Newspaper Page Text
VOL. X. M ANNNGS. C, WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER18.NO10
They Have a Large and Enthusi
COL. YOUMAN'S ADDRESS.
Plans For a Perfect Organization
in South Carolina Adopt
ed. A Full Account
of the Meeting.
The cotton growers' convention met
in Columbia Tuesday night of last week.
It was largely attended by delegates
from nearly every county in the State.
Farmers, merchants and bankers met
together in the endeavor to devise some
scheme by which the low price of cot
ton might be remedied. The meeting
was full of enthusiasm, and plans were
put on foot to relieve the present con
dition of the cotton planter. President
Wilborn. of the State Alliance address
ed the meeting as follows:
Gentlemen of the Cotton Growers'
You doubtless remember the occasion
that called the growers of cotton to
meet in State convention-theu an in
ter-state cenvention-at Atlanta. At
the convention it was revolved to enter
the Cotton Growers' Protective conven
tion that was called at Memphis by Hon.
Heectr D. Lane. The Atlanta conven
tion adjourned without taking any de
cisive stand. but sent delegates to Mem
phis for the next week convention,
which met and reelected Mr. Lane
president. But, unfortunately for the
cotton interests of the South, the health
of Mr. Lane failed and he could not
push the work as was expected by his
At a recent convention of the vice
presidents from the cotton growing
States, in Memphis, Mr. Maxwell of
Louisiana was elected as president.
It is hoped that this organization of
Cotton Growers union will accomplish
much toward an organization that will
be of inestimable benefit to the cotton
interest of the South.
When I approach the subject my
heart almost fails me, because within
and around this subject dwells interest
that more minutely and intensely touch
the happiness of our people than that
of any half dozen interest combined.
We see every other interest combin
ing and uniting as corporation. trust,
or something of the kind. And here
we stand tonight, disorganized, dis
heartened and in despair.
Shall we like duinb driven cattle not
open our mouths? God forbid. We
must act; we must organize and act.
I have called this convention at the
request of many earnest men. Every
one has been invited to bring or send
their plans and suggestions. I will not
submit a plan tonight; instead, I think
we need organization and through this
organization the object can be obtained.
Be not deceived; it will take money
to push this matter, and if you desire
to push this subject we must at this
meeting provide for funds to push or
There are many propositions to be
submitted. I desire to submit that the
reduction iii acreage is the thing to be
desired. It must be obtained by unity
of action, and I desire to press the idea
that individual action is greatly to be
While in attendance at the Atlanta
convention the proposition was made
by Prof. Hunnicut that each individual
member present sign a pledge to reduce
his individual cotton crop. Tomy sur
prise, it seemed to create as much corn
motion as a 13-inch shell would have
It has been stated that our conven
tion has not intended to reduce the
acreage. I deny this most emphatically.
But we have much more to do and must
proceed to a greater reduction. If re
duction is not reached to a greater ex
tent, the cotton grower should be pre
pared to take 4 cents for his cotton.
Now is the time to act. After the ad
dress by President Wilborn a roll of the
delegates was prepared by the secretary
Abbeville-J. R. Blake.
Anderson.-A. T. Newell. W. A.
Bamberg.-S. G. Mayfield, IH. H.
Barnwell.-L. W. Youmss, H. J.
Chester.-Jesse H. Hardin, R. A.
Love, R. 0. Atkinson, P. L. Hardin.
Clarendon.-J. H. Timmons. D. J.
Edgefield---W. H. Timmerman. W.
Fairfield.--Thos. W. Woodward,
John D. Harrison, T. R. Elliott. J. G.
Florence.-E. B. Davis, J. J. Me
Keown, J. S. McKensie, J. E. Petti
Hampton.-M. 0. Youmans, M. B.
Mo~weeney, W. H. Loten.
Lancaster.-W. T. Gregory.
Laurens.-J. D. M. Shaw, J. HI.
Wharton, J. J. McSwain, T. B. Crews.
Lexington.-D. M. Crosson, N. B.
Wannamaker, J. D. Counts. J. B.
Wingard, Simon I. Hook, I. W. Dre
Marlboro.-J. F. Breeden,. W. D.
Evans, T. C. Hamer, W. W. Bruce,
R. L. Kirkwood, P. I. Rodgers, C. S.
Marion.-J. D. Montgomery, L. M.
Gasque, W. B. Evans, S. G. Miles, T.
Newberry.-W. E. Lake, George T.
Hunter, J. M. Johnstone, T. W. Hol
Orangeburg.- -0. H. Winges. J. W.
Stokes, J. A. Weatherby, A. G. Stro
Richland.--C. W. Suber. J. R. H op
kins, S. J. Huffman, T. G3. Lever. W.
A. Clark, J. W. Baucr. B. B. Evans.
Sumter.-E. D. Smith.
Union.-R. G. Hill,
York.-J. C. Wilborn, W. N. Elder.
J. L. Moore and J. F. Ashe.
President Wilborn then called on
Col. L. W. Youmans, who addressed
the meeting. He gave a history of the
movement. He had attended the meet
ing in Memphis, when some life was
attempted to be infused into the cotton
growers' movement. At the conven
tion the estimate of the Texas crop by
the representative from that State was
put at 4.000).000 bales, and the opinion
was that the estimate of the total crop
by Mr. Neal would be reached.
