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LMANINING., S. C., WEDNESDAYI OCTOBER 1
A BLOODY BATTLE
Between White Strikers and Cc%
ored Coal Miners.
LABOR TROUBLE'S CLIMAX.
Railroad Fireman's Presence of
Mind Saved Many Lives. A
ate Fight. Complete
The long expected clash between the
union miners and imported negroes at
Virden, Ill., took place last Wednes
day. Wednesday afternoon a Chicago
and Alton special train, bearing 200
Negro miners from the south. arrived
at the stockade around the Chicago
Alton Coal company's mines. and im
mediately the firing began. At 12:40
the special train passed the station and
signal shots were fired from the south
end of the train announcing its arrival.
THE BATTLE ON.
D. H. Kiley, a Chicago and Alton
detective. stood guard at a switch at
the south end of the station platform
to see that it was not tampered with.
Immediately shots were fired from the
moving train and outside and the bat
tle was on. A few moments after the
train had passed the switch where
Kiley was stationed. and while he was
talking with two citizens, he threw up
his arms and dropped dead with a bul
let through his brain. He was the first
man killed. The train continued to
the stockade, the miners firing into it
all along the route and the negro pas
sengers returning the fire. The moment
the train reached the stockade the mi
ners opened a desperate fire with Win
chesters, revolvers and firearms of all
descriptions. The negroes on the train
answered with a steady fire. The min
ers and the train were inveloped in a
cloud of smoke and the shooting sound
ed like a continuous volley.
Engineer Tigar received a bullet in
the arm and dropped from his seat.
His fireman seized the throttle, pulled
it open and with a jerk the train was
under speed carrying a load of wound
ed negro passengers to Springfield.
How many were wounded is not known.
The train stopped at the stockade but
two minutes. Its departure did not
cause the firing to cease. The tower
of the stockade was filled with sharp
shooters armed with Winchesters and
they kept up a steady fire into the
erowd of union miners. Eye witnesses
say the miners were killed after the
train had departed. It is not known
how many men are stationed behind
the walls of the stockade, but an esti
mate places them between 25 and 40.
It is claimed that six within the stock
ade were wounded, but those inside re
fused to hold any communication with
the outside and nothing authentic can
be learned. Word was, however, sent
from the stockade to physicians in
town that their services were needed.
The following is a list of the dead
Wednesday's shooting has resulted in
14 deaths so far as follows:
Ed. Welsh, Springfield.
Frank Bilyeu, Springfield.
Albert Smith, Mt. Olive.
Joe Kitterly, Mt. Olive.
Ernest Keutner, Mt. Olive.
A. H. Breneman, Girard.
Ernest Kettler, miner, Mount Olive.
Ellis Smith, miner, Mount Olive.
William Blue, miner, Springfield.
Ernest Kemler, miner, Mount Olive.
Ed. Green, miner, Mount Olive, died
in hospital at Springfield Wednesday.
Ernest Long, miner, Mount Olive,
died in hospital at Springfield Thurs
William Harmon, miner, of Girard,
did at Springfield Thursday night.
Eli H. Kelly, a detective, Chicago.
W. A. Carroll, guard on train, died
in hospital at Springfield Thursday.
Thomas Preston, guard, Chicago,
killed at stockade Thursday night.
The number of injured will not much
exceed Thursday night's estimate of 20.
Of these a few are in a critical condi
Ansk Ankel, Mt. Olive.
Gustav Wevsiep, Mt. Olive.
'Ed. Upton, Springfield.
Thomas Upton, Springfield.
Thomas Jennings, Springfield.
Joe Haines, Girard, shot in the leg.
Joe Runk, Girard, shot in the arm.
George Runk, Girard, shot in the
William Herman, Girard, shot in the
Joe Baston, Mt. Olive, shot in the
Joe Sprim, Mt. Olive, shot in arm.
Bart Tigar, engineer C. & A., shot
J. F. Eyster, superintendent Climax
Trading company, shot and beaten.
The list of the dead and wounded in
side the stockade follows:
A. W. Morgan, Chicago.
H. Gritgezell, shot in shoulder.
0. J. Snyder, shot in thie face and
James Syckles, Chicago, shot in leg.
Frank Wilder, Chicago. shot in arm.
Thomas McEntee, Chicago, shot in
J. W. Moonan, St. Louis. slightly
P. J. Hannan, slightly injured. n
There are about :35 strong men sta
tioned inside the stockyard tonight.
each keeping watch through a loophole.
Manager Lukens remained at his desk
in the office all night issuing orders .to
A ('ALL FOR TROOPS.
Last Wednesday night a telegram
was received by the war department at
Washington from Gov. Tinner of Illi
nois. requesting that the Fifth Illinois,
now on furlough. be placed at his dis
posal to quell the rietous demonstra
tions at Virden, Ill. The sitnation at
Virden is represented as critical, and
Gov. Tanner is embarrassed because of
the fact that all the Illinois State
troops practically. are in the service of
the United States. He is unable to
order to the scene of the miners' trou
bles an y of the Illinois troops.
in the ser vice of the government
without the authority of the secretary
The dificulty at te Vh-.en mine
originated on April 1. 1S8, -lhen the
IS Of the Fourth district of Illinois
---Z it a strike instituted by the
)t' line wo kers. Trouble followed
a: onIe at Pana. bu the Virden miners
rew::inel que thorou' hi the rummrlier.
