Newspaper Page Text
OL. XIV. MANNING, S. C., WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 1, 1899. NO.31
TH1E LIEN lAW1.
A Bill to Repeat the Law Debated
AND IS FINALLY KILLED.
Full Report of the Discussion and
How Each Member
Voted on the
The'louse spent the whole of Tues
day of last week in the consideration of
a bill to repeal the lien law. gving it a
year for it to b e - .- .
bill was introduced by -r. \ erne-,
who said he had' be tr, fr tf.n
years to get this o''ruty. 11
wanted to be listened to for ten or tjf
teen minutes. lie hid somithi' fi
portant to say. HIle 1 ometlun i
his heart and his head to show why i
lien law should be repealed. Thbis la w
a remnant of the old times. About a!1
that was left every two years was a crop
of political corpses. There is a reason
for this. and it is because the ieople
want relief. The main cause o. our
troubles is this remnant of Republican
rule. This law has been here since
the war, and is the worst creature of
the war. When this bill was foisted
upon us we were helpless. We fought
the war to remain i4 CONTI f tr1
miestic affairs. but Wc !"st 1 et "!; !
Negro. but so much el-e 1it wet 1.
came discouraged and have not trica a
we should to regaiu what hias ben 1on,
We are to-day going to the LUtati.
States Govertiment and trying to iav.
the Government stamp half a dollar s
worth of silver for a dollar. Let u.
remedy things here at home before ap
pealing to Congress. Let us be inde
pendent at home, and there will be no
use to appeal to Washington. We
have made one gain. and that is, that
we have learned that it is better to rea
son for a thing than to fight for it. He
wanted some of the smart fellows who
opposed the bill to give some reason.
It is a cry about the -'poor man. -it
is always the poor man. This thing
has gotten the poor man down so poor
that he cannot move. If this lien sys
tem has been tried thirty-five years and
has been a failure, how much longer is
it wanted for an experiment? It is
now time to stop and try something
else. le took it for granted that every
one knew how poor the people were.
There are two remedial propositions;
one to decrease the cotton erop. and
second. to increase the money crop.
The people at home want something
done, but often do not know what they
-vant. It is much easier for the South
to control the cotton crop instead of the
money issue. He was not such a great
believer in free silver, as it was too far
off. It was not worth a shuck. It
made him sick to think his people were
chasing free silver instead of trying to
regulate their home affairs. Then he
branched out and asked if anyone ever
thought what would happen if the tide
were not to come back. He did not
know what it meant. bnt if it did not
come back there would be the devil to
pay. The lien law has been carrying
the tide out for thirty-five years.
What is to be done? Try to get free
silver? It is pitiful to see our people
waiting for free silver. but there is
much to be gained instead or waiting.
We've always been led in the wrong di
rection. What we want is to control our
There is one question to be answered.
How to do without the lien law? I~e
was talking what he knew and had tried.
He told those who applied to him for
liens that they could get nothing but
something to eat. Let them wear what
they already hav-e to wear. and do with
out dry goods and bicycles, and they
can get along, If they stop the dry
goods bill they will owe only half as
much, and then make their molasses.
hominy and thiegs at hre-e What he
wanted to do was to make the poor
farmer stay at home and now what ht
needs, and stay away from the dr2
goods store until he is abile to pay for
what he buys.
Mr. Wharton: --Do you tii .if w.
repeal the lien law in Souti Carolima ia
will help or hurt free suiver!
3r. Verner:"Do you think the heni
law will bring free silver?'
3r Wharton: "It hasn't a thing to
do with it."
3r. Verner said that if the State goes
back to a cash basis other States wiil do
the same. and if the States go back to
a cash basis there will be ai reduction in
acreage, and that is bound to help i1h
was not asking for support for his b.in.
for he believeu it right. The ilen !a.
was contrary to a legitimate creuit syr
Col. R. B. A. Robinson, of Anderso.
said no man gave a lien unless he has
Mlr. Verner: - "Yes they do."
Mr. Robinson: "If the lien law is thy
poor man's only credit, why rob him o
it. The extention in the time for pay
ing taxes was for the poor people. 11
the poor people wanted calico let then,
have it. Pass this bill and he did no'
see how the pioor peop'le would get
Mr. Mann. of Abbeville. was op
posed to the lien law. It encouragel
idleness. it makes the white man de
pendent. It is a custom of poor met
to be required to give a lien. It de.
moraizes the poor farmer. He wantec
the bil passed in the interest of the
poor farmer. The bill has nothing t<
do with free silver. This bill will givi
the pople the freedom they have asked
Ar. Fairey. of Orangeburg. wanted
o know why the people generally were
so bad off He had some experience it
merca~tile business and was a farmer.
When a man approaches a merchant t~
et a lien the first qluestion is: "Hos
uch cotton are you going to plant'?'
If nte says lie will plant rice, pota
toes sorghum and the like he canno
get advances. The only man wh~
akes anything out of giving the lien i
the famer who acts rascally. It has
endeery to wrong. It does not buili
up crc lit on a proper basis. Hie woult
relate a case lie knew of. A farme:
gave a lien year after yea-r. lie wen
backw::rds. and was finally sold out
and lo t his horse, mule, and all. The
merchant wh.o had run him for five year
efu~sedi him advances. He went horn
braced up, went and got an ox from a
neighbor. He gathered up the old
ploughs. Three days he worked on the
field with his ox, and three days he
worked out and made rations for his
family. At the end of the year he han
three bales of cotton and did not owe a
cent on them, and today that farmer is
pretty well off and does not owe a cent.