It was said then that the effort of the
acreage, and by a system of contract
get the growers to reduce the crec 50
per cent. Some State has got to take
the lead. Sooner or later the low price
of cotton must drive the planters to
gether. le did not think the planters
felt the importance of their position.
Nothing has so contributed to the
wealth of this country as cotton. There
is no crop so certain as it is. Since the
war of the sixties legislation has driven
the cotton growers to desperation.
Since 1S90. as a class, the cotton grow
ers. to use a homely phrase. "have
worked for nothing and found them
selves.- The excoedingly low price of
the present, and the indications for a
continued low price, show that we are
raising a crop below the price of pro
Prompt work on the part of the South
would change the situation in 40 days.
He thought the most favorable scheme
yet suggested was for the cotton grow
ers to hold their cotton and then get
the farmers to reduce the acreage 50
per cent. The South had nothing to
fear from any other section. as it had a
monopoly on cotton.
The question is. are the cotton grow
ers to submit to the price they are now
getting, or are they to. hold their cotton
and follow this up by reducing the
acreage next year? The time had come
to organize. -
Dr. Hopkins of Richland then said
organization came first. He suggested
that a State executive committee be
formed by the chairmen from each
county, and he threw it out as a sug
gestion. The urgent question was or
ganization, and if other States will or
ganize, South Carolina can and will do
so. The farmers have been organized
heretofore, and it is more important
now to organize. Resolutions and sug
gestions were slow to be received.
Mr. Hopkins made a formal resolu
tion on the line indicated. Congress
man J. Wim. Stokes suggested that the
South Carolina resolutions were adopt
ed by the inter-State convention and
the protective association reaffirmed
the resolutions. These provided for an
organization by States, counties and
precincts. Under these resolutions in
many counties this was done, and they
still have that organization.
It would be well to build on the
foundation already made. The execu
tive committee can look into the mat
ter of how the county organizations
were getting along.
Col. 1. W. Youmans moved to change
the name to the Cotton Growers' Union
which was carried.
Dr. Timmerman askid that Col.
Yonmans prepare his address and have
it published. Carried.
Dr. Hopkins' resolutions we're then
introduced and passed. The resolutions
are as follows:
Kesolved, First, That the presidents
of the several county Cotton Growers'
Unions constitute a State executive
committee, whose duty it will be to
thoroughly organize each county.
Resolved, Second, That the chair
man of the committee be ex-officio
chairman of the executive committee,
Resolved, Third, That the president
of the committee and our State Vice
President Youmans of the inter-State
union be appointed a committee to for
mulate an address to the members in
the State, and of other States, appris
ing them of what has been done and
urging prompt organization.
The thanks of the convention were
tendered to Col. L. W. Youmans for
his address above referred to.
Mr. Breeden then moved that the
South Carolina Cotton Growers' Union
recommend to the cotton growers of
this State that they reduce their acre
age 50 per cent., provided the cotton
growers of other States cooperate.
Mr, Elliott moved to substitute a re
duction of one-third instead of 50 per
Col. Youmans offered the following
as a further substitute:
Resolved, That it is the sense of this
convention that the acreage of this
year be reduced 50 per cent. through,
out the cotton belt the ensuing year.
Col. S. D. M. Shaw. Maj. S. G. May
field and Mr. W. D. Evans spoke
against the resolutions and suggested
that the best thing to do was for the
farmers to make a living at home and
then look into a reduction of acreage.
On a vote the resolutions were lost,
not because the convention was not in
faxvor of a reduction, but for the reason
that it did not wish to appear to be
taking independent action.
CONSTARTE FIEX ON.
They Were Led a Chase and Fired On.
An attempt to assassinate a party of
dispensary constables was made Wed
nesday night about 11 o'clock in the
neighborhood of Cripple Creek, Green
ville county, a vicinity where crime
and lawlessness reign supreme, just
out of the city limits, beyond the Air
The constables believe a decoy was
laid for t'hem, and they were certainly
shot at from ambush. For some time
they have been informed of whiskey
selling in Cripple Creek,but~suspecting
a trap, refused to walk into it. Last
night, Chief Constable LaFar, with
Constables Altom. Bishop. Cooley and
ex-Policeman Head, acting on informa
tion, made a raid on several places in
Cripple Creek. They secured some
beer, but the place where they had
been told was a big haul they found
nothing, and this strengthened their
Starting back to town on the road
which runs along the Southern track.
they were fired at by someone 20 or 25
steps in the rear. standing behind an
ekon the side of a house. Five shots
from a pistol were fired in rapid succes
sion. Fearing that they might hit in
nocent persons in some nearby house,
the officers did not fire but made a rush
on their assailant. Failing to find any
one after diligent search, they then re
turned to town indignant arid thorough
ly aroused. The shots went between
the men and over their heads, whist
ling uncomfortably near.
Chief LaFar. in charge of the party,
is determined to find the guilty parties
and while lie gives no names, his sus
picions are strongly fixed upon a white
man who is not entirely unknown to
fame, or rather, ill fame.-State.
Woes of Tom Irackey.
Thos. Jefferson Mackey was arrested
Wednesday in Philadelphia for having
too many wives. The old rascal is in a
OUR HONORED DEAD.
