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BE THOU HONEST.
Dr. Talmage Preaches on Various
Methods of Getting Money.
ITS POWER IN POLITiCS.
Its Use Is Fruitful Source of Cor
ruption. Bribery is Villainy.
Violation of Solemn Trust
Dr. Taliage in this discourse ar
raigns the various inode b.v whici Some
cope act money that does not belong
to t heI and commnie0i" the fr deain
that succeeds best at at: tex 1 Tim
othy vi. !. *'They that will be rich fall
into a teimlptatiol IId a s11nre. and into
many foolish and hiurtiul lusts, which
drown men in destruction and perdi
tion." That is th e Niagara falls over
which rush a multitude of souls
namely, the determination to have
the money anyhow. right or wrong.
Tell me how a man gets his money and
what he does with it and I will tell you
his character and what will be his desti
ny in this world andtlie next. I pro
pose to speak today about the ruinous
modes of getting money.
In all our city. state and national elev
tions large sums of money are used in
in bribery. Pities, from being the
science of zood government. has often
been bedraaieed into the synonym for
turbulency and turpitude. A monster
sin, plausible. potent, pestiuerous, has
gone forth to do its dreadful work in all
ages. Its two hands are rotten with
leprosy. It keeps its right hand hid
den in a deep pocket The left hand is
clinched, and with its icherous knuckle
it taps at the door of the courtoom. the
legislative hall. the congress and the
parliament. The door swings open and
the monster enters and glides through
the aisles of the council chamber soft ly
as a slippered page, and then it takes its
right hand from its deep porket and of
fers it in salutation to judge or legisla
tor. If that hand be taken and the
palm of the intruder cross the paln of
the official, the leprosy crosses from
palm to palm in a round blotch. round
as a gold eagle, and the virus spreads,
and the doom is fixed, and the victim
perishes. Let bribery. accursed of
God and man, stand up for trial.
The Bible arraigns it again and
again. Samuel says of his two sons.
who became judges, "They took bribes
and perverted judgment." David says
of some of his pursuers, "Their right
hand is full of-bribes." Amos says of
some men in his day. 'They take a
bribe and turn aside the poor in the
gate." Eliphaz foretells the crushing
blows of God's indignation. decIig.
"Fire shall consume the tabernacles of
The president of the American con
gress during the American Revolution,
General Reed was offered 10,000 gui
neas by foreign commissioners if he
would betray this country. He replied,
"Gentlemen, I am a very poor man, but
tell your king he is not rich enough to
buy me." But why go so far when
you and I, if we move in honorable so
ciety, know men and women who by all
the forces of earth and hell could not
be bribed. They would no more -be
bribed than you would think of tempt
ing an angel of light to exchange heaven
for the pit. To offer a bribe is villainy,
but it is a very poor compliment to the
man to whom it is offered.
I have not much faith in those peo
ple who go about bragging how much
they could get if they would only sell
out. Those women who complain that
they are very often insulted need to un
derstand that there is something in their
carriage to invite insult. There are
men at Albany and at Harrisburg and
at Washington who would no more be
approached by a bribe than a pirate
boat with a few cutlasses would dare to
attack a British man-of-war with two
banks of guns on each side loaded to
the touchhole. They are incorruptible
men, and they are the few men who arc
to save the city and save the land.
Meanwhile may advice is keep out of
politics unless you are invunrable to this
style of temptation. Indeed if even
you are naturally strong you need re
ligious buttressing. Nothing but the
grace of God can sustain our public men
and make them what we wish. I wish that
there might come an old fashioned re
vival of religion, that it might break
out in congress and the legislatures and
bring many of the lending Republicans
and Democrats down on the anxious seat
of repentance. That day will come, or
something better, for the Bible declares
that kings and queens shall become
nursing fathers and mothers to the
church, and if the greater in authority
then certainly the less.
My charge also to parents is. renmeim
ber that this evil of bribery often be
gins in the home circle and in the tnur
sery. Do not bribe your children.
Teach them to do that which is right,
and not 'oecause of the 10 cents or the
orange which you wilt give them. There
is a great difference between rewarding
virtue and making the profits thereof
the impelling motive. That man who
is honest merely because "honesty is
the best policy" is already a moral
My charge to you in all departments
of life, steer clear of bribery. all of you.
Every man and woman at some time
will be tempted to do wrong for coim
pensation. The bribe may be offered
in money. It may be offered in social
position. Let us remember that there
is a day coming when the most secret
transaction of private life and of public
life will come up for public rep~rehen
We cannot bribe sickness, we cannot
bribe death, we cannot bribe the grave.
we cannot bribe the judgments of that
God who thunders agrainist this sin.
"FPie!" said Cardinal Beaufort, --tiec
Can't 'death be bribed? Is mooney
nothing? Must I die, and so rieh? If
the owning of the whole realn would
save me. I could get it by policy or by
purchase-by money." No, death
would not be bribed then. ie will not
be bribed now. Men of the wvorld
often regret that they have to leave
tileir money here when they go away
from the world. You can tell fromt
what they say in their last hours that
one of their chief sorrows is that they
have to leave their money. I break
that delusion. I tell that bribe taker
that he will take his mooney with him.
God will wrap it up in your shi'oud, or
put it in the palm of your hand in res
urrection, and there it will lie, not the
cool, bright, shining gold as it wa on
the day when you sold your ,oteand
your moral principle. but there it will
lie, a hot metal. burning and consunm
ing your hand forever. (Jr. if there 'ye
enough of it for a chain. then it will
fall over the wrist. clanking the fetters
of an eternal captivity. The bribe is
an everlasting possession. Y ou taike it
for time, you take it for eter'nity. Somei
day in the niext world, when y'ou are
longing for sympathy. yotu will feel on
your cheek a kiss. Looking up, you
will find it to be .Judas. who took 30
pieces of silver as a b ribe' :nd finished
thme bargain by putting an infa:i;:us kiss
on the.pure cheek of his I)ivine Master.
iier 1 I t c 11nntt to his
he i anallninstrtorand lwids ill his
handl. tilt- 1intereAto the fa-1nily of a dec
.' t~ ' d' t t ,, t ti to I
vetae i :end. or lie is an att')rney. alid
t hiUoll his custody gocs the paivnlellt
from delbtor to creditor, or he is tile
collc tor for a business house. which
compeitfnsates him for the responsibility.
or he is treasurer ?or a charita2 Ii
stitutiol. :Id lie holds aiIlms cotit. ,utei
for the suftfering. or ne is an otitcial oif
the city or the state or t he liation. alld
taxCs and subsidies ali salaries and
supplies are in his keepi.
