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y y----TXT --MANNING 5. C. iEDNE5DAY, 3i5bI595. NO._6
WORK OF A FIEND.
Two Women Killed With Poisoned
SENT THROUGH THE MAIL.
One of the Most Heinous Crimes
Ever Committed by a Dev
il in Human Form.
With some design that no body will
tell, a tigerish woman in San Franeisco
murdered two women in Dover, Del.,
this last week. attempted the death of
a baby girl and almost killed five other
people, none of whom was known to
The hand of jealousy or veineane"
or pure malice, reached from ocean t<>
ocean to deal a hideous death to Ilrs.
J. P. Dunning, the daughter of ex
Congressman Pennington and her child.
The child escaped, but Mrs. Dunning's
sister. Mrs. J. D. Deane, died with her
and her brother, her niece and three
young women friends also ate of the
poisoned sweets that were sent. Ztised
as a friendly gift, with a forged iies
sage of love, and came very near to
It was not ouly against Mrs. Dun
ning that the murderess directed her
efforts. She wanted the baby girl dead
as -well. "With love for yourself and
baby, from Mrs. C.," the note in the
death package read. What more natu
ral than that the mother. opening the
unexpected present and reading the
kindly message, would call to the child
and give her a morsel of the sweets?
Why anybody should send death to a
young, amiable, home-loving woman.
whose interests were only in her hus
band, baby, father and the friends who
weie theirs as well as hers; who only
touched the outer world in a social cir
cle the reverse of sensational, is an ab
solute mystery. Why the murderess
should plot to kill an infant lies as
It was a hideous vengeance on one
who had never harmed a soul. All the
authorities have to guide them, unless
somebody speaks, to the awful crimi
nal is a simple white pasteboard box,
a bonbon box, and so designated by a
broad, diagonal gold lettered label
across the top. There is nothing to tell
what confectioner's it came from. Such
glazed white boxes are kept in stock by
nearly all of them.
The box was wrapped in ordinary ma
nila paper-not confectioners' wrapping
paper. On this the address was writ
ten twice. Delaware was misspelled
"Deleware." It bore for postage four
five-cent stamps and a two-cent stamp,
which were cancelled by a blur that
miissed most of them. The writing of
the address was cramped and apparent
ly disguised, though obviously a wom
an's. It differed from the writing on
the note inside. The postmark "San
Francisco" is blurred, but it can be
Small details these, and maybe tedi
ous, but no circumstance is unimport
ant in a case like this, and in these de
tails there is to be read the story of
the crime, and a wonderful, if horrid,
tale it is. There were two kinds of
candy in the box. The lower layers
were fine chocolate, bonbons, etc.,
packed in professional style, evidently
just as the box was sold. The top layer
was of thin, irregular blocks of soft
chocolate candy, home-made beyond a
doubt-just the sort that girls make on
a kitchen stove instead of taffy. This
candy was laid in loosely. It was the
poisoned part, as analysis subsequently
On top of this was a new handker
-chief, common, plain white, with the
price mark, twenty-five cents, still in
-one corner. It was either meant as a
~gift for the child or as packing to keep
-the candy in place. On top of all "ea
-the note, written in lead pencil on a
bit of common white ruled paper. The
handwriting is small and jerky and ob
'viously femine. While differing in its
.eharacteristics from the address, it may
still have been written by the same
person. It is easy to see what the mur
<deress's process was. Analyze it and
look on this appalling picture.
When she had determined to kill
Xrs. Dunning and the little one she
purchased a box of candy. She doubt
less knew enough of Mrs. D~unnmg~ s
taste to select candies to suit it. She
knew enough to sign her note Mrs.
C., for Mrs. Dunning had two dear
friends with that initial-Mrs. Corbal
ly, of San Francisco, and Mrs. Craven.
-of New Jersey-both of whom are in
the East now. It is son~etime since
*Mrs. Dunning left San Francisco,
though her husband remained there
The murderess brought the candy
homne and took out the top layer. She
ate some-no woman could resist a bit
-of bravado like that-and then plrepar
ed the poisoned chocolate. Fancy the
deliberateness of it. Making candy is
no momentary enterprise. She stood
over the stove and cooked the choco
late and poured in the arsenic and stir
red it uip. She watched it~ up to the
proper moment, for candy must not be
cooked to long, and this had to be pala
table. She poured it into a plate and
set it aside to cool--no short wait.
Such was the package that reached
the home of ex-Congressman Penning
ton at Dover by the evening mail of
Mrs. Dunning tore off the wrapper.
remarking to her friends and relatives:
"This comes from a friend in San
Francisco." The little party were on
the porch of Mr. Pennington's house.
Mrs. D~unning noted the enclosure with
interest. as she passed the candy
"I know a lady of that initial in San
Francisco,"' she said. 'but Im sur
prised that she should send mec any
Her father joined thc groui oni the
porch. "Look here, father.- said M1rs.
Dunning, "what a nice present I ha r
received. and I don't know who sent
Sever people partook of the candiec.
They were Mrs. Da)nning, Mrs. Deane.
their brother, Hlenry Penumngton: Mis,
~Leola lDean, Miss Ethel Millington.