The Daughter of the Confederacy
Was Laid to Rest
NEAR HER GREAT SIRE.
Affecting Scenes at St. Paul's.
Striking and Solemn Funeral
Procession. A Beautiful
Varina Ann Jefferson Davis. the
"Daughter of the Confederacy," sleeps
her last sleep in the bosom ot the land
she loved so well. Her remains arrived
at Richmond, Va.. Friday morning,
and were met at the depot by Lee
Camp. Confederate veterans, of which
she was a member, and delegates from
Pickett Camp. Col. Archer Anderson,
Hon. J. Taylor Ellyson. Col. E. L.
Hobson and Dr. George Ross and their
wives received Mrs. Davis and those of
her immediate party who were on the
The casket was borne to the hearse
from the funeral car by the gentlemen
selected for active pallbearers, and the
guard of honor and the veteran escort
followed in column of fours. There
were four beautiful white horses at
tached to the hearse, each one beingr
lead by a colored man. The escort di
vided, a portion proceding and others
following the hearse, while the pall
bearers and guard of honor walked on
either side of the vehicle.
Up Seventh street to Franklin.thence
to Ninth and to the door of the lecture
room of St. Paul's church, the proces
sion slowly made its way, passing every
few yards little knots of silent people
who, as a rule, showed their respect by
uncovering their heads. The casket
was placed in the lecture room and
Col. Laughton dismissed the escort.
Two members of the guard of honor
remained constantly on duty, being
relieved every half hour.
Upon being deposited in the lectuie
room, the casket was surrounded by
floral tributes from Georgia, Virginia,
South Carolina and other States. At
its ;ead was a large battle flag of im
mortelles, received from Alexandria,
which rested upon a stand draped in
black silk. To the left of the casket
was the furled flag of the Confederacy,
and across its sable cover rested an
other flag of silk. At the foot was an
exquisite design sent by the Daughters
of the Confederacy of Charleston, S. C.,
with the shield of the Confederacy in
flowers below it. The stand supporting
the casket rested upon the battle flag.
From Charleston, S. C., came a pal
metto tree with the request that it be
olaced at the head of the grave.
Adj. Gen. Holmes, of the South Car
olina department of Confederate veter
ans, spent the entire forenoon in the
basement of the church superintending
the opening of the exquisite flowers
from various parts of South Carolina.
Among other handsome floral designs
were two of special note, one of immor
telles, presented by the Little Rock
chapter of the Arkansas Daughters,
through Mrs. H. G. Hollenberg of Lit
tle Rock. The other a "Texas Star"
of carnations, and ferns, presented by
Mrs. C. Branch Stone, president of the
Texas division of U. 1). C. St. Paul's
church, in which the funeral services
were conducted and of which the Rev.
Dr. Hartley Carmichael is the rector,
was the church in which Mr. Davis
was confirmed, and was seated when
he received, on April 3d, 1865, the
message from Gen. Lee, which necessi
tated the evacuation of Richmond by
the Confederate troops.
The funeral services took place at
half-past three o'clock. The organ
played the "Jefferson Davis Funeral
March" as the procession entered the
church. First came the veterans of
Lee camp, then the Sons of veterans.
These passed up the main aisle and
were seated on the left. The veterans
of Pickett camp came next, going over
to the left aisle and taking seats at the
front on the right. The ministers of
the various churches of the city had
previously entered the church and oc
cupied seats to the right of the chan
el. Following the Pickett camp veter
ans were the veterans representing
camps in other States, and behind them
and immediately in front of the casket
came the honorary pallbearers. Fol
lowing them came the guard of honor.
which had charge ol the casket during
the day, and next came the casket.
borne by the actual pallbearers, J. B.
Pollari, James E. Phillips. D. S. Red
ford, E. A. Catlin, T. W. Sydnor.
James W. Pegram, Edwin P. Cox and
W. R. Waldron.
Mrs. Davis followed close behind the
casket, leaning on the arm of' Col.
Arheei- Anderson. She walked with
bowed head and very feebly, leaning
heavily on her cane. M1rs. Hayes and
other relatives and near friends fol
lowed, and immediately behind camne
about 300 veterans. The flower and
flag-covered casket was placed on the
pedestals in front of the chancel and
Mrs. Davis and her party took seats.
Soon the body of the church and gal
leries were filled. The galleries were
the only portion of the church thrown
open to the public. Rev. Dr. Carmi
chael announced the first hymn, "How
Firm a Foundation," which was a favo
rite of Gen. Robert E. Lee's. After
the hymn had been sung, Rev. Dr. 3M.
D. Hoge read the psalm for the day
and "Nearer 3My God to Thee" was
sung. Dr. Carmichael read the lesson.
"Art Thou Weary?" was then sung.
and at its close the veterans moved out
with the casket. MIrs. Davis was pros
trated and could not at once take her
place, but her daughter. M1rs. IHayes,
whispered words ofeomfort and besought
her to be brave. It was several minutes
before the'grief-stri'eken mother could
rise. The scene was deeply affecting,
and those who witnessed it were great
ly moved M1any an old soldier, dressed
in the gray that means so imch to him.
wept freely as he witnessed the grief cof
the aged lady.
The crowd about the church when
the casket was taken out and laced in
the hearse was of immense proportions.