There is not a city thai has not s f
fered fromi the abuse of tius t flto.
Whcre is the couithoue or the city h ak l
or the jail or the Pootlfie o t ei hos
pital that in the buiilin, (if aL ha,: n(t
hadJ. a iolitica il' h! ,1' before tie
new courtimuinse in New Yoirk eity was
c01m pleted it cost 12300I01- 1 ive
million six hun d td siy-tr
thosil td ollr o funiture l o r
niaserin an re~pair; MI.AMI. : filr
1,u1in an uas work. .2:18
fo(r awllin . -:z:'.,55:3. the bills for
three. nmnths coin to nlice little sumli
If .1:'.15 1. S . There Was not an
hlest b'ick . stone or lath or nail or
foot of plumbing or inkstand or door
knob in the w hole establishment.
Tha:tt bad example was followed in
Iallny of the cities. which did not steal
quite sOi much because there Was not so
inch to steal. There ought to be a
closer inspection. and there ought to be
less opportunity for I embezzlement.
Lest a mai shall take a 5 cent piece
that does not. belong to him. t he conduc
ttr on the city horse car must sound his
bell at every paVment. anid we are very
Caut10:i abolt sinill oIfenses. but give
plenty of opportunities for sinners on a
large scale to escape-for a boy who
steals a loaf of bread from a corner gro
cer to keep his mother from starving to
death. a prison. but for defrauders who
abseVonid with 4500.000, a castle oi thie
Ihine. or, waiting until the offense is
forgotten. a castle on the 11 udson.
Another remark needs to be made.
and that is that people ought not to go
into places. into business or into posi
tions where the temptation is mightier
than their character. If there be large
sums of money to be handled, and the
man is not sure of his own integrity,
you have no right to run an unseaworthy
craft in a hurricane. A man can tell
by the sense of weakness or strength in
the presence of a bad opportunity Whe
ther he is in a safe place. How many
parents make an awful mistake when
they put their boys in banking houses
aud stores and shops and factories and
places of solemn trust without once dis
cussing whether they can endure the
temptation! You give the boy plenty
of money and have no account of it
and make the way down become very
easy and you may put upon him a pres
sure that he cannot stand. There are
men who go into positions full of temi
tation. considering only that they are
An abbot wanted to buy a piece of
round, and the owner would not sell it.
but the'owner finally consented to let it
to him until he could raise one crop.
and the abbot sowed acorns-a crop of
200J years! And I tell you. young man,
that the dishonesties wvhich you plant
in your heart and life will seem to be
very insignificant, but they will grow .up
until they will overshadow you with
horrible <darkness, overshadow all time
and all eternity. It will not be a crop
for "00 years. but a crop for everlasting
You have no right to use the property
of others except for their advantage.
nor without consent, unless they are
minors. If with their consent you in
vest their property as well as you can.
and it is all lost, you are not to blame.
You did the best you could, but do not
come into the delusion, which has ruined
so many men. of thinking because a
thing is ia their posession,. therefore it
is theirs. You have a solemn trust that
God has given you.
In any community there may be some
who have misappropriated trust funds.
Put them back or. if you have so hope
lessly involved them that you cannot
put them back, confess the whole thing
to those whom you have wronged, and
you will sleep better nights. and yotu
will have the better chance for your
soul. What a sad thing it would be if
afteryou arc dead your administrator
should find out from the account books.
or from the lack of vouchers, that you
were not only bankrupt in estate, but
that you lost your soul! A blustering
oung man arrived at a hotel in the
west, and lie saw a maiu on the side
walk whom he supp)osed to be a laborer.
and in a rough way, as no man has a
riht to address a laborer, said to hism.
"arry this trunk up stairs." Tlhe mian
carried the trunk tip stairs and caine
down, and then the young man gave
him a quarter of a dollar which was
eliped, and instead of being 25 cents
it was worth only 20) cents. T'hen the
yotng man gave his card to the laborer
and said: "You take this up to Gover
nor G rimes. I want to see him." "~Ah.'
said the laborer. I[ am Governor
Grimes."' 'Oh,'" said the young man,
"vou--excuse ime." Then thegovernor
sa'id: "I was much impressed by tihe
letter yotu wrote ime asking for a ccertain
office in my gif't. and i had made up
myv mind you should have it, ,but a
voung man who will client a labtrer out
of 5 cents would swindle the govern
ment of the state if he got his hands on
it. 1 don't want you. G.ood imorniing.
I do not suppotse there was ever a bet
ter stiecimenl of honesty than was foiund
i tile 1;ukc of Wecliington. le lmarchled
with his armyv ov'er the French front!.
and the army was suffering, and hec
scarcely knew how to get along. Plen
t of' plunder all abou~itt. but lie com
muandedt none of the plunder to be takens
le writes homei these remiarkable word.
"eare overwhelned with debts, and
1 can searcely' st i' out of my house tin
acouut of public creditors, waiting to
demand what is due to thenl.' 'et ait
tle very time the Frenich peasantry
were brinitime their valuables to) himi to
k ip.A celcbi'ated writer says of the
tasaction: ''Nothing can be grander
or more nobfly originial thanli this adinis
10on This old soldier. alter J9 years'
Cervice. ti s iron manl and victorittus
renerl. established in an enem'. s
country at tile head of an liaense
arm". is afraid of is' ciceditiirs! This
is a 'kind oft fea tht nhasseldoml troubledi
con uerors and' i nvader-. and~ 1 di ubt if
tle aiinals 0f wari presenit anything
co:narable to its - suim'e simpliicity.
