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THE CHAIN GONE,
Dr. Talmage Clearly Disproves the
"Missing Link" Theory.
At Every Stage of Human Life
There Is Direct Evidence of
Divine Will. Unbridgeable
Gulf Between Man
Utr. Thia;e in :his dIScour e aiv.. -es a
Christian -.v0uno in cII W enn t. a";
ituidel evolution at.d der ih t the o;iy
rA.dically inlproving force in t:e worl.l is
Christianitx: zer. RomanS i. 22, '24, "!'rO
fessing tbeni:elves to be wize, they bEcL.me
fools and changed the -!(r of tbe utc r
ruptible G d into an i-u-ee tmtAte ike to
coyruptible ma, and to hirds tud four foot
ed beasts and c:eeping thing-.
This is a full length I orti a I of an evolu
tionist who substitutes the htusial (riin for
the divine origin. I showed %.u last week
that evolution was contra jietet .y the Bible
by science, by ohrv.&ton arit nsy comnw
sense; that the Bib:e account of the creatioi
of man and of brute and ot t e world. und
the evolutionilt s accountco i.d with ea:h
other as certainty a, two eaxr-i tr:ius co
ing in oppoie direerions at t.0 mnies the
hour, their locomoives weeti:g ot the- same
track. I show d tnat a. the evoivltion SCi
entists. without exeep:ion. were pro
nounccd intidels: thA. evolurin. w, a Iea
then:sm thotsand, of years old: that such
men as Agassiz au Hugh miler and Far
raday and Daws.>n and Dana h. for that
doctrine of evolution uniimited contempt I
showed you that their favorite theory of the
"survival of the fittest" was an absurdity
and an untruth, and that natural evolution
was always downward 2.nd never upward,
and that there had never been any improve
ment for man or beast or world except
through the direct or indirect influence of
our glorious Christianity. And in the clos
ing part of thst sermon I told you I was not.
a pesssimist, but an optimist, that instead
of it being 11 o'clock at night it is half past
6 in the morning.
Now, I go on to tell you, it seems to me
that evolutionists are trying to impress the
great masses of the people with the idea
taat there is an ancestral line leading the
serpent and on up through the quadruped
and on up through the gorilla to man. They
admit that th re is a "missing link" as they
call it, but there is not a missing link-it is
a whole chain gone. Between the physical
construction of the highest animal and the
physical construction of the lowest man
there is a chasm as wide as the Atlantic
ocean. Evolutionists tell us that somewhere
in central Africa or in Borneo there is a
creature half way between the brute and the
man, and that that creature is the highest
step in the animal ascent and the lowest
step in the human creation. But what are
the facts? The brain of the largest gorilla
that was ever found is 30 cubic inches, while
the brain of the most ignorant man that was
ever found is 70. Vast difference between
30 and 73. It needs a bridge of 40 arches
to span that gulf.
besides that there is a difference between
the gorilla and the man-a difference of
blood globule, a difference of nerve, a dif
ference of muscle, a difference of bone, a
difference of sinew. The horse is more like
man in intelligence, the bird is more like
him in musical capacity, the mastiff is more
like him in affection. That eulogized beast
of which we hear so much, represented on
the walls of cities thousands of years ago, is
just as complete as it is now, showing that
there has not been a particle of change.
Besides that, if a pair of apes had a man for
descendant, why would not all the apes
have the same kind of descendants? Can it
be that that one ravored pair only was hon
ored with human progeny? Besides that,
evolution says that as one species rises to
another species the old type dies off. Then
. how~ is it that there are whole kingdoms of
chimpsaee and gorilla and baboon?
The evolutionis's have come together and
have tried to explain a bird's wing- Their
theory has always been that a faculty of an
animal while being developed must always
be usefuland always beneficial, but the wing
of a bird, in the thousands of years it was
being developed, so far from being any help
must nave been a hindrance until it could
be brought into practical use away on down
in the ages. Must there not have been an
intelligent will somewhere that formed that
wonderful flying instrument, so that a bird
600 times heavier than the air can mount it
and put gravitation under claw and beak?
That wonderful mechanical instrument the
wing, with between 20 and 30 different ap
parati curiously constructed, does it not im
ply a divine intelligence? Does it not imply
a direct act of some outside being? All the
evolutionists in the world cannot explain a
bird's wing or an insect's wing.
So they are confounded by the rattle of
the rattlesnake Ages before that reptile
had any enemies this warning weapon was
created. " by was it created? When the
reptile, far back in the ages, had no ene
mies, why this warning weapon? There
must have been a divine intelligence fore
seeing and knowing that in ages to come
that reptile would have enemies, and then
-this warning weapon would be brought into
use. You see evolution at every step is a
contradiction or a monstrosity. At every
stage of animal life as well as at every stage
of humanlife there is evidence of direct ac
tion of divine will
Besides that, it is very evident from an
other fact that we are an entirely different
creation and that there is no kinship. The
animal in a few hours or months comos to
full strength and can take care of itself.
The human race for the first one, two, three
five, ten years is in complcte helplessness.
The chick just come out of its shell begins
to pick up its own food. The dog, the wolf,
the lion, soon earn their own livelihood and
act for their own defense. The human race
does not come to development until 20 or 30
years of age, and by that time the antmals
that were born the same year the man was
born; the vast majority of them, have died
of old age. This shows there is no kinship,
there is no similarity. If we had been b~orn
of the beast, we would have had the beast's
strength at the start or it would have had
our weakness. Not only different, but op
Darwin admitted that the dovecot pigoon
has not changed in thousands of years. It
is demonstrated over and over again that
the lizard on the lowest formation of rocks
was just as complete as the lizard now. It is
shown that the ganoid, the first fish, was
just as complete as the sturgeon, another
name for the same fish now. Darwin's en
tire system is a guess, and Huxley and
John Stuart Mi:1 and Tyndall and especial
ly Professor Haeckel come to help him in
the guess, and guess about the brute, and
guess about man, and goess about worlds,
but as to having one sotid foot of ground to
stand on they never have had it and never
will have it. I put in opposition to these
evolutionist theories the inward conscious
ness that we have no consanguinity with the
dog that fawns at our feet, or the spider
that iliawis on the wall, or the fish that
tlops in the frying pan, or the crow that
swoops on the field carcass, or the swine
that wallows in the mire. Everybody sees
the outrage it would be to put asiae the
Bible record that Abraham begat Isaac, and
Isaac begat Jacob. and Jacob begat Judah,
for the record that the microscopic animal
cule begat the tadpole, and the tadpole be
gat the polliwog, and the polliwog begat the
serpent, and the serpent begat the quadru
ped, and the quadruped begat the baboon,
and the baboon begat man.