"Miss Ethel Clark and Miss JTosephm<i
JBateman. Very soon every one ef then
was violently ill. Henry Penningtor
collapsed on the piazza. The unnmi.
takable symptoms of arsenic poisoni
were present in all the cases. Mrs
Thinning and Mrs. Dean died on Aug
2- Th othms who had not eaten a:
freely of the candies. struggled pack to
health, but for hours their recovery
was IoSt doubtful.
The character of the vietiis imakes
the problem of motive insoluble. Con
ceive anybody s' ding your wife or is
ter a box of candy impregnated with
deadly poison. ' It is diabolical: U.ntil
the chemical analysis of the candy there
were theories of ptomnaines or the en
eration of permanganate of potash from
the -elatine and the bitter almond ia
voring the candy. But the chemist prov
ed by his first test that murder had been
Before the Coroner's jury. Dr. Wolfo.
of the Delaware Agriculture College.
made this statement:
[1 received today from Dr. Bishop a
lbx containing portion of candy sup
posed to have been eaten by M1rs. 1ary
Elizabeth Dunning and Mrs. J. 1).
Deane and several others for analysis.
From descriptions of symptoms I sus
pected the presence of arsenic in the
candy. MIy investigation was directed
exclusively to the detection of that
poison as near as possible. In the ap
plication of the usual teszs I found my
suspicions were correct, and that the
candy contained a very large quantity
of arsenic, and I found pieces of arsenic
as large as peas. A fatal dose is from
two to three grains, and I found in
three honbons from ten to twelve grains,
enough to kill four persons. It re
quires a prescription to purchase arsenic,
but you could buy rough on rats with a
little coloring, which is the same."
The Dunnings are from San Francisco.
Mr. J. P. Dunning was a newspaper re
porter in San Francisco before the hur
ricane at Samoa that wrecked the Ger
man and American fleets made him a
famous correspondent. In af,: years
he was the Western manager the As
sociated Press. When the death
freighted box crossed the continent and
struck his wife and his wife's sister
to death he was in Porto Rico man
aging the war staff for the great news
gathering association. He was sent for
It was this man's wife the candy was
sent to kill: that Irs. J. D. Deane
should have been murdered with her
was accidental. Ihe murderess had no
care whom she killed else than the
chosen victims. If somebody tells, or
the husband can guess or the detectives
trace the crime to her and the woman is
ever brought to trial, there will be a
prisoner at the bar of a more remarkable
sort than has faced accusers in the day
of any of us. Such monsters as she are
prodigies even in the ranks of murder
3Mrs. D. A. Botkin, with whom the
poisoned woman's husband was inti
mate, has been arrested' in San Francis
co charged with sending the candy.
Dunning who was with the army in
Porto Rico as correspondent, upon his
arrival in New York admitted that it
was his' habit to write love letters to
the Botkin woman. Sensational de
velopments are looked for when Dun
ning's letters to the woman are made
THE PEACE CQMMTSSION.
The Members are Getting Ready to
Go to Paris.
Secretary Day announced Friday af
ternioon that the members of the peace
commission had been chosen, and that
they had all accepted. Official an
nouncement will follow. The comimis
sion is made up as follows: Secretary
of State Day, Senators C. K. Davis of
MIinnesota and Win. P. Frye of Maine,
Hon. Whitelaw Reid of New York and
Justice White of the supreme court.
The membership of the commission
being completed, Secretary Day ar'
ranged to leave for Canton in order to
make his personal preparations for the
trip to Paris. He will be accompanied
abroad by M1rs. Day, who has entirely
recovered from her recent illness. The
secretary has already shipped to Can
ton a number of his personal effects, in
[a'nticipation of his early retirement
from the head of the state department.
The following attaches of the com
mission have been selected, and will be
appointed by the President: John
secretary of state of the commission,
3MacArthur of New York, to be assist
ant secretary. 3Mr. MIacArthur was
formerly secretary of the United States
legation at M1adrid, and is now on
special duty at the state department.
lIe has hind considerable experience in
work of a diplomatic nature. These
appointments were'decided on by the
President Friday morning.
The First to Arrive.
The steamer Alicante with the first
shipment of Spanish prisoners from
Santiago arrived at Carruna, Spain on
Wednesday. Enormous crowds gather
ed on the quays, but were not allowed
to get near the vessel for fear of the
yellow fever contagion. All the mili
tary and civil authorities were present.
The queen regent sent a message to the
troops on board the Alicante, congratu
lating them upon their conduct in the
field and saying that she proposed to be
the first to welcome them home. The
reading of the dispatch was received
with great enthusism. The disembark
ing is now in progress. There was no
yellow fever on board, though 60) died
of other diseases during the voyage.
The True Cause.
The Springfield Republican says:
"Overproduction of pr'int cloths is again
a source of worriiment to the mill muana
gers of Fall River. Plans for curtail
ment of output arc under consideration.
and it is seriously proposod to pool $1-.
00,000J worth of the accumulated stock
to be held out of the markets until the
price improve. Would it not be better for
New Englandto drop upon the fact that
there is no overproduction, that it is
underconsumption that is the matter,
and move on lines to enable workers to
have a little money to pay for print
All Three Were Xilled.
A horrible accident occurred Wed
neda n the Atlantic Coast Line
raihaiy. at 'a erossing known as Gross
ma'si short distance from Petersburg~
Va. r J. P. Condrey, a prosperous
farmer of lhete ~r ihi couinty' was re
turnn hme wih hi- Wife' andi little
s~on in~ a hul n we he. reac'hied the
beam unaa Aal an . rri.i thec
party upon the traa~ in frat .: thl'
e al train from Richno nd to Peter-burg.