The ;rikers had iskel fur 40 cents a
t:.n azid were offe-r vents. Actual
disturbimeesat Virden began September
2.. zhen the Chieago-Virden company.
the prinipal m ine owner at that point.
imported 100 negroes frem Birmingham,
Ala. When the train arrived with
them on board. it was met by a large
body of armed union miners, who
threatened to shoot the first negro that
stepped from the ears. The negroes
were finally prevailed upon to return to
the south and the mines were not
President T. C. Loueks of the Chi
cago-Virden company then proceeded
to make preparation to get other min
ers. On October 9 Sheriff Davenport
notified Governor Tanner that there
would certainly be trouble and that
State troops were needed to preserve the
peace. Governor Tanner advised the
mine officials against importing miners
-that lie was opposed to the system
that while there was no law to keep
them out of Illinois lie did not feel it to
be his duty as governor to use the arm of
the State to give protection to mine
owners in operating their mines with
this class of employes.
Superintendent Lukens. according to
Governor Tanner, replied that the
mines would be run at all hazar's: that
the company would employ ica i .
as they saw fit; that they would import
this labor and operate the mines with it.
even if they had to do at the point of
the bayonet and the muzzle of the
Winchester. No troops were sent.
The next day Mr. Loucks notified the
governor that his mines would be oper
ated. and demanded the protection of
the State. The matter had been
brought before the State board of ar
bitration and that board decided in fa
vor of the miners, but held that an in
justice had been done the Chicago-V ir
From this point the trouble has been
a dispute between Governor Tanner
and the mine operators, carried on by
telegraph and other communications.
The governor steadily refused to call
out the State troops, and charged the
operators with importing ex-convicts
and an undesirable class of workmen.
The operators declared that the men
they deired to bring to their mines
had been chosen for their ability and
their capacity to become good citizens.
They also said they were willing to
take back the strikers at the scale of
2S cents a ton, but that they could not
open their mincs at the exhorbitant de
mand of 40 cents. The mines, it is
claimed, are all operated in accordance
with the State law.
Sheriff Davenport has been in sym
pathy with the governor, and says he
does not want to enforce laws that will
bring labor into the State, and offered
to resign rather than undertake the task.
One hundred Springfield miners rein
forced the Virden strikers on October
10, armed and determined to prevent
the negroes from going to work. Armed
men have since been practically in pos
session of the town. Manager Lukens
of the Chicago-Virden company swore
out a write of injunction against 34 of
the leading strikers, These men had
run out of town four ex-policemen, who
had bc. : hired by the operators. The
strikers had not displayed violence
against others until they began to sus
pect that more negroes were to be
EYSTER IN TROiZBLE.
The supply and provisi on store of the
Chicago-Virden Coal company is known
as theo Climax Trading company, with
Supt. J. F. Eyster in charge. At 2
oclock after the firing at the stockade
had subsided an attack without a par
allel in the history of the trouble was
made on Eyster in his store on Main
street, one block from the depot,
which will probably cost him his life.
He was sitting in his store when his tele
phone rang and he was instructed from
the stockade to secure physicians and
hurry them to the place. lEyster jump
ed into his delivery wagon and secur
ing two doctors rushed with them to the
mines. He returned to his store clim
bed out of his wagon and was just en
tering his door when the cry was rais
ed that Manager Fred Lukens of the
miners was with him. With a rush a
throng of infuriated miners pressed to
ward the store. Eyster ran behind a
counter with a revolver in each hand.
The miners pressed hard after, and as
Eyster sprang up stairs he and the min
ers began shooting simultaneously.
He ran to the top of his building and
jumped behind a chimney while the
miners ran into the street and opened
fire on him again. Chips flew from the
brick chimney and Eyster ran from
cover across tihe roof of another store,
firing into the street below as he ran.
From there lhe crossed to the roof of
the bank of Virden where he reloaded
Blood was flowing from a wound in
his side, but with dogged determination
against terrible odds lie continued his
fght. Jumping to the roof of the Rae
& Gish drug store lie halted behind a
projection from the roof of the build
ing he had just left, and emptied both
of six-champered revolvers. Then
springing from cover, Eyster dashed
ahead amid a rain of bnllets, to the
roof of the Steed building, the upper
story of which is known as Miners' hall.
He ~either fell or jumped through the
skylight and landed in the arims of a
crowd of miners who seized him and
carried him down stairs to the street.
Other hands seized the almost uncon
sious man and he was dragged into the
middle of the street.
CROWD DRiVEN BACK.
Local policemen drove back the
crowd and carried Eyster to the city
square. across the street. Eyster was
motionless and supposedly dead. The
police left him lying and attempted to
disprse the crowd. In a few mninutes
Ester wa seen to raise his hand and
wipe the blood from his face. Two
men sprang at him and with the fero
ity of tigers began jumping on his
bdy~ and striking him on the head
with stones. With a yell the angry
rowd charged into the square to kill
Pti'E .!T 1 THE RtErl'E.
The police char::ed ini a ad r and
fought their way to the centre of the~
mob, where they took a stand over the~
prostrate man. A carrier was pro
duced and Eyster was take to th<
nu-les hotel Tie had Leen shol
through the groiu and is terribly bat
tered about the head. The physicians
state that he has barely a chance of re
covery. The dead miners were removed
from the vicinity of the stockade to
hotels and livery stables. and the wound
ed miners were taken ou litters to the
station house and taken to Springfield
HoT SHOT FROM GOV. TANNFR.