As far as the eye could reach up Frank
lin street that thoroughfare was crowded.
and Ninth street was jaunned for a
block above and below the church.
Perfect order was maintained, however.
the marshal and the police handling
the crowd with little frictioni.
The procession to the cemetery was
a long, sad one. First came the miar
shah nA esaf mounted. Then came
the military. After the mili
tary. the procession was formed in
the following order: R. E. Lee Camp,
No. 1. Confederate veterans, Geo. D.
Pickett camp. visiting camps. veterans
from Soldiers' home. Sons of veterans,
honorary pallbearers. active pallbearers,
hearse. family, friends in carriages,
Hollywood association. Hollywood Ju
nior association. Oakwood association,
Oakwood Junior association. Hebrew
association, Confederate Museum asso
ciation. Daughters of the Confederacy,
Lee and Pickett camps. Ladies auxili
aries. private carriages.
With the band. playing the "Dead
March in Saul" and the tolling of bells
of many churehes, the procession start
e d towards Hollywood cemetery, march
ing between dense lines of humanity
the entire distance. The procession
was nearly a mile in length. though the
carriages were driven two abreast. The
streets were lined with people the entire
distance and along the drive in the ceme
tery leading to the grave, a distance of a
half mile. and all about the grave itself
were hundreds and thousands of people
of all classes and conditions.
Co. B. Second regiment. under Capt.
Russell. was detailed as a guard to the
approaches to the Davis square and
prevented the crowding of the drives
and kept the crowd from entering the
section. A rope was stretched about
the circle in which Mr. Davis is in
terred, and a detail of police assisted
the military in preventing the crowd
from entering. The sun was just sink
ing behind the hills when the head of
the procession came in sight along the
road that winds in and out among the
trees by the river's bank. The militi
ry formed at the foot of the terrace
overlcoking the Davis circle. which in
turn overlooks the river and commands
a view of the city. There was a scene
just as the veterans turned to take the
left hand drive that will never be for
gotten by those who witnessed it.
The services at the grave were sim
ple but deeply impressive. After the
casket had been placed on the suppor
ters, the face section was removed for a
moment and Mrs. Davis and her daugh
ter, Mrs. Hayes, kissed the deceased.
Mrs. Davis sat in an arm chair near the
grave during the service and Mrs. Hayes
knelt by her side. The Centenary
Methodist Church choir sang "Sleep
Thy Last Sleep," the committal prayers
were read by Dr. Carmichael and then
the vast and sorrowing crowd dispers
Contents of the Infanta Maria Teresa's
A canvas bag containing about three
pints of Spanish gold coin, another can
vas bag containing fully a quart of
Spanish silver coin, two thick bunches
of Spanish paper currency, and a few
handfuls of loose Spanish silver coins
were delivered at the banking office of
Bolognesi, Hartfield & Co., 29 Wall
street, last Wednesday by a messenger
from the paymaster's department of the
United States. This package of Span
ish money was accompanied by a for
mal notification from Paymaster Arthur
Brutis, of the North Atlantic station,
that the contents of the money box
found on the Spanish warship Infanta
Maria Teresa, captured at Santiago,
had been officially awarded to Bologne
si. Hartfield & Co., at their bid of
This collection of Spanish metallic
and paper money was discovered in one
of the apartments of the wrecked Span
ish warship Infanta Maria Teresa with
in a few days after the crdshing defeat
of Admiral Cervera's fleet, just outside
of Santiago harbor on the 3rd of last
.July. The money was turned over to
the United States authorities as a por
tion of the prizes captured by Admiral
Sampson's squadron. It was invento
ried and advertised for sale. Several
bids were received and the award was
made to the Wall street firm as stated.
A representative of that firm said he
had not counted the money, but he did
not think the face value of the coin
and the paper notes would exceed
All of the Spanish money is either
water stained or scorched. More than
thre'e-fourths of it is coin, and at least
one-half of the aggregate value of the
collection is in gold coini-Alfonsos,
each piece being worth 25 pesetas.
eqluivalent to $5 in American money.
There are a variety of silver pieces, in
cluding the one. two, two and a half,
and five peCsetas. the latter being simi
lar in size and value to the United
States silver dollar. The notes, which
are printed on silk fiber paper or about
the texture of the United States notes,
are for 25. 30 and 100 pesetas each.
There is one 1,000 peseta note. Some
of these notes show marks of both fire
and water, and nearly all of the coins
are scorched or rusted. Not any of the
money, however, is suffieiently damaged
to interfer'e with its value as a circulat
ing medium.-New York Times.
That's What He Is.
The Baltimore 'Sun says: "Perhaps
the most remarkable primary election
ever held in Alabama, if not in this
country, was the one held Saturdayvlast
in the Eighth congressional district of
that State. It was the primary of the
Deniocratic party of that district to se
lect a nominee for congress. but nmost
of the Republicans and Populists of
the district participated in it. and every
man :'oted for the return to congress >f
the hero of Santiago. Gen. Joseph
Wheeler. Freesilver and gold advo
cates, free traders and protectionists,
territorial exp ansionists and contrac
tionists. rich and poor. black and white
regardless of' past, present and ft.ture
party affiliations, all united on the one
proposition to send Gen. Wheeler back
to congress. Not a vote was cast
against him in the district. A very
heavy vote was polled throughout the
district. In thus honoring Gen.