The evolutionists tell us that the apes
were originally fond of climbing the trees,
but after awhile they lost their prehensile
power and therefore could not climb with
any facility, and hence they surrendered
monkeydom and set up in bus:ness as men.
Failures as apes, successes as men. Accord
inc to the evolutionists, a man is a bankrupt
I pity the person who in every nerve
and muscle and bone and mental faculty
.and spiritual experience dcnes not r ealize
that he is higher in origin and has had a
grander ancestry than the neasts which
perish. Howev'xr degraded men and yom
en m'y be, and though the~y may t are
foundered on tbe rocks of ctrme ar d sin,
and t..otugh w.- shudder we p~aa thent,
.....t..el1ss there is suehin- within us
I hat ,tel i '
hrotbero :: r or r
and our 'm tilt hies ar ro :l'I in l-:Lrd
e, r tpot 1!:e Tropic t hird . most
T!:.u1 t wi:-I . or u;pon he curv
- 'oorsor - i eI ve fe I ithere i6
~trorl-r that, they. i- thie iou wi'h one
stroke of his paw coul.l ptr i.s into the
dI-t. It ;s Tnot, 'bar we J:ve hetter eye
'ight for the eaCle cat: dieserv a ruolo a
Mile awIy. It i' not ibat we are -Ieeter of
fout. for a roebuck io a rlasti is cut of
sig t, just seeming to touch the earth as
he 'oes N19nv, of the unintd crelion sur
patsing us in :1-ettress o toot .d in keen
ness of nostril and in srrgh of limb.
but rotwlsadod M r :a'
1h1g witninti us thm- hw:. e
lesti-S pedigree. N <t lit
of the rizip'd, not of - . :.- ' u
of the living and .nouiv-te;t 6,i. L:n
ea-e of t ,e di-s Gene:ll.y he Ltei
I tel Vou plain v h t- i y i "er
wia iu-krat : v:- yizr movi er an op,
sui aLu your "~t ut :0,t~~i 11
ile tnids atd b , uan 'urt:e.." were
'was G . I know it I !ee; llS
througlt iue with an emphi :td an ec.a5sy
which ii your argumtL-it drawn from ati
hr.r,po'ogy ard hi y an zoogy and
rul.e- a:d pa.oogy a1 all iheo:her
N.Oi I L a ne -:
Lro:uti.n i- ot e great itytt ry it
bh t.oil o<u t ster, an i tie 5O0 ha'ca
0 i O. iti tie 1100 haich out IL'0.
riO. Why, my brozher, :o: adait the one
rrea. mystery or God and have that s tte
al ite other mystriev: I can mire easi y
.ppteiate the fact that God, hy one -troke
of his orintpot-nce. cou~d niae twan than
I c:u:d real:ze bow out of o,00OOt ages
te cotld have evolved one putrivg Ou a
;rtle he re and a little there. It would
have been just as great a ni-acle for Go'
to have turLed an orang outr.ng into a
maa as to make a man out and out, the one
joh just as big as the other
It seens to me we had ettor let God
have a little place in our wortd srmewhere
it scems to me if we cannot nave hiin make
all creatures we had better hav- hutn make
t wo or three. Tnere ought to he sone place
where he could stay without intetfering with
the evolutionists. "No says Darwin, and
so for ,ears he is trying to raise lantailed
pigeons and to turn these fantail p'geons
into some other kind of pigeons or to have
them go into , ome'hing that is not a pigeon
-torning them into quail or barnyard fowl
or brown thrasher. But pigeon it is. And
others have tried with the ox and the dog
and the horse, but they staid in their species
If they attempt to cross over, it is a hy.
brid, and a hybrid is always s'erile and goes
into extinction. There has been only one
successful attempt to pass over from speech
less animal to the at ticulation of man, and
that was the attempt which Bala un witnessed
in the beast that he rode, but an angel of the
Lord with drawn sword soon stopped that
long eared e 'olutionist.
But says sore one, "If we cannot have
God make a man, let us have him make a
horse." "Oh. no!" says Huxley in his
great lectures in New York years ago. No.
tie does not want any God around tae orem
ises. G ;d did not make the horse. The
horse came of the pliohippus, ard the plio
hippus came from the protohippus, and the
protohippus came from the'miohippus, and
the miohippus came from the meshohippus,
and the meshihippus came from the orohip
pus, and so away back, all the living crea
tures, we trace it in a line until we get to
the moneron. and no evidence of divine in
termeddling with the creation until vou get
to the moneron, and that, Iluxley t is, is
of so low a form of life that the probability
is it just made itself r r was the result of
spontaneous generation. What a narrow
esc ipe from the nece! sity of having a God:
As near as I can tell, these evolutionists
seem to think that God at the start had not
made up his mind as to exactly what he
would make, and having made up his mind
partially he has been changing it all through
the ages. I believe that God made the world
as he wanted to have it and that the happi
ness of all the species will depend upon thieir
staying in the species where they were
Bat, my friends, evolution is not only in
idel and atheistic and absurd. It is bru
talizing in its tendencies. If there is any
thing in the world that will makes a man
bestial in his habits, it is the idea that he
was descended from the beast. Why, ac
cording to the idea of these evolutionists,
we are a only superior kind of cattle, a sort
of Alde. ney among other heards. To be
sure, we browse on better pasture, and we
have better stall and better accommodations,
but then we are only South lowns among the
great fiocks of sheep. Born of a beast, to
die like a beast, to die like a beast, for the
evolutionists have no idea .of a fture world
They s y the mind is only a superior part of
the body. They say our thoughts are only
molecular forma-ion. They say when the
boly dies the whole nature dies. The slab of
the sepulcher is net a milestone on the jour
ney up ward, but a wall shutting us into eter
dal nothingness. We all die alike-the cow,
the horse, the sheep, tie man, the reptile.
