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xi.MANNING.. S. C.. WEDNESDAY, DECEMBE]8 88
MADE HIM A31 ON )
Interesting Incident of the Presi
dent's Reception at Macon.
A Confederate Veteran Pins a
ponfederate Veteran's Badge
on the Lapel of Mr. Mc
President McKinley and his party
had a big time in Macon Ga., ast week.
The party reached there on time and
was received by the la-.g 3st crowd which
has gathered in Maeou since the last
yisit of Mr. Davis to the city.
At the station was a reception com
mittee consisting of a number ef the
most prominent citizetns of the town,
including United States Judge Emory
Speer, Major J. F. Ulanson United
States Senator A. 0. Bacon and Bepre
sentative Charles L. Bartlet, of that
Congressional dio rict.
Drawn up in loe in front of the sta
tion was the Utbb County Camp of the
Confederate Survivors' Assocition. 400
strong, headed by Commander C. M.
Wiley. As the President reached the
old Confederates be was halted by Col.
Wiley, who addressed him as follows:
THE CONFEDERATE ADDRESS.
"Mr. President: As commander of the
Bibb county veterans association and
the Bibb County Camp, No. 484, we ex
tend to you and your party a most gen
erous, hearty and sincere welcome to
our beloved city. You, sir. have en
deared yourself to-the hearts of all
Confederate soldiers on account of the
noble sentiments expressed by you in
regard to our Confederate dead, I as
sure you that these old maimed and in
firm veterans, who have met here to do
you honor today, appreciate such words
of love and kindness, and uttered, too,
by the President of this great country,
and by one who xas a member of the
Union army in the sixties. I hope and
pray, Mr. President, that God in His
infinite mercy may so direct the future
legislation of this country that the
living Confederates will be remember
ed. This country and the Stars and
Stripes belong as much to the Confed
erate Veterans as they do to the Grand
Army of the Republic. The South
proved herloyaltyto this grand old coun
try when war was declared with Spain,
and now, henceforth and forever she
will be found ready to take up aims to
defend our country and our flag.
"Mr. President, in behalf of these
noble and brave Confederate soldiers of
Bibb county, Georgia, I present to you
this parchment, engrossed thereon in
letters of gold the beautiful sentiment
expressed by you in our capital city in
regard to our honored dead."
PINNING THE BADGI.
As the President was about to pro
seed Dr. Roland B. Hall, another vet
eran, addressed him as follows:
"Mr. President: In behalf of our no
ble dead, and as Confederate Veterans,
we are here to manifest our apprecia
tion of the noble and generous senti
ment you have recently uttered. Do
uas the honor, sir, to accept and wear
this badge of a Confederate Veterans'
amp, 'which bears your likeness ana
words, which should endear you to the
heart of every Confederate"
"I do not know that it will be pro
per," said the president.
"Rut you must," said Dr. Hall, and
'without further ceremony he pinned
on the badge and the President march
ed ahead with Judge Speer. The sight
of the Confederate badge on the presi
den't eoat as he passed through the
lines of veterans called forth vociferous
eheering, and as long as the President
was in sight they cheered him.
The President wore the badge during
his stay in Macon. One of Gen. Whee
ler's old cavalrymen also pinned abaadge
to the lapel of his major genleral's coat,
and the doughty little warrnor proudly
wore it away with him when he left the
The presidential party was driven in
earriages to the stand where he was to
review the troops of Gen. Bate's dims
isn, Gen. Wilsen's army corps.
TWO FLAGS TOGETHER WANE.
As his carriage passed the Confeder
ate monument an old Confederate
veteran frantically waved a Confed
ate flag, 'while by his side was the son
cf the colonel of one of Georgia's hard
est fighting Confederate regiments who
was as vigorously waving the Stars and
Stripes. When the President was
.abreast of theme the two flags were
brought to a salute side by side. The
incident seemed to appeal to the presi
-dent. Emblazoned on the monument
were thee words of the -President about
the graves of the Confederate dead.s
The side walks were packed all along
the line of march. and Mr. McKinley
and the other celebrities were vigorous
The following troops marched--:past
the reviewing stand.
Second brigade, 1st division, 1st army
corps, Gen. W. W. Gordon, command
ing; 3d United States volunteers engin
eers, 2d Ohio volunteer infantry; 3d
brigade, 1st division corps, Gen. W. J.
McKee, commanding; 7th and 10th
United States volunteer infantry. 3d
North Carolina and 6th Virginia. The
7th regular cavalry followed. The
.troops made a fine appearance.
After the review a great crowd gathi
~ered about the stand. though a steady.
soaking rain was falling. .Judge Emory
Speer introduced the president, who
spoke as follows:
WHIAT:THE PRESIDENT sAID.
On the 24th of this month, the day
before Christmas, our peace comnmis
siorners will deliver to the President
.of the United States a treaty of peace.
oeace with honor. peace with the bles
-ings of liberty to struggling peoples
East and West. I congratulate my
country upon another fact: We have
not only triumphed over our enemy,
but we have triumphed over our own
prejudices and we are now a united
country. (Prolonged applause and
The President's speech was received
with great enthusiasm. Speeches were
then made by Generais Wheeler and
Shafter, After a few words from Gen.
Bates and Lawton, Gen. Wilson toca
he stand ar~d made the speech of the
mcaion. He said:
-Fellow Citizens: It is with infinite
pleasure that I address myself in words
of peace to a Macon audience. (cheers.)
