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\O 11I. nANNJNG. S. Cn WEDgNEDAYq OCTOBER2
A RACE ISSUE.
North Carolina Under the Control
of the Negro.
AN EFFORT TO REDEEM HER.
The Democracy Has Sounded the
Alarm and the White People
are Flocking to its
Because o- the drawing of the color
line by the Democrats in that State the
campaign in North Carolina has enlist
ed very widespread interest and has at
tained national importance.
The alliance between the Populists
and Republicans. effected several years
ago, gave complete success to the fa
sionists and they divided the offices be
tween them and possessed the land in
confidence of its long occupation. The
fusion, indeed, was effected in a mast
erly way by a real artist in such mat
ters-Senator Marion Butler-and pro
mised to endure indefinitely--certainly
until there should be a rupture between
the zoutracting parties.
But the fusionists. as other folks
drunken with power have done since
the world began. overreached them
selves. They went too far; they were
too radical, too greedy, too reckless.
They elected a Republican governor
and he set himself to -strengthening
the party" by appointing a host of ne
groes to office. The successes of fusion
in many counties led also to the eleva
tion of a lot of negro politicians to lo
cal offices. In an alliance based not on
principles but on spoils the local work
ers have to be "recognized" or the
combination collapses. No doubt from
the beginning a great many Populists
took no pleasure in the exaltation of
Republican negroes to office. but it was
the price which had to be paid for the
Republican vote and their leaders were
willing to see it paid.
The resuit has been that from the
counties where negro officials were put
over white men protests began to come
--at Erst slowly, then in swelling cho
rus as abuses and indignities by the
bhck officers were reported. The De
mocrats saw their opportunity and
pitched their campaign on the basic
principle of white supremacy. They
brought together a mass of testimony
showing the shame of this negro domi
nation and its injury, moral and mate
rial, to the State. They appealed to
the white men of both the Populists
and Republican parties to join them in
redeeming the State and giving it a
"white men's government.
Considered tactically. the movement
has amply justified the judgment of
those who made it; and, all partisan
exaggeration apart, there has develop
ed evidence to show that the ap roach
to Negro domination has been suficient
to create a curse for the present and a
dark menace for the future. Hundred'
of Populists and Republicans of more
or less prominence have openly united
with the Democracy on the supreme
issue of white supremacy. and there is
reason to believe that many thousands
will follow them. The State is more
than red hot-we may say that it is at
a white heat. The campaign recalls
that of South Carolina in 1876; red
shirts are riding the roads, conversions
are filling the papers and every stump
is peopled with orators.
The enemy is alarmed even to demor
alization by the spirit and vigor of the
attack. One of the most significant
evidences of this is a letter which the
Republican postmaster of Wilmington
has felt constrained.-o write to Senator
Pritchard and to give to the papers of
his city. In September he had made
light of the charge that his section was
Negro-ridden, but the unanimous reso
lutions of the chamber of commerce of
Wilmington that white supremacy was
a business necessity and must be
achieved. together with other evidences
of the determination of the white peo
ple in this struggle have caused him
to make a radical alteration in his
'views and his advice to the Republi
can leader. His second letter follows:
Wilmington, N. C. Oct. 163. 189S.
Senator J. C. Pritehard:
Dear Sir: Since writing you on Sep
tember 26th, events have taken place
in this community which necessitates
some further explanation on my part
in order to put myself right before the
community here and also to correct
any mistaken impression I may have
iade in yoi mind.
For the sake of any fancied political
advantage I cannot afford to make a
one-sided presentation of the situation
in this city and county. and by nam
ing only the white officials and leaving
out the colored, doubtless some advan
tage has been taken and a false color
given to the actual situation. to which
the business people and taxpayers, re
gardless of party, have made serious
objections. As a matter of fact, there
are in this unty 3 magistrates and a
colored register of deeds and various
other minor officials, besides some pres
idential appointees, and the property
owners, taxpayers and business men
seriously object to this state of affairs,
as there now exists here the most in
tense feeling against any Negro domi
nation. There is a greater feeling of
unrest and uncertainty about the main
tainance of order than I have ever
seen, and many, even the most conser
vative, feel that a race conflict is immi
nent, than which nothing could be
more disastrous, not only to this city
and county but to our party in the
State: and rather than to have riot, ar
son and bloodshed prevail here, I, Re
publican though I am. advise giving~
up the local offices in this county, as
there are no national political prinei:
ples involved in this contest.
I had thought at first it was merely
the usual political cry and the fight for
offices, but I am now convinced the
feeling is muchi deeper than this. as it
pervades the whole commuinnity and
there seems to be a settled determnina
bion on the part of the property owners,
business men and taxpayers that they
will administer city and county govern
ment. Your friend,
W. 11. Chadbourn.
Here is ample confession. But it
comes too late to check the rush of the
torrent of public censure. North Caro
lina has a large white miajority, and
when the white men comec togethier, as
they seem to be doing, successful re
sistance is impossible. We believe
that on the issue now made the Demo
cra of North Carolina will redeem
their State from the enemy. South
Carolina hopes earnestly that they may.
THE PRICE OF COTTON.
The Production Quadrupled Since 1872
and Price Falls in Proportion.
