Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XIV. MANNING., S. C., WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 3,19.N.1
Miraculous Escape of Guests From
an Awful Death.
A. J. WHITE PROVES HERO.
Saved the Lives of Three Women
Before He Gave Up His Own.
His Death Was Most
Wednesday morning the Baldwin
hotel at San Francisco caught fire and
was entirely destroyed. There were
300 people, guests and employes, in the
hotel when the firt broke out and two
of these pei-nl am. 'hought to have lost
their lives. A. J. White and a man
named Meyer are the victims. The
fire is said to have started in the kitch
en, located in the bast ment on the El
lis street side. The fire worked its
way up through the flue to the sixth
floor and before the fire alarm was sent
in the fire had gained great headway.
For years the Baldwin has been re
garded by the fire department as the
most dangerous fire trap in San Fran
cisco. Built of wood, six stories high,
with narrow and tortuous hallways, it
is a wonder that half of the people in
the hotel escaped. They were slow to
waken. Many were dazed and stupe
fieI by the smoke when the polieg, the
firemen and hotel employes, hnrrying
through the hallways, kicked open
doors and notified the people of
their great danger. When they man
aged to reach the windows and fire es
capes there were no ladders. Many at
tempted to jump from the windows to
the streets, but were warned not to do
so by the crowds below. The firemen
.got u p their ladders and commenced
taking people to the grounG, rescuing
many in this manner. In tae interior
of the hotel an explosion in the theatre
caused that portion of the building to
cave in. This explosion also extin
guished the electric lights througho-"
Those in the street below could bee
through the rifts in the smoke sh ng
the attic cornices, forms of men and
women crouching and. climbing to the
woodwork, which was already begin
ning to smoulder. Streams from thirty
engines were being poured upon the
blazing building from every point of
vantage but without any apparent ef
fect. $xplosion followed explosion.
The death of White was most dra
matic. Three women appeared on the
cornice of the fifth floor on the Market
street side Qf the hotel. The firemen
could not reach them. White came
out of a window carrying a small rope.
With this he lowered the women into
the arms of the firemen, who were wait
ing at the windows of the next floor.
Then he started down the rope hand
over hand. Half way down the rope
parted and the man who had just saved
three lives was dashed to the pavement
100 feet below.
"Lucky Baldwin" had a narrow es
cape from perishing in his fire trap.
Amid all the din he slept peacefully
unt-il his room was broken into and he
was dragged from his bed. H. I.
Kowalsky, a well known attorney, was
also dragged unconscious from bed.
He will recover.
The Baldwin hotel has been known
and dreaded for years by firemen and
insurance people as the worst kind of
a fire trap. It has been stated often
that there were no fire walls init ex
eept those enclosing the theatre and
that no insurance companies would
write a risk on the building except for
a small amount and a heavy premium.
The building of the hotel began in
1873 and was finished in- 1877, its total
cost including ground and furniture be
ing $3,000,000. In the building was
the Baldwin theatre. The street floor
of the immense building were occupied
by the hotel office, bar room and a num
ber of stores. In the basement was an
elaborately fitted cafe.
E. J. Baldwin stated today that he
carried $100,00insurance, but he could
not remember in what company.
The Baldwin theatre was completely
demolished by the falling of the fifth
floor. The entire effects of the "Se
cret Service" company, which was fill
ing an engagement at that theatre, were
A great deal of jewelry and money
belonging to members of the company
were lost. In addition the contracts
were burned. The Columbia theatre and
places of business opposite the Bald
win were damaged by water to the ex
tent of $15.000. El. J. Baldwin is
prostrated and unable to tell much
about his affairs. He says he will not
be able to estimate his 1)ss for severai
days. H. W. Luke, manager of the
hotel, barely managed to g -t out with
his wife and child. He says where were
302 guests in the hotel.
Bold Postoffice Robbery.
One of the boldest robberies commit
ted in Columbus, Ohio, in years was
perpetrated Tuesday when the p(ost
office was robbed of eleven pac-kagt
containing $100 each, or $1,100 in all.
The money was in a pigeon hole at a
stamp window presided over by Miss
Mary Berry. She left the window for
a few seconds ano during that brief
time the morsey was taken.
Four women *were seen acting in
a suspicious manner in the cor
ridor of the postoffice just before the
robbery and the police believe one of
them to be the thief. No arrests have
been made as yet.
Removal is Asked.
Mayor Watkins of Chattanoogas
Tenn., states that he has written the
secretary of war, asking him in the in
terest of good order and for the honor
of the service .d in behalf of the good
name of Chattanoioga, to remove the
regiment stationed there, to some other
point from Chickaimauga Park. The
mayor stated that he had done this tc
throw the responsibility for any breact
of law or order that might occur, grow
in~out of a possible race collision there,
on the department.
She Was Mistaken.
An exchange remarks that the femali
who addressed a recent meeting in Nev
York was mistaken in her claims. She
said she represented womanhood, whet
in fact she only represented viragohood
Good Advice Given to the Negroes
by a Negro.
Last Thursday night wuile T.