Thirty odd years ago I came into this
town with 15,000 cavalry thundering
at my heels. (Laughter and shouts.) I
was met with the roaring of cannon and
the firing oi musketry. (cheers.) I was
greeted by the burning of ware houses
and the destruction of property, which
I now profoundly regret. (Cheers.) The
welcome that was extended to me then
was of the silent quality. Laughter.)
An illustrious citizen, then your chief
magistrate, the Hon. Joseph E. Brown,
after a four hours' interview speaking
of me, then said to another , .chering of
illustrious critizeas, at the head of
which was Howell Cobb. "He is a clev
er young man, but, gentlemen, he takes
the military view of the situation.
(Laughter.) That was a fact then, but
now I come among you and I receive a
differen. welcome. I was then a vic
tor, today I am a captive. (cheers.) I
must say I am a willing captive of your
city. The fair women and the brave
and excellent gentlemen of your town
have, by their open and generous hospi
tality, imprisoned me deep down in
their hearts, and I would be recreant to
every feeling of my own if I desired
release from such pleasing bondage.
Now, just ono word more. The Presi
den : has come among you; your Presi
dent and my President, and he comes
as the exemplar and the head of the
great American nation. (cheers.) He
has done more for it than any president
since the days of Washington, for he
has added vastly to its extent and
striven to make it a continental repub
lic as the fathers designed it to be.
(cheers.) He has extended its borders
to such a distance that thle sun rises
upon it in the east before it sets upon
it i n the west. (cheers.) Twelve thou
sand miles to the west lies the Philip
pines, our new Oriental possessions,
and two thousand miles to the east the
beautiful island of Porto Rico. A line
joining-one extremity to the other of
these new possessions weald reach half
way around the earth. (cheers.) But
splendid as the President's work has
been there still remains greater work
for him to do: It is glorious work, and
don't you forget it. (cheers.) It is
work which justifies the President in
saying we are at last one, and that the
Confederate soldier should receive the
same treatment as the Federal soldier.
This is the work which the American
people are profoundly interested in,
for it touches their permanent and
paramount interests, and I hope to see
it speedily accomplished. I hope to see
the day when our starry flag shall float
everywhere from the frozen north to
the sunny clime of Central America.
We are too big and powerful and pro
gressive to have neighbors on this Con
tinent, and I trust that before the next
administration of the President closes
the flag will ff3 over every foot of the
Continent from the northern extremity
of the Dominion of Canada to the Gulf
The allusions of Gen. Wilson to his
capture of Macon in the sixties cap
tured the crowd, but his allusion to the
time when the Stars and Stripes would
float over the whole Continent received
more applause than any other sentiment
expressed on the occasion.
This ended the speech-making. The
Presidential party was taken in charge
by the committee and driven about the
city until it was time to take their de
parture for Augusta.
President McKinley expressed him
self as greatly pleased with his reception
at Macon, particularly on the part of
the Confederate Veterans.
KISSING BY WHOLESALE.
Hobson Smacked One Hundred and
Porty-three Ladies in One Niight.
Lieutenant Hobson, of Merrimac
fame, broke all public kissing records
one night in Chicago when he saluted
163 girls and women. It can be said
that all of them did not. to all appear
ances, want to be kissed, but the hero
of the Merrimac treated all alike and
kept it up until the material was ex
Mr. Hobson lectured on the sinking
of the Merrimac, under the auspices of
the Press club, to an audience of 3,000
people, and when he had finished a de
sire was manifested on the part of many
to be introduced. A line was formed,
and the people, mounting the platform,
shook hands with the officer and passed
There was no attempt at kissing un
til after Mrs. Thomas McDermott
Knight and Miss Mary Fowle, daugh
ters of former Governor Fowle, of North
Carolina, had passed. They are distant
cousins of Hobson, and upon the rela
tionship being announced, he bent his
head and kissed them.
Then the kissing fever seized the wo
men, and Hobson made no resistance.
In fact, he seemed to like it, and as
each woman came up he grasped her
hand, drew her toward him arnd smacked
her soundly upon the lips.
It Will Not Pass.
In the United States Senate Wednes
day Senator 3utler, Populist. of North
Carolina, gave notice of an amendment
he will introduce to the pension appro
priation bill, pensioning ex-Confeder
ate soldiers. The amendment follows:
That from and after the passage of
this bill every pension law now on the
sttute books shall apply to every inva
lid soldier, widow, minor child, depen
dent relative, the army nurses and all
other pensioners who may be able to
prove their claim under the present pen
sion laws without regard to whether said
soldier was enlisted in the Federal or
Confederate service of the civil war of
1861- 65, provided that those enlisted in
Confederate service shall not draw any
back pensions prior to the passage of
this bill, but their claim under existing
laws, shall begin and beeome operative
with the passage of this bill.
Terrible Explosion in China.
A dispatch from Shanghai says a
powder magazine situated in the centre
of the Chinese camp at Hang Chow ex
ploded, leveling a square mile of
houses. It is estimated that 3,000 sol
diers were killed, including the genera]
commanding the forces. The Ameri
can and French missions are both sup
posed to have been damaged; but it is
said there were no fatalities among the
TRiE MURAL TABLET
To the Signers of the Ordinance
UNVEILED AT COLUMBIA.
A Most Interesting Event at the
State House. An Occasion
Long to be Remem
The women of South Carolina have
erected monuments to the Confederate
soldiers, monuments which will ever
keep us mindful of the brave dead, and
witnessed the unveiling of a tablet of
enduring stone, in the lasting walls of
the State capitol on Tuesday, Dec. 20.