Annihilation is the haaven of the evolution
ist. From such a s'etnchful and damn ~A~
doctrine turn away. Compare that idea of
your origin an idea filled with the chat cer of
apes and the hiss -f serpents and th croak
of frogs-to an idea in one or t- z:.. *
which I quiote from an old boc of more
than Demosthenic or Homeric cr Dantesque
power; '-What is man that thou art min d
ful of him? And the son of man, that thou
visitest him? Thou hast made him a little
lower than the angels and hast crowned him
with glory and honor. Thou madest him
to have dominion over the works of thy
hand. Thou hast put all things under his
feet All sheep and oxen-yea, and the
basts of the field the fowl of the air, and
the fish of the sea, and whatsoever passeth
through the piaths of the seas.. 0 Lord, our
Lord how excellent is Gixy name in all the
How do you line that origin? The lion
the monarch of the field, the eagle the mon
arch of the air, behemoth the monarch of
the deep, but man monarch of abi! Ah, my
friends, I have to say to you that I am not
so anxious to know what was my origin as
to know what wi:l be my destiny. I do not
care so much where I came from as where I
am going to. I ant not so interested in who
was my ancestry 10,000,000 years ago a
am to know where I will be 10,000,000 years
from now. I am not so much interested in
the preface to my cradle as 1 am interested
in tihe app--ndix to my grave 1 do not erre
so inch about protoplasm as I do abotut etern
asm. The "wa&" is overwhelmed with the
"to be.'' And here comes in the evolution
I believe in-not natural evolution, but
gracious and divine aud heavenly evolution
-evoldtion out of sin into holiness, out of
grief into gladness, out of mortality into im
mortality, out of earth into heaven. That
is the evolution I believe in.
31onarchs on earth of all lower orders of
creation and then lifted to be hierarchs in
heaven. lasterpiece of God's wisdom and
goodness, our hunmanity; masterpiece of di
vine grace, our enthronement. I put one
foot on Darwin's "Origin of the Species,''
and I put the other foot on Spencer's "--J
ology," and then, holding in one hand the
book of Mloses, I see our Genesis, and, hold
ing in the other band the book of Rtevelation
I see our celestial arrival. For all wars 1
prescribe the Bethlehem chant of the angels,
for all sepulchers I prescribe the archangel's
trumpet, for all the earthly griefs I pire
scribe the hand that uipes away all tears
from all eyes. Not an evolution troma beast
to man, but an evolution from contestant to
conqueror, and from the struggle with wild
bats in the arena of the amphitheater to a
soft, high, blissful seat in the King s gaile'
Gets His Reward-.
Several attempts have recently beetn
ade to p)oison the famuily of Cat. J oh ni
E.~ Loc~awood of Athens, La. one of
the most prominent mteni in the ate.
IAt 1:lr o'clack this tiornting Dick I ab
nevi' colored, one of the persons wvho
was suspeccted was shot anid killed by
Chares Logatwoodt son of Capt.ILoga
'wood, whio d~te2Cd Daboney andu ar
other negro" in thec act of t"rying to kill
('pt :L1woodt while tile latter was
a~leep I T negroe- etre~rd the hiouse
and wetre (ttacIl'ted ty Ve lu11araood
lt 10Iiase~d thienti to tile yard and
ird Dahneyc\ fell 0:1d. but the orther
GEM. Y1 SiLS~ T 'X?PLAIN.
Olash of the Wa Seei'etary and Co.
\fhen Gen..lb1*0 riuin t.* 'u a
it, lhe wvill 'e ,ke'i fr ai exliaia
tion of reent :iteriewsappearina with
himn. and1 the public.at ion if certain di
patch~e wich the wair dep aitmni t ha
not made pulic. Whet her the :lives
tiaat i ill take the course of a 1i
tarv Court fIiuiry ir a private -
teview btweenl thle Prdnthe
cretary f War and Gen. .Mile -
vet ti be Secl. Until the arrh al
of 60N. Mille the war deiartmieit w1
d dicuss the matter. Secretary A
'fer ays that the departlent will not
enter into any controversy with its sub
ordinates, and lie does nit propose to
discuss matters affecting G en Miles dir
inf his absenece.
Tlhe department is of tpinioni that
Gen. Miles made public the dispatches
of the Secretary. Gen. Shafter nd hiim
seIf. Such action it r ras a breach
of military regilations. but no military
Court can secure proof that Geln Mile
Iadie public tle dispatches it I and
the person to wloi they were furnilsied
refuse to) give the information. as sev-i
eral military trials have made it set
tiet law that no military Court can
compel a civilian to testify if le doe s
not want to. Gen. 3liles also may be
called to account for the interviews with
lim. as. unless disavowed, they would
place him in the attitude of criticing
his superior officers, and subject him to
The publication of the dispatches
taken together with previous interviews
in the Kansas City Star. were the topic
of conversation among offieers of the
war department. and already there is a
disposition by some to take sides in the
matter. while others deplore the cond
tions as tending to lower the tone of
the zirmy and to do irreparable injury
to the service. It is expected the con
troversy will extend to both houses of
Congress. and it is feared will have an
adverse effect upon the legislation
which will be asked to better the army.
It is generally understood that the regu
lar force will have to be largely in
creased. at least uptil the conquered
islands are disposed of, and it is feared
that legislation in this directon will be
aampred by the inevitable controversy
between the Secretary of War and the
general commanding the army.
The Game Laws.
Inquiries are frequently made as to
the requirements of the South Carolina
game laws. so that the following terse
sumiiary of the laws just gotten out by
the Union Metallic Co. will be of gen
eral interest to sportsmen and others
who do not care to wade through the nu
merous acts on the subject:
Deer-It is illegal to kill or huint
deer, or chase them with dogs, between
February 1, and September 1. except in
the counties of Clarendon, Berkeley,
Georgetown, Marion, Colleton, Darling
ton, Williamsburg, Horry, 31arlboro
and Kershaw, in which counties it is
nov lawful between February 1 and Au
Other Birds (open season)-It is il
legal, between April 1 and November
1, to hunt or kill any wild turkey, par
tridge, quail, woodcock or pheasant,
or, between MIarch 1 and August 1, any
dove, or to kill at any time during the
year any of the birds! named, by fire
light or flash light.
may purchase a licence for shooting
ame of any kind. Cost $25. This
oes not apply to persons hunting or
killing game on their own land.
Lost in the Mountains.
Thursday morning. Alice. daughter
of George and Caroline Peek, who live
in the northeastern end of Burns val
ley. Pennsylvania. near the mountains.
wandered from home, and being only
3 years old, was soon lost in that ex
tensive chain of mountains extending
from Concord to Cumberland county.
An alarm was immediately given and
the people of Burns valley and vicini
ty turned out to search for the lost one.
The search was continued night and
day until Sunday morning without
finding any trace of her. On that mor
ning about 150 men gathered at the
foot of the mountains. Forming a line
they marched through the woods
searching among the rocks and brush.
About five miles from where they en
trd the mountains she was discovered
standing upon a large rock. Her cloth
1t12 had been torn and tattered by the
bruP 'id reeks, and but for a few
slight steehes, she was uninjured. A
few bei ries had been her diet for over
three clays.-khiladelphia Times.
The Cobr Line Again.