Springfield: Ills.. Oct. 12.-Governor
Tanner this evening, regarding the
Virden riot, said:
-3r. T. C. Louck. president. and
Mr. Lutken. superintendent of the Vir
den Coal company. at 12.30 today mado
good their threats to land a trainload
of imported la.>orers from the south
and attempted to put them to work in
the mines at the point vi the bayonet
and the muzzle of the Winchester (such
laborers being drawn 1argely if not en
tirely, from the criminal class. ex-con
viets. who learned their trade while
doing terms in the penitentiary of Ala
bama), after having been fully advised
and having full knowledge that the
landing of such imported laborers would
precipitate a riot. I had wired then
thatif they brought these imported la
borers they did so at their own peril.
and under the circumstances, would be
morally responsible and criminally
liable for anything that might happen.
"The killed and wounded arc largely
idle miners who were on the outside.
The others were the hired guards who
were brought along by the coal com
pany. st. if not all of them, were
ii,:: -esidents of Illinois. There is no
means ,learning their names or where
abouts. for the reason that they de
clined o give them out. knowing, per
haps. .hat they are criminally liable
for m-Lrder. as they had no permission
from - ny officer ia Illinois authorizing
or deputi:ing them to act as deputy
marshals or deputy sheriffs.
"These avaricious -nine owners have
so far forgotten their duty to society as
to bring this blot upon the fair name of
our State, they have had fair warning
from me, by wire and telephone. that
the importation of labor which brings
to our State an undesirable class of cit
izens had to stop, and I say now to
such, and all others, that this is a thing
of the past. that it shall not be tolerat
ed in Illinois while I am governor.
These men, the president and officers
of the company, precipitated this riot
by 1% bringing in of this -imported la
br-are guilty of murder, and should
be, and I believe will be-indicted by
the grand jury and tried and convicted
for this heinous offense."
WILL NOT LET NEGROES LAND.
A telegram was received Friday from
Virden, saying that in all probability
Operator Lukens of the Chicago-Virden
Coal company would attempt to land at
Pana the imported Negroes who, after a
bloody riot, were shut out at Virden.
A conference was immediately held by
telephone between Capt. Harris. com
manding the militia here, and Adj.
Gen. Reece and Governor Tanner, of
Springfield. The conference resulted
in the governor ordering Capt. Harris
to immediately put on a guard at each
of the coal mines and at the approaches
of each railroad into Pana, and under
no circumstances to permit any import
ed Negroes to land in Pana. Capt.
Harris. after a conference with the
miners' president, Craven, ordered the
miners to get their guns and be in read
iness to assist him in preventing the
Negroes from landing. The miners
readily complied with his request.
Steps will be taken by the Alton to
secure legal redress for the alleged law
less seizure of the road by the governor.
The officials of the Alton make no at
tempt to conceal their anger, and cast
the blame upon the governor for inter
fering with a common carrier which hat
authority to act as such under the State
laws. The colored miners taken from
the train here Wednesday are still herd
ed at the city hall and fed by public
charity. Proceedings arc expected in
the United States court by mine opera
tors to restrain Gov. Tanner and the
militia from interfering with colored
men who want to work.
While over 2.000 miners at Spring
field were lined up in the street near
the Church of the Immaculate Concep
tion ready to follow the remains of their
deceased companion. Edward Wel sh,.
who was killed in the riot at. Virden
Wednesday, to the cemetery. the 106
imported Negroes from Alabama were
quietly smuggled out of the city and
sent to St. Louis. A subscription was
taken up among the business men this
afternoon and the money hurriedly
raised to get the Negroes out of town.
Col. Tillman Released.
The war department has ordered
Liut, Col. Tillmnan released from ar
rest. Capt. Fuller received a telegram
to that effect Friday morning and Col.
Tillman received one from Senator
Tilman conveying the same informa
tion. Secretary Alger has instructed
Capt. Fuller to investigate the whole
matter and report to the war depart
ment. and it will then be decided
whether there is any necessity for a
courtmartial. This latest phase of the
situation is taken to mean that There
will be no courtmartial. At any rate
all negotiations looking to a compromise
are off since Secretary Alger has taken
a hand in the affair. Lieut. Col. Till
man is naturally delighted at the out
come, but he declines to say anything
further just yet. His friends in camp
are rejoicd also and believe that the
colonel has been or-will be fully vindi
They are Good Democrats.
In 1896 Irwin county, Georgia. gave
the Democratic ticket a majority of 654
votes. East weck Irwin county- gave
the Decmocratic ticket a majority of
2560. This is the county in which the
colony city of Fitzgerald is situated.
The colonists caime from the northwest
and the north. How they voted before
they caine south does not make any
tifference: thle returns show how they~
Iare voin now. Thie south wants more
colonists just like thenm: thousands of
Where He Belongs.
MIr. W. I). Bynum. recently managem
of the gold faction of the Decmocertie
party. has tftken the stumip f'or the Re
publican party in Iowa. >1 r. IByn
declares that the attitude of the D~emi
ratic party in respect to sileer han
driven hum into the Repulican party.
It will not be foriottei.n, enithin.
that MIr. Bvnum did not ebangec his po
tical afifiation until his salary a
manager of the "gold Democracy~ hat
SENATE AND HOUSE.
