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--I Vo..~ -- - _ -- MANNING, S. C. WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 6. 88 O1
AN ELECTION RIOT.
Blood Spilled at Phoenix Ten
Miles from Greenwood.
A WHITE MAN SHOT DOWN.
The Story in Detail. Relatives
of the Republican State Chair
man Shot. A very Seri
At Phtenix, 10 miles below Green
wood on election day there was a most
serious occureuce in eonneetion with
the election. Giles 0. Etheredge was
killed instantly, Thomas P. Tolbert,
Jr., was badly wounded and several
Negroes were hurt. There is great feel
ing about Phoenix and throughout the
county, and the probabilities are strong
ly favorable to one or more lynchings.
LAbout 9 o'clock Tuesday-morning Giles
0. Etheredge and R. C. Cheatham,
citizens of the Phoenix section, went
to the store of J. W. Watson, where
the State and federal elections were
being held, and at the instance of sev
eral citizens reproached T. P. Tolbe:t
for the unusual proceeding he was evi
dently directing. On the small piazza
in front of the store Tolbert had an or
dinary looking ballot box,-and in it he
was directing all the Republicans who
had no registration -ertiticates to drop a
certificate. marked "Blank No. 3, read
ing as follows:
BLANK NO. 3.
: .TE OF SOUTH CAROLINA,
This certifies that the undersigned, be
ing over the age of 21, male resident of
the voting precinct. .. ..
of Ward .. .. .. and legally qualified to
register and vote therein, did, on this,
the 8th day of November, 1898, pre
sent himself at the said voting pre
cinct to vote for R. R. Tolbert, the
Republican candidate for congress in
the Third district of said State, desiring
and intending to vote for the said R. R.
Tolbert, and, upon his attempting to
so vote, was denied the right to so vote,
and his vote thus offered to the proper
officers was rejected.
And the undersigned further states
that prior to such an attempt to vote,
and as required by statute, he had ap
plied for registratin, under the laws
of South Carolina, being entitled to
such registration, but had been refused
and denied the ri;ht to reginter; and he
further states that if he had been per
mitted to register and to vote at said
election, he would have voted for R. R.
'olbert, the Republican candidate for
congress in said district.
........and made oath that the above
Nov. 8th, 1898.
Etheredge demanded of Tolbert his
right to carry on such a side election,
being closely followed be Cheatham and
several young men. Tolbert struck
Etheredge in the face, and at about the
same time some one dealt him a horri
ble blow with an~iron rod. Almost at
the same instance a pistol was fired,
and Etheredge fell dead with a bullet
hole in the centre of his forehead. Then
there was excitement and fury amount
ing to distraction, and rapid and seem.
ingly indiscriminate firing commenceo..
By the time the men up-stairs at the
boxes got down, Tolbert and all the
Negroes present scattered and got away.
Those who did the firing were mainly
young men, and their aim was bad.
Tolbert was the only man, it seems
who was seriously hurt. Several Ne
groes were hit, but the wounds were
not sufficient to stop the flight of any
Twenty-two men had been refused
the privilege of voting when the killing
took place, two being white Demo
crats. Eighteen Negroes had deposited
in Tolbert's box, the certificate being
The news was quickly telephoned to
Greenwood~and all other points in reach.
Armed men immediately started for
Phoenix. Over 100 fully armed men,
embracing many of the level-headed
and best citizens of the city, went down.
At 4 p. in., they were still gathering at
Greenwood, Ninety-Six, Kirksey, Brad
ley and the entire country side, includ
ing the upper part of Edgefield county.
Among those gathered at Phoenix
there was little passion expressed, but
there was that tense expression that
"Bose" Etheredge, as the slain man
was known, was one of the best citi
zens of that section. He was a brave,
calm, public-spirted citizen, as was
shown on more than one trying occasion.
He was a favorite with all the people,
an industrious farmer, a member of the
Baptist church, a school truestee and in
every way identified with the best in
terests of the community. lie was 38
Your correspondent was with the
men at Phoenix until 3:30 and talked
to the eye-witnesses~ of the tragedy and
to many representative citizens. The
~talk of the crowd was surp;:singly dis
passionate, but there was no disguise of
the fact that it was intended that then
slayers of Etheredge and the authors of
the mischief, two white men should die
whenever caught, whenever guilt was
From the evidence taken by Coroner
Dean at the inquest Tuesday afternoon,
the following facts appear eoncerning
Tom P. Tolbert, Jr., who is a rela
tive of R. R. Tolbert, the Republican
candidate for congress in the Third
district, had for several days past been
posting the Negroes as to voting.
When he api eared at tl.e
Watson store with his protest box he
was closely followed by a very tall.
black Negro, said to be Joe Circuit,
who resides several miles from Phoenix.
About 9.15 Etheredge appeared to
make his remonstrance. no threat be
ing heard. Tolbert rose from a seat
and made a quick blow at Etheredge,
striking him in the face. It seemis thc
blow was not returned. Then the dead
ly blow .th the iron, itself sufficient
to cause death. followed by the imimedi
ate discharge of a pistol. One or two
witnesses say RI. G. Cheathami was shot
at. but he was not hurt. Then followed
_ h soing- pkrol 10 shots-and
the eseare of Tolbert and his backers.