Solliers passin-; through Altoona tell
strange story regarding the death of
Quartermaster George U. Fraiiks, of
Company G. 12th New York regiment.
The regiment is encamped at Chat
tanoogia. Because of the death of
three hospital patients after drinking
milk sold by negroes living ini the
neighborhood. the quartermaster of
f Company G. would not allow the ne
groes to sell anything to his company.
riday night a gang of negroes caught
ranks outside of the camp grounds,
nd. after beating him nearly to death.
hrew him under a passing railroad train.
Since then the guards have been or
e^-d to shoot any negroc who attempts
o piass the canip lines.
Rewards in the Navy.
(aptain l'hilip, of the Texas. who
distinguished himself so nobly at Santi
go. has entered a protest against his
wn promotion over the heads of offi
ers who ranked him before and who lie
clared would surely have conducted
hemselves with gallantry equal to that
of the participiants Inl our recent in our
recent naval battles if they had beeni
riven an opporttunity. Captain Philip
has not only given pro'f of a high senise
f justice and remarkable unseltishncss.
but lie has called attention to the un
fairness of our present system tif be
stowingz rewards for distingunisheid ser
vice in the navy.
Outrage By Ohio Soldiers.
A Bruns wiek. Ga. special to the
orniing News says: >ection Foreman
artman, his wvife and his sister. M1iss
a rie IlldIley, of Everett. were insulit
a by a party of soldiers near their hiome
a iniht. They wvere watchiin the
1t Uhio regiment go thlroughl to llunts
ville. when some of the p'ivates nme
ore remar'ks ti thenm They retreat
d ti theimr homne. and the old ier fol
l we.Two (of thle ,lie r fired at
irtnan.i Hartnman and th womenca
fo lkt retured the tire. wvoi' unn two
Tore Down a Church.
A\ large mnb led by women101 demioli.h
ed. thle InIdepiienden IPolish Caholi
churicht of ijt. \delbert N. Y ., Frid'ay.
Th frame wallmsi' of the simall structture
wer torn d iwn anid hurled into the
stret. Tlwenty-thr.e riters were ar
res ted anld fu'rt her. ' ' t r ile san tici a
ted. The assault wias in-1: ti dissat
isfactioni with thle 'pa t ir. De)an 'i tas.
HIis removal was regut tedc. Onlyv a
Bid EATERS OF i THE OLD DAYS
Sevan a1d a Half Pounds of Becf Part
of One Man's Dinner.
all ii w a1 'iiit * V
IT L' I t lie anvi a Ii rI. r ,- I nlU
his*- r,-miee'l d to'i i Thma Walkfc er.
Aother t1hings hie speak. f3r Walker's
per I.,et adoayOf a very- few. pr.
feevtly servei iIshei- It a ilile lleal.
Among others 'Lie mentions a Christ
ma lininer give ilb IIr. Valker. in
which three pier-nSIlI Includinhg the host.
Ipartticipated. It was cominposei of
crilipedl Co.!. woodei:1ick and 1 plum
pudding. just a: imuch oi eaih a: wai
w:llted. with cham1ipagne in abundance
as the :ole wine. This dinner excited
considerable Coniilit at the tiie. for
it was given at a period when it was
coniidered good forn to laid the table
with an endless ,nantity of viands and
drink in profusion. many varieties of
This dinier of' Walker's leads Ir.
Hayward to connent upon the foriid
able appetites with which people were
endowed inl the early years of the Cen
tury. One of Walker's meals was miere
ly a nibble to the robust eaters of this
The lord lieuteiant of a certain west
ern county of England ate a covey of
partridges in their season every morn
ing for breakfast. Another man of
title consuied daily an equal number of
these birds as a mere whet, and his ap
petite was only sharpened by the per
forlailnce. This feeder, before he had
finished with a round of beef, had eaten
seven and a half pounds of solid meat
and a proportionate quantity of vegeta
Mr. Hayward tells of a distinguished
literary and political character who
was in the habit of ferquenting the
notorious Crockford's. His appetite
anid capacity were so prodigious that
the proprietor of the establishment
determined to offer him a substantial
fee to refrain from eating there. Ile
was about to do so. when he was in
formed that this glutton had been
bought off by the proprietors of all of
the other exclusive feeding and gamb
ling resorts of London.
Troubles of a Trust.
The Atlanta Journal says "the Sugar
Trust has a rough sea ahead of it. If
there ::ver was a trust which was
thoroughly disreputable. and which dis
tinguished itself by its defiance of de
ceney as well as of public opinion, this
is the one. The probability that the
sugar trust has seen its best days will.
therefore. be viewed with general satis
faction by the public, which it has
fleeced for so longa tiie. The dangers
that beset this gigantie corporation are
manifold. It has recently found a
powerful rival in the Arbuckle Com
pany, which has built and opened a
great sugar refinery in Brooklyn. An
other refinery on Long Island, to be
operated by the Doscher Company, will
be ready for businessin October. Still
another refinery that will make war on
the sugar trust has just been completed
inl San Francisco. The trust now pro
duces about three-fourths of all the re
filled sugar used in this country, but it
is estimated that its powerful compcti
tors, who are now in the field will take
away nearly half of its business. The
rapidly growing beet sugar industry is
also giving the sugar trust trouble. It
is necessary, in order to make the pro
Suetion of beet sugar profitable, to re
ne sugar where the beets are grown.
and thus make a large saving in freight.
The business of refining sugar near the
Louisiana plantations is also increasing
every year for a similar reason. But
the most serious danger which now beset
the sugar trust is one which was broght
on by its own greed and the exercise of
influence with Congress. The lobby
ists of the trust and its tools in Con
gress succeeded in putting a differen
tial duty of one cent a pound on refined
sugar into the Dingley tariff Act. This
gave the trust an enormous bounty, but
was too good a thing. IL is this big
differential which has lured other pow
erful companies into the sugar refining
business. If the sugar trust had not
grabbed for so much in the way of legis
lative favors it would now be in a much
stronger position than it holds. And
now the trust is brought face to face
with another perplexing problem. Trhe
sugar of Porto Rico and Hawaii will
be admitted free of duty. The sugar
product of Cuba will ->.!o come in free
when Cuba beconmes ours, as it prob
ably will before ho ig. There will cer
tainly be refineries established in those
islands to put the sugar into shape for
market before it is shipped to this
country. The trust will have a gay
ime keepii; down this competition.
This conce' n now has common and pre
erred stoec to the amount of $75.000,
300. On this it is expected to pay
handsome dividends. It has been
orced by its policy of crushing com
petition to pay for comp)eting refineries
prices immensely above their real value.