All the occupants of the buggy were in
MACKEY"S \\ YES.
One of the Old Rascals Victims
WON HER BY PERSISTENCE.
During Mackey's Absence the
Wronged Woman Relates Her
Sad Story and Then Flies
With Him to New
The following excellent story which
appeared in the New York World of
Wednesday. containing an interview
with the judge as to how he proposes
to et out of hiz iatriionial tangles
involving a charge of bigamy. and an
interview with his beautiful, but now
sad bride No. 2. in which she tells how
she came to marry the aged rascal. will
be read with deep interest by the peo
ple of this section.
It was 11 o'clock Thursday forenoon
and Judge Thomas Jefferson 31ackey.
the aged galant who has devoted his
life to captivating fair women. was
still sleeping in the first parlor. back
in the furnished room house of Mrs.
Daisy Catharine, near the northwest
corner of Twenty-third street and Sev
The folding doors parted. A tall
girl clad in a white flowing robe. a god
dess in face and tigure. extending a
partially bared arm to steady herself,
appeared in the frame. Her voice trem
bled when she spoke. When told that
a World reporter wished to see him the
judge replied from the interior, in a
well modulated voice:
"Tell him I can't see him. I must
have my breakfast first. It may not be
a reporter at all, but some one who has
come to arrest me.
'What is it, Mr. Mackey? What is
the trouble?- inquired the girl, in
When he emerged the judge w.re a
Prince Albert suit with checked trous
ers. He does not show his 69 years.
The hair, bushy eyebrows, clipped mus
tache and goatee are a yellowish grey.
"It is false that I have kept my wife
a prisoner," he said. dramatically.
"Katharine. come out here and deny
it." When his wife refused to come
the judge tore his hair. The landlady's
daughter induced him to be quiet. "I
have come to this city to have my mar
riage to 'Mrs. Sarah Lenore (Curtis)
Mackey annulled within 60 days." con
tinued the judge in jury tones.
"These newspapers which have re
ferred to me as a fugitive from justice
shall answer in a court of law. On the
date of my marriage with Miss Curtis
she was the lawful wife of another.
This action, of course, should have
preceded my marriage to Miss Porter
field, and I so intended, but the pecu
liar circumstances that surrounded me
had the effect of temporarily clouding
my judgment, and my devotion to her
led me to run the terrible risk of incur
ring a pro.seeution for the alleged crime
"I shall prove by competent testi
mony of credible witnesses that not
withstanding my marriage of ( 891, the
same not being a lawful maarita.l con
tract, I was legally free to marry 3Miss
Porterfield on July 19.
'In my trunk I have a letter in
which M1rs. Curtis 3Mackey confesses
that she had a husband living when I
married her. I had intended to wait
four months before marrying Mi1ss Por
terfield, in order that I might have this
first marriage made null, but 31iss Por
terfield's relatives wished the marriage
to take place.
"This child led a pure, noble life,
and all our relations had been honora
ble, such as should be those of a lover
and his sweetheart. Katharine. tell
the gentleman if you did not know I
had been married before. and if you
have been kept a prisoner here.
"Yes, I knew there was a woman
who called herself the wife of Judge
1ackey when I married him," an
swered the girl timidly. "It isn't true
that I have been kept a prisoner here."
Every action and word of the young
woman was controlled by the spell cast
by the judge's fierce glances. When he
is with her this cavalier of an ancient
South Carolina.family, with a trail of
intrigues running through his career.
This Philadelphia landlady," contiu
ued the girl, heeding a nod from her
lord, "fixed up all this stuff about me.
because she saw me smoki'ng one tiny
cigarette by the window."
YorN. WIFE'S SAD) STORY.
Mrs. Katharine S. Porterfield MIack
y has a perfect figure. She is tall but
not awkward. The complexion is olive.
the face an oval, the eyebrows are deli
cately traced in black, the eyes are
large and dark, the nose is straight, the
upper lip wide. but becoming. 11cr
features harmonize. The hair is brown
and straight, and not fretted with curl
The game was becoming too hot for
the judge. He is in mortal fear lest
Col. Geo. A. Porterfield, cashier of the
bank of Charleston. W. Va., shall have
him prosecuted for bigamy. He rushed
away from the West Twenty-third street
house when he believed the reporter
had gone, telling his wife he would
send directions as to the destination of
their belongings and a cab for her.
The street door had no more than
closed upon the judge, when his lovely
wife sent for the World reporter.
"Oh. how I have longed, since we
came in this house last Friday. for some
one to whom I could confide my sor
row!"' bea this tall. sad-eyed girl.
"First, read this letter from my fath
The epistle, in a little blue envelope.
bore a dozen postmarks and can cella
ions. - 'My father does not know where
I am. H is letters follow me around.'
This is the communication, dated at
Charlestown. W. V.:
"31y Dear Child: It is Sunday after
Inoon and I am all alone with my. grief.
Your mother and sister M1ary have gone
to the springs to seek a change of air
and some recreation fron their terrible
I fear greatly for your future hap
piness with the ian whom' we thlought
you married. The in'lise ,-!hoping
evs me a great m1:1 cy s:adiI hourS:
'It is such a sorrow ti u, to know
that you eannot return to us azam .