The Washington correspondent of
the New York Times has the following
comment upon an interesting table of
figures compiled by the treasury bureau
The phenomenally low price of cot
ton recently reported, said to be lowest
point reached for many years, lends
special interest to a series of tables
just compiled by the treasury of statis
ties, showing the remarkable increase
in cotton production and coincidental
fall in prices. These tables show that
the United States, the chief cotton
producer of the world, has quadrupled
her cotton production since 1872. and
that the prise of cotton in the same
period has fallen to about one-fourth
that which prevailed in that year.
In 1872 the cotton crop of the Uni
ted States is shown to have been
1,3S4.0S4.949 pounds, with an average
price of 22.19 cents per pound; in 189S
the crop is reported at 5,667.372.051
pounds. with an, average price of 6.23
cents per pound. Thus the production
of IS19S is more than four times the
amount of 1872. and the average price
a little over one-ourth of that year.
When it is considered that the other
portions of the world that grow cotton
have not all reduced their production.
meantime it is apparent that the in
creased cotton supply of the world in
the quarter of a century under consid
eration, has been very great and far in
advance of the increase of population
or consuming power. Twenty-five years
ago the United States produced 70 per
cent. of the cotton of the world: today
she produces 85 per cent. of the world's
This increase in the percentage has
been. not because of a reduction of the
world, but simply on account of the
increase in our own. The cotton sup
ply of the other cotton producing sec
tions of the world in 1$72-73 was 1,
667,000 bales. and in 1S97-98, 1.665,
000 bales. The av-erage cotton produc
tion of other contries from 1872 to
1S7S was 1,61S,000 bales per annum,
showing that there has also been a
slight growth in cotton production in
other parts of the world. while our own
production has been increasing enor
Not only has the price of cotton fall
en about the same rate that the pro
duction has increased, but there has
also been a corresponding fall in the
puice of clothes manufactured from
cotton. The reports of the bureau of
the statistics show that cotton "print
ing cloths" were quoted at 7.88 cents
per yard in 1872, while reports just
published show an average rate of 2.17
cents per yard in the cotton year 1S9S
for the same grade of cloths, the fall in
the price of the manufactured article
thus having, in this case at least, near
ly or quite kept pace with the fall in
the price of raw cotton, and the in
crease in production of that article.
The New York Financial News has
the following explanation of the barriers
to the export trade in cotton, which
prevent increased consumption of our
cotton in foreign countries: The bureau
of statistics of the treasury department
has been at work compiling a table of
cotton statistics in order to find not the
real but a plausible reason for the de
cline in price in the past quarter cen
The figures show that in 1872 the
United States pr.>duced 1,384,0i84,494
pounds, with an average price of 22.19
cents a pund, and in 1898 a crop of
5.667.372,051 pounds with an average
price of 6.23 cents a pound. That pro
duction had increased more then a four
f old, and prices were a little more than
a fourth those of twnty-five years ago.
That in 1872 we produced 70 per cent.
of the world's crop and 85 per cent. in
1898. The main point sought to be
made is that the world's increased pro
duction. the increase coming in great
part from the United States, has outrun
the world's consumptive demand out of
all proportion and that the fall in prices
is logically and wholly due to the legiti
mate operation of the law of supply and
As to our own :consumption and that
of Europe, it would be governed whol
ly by two things, increased population
and the relative prosperity in the re-.
gions named. There has been no new
fiber or textile produced to interfere
with the ordinary demand for eotton and
no change in its relative demand for
clothing and other uses.
But in the meantime a great part
of the world in Asia, containing more
population than all Europe and the
United States combined which, twenty
five year ago was. practically walled off
fronm the world's trade, has been opened
an?d as a matter of fact. China, Japan
and Soufthern Asia east of India, and
India itself, are countries where cotton
will make clothing not only for inner
but for outer wear. Why. has not the
opening of that country to the world's
commerce brought about a natural de
mand? For the simple reason that that
country works and earns, as of old,
on a silver basis. It must pay either
for raw or for manufatured cotton on
a gold basis, and its possible purchas
ing and import power is cut in half in
fact. In halving the purchasing power
of the dollar in China and in all silver
using countries, we have eut down their
importing power and raised a barrier
of our iwn creation against our export
to them .ts eflcient as the old barrier
that thiese countries had abolished.
The Hip Pcket.
l)uring the course of a trial atWod
wood. Oklahomia. one day last week a
witness ad mitted to the presiding jiudge
that he had a revolver in his pocket and
the c-ourt fined him $25. The local
paper says: "When the judge fined
Tom Word far carrying a gun every
other man in the court room sat erect
and snmooth'd his coat tails down to hid
his ar:nament. When a recess was taken
every man made for the nearest outlet
and 'hid out' his battery. Best esti
mates place tihe number of guns in the
court room at the time at about two
The First Regiment.
It i officially announced that the
Fis eient will be examinmed, paid
off ,'nd mustered out on the 30th of
~.Nombr ~Dr. Wilcox. of the regular.
Earmy, has a~rrived and will conduct the
ph~-.ualexaintio bfor mstein
A 1ARRYING MN.
Charles Woodruff Doubled Brig
ham Young's Record.
!A WIDOWER FOR ONE HOUR.
He Took to Himself Fifty Wives
in Thirteen Years. Which
is an Average of Four
Charles Woodruff of Chicago, is a
man who has made marriage a trade.
Within the last thirteen years lie has
married fifty women, an average of four
a year. With every one he got some
money, and in this is the secret of his
wholesale ventures in matrinionv. Now
Woodruff is in prison at Buffalo. N. Y.
le married once too often.