Ninety-Six Bran New Members
in the Two Houses.
EIGHTY IN THE LOWER.
Re-elections Seem to Have Been
Few and Far Between.
Below is given the complete list of
the members of the general assembly
that will begin its sessions in .January
next. It was prepared for the State by
Mr. N. 0. Pyles and gives the postoffice
addresses of the members. As will be
seen from an examination of the list
there will be % bran new men in the
two louseFs. The following shows the
composition of the two houses:
New members elected............. 16
Members holding over..... ......19
Members reelected............ 5
Final election not yet held.. ......1
New members elected.... .... ... 80
Members reelected............ 44
Total. . .... ...... .......124
1ERSONNEL OY THE SENATE.
The following is the personnel of the
Abbevilie-W. N. Graydon, Abbe
Aiken-D. . Henderson, Aiken
AnderscO-J. M. Sullivan, Ander
Bamberg --S. G. Mayfield, Denmark,
Barnwell-Robert Aldrich, Barn
well, (hold over.)
Beaufort-Thomas Talbird, Beaufort
Berkeley-E. J. Dennis, Sr. McBeth
Charleston-Jos. W. Barnwell Char
Cherokee-R. C. Sarratt, Gaffney.
Chester---J. Lyles Glenn, Chester.
Chesterfield-W. S. Blakeney,
Clarendon-Louis Appelt, Manning.
Colleton-W. B. Gruber, Walter
Darlington-George W. Brown, Dar
Dorchester-T. 0. McAlhaney, St.
Edgefield-John C. Sheppard. Edge
Fairfield-G. W. Ragsdale, Winns
boro, (hold over.)
Florence-William Ilderton, Flor
Georgetown-LeG rand G. Walker,
Georgetown, (hold over.)
Greenville-A. 11. Dean, Greenville,
Greenwood-C. A. C. Waller, Green
Hampton-W. H. Mauldin, Hamp
Horry-R. B. Scarborough, Conway,
Kershaw-J. T. Hay, Camden, re
Lancaster-W. C. llough, Lancas
Laurens-C. B. Wallace, Young's,
hoLR.FE Carnes, Bishopville.
Lexington-P. J. Griffith, Lewiedale
Marl'oor'-Knox Livingston, Ben
Marion-W. A. Brown, Marion (hold
Newberry-George S. Mower, New
Oconee-J. C. Alexander. Seneca,
Orangeburg-L. S. Connor, Orange
burg, (hold over).
Pickens-W. T. Bowen, Pickens.
R ich land-J. Q. Marshall, Colum
Saluda-J. B. Suddath, Merchant,
Spartanburg-E. L. Archer, Spartan
burg, (hold over).
Sumter--Richard L. Manning,
Union-J. T. Douglass, Union, (re
Williamsburg-A. H. Williams,
ILake City. (reelected).
York-W\. B. Love, McConnelsville,
Abbeville-Frank B. Gary, Abbe
ville, (reelected), M. P. DeBruhl, Ab
beil.(reelected). W. P. Mann, An
Aiken-R. H1. Timmerman. Timmer
man's. (reelected). John M. Bell, Ai
Iken. M. B. Woodward, Aiken.
Anderson-George E. Prince. An
derso'n; Ri. B. A. R inson, Annie, (re
elecd). Joshua \\. Ashley, Honea
Path. (reelected). J. L. Jackson, Iva,
IJ. B. Leverett, Moscow.
Bamberg-J. J. Black. Denmark, HI.
H. Crum, Denmnark, (reelected.)
Biarnwell-J. 0. Patterson, Barn
well. W. D. Black. Ellenton. E. Li
Beaufort-J. C. Bailey, Pritchard
ville. (reelected, C. J. Coleock, Ridge
land, (reelected), W. H. Lockwood,
Beaufort, J1. G. Verdier, Beaufort.
Berkeley-S. .J. McCoy, Bowyers.
Ha'wkins K. .Jenkins, Pinopolis, T. S.
B~rowning. Jedburg, W. K. Cross,
Charleston-P. II. Giadsden, Charles
tou. (reelected), T1. W. Bacot. Charles
ton ,. elected), J. C. Mehrtens. Char
Ilestn, (reelected). Huger Sinkler,
C harleston, f reelected). R1. M. Lofton,
(Charles.ton,. (reelected),.-W. HI. Thomas.
Charleston. (reelected), E. M. Sea
brook. Eisto Island. (reelected,) .Jas.
Cosgrove. Charleston. Julian Mitchell.
.Jr., C harleston, (reelected).
(Cherokee-C. W. Whisonant. Wil
kinsville treelected .TJ. \. 1L. McCraw
Chester - J. HI. Marion. Chester, .J.
W\ilbur Means. Chester, Peter T. hol
*Cetrfrield-W. T. Stevenson. (Che
raw.~ Dr. T. Threatt. IPlains.
Clarendon -lleury B. Richardson.
Fult;n, I. M. Woods. Sardiniia, G eo.
Coll'ton- J. W. Miley. Walterboro.
1. M.l \arn Wa lterioro, .J. WV. IHill.
IDarlingtn W. F. Darlingzton. lDar
SJohn Floyd.I alngton.
lmrchestr-lan S. Woinberi.
Edgefield-W. A. Strom. Self, Na
than G. Evans, Edgefield. J. L. Smith.