Then was piroduced a copy of :a lin
typewritten statement attested by
tclilpts n exaplanation to hier father of
the e circunstances surrounding
the marriage of Judge Maekcy. to Miss
Sarali Lnorc (urtis Mackey. -daughter
of forni Judig-e Curtis. of Stamford. at
the t. Paul's Methodist church in East
Fiftv-tifth strect. as told in the World
Wedne-day. The legallooking document
41" flve pagers also purports to show how
kl:' jutge is to secure the annulment of
his 1erri-e with Miiss Curtis, with
whom he has lived at No. 226 West One
iluindred and Fourteenth street.
-Of course I did not write this of my
own volition. The judge dictated all of
it to me. Ie made me write it," said
the unhappy girl.
I have longed for somebody to bare
imy heart to, I will tell the whole truth.
It is not true that 1 knew Judge M)ack
ey was already a married man when I
was bound to him. While I was board
ing in Washington last June lie came to
live at the same house. Ile began to
pay court to me at once. Ile was the
most devoted lover I ever saw. Judge
Mlackey ias spent his life in devotions
to women. Ile knows how to captivate
"NWithout interruption he sent me
flowers. eandies. books. pictures. every
thing. Ile asked me to marry him. I
didn't accept at first. 1Ie wrote to my
father. and then accompanied me home.
Ile was more constant in pressing his
suit than before.
"I remember one little episode in our
courtship that was a nightmare to me.
It should have been a warning. We
were out for a walk. The judge knew
that I was already engaged to Alexan
der Spottswsod. of the Virginia Spotts
woods. famous in the "Golden Horse
"le wanted to give me four months'
probation to see if I truly loved him,
and was not thinking of Mr. Spotts
wood, the judge said. I chaffed him
about this and hinted that he, too,
might have another sweetheart, per
haps a wife, in his thoughts. He
flushed and exploded with anger. 'What
do you suspect me? I swear that I
never had a wife before,' he exclaimed
"After two weeks my mother said
that either I must marry Judge Mackey
or that he must leave 'Cassilis,' our
home in Charlestown. My sister, Mrs.
Washington. said: 'Why don't you
marry the judge, Katharine, or let him
go?' So I gave up Mr. Spottswood.
He was a college student. He is now
in San Francisco. I loved Mr. Spotts
wood. I never loved Judge Mackey.
He has won me through perseverance,
importunity. He was so desperately in
love with me that my mo'hcr -actually
"I consented at last and we were
quietly married at my fathcr's com
fortable home. Then we went to Wash
ington for three days. We went to
call at Miss Bell's in Vermont avenue,
where we had formerly boarded. Miss
Bell stretched out her hand and drew
ic near her to say something nice by
way of congratulation.
-31y husband was furious. 'Con
ratulations: what for?' lie demanded.
Why. oI your marriage, of course,' re
p!ied Miss Bell. 'It is all in The Post.'
-We don't want any congratula
tions.' retorted Judge M1ackey.
dAfter reading the account of our
wedingr in The Post he said he ob
jeeted to M1iss Bell's congratulations
onl the assu:nption thlat I was the one
who was not to he congratulated.
"'Since then it has been stop and fly,
ever on the wing, east, west. The
judge appears to have plenty of money.
I do not know where he gets it. rie
told mc and my father that before he
was miaried he was worth $100,000. We
"From Washlington we came to New
York and stopped at tile H-offman
house. One nighlt while we were there
my husband came in and very affec
tionately put his arm around my neck.
'Darling, I have something horrible to
wisper to you. You must be very
brave.' he said. 'There is a woman in
this city who calls herself my wife. and
to whlom I was married in 1891.'
"I turned pale to the very lips. .1
needed wine, and the judge gave it to
me. He has never been away from me
an hour since we were married.
"I am a prisoner in the sense that
the judge never permits me to leave
"Oh. God!" exclaimed tile girl with
a chiild's face and heart. "I am the
most unhappy woman on earth. W~hat
shlali I do? And yet I feel that I owe
a duty to my husband. Sometimes I
think he wants to be kind to me. In
all this big city I have only two
friends. One is my brother. The other
is young MIr. Dc Herburn ,Washing
ton, whom I used to know in the old
Continuing with the narrative of
their wandorings. MIrs. M1ackey said
that from tile Hoffman house they
went to a boarding house on the cast
side known as the Forman nlouse.
Then thley jumped Pittsburg, where
she passed one o:! the unhappiest
weeks. in her life. Then it was a week
in Chicago. after which they went to
No. 510 Franklin street, Philadelphia,
as told in Wednesday's World.
431y husband is jealous of me. H~e is
afraid that I will go to my brother in
Northport. The judge tears up my let
ters and permits me to write only to
certain people. It is not hypnotism
thlat hlolds me in my husband's grasp.
As I said, he won because he was per
At this point an expressman arrived
with a note from the judge command
ing MIrs. MIackey to pack their trunks.
jumpi into a cab and meet him at the
WAes TIwenty-thlird street ferry at 1 p.
m.. to go to New .Jersey.
Good-hy." said the sad girl. "I
have 1 bared myl heart. I have told tile
In less thlan three-quarters of an
hour. the limit which the judge had
iv'en her the beautiful 3Mrs. M1ackey
No. 2 hiad comlpleted the task of filling
three trunks inl tile West Twenty-third
wit ing cab. the door' slanuled, and the
mate of a hunted bird was oft again
with the wreck of hetr young life.