Brigham Young. the high priest of
Mormonism, with all his facilities for
plural marriage, had only twenty-six
wives; he was a tenderfoot in compari
son with Woodruff. There probably
was never a more successful winner of
women that this man: probably no man
who ever had a morc delicate, nore
subtle affection of manner. To meet a
women and marry her in an hour is his
record for facility. To woo and nmarry
half a hundred women is his record of
When lie was middle-aged and attrac
tive. dressing as he did in the heigzht of
fashion, it was his diversion to capti
vate a woman, young or old. to tell her
that he loved her as lie had never loved
another. and to marry her in a few
hours, or perchance in a few days, only
to desert her.
Mr. Woodruff is a student and a phi
losopher of iove, and this is the state
ment he makes of the secret of his suc
cess in winning women's hearts:
"Woman's weakness, not any acconi
plishment or appearance of mine is
the cause of my success in winning
hearts. Women are frail things at
**Take women when they get to be 40
and almost anybody can win them.
They want to be won. Under 30 it is
harder to win them, but sill it can be
done if a person is patient.
"Tell them they are good looking. of
course, -y school boy knows that is
the fir.; rudiment of success with wo
"There is another factor which I
cannot describe. It might be called
man's ensemble. It is his made-up, his
appearance, his manner, his way of
talking, his way of looking-a man's
eyes, you know, are what work hovoc
with women if they are used right.
You cannot acquire these personalities.
They are born in a man,
"Women differ some, too. For in
stance. a simplenes! of manner might
impress one, while another miht be
captivated by a mysterious, self -know
ing air. First, you want to study the
woman. I remember but one whom I
could not understand. I can usually
read them at a glance. This one of
whom I speak baffled me, though. No
I didn't marry her.
"The man that married her was up to
date. She wanted me to make a millio n
oath-bound promises. and I wouldn't
do that for any one. 1 might make a
few, but not many. One has to make
enough when he's married. I have
made a study of emotions in women and
of their tastes and likings, because I
found interest in the pursuit."
Woodruff pushed his numerous court
ships withrvigorous alacrity. It seldom
took him over two days after he had
met a woman for the first time to close
up the marriage bargain and lead her to
the altar. It was in 1889 that Woodruff
achieved his especial notoriety. One
day he was descending in the elevator
of an offce building on Main street,
Buffalo, when a woman, overcome by
the movement of the car, fainted and
fell against him. This was MIrs. S. A.
Sample, a widow, with five children.
Woodruff was gay looking and urbane in
speech. He ceaptivated Mrs. Sample
even while he held her on the way down
in the elevator. He went out with her.
won her completely, and married her.
The entire proceeding had occupied just
an hour. He deserted her two days
later. Mrs. Sample is now living in
Ayer, Mass., under her old name.
Mr. Weodruff married, so far as de
tectives have been able to learn. five
women in Buffalo. It is believed, how
ever, that he figured in at least a dozen
weddings there. His greatest success
tookplace while he was stationed at the
United States hotel advertising for
young women to go on the stage. In
answer to his advertisemient a young
woman named Rowell called at his room
and was so pleased with him that she
took him to the home of her aunt. 3Miss
Schmintzin, and introduced him to her.
In two days Woodruff and Miss Schmin
tzins were married.
After leaving Buffalo in 1S890 or 1591
Woodruff traveled all over the country,
returning to Buffalo every few months
for a day's visit, Ile spent much of
his time in St. Louis. where. the police
say, he has miore wives than lie has in
Buffalo. lie also has wives in Chicago.
Pittsburg, New York. San Francisco.
Los. Angeles, City of Mexico. Kansas
City. Boston and Philadelphia.
In each of these places. judging from
the letters lie has in his trunk. he won
numerous heart5 and made some wives.
He posed as a profoissor of message
treatment in New York. professor- of
elocution in St. Louis. and as a nmining~
enzineer in Mcxico anid California..
in 1896 Woodruff wecnt to Buffalo.
stayed two weeks, and nmarried a wo
man named Loretta Dart. of whom he
had rucver before heard. H1e and she
were married at Fort Eric. Woodiruff
deserted her a few daiys afte~r the cere
miony and the woman went to live with
her parents, who arc wealthy farniers
necar Tamburg. this State. She lives
there now. She has been subpoenaedl
as a witness to appeai'against W~oodruff.
From her the polygamist secured $2eU
Iat different times.
About three months ago WoodrufT
went to Buffalo and put up at a Pearl
street boarding house. One day hermet
Rowina Scott on the street. Mrs. Scott
spoke to him. but Woodruff did not an
swer. He evidently did not knew hem'
as one of his wives. Mr-s. Scott met
himi a second time lie did not design to
recognize her. she was indignant. She
went to the police. D~etetives were
detailed on the case and two days later
~they arrested Woodruff.
Among the other wives of Woodruff
;n April. N Mrs. b1ranster: May,
1'4. Alice Newberry. February. 1888.
Annie Sclhcrler. January. 1890. Miss
Kent. January. 18)0. Mrs. Caroline
WX oodruiff. January, 1898.
Woodruff was trying to deny the
eharges which have been made against
him one day last week when the prison
guard announced that a lady wished to
see him-a lady from New York.
"I guess you may show her up", said
the prisoner. -I don't know anybody
from New York."
A wiry woman of 40-she said after
ward her name was Mrs. Jasper-walk
ed into the room.
