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Rev. Dr, Taimage Finds His imo
THE BEAUTIES OF NATURE
Furnish a Theme for a Powerful
Sermon. Would Abolish All
Creeds and Denomi
Dr. Talmage in his discourse takes
us with him on a journey to the Pacifie
and finds *the footsteps of the Creator
everywhere, as llugh Miller found them
in the old red sandstone: texts. Isaiah
xxxv. Gi, "Streams in the desert: L1ahs
eiv, 3. "Ile toutheth the hills and
My first text ineans irrigation. It
means the waters of the liimalaya or
the Pyrenees or the Sierra Nevadas
poured through canals and aqueducts
for the fertilization of the valleys. It
means the process by which the last
mile of American barreaness will be
made an apple orchard. or an orange
grove, or a wheat field, or a cotton
plantation, or a vineyard- -streams in
the desert. My sec'nd text means a
volcano like Vesuvius or Cotopaxi. or
it means the geysers of Yellowstone
park or of Califortnia. You see a hill
calm and still and for ages immovable.
but the Lord out of the heavens puts
his finger on the top of it. and from it
rise thick and impressive vapors. 'le
toucheth the hills and they smoke!
Although my journey across the con
tinent this summer was for the eighth
time, more and more am I impressed
with the divine hand in its construe
tion and with its greatness and grand
eur, and more and more am I thrilled
with the fact that it is all to be irriga
ted, glorified and Edenized. What a
ehan=e from the time when Daniel
Webster on yonder Capitoline hill said
to the American senate in regard to
the center of this continent-and to the
regions on the Pacific coast: "What do
you want with this vast, worthless area,
this region of savages and wild beasts.
of deserts and cactus.of shifting sands
and prairie dogs? To what use could
we ever put these great deserts or these
great mountains, impenetrable and cov
ered with eternal snow? What can we
ever hope to do with the western coast,
rock bound, cheerless and uninviting
and not a harbor on it? I will never
vote one cent from the public treasury
to place the Pacific coast one inch near
er Boston than it now is." What a mis
take the great statesman made when
he said that! All who have crossed the
continent realize that the states on the
Pacific ocean will have quite as grand
opportunities as the states on the At
lantic, and all this realm from sea to
sea to be the Lord's cultivated posses
Do you know what in some respects
is the most remarkable thing between
the Atlantic and Pacific? It is the
figure of a cross on a mountain in Colo
rado. It is called the "Mount of the
Holy Cross." A horizontal crevice fill
ed with perpetual snow and a perpen
dicular crevice filled with snow, but
both the horizontal line and the per
pendicular line so marked, so bold, se
significant, so unmistakable, that all
who pass in the daytime within many
miles are compelled to see it. There
are some figures, some contours. some
mountain appearances, that you grad
ually make out after your attention is
called to them. So-a man's face on the
rocks in the White mountains. So a
maiden's form cut in the granite of the
Adirondacks. So a city in the moving
clouds. Yet you have to look under
the pointing of your friend er guide for
some time before you can see the simi
larity. But the first instant you glance
at this side of the mountain in Colora
do, you cry out: "A cross! A cross?
Do you say that this geological inscrip
tion just happens so? No. That cross
on the Colorado mountain is not a hu
man devioe or an accident -of nature or
the freak of an earthquake. The hand
of God cut it there and set it up for the
nation to look at. Whether set up in
rock before the cross of wood was set
up on the bluff back of Jerusalem or
set up at some time since that assassi
nation, 1 believe the Creator meant it
to suggest the most notable event in all
the history of this planet, and he hung~
it there over the heart of this continent
to indicate that the only hope for this
nation is in the cross on which our Im
manuel died. The clouds were vocal at
our Sariour's birth, the rocks rent at
his martyrdom, why not the walls of
Colorado bear the record of the cruci
fixion? First, consider the immensity
*of this sontinental possession. If it
were not only a small tract of land.
eapable of nothing better than sage
brush and with ability only to support
prairie dogs, I should not have much
enthusiasm in wanting Christ to have
it added to his dominion. But its imi
mensity and affluence no one can imag
ine unless in immigrant wagon or stage
coach or in rail train of the Union Pa
cific or the Northern Pacific or the Ca
nadian Pacific or the Southern Pacific
he has traversed it.
But while I speak of the immensity
of the continent I must remark it is
not an immensity of monotone or tame
ness. The larger some countries are
the worse for the world. This conti
nent is not more remarkable for its
magnitude than for its wonders of con
struction. Yosemite and the adjoining
California regions. Who that has seen
them can think of them without hav
ing his blood tingle? Trees now stand
ing there that were old when Christ.
lived. These monarehs of foliage reign
ed before Caesar or Alexander. and the
next 1,000 years will not shatter their
scepter. They are the masts of the
continent, their canvas spread on the
winds, while the old ship bears on its
way thrdugh the ages.
That valley of the Yosemite is eight
miles long and a half mile wide and
3,000 feet deep. It seems as if it had
been the meaning of Omnipotence to
crowd into as small a place as pcssible
some of the most stupendous scenery
of the world. Some of the cliffs you
do not stop to measure by feet, for
they are literally a mile high. Steep so
that neither foot of man nor beast ever
scaled them, they stand in everlasting
defiance. If Jehovah has a throne on
earth,these are its white pillars. Stand
ing down in this great chasm of the
valley, you look up, and yonder is Ca
thedral rock, vast, gloomy nminster
built for the silent worship of the
mountains. Yonder is Sentinel rock,
3,270 feet high, bold, solitary, stand
ing guard among the ages. its top sel
dom touched until a bride one Fourth
of July mounted it and planted the na
tional standards, and the people down
in the valley looked up and saw the
head of the mountain turbaned with
stars and stripes. Yonder are the Three
brothers, 4.000 feet high: Cloud' rest.
