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VOL. XIV. MANNING, S. C.. WEDNESDAY. A UGUST 1.
PEACE IN SIiT.
The United States and Spain Have
Come to an Understanding.
A PROTOCOL AGREED UPON,
Embodying Proposed Terms For
the Negotiation of a Treaty
of Peace Between the
A dispatch from Washington sas the
preliminary negotiations looking toward
the eonfirmation of peace advanced i
long step Wednesday when the secretary
of state and the French atibassador
agreed upon the teruis upon which future
negotiation for a treaty are to be condue
ted and reduced these to the form of a
protocol. This protocol. it is true, is
is yet to besubmitted to the Spaii
ish government before the formal sigr
natures are affixed. but the administra
tion view as to the progress made wa
set out in Secretary D)ay's sentence: "It
is expected that this protocol will be
As to the character of this protocol it
can be stated ou authority that our
terms are in all practical points those
out in the abstract of the President's
conditions published from the White
House a week ago. From this fact it
is deduced that the extra conditions or
qualifications sought to be imposed by
the Spanish government were abandon
ed at least in large part by the French
NO MORE FIGHTING.
This deductiop is supported by the
circumstances that in the early morn
ing, and before the conference between
Secretary Day and M. Cambon which
resulted in an agreement, there f*as a
prevalent impression, based upon the
utterances of public men who talked
with the President, that the Spanish
answer was unsatisfactory and that the
negotiations looked as if they might ter
minate suddenly. As this situation
changed so suddenly after the conferene
it may be fairly assumed that the am
bassador abandoned the conditions
which the President was reported to
have regarded as unsatisfactory.
It is known that the protocol car
ries with and in itself provision for the
cessation of hostilities. On this point
the naval contingent is urgent that our
government adopt the Napoleonic poli
cy of refusing to enter into an armstice
without acquiring some substantial
pledge to secure the consummation of
peace. What they particularly desire
is that our government shall demand as
a condition of a cessation of hostilities.
the surrender to the United States
military forces of Morro castle at the
entrance of Habana harbor and some
such points of vantage at the other im
portant ports in the territory soon to
fall under our control.
MAKES A STATEMENT.
The answer of Spain to the terms of
peace not being entirely satisfactory to
the government, there was some appre
hension early in the day that negotia
tions might be broken off or further de
layed. A conference between the
French ambassador and Secretary Day
at the state department during the
morning, however, seemed to relieve
-the -dtuation, as this was followed
*promptly by a call of the secretary on
the President, with whom he remained
After his talk with the President the
secretary said: "We have agreed upon
a protocol enmbodying proposed terms
-for the negotiation of a treaty of peace,
including the evacuation of Cuba and
Porto Rico and it is expected that this
protocol will be expected."
This was the first admission that the
two governments at last had practically
come together on the basis of peace. It
was intimated that what remained to
be accomplished was purely formal in
character and no doubt was entertained
that the signatures required would be
attached in due time.
THE PROTOCOL SIGNED.
A dispatch dated Madrid August 11
ten o'clock p. in., says the governmenL
has received the protocol and the cabi
net council rose at 9:40 p. in.. having
approved it. The government wired
M!. Camibon Thursdlay empowering hi-m
to sign the preliminaries of p~eace.
Thursday in Madrid was diplomatical
ly one of the busiest since the outbreak
of the war. There were no fewer than
two cabinet councils. in addition to va
rious diplomatic conferences. Though
the text of the protocol was not receiv
ed until Thursday evening, was well
advanced, the government had been
made fully acquainted with its con
tents through Paris. The matter was
practically settled at the cabinet meet
iug Thursday afternoon and the receipt
of the actual document, therefore. only
required a meeting of the cabinet for a
formal acceptance. Ministers adhere to
the statement that the p)rotocol con
tains no modification of the original
ternms. Duke Almodevar dc Rio. min
ister of foreign affairs assures the cor
respondent of the Associated P.ress that
the negotiations for the peace treaty
will take place in Paris. but he says the
commissioners have not yet been ap-I
THE NEWS IN WAsHINGTON.
The Associated Press bulletin from
Madrid announcing that the Spanish
cabinet had approved the peace protocol
and that the French ambassador would
receive instructions to sign it was very
gratifying to the President. Bo0th the
United States and Spanish governmnts
will begin carrying out the provisions
of the protocol. Th le first will be the
cessation of hostilities followed imme
diately by the occupation of Manila by
Geni. Merritt and the United States
troops under his command, the occupa
tion of San Juan in Porto Rico by Gen.
Miles and the evacuation of that island
by the Spanish forces. It is believed
that there will be delay in the evacua
tion of Habana. MIatanza and other
Spanish strongholds in Cuba. as somie
difficulties are anticipated in arranging
for a proper form of governnment oft
Cuba and because there is no desire ti
hurry American troops into the island
at the present time. the preferenet
being to await for cooler weather. It
is not believed by members of the ad
ministration that the commission can
complete its work in tine to cause an
*extra session of congress to consider
legislation which the treaty will neces
sitate, although there is a prospect
that an extra session of the senate
might be called in November to consid
Dashing Encounter Forced by the
Americans Under Gen. Wilson.
The l.'nited States troops under Gen.
Wilson captured the town of Coaimo in
Porto Rico on last Tuesday week with
a loss of only seven men wounded. all
of the Sixteenth Pennsvlvania regi
ment. One of our wounded will die.
The Spanish are known to have lost
their connmander. Maj. Vellescas: Capt.
