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ORIGIN O1 3AN AINM)
Dr. Talmage Pins His Faith to the
EVOLUTION IS INFIDELITY.
Attemptto Galvanize an Old Hea
then Doctrine Into Life. Sci
entific Absurdities to Drive
Out God and the Bible.
The question of human origin. so
prominent now in scientific and reli
gious circles, is discussed in character
istic style by Dr. Taliuage in this dis
course. in which he also advocates the
theory that all the world's progress has
conic through Christianity; text. I Tim
othy vi, 20, -O Timothy. keep that
which is committed to thy trust, avoid
ing oppositions of science falsely. so
There is no contest between genuine
science and revelation. The same God
who by the hand of prophet wrote on
parchment, by the hand of storm wrote
on the rock. The best telescopes and mi
croscopes and electric batteries and
philosophical apparatus belong to Chris
tian universities. Who gave us mag
netic telegraphpy? Professor Morse, a
Christian. Who swung the lightmuigs
under the sea. cablina the continents
together? Cyrus W. Field. the Chris
tian. Who discovered the anaestlieti
cal properties of chloroforn, doing
more for the relief of human pain than
any man that ever lived, driving back
nine-tenths of the horrors of surgery?
James Y. Simpson of Edinburgh, as
eminent for piety as for science, on
weekdays in the university lecturing
on -profoundest scientific subjects and
on Sabbaths preaching the gospel of
Jesus Christ to the masses of Edin
burgh. I saw the universities of that
city draped in mourning for his death,
and I heard his eulogy pronounced by
the destitute populations of the Cow
gate. Science and revelation are the
bass and soprano of the same tune.
The whole world will yet acknowledge
the complete harmony, but between
what my text describes as science,
falsely so called, and revelation there
is an uncompromising war, and one or
the other must go under.
At the present time the air is filled
with social and platform and pulpit
talk about evolution, and it is high
time that the people who have not time
to make investigation for themselves
understand that evolution, in the first
place, is up and down, out and out in
fidelity; in the second place, it is con
trary to the facts of science and, in the
third place, that it is brutalizing in its
tendencies. I do not argue that this
is a genuine book,I do not say that the
Bible is worthy of any kind of cred
ence-those are subjects for other Sab
baths-but I want you to understand
that Thomas Paine and Hume and
Voltaire no more thoroughly disbe
lieved the Holy Scriptures than do all
the leading scientists who believe in
evolution. And when I say scientists
of course I do not mean literary men
or theologians who in essay or in ser
mon and without giving their life to
scientific investigation look at the sub
ject on this side or that. By scientists
I mean those who have a specialty in
that direction and who through zoologi
cal garden and aquarium and astrono
mical observatory give their life to the
study of the physical earth, its plants
and its animals and'the regions beyond
so far as optical instruments have ex
I put upon the witness stand living
and dead the leading evolutionsts
Ernst Heckel, John Stuart Mill, Hux
ley, Tyndall, Darwin, Spencer. On the
witness stand, ye men of science, liv
ing and dead, answer these questions:
Do you believe the Holy Scriptures?
No. And so they say all. Do you be
lieve the Bible story of Adam and Eve
in the garden of Eden? No. And so
they say all. Do you believe the mira
cles of the Old and New Testaments?
No. And so they say all. Do you be
lieve that Jesus Christ died to save the
nations? No. And so they say all.
Do you believe in the regenerating
power of the Holy Ghost? No. And
so they say all. Do you believe that
human supplication directed heaven
ward ever makes any difference? No.
And so they say all.
Herbert Spencer, in the only address
-he made in this country, in his very
first sentence ascribes his physical ail
ments to fate, and the authorized re
port of that address begins the word
fate with a big "F." Professor Heckel,
in the very first page of his two great
volumes, sneers at the Bible as a so
called revelation. Tyndall in his fa
mous prayer test, defied the whole of
Christendom to show that human sup
plication made any difference in the re
sult of things. John Stuart Mill wrote
elaborately against Christianity, and to
show that his rejection of it was com
plete ordered this epitaph for his tomb
stone, "Most Unhappy." Huxley said
that at the first reading of Darwin's
book he was convinced of the fact that
teleology had received its death blow
at the hand of Mr. Darwin. All the
leading scientists who believe in evolu
tion, without one exception, the world
over, are infidel. I say nothing against
infidelity, mind you. I only wish to
define the belief and the meaning of
Now. I put opposite to each other, to
show that evolution is infidelity, the
Bible account of how the huntan race
started and the evolutionist account of
how the human race started- Bible
account: "God said let us make man
in our image. -God created man in his
own image. ma:e and female created he
them." Hie breathed into him the
-breath of life, the whole story setting
forth the idea that it was not a perfect
kangaroo or a perfect orang outang, but
a perfect man. That is the Bible ac
count. The evolutionist account: Away
back in the ages there were four or fiv<
primal germs or seminal spores fron
which all the living creatures havi
been evolved. Go away back, and ther<
you will find a vegetable stuff tha
might be called a mushroom. Thi
mushroom by innate force develops;a
tadpole. the tadpole by innate force de
velops a polliwog, the polliwog deve
lops a fish, the fish by natural fores
develops into a reptile, the reptile de
velops into a quadruped, the quadrupe<
develops into a baboon, the baboon de
velops into a man.