"Now. Charley Woodruff." she said,
as she fixed her eyes on the man, "I
hope you can remember me long
enough to give me back my ring. I'm
not so proud of being Mrs. Woodruff
that I want to keep telling people
about it. Ilere is your ring. I want
My good woman." he said. sooth
ingly. -I don't know you. I can't re
member having met you before."
am the woman you married.
'Are you sure about it?" queried
Woodruff sweetly. "I never would have
FOUGHT WITH VIRGINIANS.
A Carolina Company Which Served the
Col. Thomas, State historian, has re
eeived the roll of Co. B. Thirty-seventh
A'irginia cavalry, a South Carolina com
pany. composed of men from the
courtic5 of Pickeus. Anderson and
Greenville. 10 commissioned and non
coiiissioned officers and 81 privates.
Mr. WN. A. Hammond of Williston,
Fla., called attention to the fact that
there was such a company. The lieu
tenant commanding the company most
of the time, James A. Griffin of Pick
ens. sent in the roll. During tile first
15 months of the war some of the com
pany served in the Fourth S. C. regi
enut. Co. H.
Tle following were the officers of
Co. B. Thirty-seventh Virginia caval
Andy Earle, captain: sick in hos
pital the last three years of the war.
31. W. Wallace. firit lieutenant; cap
tured and did not serve.
Jas. A. Griffin, second lieutenant;
the commanding officer.
Benj. Milliken. third lieutenant; T.
P. Looper, first sergeant; W. S.
Carroll, second sergeant; W. Hunt
third sergeant; R'. T. Griffin, first corpo,
ral; H. M. Looper, second corporal; L.
W. Kay. third corporal. and 81 privates,
all of whom will be duly enrolled as
South Carolinians who served the Con
federacy under the noble flag of a Vir
Col. Thomas has not been informed
of the circumstances in which this
company passed into a Virginia regi
ment, but he expects soon to know the
reason why. Ile assumes that there
was zood cause for the sesession. It is
nowiere stated in our Confederate an
nals, so far as Col. Thomas knows. that
a South Carolina company served in the
Thirty-Seventh Virginia cavalry.
James R. Claiborne was major and
Ambrose C. Dunn was lieutenant col
onel of the Thirty-seventh Virginia
A COnVICT XITT.E.
Another Shot in an Attempt to Make
Col. Neal, who has been at the State
farm for several days. returned last
night and reported the attempted es.
cape of four convicts from the farm.
One of them was kilIkd by a guard, an
other was shot in the shoulder and cap
tured while the other two escaped. The
convicts were Richard Garrett, of Lan
caster, who had two more years to serve;
Marion Dawkins, of Newberry, who had
served ten of his thirty year sentence;
John Williams and Ed Slater, of Mayes
ville, both in for life. The four men
who were in the rear of the other con
victs on the way to the stockade made
a break into the woods and escaped.
Guards were stationed along all the
roads, and during the night Guard
Johnston who was on the Camden road
saw the four men approach. lHe or
dered them to halt but they ran and the
guard fired and instantly killed Garrett.
The second shot brought down Dlaw
kins who fell as if dead. The other
men escaped, though the guard fired at
them. Dawkins pretended to be dead,
but after the guard left to report the
occurrence to Col. Neal he got up and
left. He was found next morning in a
cabin several miles from the scene and
taken back to the farm. He was shot
through the shoulder. The other two
negroes are still at large.-Columbia
Disastrous typhoons, and storms and
floods have caused a fearful loss of life
and property in the Orient. In the dis
trict watered by the river Feng in Ja
pan hundreds of villages have been
swept away and 2.000 people have been
drowned. Another report says 250
towns are under water. Thousands of
the refugees are flocking to the cities.
The Ishikari river has also overflowed,
drowning over L.U00 peCople. Seven
prefectures were destroyed. In a ter
rible typhoon off Formosa. happening
the samec time as the floods, great dam
*ge was done to shipping. At Temani
eig'ht junks were wrecked and a hun
dre d live- lost. The junks were driven
to se and3( lost. The steamer Rensi
Miaru~ was piled up on shore. Among
the ships wvrecked was the American
bark~ Comel. Tlhe ship was abandoned
and the crew saved. The steamer
Cowrie is partially wrecked. The
Frenchi steamer Uloihow is wreckecd on
the beac h near Amnry. The German
steamer" Trinidad. formerly of the Cun
ard Line. waas abandoned in the open
sea Hmeward bound passengers
~tate thiey passed through 20 miles of
abanone wreekt. chiiefly Chinese
junks. Th e loss of life must have been
W ant to Follow South Carolina.
tat Commissioner Vance has rec
ceived a rejuest fronm R. P. Loomis,
presiden.t of. the Ce ntury Club at Rled
tield. :MuthI D~akota. for information
conceringi the dispensary law. Hie
states that the question of State con
trol of the liquor tratice through the dis
penisary law is to be submitted to the
voters of South D akota and lie wishes
to mnake speeches in favor of dispensa
ries in thatt State. Commisioner
T anee promptly forwardedl a batch of
literature giving all the desired infor
main. -Columbia Record.
TALE TERSELY TOLD.
The Positions of ti-e Ships En
gaged at Santiago.
REPORT OF THE BOARD.
Seven Different Positions at Dif
ferent Times Shown on Chart
Submitted. The Descrip
The report of the Waingright board.
convened for the purpose of determin
ing the positions and courses of the
ships engaged in the action at Santiago
July 3. was made public Thursday.