Eeante. Capt. Lopez and nine privates.
all killed, and to have 35 wounded.
The Americans captured 13 prisoners.
practically the whole force of Spaniards
except the cavalry. The capture of the
town and garrison was neatly planned
and splendidly executed. The Six
teenth Pennsylvania volunteers moved
to a point at the north of the town
Tuesday night and by forced marches
of eight miles across the mountains ar
rived at the rear of the town about 7
o'clock Wednesday morning, just in
time to cut off the enemy's retreat.
At daylight the Third Wisconsin and
Troop C (New York) imoved by the
right flank. and artillery, supported by
the Second Wisconsin. advanced in the
center. The Fourth cavalry took up a
position from :Which it could gallop to
the 1ield and sweep the valley into the
town. At 7 o'clock fire was opened
upon the blockhouse, which was ham
mered with shell and shrapnel The
Spaniards replied with a few shots from
their 3Iausers and then fled. The
blockhouse was soon ablaze, and the
artillery fire in front ceased at 7:40
Almost immediately volley firing was
heard in the rear of the town. The
Spaniards in seeking to escape, ran
straight into Col. Huling's regiments,
posted on the hills commanding the
road. The enemy sought protection in
trenches. but they could not withstand
the deadly fire. With their commander
and two captains killed they were com
pelled to surrender.
A troop of 50 Spanish cavalry escap
ed through the mountains, our cavalry
being unable to pursue them. The
Spaniards had destroyed the stone
bridge cross the river Coamo leading
into the town, but it was evident that
they were not prepared to make a
strong resistance, as no artillery was
posted there. The natives received the
Americans with delight. Gen. Wilson
immediately after taking th'e town
pushed the Wisconsin troops a mile out
beyond. where they will camp for the
A WIFE'S CRM .
Followed by Her Suicide and a Whole
Five negroes are hanging from the
limbs of trees near the railroad track
and the widow of John T. Orr is dead
in her cell. This is the tragic de
nouncement of the assassination of
John T. Orr. a wealthy merchant at
Clarendon. Ark., a few nights ago.
The wife died from a dose of poison,
self-administered, while the negroes,
her associates in crime, were strung up
by a mob of citizens. The report of
the lynching was received at an early
hour Wednesday morning, after tele
graphic communication was suspended
for the night, and only the authentic de
tails of the affair come from a railroad
telegraph operator at Clarendon, who
saw the lynching. Four bodies, two
women and two men, are hanging from
the limb of a tree not far from his office
and a few paces away, dangles the body
of another negro woman, former cook in
the Orr household. Miss Morris, the
Jewess implicated in the assassination,
was not hanged, she having disappeared
last night. Last Saturday night week,
John T. Orr was assassinated while
making a glass of lemonade. He had
just returned from Christ church, where
his wife was organist. The affair was
shrouded in mystery until MIiss Morris
told somebody that she knew w1 fired
the shot. A coroner's inquest resulted
in the arrest of the five negroes and
'Jrs. Or-r, and a warrant for the arrest
ef Miss 3Morris. It was charged that
the wlf'e bad hired the negroes todo the
murdcr Orr's life was insured for
$.d000, and it developed at the inquest
that Orr and his wife lived unhappily.
Mr. Orr was formerly a theatrical man.
In 1890 the couple eloped to a summer
resort in Wisconsin and were married.
Later they settled in Clarendon, where
(Jrr prospered in business. He was
considered wealthy at the time of his
BLANCO GIVES IT ULP.
He Says That Foreign Powers Forced
Spain to Sue For Peace.
News has just reach Washington
of a recent proclamation of amnesty.
in which General Blanco has made
known to the Spanish people of Cuba
that Spain had, through the interven
tion of foreign powers, been forced to
the disgraceful issue of suing for peace.
and that there would be no more war'
and no further use for soldiers. He
offered a piardon to all Cuban political
prisoners, and over 150 were released
in Havana. In explaining Spain s de
feat in his proclamation, Blanco in
forms his credulous readers that Spain,
having suffered so much in the present
war. could not resist the interference
of the foreign powers and go to war
with all countries at once, so she was
compelled to accde to their dictation
and sue for peace. Havana. he says,
will be riven over to Americans and
Cubans. and the Spaniards will be
forced to evacuate. He assures the
soldiers and all Spanish residents who
wish to return to Spain or to go to
other Spanish possessions. that free
transportation will be given them by
their mother country to their destina
tion, and they will be protected from
interference on the part of either Cu
bans or Americans. HeI suggests that
the Cubans be forgiven and no longer
rerarded as enemies, and that no un
kind feeling be cherished.
Killed With Her Victims.
Three men dea:1 and a woman dying
is the net result of a shooting affray at
Cntral City. S. t., Thursday. Judge
J. l'. Gridd ~in'd Shannon and .Jack
Wear are thie mnen and MIrs. Ed Shan
no n is the woman The w"oma:n is still
alive but cainnot r'eover. All the p)ar
ties are piloneers and well to do. G'id
dings ha" had many' political officees.
Intimacy between G3iddings and MIrs.
Shannon is given as the cause of' the
tragedy. Wear tried to separate Shan
The War Between the United
States and Spain Ended.
A PEACE PROCLAMATION.
The Terms Upon Which Peace is
Made. Spain to Give Up
Cuba and Other West
With simplicity in keeping with re
publican institutions. the war which
has raged between Spain and the United
States for a period of three months
and twenty-two days was quietly
terminated at 23 minutes past 4
o'clock Friday afternoon when Secre
tary Day for the United States. and M.