Thomas Fortune and a few other Negro
orators were howling at a Negro mass
meeting in Cooper Union, New York,
and Mrs. Grannis was screeching on the
same platform, a Negro was speaking
words of wisdom at a meeting over in
Brooklyn. The:- was not one uttered
at the Cooper Un.on meeting which was
calculated to help i. -, condition of the
Negro, to allevia u any degree his
real or fancied ills At the Brooklyn
meeting the only t ue and helpful
policy for the Negi 1 ..as laid down in
strong language by the wisest Negro
leader in the country. on that occasion
Brooker T. Washington s 'u.
"It must be apparer -L this time
that the effort to put tr. cank and file
of the colored people i i a position to
exercise the right of ! chise has not
been a success in th .t portions of our
own country where th, Negro is found
in large numbers. Either the Negro
was not prepared for any such whole
sale exercise of the ballot as our recent
amendment to the constitution
contemplated. or the American peo
ple were not prepared to assist and
encourage him to use the ballot. In
either case the result has been the same.
In m3 mind there is no doubt but that
we made the mistake at the beginning
of our freedom of putting the emphasis
on the wrong end. Politics and the
holding of office were emphasized al
most to the exclusion of almost every
other interest, and we accepted respon
sibilities, which our experience and
education had not fitted us to perform
with success and credit. To mind the
past and present teach but one lesson
to the Negro's friends and to the Negro
himself-that there is but one way out,
that there is but one hope of salvation,
and that is for the Negro in every part
of America to resolve from henceforth
that he will throw aside every non
essential and cling only to essentials
that this pillar of lire by night and this
pillar of cloud by day shall be property,
skill, eccnomy, education and Christian
No man who will look the facts
squarely in the face, no man who is
capable of forming a fair conclusion as
to the results of Negro suffrage can deny
the truth of what Brooker Washington
had the sense to see and the courage to
proclaim. The worst enemies the
Negro has had since his emancipation
have been the politicians and place
seekers of his own party who have filled
his head with false notions and his
heart with false feelings. The best
the Negro can possibly do isto realize
his own position, his present weakness
and incapacity for positions which he is
urged by false leaders to claim. Brooker
Washington points out to him the only
path which will enable him to gain a
better condition for himself and his
A PECULIAR ACCIDENT.
An Exploding Boiler Tears Up Two
One of the most peculiar accidents
which has ever occurred in Georgia
happened in Warsaw last week. An
engine and boiler of six horse-power,
and weighing 4,000 pounds, which was
used to run a gin, blew out the crown
sheet of the boiler and kilted two Ne
geo men and came near killing an entire
The residence of Mr. S. A. Maxwell,
a well known and respected gentleman
of Warsaw, stand just across the road
from the gin house, and last - week,
while all of his family were sitting in
their house, the orownsheet of the
boiler blew out, and after kilg two
Negro men who were standing near the
ginhouse, went clear across the road and
entirely through a portion ef the resi
dence of Mr. Maxwell and landed thirty
feet away from the residence in the back
The bursting of the boiler made a
terrific noise, and tore the porch of the
residence off on a line with the parlor,
knocked both front and back walls out
from the parlor, and left the end wall
and the partition wall intact. The
ceiling and roof were only slightly dam
aged, and the engine was torn loose
fi..m the boiler whilo passing through
the house and finally 'stopped in the rear
of the house, while the boiler went
twenty-five feet further and came to a
stop at the far end of the back yard.
Mrs. Maxwell had just left the par
lor, where she had been to replace a
book, and she iad her children were
sitting in the ryom next to the parlor,
wheL the accident occurred, and their
escape from serious injury or death was
A Negro man was chopping wood at
the corner of the engine house was
blown thirty yards through a barbed
-wire fence into the road and instantly
killed. Another Negro man was just
entering the doorway of the engine
house and was blown fifty yards in an
opposit direction, breaking his neck.
The family of Mr. Maxwell were very
badly frightened by the - accident, and
had a narrow escape. Mr. Maxwell
had only a few minutes before he left
the house and crossed the road to the
store, which escaped uninjured. The
pranks played by bursting boilers are
nearly always peculiar, but the actions
of this boiler in Warsaw were more
freakish than any of its predecessors.
Gagged the Watchman,
At Elsberry, Mo., 68 miles north of
St. Louis, Mo., robbers made a desper
bte attempt to rob the Lincoln county
aank. It is not known how much, if
any, they obtained. As the result of
rough treatment received from the rob
bers, J. W. Waters, nightwatchman of
the town, who is 60 years eld, may die.
He was found at an early hour Thurs
day bound and gagged lying in the open
air, where he had been left by the rob
bers. He was badly frozen.
A New Plan.
The Rev. Dr. L. G. Broughton. pas
tor of the Third Baptist church of At
lanta, hit upon a simple and good idea
for increasing the contributions, by
making an innovation in the method of
the collection. Instead of the six staid
and sober dleacons who have passed
around the collection plates, he put six
young women on that duty, and the
collection was suddenly and largely in
creased. It is an idea that is likely to
SOME PLAIN TALK.
Caustic Comments on the New
A SLANDERER REBUKED.
A She Monster Makes an Unseem
ly Exhibition of Herself by
Lieing on the Women
of the South.
