Newspaper Page Text
Dr. Talmage Tells How God's
Home Has Improved.
AN OLD FASHIONED iDEA.
The Illimitable Vastness of Para
dise. vmi:+ the Future on
High Will Be. Heaven
Beautified by Death.
All out of the usual line of seo.moniz
ing this story of Dr. Talige concern
ing the next world. and it war do good
to see things from a novel standpoit.
The text is Revelation xxi. 1. "Amt I
saw a new heaven.
The stereotyped heaven does not
make adequate impression upon us.
We need the old story told in new style
in order to arouse our appreciation. I
do not suppose that we are compelled
to the old phraseology. King James
translators did not exhaust all the good
and graphic words in English diction
ary. I suppose if we should take the
idea of heaven and translate it into
modern phrase we would find that its
atmosphere is a combination of early
June and of the Indian summer in
October-a place combining the advan
tages of city and country. the streets
standing foi the one and the 12 man
ner of fruits for the other: a place of
musical entertainments-harpers, prp
ers, trumpeters, doxologies: a place of
wonderful architecture--behold the
temples: a place where there may be the
higher forms of animal life-the beasts
which were on barth beaten. lash whip
ped and galled and unblanketed and
worked to death. turned out among the
white horses which the book of Revela
tion describes as being in heaven; a
place of stupendous literature-the
books open; a place of aristocratic and
democratic attractiveness-the kings
standing for the one, all nations for
the other; all botanical, pomological.
ornithological, arborescent, worshipful
beauty and grandeur.
But my idea now is to speak chiefly
of the improved heaven. People some
times talk of heaven as though it were
an old city, finished centuries ago. when
I have to tell you that no city on earth
during the last 50 years has had such
changes as heaven. It is not the same
place as when Job and David and Paul
wrote of it. For hundreds and hundreds
of years it has been going through
peaceful revolution, and year by year,
and month by month, and hour by
hour, and moment by moment it is
changing, and changing for something
better. Away back tbere was only one
residence in the universe-the residence
of the'Almighty. Heaven had not yet
been started. Immensity was the park
all around about this great residence,
but God's sympathetic heart after a
while overflowed in other creations, and
there came all through this vast coun
try of immensity inhabited villages,
which grew and enlarged until they
joined each other and became cne great
central metropolis of the universe,
streeted, gated, templed, watered, in
habited. One angel went forth with a
reed, we are told, and he measured
heaven on one side, and then he went
forth and measured heaven on the other
side, and then St. John tried to take
the census of that city, and he became
so bewildered that he gave it up.
That brings me to the first thought of
my theme-thrt heaven is vastly im
proved iu numbers. Noting little un
der this head about the multitude of
adults y'ho have gone into glory during
the last 100 or 500 or 1,000 years, Ire
member there are 1,600,000,000 of peo
ple in the word-, and that the vast ma
jority of people 'die in infancy. How
many children must .have gone into
heaven during the last 500 or 1,000
years. If New York should gather in
one generation 1,000,000 population, if
London should gather in one genera
tion 4,000,000 population, what a vast
increase. But what a mere nothing as
compared with the 500,000,000, the
2,C00,000,000, the "multitude that no
man can number," that have gone into
that city. Of course all this takes for
granted that every child that dies goes
as straight into heaven as ever the light
speed from a star, and that is one rea
son why heaven will always be fresh and
beautiful-the great multitude of chil
dren in it. Put 300,000,000 children
in a country, it will be a blessed and
But add to this, if you will, the great
multitude of adults who have gone into
glory, and how the census of heaven
must run up. Many years ago a
clergyman stood in a New England
pulpit and said that he believed
the vast majority of the race would
finally be destroyed, and that not
more than one person out of 2,000
persons would be finally saved. There
happended to be about 2,000 people in
the village where he preached. Next
Sabbath two persons were heard dis
cussing the subject and wondering
which one of the 2,000 people in the
village would finally reach heaven, and
one thought it would be the minister,
and the other thought it would be the
old deacon. Now, I have not much ad
miration for a lifeboat which will go
out to a sinking ship with 2,000 pas
sengers and get one off in safety and let
1,999 go to the bottom. Why, heaven
must have been a village when Abel,
the first soul from earth, entered it as
compared with the present population
of that great city!
Again, I remark that heaven has vast
ly improved in knowledge. Give a
man 40 or 50 years to study one science
or all sciences, with all the advantages
of laboratories and observatories and
philosophic apparatus, he will be a
marvel of information. Now, into what
intelligence must heaven mount. angel
hood sainthood, not after studying for
40 or 50 years, but for thousands of
years-studying God and the soul and
immortality and the universe! How
the intelligence of that world muns
sweep on and on, with eyesight farther
reaching than telescope, with power cf
calculation mightier than all human
mathematics, with powers of analysis
surpassing all chemical laboratory, with
speed swifter than telegraphy! What
must heaven leran with all these ad
vantages in a month, in a year, in a
century, in a millennium? The differ
ence between the highest university on
earth and the smallest class in a prim
ary school cannot be a greater difference.
than heaven as it now is and heaven as
it once was. Do you not suppose that
when Dr. James Simpson went up fronm
the hospitals of Edinburgh into heaven
he knew more than ever the science of
ealth, and that Joseph ie nry, grad
uating from the Smithsonian institution
into heaven, awoke into higher realms
of philosophy, and that Sir William
Hamilton, lifted to loftier sphere, un
derstood better the construction of the
human intellect, and that John Milton
took up higher poetry in the actual pres
ence of things that on earth he had
tried to describe? When the first saints
entered heaven, they must have studied
only thme A B~ C of the fn!! literature
of wisdom with which ther are now ae
But you ay. i-iIt hiaven alys
been perfeet:' Oh, yes. but not in
the sense that it cannot bo auumented.