A tablet which in future years will call
to mind the hopes and fears which sur
rounded the sessions of the convention
which ordained that South Carolina
should secede from the union.
The tricolor of the Confederacy was
symbolic of the noble graces of the
southern people. Red for chivalry,
blue for integrity, and white for the
purity of her women. The chivalry and
integrity of her sons have made bright
many pages of history, and now her
noble women crown with laurels the
memory of those who stood by the cause
they thought was rig'ht. The women
of the old South suffered all things; and
endured all things without murmur in
order that they might sustain their
loved ones fighting for the Bonnie Blue
And now that the war is over, it is
woman who says that the memory of
the just shall not be forgotten. It was
woman's love which caused the sky to
be pierced by tall, shining mouuments
which dot the Southland, it is woman's
love which instills into the hearts of the
young reverence for those great men of
the Old South. It was woman's love
which suggested the erection of the
memorial which was unveiled Tuesday.
For the past eighteen months several
ladies of Columbia, with Mrs. S. Reed
Stoney, as chairman, have worked in
cessantly to raise the funds, obtain the
permission of the legislature, and to
have made the tablet which was form
ally dedicated Tuesday. The other
ladies prominently connected with the
movement were Mrs. Claude Girardeau,
Mrs. H. W. Richardson, Mrs. W. G.
Bateman, Mrs. J. W. Flynn and Miss
Gen. Milledge L. Bonham, comman
dei of South Carolina division United
Sons of Confederate Veterans, and for
merly inspector general of the State
militia was the orator of the occasion.
He is a son of Gen. M. L. Bonham, one
of the war governors of the State, ard
brigadier general of the Army of North
ern Virginia. Those were gloomy days
in South Carolina when the secession
convention was in session, and it was a
gloomy day Tuesday, barometrically
speaking. However, about 500 people,
the majority being ladies and children,
assembled at the State house to witness
the solemn ceremonies.
The tablet is situated on the second
floor in the wall adjoining the office of
the superintendent of education. A
platform had here been erected for the
accommodation of the speakers. On
the platform were miniature palmettoes,
whose green leaves showed up boldly in
the sombre hall. In the large crowd
present were many descendants of those
whose names were about to be handed
down to posterity on scrolls of stone.
In one family alone, there were four
generations present, the family of the
grandfather of Col. D. H. Tomkins.
When the hour for the exercises had
arrived Gen. Bonham was escorted to
the stand by Mrs. S. P. Salley, and
Misses Emma Whitehead and Mattie
Bailey, all descendants of or relatives
of four or more of the signers. Seated
with Gen. Bonham were Rev. J Win.
Flynn, and Col. Jno. P. Thomas, Con
federate veterans, and Col. Jos. Daniel
Pope, dean of the law department at
South Carolina college, and Rev. Win.
H. Campbell, D. D., of St. Paul's par.
ish, Charleston. These two latter were
signers of the ordinance. The exercis
es were opened with a very feeling
prayer by Dr. Flynn, after which Col.
Thomas in a beautiful preparatory
speech presented Gen. Bonham.
Just at this time Pinekney's band, of
colored men, struck up the lively air
of the "Bonnie Blue Flag." These
colored men, sons of slaves, seemed to
enter into the spirit of the occasion,
and to vie with the sons of veterans in
their participation in the event. The
hall resounded for several minutes with
the cheers of the audience. The State
flag concealing the snowy shaft had fal
len when the soul stirring piece was
being played, and the cheers were re
doubled. Again when the band played
-'Dixie," "Auld Lang Syne," "Suanee
River," and other Southern melodies,
there was much entnusiasm.
Gen. Bonhamn's speech at times
thrilled the audience, which vented its
feelings in frequent bursts of applause.
He spoke of the act of the legislature
ordering an election on the question of
holding a convention. He spoke of the
almost unanimous vote of the people;
that such a convention was held in Co
lumbia on December 1ith, 1861, but
was adjourned to Charleston on account
of the prevalence of an infectious dis
ease in this city. He then spoke of the
great deliberations in Charleston and
stated that of the 169 members present,
ea'h and every one voted for the ordin
ane of seccession. The spe~aker paid
a glowing tribute to ex-Chancellor
Francis Hugh Wardlaw. who framed
the ordinance of steession as it now
The sperker then quoted an article
from the late Dr. Thornwell, telling of
the manhood, the intelligence, the pat
riotism and the courage of the men who
compose the convention. The brains
and the culture of the State were in that
He concluded by recalling the fact
that of the one hundred and sixty-nine
illustrous men of that convention, but
eight were living today. He spoke
feelingly of the few that were left, two
of whom, Col. Jos. Daniel Pope, and
Rev. WV. H. Campbell, D. D., were on
the stand with him. As he called the
names of the survivors, the building
rang with the applause of the enthusi
astic audience. When Gen. Bonham
had concluded there were calls for Col.
ope h a cefully acknowledged the
compliment, but declined to speak.
Dr. Campbell then, by acclamation,
made a brief speech. The fire of those
trying days had not left him, and in
stirring accents he said that the con
vention had done what it had thought
was right, and that he knew the cause
was holy and right.
The exercises having been concluded,
the large throng surged up to the speai
er's stand, to clasp the hands of the
distinguished men who had stirred true
Southern hearts that hour.