Fairfield-John G. 3lobley. Winns
boro, Edward B. Ragsdale, Winns
boro, W. J. Johnson, Ridgeway, (re
Florence-Gustave Hoffmeyer. Flor
ence, J. W. Ragsdale. Timmonsville,
W. B. Gause, Lynch's.
Georgetown-M. W. Pyatt, George
town, (reelected), John Bolts, George
Greenville-W. L. Mauldin, Green
ville, George W. Richardson, Green
ville, Joseph A. McCullough, Grceer
ville, J. 0. Wingo, Campobello, (re
elected), A. Blythe, Greenville; (re
Greenwood-R. H. Henderson, Coro
naca. 1). H1. Magill, Greenwood, (re
Hampton-W. J. Thomas, Hampton,
B. H. Theus, Luray.
Horry-Jeremiah Smith. Conway. H.
H. Woodward. Conway.
Kershaw-C. L. Winkler, Camden,
(reelected), John Of. Richards, Jr.,
Lancaster-T. Y. Williams, Lancas
ter, (reelected), J. N. Estridge, White
Laurens-John H1. Wharton, Water
loo, Lewis W. Simpkins, Laurens. G.
P. Smith, Brewerton.
Lee-D. E. Keels. Lynchburg.
Lexington--D. F. Efird, Lexington,
(reelected), W. H. Sharpe, Lexington.
Marion-T. F. Stackhouse, Dillon,
W. J. M1ontgomery, Marion, S. W.
Marlboro'-Frank Manning, Coving
ton, Thomas I. Rogers, Bennettsville,
(reelected), John F. 3MeLaurin, 3MIColl.
Newberry-Cole L. Blease. New
berry, C. T. Wyche, Prosperity. (re
elected), H. H. Evans. Newberry.
Oconee-Ebenezer E. Ve-ner, Rich
land, (reelected), S. P. DkAy, Wal
Orangeburg-B. I. Moss; Orange
burg, L. K. Starkie. Springfield, (re
elected), A. F. H. Dukes, Branchville,
(reelected), George W. Fairey, Fort
Motte, (reelected). J. Bernard Mc
Lauchlin, St. 31atthews.
Pickens-C. E. Robinson. Pickens,
Laban Mlauldin. Easley.
Richland-Charles W. Suber. Colum
bia, James R. Hopkins, Hopkins.
Francis H. Weston, Columbia. H. Cow
per Patton, Columbia, (reelected).
Spartanburg-C. P. Sanders, Spar
tanburg, R. J. Gantt, Spartanburg, A.
H. Dean, Duncan's, F. C. West, West
Springs (reelected), D. E. Hydrick,
Saluda-B. L. Caughman, Mt. Will
ing, (reelected), D. B. Peurifoy, Hay
Sumter-E. D. Smith, Lynchburg.
(reelected), W. A. Nettles, Ramsey.
(reelected), J. Harvey Wilson, Mayes
ville, (reelected), D. M. Young, Sum
Union-J. A. Sawyer. Union. A.
Cole Lyles, Carlisle.
Williamsburg-Charles W. Wolf.
Kingstree, S. Wayne Gamble. Gour
dins. John S. Graham, Rhems, (re
York-S. H. Epps, Fort Mills, (re
elected), H. E. Johnson. Bethel, (re
elected). Thomas F. IcDow, Yorkville,
T. P. MeDill, Hickory Grove.
Wants the Fight Renewed
W. H. Harvey, general manager of
the ways and means committee, No.
1004 University building, Chicago, is
in receipt of the followitrg letter from
Col. Win. J. Bryan, dated Jacksonville,
My Dear Sir: I enclose a pledge for
monthly contributions to the cause of
bimnetallism until October, 1900, to
gether with the instalment for this
month. I m->st cordially endorse the
plan adopted '>y the committee and am
confident that it will result in the col
lection of a large fund for the circula
tion of bimetalltic literatudre. Since your
fight is in the interest of the 'plain peo
ple',.to use Lincoln's phrase-or the
'commnon people,' to borrow a Bible
tern, we must appeal to them for the
means of carrying on the contest.
The financiers can contribate large
sums to support the gold standard be
cause the monopoly of money gives
them great pecuniary profit. Surely,
you can appeal with confidence to the
millions who suffer from a rising dollar
and falling prices.
Having brought freedom to Cuba, the
American people can renew the strug
gle for the financial independence of the
William J. Bryan.
Can't Sell a Graveyard.
Some time ago Col. J. G. Gibbes
found a tract of land between Ander
son and Oconee counties upon which
the taxes had not been paid for years.
It was known as the MIaverick buri~al
ground and several Van Wyck's are
buried there. The mother of 3Mayor
Yan Wyck. of New York. who was a
MIaverick. is buried there. The plot is
no longer used as a b-irial ground, and
Col. Gibbes proceeded. to advertise the
land fcr sale. Protests were made
against this, and the matter having
been referred to the attorney general.
Judge Townsend decided today that the
State had no right to sell the land be
cause it was a burial ground and such
property is not taxable.-Columbia
A Sad Story.