It has- been :rolling on in* grandeur.
Christ has been. there. and he never
changes- -the same yesterday. today
and forever. glorious then and glori
ous now and glorious forever. lut
I speak now of attractions outside of
this. and I have to tell you that no
place on earth has improved in so
ciety as heaven has within the last 70
years. for the most f % ou within 40
years. within 20 ycars. within 5 years.
within I year-in other words. by the
accessions from iour own household.
If heaven were ilaced in groups-- -an
apostolic group. a patriarch:J group. a
prophetic aronp. group tf martyr.
group of angels a d then a group t
your own gloritied kindred which
.troup would you choo se-. 1ou migh t
look around and make comparison. but
it would not take you on to choose.
You wouhi say: l ive me back those
whom I loved on earth: let ine enter
into their society--miy parents. my
children. my brothers. my sisters.
We lived together on earth: let us live
together in heavenl. Oh, is it not a
blessed thought that heaven has been
improved by its society. this colouia
tion fron earth to heaven?
Again. I remark that heaven has
greatly improved in the good cheer of
announced victories. Where heaven
rejoiced over one soul it now rejoices
over 10) or 1.0011. In the olden times.
when tle events of human life were
seatte -ver four or five centuries of
longe.y ~and the world moved slowly.
there were not so many stirring events
to be reported in heaven, but now. I
suppose, all the great events of earth
are reported in heaven. If there is any
truth plainly taught in this Bible, it is
that heaven is wrapped up in sympathy
with human history, and we look at
those inventions of the day-as telegra
phy. at swift communication by steam,
at all these modern improvements
which seem to give one almost omni
presence--and we see only the secular
relation, but spirits before the throne
look out and see the vast and the eter
nal relation. While nations rise and
fall, while the earth is shaking with
revolution, do you not suppose there is
arousing intelligence going up to the
throne of God. and that the question is
often asked before the throne. "What
is the news from that world-that
world that rebelled, but is coming back
to its allegiance?' If ministering
spirits, according to the Bible, are sent
forth to minister to those that shall be
heirs if heaven, when they come down
to us to bless :us. do they not take the
news back? Po the ships of light that
come out of the celestial harbor into
the earthly harbor, laden with cargoes
of blessing, go back unfreighted? Min
istering spirits not only, but our loved
ones leaving us take up the tidings.
Suppose you were in a far city and had
been there a good while, and you heard
that some one had arrived from your
native place-some one who had recent
ly seen your family and friends-you
would rush up to that man, and you
would ask all about the old folks at
home. And do you not suppose when
your child went up tc God your glori
fied kindred in heaven gathered around
and asked about you to ascertain as to
whether you were getting along well in
the struggle of life, to find out whether
you were in any especial peril, that
with swift and mighty wing they might
come down to intercept your perils?
Oh, yes! Heaven is a greater place for
news than it used to be-news sound
ed through the streets, news ring
ing from the towers, news heralded
from the palace gate. Glad news!
But the vivacity and sprightliness of
heaven will be beyond all conception
when the final victories come in, when
the church shall be triumphant every
where. Oh, what a day in heaven it
will be when the last throne of earthly
oppression has fallen, when the last
chain of serfdom is broken, when the
last wound of earthly pain is healed,
when the last sinner is pardoned. when
the last nation is redeemed! What a
timie there will be in heaven! You and
I will be in the procession, you and I
will thrum a string in that great orches
tra. That will be the greatest day in
heaven since the day when the first
block of jasper was put down for the
foundation and the first hinged pearl
swung. If there is a difference between
heaven now and heaven as it was, oh.
the difference between heaven as it
shall be and heaven as it is now! Not
a splendor stuck fast, but rolling on
and rolling on. and rolling up and roll
ing up. forever, forever.
I speak these words on the changes
in heaven and the new improvements
in heaven also because I want to cure
some of you of the delusion that your
departed Christian friends have gone
into dullness and silence and uncon
sciousness. They are in a sirring, pic
turesque. radians. ever accumulative
scene. When they left their bodies,
they only got rid of the last hindrance.
They are no more in Oakwood, Laurel
Hill or Mount Auburn than you. in
holiday attire, having seated yourself
at a banquet, can be said to be in a dark
loset, where you have left the old ap
parel that was not fit to wear to the
banquet. A soldier cannot use a sword
until he has unsheathed it. and the
body of your departed was only the
sheath of a bright and glittering spirit
which God has lifted and is swaying in
the heavenly triumph. According to
what I am telling you at present, your
departed Christian friends did not go
o much into the company of the mar
tyrs, and the apostles, and the prophets.
and the potentates of heaven as into
the company of grandfather and grand
mother and the infant sister that tar
ried just long anough to absorb your
tenderest affection and all the home
circle. When they landed. it was not
as you land in Antwerp or Hamburg or
Havre. wandering up a strange wharf.
asking for a strange hotel. They land
ed amid your glorified relatives, who
were waiting to greet them.
Oh. does not this bring heaven near
er? Instead of being far off it comes
down just now, and it puts its arms
around our necks. and we feel its breath
on our faces. It melts the frigid splen
dor of the conventional heaven into a
domestic scene. It comes very close to
us. If we had our choice in heaven.
whom would we first see? Rather than
o>k at thie great potentates of hcaven
we would meet our loved one. I want
to see Moses and Paul and .Joshua, but
1 would a great deal rather see myi
father. who went away .'0yasao
want to see the great Bible heroines.
Deborah and Hannah and Abigail, but
I would rather see my mother thtan to
see the archangeel.
I do not think it was superstitious
when one Wednesday night I stood by
a death-bed within a few blocks of the
church where I preached, and on the
same street. and saw one of the aged
Christians of the church going into
glory. After I had prayed with her 1
said to her: "We have all loved you
very much and will always cherish your
memory in the Christian church. You
will see miy son before I see him, and I
wish you would give him our love."