The lien law is a rainbow to the mer
chant. Ninety-five rper cent of the
merchants who deal, in liens fail sooner
or later. The lien law is calculated to
make men dishonest.
Mr. Threatt, of Chesterfield, thought
this law best with the homestead law.
A man is bound to have something to
eat and wear, and with which to feed
his stock. This bill will make every
poor man a hireling. Men cannot get
credit unles they have something on
which to base that credit. Ie hoped
thebill would be killed.
Mr. E. D). Smith. of Sumter. said Mr
'airev's man made his independence
with the lie n law in exi.,tenee. If thei
licn law drive thi, man and others t
ide;.end ence then it does no harm.
T lie.n I 1w is wanted fur a clasS of
e Who) cannot be reachi ther
Is.. Uder the I hmstead law iere
is al Peemption of &, ;100. Repi"al this
ti law and no business-like business
mn ill maii ke himi avdances. Repel1
the lien law and there can be no hare
crop with the smaller and poorer clas
of farmers, especially the colored ones.
In every country where there is a
free tenantry the tenant will have some
thing to say about the crop he helps t
mage. He lived in the fine tobacco
section and busines" men were quite as
willine to ,itipulat tobaicco tas cottIIn.
To~ pass. this bill wil d io f) d
\r. Woods. of Clarendon. tholulght
this the most important bill of the ses
"on. The bili affected every one. Vir
tuollv 4out h CXrolina has no homwsterad
law. Every day you see homesteads
passing from the hands of their owners.
We must give the people of the North
credit for taking advantage of our posi
tion. They know our crop must go on
market. le saw no use to retain this
relic of Radicalism. This i: not an
honest law as he viewed it. A great
deal has been said about doing away
with small farmers. If you let the law
stand in a few years there will be no
one here to rent to. He saw no reason
to retain this statute. Who are profited
by this lien law? Not the poor farm
ers, for they are the poorest of the poor.
A motion to indefintely postpone the
bill was last, and the further considera
tion of the matter was then postponed
until Wednesday when it was taken up
again and debated at considerable
length. On a motion to kill the bill
the vote was:
Yeas-Speaker Gary, Ashley, Bell,
J. B. Black. Blythe, Bolts, Colcock,
Cross, Crumm, Dargan, Davis. Dean,
Dowling, Epps, Estridge, Floyed, Gam
ble, Gantt, Hill, Hopkins, Jenkins,
W. J. Johnson, Lockwook, Lofton,
Lyles, Manning. Laban Mauldin, Mc
Cullough, E. D. Smith, McDill, Mc
Cow, McLaurin, Mehrtens, Miley,
Mobley, Montgomery, Moss, Nettles,
Pyatt, Henry B. Richardson, R. B. A.
Robinson, C. P. Sanders, Sawyer, Sim
kins, Sinkler, G. P. Smith, Jeremiah
Smith, Stackhouse, Stevenson, Suber,
W. J. Thomis, Threatt, Varn, West,
Weston, Wharton, Whisonant Williams
Wilson, Wimberly. H. H. Woodward,
M. B. Woodward, Young.
Nays-Bacot, Bailey, Blease, Brown
ing, Caughman, Cosgrove, DeBruhl,
Dendy, Efird, H. H. Evans, N. G.
Evans, Fairey, Gause, Graham, Hen
derson, Hoflmeyer, Hollis, Jackson,
Mann, Marion, William L. Mauldin,
McCoy, McCraw, McLauchlin, Means,
Patterson, Peurifoy, Richards, George
W. Richardson, C. E. Robinson, Rog
ers, E. L. Sanders, Seabrook, Sharpe,
J. L. Smith, Strom, Sturkie, Theus,
W. H. Thomas, limmerman. Verner,
Wingo, Winkler. Woods, Wyche.
After the bill was killed Mr. Ashley
moved to consider the vote and to lay
the motion on the table. which was
adopted, and the matter is now at rest
for a year at least.
The Word Damn.
The State of M1ississippi has decided
that the use of the word "demned" is
profanity. says the Memphis Commer
eial-Appeail. This seems singular
when e consider the origin and the
me nim: of the word. It conies from
the thiorough reputable Latin word
'danare," to condemn. and. taken by
itself, there is no profanity in it. Ver.y
ftten the preacher does not hesitate to
ell such of his congregation a" are de
inquent that they are damned; and
the use of the word here is profanit':
under the Mississippi decision. which
dleclares that --any words importing an
imprecation of divine vengeance. or
implying divine condemnation," con
stitute profanity. If one person speaks
of another as a -condemned"'or''hope
ers" fool. he eujuld not be hauled up
for swearing, yet the mieaning would b
about the same as if he used the woru
'damned." Of course, the latter word
is lacking in gentility and politeness,
but there is no more essential profanity
n it thtan there is in the word "utnmiiti
The following from an exchange may
apply to more towns than the one, a~
some of the types mentioned exist it
nearly every community: "Town kill
ers: First. those who go out of town
to do their shopping; second, those
who are opposed to improvemeut; third.
those who prefer a quiet town to one of
push and business: fourth, thoss whc
imagine they own the town: fifth, thos<
who deride public spirited men; sixth,
those who oppose every movement tha1
does not originate with them; seventh,
those who oppose every movement that
does not appear to benefit them; eighth,
those who seek to in jure the credit o:
reputation of individuals."