[t is said that all the plants of the trust
:ould be duplicated for one-fifth of the
unount for which they are stocked.
l'his gives the rival refineries recently
buiit an enormous advantage. To buy
ap these refineries would put a stop to
:he trust's dividends and run its stock
lown to something like real value. To
~ace and fight the gzrcat comp~etitioni
low before it will be to lose one-half of
ts mloniopoly. The situation is badly
nixed for the trust, but all peraons who
io inot hold its watered stock may conl
:mplate the situation with eq uanimuity
nid hope for the collapse of' a comibiina
ioni whlichl has forfeited all claims to
ympathy or respect.
To Be Mustered Out.
The following troops were ordered to
e mustered out of' service Friday:
First South Carolinla. dJucksonville to
:olumibial. S. C.. First Pennsvhvaniai.
~econd anid Third Pennsylvania. Fourth
Wisconsin. Sevcntv-first New York.
First New .Jersey. Thirty-second Mich
galn. two squadrons First Ohio cavalry.
Eirhith Ohio. One Illundred anid Fifty
-il'hth Indiana. Third (Ohio. Seconid
orthi Carolina. Simon's Island. GIla.. Lio
RlaleiChi: First and Second Alabamai,
I'hird U. S. volunteer cavalry. Seconid
Mail Robber Punishe d.
Thle finding~s of the .teneral Court -
miartial ill thle case of Floyd W. (Gay.
Comipany F. 5th New York regimnent.
'hared with robbing the mails at Camnp
'lger were published Wednesday miornI
II'' iia been dislionorahly d'Lisellai'ged
from'l thie service of the Un Iited States.
fiirfeiting~ all pay and allowances aind
senlten'ced to serve thI:ree years at hard
labir in' the' il~itaryv prisonl at Filt Lea
Rolled Into the River.
Wh' ile asleep I ni a whiarf iln lne of
the stuiburbs oif d1acksinv ille. Fla. . lin
Fridlaxy eveinz . IPri vateL Will iam~ 31e
IHuvih. u'f (Co. G. Second Alab~iama reg
ni:enti. riolied oil into the wvater andl was
driownIied before aissi stanice co uld bei
iVenl Li himn. The bidy wvas rec' vere
FFTY DEAD 1N OE DAY.
List of Deaths and Prfostradons Fvoin
Heat in New York.
telI1r city 11 day lou. N:it fomav
ed abnist like day. aiin the deIath: from
the heat reported at intervals in the
various hospital. plice headquarter
and coroner': o6ce. coldI wave. ac
coipan ied )y sitowers and thunder
stotrms. is the prognastieatioI for to
morrow nigh it. but until then no relief is
expected. Th Thighest point reached
by the thernioieter to-day was at 2
o'Clock. when the nercury registered 92
degrees. T[he humiity averaged 85
Following is a list of the dead: Ed
ward Ranter. 92 years old: lRobert Ea
ton. 54: -John Sloan. 70: Jos. Norneti.
44: Philip Patie. 15 days: Ellen Potter,
40 ycar,: Robert Malupski. 7 months:
Margaret Lavery. G" years: Winifred
Whalen. 49: flobert 31iles. 38: Samuel
Goodwin. 48: Lawrence Zenns. 40:
Frederick C. Williams. G7: Lawrence
Greon, :30: Mary Cornell. 20: Jamcs
)Iodine. 1) monuths: Ernest Garbeith.
:3 years: Minnie Mitchell. 39; Joseph
Hudson. 65: Ihugh McDevitt. 35; Ed
ward Wall. 38; Rocco NIontasano. 38:
Edward Ivers. 40; Joseph Smith. 3:
Eliza AJ. Goff. 70: Alfred Gardner. -:
Cornelius D. Klein. -: Michael Alsick
35: Patrick Devive, 35; Charles Sehl
man. j2: Charles Cohen, Patrick Defo
van. 50: J. Mohl. 38, Daniel MaCarthy
26: Frederick Mosser. W\illian Harlan.
54: John Young. 45: Vittoria Prolli.
26: Philomena Wandela. 25: John
Brown. (0: David Keef,- 32: ETward
Seibel 45; George Meyer. 28: (harles
l egel, 41: Lizzie Weabel. 21. Louis
Sciomble, 1;: one unknown woman:
three unknown men. In Brooklyn
there were six deaths and fourteen
The Government Steamboat John R.
Meigs Destroyed by Explosion.
The Government steamboat John R.
31eigs was totally destroyed by an ex
plosion at Fort St. Philip near New
Orleans Saturday. She had on board
Licut. Jervey and a party engaged in
removing the torpedoes laid in the
Mississippi River during the beginning
of the war. Licut. Jervey had a nar
row escape. The killed were Capt.
Starr, commander of the boat: Sergt.
John Newman, of the engineers; Pat
Carlos and Ralph Rogers. Those
wounded were Fritz Koch and 1). B.
Reddy. Major Quinn, of the engineer
c)rI)s, was advised that the Mcigs had
b2en blown up by a torpedo or mine.
The Government engineers had been
unable to recover the mines and torpe
does from shore by means of the cables
to which they had been attached, owing
to the fact that the sand in the river
had weighted them down -and caused
the cables to part. On this account a
crew was ordered down on the Meigs to
grapple for the mines and bring them
to the surface. The crew had almost
completed the work wh.n the accident
occurred. The dispatch to Major
Quinn -says that the 3Meigs sank out of
sight in deep water near Fort St. Philip.
Carlos and Newman. among those
lost, belonged to the United States en
ineer battalion that came here sonme
time ago from Willets Point, N. Y.
Capt. Starr is from Vicksburg, but is a
Northern man, and was with the fleet
during the attack on Vicksburg. The
M1eigs was owned by MIajior Williard
and had been used as a snag boat in
Red lRver. She was 190 feet long.
LOVES ONLIY HIS PARAMOUR.
Pecliar Answer of Atlanta Lawyer
to a Divorce Suit.
A suit for divorce. filed by MIrs. T. J.
Leftwich of Atlant a against her hus
band, who in 'ddition to being one of
the best known lawers of Atlanta. is
the son of Dr. J. T. Leftwich, a Pres
byterien preacher of wide reputation.
has provoked a rejoinder today from the
defendent which bristles with remarka
ble features. The defendant admits
that he was unduly intimate withi Maad
Jordan. as his wife asserts, and
declares openly that for years he has
given her the affection and and atten
tion which was due his wife. and that
it is his intention to marry her as soon
as released from his present matrimo
nial bonds. H~e says that his marriage
fifteen years ago was in every way un
fortunate, and that when he met 3Iaude
Jordan he realized her as his soul's
ideal. He treated her as a wife and
has had two children, a boy of 5 years
and a girl of S months. by her. He al
leges that he recently called a council
of his most intimate friend .told them
the circumstances. and decu~red that
she and he would prefer disgi ace and
imrisonmient rather than undergo sep
aration. ie asserts that lie dearly
loves the Jordan woman and his twvo
illegitimate children. and any sacrifice
which he can make for their welfare
will not be too great.