8e'I said, " will ..1 wil.1 -a in 241
as n ave1 the la.t
words she ever spoke. It was a .wift
message to the skies. If you had your
choice between riding in a heavenly
chariot and occupying the grandest
palace in heaven and sitting on the
throne next highest to the throne of
God and n111t seCing your departed jues.
aind on the other hand dwelling in the
humblest place in heaven. without
crown or throne and without garland
and without scepter. yet having your
loved ones around you. you would
choose the latter. I say thee things
because I want you to know it is a do
Inestie heave n. and consequently it is
all the tine improving. Every one
that goes up makes it a brighter place.
and the attractions are increasing
month by month and day by day. and
heaven. so vastly more of a heaven,
: thousand tin:es more of a heaven
than it used to be. will lie a better
heaven vet. Oh. I say this to intensify
I enter heaven one day. It is almost
empty. I enter the temples of worship.
and there are no worshipers. I walk
down the street. and there are no pas
sengers. I go into the orchestra, and I
finI the instruments are suspended in
the baronial halls of heaven, and the
great organs of eternity. with multudi
nous banks of keys, are closed. But I
see a shining one at the gate, as though
he were standing on guard. and I say:
Sentinel, what does this mean? I
thought heaven was a populous city.
ilas there been some great plague
sweeiig off the population?~ "lave
you not heard the news?" says the sen
tinel. 'There is a world burning,
there is a great conflagration out yon
der, and all heaven has gone out to look
at the conflagration and take the vic
tims out of the ruins. This is the day
for which all other days are made.
This is the judgment. This morning
all the chariots and the cavalry and the
mounted infantry rumbled and galloped
down the sky." After I had listened
to the sentinel I looked off over the
battlements, and I saw that the fields
of air were bright with a blazing world.
I said, "Yes, yes, this must be the
judgment," and while I stood there I
heard the rumbling of wheels and the
clattering of hoofs and the roaring of
many voices, and then I saw the coro
nets and plumes and banners, and I saw
that all heaven was coming back again
-coming to the wall, coming to the
gate, and the multitude that went off
in the morning was augmented by a
vast multitude caught up aliye from the
earth, and a vast multitude of the re
surrected bodies of the Christian dead,
leaving the cemeteries and the abbeys
and the mausoleums and the graveyards
of the earth empty. Procession mov
ing in through the gates. And then I
found out that what was fiery judgment
day on earth was jubilee in heaven, and
I cried: "Doorkeepers of heaven, shut
the gates; all heaven has come in!
Doorkespers, shut the 12 gates lest the
sorrows and the woes of earth, like
bandits, should some day come up and
try to plunder the citv!"
THE PRESS GANG.
Headquarters for Newspaper Men at
the Fair Grounds.
The representatives of the press who
attend the State fair this year will find
a room on the grounds handsomely pre
pared for their entertainment and con
venience. This has been decided on,
and the spacious room formerly used by
the treasurer has been given over for
the benefit of the reporters and visiting
journalists. It is the intention of the
management to have it well furn
ished and equipped in every par
ticular. There will be on file at this
office all the weekly and daily papers
of the State. Those desiring to re
ceive information will know just where
to find it.
An effort will be made to interest all
the members of the State Press associa
tion in the undertaking, and to accord
all the visiting editors a most cordial
reception while there. Besides the files
or all papers of the State there will be
stationery for the newspaper men. and
every courtesy will be shown them.
Not only members of the State Press
association, but every visiting journal
ist is to be welcomed to the office.
A great advantage to be derived from
this feature of the fair is that it will be
a bureau of information for the news
paper representatives. A correct tabu
lation of all awards and premiums will
be kept for inspection. Just as soon
as an award is niade it will be entered
on the books which will be kept on
large tables in the room. The work of
reporting the proceedings of the day
will be greatly expedited and will save
much labor to the "Knight of the
Catching On Fast.
With fine irony the New York Even
ing Post points out the new American
ism shown by the Cuban lactions in
Santiago province who clamor for the
exclusive posession of the spoils of of
fice. "Gen. Wood," it says " 'regards
the outlook as rather discouragings
Why? we should like to ask. Could
stronger evidence be given us that the
'elevating' process has already begun
in Cuba? Not only begun, but so far as
this portion of our new posessions is
concerned, virtually completed. They
have grasped our system perfectly!
What is the difference between the rca
soning of Gen. Rios in favor of having
his man put into the mayoralty of Man
zanillo, and that which President Hiar
rison followed when lhe 'fired' Mr. Pear
son fl-om the postmastership of New
York and put Mr. Van Cott in his
place. Was ever such devotion as
this to a new system of government
shown by a rude and hitherto barbaric
people? They have been 'eelvated,'
civilized at a single stroke, and under
their leaders take their places with the
rest of us as Amer~can citizens living
happily under boss govern ment and en
joying the emoluments and blessm is
Gitting a Move on Her.
The city council of Charleston has
apropriated the Thompson bequest,
amounting to about $25,000,I) to the
erection of an auditorium. The city
had already appropriated $5,Ot00 for the
purpose, and this, added to thc $25.000I
of the Thompson bequest will make a
handsome sum to be used for the large
building. The auditorium will have a
seating capacity of 750(0 people and
will be ready in time foi' the reunion
of the Confederate Veterans in Charles
ton iiext May.
odoform Liniment is the "nec plus
ultra" of all such preparations in re
moving soreness, and quickly healing
fresh cuts and wounds, no matter how
bad. It will promptly heal old sores
of long standing. Will kill the pois
on from "Poison Ivy" or "Poison
Ok" and cure "Dew Poison." 'Will
counteract the poison from bites of
snakes an stings of in sects. It is a
sure cure for sore throat. Will cure
any ease of sore mouth, and is a supe
ror remedy for all pains and aches.