Augusta Strike Ends.
The strike in the Augusta, Ga., cot
ton mills. which began Nov. 11, wa:
ended Friday by the operatives return
ing to work at the reduced scale od
wages. Abot t four thousand hand:
were involved in the strike. It is said
that the prices charged for fuel haye
been cut in half by the mill companie:
and the house rent reduced most mate
T H E old Confederate veterans wil
assemble in large numbers in Charles
ton on the 10th of May, and prepera
tions are already under way looking t<
their entertainment. Every county 1t
the State will be represented and exera
Buried on Every Battlefield from
Gettysburg to Rio Grande.
SGME INTERESTING FIGURES
The Number of Our Heroic Dead
is Not Known Accurately.
Many of the Rolls Are
Col. Fox. in his valuable and pala1
taking book on liezin enta! I.osses in
tile Civil War.~ -:i dl'"i
ut' ol, the k%1:1;i :
ni nor ~ tit, Is rs l\ . t '
Le Confeerte es-timate-- in"'.;I Isa
tha 1). ! .111. 11, iiun 11numbe ..
the aaet u r.be ul
official ConedA e , ' ln the
war deartment : a
CONF-EDERATE KILLED AND DIED oi
W OUNIS AN:.) ItSEASE.
Died of Pied of
tt i~i .m'uinds. disease.
a . 7 :1.7ti 7112
1 d tt.t7 t147
Ala..1! 1 .)I 724
X rkan;-v. 2 1i,:. 1 .5 3'. 7S!
I Te:.-,, 211- 66-4 3. 42 5
Regulars . 1 0)I, 46;S 1. 040
Border States.. 19. 1 672 2.- 12
Totals ...... 59.954 21,570 59.217
While these returns are obviously in
complete, they are worth noting, as
they show that at least 74,525 were kill
ed or died of wounds, and that certainly
59.297 died of disease. The only States
where the figures approximate to fulness
are North and South Carolina. Those
familiar with Southern war statistics
are confident that the Virginia killed
and died of wounds exceeded that of
any other State, except perhaps North
Carolina, yet her losses in this coipili
ation from the incomplete official re
turns are but little more than half those
of the small State of South Carolina.
The official records of the war show
conclusively in the running reports that
Alabama lost in killed and died of
wounds fully 15,000 men. The losses
of the "border States," Missouri, Ken
tucky and Maryland, are obviously in
complete. Missouri alone lost more
killed than is here stated. The re
cords of battles do not show that South
Carolina lost in killed and died of
wounds such a disproportion exceeding
the other States, excepting North Car
olina. Her troops fought very well,
and sometimes lost heavily, but the
losses of Georgia, Alabama, Mississip
pi and Louisiana regiments were cer
tainly as great, if not greater, besides
which most of the States named togeth
er with Virginia. had a greater number
of regiments engaged in most of the
great battles. The explanation of the
figures is that the losses of the Carolina
States are fully set out, whereas those
of the others are only partially includ
ed, because the official rolls were lost
in the hurly burly of the wind up. But
enough is shown in this table to con
firm the official records quoted by Col.
Fox, showing that the Confederate
killed and died of wounds numbered
Of coiurse the statement of the aggre
gate that died of disease is far below
the total. In the beginning of the war
the Confederate 1egiments were terribly
raaged by disease, as fugitive state
ments in the official records make per
fectly plain. If North Carolina lost
20.002 of her soldiers by' disease it :s
hardly credible that Gecorgia. furuishuing
approximately the same nlumber' of
troops, lost only 3.70Y' fromi the samew
cause. It is probable. as has been
stated by high Southern authorit) in
recent years. ta the Confederatelusses
frm disease appro.ximlatedl closely to
12>,000 mn. It i1 easy to deduce
frnu the foregoing tahie tamat the death
from diiseas couli hrdly halve fallen
shrt of that to al i
The Confedeirate de.K ke the Union
ie buried on every .auletield from
Gettsburg tothe mosuth of the lRio
Graiide. aid at all se prison depots
througvut te North. A few of their
dead have been ex' humed here and there
and remjove by iL .'- frisads. but there
has ben no e:racre uf the Confed
erde dead li th he haracterizcd
the Uinion policy, for the reason that
there was 1no centra iaut;Iurity to direct
and no (overnmnent treasury to pay the
exenise fsuch an um iertaking. 'Thc
South hilas ahv" y loni'ed to mark and
care for the graves of her dead soldiers
on a similar pslan se l ivith that of the
North. but, impov.eri.hed by the war.
she has been unable t do so. Several
patriotic societies haIve made efforts to
do something towarid this much desired
end, but compared with the vastness of
the whole task but little may be said to
have been accomplished.
In some of the principal battles of
the war, selected from the various thea
tres, the gallant Confederates made the
following losses in killed outright, the
figures not including those who after
ward died of wounds:
CONFEDERATE LOSSEs iN BATTLE.