Prepare for Wheat.
Let the farniers, possessed of fore
sight. energy and business tact. con
sider the value of the wheat crop.
Ieretofore there was little demand
for surplus wheat except for seed. It
was too convenient to buy store flour.
For the last few years our merchants
would hardly have known what to do
with 5010 bushels of wheat put on the
market in one day. With scvcral roller
mills in the country and a large one
nearly ready to grind in the city. wheat
will demand cash almost as readily as
cotton. The ambition of the farmer is
t bring his cotton crop up to a 500
bale to the acre. The same land pro
pery prepared will make 20 to 310
bushels of wheat. It reuires a man
and horse two dayvs to prepaire the land
and put in one aicre of wheait. It takes
six times as imuch labor to planlt. culti
vate and gather a cotton crop as it does
wheat. The wheat land .will also ptrt
duce ai laite corn and pea cropaznd with the
addition of a little manure. the land
will bec improved. Let &hme fairmiers
consider this question from a business
Stndi~ point. With these mills going
up. wheat will brinr ready cash.
Seven Men Drowned
It has just been reported tiikt Lient.
oran I'. S. Engine er cogs was
drieed otl' Tybee in the Stornri Wed
nesdaiy with six regulair soldiers- IIe
went out in ai yawl to rescue the tsailors
of :Un Italian bark. The yawl capsized
ind 3Morran with his tuen were drowncd.
This is aiuthecntie. MIoriran ivas a
Ea -thquake at Santiago.\
TIwo earthqutake shocks were felt at
S ntiago na:turday aifterno n. The jarst.
which occurred at 2:15. wasi. of uniusual
sverty andi sh~ook ever lions in the
cty. The frightened people ratn put
nto the streets. The secondl shopAk,
which was lighter. occurred .inst kan
LOT IN A STORY,
Ni1se ki.uidred Spaniards -h . i '
The i leI t cin <li l:: 'j , p
lothe ir ies eoral nweros ao when
thre spanixc h oloatt~eye war :itri
byraunitral bl.ning Stoo .d ia D
eC' S11mWlr. Th ete a b
stationed in an adjinn zisand whlere
the insurgent * were numeirouls and1( al
Trssve The latter wore .ann
'1r41und1 rapidly. c-ausin,- 900 Spainardsi
to baril these sailing VesseIs in an en
ieavor to escape from tie nzati\ves. wo. I
ThegunoatLeyte. un1dertook to) tow
these three transports to Manila bay
where the Spaniards aboard then wereI
to surr'ender to, Admiral Dewey if they
did not sueceel in landing soiiewherei
and reaching Manila under cover of
darkness. After the Leyte had towed
them down Panpangas river and some
distance alonlz the coast. a heavy storm
came up, making it necessary for the
gunboat to cut her tows lioose and pro
eced to Manila for assistance. Before
iietting there she was captured by the
Americans next day and an American
vessel was dispatched to find the three
transports. but failed to. discover any
trace of them.
The natives on the adjoining caast
say they saw nothing of any vessels.
The conclusion was finally reached that
the vessels foundered with all on board.
The Chinese emperor has issued an
edict that European and American 4
missionaries and their converts in his
empire be fully protected. He says
that in this respect all Chinese officials
have heretofore been derelict. He is
sues this edict as a final warning and
declares his determination that there
shall be no more riots. Japanese pa
pers announce that all export duties
now imposed in Japan are to be grad
ually abolished with the object of in
creasing foreign trade.
The Cotton Outlook.
The outlook for cotton is not very en
cauraringi. With middling cotton
selling around 5 cents there is not much
left to the producer, after the freight
and middlemen's charges are deducted.
If we take i22.50 as about the av
erage value per bale on the farm, there
is very little remuneration for either
capital or labor. under the most favora
ble conditions of yield and with the
most economical management. As cot
ton is the basis of values throughout
most of the South. this eo:.idition of
things is bound to make itself felt in
many ways. Of course, any depression
in the price of a staple commodity will
work its own cure. in the long run.but
the process is both painful and expen
sive. The main cause of the present low
price is the general conviction that
the world is face to face with another
monster crop. Whether that conviction
is based on facts or not. the result is
the same. for the time being. 'ufor
tunately. the Southern farmer learned
nothing from the bitter experience of
last season, and the acreage is practi
cally the same. While the world will
undoubtedly. take a largc crop of Amer
iean cotton at the present level of price.
it does not require a crop of 11,)000.000
bales. and will only take it on a specu
lative basis. As a matter of fact,
the size of the present crop is
still a matter of uncertainty. as its
backwardness would make it peculiarly
susceptible to injury by an early frost.
Yet the size of the crop is taken for
granted, and affects the price, for the
imoment. precisely as if tihe result were
certain. As things now stand, there is
only one infinence that could check the
decline. The Southern farmer has got
to bull his own commodity. if it is to be
bulled at all.
Gems of Thought.
Half our mistakes in life come from
being in aihurry.
Every human soul has something of
the nature of God left in it.
Try to learn the hard lesson of con
centration without absorption.
Assuredly a sore and subtle tempta
tion of middle age is to nurse wrongs.
The end of life is not personal happi
ness. It is the image and glory of God.
If it is a reproach not to have friends
it may be even a greater not to h'ave
No man can do another's work for
him. If it is not done by each one for
himself, it is not done at all.
It is not greatness, but littleness,
that can easily dispense with human
love and coldly prefers. to suffer alone.
A gentleman's first instinct is to put
every one at his ease and especially to
avoid giving unnecessary pain.-Bishop
He Was Drunk.
Joe Kinney of Company II. First
MIississippi. nmade an unsuccessful at
tempt to) assassinate Col. Govan of the
First MIississippi regiment at Chicka
mauga Saturday night. IIe entered
Col. Govan's tent, saying he had a
present for him, with pistols drawn.
The colonel made an effort to get his
pistol. but Kenney had taken the col
onel's pistol from his tent earlier in
the evening. Col. Govan kept perfect
ly cool and told him to leave or he
would kill him. Kinney backed out of
the tent and started away and was
captured by Privates Gibbs, Smnythe,
Slocum, lioyd and Turner of Company
F. but not until lie had fired several
shots at his capturers. The colonel's
pistol was found on him when capt
ured. Kinney vwas drunk and is said
to be addicted to the morphine habit.
ie is an ex-convict.