The tablet is made of pure white
Vermont marble and is four feet wide
by eight feet in length. Its edges are
nicely beveled, and the polish is of a
superior quality. The top of the table
is surmounted by a representation of
the old State flag, with the crescent and
the palmetto tree. Under this is a copy
of the ordinance of secession and the
names of the signers of the great writ.
The work was done at the yards of Mr.
F. H. Hyatt, and is fairly well execut
ed. The .lettering is of the old fash
ioned script and is pretty in design.
The inscription is brought into relief
by the lettering being painted black.
The time has been long since the or
dinance of secessi- n was adopted, and
many whose names are there written
have been -eunited with the nation's
fathers where sectional jealousies are
no more, and secession does not become
necessary, as it was in South Carolina.
There are a few people in South Caroli
na who have the original parchment,
which is framed in the office of the sec
retary of state. There are not many
more who know the purportof the ordi
nance which is engraved upon the tab
let. Following is an exact copy:
THE ORDINANCE OF SECESSION.
The State of South Carolina-At a
convention of the people of South Caro
lina begun and holden in Columbia, in
the year of our Lord one thousand
eight hundred and sixty, and thence
continued by adjournment to Charles
ton, and there by divers adjournments
to the 20th day of December in the
AN ORDINANCE; To dissolve the
union between the State of South Caro
lina and other States united with her
under the compact entitled "The consti
tution of the United States of Ameri
ca;" We the people of South Carolina
in convention assembled, do declare and
ordain, and it is hereby declared and or
dained, that the Ordinance adopted by
us in convention, on the twenty-third
day of May in the year of our Lord one
thousand seven hundred and eighty
eight, whereby the constitution of
America was ratified, and also all acts
and parts of acts of the general assem
bly of this State ratifying amendments
of the said constitution, are hereby re
pealed; and that the union now subsist
ing between South Carolina and other
States under the name of "The United
States of America" is hereby dissolved.
Done at Charleston, the twentieth day
of December, in the year of our Lord
eighteen nundred and sixty. D. F. Ja
mison, delegate from Barnwell and
pretident of tne convention.
Thos. Chiles Perrin, Edward Noble,
J. H. Wilson, Thos. Thomson, David
Lewis Wardlaw, John Alfred Calhoun,
John David Middletoa, Benjamin E.
Sessions, J. N. Whttner, James L. Orr,
J. P. Reed, R. f. Simpson, Benj.
Franklin Xauldin, Lewis Malone Ayer,
Jr., W. Perrinean Finley, J. J. Brab
ham, Benj. W. .Lawton, Jao. McKee,
Thos. W. Moore, Richard Woodis, A.
Q. Dunnovant, John A. Inglis, Henry
Mclver, Stephen Jactson. W. Pinck
ney Shingler, Peter P. Bonneau, John
P. Richardson, Joun L. Maniing, John
1. Ingram, Edgar W. Cnaries, Julius
A. Dargan;1Isaac D. Wilson, John M.
Timous, Francis Hugh Wardlaw,
James Parsons Carroll, Wmn. Gregg,
Andrew J. Hammond, James Tompkins
James C. Smyly, John Hugh Means,
William Strother Lyles, Henry Camp
bell Davis, John Buchanan, James C.
Frman, P. E. Duncan, W. H. Easley,
James Ha.rison, W. H. Campbell, T.
J. Withers, James Chetnut, Jr., Jos.
Brevard Kershaw, TI-os. W. .Beaty,
Win. J. Ellis, P. L. Crawford, W. C.
Cauthen, D. P. Robinson, H. C. Young,
H. W. tiarlington, John D. Williams,
W. D. Watts, Thos. Wier, H. I.
Coughman, John 0. Geiger. Paul
Quattlebaum, W. B. Rowell, Chesley
I. Evans, Win. W. Harllee, A. W.
Bethea, iE. W. Goodwin, William D.
Johnson, Alex. McLeod, John P. Kin
ard, Robert Moormnan, Joseph Caldwell,
Simeon Fair, Thomas Worth Glover,
Laurence M. Keitt, Don~ild Rowe Bar
ton, Win. Hunter, Andrew F. Lewis,
Robert A. Thompson, William S. Gris
ham, John Maxwell, John E. Tromp
ton,'W. Ferguson Hutson, WV. F. De
Saussure, William Hopkins, James
H. Adamis, Maxcy Gregg, John H.
Kinsler, Ephraim M. Clark, Alex
ander H. Brown, E. S. P. Bellinger,
Merrick E. Cook, E. R. Hender
son, Peter Stokes, Daniel Flud, David
C. Appleby, R. W. Barnwell, Jos.
Danl Pope, C. P. Brown, John MI.
Shingler, Daniel DuPre, A. Mlazyck,
William Cain, P. G. Snowden, Geo.
W. Seabrook, John Jenkins, P. J. Dur
ant, E. M. Seabrook, John J. Wanna
maker, Elias B. Scott, Jos. E. Jenkins,
Langdon Cheves, George Rhodes, A.
G. Magrath, Win. Porcher Miles, John
Townsend, Robert N. Gourdin, H. W.
Connor, Theodore ID. Wagner, RI. Barn
well Rhett, C. G. Memminger, Gab
riel Manigault, John J. Pringle Smith,
Isaac W. Hayne, Jno. F. Honour,
Richard DeTreville, Thomas M. Hanc
kel, A. WV. Burnet, Thos. Y. Simons,
Artemus T. Darby, L. WV. Spratt, Wil
liam Middleton, F. ID. Richardson, B.