Cambon for Spain, in the presence (if
President McKinley. signed a protocol
which will form the basis of a definite
treaty of peace.
An official statement for press publi
cation setting out the provisions of the
peace protocol was read and approved
at the cabinet session Fridav. It was
prepared by Secretary Pay. the purpose
being to make it public inmediately
after the required signatures had been
affixed to the protocol. It does not
give the text of the document, but de
tails its main points and l revisions.
which are as follows:
1. That Spain will relinquish all
claims of sovereignty over and title to
2. That Porto Rico and other Span
ish islands in the West Indies and an
island in the Ladrones to be selected by
the United States shall be ceded to the
3. That the United States will occu
py and hold the city. bay and harbor of
Manila. pending the conclusion of a
treaty of peace which shall determine
the control, disposition and government
of the Philippines.
4. That Cuba, Porto Rica and other
Spanish islands in the West Indies
shall be immediately evacuated and that
commissioners, to be appointed within
10 days. shall within 0 days from the
signing of the protocol, meet at Habana
and San Juan, respectively, to arrange
and execute the details of the evacua
5. That the United States and Spain
will each appoint not more than five
commissioners to negotiate and conclude
a treaty of peace. The commissioners
are to meet at Paris not later than the
1st of October.
6. On the signing of the protocol.
hostilities will be suspended and notice
to that effect will be given as soon as
possible by each government to the
commanders of its military and naval
THE PEACE PROCLAMATION.
The President has issued the follow
By the President of the United States
.Whereas by a protocol concluded and
signed August 12, 1898. by William R.
Day. Secretary of State of the United
States. and his excellency, Jules Cam
bon, ambassador extraordinary and
plenipotentiary of the Republic of
France, at Washington, respectively.
representing for this purpose the gov -
emnent of the United States and the
government of Spain, the United States
and Spain have formally agreed upon
the terms on which negotiations for the
establishment of peace between the two
countries shall Be undertaken: and
Whereas it is in said protocol agreed
upon its conclusion and signature. hos
tilities between the two countries shall
be suspended, and that notice to that
effect shall be given as soon as possible
by each government to the command
ers of its military and naval forces;
Now, therefore, I, William McKin
Icy President of the United States, do,
in accordance with the stipulation of the
protocol, declare and pioelaim on the
part of the United States a suspension
of hostilities, and do hereby command
that orders be immediately given
through the proper channels to the
commanders of the military and naval
forces of the United States to abstain
from all acts inconsistent with this pro
In witness whereof. I have hereunto
set my hand and caused the seal of the
United States to be aflixed.
D)one at the city of Washington. this
12th day of August. in the year of our
lord one thousand and eight hundred
and ninety-eight, and of the indepen
dence of the United States the one
hundred and twenty-third.
By the president.
WVILTUAM H. DAY,
Secretary of State.
A copy of the proclamation has been
cabled to our army and navy comnman
ders. Spain will cable her commanders
ORI'ERs TO sTOP FIHTING.
As soon. as the peace protocol was
signed the President sent for Sectar-ies
Alger and Long and Gen. Corbin. and
by his direction orders to cease hostili
ties forthwith were sent to (ens. Miles,
and Shafter, to Admirals 1)ewer and
Sampson and military commanders
generally. The order states further in
structions will be sent to each greneral.
Gen. Nerritt will be directed to eon
fer with the Smanish commandant at
Manila to carry out the ternms of the
protocol and to occup~y Manila inunedi
ately. Gen. Miles will put himself i
communication with the chief authority
in Porto Rico for the purpose of' hav
ing the Spanish forces turn over Samn
Juan and other points to hmium pre
paratory to evacuation. Owing to
condition in Cuba, the order- to
Gen. Shafter, to be sent hereafter
will be much different thanm those
to other generals. The navy department
is also preparing omders to all commanm
ders on iines'simiilar to the war depart
I BLOCKADE RAIsEDI.
Navy Department. Washington. D). C..
IAugust 12, 1898.
Suspend all hostilities. lockade of
Cuba and Porto Rico raised. I LOWell
ordered to assemble vess'els -at Key
Proceed with New York. Brooklyn,
Indiana, Oregon. Iowa and Massachu
setts to Tompkinsville. Place monitors
in safe harbors in Porto Rico. Watson
transfers his flag to Newark and will r
main at G zuantanamo. Assemble all
r.isme in safe harbors. Order um
rines north in Resolute.
Navy 1epartuent. Washington. Aug.
llemey. Key We-st:
In accordance with the President's
proclaniation telegraphed you. suspend
iinnediately all hostilities. Conmence
withdrawal of vessels from blo -kade.
Order blockadingr vessels in Cuban
waters to assemble at Key West.
Allen. Acting Secretary.
The notification to Admiral Dewey
was not made public. but Assistant
Secretary Allen says that besides being
put in 'possession of the President's
proclamation lie was ordered to cease
hostilities and raise the blockade of
In compliance with the orders sent
Admiral Sampson and Commodore Re
mey will each send a vessel around the
coast of Cuba to notify the blockading
squadron that the blockade has been
raised. Admiral Schley being on the
Brooklyn and included in the orders to
that vessel. will come north with her.
OUR NEW POSSESSIONS.
Plans for the Temporary Government
of Porto Rico and Cuba.