])on't judge a disinfe'ctant by its
D)on't seek to become a lif'e member
ofa suicide club.
D on't present a grass widow with a
bottle of new-inownm hay perfume.
iDon't think you cani get rid ot y'our
typewriter by miarryingr her.
D on't attemp~t to conv~ert a person by
reason ing in stead of' by good example.
D on't 1hhame the rocir for' giving
\ou ski i't weiglit it Viiu give Iini a l'ini
Do~n't dr'op your hook in the samte
hole with others if you would succeed
as a fisherman.
Don'tt think free will gzives you the
i'ight ti do wvhatcver you like, regard
less ofi tihe rights of others.
T~wo steamers flying thie Spanish flag.
sailed trout New York Wednesday.
They were former prizes. the 31iguel
Jover and Caitinai'. A few days ago
the Washington authorities decided
that these steameris should not hia-e
been seized and irdered their release.
The- .Jover and Catalina cleaireud for
Spiaini via l labana and man neil hiv their
old crews. went to sea W\ednlesday.
The Courtesy of Macias.
guard, brougiht 4Gen. Brok iaturday
underi a flag of truce. a dlipatch from
Ameiic'an ge nerad the use ofiiI his pite
re"idence' at iI in Pias Inear "'an
Abo-ut Reducing Cotton Acreage.
l et New t nd Courie.r unde ii
ic tltin' 'I6 hco "it G rwc c*s in I ,1111
il' sa that the Natioat''c litint
roweri:Neititi it .i e*tais
iic. l:dr.L i t' ori . l'ne. l i'- itn
-I-di raitiei of crops.'alnd tIhis is to
b kep b efore the eves of the farmers
hev the distribution of literature. To
this end the firnation if a society simi
lar to the Grain-e and Alliance. free
froml politics. is reconnended. This
seenis to be a wise direction given to
the Cotton Growers' association, if it
4,1cn he c' irried int., practiec. The cf
forts andcc experlenccs of years in
this section show the folly of the effort
to reduce the acreage in cotton by
agreement. It is a saving among farm
ers tlciselves. that farmers can t
combine." They will acknowledge
th at as a general rule. less cotton
should be planted. but every individual
man of them thinks that it is good for
all the other fellows and not for him
this year. Ile has money to raise to
meet a debt in the fall. He can't sell
his corn, fodder and other produce with
out a sacrifice and cotton is so low. he
must plant largely to raise the money.
This is the way they talk and consider
ing the low price he gets for everything
he has to sell. the farmer has to plough
a stumpy row. The cotton is such an
easy crop to cultivate. it woos him away
from tobacco which requires so much
trouble and skill in the curing. -There
are a number of good farmers around
us who know that tobacco is a far more
profitable crop than cotton, that there
is a cash demaad for it as early as
August. but "it is so troublesome." So
after all the element of ease in the cul
tivation and gathering of the crop and
the application of knowledge already
acquired. are important considera
tions with many. By concert of action,
the farmers and those interested with
them, could make the plan proposed
very useful. The question is, will it
A Greater Navy.
Congress at its next session will be
asked to appropriate a good sum for
improvements of the navy. The results
of the war with Spain makes the
strengthing of our navy an absolute
necessity. The Oregon must be con
sidered the most powerful ship of our
present navy. But we have building
and nearing completion the Kentucky,
the Kearsarge. the Alabama, and the
Illinois. all more powerful than the
Oregon. Bids will soon be asked for
three battleships of even greaterstrength
They are to be one-third larger and one
fourth swifter than the Oregon. They
will also be stronger in armor and ar
mament. Then we are to have three
immense cruisers. superior in every
respect to the New York and the Brook
lyn. They will be a third larger and at
least two knots faster than those noble
vessels. Three vessels of the Olym
pia's class are to be built. but they will
be more powerful and considerably
faster. In addition to all these mighty
new ships we are to have six smaller
cruisers, something like the Marblehead
but superior to that cruiser both in
speed and coal capacity. In their
plans for all the new ships the board
has had a special view to the capacity
for carrying an ample supply of coal.
Even the the big battleships will be
able to go 8,000 knots without recoaling.
This will give them an advantage over
the best of our present battlesships
quite as great as their sup~erior power
of attack and resistance. Our nawy
strengthened by the additions we have
named will move up from fourth to
third place in size and in effective
strength will probably be surpassed only
by the navies of England and France.
But the man in the shipi is a factor to
be considered, and with the new vessels
which we shall add to our navy in the
next four or five years we will, with our
daring sea-fighters and our matchless
gunners. be able to hold our own
against any navy that it may be neces
sary to fight.
Rains Damage Cotton.
The weather bureau in its review of
crop conditions for the week ending Au
ust 29 says:
Continued heavy rains have proved
unfavorable in the South Atlantic and
East Gulf States, while drought pre
vails in portions of Texas. Arkansas
and MIissouri and generally through the
States of the eastern Rocky Mountain
slope. The week has been very unfai
vorable to cotton, especially over the
greater part of the eastern portion of
the cotton belt, where it has suffered
from heavy rains. r7hich have been con:
tinuous for the past mionth, causing
rust, shedding and too rapid growth of
stalk. In portions of North Carolina
and over the general part of the cotton
region. conditions of the past week
ha've been somewhat ~more favorable,
and the crop is improved in Tennessee.
~issouri and portions of 3Mississippi
nd Arkansas. Cotton has also im
roved in central and northern Texas.
but insects are causing damage in many
toalities, and premiature opening and
shedding arc reported from the central
ind southern portiong of the State.
Picking is becoming general in north
Rainfall in the State.
Thue past week was characteaized by
teady. even, norn'al temperatures.
-anging between a 3Maximum of 96 de
;res on the 21st at Batesburg, and a
:ciiniium of GG degrees on the 17 at
reenville. The State miean. for the
eek was 79 degrees, which is also the
aoriical. With the exception of limited
ireas in Newvberry. Aiken. Florence.
Dorhester and Chesterfield c unties,
where less than an inch of rain fell.
:hc rainfall amounted to from 1 to 9
inches over the entire State. the latter
.ccessve rainfall occurred in Piekens
youncty. and lowland erc cps in that.
reenville and Spcartanb~ura counties.
avhere from 2 to nearly 5 inches of rain
EelI, were in places severely injured or
1nti reIly destroyedi. C loudy and show
2ry weatheri prevailed generally during
the irst of the week. butt :after Friday
Lhere was more suncshi: e :ind less fr'
uent showers. T1he acveragze raincfall
ior the State was 2..~2 inches. and the
normal for the samie period is appcr x
ina ely 1.48 inches.