Sold by druggists and dealers 25 cents a
MIRACULOS L 'A "E
Miss Maude Roudebush Saved
Her Life by Her Voice.
THE GIRL TELL THE STOYR.
Her Awful Experience in the
Water Under an Overturned
Boat. Details of Disaster.
Miss Maude Roudebush, one of the
few passengers on the Atlantic Trans
port company's ste.imer Mohegan,
which was wrecked on Friday evening.
Oct. 14, off the Lizard. arriyed here
recently on the Cunarder Etruria.
Miss Roudebush was met on the Cu
nard pier by a number of her friends,
including her aunt, Mrs. Roudebush,
who as Agnes Ethel was well known on
the stage years ago.
Miss Roudebush has not yet recov
ered from the terrible experience she
passed through on the night of the
wreck. She saw her mother, Mrs.
Grandin, die in the water from injuries
she had suffered from the capsizing of
one of the lifeboats. Miss Roudebush
is a beautiful woman.
Professionally Miss Roudebush is an
operatic singer, her stage name being
Maude Roudez. In describing her res
cue Miss Roudebush said to a reporter
of The World:
"My escape was indeed miraculous.
For more than an hour and a half I
clung to the seat of an overturned life
boat, with my head between the water
and the bottom of the boat a couple of
feet above me. My mother was gone.
and I thought of her loss more than of
my own danger.
"People told me afterward I had only
been in the water an hour and a half.
To me it seemed an interminable peri
od, many, many hours in length.
"When I look calmly back at it all
now I realize that my being alive to
day is really due to the fact that my
voice is trained and that I understand
how to make it carry a considerable
distance. Otherwise I doubt if the res
cuers would have heard my cries for
"My mother, Mrs. L. Grandin. and I
left London in the Mohegan on the
13th and when the ship struck about
7 o'clock the next evening we had just
gone into the dining room and were
sitting *)t dinner.
"With the others my mother and I
left the table and started to go above.
But the stewards continued to serve
the dinner as calmly as if nothing had
'Several of the passengers had their
fears quieted by this and sat down at
the tables agai-i. I was preparing to
fellow their example, when one of the
passengeas, -]r. Charles Duncan, rushed
by me shouting, "To the life-preserv
"My mother and I went to the head
of the stairs, where our staterooms
were when we were met by a couple of
the sailors. We had procured life-pre
servers but did not know how to fasten
them to our bodies. The two sailors,
however, attached them to us. There
was still no panic on board.
"Then every light on the ship went
out. I think this happened four or five
miinutes after she had struck. Then
we weat out on deck with the others.
It was rapidly becoming dark and the
scene, was terrifying.
"We stood there nearly ten minutes
with the two sailors who had at first
spoken to us at our sides. I could not
see any of the officers, and in the noise
and bustle heard no orders given, but
two of the boats were launched.
"One of them had a number of sailors
in it. Just as the other was leaving the
ship's side, Mr. Pemberton, one of the
passengers, threw his wife into the
boat, then he dropped his child after
her, jumping himself the next instant.
Mrs. Pemberton's maid made a wild
leap for the boat and by a miracle was
"The two sailor told us we had bet
ter get into one of the boats as it was
our only chance. They crawled into a
boat and we followed. They told us
that if the boat floated free from the
wreckage when the ship went down we
would be saved, but we had only been
there a few seconds when the sailors
rawled out, one of them saying: 'My
God, we can't die like this, we must
try something else.'
'Out on deck the scene was now ter
rible. People were rushing about crazy
with fright. The masts were black
with men, each one striving to get as
near the top as he could. I started with
my mother to climb one of the masts,
but when I saw our two sailors start
for another boat we followed them.
"Many of the boats were still un
fastened and I saw no attempt to
launch them. The two sailors assisted
us into one of the boats. The deck
was now slanting badly and the sail
ors said the ship must soon go down.
In this same boat were Mr. Duncan.
Mrs. Compton Swift, Dr. Fallows and
a few others.
"One of the men who had a knife
tried to pass it to another so the boat's
fastenings could be cut, but he was
so excited he lost it. For a minute we
sat there waiting without knowing
what to expect.
"Then in an instant I felt a wave
strike me in the face, the boat lurch
ed. turned over and began to sink. I
wnt down and down, and when I fi
nally came up I was almost uncon
sious. I came up just under the up
turned boat, and in throwing my arms
about my hands caught hold of one of
the seats. I never let go of that
"After awhile I rested my chin on
the seat of the boat and partially
rested my arms in that way. Near
me was old Mr. Duncan. Every once
in a while he cried out for help. Soon
his cries began to grow weaker, and
then they stopped altogether. I was
afraid to think what had happened to
"At times the air became so close
in that upturned boat 1 thought I would
die of suffocation. Then a wave would
come and tilt up one side of it allowing
fresh air to blow in.
"Some time after the cries of Mr.
Duncan had ceased I began to call for
help. At intervals of every qjuarter of
a minute ! cried out, life boat ahoy!'
in a voice that must have carried a
long distance. T kept this up for at
last 45 minutes, but if my voice had
not been trained it would have given
out long before that and the rescuers
would not have found us until too
"While 1 was calling for help I could
feel the head of some one bumping
against my bosom. I put one hand
down, and, feeling short hair, knew
that the head belonged to one of the
sailors who had assisted us into the
"Iwas still calling for help when the
)oat was turr e: violently over and I
fell exhausted into to the bottom, still
-hingingt to the seat. Then some one
rasped hold of me and dragged me into~
.Ie Makes a Good Witness for Free
We are indebted to Republican
United States Senator Chandler, of
New H ampshire. for a revival in a slight
degree of the silver question. The way
he presents it will not be objected to
by any party, and is put briefly as fol
The report of the director of the mint
will show as to the world's product for
1S97 as follows:
Gold . .. ..237.504,800
In 189t; the product approximated:
Gold ................. 215,000,Ot0
Silver ....... .. .. . . . . . . 215.000.000
Th e coil In existence .July 1, 18%6.