The Riser boys. of Newberry ecunty,
who were convicted of a series of rob
beries about Pomaria, were brouight to
Columbia Wednesday and placed in the
penitentiary, where they will serve nyve
y-ears unless sooner pardoned. Both
are young men, one hardly being more
than eighteen years old, and both bore
good reputations in the community be
fore their conviction. They were well
dressed, and no one seeing them alight
from the train would have imagined
that they were en route to the peniten
tiary. After their conviction an ap
peal was taken to the Supreme court
on somie ground. but it was withdrawn
last week and the young men came
down to serve out their ternms.-Colum
An Old Citizen.
3Mrs Catherine Watts of Sellersville.
Pa. gave a birthday party to celebrate
her 1(ith anniversary. She was in the
best of spirits and danced with fo'ur
generations. The old lady~ gets around
lively with her housework, reads with
out glasses, and walks several miles to
church on Sundays. 11cr baby is 70
HANNA IS SCARED.
He Regards the Outlook Doubtful
and Wants More Money.
BLEEDING THE OFFICIALS.
The Next House in Doubt With
Chances Favoring the Demo
crats Controlling It.
The Washington correspondent of the
Atlanta Constitution says the Republi
cans have a real case of scare on and
the campaign managers in Washington
are moving heaven and earth to stop
the tide which they feel has set against
them. From Mark Hanna down they
are crying for money. and they are rais
ing the cry because they are genuinely
afraid they are going to lose tho next
congress. Their own polls show the
outlook to be dccidedly dubious. They
have had a lot of money to spend, but
they are crying aloud for more. seeing
that the only hope left them is whole
sale corruption of the ballot, such as
carried the election of 1819( for them.
Emissaries are here from the differ
ent close States touching the Republi
can office holders for a rake-off on their
salaries. It is the old method against
which such civil service purists as Mc
Kinley and Roosevelt have long railed,
but we hear nothing from these gentle
men now. R. L. Holland of Ohio has
sent his cards to all Ohio Republicans
in the departments telling of his pres
ence at the hotel Cochran and suggest
ing the desirability of a visit irom the
recipients at their earliest convenience.
Tom Platt has had a man over here
from New York on a similar mission,
but his identity is not quite so certain,
for he has eluded the vigilance of the
newspapers, while the Ohio emissary
had the bad luck to get some of his
letters in print.
These are but two, however. They
are here from all the close States bleed
ing the employes for all they can. But
this is the petty side of the bleeding
business. Mark Hanna is himself in
charge of the wholesale- and more im
portant end, and the indications that
come from New York are that he has
been highiy successful.
Hanna does things wholesale. He
believes in the use of money and a lot
of it. He has been more eloquent in
his insistence that it must be had this
year than ever before-if that is possi
ble. He does not attempt to conceal
his belief in the imminence of defeat
and according to his code of ethics
there is but one possible way to avert
The story which conies from all sides
of apathy in Republican ranks has
seared Hanna, because he knows better
than anybody else the dangers which
such a state of affairs indicate. lie
knows better than anybody else how
great a proportion of the enormous
vote counted for McKinley was secured
by open purchase, and he sees that un
less some similar effort is made this
year there can be but one end of it all.
Eliminate from the sum total count
ed for MIcKinley all those votes which
were secured through open purchase
and by coercion under the stress of
that remarkable campaign, and there is
no -nargin left. Hanna knows this and
has not hesitated to say it to the cami
paign committee here and to the nmen
eyed men in New York whose legs he
has been pulling. I am told that to
both of these elements he has made
disclosures that have opened even their
Unless there can be a repetition of
the success in purchase and coercion
that prevailed in 1S96 the Republican
chances are small indeed. Hanna has
said this in just about so many words.
lHe has not stopped at the saying, how
ever, but with characteristic vigor has
gone to work. ie is ":ryin~g the fat"'
of the manufacturers and the money
changers of the east as he did two
yeai, ago. and already the wheels of
the Republican machinery give evi
dence of being smoothly greased.
But can they win even with the ex
penditure of a vast amount of money?
The present indications are against
them. The Washington Post publishes
a poll of the country made through its
correspondents at the different State
capitals. It is evident that this poll
was made with the idea of getting a
statement as favorable to the Republi
cans as possible and an analysis of the
correspondence shows this; but even at
that the outlook from a Democratic
standpoint, as revealed in these reports
is most encouraging. The Post sums
up the situation as revealed by its cor
respondents in this way:
"The reports show conclusively that
the Democratic expectations of numer
ous gains in almost every section of
the country are founded on fact. There
is scarcely a State in the union which
will return as many Republican con
gressmen as now occupy seats. In New
England. of course, the Republicans
have a clear field: but even in that sec
tion they are likely to lose one district
in 3assachusetts. In the middle A t
lantie Staites the losses will be heavier.
New York will not aai return 2S Re
publicani con::ressmien, while in Penn
sylvania, which now seats 26; Republi
cans and 2Democrats. the latter will
aain several districts. owing to Repub
lican divisions and other causes. lRe
publicans will probably lose two or
more districts in New Jersey, but gain
one in Delaware. In the south the
Democrats will very largely scnre their
old representatives, this being notably
the case in Kentucky. while the D emo
crats will recover two and1 possibly four
districts in Virginia. They are also
credited with one district in 31aryiand.
which now sends a solid Republican
dlegation. A strenuous fight is also
beinir marde in the Texas district which
is now represented by a Republican.
and it is possible that the Hepublican
seat in Aliabamna will be lost.
