatte. Co. F.
41 south Bay street. Charleston. S. C.
Orlando F. Levy. private. Co. F. :1
Pitt street. Charleston. S. ('.
TV. J. 3Mackey. private. Co. lF. New
Mlinor~ L. Braden. private. Co. F.
Stone MIountain. Ga.
Charles I. Pratt. private. Co. F.
Bear Creek. 0.
Jonathan 1R. D~avis. seconld lieuten
ant. Co. (. San Franicisco. Cal.
Andrew J. Coffee. private. Co. G.
San Francisco. Cal.
Samuel F. Row, second lieutenanlt.
Co. G. Reddiek. Fla.
Jamnes A. Wylie. sergeant, Co. G.
Osmund Reynolds. private. Co. (9.
West Point. G;a.
Riley Clantoni. private. Co. G. H aile':
ine. S. C.
MIatthlew B. Stanley. private. Co. G.
Centenary. S. C.
Sioa llmon A. Alexaiider private. Co.
. Fort Lawn. S. C.
Beniin II. RobIertson. private. Co.
. Winlnsb~oro. S. C.
Tomnas J1. 31yers. 31. I).. Co. U.
Bhowlinl Green. Fla.
Saintel P. Newman. private. Co. G.
Rideay. S. C.
New Waverly. Texas.
EnslyI A. IDuke. private. Co. ;.
Sianller L. Pcil. serge~ant. Co.
II. I ock lill. (.C
Burcell B. it tchiison. private. Co.
I. Coi.hi C.
John L. P. Catntwell private. Co.
Jhnii T. S. P ice. pivate. Co. II
E dwin B. 7'Slenod. musician. Co. II
Gotlie.b 0. Grelinr. privalte. Co. 11.
Pari. Pexase. piV~~ e .F
A.ron. Ada. p~ivte.C. C. Pin
eek. S. C.
cuy Iiii. .~ elt. '.N.T
sam. CP. ex.pae. C.LFx
L~.arcer. cont. ..
'. W. Gard. private. Co. . Fla
R Ik ISn~~r. >aaln.i.Ua
Nie H-puilon. ll.ser iiihleeant.CoK.Tn
nesee Chlnon. TexaC.
JeeIah 11 1 Buhmn. copoa.
.I oilry 1iddletn Jao.rivate. E.leit
W.Jon . Cowardll. riate . C. (loud
re. . J Cns. . .
Adan F.3egelliat. Criat. ,. Edg
Creek. S. C.
WORK OF HEROES.
Gen. Wheelr's Report on the Fight at
W*heler on 1he operations)cibore San
i o Cula has bec lie available.
Of the io iveient on El Caney. begin
i ir! 1. the General savs:
--olonel McClernand. of Gen. iaf
tel' stal. ilrected nc to Live instrue
tions t4 Gen. Kent. whicii I comiplied
with in person. at tli saie tillic per
SMonally dtiretting, Gen. %4umner to move
frwiard. Ilie nen were all compelled
to wade the San J.1an lliver to get into
line. Thi %was dwne under a very
heavy fir( of 1,th infantry.and artille
ry. Ou3r halloon having been sent up
Iv the iaiii roa was made a mark ;f
b)y the enmiiiy. It was evident that we
were as mChi 1i under fire in 1ormii ng the
line as we would be by an advance. and
[ hierefore pressed the conimmand for
ward fron the covering under which it
was formed. It merged into open space
inl full view of the enemy. who occupied
breastworks and batteries on the crest
4f the hill which overlooks Santiago,
officers andi men falling at every step.
I1ARD WORK INTRENCHING.
'ipon reaching the crest I ordered
breastworks to be con-tructed. and sent
to the rear for shovels, picks. spades
and axes. The eneiny's retreat from the
ridge was precipitate. but our ien were
.4o thorougbly exhaunted that it was
nipossible for them to follow. Their
shoes were soaked with water by wad
in the San Juan River. they had be
colle drenched with rain, and when
they reached the crest they were abso
lately unable to proceed further. Not
withstanding this condition. these ex
hausted men labored during the night
to erect breastworks. furnish details to
imry the dead. and carry the wounded
iack in improvised litters. I sent word
along the line that reinforcements
Wouldl soon reach is. and that Lawton
wo)uld join our right and that Gen.
hates would come up and strengthen
"During all the day on July 2 the
cavalry division. Kent's division and
Hates*s brigade were engaged with the
enemy, being subjected to a fierce fire
and incurring many casualties, and later
in the day Lawton's division also be
DIDN T WAIT TO RETREAT.
Accompanying the report is a copy
of the dispatches which were sent to
General Shafter by General Wheeler.
heuinniz June 25 and ending July 2.
On July 1. at S:20 p. n.. General
I Wheeler. writing from San Juan. has
the following to say about withdrawing
.A number of officers have appealed
to me to have the line withdrawn and
take up a strong position farther back.