Gold .................4.0 8.00,00
Truly it seems as if nature were onl
the side of bimetallism at 15 1-2 to 1.
Does any one believe that if the above
new silver for 1896 and 1897. as well
as the new gold. had been added to the
world's money any harm to any human
being would have been done? On the
contrary. it would have benefitted all
rumanity, and the Sawyer woolen mills
ht Dover would not have failed.
In explanation of the last clause it is
to be said the New Englandl woolen
mills, as well as those in other parts of
the country, are suspending because of
the falling off in the demand for wool
en goods; and yet the Dingly tariff on
raw wool and wool manufactures is the
highest in the history of the country.
Nor are the wool growers prospering.
They are holding off for better prices,
while the woolen mills are shutting
down because increased prices f ,r their
products have cut down consumption
and actually increased foreign impor
tations. It is a queer condition.
The present state of the woolen in
dustry in manufactures, with the low
prices and slack-demand for raw mate
rial, afford remarkable facilities for a
philosophic study of Dingleyism as em
bodied in the wool schedule. It can
wait, however. -Washington Post.
THE METEORS WILL FALL.
It Will Be a Sight Worth Sitting Up
A meteoric display of magnificent
proportions visible in South Carolina,
is expected next Monday and astrono
mers have put those interested on no
tice, so that the darting balls of fire
can be seen and fully appreciated. The
display, which is to be seen every thir
ty-three years, last seen in 1866, when
the ignorant people thought the stars
were falling. The meteric showers al
ways cause a great deal of attention and
their appearance is always a signal for
the ignorant and unknowing classes to
expect judgment. One of the most
magnificent showers -was in 1833, and
this display of meteors caused intenre
excitement. The stars began falling in
the evening before the people went to
bed and after several million apparent
stars had fallen the people decided not
to go to bed, as it was generally be
lieved that the final day was at hand.
But the people have been wrong in
their belief that the stars were actually
falling. The meteors are tiny substances
millions in number, which come from
the constellation of Leo. Why they
come has never been- ascertained by
those most learned in-astronomy, but
they come without any apparent rea
son and they come at the rate of twen
ty-six miles a second. The world is
moving at the rate of eighteen - miles a
second and in an opposite direction to
the meteors, which makes the flight of
the meteor more than fifty miles a sec
ond. There are millions of meteors
which we never see as they pass and
it is only those meteors which are
burned by contact with the earth's
atmosphere that we see. The mete
ors we do not see sweep past the earth
and are gone for thirty-three years, re
turning and crossing the orbit of the
earth on the morning of November 14th.
Everybody has heard of the time when
the stars fell. This was in 1883 and it
was one of the first showers of meteors
which had seriously attracted attention
in these late days. The shower of 1883
was wholly unexpected and even the
astronomers did not know what it meant.
One of the Varied Experiences of a
Live Little Town.
The Saluda correspondent of the
Greenville News, under date of Novem
ber 2, says:
"Our little town was again thrown
into quite an excitement this morning
over the absconding of one of our lead
ing merchants, George Merriam. Mr.
Merriam caine to Saluda something
over a year ago, representing himself
as hailing frm Illinois. He soon
gained the confidence of most of the
leading citizens by his keen insight
into business and upright dealing.
"He secretly sold his store and stock
of goods yesterday, or last night some
time, and before day this morning had
departed for parts unknown- lie left
a good many of the best citizens in the
"soup.'' It seems that he tried to ob
taia every dollar he could before
"Dozier Mobley is a loser to the
amount of $400 or $500. Mr. Maxwell
for about $300 or $400, Mr. Dean some
thing over $200, and a great many
more for less sums. ranging from $10
up to $15, besides the wholesale houses
from whom he bought goods.
'-Some of the losers were caught by
accepting Mr. Merriam's checks on the
bank of Johnston for various amounts
and giving money in exchange there
for. The persons who were thus
swindled have telegraphed all over the
country for the authorities to appre
hend him. Bepides many of them
have gone to Augusta as they had rea
son to believe that lie was making for
"If he is caught it wRI very likely
go hard with him, as many arc not in
the bcst humor It was a well laid
plan of his and seems to have been an
ticipated by him for some time and lie
caught a good many."
Merriam was arrested in Augusta
Friday, and will be taken back to Sa
luda. _ _ _ _ _ _
Party of Seven Lost.
Frank J. Walker. of Atlin City, who
came down by the Farralson en route to
Chicago. brings meagre news of a story
current when lie left the north of the
loss of a party of seven Californians,
headed by E. F. Englehardt, of Fassa
dena. from which locality all seven
haild originally. The casualty occur
ed in a swamp lying between the new
gold fields and the terminus of steam
avigation from Bennett lake. As
nearly ne could be aseertained the party
lost the trail. being inexperienced back
woodsmen, and wandering into quick
sand forming the bed of a dry creek,
were engulfed. A searching party was
sent from Atlin City to investigate, but
nothing had been heard from them when
Walker left. Tlhe nmes are not ob
LOWER THAN IN YEARS.
A Table That Tells the Story of the
Staple's Downward Course.