H. Rutledge, 2dward McCrady, Fran
is J. Porcher, F. L. Gourdin, John L.
Palmer, John L. Nowill, John S.
OlHear, John G. Landrunm, B. B. Fos
ter, Benjamin F. Kilgore, Jas. H. Car
lisle, Simpson Bobo, Win. Curtis, H.
D. Grcen, Mattew P. Mayer, Thomas
Reese English, Sr. Albertus Chambers
Spain, J. M. G~adberry, J. 5. Sims,
Wmn. H. Gi't, Jamnes Jeffcries, An
thony W. Duzier, John G. Pressly, R.
C. Logan, Francis S. Parker, Benj.
Fanuil Dunkin, Samuel Taylor Atkin
son, Alex. M. IForster, Win. Blackburn
Wilson, Robert T. Allison, Samuel
Rainey, A. Baxter Springs, A. J. Bar
Attest: Benjamin F. Arthur,
Thaec eiht livimg signers of the or
dnnewho were so eloquently referred
to by Gen. Bonham arc Henry Mlclver,
chief justie of the supreme court of
South Carolina; James H. Carlisle, LL.
D., president of Wofford college; Col.
Jos. Daniel Pope, dean of the law fac
ulty of South Carolina college; William
D. Johnson of Marion, who ranked with
Wardlaw, Inglis and Carroll-as chancel
lor in the ante bellum days of chancery
court; Leonidas W. Spratt. a retired
merchant of Jacksonville, Fla.; Rev.
W. H. Campbell, D. D., who spoke so
stirringly Tuesday, Wm. Porcber Mi1',s,
who is now a resident of Louis
iana, and R. A. Thompson, a promin
ent lawyer of Oconee county.
INSOLENT SPANISH TROOPS.
They Force Americans to Kiss and
Salute Their Flag.
The Spanish soldiers of the Battalion
Colon, the men who plundered the
town of Santo Domingo, Cuba, and
who, when the protocol was signed, pro
tested against peace and revolted at
Puerto Principe, are causing the brawls
and disorder in Havana. Since Decem
ber 6th the battalion has disregarded
the orders of Captain General Castel
lanos, and instead of embarking for
Spain, as was suggested in a friendly
spirit by the American commission,
they have remained there solely to cre
They declare that they have not been
vanquished, and, with bands playing,
they parade the streets, singingSpanish
songs, compelling peaceful residents
Americans, Cubans and Spanish-to
kiss the Spanish flag and shout "Viva
Espana!" They are at present the po
lice of the city. At 6 o'clock every
evening they gather in front of
the Hotel de Inglaterra and by their
demonstrations keep the people in a
state of terror.
On Thursday the battalion attacked
the people in the town of Regla, in
sulting the women and beating the men.
They wounded a boy on Prado street
and the Spanish press censor permitted
only this comment to be published:
"An American armed with a rifle
shoots a Negro." They robbed some
peasants at a railway station, and un
der censorshir : he incident was thus re
ported: "Peasants robbed by a group of
men, some of whom were armed."
They declare openly that they will re
main in Cuba until the last, in order to
punish the people of Havana for their
ingratitude to Spain. They say that
the war with Spain was brought about,
not by the desire of the Americans, nor
by the Cuban insurgents, but because
of calumnies heaped on the Spanish
army in Cuba by the people in Havana.
Women and children are fleeing to Mari
anao, where they can be safe under the
protection of American troops. In the
meantime c-ime flourishes. Since
Thursday six Laurders have been com
mitted in the streets of Havana.
A SOLDIER MIED
Shot by a. Provost Guard for Disobey
The Greenville correspondent of the
News and Courier says Private John
Mattice, of Company K, 203d New
York regiment, shot and killed Private
-ugridge, Company B, 2d West Vir
ginia regiment, and seriously wounded
Private aart, same company and regi
ment, near that city on Tuesday of last
Mugridge and Hart went into the
woods near camp to shoot at a target
with pistols, in doing so violating the
order of the commanding officer. Mat
tiee was on guard at the time, doing
provost duty, and hearing the shots, he
went into the woods to arrest the par
ties shooting. He claims that Mug
idge started away, but turned and fired
twice at him with a pistol, and he then
fired the fatal shot. The other side
claims that Mugridge and Hart started
to run as soon as they saw the provost
guard, and that Mattice shot at them
with his Springfield rifle while they
were running. It is also claimed that
Hart had possession of a pistol when he
fell or was arrested. M~ugridge was in
stantly killed, and the bullet, passing
through him, struck Hart in the side,
inflicting a painful wound.
Dr. Bramlett examined the wound of
Mugridge, and stated that the bullet
entered his back, passing through, com
ing out of his breast and hitting 'Hart.
From this it seems that Hart was in
from of Mugridge as they ran. Gen.
Kline, commanding the division, or
dered Mattice turned over to the civil
authorities for trial, to be tried in the
United States court. The prisoner is
confined in the provost guard house for
the present, awaiting an inquest. It is
said that very hard feeling between the
two regiments has resulted from the
killing, the West Virginians being very
bitter in denouncing the man who did
the shooting, as they claim that there
was no cause for the deed.
A Massachusetts Man Who Does Not
Agree With the President.