The report is accompanied by a chart.
showing the positions of the ships at
seven different times. The first part of
-the report gives the time of day at
which the Spanish vessels left the har
bor and also when they were destroyed.
The portion of the report dealing with
the positions of the ships is as follows:
Position 1. 9:35 a. i.-When the
Maria Teresa came out of the harbor
the New York was nine miles east of
Morro, accompanied by the Ilist and
Errieson. The Brooklyn was three
miles southwest of Morro, being two
and two-tenths miles, from the shore
of the mouth of the harbor. The Texas
was eight-tenths of a mile east of the
Brooklyn. the Iowa one and eight
tenths miles east and south of the
Brooklyn and the Oregon a half mile
east of the Iowa, the Iowa being three
miles directly south of Morro. The
Indiana was two and two-tenths miles
south-west of Morro. and the Glouces
ter one mile almost directly north of
the Indiana and one and four-tenths
Position 2. 9:40 a.m. When the Plu
ton came out all the Spanish vessels
had come out of the harbor and their
positions were: Maria Teresa two and
one-half miles southwest of Morro, the
Vizeaya, Colon and Oquendo, in the
order named behind the Teresa and
from four-tenths to half a mile apart.
The position of the American vessels
were: The New York had moved up
two and one-tenth miles westward.
The Brooklyn had ttarted north.
swerved to the northeast and toward
the mouth of the harbor and was turn
ing east on the swing she made to the
right and around to the westward
course. She was eight-tenths of a mile
from the Vizeaya at positions No. 2.
The Texas first went east a half mile,
swinging toward the harbor, then turn
ing to the left she is at No. 2, a half
mile directly north of her first position.
The Iowa moved by a varying course
northwest and was a mile and four
tenths from the Vizeaya, the Oregon
being two-tenths of a mile behind the
Iowa, the Indiana three-tenths behind
the Iowa. The Gloucester's first start
was half a mile directly away from the
harbor, but swinging to the right had
advanced toward the Spanish ships,
being one and seven-tenths miles from
the nearest, the Oquendo.
Position 3, 10:15 a. m.-Maria Teresa
turned to ran ashore. She was ive
and one-half miles from Morre. The
Vizcaya was two and three-tenths
miles westward from the Teresa, the
Oquendo one and two-tenths miles and
the Colon one and four-tenths miles in
advance of the Teresa.
The American vessels were as fol
lows: The New York had come within
three miles of Morro, being south
east of that point. The Brooklyn had
made the swing to the westward cross -
ing her track and was two and a half
miles south and west of the Teresa,
and one and three-tenths miles direct
ly south of the Colon, one and one
tenth miles and a little behind the
Vizcaya, one and three-tenths miles
and a little in advance of the Oquendo.
The Texas was one and two-tenths
miles from the Teresa, a little behind
her, and one and four-tenths miles
from and behind the next Spanish
ship, the Oquendo. The Iowa was one
and one-tenths miles from the Tere~sa
and a little closer in, but not quite ats
far west as the Texas. The Oregon had
pulled up and pa-sed thec Texas and
Iowa being~ a little further in shore
than the Texas and little farther out
than the Iowa. She was in advance
of the Teresa, being on one and sevon
tenths miles from that vessel, six
tenths of a mile from and diretly in
the lin of the Oquendo. seven-tenths
of a mile from the Colon and one and
two-tenths miles behind the Viscaya.
The Indiana was two miles from the
Texas and two and six-tenths miles
from the Oquendo. the nearest Span
sh vessel. The Gloucester had moved
up six-tenths of a mile and was just a
nile directly south of MIorro.
Position No. 4, 10:20) a. m.-Oquendo
turned to run ash~ore. Only 5 minutes
elapsed from position No. 3. All ves
sels had been running westward with
out material changes in their positions.
The Colon had run one and three-tenth
miles, the Vizcaya about a tenth of a
mile less and swerved to the left,
bringing her to within one and one
tenth miles of the Brooklyn. The iowa
was the samie distance. but almost di
retly astern and the Oregon was one
and three-tenth miles from the Viz
eaya. but farther out to sea. The Iowa
was eight-tenths of a mile from the
Oquendo, the Oregon nine-tenths of a
mile from the same vessel and both
somewhat in advance of the doomed
Spanish ship. The Indiana had ad
vanced eight-tenths of a mile and was
two and six-tenth miles away from the
Oquendo. the nearest Spanish ship.
The New York had advanced nearly a
mile, but was not yet abreast of 3Merro.
The Gloucester had run over two miles
and was now well west of Norro, but
five miles east of the Ocquendo.
Position No. 5, 10::30 a. m.-Furor
blew up and Pluton turned to ran
ashore- This is ten minutes later than
position No- 4. The Gloucester had
run a little more than two miles and
was four-tenths of a mile from the Fu
ror and but little further from the Plu
ton. The New York had run two and
two-tenth miles and was' three and
three-tenth miles from the Furor. the
nearest Spanish ship. and two and two
tenth miles south and a little west of
MIorro. The Colon had run two and
nine-tenth miles and the Vizeaya two
and seven-tenth miles. The Brooklyn
had run two and three-tenth miles and
was one and two-tenth miles from the
Vizeaya and one and six-tenth miles,.
~from the Colon, which was running)
nearer the shore. The Oregon had
aild twoand one-half miles and was
one and one-half miles from the Viz
eaya and about the same d'atance from
the Colon. The Texas was one and
two-tenth miles astern of the Oregon.
two and four-tent miles from the Ore
gon. The Indiana was one and one
half miles astern of the Texas.