I have positively discountenanced this,
as it would cost us much prestige. The
lines are very thin, as so many men
have gone to the rear with wounded.and
so many are exhausted. but I hope these
men can be got up to-night and with
our line intrenched and Lawton on our
ritxht we ought to hold to-morrow but
l'fear it will be a severe day. If we
can get tlhrougzh to-morrow all right
we can make our breastworks very
strong the next night. You can hardly
realize the exhaused condition of the
troops. The Third and Sixth Cavalry
and other troops were up marching and
halted on the road all last night, and
hav-e fought for twelve hours to-day.
andl those that are not on the line will
be digging trenches to-night. 1 was on
the extreme front line. The men were
lying down and rep)orted the Spaniards
not more th an three hundred yards in
WEY CAPT. EVANS DID'T PRAY.
"Fighting Bob" Replies to aPennsyl
- vania Editor.
Capt. llobley D. Evans of the battle
ship Iowa ha~s senit the following letter
to the editor of the Index of Williams
port. Pa. It is in reply to an article
published by the Index, praising Capt.
Philips of the Texag for his "after ac
tion prayer." and contrasting Capt.
P'hiibp's action with what is referred to
by the paper as the "frequently pub
lished profanity' of Capt. Evans. The
letter is dated at Gunantananmo Isay,
Cuba. .July 2:3.
"I beg to acknowledge the receipt of
a copby of your paper. which you have
been good enough to send me. I am
somewhat at a loss to know whether you
sent it for the purpbose of calling my
attention to the cuss words attributed
to mec in .the newspapers or to Capt.
Philip's officeial show of Christian spirit
in announcing to his nien on the quar
terdeck of the Texas, after the battle
ot Santiago. that lhe believed in Al
mighty God. As however, you have
seen fit to drag my name in your news
paper. I hope that you will publish this
rceply, that those who have read your
issue of .July 15 may also read what I
have tbo say about it.
"I have never considered it necessary
and I am sure that a great miajorityof
othieers in the navy. do nobt conisider i:
necessary, to) annlounce to their crews
that 'thley believe ini Almighty God.' I
think that goes without saying. We
each of us have the right to show by
our acts how much we are imbued with
this belief. Capt. Philip had a perfect
right to show this to his men as he did;
it was siml.by a maltter of taste.
*Now~ fbr myself; sllortly after the
Sanish cruiser Vizeaya had struck her
colors. and my crew had secured the
guns. the chaplain of the ship. an cx
eellenit mian. camne to me and sad. 'Capt
Evans. shall I say a few words of thanks
to Almighty Gcd for our vitii?' I
said. -Byv all means dbo so; I will haive
the men sent aft for that pburpo.se. and
was on the point of diniO sob when it
was reptorted to mec that a Sp ani-h bat
tlsipi wvas standing toward us froml the
*GL. first duity tbo Gbd and myl cbbun
try was to sinuk thi n battleshlipl. antd I
immi ded iatei~Tlybmad ireparations to un
so. When It was in bbvered that this
sh i' was ani Austrii. ibound lUly shIp
surrundltedl by boat Cai rry ng. dying
and wou nie pi Ioner andl oilier of
the crew of thme V /izny to the number
"To leav~e these men to adtier for
wanmt of foo d andit cloth~ling whiile I ealled
I ureferred to clth thei na'n'd. feecd
the hiun'r. and sneetbr thle siek. and I
'an strom'fv bbf thi'eipiniin that Ahnuizh
Cv ('odi has notit nt a bhaek miark against
i onl accAoun t it. [do not know
whethei I shll stnd wiith Capt. Philip
amon m thle first chioienI in the hereafter.
ut I have tis to ba in l conclusion,
tat every droilof loo*' d in my body on
the afternioon f Chie 3d of .July w~as
in 1n than'i and prise to Almight
G d fir thl' eiry we had wontm.'
.in-t back ofthe darkest cloiui te
'1un lmiay lbe 1hining. Ini five mlintets
we shall see 1h1 im aain. lDo not let us
le heart neeause of' a gust of ra in or
a s:ell of gloom. Warp'1 antd wioif. 4)ur
days are blendedi of the sunshine and
:bIrRoyaist egit grde b-k'nr p -
known. Actgtal t,-:ta shOw ;iL ueson e
ithird furLter th-a coy other brand.
The Spread of Empire.
The present war with Spain was be
gun under a solemn declaration by the
American Congress that it was not de
signed to be a war of conniett. but was
undertaken for the sole purpose of
bringing relief to an oppressed and
downtrodden people. I! anyhdy'lV .1t
that time had suggested the pjosibility
of our acquiring and holding the Phil
ippine or the Caroline Islands. to say
nothing of Cuba and Porto Rico. he
would have been laughed at as an idle
dreamer. "But.- as the Christian Ad
vocate says. -the impossible has come
to pass. The doctrine is now boldly
proclaimed in many quarters that when
ever or wherever our flag has been
fluni to the breeze there it must con
tinue to float. There is grave danger
that the American mind will become
intoxicated with the vision of imperial
ism. and forget all the sound and
wholesome traditions of the fathers.