Darwin says that the human hand
only a fish's fin developed, lie say
that the human lungs are only a swir
bladder. showing that we once floate'
. or were amphibious. H~e says the hu
man ear could once have been move
by force or will just as a horse lifts it
ear at a frightful object. lie says th
human race were originally webfootec
From primal germ to tadpole, from tac
pole to fish, from fish to reptile, fro:
reptile to wolf, from wolf to chimipai
zee and from chimpanzee to man. hov
if anybody says that the Ilible accoum
of the starting of the human race an
the evolutienist account of the .startim
the fi-te " toL th o1"ok04 of Genesis.
ut kriw you are' an infidel. As for
myself as flerbert Spencer wvas not
1rt'elt at tie creation and the Lord
Aimighty was present. I prefer to take
the divine account as to what really
occurred on that occasion. To show
that this evolution is only an attempt
to eject God and to postpone him, and
to put him clear out of reach I ask a
question or two. The baboon imade the
man. and the wolf' made the baboon.
and the reptile made the quadruped.
and the fish made the reptile. and the
tadpole made the fish, and tile primal
germ made the tadpole. Who made the
primal germ? Most of the evolutionists
say. "We don't know. Others say it
made itself. Others say it was sponta
neous .:eneration. hiere is not of
theni who will fairly and openiiy and
frankly and eiphatically say, "God
The nearest to a direct answer is that
made by Herbert Spencer in which he
says it was made by the great "un
knowable mystery." But here comes
Huxler with a cup of protoplasm to "x
plain tile thing. This protoplasm. er
says. is primal life giving quality with
which the race away back in the ages
was started. With his protoplasm he
proposes to explain everything. Dear
Mr. hluxley. who made the protoplasm?
To showv you that evolution is infidel
I place the Bible account of how the
brute creation was started opposite to
the evolutionists account of the way
the brute creation was started. Bible
account: You know the Bible tells how
that the birds were made at one time,
and the cattle made at another time,
and the fish made at another time. and
that cach brought forth after its kind.
Evolutionist's account: From four or
five primal germs or seminal spores all
the living creatures evolved. Hundreds
of thousands of species of insects, of
reptiles, of beasts, of fish, from four
gers-a statement flatly contradict
ing not only the Bible, but the very A
B C of science. A species never de
velops into anything but its own spe
cies. In all the ages and in all the
world there has never been an excep
tion to it. The shark never comes of a
whale, nor the pigeon of a vulture, nor
the butterfly of a wasp. Species never
cross ever. If there be an attempt at
it, it is hybrid, and the hybrid is al
ways sterile and has no descendants.
These men of science tell us that
100,000 species came from four when
the law all through the universe is that,
starting in one species, it keeps on that
species, and there would be only fou,
now if 'there had been four at start:ig.
If I should say to you that the w .id is
fiat, and that a circle and a squ:re are
the same, and that twice two make 15.
I would come just as near the truth as
when these evolationists tell you that
100,000 species came from four. Evolu
tiou would have been left out of ques
tion with its theory flatly contradicting
all observation and all science had not
its authors and their disciples been so
set on ejecting God from the universe
and destroying the Bible that they will
go to any length. though "t lead them
into idiotic absurdity. You see what
the Bible teaches in regard to it. I have
shown you also what evolution teaches
in regard to it.
Agassiz says that he found in a reef
of Florida the remains of insects 30,000
years old-not 3,000 but 30,000 years
old-and that they were just like the
insects now. There has been no change.
All the facts of ornithology and zoology
and ichthyology and conchology but an
echo of Genesis first and twenty-first,
"Every winged fowl after his kind."
Every creature after its kind. When
common observation and science cor
roborate the Bible, I will not stultify
myself by surrendering to the elabor
ated guesses of evolutionists.
Toishow that evolution is infidel I
place also the Bible account of how
worlds were made o pposite the evolu
tionist's account of how worlds were
made. Bible account: God made two
great lights-the one to rule the day,
the other to rule the night; he made
the stars also. Evolutionist account:
Away back in the ages there was a fire
mist or star dust, and this fire mist
cooled off into granite, and then this
granite by earthquake and by srorm
and by light was shaped into mountains
and valleys and seas, and so what was
originally fire mist became what we call
Who made the fire mist? Who set
the fire mist to worldmaking? Who
cooled off the first mist into granite?
You have pushed God some 60,000,000
or 70,000,000 miles from the earth, but
he is too near yet for the health of
evolution. For a great while the evolu
tionists boasted that they had found
the very stuff out of which this world
and diworlds were made. They lifted
the telescope and they saw it, the very
materal out of which worlds made them
selves. Nebula of simple gas. They
laughed in triumph because they had
found the factory where the worlds
were manufactured. and there was no
God anywhere around the factory. But
in an unlucky hour for infidel evolution
ists the spectroscopes of Fraunhofer
and Kirchoff were invented, by which
they saw into that nebula and found it
was not a simple gas, but was a com
pound, and hence had to be supplied
from some other source. and that im
plied a God, and away went their theory
shattered into everlasting demolition.
So these infidel evolutionists go wan
dering up and down guessing through
the universe. Anything to push away
back Jehovah from his empire and make
the one book which is his great com
munication to the soul of the human
race appear obsolete and delusive. But
I am glad to know that while some of
these scientists have gone into evolution
there are many that do not believe it.
among them the man who by most i,
considered the greatest scientist we
ever had this side of the water-Agassiz,
a name that makes every intelligent
manthe earth over uncover.
Aicassiz savs: '"The manner it
whih the evolution theory in zoology
is treated would lead those who are no'
special zoologists to suppose that ob
servations have been made byv which i1
can be inferred that there is in naturi
such a thing as change among orgamizec
-beings actually taking place. There i;
no such thingion record. It is shiftin
the ground of observation from one fieli
-of observation to another to make thi:
statement, and when the assertions g<
-.so far as to exclude from the domain o
sisence those who will not be dragzet
into this mire of iiere assertion theni
is time to protest."