Oh. is it nor high tinie that we pireai'h
the Imorals of the goipel right beside the
fith of' the gospel ? Mr. Frtoude. the
clbated Fu 'llish historian, hals writ
Itell if hiis own~ cioun try these remiarkable
wos: --Fromn the grreat house in the
cit of London to tile viillage Cro tcir the
Icom~ecial life of Enln has been
satratedl with fraud. St deepi has it
can hardu~ hlidi hlis gr'oundi~ aga ist coil
pettitin. iiout can not~ lonigcr trust thai~t
artile you' uyis the thingr which
i.rhts, fa.le moesroe c-leatiii:and
ind i herec A'~ .\l::uy In is iof cir
di' ile ni .io I f li ' 'a r zy. l 'nbih a
ir hivingstn. the fa:iniu expl'rer.
wa*- diesend e' frad til hia adr
andi he aid ta n f his :ulcer
Itie fhe higbudre-nedaAale
I iii a i ar 1uli 0 hin. e li ': I ii er
trais dyin.i e hd ithisch ilen'
around'' L h'is ahbedi. !! a lid: dstw
m s:1. ha tiled al thrg 'ur
I tr a.z fa ac sim. e~i ti itcn
I thave. ntevei 6fli d a1 dishonei t ma inN
::ll the line.. and, 1 wanl, you to un1aer-l
: 1 a on i n er el bi p :ld.1t l oi
haVe nto excuse fori ng, wr41 n1 . -11"1!1
lads he he wekdt. deint i
am i 'lad s.wme w I as t1:z set t.o musi
ithsee it'n tAuiust, (1 1. t when''s a
t1ung gIiirl saved from heuitli. a wiie
rail tain if' iiassni glert. im e f u
re iilt 'r tlat olt W t;e il that earl It
a stormyti.ht a herricane blew d'toiwn'
iart of a rilro.d ie . frcelght
train ide alontt. :oI it crashed into
the in. :md the enginiee a11d conueilo
twr erished. There Wil ai st a il livini
ia her father's cabinu, nar the disaster.
:nedt shie feard the crash (ft the freight
train. a td the kne that in a few n:,i
mts an exriss fwaS Ue. She liehte
a lantern :nd clambere ut on th On
bena of, thet w.recked bridze <m1 to thle
utin brig which was trstlework.
aud stlartedi t ross am id the thunder
ald the lidtin s of the tempesth an
the ra,_inu, of the'torront benieath. One
Idropped unle it wollS a ould leatl.
Ami tll tiat horror the lantIen went
out. rawlin soilletinc alldI solintles
wadkin over the slippey rails i:t ni ove
the trestlework. shve came to the other
Sded of the river. S an ated to -et to
the telegraph station v.hore the express
tretiu dis not stop, so that the dangter
nigt be telegraphed to the station
where the train did stop. The traind
was due ino a few minutes. athe was
o mile o i fromL the telegraph station.
but sortitely ti train waslate. With
ut ailnd bruised feet she fl w like the
wid. Coming up to the telegraph Sta
tion panting wvithi almost deadly ex
haustion, she had only strenkth to
shout, 'The brid e i is down!" when she
dropped unconscious and could hardly
by resuscitated. The message was sent
from that station to the next station.
and the train yalted. and that nitit
that brave g-irl s-aved the lives of hun
dreds. of and saVed many
homes from de'-olation. But every
street is a tracke;,ndevery style too si
ness is a track B ad every dayis a track.
Iaad multitudesg under the power of
temptation oreme twee and
sweeping hwn toward perils rainl id
terriie. God elp us to g o out and stop
the train! Let us throw sol signal.
Let us give sone warning. By the
throne of God let us flosh sm i
to stop the downward progress. Be
:ware! Beware!I The b~ridge is down,
the chast is deep. and the liitnings of
IGod set allthe night of sin tt fire with
this warning: t Ih e that. bein ofte
reproved, hardenlthe is neckshall sud
I dlybe destroyd. and that without
pAvertsing emed lAiultoitheTto
Excl nnsiv A nthse fotBckoos rie.t
pa"rint srnnin ant ae dwnin crTen
walkine tn, defce heiI ex-neda
pei' ifn hetoseh onhy charge nws to)
clle dwhat ohr eol kowe hinin
'thwa of buiets. sndinte. '-tnee
into the ofuch oney eterone ndtaid:
l'ie ointhe dcs it.' eold'
neUpon byeiig informed themtieoye
.that is t2aincnh looike it overas
Illtiestt had t ed go (tth isappear-I~ti
anee ofler' sadaou w ek
bere. w si a ntedi toi put1 i'ea
n~ie adver 'etiedn Je tli gt oeiwas
paories to ha tn she lonnged to havep
ofiolsiicV'~~ at hoe.Ilw kc itoul i
Lessw dLiqrs an rinkn.' nwrd
"Tauein a fpnci In l a heet of cop'
paper she labore laborni' i's forprcs to
serymhowuhthr A eengt e ltre dhe
cae in thed aontullwasoi delrtely
couknry out of the oumwhen ('ke
herifstile situin the chartge waso
Iaoii t ruh ecron in athe ing
'bot yuri businessbsuh.Bu nee everi''
efe ht hl1'l ti m olet erne had
i' of it.'Joe's dwuZt' i, bt Ib old'
nerr bui i baclat try. em1 i'iggrc .
Ie'sstixiltoot thre in is barefesuh
ao iasl . td2 in I make6 it $15of' .
Ioll. us ha e thereou an gite his tai
Th'eittreas mtimbe ine'1 hersre
siratio. gi adtd -Joe, s 'iis t other
ipr io o' antwel' ue hasiCim up.e
Oncln'.ning there was a tn-a on he7I
door an 'i di d 'n't aerised fr an
menct of lbor:2~ for d ui~lt(ly gie Viueito
sho thati threa been e' tlre dee l
creaseC in thecontumptioun ofli e in txi
contry.lti41 I 18 e c onsumpt""A in of )I
istilled iits in theitl'ntted States
wa '1 -alons inr ever man.c wom I
Tton die proably vrazoccre
befoe :unog anytJ~ people. There has
alaos been aii dee.:eae I in thrusedo
in'n thisii cou'nty. Thee ct'aita
a ii 5:allon.i nif l l t w s o .
A ROU AA MET1NG.
The Cankdidatcs Curse and Dow
P iso .t Griecvile
THE LIE PASSED FREELY.
Thomas and Gray Have a Squally
Time. Other Candiadates Con
ducted Thomselvez De
cently and in Order.