No better justification of the white
revolution at Wilmington, N. C.. could
be furnished from a hostile quarter
than was afforded by the spirit whioh
characterized the colored mass meeting
held in New York recently to protest
against so-called "Southern outrages."
The attitude of the Negro as illustrated
at a meeting supposed to be representa
tive of the best colored elements, is de
monstrated to be that of bitter hostility
toward Southern white people and of
savage desire to humiliate and crush
them. It was the same spirit as that
displayed when the Negroes were in
the ascendency at Wilmington, and
which lead them to heap insults and
contumely upon the white victims of
their misgovernment. It was the spirit
which rendered the situation at Wil
mington intolerable and made revolu
tion a necessity. While it way be con
ceded that their attitude is mainly at
tr'butable to the political adventurers
and fanatics who have inflamed their
minds and played upon their passions,
it is clear that it is an attitude which
not only justified, but demanded heroic
measures such as were adopted at Wil
mington, and which will render it ne
cessary to maintain a firm hand upon
them until they have reached a far
higher condition of civilization than
they have yet attained. The false
teaching of the past thirty years has
done infinitely more moral harm to the
Negro thai all the generations of slav
ery through which he passed. Slavery
found him a savage, and in multitude
of cases made him a Christian and in
many instances gave him the refine
ment and good form which were devel
oped even in dependents by the high
social standards of the old South. The
political education which he has re
ceived from New England sources since
emancipation has confused his brain,
perverted his heart and corrupted his
manners, and instead of really progress-.
ing, there is danger, under the baneful
influence of the morbid and unprinci
pled guidance to which he has been ex
posed, that he may revert to the origin
al type.from which slavery rescued him,
except that this renaisance of barbar
ism in him will be accompanied witi
the vices of civilization aDd the power
for mischief which civilization confers
upon those who are in it, but not of it.
If the Negro is to avoid this danger
and develop into a higher citizenship,
he must free himself from the evil in
fluences and teoahings under which he
has been degenerating since the war.
As long as he suffers himself to be
abused by bad counsel and kept in a
false attitude toward the Southern
white people, just so long will he con
tinue to retrograde in character and re
spectability- He has seen the effect of
thirty years of fanatical politieal edu
cation. Let him turn away from the
school of hate, defiance and distrust in
which he has been trained and try
thirty years of good will toward and co
operation with the white people of the
South. If he does,. he will rise to a
higher stature and'a higher degree of
prosperity than ever before. His home
and biding place is in the South, and he
should recognize the fact that his in
terests are bound up in the prosperity
and progress of that section and are de
pendent upon the relationi in which he,
stands to the dominant classes there.
While the Negro is to be rega-led
more with pity than with anger, be
cause the victim of a pernicious sys em
of political philosophy and pretended
philanthropy, it is impossible to find in
the English language words sufficiently
strong to properly describe the white
hypocrites and ifolitical criminals who
have mislead him in the past and are
still endeavoring to fire his heart
against the South. Such wanton, ma
licious and unspeakably abominable as
persions against Southern women as
were uttered at the New York meeting
by one Mrs. Elizabeth B. Grannis could
spring only from a heart as black with
hate as the foul and shameful slanders
which she ettered. The New York
Sun describes her remarks as unprint
able. An extract from her address
was as follows:
"I am only here tonight to represent
womanhood," said Mrs. G.rannis. "We
all know that the white women and
white girls of the South are full of col
ored blood. I stand here for colored
women and colored girls the same as I
do for white women."
At this a wild uproar ensued. The
colored men and women jumped up in
the aisles to cheer. Many laughed and
gave vent to hysterical exclamations.
Others mounted their seats and waved
The pure and true women of the
South can afford to treat this libeler
with the contempt with which they
would regard the ravings of a foul
minded maniac, but her utterances il
lustrate the spirit of sectional hate to
ward the South which still prevails in
some quarters of the North and which
apostles of humanity like Mrs,. Grannis
are continually endeavoring to fan into
a general flame. They stop at no slan
der, no lie, no villificasion, no matter
how gross and detestable, if it gives them
the opportunity to spit out their ma
lignant venom against the South.
They are the pretty and vulgar political
descent an:s of that wholesale libeler,
Mrs. Harriet Beecher Stowe, who had
more imagi-ation and just as little re
gard for truth as her imitators of the
present day. The wrong and injury
which "Uncle Tom's Cabin" inflicted
upon the country incalculable. That
wrong and injury still live, and, like
John Brown's spirit, seem to be march
ing on for still further evil. As is
pointed out in the recently issued
United States history of Susan Pendle
ton Lee, "Mrs. Stowe had never been
South nor seen slavery and slave-own
ers as they really were, but she was a
violent abolitionist, and she wrote for
anti-slavery newspapers a story found
ed upon isolated cases of cruelty and
rime pickreA up from other pnars. In
vain the South denied the slanders
given broadcast to the world. "Uncle
Tom" was republished in England; it
was translated into the European lan
guages, and its caricatures of Southern
life were multiplied a thousand-fold by
abolition energy and fanaticism. When
Mrs. Stowe was pressed to give her au
thority for the account she gave of the
Kentucky and Louisiana planters, she
published 'A Key,' which showed
among the millions of slave-holders and
their Negroes how few were the in
stances of wickedness such as she gave
to the world as the habitual daily life
of the broad South."