Y ouug Rush, Mr. Williams and an
other oung man were the positive wit
s. Rush picked up off the floor
of the piazza, at the spot this tall Ne
gro, Joe Circuit. was noticed to stand,
a red mi eniorauuum book having in it
the inscription "J. F. Circuit ' and
soie illegible scrawling. Two wit
ncses testify that this book fell out of
Joe Circuit's pocket, and that it fell
out as he drew a pistol. There is pos
itive testimony by two boys that Joe
Circuit tired tne shot that killed Eth
These are about all the positive state
nients in direct relation to the shooting,
and the corouer's jury so rendered a
Tolbert was hit by somebody's shot
and some others were hit. In an hour,
a party of Negroes, most of them
armed, gathered about a half mile
from Phoenix. Later they moved pre
sumably to Rehoboth church, two miles
distant. When the Greenwood dele
gation. a hundred cool men with guns
arrived, the plan of following the Ne
groes and dispersing them was talked
of, but it was decided to refer every
thing to the inquest.
Tine gathering at the store could
hardly be called a mob, as there was
no wild talk and no pronounced excite
ment. Among the men present, who,
while expressing deep indignation and
determination to avenge the killing of
their fellow citizen, were against hasty
action, even against organization, were
Senator J. Milton Gaines, who lives
near by, Postmaster L. A. Moore of
Greenwood, Prof. T. M. Wright, Mr.
J. W. Watson, J. V. Duffie and others
of high repute and known grit. Sena
tor Gaines naturally became the leader,
and his cool course probably kept down
Behind this death and trouble is a
black story. For two or three weeks
past Tom Tolbert and R. P. Henderson,
a young white man heretofore esteeniea
in this section, have been holding meet
ings with the Negroes-sometimes at
weird places and unholy hours. A
party of young men attempted to locate
these meetings to break them up, but
the meetings were always held and the
participants gone before they could be
definitely located. At one meeting at
Damascus, R. P. Henderson made an
incendiary speech, telling the Negroes
that Greenwood county was theirs, that
Phoenix and Ninety-Six would be car
ried by the Republicans. This was
"nigger news," but today shows that
was real news.
Henderson is a relative of the Tol
berts and had become seized with am
bition to hold office. He was about to
be appointed postmaster at Edgefield
and had promised to appoint a Negro,
some say Joe Circuit, as the clerk, but
the Edgefield peopie notified him that
this meant death. He is quite a young
man. During the sad scenes at Kirk
sey's today his riother, a noble Christ
ian lady, was buried at Damascus
church, near the Negro church of Da
mascus, where some of the meetings
with Negroes had been held.
Tom Tolbert, like all the Tolberts,
is a good citizen with this one fatal ex
ception of tempting the Negroes. He is
about thirty-five years old.-State.
-Tolbert and Several Democrats Am
bushed and Wounded.
The sequel to the tragedy at Phoenix
developed in the afternoon of election
John R. Tolbert, the veteran leader
of the Republicans of upper Carolina,
was dangerously wounded about sun
down. With his nephew, the son of.
Charles Tolbert, he was on his way
from Bradley's home when he was fired
on from the roadside. He was danger
ously wounded and the boy was killed.
A party of armed Negroes were follow
ing their old leader and they returned
the fire of the white men who did the
shooting. Some one was hurt, but the
name cannot be ascertained at 8 p. m.
Three young white men returning
from Phoenix about dark were fired on
from ambush and were badly wounded.
Dr. G. P. Neil and Dr. B. WV. Cobb are
with them, and the citizens are mak
ing a strenuous hunt for the bush whack
M. J. Younger, a young merchant
of Greenwood was wounded in the foot.
Cresswell Fleming, a prominent young
farmer was badly hurt. Stuart Miller,
a member of Co. "A," First South Cai
olina volunteer, infantry a son of Col.
G. McD. Miller, was wounded. These
young men are at Mr. A. C. Stock
man's six miles from Greenwood.
FOUR NEGROEs KILLED.
A company about 40 strong was or
ganized at Greenwood Wednesday morn
ing to make a peaceable settlement of
the affair. They virited Piney Grove
church and met a crowd resting, about
300 strong. who had several Negro pri
soner. 'They went to the Harris place
and found the house apparently de
serted. Two men entered and found
John Tolbert and his sister alone. Tol
bert was in a pitiable condition and
The company scoured the swamps for
bands of Negroes reported gathering,
but found none. They returned via
Rehoboth church where a crowd of two
or three hundred had eight Negroes.
The crowd was commendably peaceful
at first, but soon fired up. They were
quietcd twice, but finally one Negro
was dragged out in the road and 100
shots were fired into his body.
At this time two ran one way. two
another, leaving three on a log, who
were immediately lynched. Negroes
are scarce, but it is thought that they
are gathered in some secluded
place. The crowd has not dispersed.
Excitement is at the highest. One
Negro was wounded running across a
TWO MORE NEGROES KILLED.
Two more negroes were killed in
Greenwood Thursday. That morning
the crowd which started from Phoenix
met near Rehoboth church, the scene
of Wednesday's lynching, Essex Harri
son, a Negro who was in the Tuesday
fight when MTr. Etheridge was killed.