Want to Return Rome.
AolunteIr 1rna : the Ch~ll t ilt
T imes (lt thle waringI) v,\ t bey de
Cuba or Prto R ico are ufileerI who arc
drain .: 1 d (hu 5l ariels, and1 not the
THE COTTON YIELD.
Convention Will Likely be Held on
an Important Matter.
A LETTER FROM YOUMANS.
Southern Planters have a Plan
Which is Said to be the Only
One That Can Save Them
from Impending Disaster.
The following letter from Mr. L. W.
Youmans to the press of the State ex
Fairfax, S. C., Aug. 22. 1898.
You have. I presume. noted Mr.
Henry Neill's estimate of the present
cotton crop, rangingbetween 10.3500,000
and 12,00OOU bales. It was the con
sensus of opinion among leading cotton
growers from all sections of the South
at a meeting in Memphis, Tenn., from
which I have just returned, that Mr.
Neill's estimate was about correct. At
this date last year cotton was quoted in
New York at 8 1-3c. Before the 1st of
November, without any suspicion that
the crop would approximate anything
like such extensive figures as 11,000,
000 bales, cotton had declined over two
cents per pound. Cotton is now quoted
in New York at 5 3-4c, with an estima
ted surplus on hand of 1,500,000 bales
greater than at this time last year, to be
supplemented by a crop of equal if not
greater magnitude than the crop of last
Should this enormous volume of cot
ton be hurriedly thrown on the market
already glutted with an over supply, it
would be hard to predict how low prices
would be forced. It would seem not at
all improbable for it to touch 4c. If the
plan of the Cotton Growers' Union
could be put in operation it would in
sure 6c, net for every pound of cotton
regulated by it. The difference be
tween 4c. and 6e. in 10,000,000 bales
would be $100,000,000-a stake suffici
ent, it seems to me, to interest the en
tire South. With almost every south
ern interest more or less interwoven
with the interest of the cotton growers
it does seem to me that they might
combine with the cotton growers in this
effort to consummate a policy that
promises such great benefit to our sec
I enclose you a copy of a letter writ
ten to the Hon. J. C. Wilborn, presi
dent of the State organization, which
will give you an outline of the plan
and more fully acquaint you with the
situation. I earnestly solicit the pow
erful influence of the press ip awaken
ing the cotton growers to a just appre
ciation of the importance of the under
taking. Very sincerely,
L. W. Youmans.
The following letter on the vitally
important subject of the handling of
this year's cotton crop has been re
ceived by the president of the South
Carolina Cotton Growers association:
Fairfax, Aug. 22, 1898.
Ilon. J. C. Wilborn, Yorkville, S. C.
My Dear Sir: I have just returned
from Memphis, Tenn., where.I have
been as the vice-president for South
Carolina to attend a neeting of the ex
ecutive committee of the American
Cotton Growers Protection association.
At this meeting, after electing Col.
Maxwell, of Louisiana, president to
succeed the late H~on. Hecctor, D. Lane,
deceased, and after simplifying the title
of the organization by changing it to
that of the National Cotton Growers
Union, it was determined by the presi
dent and vice-presidents to inaugurate
a vigorous policy on the part of the
cotton growers of the South to meet the
requirements of the present threaten
ing exigency of lower prices and im
From the best informed and most re
liable sources of information, the com
mittee unanimously arrived at the con
clusion that the present crop would
fully equal, if not exceed the last, and.
if rapidly thrown upon the miarket.
would in all probability sell far below
5 cents. In vie of the fact that tihe
cotton growers have the present crop of
from ten to twelve million bales now in
hand. while manufacturers and spca
lators have only about three million
bales, if that, and that if the cotton
growers would withhold the present
crop from the market for 90) days, say
till December 1st, the world would be
bare of cotton and at the mercy of the
cotton growers for their supply, it was
determined to effect a thorough and
complete organization of the cotton
growers beginning with the smallest
geographical sub-division with a view
of holding the present crop and ;follow
ing up this line of action through the
medium of township clubs, by enrolling
all land holders in a contract to reduce
next year's acreage one-half.
It is manifestly clear that such a line
of proceeding would place tile cotton
growers in command of the situation
and change the outlook from one of
bankruptcy and ruin to one of profit
It further seems that an effort in this
line would meet with the aid and ap
proval of almost every business interest
in the south.
Well knowing that the prineiple ob
stacle to the accomplishment of this
undertaking would consist in the ma
turing obligations of the cotton growers
incurred in the production of the crop,
a special committee has been arranged
for. consisting of one member from each
State, to confer withl capitalists and
provide the necessary funds to take up
these liens and carry tile cotton until
such tinme as it can be disp osed of at fair
Udro instructions from the execu
tive comlmittee of the National Cotton
Growers Union, with a view of placing
South Carolina in a position to carry
out these propositions, I now call upon
you as tile president of the organization
in this State to call a convention to
mleet in Columbia at the earliest possi
ble day. Pleaseguse stuch diligence as
will secure a full representation from
each county in the State.