Haters of the South who have learned
their morals from Mrs. Stowe and John
Brown, who deliberately slander the
Southern people and seek to array the
Negroes against them, are enemies of
the colored race and dangerous to the
peace and prosperity of the whole coun
try. They are directly responsible for
race outrages, murders and collisions in
the South, and the blood shed under
these circumstances will cry to heaven
against them. It is time that the bet
ter classes in the North put the stamp
of their emphatic disapproval upon
these emissaries of evil and wickedness.
They cannot afford even to appear to
endorse creatures who, like very drabs,
fall to cursing a whole section and spew
out upon-it the slime of their own de
graded natures.---Baltimore Sun.
A Heavy Bale.
Cotton ani Ba0ks in th3 S.m- ?ac
One of Adam's black sons, Will Clar
dy by name, and a farmer by coccupation,
induced by the exceedingly low price of
cotton, and hard times generally, con
cluded as he was helping to gin a bale
of his own cotton at Frank Davenports
gin in Greenville county, one morning
before daylight, list week, that he
would add a few hundred pounds to the
weight of his bale by dropping a rock
in the press occasionally, and so he
proceeded to execute his plan, with the
result that when his little bale of cot
ton was suspended upon the company's
scales at Pelzer, Cotton-buyer Blake
was astonished to see that the beam
was tipped at the 829 figure, and sus
pecting that there was surely something
heavier than cotton in the enclosure,
Mr. Blpke ordered the bale unhooked
and Mr. A. P. Long, chief of police,
ordered Will Clardy to keep quiet and
watch the investiga:ion which only
lasted a few minute.s, when 350 pounds
of rocks, five in number, were separat
ed from the cotton, the largest one
weighing 125 pounds. Mr. Long, after
pausing a few minute, came to the eon
elusion that any man who could en
hance the value of flint rocks from
nothing to 4 5-8 cents per pound would
do to take along, and he accordingly
invested his man with bracelets and
escorted him to Anderson jail. Will
did not confess his crime but only said
-its de strangest thing I ever seed how
dem rours got into dat bale of cotton.'
Girls Uoinu=t Aurder.
Miss Nora Bitner, a highly respected
young lady of Allegheny, Pa., was beat
en so badly Thiursday afterno by three
girls (none of whom are over 15 years of,
age) that she will probably die. Her
assailants, Mamie Wright, Sophia
Mickle and Victoria Bennett, are in
jail. The cause of the assault is rather
mysterious. It seems that Miss Bitner,
with a young lady companion was walk
ing-along East Ohio street, and in pass
ing a group of young girls at play she
made some jocular remark .concerning
the party, whereupon one of the young
sters grabbed her by the hair and pulk~
ed her to the ground. While prostrate,
Miss Bitner was kicked on'the head and
beaten into insensibility. Her com
panion was unable to protect her, and a
rescue was only effecte4 whie4 twQ men
came upon the scene. The physicians
attending Miss Bitner says her skall is
fractured, and a blood clot has formed
on the brain.
Tried to Nob the .Engineer.
Members of the Seventeenth United
States volunteers, colored, attempted
to mob Virgil Waters, an engineer on
the Southern Railway Thursday. At
Silver Creek, Ga., Waters' train acci
dentally killed a member of the regi
ment who was- standing on the track,
the troops being en route to Macon,
Ga. When the man was struck Wat
ers stopped his train and hastened out
of the cab to render assistance. Several
menibers of the regiment cursed the
engineer for alleged carelessness and
one made a threatening gesture, and
with angry soldiers in pursuit the en
gineer ran to his cab and hurriedly
pulled out. A gun was fired as the
train moved away, but no one was in
Danger in S944.
C'ommon soda is all right in its place
and indispensable in the kitchen for
cooking and washing purposes, but. it
was never intended for a medicine, and
people who use it as such will some day
regret it. We refer to the common use
of soda to relieve heartburn or sour
stomach, a habit which thousands sof
people practice almost daily, and one
which is fraught with danger; moreov
er, the soda only gives temporary relief
and in the end the stomach trouble gets
worse and worse. The soda acts as a
meehanical irritant to the walls of the
stomach and bowels and cases are on
record where it accumulated in the in
testines, causing death by inflamation
Don't Want Them.
El Parvenir, a Santiago de Cuba pa
per, prints a two column article with
reference to the intention of a colored
preacher of Topeka, Kas., to bring 40
families of Negroes and establish a
town in the highlands above Santiago
which shall be known as Topeka. The
paper demands that the people boycott
the Yankee Negroes, asserting that
they are frequently guilty of horrible
crimes and that the southern States,
anxious to be rid of their colored
population, will endeavor to send them
A Horse Midget.
The premium midget of the New
York horse show is a perfect horse, 29
inches tall, 7 1-4 hands high, weighing
127 pounds. He is four years old and
eats a pint of oats three times a day,
and when thirsty drinks a glass of wa
Demonstrative Meeting in Wash
ington Wednesday Night.
MUCH BAD ADVICE GIVEN.
Only One Voice Was Raised for
Peace. McKinley, Brooker T.