Plans for the temporary government
of Cuba and the territory which will be
acquired from Spain as a result of the
war are now under serious consideration
by the President and the members of
tIe cabinet. Porto Rlico as an actual
acquisition to the territory of the United
States will be placed in charge of a
military governor. who will exercise a
supervisory control of all the functions
of government, under the direction of
the President. until congress shall de
termine upon a permanent form of
government for the island. Upon con
ress alone will devolve the responsibili
ty and duty of determining the charac
ter of the political relations which Porto
Rico shall permanently bear to the
United States. These are reasons for
the belief that the President himself
favors a colonial form of government
and this view is shared by members of
the cabinet. Canada is cited as having
a model colonial government which is
satisfactory alike to a majority of its
people and to the mother country. This
system. however, it is believed can be
put into operation only after the lapse
of a considerable period of time, and
after the people have demonstrated sat
isfactorily their ability to govern them
selves intelligently in all local matters.
Upon the evacuation of Cuba it is be
lieved to be the intention of the Presi
dent to establish for the whole island a
temporary military government similar
to that now in operation in Santiago.
When order has been fully restored and
the people have settled down to their
peaceful occupations it is believed to
be the view of the President that a con
vention of representatives of the peo
ple should be called to vote upon the
question of form of government for the
island. The presence of the army of
the United States would be a guarantee
that every citizen who would subscribe
to an oath binding himself to support
whatever form of government should
be agreed upon. should have the un
questioned right to vote for whomsoever
he pleased to represent him at this con
ention. The action of this body, how
ver. would have to be submitted to the
United States for approval or disapprov
al. It is pointed out that this conven
tion of representatives of the whole p~eor
plc in the free exercise of their choice
might express a wish to become a colo
nial dependency of the United States or
might favor a republican form of gov
ernment or possibly a majority might
sk to be annexed to the United States.
In any of these contingencies. it is be
lieved that their wishes would be met
by the approval of the President and
Thel Cotton Crop.
The cotton crop report of the depart
ment of agriculture issued Wednesday
says taking the entire cotton producing
region as a unit, the condition of the
rop on August 1st, was exactly the
same as on July 1st, namely, 91.2.
This is 4. points higher than on Au
gust 1, 1897. 11.1 p)oints higher than
on August 1, 1896, and 5.8 points
higher than the August average for the
last ten years. D~uring July there was
an improvemdnt of one point in Geor
gia. three p)oints in North Carolina,
four points in Alabama, five points in
Tennessee and Indian Territory and six
p)oints in Oklahoma. On the other
hand, there was a decline of one point
in Texas and South Carolina and of six
points in MIississippi. The average for
the States are as follows: Virginia, 94:
North C'arolina. 90: South Carolina. 89;
Louisiana. 90: Texas. 91: Arkansas,
93;: Georgia, 91: Florida, ST: Alabama.
95: 3Mississippi. 88: Tennessee. 97;
3issouri, 90: Oklahoma. 98: Indian
No less than seventeen men have de
serted from the Frist South Carolina
RegimeInt. which is now stationed at
Jacksonville. Fla. The deserters are:
J. P. Bowers, Co. A. July 12; Herbert
Ross, Ro~bca Ariedge, Co. B, July 10;
S. L. Henderson. Zach Henderson. Co.
B. July 15; F. J. Clapp, Co. B. .July
22: J. W. Rodgers. Co. C, July 15:
MIarion MIoneyhiam, .July 2i; .James W.
Shehan, Co. K .Junc 27; .James C.
Fowler. Co. . .June 27: T. A. Phillips
Co. HI. .July 24; S. W. Pattcrson, Co.
11. .July i1): T. S. Lee. Co. 1, .July 19:'
J. T. 31acilonald. William 3Myers and
S. .J. Sharp. Co. K, .July 12 and 18;
Coke Smith. Co. C. July 9.
What Drink Did.
Policeman H. C. Hawley of the Ten
derloin station. New York. while ina
fit of drunken rage Thursday. shot hi
wife. mother. MIary and his 4-year-old
son and myvear-old daugrhter. H~e the~n
shot himself in the head. Hie was taken
to Bellevue hospital, where lhe died
soon1 afterward. The othiers were take
to the New York hospital, where late
they died. Th'le only explanation of
the erw was a statement by Hlawley's
wife before she lost conisemuisness to
lhe eet that --dri nk has caused all
Pr~esident 31eKinley Thiursdaiy aip
pointed .Judge .J. 31. Ilobson. father of
Lieuit. Hlobson of 3Merrimae fame. post
master at Greensboro. Ala. 31r. Hob
son is a Democrat, and the nomination
was made at the earnest retuest of his
Republican fellow-townsmen as a mark
f good teling.
OUR OLD SOLDIERS.
The South Carolina Regiments in
the Civil War.
THEY DID GOOD SERVICE.
Battlefields on Which the Troops
from this State Made Names
for Themselves and
There is poetry in our past. there is
deathless honor to South Carolina's
gallant sons. but in writing a short ac
count of the troops sent by our State to
fight for her freedom. there is space for
little more than bare facts. and a list of
names whose glory furnishes all the
beauty of my theme.
For much of my information I am
indebted to our own brave soldier, Col.
J. N. Brown. who not only bore the
sufferings and privations of the Con
federate camp. but won Confederate
laurels as well. having been promoted
to the rank of general.
To the call for troops to defend the
South this State promptly responded by
raising 65,001) troops: 26.000 of these
were State troops. or reserves, princi
pally old men and boys, verifying her
unparalleled patriotism. robbed the cra
dle and the grave.