Bull Run (first Mlanassas). .. 8
Wilson's Creek............. 7
Pea Ridge............... 0
Fair Oaks (Seven Pines). . -..-.-.- 9
Seven Days' Battles.. .. .....: .3,28
Bull Run (second 31anassas)....1,53
1 urfreesborough .. .. .. .. . . . l794
Chancellorsville.. ... ... .. ..I...65
Vicksburg seige........... .. 0
Chikamauga..... ... ...,8
Misionary Ridge.. ..... .. .... 313
Sabine Crossroads.. ...... ...... 85
wadrns, .......I. 133(
Atlanta campaign.. .. .147
Spottsylvania . . .. . . .. .. .. .. .. 1.200
Drewry's Iluffs . 3.>.>
Cold Harbor. . 900
Atlanti July 22. 1 484 .. . .. ..1.500
W in ester.......... ...... 2 I
Cedar Creek......... 320
Five Forks................... 540
Many important sieges and battles
are omitted foi want of space. The
Union losses of killed in battle and
died of wounds exceeded Confederate
tigvures by about 13.500 men.
Tihe oiicial records show that 26,774
Confederate !oldicrs and citizen prison
erS died in Vnion bands duringthe four
.eurs of the war. The tabulated state
nent specifi'ally enamerates 109 points
a wh b-h pri'oners were held who died,
l1:) io :at unknow n places. There
Wr1.ly abouit twenty-five regular
:-1.. d . a th North. however.
T i *,ming are de total deaths of
( nfederates at the iiiore important
prio;n po sts 4inring th war:
Pi-in jEct. I eaths.
A lt . I ... ..................1.613
Ca n Iutler, Ili.... ..........816
Canp Chase, hio.............2.108
Caxiup lngla... 111. ...... ....759
Camp Morton. Ind..... ..... 73
Camp Randall. Wis.. .........137
Cleter. Pa.. ............... 21
lDovid's bian.i, New Yo k liar
b r....... .....................178
Ehnira. N. .................. 2.970
Fort Iaware. I)ai...........251)2
Fort Warren. Boston harbor.. ... 3
Frederick. d..... ..... .... 22
(ettysbur. Po........... .....210
H1art's Island. New c York harbor. 2:1
.lohnson's Isl and. 0hi'. .... ....270
K ioxvill-. Ten ................ ):S
Little Rock. Ark .... ...... ....220
New Orleaws.L..... ... 2
Point Liokout. Mld......... ..3.446
Richmond, Va............. ... 177
Rock 1-ard. 111.............1.922
St. Louis. M ................. 589
Ship Island, Miss.... .........12
Washington, ). C.......... .457
Of the total of 2G.774 Confederates
who died in Northern prisons, the
graves of 19.920 were originally marked
"known," and 6,85-1 "unknown.'
Whether it is still possible to identify
the graves marked as "known* I am
unable to state. but probably there
would be some difficulty. The graves
of those Confederates who died in the
hospitals of their towns and citles could
in most cases be found and identified.
The graves of those who died in the
army hospitals would be hard to find,
and in most cases must necessarily be
marked -unknown.. .Of the thousands
who died on the battlefield have left no
trace of their being, and can no longer
be cared for in the sense of the Presi
dent's meaning. They will henceforth
give no sign except as their bones are
ploughed up by future generations.
KILLED IN THE SENATE.
The Bill to Apportion the School Fund
Between the Races.
In the State Senate on Tuesday of
last week 3r. Ilderton's bill to require
school trustees to apportion all school
funds between the raeswas taken up
for third reading.
Senator Archer moved to indefinitely
Senator Ilderton said that it had been
intimated to him that his bill was un
constitutional. He was no lawyer, but
he thought he understood English, and
he failed to see where the bill was un
constitutional. The peop)le wanted it
and he had offered the bill at the re
quest of many citizens. lie found
nothing in tihe Constitution of the
United States that would confiet with
his bill. nor could he find anything in
the State Constitution to conflict with
Senator Ihenderson stated that pro
bably. if we consulted our wishes we
would. agree with the Senator from
Flrne If this bill should be passed
the elmes were that in a few months
the whle s chool fond would be tied up
in the Federal Courts. lie thought it
a v.ey had i experiment for the Legisla
ture to pass a latw which it knew would
be delared unconstitutional.
Senator ELerton demanded the yeas
Yeas-Aldrich, Archer, Blakeney,
Barowell, Boweni. G. W. Brown G. A.
Brown, Dean. Dennis. Glenn, Griffith,
Henderson. Hlough, Livingston, Love.
31anning, 3Marshall. 31auldin. 3Iayfield,
MIower. Ragsdahe, Sarratt, Scarborough,
Sheppard, Standland, Sullivan. Talbird,
Walker. Wallace and Waller-29.
Nays Alexander, Appelt, Graydon.
I!dert on. Sudduth-.
Only Wore a Smile.
l'rivaote Eairl Agnew. a 3Iinnesota
boy at Mlanila. says in a letter to his
parents: --The inhabitants here are
not very modest. So:n.a of thxe:n wear
simply a smile, while the more bashful
of them wear a garter string." This
observing young man also notes that
"uigthe dry season it only raims
tiay n e we.but during ta
rainy :eason~ it rains only once. and
and that is all the time.
The German Way.