Mayor A. A. Perry, of Somerville,
Mass., member of Willard C. Kinsley
Post, 139, G. A. R., has written a let
ter to the pos severely condemning that
portion of President McKinley's ad
dress at Atlanta suggesting that it
would be proper for the government to
assist in the care and preservation of
Confederate cemeteries. The letter
"'Perhaps it is better for me to stay
away from Grand Army gatherings for
a little time, at least until I recover
from the shock of the statements lately
made 1y President McKinley at Atlan
ta. I love the South and her people,
and no one rejoices more than I at the
splendid spectacle of a reunited country
presented during the recent war with
Spain. But I cannot yet believe that
it is the duty of the nation to give the
same attention to the graves of the men
who sought to destroy it as to the rest
ing places of those who died for its pre
servation. God forbid that any word
should come from my lips or pen calcu
lated to revive the sad memories of the
past. Let us extend the warm hand of
fellowship to our Southern brothers.
Let us give to them ungrudgingly of
our love. But let us not do any act or
approve any policy from which future
generations may infer that the great
American Republic, in the closing years
of the nineteenth century, had become
so blind that she could not distinguish
between the savers anid hert would-be
DID HER DUTY.
South Carolina Furnished 78,000
Soldiers for the Confederacy.
STATE HISTORIAN'S REPORT
Compilation of Interesting Facts
and Figures Regarding this
State's Quota in the
Following is the annual report of Col.
John P. Thomas, State historian of
Confederate records for the year 1898:
To His Excellency, W. H. Ellerbe,
Governor of South Carolina.
Sir:-I have the honor to submit
through you to the general assembly
my annual report, together with the pa
pers, enclosed herewith, marked A,, B
and C, as well as addenda to report,
marked D and E.
Schedule A shows the total number
of troops furnished for service, Confed
erate and State, by South Carolina with
other pertinent data-as appears from
rolls filed in this office to December 20,
Schedule B gives a number of rolls,
in addition to those embraced in Sched
ule A, bearing on the same subject,
and augmenting the volume of service
in the war.
Schedule C is the financial statement.
Addendum D and addendum E give
acts in relatior to the Confederate war
from the statutes at large of South Car
olina, and the list from the adjutant's
report, in appendix to journal of fourth
session of the South Carolina conven
tion, exhibiting the approximate esti
mate of the strength of the force from
this State in the Confederate service on
30th August, 1862.
.In my initial report, made less than
three months after my appointment to
office and presented at the last session
of the general assembly, after stating
that I had found time to do no more
than to ascertain and present the exact
status of the office work when I as
sumed charge, I added: "As for the
future, in order to complete the work
provided for in the joint resolution of
of December 20, 1893, it will be neces
sary to devise some efficient mode of se
curing the rolls out and missing, and,
this done, the next step would be for
the commissioner and historian to se
care the necessary data for the history
that it is intended shall accompany the
completed rolls-a history of the part
taken by the State in the late war and
that taken by the troops furnished by
the State to the Southern Confederacy."
I am profoundly gratified to report in
God's providence, through persistent
efforts and many ways and means, I
have been enabled to accomplish the
the work thus outlined.
Not only have all the Confederate
rolls proper-infantry, cavalry and ar
tillery, including the field and staff of'
regiments and battalions-been secured,
but there have been obtained rolls of 80
companies of State troops, as well as a
number of rolls of various kinds outside
of the regular organizations, but close
ly identified therewith-making a grand
total of 598 in all.
In addition, in furtherance of the
work of my offce as defined by legisla
tive enactment, there have been col
lected and put in good shape and filed
in my office many valuable historic
sketches, connected with the rolls. It
is not proposed here to give a thorough
analysis of schedules A and B append
ed to this report. They speak for
themselves sadly and yet proudly, tell
ing how South Carolina and the States
Confederate with her rivalled "the
grandeur that was Greece and the glory
that was Rome" in their years of une
qual and unequalled war.
The following tables give the numeri
cal results of the rolls in the respective
departments of service. Few of the
rolls, it must be conceded, are absolute
ly complete, since many of them omit
important data. In the matter, how
ever, of the enrollment-which is the
main thing-the figures, though doubt
less below the mark,. may be deemed
A careful collation of all the data at
tanable gives the annexed results:
Infantry-Field and staff 764, of which
number 82 died in battle or from
wounds, 10 were wounded, 24 were cap
tured and 89 surrendered. There were
783 captains; 66 first lieutenants, 788
second lieutenants, 296 third lieuten
ants, 2,423 sergeants, 2,039 corporals
36,570 privates, making a total of 44,
486. Of this number 6,237 died in
battle, 5,080 of disease, 648 in prison,
6,562 wounded, 1,502 captured, total
number of casualties, 19,420. The
number surrendered was 4,469; desert
Cavalry-Field and staff 74, died in
battle or from wounds 4, wounded 8,
surrndered 16. Line officers-Cap
tains 138, first lieutenants 109, second
lieutenants 111, third lieutenants 36,
sergeants, 455 corporals 388, privates 7,
767, total, 9,042. Died in battle 470. of
disease 401, in prison 64, wounded 524,
captured 194, total casualties 1,661,
surrendered 1,551, deserted 17.
Artillery-Yield and staff 54, died in
battle 3, wounded 3, captured 1, sur
rendered 8. Line officers-captains 85,
first lieutenants 128, second lieuten
ants 104, third lieutenants 14, sergeants
341, corporals 354, privates 7,133, total
S.075. Killed in battle 213, died of
disease 202, died in prison 18, wound
ed 296, captured 80, total casualties
796, surrendered 1,222.