The first gun fired in that immortal
struggle was not at Fort Sumter. April
12th. 1861. but three months earlier.
from Morris Island. January 9th. 18I61.
by South Carolina cadets. commanded
by Major Stevens. It was discharged
at the "Star ot the West." a steamer
carrying supplies to Fort Sumter.
The Fourth Regiment of South Caro
lina Volunteers sent out April 14,1861,
was composed of soldiers from Ander
son, Oconee. Pickens and Greenville.
It officers 'were Col. J. B. E. Sloan,
Lieut. Col. C. S. Mattison, Major J. 11.
Whitner. Adjt. S. 31. Wilkes.
There was little fighting on South
Carolina soil: our soldiers met the foe
on the battletields of Virginia and Ten
nessee and by the courage and patriot
ism they displayed. proved the spirit
of 1776 was still a vitl spark, and that
the chivalry of the South could produce
the finest soldiers. as well as the finest
gentlemen, the world had ever pro
The first important battle was Big
Bethel, June 10th. 1861. The South
Carolinians who participated in this
battle were commanded by Gen. D. H.
lill. On July 21st, 1861, took place
the battle of Bull Run, or the First
Manassas. In this fight were Generals
Hampton, Kershaw. Bonham, Butler
and Bee with their commands.
It was there Gen. Jackson was given
his soubriquet. Gen. Bee in rallying
his forces became impatient, and ex
claimed: '"Men look at Jackson's bri
gade, it stands like a stone wall." The
name passed from the command to the
commander, and has become immortal.
The next important battle in which
our soldiers engaged was on October 2d.
1861. at Leesburg. Gen. N. G. Evans
in command of the South Carolina
In 18G our men participated in the
following battles: Williamsburg. Seven
Pines. Gaines' MIll. Fraser's Farm,
31echanicsville, Savage's Station. 3Mal
vein Hill, Cedar M1ountain. Second
3Manassas. Ox Hill, South MIountain.
Harper's Ferry. Antietam. Sharpsburg.
Fredericksburg. Shiloh and M1urfrees
In 1863 occurred the following bat
tles. in which the 10th. 16th, 19th and
24th regiments took part:
Chancellorsville. Resaca, New Hope.
Harrison's Mountain. Gettysburg. 3Mills
Valley. Chickamauga. Richmond. Per
rysville. In the battle of MIissionary
Ridge they did not participate. because
they had made an unsuccessful attack
on Knoxville. November 25th. and
then returned through East Tennessee
In 1864 tqok place the battles of the
Wilderness.' Spottsylvania. Cold Il!ar
bor. Dandridge. Fort 11a:'rison and
Gen. Git was killed at Franklin.
November 30thl. and was succeeded by
Col. Ellison Capers.
Probably the hardest tighting of' the
war was at Spottsylvania Court House
M1ay 12th. 1864. in the Bloody Angle.
That battle lasted. without interrup
tion, for 18 hours, and at 31urfressboro,
when the lighting began on the last
gay of 1862, and lasted two days. The
following is a list of Confederate gen
erals from South Carolina.
Lieutenant Generals: 11. 1I. Ander
son .2ommlanded a division composed of
the brigades of Armstead. 3Iahon.
M1artin :and Wrig~ht.
Wade llampfton cavalry brigzades of
Butler, Gordon. Rosser and Youniz.
Stephen D. Lee was appointed June
M1ajor Generals: 31. C. iutler. 31.
W. Gary, Benjamin Hluger,.J. B. Ker
Brigad icr Generals: Barnard EI I ee.
31illedge L. Bonham, .John Bratton.
Ellisoni Capers. .James Chestnut. .James
Connor, Thl~os. F". lrayton. .John D)un
novant. Stephen Elliott. F. (. Evans.
States Rights Gist. 3Maxey Gregg. .John
son Hlagood. MIieah .Jenkinms. Jiohn D).
Kennedy. Thos. 3Muldrop Logan. Ar
thur 31. M1an iault. Samuel MIeGowan.
Abner P'errin. Pettigrew .J. .Johnson.
John S. Preston. Rloswell Ripley. Cle
ment IL. "teven-. J. II. Grap'in, J1. B.
The following.thou~gh appointed from
other States. ar'e:
Lieutenant General: .Jaunes Long
MIajor Generals: E. 31. Law, P. 31.
Brizndier' G.enerals: ll am ilton P'.
Bee. P'inckney ID. Bowles. .huines Cani
tey. .Jack C. D~eas. Samnuel W. Fergu
son. A. H1. Gladden. D). C. G ovani. A.
B. Lawton. L. Sullivan Ross. Reuben
Ri. Ross. Lewis TF. Wigfall.
--In of these meni are now demd:
for ote rs the shadows are lengtheningr
and the sun is anine' down.'
A Generous Offer.
Th'le 1'nmited Stattes ha~s mmagnaniu
ly ftiered to parole the 1 .801 Spaniish
naval prisoners tamkenm at thle destru'ct ion
of Admiral Cerver'a " fleet whenever
Spai n is ready to repatriate them. The
offer of this governnment was made re
gardless of the approachi i nl culina
tion of peace negotiations. and simply
with a v'iew of sending home alargre
number of' national guests who had conl
siderably overstayed their welcome and
A PERILOUS VOYAGE.
A Transpcrt Loaded With Soldiers En
dangered by Fire.