It is true that from the beginning of
our history we have followed the policy
of expa:.sion. but we have never at any
time acquired any new territory off the
C'ntinent. nor any that we could not
erect into sovereign States. The mcre
idea that we should now begin to grab
vast possessions which must necessarily
be held and governed as subject prov
inces. is abhorrent to our whole system
of republican government. Nothing is
more false than that we need such pos
sessions as fields for exploiting our
commerce. If we desire trade, the
thing for us to do is to sweep away our
medaevial tariff laws and go into all the
world with something better to sell
than anybody else has to offer. The
proposed imperialism means several
things. all of which. as we think. are
open to the most serious objection; an
indefinite increase in the size of our
standing army: the building up and
maintenance of an enormous navy; the
taking of an active part in all the dis
putes. s-quabbles, and wars that arise in
aey part of the world: and. in general.
thea bandonment of the very principles
under which we have grown rich and
reat. Who does not shudder when he
thinks of the awful possibilities that lie
along that untried road? Have we not
problems enough at home to deal with?
Is not our land filled with injustice.
dishonesty. oppression, and polititical
corruption? Before we ride abroad to
set our lances in rest against the wind
mills of other countries. would it not be
well for us to address ourselves in he
roic fashion to the task of curing the
ill that lie around us' on every hand?
Nothing but an enormous self-conceit
could blind our eyes to the duties that
are so near. and set us to playing the
part of guardian to races that live in
A Rich Prize.
It makes no difference whether the
war ends now or later Porto Rico is to
be ours. There will be no terms of'
peace that do not include the cession of
this rich prize to the United States
Porto Rico has an area of 3.608 .square
miles and is 95 miles long aind 35 miles
wide. Its population, according to the
latest figures available, is a little over
80000; about 300,000 are negroes.
There are 137 miles of railway and 150
miles of wagon road; nearly all the
transportation in the interior is carried
on by pack mules and riding Loses. A
good telegraph system connects the
principal towns. and the telephone also
has been introduced. Though the
climate is very warm it is salubrious ex
ept for about three months of the year.
Porto Rico is far healthier than Cuba
now and with proper sanitation every
part of it could be made safe for inhabi
tants. Porto Rico is more densely
populated than almost any state of our
Union. It has a number of citics of
considerable size. San Juan, the capi
tal, has a population of 20,000 within
its walls and about as many in its out
laing suburbs. There is no system of
seerage and no water works. D~rinking
water is supplied by cisterns filled with
rain water caught from the roofs of
1ou5s. The city was founded 250
years ago. is walled and has a me at and
drawbrides. There are few other sig
nificant towns. Ponce is the se~conid in
size, having- popla tion of 15.01):
aygues has 12,000. Fajardo tl.000.
Areibo 7.000. Auadilla 5.0)00, 11'una
co 4.000. Naguabo ';000 and Arroyo
1.200. Porto Rico has a great variety
of products. Its Iprincipal exports ale
sugar and molasses. chocolate, cocoa
nuts, tobacco, coffee oranges. hananas
and bay rum.: The prinici pal im ports
're flour, breadstuffs. dried meats and
agcultural machinery. The Un:ited
States has not succeeded in mionupolir
ing Porto Rican trade. 3luch of it las
been carried on with Spain. In 18~97
the imports from the United Stae
w vere vaiuced at 8211.2 and the ex
ports to this counltiy $1. h8,88 . lhe
total Portoi Rican trade averges about1
:3000. 000 a year. of whichi *'1 .000).
00 represents exports anid -814.000.00I
imports. This trade will. of co)urse,
be largely increased and wil b e practi
ally moimpol1oized by the i ted 'ates
A Big Difference.
One of the miost rema rkable. fes
to be noted in con nedl'" wiith ii he ef
fects of the new small calibre hul iets
is the alnmost total absence of east,
rqiring: aimputationi. Thle heap- of
severed limbs that firmed ai ho'rrible
feature of the surge'25 quariter'dur
in the Civil War will not appear in
the present war. Out of the 27 t
odd men who have been br. ught
to New York oni the Olivette. not ine
has had to utndergo ampulitationi. Th'le
\Muser bullets make dreadfuil gaphingi
flesh wounds at close range: but at or
dinary rainges they eir kill or h-ave a1
oparatively -lighit -wound.' Dur- ii
the Civil WAar thec det tU iin e:e
of wouds peirtting th bd114niiual:i
cavity was ne aily 0 Per enit. One "i
the sureonis in che of the mien
wounded at Mantiig" -iys the perilei
tage of fatalitie'. fromi thIiii. an "I b
les tan 81per cent. in the pie-ent ~var.
Ihere i n coutinig in :hle .\ai.,er jail
let It in aUss irouij lieiiiiti
cr\cly injuore himin. y.et it inly h de us
mutilaite the next man tohimi. Oin
te hole, however. the small eaibre
ile bllets aire imore humane thiain the
.." ni.ke bullet usd in the Civil