With equal vehemence against th
Idoctrine of evolution Hugh M1iller
-jFarraday, Brewster, Dana, D~awson an
hundreds of scientists in this counitr;
5and other countries have made protest
eI know that the few men who hay
adoted the theory make more nois
-than thie thousands who have rejieetet
ait. The Bothnia of the Cunard lin
line took 5>00 passengers safely froi
New York to Liverpool. Not one
th~ o>l) mhae any' e'xcitemient. hBut al
dter we hiad beeni four days out, on
umorinii, we found on eck aman's ha
ottliwith ae ihr ra mr tal
about that one i ' Il hu all
the .0 par.ener that rode on in sa
I1 weniderw e jIpIIIed evCrb-a rd
I wonder i hen he juiped over
board he would liked to have jumped
back againY" "I wonder if a fish caught
him orwhether he went clear down to
the botton of the scaf" And for three
of four days afterward we talke-l about
that poor man.
lere is the glorious and man'rnificent
lteory that God by his oinipotent
power made man and by his omnllilotent
power made the brute creation and by
his omnipotent power made all worlds.
and 500 seientists have taken passage on
board that magnificent theory. but 10
or 15 have jumlled overboard. They
make more talk than all the 50o that
did not jump. I am politely asked to
jump with them. Thank you gentle
men. I am very iiuch obliged to you!
I think I shall stick to the old Cun
arder. If you want to jump overboard.
jump and test for yourselves whether
your hand was really a fish's fin and
whether you were webfooted originally
and whether your lungs are a swim
bladdtr. and, as in every experiment
there must be a division of labor. some
who experiment and some who observe.
you make the experiment, and. I will
There is one tenet of evolution which
it is demanded we adopt-that which
Darwin calls "natural selectiou" and
that which Wallace calls the "survival
of the fittest." By this they mean that
the human race and the brute creation
are all the time improving because the
weak die and the strong live. Those
who do not die survive because they are
the fittest. They say the breed of
sheep and cattle and dogs and men is
all the time improving, naturally mi
proving. No need of God or any Bible
or any religion, but just natural pro
There is only one thing worse than
English snobbery, and that is American
snobbery. I like democracy and I like
aristocracy, but there is one kind of
ocracy in this country that excites my
contempt. and that is what Charles
Kingsley, after he had witnessed it
himself, called snobocracy. Now, I
say it is a gigantic dishonesty when
they ascribe this old heathen doctrine
of evolution to any modern gentleman!
I am not a pessimist, but an optimist.
I don't believe everything going to de
struction. I believe everything is going
on to redemption. But it will not be
through the infidel doctrine of evolu
ton. ut through our glorious Christiani
ty whikh has effected all the good that
ever 'een :rought and which is yet
to recoun. -lt al the nations.
What is t, + iin the offing? A ship
gone on tht: roeks at Cape Hatteras.
The hulk is breakiwg up, crew and pas
sengers ar'; drowning. The storm is in
full blast .nd the bai ometer is still sink
ing. What does thaL ship want? De
velopment. Develol her broken
masts. Develop her broken rud
der. Develop her dioiwning crew.
Develop her freezing passengers.
Develop the whole ship. That is all it
wants. Development. Oh, I make a
mistake. What that ship wants is a
lifeboat from the shore. Leap into it,
ou men of the life station! Pull away
to the wreck! Steady there! Bring
the women and children first to the
shore! Now the stout men! Wrap
them up in flannels, and between their
chattering teeth you can pour re stora
WelP. my friends, our world is on
the rockes God launched it well enough.
but through mispilotage and storms of
6.000 years it has gone into the break
ers. What does this old ship of a world
want? Development? There is enough
old evolution in the hyilk to evolve an
other mast and another rudder and to
evolve all the passengers and evolve the
shin out of the breakers. Development?
Ah., no, my friends, what this old ship
wreck of a world wants is a lifeboat from
the shore. And it is coming. Cheer.
my lads, cheer! It is coming from the
shining shore of heaven, taking the
crests - of ten waves with one sweep of
the shining paddles. Christ is in the
lifeboat. M1any wounds on hands and
feet and side and brow, showing he
has been long engaged in the work of
rescue, but yet mighty to save-to save
one, to save all, to save forever. My
Lord and my 'God. get us into the
lifeboat, Away wiith your rotten, de
ceptive,' infidel and blasphemous evolu
tion and give us the Bible, salvation
through Jesus Christ our Lord!
Salvation: Let the echo fly
The spacious earth around,
While all the armies of' the sky
Conspire to raise the sound.
Dont's For Mothers.
An infant should be given no food
containing starch until it cuts its teeth.
Starebly foods include biscuits. Corn
flour, tapioca, sago, rice, potato. etc.
An infant cannot digest any of these
until its teeth are cut.
Violent noises and rough shakings
or tossigs are hurtful to a baby. and
should be avoided as much as possible.
Infants should never be put into a
sitting piosture until they arc at least
three months old. when they will prob
ably sit up of their own accord. They
should be carried fiat in the nurse's
arms, as if the little back is at all
curved it may lead to curvature of the
spine or chest disease.
Until children are six or seven years
old they should have 12 hours' sleep
every night. In addition to this a nap
of two hours. either in the morn
in or afternoon-especially in hot
weather-will do a great deal toward
keeping them bright and well.
He Will Res ign.
The Savannah Morning News. a
steady advocate of the single gold stand
ard. is moved to say: "It .seems to be
virtually settled that the Seventh Army
corps, under Maj. Geu. Fitzhugh Lee
will 'be sent to Cuba before a ireat
while, to do garrison duty. The Third
Nebraska regiment, Col. W. J1. Bryan.
is attached to this corps. There is
nothing to indicate that this regiment
will beinustered cut for at least several
months. hence it is very probably that
when the approaching political cam
paign is at its height. Col Bryan will
be doing soldier duty in Cuba. unless
he should resign.
Deadly Ice Cream.
Ice cream prepared with lemon ex
tract purchased from a traveling sales
Iman caused the death of three persons
at Middletown. N. Y.. Thursday. and
a score of others are sick. Mrs. Iler
man Michaels, of New York; Mrs. Wmi.