A dispatch to The World froI M anila
Bay. August 1N via long Kon'g says:
-'le third Phillippine expedition is
here 22 days out from I1onlulu. Never
did an expedition encounter nre dan
gers or endure nore perils. On the
voVanne six men and one officer dium.
and iftv more were taken sick. Ty
phoid and meningitis played havoc with
the transports. Two firemen went in
sane and leaped on rboard. But tire
was the worst peril of all. The fieet of
transports and their convoy. the monitor
3Iontercy. were three days out from
Hawaii when tire was discovered aboard
the transport Morgan City. One of the
crew reported to Captain Dillon that
there was a blaze in the coal bunkers.
At midnight when all the troops were
asleep Captain Dillon assembled the
crew and told them the news. Every
Man Was pledged to secrecy. To let the
soldiers know that they were over a
raging fire would be to precipitate a
panic. Silently the men coupled on
the hose and the steam pipes. Then
they began battling the flames in the
hold. Next morning the fire was as fierce
as ever. Night and day the heroic
crew fought the fire. but with little
success. And still the troops aboard
did not know that a fire was burning
beneath their feet. The lorgan City
fell off in speed. and the whole fleet was
delayed. Captain Iillon did not sig
nal the flagship. le kept his men at
work fighting the flames in the bunkers.
while the troops went about on deck.
all unconscious of their peril. The
bunkers were still burning when the
MIorgan City arrived here. Then for
the first time the troops learned their
danger. The flames were extiiguished
after the ship had been in port a few
hours. On board the Morgan City were
six hundred men of the Idaho volun
teers and a detachment of Nebraska vol
unteers. The next most interesting in
cident of the voyage was the sight of
the active volcano Farcalon de Pajaros.
The ships passed it on the night of
July 23d. when it was in full operation.
A column of flame mounted far into the
air and illuminated the sea. The men
crowded the rails and enjoyed the spec
tacle until it sank beneath the horizon.
leaving only a pillarof flame mirrored in
A LETTER FROM DEWEY.
He Tells that in this Country Section
alism Can No Longer Exist.
Congressman Livingston of Georgia
has received the following letter from
Flagship Olympia, off Cavite, Philip
pine Islands, June 17.
My Dear Sir: I have just learned
from the last papers that I am indebted
to you for the introduction in the house
of representatives of the resolutions ex
tending to me the thanks of congress
for the naval engagement of Manila
bay May 1st.
I need hardly tell you that I am
most sincerely grateful to you as the
author of the resolution, bringing, as
it does. the highest honor that can
come to an American naval officer in
his professional career. But it is a
great pleasure to acknowledge my debt
of gratitude and ~o thank you in un
stinted measure ~or the part you took
in obtaining for me that. greatest dis
It is a source of additional pleasure
to me, a Vermonter, that the mover of
the resolutions was not a man from the
north. but one from the far south. This
is one of the good signs of the times.
In the hour of danger there is no south.
no north, but one united country. May
we never hear sectionalism again.
There are no lines drawn ini the navy.
I need not say it may inuterest you to
know that my flag lieutenant. Lieut.
Hrumnhy. is a G eurgian by birth and
ap'poinuinent. Again thanking you
moat cordially. I remain.
Very gratefully and sincerely.
What He Was Looking For.
A tramp applied for food at the hous.
of a suburban agriculturist recently.
and while he was eating the rations that
had been furnished at his solicitation.
lie was asked:
"Why do you not go to work?"
"I have looked long for a place that
would suiit me he replied. "but have
never found it.
"ILs there not plenty of work at
farminga?" asked the interrogator.
"Ohl, yes." said the tramp. "plenty
of it: but you see, sir, I want to find a
vineyard where a man who goes in at
the eleventh hour is the first to come
out and draw a full day's wagres. In
the olden times they dealt fairly by a
man. That is the New Testament treat
iment, and that is what I ami looking
At the close of his meal lie started
again in pursuit of that coveted agri
Pure Water Needed.
-- i:iS a good deal of typhoid
lever.' say~s ithe New York TIimes. -'in
thle camni of thle volunteers. Even
laymen know t hat typhoid fever is a
quiestionl of pm'ov ii; 2 ure water and
geeping it lure. Th'Iis is so well rec
ougniized by the med ical profession that
ex: ert sa nitariamns raink typhoid as
aimong the most surely preventable
diseases.' There is ai good deal of the
fever ouitsidle the camphs every year.
(olluuiit ies wiiel are disp1osed to
att ribute iti presenice to a --mysteious
dispenslation" of any k indi shouild. by
all means. try lhe ce'erlet of4po
vidinig pure water and keeping it pure.
Garcia Takes Gibara.
Lieut. Col. .Jane of G en. Calixto
Gar'cia's staff. has just arrived at Santi
aco from the front with dispa:tches an
nouncing the occup ation of G ibara on
tle northI coast of thle pro nelie of Sani
tiaco de Cuba by ;en. (Tarcias tr'oops.
ii ibara was evacunated by the Spaniards.
Th'ley left a thousand sick and wounded
who' ar'e bei ng taken caire of by thle Cn
an et' nmander. G cn. f arcIa w i li
I.II troops is besiezine 11 lguini. now
occuied bcy the Spani il ge nra1. Ln
gue. whiose surrender las becen de
He is Sensible.
J1udge liichardson shows good 5.ense
in withdraiwing from thle raice fir (oni
gress in the eigrhth A laama distict.
Frash I ronm the front at Santiago Gen.