B arrison was halted and his heart was
shot out. lie was thrown on the pile
of four negroes lying in front of the
church who were lynched Wednesday.
Their bodies still lie there horribly
shot and frequent showers are falling
to make matters worse. Coroner Dean
went 'down to hold the inquest Thurs
day. He met a crowd, who did not
molest him, and, after some little
difficulty secured a jury. The verdict
mentioned the customary unkown par
ties as responsible.
It is reliably understood that two other
Negroes shot Wednesday are lying in
the woods nearby. No inquest was held
over these. Later in the day a party
found Ben Collins. another Negro in
the Tuesday fight when Etheridge was
killed. Collins was on the place of W.
11. Stallworth, Sr., and he was prompt
ly killed and left there.
Rhett R. Tolbert took the Giecenville
and Columbia up tr-.in at Donald's,
dodging a crowd looking for him.
Chief Kennedy says that he is at
the Mansion House in Greenville. Ile
will probably go to Washington.
Thomas Tolbert has been moved to
Abbeville. Ile will likely die from
wounds. Rhett Tolberts family is at
Due West. Jim Tolbert, whose wife
is postmistress at McCormick, -has left
on demand of citizens.
THE TOLBERT'S ARRESTED.
They Are Now In the Penitentiary for
The chief development in the Phoenix
race riot occurred in Columbia Thurs
day. But for prompt action on the
part of the county authorities, Jno. R1.
Tolbert and his son Joseph Tolbert,
two of the leading figures in the terri
ble trouble, would likely have met their
death at the hands of numbers of men
who hail from the up-country in the
city at this time. The intensity of
their feelings had been increased by a
report that young Private Miller, of the
First Regiments, who was fired upon
from ambush near Phoenix, had died.
It was about 2 o'clock in the after
noon when the news became current
that two of the Tolberts were in the
city, having gotten thus far on the
flight from Phoenix. At once excite
ment ran high among the up country
soldiers in the First Regiment and
among others from that part of the
State here. Men kept an eye to wind
ward along Main street. It was report
ed that the Tolbert's had a room at
Wright's hotel, though they were not
registered there. Later on Joe Tolbert
was seen on the street by some men
from Abbeville and Greenwood. It
then became certain that the report
The crowd on the watch was not cer
tain where the men were and no move
was made. In the meantime, Lieut.
Wyatt Aiken, having hearci the men
were here, went before Magistrate
Smith and swore out a warrant for the
arrest of J. R., T. R. and Joseph Tol
bert, charging them upon information
and belief with inciting to riot. This
warrant probably saved the lives of the
two men, for had not the step been
taken they would hardly have gotten
away from Columbia.
The warrant was placed in Police
Sergeant Jones' hands for service. Se
lecting one of the best men on the
force and taking constables along, Sergt.
Jones began the work of locating the
men. He finally found them in a room
at Wright's hotel. Both were heavily
armed, and Jno. R. Tolbert did not
feel like submitting to arrest though he
was weak from his wounds almost to
the point of delirium.
Finally the men were taken down
and placed in a carriage, being quickly
driven to the magistrate's office. They
sent for Judge Andrew Crawford, en
gaging him to handle their case.
Judge Crawford waived a preliminary
and the men were escorted to his office.
In the meantime Judge Crawford,
knowing the danger that threatened
the men if they were known to be in
the city, had applied to Judge Gary
for an order for the commitment of his
clients to the State penitentiary for
safe keeping. The order was promptly
granted and Sheriff Cathcart then took
charge of matters.
John R. Tolbert is about seventy
years of age. His body is a mass cf
wounds from the crown of his head to
below his hips. The wounds had been
bandaged by his son when he began his
flight and from that time until he
reached the State prison Thursday af
ternoon had n'ever been dressed. Clot
ted blood could be seen on the mass of
rough bandages. Dr. B. W. Taylor
was summoned to attend the wounded
collector at the State prison. He will
be given the best of attention at the
prison. The extent of his iuj uries
were not known at 8 o'clock last night.
That he was in a pitiable condition,
however, goes with saying.-State.
A Fertilizer Trust.
The Spartanburg Herald tells of a
great trust that is; being organized, and
which Will have great bearing on the
industrial welfare of South Carolina.
The Herald says: "Every fertilizer
company from Baltimore to Key West.
of importance, passed into the hands of
one gigantic concern, known as the
Virginia Carolina Chemical Company.
This is a trust, if there is such a thing.
It is a combination of capital
formed for the purpose of controlling
production and price, in restraint of
trade. If Attorney General Bellinger
will tackle this monster and display
the same amount of force and fire he
used on th6 Broxton Bridge case, he
will be named for governor two years
from now with practically no opposi
tion. There is a law in this state against
trusts. It ought to be made effective
or else be repeabd. We believe it can
be made effective."
The Edgefield Chronicle says: "3aaiy
of the farmers of Sonth Carolina. and
especially of Edgefield, we hope, arc
arranging for a big wheat crop next
year. It is a wise course. Very wise.