Position No. 6, 11:15 a. m.-Vizeaya
turned to run ashore. In the :35 min
utes the Vizeaya had sailed about seven
miles and was off thle mouth of the As
erradero river. The Colon had run five
and one-half miles farther and was
more than that distance in advance of
any of the American vessels. The
Brooklyn was one and three-tenth niiles
distant from the Vizeaya and slightly
behind her. The Oregon was one and
o-e-half miles froim the Vizeava, but
nearer the shore and somewhat more
astern of the enemy. The Texas was
two and seven-tenth miles from the
Vizcaya and directly astern of the Viz
caya. The New York was five miles
behind the Iowa. The Eriesson haa
kept along with the New York all the
time and was at this position one-half
mile in advance of her. The Indiana
was nearly four miles behind the Iowa.
Position No. 7. 1:15 p. m.-The Co
lon surrendered. In two hours and ten
minutes from the last position given
the vessels had coursed westward a
great distance. The Colon had run
twenty-six and one-half miles and was
off the Tarquino river. The Brooklyn
was the nearest American vessel. She
had sailed twenty-eight and one-half
miles and was three and four-tenth
miles from the Colon. The Oregon
was four and one-half miles from the
Colon, and more inshore than the
Brooklyn. The Texas was three and
four-tenth miles behind the Oregon.
The New York was nine and one-half
miles from the Colon. None of the
other vessels had come up, save the
Vixen, which was abreast of the New
York. This little vessel in the begia
ning of the fight steamed out to sea
and sailed westward on a course about
two and one-quarter miles from that of
the nearest Spanish ships.
The Iowa, Indiana and Ericsson did
not go farther west than where the Viz
caya ran ashore. The Gloucester
stopped by the Maria Teresa and
Oquendo, as also did the Hist. The
latter vessel was not able to keep pace
with the New York and Ericsson. the
vessels she was with at th.- beginning
of the battle.
FLOATS OVER SAN JUAN.
The Stars and Stripes Proudly Wave
Over the City.
At noon on Wednesday the American
flag was raised over San Juan, the capi
tal of Porto Rico. and that island by
the act passed from Spanish possession
into American hands. The ceremony
was quiet and dignified, unmarred by
disorder of any kind. The Eleventh
regular infantry, with two batteries -of
the Fifth artillery. landed that morn
ing. The latter proceeded to the forts,
while the infantry lined up on the docks.
It was a holiday for San Juan and there
were many people on the streets. Rear
Admiral Schley and Gen. Gordon, ac
companied by their staffs, proceeded to
the palace in carriages. The Eleventh
infantry and regiment band, with troop
H1, of the Sixth United States cavalry
was then marched through the streets
and formed in the square opposite the
palace. At 11.40 a. in., Gen. Brooke,
Admiral Schley and Gen. Gordon, the
United States evacuation commission
ers, came out of the palace with many
naval officers and formed on the right
side of the square. The streets behind
the soldiers were thronged with town's
people, who stood waiting in dead si
lence. At last the city clock struck
the hour of 12 and the crowds. almost
breathless and with eyes fixed upon the
flagpole. watched for developments. At
the sound of the first gun from Fort
31orro, Maj. Dean and Lieut. Castle. of
Gen. Brook's staff, hoisted the Stars
and Stripes, while tlhe band played the
All hena- were, bared and the crowd
tceer:d. 1-"'rt 31orro, Fort San Cristo
bK! and the United States revenue cut
ter MIanning, lying in the horbor. fired
21 guns each. Senor 3Iunoz Rivera,
who was president of the recent auto
nomist council of fecretaries. and other
officials of the late insular government
were present at the proceedings. Con
gratulations and handshaking among
the American officers followed, Ensign
King hoisted the Stars and Stripes on
the Intendencia. but all othe. flags on
the various public buildings were hois
ted by military officers. Simultaneous
with the .taising of the flag over the
captain-general's palace many others
were hoisted in many other parts of the
city. The work of the Tnitcd States
commission is now over and all the re
ports will be forwarded to Washington
on Thursday next. The labors of both
parties have terminated with honor to
all concerned. The Ame rican commis
sioners worked without the least delay
and in the most thorough and effective
Physieians Must Register.
The following, which relates to a
matter of very great importance to phy
sicians, has been issued over the signa
ture of Dr. L. C. Stephens. of Black
ville. tihe chairnan of the state board
of medical examiners: -'It has been re
ported by the clerks of emirt for some
of the counties that all of the physi
cians practicing miedicine and surgery
in their communities htavc not register
ed. in accordance with the law now in
for:-e: nor can they until they have
been'duly examined and licensed by
the state medical board. All such who
have failed to register by reason of
their neglect to come before the board.
or have come into the State since the
last regular meceting of the same,. are
urgently requested to apply for tempo
rary license to the secretary. D)r. S. C.
Baker. Sumter, S. C.. or the under
signed, whoen thcy will be expected to
appear before the board at its regular
mleeting ini Cohumbia, fourth Tuesday
in April next. r~ suie the penalties
attaching to their neglect.
Where He Was Hurt.
A witty old judge who hiad spent an
evening with a youn-r lawyer in the~
country. whose offie was on the second
story. on taking his departure. stumi
bled on the stairs and fell to the bot
toi. The youn.g lawyer. hearing the
noise. rushecd out, and seeing the judge
ying~ on lisa back at the bottom of thle
stairs, hastoned down. and with great.
anxiety asked. "Is your honor hurt?"