THE SECOND REGIMENT.
Gen. M. C. Butler Calls on the People to
Fill It Quickly.
The following letter from Gcn1. M. C.
Biutler. the Gallant South Carolinian.
who is in the field a" a major generad.
was received by the colonel of the Sec
ond regiment yesterday. It is very
much to the point:
ieadquarters First Division. ,ecoud
Camp Alger. Va.. Aug. Sth. 189S.
Col. Wilie Jones. Columbia. S. C.
My Dear Sir: Replying to your re
cent letter. I beg to say a camp next to
the Third Virginia and First Connecti
cut is awaiting your regiment, which
will complete the brigade. I trust it
will not be occupied by another regi
ment. or that other orders may not be
issued before yours reaches this camp.
What is the matter that your reriment
is not recruited to its full quota?
Heretofore South Carolina has al
ways responded promptly to calls mL.ade
upon her for troops. and it is rather
mortifying to those who feel a pride ir
her past history to find her a laggard
when almost every other State has come
forward with such alacrity. Th2re
must be something wrong somewhere.
In after years it will not sound well to
have this State. with such a splendid
fighting record. put down among those
who failed to furnish her share of troops
in obedience to a call made by the pro
perly constituted authorities. I1er peo
ple cannot vindicate themselves by
claiming that there is no occasion for
their services. Congress must have
had good grounds for authorizing the
enlishment and organization of an army,
and it is not for us to question its wis
dom or propriety. Our duty is to sup
ply our proportion of men "for the com
mon defence and general welfare" as
enjoined by the constitution. Nor will
it excuse us by saying "the fighting is
over" and there is no longer need for
our services. None of us can forsee
how many troops will be required to
garrison for a time at least the territory
acquire.d by right of conquest. and in
demnity for expenditures and sarifices
made for national purposes.
South Carolina's full quota may not
be needed. but she is not the judge in
I have no greater interest in the
honor and character of the State, no
greater reason to cherish a laudable
State pride than any other of her citi
zens. but it is not pleasant to have the
people of other States offering to make
up our quota. It is a reflection upon
our patriotism and good faith. It does
not comport with the pride we have al
ways justly felt in the pluck and patriot
ism of our people to have them fail now
in the full measure of their duty.
I trust you will yet complete your
enlistments and report with your regi
ment at an early day, and relieve the
fair escutcheon of the State from the
stigma which is being placed upon it.
The regiment ought to be promptly filled
to the maximum if is serves but one
If it should be my fortune to be or
dered to Cuba with the army of occupa
tion. it would be very gratifying to have
at least one regiment from my own
State to accompany the splendid body
of soldiers now constituting my division
from the States of Pennsylvania, New
York, Ohio, New .Jersey, Illinois. MIas
sachusetts. Connecticut and Virgiia
I have been devoting myself to their
discipline, equipment and organization.
and have no fears as to their conduct.
but you can readily understand why I
would feel a pride in having a body of
South Caruliniians near me to share
whatever may await us.
Let me hear fully from you.
Very truly yours. etc.
M. C. Baitler.
Two Thouth and Pigth.
An exchange has a comical story
about a man who had a peculiar iisp,
and had bought some swine, applied to
a neighbor for the loan of a pigpen,
when the following conversation en
*3itheth Young. I have bought two
throwth and pigth. and want to put
thcem in your pen till tomorrow.
"Why 3Mr. Fisher, my pen will not
hold a twentieth part of them: what in
the world are you going to do with two
"Understand me. madam: I don't
thay two tbouthand pigth. but two
thowth and pigth.
"I hear vou! Two thousaid pigs for
one family"? The man is certainly
'Mitheth Young, I tell you again I
don't mean two thouthand pigth: but
two thowth and two pigth."
"Oh-oh-MIr. Fisher. that's what
you mean. Certainly my pen is at your
Time to Stop This.
Sheriff lillis. of Bartow. Fla.. went
to Lakeland, Fla., 3Monday for a negro
cha rged w ith selling liquor, lie arrest
d hi man. handcuffed himi and had
him on the car. While waiting for the
tri opull out 2-> or 30 of the Tenth
cavr (a negro regiment) walked into
the car and demanded that the sheriff
release is prisoner.. This Sheriff Til
is refused to do. when up went their
rev lvers and in a moment Sheriff Til
ls was lookin'. down 2~> or 3-0 revolver
barrels. The' soldiem's aidvanced and
took the pr isoner from the sheriff and
wamld ol with him.
Want His Son Shot.
It is learned from the statemn oi a
chailanl at Camp1) Thomaims. Chiiekaman-i
a that a 1ett ha been received by
the tlicers of ai certaiu r'eiment fr"om
the fa ther' of a eerter utrginI that the
boy be caught and shot. The' boy. it
seems. had 'u nay from homne togn
'tel' the army. nd after cnl isting lie e
serted. The parents were comnmunic'a
ted with, and the fthtler of the boy
wrote the conmmandin orneeer that he
could see no other' way of renmovinig the
stain from the famiily niame and the
disrace from the army thni by cateh
ing the de!.erter' am d shiootin him.
N'o More for Porto Rico.
Or'uers were re L~ ce at Tamii F'T..
no mior' troop in-.eeded at P orto Ilic.
Thle Fifth infanaltry wa alrea' dy o
lirdte Sanitiao ready to ail and
bit be unl0odd TIhis also stop
tle trip conltemlaltedi by Gein. o
erc1 and1 his s4taf.a thmey were to "o on
iler'y. were also beIiniz loadied fo'r th
Eight Hundred Spaniards Fierce
ly Attack the Americans.