A German editor has been sentenced
to more than four years' imprisonment
for hese miajestie against tihe Emperor's
second son. a small boy 'n kniekerbock
ers. Yet the offending article which
in itself was nothing, was published in
the absence and without the knowledge
of the editor. Convictions for lese ma
jestie under Emperor William have ex
ceeded anything ever known before in
Europe. whiether in medieval or ancient
An Honest Woman.
An old woman stopped a retired busi
ness man cf Ebensburg, Pa.. a few days
ago on the street and handed him $2. 50,
which she said she owed him. The
man protested that he knew nothing
about it, but the old woman insisted
that it was correct, and he took the
money. lHe afterward hunted up his
books and found it was a pair of shoes
over forty years ago. when the woman
was a girl living i Ebensburg.
8Six Men Scalded.
W\hile cleaning a boiler in the cruiser
New York at the Brooklyn Navy Yard
Thursday six men were injured by es
aping steam. One of them, J. F.
Shea. a coalpasser. will die. Three
rters were sclded slightly.
By a Republican Congressman in
a Hot Speech.
OPPOSING THE ARMY BILL.
The President's Course De
nounced as a Policy of
and . Arrogance.
While discussing the army reorgani
zation bill in the House of Representa
tives last Wednesday Mr. Johnson, a
Republ-an mcniber from Indiana, took
occasion to pitch into President Me
Kinley with gloves off.
*"While the president in the pres
ence of what he may conceive to be a
popular demand." he began, "is hurry
ing the army and navy across the sea
to in flict upon an alien people a govern
ment against their will and propose,
fearlessly. without regard to its effect
upon my personal fortunes, to make a
plea for liberty, and an argument
against the perpetration of injustice."
"We were on the verge of a crisis,'
said Mr. Johnston. "Those who failed
to rush forward in support of the
schemes of the imperialists wpre being
denounced here in the public press as
'Spaniards,' and men who failed in their
duty. Iis auswer was that if the chief
executive would break his silence and
operily state the he did not propose to
enslave the people of the Phillippines,
the present strained relations in the is
land would cease, those who were but
yesterday our allies would return to
their homes and there would be no ne
Cessity for this proposed increase in the
standing army. No. this would not be
Continuing lie drew a parallel be
tween our revolutionary struggle and
the struggle the Fillipinos made for in
dependence. Ile argued that today
they had a stable government, republi
can in form, a president. a vice-presi
dent and congress, the whole founded
upon the free consent of the governed.
To attempt to subvert that government,
he charged, would be an "unspeakable
crime that should bring the blush of
shame to the cheeks of every free born
American." Mr. Johnston paid a high
tribute to Aguinaldo and to Agon
"If William McKinley ever changes
his policy regarding the Philippines."
he declared in stentorian tones. -fhe
will bend to the weight of popular opin
ion to which he bows right or wrong."
This utterance raised a storm of ap
plause from th: Demoaratic side. Mr.
Johnston requested that such interrup
tions cease as thF.y took up his time.
Several times before he had made a
"I should imagine the gentleman
could tolerate Democratic applause,
interrupted Henderson, Republican. of
"The gentleman can always tolerate
the applause of honest men. no matter
when it comes," replied Johnston
As the applause whieh greeted this
rejoinder died away, he added:
"And he can also tolerate the narrow
censure of those of his own party, as
he has done frequently in the past. He
has never been so well satisfied with
himself as when his narrow colleagues
were crying him down."
"I pride myself, Mr, Speaker." he
continued, drawing himself up to his
full height. "that I have broadened
since I entered public life. My party
is a means, not an end, with me, and
when I believe my party is wrong noth
ing can make me abate my independent
Proceeding he denounced the presi
dent's course as a ''policy of evasion,"
and charged that his supporters were
conjuring up specters to drive in the
opposition. If we set the example and
withdraw, recognizing the indepen
dence of the Filipinos. others would do
likewise. But if other countries did
pounce down upon the islands, let them
do it. We were not expressively or
inmpliedly responsible. If there was
to be a European war. let us. in God's
name. keep out of it. The cry went
up. "Ratify the treaty and stop the
war." The president arrogated to
himself the right to speak for 70.00(1.
"'I thank God." shouted Johnston.
'for the spirit of independence in the
senate of the United States. irrespec
tive of party. Bryan never made a
greater'blunder than when he said the
treaty should be ratified and our puolicy
determined afterwards. Andrew Car
negie was nearer right, but he said the
treaty should be fought in the dark.
not the open. I say we should fight it
from start to finish. Public sentiment
should be aroused. Itis being aroused,
as evidenced by the great 1.ublic meet
ings in New York and iPhiladelphia,
and my word for it, it will not be many
months before the tide of public senti
ment which thme president vainly im
agines is now carrying hmim to a second
term will recede and leave him high
and dry. Tfhe voice of the people will
rebuke the spirit of commerce which
has supplanted the spirit of liberty.
'If' the treaty is ratified without be
ing coupled with a resolution declaring
for the ultimate independence of the
islands, it will be the death knell of all
our efforts to stop the torrent.
Hie would vote for a bill to reorganize
the army. but before God lie would
never vote for a standing army of 100,
000. whose ultimate objiect was to es
tablish a colonial system.
"IJf I were in the senate.' he said,
"I would rot in my seat first. I would
scorn the demands of a state legisla
ture and thme clamor of the press. I
would not let themu malign my charac
ter and misinterpret may motives, but I
would never swerve from what I believ.
ed to be right."