North and South dome. and the heights
never captured save by the tiery bay o
ets of the thunderstorm.
- No pause for the eye. no stopping~
place for the mini. MIount ains hurled
Wahn o wr hreeing them
selves in one ma"nitiee' ehoru- t f
rock and prt cipic andi wa erfail. Si ft
in and dashinm thIn ( tie roks the
water cones tiown. Tle B ridal Veil
falls so thin vou ean see the ace of
the nountai behin,l it. Yonder is
Yosemnite falls. dropping 2.:1 feet. 1
tines greater descent than that of Ni
arat. These waters dashed to (-eath On
the rocs. so that the white Spirit of
these slain waters IScening in 1be
mist -eks the heave:. Yonder is
Nevada falls. ph OOing feet. the
iater in arrows. the water in rocks. the
wat"r in pearlsthe wter in amiethysts.
tie wt in iamon'dS. IhIat cafcade
Siin k dwn the rocks enouhjewel to
array all the (iearth in beauty and rush
es on until it drops into a very hell of
waters. the smoke of their torment as
eeIding forever and ever.
Wide reaches of stone of intermin
gled colors. blue as the sky. green as
the foliae. crinison as the dahlia, white
as the suo.v. spottd as the leopard.
tawny as the lion, grizziy as the bear.
in Circles, in angles, in stars. in
coronets, in !talactites. in stalagmites.
iere and there are petrified growths. or
the dead trees and vegetables of other
ages. kept through a process of natural
enbalmment. In sone places waters as
innocent and smiling as a child makingz
a first attempt to walk from its mother's
lap. and not far off as foaming and
frenzied and ungovernable as a maniac
in strugie with his keepers.
But after you have wandered along
the geyserite enchantment for days and
begin to feel that there can be nothing
more of interest to see you suddenly
come upon the peroration of all majesty
and grandeur, theGrand canyon. It is
here that it seems to me-and I speak
it with regerence-Jehovah seems to
have surpassed himself. It seems a
,reat guleh let down into the eternities.
Here. hung up and let down and spread
abroad. are all the colors of land and
sea and sky. Upholstering of the Lord
God Almighty. Best work of the
Architect of words. Sculpturing by
the Infinite. Masonry by an Onnipot
ent trowel. Yellow! You never saw
yellow unless you saw it there. Red!
You never saw red unless you saw it
there. Violet! You never saw violet
unless you saw it there. Triumphant
banners of color. In a cathedral of
basalt, sunrise and sunset married by
the setting of rainbow ring.
Gothic arches, Corinthian capitals
and Egy ptian bpsilicas built before hu
.an architecture was born. Huge forti
fications of granite constructed before
war forged its first cannon. Gibraltars
and Sevastopols that never can be
taken. Alhambras, where kings of
strength and queens of beauty reigied
before the first earthly crown was em
pearled. Thrones on which no one
but the King of heaven and earth ever
sat. Fount of waters at which the hills
are baptized, while the giant eliffs stand
around as sponsors. For thousands of
years before that scene was unvalled to
human sight the elements were busy,
and the geysers were hewing away with
their hot chisel, and glaciers were
pounding with their cold hammers, and
hurricanes were cleaving with their
lightning strokes. and hailstones giv
ing the finishing touches, and after all
these forces of nature had done their
best in our century the curtain dropped.
and the world had a new and divinely
inspired revelation, the Old Testament
written on papyrus, the New Testament
written on parchment and this last
Testament written on the rocks.
Oh, the sweep of the Amerizan con
tinent! Sailing up Pugot sound, its
shores so bold that for 1,500 miles a
ship's prow would touch the shore be
fore its keel touched the bottom! On
one of my visits I said. "This is the
MIediterranean of America."' Visiting
Portland and Tacoma and Seattle and
Victoria and Port Townshend and Van
couver and other cities of the northwest
region I thought to myself, "These are
the Bostons. New Yorks, Charlestons
and Savannahs of the Pacific coast."'
But after all this summer's journeying
and my other journeys westward in
other summers. 1 found that I had seen
only a part of the American continent,
for Alaska is as far west of San Fran
cisco as the coast of MIaine is east of it,
so that the central city of the American
ontinent is San Francisco.
I have said these things about 'he
magnitude of the continent and given
you a few specimens of some of its won
ders to let you know the comprehen
siveness of Christ's dominion when he
takes possession of this continent. Be
sides that, the salvation of this contin
ent means the salvation of Asia, for we
are only 36 miles from Asia at the north
west. Only Bering straits separates us
from Asia, and these will be spanned
>y a great bridge. The :36.miles of
water between these two continents are
ot all deep, sea, but have three is
ands. and there arc also shoals which
will allow piers for bridges. and for the
most of the way the water is only about
20 fathoms deep.
The Americo-Asiatic bridge which
will yet span those straits will make
America, Asia, Europe and Africa one
ontinent. So, you see, America
vangelized, Asia will be evangelized.
Europe taking Asia from one side and
merica taking it from the other side.
our children will cross that bridge.
merica and Asia and Europe all one,
what subtraction from the pangs of sea
sickness and the prophecies in Revela
tio will be fulfilled, "there shall be
o more sea." But do I mean literally
that this American continent is goinf
to be all gospelized? I do. Christo
pher Columnbus. when lie went ashore
from the Santa MIaria. and his second
brother Alonzo, when he went ashore
from the Pinta, and his third brothe
Vincent, when he went ashore from the
Nina, took possession of this country in
the name of the Father and the Sc > '
the Holy Ghost. Satan has no more
right to this country then I have to
your pocketbooit. To hear him talk on
the roof of the temple. where he pro
osed to give Christ the kingdoms of
this world and the glory of them. you
might suppose that satan was a great
capitalist or that lhe was loaded up
with real estate, when the old mis
reant never owned an acre or an inch
of ground on this plant. For that rca
son I protest against something 1 heard
and saw this summer anu other sum
mers in MIontana and Oregotu and
Wyoming and Idaho and Colorado and
Caifornia. They have .tiven devilistie
ames to many places in tile west and
As soon as you get in Yellowstone
park or California you have pointed
out to you places cursed with iiames
s The D~evil's Slide."' The Decvil's
Kitchen" "The D)evil's Thumb," "The
Devils Pulpit." "The Devil's MIush
pot." 'The D~evil's Teakettle." "The
Devi's Sawmill." "Thie D evil's 3Machiine
Shop" "The Devil's Iate" and so on.