Cotton is probably lower than it has
been any time since the civil war. In
the mniory of none of the present
trade has the quotation for the great
staple been as low in the past thirty
years as it now is. Since the opening
of the cotton y ear on September 1, it
has declined from 5" cents for mid
dling, to 4-; ents, at which it is now
quoted. a drop of 4 cent. or $2.50 on a
The Columbia Record says while
there have been greater drops than this
in a similar space of time, such a de
cline with prices so low as they have
been is a serious blow to the farmers of
the South. depending on cotton as their
great money crop. The decline has
brought cotton to the lowest point in
its history in decades and given the
market a feeling of gloom which hardly
describes the sentiments of the unfor
tunate producers. How they can pos
sibly derive any profit from the present
prices it is hard to see. A4 a matter
of fact, they probably are not getting
out of their cotton what it cost them to
produce it. no matter how economically
they ran their farms. It is a blue year
for the cotton grower.
The following table of quotations on
November 1. for the last ten years, will
give some idea of the present unfor
tunate state of the market. The first
column gives the quotation for spot
middling at Columbia and the second
and third the quotations for January
and March delivery at New York:
Columbia. New York.
1898........4 5-8c 5.17c 5.26c
1897......45-16e 5.85c 5.91e
1896.... ..7 1-8c 8.11c 8.23e
1895........8 7-16c 8.80c 8.90o
1894.... ..53-16e 5.54c 5.69c
1893........7 1-2c 8.23c 8.38c
1892......7 1-2c 8.19e 8.42c
1891.. ....7 5-Sc 8.35c 8.55c
1890.. .... 9 1-8c 9.68c 9.79c
1889.. ....9 3-8c 10.02c 10.16c
1888.. ....8 15-16c 9.68e 9.88c
From September 26 to October 26,
this year, the maket was unchanged,
middling being quoted for a straight
month at 44 cents. Factors were gen
erally hopeful that this was the lowest
point that would be reached. There
was a good demand almost continuous
ly at Liverpool, and the market held
steadily until Thursday, when weak
ness, which had been apparent for a few
days, culminated in the decline, which,
on Saturday, brought the price down to
4. cents, at which it has since re
mained. The immediate cause of the
further drop is said to have been an es
timate by Mr. Neill that the present
crop would be one of 12,000,000 bales.
Mr. Neill has been more fortunate in
his estimates than many others who
have essayed to predict past crops, and
considerable reliance is put upon any
statements made, or alleged to have
been made by him. There is no rea
sonable doubt, any way, it is stated,
that the crop is another great one and
if Mr. Neill made the estimate referred
to it evidently found ready believers
The outlook appears to have no sil
very lining anywhere. Especially is
this true of the territory immediately
about Columbia. Reports from an area
of seventy to one hundred miles, as
well as the cotton being received, show
that the quality of the crop was mate
rially injured by the storm and bad
weather, so that considerable of it will
only grade as ordinary or good ordinary
and bring from 35 to 35 cents a pound,
if the present quotations continue.
There is absolutely nothing in it for
the planters at such returns, and the
prospect for them is far from agreeable,
so fi as their cotton crop is con
With an enormous crop this year
coming on top of the previous two
large crops, the outlook for prices an
other season, unless there is a sure de
crease in the production, is something
thz.t is really quite painful for cotton
men to consider. The low prices may
work out the salvation of the planters
by forcing a reduction in the acreage,
but such has not yet been the result of
low prices in the past, although at no
time has there been such poor returnzs
to the growers as now.
A conductor on one of our passenger
trains is also a steward in his church,
and carries around the collection basket
at the public service. It is said that
on one occasion, passing by a man who
did not contribute, the ticket puncher,
after urging a contribution, reached up
in a fit of absent-mindedness for the
bell cord with a view of putting the de
linquent off the train. Of course, he
was confused and the congregation
amused, but the incident fails not,
nevertheless, to point out the moral as
well as adorn a tale. There are a num
ber of so-called Christians who are
simply dead beating their way on the
"gospel train." The State makes them
pay their taxes, the "lodges" make
them pay their dues, but not being
forced to shell out for the support of
the gospel, they show how little gnd
mean they are by stealing a ride at the
expense of their brethren.
A First Regiment Flag.
Mrs. Joseph K. Alston has presented
to the First regiment a beautiful regi
mental flag, which was purchased by
the subscriptions of the ladies of Y ork
ville, Winnsboro. Newberry, Judge
Benet, Mrs. Alston and Mrs. Heath, of
Laurens. It is of blue silk. On one
side is the palmetto tree and coat of
arms of the State, and on the other
the coat of arms of the United States.
In her letter Col. Alston says: "Please
present this flag to the regiment in my
name, and immediately upon the mus
tering out register it among the 'achiives
of the State' in memory of the honored
dead who sacrificed their lives in their
country's cause in the fateful Hlispano
Our Men Do Well.
The first battalion of the Second
South Carolina gave an exhibition drill
and sham battle in Savannah Thursday
afternoon. The drill was a decided
success from every point of view and
Colonel Thompson received many con
gratulations from competent critics
The sham battle was between two com
panics on each side, and the officers
managed it skillfully. Blank cart
ridges were used and about 8,000 shots
were fired. Thousands of spectators
witnessed the drill and sham batt'e
and applause were alike vociferous.
No Negro Need Apply.
Mr. W. HI. Stalling, the new Repub
lican postmaster at Augusta, has
caused a 2reat row in his party by for
getting the existence of Negroes and
putting white men in all the offices
He is doubtless of the opinion that the
black wing of the party was sufficiently
rewarded by H-anna at the St. Louis
THE OLD RELIABLE.
The Oldest Railroad in the United
States of America.