Washington and Other
Upward of 5,000 Negroes assembled
Wednesday night at the Fifth Baptist
church, on Vermont avenue, near R
street, Washington, D. C., to protest
against the wrongs it is charged have
been inflicted upon their race, particu
larly with reference to the recent race
riots in the Carolinas. Incidentally
they took occasion to denounce the
Democratic party, President McKinley
and Brooker T. Washington and other
colored men and the Washington Post
as enemies of the Negro. It was prob
ably the greatest outpouring of Negroes
ever seen in Washington.
Generally speaking, the addresses
were of the most fiery and passionate
order, while two diametrically opposed
sets of resolutions were adopted, the
one favoring force, and termed the po
litical resolution. the other counseling
prayer and preaching. Incendiary as
were some of the utterances, the meet
ing was nevertheless harmless, and af
forded the speakers an opportunity to
give vent to their feelings.
A committee was then appointed to
draft resolutions for the meeting. It
consisted of Rev. W. H. Brooks, Rev.
W. J. Howard, E. M. Hewlett, W.
Calvin Chase, Rev. R. T. Hart and
Col. Perry H. Carson.
While the committee was out Attor-.
ney John Moss secured recognition
from the chair, but he did not long re
tain it, and had not the Hilisdale bar
rister left uce church at the time-that
he did-, a riot ugiA have ensned. Moss
wanted to know the purpose of the
meeting. In reply, twe presiding
preacher started in to tell the story of
a man going to Heaven, but he had
conducted his hero no further than the
pearly gates before the audience burst
into thundering applause and laughter,
mingled with cries denouncing Moss,
commanding him to sit down and to get
out. Moss protested, and vainly en
deavored to state his position, but the
crowd declined to listen to him.
*At the conclusion of his speech the
committee on resolutions reported.
Rev. W. H. Brooks read those. which
were announced as the moral resolu.
tions. They 'reviewed the situation
throughou) the South with respect to
the condition of the Negro, declared
that lynchings had become common,
anarmed men were slaughtered, habes
torn from mother's breaats and private
property destroyed. The resolutions
then urged the Negroes to act, and to
protest before the American people
against arson, murder and anarchy, and
also appeal for sufferage.. The Negroes
were urged to support the best states
manship of the South, and a call was
sent forth to the ministeri throughout
the land and to preach and to teach
right and justice to all men, and Chris
tians everywhere were calledl on to sup
port the Negro in demanding his rights
guaranteed him by the law.
The political resolutions next read
declared that the fourteenth and fif
teenth amendments are practically
dead letters, and that s a former presi
dent sent troops into Illinois to protect
property, so should the present es~ecu
tive have sent a force i,ntol the Carolinas
to protect the Negro and his rights. It
was then declared in- the resolutions
that color was not the cause of the race
war and outrages against the Negroes;
it was because they were Republicans.
Democracy had caused all the trouble
to regain its power. The passage of a
Federal electien law was strongly urged,
and a commtittee of fifteen advised to
he appointed to codamunicaste the reso
lutions to the president. The resolu
tions advised that force be used to se
cure the negroes' voting rights. ioth
of these sets of resolutions were unani
Tremendous cheers greeted Col. Per
ry Carson when he came forward to
speak, and his every utterance was
greeted with cheers and laughter. He
said the Negroes wanted a Douglass to
lead them, and then dropped into origi
nal poetry which brought down the
house. "Organization is what is need
ed," said Col. Carson; "you niggers
dont get nothing till you~ organize.
Resolutions and mass meetings don't
count for anything; organize." Look
at your organization here tonight; I am
known all over the country as Col. Per
ry Caraon. The* Irishmen stand to
gether, the Dutchmen stand together
and so must you niggers, if you expect
to'get your rights and stop calling on
the White House. Father Abraham
ain't there no more. Prepare to protect
yourselves; the virtue of your women
and your property. Get your powder
and shot and pistol. The Negroes in
North Carolina had five years to do
that, and they didn't do it until three
days before the election. That's why
they failed. Perry Carson is ready; he
has got his shot and pistol; he is ready
to defend himself. Help yourself; stop
rying for the white man to help. you.
Get your shot and your powder."
Rev. W. H. PBrooks followed in a
speech which, considering the occasion
and the surroundings, was simply mar
velous and wonderful. It, was most
eloquent and, in fact, the redeeming
feature of the meeting. It was a most
stirring but sincere and earnest appeal
for deliberation and the working out
of the destiny of the Negro by peaceful
methods. He appealed to the pulpit
and to Christians everywhere for justice
Several brief npeeches were made,
all of them of an inflammatory nature,
and it was late when the mass meeting
adjourned, after having passed a reso
lution denouncing George W. Stewart
for his attack upon the colored school
teachers. He was declared a defamer
of the virtue of Negro women.
An Oklahoma girl advertised for a
husband and got him. The advertise
ment and wedding outfit cost eleven
dollars. Within a year he died and
left her five thousand dollars life in
surance. And yet some peopl.e say ad
BISHOP TURNER ON NEGRO RACE.
He Declares His People Have no Fu
ture in This Country.