Now it is very much neded that geo
logical surveyor or congressional com
inittee or group) of distinguished tour
ists go through MIontana and Wyom
by bclyasia tehicl hi e a
i 11%v .
ik of he. 1(l ad e world is sick of
tile. liut t b ne b the warl
hearted. -ym ais 1 eseiitatin onf
the fat th'it Chrit i' rady to pardon
all ur SinS. id heal a.11I ir wolnd..
and Qave us bot h for is world and the
iiext. lt your religion of glacier's
eek- tf and fall into the Gulf . treinn
and get melted. Take all your creeds
of all dlenominations and drop ouat of
theii all huiman phraseology and put in
olv scriptural phraseology. ani you
will see how quick the people 'will juip
On the Columiibia river we sa* the
sal11m ju mp clear out of the water in
di'lerent places. I suppose for the
puriose of getting the insects. And
f when we want to fish for men, we
could only have the ricit kind of bait
ther will spring out above the flood of
their sins and sorrows to reach it. The
Young 31en's Christian associat ions of
: Aierican will also do part of the work.
They are going to take the young men
of this nation for God. These institu
tion for God. These institutions sceei
in better favor with God and man than
ever before. Business men and cap
italists are awakin-g to the fact that they
can lo nothing better in the way of liv
enetieenee or in last will and testa
ment than to do what 31r. MIarquand
did for Brooklyn when he made the
Youn 3en'is Christian palace possible.
These institutions will get our young
men all over the land into a stanpede
for heaven. Thus we will all in some
way help on the work. you with your
ten talents. I with five, somebody else
with three. It is estimated that to
irri-ate the arid and desert lands of
America as they ought to be irrigated
it will cost about '$100,000 ,000 to gather
the waters into reservoirs. As much
contribution and effort as that would
irrigate with gospel influences all the
waste places of this continent. Let us
by prayer and contribution and right
living all help to fill the reservoirs.
You will carry a bucket, and you a cup.
and even a thimbleful would help.
And after awhile God will send the
floods of merey so gathered pouring
down over all the land. and some of us
on earth and some of us in heaven will
sing with Isaiah, "In the wilderness
waters have broken out and streams in
ithe desert.' and with David. "There
is a river the streams whereof shall
make glad the sight of God.- Oh. fill
up the reservoirs. America for God!
A DASTARDLY MURDER.
Mrs. J. 0. Atkinson Assasinated From
The news of the tragic assasination
from ambush of Mrs. J. C. Atkinson
was brought to the city last night by
traveling men who were at Edgefield
Court House where the crime was per
petrated. They say that the excite
ment in Edgefield village and the sur
rounding country is very great and if
the assassin is found lhe will be dealt
with in a manner that will not 'idd to
the court calendar. The story as gain
ed from traveling men is as follows:
The assassination occurred Tuesday
night on the 3Iartintowni road, in a re
mote part of the county.
MIrs. Atkinson was in Augusta Tues
day with her husband. They transact
ed their business and left for their
business and left for their home about
dark. Their home is in Edgefield
county, thirteen miles from Augusta
and fourteen miles from Edgefield Court
House. M1r. and M1rs. Atkinson were
driving quite slowly. They had pro
ceeded up a slight hill and were de
scending on the other side when from
a group of black jack bushes a gun was
fired. MIrs Atkinson gave vent to a
scream of apparent pain and fright.
The shot had been fired at very close
MIr. Atkinson threw his arm about
his wife and felt blood falling on his
hand. He then noticed that MIrs. At
kinson had apparently swooned. H~e
threw both arms about her and lowered
her to the seat of the vehicle. She was
dead in a few seconds. The load was
No. 2 bird shot, fired at close range
from apparently. a shotgun, that the
shot did not have opportunity to scat
ter. striking the lady in a clump in the
neck, reaching vital points, and pro
duing death almost instantaneously.
As soon as possible, MIr. Atkinson gave
the .larm. In two hours and a half
Edgefield county was on the hunt for
the cowardly and craven .issassin or
assassins who was or were guilty of this
There is absolutely no clue so far as
can be learned. Nr. Atkinson. of
course, gave his attention solely to his
wife. If there was a movement in the
bushes after the shot, lie would not
have noticed it. The officers and citi
zens beat about all night. making the
most diligent inquiry, that some clue.
some trail of the assassin might be se
ured. Tbey have not, so far as learn
ed, been in the least successful. The
bands, who are still roaming over the
country, are determined to leave noth
ing undone. The assassination was so
heinous. so brutal, that the cry of ven
geance is heard. All that the pessees
desire is to get hold of the assassin and
to be sure that lie is the right man.
The deceased was a woman of lovely
character, of handsome mien. a good
wife and the mother of several cuithdren.
She is about 38s years of age. 11er home
is one of the happiest in the south. MIr.
Atkinson is a well-to-do farmer and an
honorable and splendid gentleman.
This terrible affair that has come in to
his life is wringing his h~eart with an
g r.:-d grief. There is no suspicion.