Last lursda v eva., : ain ay at
G.reinVille. and tite 1.d tt! I hlad .I hot
blood Shed-1. The reproofs valjant and
theemmer-hee o garrel.4ome, of pre
no',thiin-s bside the lies diret-I anl
ihe iailheaI daensi that h urtled across
the hurirtin Thursday. lylnnite
,ulis wt're ulim e i usini corres
pondlents. wlo firstt Ituiglit was to
lve to tll the tirW, to t'eenite the
dobeshlile to e-scape. an enitihodlng,
tire. that somieu'In didn't enfilade. The
vaudeville outdid itself. 1anl there was
ll:itcanl heat inl the ati'osphiie. Tan -
talizinlunn'lolas. GrIitty Gray and Ea
'ler' Ev-ans. alias Belliger-:: lirney
were the star perlfornlilrs. 1'.ie otther
teniemIbers of thc t*oupe remiai'ing in the
winl-,- duringllu the pyroteelo,.ies.
T it Se w ho looked 1,r a hot tini
din thle raiilrtademissioni tilt wetre'
nlot diia iproinlted. Co' ntnuissionler Thornms
I lmpooiied eni. iray oil hlis native
leaithl. ridiuiilin 1 his btusinhess record.
and (i. iay applied the lie without
ifs~~~~~ an buIlheneddina torrent
of epithts. 3lajor E'vans finally get
ting into the breach and painting the
co mmissioner's record in black. The
siory of the diay' is ani unprecedented
Ole. A'fter t wenlty speecles had been
II:de hr condidates for loth offices
Chairman Aus till read the follow ing by
"Ruilroad Comiimissioner Thomas of
fers a reward of' -5i) to any of' his com
ptit'rs who. by Mionday niext, will
iigire any just and reasonable rate of
fertilizer as the law requires. based oi
the cost of service. over the different
roads otf this State. The money has
been deposited in the City National
Bank of Greenville, and ai order for
the same will be given to aiy one of
thelml complying with the above."
The reading- had scarcely concluded
when Major Evantts bounded to the
front and cried. *'hiere's no use to wait
until Monday. I want that money right
now! He began to calculate the rate,
Mr. Tloias eIdeavoring- t6 stop hinm.
telling the chairman it -was not fair to
let Evans speak out of his turn. Fvaus
stood to the rack. declaringr he had been
challenged and would reply. After de
tailing the amount of investment. debt,
carnills. etc. of the Southern Railway.
lie tigured that the average rate on all
Ionev s invested. basing the r"ate of
inte-st at 4, per cent. is 27 cents per
hundred or less than carload lots for
eleven classes. ''Now." lie cried. 31r.
Thomas. give me your money
.'You haven't said a thing," declared
Thomas: *"t hat's all goose gabble.
"Oh." said Evans. "so you are to be
the judge. that's where the slick scheme
comes in. I leave it to tile people
whether I calculated a rate." (\'oice:
'"That's what you did.'') (Laughter' and
Comimissioner Thomas begani his
.;peeh. Whten lie referred to the re
ward Evans declared he had a strinig
tied to it. Continuing he said lie had
f ouzht his colleagues on the board be'
eause for four years they had robbed
the farmers of' Greenville of sixty cents
per ton on fertilizers.
Voice: ''Cati yot calculate that
Thomlas: ''Yes: I amt trained to it. I
saved the people one hundred thousand
dollars by my rate.
Gen. Gray interrupted with a motion
that the five minutes time of the seveu
candidates be extended to ten mitiutes.
''for," said lie. '"I want to show this
3Mr. Thomas: 'MIr. Gray is a clever
gentleman. lIe's a samle of the rest
of' my opponents. lle's'.i lawyer in
Greenille with a clilent. hunting a job.
Th'ie record shows that lie has not had a
case it: five years. I went by' his oilltee
tday. aind the grass was rrowiing around
it. aind a hitle ini thet wtindow was so
ped tip w ithi a pai r of old breeches. Ilie
has beeni a tdead failure in everythii ng
lie has tred1. Now. is it safe to en
tiust such a mani with this impllortatt
;eni. Gray sat still under-thiis assatult
When his turn came lie said lie had tnot
liv ed in G reenville for twenty-eigiht
ye'ars for nlothting. antd ''the pteople will
give the lie to this mian's charges, its I
now do." As lie said this hie stepped
toward Idr Tlhomas, shaking~ his finiger.
liTe pteople don't know it, timu:.h.'
dc'li'rrd I Thtmas with a laugh.
iry "Tliev kiiew it is not true.
T homa': ''Yes it is. every' word ofl
iray It sho ns lie hasin't the ini
sinets of' a genttlemlan wleti lie couiles
lere w li t lese wo rdls atcillst til.
'hmat;n"S 'XStiglst ilig whotil yu
cool. and GIray wais ei'mwding' on steam
under' his r'ising i ndignaiol. "This
iiani." ''le said. ''has been abusing us
all atnd cryinig perseention. Y ou kniow
my', recoriid 'as' alawyer'. ( Voice: ' You
are ill r 'iht . g ahead.' For years I
have lit prac'tiet I haI ve beld public
oflice anid my ii ~ invetents have giveti
!!ut'e Ihis propto ition iwtithI the datau be
fre h imI. Miv at ll it retirtes a mtani
sit in. wich'l lhe has lit cot.
Thionas: ' '\out tell tme that outside
iand I will shi-w you liha e somite man-t
Gen. G~ ray's time' had exitired and a
h tt cutllotgny took place as lie backed ttt
is seat. ' 'l d enounie you as a tool of
t'e tail roaus. Ie ii rie.
Gray.X coing' for"ward' to this cotrres
wott dent t htable. iell witili one otuher'
-I.arated tile two mienl.\.And yotu are
a d- d liar
MiIr ihomai kept li seat. looking
imperc~ t' utbe 'n banii i'terinigly rej oined
''are wors thant a srpet 'Iu icoin
hichin ti. cornf ully. It was at danocer
ilu t moti . everai Vi ces werec hecai'd
callting~ On Gray to '-titdowni. aind de
itrm th t iihting wtultd he allow
th it kim ii en :id. :WiX h
3it' EVt's s'ec 'h folltwed. It
it to any Xommitiittee tL decide. E'venl tl
hc it tile mlney, he sail. Thomas
wouhil~ get out ~'tec 'i'ry Palpet's anid miake
a I lea tI iamublin e. Whamt thle people
hotd a n et trmit h ailoan who wtuld
pe ple I rn hh I ; I I I i wn :1 1 le
:! ll 1 - '! ' 1.- V : i Ii,,
I ii I i c
I~~ ~ V. II IN Ii i: I I ' I
b I: oi h r( cxcIi II.. -. b- I fren
lowed by peeche- front a nmibiler of
othr i Iandidates. all of whom tried to
show why thiiey siild each have the
particular Ilice they were seekinir. Mr.