Serder. of Mount Vernon. and Rlobt.
ones. of Greenfield, are dead. All
summer euests at Arthur Jones' cotta
rs at Greentield are sick. The icc
ream was eaten at Sunday's dinner.
Sixteen Went Down.
The Tlhigvalla line steamer Norge,
ewhich arrived at New York Thursday
:1reports that she sunk the Frenich ilmh
ingu schooner La Co iuette of France.
on Saturday last oni (rand Ilan ks. 'llT
captain and eight seamen were \aedl.
Sixteen went down with the unfortu
Two Opinions of Him by a North'
BEFORE AND AFTER BATTLE.
The Old Confederate Hero Was
the Man Who Really Won
the Battle of Santiago
i'here is one thing in this war that
zets me. and that is how they ever
came to make -Joe Wleeler a major
The speaker was one of several cor
respondents who were lying in the
trenches of Camp McCalla. at (Guata
--What's the matter with .be:" I
--Nothing as a man: and I know his
record as a soldier in the rebellion was
of the finest. but lie is too old flow-he
has not the physical strength or the en
durance for active campaigning. I real
ly feel sorry for him, for in mty opinion.
he will injure his record as a soldier
and of course kill himself politically.
Three weeks canc and went and that
sane correspondent and myself were in
the trenches one more. but now they
were oo the summit of the San Juan
hil. one thousand yards from the rear
of Santiago. It was the 2d of -July: the
fighting was hot. and over where we lay
behind a little mound of sand. the
3Iauser bullets sang in swarms. To
lift your head above the embankment
was a thing of peril. to stand upright
was to make of yourself an extra haz
ardous risk for a life insurance conpa
ny. and to remain standing was to offer
a premiun. for wounds and death.
Just then. entirely alone, along the
rear of the trenches. came walking a
small man. rather stooped in the shoul
ders and clad in the uniformt of a gener
al officer. A broad army hat was drawn
close to his arched eyebrows, which
gave him the look of a man in an eter
ua state of mild surprise. Under the
gray brows his eyes glanced quickly up
and down the trenches, and then trav
eled to and from the Spanish lines.
taking in all the points of attack and
defense. Across the pretty green valley
that lay between us and Santiago the
ugly little bullets still hissed as viei
ously and as thickly as ever. Occa
sionally a shrapnel shell would burst
above the ridge, but the little man
moved calmly along. He walked with
the air of a man who wanted osnething
and knew how and where O find it. It
was General Joseph Wheeler inspecting
his lines. I poked the man next tome.
pointed out to him the slight form of
the general as he moved away, still in
tent upon gathering information for
himself, and still ;almly indifferent to
the fire, and asked him the question of
three weeks before: "What's the mat
ter with Joe?"
It was known to us both then the
conduct of Gen. Wheeler during the
battle of San Juan, the indomitable
courage he had shown on that day and
the day preceding when he crawled
from a sick bed to lead his men to
battle, and, better than all. how it was
due to him that the American army
had not after the victory abandoned the
hill of San .Juan which it had won at
the cost of so much blood. These things
were known to the other man as well as
to me, and his acknowledgement was
brief and to the point.
"He knows more than I thought I
knew, and I can't put it stronger than
There has not been a man in the
American army who has made a better
fighting record than this small, slender
graybearded. kindly gentleman, Joseph
Wheeler. of Alabama. On the night of
June 29 he was ill with fevoc-so ill
that for a time it was difficult for him
to raise his head. On the morning of
the 30th lhe was no better. On the
morning of the fight the general an
nounced his intention of geing to the
front line, and the members of his staff
after some argument, managed to get
him into an ambulance, and in this.
sorely against his will for he wanted to
be astride his horse, he started to the
front. A half mile of ambulance rid
ing was enough. and then came loud
cals for General Wheeler's horse. In
a little time the old soldier was riding
down the road towards San Juan hill.
All though the 1st of July. the general
ill as he was, kept his saddle, and at
night he was better than he had been
for days. The work that had caused
the death of many a brave fellow had
been his cure.
It was Napoleon's saying that in war
was the moral part is to the physical
part as five to three. General Wheeler
or the day of the battle of San Juan
had shown himself possessed of the
physical three parts, and when night
came lie was to show himself the owner
of the more valuable traits of a com
It is a story not ripe just yet for pub
lication, but it is a fact that on the
night af ter our men had swept so glori
ously up the San Juan hill a feeling
pervaded the American army that we
had in many respects grabbed a bear by
the tail. We might hold on, to the un
doing of the bear, and our grasp might
loosen to our own destruction. This
feeling was so strong that some of the
leading officers in the army went to
General Wheeler and proposed that he
fall back from the position we had cap
tured. In other words we should aban
don all we had gained at such a fearful
cost and assume the position we had
taken before the battle. The men who
madte this propolsition were no weak
lings. They had demonstrated their
couraire a hundred times and never more
brilliantly than on that very day. but
the fury of the fight was over for them
-the moral side of the soldier was
called for, and they were wanting.
General Wheeler listened to them. and
'We cannot fall back, gentlemen and
we would not if we could. If we can
not hold this place we can hold nothing
in rear of it. We stay here, gentle'
And lie stayed.
During the rebellion sixteen horses
at various times were shot under (en
eral Wheeler. His record as a tighting
man- -antwhiat is far better. as an able
Ileader of lighting men-was firmly es
tbihed then. and lie has added in
both respects to his reputation during
the '-hort Cuban campaign. There was
in the. irmy no more courteous gentle
iman. ai thiere was no better or braver
oldier -Chicago Times-Herald.