Inthe State troops there were 16
field officers, 76 captains. 74 first lieu
tenants, 104 Second Lieutenants 33
third lieuenants, 215 sergeants 0]191
corporals, 4,231 privates, making a
total of 4,023.
The grand total of troops sent out
from the State was as follows: Officers
4,456, enlisted men 62,106, total 66,531.
The total number of effective men was
57,486. There .;ere 6,924 deaths on
the field, 725 in prison, 5,687 of dis
ease, wounded 7,390, captured 1,776,
surrendered 7,242, deserted 301.
In addition to the above regular or
ganizations there are other valuable
and suggestive rolls, gathered from
various sources, representing important
lines of naval and military service in
the war between the States, as:
1. Troops from South Carolina in
Confederate service on 30th August,
2. Engineer corps.
3. Medical staff.
4. Adjutant general department.
5. Quartermaster and commissary de
7. Officers Confederate States navy.
8. Signal corps.
9. Officers South Carolina iron clads.
10. Blockade runners and their "cap
11. Individ"! records.
12. Oonfederate roster, by Col. C. C.
13. Roster by executive committee
of the Survivor's Association of South
14. General officers of artillery.
15. Regimental and battalion organi
16. Charleston troops in the war.
17. Field officers taken from "List
of Field Officers, prepared by the
United States War Department."
18. General field and staff.
19. Hagood's brigade by Gen. Ha
The entire record thus made speaks
for itself. It exhibits the fidelity with
which South Carolina redeemed the
pledge contained in her o.dinanceofse
The tabulation shows an enrollment
in Confederate service of 61,603 men,
and of State troops 4,928 men,being a
total of 66,531.
Assuming, now, that 10 per cent. of
Confederate and 25 percent. of State
troops have not been enrolled-and this
is deemed a conservative. -estimate-it
appears that South Carolina contributed
to the cause of the Confederacy a total
of 74,000 men in round numbers-and
this, too, with an armsbearing popula
tion, placed in 1861-65 at less than 68,
Fifty thousand South Carolinians
voted for secession!
Seventy-five thousand stood for it on
the field of battle!!
The joint resolution of December
20th 1893, under which I received my
appointment as the successor of the
late Gen. Farley, provided not only for
the collection of the Confederate .rolls
for publication, but also for the prepa
ration of "appropriate sketches of
the part taken by the- State of South
Caroliha, and the various commands
from this State in the late war, to be
published with said rolls."
Having assumed theoffice of Confed
erate historian as late as October, 1897,
I have not had at my command time
enough to write, history even had I felt
myself authorized to take np that high
role in the absence of explicit legisla
I have, however, gathered from vari
ous sources and filed in my office not
a few valuable historic papers.
The foll )wing is a list of these , pa
pers, inclusive of those heretofore re
ported by me in my last annual report:
1. Roll of Honor-Rivers' Work.
2. Rivers' accountof raising troops for
State and Confederate service.
3. The Kershaw preface.
4. Walker's sketch of the Tenth and
Nineteenth South Carolinr regiments,
5. Short sketchof McGowan's brigade
in the last war between the States.
6. xist's brigade, Confederate States
Provisional army to the spring of 1864,
with certain official reports referring to
the history of the brigade through the
battle of Franklin, Tenn., November 30,
7. Communication of Prof. W. J.
Rivers to Confederate historian, Novem
ber 15, 1897.
8. South Carolina's dead, buried in
Thorn Rose cemetery, Staunton, Va
9. Confederate dead at Hollywood,
10. Roll of Laurens county soldiers
killed in battle or died during the war,
11. Roll of Confederate dead in Lex
ington county, S. C.
12. Roll of Confederate veteransreg
istered at reunion in Greenville, S. C.,
August, 1897, compiled by the Abbe
ville Press and Banner from the Green
ville News and and the Charleston Sun
13. Rivers' organization and history
of the Twenty-fourth/ South Carolina
volunteers, amended. by Col. Ellison
14. Bowen's sketch of Sacond South
15. Rion's history of Sixth South
16. Charles' sketch of Inglis' Light
17. Newton's sketch of company E,
Fourth South Carolina cavalry.
18. Screven's sketch of company -I,
Second South Carolina volunteers.
10. Pettigren's sketch of Pee Dee
20. James' brief bistory of Eigh
teenth South Carolina volunteers.
21. Wofford's sketch of company K,
Third South Carolina volunteers.
22. Salley's sketch of &Twentieth
South Carolina volunteers.
23. Sketch of company H, Seventh
South Carolina cavalry.
24. Heward's sketch of Tucker's reg
iment, South Carolina artillery.
25. Sketch of Fifteenth regiment
South Carolina volunteers.
26. Gregg's sketch of Gregg's bat
27. Wilson's sketch of company D.
First South Carolina cavalry.
28. Lucas' sketch of Lucas' battalion
29. History of Fifth South Carolina
30. Stokes' sketch of company C,
Fourth South Carolina volunteers.
31. Gilbert's sketch of Brooks'
32. Fripp's sketch of "Stono Soouts."
33. White's sketch of St. Helena
34. Simons' sketch of Twenty-seventh
South Carolina volunteers.
35. Albergottie's sketch of company
F, Second battalion, South Carolina
36. Field's war papers.
37. Several sktches of company B,
T wenty-seventh Virginia cavalry.