There ought to be a big flour mill in
Edgefield town, la~ addition to those at
various points ir the county. And
they ought to be run' on Edgefield
wheat to."' What is true of Edtiefield
is true of every County in South Caro
'lina, and we commend the good advice
Iof the Chronicle to the farmers of this
The steamer Penn arrived at San
Francisco, Cal., Wednesday from
Manila. When she left MIanila there
were 1500 sick among the men and the
physicians were terribly dismayed at
the progress smallpox was making. Ac
cording to Sergeant Palmer, in one day
there were ten deaths from s.mallpox.
Capt. Linn said he knew of but five
deaths from that disease in a single
day. The filth poured into the catnals
by the Chinese is said to be a prolific
The Mayor of the City Requested
NEGRO EDITOR MUST LEAVE.
Negro Laborers to be Excluded to
the Preference of White. Com
mittee Appointed to Carry
Resolutions Into Effect.
There was a mass meeting of the bus
ines:, men of Wilmington, N. C., Wed
nesday, attended by fully 800 of the
best white citizens, at which the follow
ing resolutions were adopted:
"Believing that the constitution of
the United States c3ntemplated a gov
ernment to be carried on by an en
lightened people; believing that its
framers did not anticipate the enfran
chisement of an ignoraut population of
African origin, and believing that those
men of the State of North Carolina who
joined in forming the Union, did not
cohtetplate, for heir descendants, a
subjection to an inferior race.
We, the undersigned, citizens of the
city of Wilmington and county of Han
over, do hereby declare that we will no
longer be ruled and will never again be
ruled by men of African origin. This
condition we have, in part, endured
because we felt that the consequences
of the war of secession were such as to
deprive us of the fair consideration of
many of our countrymen.
"We believe; that, after more than
30 years, this is no longer the case.
"The stand we now pledge ourselves
to is forced upon us suddenly by a
crisis, and our eyes are open to the fact
that we must act now or leave our de
scendants to a fate too gloomy to be
"While we recognize the authority
of the United States, and will yield to
t if exerte-, we would not, for a mo
ment. believe that it is the purpose of
more thau 60,000,000 of our own race
to subject us permanently to a fate to
which no Anglo-Saxon has ever been
forced to submit.
"We, therefore, believing that we
represent unequivocally the sentiment
of the white people of this county and
city, hereby, for ourselves, and repre
senting them, proclaim:
"1. That the time has passed for the
intelligent citizenoof this community,
owning 95 per cent. of the property and
paying taxes in like proportion, to be
ruled by Negroes.
"2. That we will not tolerate the ac
tion of unscrupulous white men in affil
iating with the Negroes, so that, by
means of their votes, they can domi
nate the intelligent and thrifty element
in the community, thus causing busi
ness to stagnate and progress to be out
of the question.
"3. That the Negro.has demonstrat
ed, by antagonizing our irterests in
every way, and, especially by his bal
lot, that he is incapable of realizing
that his interests are, and should be,
identcal with those of .the community.
"4. That the progressive element in
any community is the white population
and that the giving of nearly all of the
employment to Negro laborers has been
against the best interest of this county
and city, and is a sufficient reason why
the city of Wilmington, with its natur
al advantages, has not become a city of
at least 50,000 inhabitants.
"5. That we propose, in future, to
give to white men a large part of the
employment heretofore given to Ne
groes, because we realize that white
families cannot thrive here unless there
are more opportunities for employment
for the different members of said fami
'-6. That the white men expect to
live in this community peacably; to
have and provide absolute protection
for their families, who shall be safe
from insult or injury from all persons,
whomsoever. We are prepared to treat
the Negroes with justice and consida
tion in all matters which do not involve
sacrifices of the interests of the intelli
gent and progressive portion of the com
munity. But we are equally prepared,
now, and immediately, to enforce what
we know to be our rights.
"7. That we have been, in our desire
for harmony and peace, blinded both to
our best interest and our rights. A cli
max was reached when the Negro paper
of this city published an article so vile
and slanderous that it would, in most
communities have resulted in the lynch
ing of the editor. We deprecate lynch
ing, and yet there is no punishment
provided by laws adequate for this of
fense. We,. therefore -owe it to the
people of this community and of this
city, as a protection against such licens
in future, that the paper known as the
Record cease to be published and that
its editor be banished from this com
" We demand that he leave this city
within 24 hours after the issuance of
this proclamation. Second, that the
printing press from which the Record
has been issued be packed and shipped
from the city without delay; that we be
notified within 12 hoursof the accept
ance or rejecttion of this demand.
"If the demand is agreed to within
12 homns, we counsel forbearance on the.
part of all white men. If the demand
is 'refused or if no answer is given
within the time mentioned, then the
editor, Manly, will be expelled by
"I4t is the sense of this meeting that
the mlayor, S. P. Wright, and chief of
police, J. Rt. Mullen, having demon
strated their utter incapacity to give
the city a decent government and keep
order therein, their continuance in of
fice being a constant menace to the
peace of this community, forthwith
A committee of 25 citizens was ap
pointed to direct the execution of the
provisions of the resolutions.
NEWSPAPER OFFICE SACKED.
A General Fight in Which Ten Ne
groes Are Killed.
The committee of 25 men represent
ing the mass meeting of white citizens
in the execution of the provisions of
the resolutions adopted Wednesday, de
manding the departure of Editor Manly
from the city and the removal of The
Record plant, were to have received a
definite answer to their demands from
representative -Negroes at 7.30 a. mn.,
Thursday morning. Chairman A. M.