Johnston nexit referred to the part
Great Britain had taken in inducing the
United States to enter into controver'
sies in the far east. and of the manner
in which British assistance was being
given to the "iniquitous policy of Wil
MIr. .Johnston n~ow turned to the
"cost of expansion." 1k detailed the
cost of the war and the estimates of
$145,000,000 for the military establish
ment, and $45,000,000 for the naval
establishment for the next fiscal year.
It . hoed he said, that our war bud
get exceeds that of the great military
powers of the world. It is within three
millions of that of Great Britain's vast
establishment by which she ruled her
colonial empire; it was more than the
war budget of Germany; more than that
of France or any other nation on the
face of the globe. And this was to real
ize "the wild dream of expansion."
Mr. Johnston's time wa3 twice ex
tended, Democratic members of the
military committee yielding their time
The Monroe doctrine, lie declaed,
would vanish with the annexation of
the Philippines. If we reached far out
into the other hemisphere we could not
with propriety resist aggregation on this.
In concluding Johnston said that the
cup of our national humiliation was
filled to overflowing, and closing, lie
"We have witneesed the achieve
ments of our soldiers and sailors and
have inspired in the Old World a feel
ing of respect. This country. the bea
con light of liberty, this locked and in
trenched continent, this proud and
erect nation, which never in its history
was oblighed to ask a favor of any other
country on earth, now depends on the
intervention of England to keep other
powers off its back. We have become
a miserable mendicant. depandentupon
the mother country. We are compelled
to abandon the cardinal principle of
protection and submit to the open door'
policy--at this point the gavel fell and
Johnston said he would not trespass
further upon the time of the other side.
though lie was urged to go on.
"I thank the other side." said he.
"for the opportunity to be heard which
I could not obtain from this side."
There was a whirlwind of applause
when Johnston took his seat, and many
Democrats crowd'cd up the aisle to con
THE NEWLY ELECT.
Short Sketches of Senator Griffith and
Messrs. Robinson and Boykin.
Capt. D. J. Griffith will soon lay
aside the senatorial tbga for the gatb of
another office. Senator Griffith is a very
popular man personally, and is regarded
a good business man, having been in the
railroad bussness 14 years. Last year
Senator Griffith won the gold watch
awarded by The State to the most pop
ular member of the general assembly.
He has served as clerk of the court and
as treasurer of Lexington county for a
number of years, al vays winning over
his opponents by large majorities.
Capt. Griffith is colonel of the Lex
ington regiment, United Confederate
veterans. In the civil war his service
as a private for the first few months
was so faithful and valuable that he
was promoted to lieutenant at the age
of 16. He was a captain when 18 years
old. He made a good soldier, has been
equally as good a citizen, and promises
to do just as well as superintendent of
Mr. T. C. Robinson, who was elected
to succeed Mr. Douthit on the Stat
board of contiol, was a candidate for
the office of State 'Superintendent of ede
ucation three years ago. He was a law
yer of good standing in Pickens, and
proprietor of the Pickens Journal. He
is a Wofford college man, and possesses
good business qualifications.
Mr. Buirrill H. Boykin is a clear-cut
successful business man and farmer.
His father, for many years before the
was a member of the general assembly,
was captain of the first troop of cavalry
froni South Carolina which entered the
Confederate service. Mr. Boykin, who
is now 48 years old, received his colle
giate training at Yale. He has since
devoted his time to farming, and has
been very successful. He was once
captain of a cavalry troop, having re
ceived a commission from Gov. Rich
ardson. This is the first time he has
applied for or received an office of pub
lic trust. His work on the board of
control is expected to be honorable and
FILIPINOS ARE INSOLENT.
They Present an Ultimatum and
Threat to the President.
A dispatch from Washington says it
is acknowledged in administration cir
eles that Agoniallo. the Filipino's rep
resentative in Washington. has practi
cally submitted an ultimatum to the
president to recognize him at once as
ambassador from the Filipino republic
or take the consequences. The Fili
pino delegation who have come to Wash
ington as the agents of Aguinaldo have
issued an address to the public in which
they say: "G en. Francisco Villanuedaly
Felipe. governor general of the Vis
cayas. has, upon the retreat of the
Spaniards from Iloilo and its occupa
tion by the Filipino troops. acting un
der directions from Aguinaldo. issued
a general manifesto of' amnesty to the
Spaniards of that city and province.
guaranteeing them all liberties under
the republic as enjoyed by the Filipino
people. The maanifesto also calls upon
the Spaniards to stand by the Filipinos.
as brothers with mutual interests. for
the establishment of a just govern
ment. The proclamation has had the
effect of pacifying the Spanish residents
of die city and causing themi to yield
willingly to the authority of the gov
ernment of the Filipinos. The paper
shows much ability upon the p'art of
the governor-general and a fatmiliarity
with many of the most important events
Senator Whitesides, of the Montana
Legislature. ereated a sesation Thuirs
day by openly charging that every man
who voted for Clark for l'nited States
Senator had been bought. lie mien
tioned ilepresentative Garr by name.
and that gentleman shouted "you are
an infamous liar." The grand jury re
ported that nmoney had been used on
both sides, but there was not sufficient
evidence to warrant an indictment.
Big Falling Off.