"No. said the judge, scrambling to
A MYSTERIOUS CASE.
Failing in Attempt to Rob He Com
An unknown man has committed
suicide at the public library at Omaha
under mysterious circumstances. Ev
erythingp oints to the fact that lie had
secreted himself in the building the
night before with the intention of rob
bing the priceless collection of coins in
the Byron Reed donation. When de
tection and capture confronted him he
cooly placed a revolver to his temple
and fired a bullet into his brain. When
the watchman rushed upon the scene
the man was dead.
The body appears to be that of a man
of culture. There is nothing by which
it might be identified. He was evident
ly a Russian and some slight marks on
the clothes would seem to indicate that
he was a nobleman.
The police believe the man a visitor
at the exposition who possessed techni
eal knowledge and was perhaps a col
lector of rare coins himself. Recogniz
ing the value of the treasure, separated
from him only by a glass case, lie de
termined to seize it. Early this morn
ing the watchman noticed the burglar
alarms leading to the Reed collection
ringing violently. An investigation
followed and then the suicide's weapon
exploded and the man fell dead.
The door leading to the Reed colece
tion had been tampered with. This is
the fourth time burglars have atteupt
ed to rob this collection. The thous
ands of gold coins of all nations includ
ed represent a large fortune. The cor
oner is investigating the case. The
suicide was a fine looking man. He
was not seen around the building pre
viously and the police can learn noth
ing concerning him. le was probably
45 years old.
The name of John Schmidt was
found written on the margin of a small
map of Europe found in one of his pock
ets. The map was torn from a Russian
geography. A pair of glasses, the case
of which bore the label "Riga, Russia.
was also found. On the corner of a
pocket handkerchief in red silk were
the letters "J. K. R." The dead man.
from the cut of his clothing, had not
not been in this country long.
One Acre in Five.
The Augusta Chronicle says the Hon.
Pope Brown is one of the successful
farmers of Georgia. Having made this
statement, it is hardly necessary to add
that he is not an all-cotton planter. Mr.
Brown has long since learned that the
road to prosperity lies throrgh fields of
diversified crops. and the successful
farmer must produce a' home the food
crops upon which lie and his animals
can live. He is thus quoted: "I have
no desire to dictate. but I firmly be
lieve that if I could enforce the plant
ing of erops in the south on the follow
ing plan for five years' time the farmers
of this section would be independent.
I would cultivate fifty acres to a mule.
This I would divide as follows: Seven
teen acres in corn, with old Red Rip
per peas in the drill, and ground peas
im the middle of the ro'ws. seventeen
acres in wheat, rye and oats. three acres
in ground peas solid, one acre in cane,
one acre in melons and truck, one acre
in potatoes and ten acres in cotton.
After the oats and other grain that land
could be planted in corn and peas, used
as pasture or to make hay as desired."
We agree with the Chronicle that the
thing that surpasses ordinary mortals
is that the cotton farmer seems so hope
lessly joined to his idol. Even if he
resents the good advice which has been
given him year in and year out in the
newspapers, along this line, it does
seem that he would heed the counsel
of a practical farmer whe. own success
entitles his words to consideration. In
Colonel Brown's schedule only ten acres
in fifty arc devoted to cotton-one in
The latest compilation of the mor
tality statistics of the war. made by the
adjutant general's office, shows the fol
lowing figures- In Puerto Rico: Killed
--Officers. 0; men, 3. Wounded-Of
ficers, 4; men, 36. At 31anila: Killed
-Officers, 0: men. 15. Wounded
Offiers. 10; men. 8S. In Cuba: Killed
-Officers, i23: men. 2:37. Wounded
Officers. 99: men, 1.:332. Deaths from
various'causes: From wounds received
-Officeers, 9; men, 82. From accidents
-Officers, U: men 30. From disease.
etc.-Oiicers. 75: men. 2.150. The
number of deaths from all causes in the
army whose maximum was 2435,000
reached a total of 2.624.
The Early Bird.
Greedy pension attorneys are already
"working" the survivors of the Cuban
campaign. A Washington attorney has
written to a )lichiigan volunteer requst
ing him to send on the names of all the
soldiers in his regiment who might like
to make application for a-pension. The
attorney concluded; -3Iy fee is $25.
and 1 will give you 20 per cent. in
every case in which I collect. I mea-n
business. Remember, the early bird
eatches the worm.
Failed to Charm Him.
J. Franklin Brown. a hypnotist, of
San Francisco. is dead from blood pois
onic contracted several months agro
wheu lie attempted to put a cub lion
under tile spell of his power. The cub
rebelled and bit Brown' hand. ie was
confined in a hospital for some time
and had been discharged as cured but
the other diay a slighlt scratch brought
a recurrence of the trouble whieh ended
in his deah.
Built His Own Scaffold.
Robert Lewis, who killed J. F.
Hlaynes. foreman cf a gang of mien
erectig a building in Atlanta. wvas
sentenced to hang Novemxber 10. Lew
is. beimt a workman at the new jail sev
eral months ago. helped to build the
callows on wvhich he will be put to
The powers have not only set foot on
the domain~ of Chi.. . a.t they have lit
E-ai id hoans on the eniporor him
1.0f. iT sathcfy theseves of his phy
ie edtion. they. have had the
:in of iler oin examed by a physician
rom'n o'i the emasses.