Wheeler the people of his district have
honored themselves. He is an able
rep'resentative, a gallant soldier and a
loyal American.'' The State says he is
all these thinigs and more-he is "an
enemy" to the national honor." a "crazy
fiatist." a "'popiocratie Bryanite."
The Kind He Wanted.
A y'oung bachelor who was upset by
a sewing mlac'hine agrent, told the lat
ter' thait hi'. mnachinei wouldl not answer
the purpose. ''Why." said the agent.
with voluble praise. ''It is the best on
he rmarker ini eve.ry resp'ect." ''That
1iay be.' replied the supposed c'usto
mer. but the sewing machinie I am
looking for must have flaxen hair and
OUR DEAD HEROES.
A Monument to be Erected to
C. B. ROUS'S GENEROSITY.
The Noble Work of a South
Carolina Lady Who is
Now Living in Vir
To the Editor of The State.
Dear Sir: It was recently my privi
lege to visit once more the historic lit
tle city of Winchester, in the Valley of
Virginia. While there I heard and saw
much that is of interest to many in our
State touching our dead which lie bur
Everyone who knows anything of the
campaign of Stonewall Jackson in the
Valley of Virginia knows full cemetery
nearby tell of the desperate around the
city, and through her streets. The
many mounds in the cemetery near by
tell of the deeperate conflicts waged
upon those fields of battle, It is no
surprise to anyone to know of the
beautiful National cemetery there, and
of the handsome wall which encloses
this cemetery and the care and pains
taken by the government to make this
spot beautiful to all visitors. This is
true of every place where the Union
soldiers fell to any considerable extent.
This one contains several attractive
monuments, erected by the survivors
of different regiments to the memory of
their fallen comrades. Almost every
year new ones are added.
Nearby, in the enclosure of the city
burying ground, which is beautifully
situated, and in a very neatly laid off
portion, lie the dead of many Southern
States, notably, Virginia, North Caroli
na, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida,,
Alabama, Lonisiana and Maryland.
These several sections are distinctly
marked; all of them, with two or three
exceptions, have small marble slabs at
the head and foot of each grave.
A handsome shaft with a strikingly,
neat and attractive statue of a Confed
erate soldier. erected to the hundreds
of "unknown" dead, occupies a central
position, and around it on all sides are
buried those who were identified of the
The citizens of Winchester have from
time to time shown a very commend
able interest in caring for the memory
of these brave men, and have succeed
ed in arousing sufficient interest in some
of the States there represented to have
a monument erected upon the ground
where lie the remains of the noble sons
of each of these States. A very be
coming monument marks the portion
where Virginia's dead lie so peacefully.
There are modest monuments over the
graves of the Georgia, Maryland and
Louisiana aead, and the foundation
has been laid with appropriate ceremo
nies for one upon North Carolina's lot.
The friend and citizen of South Caro
lina feels embarrassed and ashamed
when he looks in vain for the monu
ment where are to be counted 149
graves of the truest and best of her no
The writer felt greatly 'comforted
and relieved, however, when he learned
from one of Carolina's most loyal and
devoted daughters of the success which
has attended her efforts towards a due
recognition of those who fell in defense
of our southland from her own State.
This lady is the wife of Judge W. M.
Atkinson, (Mrs. Ti enholm of Charles
ton, S. C.), and is a woman of rare
grace and culture, She has labored
with determination in the face of diffi
culties, and now has the pleasing satis
faction of seeing . her untiring efforts
rewarded. The people of our State
owe her a debt of gratitude which we
should recognize and express. The
following note will explain itself, to
which we append the comment of 'The
Evening News Item of Winchester:
New York City, Aug. 13. 1898.
Mrs. Win. Atkinson, Winchester, Va.
I was much gratified to rectib'e yor
butiful and complimentary leter. 1
wil hand yor leter' to Mess C. E. Tayn
tor who erected our monument and ask
him to rite U regarding that portion of
yor leter; I will impres upon them the
importance of giving U more than valu
for the money and 1 think tha wil apre
ciate this just as tha did the Monument
to the Confederate dead in Mount
IHope this State.
U hay raisd the mony which Gov.
Tillman sed the peple wer too por to
giv and I am glad of it. It wil ad
another landmark to our historic burial
I am coming down to the Fair, and I
wud like very much if this cud be dun
in time fo-r that occasion, but it is not
important. I will therfor ask of U to
draw on me for the amount and yor
draft wil be promptly onored on pre
Agen thanking U, and my kind re
gards to yor peple and
With best wishes,
C. B. Rouss.
"To Mrs. Atkinson belongs the honor
of securing the monument, as she has
labored indefatigably for many years
in order that the gallant sons of South
Carolina who are sleeping in beautiful
Stonewall might have their last resting
place suitably marked as only all of
their heroic comrades. who rest near
them. have had.
"It was through Mrs. Atkinson's ef
forts that marble headstones mark the
graves of South Carolina's 14!) sons,
and this was accomplished in the face
of great discouragemnents; and now that
Mrs. Atkinson has secured a handsome
memorial in marble, the people in
South Carolina, her native State.should
feel grateful for her praiseworthy ef
forts in behalf of those who gave their
lives for the Lost Cause."