Feiathers.tcne wats aa iressive. lie eenI
sitiired it all insui ti say that there
was io selitinlentt to 11 il o prollibitiilli.
'ir. Archer aie L to the people not
to be carriel by a suppoiSt1 conidition
of society in thle pr hibhition question.
31r. Wlitmian was in a troieing hu11
111r. alid mle- a (Iaractir:stie speech.
: El erbe deciared that lie had tricd
ti be IU vernr 'If the whole peleiC.
I Il Said Col. Watsions cliargc agrainit
iiit for not appointmli Leforilers as
Ilicer- f the first reoiment was un
wortiy of him. Stokes. Tillian. .;ar
e i omkins il liasclden were le
for ellrs. ILt he tried to rise above piar
tizanship, mak ing :Ippoi n timents re -
'-arle of i'ditical affiliations.
IElleI was foliowed by Sehunipert.
who iiadie a plea for highlicenise as
taaist the dispensary. Then came
Col. G co. 1). Tillan, who made a
characteristic speech. Ile was follmved
by Col. Watson. who claimed that it
Woud be a moickery for Prohibitionists
to vote for Featlerstone. who had join
ed the ranks on pobation only tive
years ago. and agfainst himself, as he
had neverdrunk liqnor. "Is this young
mn.. satid he, to displace a temperance
m:n if sixty years. who lias given all
his lire to fight whiskey. who has edu
cated a generation not to touch it and
who has made it disreputable in hii.s
neithborhood to handle it." IIe then
went oii to say that the prohibitionist
dit not expect to get prohibition as
I y were making no tight for the legis
it othe r speakers were. Bellinger.
MIower. 31eSweeoney. J'erhlamt. Eptonl.
lerry. Garris. Stansell and Sligh: The
candid ates were handsomely and agree
ly enterztained by the citizen- of
CROPS IN THE STATE.
Too Much R Ain inU.ny Quarters In
juring Grain and Fruit.
The temperature conditions were fa
vorable for crop development during
the week. and over the central belt of
counties. from the G corgia to the North
Carolina borders. sunshine and rainfall
were also favorable factors. but else
where there were many and extensive
areas where the rainfall was excessive
and sunshine deficient. conditions that
had a deteriorating effect on the staple
crops. particularly cotton. Reports from
York. Spartanburg. Union. Abbeville.
Anderson. Richland and from Marlboro
and Marion counties. and less extended
areas in many other counties indicate
that the corn and cotton crops are very
promising. as are all the minor fn.l
and forage crops. but these conditions
are not uniform over the State. and are
not the prevailing ones for corn. while
cotton, cane. peas. sweet potatoes, to
bocco and rice are makingr satisfactory
growth and develipmient. Crops are
Ipractically all layed by. bitt generally
in a rery grassv condition. however.
with numerous ~reports of clean, well
The condition of corni seems to lack
Iuniformiitv. with many fields where a
large yield is assured. but during the
week mucht lowland corn was damaged
by heavy rains. Ears as a rule are well
filled and matured. Young corn is
--firing" on light soils, while much
stubble corn was injured by excessive
Fodder pulling has progressed rapi~d
lyv. and is under way over the eastern
and central counties: sonme fodder lost
by frcijuent rains in Berkeley and
Barnwcll counties. In York and Salu
da counties the corn crop is reported
In localities where little or ino raini
tell, and where normal amount of suit
sh inme prevailed, cotton made seasona
ble imtproveimenit in fruitage and has
hint on a large .July crop. but there is
compilainit of rutst anid sheddinzg i ncreas
inig rapidly. particularly front Drches
ter. Becaufort. Urangeburg, L~exington.
Barnwell . ( olleti ni. Suimter. WVill iamts
burg and Chesterfield coiunties: stuch re
p rts are not eon tined to thlose counties
bitt. with a few exceptions. include
portions of every county in the State.
it Abbeville a great deal of cotton
has been practically abandonied on ae
count of grass. Cotton is turningt yel
low or red ott certaini light soils. where
growth has stopped, and is sealing or
firing in Piekens. It was injured by
rainm in Newberry.
Bolls are opening slowly, and are
needinig dry weather anid suishtine.
Sea I slanid cotton is in splendid con -
ditiomn and clea n of gras and weeds: is
bloomitig extremtely . with somte little
frinitage. liut sun-hinie g'reatly neeced.
Tobacco etutting and euring~ is near
ig compillettin ini Floireince and Wil
liamtshturg countties and is well ad
vanceed elsew here. with a conttinuatlin
of favorable report- f romt atll tobacco
With the excptioni of too wet for
rice on bottom lands in IBamtberg coun
ty, thtis crop continues to look promtis
ing. It is hteadinig in the earliest, or
coast districts, and with favorable
weather, harvesting will soon begin.
GIrass for hay ha~s attained at heavy
growth. Cutting contintues ini Chtar
leston countty, but has not generally
begun in WNilliamtsburg.
Sugatr cane antd sorghtumi are repoirted
veryv tine. Sugar makingz will begint
his. week. The coniditioni it cante is
above an average over the entire State.
Sweet potatoes look very promtisintg
as do field peas and peantuts. Some
peavine hay lhas beeni itade.
In somte of the western couties there
is at lut it' waternielons, where also
peachies contiznc plent iful. but t hiere is
a. seiity of atpples anid pears.
Typhoid Fever Rampant.
Privates E. L. Mliller, Comtpany A.
Fourth Pennizsylvania Voluntteers: Rtoht.
Vaughn, Comp~any 31. Nineteenth in
fatry. and D~aniel Fisher. troop 3I.
Second l'tnited States cavalry, died at
Atanta Thursday of typhoid fever at
Ft. 31elhersoit. There are now 4100
casesC of typhtoitd lever there of which
ityt are ini a serious cinditimn. Extrat
pcatnsto guard agaist infection
has been taken by. 31aj. ~utbb. lie
coaaingttlt othie r. and the three
thotsanid recruits will be sent to other
camps ais soin a-; possible.
The Firt New Bale.