Mr. L. A. E.mmcrson, traffie mana
ger of the South Carolina and Georgia
railroad, has compiled some interesting
information about his road, which is
the oldest in the United States, and
excepting a few short lines built in
England in the early 20s, the oldest in
the world. The South Carolina com
pany was organized May 21, 1828, and
during 1829 six miles of the road were
constructed. At the start horse power
only was used. Then a premium of
$500 was awarded to the inventor of
the endless chain process. which was
calculated to move passenger cars at the
rate of 15 miles an hour. In 1829 and
1830 sails were substituted for horse
power. This experiment proved highly
satisfactory, as it carried, when the
wind was right, 13 passengers and three
tons of iron at the rate of 10 miles an
hour. This means of locomotion, how
ever, came to an abrupt end one day.
when the wind suddenly changed and
took the sail, mast and sailors and all
overboard in a gale which drove the
cars at 15 miles an hour.
In March, 1830. a contract was
awarded to the West Point- foundry of
New York to construct an engine guar
anteed to make ten miles an hour and
haul three times its weight. This was
the first locomotive built in America,
and it was called Best Friend. It was
a four-wheeled concern, all the -wheels
being drivers. These wheels had iron
hubs, with wooden spokes and felloes.
The boilers was vertical, like an old
style porter bottle. The machine ex
ceeded in power the wiidest hopes of
both the railway men and the builders,
for it proved capable of carrying a load
of between forty and fifty people six
teen miles an hour. On June 18, 1831
however, a negro fireman held down
the safety valve, and as a result the
boiler exploded, landing the whole con
cern in the ditch. The accident was
thought at first to be the result of fast
running, as the train was at the time
making close to eighteen miles an hour,
and shortly afterward the following
resolution was adopted by the board of
! No greater speed shall be made by
the enginees than fifteen miles per hour
wiih one car of passengers, twelve miles
with two cars, and ten miles with three
The next engine owned by the South
C.irolina road was named the West
Point, and made two miles in eight
minutes, The State legislature stepped
in at this point and declared that this
rate of speed was excessive and dan
gerous to human life, and as a conse
quence - the company put a "barriar"
car an each train. This "barrier" car
was a flat car loaded with cotton bales.
which was expected to act as a sort of
brake, and diminish the force of the
fall when the passengers hit the
These experiments, Mr. Emerson
says, were among the early experiences
of this historical road. They began
with horse power and sails, and today,
after a varied experience, extending
over nearly three-quarters of a century,
the company possesses one of the best
equipped roads in America.
About 6 o'clock Wednesday morning
in Auguasta, Ga., a Negro named Will
Robinson attempted to rape Miss Mini
nie Walker, but was foiled in his pur
pose. Later he was arrested and con
fined in the jail. The occurrence ex
cited great feeling in that section of
the city in which the young lady lives.
During the night about 500 armed
men, including a number of soldiers in
camp here. formed in the ball park
several blocks from the jail. About 1
o'clock formed in a column of fours
they marched to the jail, in which 20
policemen had been stationed and de
manded the surrender of the Negro.
Upon being told by Jailer Collins
that the jail would be defended one
of the attacking party shot at the po
liceman holding the lantern. A gener
al fusilade then followed. William
Moore, a volunteer soldier on furlough
was shot through the head and will die.
When he fell the attack was abandoned.
None of the policemen were injured.
The Right Men Lynched.
The Edgefield Chronicle says: "We
have conversed carefully with six or
eight of the best, quietest and most con
servative citizens of the Ropers-Repub
lian section, and with one accord they
assure us of their stern conviction that,
as regards the late horrible assassina
tion of Mrs. Atkinson, the right men
were made to pay the penalty with their
lives. These good citizens says that
since the inquest, facts and circumstan
ces have stadily continued to point to_
the three -lynehed men as the real per
petrators of the bloody and atrocious
deed. We are glad---more than glad
to hear and to chronicle this status of
the matter; for, the right men having
been made to pay the penalty, it simp
ly becomes a matter of our own judg
ment and of our own safety, and of the
safety of our wives and children, how
we take care of ourselves. and of them.
The outside world may rave madly, but
it is always easy for bystanders to make
The Farmers Profit.
When does the farmer make profit?
There are hundreds of farmers who
became wealthy, yet t'.ey have handlt d
very little money and have had difficul
ty in meeting their obligations. There
is one bank account which they do not
draw upon, and the deposits aiccumu
late for years, and that is the s .ii. A
farmer takes a poor farm. works it, adds
manure, and receives but litsie over cx
penses, but every .year his farmz has be
come nmore fertile and also incerea:ted in
value. In ten or mnorc years the farm
may be worth five times the original
cost, and it represents just as much
profits as though the farmer had re
ceived money. All farms are. to a cer
tain extent, banks . deposit. where
the profits of the fanu, slowly accumu
Wants Them All.
The United States Peace~ Commis
sioners have demanded from Spain the
whole Philippine group of islands, and
only agree that this gov-ernment shall
assume that part of the debt which was
incurred in making permanent improve
ments on the islands. The Spanish
Commissioners declincd to grant the
request, and complications may ensue.
A man in the penitentiary of Mary
land has made the statement that he
has been married fifty-five times. It is
possible that he is after a pardon, and
would convince the authorities that he
has already suffered enough.
A WXARNIN.-Here is a warning to
reckless bicycle riders: John Niles, a
Harvard man, has just had to pay a
verdict of $2,500) damages for running
his wheel over a woman; while her hus
band also obtained a judgment for
125 for medical expene incurred
The weal Is the highest g.ede oemg poweed
keows. Actual tests show It geese 0
third fortber than gay othe brnad,
ROYAL BAKNO POWOER CO., "EW YoMC.
IN HARVEST TIME.
Remember, dearest, how youth's easy ways
Lead to one certain goal of dusty death.
tearn. then, the wisdom born of these brial
In which the joy of lifa i one With breath.
Delay not, pause not, give me lcve for love,
And mark the exchange with kisses, lip to
Lest that ferce eagle, time, slay our poor dove
Before it taste the swoots of fellowship.
Ah, take the best, the all, I have to give,
And in the taking leave me richer far,
That in love's constellation we may live
The perfect union of a double star.