It is takc.. -hat dhe assassin aimed his
deadly fire a. "r. Atkinson. -Columbia
Sealded te Death.
The tor >edo boat-Davis which started
on its official trial tran Thursday was
disabled by the bursting of' a numiber
of boiler tubes. Eight of the crew were
badly scailded, and three of them died
soon3 after reachingi Astoria.. Ore. The
dead: C'. 31eNeely. P. Luithleo. HI.
Wood. The seriously injui-ed: W.
Woods. B. Ryan. A. Johnson. A.
uehl. Luitheo was a coal passer and
Woods suinerintendent of the boiler
room. Th'e others wcre firemen. The
accident occurred in the Columbia
river, about 20 miles above this city.
The nature of' the explosion has not
been made known and tihe examination
of the boilers will be required to deter
um.ine enactly what part of the boilers
burst. ':'he best theory obtainable is
that some of thle tubes of the outward
boiler exploded owing to a dlcrangement
of the automatic water gage which per-I
mitted the wvater to get too low. Ex
eepting for the havoc wroiuight in the
boiler room the boat is uiiinjured. Late
Thursiay night the four inijured meon
d. a king a total ef seven dead.
SOUTH CAROLNA RESERVES.
Golonel Thomas Desires to Get
the Rolls of all the Companies
that Were CalAd Out.
Col. Thomas. State htistorian. Las is
sued the fiolw I'llppeal for informa
tion conicerin.. 'teVerl' is'sing mili
T' .ll Whomn it 1a:y Conce'n:
The und'rsigne'd ha6vig virtually
comlpleted the Work (of collecting1 thle
Confederate iols proper. now desires
to ma''ke the war record f South Caro
l1ina imoret comi'lechensive by addingu, to
tle roli hus far received. of the State
troops. kinwn as reserves. called into
serv'ico 1861--5. Hec propses further
to m1ake nore full the roster of what
may be dec.signated as the gen:ral staff
-engiiieers. surgeons. quartermasters.
counlnissaries and chaplains. as well as
ordnance oflicers. not attached to regi
mlents. battalions or brigades. In the
natter of the general staff, the !tate
historian has received the valuable aid
of the Rev. Dr. Jchnson. of Charleston.
C.. formerly the distinguished major
of en ineers. C. S. A.. to whom addi
tional names niay be sent of such men
as come under the title of the "general
staff." There were about eight reir
ments of' reserves or State troops, mak
iin SO ciompanies. There are now on
file in this office about 50 companies of
this class. These additional rolls now
i called for must be handed in by Novem
ber 15th next. when it is proposed to
elose the record and make up the re
port for the general assembly of 1899.
John P. Thomas.
In making out the muster rolls of the
re-iments to be disbanded from the
volunteer army, five copies are made.
One for the war department, two for
the paymaster. one for the adjutant
general of the State and one for the
regimental adjutant. So in future
years there will be no trouble to obtain
records of those who served. Pity it
is. but 'tis true that the rolls and re
cords of those who made the most glori
ous struggle in the world's history are
very hard to obtain. The State histo
rian. Col. Jno. P. Thomas. has had
much difficulty in getting rolls of those
from South Carolina who served in the
Confederacy, and the time will come
when these records cannot be found
unless they are sent in now. Follow
iing is a list of company rolls recently
received by Col. Thomas.
Additional rolls may be sent in up to
Nov. 1~. IS9.
Companies A and B. Battalion State
Companies A and B, Battalion State
South Carolina College Cadets.
St. Helena Mounted Riflemen.
Greenville Home Guard.
Marion True Blues.
Capt. Percival's company of Mounted
Capt. Russell's company of' Detailed
3IMen and Boys.
St .Paul's H~ome Guard.
ICapt. Keating Simons' company-in
ICapt. Forster's company.
IWalhalla State Guards.
Capt. 3Moss' compainy-Bomar'es.
Brooks' Home Guards.
Capt. Shiver's company-Columbia.
Capt. Dougherty's company-Char'
Capt. A bram Jones' company-Edge
Companies B. C. H. I and K, Second
Company D, Third regiment.
Company H. Fourth regiment.
Companies E and I, Fifth regiment.
Company H. Eighth regiment.
Company C, Ninth regiment.
Company A. Eleventh regiment.
Company A, First battalion, regi
ment not named.
Compainy A. First battalion. regi
ment not named.
Companies E and F, Second battalion.
regiment not named.
Company C, Fifth battalion, regi
ment not named.
Company A. Capt. Holmnan, regiment
Company A. Capt. Hlipp. regiment
Company I. Capt. Brooks, regiment
Company -, Capt. Kay. regiment
Under call for special qfuota:
Capt. Barton's company, from First
regment S. C.. militia.
Capt. King's company, from Fifth
regiment S. C.. militia.
(apt. Smith's company. fiom Fifth
regiment S. C.. militia.
Capt. MIaher's company, from Elev
nth regiment S. C., militia.
Capt. Wise's company. from Elev
nth regiment S. C.. militia.
Capt. Dantzler's company, from
Fouteenthm regiment S. C.. militia.
Capt. Tyler's company, from Fif
teenth regiment S. C.. militia,
Capt. Mellett's company. from Twen
tieth regiment S. C., militia.
Capt. Brown's comnpanyv. fronm Twen
ty-Third regiment S. C., milhtia.
Capt. company. fronm Twenty
ourth regiment S. C.. militia.
Capt. c ompany, fronm Twenty
Fifth regiment S. C., militia.
Capt. Evans' company. from Twenty
Eighth regiment S. C.. militia.
Capt. Wood's company, from T-sen
-Ninth regimient S. C.. nhid~a.
(apt. Gibson's comtpaay, front Thir
tieth regiment S. C.. n ilitia.
Capt. C'hapmtan's '-ompany, front
hiry-Ninth regiment '. C., militia.