In the middle States. however. thec
outlIook for the liepubilicans is better,
with a probability that they will gain
distriets in Ohio and 31iehigan. Indi
ana. however, presents a vyry doubtful
field, with the D~emocrats certain to
make decidled gains, while in liinois
the present delegation of 17 itepubi
cans is liable to be redneed to 1:.
South Da kota will send two I epu'
cains insteadI of tw8 Populi-ts ai
changes in Kansas, Nebraskai and
souri will favor the lepulin 1,.l"
In talifornia the Republeanssee.
certain to lose at least oe eat
Tepeent house has~ 0' epb
.,~ns1 'I>)ioaats, : 1a lonult andl
silv er H epuiAcans. '[he opposition to
the IRepublican miiaijoritv foots u,. it
will be Seen. 150. leavinig a clear Re
publican majority over all of .
The Post s estimate., comipiled from
the figures of its correspoedents. z:ve,
the Republicans 166 certain. the Dem
ocrats 120 certain: the Populists 1- '
tain. the silver Republicans 4 and puits
43 districts in the doubtful list.
This is as liberal from the Republi
enn standpoint as could possibly be
figured out. It is certainly true that
the fairest and best estimates that can
be made will put in the Democratic
column a majority of the districts
which are figured out as doubtful.
Running down the list: In New Eng
land there will be little. if any, change.
The Republicans hold every district
but one in that section, and the chances
favor their holding their own. although
competant judges state that two of the
districts in Connecticut are doubtful
and there is a chance to gain one in
The Post figures indicar six doubtful
in New York. These are taken from
the lUepublican column. the Democrats
being given in this estimate only the
five districts they now hold. Of course
much will depend in New York upon the
governorship race, which is going to be
a hard fought and exciting contest. I
have lost none of my faith in Van Wyck
winning. If he does it is almost cer
tain that the Democrats will carry not
only these six doubtful district., but
several others which are now put in the
The Democrats are almost certain to
carry only the six districts of Penn
sylvania put in the doubtful column.
making a gain iu all of at least nine.
This may in the end be even larger.
In New Jersey the Democrats will
certainly carry the two districts which
the Post gives them with a good chance
for two more. In Delaware the new
registration law makes everything high
ly uncertain. There is but one con
gressman to be elected. The present
congressman is a Democrat and the
chances of his reelection are about
In Virginia the Democrats will re
gain two if not all four of the -districts
now held by the Republicans; and the
two districts of Texos put in the doubt
ful column can be counted upon as
The Republicans have three mem
bers from California inlthe present
house. The chances are they will have
none in the next, although the Post
figures give them two. The opposition
will be divided between the Democrats
and the Populists. with the Democrats
The only States which seems to give
indication of Republican gains are
Kansas. Wyoming, South Dakota and
Nebraska. In Kansas there is a possi
bility of one or more of the fusion con
gressmen getting away; in South Da
kota the indications are regarded fa
vorable to the Republicans and are so
put down in the Post's table; in Wyom
ing there is but one seat involved. and
in Nebraska things are in a somewhat
chaotic state with chances that the del -
egation will take one more from ti-e
doubtful column and plaee it with the
One district in Wisconsin is put in
the doubtful column and one in West
Virginia, but in these Republican
nes are best. in Maryland the
D)emorats will gain one district and
probably also that which is now regard
D~emocrat advises warrant the belief
that almost all of ths districts which
arc put in the Post's doubtful column
43 in all-will, when the votes are
counted. be found .in the Democratic
I have said nothing of three States,
saving them to the last, because, in my
opinion, they will prove of the greatest
importance in determining the control
of the house. These arc Ohio. Indiana
The Post thinks the Republicans are
sure to hold their own in Ohio with the
possibility of the six districts now held
by Deniocrats. The Democrats of Ohio
feel certain of holding their own and to
make some gains. How well grounded
these expectations are we have no means
of knowing here in Washington, It is
certain that ..the Republicans of the
President's own State are scared. Gros
venor, who was scheduled for speeches
in New York. has called his engage
ments off that he may get into the fight
in Ohio. where he is needed. and the
money appeals'nmade the Ohions here
are based on the possibility of Republi
in Indiana tile Democrats feel confi
dent of their ability of gainingr at least
three seats. Two of these arc in the
doubtful column of the Post's table.
In Illinois Democratic chances are
excellent. The Republicans have 17
districts in the present house. the oppo
sition five. The Post concedes seven
to the Democrats. putting one in the
doubtful column. Democratic advices
indicate the probability of considerably
larger ga ins.
It is rirht here that the decision con
cerning e'ontrol of the house may be
made. If the Demiocrats do succeed in
making the gains in Illinois. with the
collatersal gains in Indiana and Ohio
that are scheduled. there will be no
hope for the Republicans.
As in the canipairn of >1; it is th~e
Republican plan of campaign to con
centrate all of their enegy. and particu
larly their money. in these States. It
was in these that the vast Republican
camipaign fund was respoinsible for the
wonderfully hieavy vote poled. or at
least. counte'd; anid unless thiere is a re
Ipetition ot the suicceSS in that line then
a ttain'ed theC Republicanis have no0 chanice
Ha nnas knows this better than any.body.
and it is oni this line that he is working.
He has been replenishiing his barrei
throughi the aid of the fav o classes
in whose interests the Repu'blian pairty
is run. and~ in a few day he wil-pl
the bung out.
Ordered to Charleston.