Shouldl our State act with promlptness
and1 dec(ion. it would in all probabiiility
ha:ve a mlost happy eifee on aillh thle
a matter of vital consequecnce to the en
Itire cotton helt and to' implrtanht t1
hr ok a nyV unnuecessar' delay While
I haetoght proper~ to give you an
ouln fthe commiit tee' plain of pro
ecedure. it was thought bes t by the
committee not to make it public just yet.
Yours very sincerely.
L. W Youmans.
CAUGHT BY A SHARK.
The Narrow Escape of a Young Man of
A monster shark in Prince's bay op
nued and closed his jaws on Charles
Boone., a visitor at Father Drumgoole's
home at Mount Loretta. Staten Island.
Thursday afternoon. Almost by a
miracle Boone escaped instant death.
Boone is in Smith infirmary now, with
horrible lacerations in his right thigh.
The sergeons say that he will survive
his wounds uuless septic poisoning sets
Boone, who is a good swimmer and
very fond of the water, went in bath
ing off a small wharf. which is built
out into the bay at the lower end of
Staten Island. Charles White. a young
man of his own age, was in the water
with him. White had swam ashore
ard was standing on the edge of the
wharf when Boone began leisurely
There was a sudden rush beneath
the swimmer. a mighty force that
seemed to lift him up as on a huge
wave, the gleam of a white belly, one
glimpse of a monster jaw. with shin
ing white teeth, and then Boone felt
a savage pull at his right leg. He was
near the wharf, and the big fish had
pushed him still nearer. He grasped
a timber and swung himself clear of
the water. and White grabbed him.
Boone when pulled on to the wharf
looked at once behind him, bnt the
monster disappeared as he looked.
White had seen the encounter and he
began to question his companions at
"It was a shark." said Boone. "I
saw him. I guess he's nipped me." He
tried to stand up and nearly collapsed3
As he sank fainting to the ground
White saw blood all over his tiiigh.
The sea watei had restrained its flow
and the shock had come to Boone all
at once when he had reached a place
of safety. The huge monster had evi
dently opened his mouth and taken one
snap at the swimmer's leg, but luckily
had not closed his great jaws. The
mark of the bite was clearly defined.
On the inside of Boone's right thigh
was a cut fourteen inches long that
lookid as if it had been made with a
knife. A great flap of flesh had been
taken out. On the outside of the leg
there were the marks of twenty teeth
in a long row. Each tooth had pressed
into the flesh from half an inch to an
inch in depth. Blood flowed from
every cut. There was also a lateral
tear of the flesh, corresponding in
length to the vicious imprint of the
shark's teeth and parrallel to it. Boone
had lost a great quantity f blood.
HE WAS TOO SMART.
In Trying to Teach His Wife a Lesson,
He Learned One.
"My wife has a disagreeable habit of
leaving her pocketbook in exposed
places," said the man who was telling
the story. "I have cautioned her more
than once that she would lose it if she
wasn't more careful.
"I came down with her the other
morning, and the first thing she did af
ter boarding the car was to deposit her
purse upon the car seat, while she re
lieved herself of the terrible suspicion
that her hat wasn't on straight. A
movement of her arms kncked the pursc
on the floor, where it remained until I
picked it up.
"I rescued that purse no less than a
dozen times before we reached the bar
gain counter that was the goal of my
"Events around a bargain counter
occur with kaleidoscopic swiftness, and
I soon found myself the sole guardian
of my wife's purse, which lay before
me on the counter where it had been
deserted by her in a mad rush for the
other end of the counter.
"To teach her a lessou I emptied the
contents of the purse in my pocket and
retreated to the edge of the crowd to
"Lt wasn't long before my wife crowd
ed her way out, triump~hantly holding
aloft a twenty-five cent cream jar that
she had succeeded in buying for forty
"'I didn't know that they charged
things here.' I began, feebly.
'They don't, she answered. 'I
have money left for three ice cream
sodas and a strip of car tickets.' And
she exhibited the contents of her purse
to prove her as'srtion.
"I nearly fainted when it dawned
upon me that I had taken the contents
from a purse belonging to some other
"I have no desire to retain possession,
and if the woman who lost seventy
nine cents a postage stamp. three hair
pins and a recipe for making angel
food will call at my office she may have
her property.'"-Detroit Free Press.
The First to Muster Out.
The adjutant general issued a bulletin
Wednesday afternoon saying that orders
had been given for mustering out the
following named organizations: First
Vermont voluntec& ~infantry, First
Maine volunteer infantry. :Fifty-second
Iowa volunteer infantry, Sixth Pennsyl
vania volunteer infantry. Fifth Mary
land volunteer infantry, battalion Ohio
light artillery, Second New York vol
unteer infantry. First .llinois volun
teer infantry. one Hundred and Fifty
seventh Indiana volunteer infantry.
Batteries A and B, Georgia light artil
lery. Twenty-eighth Indiana volunteer
li;ht battery. Troops A and B. New
York volunteer cavalry. G~overnor's
troop of Phliladelphia. Other orders
to muster out tr" ops will be an nounced
as soon as definite decisions are reach
ed. _ _ _ _ _ _
Will be Brought Home.
The soliers and sailors who died in
Cuba will eventually be given graves in
their native land. Gen. Shafter mark
ed the graves of those who fell in battle
with a s iple pic~e of wood, but lhe
aterwards received orders to mark them
in the futuire with stone. so there wvill
be no mistake as to the identity of each
one. The dead soldiers will be broughit
home ani their bodies sent to their
Hie Never Finished.