There being no record on hand in the
State archives of the State troors or
reserves called ot'n in South Carolina
iSu to~ 18;-ilceabove list is published
o stimunlate tI e htanding in of addi
tioal rolls to rn ake more complete this
States record in thec war between the
Columbia. S. C.. Oct. 18. 1898.
Asuss As A FErrTIIuze.-All
farmers knew that wood ashes are val'a
able for fcrtilizer. But this value, as
many know. is due v'ery muchl to the
material firom which the ashes came.
hus ashes miade from hard wood arc
tore valuable titan ashes made from
soft wood. in fact. sonic ashe~s fromt
soft wood have not enough virtue to
make it worth while to bothter witht
them. It has also been found that the
vluc is largely governed by the part
of the tree from which the ash is made.
It is declared by chemists that the ash
of' the young twigs is of more v'alue
than the ash of the trtunk of the tree.
an .lt. as .i. lav..-es til monr.' valua
\\aga.hngton. :and c.ompuent.'( by. .un at
tache, who c i three of fore
cast in the Republi ai umjtority inthe
laot congress. TheM' tigures elect a
l)eIocratie conre, s J Is till by a mni
mumi of seeteen ma jority. A sum
mary of the Fifty-sixth congress gives
(;1 dc.uhtfui votes. Of' these. if 41 ar
conceded to tl he pubicans and 20 to
the Democrats. the result will be 170
lRepublican. oppositin 1I7. Now, if
the Republicans carry all the doubtful
districts and the opposition the dis
driets credited to them. the next houso
would stand Reptiublicans. 1!)(): opposi
tion. 167-total '57-a Republican ima
jority of 28. This is not regarded as
possible. and by the method of figuring
with the present information in hand.
Secretary Kern cannot see how the
Repablicans can win. "We have them
on the run." says Kern. 'and cannot
lose the next house." Here is the New
York journal's table:
A conservative sunnary of the Fifty
- ixth congress is as follows:
Populists.................... . 1.
Silver Republicans............... 4
Grand total..... ..........357
Of Lhe 61 doubtful the chances favor
the Republi-ans in 41 districts and the
enmocrats it 20. If it splits that way
the next house would stand:
An Impprtant Decision
The News and Courier, of the 30thI
ultimo, gives an abridgement of a very
important decision, relating to street
paving. which affects all municipalities
of the State. We can give no more
than a brief statement. It seems that
the city council of Greenville levied
upon a citizen an assessment of two
thirds the costs of laying a sidewalk
upon which his land abutted. The
citizen sought and obtained in the cir
cuit court a perpetual injunction. re
straining the city council from collect-!
ing the assessment.
On appeal to the supreme court the
decision of the circuit court was af
firmed. The following is the conclu
In concluding Mr. Pope says: "This
court has announced that his State I
has repudiated and still continues to
repudiate the doctrine of supposed
benefits to owners of lots of land abut
ting on public streets in levying taxes.
and we are now satisfied that such for
mer decision when it upheld assess
ments made upon owners of lots abut
ting on streets when improved side
walks and drains are constructed was
wrong and should be reversed, as op
posed to our present Constitution.
Such conclusions on our part renders it
unnecessary that we should pass upon
any other question raised by the ap
neal. It is. therefore, the judgment of
this court that the judgment of the cir
cuit court be affirmed.'
All of the court except Justice Jones
concur in the opinion.
His Happiest Moment.
"'John." she asked, cuddling up to'
him, for it was the seventh anniversary
of their marriage, "what was the hap
piest moment of your life?" "Ah,
dear. I rememrber it well. I shall never
forget it. If I live to be a hundred
years old that moment will always stand
out as plainly as it does tonight." She
sihed and nestled a little closer, look
ing longingly up into his honest blue
eyes. After a moment's silence she
urged: "Yes, but John. dearest, you
haven't told me when it was." "Oh,
he answered. "I thought you had
guessed it. Surely it ought to be easy
enough for you to do so. It was when
you came to me last fall, if you remem
ber, aud told me that you had decided
to trim over one of your old hats so as
to make it do for the winter." Then
the celebration of the seventh anniver
sary of their marriage became formal
Union or Secesh.
MIany Northern women visited the
border hospitals during the war, bear
ing to the sick and wounded lUnion
heroes pies. preserves and numerous
delicacies, and to the Confederate he
roes tracts on the evils of human slav
er. They would ask a sufferer: "Are
vonu .Union or Secesh?' The sufferer
who answered "Union" got the goodies;
the one who answered "Secesh" got
only a tract. One day a Confederate
of foreign birth happened to be placed
on a Union bed. and there he lay when
one of these angels, bearing piety and
preserves, began her hospital rounds.
When she came to him she asked, as'
usual. "Are you Union or Secesh?"
"ell." replied tho poor devil. "uf
you gif ine a dract, I ish Secesh; but uf
ou gif me shicken und bie, I ish Union
liko hell!" lie got the "shicken und
Since the election the newspapers
have been kept busy publishing 'cards
of thanks' fromn the successful. as well
as the unmsuccessful candidates. We
hope the season for all these gushing
thanks is over, and we could wish it not
to return. These cards arc all the pro
duct of' a pernicious sentiment. that is.
that tihe people elect a man to office for
his own personal benetit, whereas the
true principle is. or ought to be, that
they elect him for their own benefit.
We can hardly see how a man with a
proper appreciationi of the duties and
responsibilities of ofiee can believe or'
feel that his personal thanks are due
the public for giving him one. We
oe the custom will be abolished, for
it is in keeping with an idea already1
too prevalent, that office is a favor in
stead of a trust.-Gaffney Ledger.