The peope of' ( 'harleston.. C.. ire
to have an opportnity to ee someo
the~ warishis. hir at the i' Rce of
N~rb ring ! war The a r h
at Cardene. in wh.e ioe askle
ios, the Mo n tgomerly. whilh to. k i'art
in the ih~' bm rment of theC Snantiag'O
orts, nmi tihe Princetou.
IN A BAD WAY.
What Pcpulism Has Done for
FROM BAD TO WORSE.
South Carolina Is Indebted to
Ben Tillman for Being Spared
the Fate of Her Sis
How great is South Carolina's obliga
tion to Tillman's statesmanship can best
be understood by some study of politi
cal conditions in North Carolina, where
the agrarian movement for relief. which
swept the country in 1890 and 1892,
was not kept within the Democratic
lines. This unwisdom has been to
North Carolina "the direful spring of
woes unnumbered." The condition of
the Tarheel state is now almost as bad
as prevailed in all the Southern states
in reconstruction times.
The North Carolina Populists were
not strong enough to carry the state,
neither were the Republicans. Un
der such circumstances fusion was
natural. By fusion the Populists and
Republicans overthrew the Democratic
government. The decay of the Populist
party elsewhere, and especially its fail
ure to make itself an important factor
in national politics, inevitably led to
its disintegration in North Carolina,
from which disintegration the Republi
can party was the chief gainer. Things
have gone from bad to worse in North
Carolina, until now miscegenation is
openly advocated by Negro orators and
Negro papers are sneering at the virtue
of white women. A correspondent of
the Atlanta Constitution, who has been
carefully studying conditions in North
Carolina, thus reports his conclusions:
"The white race and the black race
in North Carolina are engaged today in
a momentous struggle for supremacy.
Although it has been conducted in
peace, without loss of life or even the
letting of blood, it is as much a war for
conquest as we ever fought and won or
lost by armed hosts. The black race,
united, solid, aggressive is marching as
one man against the divided whites
with the avowed purpose of over
throwing what slight vestige of their
power remains and setting up for them
selves a sovereign Negro state.
"Then they will repeal the laws
against intermarriage between the races
and mixed schools, and all other laws
which in any manner, shape or form
provide for separate accommodations for
white and black. This may be denied
for political effect, but there is abun
dant evidence to sustain the assertion
and the evidence is furnished by the
colored people. Their aim is to co
lonize and Negroize North Carolina and
to so firmly establish themselves in
possession that the black race will flock
here from other southern states.
"This is the solution of the race
juestion which the Negroes are attempt
ing for themselves. It is uo secret that
colored leaders, ambitious for their
race. have matured in their minds a
plan by which they hope to obtain
absolute control of the legislative ma
chinery and then to rapidly carry out a
scheme of colonization by which this
will become a thoroughly Negro sov
ereign state, with that population in
the mnajority and furnishing all officials
in the public service, from the United
States senators and governor down
through judges, legislators and solici
tors; to the last constable and janitor.
"If their plan succeeds. North Car
olina is to be the refuge of their people
in America. Their 1brethren from all
the southern states will be invited to
come here, cast their lot among their
fellows and together to work out their
destiny in whatsoever degree of pros
perity and advancement they may
be able to achieve for themselves.
~If North Carolina goes Republi
can again this year, we intent
to move over there. The Negro has
more rights there than anywhere else.'
This was the substance of the talk in
both South Carolina and Virginia.
The blacks are very much dissatisfied
with the political conditions in the
former states and are anxious to get
"If the whites fail to regain super
macy on November 8th thousands of
them will move away. They say that
they cannot endure the conditions
which now exist and they know that
if they lose in the coming eleetion
their last hope will be gone. The rich
can move away by sacrificing their
property, but the poor white men with
families to support will find it a hard
matter to leave their homes, go into a
new community and make their way.
"Hence it is that the poorer whites,
the operatives in the mills, the farmers,
the workingmen everywhere, are arous
ed and desperate. They are fighting
for their homes in a double sense.
They realize that it is to their pecuni
ary interest to drive back this advan
ing wave of black supremacy before
it engulfs them in everlasting raix.
"And theie is the other danger,
greatest of all, the menace ato the wo
manhood of the state, the constant and
growing peril of each man's wife and
daughter. That is the thought which
is seated in the mind and on the heart
of every man who loves his family. I
know it to be a fact that the operatives
in the cotton milis and the tobacco
factories and the various shops and man
ufacturing c ncerns all through the
state give' motre attentiin to this phase
ofth 1.1bject than to anv other.
Thanks to Tilhuan. there is politi
cal pices and quietude in this state.
The Pouls mneet in this state
--did abornng"andTillman's per
si-tent tirht secur -1 a constitutional
cnventioni which unmkes Negro nomi
na''on in South Carolina an imnpossi.
blity until the Negroes acquire edu
cation and property.--Columbia lRe
The symp1athiet of the country at
lag oout to Gov~ernor McLaurin
of M' -'isippi Since the breaking u
of the fev er in> i tte hV has hardly
knw whe, ' ,~re he -was at". and during~
muvch of the tie his ?fellow citizen
a1 net known A~ t last advices he
'am where~ he' had taken refuge. an
wsin the woods someiwhere in Smith
cunty. miles away from either tele
phone or telegraph. The state healt h
association tried for three days to fn
him. according to a Jacksoni special,
a thn ga up the juest.