'No'" she ' saidl. --you are nt su. hi
:a mian as I w oud 1:ave tltindht of
'llo' sing for mny husband. ''Tlhat na V
be,'~ lie repiled. but I thoughnt, seein
that you had got beyond the pint whecre
choosing was possible. that you might
consent to" . lBut lie never Ln
Negroes Are Working in Their iPlace
Sheriff Coburn assembled 125 depu
ties at the city hall Wednesday at Pana
Ill., swore all in and gave them instrue
tions to reasseible armed with Win
ehesters and meet a number of negroes
expected to arrive from Alabama to
work here in the coal mines.
Ten negroes arrived in Pana Tuesday
nizht to take the places of white miners
at Pana who have been on a strike for
several months. The negroes were
escorted to the city limits by a conven
tion of miners and induced to leave
town. The strikers are being reinfor
ed by union miners from over the state.
The strikers Wednesday assembled near
the Illinois Central railway tracks in
large bodies awaiting the arrival of ne
groes. During the day a special train
arrived in Pana from Birmingham.
Ala.. witn 200 negroes. The train was
rushed through the city to the Sprinr
side coal mine. outside the city limi
where the negroes were unloaded under
the guard of d ,y sheriffs.
Several hunKned miners were at the
union depot to meet the negroes and
talk with them. but were unable to do
so. All the grounds at the Springside
mine are under heavy guard. and no
citizens are permitted to pass the lines.
The strike leaders have requested Gov
ernor Tanner to take action regarding
the mining efficiency of the negroes.
and he has answered that he will send
inspectors to examine the men.
SUPPLIES GETTING TO HABANA.
Several Ships have Arrived. Blanco
Having Americans Cared For.
A dispatch from Havana says Wed
nesday morning the American schooner
B. Frank Neally, arrived from Key
West with 20 passengers and a cargo of
The French steamer Roger from
Barcelona, and the Mexican and Vera
Cruz, all with provisions, also arrived.
Friday the coasting steamer line from
Batabano, on the coast, to Santiago,
was re-established. The vessels will
carry mail, cargo and passengers to
The commanding general in the Sane
ti Spiritus district reports that two
American soldiers of the column opera
ting with Gomez have presented them
selves to him, being ill. They were
immediately sent to the hospital. News
has been received that Lieut. Johnstone
has also arrived at Sancti Siritus.
Gen. Blanco has ordered that all
Americans who present themselves be
well received, that assistance be given
them, and that they be treated with all
consideration. The sick at the hospi
tals. Gen. Blanco's order says. must
be treated with solicitude and kind
The colonial government has decided.
with reference to custom house duties
that merchandise from Santiago and
other ports occupied by American forces
be considered foreign merchandise.
NATIVES CAUSE TROUBLE.
One of Our Soldier Killed in a Riot
There has been a serious clash at
Manila between the United State soldi
ers and the insurgents. A riot resulted
in one soldier killed and another seri
ously wounded. George Hudson, a
member of the Utah lattery, bcame in
volved in a dispute with a native shop
keeper. Fearing trouble he fired his
revolver to attract the attention of his
fellow-sailors. A great crowd of na
tives ran to the scene of disturbance and
immediately began fi'ring revolvers kill
ing Hudson and wounding Corporal
Wnm. Anderson same battery, also hur
ried to assistance. A detachment of
the fourth cavalry was called out to dis
perse the crowd which slowly retreated
continucing emptying revolvers but
without further damage. Some night
soldier on guard duty saw a large body
of natives stripping the wreck of a gun
boat in Caito Bay. A boat with an
armed -force put out from the shore.
The Soldiers hailed the natives who
failed to respond. A volley was fired.
killing one native and wounding another.
.Auinaldo denies any connection with
the affairs. -.These fights show the sul
len disposition of the natives. It is
feared that frequent, bitter uprisings
A Street Car Struck.
In Pittsburg, Pa., Thursday, during~
a heavy thunder storm, lightning
struck a street car on the Second ave
nue line as it was passing Greenwood
avenue, killing B. S. Fear, aged sixty
two, a well-known business man of
Harlemwood. Injured-Mrs. Sarah
Munyall, skull fractured and hurt in
ternally, will probably die, Eugene
Munyall, her son. badly cut about the
head; David Thomas, head and arm cut
and bruised; unknown foreigner, foot
crushed; James A. Butler, shocked.
The passengers were panic stricken and
made frantic efforts to escape. Mr.
Fear, in jumping, alighted on his head,
crushing his skull.' All the injured re
ceived their hurts in attempting to
jump before the car came to a stand
To Clean Cooking Utensils.
Old porcelain-lined pots are made
white with soda or borax, or with a weak
solution of potash. and then wash well.
The best way to clean polished iron spid
ers is with vinegar from pickle for these
purpose. To a pint of vinegar add
handful of salt, and let the mixture
boil in the spider for about half an hour.
Rob1 every portion of the inside of the
iron with a cloth dipped ini the sah an
vinegar. This will touch lie edge be
yond where the boilin'mixture reaces.~
Finally scour the iron thoroughly af e
this with any good sand~ =o)p r with
sandl and soap. The most bla~cend
spider will shine like anew~ on.
A Mule's Luh
mules into te yard. A.. theciie
were udfin:: th1 . 1 n of the male
,lel g.m. vet most territie
brav.Th ith fellow hiad neve
h' 11ard Ine frihtful oundsL before. an.