('apt. Taylor of the Indiana writesa
letter to Sampson complaining that due
credit has not been done his ship fot
hr part in the battle of .July .2. Ad
miral Satupsflon thanks him and regrett
ing tile apparent injuistice. proniises tc
have Taylor s letter describingr the in
din'isi part in the action sent to the de
partmenit withi the request thlat it ma1y
be attached to and form part of thc
9 1X T V- TWO T H0USA N D
on~derate Soldicrs Weni from Sh4th
Tim q1ustion f (, iot inany men
<41uth Carolina furnislIed to the (su
federate army is "ne that for various
reaois can not be answered with abso
lute accuracy. and .wing to the fact
that the muster rolls of several rei
ments have been iestroyed. and that
there were South Carolinians in eyery
regiment that went to the front from
States west of here. there is no proba
bility that it ever will be answered to
a man. or to within a few hundreds of
the correct figure. In response to the
request of a correspondent a reporter
undertook to secure the figures recent
ly. and by applying to the best avail
able sources arrived at as close an esti
mate. perh aps. as can be had: fixin-z
the total at 62.500. of' which 30.907
volunteered prior to the passage of the
According to the figures furnished by
the war department at Washington
South Carolina furnished 40 regiments.
13 battalions and 6 independent con
panies of infantry: 9 regiients, 12 bat
talions and 6 independent companies
of cavalry: 3 regiments, 4 battalions
and 17 independent companies of artil
lery, and ) regiments and 7 battalions
of reserves-hone gards: making a
total of 62 regiments. 35 battalions and
2:) independent companies. Estimating
that a reiment in the civil war had
about .' Ji men on its rolls. a battal
ion about 600, and a company of 1010.
this would make it appear that there
were 86,000 men or more in grey from
South Carolina. The fact. however. is
that there were not nearly so many
South Carolina regiments. the mistake
having arisea by reason of several of
the regiments being renumbered at the
time of their reorganization. and in
that way counted twice. a fact which
very readily accounts for the error into
which the war department has fallen.
It would be a most remarkabje fact if
these figures were true, when it is re
called that at the beginning of the war
the total arms-bearing population of
the State between the ages of IS and
45 was 55.046. and that under the
Conscript Act of 18;:) there were only
69.S80 men in the State liable between
the ages of 15 and. 50. Therefore. as
will be seen, the figures of the war de
partment are ruled out of Court by the
census figures of the year 1860. which
cannot be gone behind and bear out
the 62.5) estimate, which may be re
garded as nearly correct as can ever be
made.-News and Courier.
Conductor Cason Murdered.
A special to the Macon Telegraph
from Dupont, Ga., says that Conductor
Cason, of the Plant system. was shot
and killed at that place Friday by
Mark Graham, a negro. Cason had
taken a month's vacation and was on
his way to South Carolina, where he
was to have been married. When the
train reached Dupont, Graham and a
white boy boarded the train to get a
drink of water. They got intc i fuss
and in the absence of the regular con
ductor Cason undertook to stop it. As
lie approached the negro drew a pistol
and shot him, inflicting a wound from
which he died almost immediately.
The body was taken to Waycross, Ga.,
where a crowd was formed and started
after the murderer. Hounds were pro
cured from McRce's lumber camp and
started oa the trail. The chase led to
ward the Florida line. If the negro is
caught he will be lynched.
Assistant Naval Constructor Hobson,
was to have been examined for promo
tion last week, but owing to his du
ties. he could not go before the board.
It was ordered that his record be exam
ined to see if that would entitle him, to
the highest rank. The board says:
"The board join with all the world in
admiring the skill, courage and gallant
conduct of Assistant Naval Construc
tor Hobson in conneet,ion| with the
Merrimac, as set forth in the letter of
the commanding officer of the North
Atlantic station." The report then re
fers to the various papers submitted in
connection with Mr. Hobson's record
and closes with a recommendation that
he be promoted to naval constructor.
Row at Allendale.
A dispatch from Allendale to The
State says a personal encounter occur
red there Thursday night between Chief
of Police D)unbar and MIr. Hlamp Brab
ham, which resulted in the serious and
perhaps fatal wounding of the former.
Mr. Dunbar was shot twice, once in
each side. The doctors report his re
covery very doubtful. Sheriff Creech
came over from Baruwell and soon cap
tured M1r. Brabham, returning Thurs
day afternoon. The affair is greatly
deplored by the community. The diffi
culty. as reported to your correspoud
ent, grew out of an effort by M1r. Dun
bar to arrest 1-Ir. Brabhami for cursing
on the street.
Loves Iim Too Much.
Albert J. Deldine. of Toledo. OJh-io.
hasbrought an action for divorce against
his wife because she loves hiinmtoo dear
ly. lHe asserts in his petition that she
is so jealous of him that she will iiot
permit him to leave her sight. lie says
this prevents him from securing work
and as he has to earn a living he cannot
be in her sight all the time. He prays
to be released from a woman who loves
him too dearly. They were nmarried-on
MIarch 21, 1897, and lie asserts she has
kept him under her eyes day and night
ever since, and he cannot stand it any
-His Last Fight.
Alex Scott. the lightweight pugilist
who fought with Tommiy Butler at the
Green Athletic club. Brooklyn. Thurs
day night and was taken from the ring
unconscious, died at the Norwegian
hospital Friday miorning. lie never re
gained consciousness. - Stott's death
was peculiar, lie was not trained and
was in iio condition to cnter the ring.
but put up a good fight until the last
few rounids. when heC utterly collapsed.
The principals were arrested. pendim:a
IEstimates for the crops this year
show a wonderful yield of the fruits of
the field. Cotton 11.51)0.000) bales;
wheat. 700,0)00.00l0 bushels; corn.