Know a Goodl Thing.
.t di.oateh f-om MIadrid says adlvices
eeelved there from Puerto Rico say
:iat all the high offeials there hiave'
aken steps to become naturalized
Most of the Leaders are Now
GONEWHERE THEY BELONG.
The Cc!umbia State Propounds
Some Pertinent Questions to
the South Carolina gold
When in 1896 The State gave to Pal
mer. Bynum. Cockran and the other
leaders of the so-called "Gold-Demo
cracy" the designation of "Assistant
Republiaans" there was a good deal of
indignant comment by newspapers in
this State which professed the same
creed. That the Indianapolis ticket
was run for the purpose of drawing
away votes from Bryan and thus aid
mn in the election of McKinley they
refused to admit. They insisted stren
uously that it had been proposed on its
own merits and that the organization
behind it would enduie after the elec
tion. would maintain its individuality
and would eventually attract the bulk
of the Democratie voters, weary of the
Well, two years have passed. and we
fitd not one candidate of the "National
Democratic" party in the field for con
gresF anywhere in this Union. We find
the skeleton organization formed at
Indianapolis reduced to bone dust. We
find the men who voted for Palmer and
Buckner double-quicking to the shelter
of the Democratic camp or the Repub
lican camp. We find Bynum and Cock
ran and others of the leaders making
speeches for hire in behalf of the Re.
publican candidates for congress. And
finally we ind the "Gold Democratie"
candidate for president of the United
States accepting an invitation to pre
side over a Republican meeting at De
catur, Ill., next week, at which meet
ing Bynum. "chairman of the National
Democratic executive committee," is
to deliver the star address. In his
letter ax-Senator Palmer says:
I will not support any candidate who
favors the coinage of silver on the ra
tio of 16 to 1 with enforced legal tender
quality. I adhere to the Indianapolis
platform. I am a Cleveland Democrat
and I believe that if the party had ad
hered to the policy of the Wilson bill
and sound money, it would have suc
ceeded in the presideatial election of
1896. and would have controlled the
government now. Its folly was to com
mit itself to the Chicago platform in
1896,in opposition to sounder opinions.
It was dominated by mere resentments
and was unconsciously dishonest, as it
proposed to revolutionize and Mexican
ize the standard values of the United
States. I beg you to be assured that
no sound money Democrat can, under
the circumstances, in my judgment,
vote for any representative man who is
not in favor of sound, honest money. I
will vote for Isaac R. Mills, the Repub
lican candidate for congress in the Sev
enteenth Illinois district on the issue
of sound money, as we have no candi
date of our own.
What say the Palmer and Buckner
voters of South Carolina to this?
What say the newspapers that tolled
them on to that error and guaranteed
the Democracy of the men who are now
openly inl the Republican camp? Are
not Palmer and Bynum and Cockran
unmistakably at last "Assistant Re
publicans?'' Did they not after all de
serve the title? What do these papers
think of Mr. Palmer's statement that
he, a "Cleveland Democrat." is going
to vote the Republican ticket? What
do they think of his opinion that "no
sound money Democrat can under the
circumstances vote for any representa
ti're man who is not in favor of sound,
honest money?" Do they endorse what
he says? If not, why? And if niot,
what has become of the "principles"
they professed in 1896? And the 824
South Carolinians who voted for Pal
mer and Buckner in 1896-did they
participste in the Democratic primaries
this year? If so, did they vote for gold
candidates only? And. if not, if they
voted for silver candidates for congress,
what has become of their Indianapolis
creed? Have they given it up? We
Pretty Costly Old Iron.
Owing to an annoancement in the
H avanna newspapers of a sale of some
articles and materials by the Spanish
ordnance department Wednesday, the
United States evacuation commission
ers sent Capt. Griscom and Capt. Brook
to attend the sale and take notes of the
articles auctioned. They found in
eluded in the sale several mortars and
other guns. The commissioners prompt
ly sent a protest to the Spanish evacua
tion comiasioners, who replied that
the articles referred to were useless for
service and were only sold as old metal.
The commissioners instructed Capt.
Brooks to make a thorough inventory in
order to know the exact number and
nature of the articles in case a sale
should be effected despite the protest.
Regardless of the American objection
the sale came off at the arsenal, the
ordnance being knocked down to J. B.
H~amel. a Hlabana merchant whose bid
Severe Storm in Texas.
The wind and electrical storm which
swept over Texas Wednesday night was
vcry severe in South Texas. Damage
to cotton is enormous. At Deer park,
20~ mile.' from Houston, the residence
of C. E. Adamus wvas demolished. At
Pasadena the residence of John Stev
ens was wrecked andl the six occupants
were injurod. At Masouri City a num
ber of freight cars were blown from the
siding out on. tMe main track. The
California express. running 40) miles an
hour. dashed into the ears at full speed.
George Johnston of San Antonio, theC
enugineer. was killed,, None of the pas
sengers were badly hurt.
A Wonderful Feat.
The renarkable feat of telephoning
fromi Isovon to Kansas City was accom
-piished on Saturday last. the distance
(l .->iI :miles) being the longest ever
covered by a single telephone circuit.
The offiils at each end of the line suc
ceeded in making themselves distinctly
understood. The test was made under
the supcrvision of W. E. Durgin, cast
rcrn district superintendent of the New
En and Telephone and Telegraph