Waddell was to epnort the nswer tonthe
white citizens in front of the Wil
mington Light infantry armory at 8
At the appointed hour more than 500
determined white citizens, consisting
of merchants, lawyers, preachers, doc
tors, etc., well armed with guns and
ievolvers, gathered at the armory, and
Col. Waddell reported that he had re
ceived no answer from the negroes.
They waited at the armory until almost
9 o'clock, hoping that an answer com
plying with their demands would be re
ceived, but none came. The men then
formed in line, four abreast, and started
on the march to the Record office, in a
thickly populated negro settlement. As
the long column of armed men approach
ed the vicinity great crowds of Negroes,
men, women and children, were fleeing
this way and that in a perfect frenzy,
and very soon, scarcely one was in sight
anywhere. When the column reached
the building, a two-story frame struc
ture, the men were halted, and several
advanced to the door. It was locked.
A few blows by stalwart men forced it
open, about 20 citizens entered, and
within a very few minutes the whole
plant was wrecked, and the broken
pieces pitched into the street. The
windows of the house were broken out.
As the numerous fragments were tossed
into the street, and the people recog
nized what they were, exultant shouts
went up. Yet with it all there was a
remarkable demonstration of coolness
and determination. It was when a
long sign, "The Record Publishing
Co.," was cast into the street, that the
greatest outburst of cheers went up. A
beaver hat was thrown out and quickly
torn in pieces, as was a life bust crayon
likeness of editor Manly. When the
wrecking was about complete it became
evident that the building was on fire.
Smoke was rising out of the upper
windows. There were shouts of indig
natioD and commands to extinguish the
flames. But the fire spread quickly, so
that the fire department had to be call
ed out. As the engines and hose reels
dashed upon the scene, several rounds
were fired by the men who were lined
up for inore than two squares either
way. The department quickly had the
fire under contrui-out not before the
building was a total wreck-and pre
vented the spread of the iamus to adja
cent buildings, Conservative men very
much regret the fire, not only because
it was entirely unnecessary, bat because
it endangered a great deal of other pro
perty as well. Close on one side of the
building was St. Stephen's church, the
largest and hand-omest Negro church
in the city. On the other side, with
only three or four small cottages, join
ed closely together, between it and the
burning building is Ruth hall, a 'large
and well equipped hall owned and used
by Negroes. Happily not a single one
of the adjacent buildings were injured.
As soon as it was apparent that the fire
was under control, the people left the
scene and dispersed through the city,
many of them going on guard duty on
their various blocks.
All was quiet until wild rumors, with
no foundation in fact, were carried to
the Negroes, more than 500, a- work in
the cotton compress. They were told
that their homes were being burned,
etc. They rushed pell mell from their
work. However, by the heroic efforts
of Messrs. James and. W. H. Sprunt,
the proprietors of Alexander Sprunt &
Sons Co., the great majority of them
were stopped, and finally so controlled'
as to leave for their home in small
About the time the trouble at the
compress was gotten under control,
news came from the first ward, over
the railroad, that a riot was in progress
there. Large numbers of armed men
boarded the street car or ran on foot to
the scene, corner of Fourth and Harnett
This was about 11:30 o'clock. When
they reached the scene five Negroes had
already been killed and fully 20 wound
ed; one highly esteemed young white
man, Mr. William Mayo, was seriously
wounded and two others, George Piaser
and a Mr. Chadwick, were slightly
What gave rise to the trouble was
that white guards who-were on duty
on the corner of Fourth and Harnett
streets, halted a squad of Negroes who
manifested a threatening air. All of
them save one heeded the advice of
the guards to disperse. He finally
turned as though to move away and
suddenly wheeled about and fired at the
squad of guards. Very quickly several
rifle balls crashed through his body,
killing him instantly. The ball fired
by the Negro took effect in Win. Piner's
arm. The Negroes in sight quickly
darted around corners, and in a few mo
meats one of them raised up from be
hind a fence anid fired a Winchester
rifle, severely wounding Win. Mayo,
now of Yonkers, N. Y., who was stand
ing on the piazza of his father's resi
dence. Mr. Mayo was here to vote and
would have returned home in a few
days. The Negro was captured. lie
was in his own yard and two Winches
ters were found in his house. Within
10 minutes his body was riddled with
bullets. A large mob of Negroes as
sembled about a square away, and rein
forcements for the white men having
arrived a volley was fired upon them
killing four more and wounding others.
The Negroes quickly retreated. The
Wilmingfn Light infantry and the
naval. reserves were called out and the
rapid-fire gun and the Hotchkiss one
pounder were also hurriedly carried to
the scene. A mob of several hundred
Negroes was gathered on Ninth street,
corner of Nixon, but as the military ad
vanced the Negroes fell back and rapid
When near Sixth and Nixon streets a
shot was fired into the naval reserves
from a Negro house. A-volley of bul
lets was fired by the military through
doors and windows, killing one Negro.
Nine inmates were captured arnd es
corted to jail. The house was 'emol
With the exception of two er three
casualties in remote portions of the
city this ended the really riotous scenes
of the day.