The object of this communication is
to express to the people of our State the
pride which this most excellent lady
feels in the early fruition of her efforts
in behalf of our people, and to say that
it is her desire that a contribution of
not less than $50 may be made by the
friends of this cause throughout our
State to defray the expenses of erecting
this monument, so' that she may not be
called upon to take a single dollar from
the principal which is in hand with
which to purchase the monument pro
per. The request is a very mo14dest one
and should simply be mentioned to in
sure its immediate recognition. Will
you, Mr. Editor, call the attention of
our people to the subject and impress
on them the loving service of this pa
triotic and devoted daughter of our
State. in whom we should all feel a
special pride, because of her work's
TRYING TO DODGE.
McKinley and Alger Held Resonsible
for Death of Troops.
The effort of the leaders in the war
department and those who have come
in for condemnation over the scandals
of the war to hide behind the system
which they found in vogue when taking
charge of the department, will not be
successful. They may excuse them
selves on this weak plea. but the peo
plc will not excuse them. If they
found a bad system they should have
reformed it. They were not put in
charge of a branch of the government
to tread in the footsteps of those who
went before, provided those footsteps
were not going in the right direction nor
traveling in the most expeditious way.
If they inherited a bad system they
should have inaurgurated a better. But
no system of business can be held re
sponsible for the features of this war
which are being held up for censure.
The New York world says:
But it was not "the system" that
caused Mr. McKinley to call out 200, -
000 volunteers where 40,000 were all
that could possibly be needed or, as
General Schofield warned him, handled
by the war department. It was not
"the system" that compelled Mr. Mc
Kinley to sidetrack Miles and the com
petent military men and turn the army
and the war department over to politi
cal favorites, to Alger and his crew of
sons. It was not "the system" that
selected the pest eamps and officered
them with men, especially with medi
cal officers, of no experience and of no
potential ability. It was not "the sys
tem" that made Mr. McKinley refuse
to right these wrongs by dismissing in
competence and putting competence in
its place after the horrors of the pest
camps and the pest transports were ex
These counts in the public indict
ment brought against the war depart
ment and the McKinley administration,
by the people, cannot be answered by
dodging behind the system. . The peo
ple are in earnest. Good men have
been needlessly sacrificed to ignorance,
incompetence and neglect. Soldiers
have died of starvation and lack of
medical attention when our treasury is
bu-:sting vith gold and onr granaries
with provi.ie:s. The administration
that puts incompetent men at the head
of a great department and keeps them
there over public protest, must suffer
the legitimate effect of its course. Not
the system it the war department is to
blame, but tle man at the head of the
department and the president who kept
him there.-Auusta Chronicle.
ARUJPTURE WITH GERANY.
That Appears to be the Possibility of
The news at the navy department
Wednesday that the Germans are look
ing to the acquisition, by force or
otherwise, of the important island of
Cebu does not lescen the presumption
that Germany is to be reckoned with at
the mouth of American guns. A state
department official said that this was
the most aggravating intelligence re
ceived from the Phillippines and there
was no telling when the feeling between
Dewey and the Germans would become
so acute as to lead to an open rupture.
Deweywill not hesitate to command in
stead of temporizing when on the deck
of the Oregon.
The state department has always
received the most pacific 'assurances
from the German ambassador here,
yet it is noted by the navy and state
department offieials that reports con
stantly arrive offensive to the position
of' Amierieat in the Philippines. The
n vry department is not disposed to hes
itate much longer in announcing the
real mission and true destination of the
two American battleships. The secre
tary of the navy announced a few days
ago that the Oregon and the Iowa were
under orders for Manila, with an inci
dental stop at Honolulu.
This bold and truthful statemet rat
tled the state department and on the
following day an official of the latter
department authorized the statement
that these two powerful ships were
going only to Honolulu to be attached
to the Asiatic squadron, which would
be then five thousand miles away. The
denial is not inspired by any infraction
of the protocol, but because the des
tination being Manila, where the
battleships were not needed against
Spaniards or insurgents, it was too evi
dent that the movement was against
German insolence and interference.
This is now still borne out by the or
der dispatching reinforcements to Gen
The Spanish transport San Francisco
sailed for Spain from San Juan Thurs
day. Tnere was a repetition of Wednes
day's scene when the Asturias battalion
of Spanish troops marched to the wharf
for embarkation. Capt. Gen. Macins
and his staff reviewed the departure of
the soldiers, who said farewell to their
sweethearts and wives. Some of the
soldiers wept profusely, and there was
quite a pathetic aspect to the affair.
As the ship swung away from t'he pier
the soldiers on board of her raised a
faint ekeer. and the women proceeded
to the sea wall. where they stoed for
hours waving their handkerchief's until
the San Francisco was only a speck on
An Australian paper reports the
wreck of the schooner C. C. Funk on
Flinders islaind on .July 31. with ten
of her crew. The drowned are:
Cant. and Mrs. Nesson and two chiil
dren: A. Hansen. chief nate: .
Stump. second mate: Charles Olsen,
Peter Neilson, Charles Johansen. Peter
Anton. Able Seaman. The vessel was
driven ashore by the gale and went to
pieces' in the surf.
Bloody Work in Maryland.
F. P. Myers shot and instantly killed
John Lenhart, a constable, and Mi
chael Kerns. a bystander, at Carret.