A neCw bale of cottont\ was '.old in ('0
luuibia on 'luesday\ .Auglist I.'-ti
bale was raised by ('at. WA. L. L. Wil
siot, who lives; it Pleaisant, in the tippet.
part uf Rilatnd. Caipt. Wilson is
eit v-eight tyvear- ld. and this fact
makes the hionor alli the grreater for hiim
in brinninir t lie irt new bale to market.
The bale weighed 4 2I pounids. classed
miidling,. and broughtt S cents per
The Spaniards Mako Desperate
Attlck on the Anericanz.
THE KLLED AND WOUNDED.
The Mettle o7 Our Soldiers Was
Put to the Severest Test.
They Fought Well and Won.
A dispatch from Iong Kong utnder
date of Aug. 9 says advices juSt receiv
ed fromi alnila sliow that a severe :n
aseent tok place oi J uly :1 betwe :n
the Spaniard- and Anerizans near
Mlanila. 'lhe latter were vie.ort0iou.
biat Id Inin kiiled a ni vIminled.
''he battle occurred oi the niglt of
A di patch to the WoIril saI e: e.
reen's frce, ntmiberin.g 4.000 mn.I
had been advancingI! and1u eltreiclin.
'lhe arrival of the third expedition fill
edl the Spamiaris with rage and they:
dettermim.ed !,o give! battle before Camp
D.1ewey could be reinforced. h'li
trences extended from the beach :0
vards to the left flaik of the insurgent s
iuinlav was the insurgent I feast day and
their left flank withdrew. leavin: the
American right. flank expoised. Con
panies A and if tie Tent Pennsyl
vania and I'tahli attery were ordered to
enforce the right flank. Iii the midst
of a raing typhoin with a tremendous
downpour If rain tie eneiy's forces,
estimated at:1'.0Om) ien. attempted to
surprise ie camp. Our pickets were
driven in and the trenches assaulted.
Toe brave PIennsylvan ia men never
flinched. but stowod ticir ground under
a witlieriu fire. 'he alarm spread and
the First California reziment. with two
compaies of the Third artillery. whoi
foughtt with rifles, were sent up to reini
force the Pennsylvaiii:niS. Ihe eneI
were in top of the trenches u hen these
reinforcetments arrived. and never was
the discipline of the regulars better de
monstrated than by the work of the
Third artillery under Capt. O'IIara.
Notling could be seen but flashes of
Mauser rifles. Men ran right up to the
attacking Spaniards and mowed them
down -with regular volleys.
The Utah battery. under Capt.
Young. covered itself with glory. The
men pulled their guns through mud
axle-deep. Two guns were sent around
in flank and poured in a destructive
enfiladin. fire. The enemy was re
pulsed and retreated in disorder. Our
itfantry had exhausted its ammunition
and did not follow the enemy. Not an
inch of ,round was lost. but the scene
in the trenches was one never to be
forgotten. )uring flashes of lightninT
the dead and wounded could be seen
lvinz in blood-red water. but icither
the elements of heaven nor the destrue
tive power of man could wl'ing a cry of
protest from the wouoded. They en
couraged their comrades to fight. and
handed over their cartridge belts.
During the night the Spanish scouts
were seen carrying off dead and wound
ed of the enemy. The American dead
were buried next day in the convent of
Maracaban. On the night of August 1st
the fighting was renewed, but the ene
my had been taught a lesson and made
the attack at long range with heavy
artillery. The Utah battery replied
and the artillery duel lasted an hour.
One man was killed. lie was Fred.
Springster. Firt Colorado. and two men
were wounded. On the night of Au
gust 2d the artillery duel was renewed.
Two men were badly wounded atnd are
reported dead. bringittg the total dead
to 13. with 10 in hospital mortally
The-Spanish are stunned and demor
alized by the great victory won by the
Americans against such odds. Accordingi
to reports brought by the refugees all
the advantages were so clearly on the
side of the Spanish that the soldiers
and residents of 31ite expected noth
ing less than the driving of the Ameri
ans into the sea. Their hopes had
also been buoyed up by the Spanish
press at MIalite. which published lying
repiorts as to the woeful conditions attd
weakness of numbers of the Americans.
The Spanish loss is very heavy in
luding several officers. The Spattish
plan was to turni tihe American flank.
mtake a joint attack otn tile front and
ig'ht withI the inrtentiotn of kill ing as
nany as possible. to demoralize the
Amierican force before the general ad
vance itr 3anila. TIhey fought dog
gedly to this end, but the steady fire of
the American rifles antd batteries tutter
ly unexpected, caused the Spanish to
withdraw into the 3Ialite forts and
Gjen. Green issued this address to
"Camp Dewey. Near MIanila.
"The brigad ier general contmanding
desires to) thank the troops engaged last
ightt for gallantry and skill displayed
by thetm in repelling such a vigorouts
attack by htrgrely superior forces of
Spaniards. Not an inch of ground was
yielded by the Te'nth Pennsylvania in
fan try and Utah artillery stationed in
the trenches. A battalion of the Third
artillery and First regiment of Califor
nia infantry tmoved forward to their
support through a galling fire with the
utmost intrered ity. 'Thle coutrage and
steadiness shown by all in thc engage
ments is worthly of the highest comt
In Sunday night's skirtmish the f 1
lowine were killed:
George W. E. Bro)wn of' the Tenth
P en nsylvan ia.
Private lirady of the Tenth Penn
Private Bowker of the First Wyvom
Privates lItull. Briniton. Noss and
Stillwagetn. all understood to be of the
First Sergeant 3Maurice .Just of the
Privatte IDawsoni. Battery K'. Third
Private MceKelrathi. sat tery. A. Tiird
Private W\int ield. IBattery' II. Third
On 31londay nirlht Private Sprintgstead
of the 1itr-tC( olorado wais killed.
Last night (Tuesday) the following
were killed.I'~~j ft
Prite Wiilliamu Lewis -ldyo h
Twenty -tirid infanltry.