Umil scred.r -ere~ninr inoth
Us. Th next -lay. the inuiles were
g'o near. and when ase the reason. hei
replied. "Ie so' 'aid Uncle David'
mule wi lain atn mc acaini
Congrauat:ry Farewell Address
ADDRESED TO OUR SOLDIERS
The President Was impressed by
the Remarkable Document
and Made it Public
A document entirely unique in the
annals of warfare was cabled last week
to the war department by Gen. Shafter.
It is in the form of a congratulatory
farewell address issued to the soldiers
of the American army by Pedro de
Castillo, a private Spanish soldier, on
behalf of 11.001) Spanish soldiers. No
similar document perhaps was ever be
fore issued to a victorious army by a
The President was much impressed
by the address. and after reading it
carefully, authorized its publication.
Following is the text of the address. as
cabled by Gen. Shafter:
Santiago, Aug. 22. 1898.
H. C. Corbin, Adjutant General, U. S.
The following address has just been
received from the soldiers now em
barking for Spain;
To Maj. Gen. Shafter.-commanding the
American army in Cuba.
Sir: The Spanish soldiers who ca
pitulated in this place on the 16th of
July last, recognizing your high and
just position, pray that through you
all the courageous and noble soldiers
under your command may receive our
good wishes and farewell which we send
them on embarking for our beloved
Spain. For this favor, which we have
no doubt you will grant, you will gain
the everlasting gratitude and considera
tion of 11,000 Spanish soldiers who are
your most humble servants
Pedro Lopez de Oastillo,
Private of Infantry.
Also the following letter addressed
to the soldiers of the American army:
Soldiers of the American Army:
We would not be fulfilling our duty
as well-born men, in whose breasts
there live gratitute and courtesy, should
we embark for our beloved Spain with
out sending to you our most cordial and
sincere good wishes and farewell. We
fought you with ardor, with all of our
strength, endeavoring to gain the vic
tory, but without the slightest rancor
or bate toward the American nation.
We have been vanquished by you (so
our generals and chiefs judged in sign
ing the capitulation), but our surrender
and the bloody battles preceding it have
left in our souls no place for resentment
against the men who fought so nobly
You fought and acted in compliance
with the same call of duty as we, for we
all represent the power of our respective
states. You fought us as men, face to
face. and with great courage, as before
stated, a quality which wQ had uot met
with during the three years we have car
ried on this war against a people with
out religion, without morals, without
conscience and of doubtful origin, who
ould not confront the enemy, but
hidden, spot their noble victims from
ambush and then immediately fied.
This was the kind of warfare we had to
sustain in this unfortunate land. You
have complied exactly with all the laws
and usages of war as recognized by' the
armies of the most civilized nations of
the world; have given honorable burial
to the dead and the vanquished; have
cured their wounded with great human
ity; have respected and cared for your
p~risoners and their comfort and to ns.
whose condition was terrible, you have
given freely of food, of- your istock of
medicines and you have honored us
with distinction and courtesy, for, after
the fighting, the two armies mingled
with the greatest harmony. With this
high sentiment of appreciation from us
all, there remains but to express our
farewell. and with the greatest sincerity
we wish you all happiness and health in
this land which no longer belong to our
dear Spain. but will be yours, who have
conquered by force and watered it with
your blood as your conscience called for
under the demand of civilization and
humanity, but the descendants of the
Congo and the Guinea mingled with
the blood of unscrupulous Spanish and
of traitors and adventurers; these peo
ple are notable to exercise or enjoy
their liberty, for they swill find it a
burden to comply with the laws which
govern civilized communities.
From 11,000 Spanish soldiers.
*Pedro Lopez de Castillo.
Soldier of Infantry.
Santiago de Cuba, Aug. 21st. 1898.
A Wealthy Vagrant.
A man named Peter Cunningham,
was recently arrested for vagrancy in
San Francisco. Cunningham is one of
the most remarkable vagrants that has
ever come under the notice of the po
lice. It was shown in court that he
had deposited in local banks $52,000,
and yet the old man has for years made
it his habit daily to visit down town
saloons and restaurants to pick from
ashbarrels food sufficient to keep him
alive. On the night of Aug. 16 Cun
ningham was arrested by Policeman
Thomas Langford for vagrancy. lie was
searched at the station house, and his
pockets and coat linings produced a
whole basketful of discarded bread.
eakes. pies. mcat. vegetables, tooth
picks. :ins. needles and papers.
Murdered a Candidate.
The lion. Thomas M. Adams. Demno
ratic nomnene for the legislatuire. was
assassinatedi Wedinaday n..ght at G illis.
(hattahoochee county. He I haid
just tinished spe a'n and' was stA
inr in the crowd.'who were li tctni:e ti
WVm. Bazley.I hi Poul't glnn
lagley. wh wasmerpsb e tt
Dais, nerro co teacher.' and als
a Dem'.ocrat. lh pltform and
knocked D~avis dow" . A'ienral nht
was 1ree:,:tate'I'.;' se ma shots were
ied. dams. wa \tnl killd Onie
sh., emeei temple a'nd onec his
Declares 'or Bryan.
Then Ohio Democratic State Con .en
in. whiebi mnet in Dahytin. Oia. a
week. declared for Bryan for President