Md.. Thursday, while resisting ejection
from a house. He then barricaded the
doors and windows, but finally was cap~
THE REPUBLICANS MOVING.
Candidates From All Congressional
Districts to be Nominated.
The Republican State executive com
mittee held a meeting in the city Wed
nesday in the grand jury room at the
United States district court house. The
committee was looking into the pros
pects for *Black and Tan" and "Lilly
White" rule in the future, and trying
to decide what to do for the future wel
fare of the party. Among the most
prominent of the members were Gen.
Robert Smalls of Beaufort. collector of
the port at that point. Tolbert of Ab
beville. E. H. Deas of Darlington and
Cochran of Anderson. Besides these
leading counselors there were a number
of aids, who helped to swell the num
Tolbert, who is chairman of the com
mittee, presided over the deliberations.
It was decided, after much discussion,
not to call a State convention to nomi
nate State officers and put them in the
field to make a fruitless race. It is
proposed. however, to make a strong
pull to elect Republicans to congress
and candidates will be nominated for
each congressional district to oppose
the nominees of the Democratic party.
An important feature of the conven
tion is the effort made to coalesee the
"Blackand Tan' and the "ILilly White",
factions of the party. A committee
was appointed for this purpose. This
committee is composed of the regulars
who are anxious to settle the difference
in the ranks of the disgruntled politi
cians and thus afterwards have a har
monious continuity of action among
the members of the party when an effort
is made to obtain public office.
The meeting also made provision for
the reapportionment of the counties in
the Third District. A number of new
counties have been formed from the old
ones in this district, and provision had
to be made for the number of delegates
thiy will be entitled to in future con
ventions, whenever they may be held.
The decision to put candidates in the
field for congressional honors will ne
cessitate district conventions, the dates
of which will be fixed later, In the
Sixth district, from which E. H. Deas
comes, the convention will be held on
the 27th of the present month.-State.
THE WAR IS OVER.
Ex-Union Soldiers Escort the Remains
of Winnie Davis.
We are indeed our people once more.
The remains of Miss Winnie Davis, the
daughter of the Confederacy, were es
corted by grand army men from the ho
tel at Narragansett Pier, R. I., to the
depot on their way to Richmond for
burial. The following correspondence
Headquarters LSedgewick Post, G. A.
R., Department Rhode Island,'Wake
field Sept. 21. 1898.
Mrs. Jefferson Davis, Rockingham ho
tel. Narragansett Pier, R. I.
Dear Madam: In behalf of the offi
cers and members of our post I wish to
offer the services of our members to es
cort the remains of your daughter from
the hotel to the railway station.
J. P. Chase, Commander.
Mrs. Davis replied as follows:
Narragansett Pier, Sept. 21, 1898.
The Commander of Sedgwick Post, G
A. R. Wakefield.
Sir: In memory of our pleasant so
journ in Rhode Island, and the cordial
ity of the whole population with whom
we have come in contact, I accept with
gratitude your kind offer.
Great pleasure is expressed by the
garrisons at Narragansett Pier over the
spontaneous tribute of the men in blue
to one whom the soldiers of the late
Confederacy loved so well.
HE WAS USED TO IT.
Why General Wheeler Refused to Re
treat at El Caney.
During the course of a tadk with Hon.
W. HI. Fleming recently the subject of
the war was introduced and 3Mr. Flem
ing related the following little incident
which occurred while he was in Boston:
31r. Fleming said that in conversation
with some northen gentlemen they were
discussing the fight at Santiago, and
the part that the several generals play
ed at the crisis. Shafter and other reg
ular army officers advised.a retreat from
before El Caney for the reason that the
Spaniards greatly outnumbered the
Americans at that point. Gen. Wheel
er. as is known, bitterly opposed a re
treat and said that it would be a last
ing disgrace to the American arms for
the troops to give up a single inch of
of the ground they had so dearly won.
These northern gentlemen were enthu
siastic in th'eir praise of the ex-Confed
crate general's courage at this crisis.
and said it was in striking contrast to
the proposed ation of some of the regu
lar army officers. 3Mr. Fleming told
the gentlemen that the explanation was
probably a very simple one. lie said
that these army officers had all been in
service on the Federal side during the
civil wa4 and had therefore never known
what it inecant to be outnumbered by
the enemy. but that "Joe' Wheeler
never had an opportunity to fight on
other terms. He was always outnum
bered and his normal condition was to
fight on the minority side. It was noth
ing new to him. Of course the gentle
mna laughingly accepted thle explana
tion, and said that it was no doubt
quitec true. -Augusta Chronicle.
Gives Up the Ghost.
MIr. Bynumi. since his salary of $3, -
000 per annum has been discontinued
as chairman of the national gold Demno
cratic organization. throws off the
mask and. in a published letter. defines
his nosiition. lie believes that the p)ar
ty h'as served its purpose andt cannot
accomnplish a reunion of the two wings
of the'Demiocratic party. Hie is con
virnced thatt thc Bryan wing will reaf
fim the. Clicago platformu in 1900- and
renominate Bryan unless it is over
whelmingly beaten at the poll1s this fall,
anid the way. to seure such a result i
for gold Demioerats to support Riepubli
-.an candidate. As the gcid Democra
:ie cominilttee was not prepared to go
'o far Bynum gets out. lie will join
he Republican party and go on the
stump for it, and the other gold Demo
.rna can go where they plas.