MANY SPANIARDS KILLED.
The Fight Lasted Two Hours.
The Enemy Attempt to Re
take a Light House. Good
Work of the Feet.
There was a two hours figh: :.t jape
San Juan. Porto Rico. on Wednesday.
Eight hundred Spaniards attempted to
retake the lighthouse which was guard
ed by forty of our sailors, commanded
by Lieut. Atwater. Assistant Engineer
Jenkins. Ensign Bronson and Gunner
Campbell. The Spaniards were driven
back by shells from the Amphitrite,
Cincinnati and Leyden. The refugees
report one hundred Spaniards killed.
W. 11. Berdeman of the Amphitrite, a
second-class man at the naval academy
was seriously wounded. The Spanish
advance began from Rio Grande, whith
er the Spaniards had retreated after the
first landing of troops at Cape San
Juan. They marched through Luquil
lo and pulled down the American flag
at Fargado and replaced the Spanish
flag. The terrified refugees were warn
ed by the lighthouse force that the
Spanish were coming. Sixty women
and chiidren were in an outbuilding of
the lighthouse during the fight. The
Spaniards opened with a machine gun
at a distance of three hundred yards.
The Leyden. Ensign Crosby command
ing, rushed within one hundred yards
of the shore and poured one pounders
into the Spaniards. Capt. Barclay of
the Amphitrite used his six pounder
and the Cincinnati her five inch guns.
The ships landed 250 men during the
fight and was reinforced by the light
house machine gun. Ensign Crosby
took the refugees off at daybreak and
has gone to Ponce. Our flag is still on
the light house, but the forces have
been withdrawn. The Amphitrite's
guns cover the light house ard are
ready to annihilate it if our flag is
An Overdose of Morphine.
Dr. S. Caldwell Fewell, a young phy
sician living in York County, died
Thursday morning from the effects of
an overdose of morphine administered
by himself. Dr. Fewell late Wednes
day afternoon complained of feeling
very badly, and spoke to his wife of it,
saying that he had taken some medi
cine before he left town, but that it
hadn't relieved his pain, and that he
would take some morphine for it.
Pouring out some in his hand, he swal
lowed it. In a short time he realized
that he had taken too much, and sent
for his father, who is also a physician.
His father gave him strong coffee and.
did everything that could be done, as -
did other physicians who were called,
but by 9 o'clock he was in a -stupor,
from which he was never awakened.
breathing his last at 5 o'clock Thursday
It was recently published in a Mani
la paper that Germany is combining
with Russia to prevent the capture of
danila and that, therefore, Admiral
Dewey and General MIerritt will refrain
from attacking the city; that the Amer
ican resources are exhaused; that Ad
miral Cervera on issuing from Santiago
harbor was victorious and captured Ad
miral Sampson, afterward bombarding
American ports; that the Cherokees
and the negroes in the United States
have rebelled: that President McKinley
has been mobbed; that Admiral Cama
ra is at Singapore; that he is going to
land in the south Philippines; that the
allied Spanish ,fleets will annihilate
Admiral Dewey and finally, that the
climate is decimating the American
A Train Held Up.
The incoming Omaha flyer, on the
Birmingham road, was held up at Dug
H-ill, two miles north of St. Joseph,
3Mo.. at 9 o'clock Thursday night by
five or six well armed men. After se
curing possession of the express car,
the robbers rolled the Adams Express
company's small safe out of the car
door into a wagon and endeavored to
haul it away. They abandoned their
task, however, and soon dumped the
safe out upon the highway. It is stated
by railroad offieials that the robbers
secured 818, 2S0 from the safe which .
they took 'from the Adams Express
comp)any s car.
Tillman at Leesville.
At the invitation of the people of
Leesville Senator Tillman delivered an
address there last Thursday. lie made
a vigorous defense of the dispensary
law and regarded it as the best solution
of the liquor problem that could be de
vised. lie thought it was so firmly en
trenched in the hearts of the people
that it would never be removed. Sena
tor Tillman also spoke in behalf of
highecr education and made a strong
plea for Clemson college. He was in
favor of all State institutions and es
pecially the Clemson Agricultural Col
Berrier Has Skipped.
Joseph' F-. Berrier. a member of the
Riichl \ olunteers. left Columbia be
tween two suns last week with 55 of
the coi many's monmey. which he had
collecterd to defray- lhe expenses of the
annual .arbecue of the c:ompan~y. Ber
rier has~ been a fiagnman on the South
era~ r..ib .ay. but lately he has been out
of work. havingi for some reason lost
i pnsjtion. I'r to this time he has
bornie a 'ood repm: ation. and his friendls
are gretly surprised at his present eon
A Fast Boat.
A. dispatch from San Franiceo says
the torpcdo boat destroyer Farragut.
which ha~d her builders' trial Thursday
prov e- to be a wonder and her construe
to \h epct that her official test will
show her to e the fastest craft of her
type in the world. If she does not
u age a speed of :12 knots her builders
wll1 be disapp)ointed-.
Gen. Barkely. commuanding- the bri
Ceade. of which thle First Rleiiment
forml a1 p:t: has appoin ted MIaj. Julius
11. .MInd. 31. D..~ brigrade surireon:
Iieut. C. Brown ir ni mth. Co. I. aide
dielmp: Lieut. I. II. 3luses. Jr.. bri