Death of Col. Alston.
ol. Jas. K. Alston. of the First
south C'arolina Reg.iment, died at York-1
ville F'riday morning at 2 o'clock of
malarial complications, contracted in
the camps. ie had been confined to
his bed since October 14. The end was
alm and peacefuil, death comiing as a1
refreshing sleep. Col. Alston was1
about thirty-eight years of aire.
A HIIIr'-'ro Giiu.s.-A bachelor once
asked a married man who hadI an excel
lent wfe. where he found her. Th'ie re-t
l was' ''At home with her mother.
and not on the streets." Of course
girls have business on the streets some
times. but they should have as littleIt
of that kind as possible. MIen who2
make good husbands in looking for
-ives. 'go to the homes and not ti the
lina on Election Day.
SOME VERY PLAIN TALK.
What the Wilmington and Char
lotte Papers Say About the
Situation. The Whites
it is reported in our Charieston ci.or
respondence that the hardware houses
of that city are -tilling' large orders f4or
arms and annuunition for white people
in Wihininigton anild other cities of east -
tirn Nortii Cardina to defend them
selves in ca(eI of negro outbreaks of vi',
lence in the November election." The
Wilmington papers say that the negroes
there are also arming: in fact, they have
printed an order for arms sent by ide
groes to a northern manufacturing firm
and forwarded by thei to their agents
in that city.
The following editorial from the
Wilmington Messenger of Thursday
shows the critical tension of affairs
There is nothing truer in history or
politics than that the white men of
Wilmington are resolved to continue to
he white and free and indendent of the
negroes. They have been bossed. ter
rorized and oppressed by the fellow -in
black" just as long as they intend to be.
Sooner than submit to past conditions
and have continued present conditions,
they will make it very hot for all trans
gressors and offenders. This is not
bluster. but plain fact. The man who
does not know this is either blind or a
fool. The white race from the dawn of
civilization and the beginning of histor
ic records to now has been the ruling
race. All that is worth the name of
civilization. progress. humanity, be
nevolence, merey. justice. righteous
ness. wisdom, power, have cone from
through and by the white man. The
Negro has not been remotely in it. lHe
is a barbarian in his native woods and
wilds. Ile is not very much improved
in the --land of the free and home of
the brave" after 300 years of tutelage
and association and example and gov
ernment of the whites. le is barbaric
deep down in his nature. Arouse his
evil passion and he is hardly better
thai his kind beyond seas in the deep
jungles of the Black continent.
the white man is weary of bad rule
by negro votes. He is becoming dread
fully restive under the outrage and ani
mosity. Of 46 States, our own is the
only one cruelly. destructively domi
nated by wicked. vicious, degraded
black bossing. This will be stopped or
it will be known why.
It is the simple truth that Wilming
ton means to be free. The millions of
property here cannot be wantonly,
wickedly sacrificed to give place for
grub to incompetent and offensive Nig
aers. This is more than will be longer
submitted to. Think of 5 per cent. of
taxpayers governing and taxing 95 per
cent. of taxpayers. It is an outrage
and disgrace beyond all tolerance or
comparison. The white men will prove
cravens and time-servers who will
quietly submit and let tile five use the
Negroes for the spoilation and ruin of
a city. That is indeed breaking the
submissive camel's back. Do not put
that last feather on or something heavy
may be heard to "drop."
This goodly city settled by white
men is to be henceforth governed by
white men. Let that be understood and
much trouble will be avoided. If by
any combination of circumstances Ne
gro rule shall continue here. there are
some people who will be sternly held
responsible for the disgrace and afflic
tion. A word to the wise ought to be
sufficient, But there is none so blind
but the one who will not see. If Ne
gro rule were fixed for two years ofter
the first of January next, many a good
citizen and family would leave'for other
towns and some for other States, where
the whites are respected and can live in
peace and safety among white people.
But the rule of Sambo is doomed. It is
useless for him to kick against the
'If we cannot dlefend our do r from the
LMt n, be worried"
Even the Charlotte Observer, one of
the most moderate and calm and sweet
tepered of our contemporaries, makes
We believe the Democrats are. to
carry the State next month. The ma
jority against them is formidable, but
there are cases in which obstacles
count for nothing. Talking recently
with a Democratic citizen of a county
which in the last election gave an enor
mous fusion majority, he declared to
the writer, with the utmost confidence.
that it would go Demiocratic this year.
"But how are you going to carry it?"
he was asked. "I don't know," was
the reply. "but we are going to carry
it." That is the spirit which wins vic
tories, removes mountains or does al
i st anything. When the Anglo-Saxon
wills to do a thing lie finds a way.
hat is the history of the race, and the
Anglo-Saxon people of North Carolina
ire aroused now as we never have
known them to be before. Their dear
st interests are at stake and they pro
pose to safeguard them.
The Observer is right. The unity of
ie whites in this State won against
0000 Negro majority in 1876: any ap
'roach to unity among the white ma
jority in North Csrolina will win anoth
r suceh victory. We hope that this
csult will be reached without blood
ied: but th~t it will bc reached some
iow, now that the race issue is made.
ems inevitable.-Columbia State.
Seven 31ussulnmans, who were tried
md convicted of the murder of British
aldiers during the recent outbreak at
adia. Crete. were hanged Wednes
Offers a Reward.
Gov. Ellerbie has offered a W>0i re
yard for the arrest of the party or par
i-s who so foully assassinated MIrs. .J.
). Atkinson in Edgefi eld Tuesday
jight. the harrowing details of which
iend~ish1 piece of vandalism were givecn
n The State of Thursdaiy. Wherever
he news of that terrible- tragedy has
-ached. it has stirred the feelings of
he law-abiding citizens. and no reward
s necessary as an ineentive to make
nen try to find the fiend incarnate who.
'rom ambush. killed a woman. The
~eope in Edgietield arec said to be ter
ibl, aroused and determined to avenge
he mnurder.--Co(lumbia State.