1.000.)) 101)00 bushels: oats. 1.000)1.1000
bushels and hay 6)).00011.000)~ tons. This
is unpirecdented. aiid shows that bless
ings' have been showered upon the peo
pl of this great republic, which call for
a ull measure of gratitude and thank
fulness. [t is to be regretted that ex
eessie rains are inuring the crops in
A Righteous Verdict
Tlhie convictio n of Capt. Duncan of
Kansas for having desecrated Confed
e raite graves, and his sentence to five
years in a penitentiary, arcecitable
to the court that tried hiim. And so
may it be withi all south-haters: " And
such as he was let all that hate her
Reari MAt~rai Sccty 'nm wer
.;me te Wasington.
llob1sonl had1 his o in-thelc om
R'ideurs i thirs,. tand '.ite-lri.
lut all three comlbilled w 0iu l 1t he
in to eqjal tile demn iistration at the
war, state and navy departmIents Sat
iuaV morin ini1 111 honor of Rear Adi mi
ral Schley. There has been iothlinL,
like it in Washington before. If the
offieials of the navy department had
any doubt as to who was the popular
hero of Santiago their doubt was en
tirely dispelled. The magnitude of the
ovation .nivei to Schley Friday nlithut
about \\ashington and inl front of his
hotel was .of a most remarkable charac
ter. lBut owing. to the sentiments that
exist amnon-, t1he heads of the navy de
partments. it was believed that the
popular sentiment there could be held
in check. Such was not the case.
Crowds had been waiting all morn
ing in front of the great navy depart
ment building. and the shout they
raised upon his appearanae was a si.
nal for those inside that the gallant ad
miral had an ived. As if by mutual
consent. all business was suspended.
Not only did the clerks and minor
clerks and minor officers of the war and
navy departments leave tl.eir desks.
but the heads of bureaus Joined in the
wild rush to welcome the admiral. The
corridors could not begin to hold the
throngs that pushed around him.
General Wilson. head of the engineer
department, threw his arms around the
admiral's neck and kissed him. For the
next ten minutes lie was bombarded
with embraces and kisses from men and
women alike. There imust have been
forty women who thus displayed their
love and admiration for the gallant of
il'. He stood the ordeal as he aiust
have stood the firing from the Spanish
While lie remained in the deyart
ment. which was nearly an hour. there
was little work done in any bureau.
lie tinally escaped into Capt. Crownin
schield's office. where the door was
locked. From here lie worked his way
to various bureaus until lie emerged
from the building,. le was to have
taken the 11:45 train, but it was im
possible to break through the human
barricade which had been thrown up
Ovei at the white house there was
one man who realized lie had not done
the wrong thing in ieaping every hon
or upon this naval hero. le received
every ovation with modesty, almost
shrinking at times from the popular ex
hibition of approval. He is a small,
spare man, not as large as his picture
would indicate, but one cannot come
within forty yards of him without feel
ing his personal magnetism. le will
leave this afternoon for Maryland. the
state of his birth, which is waiting
with open arms to welcome him.
Who is Responsible for the Condition
of the Troops?
At 'Montauk Point, within a few
hours of New York city, in touch with
all the comforts and delicacies of life.
sick heroes from Santiago are forced to
sleep on the soaked ground without
proper clothes or covering, and to stand
guard duty when they are fainting
from the debilitating effeets of fever.
But the suffering at 3Montauk is not
the only fearful tale. At Camp Thom
as, Chicekamanga. 600 deaths have been
reorted since the camp was establish
ed, and 92 since August 1, and there
are 2.294 sick men in the hospitals.
These men have not been battling in a
tropical feversmitten land. They have
been right in the United States all the
time. and certainly a healthy location
for their camp was the least that should
have been provided for them.
Before camp Alger was broken up
250 men had died there. That is more
than the Spaniards killed at Santiago.
and camp Alger is just outside of
Washington. The presidnnt almost
hear the funeral marches from the white
Fernandina and Tampa and other
camps have also sent up pitiful tales of
neglect, sickness, suffering and death.
The report of Surgeon-General Terry,
regarding the condition of the New
York troops in the several camps show
ed such a dreadful condition of affairs
that Governor Black did not dare to
The condition of the "President's
own regiment,' the eighth Ohio, should
appeal~ directly to MIr. MceKinley.
Surely some one is criminally at fault
when transports conie into MIon tauk in
such condition as the MIohawk was on
hier arrival. The repetition of these
transport outrages has become sicken
ing. and the appeal . f the nmen of his
on state will surely reach the presi
SEAY USED K[S XNIFE.
Bloody Affray Follows Campaign Meet
ing at Lexington.
A special to the State from Lexing
ton, where the last meetinlg but one of
te State campaign was held Friday,
After the campaign meeting here yes
terday, which plassed off pleasantly
enough. the town was thrown into a
foment by a disturbance among the po
lie authorities and a few country
cousins. OThe result was MIr. 3I. C.
.Johnson. a pioliceman was stabbed in
the breast, penetrating the left lung,
and 3Mr. Quitman Roberts. an inoffen
sive bystander, was accidentally shot in
the thigh, and 3Ir. Tomi Seav was shot
through the bowels. Young Roberts is
only slightly wounded. while both John
son and Seayv are in a very critical con
dition. M1r. Seay is hardly expected to
Policenman .Johnsion, it is said. wvas
endeavoringr to arrest Seny for disturb
ing the peece. when the latter over
powered .Johinson and. after beating
him, stabbed him with a knife. The
policemen used his weapon in the melee
with thet above results.
Drs, Ilendrix and Wingard are giving
the wounded men all possible surgical
Eight Mi lions Dollars.
Eight million dollars ill cash was eair
ied through the streets of New York
in at hantdbag last Thursday by Arthur
P. Leach, of a bond buyi*r firm. and a
guard. Thle getting togethier of the
moey was a task accomplished after
half a davys work. ill which the banks
helped with bills a big denomination.
The package containing the mioney wais
about the size of eight bricks. It wats
tendered to tile city controller for bemis.
but owing to the dispute the sale waus
The President Coming South.