Gold Coming South.
The Savannah News says that it the
statement sent out by the Ncew Yicrk
banks is correet. co tton i cker will be
paid to a veryv great extenit this year
in gold. It is the customc of Southern
banks to net currency fromi thle New
ork banks. at the beniiginnio the
otton seasccn, with which ti harvest
tind miivei the 'ttcn erop. They get
small 'lls tc f acilitate the pacying off
lie cottn ii ticki'rs. Thingcar it seems
hat thec Neu York baunks arc not able to
-eijcnd t.i the dencand of their custo
n - inc thle South for palper money.
her have inot m )re thani eniough for
h it- in neds. and they can hnot net
yc from the treasucry. Thie con!cse
ut ncc it noidi will hacve tc be uisedl
nic ntoin' tie button crop. TIhce pr's
e'it c-il'thrr that there will lie pleni
,. of., ;,. 'c ..;,., t.o cc icc Ihe South this
The Piyai' Is the highest grade baking powder
known. Actual tests show it goes one
ftird fwrther tha any other bread.
ROYAL DAK:NO POWDER CO., %ew yO
The Price of Cotton.
At this date last year cotton was
quoted in New York at S 1 cents. Be
fore the 1st of November without any
suspicion that the crop would approxi
mate any such astonii.hing figures as
eleven million bales, cotton declined
over two cents per pound. Cotton is
now quoted in New York at 5 2 ceni
with an estimated surplus on hand of one
and one half -.illion bales greater than
this ti--, last year to be supplemented
by a crop equal. if not exceeding last
years crop. Should this enormous
volume of cotton be hurriedly thrown
upon the market. already glutted with
an over supply, i would be hard to pre
dict how low prices would be forced: it
is not at all improbable that cotton
would touch four cents. The Spartan
burg Herald says the Cotton Growers
Union have evolved a plan for market
ing cotton with system and judgment
rather than by throwing large quantities
on the market at once. They propose
to offer the farmers a practical plan
which will accomplish this result and
the farmers of South Carolina should
lose no time in getting in shape to
adopt it. Full details of the plan have
not yet been given out, but the state
organization of which Hon. J. C. Wel
born, of Yorkville. is president. should
call a convention and inaugurate the
organizations in counties and townships
so that the plan can be made effective
promptly. If the plan of the Cotton
Growers' Union dould be put in opera
tion it would insure 6 cents net for
every pound of cotton regulated by it.
The difference between 4 cents and 6
on ten million bales would be one hun
dred million dollars; a stake, sufficient
it seems to us. to interest the entire
South. With almost every Southern
interest, more or less interwoven with
the interest of the cotton growers, it
does seem that they might combine
with the cotton growers in their effort
to consumate a policy which promises
such great benefit to our section."
Spain Pays the Penalty.
Spanish official reports recently pub
lished show how terrible wgre the los
ses by disease of the Spanish army in
Cuba during the two years from March
1895, to March, 1S97. In that perioi
Spain sent to Cuba 187,000 troops.
These with the garrison already there
brought the total Spanish force in the
island up to something like 200,000
men. ,Dairing the two years specified
there were killed in the battle 61 offi
cers, 1,314 privates, 62 offiers and 704
privates died of wounds. These losses
were comparatively light. but when we
turn to the mortality from disease we
see a frightful record. Yellow fever
took off 313 offiers and 13,000 privates.
Other diseases, mostly malarial, re
moved 127 offeers and 40,000 privates
During two years out of every 1,0001
Spanish soldiers in Cuba 10 were killed
in battle or died of wounds: 66 died of
yellow fever, 201 of other diseases, and
143 were sent home invalided, a total
loss of 420 men out of every 1,000.
The reports for the period since March
1897, are not given, but it is reason
able to suppose that no less than JNO,
000 Spaniards have lost their lives
in Cuba since the insurrection began,
probably nine-tenths of them by dis
ease. We agree with th Atlanta Jour
nal that this was a terrible i-etribution
worked on Spain. She had never made
any effort to improve the sanitary condi
tion of Cuba. So long as she got her
enormous tribute from the island Spain
seemed not to care abont anything else.
Cuba was permitted to become and re
main one of the foulest hotbeds of dis
ease in the world, whereas a great na
tion might in time have made it as
healthful as it is fertile and beautiful.
A Good Plan.
It is almostecertain that from 100,000
to 150,000 soldiers who have been call
ed into service to meet the emergencies
of the war with Spain will soon be mus
tered out. In this connection Adju
tant General Corbin made recently a
most gratifying annonneement. He
"'Before any troops are mustcred out
the department will issue an order
which is being made ready. and which
will be of the utmost importance to both
the soldiers and the government. It
has been geneally noticed that the ex
aminations to which the men were sub
jeted prior to acceptance were quite se
vere. Some of the states complained of
them as being too severe. At all
events, throdgh these severe examina
tions we got a high class of men physi -
cally. Now. before they are mustered
out they atrc to go through just such
another examination. Having the re
cord of their examinattions oin their ae
eeptance the medical ofiieers will know
whether or not they are sound when
they arc mustered out. The later ex
anination will reveal whether they were
wounded, sprained, impairedI in hecari ng
or injured in sight, and if they have
suffered any disability that they know
of or that the physician can find. This
is to be put down in black and white,
and the soldier is to sign it. if he
knows of no objections to it."
This is an eminently practical sug
gestion and a perfectly properly one.
If such a plan had been adopted
when the Federal troops were mustered
out at the close of the civil war many a
pension fraud would have been prevent
ed and the treasury would have been -
aved many millions of dollars which''
have gonet to undeserving pensioners.
Crops in the State.
The condition of corn has changed
ut little and the crop is a lairly good
one. but has been damaged by high wa
ter in the extreme north-western coun
ice and by an excess of moisture on
stubble lands. The weather was unfa
orable for saving fodder: mnuch of that
pulled during the week wa uamagedl
and some totally djestroye byi in\ .
hbe cotton crop is fairly pr h. nm mlut
s et uncertain, and dete'riorateu dui
inc the wek The continuous cloudy'
tu rai nv weathecr hai ca used an in
rease of rust and shedding. both of
wh ich are conmnon ov er the entire State.
.atured b lls are rottmnz to som~e ex
tent. ('otton i- opeing freely in
dlaces. but generally slowly. and pick
ng has fairly began mn the eastern por
tions of the State. and will soon be