The land is ripe to harvest. Lift your eyes!
The reapers reap in fields of misty gold.
The full ears fall. The husbandman is wise.
Dear heart, be wise as he, as he be bold!
-Pall Mall Gazette.
ENGINES TO THE LEFT.
Why One Railroad Uses Its Left Hand
Track For Trains.
People who live along the line of the
Chicago and Northwestern railroad where
there is a double track have often asked
the question, "Why is it that the trains -
run in and out on the left hand track?"
In the ease of the Northwesten and in a
few other instances the time honored rule,
"Keep to the right," is disregarded, and
the engineer rides over the inside rail in
stead of the outer one. At Chief Engineer
Brunt's office it is claimed that there are
arguments for and against running ahead
on the left hand track. The Northwestern
has made this its custom since the road
was first built, the main argument in its
favor being that the engineer can better
keep both tracks under his watch. When
running ahead on the right hand track,
there is always a short distance immedi
ately ahead of the engine which he cannot
cover with his eye, while if he keeps the
right hand track to the right he can at all
times keep both tracks square in front of
him. However, it is awkward to most en
gineers, who prefer to run under the old
rule of keeping to the right. This is evi
denced by the fact that most of the roads
stick to the old custom.
The Northwestern people say that they
will adhere to their present practice, be
cause were they to change it it would be
necessary to change the locations of all
the depots, which are always on the near
side of inbound trains. It would be unsafe
to compel passengers to cross the tracks
from the depot, where they always wait
ntil the train arrives. If they had to
eross over, they would be running in front
of the train and lives would be in danger.
Passengers who get off on the side opposite
the depot disperse at once after the train
ulls out, and there is no danger in cross
The present plan of running ahead on%
the left trek is in vogue all over the North
western system where there Is a double
track, and it Is doubled from Chicago to;
Belle Plalne, Ia., and to Milwaukee. It is.
noticed that all the new depots on the ele
vated tracks are built on the near side as
heretofore -Chicago Tribune.
A Great Hunting Outfit.
The emperor hath two barons who are'
own brothers, one called Balan and the'
other Mingan, and these two are stylede
chinuchi (or cunichi), which Is as much'
as to say, "the keepers of the mastiff.'
dogs." Each of these brothers hath 10,000'
men under his orders, each body of 10,000
being dressed alike, the one in red andthe'
other in blue, and whenever they accom
pany the khan to the chase they wear this'a
livery In order to be recognised. Out ofi
each body of 10,000 there are 2,000 mens
who are each in charge of one or more great;
mastiffs, so that the whole number off
these is very large. And when the prince'
goes a-huntinig one of those barons, with.
his 10,000 men and something like 5,000'
dogs, goes toward the right, while the oth
er goes towrard the left with his party inm
like manner. They move along all abreast'
of one another, so that the whole line ex
tends over a full day's journey and no
animal can escape them. Truly it is a glo- -
rons sight to see the working of the dogs.
and the huntsmen on such an occasion..
And as the khan rides a-fowling across
the plains you will see these big hounds;
coming tearing up, one pack after a bear,.
another pack after a stag or some other
beast, as it may hap, and running the,
game down now on this side and now on.
that, so that It is really a most delightful'
sport and spectacle.
The two brothers I have mentioned are:
bound by the tenure of their office to sup
ply the khan's court from October to the -
end of March with .1,000 head of game-'
daily, whether of 1.easts or birds, and not.
counting quails, and also with fish to the-'
best of their ability, allowing fish en'ough
for thzpe persons to reckon as equal to one
head of game.-" The True Story of Marco'
Polo," by Noah Brooks, in St. Nicholas.
Wonders of Baalbee.
Baalbec or Baalbek is the name given a~r
ruined city lying in ancient Coele-Syria,
45 miles northwest of Damascus. There
is nothing particularly remarkable about.
a ruined city being found in the locality
mentioned, but the size of the blocks of:
stoe used by the ancient builders of this'
particular city Is something that has pus
sled the modern engineers since the day:
when Baalbec was first made the Mecca of:
the oriental traveler. There are Immense
stones on every aide of the visitor to this;
ancient pile of ruins, but the three moss
remarkable blocks-said to be the largeste
ever used In the construction of a building
-are in a wall back of the Temple of BaaL,
These immense stones are respectively 64,.
63 and 62 feet in lerigth and each is 15
feet In thickness, but the most wonderful
thing In connection with them Is the fact
that they are at a place in the wall 25 feet
from the ground. How theose immense
blocks of granite were ever raised to such
a height is a question that has never yet
been answered.-St. Louis Republic.
Art Iu Mlantelpieces.
But a few years ago the choice In man
telpieces was limited to marble or wood,
with a predilection in favor of the latter
material, perhaps, in the best examples,
ombined with stone, brick or tiles. But"'
now a new material, or rather an old ma
terial put to new uses, is suing for popular
favor, and the beautiful and artistic, orna
mental, unglazed brick mantel is deserv
ing more than popular notice. These man
tels are built up in an endless variety of
happy combinations that canu be made from
the various shapes of bricks manufactured.
These bricks are pressed in molds prepared
om patterns of Greek and renaisance
eigs, and the effect is that of carved
work. They are made in different colors,
od, cream, buff, pink, brown and gray.
thus securing a choice of coloring to hair
lnonize or contrast perfectly with any
scheme of surrounding decoration.
The science of physiognomy dates from
the writings of Lavater, who was born in
l1 and died in 1801.
From Auckland, N. Z., to Washington
Is a distance of 8,29)0 miles.
A Petty Thief.
The Louisville na cashier, 'who
sloped with $4,000 when he could have
scured more, has been located in Lon
don and later will be located in pri~on
just because he did not secure suffiet nt.
scads for a compromise.