T'he President exlectS t b in .bw
sonville. Fla.. in sep temberi 1. andi
review the soldhier- of th c th eorp-,
Glen. Lee's coimma nd. it is likely that
Secretary Alger will aiccompanly the
The Coming Campaign and What It
Means to the Country.
Th e in' r'all eleti on w ill ha
:1 h ider slop ihan iis gfencrally
ap oreciatCi. Not only is a new United
States iiuse )! representatives to be
chosen. but legislatures are to be elected
which wvill till thirty vacancies in the
United States senate. In more than
twentv states governors are to be elected
this y'ear. two states. Oreron and Ala
bama. havin. already chosen governors.
There will be election in September in
rkansas. Ver'niont and Maine. On
October 1.~th Georgia will elect a gover
nor. The stateo which elect governors
on NOVCmbeIr Sth iare Calafornia. Colo
r Connecticut. Idaho. Illinois. Kan
sa. 3ary land. Michigan. Minnesota.
isr~i' Nebra ka. Nevada. New
llamvshtire. New Jersey. North )akota.
Pennsylvania. South Carolina. South
Dakota. Tennessee. Texas. Washing
ton. and West Virginia. Some of these
states willalso elect other state officers.
The Ohio State Journal. which is
published in the state of Mr. MeKin
1ley and of Mark Hanna. the director
general of the national Republican par
tv. has been counting noses in this con
nection. so to speak. and is in high
fettle over the outlook. At the sate
time. in the exuberance of its joy, it
makes admissions that should stimulate
the Democracy of extraordinary exer
tions. It shows that the results of the
congressional elections may be more far
rcaching as affecting our institutions
than those of any similar.elections that
have ever taken place. Having felici
tated itself in a general way upon the
-1avorable prospect for control of con
gress by the Republicans for some time,"
the Journal goes on to sa-, that "after
the 4th of next March the party should
have a majority in the senate. and, with
a Republican house, the administration
will have full power to carry out its
poliey." That under these conditions
the alinin istratio n-that is, the Repub
lican party would have full power to
carry out its policy goes without saying.
And even if we condsider the word
polic as embracing only the party's
position on finance and the tariff and its
penchant for spending everything in
hand and in sight the Jot- nal has
shown that it is the duty of the Demo
crats to wake up all along the line. The
conditions named would put it in the
power of the Republicans to perpetuate
Dingleism, entrench more securely the
present inadequate banking and cur
rency system. and create necessity for
continuing the war taxes for years to
come. But, as our Ohio contemporary
confesses, there is involved in the
Democrats getting control of the next
house a still more important question
than that of barring the Republican
party from carrying out the program
above mentioned. It is not at all prob
able, says the Journal, that all the im
port questions growing out of the war
with Spain will be disposed of at the
coming short session of congress. The
congress, it adds, to be elected this fall
-the Fifty-sixth-will be called upon
to deal with many of these vital mat
ters. involving the very foundation of
the government, and probably a depart
ure from a policy that has been in evi
dence for more than a hundred years.
Precisely. If this means anything, it;
means that the Republican party will
take no chances on the present senate.
The coming short session of congress is
to be one of dilly-dallying-one in which
the party will not show its hand. But
if the Republicans can gain safe con
trol of both houses of the Fifty-sixth
Congress, we may look for most radical
and the boldest sort of -legislation along
the line indicateg by MIr. Grosvenor in
his speech opening the Ohio state cam
paign. In short, the Journal forewarns
the Democracy that if they fail to cap
ture the next house they need not be
surprised at such legislation as will en
danger the very foundation of our Re
publican form of government.
Give Us the Proof.
At the recent meeting of the Mun ici
pal League, held in Detroit, Mic h..
MIayor Smyth of Charleston, quoted in
a dispatch to the News and Courier as
saying that there has been more drunken
ness in South Carolina under the dis
pensary law than prior to i ts enacement.
Col. A. Howard Patterson, who takes
the reverse position. has replied to
MIayor Smyth and calls upon him to
produce the facts to bear out his decla
ration. The Barawell Sentin'al says in
making the statesment he did, Charles
ton's mayor has -given the lie to the
ministers of South Carolina. for it was
their opinion. expressed some time
back. that intemperance was largely on
the decrease. Whether or not there is
less whiskey sold in this county now
than under the old system we are not in
a position to say. but we do say. and
without fear of contradicton. that there
has been less drunkness seen on our
streets since the dispensary law has
beeni in force than formerly. We be
lieve that a miajority of those opposed
to the law will admit this. Mayor
Smyth must prove the correctness of
his assertion or lhe will stand convicted
before the public. It strikes us Col.
Patterson has put him into a deep hole
and shoved the hole in after him.
Pprto Rico Already Crowded.
Young men out of a job. who think
it will be a good plan to move to Porto
Rico and grow up with the country.
will be interested in sonme facts regard
ing the island. which are stated by the
Springtield .Republican. It says:
"Porto Rico is much more densely
populatcd than Connecticut-the fig~
tires being 2:34 persons to the square
mile in one case and 154 in t be other:
and there arc only three States of the
Union more densely populated than
Connecticut. The island is almost as
thickly settled as Massachusettts. the
second most populous Sttme in the
United Staites. No agricultural sec
tion in the United States begins to be
sdensely populated as that island.
Compare its 2:36 personis to) the square
mile. with1 Kansas's 17. or Nebraska's
1:3. r the t;8 of Illin i. ineluding the
great city of Chiicago. Florida has
mist of the phlysical chtaracteristics of
1Porto Rico. but its population average
on ly io the square mile ofland area.
and wxe must nceds take ont Porto Rico
wit nerlv forty~ times the density of
populatmni to give us room.
Three Hundred Drowned.