The seventeenth session of the Ma
con African Methodist Episcopal con
ference, sitting at Dublin. Ga., since
Wednesday, has* adjourned. Bishop
H. M. Turner, D. D., of Atlanta, pre
sided, assisted by Vicar Bishop James
M. Devane, of Queenstown South Af
rica. This conference consisted of 250
colored ministers. Before reading out
the appointments Bishop Turner made
a sensational address. Among other
things he said:
"I see no manhood future for the
negro in this country, and the man who
is not able to discover that fact from
existing conditions must be void of com
mon sense. Our civil, political and
social status is degrading, and as deg
radation begets-degredation, the Negro
must go from bad to worse and infini
tum. Neither education nor wealth
can ever elevate us to the grade of re
spectability. I say this, because we
are surrounded by so many influences
that militate against our manhood.
"The best thing the Negro can do is
to ask the United States congress for a
hundred million dollars to meet the ex
pense of starting a line of steamers
between this country and Africa, thus
pioneering a domain for our settlement.
With this start upon the part of the
general -government, which actually
owes us forty billions of dollars for 246
years of labor, w3 could build up a
business that would enable us to trans
port to Africa as many of our race as
are fit to go. If the United States has
hundreds of millions to throw away in
a useless war, and for other foolish
things, surely it can appropriate a hun
dred million dollars to the most loyal
inhabitants it has in its domain.
"The white people themselves bad
infinitely better appropriate a hundred
million dollars, if we are the raping
monsters which the public press charges
us with being, than to be shedding so
much blood, when I know and you all
know that much of that blood is inno
cent blood; and innocent blood, will
speak to God day and night for retribu
tion till God overthrows the nation, as
he did the Roman Empire. And, as I
have the ear of the country it is very
likely I shall call such a convention
within the next three or six months;
for, if the Negro does not say or do
something in his own defence, he is not
only an inferior race, but he is not fit
to be ranked as a human being."
A WJMAN'S WoiK.
She Makes a Good Living on a Little
There is in this state a woman who on
a little farm manages to support her
self and her chiidren and to provide the
latter with the means of education.
lHer only help is a young negro boy.
The following extract from a letter
written by this woman to a friend in
Atlanta a few days ago gives some 'idea
of the way in which she manages to get
"Well, let me tell you what I made
on my little farm this year. First, I
sld $40 worth of strawberries, made 60
bushels corn, plenty of hay and fodder,
60 gallons syrup, 200 bushels sweet po
tatoes, 3 bales of cotton, which the
children and J, with the negro boy,
picked. I get 4 gallons of milk a day
and li pdunds of butter; have 4 hogs
to kill and have plenty of oiokens and
eggs. 1 have never done as much wort
and as hard work as I1 have this year
and my healIth has never been better.
"The children are getting so they
are lots of help to me, and are just as
smart in their books as they can be.
May plays nicely on the piano, is tak
ing lessons from a good teacher and I
pay her in butter, eggs, etc. We are
gradually getting out of debt."
This brave little woman has not only
given a noble exva'nple of courage and
audepeduece, but she furnishes also
aillustration of the advantages of di
versified farming. Ber good sense in
raising her own p~rovisions might be
imttated by a majority of the farmers
of this state greatly to their benefit.
There are many women in this state
who conduct farms, large and small, and
it is said that nearly all of them are
remarkably thrifty and successful.
They believe in raising as far as they
can everything they need, and they are
exemplars of the fine practical business
sense which wom.en so often develop
when there is a demand for it.--Atlan
A Remarkable Case.
William B. Smallridge, who died a
few days ago at Glenville, in Giilmer
county, carried a bullet in his heart for
3X years, He was a member of Co. E,
Ist West Virginia infantry in the civil
war, and in September, 1861, while
marching through Gilmer county, West
.Virginia, was shot by somebody in am
bush, the bullet entering Smallridge's
chest, at the lower point of the scapula,
on the left side, passing thence direct
ly through the left lung into the left
ventricle of the heart. The force of
bullet was so broken that it did not pass
the inner wall, but thec regimental sur
geon pronounced the wound fatal, and
left Smallridge to die. He did not die,
however, hut was sent back up the Lit
tle Kanawha river in a skiff to his home
in Glenville, where he recovered- and
has since lived. A few weeks ago,
while on his deathbed, he asked Dr. (3.
0. Brown to make an examination of
the wound after his death. This Brown
did, and found the bullet imbedded in
the heart. Surgeons pronounced it the
most extraordinary case on record.
An Indiana Mob.
On Sunday night' November 6, Jos
eph Baird, an offensive negro in Sey
mour, Ind..- was taken from jail and
horsewhipped. It was with difficulty
that the mob was restrained then from
lynching him. When Baird was re
leased he accused about 20 colored men
of being in the mob, also Mayor A. W.
Mills. and other officials. When May
or Mills met Baird Thursday he accus
ed the latter of making these charges.
Baird was also confronted by Dr. Shield
who said Baird had repeated the charge
to him. Then Baird and Mills both
drew their revolvers and opened fire,
keeping it up through the street till
Baird ran into his house. Fifteen
shots were fired while a crowd was wit
nessing the chase, and no one was hurt.
Baird was arrested and taken to Brown
town to pnevent lynching.
0.UR TROOPS LAND.