The Atlanta Journal has been looking
into the matter and finds that the total
fertilizer shipments in Georgia this
season are only 60,597 tons. while the
total to same date last year was 122.
000 tons. The sales later in the sea
son are expected to raise the proportion
somewhat. but manufacturers do not
expect the trade to exceed two-thirds
of 'that of last year. The fertilizer
trust may have something to do with
THE CONFEDERTE SOLDIER.
Not a One of Them a Rebel or a
In the United States Senate on
Thursday Senator Marion Butler. of
North Carolina. made a notable speech
in support of his bill to pension Con
federate soldiers. Senator Butler's
speech developed, as he proceeded, into
quite a remarkable utterance. After
presenting an analysis of the compact
of 1787, he declared that "not a single
southern soldier was a rebel or a trai
tor." He maintained that the great
fratricidal conflict was forced upon the
south. and that the people ofthe south
simply defended their personal and
constitutional rights. Under the com
pact 1787. the southern state undoubt
edly, in Senator Butler's opinion. had
a right to withdraw from the Union.
He was inclined to think the compact
was not right, but it was a compact,
and ought to be and ought to have been
respected. Senator Butler said that
his own state of North Carolina fully
and completely recognised the right of
South Carolina to withdraw from the
Unior, but decided herself not to
withdraw. Not until forced to defend
herself did North Carolina vote to with
draw. together with her sister southern
states. This Senator Butler said was
true of a majority of the southern states.
They had been forced by the northern
states to take up arms in self-defense.
Every gun fired by a southern sol
dier.~ declared Senator Butler, "was
fired in self-defense of the constitu
tional rights of the southern states, and
in defense of his home and fireside."
Further along, Senator Butler said,
speaking of the civil war. "It was a
most unnecessary war. The southern
states did not desire the war. They
asked only to be allowed to exercise
their constitutional rights and withdraw
peacefully from the Union. The south
was right, and history will so record.
The south knew she was right at the
time and she knows it now. It is the
duty of th- southern people not to per
mit a prejudiced historian to brand
their fathers and brothers as rebels and
traitors." le believed that the states
whose soldiers are being pensioned
would not object to the pensioning of
the ex-Confederate soldiers.
Interrupting Mr. Butler, Mr. Chand
ler said he had no doubt the exsoldiers
of the north would be perfectly willing
to set on foot any reasonable testimoni
al of regard and respect, but he did not
see how the government of the United
States could recognize, as Senator But
ler had suggessed, those who had taken
up arms against the Union.
Senator Butler protested against the
language of Senator Chandler, as he had
already explained, he said, that the
south did not take up arms against the
Union except in self-defense.
"I wish the senator would explain,"
inquired Senator Chandler, a little later,
"upon what theory the United States
government eould be asked to pay for
property in the south destroyed by the
forces of the Union?"
"Whenever," replied Senator Butler,
"the senator will explain to me why we
should pay Spain $20,000,000 for the
privilege of not being whipped by the
Filipinos I will answer his question."
"For an answer to his questions," re
torted Senator Chandler, "I must re
fer the senator to the senior senator
from Massachusetts," (Mr. Hoar.)
At the conclusion of his speech, Sen
atos Butler withdrew his amendment.
REDISTRICTING THE STATE.
How ths Counties Are Grouped in the
The House of Representatives spen
a great deal of time Wednesday in dis
cussing the bill proposed by Mr. Patton
rearranging the congressional districts
in this State, The fight against the
bill was a hard one, but it passed by a
safe majority. This measure purposes
to repeal the law creating the "shoe
string" districts formed to keep the Re
publicans out of power. The following
are the proposed new distriets:
Pee-Dee District-Marlboro. Chester
field, Darlington. Marion, Florence,
Santee D istrict-Georgetown, Wil
liamsburg, Berkeley, Charleston.
Wateree District-Fairfield. Kershaw
Rlichland, Sumter, Clarendon.
Edisto District-Orangeburg, Barn
well. Bamberg, Haptn Colleton,
Saluda District-Aiken, Lexington,
Edgetield, Saluda. C reenwood. Laurens
Keowee District-Abbeville, Ander
son. Oconee. Pickens and Greenville.
(Catawba~ District-York, Cherokee,
C hester. Spartanburg, Union and Lan
A Remedy for the Grip.
lk-er. W. T. Lander of Williamston,
S. C.. published in the State a year ago
a remedy for the grip which has had
most beneficial effect in a number of
cases. H~e says: For the sake of the
suffering public I would say that the
dose I have used for grown patients has
been a level teaspoon of baking soda,
dissolved in plenty of water, taken
e-very two hours until the headache and
soreness ar-e gone, then one extra dose
for good measure. It is not the best to
take a dose just after eating. I have
rarely found miore than four doses need
ed. Since the system is in an acid
state, calomecl, of course. it is very
dangerous medicine. and miany deaths
from influenza are, without reasonable
doubt. traceable to) the usc of calomiel
in the disease.
Tolbert Must Leave.
The citizens of Abbeville held a
mneetinig on last Wednesday at which
resolutions werec adopted to the effect
that 11. 11. Tolbert. Jr.. miust leave
Abbeville.- This action was taken on
account of 'Iolbert's recent conduct in
the Phoenix trouble his presence hcere
is undesirable and for the peace and
good order of the community lie had
lbest make his permanent abode beyond
the limnits of this county. No objection
was offered to his remaining to transact
necessary business, but it was advised
that he leave as soon as possible. The
sense of the meeting was'that this is a
white man's government. and it would
be maintained by citizens of this com
munity. Messrs. Wyatt Aiken, L. C.