Lo )Orl Fot I r.-The grealt peri
lcal shower of stars which is seen at
ntevals of thirty-three and one guar
er years is due November 12 or 13
299 Th is year. however conteam
lates a co nsiderable display of star
hower- is expected. Astr-onomer p're
liet that theC meteoric dislay will be
nost brilliant and that cvery sta uin the
eavens will seem to have untie and
hoot about in the firmament like a rud
What Is the Xatter
t: (-VerAwT% ou n it w> was
-iN, to wo rk. was that wIe should
a protective tarifl, the gold stand
ar :n1 a re-toration of contidence.
.U if to -how the people (of the
I~nitcd Statvt the faillacv and falsity of
t laims. ProI Iienee blessed this
country with bountiful crops last year.
while short crops and famines abroad
furni.led us a profitable market. This
year our (rop's are unprecedentedly
The national treasur\y is overflowing
We have the gold standard.
We have the protective tariff.
Confidence is restored.
We have the balance of trade in
our favor. bringing in hundreds of nil
lions of dollars annually.
We have the largest crops in our his
tory as a peopie.
Cotton is 5 cents a pound.
Wheat is sagging around 65 cents,
with a tendency toward the 50-cent
Real estate is dead on the market.
Farm products are on the decline,
and will go lower.
Manufactured products are on the
dccline. except where production is
limited and prices are upheld by trusts.
'"Over-production" afflicts us. and
hundreds of thousands are idle and
hungry "because we produce so much
and produce so cheaply."
On the other hand, millionaires are
Trusts are distributing large divi
dends and accumulating large surpluses
iIn their treasuries.
The banks are prospering.
Some of the railroads are paying
handsome dividends, -ind all are in
creasing their earnings.
Street railroads, water and gas com
panies are flourishing.
The people of the United States are
mnaking wonderfully great earnings and
a comparative few are gettina all of the
What is the matter?
General Prosperity has not returned.
but Special Prosperity is here.
What is the matter?
Let the Republicans answer.
Let the gold bugs answer.
Let the protectionists answer.
The monopolies. the trusts, and the
combines are all supreme.
The American laborers and produc
ers are their slaves.
And slaves are not expected to
They are expected to obey.
And still they have the ballot and
elect their own lawmakers.
The following from the Columbia
Register is of especial local as well as
general interest. The provisions of the
act on the subject of Arbor Day should
be carried out to the fullest extent in
the public schools, and it will be worth
the while of the older people also to
give the matter their attention: At
the last meeting of the general assemb
ly an act authorizing the proper observ
ance of Arbor Day by the public schools
throughout the state was passed. In
accordance with thc provision, Superin
tendent MIayfield will issue a circular
letter to the county superintendents of
education citing the act and request
them to notify every teacher in their
county of such law and also ask that it
be complied with.
This is the first time the la e has been
put into operation in this state, and
Superintendent MIayfield thinks that
much good is to be derived from the
observance of the day. It will teach
pupils to appreciate the value of orna
mental shrubbery and shade trees. Very
few, it is claimed, know how to prepare
ground for planting, e~nd this act is
thioughit to be a good plan for teaching
pupils such essential lessons. The
beneficial results derived at school are
expected to manifest themselves in the
home, and consequently more attention
will be devoted to the cultivation of
flowers and trees. The following is
thie text of the act under which the day
will be observred:
"That the free public schools of this
state observe the third Friday in No
vember of each year as Arbor Day, and
on that day the school officers and teach
ers shall conduct such exercises and
engage in planting such shrubs, plants
and trees as will impress on the minds
of the pupils the proper value and ap
preciation to be placed on flowers, orna
mental shrubbery and shade trees."
The act provides that the third Fri
day in November shall be observed.
MIany of the public schools do not open
until later, and of course that day can
not be observed. Superintendent MIay
field announces that those schools
which are not in session on that day
have the privilege of namiing sonme
other day. IHowever, each scool is re
guired to observe Arbor D)ay and this
option is nierely for its convenience.
South Carolina is not the originatot of
this movement, nor is she among the
first to adopt such law. There are, in
addition to this state, :35 states and ter
ritories in the Union that observe the
day by requirement of law.
Bryan a Model Soldier.
C'oh. William Jennings Bryan is a
model soldier. The statement is made
on the authiory of Adjutant General
Corbn. who set at rest all1 the efforts to
misrpresenit aryan, accordi'.g to the
Washington corresp:>ndent of the News
and Courier. General Corbin declared
that Col. Bryan has asked no favors at
all from the war department. that there
has never been a suggestion of a desire
on his part to resign or have his regi
ment mustered out: that in short all
the stories which the Repub'iran press
have been printing in their desire to
reflect upon Bryan are each and all of
themn untre. The adjutant general
wound up his statenient by declaring
that Bryan has been in every respect a
mdel soldier. ____
Hobson and tihe Vizcaya.
It is reported from ontanamio that
Naval Constructor Ilobson. who left
there early last week for .h8 naica with
the intention of taking~ the Atlas line
steamer for New York. will co o~ Wash
ingtonI to obtain an approptriationl. if
possible. of :$1.l)00.000. for the purpose
of raisin;: the sunken Sp:ni.,h cruiser
Iol E.-Blessed is the man whose
homne is a refu~e' who, being tossed to
and fro on the waves of a tumultuous
and comiibat ice sea thirouchout the day.
leaves his offiee, hi> business perplecxi
ties. beind Ihim. and when lie opens
the door andi enters the house, enters
his landlocked hiarb r. But the home
ouht not to be a refuge for the hus
band ain.i father only, but we who are
husbands and fathers ought to make it
a refuge for the wives and mothers a
well. They have their cares also. and
wen we come to our homes we oughl t
to come bringing with us such a spirit
s shall exercise these cares and make
Made from pure
cream of tartar.