The news of the conflict spread
quickly to neigh boring cities and large
bodies of men arrived during the after
noon from Fayetteville and other nearby
towns, and all sections of the city in
habited by white people arc closely
Ex-Senator Ingalls of Kansas rises to
predict that McKinley will be heaten
and the Republican party knocked into
finder two year hence. We hope so.
THEY PROMPTLY RESIGNED
And Turned the City Government Over
to the Whites.
After a day of bloodshed and turbu
lence Wilmington has subsided tonight
into comparative peacefulness. Eight
Negroes were killed and three white
men wounded during the day, one of
them William Mayo, seriously.
Tonight the city is'in the hands of a
new municipal government and law and
order is being established. This after
noon the board of aldermen resigned
one by one. -4s each alderman vaca
ted, the remainder elected a successor,
named by the citizens' committee. un
til the entire board was changed legal
ly. They resigned in response to pub
lie sentiment. The new board is com
posed of conservative Democratic citi
The mayor and chief of police then
resigned and the new board elected
their successors, according to law.
Ex-Representative Waddell was elected
mayor and E. G. Parmelee chief of po
lice. The first act of the new govern
ment was to swear in 250 policemen,
chosen from the ranks of reputable
white citizens. They are vested with
all the authority of the law and will
take charge of the city. The citizens
will remain -on guard, however,
throughout the town to prevent possi
ble attempts at incendiarism.
The new government will devote its
attention to restraining recklessness
among the whites as well as keeping
down lawlessness among the Negroes.
Further trouble of a general or serious
nature is not expected. Soon after the
meeting Mr. George Rountree received
a telegram from Governor Russel, say
ing that he would .use all his efforts to
influence the mayor and city council to
resign if that would restore peace.
Mr. Rountree sent the following re
Mayor and aldermen have resigned.
Two hundred and fifty speci.dI police
men sworn in. Law will be maintain
ed and peace restored." Mr. Rountree
is a prominent attorney here and a
member of the Democratic campaign
THE OFFENSIVE EDITORIAT.
The Article that Caused the Trouble
The following is the editorial pub
lished in the Wilmington Record
that caused the destruction of the news
paper plant and the banishment of the
Negro editor Manly from that city:
"We suggest that the whites guard
their women more closely, thus giving
no opportunity for the human fiend, be
he white or black. You leave 'your
goods out doors and then complain be
cause they are taken away. Poor white
men are careless in the matter of pro
tecting their women, especially on
farms. They are careless of their con
duct toward them, and our experience
among the poor white people in the
country teaches that the women of that
race are not any more particular in the
matter of clandestine meetings with
colored men than are the white men
with colored women. Meetings of this
kind go on for some time, until the wo
man's infatuate on or the man's bold
ness brings attention to them and .the
man is lynched. Every Negro lynched
is called a 'big, burly, black brute,'
when in fact many of those who have
thus been dealt with had white men
for their fathers and were not only not
black and burly, but were sufficiently
attractive for white girls of culture and
refinement to fall in love with them as
is well known to all."
The Deadly Hot Supper.
The time for the deadly hot supper
among the colored population has
arrived, and we may expect to hear from
time to time of the sudden taking off of
some of those who attend these danger
oUS places of amusement. The first
hoi supper of this season was held at
the house of Charles Zeigler, in the
town of Woodford, oni last Friday night,
and as a result Charles Coleman has
made the journey to "that undiscov
ered country from whose bourn no
traveller returneth." He was induced
to take this long journey by John Wil
liams, who was assisted in the argument
with a lightwood knot. Magistrate G.
W. Dannelly, acting as coroner, held an
inquest over the remains of Coleman
when the above facts were elicited.
Williams stands a good chance of fol
lowing Coleman by the rope route. It
is always pretty safe to count on losing
at least one colored citizen when a hot
supper is held.-Times and Democrat.
Ladies Take Notice.
Brother Bacon, of the Edgefield
Chronicle, says; "Ladies must now
have their dress skirts made long-de
cidedly long-touching the ground in
front, and sweeping on the ground two
inches behind. Lately we have been
out into the haunts of fashion, and we
know whereof we speak. And a,
worsted walking dress must have sleeves
exactly like a man'scoat. "Brother Ba
ou l au old bachelor, but he seems to
bc posted on the subject of ladies
dresses, and we hope they will take due
notice and govern themselves accord
Won the Prize.
ENsiGN Willard won the prize of $100
offered by a patriotic American citizen
to the first American soldier who would
plant the stars and stripes on Cuban
soil. As soon as he got the money
Willard set about distributing it
among the men who accompanied him
upon the expedition.
Paid for Them Pigs.
Two little pigs caused contention be
tween a couple of neighboring farmers
in Shannon county, Mo. Each claim
ed both pigs. They went to law about
them, and when the posts amounted to
$90 the litigants compromised by each
taking a pig.
Takes the Cake.
The Columbia Record says: "Rich
land county has a precinct that should
be accorded the palm for taking the
least interest in Tuesday's election.
At Killians only one vote was cast.
The managers did not even take the
trouble to deposit a ballot."
A New Industry.