1riva*'te 11. BowerIs cr the signal
Privte FtIred. liuekland of the Tlhir
teen th MIinn fesotat.
one if the wtiumtded in Sunday
tiahts skirmtish were struck by shrap
Tm'l : grand jury oif the Baltimore City
Curt recently discussed th~e cepeu
ety and humnanity of pntune to 1.1atu
wit' it is known will not rec ier. Ih
diseussioin was proibabily ofteI -rc
uestiion if it would lie better I': th
hopj elessly i nsanie if they wer' ii'.i1e
riv removedl. and not withi ai new to
doirni! the ideai in the im-:: m :i'-vty
.f Baltimnore. Thie 5in2eetn il Ik
ine tff crazy pecph .iiis. horrible. x
state or couty authl rmue wiuld (tare
THIEF AET- ROBBER.
'iTh is What a Western Evangelist
Turned Out to Be.
b r t ivneh or to e:uii omize tIhe
loa. \ ,l 1 rn lailr. alias 'Ponea
Jim hak4. alias -'.\ltana Jack.
:tliaa d zen at her will Westerin namens.
i- lie 0usC-ii n :oW agitating the resi
dents offI riegory County S. D).
1'41 four years the Rev. Mr. Ililgard
ha been known as one of the ablest
vaIIelists ii that part of South Dakota.
For nearlv the same period "Ponca
Jim.~~ -lontana Jack." and the rest
have been bated and feared as the most
larinmg :i1d successful cattle rustlers.
orse tlieves. liialiwaYnicn and- cut
throats ,n the range. It wus oniy a few
days agfo tiat the lev. Mr. Iilard.
I-ti-a Jni." "Montana Jaek." et al.
Were d is'Covercd to be ole and the saic
lligari was calturei. after a long
chiase and a hotlight. with a quantity of
stolen property in his possession and
his hands red with the blood of several
imeniibers of the attacking party. Many
of the raichien favor hanging him to
the nearest tree. In the face of the
overwheliniiig evidence aaaiust him,
however. his friends maintain that
tlere ilst be sonie inistake and swear
14) rsevene Ililn.
The lUev. Mr. llil-zard located. with
his wife and three children. on a farm
near l-onesteel in the fall of 1894, an
nouiieed himself as an evangelist. and
began lolding meetings in and near the
town. was master of a style of oratory
peculiarly suited to the rough punch
ers and ranchmen who formed the grea
ter part of his audience.
Soon he received invitations to hold
revivals at other hamlets throughout the
eattle country. 11is life was supposed
to be exemplary. his gifts to charity
were liberal and his neighbors idolized
About that time a series of bold rob
heries coinininced in the vicinity. Cat
tIle were run out of the country and
sold at Easternii markets, horses stolen
by the score. lone travellers held up and
robbed and isolated farm hiousesentered
and ransacked. Those who resisted the
perpetrator of the outrages-all were
committed by a single man-invariably
conie out second best.
Once or twice the robber was pursued
by large posses and only escaped by
furious riding and evident familiarity
with the country. On one occasion
the fugitive disappea- 'd over a hill top,
on reaching rwhich the pursuers saw
IHilgard himself sitting on the ground
in a draw at the foot of the 'iillock.
His horse had stepped in a goph r hole.
thrown him and inflicted serious in
ihilgard's explanation that he was rid
ing down the draw and received his
hurts in an attempt to clear the way
for the fleeing desperado was readily
accepted and the pursuit actually given
over that all might assist in caring for
the good main.
His final capture was due to an auda
cious attempt to rustle a bunch of fine
steers on Nick Hammuill's ranch fourteen
miles north of Bonesteel. Hammill
appeared just as the animals were be
ing rounded up. and. after an exchange
of shots with the thief, gathered a par
tv of cowboys and started oii his trail.
So hot was the pursuit that the R1ev.
MIr. Ihilgard. as the thief afterward
proved to be. was driven to take re
fuse ini an abandoned dugout. Here
lie' stood his assailants off for seven
hours. and surrendered only after be
ing wotinded six times. Hlammill and
thi-re of his cowboys were also serious
ly hurt. one of the latter so badly that
he will probably die.
Ordinarily, short work would have
been made of such a captive, but the
discovery that it was their 'dear pastor"
Hilgard st, completely overpowered
the punchers that he was brought into
Bonesteel and lodged in the municipal
ealaboose. In die prisonier's pockets
were watches. rings and other articles
of jewelry. some of which have been
identified by their former owners.
One of Hilgard's victims was held up
while the evangelist was on his way
from Bonesteel to hold a revival series
at Willow Creek, twelve miles distant.
The victim was himself at some of these
meetings, but when he claimed to see
a resemblance between the speaker and
the man who robbed him lie narrowly
Several imrders. it is said, may be
laid at the revercndi gentleman's door.
A few weeks ago the corpse of a ranch
man naunedl G3raham wvas found hidden
in ani abandoned well near town. In
dians from the neighboring reservation
were at first suspected. but evidence is
now said- to have developed which
points strongly toward Hlilgard as the
Ililgard's journeys from town to towvn
to conduct mieetings have made it com
paratively easy for hiim to carry oin his
lawless career without discovery. 3Much
of the minister's plunder must have
been devoted to charitable purposes.
~is eanutors believe lhe actually comi
nitted manyii~ of his most serious offen
es to raisc money with which to re
lieve the necessities of poor families.
Roosevelt as an Issue.
There is an ugly row between Secre
tary of War Alger and Col, Theodore
hloosevelt. (Col. Roosevelt. writing to
'MIy D~ear 3Mr. Secretary" fromi Santia
o ender date of July 23d, says, among
-\e earnestly hope tha:t youi will
send most of the reguar. and any rate
the cavelry divisioii. including the
Rough Riders, who are as good as aniy
regulars, and three times as good asany
state troops4. to Porto Rico.
Tecddy made ai bad breaik in; this reflec
tion oii thle state troops: b;~n it was a
hard blow for a mani who has f ought so
bravely in Cuba to receive the follow
ing caill down from Alger:
"Your letter oh the 2:bd is recived,
The regular army. the v.4lunte.:r army.
and the Riough Iiders have done well.
but 1 suggest that unless you want .to
spoil the effects and glory of your vie
tinY. yotu make no invidious comnpari
sonS. The liough liiders are no better
than other v liiine. They had an
advatage in1 their1 a ri s. for which they~
4 ght to be very- ratefu..
Thllis cor're4p4Odenlce umy i& theC pre
.lie to fuith~er trouble. e,1e iailly in
view of llou4evelt's viiorous Uemiand4
Lost on a Steamer.