A TOLEDO HORROR,
Spontaneous Combustion in Ele
vator Scatters Destruction.
EIGHT MEN KILLED OUTRIGHT
Scenes of the Catastrophe. Men
and Children Were Blown
to Atoms. Names of
Eight men cremated and eight more
fatally burned is the result of the most
disastrous fire that ever occurred in To
ledo, Ohio. The spontaneous combus
tion of dust in the grain elevator own
ed by Paddock Hodge & Company at 9
o'clock caused this terrible destruction
The dead are: Samuel Alexander.
Bert Wainwright, Fred Garrett, Harold
Parks, John Smith. Grace Parks, Ka
rang Van Housen, John Carr.
The injured are: David Kemp, Bar
ney Weich, Charles Keifer, Fred Par
gillis. -. -. Elliott, Charles Brocker,
Everett Smith, Hamilton Parks, Wil
liam J. Parks. W. C. Jordan, Peter
Haas, Al. Baldie. Four others, names
William J. Parks, the superinten
dent, after being blown through the
window of the lower story, was con
scious for a moment and said that about
8:30 o'clock a terrible explosion oc
curred on the south side of the elevator
and that he knew there were about 20
men at work on the seven floors of the
enormous building. None of those who
are now alive will survive the burns and
bruises with which they are covered.
Beside those regularly employed at the
elevator, the three children of Super
intendent Parks were visiting him at
the time. One of these may recove
from his burns, but Grace a 17-yaar
old girl, is burned almost beyon& rec
ognition, and Harold, the third child,
has not been found, being either blown
to atoms or cremated.
At 8:30 Tuesday evening the people
of East Toledo were startled by a ter
rific explosion, which caused a panic
all over the neighborhood. Houses
were shaken as in an earthquake and
windows were shattered for blocks
around. Those in the vicinity of the
Jnion elevator soon noticed flames
bursting from all sides of the building.
It was but a few minutes till the fire de
partment of the city began the work of
rescue, which was rendered difficult by
the terrific heat of the fire. The river
cut off escape on one side and there
the flames seemed to be less fierce.
The families of a dozen men who were
rcnown to be at work within rushed to
the scene and women calling for their
imprisoned husbands,brothers andfath
ers, made a scene indescribable.
It was learned that the force of 20
men expected to load 80,000 bushels of
grain during the night. Not one of the
entire number could be seen in any
part of the building, and it was impos
sible to reach them. William Parks
was found first. He was 20 feet from
the building, frightfully burned and
his clothing almost entirely torn off.
He had been hurled from his place in
the main room through a window, and
his agonizing cries were most pitiful.
Another employe, John Carr, was hurl
ed from the fifth floor of the building and
was found bleeding and burned with
many bones broken. He did not long
survive. Fireman David Kemp and
Charler Keifer, the engineer, were.
found at their places in the engine
rooms. They were wounded by fall
ing timbers, and their faces were charr
ed to a crisp by the flames.
The little daubhter of William Parks
was sitting near the desk in the office at
the time of the explosion, and she was
hurled out of the door. She walked
down the elevation on which the build
ing stands and dropped down, to be car
ried away unconscious, suffering from
wounds from which she cannot recover.
John Smith was fatally burned.
The missing men are doubtless all
dead. No trace can be found of any
of them, and as they were employed at
the top of the elevator their chances for
escape were but slight.
The heat became so intense that 20
ears on sidings near the burning build
ing were added to the loss. The fire
department had a hard struggle to save
other elevators and property. The
bridge across the Maumee river was
on fire several times, but outside of the
loss of the elevator, the damage is
Mr. Paddock, a member of the firm
owning the plant, said that there was
between 500,000 rand 600,000 bushels
of grain in storage at the time, the most
of it being winter wheat. The prop
erty and the grain is an entire loss and
will reach $450,000. Insurance is
$135,000 on the building and the grain
is covered with $258,000 iusurance.
At 12:20 o'clock the flames were under
On to Cuba.
Unless the present plan is suddenly
changed, the American army of occu
pation will sail for Cuba about October
15th. This statement is made upon
the authority of an-army officer usually
well informed of the plans of the war
department. According to the officer,
the army will include two corps and
possibly three, or from 60,000 to 90,000
ofiicers and men. The troops will land,
for the most part. at Havana and from
there be distributed through the island.
According to this officer the Seventh
corps. now stationed at .Jacksonville
under Maj. Gen. Fitzhugh Lee, will
form a part of the force to be sent to
Cubai. to be followed. possibly, by the
second corps. now at Camp Meade
under command of MIaj. Gen. William
M. Graham. "Ligh t Battery Billy," as
he is known in the army. These corps
are largely made up of volunteers, and
according to the present plan. it was
said. it is not the intention to send
volunteers to Cuba who do not wish to
go. By the time the movement is or
:lered. there will be plenty of regulars
in condition to take the plaees of any
volunteer organization which does not
2are to spend the winter or longer in
The Should Reflect.
If the farmers of the South would
7efieet upon the fav: that they receive
'10 more money for a crop of 11.000.0
ales than One of 7.5~00.000. but that
he big crop costs a great deal more to
yroduce and market, they might see