A Kansas man has discovered that
brandy can be made from wet elm saw
dust, and a discouraged prohibitionist
asks what chance the good cause will
have when a man can go forth with a
,.p-saw and get drnk on a fence rail?
Proclamation of a General Planfor
ANDERSON'S FARMERS ACT.
Howto Create a Deficiency or Sur
plus as the Occasion De
mands. Prompt Action is
We, the undersigned committee, ap
pointed by the Cotton Growers' conven
tion assembled in the court house at
Anderson, on the 7th day of November,
1898, by resolution adopted by the
same, do proclaim the following as a
plan for organizing all of the cotton
growing counties of this State and all
ther States in the cotton growing
belt, and ask that prompt action be
Mr. Editor: Allow me through your
paperto offer a-plan, or a suggestion,
to the Cotton Growers' association.
Being a farmer myself, I am very much
interested in a plan by which we can'
better our condition. We have only
three features to contend with to ac
omplish our purpose: First. We must
ontrol a certain amount of the cotton
produced throughout the cotton belt.
Second. We must control the labor
necessary to produce that amount.
'hird. We must be able to create a de
iciency or surplus, as the situation de
It does not seem to me that we can
ever accomplish much, if anything, in
a farmers' organization as a unit, sim
ply from the fact that some are not so
ortunately situated as others. Hence
this plan. With these fortunate ones
depends the solution of this cotton
luestion. They can over double their
prosperity and that of their neighbors
without injury to themselves.
The first feature: To accomplish this
nd, let 50 independent farmers, or
who can be accommodated to indepen
iency, meet, organize, form a corpora
tion, or, to put it plain, form a trust,
to be governed by laws regulating
trusts, etc. For the benefit of those
who may not comprehend the magni
tude of their representative body of 50
men, we will take our own county, An
ierson, forillustration, and'see what we
ave. (We will say where the counties
ire small and are not so wealthy it is
ot necessary to have so many men in
the organization.) By selecting your
men you can find them- to represent or
,ontrol anywhere between 8,000 to 15,
)00 bales-of cotton. But for fear this
stimate is too high we will cut it down
to 6,000. Apply this to the State and.
we have 246,000 bales of cotton, about
Dne-third of the cotton produced in the
State. This will hold good throughout
the cotton belt. The estimate for 1898
is 12,000,00 bales. Grant this to be
true. Then you will see that this or
zanization holds 4,000,000 bales. Do
not lose sight of this and we will see
ater what they can do with it.
Second feature: How are we to con
trol this labor necessary to produce the
mount of cotton above stated? Very
easily. We will take the crop of 1898
for a basis. Let each individual mem
ber of this organization retain the same
tnants or hired labor which he had in
1898, or in case of a change he must
supply their places with labor equiva
ent. For he will not be permitted to
represent more cotton than he can pro
duce labor to make the same. And it
shall be his duty and he will be requir
ed to furnish this labor with supplies
as ordinarily. For one-half or three
fourths of the cotton he represents in
this body will be theirs, according to
the terms of their contract.
How are we to create a deficiency or
surplus as desired? My answer to this
is through the New York Cotton Ex
ehange. Pick up your daily paper,
turn to the market quotation. You
will see your crop of cotton for 1899
an be bought by a man who wants it
from a man who hasn't got it and for a
given price, which many claim is below
the cost of production. Knowing these
facts to exist, can we not get together
in a body governed as a trust, so that
no one can act independently? We
will have a president and board of di
rectors. Grant that we have this trust
established. What will be the conse
ruences? Our president, acting in uni
son with our board of directors, will
autlorize his agents to go on the floor
if the exchange and purchase the en
tire crop controlled by this trust. Then
the order will go out to each individual
member-I will not say member, but
stockholder-to put his lands in wheat.
rats, peas, corn or anything he may
hoose, but under no condition must he
plant a seed of cotton, and to keep his
tenants employed so they cannot assist
n raising cotton for a non-member.
[f he should plant cotton after receiv
ing this order he would forfeit his bonus
money, which would be $4 or $5 per
bale. He would have as much cotton
to sell the next fall as he could make out
>f other products he raised the year
before, and all he could make out of
ther products would be a surplus.
lake the 12,000,000 bales. You will
ee by buying 4,000,000 instead of rais
ing it, we have reduced the amount
raised to about 8,000,000 bales. Four
:housand bales must be bought for us,
which will leave only four million bales
or the use of the world. Can't you
ce it would be a grab and snatch game
or this cotton, and prices would run
way up~? On the other hand, if cot
o is bringing a fair price, we could
sell our crop, roll up our sleeves and
raise it, as we have it sold. There is
rot a corporation or trust that could
lave the advantage we would have.
Now, we know the cry will be "You
:annot make your purehase or sale."
We will see. In order to keep cotton
:own they have got to sell, or else it
will go up, and if it goes up, .then we
will have accomplished our aim. We
ire willing to sell and make it. They
will either have to put up or shut up.
[t takes $100 to buy 100 bales or sell.
Sonmc may think this is gambling. It
is not-far from it. It is simply a pro
tection for the services rendered
throughout the year, and if they pro
pose to sell us cotton cheaper than we
aa raise it, we have a perfect right to
buy it and sell it next fall at a profit.