IDetai- la 'at thait thert awere 1" per
ses 0n the rive -'eamier .Jesie. of the
Couhia V i EIraion'l complanyV. which
fouderd i the lkuskowuix river.
li a ska. ur a se vere storii on .Julyv
Ii-Iuj44hJt all were lost. T1he
er J e ie. at the time of the dis
anr a ntow the barge M1inerva.
Hundred of Lives Lost.
\iolen 11torms1 atd fioods it is an
ounced in advices just receivedl here
fromi the islaind of Formo'sa. have re
sulted in the loss U hundreds of lives
at Tai hehl. that i~ad ;ireat daman~ge
MiTe ;Ioyas s tce r!jgest grade bkrc puwe-.
known. Actud tests &bow i, qeo orgo
third fortfror hban *ay other brazd.
ROYAL RAKIN5 POWOER CO., ?.EW YORK.
A Gold Bug Failure.
The currency situation in India is so
badly mixed in consequence of the clos
ing of mints of that country to silver that
acommission has been appointed to un
ravel the tangle. It w ill be remem
bered that the mints of India was
closed by English influences to silver
in 1893. The purpose or the
ment in closing the mints to silver was
to introduce the gold standard after the
rupee, by reason of scarcity, became
a-ain worth as much as thirty-two
cents. Now let us see how this gold
bug scheme worked. In commenting
on the matter the Atlanta Journal,
which is one of the ablest as well as
one of the fairest gold bug organs.
makes this confession:
But this has been found impracti
cable. It has been found difficult to
get the gold. Gold ha' not flowed into
India, as it was expected to do. after
the rupee rose to 32 cents. On the
contrary, it has flowed out. owing to
the uncertainty of the monetary future.
At the same time there has been great
stringency in the money market and
distress in businers circles. amounting
almost to panie. There is no telling
what the Indian monetary commission
may do. but the business interests of
India are strongly opposed to a contin
uance of the experiment inaugurated
in 1893. The unanimity with which
export and import merchants. bimetal
lists and monometallists unite in pro
testing against it is one of the most
striking facts of the situation. They
agree that the experiment strikes at
the root of productive industry and
commerce. As the Madras chamber of
commerce puts it: "It is incorrect to
say that volume of currency must be
made consistent with a 16-pence ru
pee."* It would be better. i: is said. to
let the rupee pass at its intrinaic value.
About $25.000.000 is saved by the arti
ficial enhancement of the rupee's value,
but in spite of this fact all classes in'
India are clamorous for a re-opening of
the mints to silver. It is claimed that
the present policy is cutting down ex
ports severely and that the free coinage
of rupees would so improve trade and
industries that even increased taxes
I could be easily borne. India is on the
verge of an interestiug experiment
whatever she may do with her curren
cy. That sonic change will be made is
According to the Journal it has ben
found impracticable to force India to a
gold standard because the de monetiza
tion of silver in that country has caused
- great stringency in the money market
and distress in business circles, amount
ing almost to panie." The Journal.
goes on to say that "-the business inter
ests of India are strongly opp~osed to a
continuance of the experimeut inaugu
rated in 1893." This is significant
when it is remembered that the exper i
ment inaugurated in 189:3 was to fasten
he gold standard on India. The Jour
nal goes on and says "the unaniity
with which export and import mereh
ants. bimetallists and mn onometallists
unite in protesting against it is one of
the most striking facts of the situa
ton." they agree that the effort to es
tablish the gold standard strikes
at the root of productive indutry and
commerce. According to the Journal
all classes in India are clamorous for
a reopening of the mints to silvcr.
as they claim that the present policy is
cutting down exports severely and that
the free coinage of silver would so im
prove trade and industries that even
increased taxes could be easily borne.'
Really these extracts read like they
might have been taken from a strong
silver paper. But they were not.
They are taken from a gold bug pa
per. and for that reason are significant.
If we mistake not Bryan in his speeches
predicted t'?is result in Ir'dia. It is no
surprise to those who have studied the
subject. Only the goldbugs in this
country who allowed Cleveland arid
Carlisle to do their thinmkingz will be
surprised to learn that the gold stand
ard in inidia is gradually forcing her
people into bankruptcy ar it has done
in this country. ____
Our Terms With Mexico.
As we are now about to neorotzite a
treaty of peace with Spain it is inter
esting to know how we miade pe-ace with
Mexico. the last foreign country the -
Uiited States was at war with up to the
late trouble with Spain. Like the pres
ent war. the war with Mexico was one
unbroken succession of victories for our
armies. Mexico was beingr overrun by
the armies under Gen. Scott and Tay
lor. After the capture of Vera Cru-iz
Gen. Scoot mnarched on the City- of
Mexico. At Puebla he was uct by
Mr. Nicholas P. Trist. chief clerk of
the State department. Genera! Scott
was ouiitred when he learnedl that Mr.
Trist had brought with him the draf't of
a treaty which lie was authorized to
imake w'ith Santa Anna. Sc't t refused
to have anythin; to do with th?is pro
ceding, but Trist succeeded ini reach'
ing the Mexican authoprities throu h
the imediunm of the British h"-:atimn..
Santa Anna refused to :isk for peace
and declared that he woni d nt 'io so
until the Amnerican :zriones had won
more victories: that his capital miust be
aken before he w ,uld dhi nko gmn zg
up the fight. Genrera!l Scoot the mo
d forward anid captured the City of
3Mexic . Saints Anna. however, still
re usd to talk of peace. Trist was or
dered by the state depairtiment to return
to Wasington: Ie made bold, how
ever, to continue his efforts for peace
and soon after thle City of M. xico was
captured lie brought the Mexican con
ress to terms. Under the treaty i'I. -
ico agreed in consideration of S15.OO".
4iII. to cede to tile l'n ited Sta te all tile
territory now occupiedi by Californim.
Nevada. Airizoina and Etah. and ; aru
part of that wh'ch now' mn:kes Cilorau''
and New Mexico. Though Trist had
really negotiated the treats-. he could
not sian it. as his cont ms-en had1 been
revoked. Gen iScott :pN'roved the
reat. but ref used to t:k " ' .nm
Iart ini thei >rocedi 'I - iitialy
sent the treaty to Washinsonr. P'resi
United States Senate an'. the Mexican
oiem ratif~id the treaty very soon
fter it received P'residet Polk's signai
ture. and thus the war with Mexico
mided. These arc the facts as gtven
by ntiai .Journatl.