They March on Cuban Soil to Their
Gen. Greene and his staff left the
hotel Inglaterra at 6 o'clock Friday
morniug for Marianao in order to sup
erintend the landing of the American
troops. All four companies of the Sec
ond regiment volunteer engineers which
arrived on the Florida landed by half
past 9 o'clock at the Marianao wharf
with colors flying. They formed at
the landing place and marched to their
camp, two miies away, filing past Gen.
Greene and his staff, who, on horse
back, reviewed the men as they passed.
All the men, with the exception of five
who are still suffering from sea sickness
and were taken to the camp by train,
were in line and are all in good spirits
and fit for duty. One hundred and fif
ty Cubans of Gen. Menocal's division
were employed in clearing the camp
site and by 11 o'clock the tents were
being pitched for the first American
camp at Habana.
Apart from the few cases of sea sick
ness only two of the 280 men who land
ed from the Florida are on the sick list.
Patrick Toohing is suffering from dysen
tery and Thomas Leonard from a dislo
cated knee cap. Both had their pres
ent complaints when they left the
United States. These men were busy
all the afternoon pitching camp and
fixing tents. The site selected for the
camp is excellent on high ground and
well supplied with water. The men
have arrived with only heavy under
wear, woolen blouses and cloth breeches,
which are very trying under the scorch-,
ing sun of the seacoast. The medical
staff considers it urgeatly recessary that
khaki uniforms be sent at once for the
comfort of the men.
Felt in Portions of North Carolina and
Richmond. Va., Nov. 25.-Many
points in'south and southwest Virginia
report having experienced an earth
quake shock about 3.30 o'elock this af
ternoon. The disturbance was felt
from Nottoway county to the Tennes
see line. There was the usual preced
ing roaring noise. No damage is re
Lynchburg, Va., Nov. 25.-At 3,05
o'clock this afternoon a shock of earth
quake was felt here. It was quite gen
erally felt, but there was no damage.
Danville, Va., Nov. 25.-At 3 o'clock
sharp this afternoon an earthquake
shock was felt throughout the city and
surrounding country very perceptibly.
No damage reported.
CHARLOTTE ELT IT.
Charlotte, N. C., Nov. 25.-A dis
tinct . earthquake shock was felt
throughout this section at 3.10 this af
ternoon- No serious damage reported.
SOUTH WEST VIRGINIA.
Roanoke, Va., Nov. 25.-A very
perceptible earthquake shock was felt
here this afternoon at 3 o'clock, lasting
about 3(1 seconds. No serious damage
was done. Reports to the Times from
various parts of southwest Virginia
show the tremor to have been very gen
eral throughout that region.
Raleigh, N. C., Nov.-A special to
the News and Observer from Frank
linsville, N. C., says: A very distinct
earthquake shock was felt here this
afternoon about five minutes after 3.
Vibration was from east to west.
A special from Winston, N. .., says:
A distinct earthquake shock was felt
here at 3.1(1 this afternoon. It shook
the largest buildings in town.
AT NoREPOr ALSO.
Norfolk, Va.. Nov. 25.-A few min
utes after 3 o'clock this afternoon two
light shocks of earthquakes were felt
here. There were not generally noticed
A Lady Suicides.
Friday morning about 5 o'clock Mrs.
Sam Whetstone, of the Hollow Creek
section of Aiken county, the wife one
of the community's most respected citi
zens, committed suicide by drowning.
At an early hour, while it was yet dark,
she called her husband to do some er
rand for her. He was still in bed, as
was all the rest of the household. He
remnuined in bed some 10 or 15 minutes
afterwards, dozing off to sleep. When
he awoke he missed his wife. He arose,
calling her, and receiving no answer he
gave the alarm and search was immedi
rately made. It still being dark, it was
with much difficulty that she was traced
by her footprints to an old pond some
200 yards from the house. There she
seemed to have sprung across an old
ditch, and going some distance up, th~e
stream, jumped in. The searchers had
to wait some time for daylight before
the body could be found, the current
having borne it some distance down the
stream. The place was only about two
feet deep and it is somewhat remark
able how any one could be drowned in
so shallow a place. This is the second
attempt in the last few weeks. The
other was made with a razor, the lady
cutting an ugly gash in her throat.
Her reason then, she said, was her very
ill health, and she felt that she was
only a burden to her family, and want
ed to get out of the way. She was
about 60 years old and leaves a large
family and a number of relatives to
mourn her sad end.
Negro Mill Labor Fails.
In the United States circuit court
in Charleston Saturday Judge Simon
ton appointed C. 0. White temporary
receiver of the Charleston cotton mill
upon application of Walters & Compa
ny, of Baltimore. The claims of these
concerns amount to $.30,000. It is al
leged in the complaint that the liabili
ties of the mill amount to $125,000.
The order issued is made returnable
December 19th. The mill was reor
ganized about fourteen months ago,
Negro labor being substituted in it for
white labor. It was generally supposed
to be doing a rood busin#a.
Getting Their Eyes Open.
"Senator Tillman recently said that
there had been a great change of senti
ment in the North in relation to the
rights of inferior races, and it looks
very much as if he was right," assents
the Portland (Me.) Press, a Republican
ORE BLOOD SaW.