A d isa tch fromt Xi.na says that
30 ieswere drownedi by the flood
ineof heKaismiiri (K Ial ine at
Nience. nar SchniW. Silesia. three
AN rm. :a ,ea calpta in rteports having
sitd 1 'a s'r'ean~t. Tis is a most
conincti. lte " pace. For more
threi whmb now the voluble old salts
benkein::t their weather eyes open
f N-: ttis warships and had little
t ic t obser ve real or mythical freaiks.
R) o In Ainbrose. the colored post
master ofPickenis. Mass.. was inducedl
to make i will in which he I~ ten ethd
to a Mr. Pinkston. the post .:lices and
all appurtenancees thereunto belong
ins. to have :and to hold diurinlg the life
time of' the sai Pink,ton.
known. Actual tota show 1 soI-s odo
third fnretr than ay other be.
ROYAL RAKI(N POWDER CO., saw Yoma
Lost in a Hotel Fire.
A fire which resulted in the loss of
two hotels. a livery stable and several
private residences and at least three hu
man lives, started in the National hotel
at Hot Springs 30'elock Saturday morn
ing. A dozen or more were more or less
injured, and it is believed by some of
the guests and employes of ie 1 to! thut
uiorelives were lost, and that when
search is made in the ruias several bod
ies will be found. A number of guests
escaped down the stairway. while others
jumped from the windows of the second
and third stories in their night clothes,
barely getting out with their lives. Sev
eral who leaped were severely injured,
aad one unknown man is expected to
The Second Regiment.
Scnator McLaurin has secured still
another important concession for the
Second regiment. It allows So men to
the company instead of 106. There is
nothing further now that can he asked
by those who are trying to organize the
Second regiment. and if they fail they
certainly have no right to blame either
Senator MeLaurin or the war depart
UTILIZE THE CULLs.-We of the
south spend in the aggregate a large sum
annually for vinegar. Every family
should take advantage of the full crop
of fruit this season to make vinegar
enough for several years supply. Vine
gar can be made from fruit juices ina
few weeks by repeated areation, or the
juice may be soured in full vessels in a
cool cella:: and kept for years ready
for conversion into vinegar. When
the vinegar jug is emptied, fill
from No.2. Fill No. 2. from No. 3,
and fill No. 3 from the cask in the cellar.
If the juice is allowed to drip slowly
from one vessel to another, the expo
sure to the air will rapidly convert it
Ex-SENATOR David B. Hill gave the
Democratic party of New York a wise
suggestion when he declared that ques
tions involving national issues should
have n \place in the party platform of
the approaching state campaign. The
local issues are of the greatest importance
and have all been forcedto thefront by
existing conditions of the republican
mnachine of New York. No such oc
casion for a good square fight against re
publican mis-rule as at present, has of
fered itself since the days of Bose
A member of the Second Alabama
regiment at Jacksonville refused to .ac
cept any wages when the paymaster came
around. He said that he entered the
service purely through patriotism. and
did not want any compensation. This
being the first case of the kind, the pay
master had no precedent to guide him.
After some thought he drew a red line
through the name, indicating that the
sum had not been paid. Should the sol
dier ever need his pay, the government
stands ready to settle the account.
Crank's without number appear all
over the country at various places and.
times. but the king of them all made
his appearance the other day in an ob
scure Ohio town. His name is George
DeVany, and he seems not unknown to
fame of this kind. He proposes to runt
for president on a platform which prom
ises a pension of $35 monthly to Fed
eral soldiers and $23 monthly to Con
federate soldiers, besides promising:
the South ten cents per pound for cot
THE COTTON OCTLOOK-The Atlanta.
Journal says that the reports from
Georgia, Alabama and lower Carolina.
show the forms to be rapidly dropping
from the stalk and the crop may be cut.
off one-half. Many young bolls are rot
ting on the stalk and the situation is.
very grave. Texas and the Mississippi
valley set the pace for cotton, -and the
prospect out there is not at all gloomy,
as the rains have ceased and cotton is.
maturing with its usual vigor.
A LITTLE GENTLEMN.-A bo~y fie'
years old is none too young to be- taught.
to take off his hat to a lady; tot to pass,
bet ween people who are taJ.ing together;:
to stand until ladies :ge seated. Alli
.uch things are ac l'-vd fa.rmore easily
by early drilling than they can. ever be
afterward. Indeed, it is questionable.
whether any one who has been brought.
u) without such training can ever ac
qire that habitual courtesy wvhich.
marias the true gentleman or lady.
THE United States Goverment has:
never annexed any populated territory
of another race and never will. The
folks that run things in Hawaii are
Americans. anid after annexation the
natives will be quickly crowded out
and, like the Indian. will read their.
doom in the setting sun. When the
Anglo Saxon runs against inferior races
he gives themi life preservers. teaches
them to swim and makes them get off
PRtEsDE.T MIeKinlecy has taken OeeCI
sion to express his gratitude for the
cordial support given him in thle eon
dut of the war by the press. regardless
of polities, and he thinks it will be of
incalculable benefit to the country by
showing to tihe world that .however
much we may differ among ourselves as
to domestic politics. we atre all Ameri
cans when it comles to confronting a for
eign foe. ________
In th~e jniet hours of life we learn to
hold c nuanunion with our God. to know
that he is our best Friend. to whom we
can take our every care. If we ise
to his dear voice, with the world shut
from our senses. he will teach his chil
dren. in this school of silent separation
and communion with himself the secret
oif ther life work.
One good wa to keep think's .mloving
and to lessen the talk of hard times is
for every' man to pay his debts so far as
possible. Be honest in the omttcr. and
don't say you cannot pa:y when'i you have
not tied to do so. Yon pay at~ somel
body else will thereby be enabhled to~
Tm: tin uble between liussia and
.An 11r1'ow5 apace. T'he demand
,1aie by i.nglan~d upon lana~ that .sne
elhall deposi Li H ung Chaing fronm his
exalted place because he is a friend of
Rlussi:a mean5 war primaltrily upon China,
bu in which Rtussia will be drawn.