Haskell and Jones F. Miller were ap
pointed as a committee to inform Tol
bert of tihetion taken by the meeting.
A GEORGIA MOB
Kills an Old Man and his Son
ALL OF THE GANG ARRESTED.
One of the Dastards Fired at
the Head of a Woman
But it Hit Her
A dispatch from Colquit, Ga., gives
the details of the blackest crime that
has ever been committed in that State.
The dispatch, which was sent to the
Atlanta Journal says:
The officers of Miller county are
gathering all the evidenca possible
against the Phillips gang which attack
ed the home of1J. V. Rustin, a farmer
living near here on Saturday night of
last week, and murdered Rustin and his
young son, shooting them down in cold'
blood. As told of in the Journal dis
patches yesterday, nine men have been
jailed as members of thegang and other
arrests are likely to be made soon.
It developes that several-days before
the killing of Rustin and his son the old
man was warned to leave the county.
He received a threatening letter and a
picture of a coffin and skull and cross
bones, all of which was thrown into his
yard by unknown parties. He was told
that he must'leave the county because
his daughter had sworn a lie -and caus
ed the arrest of Ccot Phillips'for wrong
The old man paid no attention to this
warning, not thinking that the men
would harm his family. le determin
ed to prosecute Phillips for ruining the
reputation of his daughter, and when
this determination was made clear the
mob was organized to kill him, and the
attack on the house arranged.
The details of the murder have been
recounted in the Journal, except that
the daughter of Rustin was also shot by
the mob, which fact has been learned
today. She was shot through the hand
while screaming for mercy after the
murderers had already killed her young
brother as they broke in the door, and
while her father lay gasping on the floor
in his own blood, which flowed from five
wounds in his body.
The young woman lay in bed scream
ing and wringing her hands, and fear
ing every moment that she, too, would
be killed. One of the murderers level
ed his pistol at her and fired, but the
bullet missed her head and crashed
through her hand, and then into the
headboard of the bed.
While old man Rustin struggled on
the floor and writhed in pain from his
wounds one of the murderers shot holes
through his feet just for the fun of -it.
The men thought that the old man was
dying, and seeing that they had killed
his son they evidently became frighten
ed and left the house, dispersing quick
ly. The wounded woman, who was
terribly frightened, ran from the house
as soon as the men left and she made
her way to the nearest neighbors,
screaming out and crying for help.
The alarm was given and in an hour
a large crowd assembled at the Rustin
house. The scene there was horrible
to contemplate. The floor was covered
with blood, and the old man was gasp
ing for breath, but he was conscious,
and he made a dying statement; giving
the names of the men in the mob whom
he identified. He died from his wounds
the next morning.
Coot Phillips is said to have been the
leader of the crowd. He is charged
with having wronged the Rustin girl
and because she prosecuted him he
wanted to gether and the Rustin f ami
ly out of the way.
A Burglar Killed.
On last Wednesday considerable ex
citement was created- in Andersoih by a
jail delivery, George J. Rice, who was
in jail for breaking into C. F. Jones &
Co's clothing store some time ago, and a
Negro named Grebn escaped from jail
about half-past 9 or 10 o'clock in the
mornin.g The sheriff. at the time, was
absent from the jail.' Returning, and
finding the two Negroes gone, he organ
ized a posse and started in pursuit. A
young boy, Frank Hammond, joined
the posse. A messenger had been sent
to Quince Hammand's farm, a short
distance from the city, for bloodhounds
to track them. In the meantime the
runaways had been apprehended on the -
Murray Spring Branch. Young Ham
mond called on them to surrender, but
[their only answer was to hurl stones
and other missles at him. Hammond
then fired a pistol, the ball striking
George Rice and wounding him fatally.
He died in a few minutes. Green was
finally caught and brought back to the
city, and safely locked up.
Against Lee County
The committee on privileges and
elections in the State Senate submitted
an unfavorable report against Mr. Ri. E.
Carnes. senator-elect from Lee county.
taking his seat. The report is length~y
and the committee bases its finding on
the ground that Lee has been declared
no longer a county and hence is not en
titled to a senator. In the HIouse the
question of the eligibility of Mr. ID. E.
Keels, member from the "county' of
Lee. camne up. The committee on~
privileges and elections reported ad
versely to his claim. The house sus
tained the report by a vote or 9J0 to 17.
Died While Speaking.
For-ner- Attorney General Augustus
11. ; ariand was stricken with apoplexy
at W:shingiton while addressing the
United States >upreme court at 12.15
o'clock Thursday afternoon and died.
within ten minutes. The occurrence
came with startling and tragic unex
reetedness. changing the usual calm
and dignity of the court into temporary
confusion. while the dying man was
carried from the chamber in a futile
effort to alleviate his condition. The
deceased was a promninent Democrat,
and was a distinguished man.
A New Motive Power.
A mammoth New York company.
headed by Joseph Leiter and Richard
Croker. has been formed to operate all
vehicles by means of compressed air,
thereby doing away'wvith the horse as a
motive power. Plants will be establish
ed in all the principal towns of the