38. Memorandum in re company E,
Sixteenth South Carolina infantry; com
pany C, Twelfth South Carolina infan
try; Twenty-seventh South Carolina in
39. Record of Gen. J. B. Villiepigue.
40. Glover's sketch of Gen. D. R.
41. Sketch of Col. C. Ml. McCreery,
by his sister.
42. War record of Col. S. B. Pickens.
43. War record of Capt. Richard S.
44. Hoyt's sketch of Palmetto riflesi
compan B ,ort rment South
Carolina volunteers; company C, Pal
metto sharp shooters, in pamphlet form.
45. Roll of Washington Light infan-.:
try in Confedei-ate service.
46. Rutledge's address before com
pany B, Sixth South Carolina cavalry.
47. Tompkins' sketch of company C
Fourteenth South Carolina volunteers.
48. Walker's sketch of Tenth rep.
ment, South Carolina volunteers.
49. Inglesby's historical sketch of
First regiment, South Carolina artil
50. Charleston. S. C., in the war be
tween the States.
51. Roll of compatiy C, Twenty-see-'
ond South Carolina volunteers, 186145
52. Complete roll of company
South Carolina volunteers, 1862-65.
53. Sketch of Irish volunteers.
54. Hart's battery, a poem by een
55. Roll of company C, Second
talion, South Carolinareserves.
56. Evans' brigade at Boonsboro and
Sharpsburg, by Col; F. W. M e
57. Sketch of Twenty-third
South Carolina volunteers, frrm
58. Confederate war notes
59. Sherfesee's sketch of Haieaba
60. Riecke's sketch of Walters
61. Iredell Jones' sketch eo
Carolina College cadeti.
62. Riecke's sketch of
63. Trescot's tribute to Gen.p
Scedule C, classifies therXpe
on account of the "Completiodof'
federate rolls," and shows a
of $108.28 to the credit of the fund
As for the addenda matter&
in relation. to the Warof
taken from the statutea: ote.
South Carolina, Ihave thugL:
to publish since apart from then
trinsic interest, as echoes fro n
they give the legislature action
which South Carolina from.
1865, in raising the State troop
from time to time into service.
The list of organizations from-,
Carolina in the Confedete servic -o
August 30,1862, is an interesting
hibit, showing in the aggegate:
Infantry, 28 regiments, two le
gions, three battalions, two
Artillery, two regimente, oe
battalion, 18 companies....
Cavalry, two regiments, fve bat
Conscripts.sent forward, about
Exclusive; it appears, of company
Thirty-seventh battolion, Virgini
airy, a gallant corps of South
ians, who served under the flag Of"b
labors in the fulfillment of the,
trust committed to me, and this 6a
enlarged form and upon a broade -
than that originally mp
might here cloe .this report an e
with a grateful sense of duty done*
a high appreciation of the privelege
corded me of vindicating the-trath
history and of consummatng-a word
justice to thedead and ofhonor to he
living of our noble and self-sacrifiing
BualIwould be wanting -in myduty~
iflIdid not further recommend toto-1
general assembly the logical concluiin'
of this matter- by the publieation i
book form of the rolls collected 'withan
appropriate sketch of the pary takeneb..
the State of South Carolin, andthe'va
rious commands from this State in
war between the States-agreeablj
the joint resolution of the generala-.
sembly, approved December 20,1 w
the same being the thirty-third anni
versary of the passage of the Ordinane
of Secession of South Carolina.
No argumentation is necessary to
crease the obvious force of the props
The proposed publication as a matte
of justiceis due to the cause in whichi
South Carolina pledged her all in id*
cation of her sovereighty. -
Moreover the publication would b
an act of statesmenship calculated to
promote our State pride and to aug
ment the felling of brotherhood be-'~
tween our people that wouldstrengthen'A
the muniments of the commonwealth.9
My acknowledgements are due and are
hereby tendered to those Confederate
survivors who have interested them
selves in my work, and especially to
Mrs. Agustine T. Smythe andRey. DI.
John Johnson, D. D., of Charleston,
who have made valuable contributions
to the rolls.
Nor must Iomit to commend the ex
cellent spirit shown by Private Jesse.9
McCartha, of company K,, Thirteenth
regiment South Carolina volunteers. -M
and Private J. B. O'N. Barkley, of
company L, Orr's rifies, who were in- ~
strumental' in securing for this office
the long missing rolls of their respec
I have the honor tobe
Jno. P. Thomas..
Gets Back Home.
The President and his party arrived
back home on Tuesday of last week
well pleased with their reception in the
South. Everywhere a stop was made
the President was received with greet
ings and demonstrations of an enthusia
stic character, and during the entire
week there was not a disturbing incident.
The general impression prevailed that
the trip had cemented to a marvellous
degree the good feeling between North
and South, and had brought into prom
inence the excellent conditon and capa
bilities of the army. The original ob
ject of the visit, to celebrate the peace
with Spain, .lost its significance direct
ly after the President's memorable Ut
terances regarding the care of the Con
A special from Leesburg, Ga.., says::
Ainm~'t horrible crime was perpetrated
on tie eastern edge of Lee county to
day and a lynching is almost certain.
Two negroes went to the house of S. S.
Moroney, a white farmer, knocked him
down and bound him fast. They then
committed a double rape on the person
of his wife. and, after robbing the
house of everything of value they could
carry away, left. The alarm was given
quickly and a strong posse started out
in search of the criminals. - It is re
ported they have been captured. If so
[they have doubtless been lynched.