Serious Trouble With Negro Sol
diers at Anniston.
SPRINGFIELDS FREELY USED.
Fatalities Result. Apparently
Worst of All the Troubles Yet
Developed. A Reign of
Terror for Awhile.
A special from Anniston, Ala., to The
Advertiser says: Members of the
Third Alabama (Negro) regiment with
murder in their hearts caused great ex
citement here Thursdag night. Shortly
after dark, Private Gildhart of Co. B,
Seoond Arkansas, while going towards
his regimental camp from town, was
shot in the head by a Negro soldier,
who also stabbed him in the back.
Gildheart was taken to the regiment3d
hospital. A little later a member of
the Fourth Kentucky was shot on Wal
nut street by a Negro soldier, who lay -
in a gully, shooting at the white men
who passed. Firing was heard in Libe
ria, the Negro quarter of the city, whick
is not far from Walnut street, andb
squad of provost guards went to inves
tigate. As it turned the cornerof Six
teenth and Pine streets a large crowd-of
Negro soldiers, without warnng, opened
fire upon the guard with Springflelds
the gun in use in the regiment. The
guard returned the fire, but had but
few cartridges, and soon had to retreat
Reinforcements and more ammunition'
were sent for. but when they arrived
the Negroes had disappeared.
The number of Negroes in the mob
was variously estimated at from 50 to
200. In the engagement, Sergeant
Dobson, Third Tennessee, was shotin
the arm and Priyate Graham, Third
Tennessee, received a painful but- not
necessarily dangerous wound in the
stomach. Two other members of"the
provost guard are missing and cannot be
When the newsof the troublebecame
known the white soldiers who were in
the-city gathered around the provost
guards' headquarters and begged for
guns and amunition, crying like chlI
dren because their requests could not
be granted. Citizensarmedteiselves
and repaired to the scene of the battle.
Mayor High at once orderedsall'sloons
closed. Several Negro -soldiers,- one
with a Springfeld which had just been
fired, were arrested in various partsof
the city and locked up, though it was
with difficulty that the infuriated white
soldiers and citizens were prevented
Armoriesof thetwolocal military com
panies were broken into and every gun
and cartridge appropriated by unknown
parties. Gen.. Frank, who is in com
mand of the troops here, came outand
was on the streeta until a late hour.
Gen. Colby, commanding the Seoond
brigade, ordered out two compamies
each of the Third Tennessee and-Sec
ond Arkansas and brought them to the
city for whatever services might be-re
quired. They scoured the city and car-.
ried all soldiers not on duty back to the
A nmember of the Fourth Wisconsin
is said to have been shot but ther6r
cannot be verified. One Negro soldier
while under arrest was shot in the arm -
by a citizen. After the engagement at
Sixteenth and Pine very few Negroes,
either soldiers or civmlans, were tobha
found on the streets, and it was well.
Firing has been heard 'at various parts
of the city and rumors are afloat of sev
eralecrowds of Negroes in ambush, but
all investigation was fruitless.
A Negro soldier was .dangerously
beaten by some white soldiers on
Tenth street this afternoon and this
incident is supposed to have caused the
riotous actions on the part of the Ne
groes, who are said to have slipped out
of the camp through the guard lines.
One Negro soldier has been brougt in
dead and another fatally wound .
Deserted Himat Altar.
Miss Margaret Moore, who was to be
married to Timothy Foley in St. Oath
erine's church, Moscow, Pa., Wednes
day, deserted the bridegroom at the al
The church at Moscow was filled
with the relatives and friends of the
principals. Rev. R. H. Walsh- began
the service. Already the bridegroom
had made his solemn vow.
"Will you, Margaret Moore, take
Timothy Foley to be your lawful hus
band?" asked the priest.
There was a pause.
"Is it yet too late?" asked the bride
"Not yet," said Father Walsh.
"Then I'will not." said Miss Moore,
as she turned from the altar and start
ed for the door.
Several years ago Foley jilted Mar
garet Moore for her sister. His wife
dying, he recently sought out Margaret
Moore, who promised to marry him,
but through revenge deserted him at
Fed on Turkey.
The Seventh army corps had an un
usual Thanksgiving. The ladies of
Savannah gave Gen. Lee's 13,000 sol
diers a turkey Thanksgiving dinner.
Five hundred ladies visited the camps
during the afternoon and served the ta
bles in each regiment. Turkey, fruit
and cakes were served to every man.
Outside of Camp Onward the provost
companies at a dozen different stations
were given dinner so that not a soldier
in the entire corps was without turkey.
Thousands of crysanthenums was dis
tributed among the mnen and half of the
corps wore boutonniers.
A special from).Quiney, fll., says:
The powder mill at Lamotte, Mo.,
situated eight miles south of hereeon
the maine line and a half a mile from
Ashiburn, blew up at 7.55 a. in., killing
six men and wounding several others.
The explosion occurred in the packing
house and was so terrific as tobe heard
and felt a distance of 25 miles.
A Democratic Conference.
Eastern and western Democrats will
hold a conference in New York in the
near future, probably on December 2.
Chairman Jones is aathority for the
statement that the Chicago platform
will not be abandonedi