Safeguards the food
Alum bg powders are the greatest
menaces to health of the present day.
ROYAL BAKING POWDER CC., NEW YORK.
Secretary Ilester's weekly New Or
ieans Cotton Exchange statement, is
sued last Friday. shows an increase in
the movement brought into sight com
pared with the seven da en- ding the
same date last year of 126. 00. an in
crease over the same date year before
last of 96.000. For the 1-.. daYs of' (te
tober the totals show an increase over
last year of 209,000. For the 44 days
of the season that have elapsed the ag
gregate is ahead of the 44 days last
year. 95,000, and behind the same days
year before last. 197.000. The total
movement for the 44 days from Septem
ber 1 to date is 1,947.324, against
1.S52,283 last year. The movement
since September 1 shows receipts at all
United States ports 1.413,725, against
1.344,337 last year. Interior stock in
excess of those held at the close of the
commercial year 276.636. against 235,
188 last year; Southern mills takings
164.881, against 159,095 last year.
Foreign exports for the weeks have been
224,b5, against 199.647 last year. The
total takings of American mills: north
and south and Canada thus for the sea
son have been 326.080, against 444.491
last year. Stocks at the seabo.ird and
29 leading interior centres have have
increased during the week 239.603
bales, against an inc ease during the
corresponding period last season of
Tillman Advocates Shotguns.
Senator Ben R. Tillman, of South
Carolina, made one of his characteristic
speeches here Tuesday night at an im
mense Democratic meeting, says a Rich
mond dispatch of Wednesday to The
News and Courier. Before going to
the Academy of -Music, where the meet
ing was held, Senator Tillman was
called upon at his hotel by a number of
Democrats. I. discussing with these
the polit situation in North Caro
lina, Mr. Tillman said that the only way
for Democrats to carry that state is
with shotguns. Referring to the situa
tion in New York. Mr. Tillman said he
did not care a frip whether Roosevelt
or Van Wyck was elected. The Re
publicans, he said, had the honesty-to
come out and declare their position.
The Democrats, he declared had dodged
the Chicago platform. It would be bet
ter if Roosevelt should win. "There is
no room for two gold bug' parties in
this country. We must purge our par
ty," continued the speaker, o~f all such
cattle. Get rid of the hypocrites. That's
my opinion. I am only ono man. You
can agree with me or not: I don't care
whether you do or not." This evoked
An Old Man's Darling.
Q31ary Butterfield Sadenrson, the 28
year old wife of the late octogenarian,
Rodolphus Sanderson, bank director
and wealthy citizen of Battle Creek.
Mlich., was taken to the county jail in
Marshall at 3~ o'clock this morning.
where she will be held pending a pre
liminary hearing on the charge of mur
dering her husband. She is accused of
feeding him with ground glass in his
Wanted a Divorce.
A man in Wheeling. W. Va., has
asked for a divorce from his wife be
cause "she persists in eating onions,"
and yet we have the assurance of the
Richmond Times that otherwise there
is not a breath of suspicion against her
THE EMfPIRE OF' THE SOLUTH~.-One
of the handsomest. publications we
have seen is entitled " The Empire of
the South. Its Resources and Resorts."
This beautiful book has just been pub
lished by the Southern railway. Its
author, 31r. Frank Presby. was for many
months engaged in the collection and
preparation of the material for this
work, and he has succeeded in doing
valuable service for the south as well as
the Southern railway. A more comn
pete exposition of the resources of the
great region east of the MIississippi and
south of the Ohio and Potomac rivers
has not been published. The book is
printed, illustrated and hound in vecry
handsome style, and would niake an
>rnamecnt for any library or center table.
t is a store house of information for
ll who desire to know what the south
is. what the south has and what its
RIusE RICE.-Mr. J. W. Gary. who
ives at Holly Springs. Spartanburg
ounty last Tuesday showed us a sam
le of highland rice, says the Head
ight, that he had raised on his farm.
t is of the new crop and as good as he
ver saw. 3Mr. Gary says lie can raise
aout 36 bushels of clear rice to the
are. This rice is cleaned at a rice mil!
n operation at Taylor's Station. over ini
reenville County'. This is a new e -
erprise for Spartanburg County. tis
eats five cents cotton. Rice sells in
arket for about four dollars per bihe i
ad there is a ready sale for all we raise
t is a sure crop and grows on thin landl
GoOi AIVICE.-The haurens A'iver
tiser says that cotton at four and a half
ents is an awkward nuisance to the
roducer. One way to raise the pric~e
s to raise less of the stuff. One way
o raise less of the stuff is to plant less.
ne way to Plant less to ocenpy your
and with other crops. Now is a good
ime to sow wheat. 'a ts. barley. rye
ad the clovers. 'That is sound advice.
nd we are glad to know that many far
nrs in this section are acting upon it.
Father. mother, wife and saa are
unninr asaiinst each other for il'ee
n Pawnee county,. Oklahoma. 'The
Jemocrati-Populist candidate 'or pub
lie weigher is W. M. Obanann. he
ublican candidate for the same o'tice
s W. T1. Obanan, son oh' the1 l moraitie
opulist candidate, and now the mid~'
.he-of-the-roaders have nomninavted Mrs
)banan. wife of the l),mocratie-Popui
ist candidate for public we'Iicr.
Roses were laid on the totmb of Ma
or Andre in W\estminster A bbey >ep
ember 15. with a card. on whichi was
nscribed: "'From Mrs. (Curran, nee
eatrice Benedict Arnold. of ('hicago,
descendant oftGeneral Beneduict Arn
id. who detests the memory of her an
~estor. but revers that of the man whose
ciath he encompassed. Major And.re.