Now, gentlemen, it is a duty we owe
>urselves and surroundings to do some
thing. We have farmed long enough
Mr the glory there is in it, and if these
men offer us a saucer of ice eresin, I
say let's at it. J. B. Watson, Ch'm.,
S. N. Dearman,
L. D. Harris,
H. G. Anderson,
A. T. Newell,
W. H. Glenn.
FAST TRAIM ROBBED.
Eight Robbers Were in the Gang.That
Did the Work.
The Great Northern through train,
which passed through Fergus Falls at
7.30 p. m., was held up and robbed
about five miles west of there. There
were eight robbers in the gang, all well
armed. Two of them evidently board
ed the blind baggage in that city. The
train was scarcely out of the town when
these two climbed over the tender, and,
presenting revolvers, told engineer
Brace and his fireman to stop at a lone
ly spot near the Pelican river bridge.
Arriving at this place, the train was
stopped and the engineer and fireman
were ordered to leave the cab. The
other members of the gang rushed from
-the woods and boarded the express car.
All wore handkerchieis over theirfaces.
The gang was regularly organized and
went by numbers.
When the train stopped, the condue
tor and brakeman started forward to
find out what the trouble was, bat the
bandits fired a number of shots and
warned them to keep back. They then
compelled the express messenger to
leaye the car, and while , three or four
stood guard, the others proceeded to
blow the safes.
The local safe was destroyed, and it
was thought they succeeded in secur
ing considerable money, but the exact'
amount cannot be learned. The
through safe was drilled and dynamitedi
four charges being used. The jacket.
was blown off, but it was found impo
sible to reach the inner part and get at
the cash. They worked over it nearly
two hours, holding the train for that
length of time, but gave up finally and
joining their companions on the out-'
side, started south.
Captures the Senate.
Republicans will control 'the United
States senate after March 4, next
The Iresent party division of the sen
ate is: Republicans 43, Democrats 34,
Populists 6. Silver Rpublicans 6.
Prior to the late election the figures
were changed by a Republican gain of
two, viz: McComas, .of Maryland. who
will succeed Gorman, and Simoh, of
Oregon, who was elected to fill a va
cancy. This increases the Republicar
total to 45. The terms of seven Repub
lican senators expire March 4, next
leaving 38 hold-over Republicans.
The elections of last week made certain
the choice of 10 -additional Republican
senators. This gives a total of 48,- or
two more than a majority over Demo
crats, Populists an'd Silver Republican.
There are 21 Democratic hold-over
senators. To this number last week's
election will result in adding four er
tainty and one probably, making -a to
tal of 25. The Populist and Silver Re
publican hold-overs number 8. This
was increased Tu esday by 1.
E loodshedin Texas.
A special from Dallas, Texas, says:
"Tuesday was a bloody election day
in Texas. At Hubbard, Stevens coun
ty, Rosario McCarthy, Joseph Banmby
and Jefferson Squires, were killed and
J. F. McCarthy and Riley Squires prob
ably mortally wounded in an election
At Steuper, in Hopkins county, R.
E. Sutton and George- Young were kill
ed. William Roung is in jail as a
party to the killing of Sutton, who had
murdered Young's brother.
"At Aubrey, Denton county, Dep'a
ty Sheriff B. Taylor ,was shot through
the neck by Lee Webb and dangerous
ly wounded. He shot Webb through
At Sheffield, in Trinity county, J.
W. Ashfield was killed and his father
probably fataly wounded by persons
whose names have not been learned.
Many minor affrays occurred in vari
ous parts of the state as the result of
A Good Yield.
The Cotton Plant says: Col T. J.
Moore, of Spartanburg County, tells
the Evening Star that he has already
picked 2,256 pounds of seed cotton
from one acre and thinks he will
gather five hundred pounds more.
This is a good lot of cotton from an
acre of ground, but it is likely there is
not much money in it after all. The
Cotton Plant would like for Col. Moore
to tell its readers the net profit on
that acre of cotton and how it was cul
tivated. Every farmer is trying to
find out the way to make money in
An Election Odity.
The latter days of the campaign de
veloped some oddities in eleetioneering.
A few days ago several prominent pol
iticians, candidates for office, went
down in the coal mines of Cherokee
and Crawford counties, Kansas, and
made speeches to the miners. On one
occasion, while 600 feet below the sur
face, the candidates crawled through a
tunnel and made speeches while on
their hands- and knees because of lack
of space to stand up in. The cam
paigners spent a week in the mines,
working among 10,000 miners, only
coming out into the open air at night.
The State Farm.
Superintendent W. A. Neal, and the
board of directori of the South Caroli
na penitentiary. have arranged to give a
free excursion to and from Colambia
to the State Farm on November 18.
The invitations includes all visitors to
the State Fair who care to see the farm,
and the visitors are promised a big
barbecue or other entertainment. The
excursion will be at the privato ex
pense of Superintendent Neal and the
board of direstors. Their object is to
furnish taxpayers the opportunity of
seeing what is being done.
A Wonderful Voice.
A colored citizen of Sedalia, Mo., has
a most wonderful voice. Speaking in
an ordinary conversational tone, it is
said, he can be easily heard across a 40
acre field, and when calling at the tr
of his voice his words may be dist
muise for more than a mile.